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Some prokaryotic names without standing in nomenclature

Number of names cited in this file: 938

 

Introduction

A frequently asked question is "why a name in current use does not appear in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature?"
Of course, it is possible that I have made an error or an omission. However, more often, the name is not included because it has no standing in nomenclature.

The Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), together with changes approved and published by the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes (see Alterations to the Bacteriological Code), is the cornerstone of prokaryotic nomenclature. It states that the name of a new taxon, or a new combination for an existing taxon, is validly published if one of the following criteria is met.

1) The name is cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names.

The Approved Lists of Bacterial Names contain all the prokaryotic names having standing in nomenclature on 1 January 1980 and they set a new starting point in prokaryotic nomenclature [Rule 24a]. When bacteriologists agreed to make a new start in prokaryotic nomenclature, they were faced with tens of thousands of names in the literature of the past. Except 2,336 names, it was impossible to tell exactly what prokaryotes they referred to. These 2,336 were therefore retained in the Approved Lists. See: Sneath and Brenner: "Official" nomenclature lists. ASM News, 1992, 58, 175 (available on the Internet).

2) The name is published in papers in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology (IJSB) or in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSEM) and conforms to requirements laid down in the Bacteriological Code.

3) The name is validly published by announcement in a validation list.

Validation Lists are lists published in the IJSB/IJSEM, serving as a mechanism for validly publishing prokaryotic names which have been effectively*, but not validly published.
Announcement in a Validation List is primarily the responsibility of the author(s) of the new names or new combinations. However, other individuals may also submit a new name or new combination for valid publication, provided it conforms to the rules of the code. Scientists wishing to have new names and/or combinations included in a list should send the pertinent reprint or a photocopy or a PDF file thereof to the IJSEM Editorial Office**. Citation in a Validation List is not automatic! Papers will be reviewed by a IJSEM Editor and by the Lists Editor.

Starting in August 2002, it is also a requirement of the IJSEM and the ICSP (International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes) that authors of new species, new subspecies and new combinations provide evidence that types are deposited in at least two recognized culture collections in two different countries.
On 29 July 2002, the Judicial Commission confirmed this decision, although rare exceptions can be accepted in those cases where maintenance conditions for the culture are so exceptional (e.g. obligate barophilies or extremely virulent pathogens) that not more than one culture collection can be found which is able to maintain the strain.

For more information, see:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Valid publications of new names or new combinations: making use of the Validation Lists. ASM News, 2004, 70, 258-259. Available on the Internet.
2 TINDALL (B.J.), KÄMPFER (P.), EUZÉBY (J.P.) and OREN (A.): Valid publication of names of prokaryotes according to the rules of nomenclature: past history and current practice. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2715-2720.
Original article in IJSEM Online

The names cited below are either not effectively published or effectively but not validly published.

Warning

  • The numerous names (more than 22,000!) published before the 1 January 1980 and not included in the Approved Lists are not listed below.
  • Names cited in the file IJSEM: Papers in Press, are not listed below.
  • This list is not exhaustive.
  • Some names listed below might be in the process of being validly published.

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    "Abiotrophiapara-adiacens" Kanamoto et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: KANAMOTO (T.), SATO (S.) and INOUE (M.): Genetic heterogeneities and phenotypic characteristics of strains of the genus Abiotrophia and proposal of Abiotrophia para-adiacens sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 492-498. Effective publication Online

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    "Acetobacter carbinolicum subsp. kysingense" Paarup et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SyrA5 = DSM 16427 = ATCC BAA-990.
    Reference: PAARUP (M.)., FRIEDRICH (M.W.), TINDALL (B.J.) and FINSTER (K.): Characterization of the psychrotolerant acetogen strain SyrA5 and the emended description of the species Acetobacterium carbinolicum. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2006, 89, 55-69. Effective publication Online

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    "Acetobacter xylinum subsp. nonacetoxidans" Kojima et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BPR 2002 = JCM 10150.
    Reference: KOJIMA (Y.), TONOUCHI (N.), TSUCHIDA (T.), YOSHINAGA (F.) and YAMADA (Y.): The characterization of acetic acid bacteria efficiently producing bacterial cellulose from sucrose: The proposal of Acetobacter xylinum subsp. nonacetoxidans subsp. nov. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 1998, 62, 185-187.

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    "Acetobacterium psammolithicum" Krumholz et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CN-E = SMCC/W 751.
    Reference: KRUMHOLZ (L.R.), HARRIS (S.H.), TAY (S.T.) and SUFLITA (J.M.): Characterization of two subsurface H2-utilizing bacteria, Desulfomicrobium hypogeium sp. nov. and Acetobacterium psammolithicum sp. nov., and their ecological roles. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1999, 65, 2300-2306. Effective publication Online

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    "Achromobacter cobalamini" Shteinberg et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: SHTEINBERG (B.I.), GEBGARDT (A.G.) and DATSIUK (N.M.): Possible reason for growth inhibition of Achromobacter cobalamini sp. nov. growing on molasses medi (in Russian). Mikrobiol. Zh.,1982, 44, 18-22.

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    "Acidimethylosilex" Pol et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Acidimethylosilex fumarolicum" Pol et al.
    Reference: POL (A.), HEIJMANS (K.), HARHANGI (H.R.), TEDESCO (D.), JETTEN (M.S.M.) and OP DEN CAMP (H.J.M.): Methanotrophy below pH 1 by a new Verrucomicrobia species. Nature, 2007, 450, 874-878. Effective publication Online

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    "Acidianus manzaensis" Yoshida et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NA-1 = NBRC 100595 = ATCC BAA 1057.
    Reference: YOSHIDA (N.), NAKASATO (M.), OHMURA (N.), ANDO (A.), SAIKI (H.), ISHII (M.) and IGARASHI (Y.): Acidianus manzaensis sp. nov., a novel thermoacidophilic archaeon growing autotrophically by the oxidation of H2 with the reduction of Fe3+. Current Microbiol, 2006, 53, 406-411. Effective publication Online

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    "Acidianus tengchongenses" He et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain S5.
    Reference: HE (Z.), LI (Y.) and ZHOU (P.): Study on reclassification of extremely thermoacidophilic archaea strain S5. (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 2001, 41, 259-264.

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    "Acidianus tengchongensis" He et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain S5.
    Reference: HE (Z.G.), ZHONG (H.) and LI (Y.): Acidianus tengchongensis sp. nov., a new species of acidothermophilic archaeon isolated from an acidothermal spring. Curr. Microbiol., 2004, 48, 159-163. Effective publication Online

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    "Acidilobus sulfurireducens" Boyd et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 18D70.
    Reference: BOYD (E.S.), JACKSON (R.A.), ENCARNACION (G.), ZAHN (J.A.), BEARD (T.), LEAVITT (W.D.), PI (Y.), ZHANG (C.L.), PEARSON (A.), D'IMPERIO (S.), McDERMOTT (T.R.) and GEESEY (G.G.): Isolation, characterization, and ecology of sulfur-respiring Crenarchaea inhabiting acid-sulfate-chloride geothermal springs in Yellowstone National Park. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2007, 73, 6669-6677. Effective publication Online

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    "Acidimethylosilex fumarolicum" Pol et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain designated.
    Reference: POL (A.), HEIJMANS (K.), HARHANGI (H.R.), TEDESCO (D.), JETTEN (M.S.M.) and OP DEN CAMP (H.J.M.): Methanotrophy below pH 1 by a new Verrucomicrobia species. Nature, 2007, 450, 874-878. Effective publication Online

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    "Acidipila" Okamura et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Acidipila rosea" Okamura et al.
    Reference: OKAMURA (K.), KAWAI (A.), YAMADA (T.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Acidipila rosea gen. nov., sp. nov., an acidophilic chemoorganotrophic bacterium belonging to the phylum Acidobacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2011, 317, 138-142. Effective publication Online

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    "Acidipila rosea" Okamura et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AP8 = NBRC 107607 = KCTC 23427.
    Reference: OKAMURA (K.), KAWAI (A.), YAMADA (T.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Acidipila rosea gen. nov., sp. nov., an acidophilic chemoorganotrophic bacterium belonging to the phylum Acidobacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2011, 317, 138-142. Effective publication Online

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    "Acidovorax psychrofacilis" Vasil'eva et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Z-0064.
    Reference: VASIL'EVA (L.V.), SAVEL'EVA (N.D.), OMEL'CHENKO (M.V.), LYSENKO (A.M.), PUSHEVA (M.A.), TROTSENKO (Y.A.) and ZAVARZIN (G.A.): Arthrobacter crygenae sp. nov. and Acidovorax psychrofacilis sp. nov., psychrophilic hydrogen bacteria from tundra soil. Microbiologiya, 1998, 67, 195-200 [English language translation].

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    "Acinetobacter antiviralis" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KNF2022 = KCTC 0699BP.
    Reference: LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.), KIM (K.K.), HWANG (I.C.), JANG (C.), KIM (N.G.), YEO (W.H.), KIM (B.S.), YU (Y.M.) and AHN (J.S.): Acinetobacter antiviralis sp. nov., from tobacco plant roots. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2009, 19, 250-256. Effective publication Online

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    "Acinetobacter kyonggiensis" Lee and Lee, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KSL5401-037 = JCM 17071 = KEMC 5401-037.
    Reference: LEE (H.J.) and LEE (S.S.): Acinetobacter kyonggiensis sp. nov., a β-glucosidase-producing bacterium, isolated from sewage treatment plant. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 754-759. Effective publication Online

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    "Acinetobacter marinus" Yoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SW-3 = KCTC 12259 = DSM 16312.
    Reference: YOON (J.H.), KIM (I.G.), OH (T.K.): Acinetobacter marinus sp. nov. and Acinetobacter seohaensis sp. nov., isolated from sea water of the Yellow Sea in Korea. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2007, 17, 1743-1750. Effective publication Online (PDF)

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    "Acinetobacter oleivorans" Kang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DR1 = KCTC 23045 = JCM 16667.
    Reference: KANG (Y.S.), JUNG (J.), JEON (C.O.) and PARK (W.): Acinetobacter oleivorans sp. nov. is capable of adhering to and growing on diesel-oil. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 29-34. Effective publication Online

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    "Acinetobacter oryzae" Chaudhary et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain B23 = LMG25575 = CGMCC1.10689.
    Reference: CHAUDHARY (H.J.), PENG (G.), HU (M.), HE (Y.), YANG (L.), LUO (Y.) and TAN (Z.): Genetic diversity of endophytic diazotrophs of the wild rice, Oryza alta and identification of the new diazotroph, Acinetobacter oryzae sp. nov. Microb. Ecol., 2012, 63, 813-821. Effective publication Online

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    "Acinetobacter seohaensis" Yoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SW-100 = KCTC 12260 = DSM 16313.
    Reference: YOON (J.H.), KIM (I.G.), OH (T.K.): Acinetobacter marinus sp. nov. and Acinetobacter seohaensis sp. nov., isolated from sea water of the Yellow Sea in Korea. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2007, 17, 1743-1750. Effective publication Online (PDF)

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    "Acinetobacter septicus" Kilic et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AK001.
    Reference: KILIC (A.), LI (H.), MELLMANN (A.), BASUSTAOGLU (A.C.), KUL (M.), SENSES (Z.), AYDOGAN (H.), STRATTON (C.W.), HARMSEN (D.) et TANG (Y.W.): Acinetobacter septicus sp. nov, associated with a nosocomial outbreak of bacteremia in a neonatal intensive care unit. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 902-908. Effective publication Online

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    "Acinetobacter venetianus" Di Cello et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: DI CELLO (F.), PEPI (M.), BALDI (F.) and FANI (R.): Molecular characterization on an n-alkane-degrading bacterial community and identification of a new species, Acinetobacter venetianus. Res. Microbiol., 1997, 148, 237-249.
    Note: "Acinetobacter venetianus" Di Cello et al. 1997 is now known as ¤ Acinetobacter venetianus Vaneechoutte et al. 2009 ex Di Cello et al. 1997.

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    "Actimicrobium" Kim et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Actimicrobium antarcticum" Kim et al.
    Reference: KIM (E.H.), JEONG (H.J.), LEE (Y.K.), MOON (E.Y.), CHO (J.C.), LEE (H.K.) and HONG (S.G.): Actimicrobium antarcticum gen. nov., sp. nov., of the family Oxalobacteraceae, isolated from Antarctic coastal seawater. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 63, 213-217. Effective publication Online

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    "Actimicrobium antarcticum" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KOPRI 25157 = JCM 16673 = KCTC 23040.
    Reference: KIM (E.H.), JEONG (H.J.), LEE (Y.K.), MOON (E.Y.), CHO (J.C.), LEE (H.K.) and HONG (S.G.): Actimicrobium antarcticum gen. nov., sp. nov., of the family Oxalobacteraceae, isolated from Antarctic coastal seawater. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 63, 213-217. Effective publication Online

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    "Actinomadura albolutea" Tohyama et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SF-2140.
    Reference: TOHYAMA (H.), MIYADOH (S.), ITO (M.), SHOMURA (T.), ITO (T.), ISHIKAWA (T.) and KOJIMA (M.): A new indole N-glycoside antibiotic SF-2140 from an Actinomadura. I. Taxonomy and fermentation of producing microorganism. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1984, 37, 1144-1148.

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    "Actinomadura maheshkhaliensis" Ara et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 13-12(50) = JCM 13934 = MTCC 8055.
    Reference: ARA (I.), MATSUMOTO (A.), ABDUL BAKIR (M.), KUDO (T.), OMURA (S.) and TAKAHASHI (Y.): Actinomadura maheshkhaliensis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from mangrove rhizosphere soil of Maheshkhali, Bangladesh. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 54, 335-342. Effective publication Online

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    "Actinomadura melliaura" Matson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SCC 1655.
    Reference: MATSON (J.A.), CLARIDGE (C.), BUSH (J.A.), TITUS (J.), BRADNER (W.T.), DOYLE (T.W.), HORAN (A.C.) and PATEL (M.): AT2433-A1, AT2433-A2, AT2433-B1, and AT2433-B2 novel antitumor antibiotic compounds produced by Actinomadura melliaura. Taxonomy, fermentation, isolation and biological properties. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1989, 42, 1547-1555.

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    "Actinomadura pulveracea" Iwami et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 6049.
    Reference: IWAMI (M.), KIYOTO (S.), NISHIKAWA (M.), TERANO (H.), KOHSAKA (M.), AOKI (H.) and IMANAKA (H.): New antitumor antibiotics, FR-900405 and FR-900406. I. Taxonomy of the producing strain. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1985, 38, 835-839.

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    "Actinomadura routienii" Huang, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CULLEN (W.P.), CELMER (W.D.), CHAPPEL (L.R.), HUANG (L.H.), MAEDA (H.), NISHIYAMA (S.), SHIBAKAWA (R.), TONE (J.) and WATTS (P.C.): CP-54,883 a novel chlorine-containing polyether antibiotic produced by a new species of Actinomadura: taxonomy of the producing culture, fermentation, physico-chemical and biological properties of the antibiotic. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1987, 40, 1490-1495.

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    "Actinomadura spiculosospora" Koguchi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain K-4.
    Reference: KOGUCHI (T.), YAMADA (K.), YAMATO (M.), OKACHI (R.), NAKAYAMA (K.) and KASE (H.): K-4, a novel inhibitor of angiotensin I converting enzyme produced by Actinomadura spiculosospora. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1986, 39, 364-371.

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    "Actinomadura spinosa" Saitoh et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AA0851.
    Reference: SAITOH (K.), TENMYO (O.), YAMAMOTO (S.), FURUMAI (T.) and OKI (T.): Pradimicin S, a new pradimicin analog. I. Taxonomy, fermentation and biological activities. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1993, 46, 580-588.

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    "Actinomyces houstonensis" Clarridge III and Zhang, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Houston VAMC strain 3971.
    Reference: CLARRIDGE III (J.E.) and ZHANG (Q.): Genotypic diversity of clinical Actinomyces species: phenotype, source, and disease correlation among genospecies. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2002, 40, 3442-3448. Effective publication Online

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    "Actinoplanes arizonaensis" Karwowski et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AB660D-122.
    Reference: KARWOWSKI (J.P.), JACKSON (M.), THERIAULT (R.J.), PROKOP (J.F.), MAUS (M.L.), HANSEN (C.F.) and HENSEY (D.M.): Arizonins, a new complex of antibiotics related to kalafungin. I. Taxonomy of the producing culture, fermentation and biological activity. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1988, 41, 1205-1211.

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    "Actinoplanes awajinensis subsp. mycoplanecinus" Torikata et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 41042.
    Reference: TORIKATA (A.), ENOKITA (R.), OKAZAKI (T.), NAKAJIMA (M.), IWADO (S.), HANEISHI (T.) and ARAI (M.): Mycoplanecins, novel antimycobacterial antibiotics from Actinoplanes awajinensis subsp. mycoplanecinus subsp. nov. I. Taxonomy of producing organism and fermentation. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1983, 36, 957-960.

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    "Actinoplanes coloradoensis" Jackson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: JACKSON (M.), KARWOWSKI (J.P.), THERIAULT (R.J.), FERNANDES (P.B.), SEMON (R.C.) and KOHL (W.L.): Coloradocin, an antibiotic from a new Actinoplanes. I. Taxonomy, fermentation and biological properties. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1987, 40, 1375-1382.

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    "Actinoplanes hulinensis" Shen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NEAU-M9 = CGMCC 4.7036 = DSM 45728.
    Reference: SHEN (Y.), LIU (C.), WANG (X.), ZHAO (J.), JIA (F.), ZHANG (Y.), WANG (L.), YANG (D.) and XIANG (W.): Actinoplanes hulinensis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from soybean root (Glycine max (L.) Merr). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 293-298. Effective publication Online

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    "Actinoplanes teichomyceticus" Parenti et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AB/8327 = A8327 = FERM-P 3462 = ATCC 31121.
    Reference: PARENTI (F.), BERETTA (G.), BERTI (M.) and ARIOLI (V.): Teichomycins, new antibiotics from Actinoplanes teichomyceticus Nov. Sp. I. Description of the producer strain, fermentation studies and biological properties. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1978, 31, 276-283.

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    "Actinopolyspora righensis" Meklat et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain H23 = DSM 45501 = CCUG 63368 = MTCC 11562.
    Reference: MEKLAT (A.), BOURAS (N.), ZITOUNI (A.), MATHIEU (F.), LEBRIHI (A.), SCHUMANN (P.), SPRÖER (C.), KLENK (H.P.) and SABAOU (N.): Actinopolyspora righensis sp. nov., a novel halophilic actinomycete isolated from Saharan soil in Algeria. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online: June 11, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-9948-7). Effective publication Online

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    "Actinosporangium bohemicum" Bush et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain C-36,145.
    Reference: BUSH (J.A.), BRADNER (W.T.) and TOMITA (K.): Production and biological activity of marcellomycin, an antitumor anthracycline antibiotic, and taxonomy of the producing organism. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1982, 35, 1174-1183.

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    "Aegyptianella botuliformis" Huchzermeyer et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not cultivated. Giemsa stained slides of guineafowl blood infected with Aegyptianelle botuliformis have been deposited in the blood parasite collection of the Protozoology Section of the Veterinary Research Institute, Onderstepoort, Republic of South Africa (No. 6145-6154).
    Reference: HUCHZERMEYER (F.W.), HORAK (I.G.), PUTTERILL (J.F.) and EARLÉ (R.A.): Description of Aegyptianella botuliformis n. sp. (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) from the helmeted guineafowl, Numida meleagris. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res., 1992, 59, 97-101.

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    "Aegyptianella minutus" Peirce, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not cultivated. Hapantotype slide: IRCAH: 4215 from Alicippe peracensis coll. McClure 6 April 1959, deposited in the IRCAH, Queensland Museum, Brisbane, Australia.
    Reference: PEIRCE (M.A.): A new species of Aegyptianella from south-east Asia. Vet. Rec., 1999, 145, 288.

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    "Aegyptianella ranarum" Desser, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not cultivated.
    Reference: DESSER (S.S.): Aegyptianella ranarum sp. n. (Rickettsiales, Anaplasmataceae): ultrastructure and prevalence in frogs from Ontario. J. Wildl. Dis., 1987, 23, 52-59.
    Note: In 2004, Zhang and Rikihisa proposed to transfer "Aegyptianella ranarum" Desser 1987 to the family ¤ Flavobacteriaceae as ¤ "Candidatus Hemobacterium ranarum" Zhang and Rikihisa 2004.

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    "Aeromicrobium massiliense" Ramasamy et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JC14 = CSUR P158 = DSM 25782.
    Reference: RAMASAMY (D.), KOKCHA (S.), LAGIER (C.), NGUYEN (T.T.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Genome sequence and description of Aeromicrobium massiliense sp. nov. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 7, 246-257. Effective publication Online

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    "Aeromonas cavernicola" Martínez-Murcia et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CCM7641 = DSM24474 = CECT7862.
    Reference: MARTÍNEZ-MURCIA (A.), BEAZ-HIDALGO (R.), SVEC (P.), SAAVEDRA (M.J.), FIGUERAS (M.J.) and SEDLACEK (I.): Aeromonas cavernicola sp. nov., isolated from fresh water of a brook in a cavern. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 197-204. Effective publication Online

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    "Aeromonas dhakensis" Beaz-Hidalgo et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain P21 = LMG 19562 = CCUG 45377.
    Basonym: Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. dhakensis Huys et al. 2002
    Reference: BEAZ-HIDALGO (R.), MARTÍNEZ-MURCIA (A.) and FIGUERAS (M.J.): Reclassification of Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. dhakensis Huys et al. 2002 and Aeromonas aquariorum Martínez-Murcia et al. 2008 as Aeromonas dhakensis sp. nov. comb nov. and emendation of the species Aeromonas hydrophila. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 171-176. Effective publication Online

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    "Aestuariihabitans" Yoon et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Aestuariihabitans beolgyonensis" Yoon et al.
    Reference: YOON (J.H.), PARK (S.) and JUNG (Y.T.): Aestuariihabitans beolgyonensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel alphaproteobacterium isolated from tidal flat sediment. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online: June 01, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-9940-2). Effective publication Online

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    "Aestuariihabitans beolgyonensis" Yoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BB-MW15 = KCTC 32324 = CCUG 63829.
    Reference: YOON (J.H.), PARK (S.) and JUNG (Y.T.): Aestuariihabitans beolgyonensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel alphaproteobacterium isolated from tidal flat sediment. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online: June 01, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-9940-2). Effective publication Online

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    "Agrobacterium fabrum" Lassalle et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain C58.
    Reference: LASSALLE (F.), CAMPILLO (T.), VIAL (L.), BAUDE (J.), COSTECHAREYRE (D.), CHAPULLIOT (D.), SHAMS (M.), ABROUK (D.), LAVIRE (C.), OGER-DESFEUX (C.), HOMMAIS (F.), GUGUEN (L.), DAUBIN (V.), MULLER (D.), and NESME (X.): Genomic species are ecological species as revealed by comparative genomics in Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Genome Biol. Evol., 2011, 3, 762-781. Effective publication Online.

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    "Albirhodobacter" Nupur et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Albirhodobacter marinus" Nupur et al.
    Reference: NUPUR, VAIDYA (B.), TANUKU (N.R.) and PINNAKA (A.K.): Albirhodobacter marinus gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Rhodobacteraceae isolated from sea shore water of Visakhapatnam, India. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 347-355. Effective publication Online

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    "Albirhodobacter marinus" Nupur et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain N9 = MTCC 11277 = JCM 17680.
    Reference: NUPUR, VAIDYA (B.), TANUKU (N.R.) and PINNAKA (A.K.): Albirhodobacter marinus gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Rhodobacteraceae isolated from sea shore water of Visakhapatnam, India. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 347-355. Effective publication Online

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    "Algibacter miyuki" Park et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain WS-MY6 = KCTC 32382 = CECT 8300.
    Reference: PARK (S.), JUNG (Y.T.) and YOON (J.H.): Algibacter miyuki sp. nov., a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from leachate of a brown algae reservoir. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online: June 04, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-9944-y). Effective publication Online

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    "Algorimarina" Kendall et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Algorimarina butyrica" Kendall et al.
    Reference: KENDALL (M.M.), LIU (Y.) and BOONE (D.R.): Butyrate- and propionate-degrading syntrophs from permanently cold marine sediments in Skan Bay, Alaska, and description of Algorimarina butyrica gen. nov., sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2006, 262, 107-114. Effective publication Online

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    "Algorimarina butyrica" Kendall et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AK-B = OCM 842.
    Reference: KENDALL (M.M.), LIU (Y.) and BOONE (D.R.): Butyrate- and propionate-degrading syntrophs from permanently cold marine sediments in Skan Bay, Alaska, and description of Algorimarina butyrica gen. nov., sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2006, 262, 107-114. Effective publication Online

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    "Algoriphagus shivajiensis" Kumar et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NIO-S3 = JCM 17885 = MTCC 11066.
    Reference: KUMAR (P.A.), BHUMIKA (V.), RITIKA (C.), BHASKAR (Y.V.), PRIYASHANTH (P.), ARAVIND (R.), BINDU (E.) and SRINIVAS (T.N.): Algoriphagus shivajiensis sp. nov., isolated from Cochin back water, India. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 106-111. Effective publication Online

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    "Aliidiomarina sanyensis" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GYP-17 = KCTC 32218 = LMG 27471.
    Reference: WANG (G.), WU (H.), ZHANG (X.), ZHANG (H.), YANG (X.), TIAN (X.), LI (J.), XIANG (W.) and LI (X.): Aliidiomarina sanyensis sp. nov., a hexabromocyclododecane assimilating bacterium from the pool of Spirulina platensis cultivation, Sanya, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online: June 08, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-9949-6). Effective publication Online

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    "Aliihoeflea" Roh et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Aliihoeflea aestuarii" Roh et al.
    Reference: ROH (S.W.), KIM (K.H.), NAM (Y.D.), CHANG (H.W.), KIM (M.S.), SHIN (K.S.), YOON (J.H.), OH (H.M.) and BAE (J.W.): Aliihoeflea aestuarii gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from tidal flat sediment. J. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 594-598. Effective publication Online

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    "Aliihoeflea aestuarii" Roh et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain N8 = KCTC 22052 = JCM 15118 = DSM 19536.
    Reference: ROH (S.W.), KIM (K.H.), NAM (Y.D.), CHANG (H.W.), KIM (M.S.), SHIN (K.S.), YOON (J.H.), OH (H.M.) and BAE (J.W.): Aliihoeflea aestuarii gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from tidal flat sediment. J. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 594-598. Effective publication Online

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    "Aliidiomarina haloalkalitolerans" Srinivas et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AK5 = MTCC 11064 = JCM 17359.
    Reference: SRINIVAS (T.N.), NUPUR and ANIL KUMAR (P.): Aliidiomarina haloalkalitolerans sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from coastal surface seawater. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 761-768. Effective publication Online

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    "Alishewanella solinquinati" Kolekar et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KMK6 = NCIM 5295 = BCRC 17848.
    Reference: KOLEKAR (Y.M.), PAWAR (S.P.), ADAV (S.S.), ZHENG (L.Q.), LI (W.J.), SHOUCHE (Y.S.), DASTAGER (S.G.) and KODAM (K.M.): Alishewanella solinquinati sp. nov., isolated from soil contaminated with textile dyes. Curr. Microbiol., published online: May 21, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s00284-013-0385-7). Effective publication Online

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    "Alistipes senegalensis" Mishra et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JC50 = CSUR P156 = DSM 25460.
    Reference: MISHRA (A.K.), GIMENEZ (G.), LAGIER (J.C.), ROBERT (C.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Genome sequence and description of Alistipes senegalensis sp. nov. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 6, 1-16. Effective publication Online

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    "Alistipes timonensis" Lagier et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AK5 = MTCC 11064 = JCM 17359.
    Reference: LAGIER (J.C.), ARMOUGOM (F.), MISHRA (A.K.), NGUYEN (T.T.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Non-contiguous finished genome sequence and description of Alistipes timonensis sp. nov. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 6, 315-324. JC136= CSUR P148 = DSM 25383. Effective publication Online

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    "Alkalilactibacillus" Schmidt et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Alkalilactibacillus ikkensis" Schmidt et al.
    Reference: SCHMIDT (M.), PRIEMÉ (A.), JOHANSEN (A.) and STOUGAARD (P.) : Alkalilactibacillus ikkensis, gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel enzyme-producing bacterium from a cold and alkaline environment in Greenland. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 297-305. Effective publication Online

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    "Alkalilactibacillus ikkensis" Schmidt et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GCM68 = DSM 19937 = LMG 24405.
    Reference: SCHMIDT (M.), PRIEMÉ (A.), JOHANSEN (A.) and STOUGAARD (P.) : Alkalilactibacillus ikkensis, gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel enzyme-producing bacterium from a cold and alkaline environment in Greenland. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 297-305. Effective publication Online

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    "Alkaliphilus metalliredigens" Ye et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain QYMF.
    Reference: YE (Q.), ROH (Y.), CARROLL (S.L.), BLAIR (B.), ZHOU (J.), ZHANG (C.L.) and FIELDS (M.W.): Alkaline anaerobic respiration: isolation and characterization of a novel alkaliphilic and metal-reducing bacterium. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004. 70, 5595-5602.

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    "Alkanindiges hongkongensis" Woo et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HKU9.
    Reference: WOO (P.C.Y.), TSE (H.), LAU (S.K.P.), LEUNG (K.W.), WOO (G.K.S.), WONG (M.K.M.), HO (C.M.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Alkanindiges hongkongensis sp. nov. A novel Alkanindiges species isolated from a patient with parotid abscess. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 316-322.

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    "Alteromonas infernus" Raguénès et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GY785 = CNCM I-1628.
    Reference: RAGUÉNÈS (G.H.C.), PERES (A.), RUIMY (R.), PIGNET (P.), CHRISTEN (R.), LOAEC (M.), ROUGEAUX (H.), BARBIER (G.) and GUEZENNEC (J.G.): Alteromonas infernus sp. nov., a new polysaccharide-producing bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. J. Appl. Microbiol., 1997, 82, 422-430.

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    "Alteromonas macleodii subsp. fijiensis" Raguenes et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ST716 = CNCM I-1627.
    Reference: RAGUENES (G.), PIGNET (P.), GAUTHIER (G.), PERES (A.), CHRISTEN (R.), ROUGEAUX (H.), BARBIER (G.) and GUEZENNEC (J.): Description of a new polymer-secreting bacterium from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent, Alteromonas macleodii subsp. fijiensis, and preliminary characterization of the polymer. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1996, 62, 67-73.

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    "Alteromonas rava" Kodama et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SANK 73390.
    Reference: KODAMA (K.), SHIOZAWA (H.) and ISHII (A.): Alteromonas rava sp. nov., a marine bacterium that produces a new antibiotic, thiomarinol. Annu. Rep. Sankyo Res. Lab., 1993, 45, 131-136.

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    "Amphibacillus haojiensis" Zhao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain F10.
    Reference: ZHAO (D.P.), ZHANG (W.Z.), XUE (Y.F.) and MA (Y.H.): Amphibacillus haojiensis sp. nov.-a novel alkaliphilic and slight halophilic bacterium from Haoji Soda Lake in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. (in Chinese).Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao., 2004, 44, 720-723.

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    "Ampullariella cylindrica" Jiang and Ruan, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IFO 14264.
    Reference: JIANG (C.) and RUAN (J.): Two new species and a new variety of Ampullariella. Acta Microbiol. Sin., 1982, 22, 207-211.

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    "Ampullariella pilifera" Jiang and Ruan, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IFO 14265.
    Reference: JIANG (C.) and RUAN (J.): Two new species and a new variety of Ampullariella. Acta Microbiol. Sin., 1982, 22, 207-211.

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    "Ampullariella regularis subsp. mannitophila" Itoh et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 43871 = FERM-P 5646.
    Reference: ITOH (Y.), ENOKITA (R.), OKAZAKI (T.), IWADO (S.), TORIKATA (A.), HANEISHI (T.) and ARAI (M.): Candiplanecin, a new antibiotic from Ampullariella regularis subsp. mannitophila subsp. nov. I. Taxonomy of producing organism and fermentation. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1981, 34, 929-933.

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    "Amycolatopsis jiangsuensis" Xing et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KLBMP 1262 = KCTC 19885 = NBRC 108679.
    Reference: XING (K.), LIU (W.), ZHANG (Y.J.), BIAN (G.K.), ZHANG (W.D.), TAMURA (T.), LEE (J.S.), QIN (S.) and JIANG (J.H.): Amycolatopsis jiangsuensis sp. nov., a novel endophytic actinomycete isolated from a coastal plant in Jiangsu, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 433-439. Effective publication Online

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    "Anaerobacillus macyae" (Santini et al. 2004) Zavarzina et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JMM-4 = DSM 16346 = JCM 12340.
    Basonym: Bacillus macyae Santini et al. 2004.
    Reference: ZAVARZINA (D.G.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), BOULYGINA (E.S.) and ZHILINA (T.N.): Description of Anaerobacillus alkalilacustre gen. nov., sp. nov.— Strictly anaerobic diazotrophic bacillus isolated from soda lake and transfer of Bacillus arseniciselenatis, Bacillus macyae, and Bacillus alkalidiazotrophicus to Anaerobacillus as the new combinations A. arseniciselenatis comb. nov., A. macyae comb. nov., and A. alkalidiazotrophicus comb. nov. Microbiology, 2009, 78, 723-731. Effective publication Online

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    "Anaerospora" Woo et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Anaerospora hongkongensis" Woo et al.
    Reference: WOO (P.C.), TENG (J.L.), LEUNG (K.W.), LAU (S.K.), WOO (G.K.), WONG (A.C.), WONG (M.K.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Anaerospora hongkongensis gen. nov. sp. nov., a novel genus and species with ribosomal dna operon heterogeneity isolated from an intravenous drug abuser with pseudobacteremia. Microbiol. Immunol., 2005, 49, 31-39.

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    "Anaerospora hongkongensis" Woo et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HKU15 = DSM 15969 = LMG 22014.
    Reference: WOO (P.C.), TENG (J.L.), LEUNG (K.W.), LAU (S.K.), WOO (G.K.), WONG (A.C.), WONG (M.K.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Anaerospora hongkongensis gen. nov. sp. nov., a novel genus and species with ribosomal dna operon heterogeneity isolated from an intravenous drug abuser with pseudobacteremia. Microbiol. Immunol., 2005, 49, 31-39.

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    "Anaerostipes hadrus" Allen-Vercoe et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 29173= DSM 3319 = VP 82-52.
    Basonym: Eubacterium hadrum Moore et al. 1976.
    Reference: ALLEN-VERCOE (E.), DAIGNEAULT (M.), WHITE (A.), PANACCIONE (R.), DUNCAN (S.H.), FLINT (H.J.), O'NEAL (L.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Anaerostipes hadrus comb. nov., a dominant species within the human colonic microbiota; reclassification of Eubacterium hadrum Moore et al. 1976. Anaerobe, 2012, 18, 523-529. Effective publication Online

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    "Anaplasma odocoilei" Tate et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain UMUM76 = CSUR-A1.
    Reference: TATE (C.M.), HOWERTH (E.W.), MEAD (D.G.), DUGAN (V.G.), LUTTRELL (M.P.), SAHORA (A.I.), MUNDERLOH (U.G.), DAVIDSON (W.R.) and YABSLEY (M.J.): Anaplasma odocoilei sp. nov. (family Anaplasmataceae) from white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Ticks Tick Borne Dis., 2013, 4, 110-119. Effective publication Online

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    "Ancylobacter abiegnus" Zaichikova et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Z-0056.
    Reference: ZAICHIKOVA (M.V.), BERESTOVSKAYA (Y.Y.), AKIMOV (V.N.), KIZILOVA (A.K.) and VASILIEVA (L.V.): Ancylobacter abiegnus sp. nov., an oligotrophic member of the xylotrophic mycobacterial community. Microbiology (English translation of Mikrobiologiia), 2010, 79, 483-490. Effective publication Online

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    "Ancylobacter natronum" Doronina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: DORONINA (N.V.), DARMAEVA (T.D.) and TROTSENKO (Y.A.): Novel aerobic methylotrophic isolates from the soda lakes of the Southern Transbaikal Region. Microbiologiya, 2001, 70, 342-348 [English language translation].

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    "Anditalea" Shi et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Anditalea andensis" Shi et al.
    Reference: SHI (W.), TAKANO (T.) and LIU (S.): Anditalea andensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, halotolerant bacterium isolated from extreme alkali-saline soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 703-710. Effective publication Online

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    "Anditalea andensis" Shi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ANESC-S = CICC 10485 = NCCB 100412.
    Reference: SHI (W.), TAKANO (T.) and LIU (S.): Anditalea andensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, halotolerant bacterium isolated from extreme alkali-saline soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 703-710. Effective publication Online

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    "Anoxybacillus kamchatkensis subsp. asaccharedens" Gul-Guven et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KG8 = DSM 18475 = CIP 109280.
    Reference: GUL-GUVEN (R.), GUVEN (K.), POLI (A.) and NICOLAUS (B.): Anoxybacillus kamchatkensis subsp. asaccharedens subsp. nov., a thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring in Batman. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 54, 327-334. Effective publication Online

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    "Antarcticimonas" Yang et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Antarcticimonas flava" Yang et al.
    Reference: YANG (S.J.), OH (H.M.), CHUNG (S.) and CHO (J.C.): Antarcticimonas flava gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from Antarctic coastal seawater. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 517-523. Effective publication Online

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    "Antarcticimonas flava" Yang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IMCC3175 = KCCM 42713 = NBRC 103398.
    Reference: YANG (S.J.), OH (H.M.), CHUNG (S.) and CHO (J.C.): Antarcticimonas flava gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from Antarctic coastal seawater. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 517-523. Effective publication Online

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    "Aquaspirillum serpens subsp. bengal" (Kumar et al. 1974) Pot and Gillis, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 27641.
    Proposed basonym: Aquaspirillum bengal Kumar et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Aquaspirillum Hylemon, Wells, Krieg and Jannasch 1973b, 361AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 801-823.

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    "Aquaspirillum serpens subsp. serpens" (Müller 1786) Hylemon et al. 1973, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 12368= DSM 68.
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Aquaspirillum Hylemon, Wells, Krieg and Jannasch 1973b, 361AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 801-823.

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    "Aquifex aeolicus" Huber and Stetter, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain VF5.
    Reference: HUBER (R.) and STETTER (K.O.): Genus I. Aquifex Huber and Stetter 1992e, 656VP (Effective publication: Huber and Stetter in Huber, Wilharm, Huber, Trincone, Burggraf, König, Rachel, Rockinger, Fricke and Stetter 1992b, 349). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer, New York, 2001, pp. 360-362.

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    "Aquimarina litoralis" Oh et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CNURIC011 = KCTC 22614 = JCM 15974.
    Reference: OH (Y.S.), KAHNG (H.Y.), LEE (Y.S.), YOON (B.J.), LIM (S.B.), JUNG (J.S.), OH (D.C.) and LEE (D.H.): Aquimarina litoralis sp. nov., isolated from a coastal seawater. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 433-437. Effective publication Online

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    "Archaeoglobus lithotrophicus" Stetter et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TF2.
    Reference: STETTER (K.O.), HUBER (R.), BLÖCHL (E.), KURR (M.), EDEN (R.D.), FIEDLER (M.), CASH (H.) and VANCE (I.): Hyperthermophilic archaea are thriving in deep North Sea and Alaskan oil reservoirs. Nature, 1993, 365, 743-745.

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    "Arenimonas aquaticum" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NA-09 =KACC 14663 =NBRC 106550.
    Reference: KIM (A.R.), LEE (S.), HAN (K.) and AHN (T.Y.): Arenimonas aquaticum sp. nov., a member of the gammaproteobacterium, isolated from a freshwater reservoir. J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 354-358. Effective publication Online

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    "Arsukibacterium" Schmidt et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Arsukibacterium ikkense" Schmidt et al.
    Reference: SCHMIDT (M.), PRIEMÉ (A.) and STOUGAARD (P.): Arsukibacterium ikkense gen. nov., sp. nov, a novel alkaliphilic, enzyme-producing &gammma;-proteobacterium isolated from a cold and alkaline environment in Greenland. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 30, 197-201. Effective publication Online

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    "Arsukibacterium ikkense" Schmidt et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GCM72 = DSM 17999 = LMG 23455.
    Reference: SCHMIDT (M.), PRIEMÉ (A.) and STOUGAARD (P.): Arsukibacterium ikkense gen. nov., sp. nov, a novel alkaliphilic, enzyme-producing &gammma;-proteobacterium isolated from a cold and alkaline environment in Greenland. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 30, 197-201. Effective publication Online

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    "Arthrobacter crygenae" Vasil'eva et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Z-0036.
    Reference: VASIL'EVA (L.V.), SAVEL'EVA (N.D.), OMEL'CHENKO (M.V.), LYSENKO (A.M.), PUSHEVA (M.A.), TROTSENKO (Y.A.) and ZAVARZIN (G.A.): Arthrobacter crygenae sp. nov. and Acidovorax psychrofacilis sp. nov., psychrophilic hydrogen bacteria from tundra soil. Microbiologiya, 1998, 67, 195-200 [English language translation].

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    "Arthrobacter dextranlyticum" Hatada et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain T6.
    Reference: HATADA (Y.), HIDAKA (Y.), NOGI (Y.), UCHIMURA (K.), KATAYAMA (K.), LI (Z.), AKITA (M.), OHTA (Y.), GODA (S.), ITO (H.), MATSUI (H.), ITO (S.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Hyper-production of an isomalto-dextranase of an Arthrobacter sp. by a proteases-deficient Bacillus subtilis: sequencing, properties, and crystallization of the recombinant enzyme. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2004, 65, 583-592. 

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    "Aurantimonas litoralis" Anderson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HTCC 2156 = ATCC BAA-667 = KCTC 12094.
    Reference ANDERSON (C.R.), DICK (G.J.), CHU (M.L.), CHO (J.C.), DAVIS (R.E.), BRÄUER (S.L.) and TEBO (B.M.): Aurantimonas manganoxydans, sp. nov. and Aurantimonas litoralis, sp. nov.: Mn(II) oxidizing representatives of a globally distributed clade of alpha-Proteobacteria from the order Rhizobiales. Geomicrobiol. J., 2009, 26, 189-198. Effective publication Online

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    "Averyella" Johnson et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Averyella dalhousiensis" Johnson et al.
    Reference: JOHNSON (A.S.), TARR (C.L.), BROWN Jr. (B.H.), BIRKHEAD (K.M.) and FARMER III (J.J.): First case of septicemia due to a strain belonging to Enteric Group 58 (Enterobacteriaceae) and its designation as Averyella dalhousiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., based on analysis of strains from 20 additional cases. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 5195-5201. Effective publication Online

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    "Averyella dalhousiensis" Johnson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CDC 9501-97.
    Reference: JOHNSON (A.S.), TARR (C.L.), BROWN Jr. (B.H.), BIRKHEAD (K.M.) and FARMER III (J.J.): First case of septicemia due to a strain belonging to Enteric Group 58 (Enterobacteriaceae) and its designation as Averyella dalhousiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., based on analysis of strains from 20 additional cases. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 5195-5201. Effective publication Online

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    "Azoarcus taiwanensis" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NSC3 = BCRC 80111 = DSM 24109.
    Reference: LEE (D.J.), WONG (B.T.), ADAV (S.S.): Azoarcus taiwanensis sp. nov., a denitrifying species isolated from a hot spring. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., published online: May 22, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s00253-013-4976-9). Effective publication Online

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    "Azospirillum palatum" Zhou et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 10 = LMG 24444 = KCTC 13200 = CCTCC AB 207189.
    Reference: ZHOU (Y.), WEI (W.), WANG (X.), XU (L.) and LAI (R.): Azospirillum palatum sp. nov., isolated from forest soil in Zhejiang province, China. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2009, 55, 1-7. Effective publication Online

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    "Bacillus coniferum" Petersen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: PETERSEN (D.J.), SHISHIDO (M.), HOLL (F.B.) and CHANWAY (C.P.): Use of species- and strain-specific PCR primers for identification of conifer root-associated Bacillus spp." FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1995, 133, 71-76.

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    "Bacillus gaemokensis" Jung et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BL3-6 = KCTC 13318 = JCM 15801.
    Reference: JUNG (M.Y.), PAEK (W.K.), PARK (I.S.), HAN (J.R.), SIN (Y.), PAEK (J.), RHEE (M.S.), KIM (H.), SONG (H.S.) and CHANG (Y.H.): Bacillus gaemokensis sp. nov., isolated from foreshore tidal flat sediment from the Yellow Sea. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 867-871. Effective publication Online, Erratum online

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    "Bacillus hackensackii" Hong et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 166-1589.
    Reference: HONG (T.), HEIBLER (N.) and TANG (Y.W.): "Bacillus hackensackii" sp. nov., a novel carbon dioxide sensitive bacterium isolated from blood culture. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 2003, 45, 143-147.

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    "Bacillus hunanensis" Chen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JSM 081003 = DSM 23008 = KCTC 13711.
    Reference: CHEN (Y.G.), HAO (D.F.), CHEN (Q.H.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), LIU (J.B.), HE (J.W.), TANG (S.K.) and LI (W.J.): Bacillus hunanensis sp. nov., a slightly halophilic bacterium isolated from non-saline forest soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 99, 481-488. Effective publication Online

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    "Bacillus kyonggiensis" Dong and Lee, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NB22 = KEMB 5401-267 = JCM 17569.
    Reference: DONG (K) and LEE (S.): Bacillus kyonggiensis sp. nov., isolated from soil of a lettuce field. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 776-781. Effective publication Online

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    "Bacillus manliponensis" Jung et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BL4-6 = KCTC 13319 =JCM 15802.
    Reference: JUNG (M.Y.), KIM (J.S.), PAEK (W.K.), LIM (J.), LEE (H.), KIM (P.I.), MA (J.Y.), KIM (W.) and CHANG (Y.H.): Bacillus manliponensis sp. nov., a new member of the Bacillus cereus group isolated from foreshore tidal flat sediment. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 1027-1032. Effective publication Online

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    "Bacillus marcorestinctum" Han et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LQQ.
    Reference: HAN (Y.), CHEN (F.), LI (N.), ZHU (B.) and LI (X.): Bacillus marcorestinctum sp. nov., a novel soil acylhomoserine lactone quorum-sensing signal quenching bacterium. Int. J. Mol. Sci., 2010, 11, 507-520. Effective publication Online

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    "Bacillus nematocida" Huang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain B-16 = CGMCC 1128.
    Reference: HUANG (X.W.), NIU (Q.H.), ZHOU (W.) and ZHANG (K.Q.): Bacillus nematocida sp. nov., a novel bacterial strain with nematotoxic activity isolated from soil in Yunnan, China. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 323-327.

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    "Bacillus subtilis subsp. virginiana" Zhao et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HUB-I-47.
    Reference: ZHAO (K.), LIU (J.), LI (Z.), CHANG (Z.), SHI (P.), PING (W.) and ZHOU (D.): Bacillus subtilis subspecies virginiana, a new subspecies of antitermitic compound-producing endophytic bacteria isolated from Juniperus virginiana. J. Econ. Entomol., 2011, 104, 1502-1508. Effective publication Online

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    "Bacillus tianmuensis" Wen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain B5 = DSM 22111 = CGMCC 1.8879.
    Reference: WEN (Y.P.), WU (X.C.), QIAN (C.D.), ZHAO (Y.H.), FANG (H.H.) and LI (O.): Bacillus tianmuensis sp. nov., isolated from soil in Tianmu Mountain national natural reserve, Hangzhou, China. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2009, 296, 26-30. Effective publication Online

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    "Bacillus timonensis" Kokcha et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MM10403188 = CSUR P162 = DSM 253720.
    Reference: KOKCHA (S.), MISHRA (A.K.), LAGIER (J.C.), MILLION (M.), LEROY (Q.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Non contiguous-finished genome sequence and description of Bacillus timonensis sp. nov. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 6, 346-355. Effective publication Online

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    "Bartonella australis" Fournier et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AUST/NH1 = CSUR B1 = CIP 108978 = CCUG 51999.
    Reference: FOURNIER (P.E.), TAYLOR (C.), ROLAIN (J.M.), BARRASSI (L.), SMITH (G.) and RAOULT (D.): Bartonella australis sp. nov. from Kangaroos, Australia. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 2007, 13, 1961-1962. Effective publication Online

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    "Bartonella phoceensis" Gundi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 16120 = CIP 107707.
    Reference: GUNDI (V.A.), DAVOUST (B.), KHAMIS (A.), BONI (M.), RAOULT (D.) and LA SCOLA (B.): Isolation of Bartonella rattimassiliensis sp. nov. and Bartonella phoceensis sp. nov. from European Rattus norvegicus. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 3816-3818. Effective publication Online

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    "Bartonella rattimassiliensis" Gundi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 15908 = CIP 107705.
    Reference: GUNDI (V.A.), DAVOUST (B.), KHAMIS (A.), BONI (M.), RAOULT (D.) and LA SCOLA (B.): Isolation of Bartonella rattimassiliensis sp. nov. and Bartonella phoceensis sp. nov. from European Rattus norvegicus. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 3816-3818. Effective publication Online

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    "Bartonella tamiae" Kosoy et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: KOSOY (M.), MORWAY (C.), SHEFF (K.W.), BAI (Y.), COLBORN (J.), CHALCRAFT (L.), DOWELL (S.F.), PERUSKI (L.F.), MALONEY (S.A.), BAGGETT (H.), SUTTHIRATTANA (S.), SIDHIRAT (A.), MARUYAMA (S.), KABEYA (H.), CHOMEL (B.B.), KASTEN (R.), POPOV (V.), ROBINSON (J.), KRUGLOV (A.) and PETERSEN (L.R.): Bartonella tamiae sp. nov., a newly recognized pathogen isolated from three human patients from Thailand. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 772-775. Effective publication Online

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    "Bartonella washoensis subsp. washoensis" Bai et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CL8606co = ATCC BAA-1342 = CCUG 53213.
    Reference: Bai (Y.), Kosoy (M.), Martin (A.), Ray (C.), Sheff (K.), Chalcraft (L.) and Collinge (S.K.): Characterization of Bartonella strains isolated from black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus). Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis., 2008, 8, 1-5. Effective publication Online

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    "Bhargavaea indica" Verma et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KJW98 = KCTC 13583 = LMG 25219.
    Reference: VERMA (P.), SEONG (C.N.), PANDEY (P.K.), BHONDE (R.R.), SPRÖER (C.), ROHDE (M.) and SHOUCHE (Y.S.): Bhargavaea indica sp. nov., a member of the phylum Firmicutes, isolated from Arabian Sea sediment. J. Microbiol., 2013, 51, 36-42. Effective publication Online

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    "Bilophococcus" Moench, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Bilophococcus magnetotacticus" Moench.
    Reference: MOENCH (T.T.): Bilophococcus magnetotacticus gen. nov. sp. nov., a motile, magnetic coccus. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1988, 54, 483-496.

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    "Bilophococcus magnetotacticus" Moench, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: MOENCH (T.T.): Bilophococcus magnetotacticus gen. nov. sp. nov., a motile, magnetic coccus. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1988, 54, 483-496.

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    "Blattabacterium clevelandi" Clark and Kambhampati, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CLARK (J.W.) and KAMBHAMPATI (S.): Phylogenetic analysis of Blattabacterium, endosymbiotic bacteria from the wood roach, Cryptocercus (Blattodea: Cryptocercidae), including a description of three new species. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 2003, 26, 82-88.

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    "Blattabacterium punctulatus" Clark and Kambhampati, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CLARK (J.W.) and KAMBHAMPATI (S.): Phylogenetic analysis of Blattabacterium, endosymbiotic bacteria from the wood roach, Cryptocercus (Blattodea: Cryptocercidae), including a description of three new species. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 2003, 26, 82-88.

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    "Blattabacterium relictus" Clark and Kambhampati, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CLARK (J.W.) and KAMBHAMPATI (S.): Phylogenetic analysis of Blattabacterium, endosymbiotic bacteria from the wood roach, Cryptocercus (Blattodea: Cryptocercidae), including a description of three new species. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 2003, 26, 82-88.

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    "Bombiscardovia" Killer et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Bombiscardovia coagulans" Killer et al.
    Reference: KILLER (J.), KOPEČNÝ (J.), MRÁZEK (J.), HAVLÍK (J.), KOPPOVÁ (I.), BENADA (O.), RADA (V.) and KOFROŇOVÁ (O.): Bombiscardovia coagulans gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae isolated from the digestive tract of bumblebees. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 33, 359-366. Effective publication Online

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    "Bombiscardovia coagulans" Killer et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BLAPIII-AGV = DSM 22924 = ATCC BAA-1568.
    Reference: KILLER (J.), KOPEČNÝ (J.), MRÁZEK (J.), HAVLÍK (J.), KOPPOVÁ (I.), BENADA (O.), RADA (V.) and KOFROŇOVÁ (O.): Bombiscardovia coagulans gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae isolated from the digestive tract of bumblebees. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 33, 359-366. Effective publication Online

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    "Bordetella ansorpii" Ko et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SMC-8986, which has been deposited at ABB (Asian Bacterial Bank, Seoul, Korea).
    Reference: KO (K.S.), PECK (K.R.), OH (W.S.), LEE (N.Y.), LEE (J.H.) and SONG (J.H.): New Species of Bordetella, Bordetella ansorpii sp. nov., isolated from the purulent exudate of an epidermal cyst. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 2516-2519. Effective publication Online

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    "Borrelia andersonii" Marconi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 21038 (?).
    Reference: MARCONI (R.T.), LIVERIS (D.) and SCHWARTZ (I.): Identification of novel insertion elements, restriction fragment length polymorphism patterns, and discontinuous 23S rRNA in Lyme disease spirochetes: phylogenetic analyses of rRNA genes and their intergenic spacers in Borrelia japonica sp. nov. and genomic group 21038 (Borrelia andersonii sp. nov.) isolates. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1995, 33, 2427-2434. Effective publication Online

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    "Borrelia barbouri" Armstrong et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: ARMSTRONG (P.M.), RICH (S.M.), SMITH (R.D.), HARTL (D.L.), SPIELMAN (A.) and TELFORD 3rd (S.R.): A new Borrelia infecting Lone Star ticks. Lancet, 1996, 347, 67-68.

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    "Borrelia bissettii" Postic et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DN127.
    Reference: POSTIC (D.), MARTI RAS (R.S.), LANE (R.S.), HENDSON (M.) and BARANTON (G.): Expanded diversity among Californian Borrelia isolates and description of Borrelia bissetii sp. nov. (formerly Borrelia group DN127). J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 3497-3504. Effective publication Online

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    "Borrelia californiensis" Postic et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CA446 = CIP 109133 = DSM 17989.
    Reference: POSTIC (D.), GARNIER (M.) and BARANTON (G.): Multilocus sequence analysis of atypical Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato isolates - Description of Borrelia californiensis sp. nov., and genomospecies 1 and 2. Int. J. Med. Microbiol., 2007, 297, 263-271. Effective publication Online

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    "Borrelia carolinensis" Rudenko et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: RUDENKO (N.), GOLOVCHENKO (M.), GRUBHOFFER (L.) and OLIVER Jr. (J.H.): Borrelia carolinensis sp.nov. - a new (14th) member of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex from the southeastern United States. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 134-141. Effective publication Online

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    "Borrelia kurtenbachii" Margos et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 25015.
    Reference: MARGOS (G.), HOJGAARD (A.), LANE (R.S.), CORNET (M.), FINGERLE (V.), RUDENKO (N.), OGDEN (N.), AANENSEN (D.M.), FISH (D.) and PIESMAN (J.): Multilocus sequence analysis of Borrelia bissettii strains from North America reveals a new Borrelia species, Borrelia kurtenbachii. Ticks Tick-borne Dis., 2010, 1, 151-158. Effective publication Online

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    "Borrelia lonestari" Barbour et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: BARBOUR (A.G.), MAUPIN (G.O.), TELTOW (G.J.), CARTER (C.J.) and PIESMAN (J.): Identification of an uncultivable Borrelia species in the hard tick Amblyomma americanum: possible agent of a Lyme disease-like illness. J. Infect. Dis., 1996, 173, 403-409.

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    "Borrelia spielmani" Richter et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PC-Eq17.
    Reference: RICHTER (D.), SCHLEE (D.B.), ALLGOWER (R.) and MATUSCHKA (F.R.): Relationships of a novel lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia spielmani sp. nov., with its hosts in Central Europe. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 6414-6419.
    Note: "Borrelia spielmani" Richter et al. is now known as ¤ Borrelia spielmanii Richter et al. 2006.

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    "Brachyspira corvi" Jansson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain has been designated.
    Reference: JANSSON (D.S.), FELLSTRÖM (C.) and JOHANSSON (K.E.): Intestinal spirochetes isolated from wild-living jackdaws, hooded crows and rooks (genus Corvus): Provisionally designated "Brachyspira corvi" sp. nov. Anaerobe, 2008, 14, 287-295. Effective publication Online

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    "Brachyspira suanatina" Råsback et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: RÅSBACK (T.), JANSSON (D.S.), JOHANSSON (K.E.) and FELLSTRÖM (C.): A novel enteropathogenic, strongly haemolytic spirochaete isolated from pig and mallard, provisionally designated 'Brachyspira suanatina' sp. nov. Environ. Microbiol., 2007, 9, 983-991. Effective publication Online

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    "Bradyrhizobium arachidis" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CCBAU 051107 = CGMCC 1.12100 = HAMBI 3281 = LMG 26795.
    Reference: WANG (R.), CHANG (Y.L.), ZHENG (W.T.), ZHANG (D.), ZHANG (X.X.), SUI (X.H.), WANG (E.T.), HU (J.Q.), ZHANG (L.Y.) and CHEN (W.X.): Bradyrhizobium arachidis sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Arachis hypogaea grown in China. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 101-105. Effective publication Online

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    "Bradyrhizobium retamae" Guerrouj et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Ro19 = LMG 27393 = CECT 8261.
    Reference: GUERROUJ (K.), RUÍZ-DÍEZ (B.), CHAHBOUNE (R.), RAMÍREZ-BAHENA (M.H.), ABDELMOUMEN (H.), QUIÑONES (M.A.), EL IDRISSI (M.M.), VELÁZQUEZ (E.), FERNÁNDEZ-PASCUAL (M.), BEDMAR (E.J.) and PEIX (A.): Definition of a novel symbiovar (sv. retamae) within Bradyrhizobium retamae sp. nov., nodulating Retama sphaerocarpa and Retama monosperma. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 218-223. Effective publication Online

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    "Bradyrhizobium rifense" Chahboune et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CTAW71 = LMG 26781 = CECT 8066.
    Reference: CHAHBOUNE (R.), CARRO (L.), PEIX (A.), RAMIREZ-BAHENA (M.H.), BARRIJAL (S.), VELÁZQUEZ (E.) and BEDMAR (E.J.): Bradyrhizobium rifense sp. nov. isolated from effective nodules of Cytisus villosus grown in the Moroccan Rif. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 302-305. Effective publication Online

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    "Brevundimonas olei" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MJ15 = KCTC 22461 = JCM 16237.
    Reference: LEE (M.), SRINIVASAN (S.) and KIM (M.K.): New taxa in Alphaproteobacteria: Brevundimonas olei sp. nov., an esterase-producing bacterium. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 616-622. Effective publication Online

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    "Brucella cetaceae" Cloeckaert et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CLOECKAERT (A.), VERGER (J.M.), GRAYON (M.), PAQUET (J.Y.), GARIN-BASTUJI (B.), FOSTER (G.) and GODFROID (J.): Classification of Brucella spp. isolated from marine mammals by DNA polymorphism at the omp2 locus. Microbes Infect., 2001, 3, 729-738.
    Note: Brucella cetaceae Cloeckaert et al. is now known as ¤ Brucella ceti Foster et al. 2007.

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    "Brucella maris" Jahans et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 2/94 = NCTC 12890.
    Reference: JAHANS (K.L.), FOSTER (G.) and BROUGHTON (E.S.): The characterisation of Brucella strains isolated from marine mammals. Vet. Microbiol. 1997, 57, 373-382.
    Note: The proposed type strain 2/94 = NCTC 12890 is a strain of  ¤ Brucella pinnipedialis Foster et al. 2007.

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    "Brucella pinnipediae" Cloeckaert et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CLOECKAERT (A.), VERGER (J.M.), GRAYON (M.), PAQUET (J.Y.), GARIN-BASTUJI (B.), FOSTER (G.) and GODFROID (J.): Classification of Brucella spp. isolated from marine mammals by DNA polymorphism at the omp2 locus. Microbes Infect., 2001, 3, 729-738.
    Note: Brucella pinnipediae Cloeckaert et al. is now known as ¤ Brucella pinnipedialis Foster et al. 2007.

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    "Burkholderia dabaoshanensis" Zhu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GIMN1.004 = CCTCC M 209109 = NRRL B-59553.
    Reference: ZHU (H.), GUO (J.), CHEN (M.), FENG (G.) and YAO (Q.): Burkholderia dabaoshanensis sp. nov., a heavy-metal-tolerant bacteria isolated from Dabaoshan mining area soil in china. PLoS One, 2012, 7, e50225. Effective publication Online

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    "Burkholderia humi" Srinivasan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Rs7 = KEMC 7302-068 = JCM 18069.
    Reference: SRINIVASAN (S.), KIM (J.), KANG (S.R.), JHEONG (W.H.) and LEE (S.S.): Burkholderia humi sp. nov., isolated from peat soil. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 300-305. Effective publication Online

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    "Burkholderia kururiensis subsp. kururiensis" Zhang et al. 2000, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KP23 = JCM 10599 = DSM 13646.
    Reference: ANANDHAM (R.), INDIRA GANDHI (P.), KWON (S.W.), SA (T.M.), KIM (Y.K.) and JEE (H.J.): Mixotrophic metabolism in Burkholderia kururiensis subsp. thiooxydans subsp. nov., a facultative chemolithoautotrophic thiosulfate oxidizing bacterium isolated from rhizosphere soil and proposal for classification of the type strain of Burkholderia kururiensis as Burkholderia kururiensis subsp. kururiensis subsp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2009, 191, 885-894. Effective publication Online

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    "Burkholderia kururiensis subsp. thiooxydans" Anandham et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATSB13 = KACC 12758.
    Reference: ANANDHAM (R.), INDIRA GANDHI (P.), KWON (S.W.), SA (T.M.), KIM (Y.K.) and JEE (H.J.): Mixotrophic metabolism in Burkholderia kururiensis subsp. thiooxydans subsp. nov., a facultative chemolithoautotrophic thiosulfate oxidizing bacterium isolated from rhizosphere soil and proposal for classification of the type strain of Burkholderia kururiensis as Burkholderia kururiensis subsp. kururiensis subsp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2009, 191, 885-894. Effective publication Online

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    "Byssophaga" Reichenbach, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Byssophaga cruenta (ex Thaxter 1897) Reichenbach.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus II. Byssophaga gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1118-1121.
    Notes:
    1 Byssophaga Reichenbach is illegitimate because of precedence of the zoological genus Byssophaga Stretch 1872, Arctiidae, Lepidoptera.
    2 Byssophaga Reichenbach is now known as ¤ Byssovorax Reichenbach 2006.

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    "Byssophaga cruenta" (ex Thaxter 1897) Reichenbach, nom. rev., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DSM 14553 = By c2 = JCM 12614.
    Synonym: "Myxococcus cruentus" Thaxter 1897.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus II. Byssophaga gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1118-1121.
    Notes:
    1 Byssophaga cruenta (ex Thaxter 1897) Reichenbach is illegitimate because of precedence of the zoological genus Byssophaga Stretch 1872, Arctiidae, Lepidoptera.
    2 Byssophaga cruenta (ex Thaxter 1897) Reichenbach is now known as ¤ Byssovorax cruenta (ex Thaxter 1897) Reichenbach 2006.

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    "Caedibacter macronucleorum" Fokin and Görtz, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: FOKIN (S.) and GÖRTZ (H.D.): Caedibacter macronucleorum sp. nov., a bacterium inhabiting the macronucleus of Paramecium duboscqui. Arch. Protistenkd., 1993, 143, 319-324.

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    "Caldicellulosiruptor obsidiansis" Hamilton-Brehm et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain OB47.
    Reference: HAMILTON-BREHM (S.D.), MOSHER (J.J.), VISHNIVETSKAYA (T.), PODAR (M.), CARROLL (S.), ALLMAN (S.), PHELPS (T.J.), KELLER (M.) and ELKINS (J.G.): Caldicellulosiruptor obsidiansis sp. nov., an anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, cellulolytic bacterium isolated from Obsidian Pool, Yellowstone National Park. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2010, 76, 1014-1020. Effective publication Online

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    "Caldimonas hydrothermale" Bouraoui et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HAN-85 = DSM 18497 = LMG 23755.
    Reference: BOURAOUI (H.), BOUKARI (I.), TOUZEL (J.P.), O'DONOHUE (M.) and MANAI (M.): Caldimonas hydrothermale sp. nov., a novel thermophilic bacterium isolated from roman hot bath in south Tunisia. Arch. Microbiol., 2010, 192, 485-491. Effective publication Online

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    "Caldinitratiruptor" Fardeau et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Caldinitratiruptor microaerophilus" Fardeau et al.
    Reference: FARDEAU (M.L.), BARSOTTI (V.), CAYOL (J.L.) GUASCO (S.), MICHOTEY (V.), JOSEPH (M.), BONIN (P.) and OLLIVIER (B.): Caldinitratiruptor microaerophilus, gen. nov., sp. nov. isolated from a French hot spring (Chaudes-Aigues, Massif Central): a novel cultivated facultative microaerophilic anaerobic thermophile pertaining to the Symbiobacterium branch within the Firmicutes. Extremophiles, 2010, 14, 241-247. Effective publication Online

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    "Caldinitratiruptor microaerophilus" Fardeau et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CA62N = DSM 22660 = JCM 16183.
    Reference: FARDEAU (M.L.), BARSOTTI (V.), CAYOL (J.L.) GUASCO (S.), MICHOTEY (V.), JOSEPH (M.), BONIN (P.) and OLLIVIER (B.): Caldinitratiruptor microaerophilus, gen. nov., sp. nov. isolated from a French hot spring (Chaudes-Aigues, Massif Central): a novel cultivated facultative microaerophilic anaerobic thermophile pertaining to the Symbiobacterium branch within the Firmicutes. Extremophiles, 2010, 14, 241-247. Effective publication Online

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    "Caldisphaera draconis" Boyd et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 18U65.
    Reference: BOYD (E.S.), JACKSON (R.A.), ENCARNACION (G.), ZAHN (J.A.), BEARD (T.), LEAVITT (W.D.), PI (Y.), ZHANG (C.L.), PEARSON (A.), D'IMPERIO (S.), McDERMOTT (T.R.) and GEESEY (G.G.): Isolation, characterization, and ecology of sulfur-respiring Crenarchaea inhabiting acid-sulfate-chloride geothermal springs in Yellowstone National Park. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2007, 73, 6669-6677. Effective publication Online

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    "Campylobacter troglodytis" Kaur et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MIT 05-9149.
    Reference: KAUR (T.), SINGH (J.), HUFFMAN (M.A.), PETRZELKOVA (K.J.), TAYLOR (N.S.), XU (S.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), PASTER (B.J.), DEBRUYNE (L.), VANDAMME (P.) and FOX (J.G.): Campylobacter troglodytis - sp. nov., isolated from feces of human-habituated wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in Tanzania. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2011, 77, 2366-2373. Effective publication Online

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    "Canaleparolina" Wier et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Canaleparolina darwiniensis" Wier et al.
    Reference: WIER (A.), ASHEN (J.) and MARGULIS (L.): Canaleparolina darwiniensis, gen. nov., sp. nov., and other pillotinaceous spirochetes from insects. Int. Microbiol., 2000, 3, 213-223.

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    "Canaleparolina darwiniensis" Wier et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not cultivated.
    Reference: WIER (A.), ASHEN (J.) and MARGULIS (L.): Canaleparolina darwiniensis, gen. nov., sp. nov., and other pillotinaceous spirochetes from insects. Int. Microbiol., 2000, 3, 213-223.

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    "Catabacter" Lau et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Catabacter hongkongensis" Lau et al.
    Reference: LAU (S.K.), McNABB (A.), WOO (G.K.), HOANG (L.), FUNG (A.M.), CHUNG (L.M.), WOO (P.C.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Catabacter hongkongensis gen. nov. sp. nov. isolated from blood cultures of patients from Hong Kong and Canada. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2007, 45, 395-401. Effective publication Online

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    "Catabacter hongkongensis" Lau et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HKU16.
    Reference: LAU (S.K.), McNABB (A.), WOO (G.K.), HOANG (L.), FUNG (A.M.), CHUNG (L.M.), WOO (P.C.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Catabacter hongkongensis gen. nov. sp. nov. isolated from blood cultures of patients from Hong Kong and Canada. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2007, 45, 395-401. Effective publication Online

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    "Catabacteraceae" Lau et al., fam. nov.
    Proposed type genus: "Catabacter" Lau et al.
    Reference: LAU (S.K.), McNABB (A.), WOO (G.K.), HOANG (L.), FUNG (A.M.), CHUNG (L.M.), WOO (P.C.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Catabacter hongkongensis gen. nov. sp. nov. isolated from blood cultures of patients from Hong Kong and Canada. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2007, 45, 395-401. Effective publication Online

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    "Cellulomonas gilvus" Christopherson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 13127.
    Reference: CHRISTOPHERSON (M.R.), SUEN (G.), BRAMHACHARYA (S.), JEWELL (K.A.), AYLWARD (F.O.), MEAD (D.) and BRUMM (P.J.): The genome sequences of Cellulomonas fimi and "Cellvibrio gilvus" reveal the cellulolytic strategies of two facultative anaerobes, transfer of "Cellvibrio gilvus" to the genus Cellulomonas, and proposal of Cellulomonas gilvus sp. nov. PLoS ONE 8(1): e53954. Effective publication Online

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    "Cellulomonas massiliensis" Lagier et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JC225 = CSUR P160 = DSM 25695.
    Reference: LAGIER (J.C.), RAMASAMY (D.), RIVET (R.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Non contiguous-finished genome sequence and description of Cellulomonas massiliensis sp. nov. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 7, 258-270. Effective publication Online

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    "Cenarchaeaceae" DeLong and Preston, fam. nov.
    Proposed type genus: "Cenarchaeum" DeLong and Preston.
    Reference: PRESTON (C.M.), WU (K.Y.), MOLINSKI (T.F.) and DELONG (E.F.): A psychrophilic crenarchaeon inhabits a marine sponge: Cenarchaeum symbiosum gen. nov., sp. nov. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 1996, 93, 6241-6246.

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    "Cenarchaeales" DeLong and Preston, ord. nov.
    Proposed type genus: "Cenarchaeum" DeLong and Preston.
    Reference: PRESTON (C.M.), WU (K.Y.), MOLINSKI (T.F.) and DELONG (E.F.): A psychrophilic crenarchaeon inhabits a marine sponge: Cenarchaeum symbiosum gen. nov., sp. nov. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 1996, 93, 6241-6246.

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    "Cenarchaeum" DeLong and Preston, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Cenarchaeum symbiosum" DeLong and Preston.
    Reference: PRESTON (C.M.), WU (K.Y.), MOLINSKI (T.F.) and DELONG (E.F.): A psychrophilic crenarchaeon inhabits a marine sponge: Cenarchaeum symbiosum gen. nov., sp. nov. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 1996, 93, 6241-6246.

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    "Cenarchaeum symbiosum" DeLong and Preston, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: PRESTON (C.M.), WU (K.Y.), MOLINSKI (T.F.) and DELONG (E.F.): A psychrophilic crenarchaeon inhabits a marine sponge: Cenarchaeum symbiosum gen. nov., sp. nov. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 1996, 93, 6241-6246.

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    "Cerasicoccus frondis" Yoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YM31-066 = MBIC24796.
    Reference: YOON (J.), MATSUO (Y.), MATSUDA (S.), KASAI (H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Cerasicoccus maritimus sp. nov. and Cerasicoccus frondis sp. nov., two peptidoglycan-less marine verrucomicrobial species, and description of Verrucomicrobia phyl. nov., nom. rev. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 56, 213-222. Effective publication Online

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    "Cerasicoccus maritimus" Yoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YM31-114 = MBIC24844.
    Reference: YOON (J.), MATSUO (Y.), MATSUDA (S.), KASAI (H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Cerasicoccus maritimus sp. nov. and Cerasicoccus frondis sp. nov., two peptidoglycan-less marine verrucomicrobial species, and description of Verrucomicrobia phyl. nov., nom. rev. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 56, 213-222. Effective publication Online

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    "Charonomicrobium" Csotonyi et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Charonomicrobium ambiphototrophicum" Csotonyi et al.
    Reference: CSOTONYI (J.T.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), SWIDERSKI (J.), SCHUMANN (P.) and YURKOV (V.): An alphaproteobacterium capable of both aerobic and anaerobic anoxygenic photosynthesis but incapable of photoautotrophy: Charonomicrobium ambiphototrophicum, gen. nov., sp. nov. Photosynth. Res., 2011, 107, 257-268. Effective publication Online

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    "Charonomicrobium ambiphototrophicum" Csotonyi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain EG17.
    Reference: CSOTONYI (J.T.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), SWIDERSKI (J.), SCHUMANN (P.) and YURKOV (V.): An alphaproteobacterium capable of both aerobic and anaerobic anoxygenic photosynthesis but incapable of photoautotrophy: Charonomicrobium ambiphototrophicum, gen. nov., sp. nov. Photosynth. Res., 2011, 107, 257-268. Effective publication Online

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    "Chitinibacter suncheonensis" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SK16 = KCTC 23839 = DSM 25421.
    Reference: KIM (S.K.), KIM (Y.H.), JEONG (Y.S.), NA (H.B.), KIM (J.), BAIK (K.S.), YUN (H.D.), LEE (J.K.) and KIM (H.): Chitinibacter suncheonensis sp. nov., a chitinolytic bacterium from a mud flat in Suncheon Bay. J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 1058-1062. Effective publication Online

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    "Chitinolyticbacter" Hao et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Chitinolyticbacter meiyuanensis" Hao et al.
    Reference: HAO (Z.), CAI (Y.), LIAO (X.), LIANG (X.), LIU (J.), FANG (Z.), HU (M.) and ZHANG (D.): Chitinolyticbacter meiyuanensis SYBC-H1T, gen. nov., sp. nov., a chitin-degrading bacterium isolated from soil. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 62, 1732-1738. Effective publication Online

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    "Chitinolyticbacter meiyuanensis" Hao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SYBC-H1 = CGMCC 3438 = ATCC BAA-2140.
    Reference: HAO (Z.), CAI (Y.), LIAO (X.), LIANG (X.), LIU (J.), FANG (Z.), HU (M.) and ZHANG (D.): Chitinolyticbacter meiyuanensis SYBC-H1T, gen. nov., sp. nov., a chitin-degrading bacterium isolated from soil. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 62, 1732-1738. Effective publication Online

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    "Chitinophaga soli" An et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Gsoil 219 = KCTC 12650 = DSM 18093.
    Reference: AN (D.S.), IM (W.T.), LEE (S.T.), CHOI (W.Y.) and YOON (M.H.): Chitinophaga soli sp. nov. and Chitinophaga terrae sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field in Pocheon Province, Korea. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2007, 17, 705-711.

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    "Chitinophaga terrae" An et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Gsoil 238 = KCTC 12651 =DSM 18078.
    Reference: AN (D.S.), IM (W.T.), LEE (S.T.), CHOI (W.Y.) and YOON (M.H.): Chitinophaga soli sp. nov. and Chitinophaga terrae sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field in Pocheon Province, Korea. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2007, 17, 705-711.

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    "Chlamydia isopodii" Shay et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no culture isolated.
    Reference: SHAY (M.T.), BETTICA (A.), VERNON (G.M.) and WITKUS (E.R.): Chlamydia isopodii sp. n., an obligate intracellular parasite of Porcellio scaber. Exp. Cell. Biol., 1985, 53, 115-120.
    Note: Morphology of "Chlamydia isopodii" Shay et al. 1985 corresponds to the description of ¤ "Candidatus Rhabdochlamydia porcellionis" Kostanjsek et al. 2004.

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    "Chlamydophila parapsittaci" Vafina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: VAFINA (R.R.), RAVILOVA (R.K.), GAFFAROVB (K.Z.), RAVILOVB (A.Z.), ISKHAKOVA (G.M.), BAKIROVA (I.K.), AND KASHOVA (V.N.): A contribution to the nomenclature and classification of chlamydiae. Mol. Gen. Mikrobiol. Virusol., 2007, 22, 155-164. Effective publication Online

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    "Chlorobaculum macestae" Keppen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain M.
    Reference: KEPPEN (O.I.), BERG (I.A.), LEBEDEVA (N.V.), TAISOVA (A.S.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), SLOBODOVA (N.V.), BULYGINA (E.S.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and IVANOVSKY (R.N.): Chlorobaculum macestae sp. nov., a new green sulfur bacterium. Microbiology, 2008, 77, 69-77. Effective publication Online

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    "Chlorobia" ?, class. nov.
    Proposed type order: "Chlorobiales" ?
    Reference: ?: Class I. "Chlorobia". In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G. M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer, New York, 2001, p. 601.

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    "Chlorobium chlorochromatii" Vogl et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CaD.
    Reference: VOGL (K.), GLAESER (J.), PFANNES (K.R.), WANNER (G.) and OVERMANN (J.): Chlorobium chlorochromatii sp. nov., a symbiotic green sulfur bacterium isolated from the phototrophic consortium "Chlorochromatium aggregatum". Arch. Microbiol., 2006, 185, 363-372. Effective publication Online

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    "Chlorobium ferrooxidans" Heising et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KoFox = DSM 13031.
    Reference: HEISING (S.), RICHTER (L.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHINK (B.): Chlorobium ferrooxidans sp. nov., a phototrophic green sulfur bacterium that oxidizes ferrous iron in coculture with a Geospirillum sp. strain. Arch. Microbiol., 1999, 172, 116-124.

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    "Chromobacteriaceae" Adeolu and Gupta, fam. nov.
    Proposed type genus: Chromobacterium Bergonzini 1880 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: ADEOLU (M.) and GUPTA (R.S.): Phylogenomics and molecular signatures for the order Neisseriales: proposal for division of the order Neisseriales into the emended family Neisseriaceae and Chromobacteriaceae fam. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 104, 1-24. Effective publication Online

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    "Chryseobacterium massiliae" Drancourt et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: DRANCOURT (M.), BERGER (P.) and RAOULT (D.): Systematic 16S rRNA gene sequencing of atypical clinical isolates identified 27 new bacterial species associated with humans. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 2197-2202. Effective publication Online

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    "Chryseobacterium proteolyticum" Yamaguchi and Yokoe, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 9670 = FERM P-17664.
    Reference: YAMAGUCHI (S.) and YOKOE (M.): A novel protein-deamidating enzyme from Chryseobacterium proteolyticum sp. nov., a newly isolated bacterium from soil. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2000, 66, 3337-3343.

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    "Chryseobacterium yeoncheonense" Hoang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DCY67 = KCTC 32090 = JCM 18516.
    Reference: HOANG (V.A.), KIM (Y.J.), NGUYEN (N.L.) and YANG (D.C.): Chryseobacterium yeoncheonense sp. nov., with ginsenoside converting activity isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Arch. Microbiol., 2013, 195, 463-471. Effective publication Online

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    "Chthoniobacter" Sangwan et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Chthoniobacter flavus" Sangwan et al.
    Reference: SANGWAN (P.), CHEN (X.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.) and JANSSEN (P.H.): Chthoniobacter flavus gen. nov., sp. nov., the first pure-culture representative of subdivision two, Spartobacteria classis nov., of the phylum Verrucomicrobia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 5875-5881.

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    "Chthoniobacter flavus" Sangwan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Ellin428.
    Reference: SANGWAN (P.), CHEN (X.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.) and JANSSEN (P.H.): Chthoniobacter flavus gen. nov., sp. nov., the first pure-culture representative of subdivision two, Spartobacteria classis nov., of the phylum Verrucomicrobia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 5875-5881.

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    "Chthoniobacteraceae" Sangwan et al., fam. nov.
    Proposed type genus: "Chthoniobacter" Sangwan et al.
    Reference: SANGWAN (P.), CHEN (X.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.) and JANSSEN (P.H.): Chthoniobacter flavus gen. nov., sp. nov., the first pure-culture representative of subdivision two, Spartobacteria classis nov., of the phylum Verrucomicrobia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 5875-5881.

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    "Chthoniobacterales" Sangwan et al., ord. nov.
    Proposed type genus: "Chthoniobacter" Sangwan et al.
    Reference: SANGWAN (P.), CHEN (X.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.) and JANSSEN (P.H.): Chthoniobacter flavus gen. nov., sp. nov., the first pure-culture representative of subdivision two, Spartobacteria classis nov., of the phylum Verrucomicrobia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 5875-5881.

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    "Citricoccus yambaruensis" Matsui et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PS9 = NBRC102121 = DSM18783.
    Reference: MATSUI (T.), SEMBA (H.) and HANADA (S.): Citricoccus yambaruensis sp. nov., a racemic phenylsuccinate stereospecifically assimilating actinomycete isolated from soil in Okinawa. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 373-378. Effective publication Online

    "Citromicrobium" Yurkov et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Citromicrobium bathyomarinum" Yurkov et al.
    Reference: YURKOV (V.V.), KRIEGER (S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and BEATTY (J.T.): Citromicrobium bathyomarinum, a novel aerobic bacterium isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vent plume waters that contains photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes. J. Bact., 1999, 181, 4517-4525.

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    "Citromicrobium bathyomarinum" Yurkov et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JF-1.
    Reference: YURKOV (V.V.), KRIEGER (S.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and BEATTY (J.T.): Citromicrobium bathyomarinum, a novel aerobic bacterium isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vent plume waters that contains photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes. J. Bact., 1999, 181, 4517-4525.

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    "Clathrochloris" Witt et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Clathrochloris sulfurica" Witt et al.
    Reference: WITT (D.), BERGSTEIN-BEN (D.T.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Nucleotide sequence of 16S rRNA and phylogenetic position of the green sulfur bacterium Clathrochloris sulfurica. Arch. Microbiol., 1989, 152, 206-208.

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    "Clathrochloris sulfurica" Witt et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: WITT (D.), BERGSTEIN-BEN (D.T.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Nucleotide sequence of 16S rRNA and phylogenetic position of the green sulfur bacterium Clathrochloris sulfurica. Arch. Microbiol., 1989, 152, 206-208.

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    "Clostridium hobsonii" Sharma and Hagen, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain U311.
    Reference: SHARMA (V.K.) and HAGEN (J.C.): Isolation and characterization of Clostridium hobsonii comb. nov. Bioresource Technology,1995, 51, 61-74.

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    "Clostridium senegalense" Mishra et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JC122 = CSUR P152 = DSM 25507. JF82824801.
    Reference: MISHRA (A.K.), LAGIER (J.C.), ROBERT (C.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Non-contiguous finished genome sequence and description of Clostridium senegalense sp. nov. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 6, 386-395. Effective publication Online

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    "Clostridium tunisiense" Ben Dhia Thabet et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain E1 = DSM 15206 = CIP 107666.
    Reference: BEN DHIA THABET (O), FARDEAU (M.L.), JOULIAN (C.), THOMAS (P.), HAMDI (M.), GARCIA (J.L.) and OLLIVIER (B.): Clostridium tunisiense sp. nov., a new proteolytic, sulfur-reducing bacterium isolated from an olive mill wastewater contaminated by phosphogypse. Anaerobe, 2004, 10, 185-190.

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    "Cohnella plantaginis" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YN-83 = DSM 25424 = CGMCC 1.12047.
    Reference: WANG (L.Y.), CHEN (S.F.), WANG (L.), ZHOU (Y.G.) and LIU (H.C.): Cohnella plantaginis sp. nov., a novel nitrogen-fixing species isolated from plantain rhizosphere soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 83-89. Effective publication Online

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    "Commensalibacter" Roh et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Commensalibacter intestini" Roh et al.
    Reference: ROH (S.W.), NAM (Y.D.), CHANG (H.W.), KIM (K.H.), KIM (M.S.), RYU (J.H.), KIM (S.H.), LEE (W.J.) and BAE (J.W.): Phylogenetic characterization of two novel commensal bacteria related to innate immune homeostasis in Drosophila. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2008, 74, 6171-6177. Effective publication Online

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    "Commensalibacter intestini" Roh et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain A911 = KCTC 22117 = JCM 15511.
    Reference: ROH (S.W.), NAM (Y.D.), CHANG (H.W.), KIM (K.H.), KIM (M.S.), RYU (J.H.), KIM (S.H.), LEE (W.J.) and BAE (J.W.): Phylogenetic characterization of two novel commensal bacteria related to innate immune homeostasis in Drosophila. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2008, 74, 6171-6177. Effective publication Online

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    "Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum" Brown et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Medalle X.
    Reference: BROWN (S.), LANÉELLE (M.A.), ASSELINEAU (J.) and BARKSDALE (L.): Description of Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum sp. nov., a leprosy-derived Corynebacterium. Ann. Microbiol. (Inst. Pasteur), 1984, 135 B, 251-267.
    Note: "Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum" Brown et al. 1984 is now known as ¤ Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum Feurer et al. 2004.
    Reference: FEURER (C.), CLERMONT (D.), BIMET (F.), CANDRÉA (A.), JACKSON (M.), GLASER (P.), BIZET (C.) and DAUGA (C.): Taxonomic characterization of nine strains isolated from clinical and environmental specimens, and proposal of Corynebacterium tuberculostearicum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 54, 1055-1061.

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    "Corynebacterium uterequi" Hoyles et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain VM 2298 = CCUG 61235 = DSM 45634.
    Reference: HOYLES (L.), ORTMAN (K.), CARDEW (S.), FOSTER (G.), ROGERSON (F.) and FALSEN (E.): Corynebacterium uterequi sp. nov., a non-lipophilic bacterium isolated from urogenital samples from horses. Vet. Microbiol., 2013, 165, 469-474. Effective publication Online

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    "Coxiella cheraxi" Tan and Owens, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TO-98 (?).
    Reference: TAN (C.K.) and OWENS (L.): Infectivity, transmission and 16S rRNA sequencing of a rickettsia, Coxiella cheraxi sp. nov., from the freshwater crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus. Dis. Aquat. Org., 2000, 41, 115-122.

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    "Criblamydia" Thomas et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Criblamydia sequanensis" Thomas et al.
    Reference: THOMAS (V.), CASSON (N.) and GREUB (G.): Criblamydia sequanensis, a new intracellular Chlamydiales isolated from Seine river water using amoebal co-culture. Environ. Microbiol., 2006, 8, 2125-235. Effective publication Online

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    "Criblamydia sequanensis" Thomas et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: THOMAS (V.), CASSON (N.) and GREUB (G.): Criblamydia sequanensis, a new intracellular Chlamydiales isolated from Seine river water using amoebal co-culture. Environ. Microbiol., 2006, 8, 2125-235. Effective publication Online

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    "Cronobacter" Iversen et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Cronobacter sakazakii" (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al.
    Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Cronobacter" Iversen et al. 2007 is now known as ¤ Cronobacter Iversen et al. 2008.

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    "Cronobacter dublinensis" Iversen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CFS237 = LMG 23823 = DSM 18705.
    Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Cronobacter dublinensis" Iversen et al. 2007 is now known as ¤ Cronobacter dublinensis Iversen et al. 2008.

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    "Cronobacter helveticus" (Stephan et al. 2007) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 513/05 = DSM 18396 = JCM 16470 = LMG 23732.
    Basonym: Enterobacter helveticus Stephan et al. 2007.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Cronobacter muytjensii" Iversen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 51329= CIP 103581.
    Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Cronobacter muytjensii" Iversen et al. 2007 is now known as ¤ Cronobacter muytjensii Iversen et al. 2008.

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    "Cronobacter pulveris" (Stephan et al. 2008) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 601/05 = DSM 19144 = JCM 16471 = LMG 24057.
    Basonym: Enterobacter pulveris Stephan et al. 2008.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Cronobacter sakazakii" (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 29544= NCTC 11467.
    Basonym: Enterobacter sakazakii Farmer et al. 1980.
    Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Cronobacter sakazakii" (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al. 2007 is now known as ¤ Cronobacter sakazakii (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al. 2008.

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    "Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus" Iversen et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CDC 1058-77 = LMG 23826 = DSM18702.
    Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus" Iversen et al. 2007 is now known as ¤ Cronobacter malonaticus Iversen et al. 2008.

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    "Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii" (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 29544= NCTC 11467.
    Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii " (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen  et al. 2007 is now known as ¤ Cronobacter sakazakii (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al. 2008.

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    "Cronobacter turicensis" Iversen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 3032 = LMG 23827 = DSM 18703.
    Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Cronobacter turicensis" Iversen  et al. 2007 is now known as ¤ Cronobacter turicensis Iversen et al. 2008.

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    "Cronobacter zurichensis" (Stephan et al. 2007) Brady et al., nom. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 508/05 = DSM 18397 = JCM 16472 = LMG 23730.
    Basonym: Enterobacter turicensis Stephan et al. 2007.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Curtobacterium oceanosedimentum" (Carty and Litchfield 1978) Kim et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 31317.
    Basonym: Flavobacterium oceanosedimentum Carty and Litchfield 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: KIM (B.K.), KIM (O.S.), MOON (E.Y.) and CHUN (J.): Proposal to transfer Flavobacterium oceanosedimentum Carty and Litchfield 1978 to the genus Curtobacterium as Curtobacterium oceanosedimentum comb. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2009, 296, 137-141. Effective publication Online

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    "Cycloclasticus spirillensus" Chung and King, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: M4-6.
    Reference: CHUNG (W.K.) and KING (G.M.): Isolation, characterization, and polyaromatic hydrocarbon degradation potential of aerobic bacteria from marine macrofaunal burrow sediments and description of Lutibacterium anuloederans gen. nov., sp. nov., and Cycloclasticus spirillensus sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2001, 67, 5585-5592.

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    "Cystobacter disciformis" (Thaxter 1904) Reichenbach, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 33172.
    Proposed basonym: Myxococcus disciformis Thaxter 1904 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, 170AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1086-1096.

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    "Dactylosporangium aurantiacum subsp. hamdenesis" Theriault et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AB718C-41.
    Reference: THERIAULT (R.J.), KARWOWSKI (J.P.), JACKSON (M.), GIROLAMI (R.L.), SUNGA (G.N.), VOJTKO (C.M.) and COEN (L.J.): Tiacumicins, a novel complex of 18-membered macrolide antibiotics. I. Taxonomy, fermentation and antibacterial activity. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1987, 40, 567-574.

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    "Dechlorobacter" Thrash et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Dechlorobacter hydrogenophilus" Thrash et al.
    Reference: THRASH (J.C.), POLLOCK (J.), TOROK (T.) and COATES (J.D.): Description of the novel perchlorate-reducing bacteria Dechlorobacter hydrogenophilus gen. nov., sp. nov. and Propionivibrio militaris, sp. nov. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2010, 86, 335-343. Effective publication Online

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    "Dechlorobacter hydrogenophilus" Thrash et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LT-1 = ATCC BAA-2083.
    Reference: THRASH (J.C.), POLLOCK (J.), TOROK (T.) and COATES (J.D.): Description of the novel perchlorate-reducing bacteria Dechlorobacter hydrogenophilus gen. nov., sp. nov. and Propionivibrio militaris, sp. nov. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2010, 86, 335-343. Effective publication Online

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    "Dehalobacterium" Mägli et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Dehalobacterium formicoaceticum" Mägli et al.
    Reference: MÄGLI (A.), WENDT (M.) and LEISINGER (T.): Isolation and characterization of Dehalobacterium formicoaceticum gen. nov. sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic bacterium utilizing dichloromethane as source of carbon and energy. Arch. Microbiol., 1996, 166, 101-108.

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    "Dehalobacterium formicoaceticum" Mägli et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: MÄGLI (A.), WENDT (M.) and LEISINGER (T.): Isolation and characterization of Dehalobacterium formicoaceticum gen. nov. sp. nov., a strictly anaerobic bacterium utilizing dichloromethane as source of carbon and energy. Arch. Microbiol., 1996, 166, 101-108.

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    "Deinococcus guangriensis" Sun et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain WGR700 = CGMCC 1.7045 = CICC 10360 = JCM 15082.
    Reference: SUN (J.), SHEN (P.), CHAO (H.) and WU (B.): Isolation and identification of a new radiation-resistant bacterium Deinococcus guangriensis sp.nov. and analysis of its radioresistant character. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao., 2009, 49, 918-924.

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    "Deinococcus sahariens" Bouraoui et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HAN-23 = DSM 18496 = LMG 23756.
    Reference: BOURAOUI (H.), AISSA (M.B.), ABBASSI (F.), TOUZEL (J.P.), O'DONOHUE (M.) and MANAI (M.): Characterization of Deinococcus sahariens sp. nov., a radiation-resistant bacterium isolated from a Saharan hot spring. Arch. Microbiol., 2012, 194, 315-322. Effective publication Online

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    "Deinococcus soli" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ZLM-202 = CCTCC AB 208223 = KCTC 13419.
    Reference: ZHANG (L.), QIN (B.F.), WANG (Y.) and FANG (C.X.): Deinococcus soli sp. nov., a gamma- and uv-radiation-resistant bacterium from north-west China. Mikrobiologiia, 2011, 80, 818-825. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfacinum subterraneum" Rozanova et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 101.
    Reference: ROZANOVA (E.P.), TOUROVAL (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), LYSENKO (A.M.), MITYUSHINA (L.L.), YUSUPOV (S.K.) and BELYAEV (S.S.): Desulfacinum subterraneum sp. nov., a new thermophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium isolated from a high-temperature oil field (In Russian). Mikrobiologiya, 2001, 70, 466-471.

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    "Desulfobacter psychrotolerans" Tarpgaard et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain akvb.
    Reference: TARPGAARD (I.H.), BOETIUS (A.) and FINSTER (K.): Desulfobacter psychrotolerans sp. nov., a new psychrotolerant sulfate-reducing bacterium and descriptions of its physiological response to temperature changes. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2006, 89, 109-124. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfohalophilus" Blum et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Desulfohalophilus alkaliarsenatis" Blum et al.
    Reference: BLUM (J.S.), KULP (T.R.), HAN (S.), LANOIL (B.), SALTIKOV (C.W.), STOLZ (J.F.), MILLER (L.G.) and OREMLAND (R.S.): Desulfohalophilus alkaliarsenatis gen. nov., sp. nov., an extremely halophilic sulfate- and arsenate-respiring bacterium from Searles Lake, California. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 727-742. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfohalophilus alkaliarsenatis" Blum et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SLSR-1 = ATCC BAA-2432 = DSM 25765.
    Reference: BLUM (J.S.), KULP (T.R.), HAN (S.), LANOIL (B.), SALTIKOV (C.W.), STOLZ (J.F.), MILLER (L.G.) and OREMLAND (R.S.): Desulfohalophilus alkaliarsenatis gen. nov., sp. nov., an extremely halophilic sulfate- and arsenate-respiring bacterium from Searles Lake, California. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 727-742. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfomicrobium aestuarii" Dias et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ADR26 = DSM19191 = JCM14714.
    Reference: DIAS (M.), SALVADO (J.C.), MONPERRUS (M.), CAUMETTE (P.), AMOUROUX (D.), DURAN (R.) and GUYONEAUD (R.): Characterization of Desulfomicrobium salsuginis sp. nov. and Desulfomicrobium aestuarii sp. nov., two new sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated from the Adour estuary (French Atlantic coast) with specific mercury methylation potentials. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 30-37. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfomicrobium hypogeium" Krumholz et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CN-A = SMCC/W 750.
    Reference: KRUMHOLZ (L.R.), HARRIS (S.H.), TAY (S.T.) and SUFLITA (J.M.): Characterization of two subsurface H2-utilizing bacteria, Desulfomicrobium hypogeium sp. nov. and Acetobacterium psammolithicum sp. nov., and their ecological roles. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1999, 65, 2300-2306. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfomicrobium salsuginis" Dias et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ADR21 = DSM19190 = JCM14713.
    Reference: DIAS (M.), SALVADO (J.C.), MONPERRUS (M.), CAUMETTE (P.), AMOUROUX (D.), DURAN (R.) and GUYONEAUD (R.): Characterization of Desulfomicrobium salsuginis sp. nov. and Desulfomicrobium aestuarii sp. nov., two new sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated from the Adour estuary (French Atlantic coast) with specific mercury methylation potentials. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 30-37. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfosporomusa" Sass et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Desulfosporomusa polytropa" Sass et al.
    Reference: SASS (H.), OVERMANN (J.), RÜTTERS (H.), BABENZIEN (H.D.) and CYPIONKA (H.): Desulfosporomusa polytropa gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel sulfate-reducing bacterium from sediments of an oligotrophic lake. Arch. Microbiol., 2004, 182, 204-211.

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    "Desulfosporomusa polytropa" Sass et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain STP3 = DSM 12907.
    Reference: SASS (H.), OVERMANN (J.), RÜTTERS (H.), BABENZIEN (H.D.) and CYPIONKA (H.): Desulfosporomusa polytropa gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel sulfate-reducing bacterium from sediments of an oligotrophic lake. Arch. Microbiol., 2004, 182, 204-211.

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    "Desulfotomaculum salinum" Nazina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 435 = VKM B 1492.
    Reference: NAZINA (T.N.), ROZANOVA (E.P.), BELYAKOVA (E.V.), LYSENKO (A.M.), POLTARAUS (A.B.), TOUROVA (T.P.), OSIPOV (G.A.) and BELYAEV (S.S.): Description of "Desulfotomaculum nigrificans subsp. salinus" as a new species, Desulfotomaculum salinum sp. nov. Microbiology (Mikrobiologiya), 2005, 74, 567-574. 

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    "Desulfotomaculum varum" Ogg and Patel, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RH04-3 = JCM 16158 = KCTC 5794.
    Reference: OGG (C.D.) and PATEL (B.K.C.): Desulfotomaculum varum sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium isolated from a microbial mat colonizing a Great Artesian Basin bore well runoff channel. 3 Biotech., 2011, 1, 139-149. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfovibrio brasiliensis" Warthmann et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LVform1 = DSM 15816 = JCM 12178.
    Reference: WARTHMANN (R.), VASCONCELOS (C.), SASS (H.) and McKENZIE (J.A.): Desulfovibrio brasiliensis sp. nov., a moderate halophilic sulfate-reducing bacterium from Lagoa Vermelha (Brazil) mediating dolomite formation. Extremophiles, 2005, 9, 255-261.

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    "Desulfovibrio cavernae" Sass and Cypionka, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: SASS (H.) and CYPIONKA (H.): Isolation of sulfate-reducing bacteria from the terrestrial deep subsurface and description of Desulfovibrio cavernae sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 541-548.

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    "Desulfovibrio fairfieldensis" McDougall et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain FH26001/95 = ATCC 70045.
    Reference: McDOUGALL (R.), ROBSON (J.), PATERSON (D.) and TEE (W.): Bacteremia caused by a recently described novel Desulfovibrio species. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1997, 35, 1805-1808. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfovibrio lacusfryxellense" Sattley and Madigan, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain FSRs = DSM 23315 = ATCC BAA-2083.
    Reference: SATTLEY (W.M.) and MADIGAN (M.T.): Temperature and nutrient induced responses of Lake Fryxell sulfate-reducing prokaryotes and description of Desulfovibrio lacusfryxellense, sp. nov., a pervasive, cold-active, sulfate-reducing bacterium from Lake Fryxell, Antarctica. Extremophiles, 2010, 14, 357-366. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfovibrio multispirans" Czechowski et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CZECHOWSKI (M.H.), HE (S.H.), NACRO (M.), DERVARTANIAN (D.V.), PECK Jr. (H.D.) and LEGALL (J.): A cytoplasmic nickel-iron hydrogenase with high specific activity from Desulfovibrio multispirans sp. N., a new species of sulfate reducing bacterium. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 1984, 28, 1025-1032.

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    "Desulfovibrionaceae" Devereux et al., fam. nov.
    Proposed type genus: Desulfovibrio Kluyver and van Niel 1936 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: DEVEREUX (R.), HE (S.H.), DOYLE (C.L.), ORKLAND (S.), STAHL (D.A.), LEGALL (J.) and WHITMAN (W.B.): Diversity and origin of Desulfovibrio species: phylogenetic definition of a family. J. Bact., 1990, 172, 3609-3619.

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    "Desulfuribacillus" Sorokin et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Desulfuribacillus alkaliarsenatis" Sorokin et al.
    Reference: SOROKIN (D.Y.), TOUROVA (T.P.), SUKHACHEVA (M.V.) and MUYZER (G.): Desulfuribacillus alkaliarsenatis gen. nov. sp. nov., a deep-lineage, obligately anaerobic, dissimilatory sulfur and arsenate-reducing, haloalkaliphilic representative of the order Bacillales from soda lakes. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 597-605. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfuribacillus alkaliarsenatis" Sorokin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AHT28 = DSM24608 = UNIQEM U855.
    Reference: SOROKIN (D.Y.), TOUROVA (T.P.), SUKHACHEVA (M.V.) and MUYZER (G.): Desulfuribacillus alkaliarsenatis gen. nov. sp. nov., a deep-lineage, obligately anaerobic, dissimilatory sulfur and arsenate-reducing, haloalkaliphilic representative of the order Bacillales from soda lakes. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 597-605. Effective publication Online

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    "Desulfurobacterium crinifex" Alain et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NE1206 = DSM 15218.
    Reference: ALAIN (K.), ROLLAND (S.), CRASSOUS (P.), LESONGEUR (F.), ZBINDEN (M.), LE GALL (C.), GODFROY (A.), PAGE (A.), JUNIPER (S.K.), CAMBON-BONAVITA (M.A.), DUCHIRON (F.) and QUERELLOU (J.): Desulfurobacterium crinifex sp. nov., a novel thermophilic, pinkish-streamer forming, chemolithoautotrophic bacterium isolated from a Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal vent and amendment of the genus Desulfurobacterium. Extremophiles, 2003, 7, 361-370.

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    "Desulfurococcus saccharovorans" Stetter, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: STETTER (K.O.): Diversity of extremely thermophilic archaebacteria. In: T.D. BROCK (ed.), Thermophiles: General, Molecular and Applied Microbiology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 39-74.

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    "Diplocalyx cryptotermitidis" Wier et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: WIER (A.), ASHEN (J.) and MARGULIS (L.): Canaleparolina darwiniensis, gen. nov., sp. nov., and other pillotinaceous spirochetes from insects. Int. Microbiol., 2000, 3, 213-223.

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    "Diplosphaera" Wertz et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Diplosphaera colotermitum" Wertz et al.
    Reference: WERTZ (J.T.), KIM (E.), BREZNAK (J.A.), SCHMIDT (T.M.) and RODRIGUES (J.L.): Genomic and physiological characterization of the Verrucomicrobia isolate Diplosphaera colotermitum gen. nov., sp. nov. reveals microaerophily and nitrogen fixation genes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2012, 78, 1544-1555. Effective publication Online

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    "Diplosphaera colotermitum" Wertz et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TAV2.
    Reference: WERTZ (J.T.), KIM (E.), BREZNAK (J.A.), SCHMIDT (T.M.) and RODRIGUES (J.L.): Genomic and physiological characterization of the Verrucomicrobia isolateDiplosphaera colotermitum gen. nov., sp. nov. reveals microaerophily and nitrogen fixation genes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2012, 78, 1544-1555. Effective publication Online

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    "Echinicola shivajiensis" Srinivas et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: SRINIVAS (T.N.), KAILASH TRYAMBAK (B.) and ANIL KUMAR (P.): Echinicola shivajiensis sp. nov., a novel bacterium of the family "Cyclobacteriaceae" isolated from brackish water pond. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 641-647. Effective publication Online

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    "Edaphobacillus" Lal et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Edaphobacillus lindanitolerans" Lal et al.
    Reference: LAL (D.), KHAN (F.), GUPTA (S.K.), SCHUMANN (P.) and LAL (R.): Edaphobacillus lindanitolerans gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) contaminated soil. J. Basic. Microbiol., published online: January 15, 2013 (doi: 10.1002/jobm.201200150). Effective publication Online

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    "Edaphobacillus lindanitolerans" Lal et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MNA4 = CCM 7584 = DSM 22424.
    Reference: LAL (D.), KHAN (F.), GUPTA (S.K.), SCHUMANN (P.) and LAL (R.): Edaphobacillus lindanitolerans gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) contaminated soil. J. Basic. Microbiol., published online: January 15, 2013 (doi: 10.1002/jobm.201200150). Effective publication Online

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    "Ehrlichia platys" French and Harvey, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: FRENCH (T.W.) and HARVEY (J.W.): Serologic diagnosis of infectious cyclic thrombocytopenia in dogs using an indirect fluorescent antibody test. Am. J. Vet. Res., 1983, 44, 2407-2411.
    Note: "Ehrlichia platys" is now known as ¤ Anaplasma platys Dumler et al. 2001, sp. nov.

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    "Ehrlichia risticii subsp. atypicalis" Kakoma et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: KAKOMA (I.), HANSEN (R.D.), ANDERSON (B.E.), HANLEY (T.A.), SIMS (K.G.), LIU (L.), BELLAMY (C.), LONG (M.T.) and BAEK (B.K.): Cultural, molecular, and immunological characterization of the etiologic agent for atypical canine ehrlichiosis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1994, 32, 170-175. Effective publication Online

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    "Empedobacter haloabium" Konishi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain G 393-B445 = ATCC 31962.
    Reference: KONISHI (M.), SUGAWARA (K.), HANADA (M.), TOMITA (K.), TOMATSU (K.), MIYAKI (T.), KAWAGUCHI (H.), BUCK (R.E.), MORE (C.) and ROSSOMANO (V.Z.): Empedopeptin (BMY-28117), a new depsipeptide antibiotic. I. Production, isolation and properties. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1984, 37, 949-957.

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    "Ensifer americanum" (Toledo et al. 2004) Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CFNEI 156 = ATCC BAA-532 = CIP 108390 = DSM 15007.
    Basonym: Sinorhizobium americanum corrig. Toledo et al. 2004.
    Reference: WANG (Y.C.), WANG (F.), HOU (B.C.), WANG (E.T.), CHEN (W.F.), SUI (X.H.), CHEN (W.X.), LI (Y.) and ZHANG (Y.B.): Proposal of Ensifer psoraleae sp. nov., Ensifer sesbaniae sp. nov., Ensifer morelense comb. nov. and Ensifer americanum comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: June 04, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.05.001). Effective publication Online

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    "Ensifer morelense" (Wang et al. 2002) Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Lc04 = CFN E1007 = LMG 21331 = NBRC 100387.
    Basonym: Sinorhizobium morelense Wang et al. 2002.
    Reference: WANG (Y.C.), WANG (F.), HOU (B.C.), WANG (E.T.), CHEN (W.F.), SUI (X.H.), CHEN (W.X.), LI (Y.) and ZHANG (Y.B.): Proposal of Ensifer psoraleae sp. nov., Ensifer sesbaniae sp. nov., Ensifer morelense comb. nov. and Ensifer americanum comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: June 04, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.05.001). Effective publication Online

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    "Ensifer psoraleae" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CCBAU 65732 = LMG 26835 = HAMBI 3286.
    Reference: WANG (Y.C.), WANG (F.), HOU (B.C.), WANG (E.T.), CHEN (W.F.), SUI (X.H.), CHEN (W.X.), LI (Y.) and ZHANG (Y.B.): Proposal of Ensifer psoraleae sp. nov., Ensifer sesbaniae sp. nov., Ensifer morelense comb. nov. and Ensifer americanum comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: June 04, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.05.001). Effective publication Online

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    "Ensifer sesbaniae" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CCBAU 65729 = LMG 26833 = HAMBI 3287.
    Reference: WANG (Y.C.), WANG (F.), HOU (B.C.), WANG (E.T.), CHEN (W.F.), SUI (X.H.), CHEN (W.X.), LI (Y.) and ZHANG (Y.B.): Proposal of Ensifer psoraleae sp. nov., Ensifer sesbaniae sp. nov., Ensifer morelense comb. nov. and Ensifer americanum comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: June 04, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.05.001). Effective publication Online

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    "Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. hormaechei" O'Hara et al. 1990, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 0992-77 = ATCC 49162= CIP 103441 = CCUG 27126.
    Reference: HOFFMANN (H.), STINDL (S.), LUDWIG (W.), STUMPF (A.), MEHLEN (A.), MONGET (D.), PIERARD (D.), ZIESING (S.), HEESEMANN (J.), ROGGENKAMP (A.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. oharae subsp. nov., E. hormaechei subsp. hormaechei comb. nov., and E. hormaechei subsp. steigerwaltii subsp. nov., three new subspecies of clinical importance. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 3297-3303. Effective publication Online

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    "Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. oharae" Hoffmann et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain EN-314 = DSM 16687 = CIP 108490.
    Reference: HOFFMANN (H.), STINDL (S.), LUDWIG (W.), STUMPF (A.), MEHLEN (A.), MONGET (D.), PIERARD (D.), ZIESING (S.), HEESEMANN (J.), ROGGENKAMP (A.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. oharae subsp. nov., E. hormaechei subsp. hormaechei comb. nov., and E. hormaechei subsp. steigerwaltii subsp. nov., three new subspecies of clinical importance. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 3297-3303. Effective publication Online

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    "Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. steigerwaltii" Hoffmann et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain EN-562 = DSM 16691 = CIP 108489.
    Reference: HOFFMANN (H.), STINDL (S.), LUDWIG (W.), STUMPF (A.), MEHLEN (A.), MONGET (D.), PIERARD (D.), ZIESING (S.), HEESEMANN (J.), ROGGENKAMP (A.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. oharae subsp. nov., E. hormaechei subsp. hormaechei comb. nov., and E. hormaechei subsp. steigerwaltii subsp. nov., three new subspecies of clinical importance. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 3297-3303. Effective publication Online

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    "Enterobacter siamensis" Khunthongpan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain C2361 = KCTC 23282 = NBRC 107138.
    Reference: KHUNTHONGPAN (S.), BOURNEOW (C.), H-KITTIKUN (A.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), BENJAKUL (S.) and SUMPAVAPOL (P.): Enterobacter siamensis sp. nov., a transglutaminase-producing bacterium isolated from seafood processing wastewater in Thailand. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 59, 135-140. Effective publication Online

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    "Enterococcus sanguinicola" Carvalho et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC BAA-781 = CCUG 47861 = SS 1729 = CDC PNS-E2.
    Reference: CARVALHO (M.G.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MOREY (R.E.), SHEWMAKER (P.L.), FALSEN (E.), FACKLAM (R.R.) and TEIXEIRA (L.M.): Designation of the provisional new Enterococcus species CDC PNS-E2 as Enterococcus sanguinicola sp. nov., isolated from human blood, and identification of a strain previously named Enterococcus CDC PNS-E1 as Enterococcus italicus Fortina, Ricci, Mora, and Manachini 2004. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 3473-3476. Effective publication Online

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    "Epulopiscium" Montgomery and Pollak, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Epulopiscium fishelsoni" Montgomery and Pollak.
    Reference: MONTGOMERY (W.L.) and POLLAK (P.E.): Epulopiscium fishelsoni, N.G., N. Sp., a protist of uncertain taxonomic affinities from the gut of an herbivorous reef fish. J. Protozool., 1988, 35, 565-569.

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    "Epulopiscium fishelsoni" Montgomery and Pollak, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: MONTGOMERY (W.L.) and POLLAK (P.E.): Epulopiscium fishelsoni, N.G., N. Sp., a protist of uncertain taxonomic affinities from the gut of an herbivorous reef fish. J. Protozool., 1988, 35, 565-569.

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    "Erythrobacter westpacificensis" Wei et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JLT2008 = CGMCC 1.10993 = JCM 18014.
    Reference: WEI (J.), MAO (Y.), ZHENG (Q.), ZHANG (R.), WANG (Y.N.) and JIAO (N.): Erythrobacter westpacificensis sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from the Western Pacific. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 385-390. Effective publication Online
    Note: The correct authorship was provided by the way of an erratum.
    Reference: WEI (J.), MAO (Y.), ZHENG (Q.), ZHANG (R.), WANG (Y.N.) and JIAO (N.): Erratum to: Erythrobacter westpacificensis sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from the Western Pacific. Effective publication Online

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    "Euryhalocaulis" Deng et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Euryhalocaulis caribicus" Deng et al.
    Reference: DENG (W.), ZHANG (Y.), XIE (X.), ZHAO (Z.) and FU (Y.): Euryhalocaulis caribicus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Hyphomonadaceae isolated from the Caribbean Sea. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 606-612. Effective publication Online
    Note: The correct title was provided by the way of an erratum.
    Reference: DENG (W.), ZHANG (Y.), XIE (X.), ZHAO (Z.) and FU (Y.): Euryhalocaulis caribicus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Hyphomonadaceae isolated from the Caribbean Sea. Effective publication Online

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    "Euryhalocaulis caribicus" Deng et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JL2009 = CGMCC 1.12036 = JCM 18163.
    Reference: DENG (W.), ZHANG (Y.), XIE (X.), ZHAO (Z.) and FU (Y.): Euryhalocaulis caribicus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Hyphomonadaceae isolated from the Caribbean Sea. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 606-612. Effective publication Online
    Note: The correct title was provided by the way of an erratum.
    Reference: DENG (W.), ZHANG (Y.), XIE (X.), ZHAO (Z.) and FU (Y.): Euryhalocaulis caribicus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Hyphomonadaceae isolated from the Caribbean Sea. Effective publication Online

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    "Exiguobacterium arabatum" Jakubauskas et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not designated.
    Reference: JAKUBAUSKAS (A.), KRIUKIENE (E.), TRINKUNAITE (L.), SAPRANAUSKAS (R.), JURENAITE-URBANAVICIENE (S.) and LUBYS (A.): Bioinformatic and partial functional analysis of pEspA and pEspB, two plasmids from Exiguobacterium arabatum sp. nov. RFL1109. Plasmid., 2009, 61, 52-64. Effective publication Online

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    "Exiguobacterium himgiriensis" Singh et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain K22-26 = MTCC 7628 = JCM 14260.
    Reference: SINGH (N.K.), RAICHAND (R.), KAUR (I.), KAUR (C.), PAREEK (S.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Exiguobacterium himgiriensis sp. nov. a novel member of the genus Exiguobacterium, isolated from the Indian Himalayas. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 789-796. Effective publication Online

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    "Erwinia futululu" Yang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: YANG (B.Y.), DING (Q.) and MONTGOMERY (R.): Extracellular polysaccharides of Erwinia futululu, a bacterium associated with a fungal canker disease of Eucalyptus spp. Carbohydr. Res., 2002, 337, 2469-2480. Publication Online

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    "Erwinia teranera" Yang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: YANG (B.Y.), DING (Q.) and MONTGOMERY (R.): Extracellular polysaccharides of a bacterium associated with a fungal canker disease of Eucalyptus sp. Carbohydr. Res., 2002, 337, 731-742. Publication Online

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    "Faenia interjecta" Okazaki and Enokita, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SANK 60983.
    Reference: OKAZAKI (T.), ENOKITA (R.), MIYAOKA (H.), TAKATSU (T.) and TOIRIKATA (A.): Chloropolysporins A, B and C, novel glycopeptide antibiotics from Faenia interjecta sp. nov. I. Taxonomy of producing organism. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1987, 40, 917-923. 

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    "Ferritrophicum" Weiss et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Ferritrophicum radicicola" Weiss et al.
    Reference: WEISS (J.V.), RENTZ (J.A.), PLAIA (T.), NEUBAUER (S.C.), MERRILL-FLOYD (M.), LILBURN (T.), BRADBURNE (C.), MEGONIGAL (J.P.) and EMERSON (D.): Characterization of neutrophilic Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of wetland plants and description of Ferritrophicum radicicola gen. nov. sp. nov., and Sideroxydans paludicola sp. nov. Geomicrobiol. J., 2007, 24, 559-570. Publication Online

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    "Ferritrophicum radicicola" Weiss et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: WEISS (J.V.), RENTZ (J.A.), PLAIA (T.), NEUBAUER (S.C.), MERRILL-FLOYD (M.), LILBURN (T.), BRADBURNE (C.), MEGONIGAL (J.P.) and EMERSON (D.): Characterization of neutrophilic Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of wetland plants and description of Ferritrophicum radicicola gen. nov. sp. nov., and Sideroxydans paludicola sp. nov. Geomicrobiol. J., 2007, 24, 559-570. Publication Online

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    "Ferroplasma acidarmanus" Dopson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Fer1.
    Reference: DOPSON (M.), BAKER-AUSTIN (C.), HIND (A.), BOWMAN (J.P.) and BOND (P.L.): Characterization of Ferroplasma isolates and Ferroplasma acidarmanus sp. nov., extreme acidophiles from acid mine drainage and industrial bioleaching environments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 2079-2088.

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    "Ferroplasma thermophilum" Zhou et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain L1.
    Reference: ZHOU (H.), ZHANG (R.), HU (P.), ZENG (W.), XIE (Y.), WU (C.) and QIU (G.): Isolation and characterization of Ferroplasma thermophilum sp. nov., a novel extremely acidophilic, moderately thermophilic archaeon and its role in bioleaching of chalcopyrite. J. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 105, 591-601. Effective publication Online

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    "Flavobacterium aquaticum" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ARSA-111 = KACC 14973 = KCTC 23185 = JCM 17070.
    Reference: LEE (S.), LEE (J.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium aquaticum sp. nov., a member of the Bacteroidetes isolated from a freshwater reservoir. J. Microbiol., published online: April 26, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s12275-013-2293-8). Effective publication Online

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    "Flavobacterium cheonhonense" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: ARSA-15 = KACC 14967 = KCTC 23180 = JCM 17064.
    Reference: LEE (S.), OH (J.H.), WEON (H.Y.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium cheonhonense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir. J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 562-566. Effective publication Online

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    "Flavobacterium farinofermentans" Bai, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: BAI (J.Y.): Serological studies of Flavobacterium farinofermentans nov. sp.-anti-O serotyping and distribution (in Chinese). Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi, 1983, 17, 138-140.

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    "Flavobacterium ginsengiterrae" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DCY55 = KCTC 23319 = JCM 17337.
    Reference: KIM (S.R.), KIM (Y.J.), NGUYEN (N.L.), MIN (J.W.), JEON (J.N.), YANG (D.U.) and YANG (D.C.): Flavobacterium ginsengiterrae sp. nov., isolated from a ginseng field. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 57, 341-346. Effective publication Online

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    "Flexibacter alginoliquefaciens" Katayama et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YK-49.
    Reference: KATAYAMA (N.), NOZAKI (Y.), OKONOGI (K.), ONO (H.), HARADA (S.) and OKAZAKI (H.): Formadicins, new monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotics of bacterial origin. I. Taxonomy, fermentation and biological activities. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1985, 38, 1117-1127.

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    "Flexibacter topostinus" Suzuki et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain B-572.
    Reference: SUZUKI (K.), YAMAGUCHI (H.), MIYAZAKI (S.), NAGAI (K.), WATANABE (S.), SAITO (T.), ISHII (K.), HANADA (M.), SEKINE (T.) and IKEGAMI (Y): Topostin, a novel inhibitor of mammalian DNA topoisomerase I from Flexibacter topostinus sp. nov. I. Taxonomy, and fermentation of producing strain. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1990, 43, 154-157.

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    "Flexispira" Bryner, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Flexispira rappini" Bryner.
    Reference: BRYNER (J.H.): Flexispira rappini, gen. nov., sp. nov. A motile, urease-producing rod similar to Campylobacter pyloridis. In: B. KAIJSER and E. FALSEN (ed.): Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on Campylobacter infections, Göteborg, Sweden. 1987, 440-442.

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    "Flexispira rappini" Bryner, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: BRYNER (J.H.): Flexispira rappini, gen. nov., sp. nov. A motile, urease-producing rod similar to Campylobacter pyloridis. In: B. KAIJSER and E. FALSEN (ed.): Proceedings of the fourth international workshop on Campylobacter infections, Göteborg, Sweden. 1987, 440-442.

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    "Frankia alni subsp. pommerii" Lalonde et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: LALONDE (M.), SIMON (L.), BOUSQUET (J.) and SEGUIN (A.): Advances in the taxonomy of Frankia: recognition of species alni and elaeagni and novel subspecies pommerii and vandijkii. In: H. BOTHE, F.J. de BRUIJN and W.E. NEWTON (ed.), Nitrogen Fixation: Hundred Years After, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany, 1988, pp. 671-680.

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    "Frankia alni subsp. vandijkii" Lalonde et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: LALONDE (M.), SIMON (L.), BOUSQUET (J.) and SEGUIN (A.): Advances in the taxonomy of Frankia: recognition of species alni and elaeagni and novel subspecies pommerii and vandijkii. In: H. BOTHE, F.J. de BRUIJN and W.E. NEWTON (ed.), Nitrogen Fixation: Hundred Years After, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany, 1988, pp. 671-680.

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    "Frankia elaeagni" (ex Becking 1970) Lalonde et al., sp. nov., nom. rev.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Synonym: "Frankia elaeagni" Becking 1970.
    Reference: LALONDE (M.), SIMON (L.), BOUSQUET (J.) and SEGUIN (A.): Advances in the taxonomy of Frankia: recognition of species alni and elaeagni and novel subspecies pommerii and vandijkii. In: H. BOTHE, F.J. de BRUIJN and W.E. NEWTON (ed.), Nitrogen Fixation: Hundred Years After, Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany, 1988, pp. 671-680.

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    "Fritschea" Thao et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: .
    Reference: THAO (M.L.), BAUMANN (L.), HESS (J.M.), FALK (B.W.), NG (J.C.), GULLAN (P.J.) and BAUMANN (P.): Phylogenetic evidence for two new insect-associated Chlamydia of the family Simkaniaceae. Curr. Microbiol., 2003, 47, 46-50.

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    "Fritschea bemisiae" Thao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: THAO (M.L.), BAUMANN (L.), HESS (J.M.), FALK (B.W.), NG (J.C.), GULLAN (P.J.) and BAUMANN (P.): Phylogenetic evidence for two new insect-associated Chlamydia of the family Simkaniaceae. Curr. Microbiol., 2003, 47, 46-50.

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    "Fritschea eriococci" Thao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: THAO (M.L.), BAUMANN (L.), HESS (J.M.), FALK (B.W.), NG (J.C.), GULLAN (P.J.) and BAUMANN (P.): Phylogenetic evidence for two new insect-associated Chlamydia of the family Simkaniaceae. Curr. Microbiol., 2003, 47, 46-50.

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    "Fucophilus" Sakai et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Fucophilus fucoidanolyticus" Sakai et al.
    Reference: SAKAI (T.), ISHIZUKA (K.) and KATO (I.): Isolation and characterization of a fucoidan-degrading marine bacterium. Mar. Biotechnol., 2003, 5, 409-416.

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    "Fucophilus fucoidanolyticus" Sakai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SI-1234.
    Reference: SAKAI (T.), ISHIZUKA (K.) and KATO (I.): Isolation and characterization of a fucoidan-degrading marine bacterium. Mar. Biotechnol., 2003, 5, 409-416.

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    "Gaetbulibacter jejuensis" Oh et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CNURIC014 = KCTC 22615 = JCM 15976.
    Reference: OH (Y.S.), LIM (S.B.), KAHNG (H.Y.), YOON (B.J.), OH (D.C.), JOA (J.H.) and LEE (D.H.): Gaetbulibacter jejuensis sp. nov., isolated from seawater. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 307-311. Effective publication Online

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    "Gaiella" Albuquerque et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Gaiella occulta" Albuquerque et al.
    Reference: ALBUQUERQUE (L.), FRANÇA (L.), RAINEY (F.A.), SCHUMANN (P.), NOBRE (M.F.), DA COSTA (M.S.) : Gaiella occulta gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel representative of a deep branching phylogenetic lineage within the class Actinobacteria and proposal of Gaiellaceae fam. nov. and Gaiellales ord. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 595-599. Effective publication Online

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    "Geobacillus caldoproteolyticus" Chen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SF03.
    Reference: CHEN (X.G.), STABNIKOVA (O.), TAY (J.H.), WANG (J.Y.) and TAY (S.T.L.): Thermoactive extracellular proteases of Geobacillus caldoproteolyticus, sp. nov., from sewage sludge. Extremophiles, 2004, 8, 489-498. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Geobacillus caldoproteolyticus" Chen et al. is now known as ¤ Anoxybacillus caldiproteolyticus Coorevits et al. 2012.

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    "Geobacillus thermoleovorans subsp. stromboliensis" Romano et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Pizzo = ATCC BAA-979 = DSM 15393.
    Reference: ROMANO (I.), POLI (A.), LAMA (L.), GAMBACORTA (A.) and NICOLAUS (B.): Geobacillus thermoleovorans subsp. stromboliensis subsp. nov., isolated from the geothermal volcanic environment. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 51, 183-189.

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    "Geobacillus toebii subsp.decanicus" Poli et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain L1 = DSM 17041 = ATCC BAA 1004.
    Reference: POLI (A.), ROMANO (I.), CALIENDO (G.), NICOLAUS (G.), ORLANDO (P.), FALCO (A.D.), LAMA (L.), GAMBACORTA (A.) and NICOLAUS (B.): Geobacillus toebii subsp. decanicus subsp. nov., a hydrocarbon-degrading, heavy metal resistant bacterium from hot compost. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 52, 223-234.

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    "Geobacillus uralicus" Popova et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain K2T.
    Reference: POPOVA (N.A.), NIKOLAEV (I.U.A.), TUROVA (T.P.), LYSENKO (A.M.), OSIPOV (G.A.), VERKHOVTSEVA (N.V.) and PANIKOV (N.S.): Geobacillus uralicus, a new species of thermophilic bacteria (in Russian). Mikrobiologiya, 2002, 71, 391-398.

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    "Geobacillus zalihae" Raja Abd Rahman et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain T1 = DSM 18318 = NBRC 101842.
    Reference: RAJA ABD RAHMAN (R.N.), LEOW (T.C.), SALLEH (A.B.) and BASRI (M.): Geobacillus zalihae sp. nov. strain T1T, a thermophilic lipolytic bacterium isolated from palm oil mill effluent in Malaysia. BMC Microbiology, 2007, 7:77. Effective publication Online

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    "Geothermobacterium" Kashefi et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Geothermobacterium ferrireducens" Kashefi et al.
    Reference: KASHEFI (K.), HOLMES (D.E.), REYSENBACH (A.L.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Use of Fe(III) as an electron acceptor to recover previously uncultured hyperthermophiles: isolation and characterization of Geothermobacterium ferrireducens gen. nov., sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2002, 68, 1735-1742.

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    "Geothermobacterium ferrireducens" Kashefi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain FW-1a = ATCC BAA-426.
    Reference: KASHEFI (K.), HOLMES (D.E.), REYSENBACH (A.L.) and LOVLEY (D.R.): Use of Fe(III) as an electron acceptor to recover previously uncultured hyperthermophiles: isolation and characterization of Geothermobacterium ferrireducens gen. nov., sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2002, 68, 1735-1742.

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    "Gilvimarinus agarilyticus" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain M5c = KCTC 23325 = NCAIM B 02425.
    Reference: KIM (B.C.), KIM (M.N.), LEE (K.H.), KIM (H.S.), MIN (S.R.) and SHIN (K.S.): Gilvimarinus agarilyticus sp. nov., a new agar-degrading bacterium isolated from the seashore of Jeju Island. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 100, 67-73. Effective publication Online

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    "Gluconacetobacter hansenii" Ge et al., subsp. nov. (sic!!!)
    Proposed type strain: strain M438 = CGMCC3917.
    Reference: GE (H.J.), DU (S.K.), LIN (D.H.), ZHANG (J.N.), XIANG (J.L.) and LI (Z.X.): Gluconacetobacter hansenii subsp. nov., a high-yield bacterial cellulose producing strain induced by high hydrostatic pressure. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol., 2011, 165, 1519-1531. Effective publication Online

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    "Gluconobacter morbifer" Roh et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain G707 = KCTC 22116 = JCM 15512.
    Reference: ROH (S.W.), NAM (Y.D.), CHANG (H.W.), KIM (K.H.), KIM (M.S.), RYU (J.H.), KIM (S.H.), LEE (W.J.) and BAE (J.W.): Phylogenetic characterization of two novel commensal bacteria related to innate immune homeostasis in Drosophila. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2008, 74, 6171-6177. Effective publication Online

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    "Gordonia jacobaea" De Miguel et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MV-1.
    Reference: DE MIGUEL (T.), SIEIRO (C.), POZA (M.) and VILLA (T.G.): Isolation and taxonomic study of a new canthaxanthin-containing bacterium, Gordonia jacobaea MV-1 sp. nov. Int. Microbiol., 2000, 3, 107-111.

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    "Gracilibacillus quinghaiensis" Chen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM-C229 = DSM 17858 = CGMCC 1.6304.
    Reference: CHEN (Y.G.), CUI (X.L.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), LI (W.J.), WANG (Y.X.), XU (L.H.), PENG (Q.), WEN (M.L.) and JIANG (C.L.): Gracilibacillus quinghaiensis sp. nov., isolated from salt-lake sediment in the Qaidam Basin, north-west China. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 183-189. Effective publication Online

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    "Gramella jeungdoensis" Joung et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HMD3159 = KCTC 32123 = CECT 7683.
    Reference: JOUNG (Y.), KIM (H.), JANG (T.), AHN (T.S.) and JOH (K.): Gramella jeungdoensis sp. nov., isolated from a solar saltern in Korea. J. Microbiol.,  2011, 49, 1022-1026. Effective publication Online

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    "Guhaiyinggella" Haiying, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Guhaiyinggella guhaiyingii" Haiying.
    Reference: HAIYING (G.): Proposal of a new genus for a bacterial strain isolated from blood of a septicemic patient. Chung Hua Wei Sheng Wu Hsueh Ho Mieh I Hsueh Tsa Chih, 1995, 15, 92-94.

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    "Guhaiyinggella guhaiyingii" Haiying, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HAIYING (G.): Proposal of a new genus for a bacterial strain isolated from blood of a septicemic patient. Chung Hua Wei Sheng Wu Hsueh Ho Mieh I Hsueh Tsa Chih, 1995, 15, 92-94. 

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    "Halanaerocella" Gales et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Halanaerocella petrolearia" Gales et al.
    Reference: GALES (G.), CHEHIDER (N.), JOULIAN (C.), BATTAGLIA-BRUNET (F.), CAYOL (J.L.), POSTEC (A.), BORGOMANO (J.), NERIA-GONZALEZ (I.), LOMANS (B.P.), OLLIVIER (B.) and ALAZARD (D.): Characterization of Halanaerocella petrolearia gen. nov., sp. nov., a new anaerobic moderately halophilic fermentative bacterium isolated from a deep subsurface hypersaline oil reservoir : New taxa: Firmicutes (Class Clostridia, Order Halanaerobiales, Halobacteroidaceae, Halobacteroides). Extremophiles, 2011, 15, 565-571. Effective publication Online

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    "Halanaerocella petrolearia" Gales et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain S200 = DSM 22693 = JCM 16358.
    Reference: GALES (G.), CHEHIDER (N.), JOULIAN (C.), BATTAGLIA-BRUNET (F.), CAYOL (J.L.), POSTEC (A.), BORGOMANO (J.), NERIA-GONZALEZ (I.), LOMANS (B.P.), OLLIVIER (B.) and ALAZARD (D.): Characterization of Halanaerocella petrolearia gen. nov., sp. nov., a new anaerobic moderately halophilic fermentative bacterium isolated from a deep subsurface hypersaline oil reservoir : New taxa: Firmicutes (Class Clostridia, Order Halanaerobiales, Halobacteroidaceae, Halobacteroides). Extremophiles, 2011, 15, 565-571. Effective publication Online

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    "Haloarcula aidinensis" Zhou et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain A5 = AS 1.2042.
    Reference: ZHOU (P.), XU (Y.), XIAO (C.), MA (Y.) and LIU (H.): New species of Haloarcula. (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Hsueh Pao, 1994, 34, 89-95.

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    "Haloarcula californiae" Javor et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BJGN-2 = ATCC 33799.
    Reference: JAVOR (B.J.), REQUADT (C.) and STOECKENIUS (W.): Box-shaped halophilic bacteria. J. Bact., 1982, 151, 1532-1542.

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    "Haloarcula sinaiiensis" Javor et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BJSG-2 = ATCC 33800.
    Reference: JAVOR (B.J.), REQUADT (C.) and STOECKENIUS (W.): Box-shaped halophilic bacteria. J. Bact., 1982, 151, 1532-1542.

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    "Halobacillus hunanensis" Peng et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JSM 071077 = DSM 21184 = KCTC 13235.
    Reference: PENG (Q.Z.), PENG (Q.J.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), LIU (Z.X.), WANG (Y.X.), LI (W.J.), CUI (X.L.) and CHEN (Y.G.): Halobacillus hunanensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from a subterranean brine. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online July 18, 2009.

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    "Halobacillus thailandensis" Chaiyanan et al. sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain fs-1.
    Reference: CHAIYANAN (S.), CHAIYANAN (S.), MAUGEL (T.), HUQ (A.), ROBB (F.T.) and COLWELL (R.R.): Polyphasic taxonomy of a novel Halobacillus, Halobacillus thailandensis sp. nov. isolated from fish sauce. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1999, 22, 360-365.

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    "Haloferax alicantei" Holmes et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Aa 2.2.
    Reference: HOLMES (M.L.), SCOPES (R.K.), MORITZ (R.L.), SIMPSON (R.J.), ENGLERT (C.), PFEIFFER (F.) and DYALL-SMITH (M.L.): Purification and analysis of an extremely halophilic β-galactosidase from Haloferax alicantei. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1997, 1337, 276-286.
    Note: "Haloferax alicantei" Holmes et al. is now known as ¤ Haloferax lucentense corrig. Gutierrez et al. 2004, sp. nov.

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    "Haloferax chudinovii" Saralov et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RS75 = VKPM B-11279.
    Reference: SARALOV (A.I.), BASLEROV (R.V.) and KUZNETSOV (B.B.): Haloferax chudinovii sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon from Permian potassium salt deposits. Extremophiles, 2013, 17, 499-504. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomicronema" Abed et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Halomicronema excentricum" Abed et al.
    Reference: ABED (R.M.M.), GARCIA-PICHEL (F.) and HERNÁNDEZ-MARINÉ: Polyphasic characterization of benthic, moderately halophilic, moderately thermophilic cyanobacteria with very thin trichomes and the proposal of Halomicronema excentricum gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2002, 177, 361-370.

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    "Halomicronema excentricum" Abed et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TFEP1.
    Reference: ABED (R.M.M.), GARCIA-PICHEL (F.) and HERNÁNDEZ-MARINÉ: Polyphasic characterization of benthic, moderately halophilic, moderately thermophilic cyanobacteria with very thin trichomes and the proposal of Halomicronema excentricum gen. nov., sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2002, 177, 361-370.

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    "Halomonas aidingensis" Liu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Ad-1 = CGMCC 1.10191 = NBRC 106173.
    Reference: LIU (W.Y.), WANG (J.) and YUAN (M.): Halomonas aidingensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from Aiding salt lake in Xinjiang, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 99, 663-670. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas alkalitolerans" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 15–13 = CGMCC 1.9129 = NBRC 106539.
    Reference: WANG (S.), YANG (Q.), LIU (Z.H.), SUN (L.), WEI (D.), ZHANG (J.Z.), SONG (J.Z.), WANG (Y.), SONG (J.), FAN (J.X.), MENG (X.X.) and ZHANG (W.): Halomonas alkalitolerans sp. nov., a novel moderately halophilic bacteriun isolated from soda meadow saline soil in Daqing, China. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 24-28. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas chromatireducens" Shapovalova et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AGD 8-3 c.
    Reference: SHAPOVALOVA (A.A.), KHIJNIAK (T.V.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and SOROKIN (D.Y.): Halomonas chromatireducens sp. nov., a new denitrifying facultatively haloalkaliphilic bacterium from soda salt marshes capable of aerobic chromate reduction. Mikrobiologiya, 2009, 78, 102-111 [English language translation]. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas glaciei" Reddy et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DD 39 = MTCC 4321 = JCM 11692.
    Reference: REDDY (G.S.N.), RAGHAVAN (P.U.M.), SARITA (N.B.), PRAKASH (J.S.S.), NAGESH (N.), DELILLE (D.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Halomonas glaciei sp. nov. isolated from fast ice of Adelie Land, Antarctica. Extremophiles, 2003, 7, 55-61.

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    "Halomonas hamiltonii" Stevens et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: STEVENS (D.A.), HAMILTON (J.R.), JOHNSON (N.), KIM (K.K.) and LEE (J.S.): Halomonas, a newly recognized human pathogen causing infections and contamination in a dialysis center: three new species. Medicine (Baltimore), 2009, 88, 244-249. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas johnsoniae" Stevens et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: STEVENS (D.A.), HAMILTON (J.R.), JOHNSON (N.), KIM (K.K.) and LEE (J.S.): Halomonas, a newly recognized human pathogen causing infections and contamination in a dialysis center: three new species. Medicine (Baltimore), 2009, 88, 244-249. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas nitrilicus" Chmura et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ANL-αCH3 = NCCB 100121 = UNIQEM U241.
    Reference: CHMURA (A.), SHAPOVALOVA (A.A.), VAN PELT (S.), VAN RANTWIJK (F.), TOUROVA (T.P.), MUYZER (G.) and SOROKIN (D.Y.): Utilization of arylaliphatic nitriles by haloalkaliphilic Halomonas nitrilicus sp. nov. isolated from soda soils. Appl. Microbiol.Biotechnol., 2008, 81, 371-378. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas phocaeensis" Berger et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Timone 106484 = CCUG 50496.
    Reference: BERGER (P.), BARGUELLIL (F.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): An outbreak of Halomonas phocaeensis sp. nov. bacteraemia in a neonatal intensive care unit.
    J. Hosp. Infect., 2007, 67, 79-85. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas profundus" Simon-Colin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AT1214.
    Reference: SIMON-COLIN (C.), RAGUENES (G.), COZIEN (J.), GUEZENNEC (J.G.): Halomonas profundus sp. nov., a new PHA-producing bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent shrimp. J. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 104, 1425-1432. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas sediminis" Huang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM-C248 = CCTCC AA 207031 = KCTC 22167.
    Reference: HUANG (H.Y.), CHEN (Y.G.), WANG (Y.X.), LIU (J.H.), TANG (S.K.), PENG (Q.), WEN (M.L.), YU (H.) and CUI (X.L.): Halomonas sediminis sp. nov., a new halophilic bacterium isolated from salt-lake sediment in China. Extremophiles, 2008, 12, 829-835. Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas socia" Cao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain  NY-011 = CCTCC AB 2011033 = KCTC 23671.
    Reference: CAO (J.), MA (H.Y.), LI (H.Y.), WANG (K.R.), RUAN (K.) and BAI (L.H.): Halomonas socia sp. nov., isolated from high salt culture of Dunaliella salina. Extremophiles, published online: May 31, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s00792-013-0549-1). Effective publication Online

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    "Halomonas stevensii" Stevens et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: STEVENS (D.A.), HAMILTON (J.R.), JOHNSON (N.), KIM (K.K.) and LEE (J.S.): Halomonas, a newly recognized human pathogen causing infections and contamination in a dialysis center: three new species. Medicine (Baltimore), 2009, 88, 244-249. Effective publication Online

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    "Halorubellus" Cui  et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Halorubellus salinus" Cui et al.
    Reference: CUI (H.L.), MOU (Y.Z.), YANG (X.), ZHOU (Y.G.), LIU (H.C.) and ZHOU (P.J.) : Halorubellus salinus gen. nov., sp. nov. and Halorubellus litoreus sp. nov., novel halophilic archaea isolated from a marine solar saltern. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 30-34. Effective publication Online

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    "Halorubellus salinus" Cui  et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GX3 = CGMCC 1.10384 = JCM 17115.
    Reference: CUI (H.L.), MOU (Y.Z.), YANG (X.), ZHOU (Y.G.), LIU (H.C.) and ZHOU (P.J.) : Halorubellus salinus gen. nov., sp. nov. and Halorubellus litoreus sp. nov., novel halophilic archaea isolated from a marine solar saltern. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 30-34. Effective publication Online

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    "Halorubellus litoreus" Cui  et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GX26 = CGMCC 1.10386 =JCM 17117.
    Reference: CUI (H.L.), MOU (Y.Z.), YANG (X.), ZHOU (Y.G.), LIU (H.C.) and ZHOU (P.J.) : Halorubellus salinus gen. nov., sp. nov. and Halorubellus litoreus sp. nov., novel halophilic archaea isolated from a marine solar saltern. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 30-34. Effective publication Online

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    "Halorubrum sfaxense" Trigui et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ETD6.
    Reference: TRIGUI (H.), MASMOUDI (S.), BROCHIER-ARMANET (C.), MAALEJ (S.) and DUKAN (S.): Characterization of Halorubrum sfaxense sp. nov., a new halophilic archaeon isolated from the solar saltern of Sfax in Tunisia. Int. J. Microbiol., vol. 2011, Article ID 240191, 8 pages, 2011. Effective publication Online

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    "Halorussus" Cui et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Halorussus rarus" Cui et al.
    Reference: CUI (H.L.), GAO (X.), YANG (X.) and XU (X.W.): Halorussus rarus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Halobacteriaceae isolated from a marine solar saltern. Extremophiles, 2010, 14, 493-499. Effective publication Online

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    "Halorussus rarus" Cui et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TBN4 = CGMCC 1.10122 = JCM 16429.
    Reference: CUI (H.L.), GAO (X.), YANG (X.) and XU (X.W.): Halorussus rarus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Halobacteriaceae isolated from a marine solar saltern. Extremophiles, 2010, 14, 493-499. Effective publication Online

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    "Haploangium" (ex Peterson 1959) Reichenbach, gen. nov., nom. rev.
    Proposed type species: "Haploangium rugiseptum" (Peterson 1959) Reichenbach.
    Synonym: "Haploangium" Peterson 1959.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus IV. Haploangium (ex Peterson 1959), gen. nov., nom. rev. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1129-1130.

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    "Haploangium minus" (Peterson 1959) Reichenbach, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Peterson 41, University of Missouri Herbarium, Columbia, MO, USA (type specimen).
    Proposed basonym: Polyangium minor (Peterson 1959) McCurdy 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus IV. Haploangium (ex Peterson 1959), gen. nov., nom. rev. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1129-1130.
    Note: In the paper by Reichenbach, Haploangium minus is cited as Haploangium minus (ex McCurdy 1970) comb. nov.

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    "Haploangium rugiseptum" (Peterson 1959) Reichenbach, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Peterson 51, University of Missouri Herbarium, Columbia, MO, USA (type specimen).
    Proposed basonym: Polyangium rugiseptum (Peterson 1959) McCurdy 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus IV. Haploangium (ex Peterson 1959), gen. nov., nom. rev. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1129-1130.
    Note: In the paper by Reichenbach, Haploangium rugiseptum is cited as Haploangium rugiseptum (ex McCurdy 1970) comb. nov.

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    "Helcococcus pyogenica" Panackal et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain designated.
    Reference: PANACKAL (A.A.), HOUZE (Y.B.), PRENTICE (J.), LEOPOLD (S.S.), COOKSON (B.T.), LILES (W.C.) and LIMAYE (A.P.): Prosthetic joint infection due to "Helcococcus pyogenica". J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 2872-2874. Effective publication Online

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    "Helicobacter callitrichis" Won et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain R-204.
    Reference: WON (Y.S.), VANDAMME (P.), YOON (J.H.), PARK (Y.H.), HYUN (B.H.), KIM (H.C.), ITOH (T.), TANIOKA (Y.) et CHOI (Y.K.): Helicobacter callitrichis sp. nov., a novel Helicobacter species isolated from the feces of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2007, 271, 239-244. Effective publication Online

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    "Helicobacter colifelis" Foley et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: FOLEY (J.E.), SOLNICK (J.V.), LAPOINTE (J.M.), JANG (S.) and PEDERSEN (N.C.): Identification of a novel enteric Helicobacter species in a kitten with severe diarrhea. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 908-912. Effective publication Online

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    "Helicobacter heilmannii" Solnick et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: SOLNICK(J.V.), O'ROURKE (J.), LEE (A.), PASTER (B.J.), DEWHIRST (F.E.) and TOMPKINS (L.S.): An uncultured gastric spiral organism is a newly identified Helicobacter in humans. J. Infect. Dis., 1993, 168, 379-385.
    Notes:

  • Strains of "Helicobacter heilmannii" type one gastrospirilla are now described as ¤ "Candidatus Helicobacter suis".
  • Strains of "Helicobacter heilmannii" type two gastrospirilla are now known as ¤ "Candidatus Helicobacter heilmannii".

    ---> ¤ Helicobacter heilmannii Smet et al. 2012, sp. nov.  

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    "Helicobacter muricola" Won et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain w-06.
    Reference: WON (Y.S.), YOON (J.H.), LEE (C.H.), KIM (B.H.), HYUN (B.H.) and CHOI (Y.K.): Helicobacter muricola sp. nov., a novel helicobacter species isolated from the ceca and feces of korean wild mouse (Mus musculus molossinus). FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2002, 209, 43-49.

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    "Helicobacter suncus" Goto et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: GOTO (K.), OHASHI (H.), EBUKURO (S.), ITOH (K.), TOHMA (Y.), TAKAKURA (A.), WAKANA (S.), ITO (M.) and ITOH (T.): Isolation and characterization of Helicobacter species from the stomach of the house musk shrew (Suncus murinus) with chronic gastritis. Curr. Microbiol., 1998, 37, 44-51.

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    "Helicobacter typhlonicus" Franklin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MU96-1.
    Reference: FRANKLIN (C.L.), RILEY (L.K.), LIVINGSTON (R.S.), BECKWITH (C.S.), HOOK Jr (R.R.), BESCH-WILLIFORD (C.L.), HUNZIKER (R.) and GORELICK (P.L.): Enteritic lesions in SCID mice infected with "Helicobacter typhlonicus", a novel urease-negative Helicobacter species. Lab. Anim. Sci., 1999, 49, 496-505.
    Note: "Helicobacter typhlonicus" is now known as ¤ Helicobacter typhlonius Franklin et al. 2002.

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    "Helicobacter westmeadii" Trivett-Moore et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: TRIVETT-MOORE (N.L.), RAWLINSON (W.D.), YUEN (M.) and GILBERT (G.L.): Helicobacter westmeadii sp. nov., a new species isolated from blood cultures of two AIDS patients. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1997, 35, 1144-1150. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Helicobacter westmeadii" is a later synonym of ¤ Helicobacter cinaedi.

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    "Helicobacter winghamensis" Melito et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NLEP 97-1090.
    Reference: MELITO (P.L.), MUNRO (C.), CHIPMAN (P.R.), WOODWARD (D.L.), BOOTH (T.F.) and RODGERS (F.G.): Helicobacter winghamensis sp. nov., a novel Helicobacter sp. isolated from patients with gastroenteritis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2001, 39, 2412-2417. Effective publication Online

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    "Heliorestis acidaminivorans" Asao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HR10B = DSM 24790 = ATCC BAA 2399 = NCMAB119.
    Reference: ASAO (M.), TAKAICHI (S.) and MADIGAN (M.T.): Amino acid-assimilating phototrophic heliobacteria from soda lake environments: Heliorestis acidaminivorans sp. nov. and 'Candidatus Heliomonas lunata'. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 585-595. Effective publication Online

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    "Heliorestis convoluta" Asao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HH.
    Reference: ASAO (M.), JUNG (D.O.), ACHENBACH (L.A.) and MADIGAN (M.T.): Heliorestis convoluta sp. nov., a coiled, alkaliphilic heliobacterium from the Wadi El Natroun, Egypt. Extremophiles, 2006, 10, 403-410. Effective publication Online

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    "Herbaspirillum massiliense" Lagier et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JC206 = CSUR P159 = DSMZ 25712.
    Reference: LAGIER (J.C.), GIMENEZ (G.), ROBERT (C.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Non-contiguous finished genome sequence and description of Herbaspirillum massiliense sp. nov. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 7, 200-209. Effective publication Online

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    "Hydrogenobacter halophilus" Nishihara et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TH-112.
    Reference: NISHIHARA (H.), IGARASHI (Y.) and KODAMA (T.): A new isolate of Hydrogenobacter, an obligately chemolithoautotrophic, thermophilic, halophilic and aerobic hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium from seaside saline hot spring. Arch. Microbiol., 1990, 153, 294-298.

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    "Hydrogenophaga temperata" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TR7-01 = KCTC 12203 = DSM 18117.
    Reference: KIM (Y.J.), KIM (M.K.), WEON (H.Y.), KIM (H.B.) and YANG (D.C.): Hydrogenophaga temperata sp. nov., a betaproteobacterium isolated from compost in Korea. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 56, 419-425. Effective publication Online

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    "Hymenobacter tibetensis" Dai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain XTM003 = CCTCC AB 207089 = NRRL B-51271.
    Reference: DAI (J.), WANG (Y.), ZHANG (L.), TANG (Y.), LUO (X.), AN (H.) and FANG (C.): Hymenobacter tibetensis sp. nov., a UV-resistant bacterium isolated from Qinghai-Tibet plateau. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2009, 32, 543-548. Effective publication Online

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    "Igneococcales" Burggraf et al., ord. nov.
    Proposed type genus: "Igneococcus" Huber.
    Reference: BURGGRAF (S.), HUBER (H.) and STETTER (K.O.): Reclassification of the crenarchaeal orders and families in accordance with 16S rRNA sequence data. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 657-660.

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    "Isoptericola salitolerans" Guan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TRM F109 = JCM 15901 = KCTC 19617.
    Reference: GUAN (T.W.), TENG (Y.), YANG (L.L.), ZHANG (X.P) and CHE (Z.M.): Isoptericola salitolerans sp. nov., a halotolerant filamentous actinobacterium isolated from a salt lake, China. Extremophiles, 2013, 17, 471-476. Effective publication Online

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    "Jahnia" Reichenbach, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Jahnia thaxteri" (ex Jahn 1924) Reichenbach.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus V. Jahnia gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1130-1131.
    Note: "Jahnia" is now known as ¤ Jahnella corrig. Reichenbach 2007.

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    "Jahnia thaxteri" (ex Jahn 1924) Reichenbach, comb. nov. nom. rev.
    Proposed type strain: strain Pl t4 = DSM 14626 = JCM 12631.
    Synonym: "Archangium thaxteri" Jahn 1924.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus V. Jahnia gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1130-1131.
    Note: "Jahnia thaxteri" is now known as ¤ Jahnella thaxteri corrig. (ex Jahn 1924) Reichenbach 2007.

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    "Janthinobacterium svalbardensis" Ambrožič Avguštin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JA-1 = DSM 25734 = ZIM B637.
    Reference: AMBROŽIČ AVGUŠTIN (J.), ZGUR BERTOK (D.), KOSTANJŠEK (R.) and AVGUŠTIN (G.): Isolation and characterization of a novel violacein-like pigment producing psychrotrophic bacterial species Janthinobacterium svalbardensis sp. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 763-769. Effective publication Online

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    "Jejudonia" Park et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Jejudonia soesokkakensis" Park et al.
    Reference: PARK (S.), LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C). and YOON (J.H.): Jejudonia soesokkakensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from the junction between the ocean and a freshwater spring, and emended description of the genus Aureitalea Park et al. 2012. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 104, 139-147. Effective publication Online

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    "Jeotgalibacillus soli" Chen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JSM 081008 =DSM 22174 = KCTC 13528.
    Reference: CHEN (Y.G.), PENG (D.J.), CHEN (Q.H.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), TANG (S.K.), ZHANG (D.C.), PENG (Q.Z.) and LI (W.J.): Jeotgalibacillus soli sp. nov., isolated from non-saline forest soil, and emended description of the genus Jeotgalibacillus. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2010, 98, 415-421. Effective publication Online

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    "Joostella atrarenae" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain M1-2 = KCTC 23194 = NCAIM B.002413.
    Reference: KIM (B.C.), LEE (K.H.), KIM (M.N.), JUNG (M.Y.), CHANG (Y.H.), LEE (J.) and SHIN (K.S.): Joostella atrarenae sp. nov., a novel member of the Flavobacteriaceae originating from the black sea sand of Jeju Island. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 62, 606-611. Effective publication Online

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    "Keratinibaculum" Huang et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Keratinibaculum paraultunense" Huang et al.
    Reference: HUANG (Y.), SUN (Y.), MA (S.), CHEN (L.), ZHANG (H.) and DENG (Y.): Isolation and characterization of Keratinibaculum paraultunense gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium with keratinolytic activity. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., published online: May 25, 2013 (doi: 10.1111/1574-6968.12184). Effective publication Online

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    "Keratinibaculum paraultunense" Huang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KD-1 = JCM 18769 = DSM 26752.
    Reference: HUANG (Y.), SUN (Y.), MA (S.), CHEN (L.), ZHANG (H.) and DENG (Y.): Isolation and characterization of Keratinibaculum paraultunense gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium with keratinolytic activity. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., published online: May 25, 2013 (doi: 10.1111/1574-6968.12184). Effective publication Online

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    "Kineococcus endophytica" Bian et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KLBMP 1274 = KCTC 19886 = NBRC 108674.
    Reference: BIAN (G.K.), FENG (Z.Z.), QIN (S.), XING (K.), WANG (Z.), CAO (C.L.), LIU (C.H.), DAI (C.C.) and JIANG (J.H.): Kineococcus endophytica sp. nov., a novel endophytic actinomycete isolated from a coastal halophyte in Jiangsu, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 621-628. Effective publication Online

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    "Kineosphaera nakaumiensis" Yamada et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YM16-381 = KCTC 29138 = NBRC 109121
    Reference: YAMADA (C.), MATSUO (Y.), KASAI (H.), YOKOTA (A.) and YOON (J.): Kineosphaera nakaumiensis sp. nov., a novel actinobacterial species of the genus Kineosphaera isolated from sediments in Lake Nakaumi. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 59, 33-38. Effective publication Online

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    "Kinetoplastibacterium" Du et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: .
    Reference: DU (Y.), MASLOV (D.A.) and CHANG (K.P.): Monophyletic origin of β-division proteobacterial endosymbionts and their coevolution with insect trypanosomatid protozoa Blastocrithidia culicis and Crithidia spp. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 1994, 91, 8437-8441.

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    "Kinetoplastibacterium blastocrithidii" Du et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: DU (Y.), MASLOV (D.A.) and CHANG (K.P.): Monophyletic origin of β-division proteobacterial endosymbionts and their coevolution with insect trypanosomatid protozoa Blastocrithidia culicis and Crithidia spp. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 1994, 91, 8437-8441.

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    "Kinetoplastibacterium crithidii" Du et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: DU (Y.), MASLOV (D.A.) and CHANG (K.P.): Monophyletic origin of β-division proteobacterial endosymbionts and their coevolution with insect trypanosomatid protozoa Blastocrithidia culicis and Crithidia spp. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 1994, 91, 8437-8441.

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    "Kitasatosporia grisea" Nakamura et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AA-107 = IAM 13638 = JCM 7249.
    Reference: NAKAMURA (Y.), ONO (E.), KOHDA (T.) and SHIBAI (H.): Two new carbapenem antibiotic-producing actinomycetes: Kitasatosporia papulosa sp. nov. and Kitasatosporia grisea sp. nov. J Antibiot (Tokyo), 1989, 42, 18-29.

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    "Kitasatosporia papulosa" Nakamura et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AB-110 = IAM 13637 = FERM 9000 = JCM 7250.
    Reference: NAKAMURA (Y.), ONO (E.), KOHDA (T.) and SHIBAI (H.): Two new carbapenem antibiotic-producing actinomycetes: Kitasatosporia papulosa sp. nov. and Kitasatosporia grisea sp. nov. J Antibiot (Tokyo), 1989, 42, 18-29.

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    "Klebsiella alba" Xu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CW-D 3 = LMG 24441 = KCTC 12878 = CCTCC AB 206144.
    Reference: XU (J.), LI (W.), CHEN (X.) and ZHOU (Y.): Klebsiella alba sp. nov., a novel pesticide-tolerant bacterium from a heavily polluted environment. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 56, 241-247. Effective publication Online

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    "Kocuria sediminis" Bala et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain FCS-11 = MTCC 10969 = JCM 17929.
    Reference: BALA (M.), KAUR (C.), KAUR (I.), KHAN (F.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Kocuria sediminis sp. nov., isolated from a marine sediment sample. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 469-478. Effective publication Online

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    "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Komagatabacter xylinus" (Brown 1886) Yamada et al. 2012.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter europaeus" (Sievers et al. 1992) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DSM 6160.
    Basonym: Acetobacter europaeus Sievers et al. 1992.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter entanii" (Schüller et al. 2000) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DSM 13536.
    Basonym: Gluconacetobacter entanii Schüller et al. 2000.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter hansenii" (Gosselé et al. 1983) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NCIMB 8746.
    Basonym: Acetobacter hansenii Gosselé et al. 1983.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter intermedius" (Boesch et al. 1998) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DSM 11804.
    Basonym: Acetobacter intermedius Boesch et al. 1998.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter kombuchae" (Dutta and Gachhui 2007) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LMG 23726.
    Basonym: Gluconacetobacter kombuchae Dutta and Gachhui 2007.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter nataicola" (Lisdiyanti et al. 2006) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LMG 1536.
    Basonym: Gluconacetobacter nataicola Lisdiyanti et al. 2006.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter oboediens" (Sokollek et al. 1998) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DSM 11826.
    Basonym: Acetobacter oboediens Sokollek et al. 1998.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter rhaeticus" (Dellaglio et al. 2005) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LMG 22126.
    Basonym: Gluconacetobacter rhaeticus Dellaglio et al. 2005.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter saccharivorans" (Lisdiyanti et al. 2006) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LMG 1582.
    Basonym: Gluconacetobacter saccharivorans Lisdiyanti et al. 2006.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter sucrofermentans" (Toyosaki et al. 1996) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JCM 9730.
    Basonym: Acetobacter xylinus subsp. sucrofermentans corrig. Toyosaki et al. 1996.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter swingsii" (Dellaglio et al. 2005) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LMG 22125.
    Basonym: Gluconacetobacter swingsii Dellaglio et al. 2005.
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Komagatabacter xylinus" (Brown 1886) Yamada et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NCIMB 11664.
    Basonym: Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinus corrig. (Brown 1886) De Ley and Frateur 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: YAMADA (Y.), YUKPAN (P.), VU (H.T.L.), MURAMATSU (Y.) OCHAIKUL (D.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Subdivision of the genus Gluconacetobacter Yamada, Hoshino and Ishikawa 1998: the proposal of Komagatabacter gen. nov., for strains accomodated to the Gluconacetobacter xylinus group in the α-Proteobacteria. Ann. Microbiol. 2012, 62, 849-859. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Komagatabacter" Yamada et al. is now known as Komagataeibacter Yamada et al. 2013.

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    "Kosakonia" Brady et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Kosakonia cowanii" (Inoue et al. 2001) Brady et al.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Kosakonia arachidis" (Madhaiyan et al. 2010) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Ah-143 = KCTC 22375 = NCIMB 14469 = KCTC 22375.
    Basonym: Enterobacter arachidis Madhaiyan et al. 2010.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Kosakonia cowanii" (Inoue et al. 2001) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 888-76 = CCUG 45998 A = CCUG 45998 B = CIP 107300 = JCM 10956.
    Basonym: Enterobacter cowanii Inoue et al. 2001.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Kosakonia oryzae" (Peng et al. 2009) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Ola 51 = CGMCC 1.7012 = LMG 24251.
    Basonym: Enterobacter oryzae Peng et al. 2009.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Kosakonia radicincitans" (Kämpfer et al. 2005) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain D5/23 = CCUG 50898 = CIP 108468 = DSM 16656.
    Basonym: Enterobacter radicincitans Kämpfer et al. 2005.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Lactobacillus alvi" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain R54 = KCCM 90099 = JCM 17644.
    Reference: KIM (H.J.), EOM (S.J.), PARK (S.J.), CHA (C.J.) and KIM (G.B.): Lactobacillus alvi sp. nov., isolated from the intestinal tract of chicken. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2011, 323, 83-87. Effective publication Online

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    "Lactobacillus backi" Bohak et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain L1062 = DSM 18080 = LMG 23555.
    Reference: BOHAK (I.), THELEN (K.) and BEIMFOHR (C.): Description of Lactobacillus backi sp. nov., an obligate beer-spoiling bacterium. Monatsschrift Brauwiss., 2006, March/April, 78-82.

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    "Lactobacillus ginsenosidimutans" Jung et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain EMML 3041 = KACC 14527 = JCM 16719.
    Reference: JUNG (H.M.), LIU (Q.M.), KIM (J.K.), LEE (S.T.), KIM (S.C.) and IM (W.T.): Lactobacillus ginsenosidimutans sp. nov., isolated from kimchi with the ability to transform ginsenosides. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 867-876. Effective publication Online

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    "Lactobacillus sobrius" Konstantinov et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 001.
    Reference: KONSTANTINOV (S.R.), SMIDT (H.) and DE VOS (W.M.): Representational difference analysis and real-time PCR for strain-specific quantification of Lactobacillus sobrius sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2005, 71, 7578-7581.

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    "Lelliottia" Brady et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Lelliottia nimipressuralis" (Carter 1945) Brady et al.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Lelliottia amnigena" (Izard et al. 1981) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 33072= CCUG 14182 = CIP 103169 = CUETM 77-118 = DSM 4486 = HAMBI 1297 = JCM 1237 = LMG 2784 = NCTC 12124.
    Basonym: Enterobacter amnigenus Izard et al. 1981.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Lelliottia nimipressuralis" (Carter 1945) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 9912= CIP 104980 = ICMP 1577 = JCM 6050 = NCPPB 2045.
    Basonym: Erwinia nimipressuralis (Carter 1945) Dye 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Leptospirillum ferrodiazotrophum" Tyson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: .
    Reference: TYSON (G.W.), LO (I.), BAKER (B.J.), ALLEN (E.E.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.) and BANFIELD (J.F.): Genome-directed isolation of the key nitrogen fixer Leptospirillum ferrodiazotrophum sp. nov. from an acidophilic microbial community. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2005, 71, 6319-6324.

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    "Leptotrichia amnionii" Shukla et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not cited.
    Reference: SHUKLA (S.K.), MEIER (P.R.), MITCHELL (P.D.), FRANK (D.N.) and REED (K.D.): Leptotrichia amnionii sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from the amniotic fluid of a woman after intrauterine fetal demise. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2002. 40, 3346-3349. Effective publication Online

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    "Leptotrichia sanguinegens" Hanff et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HANFF (P.A.), ROSOL-DONOGHUE (J.A.), SPIEGEL (C.A.), WILSON (K.H.) and MOORE (L.H.): Leptotrichia sanguinegens sp. nov., a new agent of postpartum and neonatal bacteremia. Clin. Infect. Dis., 1995, 20 Suppl 2, S237-239.

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    "Leucobacter kyeonggiensis" Kim and Lee, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain F3-P9 = KEMC 211-128 = KACC 16572 =JCM 17539.
    Reference: KIM (H.J.) and LEE (S.S.): Leucobacter kyeonggiensis sp. nov., a new species isolated from dye waste water. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 1044-1049. Effective publication Online

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    "Leucobacter margaritiformis" Lee and Lee, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain A23 = KEMC 551-022 = JCM 17538.
    Reference: LEE (J.H.) and LEE (S.S.): Leucobacter margaritiformis sp. nov., isolated from bamboo extract. Curr. Microbiol., 2012, 64, 441-448. Effective publication Online

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    "Leucobacter tropicalis" Liu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain F-8.
    Reference: LIU (H.), ZHOU (P.), YOKOTA (A.) and SUGIYANMA (J.): Characterization and phylogenetic analysis of the new species of the Leucobacter tropicalis sp. nov. (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 1999, 39, 396-401.

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    "Leucothrix thiophila" Dul'tseva et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: DUL'TSEVA (N.M.), DUBININA (G.A.) and LYSENKO (A.M.): Isolation of marine filamentous sulfur bacteria and description of the new species Leucothrix thiophila sp. nov. Microbiologiya, 1996, 65, 79-87 [English language translation].

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    "Levispirillum" Pot and Gillis, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Levispirillum itersonii" (Giesberger 1936) Pot and Gillis.
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Levispirillum gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 27-28.

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    "Levispirillum itersonii" (Giesberger 1936) Pot and Gillis, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Giesberger = ATCC 12639= NCIMB 9070 = NRRL B-2053.
    Proposed basonym: Aquaspirillum itersonii (Giesberger 1936) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Levispirillum gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 27-28.

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    "Levispirillum itersonii subsp. itersonii" (Giesberger 1936) Pot and Gillis, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Giesberger = ATCC 12639= NCIMB 9070 = NRRL B-2053.
    Proposed basonym: Aquaspirillum itersonii subsp. itersonii (Giesberger 1936) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Levispirillum gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 27-28.

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    "Levispirillum itersonii subsp. nipponicum" (Terasaki 1973) Pot and Gillis, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KF 8 = ATCC 33333= DSM 11590 = IFO (now NBRC) 13615.
    Proposed basonym: Aquaspirillum itersonii subsp. nipponicum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Levispirillum gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 27-28.

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    "Levispirillum peregrinum" (Pretorius 1963) Pot and Gillis, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 15387= DSM 1839 = NCIB 9435.
    Proposed basonym: Aquaspirillum peregrinum (Pretorius 1963) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Levispirillum gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 27-28.

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    "Levispirillum peregrinum subsp. integrum" (Terasaki 1973) Pot and Gillis, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MF 19 = ATCC 33334= DSM 11589 = IFO (now NBRC) 13617.
    Proposed basonym: Aquaspirillum peregrinum subsp. integrum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Levispirillum gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 27-28.

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    "Levispirillum peregrinum subsp. peregrinum" (Pretorius 1963) Pot and Gillis, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 15387= DSM 1839 = NCIB 9435.
    Proposed basonym: Aquaspirillum peregrinum subsp. peregrinum (Pretorius 1963) Hylemon et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: POT (B.) and GILLIS (M.): Genus III. Levispirillum gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 27-28.

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    "Litoribacillus" Zhao et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Litoribacillus peritrichatus" Zhao et al.
    Reference: ZHAO (R.), JI (S.), WANG (Y.), YU (T.), LI (Z.), LI (B.), SHI (X.) and ZHANG (X.H.): Litoribacillus peritrichatus gen. nov. sp. nov., isolated from coastal sediment of an amphioxus breeding zone in Qingdao, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 357-366. Effective publication Online

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    "Litoribacillus peritrichatus" Zhao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JYr12 = CGMCC 1.10796 = JCM17551.
    Reference: ZHAO (R.), JI (S.), WANG (Y.), YU (T.), LI (Z.), LI (B.), SHI (X.) and ZHANG (X.H.): Litoribacillus peritrichatus gen. nov. sp. nov., isolated from coastal sediment of an amphioxus breeding zone in Qingdao, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 357-366. Effective publication Online

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    "Luminiphilus" Spring et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Luminiphilus syltensis" Spring et al.
    Reference: SPRING (S.), RIEDEL (T.), SPRÖER (C.), YAN (S.), HARDER (J.) and FUCHS (B.M.): Taxonomy and evolution of bacteriochlorophyll a-containing members of the OM60/NOR5 clade of marine gammaproteobacteria: description of Luminiphilus syltensis gen. nov., sp. nov., reclassification of Haliea rubra as Pseudohaliea rubra gen. nov., comb. nov., and emendation of Chromatocurvus halotolerans. BMC Microbiol., 2013, 13,118. Effective publication Online

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    "Lutibacterium" Chung and King, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Lutibacterium anuloederans" Chung and King.
    Reference: CHUNG (W.K.) and KING (G.M.): Isolation, characterization, and polyaromatic hydrocarbon degradation potential of aerobic bacteria from marine macrofaunal burrow sediments and description of Lutibacterium anuloederans gen. nov., sp. nov., and Cycloclasticus spirillensus sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2001, 67, 5585-5592.

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    "Lutibacterium anuloederans" Chung and King, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LC8.
    Reference: CHUNG (W.K.) and KING (G.M.): Isolation, characterization, and polyaromatic hydrocarbon degradation potential of aerobic bacteria from marine macrofaunal burrow sediments and description of Lutibacterium anuloederans gen. nov., sp. nov., and Cycloclasticus spirillensus sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2001, 67, 5585-5592.

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    "Lysobacter cookii" Kawamura et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PAGU 1119 = ATCC29488.
    Reference: KAWAMURA (Y.), TOMIDA (J.), MORITA (Y.), NAKA (T.), MIZUNO (S.) and FUJIWARA (N.): 'Lysobacter enzymogenes ssp. cookii ' Christensen 1978 should be recognized as an independent species, Lysobacter cookii sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2009, 298, 118-123. Effective publication Online

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    "Lysobacter daecheongensis" Ten et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Dae08 = KCTC 12600.
    Reference: TEN (L.N.), JUNG (H.M.), IM (W.T.), YOO (S.A.) and LEE (S.T.): Lysobacter daecheongensis sp. nov., isolated from sediment of stream near the Daechung dam in South Korea. J. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 519-524. Effective publication Online

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    "Lysobacter ginsengisoli" Jung et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Gsoil 357 = KCTC 12602 = DSM 18420.
    Reference: JUNG (H.M.), TEN (L.N.), IM (W.T.), YOO (S.A.) et LEE (S.T.): Lysobacter ginsengisoli sp. nov., a novel species isolated from soil in Pocheon province, South Korea. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2008, 18, 1496-1499. Effective publication Online

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    "Lysobacter lactamgenus" Ono et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YK-90.
    Reference: ONO (H.), NOZAKI (Y.), KATAYAMA (N.) and OKAZAKI (H.): Cephabacins, new cephem antibiotics of bacterial origin. I. Discovery and taxonomy of the producing organisms and fermentation. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1984, 37, 1528-1535.

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    "Magnetospirillum bellicus" Trash et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain VDY = DSM 21662 = ATCC BAA-1730.
    Reference: THRASH (J.C.), AHMADI (S.), TOROK (T.) and COATES (J.D.): Magnetospirillum bellicus sp. nov., a novel dissimilatory perchlorate-reducing bacterium in the Alphaproteobacteria isolated from a bioelectrical reactor. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2010, 76, 4730-4737. Effective publication Online

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    "Mannheimia succiniciproducens" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MBEL55E = KCTC 0769BP.
    Reference: LEE (P.C.), LEE (S.Y.), HONG (S.H.) and CHANG (H.N.): Isolation and characterization of a new succinic acid-producing bacterium, Mannheimia succiniciproducens MBEL55E, from bovine rumen. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2002, 58, 663-668.

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    "Marichromatium chrysaorae" Shivali et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JA553.
    Reference: SHIVALI (K.), RAMANA (V.V.), RAMAPRASAD (E.V.), SASIKALA (C.) and RAMANA (C.V.): Marichromatium litoris sp. nov. and Marichromatium chrysaorae sp. nov. isolated from beach sand and from a jelly fish (Chrysaora colorata). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 600-605. Effective publication Online

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    "Marichromatium litoris" Shivali et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JA349.
    Reference: SHIVALI (K.), RAMANA (V.V.), RAMAPRASAD (E.V.), SASIKALA (C.) and RAMANA (C.V.): Marichromatium litoris sp. nov. and Marichromatium chrysaorae sp. nov. isolated from beach sand and from a jelly fish (Chrysaora colorata). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 600-605. Effective publication Online

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    "Marinilabilia nitratireducens" Shalley et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AK2 = MTCC 11402 = JCM 17679.
    Reference: SHALLEY (S.), PRADIP KUMAR (S.), SRINIVAS (T.N.), SURESH (K.) and ANIL KUMAR (P.): Marinilabilia nitratireducens sp. nov., a lipolytic bacterium of the family Marinilabiliaceae isolated from marine solar saltern. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 519-525. Effective publication Online

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    "Marinimicrobium haloxylanilyticum" Møller et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SX15 = DSM 23100 = CCUG 59572.
    Reference: MØLLER (M.F.), KJELDSEN (K.U.) and INGVORSEN (K.): Marinimicrobium haloxylanilyticum sp. nov., a new moderately halophilic, polysaccharide-degrading bacterium isolated from Great Salt Lake, Utah. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2010, 98, 553-565. Effective publication Online

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    "Marinitalea" Kim et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Marinitalea sucinacia" Kim et al.
    Reference: KIM (K.Y.), PARK (S.J.), HAHM (Y.T.) and CHA (C.J.): Marinitalea sucinacia gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from tidal flat sediment. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2011, 314, 89-94. Effective publication Online

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    "Marinitalea sucinacia" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JC2131 = KCTC 12705 = JCM 14003.
    Reference: KIM (K.Y.), PARK (S.J.), HAHM (Y.T.) and CHA (C.J.): Marinitalea sucinacia gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from tidal flat sediment. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2011, 314, 89-94. Effective publication Online

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    "Marinobacter alkaliphilus" Takai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ODP1200D-1.5 = JCM12291 = ATCC BAA-889.
    Reference: TAKAI (K.), MOYER (C.L.), MIYAZAKI (M.), NOGI (Y.), HIRAYAMA (H.), NEALSON (K.H.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Marinobacter alkaliphilus sp. nov., a novel alkaliphilic bacterium isolated from subseafloor alkaline serpentine mud from Ocean Drilling Program Site 1200 at South Chamorro Seamount, Mariana Forearc. Extremophiles, 2005, 9, 17-27.

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    "Marinobacter nanhaiticus" Gao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain D15-8W = CGMCC 1.11019 = KCTC 23749.
    Reference: GAO (W.), CUI (Z.), LI (Q.), XU (G.), JIA (X.) and ZHENG (L.): Marinobacter nanhaiticus sp. nov., polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from the sediment of the South China Sea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 485-491. Effective publication Online

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    "Marinobacter squalenivorans" Rontani et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: RONTANI (J.F.), MOUZDAHIR (A.), MICHOTEY (V.), CAUMETTE (P.) and BONIN (P.): Production of a polyunsaturated isoprenoid wax ester during aerobic metabolism of squalene by Marinobacter squalenivorans sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2003, 69, 4167-4176.

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    "Marinobacterium marisflavi" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IMCC4074 = KCTC 12757 = LMG 24660.
    References:
    1 KIM (H.), OH (H.M.), YANG (S.J.), LEE (J.S.), HONG (J.S.) and CHO (J.C.): Marinobacterium marisflavi sp. nov., isolated from a costal seawater. Curr. Microbiol., 2009, 58, 511-515. Effective publication Online
    2 Earratum. Curr. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 666. Erratum Online

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    "Marinosulfonomonas" Holmes et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Marinosulfonomonas methylotropha" Holmes et al.
    Reference: HOLMES (A.J.), KELLY (D.P.), BAKER (S.C.), THOMPSON (A.S.), DE MARCO (P.), KENNA (E.M.) and MURRELL (J.C.): Methylosulfonomonas methylovora gen. nov., sp. nov., and Marinosulfonomonas methylotropha gen. nov., sp. nov.: novel methylotrophs able to grow on methanesulfonic acid. Arch. Microbiol., 1997, 167, 46-53.

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    "Marinosulfonomonas methylotropha" Holmes et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PSCH4 (deposited in the DSMZ, accession number not given).
    Reference: HOLMES (A.J.), KELLY (D.P.), BAKER (S.C.), THOMPSON (A.S.), DE MARCO (P.), KENNA (E.M.) and MURRELL (J.C.): Methylosulfonomonas methylovora gen. nov., sp. nov., and Marinosulfonomonas methylotropha gen. nov., sp. nov.: novel methylotrophs able to grow on methanesulfonic acid. Arch. Microbiol., 1997, 167, 46-53.

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    "Mariprofundaceae" Emerson et al., fam. nov.
    Proposed type genus: "Mariprofundus" Emerson et al.
    Reference: EMERSON (D.), RENTZ (J.A.), LILBURN (T.G.), DAVIS (R.E.), ALDRICH (H.), CHAN (C.) and MOYER (C.L.): A novel lineage of Proteobacteria involved in formation of marine Fe-oxidizing microbial mat communities. PLoS ONE, 2007, 2(8): e667. Effective publication Online

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    "Mariprofundales" Emerson et al., ord. nov.
    Proposed type genus: "Mariprofundus" Emerson et al.
    Reference: EMERSON (D.), RENTZ (J.A.), LILBURN (T.G.), DAVIS (R.E.), ALDRICH (H.), CHAN (C.) and MOYER (C.L.): A novel lineage of Proteobacteria involved in formation of marine Fe-oxidizing microbial mat communities. PLoS ONE, 2007, 2(8): e667. Effective publication Online

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    "Marivita roseacus" Budinoff et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CB1052 = DSM 23118 = ATCC BAA 1914.
    Reference: BUDINOFF (C.R.), DUNLAP (J.R.), HADDEN (M.) and BUCHAN (A.): Marivita roseacus sp. nov., of the family Rhodobacteraceae, isolated from a temperate estuary and an emended description of the genus Marivita. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 57, 259-267. Effective publication Online

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    "Meiothermus rosaceus" Chen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RH9901 = CCTCC-AB200291.
    Reference: CHEN (C.), LIN (L.), PENG (Q.), BEN (K.) and ZHOU (Z.): Meiothermus rosaceus sp. nov. isolated from Tengchong hot spring in Yunnan, China. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2002, 216, 263-268.

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    "Mesorhizobium huakuii subsp. rengei" Nuswantara et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain B3.
    Reference: NUSWANTARA (S.), FUJIE (M.), YAMADA (T.), MALEK (W.), INABA (M.), KANEKO (Y.) and MUROOKA (Y.): Phylogenetic position of Mesorhizobium huakuii subsp. rengei, a symbiont of Astragalus sinicus cv. Japan. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 1999, 87, 49-55.

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    "Metalliresistens" Noisangiam et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Metalliresistens boonkerdii" Noisangiam et al.
    Reference: NOISANGIAM (R.), NUNTAGIJ (A.), PONGSILP (N.), BOONKERD (N.), DENDUANGBORIPANT (J.), RONSON (C.) and TEAUMROONG (N.): Heavy metal tolerant Metalliresistens boonkerdii gen. nov., sp. nov., a new genus in the family Bradyrhizobiaceae isolated from soil in Thailand. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 33, 374-382. Effective publication Online
    Note: See the note for ¤ Metalliresistens boonkerdii.

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    "Metalliresistens boonkerdii" Noisangiam et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NS23 = NBRC 106595 = BCC 40155.
    Reference: NOISANGIAM (R.), NUNTAGIJ (A.), PONGSILP (N.), BOONKERD (N.), DENDUANGBORIPANT (J.), RONSON (C.) and TEAUMROONG (N.): Heavy metal tolerant Metalliresistens boonkerdii gen. nov., sp. nov., a new genus in the family Bradyrhizobiaceae isolated from soil in Thailand. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 33, 374-382. Effective publication Online
    ¤ Rhodopseudomonas boonkerdii Noisangiam et al., sp. nov.
    Note: In the original conclusion, Noisangiam et al. proposed the isolated strain NS23 as a new genus in the family Bradyrhizobiaceae due to the use of the wrong sequence of the 16S rRNA gene (AB498818) of the type strain. After the use of the correct sequence (D25312), strain NS23 did not fall outside the genus Rhodopseudomonas. Therefore, this change alters the original conclusion: strain NS23 is not a new genus but a new species of Rhodopseudomonas. Among all species of Rhodopseudomonas, strain NS23 most closely resembled Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Rhodopseudomonas rhenobacensis and Rhodopseudomonas faecalis at a similar level of 97–98%. However, substantial physiological differences existed between strain NS23 and these three species of Rhodopseudomonas. Differentiation of strain NS23 from other taxa was confirmed by data of the cellular fatty acid content and also by multilocus sequence analysis, showing that strain NS23 fell into a single major cluster distinguished from the other compared species. Therefore, Noisangiam et al. propose strain NS23 as a new species of the genus Rhodopseudomonas, with the name Rhodopseudomonas boonkerdii.
    Reference: NOISANGIAM (R.), NUNTAGIJ (A.), PONGSILP (N.), BOONKERD (N.), DENDUANGBORIPANT (J.), RONSON (C.) and TEAUMROONG (N.): Erratum to "Heavy metal tolerant Metalliresistens boonkerdii gen. nov., sp. nov., a new genus in the family Bradyrhizobiaceae isolated from soil in Thailand" [Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 33 (2010) 374–382]. Proposal of Rhodopseudomonas boonkerdii sp. nov., a new heavy metal tolerant bacterium isolated from Thailand. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 166-168. Effective publication Online

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    "Methanobacterium curvum" Sun et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Px1.
    Reference: SUN (Z.), ZHOU (Y.) and DONG (X.): Characterization and phylogenetics of a new species of genus Methanobacterium (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 2001, 41, 265-269.

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    "Methanococcus aeolicus" Schmid et al., sp. nov. (incidental mention).
    Proposed type strain: .
    Reference: SCHMID (K.), THOMM (M.), LAMINET (A.), LAUE (F.G.), KESSLER (C.), STETTER (K.O.) and SCHMITT (R.): Three new restriction endonucleases MaeI, MaeII, and MaeIII from Methanococcus aeolicus. Nucleic Acids Res., 1984, 12, 2619-2628.

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    "Methanogenium boonei" Kendall et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AK-7.
    Reference: KENDALL (M.M.), WARDLAW (G.), TANG (C.F.), BONIN (A.S.), LIU (Y.) and VALENTINE (D.L.): Diversity of Archaea in marine sediments from Skan Bay, Alaska, including cultivation of methanogens and a description of Methanogenium boonei, sp. nov. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2007, 73, 407-414. Effective publication Online

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    "Methanolobus chelungpuianus" Sy and Lai, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain St545Mb = DSM 19953 = BCRC AR10030 = JCM 15159.
    Reference: SY (W.) and LAI (M.C.): Methanogenic archaea isolated from the Taiwan Chelungpu fault. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2011, 77, 830-838. Effective publication Online

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    "Methanolobus psychrophilus" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain R15.
    Reference: ZHANG (G.), JIANG (N.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Methanogenesis from methanol at low temperature by a novel psychrophilic methanogen, Methanolobus psychrophilus sp. nov., prevalent in zoige wetland of Tibetan plateau. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2008, 74, 6114-6120. Effective publication Online

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    "Methanosaeta pelagica" Mori et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 03d30q.
    Reference: MORI (K.), IINO (T.), SUZUKI (K.I.), YAMAGUCHI (K.) and KAMAGATA (Y.): Aceticlastic and NaCl-requiring methanogen "Methanosaeta pelagica" sp. nov., isolated from marine tidal flat sediment. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2012, 78, 3416-3423. Effective publication Online

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    "Methylobacillus rhizosphaerae" Madhaiyan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Ca-68 = KCTC 22383 = NCIMB 14472.
    Reference: MADHAIYAN (M.), POONGUZHALI (S.), SENTHILKUMAR (M.), PRAGATHESWARI (D.), LEE (K.C.) and LEE (J.S.): Methylobacillus rhizosphaerae sp. nov., a novel plant-associated methylotrophic bacterium isolated from rhizosphere of red pepper. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 475-484. Effective publication Online

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    "Methylobacter alcaliphilus" Khmelenina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 20Z = VKM B-2133.
    Reference: KHMELENINA (V.), KALYUZHNAYA (M.G.), STAROSTINA (N.G.), SUZINA (N.E.) and TROTSENKO (Y.A.): Isolation and characterization of halotolerant alkaliphilic mathanotrophic bacteria from Tuva soda lakes. Curr. Microbiol., 1997, 35, 257-261.

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    "Methylobacter modestohalophilus" Kalyuzhnaya et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 10S = VKM B-2180.
    Reference: KALYUZHNAYA (M.G.), KHMELENINA (V.N.), STAROSTINA (N.G.), BARANOVA (S.V.), SUZINA (N.E.) and TROTSENKO (Y.A.): A new moderately halophilic methanotroph of the genus Methylobacter. Microbiology, 1998, 67, 438-444 (translated from Mikrobiologiya, 1998, 67, 532-539).

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    "Methylobacterium funariae" Schauer and Kutschera, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain F3.2.
    Reference: SCHAUER (S.) AND KUTSCHERA (U.): A novel growth-promoting microbe, Methylobacterium funariae sp. nov., isolated from the leaf surface of a common moss. Plant. Signal. Behav., 2011, 6, 510-515. Effective publication Online

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    "Methyloligella" Doronina et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Methyloligella halotolerans" Doronina et al.
    Reference: DORONINA (N.V.), POROSHINA (M.N.), KAPARULLINA (E.N.), EZHOV (V.A.) and TROTSENKO (Y.A.): Methyloligella halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov. and Methyloligella solikamskensis sp. nov., two non-pigmented halotolerant obligately methylotrophic bacteria isolated from the Ural saline environments. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 148-154. Effective publication Online

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    "Methyloligella halotolerans" Doronina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain C2 = VKM B-2706 = CCUG 61687 = DSM 25045.
    Reference: DORONINA (N.V.), POROSHINA (M.N.), KAPARULLINA (E.N.), EZHOV (V.A.) and TROTSENKO (Y.A.): Methyloligella halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov. and Methyloligella solikamskensis sp. nov., two non-pigmented halotolerant obligately methylotrophic bacteria isolated from the Ural saline environments. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 148-154. Effective publication Online

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    "Methyloligella solikamskensis" Doronina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SK12 = VKM B-2707 = CCUG 61697 = DSM 25212.
    Reference: DORONINA (N.V.), POROSHINA (M.N.), KAPARULLINA (E.N.), EZHOV (V.A.) and TROTSENKO (Y.A.): Methyloligella halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov. and Methyloligella solikamskensis sp. nov., two non-pigmented halotolerant obligately methylotrophic bacteria isolated from the Ural saline environments. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 148-154. Effective publication Online

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    "Methylomonas rubra" Romanovskaya et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 15sh = NCIMB 11913 = UCM B-3075 = ACM 3303.
    Reference: ROMANOVSKAYA (V.A.), ROKITKO (P.V.), SHILIN (S.O.) and MALASHENKO (Y.R.): Emended description of Methylomonas rubra sp. nov. Microbiology (Mikrobiologiya), 2006, 75, 689-693.

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    "Methylophaga limanica" Doronina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain hal 6 = VKM B-2131.
    Reference: DORONINA (N.V.), KRAUZOVA (V.I.) and TROTSENKO (Y.A.): Methylophaga limanica sp. nov.: a new species of moderately halophilic, aerobic, methylotrophic bacteria. Microbiology, 1997, 66, 434-439 (translated from Mikrobiologiya, 1997, 66, 520-526.

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    "Methylophaga natronica" Doronina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Bur2 = VKM B-2288.
    Reference: DORONINA (N.), DARMAEVA (T.) and TROTSENKO (Y.): Methylophaga natronica sp. nov., a new alkaliphilic and moderately halophilic, restricted-facultatively methylotrophic bacterium from soda lake of Southern Transbaikal Region. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2003, 26, 382-389.

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    "Methylophilus methanolovorus" Loginova and Trotsenko, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: LOGINOVA (N.V.) and TROTSENKO (I.A.): Properties of the obligate methylotroph Methylophilus methanolovorus (in Russian). Mikrobiologiya, 1981, 50, 21-28.

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    "Methylophilus quaylei" Doronina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MT = VKM B-2338 = DSM (accession number not given).
    Reference: DORONINA (N.), IVANOVA (E.), TROTSENKO (Y.), PSHENICHNIKOVA (A.), KALININA (E.) and SHVETS (V.): Methylophilus quaylei sp. nov., a new aerobic obligately methylotrophic bacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 303-309.

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    "Methylosulfonomonas" Holmes et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Methylosulfonomonas methylovora" Holmes et al.
    Reference: HOLMES (A.J.), KELLY (D.P.), BAKER (S.C.), THOMPSON (A.S.), DE MARCO (P.), KENNA (E.M.) and MURRELL (J.C.): Methylosulfonomonas methylovora gen. nov., sp. nov., and Marinosulfonomonas methylotropha gen. nov., sp. nov.: novel methylotrophs able to grow on methanesulfonic acid. Arch. Microbiol., 1997, 167, 46-53.

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    "Methylosulfonomonas methylovora" Holmes et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain M2 (deposited in the DSMZ, accession number not given).
    Reference: HOLMES (A.J.), KELLY (D.P.), BAKER (S.C.), THOMPSON (A.S.), DE MARCO (P.), KENNA (E.M.) and MURRELL (J.C.): Methylosulfonomonas methylovora gen. nov., sp. nov., and Marinosulfonomonas methylotropha gen. nov., sp. nov.: novel methylotrophs able to grow on methanesulfonic acid. Arch. Microbiol., 1997, 167, 46-53.

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    "Methylothermus" Bodrossy et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Methylothermus" strain HB.
    Reference: BODROSSY (L.), KOVÁCS (K.L.), McDONALD (I.R.) and MURRELL (J.C.): A novel thermophilic methane-oxidising &gammma;-Proteobacterium. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1999, 170, 334-341.

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    "Micavibrio aeruginosavorus" Lambina et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: LAMBINA (V.A.), AFINOGENOVA (A.V.), ROMAY PENOBAD (Z.), KONOVALOVA (S.M.) and ANDREEV (L.V.): New species of exoparasitic bacteria of the genus Micavibrio infecting gram-positive bacteria. (In Russian). Mikrobiologiya, 1983, 52, 777-780.

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    "Microbacterium assamensis" Kaur  et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain S2-48 = MTCC 10486 = DSM 23998.
    Reference: KAUR (I.), DHANJAL (S.), KORPOLE (S.), BORA (T.C.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Description of a novel actinobacterium Microbacterium assamensis sp. nov., isolated from water sample collected from the river Brahmaputra, Assam, India. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 62, 1039-1043. Effective publication Online

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    "Microbacterium nematophilum" Hodgkin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HODGKIN (J.), KUWABARA (P.E.) and CORNELIUSSEN (B.): A novel bacterial pathogen, Microbacterium nematophilum, induces morphological change in the nematode C. elegans. Curr. Biol., 2000, 10, 1615-1618.

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    "Microbacterium pygmaeum" Kageyama et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KV-490 = NRRL B-24469 = NBRC 101800.
    Reference: KAGEYAMA (A.), MATSUO (Y.), KASAI (H.), SHIZURI (Y.), ŌMURA (S.) and TAKAHASHI (Y.): Microbacterium awajiense sp. nov., Microbacterium fluvii sp. nov. and Microbacterium pygmaeum sp. nov. Actinomycetologica, 2008, 22, 1-5. Effective publication Online

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    "Microbacterium pyrexiae" Ko et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SMC-A8265.
    Reference: KO (K.S.), OH (W.S.), LEE (M.Y.), PECK (K.R.), LEE (N.Y.) and SONG (J.H.): A new Microbacterium species isolated from the blood of a patient with fever: Microbacterium pyrexiae sp. nov. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis., 2007, 57, 393-397. Effective publication Online 

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    "Microbispora thailandensis" Duangmal et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NN276 = BCC 41490 = NRRL B-24806 = NBRC 107569.
    Reference: DUANGMAL (K.), MINGMA (R.), PATHOM-AREE (W.), NIYOMVONG (N.), INAHASHI (Y.), MATSUMOTO (A.), THAMCHAIPENET (A.) and TAKAHASHI (Y.): Microbispora thailandensis sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from cave soil. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 2012, 65, 491-494. Effective publication Online

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    "Microbulbifer arenaceous" Tanaka et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RSBr-1.
    Reference: TANAKA (T., YAN (L.) and BURGESS (J.G.): Microbulbifer arenaceous sp. nov., a new endolithic bacterium isolated from the inside of red sandstone. Curr. Microbiol., 2003, 47, 412-416. 

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    "Microlunatus cavernae" Cheng et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM C01117 = DSM 26248 = JCM 18536.
    Reference: CHENG (J.), CHEN (W.), HUO-ZHANG (B.), NIMAICHAND (S.), ZHOU (E.M.), LU (X.H.), KLENK (H.P.) and LI (W.J.): Microlunatus cavernae sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from Alu ancient cave, Yunnan, south-west China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 104, 95-101. Effective publication Online

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    "Microlunatus terrae" Lee and Kim, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BS6 = KCTC 19858 = JCM 17661 = CCARM 9244 = KEMC 9004.
    Reference: LEE (J.J.) and KIM (M.K.): Microlunatus terrae sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from soil. J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 547-552. Effective publication Online

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    "Micromonospora echinospora subsp. armeniaca" Ōmura et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KMR-593.
    Reference: ŌMURA (S.), IMAMURA (N.), OIWA (R.), KUGA (H.), IWATA (R.), MASUMA (R.) and IWAY (Y.): Clostomicins, new antibiotics produced by Micromonospora echinospora subsp. armeniaca subsp. nov. I. Production, isolation, and physico-chemical and biological properties. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1986, 39, 1407-1412.

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    "Micromonospora grisseorubida" Satoi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: SATOI (S.), MUTO (N.), HAYASHI (M.), FUJII (T.) and OTANI (M.): Mycinamicins, new macrolide antibiotics. I. Taxonomy, production, isolation, characterization and properties. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1980, 33, 364-376.

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    "Micromonospora miyakonensis" Kawamura et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PA-4046.
    Reference: KAWAMURA (Y.), YASUDA (Y.) and MAYAMA (M.): Isolation of L-2-(1-methylcyclopropyl)glycine from Micromonospora miyakonensis sp. nov. I. Taxonomic studies on the producing microorganism. J Antibiot (Tokyo), 1981, 34, 367-373.

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    "Micromonospora neihuensis" Wu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: WU (R.Y.), YANG (L.M.), YOKOI (T.) and LEE (K.H.): Neihumicin, a new cytotoxic antibiotic from Micromonospora neihuensis. I. The producing organism, fermentation, isolation and biological properties. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1988, 41, 481-487.

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    "Micromonospora spongicola" Supong et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain S3-1 = BCC 45595 = NBRC 108779.
    Reference: SUPONG (K.), SURIYACHADKUN (C.), PITTAYAKHAJONWUT (P.), SUWANBORIRUX (K.) and THAWAI (C.): Micromonospora spongicola sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from a marine sponge in the Gulf of Thailand. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), published online: May 15, 2013 (doi: 10.1038/ja.2013.35). Effective publication Online

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    "Microtetraspora caesia" Tomita et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain E864-61.
    Reference: TOMITA (K.), HOSHINO (Y.), SASAHIRA (T.), HASEGAWA (K.), AKIYAMA (M.), TSUKIURA (H.) and KAWAGUCHI (H.): Taxonomy of the antibiotic Bu-2313-producing organism. Microtetraspora caesia sp. nov. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1980, 33, 1491-1501.

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    "Mobilifilum" Margulis et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Mobilifilum chasei" Margulis et al.
    Reference: MARGULIS (L.), HINKLE (G.), STOLZ (J.), CRAFT (F.), ESTEVE (I.) and GUERRERO (R.): Mobilifilum chasei: morphology and ecology of a spirochete from an intertidal stratified microbial mat community. Arch. Microbiol., 1990, 153, 422-427.

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    "Mobilifilum chasei" Margulis et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: non cultivated.
    Reference: MARGULIS (L.), HINKLE (G.), STOLZ (J.), CRAFT (F.), ESTEVE (I.) and GUERRERO (R.): Mobilifilum chasei: morphology and ecology of a spirochete from an intertidal stratified microbial mat community. Arch. Microbiol., 1990, 153, 422-427.

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    "Moorella perchloratireducens" Balk et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain An10d.
    Reference: BALK (M.), VAN GELDER (T.), WEELINK (S.A.) and STAMS (A.J.): (Per)chlorate reduction by the thermophilic bacterium, Moorella perchloratireducens sp. nov., isolated from an underground gas storage. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2008, 74, 403-409. Effective publication Online

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    "Moraxella lacunata subsp. lacunata" (Eyre 1900) Lwoff 1939, subsp. nov.
    Proposed neotype strain: strain ATCC 11748= NCTC 10748.
    Reference: JUNI (E.) and BØVRE (K.): Genus I. Moraxella Lwoff 1939, 173, emend. Henriksen and Bøvre 1968, 391AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part B (The Gammaproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 417-425.

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    "Moraxella lacunata subsp. liquefaciens" Juni and Bøvre, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 17952= NCTC 7911.
    Reference: JUNI (E.) and BØVRE (K.): Genus I. Moraxella Lwoff 1939, 173, emend. Henriksen and Bøvre 1968, 391AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part B (The Gammaproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 417-425.

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    "Myceligenerans salitolerans" Guan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain XHU 5031 = KCTC 29128 = CCTCC AB 2012908.
    Reference: GUAN (T.W.), WU (N.), TANG (S.K.), CHE (Z.M.) and CHEN (X.G.): Myceligenerans salitolerans sp. nov., a halotolerant actinomycete isolated from a salt lake in Xinjiang, China. Extremophiles, 2013, 17, 147-152. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense" (Adékambi et al. 2006) Leao et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CCUG 48898 = CIP 108297 = JCM 15300.
    Basonym: Mycobacterium massiliense Adékambi et al. 2006
    Reference: LEAO (S.C.), TORTOLI (E.), VIANA-NIERO (C.), UEKI (SY.M.), BATISTA LIMA (KV.), LOPES (M.L.), YUBERO (J.), MENENDEZ (M.C.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Characterization of Mycobacteria from a major Brazilian Outbreak suggests that revision of the taxonomic status of members of the Mycobacterium chelonae-M. abscessus group is needed. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2009 47, 2691-2698. Effective publication Online
    Note: In 2009, Leao et al. proposed the union of Mycobacterium bolletii and Mycobacterium massiliense, and the recognition of two subspecies within Mycobacterium abscessus: Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus and Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense. The proposal of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense is not in accordance with the Rules of the Bacteriological Code, because the epithet bolletii has priority over the epithet massiliense. Consequently, the name Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense is illegitimate. In 2011, Leao et al. validly publish the correct name ¤ Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii (Adékambi et al. 2006) Leao et al. 2011.

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    "Mycobacterium alsiense" Richter et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: RICHTER (E.), TORTOLI (E.), FISCHER (A.), HENDRICKS (O.), ENGEL (R.), HILLEMANN (D.), SCHUBERT (S.) and KRISTIANSEN (J.E.): Mycobacterium alsiense, a novel, slowly growing species isolated from two patients with pulmonary disease. J. Clin. Microbiol, 2007, 45, 3837-3839. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium avium subsp.hominissuis" Mijs et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain designated.
    Reference: MIJS (W.), de HAAS (P.), ROSSAU (R.), VAN DER LAAN (T.), RIGOUTS (L.), PORTAELS (F.) and van SOOLINGEN (D.): Molecular evidence to support a proposal to reserve the designation Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium for bird-type isolates and 'M. avium subsp. hominissuis' for the human/porcine type of M. avium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1505-1518. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium barrassiae" Adékambi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain N7 = CIP 108545 = CCUG 50398.
    Reference: ADÉKAMBI (T.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): Mycobacterium barrassiae sp. nov., a Mycobacterium moriokaense group species associated with chronic pneumonia. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2006, 44, 3493-3498. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium canetti" van Soolingen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain designated.
    Reference: VAN SOOLINGEN (D.), HOOGENBOEZEM (T.), DE HAAS (P.E.W.), HERMANS (P.W.M.), KOEDAM (M.A.), TEPPEMA (K.S.), BRENNAN (P.J.), BESRA (G.S.), PORTAELS (F.), TOP (J.), SCHOULS (L.M.) and VAN EMBDEN (J.D.A.): A novel pathogenic taxon of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, Canetti: characterization of an exceptional isolate from Africa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1997, 47, 1236-1245.
    Notes:

  • The authors also suggest the name "Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. canetti".
  • In several articles, this taxon is also cited as "Mycobacterium canettii". Of course, "Mycobacterium canettii" (named in honour of Georges Canetti) is more correct than "Mycobacterium canetti".
  • In several articles, this taxon is not written in quotes.

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    "Mycobacterium chesapeaki" Heckert et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RH2000.
    Reference: HECKERT (R.A.), ELANKUMARAN (S.), MILANI (A.) and BAYA (A.): Detection of a new Mycobacterium species in wild striped bass in the Chesapeake Bay. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2001, 39, 710-715. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium franklinii" Simmon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CV002 = ATCC [pending] = DSMZ 45524.
    Reference: SIMMON (K.E.), BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), RIDGE (P.G.), DURTSCHI (J.D.), MANN (L.B.), SLECHTA (E.S.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MOSER (B.D.), WHITNEY (A.M.), BROWN (J.M.), VOELKERDING (K.V.), McGOWAN (K.L.), REILLY (A.F.), KIRN (T.J.), BUTLER (W.R.), EDELSTEIN (P.H.), WALLACE Jr (R.J.) and PETTI (C.A.) : Mycobacterium chelonae-abscessus complex associated with sinopulmonary disease, Northeastern USA. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 2011, 17, 1692-1700. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium hackensackense" Hong et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 147-0552 = ATCC BAA-823.
    Reference: HONG (T.), BUTLER (W.R.), HOLLIS (F.), FLOYD (M.M.), TONEY (S.R.), TANG (Y.W.), STEELE (C.) and LEGGIADRO (R.J.): Characterization of a novel rapidly growing Mycobacterium species associated with sepsis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2003. 41, 5650-5653. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium hippocampi" Balcázar et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BFLP-6 = DSM 45391 = LMG 25372.
    Reference: BALCÁZAR (J.L.), PLANAS (M.) and PINTADO (J.): Novel Mycobacterium species in seahorses with tail rot. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2011, 17, 1770-1773. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium lepromatosis" Han et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HAN (X.Y.), SEO (Y.H.), SIZER (K.C.), SCHOBERLE (T.), MAY (G.S.), SPENCER (J.S.), LI (W.) and NAIR (R.G.): a new Mycobacterium species causing diffuse lepromatous leprosy. Am. J. Clin. Pathol., 2008, 130, 856-864. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium mungi" Alexander et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: ALEXANDER (K.A.), LAVER (P.N.), MICHEL (A.L.), WILLIAMS (M.), VAN HELDEN (P.D.), WARREN (R.M.) and GEY VAN PITTIUS (N.C.): Novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex pathogen, M. mungi. Emerg. Infect. Dis. 2010, 16, 1296-1299. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium paraterrae" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 05-2522 = DSM 45127 = KCTC 19556.
    Reference: LEE (H.), LEE (S.A.), LEE (I.K.), YU (H.K.), PARK (Y.G.), JEONG (J.), LEE (S.H.), KIM (S.R.), HYUN (J.W.), KIM (K.), KOOK (Y.H.) and KIM (B.J.): Mycobacterium paraterrae sp. nov. recovered from a clinical specimen: novel chromogenic slow growing mycobacteria related to Mycobacterium terrae complex. Microbiol. Immunol., 2010, 54, 46-53.

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    "Mycobacterium ratisbonense" Berekaa and Steinbuchel, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SD4.
    Reference: BEREKAA (M.M.) and STEINBUCHEL (A.): Microbial degradation of the multiply branched alkane 2,6,10,15,19, 23-hexamethyltetracosane (Squalane) by Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium ratisbonense. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2000, 66, 4462-4467.

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    "Mycobacterium sherrisii" Selvarangan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 4773 = BAA-832.
    Reference: SELVARANGAN (R.), WU (W.K.), NGUYEN (T.T.), CARLSON (L.D.C.), WALLIS (C.K.), STIGLICH (S.K.), CHEN (Y.C.), JOST Jr. (K.C.), PRENTICE (J.L.), WALLACE Jr. (R.J.), RASSOULIAN BARRETT (S.L.), COOKSON (B.T.) and COYLE (M.B.): Characterization of a novel group of Mycobacteria and proposal of Mycobacterium sherrisii sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004. 42, 52-59. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Mycobacterium sherrisii" Selvarangan et al. is now known as ¤ Mycobacterium sherrisii van Ingen et al. 2011.

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    "Mycobacterium shigaense" Nakanaga et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: NAKANAGA (K.), HOSHINO (Y.), WAKABAYASHI (M.), FUJIMOTO (N.), TORTOLI (E.), MAKINO (M.), TANAKA (T.) and ISHII (N.): Mycobacterium shigaense sp. nov., a novel slowly growing scotochromogenic mycobacterium that produced nodules in an erythroderma patient with severe cellular immunodeficiency and a history of Hodgkin's disease. J. Dermatol., 2012, 39, 389-396. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium sinense" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JDM601.
    Reference: ZHANG (Z.Y.), SUN (Z.Q.), WANG (Z.L.), HU (H.R.), WEN (Z.L.), SONG (Y.Z.), ZHAO (J.W.), WANG (H.H.), GUO (X.K.) and ZHANG (S.L.): Identification and pathogenicity analysis of a novel non-tuberculous mycobacterium clinical isolate with nine-antibiotic resistance. Clin. Microbiol. Infect., 2013, 19, 91-96. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. canetti" van Soolingen et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain designated.
    Reference: VAN SOOLINGEN (D.), HOOGENBOEZEM (T.), DE HAAS (P.E.W.), HERMANS (P.W.M.), KOEDAM (M.A.), TEPPEMA (K.S.), BRENNAN (P.J.), BESRA (G.S.), PORTAELS (F.), TOP (J.), SCHOULS (L.M.) and VAN EMBDEN (J.D.A.): A novel pathogenic taxon of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, Canetti: characterization of an exceptional isolate from Africa. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1997, 47, 1236-1245.
    Notes:

  • The authors also suggest the name "Mycobacterium canetti".
  • In several articles, this taxon is also cited as "Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. canettii". Of course, "Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. canettii" (named in honour of Caneti) is more correct than "Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. canetti".
  • In several articles, this taxon is not written in quotes.

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    "Mycobacterium tilburgii" Buiting et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: BUITING (A.), VOS (M.), BERGMANS (A.) and SCHOULS (L.): A new mycobacterial species causing disseminated infection. 35th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. San Francisco 1995; Abstract K45. Washington: American Society for Microbiology; 1995.

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    "Mycobacterium visibilis" Appleyard and Clark, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: APPLEYARD (G.D.) and CLARK (E.G.): Novel Mycobacterium species found in three cats. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2002, 40, 2425-2430. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycoplasma feriruminatoris" Fischer et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain G5847 = DSM 26019 = NCTC 13622.
    Reference: FISCHER (A.), SANTANA-CRUZ (I.), GIGLIO (M.), NADENDLA (S.), DRABEK (E.), VILEI (E.M.), FREY (J.) and JORES (J.): Genome sequence of Mycoplasma feriruminatoris sp. nov., a fast-growing Mycoplasma species. Genome Announc., 1(1):e00216-12. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycoplasma insons" May et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: The type strain I17P1(T) has been deposited with the Mollicutes Collection at Purdue University and with the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC BAA-1435) in the USA. A limited number of cultures generated by the authors have also been deposited with the Culture Collection, University of Göteborg, in Sweden (CCUG 53461).
    Reference: MAY (M.), ORTIZ (G.J.), WENDLAND (L.D.), ROTSTEIN (D.S.), RELICH (R.F.), BALISH (M.F.) and BROWN (D.R.): Mycoplasma insons sp. nov., a twisted mycoplasma from green iguanas (Iguana iguana). FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2007, 274, 298-303. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycoplasma sphenisci" Frasca et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain UCMJ.
    Reference: FRASCA Jr. (S.), WEBER (E.S.), URQUHART (H.), LIAO (X.), GLADD (M.), CECCHINI (K.), HUDSON (P.), MAY (M.), GAST (R.J.), GORTON (T.S.) and GEARY (S.J.): Isolation and characterization of Mycoplasma sphenisci sp. nov. from the choana of an aquarium-reared jackass penguin (Spheniscus demersus). J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005 43, 2976-2979. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycoplasma volis" Dillehay et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: DILLEHAY (D.L.), SANDER (M.), TALKINGTON (D.F.), THACKER (W.L.) and BROWN (D.R.): Isolation of mycoplasmas from prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster). Lab. Anim. Sci., 1995, 45, 631-634.
    Note: "Mycoplasma volis" is now known as ¤ Mycoplasma microti Brown et al. 2001.

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    "Mycoplasma vulturii" Oaks et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Gb-V33 = ATCC BAA-882.
    Reference: OAKS (J.L.), DONAHOE (S.L.), RURANGIRWA (F.R.), RIDEOUT (B.A.), GILBERT (M.) and VIRANI (M.Z.): Identification of a novel mycoplasma species from an oriental white-backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis). J. Clin. Microbiol. 2004, 42, 5909-5912. Effective publication Online

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    "Mycoplasma zalophi" Haulena et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HAULENA (M.), GULLAND (F.M.), LAWRENCE (J.A.), FAUQUIER (D.A.), JANG (S.), ALDRIDGE (B.), SPRAKER (T.), THOMAS (L.C.), BROWN (D.R.), WENDLAND (L.) and DAVIDSON (M.K.): Lesions associated with a novel Mycoplasma sp. in california sea lions (zalophus californianus) undergoing rehabilitation. J. Wildl. Dis., 2006, 42,40-45. Effective publication Online (abstract)

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    "Nanoarchaeum" Huber et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Nanoarchaeum equitans" Huber et al.
    Reference: HUBER (H.), HOHN (M.J.), RACHEL (R.), FUCHS (T.), WIMMER (V.C.) and STETTER (K.O.): A new phylum of Archaea represented by a nanosized hyperthermophilic symbiont. Nature, 2002, 417, 63-67.

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    "Nanoarchaeum equitans" Huber et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HUBER (H.), HOHN (M.J.), RACHEL (R.), FUCHS (T.), WIMMER (V.C.) and STETTER (K.O.): A new phylum of Archaea represented by a nanosized hyperthermophilic symbiont. Nature, 2002, 417, 63-67.

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    "Nanobacterium" Ciftcioglu et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Nanobacterium sanguineum" Ciftcioglu et al.
    Reference: CIFTCIOGLU (N.), KURONEN (I.), ÅKERMAN (K.), HILTUNEN (E.), LAUKKANEN (J.) and KAJANDER (E.O.): A new potential threat in antigen and antibody products: nanobacteria. In: F. BROWN, D. BURTON, P. DOHERTY, J. MEKALANOS and E. NORRBY (ed.): Vaccines 97. Molecular approaches to the control of infectious diseases. Cold Spring Habor Laboratory Press, 1997, pp. 99-103.

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    "Nanobacterium sanguineum" Ciftcioglu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CIFTCIOGLU (N.), KURONEN (I.), ÅKERMAN (K.), HILTUNEN (E.), LAUKKANEN (J.) and KAJANDER (E.O.): A new potential threat in antigen and antibody products: nanobacteria. In: F. BROWN, D. BURTON, P. DOHERTY, J. MEKALANOS and E. NORRBY (ed.): Vaccines 97. Molecular approaches to the control of infectious diseases. Cold Spring Habor Laboratory Press, 1997, p. 99-103.

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    "Nannocystis exedens subsp. aggregans" Reichenbach, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Na a1 = DSM 14639.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Nannocystis Reichenbach 1970, 137AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1137-1142.

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    "Nannocystis exedens subsp. cinnabarina" Reichenbach, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Na c1 = DSM 14641.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Nannocystis Reichenbach 1970, 137AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1137-1142.

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    "Nannocystis exedens subsp. exedens" Reichenbach 1970, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain cited.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Nannocystis Reichenbach 1970, 137AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1137-1142.

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    "Nannocystis exedens subsp. glomerata" Reichenbach, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Na g1 = DSM 14640.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Nannocystis Reichenbach 1970, 137AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1137-1142.

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    "Nannocystis exedens subsp. pulla" Reichenbach, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Na a145 = DSM 14629.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Nannocystis Reichenbach 1970, 137AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1137-1142.

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    "Natrialba wudunaoensis" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Y21.
    Reference: WANG (Z.), YU (Y.) and ZHOU (P.): Taxonomy of a new species of haloalkalophilic archaeon (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 2000, 40, 115-120.

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    "Natronobacterium chahanensis" Wang and Tang, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain C212.
    Reference: WANG (D.) and TANG (Q): Natronobacterium from soda lakes of China. In: HATTORI, ISHIDA, MARUYAMA, MORITA and UCHIDA (ed), Recent Advances in Microbial Ecology, Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, 1989, pp. 68-72.

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    "Natronobacterium innemongoliae" Tian et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HAM-2.
    Reference: TIAN (X.), XU (Y.), LIU (H.) and ZHOU (P.): New species of Natronobacterium (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Hsueh Pao, 1997, 37, 1-6. 

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    "Neisseria skkuensis" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SMC-A9199 = KCTC 22696 = JCM 16127.
    Reference: LEE (M.Y.), PARK (E.G.), CHOI (J.Y.), CHEONG (H.S.), CHUNG (D.R.), PECK (K.R.), SONG (J.H.) and KO (K.S.): Neisseria skkuensis sp. nov. isolated from blood of a patient with a diabetic foot ulcer. J. Med. Microbiol., 2010, 59, 856-859. Effective publication Online

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    "Neoscardovia" García-Aljaro et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Neoscardovia arbecensis" García-Aljaro et al.
    Reference: GARCÍA-ALJARO (C.), BALLESTÉ (E.), ROSSELLÓ-MÓRA (R.), CIFUENTES (A.), RICHTER (M.) and BLANCH (A.R.): Neoscardovia arbecensis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from porcine slurries. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 374-379. Effective publication Online

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    "Neoscardovia arbecensis" García-Aljaro et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PG10 = CECT 8111 = DSM 25737.
    Reference: GARCÍA-ALJARO (C.), BALLESTÉ (E.), ROSSELLÓ-MÓRA (R.), CIFUENTES (A.), RICHTER (M.) and BLANCH (A.R.): Neoscardovia arbecensis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from porcine slurries. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 374-379. Effective publication Online

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    "Nguyenibacter" Thi Lan Vu et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Nguyenibacter vanlangensis" Thi Lan Vu et al.
    Reference: THI LAN VU (H.), YUKPHAN (P.), CHAIPITAKCHONLATARN (W.), MALIMAS (T.), MURAMATSU (Y.), THI TU BUI (U.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), CONG DUONG (K.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), THANH PHAM (H.) and YAMADA (Y.): Nguyenibacter vanlangensis gen. nov., sp. nov., an unusual acetic acid bacterium in the α-Proteobacteria. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 59, 153-166. Effective publication Online

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    "Nitratireductor lucknowense" Manickam  et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IITR-21 = MTCC 8354 = DSM 24322.
    Reference: MANICKAM (N.), PAREEK (S.), KAUR (I.), SINGH (N.K.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Nitratireductor lucknowense sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from a pesticide contaminated soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 125-131. Effective publication Online

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    "Nitrosococcus watsonii" Campbell et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain C-113.
    Reference: CAMPBELL (M.A.), CHAIN (P.S.), DANG (H.), EL SHEIKH (A.F.), NORTON (J.M.), WARD (N.L.), WARD (B.B.) and KLOTZ (M.G.) : Nitrosococcus watsonii sp. nov., a new species of marine obligate ammonia-oxidizing bacteria that is not omnipresent in the world's oceans. Calls to validate the names 'Nitrosococcus halophilus' and 'Nitrosomonas mobilis'. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 2011, 76, 39-48. Effective publication Online

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    "Nitrospira" ?, class. nov.
    Proposed type order: "Nitrospirales" ?.
    Reference: ?: Class I. "Nitrospira". In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G. M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer, New York, 2001, p. 451.

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    "Nitrospiraceae" ?, fam. nov.
    Proposed type genus: Nitrospira Watson et al. 1986 (Approved Lists 1980)?
    Reference: ?: Family I. "Nitrospiraceae". In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G. M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer, New York, 2001, p. 451.

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    "Nitrospirales" ?, ord. nov.
    Proposed type genus: Nitrospira Watson et al. 1986 (Approved Lists 1980)?
    Reference: ?: Order I. "Nitrospirales". In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G. M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer, New York, 2001, p. 451.

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    "Nocardioides panaciterrulae" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Gsoil 958 = KACC 14271 = KCTC 19471 = DSM 21350.
    Reference: KIM (J.K.), LIU (Q.M.), PARK (H.Y.), KANG (M.S.), KIM (S.C.), IM (W.T.) and YOON (M.H.): Nocardioides panaciterrulae sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field, with ginsenoside converting activity. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1385-1393. Effective publication Online

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    "Nocardiopsis aegyptia" Ghanem et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: GHANEM (N.B.), MABROUK (M.E.), SABRY (S.A.) and EL-BADAN (D.E.): Degradation of polyesters by a novel marine Nocardiopsis aegyptia sp. nov.: application of Plackett-Burman experimental design for the improvement of PHB depolymerase activity. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 51, 151-158.

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    "Nocardiopsis mutabilis subsp. cryophilis" Takahashi et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TS-1980.
    Reference: TAKAHASHI (A.), HOTTA (K.), SAITO (N.), MORIOKA (M.), OKAMI (Y.) and UMEZAWA (H.): Production of novel antibiotic, dopsisamine, by a new subspecies of Nocardiopsis mutabilis with multiple antibiotic resistance. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1986, 39, 175-183.

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    "Nocardiopsis yanglingensis" Yan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain A18 = KCTC 19723 = CCTCC 209063.
    Reference: YAN (X.), YAN (H.), LIU (Z.), LIU (X.), MO (H;) and ZHANG (L.): Nocardiopsis yanglingensis sp. nov., a thermophilic strain isolated from a compost of button mushrooms. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 100, 415-419. Effective publication Online

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    "Nonomuraea aegyptia" Hozzein and Goodfellow, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain S136 = CGMCC 4.2054 = DSM 45082.
    Reference: HOZZEIN (W.N.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Nonomuraea aegyptia sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from a sand dune. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2007, 92, 165-171. Effective publication Online

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    "Nonomuraea terrinata" Quintana et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain E626.
    Reference: QUINTANA (E.), MALDONADO (L.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Nonomuraea terrinata sp. nov., a novel soil actinomycete. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2003, 84, 1-6.

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    "Nordella" La Scola et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Nordella oligomobilis" La Scola et al.
    Reference: LA SCOLA (B.), BARRASSI (L.) and RAOULT (D.): A novel alpha-Proteobacterium, Nordella oligomobilis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated by using amoebal co-cultures. Res. Microbiol., 2004, 155, 47-51.

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    "Nordella oligomobilis" La Scola et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain N21 = CCUG 44876 = CIP 106862.
    Reference: LA SCOLA (B.), BARRASSI (L.) and RAOULT (D.): A novel alpha-Proteobacterium, Nordella oligomobilis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated by using amoebal co-cultures. Res. Microbiol., 2004, 155, 47-51.

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    "Novosphingobium sediminis" Li et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YG-17 = NBRC 106119 = CGMCC 1.9114.
    Reference: LI (H.F.), ZOU (Z.T.), LI (B.Z.), WANG (X.), YANG (J.S;) and YUAN (H.L.): Novosphingobium sediminis sp. nov., isolated from the sediment of a eutrophic lake. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 357-362. Effective publication Online

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    "Oceanicoccus" Park et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Oceanicoccus sagamiensis" Park et al.
    Reference: PARK (S.), YOSHIZAWA (S.), KOGURE (K.) and YOKOTA (A.): Oceanicoccus sagamiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a gammaproteobacterium isolated from sea water of Sagami Bay in Japan. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 233-237. Effective publication Online

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    "Oceanicoccus sagamiensis" Park et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PZ-5 =NBRC 107125 =KCTC 23278.
    Reference: PARK (S.), YOSHIZAWA (S.), KOGURE (K.) and YOKOTA (A.): Oceanicoccus sagamiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a gammaproteobacterium isolated from sea water of Sagami Bay in Japan. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 233-237. Effective publication Online

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    "Oceaniovalibus" Liu et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Oceaniovalibus guishaninsula" Liu et al.
    Reference: LIU (K.), ZONG (R.), LI (Q.), FU (Y.), XU (Y.), WANG (Y.) and JIAO (N.): Oceaniovalibus guishaninsula gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium of the family Rhodobacteraceae. Curr. Microbiol., 2012, 64, 385-391. Effective publication Online

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    "Oceaniovalibus guishaninsula" Liu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JLT2003 = JCM 17765 = CGMCC 1.10827.
    Reference: LIU (K.), ZONG (R.), LI (Q.), FU (Y.), XU (Y.), WANG (Y.) and JIAO (N.): Oceaniovalibus guishaninsula gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium of the family Rhodobacteraceae. Curr. Microbiol., 2012, 64, 385-391. Effective publication Online

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    "Oceanobacillus manasiensis" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YD3-56 = CGMCC 1.9105 = NBRC 105903.
    Reference: WANG (L.), LIU (W.Y.), GU (Z.J.), CHEN (S.F.) and YANG (S.S.): Oceanobacillus manasiensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from the salt lakes of Xinjiang, China. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 312-317. Effective publication Online

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    "Oceanospirillum nioense" Krishna et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NIO-S6 = MTCC 11154 = KCTC 32008.
    Reference: KRISHNA (K.K.), BHUMIKA (V.), THOMAS (M.), ANIL KUMAR (P.) and SRINIVAS (T.N.): Oceanospirillum nioense sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from sediment sample of Palk bay, India. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1015-1021. Effective publication Online

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    "Oleomonas" Kanamori et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Oleomonas sagaranensis" Kanamori et al.
    Reference: KANAMORI (T.), RASHID (N.), MORIKAWA (M.), ATOMI (H.) and IMANAKA (T.): Oleomonas sagaranensis gen. nov., sp. nov., represents a novel genus in the α -Proteobacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2002, 217, 255-261.

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    "Oleomonas sagaranensis" Kanamori et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HD-1 = FERM P-18643.
    Reference: KANAMORI (T.), RASHID (N.), MORIKAWA (M.), ATOMI (H.) and IMANAKA (T.): Oleomonas sagaranensis gen. nov., sp. nov., represents a novel genus in the α -Proteobacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2002, 217, 255-261.

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    "Orientia chuto" Izzard et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Dubai.
    Reference: IZZARD (L.), FULLER (A.), BLACKSELL (S.D.), PARIS (D.H.), RICHARDS (A.L.), AUKKANIT (N.), NGUYEN (C.), JIANG (J.), FENWICK (S.), DAY (N.P.), GRAVES (S.) and STENOS (J.): Isolation of a novel Orientia species (O. chuto sp. nov.) from a patient infected in Dubai. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 4404-4409. Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus beijingensis" Gao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 7188 = ACCC 03082 = DSM 24997.
    Reference: GAO (M.), XIE (L.Q.), WANG (Y.X.), CHEN (J.), XU (J.), ZHANG (X.X.), SUI (X.H.), GAO (J.L.) and SUN (J.G.): Paenibacillus beijingensis sp. nov., a novel nitrogen-fixing species isolated from jujube garden soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 689-694. Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus brassicae" Gao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 112 = ACCC 01125 = DSM 24983.
    Reference: GAO (M.), YANG (H.), ZHAO (J.), LIU (J.), SUN (Y.H.), WANG (Y.J.) and SUN (J.G.): Paenibacillus brassicae sp. nov., isolated from cabbage rhizosphere in Beijing, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 647-653. Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus donghaensis" Choi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JH8 = KCTC 13049 = LMG 23780.
    Reference: CHOI (J.H.), IM (W.T.), YOO (J.S.), LEE (S.M.), MOON (D.S.), KIM (H.J.), RHEE (S.K.) and ROH (D.H.): Paenibacillus donghaensis sp. nov., a xylan-degrading and nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from East Sea sediment. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2008, 18, 189-193. Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus hongkongensis" Teng et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HKU3.
    Reference: TENG (J.L.), WOO (P.C.), LEUNG (K.W.), LAU (S.K.), WONG (M.K.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Pseudobacteraemia in a patient with neutropenic fever caused by a novel paenibacillus species: Paenibacillus hongkongensis sp. nov. Mol. Pathol., 2003, 56, 29-35.

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    "Paenibacillus marinum" Bouraoui et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain THE-22 =DSM 18499 = LMG 23758.
    Reference: BOURAOUI (H.), REBIB (H.), AISSA (M.B.), TOUZEL (J.P.), O'DONOHUE (M.) and MANAI (M.): Paenibacillus marinum sp. nov., a thermophilic xylanolytic bacterium isolated from a marine hot spring in Tunisia. J. Basic. Microbiol., published online: March 01, 2013 (doi: 10.1002/jobm.201200275). Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus senegalensis" Mishra et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JC66 = CSUR P157 = DSM 25958.
    Reference: MISHRA (A.K.), LAGIER (J.C.), RIVET (R.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Non-contiguous finished genome sequence and description of Paenibacillus senegalensis sp. nov. Stand Genomic Sci., 2012, 7, 70-81. Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus taohuashanense" Xie et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain gs65 = CGMCC 1.12175 = DSM 25809.
    Reference: XIE (J.B.), ZHANG (L.H.), ZHOU (Y.G.), LIU (H.C.) and CHEN (S.F.): Paenibacillus taohuashanense sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from rhizosphere soil of the root of Caragana kansuensis Pojark. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 735-741. Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus tezpurensis" Rai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AS-S24-II = MTCC 8959.
    Reference: RAI (S.K.), ROY (J.K.) and MUKHERJEE (A.K.): Characterisation of a detergent-stable alkaline protease from a novel thermophilic strain Paenibacillus tezpurensis sp. nov. AS-S24-II. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2010, 85, 1437-1450. Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus tylopili" Kuisiene et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MK2 = DSM 18927 = LMG 23975.
    Reference: KUISIENE (N.), RAUGALAS (J.), SPRÖER (C.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), STUKNYTE (M.) and CHITAVICHIUS (D.): Paenibacillus tylopili sp.nov., a chitinolytic bacterium isolated from the mycorhizosphere of Tylopilus felleus. Folia Microbiol. (Praha), 2008, 53, 433-437.

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    "Paenibacillus tyraminigenes" Mah et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain H3029 = KCTC 10694BP.
    Reference: MAH (J.H.), CHANG (Y.H.) and HWANG (H.J.): Paenibacillus tyraminigenes sp. nov. isolated from Myeolchi-jeotgal, a traditional Korean salted and fermented anchovy. Int. J. Food. Microbiol., 2008, 127, 209-214. Effective publication Online

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    "Paenibacillus xylaniclasticus" Tachaapaikoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TW1 = NBRC 106381 =KCTC 13719 =TISTR 1914.
    Reference: TACHAAPAIKOON (C.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), PASON (P.), SORNYOTHA (S.), WAEONUKUL (R.), KYU (K.L.) and RATANAKHANOKCHAI (K.): Paenibacillus xylaniclasticus sp. nov., a xylanolytic-cellulolytic bacterium isolated from sludge in an anaerobic digester. J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 94-400. Effective publication Online

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    "Paracoccus beibuensis" Zheng et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JLT1284 = LMG 24871 = CGMCC 1.7295.
    Reference: ZHENG (Q.), WANG (Y.), CHEN (C.), WANG (Y.), XIA (X.), FU (Y.), ZHANG (R.) and JIAO (N.): Paracoccus beibuensis sp. nov., isolated from the South China Sea. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 62, 710-714. Effective publication Online

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    "Paracoccus ferrooxidans" Kumaraswamy et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BDN-1.
    Reference: KUMARASWAMY (R.), SJOLLEMA (K.), KUENEN (G.), VAN LOOSDRECHT (M.) and MUYZER (G.): Nitrate-dependent [Fe(II)EDTA]2- oxidation by Paracoccus ferrooxidans sp. nov., isolated from a denitrifying bioreactor. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 276-286. Effective publication Online

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    "Paracoccus oceanense" Fu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JLT1679 = JCM 17768 = CGMCC 1.10831.
    Reference: FU (Y.), LI (Q.), LIU (K.), XU (Y.), WANG (Y.) and JIAO (N.): Paracoccus oceanense sp. nov., isolated from the West Pacific. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 63, 561-567. Effective publication Online

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    "Paracoccus siganidrum" Li et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain M26 = CCTCC AB 2012865 = DSM 26381.
    Reference: LIU (Y.), XIE (Q.Y.), HONG (K.), LI (L.), ZHAO (Y.M.), TANG (Y.L.), AN (J.Y.), ZHU (P.P.) and XU (C.H.): Paracoccus siganidrum sp. nov., isolated from fish gastrointestinal tract. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1133-1139. Effective publication Online

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    "Paracoccus zeaxanthinifaciens subsp. payriae" Raguénès et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RA19.
    Reference: RAGUÉNÈS (G.), MOPPERT (X.), RICHERT (L.), RATISKOL (J.), PAYRI (C.), COSTA (B.) and GUEZENNEC (J.): A novel exopolymer-producing bacterium, Paracoccus zeaxanthinifaciens subsp. payriae, isolated from a kopara mat located in rangiroa, an atoll of French Polynesia. Current Microbiol., 2004, 49, 145-151.

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    "Paracoccus zhejiangensis" Wu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain J6 = KACC 16703 = CCTCC AB 2012031.
    Reference: WU (Z.G.), ZHANG (D.F.), LIU (Y.L.), WANG (F.), JIANG (X.), LI (C.), LI (S.P.), HONG (Q.) and LI (W.J.): Paracoccus zhejiangensis sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge in wastewater-treatment system. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 104, 123-128. Effective publication Online

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    "Parastreptomyces" Nichols et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Parastreptomyces abscessus" Nichols et al.
    Reference: NICHOLS (W.G.), PRENTICE (J.), HOUZE (Y.), CARLSON (L.) and COOKSON (B.T.): Fatal pulmonary infection associated with a novel organism, "Parastreptomyces abscessus". J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 5376-5379. Effective publication Online

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    "Parastreptomyces abscessus" Nichols et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain designated.
    Reference: NICHOLS (W.G.), PRENTICE (J.), HOUZE (Y.), CARLSON (L.) and COOKSON (B.T.): Fatal pulmonary infection associated with a novel organism, "Parastreptomyces abscessus". J. Clin. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 5376-5379. Effective publication Online

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    "Parvopolyspora" Liu and Lian, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Parvopolyspora pallida" Liu and Lian.
    Reference: LIU (X.) and LIAN (Y.): A new genus of the family Micropolysporaceae." Acta Microbiol. Sin., 1986, 26, 7-10.

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    "Parvopolyspora pallida" Liu and Lian, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IFO 14788.
    Reference: LIU (X.) and LIAN (Y.): A new genus of the family Micropolysporaceae." Acta Microbiol. Sin., 1986, 26, 7-10.

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    "Pasteurella leonis" Stenzel, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SSI P 876.
    Reference: STENZEL (A.) 1992. Untersuchungen zur taxononie atypischen Pasteurella und Pasteurella-ähnlichen bakterien-stamme: DNA:DNA hybridisierung und phenotüpische characterisierung. 1992, Inaugural-dissertation der Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Germany.

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    "Pasteurella multocida subsp. tigris" Capitini et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CAPITINI (C.M.), HERRERO (I.A.), PATEL (R.), ISHITANI (M.B.) and BOYCE (T.G.): Wound infection with Neisseria weaveri and a novel subspecies of Pasteurella multocida in a child who sustained a tiger bite. Clin. Infect. Dis., 2002, 34, E74-E76.

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    "Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. brasiliense" Nabhan et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 212 = LMG2137 = IBSBF1692 = CFBP6617.
    Reference: NABHAN (S.), DE BOER (S.H.), MAISS (E.) and WYDRA (K.): Taxonomic relatedness among Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum, Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. odoriferum and Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. brasiliense subsp. Nov. J. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 113, 904-913. Effective publication Online

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    "Pedobacter hainanensis" Meng et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 13-Q = CCTCC AB 2012076 = NRRL B-59850.
    Reference: MENG (Y.Y.), FU (Y.B.), WANG (M.Y.), ZHAO (Y.), LIU (Q.S.) and DU (Y.G.): Pedobacter hainanensis sp. nov., isolated from seaside soil. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 487-492. Effective publication Online

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    "Pedobacter jeongneungensis" Jung and Park, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BH45 = KACC 15514 = JCM 17626.
    Reference: JUNG (J.) and PARK (W.): Pedobacter jeongneungensis sp. nov., isolated from forest soil. J. Mcirobiol., 2012, 50, 660-664. Effective publication Online

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    "Pedobacter kyungheensis" Yang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain THG-T17 = KACC 16221 = LMG 26577.
    Reference: YANG (J.E.), SHIN (J.Y.), PARK (S.Y.), MAVLONOV (G.T.), YI (E.J.), LEE (E.H.), LEE (J.M.) and YI (T.H.): Pedobacter kyungheensis sp. nov., with ginsenoside converting activity. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 309-316. Effective publication Online

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    "Pedobacter namyangjuensis" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 5G38 = KACC 13938 = NBRC 107692.
    Reference: KIM (D.U.), KIM (Y.J.), SHIN (D.H.), WEON (H.Y.), KWON (S.W.), SEONG (C.N.) and KA (J.O.): Pedobacter namyangjuensis sp. nov. isolated from soil and reclassification of Nubsella zeaxanthinifaciens Asker et al. 2008 as Pedobacter zeaxanthinifaciens comb. nov. J. Microbiol., 2013, 51, 25-30. Effective publication Online

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    "Pedobacter xinjiangensis" Tang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 12157 = CCTCC AB 208092 = NRRL B-51338.
    Reference: TANG (Y.), WANG (Y.), JI (S.), ZHANG (K.), DAI (J.), ZHANG (L.), PENG (F.) and FANG (C.): Pedobacter xinjiangensis sp. nov., from desert, Xinjiang. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2010, 20, 397-402. Effective publication Online

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    "Pedobacter yonginense" Joung et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HMD1002 = KCTC 22721 = CECT 7544.
    Reference: JOUNG (Y.), KIM (H.) and JOH (K.): Pedobacter yonginense sp. nov., isolated from a mesotrophic artificial Lake in Korea. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 536-340. Effective publication Online

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    "Pedobacter zeaxanthinifaciens" (Asker et al. 2008) Kim et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TDMA-5 = CCUG 54348 = NBRC 102579.
    Basonym: Nubsella zeaxanthinifaciens Asker et al. 2008.
    Reference: KIM (D.U.), KIM (Y.J.), SHIN (D.H.), WEON (H.Y.), KWON (S.W.), SEONG (C.N.) and KA (J.O.): Pedobacter namyangjuensis sp. nov. isolated from soil and reclassification of Nubsella zeaxanthinifaciens Asker et al. 2008 as Pedobacter zeaxanthinifaciens comb. nov. J. Microbiol., 2013, 51, 25-30. Effective publication Online

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    "Pelagibacterium nitratireducens" Li et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JLT2005 = CGMCC 1.10829 = JCM 17767.
    Reference: LI (Q.), XU (Y.), LIU (K.), CAI (L.), FU (Y.), SUN (J.) and ZHANG (R.): Pelagibacterium nitratireducens sp.nov., a marine alphaproteobacterium isolated from the East China Sea. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 450-455. Effective publication Online

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    "Peptoniphilus grossensis" Mishra et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ph5 = CSUR P184 = DSM 25475.
    Reference: MISHRA (A.K.), HUGON (P.), ROBERT (C.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Non contiguous-finished genome sequence and description of Peptoniphilus grossensis sp. nov. Stand. Genomic. Sci., 2012, 7, 320-330. Effective publication Online

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    "Peptoniphilus timonensis" Mishra et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JC401 = CSUR P165= DSM 25367.
    Reference: MISHRA (A.K.), LAGIER (J.C.), ROBERT (C.), RAOULT (D.) and FOURNIER (P.E.): Non contiguous-finished genome sequence and description of Peptoniphilus timonensis sp. nov. Stand. Genomic Sci., 2012, 7, 1-11. Effective publication Online

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    "Phenylobacterium mobile" Ke et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GZ6.
    Reference: KE (N.), XIAO (C.), YING (Q.) and JI (S.): A new species of the genus Phenylobacterium for the degradation of LAS (linear alkylbenzene sulfonate). (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao., 2003, 43, 1-7.

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    "Phenylobacterium zucineum" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HLK1 = CGMCC 1.3786 = DSM 18354.
    Reference: ZHANG (K.), HAN (W.), ZHANG (R.), XU (X.), PAN (Q.) and HU (X.): Phenylobacterium zucineum sp. nov., a facultative intracellular bacterium isolated from a human erythroleukemia cell line K562. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 30, 207-212. Effective publication Online

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    "Phycicoccus ochangensis" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LIb-b9 = KCTC 19695 = JCM 17595.
    References:
    KIM (H.), OH (H.W.), PARK (D.S.), LEE (K.H.), KIM (S.U.), PARK (H.M.) and BAE (K.S.): Phycicoccus ochangensis sp. nov., isolated from soil of a potato cultivation field. J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 349-353. Effective publication Online
    ERRATUM: J. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 893. Erratum Online

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    "Photobacterium atrarenae" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain M3-4 = KCTC 23265 = NCAIM B 02414.
    Reference: KIM (B.C.), POO (H.), KIM (M.N.), LEE (K.H.), LEE (J.), RHEE (M.S.) and SHIN (K.S.): Photobacterium atrarenae sp. nov. a novel bacterium isolated from sea sand. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 63, 433-438. Effective publication Online

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    "Photobacterium leiognathi subsp. leiognathi" Boisvert et al. 1967, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 25521.
    Reference: AST (J.C.) and DUNLAP (P.V.): Phylogenetic analysis of the lux operon distinguishes two evolutionarily distinct clades of Photobacterium leiognathi. Arch. Microbiol., 2004, 181, 352-361. Effective publication Online

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    "Photobacterium leiognathi subsp. mandapamensis" Ast and Dunlap, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 27561.
    Reference: AST (J.C.) and DUNLAP (P.V.): Phylogenetic analysis of the lux operon distinguishes two evolutionarily distinct clades of Photobacterium leiognathi. Arch. Microbiol., 2004, 181, 352-361. Effective publication Online

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    "Photobacterium lipolyticum" Ryu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain M37.
    Reference: RYU (H.S.), KIM (H.K.), CHOI (W.C.), KIM (M.H.), PARK (S.Y.), HAN (N.S.), OH (T.K.) and LEE (J.K.): New cold-adapted lipase from Photobacterium lipolyticum sp. nov. that is closely related to filamentous fungal lipases. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2006, 70, 321-326. Effective publication Online

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    "Photobacterium marinum" Srinivas et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AK15 = MTCC 11066 = DSM 25368.
    Reference: SRINIVAS (T.N.R.), VIJAYA BHASKAR (Y.), BHUMIKA (V.) and ANIL KUMAR (P.): Photobacterium marinum sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from a sediment sample from Palk Bay, India. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 160-165. Effective publication Online

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    "Phytobacter" Zhang et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Phytobacter diazotrophicus" Zhang et al.
    Reference: ZHANG (G.X.), PENG (G.X.), WANG (E.T.), YAN (H.), YUAN (Q.H.), ZHANG (W.), LOU (X.), WU (H.) and TAN (Z.Y.): Diverse endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria isolated from wild rice Oryza rufipogon and description of Phytobacter diazotrophicus gen. nov. sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2008, 189, 431-439. Effective publication Online

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    "Phytobacter diazotrophicus" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LS 8 = DSM 17806 = LMG 23328 = CGMCC 1.5339.
    Reference: ZHANG (G.X.), PENG (G.X.), WANG (E.T.), YAN (H.), YUAN (Q.H.), ZHANG (W.), LOU (X.), WU (H.) and TAN (Z.Y.): Diverse endophytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria isolated from wild rice Oryza rufipogon and description of Phytobacter diazotrophicus gen. nov. sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2008, 189, 431-439. Effective publication Online

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    "Piezobacter" Takai et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Piezobacter thermophilus" Takai et al.
    Reference: TAKAI (K.), MIYAZAKI (M.), HIRAYAMA (H.), NAKAGAWA (S.), QUERELLOU (J.) and GODFROY (A.): Isolation and physiological characterization of two novel, piezophilic, thermophilic chemolithoautotrophs from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney. Environ. Microbiol., 2009, 11, 1983-1997. Effective publication Online

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    "Piezobacter thermophilus" Takai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 108 = JCM 14636.
    Reference: TAKAI (K.), MIYAZAKI (M.), HIRAYAMA (H.), NAKAGAWA (S.), QUERELLOU (J.) and GODFROY (A.): Isolation and physiological characterization of two novel, piezophilic, thermophilic chemolithoautotrophs from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney. Environ. Microbiol., 2009, 11, 1983-1997. Effective publication Online

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    "Pigmentiphaga soli" Lee et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BS12 = KCTC 23577 =JCM 17666 =KEMB 9004-082.
    Reference: LEE (J.J.), SRINIVASAN (S.) and KIM (M.K.): Pigmentiphaga soli sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from soil. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 857-861. Effective publication Online

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    "Pluralibacter" Brady et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Pluralibacter gergoviae" (Brenner et al. 1980) Brady et al.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Pluralibacter gergoviae" (Brenner et al. 1980) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 33028= CCUG 14557 = CDC 604-77 = CIP 76.1 = DSM 9245 = JCM 1234 = LMG 5739 = NCTC 11434.
    Basonym: Enterobacter gergoviae Brenner et al. 1980.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Pluralibacter pyrinus" (Chung et al. 1993) Brady et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC 49851 CCUG 48320 = CDC G6570 = CFBP 4168 = CIP 104019 = DSM 12410 = ICMP 12530 = KCTC 2520.
    Basonym: Enterobacter pyrinus Chung et al. 1993.
    Reference: BRADY (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VENTER (S.), COUTINHO (T.) and DE VOS (P.): Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): Proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: April 27, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.005). Effective publication Online

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    "Pluraplasma" Skripal and Yegorov, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Pluraplasma granulum" Skripal and Yegorov.
    Reference: SKRIPAL (I.G.) and YEGOROV (O.V.): Taxonomic status of the agent of cereals pale-green dwarf and proposition of founding in the class of Mollicutes, of the order III Acholeplasmatales, family I Acholeplasmataceae, genus II Pluraplasma gen. nov., and its first species Pluraplasma granulum sp. nov. Mikrobiol. Z., 2007, 69, 3-14.

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    "Pluraplasma granulum" Skripal and Yegorov, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 118.
    Reference: SKRIPAL (I.G.) and YEGOROV (O.V.): Taxonomic status of the agent of cereals pale-green dwarf and proposition of founding in the class of Mollicutes, of the order III Acholeplasmatales, family I Acholeplasmataceae, genus II Pluraplasma gen. nov., and its first species Pluraplasma granulum sp. nov. Mikrobiol. Z., 2007, 69, 3-14.

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    "Polyangium brachysporum" Oka et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain K481-B101.
    Reference: OKA (M.), NISHIYAMA (Y.), OHTA (S.), KAMEI (H.), KONISHI (M.), MIYAKI (T.), OKI (T.) and KAWAGUCHI (H.): Glidobactins A, B and C, new antitumor antibiotics. I. Production, isolation, chemical properties and biological activity. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1988, 41, 1331-1337.

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    "Polycyclovorans" Gutierrez et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Polycyclovorans algicola" Gutierrez et al.
    Reference: GUTIERREZ (T.), GREEN (D.H.), NICHOLS (P.D.), WHITMAN (W.B.), SEMPLE (K.T.) and AITKEN (M.D.): Polycyclovorans algicola gen. nov., sp. nov., an aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading marine bacterium found associated with laboratory cultures of marine phytoplankton. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2013, 79, 205-214. Effective publication Online

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    "Polycyclovorans algicola" Gutierrez et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TG408.
    Reference: GUTIERREZ (T.), GREEN (D.H.), NICHOLS (P.D.), WHITMAN (W.B.), SEMPLE (K.T.) and AITKEN (M.D.): Polycyclovorans algicola gen. nov., sp. nov., an aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading marine bacterium found associated with laboratory cultures of marine phytoplankton. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2013, 79, 205-214. Effective publication Online

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    "Polymorphum" Cai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Polymorphum gilvum" Cai et al.
    Reference: CAI (M.), WANG (L.), CAI (H.), LI (Y.), TANG (Y.Q.) and WU (X.L.): Rubrimonas shengliensis sp. nov. and Polymorphum gilvum gen. nov., sp. nov., novel members of Alphaproteobacteria from crude oil contaminated saline soil. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 321-327. Effective publication Online

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    "Polymorphum gilvum" Cai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SL003B-26A1 = LMG 25793 = CGMCC 1.9160.
    Reference: CAI (M.), WANG (L.), CAI (H.), LI (Y.), TANG (Y.Q.) and WU (X.L.): Rubrimonas shengliensis sp. nov. and Polymorphum gilvum gen. nov., sp. nov., novel members of Alphaproteobacteria from crude oil contaminated saline soil. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 321-327. Effective publication Online

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    "Pontibacter rhizosphera" Raichand et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IMTB-1969 = MTCC 10673 = DSM 24399.
    Reference: RAICHAND (R.), KAUR (I.), SINGH (N.K.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Pontibacter rhizosphera sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere soil of an Indian medicinal plant Nerium indicum. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 100, 129-135. Effective publication Online

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    "Pontibacter salisaro" Joung et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HMC5104 = KCTC 22712 = NBRC 105731.
    Reference: JOUNG (Y.), KIM (H.), AHN (T.S.) and JON (K.): Pontibacter salisaro sp. nov., Isolated from a clay tablet solar saltern in Korea. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 290-293. Effective publication Online

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    "Ponticoccus" Lee and Lee, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Ponticoccus gilvus" Lee and Lee.
    Reference: LEE (D.W.) and LEE (S.D.): Ponticoccus gilvus gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Propionibacteriaceae from seawater. J. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 508-512. Effective publication Online

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    "Ponticoccus gilvus" Lee and Lee, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MSW-19 = KCTC 19476 = DSM 21351.
    Reference: LEE (D.W.) and LEE (S.D.): Ponticoccus gilvus gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Propionibacteriaceae from seawater. J. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 508-512. Effective publication Online 

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    "Porifericola" Yoon et al., gen nov.
    Proposed type species: "Porifericola rhodea" Yoon et al.
    Reference: YOON (J.), OKU (N.), PARK (S.), KASAI (H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Porifericola rhodea gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the phylum Bacteroidetes isolated by the bait-streaked agar technique. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 100, 145-153. Effective publication Online

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    "Porifericola rhodea" Yoon et al., sp nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain N5EA6-3A2B = MBIC08357 = NBRC 107748.
    Reference: YOON (J.), OKU (N.), PARK (S.), KASAI (H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Porifericola rhodea gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the phylum Bacteroidetes isolated by the bait-streaked agar technique. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 100, 145-153. Effective publication Online

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    "Porphyrobacter meromictius" Rathgeber et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ML4.
    Reference: RATHGEBER (C.), YURKOVA (N.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), SCHUMANN (P.), HUMPHREY (E.), BEATTY (J.T.) and YURKOV (V.): Porphyrobacter meromictius sp. nov., an appendaged bacterium, that produces bacteriochlorophyll a. Curr. Microbiol., 2007, 55, 356-361. Effective publication Online

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    "Portibacter" Yoon et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Portibacter lacus" Yoon et al.
    Reference: YOON (J.), MATSUO (Y.), KASAI (H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Portibacter lacus gen. nov., sp.nov., a new member of the family Saprospiraceae isolated from a saline lake. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 191-197. Effective publication Online

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    "Portibacter lacus" Yoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YM8-076 = KCTC 23747 =NBRC 108769.
    Reference: YOON (J.), MATSUO (Y.), KASAI (H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Portibacter lacus gen. nov., sp.nov., a new member of the family Saprospiraceae isolated from a saline lake. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 191-197. Effective publication Online

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    "Porticoccus hydrocarbonoclasticus" Gutierrez  et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MCTG13d.
    Reference: GUTIERREZ (T.), NICHOLS (P.D.), WHITMAN (W.B.) and AITKEN (M.D.): Porticoccus hydrocarbonoclasticus sp. nov., an aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium identified in laboratory cultures of marine phytoplankton. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2012, 78, 628-637. Effective publication Online

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    "Prescottella" Jones  et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Prescottella equi" Jones  et al.
    Reference: JONES (A.L.), SUTCLIFFE (I.C.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Proposal to replace the illegitimate genus name Prescottia Jones et al. 2013 with the genus name Prescottella gen. nov. and to replace the illegitimate combination Prescottia equi Jones et al. 2013 with Prescottella equi comb. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1405-1407. Effective publication Online
    Note: The name "Prescottella" Jones  et al. 2013 was previouly known as "Prescottia" Jones  et al. 2013.

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    "Prescottella equi" (Magnusson 1923) Jones  et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: C 7 = ATCC 25729= ATCC 6939= CCUG 892 = CIP 54.72 = DSM 20307 = HAMBI 2061 = JCM 1311 = JCM 3209 = LMG 18452 = NBRC 101255 = NCTC 1621 = NRRL B-16538 = VKM Ac-953.
    Basonym: Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Another homotypic synonym: Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: JONES (A.L.), SUTCLIFFE (I.C.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Proposal to replace the illegitimate genus name Prescottia Jones et al. 2013 with the genus name Prescottella gen. nov. and to replace the illegitimate combination Prescottia equi Jones et al. 2013 with Prescottella equi comb. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1405-1407. Effective publication Online
    Note: The name "Prescottella equi" (Magnusson 1923) Jones  et al. 2013 was previouly known as "Prescottia equi" (Magnusson 1923) Jones  et al. 2013.

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    "Prescottia" Jones  et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Prescottia equi" Jones  et al.
    Reference: JONES (A.L.), SUTCLIFFE (I.C.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Prescottia equi gen. nov., comb. nov.: a new home for an old pathogen. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 655-671. Effective publication Online
    Note: The name "Prescottia" Jones  et al. 2013 is illegitimate and it is replaced by the name "Prescottella" Jones  et al. 2013.

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    "Prescottia equi" (Magnusson 1923) Jones  et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: C 7 = ATCC 25729= ATCC 6939= CCUG 892 = CIP 54.72 = DSM 20307 = HAMBI 2061 = NBRC 14956 = JCM 1311 = JCM 3209 = LMG 18452 = NBRC 101255 = NCTC 1621 = NRRL B-16538 = VKM Ac-953.
    Basonym: Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Another homotypic synonym: Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: JONES (A.L.), SUTCLIFFE (I.C.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Prescottia equi gen. nov., comb. nov.: a new home for an old pathogen. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 655-671. Effective publication Online
    Note: The name "Prescottia equi" (Magnusson 1923) Jones  et al. 2013 is illegitimate and it is replaced by the name "Prescottella equi" (Magnusson 1923) Jones  et al. 2013.

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    "Prevotella massiliensis" Berger et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CIP 107630.
    Reference: BERGER (P.), ADÉKAMBI (T.), MALLET (M.N.) and DRANCOURT (M.): Prevotella massiliensis sp. nov. isolated from human blood. Res. Microbiol., 2005, 156, 967-973. Effective publication Online

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    "Propionivibrio militaris" Thrash et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MP = DSM 21683 = ATCC BAA-1728.
    Reference: THRASH (J.C.), POLLOCK (J.), TOROK (T.) and COATES (J.D.): Description of the novel perchlorate-reducing bacteria Dechlorobacter hydrogenophilus gen. nov., sp. nov. and Propionivibrio militaris, sp. nov. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2010, 86, 335-343. Effective publication Online

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    "Prosthecochloris indica" Anil Kumar et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JAGS6 = JCM 13299 = ATCC BAA1214.
    Reference: ANIL KUMAR (P.), SRINIVAS (T.N.R.), SASIKALA (C.), RAMANA (C.V.), SÜLING (J.) and IMHOFF (J.): Prosthecochloris indica sp. nov., a novel green sulfur bacterium from a marine aquaculture pond, Kakinada, India. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2009, 55, 163-169. Effective publication Online

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    "Protochlamydia naegleriophila" Casson et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KNic within Acanthamoeba castellanii.
    Reference: CASSON (N.), MICHEL (R.), MÜLLER (K.D.), AUBERT (J.D.) and GREUB (G.): Protochlamydia naegleriophila as etiologic agent of pneumonia. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 2008, 14, 168-172. Effective publication Online
    Note: The genus name Protochlamydia is not validly published.

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    "Pseudoalteromonas marinoglutinosa" (ex ZoBell et al. 1944) Komandrova et al., sp. nov., nom. rev.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Synonym: "Pseudomonas marinoglutinosa" ZoBell et al. 1944.
    Reference: KOMANDROVA (N.A.), TOMSHICH (S.V.), ISAKOV (V.V.) and ROMANENKO (L.A.): Structure of the sulfated O-specific polysaccharide of the marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas marinoglutinosa KMM 232. Biokhimiya, 1998, 63, 1410-1415.

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    "Pseudoalteromonas spiralis" Rathgeber et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Te-2-2 = DSM 16099 = VKM B-2383.
    Reference: RATHGEBER (C.), YURKOVA (N.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), SCHUMANN (P.), HUMPHREY (E.), THOMAS BEATTY (J.) and YURKOV (V.): Metalloid reducing bacteria isolated from deep ocean hydrothermal vents of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Pseudoalteromonas telluritireducens sp. nov. and Pseudoalteromonas spiralis sp. nov. Current Microbiol., 2006, 53, 449-456. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudoalteromonas telluritireducens" Rathgeber et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Se-1-2-red = DSM 16098 = VKM B-2382.
    Reference: RATHGEBER (C.), YURKOVA (N.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), SCHUMANN (P.), HUMPHREY (E.), THOMAS BEATTY (J.) and YURKOV (V.): Metalloid reducing bacteria isolated from deep ocean hydrothermal vents of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Pseudoalteromonas telluritireducens sp. nov. and Pseudoalteromonas spiralis sp. nov. Current Microbiol., 2006, 53, 449-456. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudohaliea" Spring et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Pseudohaliea rubra" (Urios et al. 2009) Spring et al.
    Reference: SPRING (S.), RIEDEL (T.), SPRÖER (C.), YAN (S.), HARDER (J.) and FUCHS (B.M.): Taxonomy and evolution of bacteriochlorophyll a-containing members of the OM60/NOR5 clade of marine gammaproteobacteria: description of Luminiphilus syltensis gen. nov., sp. nov., reclassification of Haliea rubra as Pseudohaliea rubra gen. nov., comb. nov., and emendation of Chromatocurvus halotolerans. BMC Microbiol., 2013, 13,118. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudomonas asturiensis" González et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LPPA 221 = LMG 26898 = CECT 8095.
    Reference: GONZÁLEZ (A.J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), DE VOS (P.) and FERNÁNDEZ-SANZ (A.M.): Pseudomonas asturiensis sp. nov., isolated from soybean and weeds. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., published online: May 30, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.04.004). Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudomonas andersonii" Han et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HAN (X.Y.), PHAM (A.S.), NGUYEN (K.U.), SMYTHE (W.R.), ORDONEZ (N.G.), JACOBSON (K.L.) and TARRAND (J.J.): Pulmonary granuloma caused by Pseudomonas andersonii sp nov. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 2001, 116, 347-353.

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    "Pseudomonas batumici" Kiprianova et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain UCM B-321.
    Reference: KIPRIANOVA (E.A.), KLOCHKO (V.V.), ZELENA (L.B.), CHURKINA (L.N.) and AVDEEVA (L.V.): Pseudomonas batumici sp. nov., the antibiotic-producing bacteria isolated from soil of the Caucasus Black Sea coast. Mikrobiol. Z., 2011, 73, 3-8.

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    "Pseudomonas butanovora" Takahashi, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: TAKAHASHI (J.): Production of intracellular and extracellular protein from n-butane by Pseudomonas butanovora sp. nov. Adv. Appl. Microbiol., 1980, 26, 117-127.

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    "Pseudomonas guezennei" Simon-Colin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RA26.
    Reference: SIMON-COLIN (C.), ALAIN (K.), COLIN (S.), COZIEN (J.), COSTA (B.), GUEZENNEC (J.G.) and RAGUÉNÈS (G.H.): A novel mcl PHA-producing bacterium, Pseudomonas guezennei sp. nov., isolated from a 'kopara' mat located in Rangiroa, an atoll of French Polynesia. J. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 104, 581-586. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudomonas halosensibilis" Zou and Cai, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 9191.
    Reference: ZOU (G.), LI (W.), GAN (Q.), ZOU (L.), XU (J.), CAI (M.), WEI (J.), LEI (J.) and DAI (H.): A new species of Pseudomonas. (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Hsueh Pao, 1994, 34, 96-99.

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    "Pseudomonas indoloxydans" Manickam et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IPL-1 = MTCC 8062 = JCM 14246.
    Reference: MANICKAM (N.), GHOSH (A.), JAIN (R.K.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Description of a novel indole-oxidizing bacterium Pseudomonas indoloxydans sp. nov., isolated from a pesticide-contaminated site. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 101-107. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudomonas jinanensis" Cai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: CAI (M.Y.), LU (D.S., WANG (D.S.), HE (Z.Z.) and WANG (J.H.): A sarcoma-static new species of Pseudomonas, Pseudomonas jinanensis sp. nov. (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 1989, 29,155-160.

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    "Pseudomonas linyingensis" He et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LYBRD3-7 = CGMCC 1.10701 = LMG 25967.
    Reference: HE (W.H.), WANG (Y.N.), DU (X.), ZHOU (Y.), JIA (B.), BIAN (J.), LIU (S.J.) and CHEN (G.C.): Pseudomonas linyingensis sp. nov.: a novel bacterium isolated from wheat soil subjected to long-term herbicides application. Curr. Microbiol., 2012, 65, 595-600. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudomonas mesoacidophila" Kintaka et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: KINTAKA (K.), HAIBARA (K.), ASAI (M.) and IMADA (A.): Isosulfazecin, a new beta-lactam antibiotic, produced by an acidophilic pseudomonad. Fermentation, isolation and characterization. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1981, 34, 1081-1089.

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    "Pseudomonas nitritireducens" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain WZBFD3-5A2 = CGMCC 1.10702 = LMG 25966.
    Reference: WANG (Y.N.), HE (W.H.), HE (H.), DU (X.), JIA (B.), ZENG (Z.P.), AN (M.L.) and CHEN (G.C.): Pseudomonas nitritireducens sp. nov., a nitrite reduction bacterium isolated from wheat soil. Arch. Microbiol., 2012, 194, 809-813. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudomonas raguenesii" Simon-Colin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TE9.
    Reference: SIMON-COLIN (C.), ALAIN (K.), RAGUÉNÈS (G.), SCHMITT (S.), KERVAREC (N.), GOUIN (C.), CRASSOUS (P.), COSTA (B.) and GUEZENNEC (J.G.): Biosynthesis of medium chain length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (mcl PHAs) from cosmetic co-products by Pseudomonas raguenesii sp. nov., isolated from Tetiaroa, French Polynesia. Bioresour. Technol., 2009, 100, 6033-6039. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudomonas siderocapsa" Falamin and Pinevich, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain L7.
    Reference: FALAMIN (A.A.) and PINEVICH (A.V.): Isolation and characterization of a unicellular manganese-oxidizing bacterium from a freshwater lake in northwestern Russia. Microbiology (Mikrobiologiya), 2006, 75, 180-185.

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    "Pseudomonas veronii subsp. inensis" Ajithkumar et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain INA06 = CIP 107594 = JCM 11828.
    Reference: AJITHKUMAR (B.), AJITHKUMAR (V.P.) and IRIYE (R.): Degradation of 4-amylphenol and 4-hexylphenol by a new activated sludge isolate of Pseudomonas veronii and proposal for a new subspecies status. Res. Microbiol., 2003, 154, 17-23.

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    "Pseudomonas veronii subsp. veronii" Elomari et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
    Type strain: strain CIP 104663 = ATCC 700474.
    Reference: AJITHKUMAR (B.), AJITHKUMAR (V.P.) and IRIYE (R.): Degradation of 4-amylphenol and 4-hexylphenol by a new activated sludge isolate of Pseudomonas veronii and proposal for a new subspecies status. Res. Microbiol., 2003, 154, 17-23.

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    "Pseudonocardia antimicrobica" Zhao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM 63235 = CCTCC AA 208080 = DSM 45303.
    Reference: ZHAO (G.Z.), LI (J.), QIN (Y.L.), MIAO (C.P.), WEI (D.Q.), ZHANG (S.), XU (L.H.) and LI (W.J.): Pseudonocardia antimicrobica sp. nov., a novel endophytic actinomycete associated with Artemisia annua L. (sweet wormwood). J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 2012, 65, 469-472. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudonocardia nantongensis" Xing et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KLBMP 1282 = KCTC 29053 = NBRC 108677.
    Reference: XING (K.), QIN (S.), BIAN (G.K.), ZHANG (Y.J.), ZHANG (W.D.), DAI (C.C.), LIU (C.H.), LI (W.J.) and JIANG (J.H.): Pseudonocardia nantongensis sp. nov., a novel endophytic actinomycete isolated from the coastal halophyte Tamarix chinensis Lour. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 659-667. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudoscardovia" Killer et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Pseudoscardovia suis" Killer et al.
    Reference: KILLER (J.), MRÁZEK (J.), BUNEŠOVÁ (V.), HAVLÍK (J.), KOPPOVÁ (I.), BENADA (O.), RADA (V.), KOPEČNÝ (J.) and VLKOVÁ (E.): Pseudoscardovia suis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae isolated from the digestive tract of wild pigs (Sus scrofa). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 11-16. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudoscardovia suis" Killer et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DPTE4 = DSM 24744 = CCM 7942.
    Reference: KILLER (J.), MRÁZEK (J.), BUNEŠOVÁ (V.), HAVLÍK (J.), KOPPOVÁ (I.), BENADA (O.), RADA (V.), KOPEČNÝ (J.) and VLKOVÁ (E.): Pseudoscardovia suis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Bifidobacteriaceae isolated from the digestive tract of wild pigs (Sus scrofa). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 11-16. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudoscillatoria" Rasoulouniriana et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Pseudoscillatoria coralii" Rasoulouniriana et al.
    Reference: RASOULOUNIRIANA (D.), SIBONI (N.), BEN-DOV (E.), KRAMARSKY-WINTER (E.), LOYA (Y.) and KUSHMARO (A.): Pseudoscillatoria coralii gen. nov., sp. nov., a cyanobacterium associated with coral black band disease (BBD). Dis. Aquat. Organ., 2009, 87, 91-96. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudoscillatoria coralii" Rasoulouniriana et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BgP10_4S.
    Reference: RASOULOUNIRIANA (D.), SIBONI (N.), BEN-DOV (E.), KRAMARSKY-WINTER (E.), LOYA (Y.) and KUSHMARO (A.): Pseudoscillatoria coralii gen. nov., sp. nov., a cyanobacterium associated with coral black band disease (BBD). Dis. Aquat. Organ., 2009, 87, 91-96. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudoxanthomonas icgebensis" Rani et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ICGEB-L15 = KACC 14090 = DSM 22536.
    Reference: RANI (A.), SHARMA (A.), ADAK (T.) and BHATNAGAR (R.K.): Pseudoxanthomonas icgebensis sp. nov., isolated from the midgut of Anopheles stephensi field-collected larvae. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 601-606. Effective publication Online

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    "Pseudoxanthomonas jiangsuensis" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain wax = DSM 22398 = CGMCC 1.10137.
    Reference: WANG (G.L.), BI (M.), LIANG (B.), JIANG (J.D.) and LI (S.P.): Pseudoxanthomonas jiangsuensis sp. nov., a DDT-degrading bacterium isolated from a long-term DDT-polluted soil. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 62, 1760-1766. Effective publication Online

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    "Psychrobacter muriicola" Shcherbakova et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 2pS.
    Reference: SHCHERBAKOVA (V.A.), CHUVIL’SKAYA (N.A.), RIVKINA (E.M.), PECHERITSYNA (S.A.), SUETIN (S.V.), LAURINAVICHIUS (K.S.), LYSENKO (A.M.), and GILICHINSKY (D.A.): Novel halotolerant bacterium from cryopeg in permafrost: description of Psychrobacter muriicola sp. nov. Mikrobiologiya, 2009, 78, 84-91 [English language translation]. Effective publication Online

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    "Psychroflexus lacisalsi" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain H7 = JCM 16231 = KACC 14089.
    Reference: ZHANG (H.), HOSOI-TANABE (S.), NAGATA (S.), BAN (S.) and IMURA (S.): Psychroflexus lacisalsi sp. nov., a moderate halophilic bacterium isolated from a hypersaline lake (Hunazoko-Ike) in Antarctica. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 160-164. Effective publication Online

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    "Psychrosinus" Sattley et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Psychrosinus fermentans" Sattley et al.
    Reference: SATTLEY (W.M.), JUNG (D.O.) and MADIGAN (M.T.): Psychrosinus fermentans gen. nov., sp. nov., a lactate-fermenting bacterium from near-freezing oxycline waters of a meromictic Antarctic lake. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2008, 287, 121-127. Effective publication Online

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    "Psychrosinus fermentans" Sattley et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain FCF9.
    Reference: SATTLEY (W.M.), JUNG (D.O.) and MADIGAN (M.T.): Psychrosinus fermentans gen. nov., sp. nov., a lactate-fermenting bacterium from near-freezing oxycline waters of a meromictic Antarctic lake. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2008, 287, 121-127. Effective publication Online

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    "Pyrococcus abyssi" Erauso et al. (complete authorship reads Erauso, Reysenbach, Pace and Prieur), sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GE5 = CNCM I-1302.
    Reference: ERAUSO (G.), REYSENBACH (A.L.), GODFROY (A.), MEUNIER (J.R.), CRUMP (B.), PARTENSKY (F.), BAROSS (J.A.), MARTEINSSON (V.), BARBIER (G.), PACE (N.R.) and PRIEUR (D.): Pyrococcus abyssi sp. nov., a new hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Arch. Microbiol., 1993, 160, 338-349.

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    "Pyrococcus kodakaraensis" Rahman et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KDO1.
    Reference: RAHMAN (R.N.), FUJIWARA (S.), NAKAMURA (H.), TAKAGI (M.) and IMANAKA (T.): Ion pairs involved in maintaining a thermostable structure of glutamate dehydrogenase from a hyperthermophilic archaeon. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1998, 248, 920-9266.
    Notes:

  • Pyrococcus kodakaraensis was formerly named Pyrococcus sp. KOD1 Morikawa et al. 1994 (see, Morikawa et al.: Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1994, 60, 4559-4566).
  • Pyrococcus kodakaraensis is also known as Thermococcus kodakaraensis.

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    "Pyxicoccus" Reichenbach, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Pyxicoccus fallax" Reichenbach.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus III. Pyxicoccus gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1083-1084.
    Note: "Pyxicoccus" is now known as ¤ Pyxidicoccus corrig. Reichenbach 2007.

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    "Pyxicoccus fallax" Reichenbach, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Py f1 = DSM 14698 = JCM 12639.
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus III. Pyxicoccus gen. nov. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1083-1084.
    Note: "Pyxicoccus fallax" is now known as ¤ Pyxidicoccus fallax corrig. Reichenbach 2007.

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    "Ramlibacter ginsenosidimutans" Wang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BXN5-27 = DSM 23480 = LMG 24525 = KCTC 22276.
    Reference: WANG (L.), AN (D.S.), KIM (S.G.), JIN (F.X.), KIM (S.C.), LEE (S.T.) and IM (W.T.): Ramlibacter ginsenosidimutans sp. nov., with ginsenoside-converting activity. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2012, 22, 311-315. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhizobium cauense" Liu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CCBAU 101002 = LMG 26832 = HAMBI 3288.
    Reference: LIU (T.Y.), LI Jr. (Y.), LIU (X.X.), SUI (X.H.), ZHANG (X.X.), WANG (E.T.), CHEN (W.X.), CHEN (W.F.) and PULAWSKA (J.): Rhizobium cauense sp. nov., isolated from root nodules of the herbaceous legume Kummerowia stipulacea grown in campus lawn soil. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 415-420. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhizobium halotolerans" Diange and Lee, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AB21 = KEMC 224-056 = JCM 17536.
    Reference: DIANGE (E.A.) and LEE (S.S.): Rhizobium halotolerans sp. nov., isolated from chloroethylenes contaminated soil. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 599-605. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhizobium helanshanense" Qin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CCNWQTX14 = ACCC 16237 = HAMBI 3083.
    Reference: QIN (W.), DENG (Z.S.), XU (L.), WANG (N.N.) and WEI (G.H.): Rhizobium helanshanense sp. nov., a bacterium that nodulates Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. in China. Arch. Microbiol., 2012, 194, 371-378. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhizobium kunmingense" Shen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain LXD30 = KCTC 22609 = CGMCC 1.8903.
    Reference: SHEN (L.), ZHENG (L.P.), LIU (H.), LIU (R.), ZHANG (K.Y.) and LAI (R.): Rhizobium kunmingense sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere soil of Camptotheca acuminata Decne. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 56, 143-149. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhizobium naphthalenivorans" Kaiya et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TSY03b = NBRC 107585 = KCTC 23252.
    Reference: KAIYA (S.), RUBABA (O.), YOSHIDA (N.), YAMADA (T.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Characterization of Rhizobium naphthalenivorans sp. nov. with special emphasis on aromatic compound degradation and multilocus sequence analysis of housekeeping genes. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 211-224. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhizobium phenanthrenilyticum" Wen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain F11 = DSM 21882 = CCTCC AB 209029.
    Reference: WEN (Y.), ZHANG (J.), YAN (Q.), LI (S.) and HONG (Q.): Rhizobium phenanthrenilyticum sp. nov., a novel phenanthrene-degrading bacterium isolated from a petroleum residue treatment system. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 57, 319-329. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhizobium qilianshanense" Xu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CCNWQLS01 = ACCC 05747 = JCM 18337.
    Reference: XU (L.), ZHANG (Y.), DENG (Z.S.), ZHAO (L.), WEI (X.L.) and WEI (G.H.): Rhizobium qilianshanense sp. nov., a novel species isolated from root nodule of Oxytropis ochrocephala Bunge in China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 559-565. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhodanobacter xiangquanii" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BJQ-6 = CCTCC AB 2010106 = KCTC 23100.
    Reference: ZHANG (J.), ZHENG (J.W.), HANG (B.J.), NI (Y.Y.), HE (J.) and LI (S.P.): Rhodanobacter xiangquanii sp. nov., a novel anilofos-degrading bacterium isolated from a wastewater treating system. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 62, 645-649. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhodopseudomonas boonkerdii" Noisangiam et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NS23 = NBRC 106595 = BCC 40155.
    Reference: NOISANGIAM (R.), NUNTAGIJ (A.), PONGSILP (N.), BOONKERD (N.), DENDUANGBORIPANT (J.), RONSON (C.) and TEAUMROONG (N.): Erratum to "Heavy metal tolerant Metalliresistens boonkerdii gen. nov., sp. nov., a new genus in the family Bradyrhizobiaceae isolated from soil in Thailand" [Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 33 (2010) 374–382]. Proposal of Rhodopseudomonas boonkerdii sp. nov., a new heavy metal tolerant bacterium isolated from Thailand. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 166-168. Effective publication Online
    Note: Rhodopseudomonas boonkerdii Noisangiam et al. was previously known as ¤ Metalliresistens boonkerdii. See the note for ¤ Metalliresistens boonkerdii.

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    "Rhodoplanes cryptolactis" Okamura et al., nom. rev., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DSM 9987 = ATCC 49414.
    Synonym: "Rhodopseudomonas cryptolactis" Stadtwald-Demchick et al.1990
    Reference: OKAMURA (K.), HISADA (T.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Characterization of thermotolerant purple nonsulfur bacteria isolated from hot-spring Chloroflexus mats and the reclassification of "Rhodopseudomonas cryptolactis" Stadtwald-Demchick et al.1990 as Rhodoplanes cryptolactis nom. rev., comb. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 53, 357-361. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhodopseudomonas cryptolactis" Stadtwald-Demchick et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: STADTWALD-DEMCHICK (R.), TURNER (F.R.) and GEST (H.): Rhodopseudomonas cryptolactis, sp. nov., a new thermotolerant species of budding phototrophic purple bacteria. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1990, 71, 117-122.

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    "Rhodothalassiaceae" Venkata Ramana et al., fam. nov.
    Proposed type genus: Rhodothalassium Imhoff et al. 1998.
    Reference: VENKATA RAMANA (V.), KALYANA CHAKRAVARTHY (S.), RAMAPRASAD (E.V.V.), THIEL (V.), IMHOFF (J.F.), SASIKALA (C.) and RAMANA (C.V.): Emended description of the genus Rhodothalassium Imhoff et al., 1998 and proposal of Rhodothalassiaceae fam. nov. and Rhodothalassiales ord. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 28-32. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhodothalassiales" Venkata Ramana et al., ord. nov.
    Proposed type genus: Rhodothalassium Imhoff et al. 1998.
    Reference: VENKATA RAMANA (V.), KALYANA CHAKRAVARTHY (S.), RAMAPRASAD (E.V.), THIEL (V.), IMHOFF (J.F.), SASIKALA (C.) and RAMANA (C.V.): Emended description of the genus Rhodothalassium Imhoff et al., 1998 and proposal of Rhodothalassiaceae fam. nov. and Rhodothalassiales ord. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 28-32. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhodovastum" Okamura et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Rhodovastum atsumiense" Okamura et al.
    Reference: OKAMURA (K.), HISADA (T.), KANBE (T.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Rhodovastum atsumiense gen. nov., sp. nov., a phototrophic alphaproteobacterium isolated from paddy soil. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2009, 55, 43-50. Effective publication Online

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    "Rhodovastum atsumiense" Okamura et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain G2-11 = NBRC 104268 = KCTC 5708.
    Reference: OKAMURA (K.), HISADA (T.), KANBE (T.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Rhodovastum atsumiense gen. nov., sp. nov., a phototrophic alphaproteobacterium isolated from paddy soil. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2009, 55, 43-50. Effective publication Online

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    "Rickettsia conorii subsp. caspia" Zhu et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain A-167.
    Reference: ZHU (Y.), FOURNIER (P.E.), EREMEEVA (M.) and RAOULT (D.): Proposal to create subspecies of Rickettsia conorii based on multi-locus sequence typing and an emended description of Rickettsia conorii. BMC Microbiol., 2005, 5, 11 pages.

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    "Rickettsia conorii subsp. conorii" Brumpt 1932, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NIAID Malish 7 = ATCC VR-613.
    Reference: ZHU (Y.), FOURNIER (P.E.), EREMEEVA (M.) and RAOULT (D.): Proposal to create subspecies of Rickettsia conorii based on multi-locus sequence typing and an emended description of Rickettsia conorii. BMC Microbiol., 2005, 5, 11 pages.

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    "Rickettsia conorii subsp. indica" Zhu et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ATCC VR-597.
    Reference: ZHU (Y.), FOURNIER (P.E.), EREMEEVA (M.) and RAOULT (D.): Proposal to create subspecies of Rickettsia conorii based on multi-locus sequence typing and an emended description of Rickettsia conorii. BMC Microbiol., 2005, 5, 11 pages.

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    "Rickettsia conorii subsp. israelensis" Zhu et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ISTT CDC1.
    Reference: ZHU (Y.), FOURNIER (P.E.), EREMEEVA (M.) and RAOULT (D.): Proposal to create subspecies of Rickettsia conorii based on multi-locus sequence typing and an emended description of Rickettsia conorii. BMC Microbiol., 2005, 5, 11 pages.

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    "Rickettsia heilongjiangii" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 054.
    Reference: ZHANG (J.Z.), FAN (M.Y.), WU (Y.M.), FOURNIER (P.E.), ROUX (V.) and RAOULT (D.): Genetic classification of "Rickettsia heilongjiangii" and "Rickettsia hulinii", two Chinese spotted fever group rickettsiae. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 3498-3501. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Rickettsia heilongjiangii" Zhang et al. is now known as ¤ Rickettsia heilongjiangensis Fournier et al. 2006.

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    "Rickettsia hulinii" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HL-93.
    Reference: ZHANG (J.Z.), FAN (M.Y.), WU (Y.M.), FOURNIER (P.E.), ROUX (V.) and RAOULT (D.): Genetic classification of "Rickettsia heilongjiangii" and "Rickettsia hulinii", two Chinese spotted fever group rickettsiae. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 3498-3501. Effective publication Online

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    "Rickettsia monacensis" Simser et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IrR/Munich.
    Reference: SIMSER (J.A.), PALMER (A.T.), FINGERLE (V.), WILSKE (B.), KURTTI (T.J.) and MUNDERLOH (U.G.): Rickettsia monacensis sp. nov., a spotted fever group rickettsia, from ticks (Ixodes ricinus) collected in a European city park. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2002, 68, 4559-4566.

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    "Rickettsia mongolotimonae" Yu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HA-91.
    Reference: YU (X.), JIN (Y.), FAN (M.), XU (G.), LIU (Q.) and RAOULT (D.): Genotypic and antigenic identification of two new strains of spotted fever group rickettsiae isolated from China. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1993, 31, 83-88. Effective publication Online

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    "Rickettsia monteiroi" Pacheco et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: PACHECO (R.C.), MORAES-FILHO (J.), MARCILI (A.), RICHTZENHAIN (L.J.), SZABÓ (M.P.), CATROXO (M.H.), BOUYER (D.H.), LABRUNA (M.B.): Rickettsia monteiroi sp. nov. infecting the tick Amblyomma incisum in Brazil. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2011, 77, 5207-5211. Effective publication Online

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    "Rickettsia sibirica subsp. mongolitimonae" Fournier et al. subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HA-91 = ATCC VR-1526.
    Reference: FOURNIER (P.E.), ZHU (Y.), YU (X.) and RAOULT (D.): Proposal to create subspecies of Rickettsia sibirica and an emended description of Rickettsia sibirica. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 2006, 1078, 597-606.

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    "Rickettsia sibirica subsp. sibirica" Zdrodovskii 1948, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 2-4-6 = ATCC VR-541.
    Reference: FOURNIER (P.E.), ZHU (Y.), YU (X.) and RAOULT (D.): Proposal to create subspecies of Rickettsia sibirica and an emended description of Rickettsia sibirica. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 2006, 1078, 597-606.

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    "Rickettsia thailandii" Kollars et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: KOLLARS Jr (T.M.), TIPPAYACHAI (B.) and BODHIDATTA (D.): Short report: Thai tick typhus, Rickettsia honei, and a unique rickettsia detected in Ixodes granulatus (Ixodidae: Acari) from Thailand. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 2001, 65, 535-537.

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    "Roseomonas baikalica" Andreeva et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Che 82.
    Reference: ANDREEVA (I.S.), PECHURKINA (N.I.), MOROZOVA (O.V.), RYABCHIKOVA (E.I.), BELIKOV (S.I.), PUCHKOVA (L.I.), EMEL’YANOVA (E.K.), TOROK (T.) and REPIN (V.E.): The new eubacterium Roseomonas baikalica sp. nov. isolated from core samples collected by deep-hole drilling of the bottom of Lake Baikal. Mikrobiologiya, 2007, 76, 487-493. Effective publication Online

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    "Roseomonas musae" Nutaratat et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PN1 = BCC 44863 = NBRC 107870.
    Reference: NUTARATAT (P, SRISUK (N.), DUANGMAL (K.), YURIMOTO (H.), SAKAI (Y.), MURAMATSU (Y.) and NAKAGAWA (Y.): Roseomonas musae sp. nov., a new bacterium isolated from a banana phyllosphere. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 617-624. Effective publication Online

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    "Roseospira thiosulfatophila" Guyoneaud et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AT2115 = ATCC BAA-449.
    Reference: GUYONEAUD (R.), MOUNÉ (S.) EATOCK (C.), BOTHOREL (V.), HIRSCHLER-RÉA (A.), WILLISON (J.), DURAN (R.), LIESACK (W.), HERBERT (R.), MATHERON (R.) and CAUMETTE (P.): Characterization of three spiral-shaped purple nonsulfur bacteria isolated from coastal lagoon sediments, saline sulfur springs, and microbial mats: emended description of the genus Roseospira and description of Roseospira marina sp. nov., Roseospira navarrensis sp. nov., and Roseospira thiosulfatophila sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2002, 178, 315-324.

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    "Rubidimonas" Yoon et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Rubidimonas crustatorum" Yoon et al.
    Reference: YOON (J.), KATSUTA (A.) and KASAI (H.): Rubidimonas crustatorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Saprospiraceae isolated from a marine crustacean. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 461-467. Effective publication Online

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    "Rubidimonas crustatorum" Yoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AK17-053 = MBIC08356 = NBRC 107717.
    Reference: YOON (J.), KATSUTA (A.) and KASAI (H.): Rubidimonas crustatorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Saprospiraceae isolated from a marine crustacean. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 461-467. Effective publication Online

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    "Rubrimonas shengliensis" Cai et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SL014B-28A2 =LMG 26072 = CGMCC 1.9170.
    Reference: CAI (M.), WANG (L.), CAI (H.), LI (Y.), TANG (Y.Q.) and WU (X.L.): Rubrimonas shengliensis sp. nov. and Polymorphum gilvum gen. nov., sp. nov., novel members of Alphaproteobacteria from crude oil contaminated saline soil. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 321-327. Effective publication Online

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    "Rufibacter" Abaydulla et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Rufibacter tibetensis" Abaydulla et al.
    Reference: ABAYDULLA (G.), LUO (X.), SHI (J.), PENG (F.), LIU (M.), WANG (Y.), DAI (J.) and FANG (C.): Rufibacter tibetensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Cytophagaceae isolated from soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 725-731>. Effective publication Online

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    "Rufibacter tibetensis" Abaydulla et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 1351 = CCTCC AB 208084 = NRRL B-51285.
    Reference: ABAYDULLA (G.), LUO (X.), SHI (J.), PENG (F.), LIU (M.), WANG (Y.), DAI (J.) and FANG (C.): Rufibacter tibetensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the family Cytophagaceae isolated from soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 725-731>. Effective publication Online

    "Saccharomonospora oceani" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM M11168 = DSM 45700 = JCM 18128.
    Reference: ZHANG (D.F.), CHEN (W.), HE (J.), ZHANG (X.M.), XIONG (Z.J.), SAHU (M.K.), SIVAKUMAR (K.) and LI (W.J.): Saccharomonospora oceani sp. nov. isolated from marine sediments in Little Andaman, India. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1377-1384. Effective publication Online

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    "Saccharopolyspora dendranthemae" Zhang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KLBMP 1305 =KCTC 19889 = NBRC 108675.
    Reference: ZHANG (Y.J.), ZHANG (W.D.), QIN (S.), BIAN (G.K.), XING (K.), LI (Y.F.), CAO (C.L.) and JIANG (J.H.): Saccharopolyspora dendranthemae sp. nov. a halotolerant endophytic actinomycete isolated from a coastal salt marsh plant in Jiangsu, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1369-1376. Effective publication Online

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    "Saccharopolyspora endophytica" Qin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM 61095 = KCTC 19397 = CCTCC AA 208003.
    Reference: QIN (S.), LI (J.), ZHAO (G.Z.), CHEN (H.H.), XU (L.H.) and LI (W.J.): Saccharopolyspora endophytica sp. nov., an endophytic actinomycete isolated from the root of Maytenus austroyunnanensis. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 352-357. Effective publication Online

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    "Saccharopolyspora pathumthaniensis" Sinma et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain S582 = NBRC 104112 = BCC 28624.
    Reference: SINMA (K.), ISHIDA (Y.), TAMURA (T.), KITPREECHAVANICH (V.) and TOKUYAMA (S.): Saccharopolyspora pathumthaniensis sp. nov., a novel actinomycetes isolated from termite guts (Speculitermes sp.). J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 57, 93-100. Effective publication Online

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    "Saccharothrix yanglingensis" Yan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Hhs.015 = CGMCC 4.5627 = KCTC 19722.
    Reference: YAN (X.), HUANG (L.L.), TU (X.), GAO (X.N.) and KANG (Z.S.) : Saccharothrix yanglingensis sp. nov., an antagonistic endophytic actinomycete isolated from cucumber plant. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 101, 141-146. Effective publication Online

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    "Salegentibacter echinorum" Xia et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HD4 = CICC 10466 = NRRL B-59666.
    Reference: XIA (H.F.), LI (X.L.), LIU (Q.Q.), MIAO (T.T.), DU (Z.J.) and CHEN (G.J.): Salegentibacter echinorum sp. nov., isolated from the sea urchin Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online: June 11, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-9950-0). Effective publication Online

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    "Salinarchaeum" Cui et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Salinarchaeum laminariae" Cui et al.
    Reference: CUI (H.L.), YANG (X.) and MOU (Y.Z.): Salinarchaeum laminariae gen. nov., sp. nov.: a new member of the family Halobacteriaceae isolated from salted brown alga Laminaria. Extremophiles, 2011, 15, 625-631. Effective publication Online

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    "Salinarchaeum laminariae" Cui et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain R26 = CGMCC 1.10590 = JCM 17267.
    Reference: CUI (H.L.), YANG (X.) and MOU (Y.Z.): Salinarchaeum laminariae gen. nov., sp. nov.: a new member of the family Halobacteriaceae isolated from salted brown alga Laminaria. Extremophiles, 2011, 15, 625-631. Effective publication Online

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    "Salinicoccus kekensis" Gao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain K164 = CGMCC 1.10337 = DSM 23173.
    Reference: GAO (M.), WANG (L.), CHEN (S.F.), ZHOU (Y.G.) and LIU (H.C.): Salinicoccus kekensis sp. nov., a novel alkaliphile and moderate halophile isolated from Keke Salt Lake in Qinghai, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2010, 98, 351-357. Effective publication Online

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    "Salinicoccus salitudinis" Chen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM-C678 = DSM 17846 = CGMCC 1.6299.
    Reference: CHEN (Y.G.), CUI (X.L.), LI (W.J.), XU (L.H.), WEN (M.L.), PENG (Q.) and JIANG (C.L.): Salinicoccus salitudinis sp. nov., a new moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from a saline soil sample. Extremophiles, 2008, 12, 197-203. Effective publication Online

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    "Salinicola peritrichatus" Huo et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DY22 = CGMCC 1.12381 = JCM 18795.
    Reference: HUO (Y.Y.), MENG (F.X.), XU (L.), WANG (C.S.) and XU (X.W.): Salinicola peritrichatus sp. nov., isolated from deep-sea sediment. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 104, 55-62. Effective publication Online

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    "Salinicola zeshunii" Cao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain N4 = KACC 16602 = CCTCC AB 2012912.
    Reference: CAO (L.), YAN (Q.), NI (H.), HU (G.), HONG (Q.) and LI (S.): Salinicola zeshunii sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from soil of a chicken farm. Curr. Microbiol., 2013, 66, 192-196 Effective publication Online

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    "Salinispora pacifica" Ahmed et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CNR-114 = DSMZ YYYYT = KACC 17160.
    Reference: AHMED (L.), JENSEN (P.R.), FREEL (K.C.), BROWN (R.), JONES (A.L.), KIM (B.Y.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Salinispora pacifica sp. nov., an actinomycete from marine sediments. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1069-1078. Effective publication Online

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    "Sarraceniospora" Tamura and Hatano, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Sarraceniospora aurea" Tamura and Hatano.
    Reference: TAMURA (T.) and HATANO (K.): Phylogenetic analyses on the strains belonging to invalidated genera of the order Actinomycetales. Actinomycetol., 1998, 12, 15-28.

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    "Sarraceniospora aurea" Tamura and Hatano, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: TAMURA (T.) and HATANO (K.): Phylogenetic analyses on the strains belonging to invalidated genera of the order Actinomycetales. Actinomycetol., 1998, 12, 15-28.

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    "Schleiferella" Rajendram et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Schleiferella asaccharolytica" (Distaso 1912) Rajendram et al.
    Reference: RAJENDRAM (D.), SHAH (H.N.), GHARBIA (S.E.) and MURDOCH (D.A.): Reclassification of Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella asaccharolytica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella indolica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus lacrimalis Li, Hashimoto, Adnan, Miura, Yamamoto and Ezaki 1992 as Schleiferella lacrimalis comb. nov. and Peptostreptococcus harei (Murdoch, Collins, Willems, Hardie, Young and Magee 1997) as Schleiferella harei comb. nov. Anaerobe, 2001, 7, 93-101.

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    "Schleiferella asaccharolytica" (Distaso 1912) Rajendram et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: ATCC 14963= CCUG 9988 = CIP 74.17 = DSM 20463 = NCTC 11461.
    Proposed basonym: Peptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Douglas 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Other synonyms: Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Ezaki et al. 1983, "Staphylococcus asaccharolyticus" Distaso 1912, "Micrococcus asaccharolyticus" (Distaso 1912) Hall 1948.
    Reference: RAJENDRAM (D.), SHAH (H.N.), GHARBIA (S.E.) and MURDOCH (D.A.): Reclassification of Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella asaccharolytica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella indolica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus lacrimalis Li, Hashimoto, Adnan, Miura, Yamamoto and Ezaki 1992 as Schleiferella lacrimalis comb. nov. and Peptostreptococcus harei (Murdoch, Collins, Willems, Hardie, Young and Magee 1997) as Schleiferella harei comb. nov. Anaerobe, 2001, 7, 93-101.

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    "Schleiferella harei" (Murdoch et al. 1997) Rajendram et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: CIP 105323 = DSM 10020 = NCTC 13076.
    Proposed basonym: Peptostreptococcus harei Murdoch et al. 1997.
    Reference: RAJENDRAM (D.), SHAH (H.N.), GHARBIA (S.E.) and MURDOCH (D.A.): Reclassification of Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella asaccharolytica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella indolica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus lacrimalis Li, Hashimoto, Adnan, Miura, Yamamoto and Ezaki 1992 as Schleiferella lacrimalis comb. nov. and Peptostreptococcus harei (Murdoch, Collins, Willems, Hardie, Young and Magee 1997) as Schleiferella harei comb. nov. Anaerobe, 2001, 7, 93-101.

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    "Schleiferella indolica" (Christiansen 1934) Rajendram et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: ATCC 29427= CCUG 17639 = DSM 20464 = NCTC 11088.
    Proposed basonym: Peptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Sorensen 1975 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Other synonyms: Peptostreptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Ezaki et al. 1983, "Micrococcus indolicus" Christiansen 1934.
    Reference: RAJENDRAM (D.), SHAH (H.N.), GHARBIA (S.E.) and MURDOCH (D.A.): Reclassification of Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella asaccharolytica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella indolica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus lacrimalis Li, Hashimoto, Adnan, Miura, Yamamoto and Ezaki 1992 as Schleiferella lacrimalis comb. nov. and Peptostreptococcus harei (Murdoch, Collins, Willems, Hardie, Young and Magee 1997) as Schleiferella harei comb. nov. Anaerobe, 2001, 7, 93-101.

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    "Schleiferella lacrimalis" (Li et al. 1992) Rajendram et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: ATCC 51171= CCUG 31350 = CIP 103724 = DSM 7455 = JCM 8139 = GIFU 7667 = NCTC 13149.
    Proposed basonym: Peptostreptococcus lacrimalis Li et al. 1992.
    Reference: RAJENDRAM (D.), SHAH (H.N.), GHARBIA (S.E.) and MURDOCH (D.A.): Reclassification of Peptostreptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella asaccharolytica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Ezaki, Yamamoto, Ninomiya, Suzuki and Yabuuchi 1983 as Schleiferella indolica comb. nov., Peptostreptococcus lacrimalis Li, Hashimoto, Adnan, Miura, Yamamoto and Ezaki 1992 as Schleiferella lacrimalis comb. nov. and Peptostreptococcus harei (Murdoch, Collins, Willems, Hardie, Young and Magee 1997) as Schleiferella harei comb. nov. Anaerobe, 2001, 7, 93-101.   

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    "Scopulibacillus" Lee and Lee, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Scopulibacillus darangshiensis" Lee and Lee.
    Reference: LEE (S.D.) and LEE (D.W.): Scopulibacillus darangshiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from rock. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 710-715. Effective publication Online

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    "Scopulibacillus darangshiensis" Lee and Lee, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DLS-06 = DSM 19377 = KCTC 13161.
    Reference: LEE (S.D.) and LEE (D.W.): Scopulibacillus darangshiensis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from rock. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 710-715. Effective publication Online

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    "Sedimentibacter hongkongensis" Woo et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HKU2.
    Reference: WOO (P.C.), TENG (J.L.), LEUNG (K.W.), LAU (S.K.), WONG (M.K.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Bacteremia in a patient with colonic carcinoma caused by a novel Sedimentibacter species: Sedimentibacter hongkongensis sp. nov. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis., 50, 81-87.

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    "Seminibacterium" Vela et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Seminibacterium arietis" Vela et al.
    Reference: VELA (A.I.), BUESO (J.P.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.), BUSSE (H.J.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Seminibacterium arietis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from the semen of rams. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 166-170. Effective publication Online

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    "Seminibacterium arietis" Vela et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DICM11-00342 = CCUG 61707 = CECT 8033.
    Reference: VELA (A.I.), BUESO (J.P.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.), BUSSE (H.J.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Seminibacterium arietis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from the semen of rams. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 166-170. Effective publication Online

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    "Serpulina canis" Duhamel et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: DUHAMEL (G.E.), TROTT (D.J.), MUNIAPPA (N.), MATHIESEN (M.R.), TARASIUK (K.), LEE (J.I.) and HAMPSON (D.J.): Canine intestinal spirochetes consist of Serpulina pilosicoli and a newly identified group provisionally designated "Serpulina canis" sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 2264-2270. Effective publication Online

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    "Shewanella massilia" Dos Santos et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not given.
    Reference: DOS SANTOS (J.P.), IOBBI-NIVOL (C.), COUILLAULT (C.), GIORDANO (G.) and MEJEAN (V.): Molecular analysis of the trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) reductase respiratory system from a Shewanella species. J. Mol. Biol., 1998, 284, 421-433.

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    " Sideroxydans paludicola" Weiss et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: WEISS (J.V.), RENTZ (J.A.), PLAIA (T.), NEUBAUER (S.C.), MERRILL-FLOYD (M.), LILBURN (T.), BRADBURNE (C.), MEGONIGAL (J.P.) and EMERSON (D.): Characterization of neutrophilic Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of wetland plants and description of Ferritrophicum radicicola gen. nov. sp. nov., and Sideroxydans paludicola sp. nov. Geomicrobiol. J., 2007, 24, 559-570. Publication Online

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    "Sinorhizobium chiapanecum" Rincón-Rosales et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ITTG S70.
    Reference: RINCÓN-ROSALES (R.), LLORET (L.), PONCE (E.) and MARTÍNEZ-ROMERO (E.): Rhizobia with different symbiotic efficiencies nodulate Acaciella angustissima in Mexico, including Sinorhizobium chiapanecum sp. nov. which has common symbiotic genes with Sinorhizobium mexicanum. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 2009, 67, 103-117. Effective publication Online

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    "Sneathia amnii" Harwich et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HARWICH Jr. (M.D.), SERRANO (M.G.), FETTWEIS (J.M.), ALVES (J.M.), REIMERS (M.A.); VAGINAL MICROBIOME CONSORTIUM (ADDITIONAL MEMBERS), BUCK (G.A.) and JEFFERSON (K.K.): Genomic sequence analysis and characterization of Sneathia amnii sp. nov. BMC Genomics, 2012, 13 (Suppl 8), S4. Effective publication Online

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    "Spartobacteria" Sangwan et al., class. nov.
    Proposed type order: "Chthoniobacterales" Sangwan et al.
    Reference: SANGWAN (P.), CHEN (X.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.) and JANSSEN (P.H.): Chthoniobacter flavus gen. nov., sp. nov., the first pure-culture representative of subdivision two, Spartobacteria classis nov., of the phylum Verrucomicrobia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 5875-5881.

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    "Sphingomonas elodea" Vartak et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: VARTAK (N.B.), LIN (C.C.), CLEARY (J.M.), FAGAN (M.J.) and SAIER Jr. (M.H.): "Glucose metabolism in 'Sphingomonas elodea': pathway engineering via construction of a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase insertion mutant. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 2339-2350.

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    "Sphingomonas ginsengisoli" Hoang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain DCY58 = KCTC 23762 =JCM 18016.
    Reference: HOANG (V.A.), KIM (Y.J.), NGUYEN (N.L.) and YANG (D.C.): Sphingomonas ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 421-428. Effective publication Online

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    "Sphingomonas ginsenosidivorax" Jin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KHI67 = KACC 14951 = JCM 17076 = LMG 25801.
    Reference: JIN (X.F.), KIM (J.K.), LIU (Q.M.), KANG (M.S.), HE (D.), JIN (F.X.), KIM (S.C.) and IM (W.T.): Sphingomonas ginsenosidivorax sp. nov., with the ability to transform ginsenosides. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1359-1367. Effective publication Online

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    "Sphingomonas humi" Yi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PB323 = KCTC 12341 = JCM 16603 = KEMB 9004-003.
    Reference: YI (T.H.), HAN (C.K.), SRINIVASAN (S.), LEE (K.J.) and KIM (M.K.): Sphingomonas humi sp. nov., isolated from soil. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 165-169. Effective publication Online

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    "Sphingomonas hunanensis" Chen et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain JSM 083058 = CCTCC AA 209011 = DSM 22213.
    Reference: CHEN (Q.H.), CHEN (J.H.), RUAN (Y.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), TANG (S.K.), LIU( Z.X.), LI (W.J.) and CHEN (Y.G.): Sphingomonas hunanensis sp. nov., isolated from forest soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 99, 753-760. Effective publication Online

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    "Sphingomonas rosea" Srinivasan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PB196 = KCTC 12339 = JCM 16604.
    Reference: SRINIVASAN (S.), LEE (J.J,.) and KIM (M.K.) : Sphingomonas rosea sp. nov. and Sphingomonas swuensis sp. nov., rosy colored β-glucosidase-producing bacteria isolated from soil. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 610-616. Effective publication Online

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    "Sphingomonas swuensis" Srinivasan et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PB62 = KCTC 12336 = JCM 16605 = KEMB 9004-005.
    Reference: SRINIVASAN (S.), LEE (J.J,.) and KIM (M.K.): Sphingomonas rosea sp. nov. and Sphingomonas swuensis sp. nov., rosy colored β-glucosidase-producing bacteria isolated from soil. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 610-616. Effective publication Online

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    "Sphingopyxis granuli" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Kw07 = KCTC 12209 = NBRC 100800.
    Reference: KIM (M.K.), IM (W.T.), OHTA (H.), LEE (M.) and LEE (S.T.): Sphingopyxis granuli sp. nov., a β-glucosidase-producing bacterium in the family Sphingomonadaceae in α-4 subclass of the Proteobacteria. J. Microbiol., 2005, 43, 152-157.

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    "Spirillum kriegii" Podkopaeva et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain B-4430 = VKM B-2372.
    Reference: PODKOPAEVA (D.A.), GRABOVICH (M.Y.), DUBININA (G.A.), LYSENKO (A.M.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and KOLGANOVA (T.V.): Two new species of microaerophilic sulfur spirilla, Spirillum winogradskii sp. nov. and Spirillum kriegii sp. nov. Microbiology (Mikrobiologiya), 2006, 75, 172-179.

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    "Spirillum winogradskii" Podkopaeva et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain D-427 = DSM 12756.
    Reference: PODKOPAEVA (D.A.), GRABOVICH (M.Y.), DUBININA (G.A.), LYSENKO (A.M.), TOUROVA (T.P.) and KOLGANOVA (T.V.): Two new species of microaerophilic sulfur spirilla, Spirillum winogradskii sp. nov. and Spirillum kriegii sp. nov. Microbiology (Mikrobiologiya), 2006, 75, 172-179.

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    "Spirosymplokos" Guerro et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Spirosymplokos deltaeiberi" Guerro et al.
    Reference: GUERRERO (R.), ASHEN (J.), SOLÉ (M.) and MARGULIS (L.): Spirosymplokos deltaeiberi nov. gen., nov. sp.: variable-diameter composite spirochete from microbial mats. Arch. Microbiol., 1993, 160, 461-470.

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    "Spirosymplokos deltaeiberi" Guerro et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not cultivated.
    Reference: GUERRERO (R.), ASHEN (J.), SOLÉ (M.) and MARGULIS (L.): Spirosymplokos deltaeiberi nov. gen., nov. sp.: variable-diameter composite spirochete from microbial mats. Arch. Microbiol., 1993, 160, 461-470.

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    "Spongiimonas" Yoon et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Spongiimonas flava" Yoon et al.
    Reference: YOON (J.), JANG (J.H.) and KASAI (H.): Spongiimonas flava gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from an unidentified marine sponge. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 625-633. Effective publication Online

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    "Spongiimonas flava" Yoon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain J36A-7 = KCTC 32176 = NBRC 109319.
    Reference: YOON (J.), JANG (J.H.) and KASAI (H.): Spongiimonas flava gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from an unidentified marine sponge. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 625-633. Effective publication Online

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    "Spongitalea" Mitra et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Spongitalea numazuensis" Mitra et al.
    Reference: MITRA (S.), NISHIJIMA (M.), KASAI (H.), YOKOTA (A.) and YOON (J.): Spongitalea numazuensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new marine bacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from an unidentified marine sponge. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 379-386. Effective publication Online

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    "Spongitalea numazuensis" Mitra et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HJ24 = DSM 21243.
    Reference: MITRA (S.), NISHIJIMA (M.), KASAI (H.), YOKOTA (A.) and YOON (J.): Spongitalea numazuensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a new marine bacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from an unidentified marine sponge. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 58, 379-386. Effective publication Online

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    "Sporotalea colonica" Ezaki et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: EZAKI (M.), MURAMATSU (H.), TAKASE (S.), HASHIMOTO (M.) and NAGAI (K.): Naphthalecin, a novel antibiotic produced by the anaerobic bacterium, Sporotalea colonica sp. nov. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 2008, 61, 207-212. Effective publication Online

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    "Staphylococcus pettenkoferi" Trulzsch et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: no type strain designated.
    Reference: TRULZSCH (K.), RINDER (H.), TRCEK (J.), BADER (L.), WILHELM (U.) and HEESEMANN (J.): "Staphylococcus pettenkoferi," a novel staphylococcal species isolated from clinical specimens. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis., 2002, 43, 175-82. Effective publication Online
    Note: "Staphylococcus pettenkoferi" Trulzsch et al. 2002 is now known as ¤ Staphylococcus pettenkoferi Trülzsch et al. 2007.

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    "Staphylococcus pseudolugdunensis" Tang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain B006 = ATCC PTA-7961.
    Reference: TANG (Y.W.), HAN (J.), McCORMAC (M.A.), LI (H.) and STRATTON (C.W.): Staphylococcus pseudolugdunensis sp. nov., a pyrrolidonyl arylamidase/ornithine decarboxylase-positive bacterium isolated from blood cultures. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis., 2008, 60, 351-359. Effective publication Online

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    "Stappia carboxidovorans" Weber and King, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain M4.
    Reference: WEBER (C.F.) and KING (G.M.): Physiological, ecological, and phylogenetic characterization of Stappia, a marine CO-oxidizing bacterial genus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2007, 73, 1266-1276. Effective publication Online

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    "Stappia conradae" Weber and King, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MIO.
    Reference: WEBER (C.F.) and KING (G.M.): Physiological, ecological, and phylogenetic characterization of Stappia, a marine CO-oxidizing bacterial genus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2007, 73, 1266-1276. Effective publication Online

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    "Stappia kahanamokuae" Weber and King, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HI.
    Reference: WEBER (C.F.) and KING (G.M.): Physiological, ecological, and phylogenetic characterization of Stappia, a marine CO-oxidizing bacterial genus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2007, 73, 1266-1276. Effective publication Online

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    "Stappia meyerae" Weber and King, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GA15.
    Reference: WEBER (C.F.) and KING (G.M.): Physiological, ecological, and phylogenetic characterization of Stappia, a marine CO-oxidizing bacterial genus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2007, 73, 1266-1276. Effective publication Online

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    "Stenotrophomonas panacihumi" Yi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MK06 = KCTC 22893 = JCM 16536 = KEMB 9004-002.
    Reference: YI (H.), SRINIVASAN (S.) and KIM (M.K.): Stenotrophomonas panacihumi sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. J. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 30-35. Effective publication Online

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    "Stomatostreptococcus" Ping et al. (complete authorship reads Pin, Zhou, Sun and Fan), gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Stomatostreptococcus microhalophilus" Pin et al.
    Reference: PING (W.), ZHOU (D.), SUN (J.), FAN (C.) and DING (Y.): A new genus of oral bacteria in human (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 1998, 38, 146-151.

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    "Stomatostreptococcus microhalophilus" Ping et al. (complete authorship reads Pin, Zhou, Sun and Fan), sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 90-1.
    Reference: PING (W.), ZHOU (D.), SUN (J.), FAN (C.) and DING (Y.): A new genus of oral bacteria in human (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 1998, 38, 146-151.

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    "Streptacidiphilus durhamensis" Golinska et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain FSCA67 = DSM 45796 = KACC 17154 = NCIMB 14829.
    Reference: GOLINSKA (P.), AHMED (L.), WANG (D.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Streptacidiphilus durhamensis sp. nov., isolated from a spruce forest soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online: May 30, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-9938-9). Effective publication Online

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    "Streptococcus fryi" Tomida et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PAGU 653 = NCTC 10235 = JCM 16387.
    Reference: TOMIDA (J.), SAUER (S.), MORITA (Y.), EZAKI (T.) and KAWAMURA (Y.): Streptococcus fryi sp. nov., a novel species with Lancefield group M antigens. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2011, 314, 95-100. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptococcus pseudoporcinus subsp. hominis" Shewmaker  et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: SHEWMAKER (P.L.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), WHITNEY (A.M.), MOREY (R.E.), GRAZIANO (J.C.), FACKLAM (R.R.), MUSSER (K.A.), MERQUIOR (V.L.) and TEIXEIRA (L.M.): Evaluation of methods for the identification and taxonomic status of strains belonging to the Streptococcus porcinus/S. pseudoporcinus complex isolated from animal, human, and dairy sources. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 3591-3597. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptococcus pseudoporcinus subsp. lactis" Shewmaker  et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: SHEWMAKER (P.L.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), WHITNEY (A.M.), MOREY (R.E.), GRAZIANO (J.C.), FACKLAM (R.R.), MUSSER (K.A.), MERQUIOR (V.L.) and TEIXEIRA (L.M.): Evaluation of methods for the identification and taxonomic status of strains belonging to the Streptococcus porcinus/S. pseudoporcinus complex isolated from animal, human, and dairy sources. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 3591-3597. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptococcus tigurinus" Zbinden et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AZ_3a.
    Reference: ZBINDEN (A.), MUELLER (N.J.), TARR (P.E.), EICH (G.), SCHULTHESS (B.), BAHLMANN (A.S.), KELLER (P.M.) and BLOEMBERG (G.V.): Streptococcus tigurinus, a novel member of the Streptococcus mitis group, causes invasive infections. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2012, 50, 2969-2973. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptomyces albulus subsp. ochragerus" Higashide et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain B-52653.
    Reference: HIGASHIDE (E.), HORII (S.), ONO (H.), MIZOKAMI (N.), YAMAZAKI (T.), SHIBATA (M.) and YONEDA (M.): Alahopcin, a new dipeptide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces albulus subsp. ochragerus subsp. nov. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1985, 38, 285-295.

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    "Streptomyces auranticolor" Ikushima et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain FERM-P 5365.
    Reference: IKUSHIMA (H.), IGUCHI (E.), KOHSAKA (M.), AOKI (H.) and IMANAKA (H.): Streptomyces auranticolor Sp. Nov., a new anticoccidial antibiotics producer. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1980, 33, 1103-1106.

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    "Streptomyces araujoniae" da Silva et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ASBV-1 = CBMAI 1465 = CCMA 894 = NRRL B-24922.
    Reference: DA SILVA (L.J.), TAKETANI (R.G.), DE MELO (I.S.), GOODFELLOW (M.) and ZUCCHI (T.D.): Streptomyces araujoniae sp. nov.: an actinomycete isolated from a potato tubercle. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1235-1244. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptomyces cervinus" Ōmura et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: ŌMURA (S.), IWAI (Y.), HINOTOZAWA (K.), TAKAHASHI (Y.), KATO (J.), NAKAGAWA (A.), HIRANO (A.), SHIMIZU (H.) and HANEDA (K.): Cervinomycin A1 and A2, new antibiotics active against anaerobes, produced by Streptomyces cervinus sp. nov. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1982, 35, 645-652.

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    "Streptomyces chattanoogensis subsp. taitungensis" Lin et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IY2-13.
    Reference: LIN (H.C.), CHANG (S.C.), WANG (N.L.) and CHANG (L.R.): FL-120A-D', new products related to kinamycin from Streptomyces chattanoogensis subsp. taitungensis subsp. nov. I. Taxonomy, fermentation and biological properties. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1994, 47, 675-680.

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    "Streptomyces coeruleoaurantiacus" Gauze et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 4009.
    Reference: GAUZE (G.F.), PREOBRAZHENSKAIA (T.P.), TEREKHOVA (L.P.), MAKSIMOVA (T.S.) and AVERICHEVA (LN.): Antibiotic formation from a pyrimidine base group and an aminoglycoside group by a Streptomyces coeruleoaurantiacus sp. nov. culture (in Russian). Antibiotiki, 1982, 27, 243-247.

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    "Streptomyces dimorphogenes" Yokose et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain NR-320-OM7HB.
    Reference: YOKOSE (K.), OGAWA (K.), SANO (T.), WATANABE (K.), MARUYAMA (H.B.) and SUHARA (Y.): New alpha-amylase inhibitor, trestatins. I. Isolation, characterization and biological activities of trestatins A, B and C. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1983, 36, 1157-1165.

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    "Streptomyces erythrochromogenes" Abdallah et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: ABDALLAH (N.M.), DEVYS (M.) and BARBIER (M.): Anthracyclic products from Streptomyces erythrochromogenes nov. sp. Biotransformation of daunomycin (Dn) by an acellular preparation and synergism between Dn and some known antibiotics. Z. Allg. Mikrobiol.,1982, 22, 155-160.

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    "Streptomyces gilvospiralis" Karwowski et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AB634D-177.
    Reference: KARWOWSKI (J.P.), JACKSON (M.), BOBIK (T.A.), PROKOP (J.F.) and THERIAULT (R.J.): Spenolimycin, a new spectinomycin-type antibiotic. I. Discovery, taxonomy and fermentation. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1984, 37, 1513-1518.

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    "Streptomyces glebosus" (Ohmori et al. 1962) Rong and Huang, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CGMCC 4.1873 = LMG 19950 = DSM 40823.
    Basonym: Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. glebosus Ohmori et al. 1962 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: RONG (X.) and HUANG (Y.): Taxonomic evaluation of the Streptomyces hygroscopicus clade using multilocus sequence analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization, validating the MLSA scheme for systematics of the whole genus. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 7-18. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptomyces griseoflavus subsp. zamamiensis" Imai et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YP-02908L.
    Reference: IMAI (H.), SUZUKI (K.), MORIOKA (M.), NUMASAKI (Y.), KADOTA (S.), NAGAI (K.), SATO (T.), IWANAMI (M.) and SAITO (T.): Okilactomycin, a novel antibiotic produced by a Streptomyces species. I. Taxonomy, fermentation, isolation and characterization. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1987, 40, 1475-1482.

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    "Streptomyces helvoviolaceus" (ex) Malkina et al., sp. nov., nom. rev.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: MALKINA (N.D.), TEREKHOVA (L.P.) and DUDNIK (Y.): A new monensin producer: mutant strain 2608 EB of Streptomyces helvoloviolaceus sp. nov. nom. rev. Microbiologiya, 1996, 65, 727-729 [English language translation].

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    "Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. yakushimaensis" Hatanaka et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 7238.
    Reference: HATANAKA (H.), IWAMI (M.), KINO (T.), GOTO (T.) and OKUHARA (M.): FR-900520 and FR-900523, novel immunosuppressants isolated from a Streptomyces. I. Taxonomy of the producing strain. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1988, 41, 1586-1591.

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    "Streptomyces idiomorphus" Takizawa et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: TAKIZAWA (M.), TSUBOTANI (S.), TANIDA (S.), HARADA (S.) and HASEGAWA (T.): A new pyrrole-amidine antibiotic TAN-868 A. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1987, 40, 1220-1230.

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    "Streptomyces kavutarensis" Ellaiah et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AUB N5/8.
    Reference: ELLAIAH (P.), ADINARAYANA (G.), KUMAR (J.P.), SAISHA (V.) and VASU (P.): Characterisation of a new bioactive actinomycete AUB N5/8 from marine sediments. Hindustan. Antibiot. Bull., 2003-2004, 45-46, 16-21.

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    "Streptomyces levoris" (ex Korenyako et al. 1960) Kuznetsov et al., sp. nov., nom. rev.
    Proposed type strain: strain ISP 5202 = RIA 1058 = CBS 913.68 = ATCC 15876= IFO 12883.
    Reference: KUZNETSOV (V.D.), FILIPPOVA (S.N.), KONEV (Y.E.), SHENIN (Y.D.) and MITROFANOVA (V.G.): Taxonomic revision of Streptomyces limosus ISP 5131 and Streptomyces levoris ISP 5202 and reinstatement of the species name Streptomyces levoris (ex Korenyako et al. 1960) nom. rev. Microbiology, 1998, 67, 445-450 (translated from Mikrobiologiya 1998, 67, 540-546).

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    "Streptomyces libani subsp. rubropurpureus" Iwami et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 6362.
    Reference: IWAMI (M.), KAWAI (Y.), KIYOTO (S.), TERANO (H.), KOHSAKA (M.), AOKI (H.) and IMANAKA (H.): A new antitumor antibiotic, chromoxymycin. I. Taxonomic studies on the producing strain: a new subspecies of the genus Streptomyces. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1986, 39, 6-11.

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    "Streptomyces manipurensis" Nimaichand et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MBRL 201 = DSM 42029 = JCM 17351.
    Reference: NIMAICHAND (S.), ZHU (W.Y.), YANG (L.L.), MING (H.), NIE (G.X.), TANG (S.K.), NINGTHOUJAM (D.S.) and LI (W.J.): Streptomyces manipurensis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from a limestone deposit site in Manipur, India. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 133-139. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptomyces nanchangensis" Ouyang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: OUYANG (L.), WAN (S.), TU (G.), CHEN (X.), ZHEN (Y.) and GAO(Y.): A new species of Streptomyces producing insecticidal antibiotics. Chin. J. Microbiol., 1984, 24, 195-199.

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    "Streptomyces nanningensis" Jiang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM 33098 = CCTCC AA001027 = DSM 41831.
    Reference: JIANG (Y.), LI (W.J.), XU (P.), LI (M.G.), WEN (M.L.), DU (G.H.), XU (L.H.) and JIANG (C.L.): Streptomyces nanningensis sp. nov. a novel Streptomycete from forest soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2005, 87, 189-194.

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    "Streptomyces neopeptinius" Han et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KNF 2047 = SH-09 = KCTC 10586BP.
    Reference: HAN (J.H.), HWANG (I.C.), CHO (S.H.), JANG (C.), KIM (N.G.), YU (S.H.), YU (Y.M.) and KIM (S.B.): Description of Streptomyces neopeptinius sp. nov., an actinobacterium with broad spectrum antifungal activities. J. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 295-299.

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    "Streptomyces oceani" Tian et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SCSIO 02100 = DSM 42043 = CGMCC 4.7007.
    Reference: TIAN (X.P.), XU (Y.), ZHANG (J.), LI (J.), CHEN (Z.), KIM (C.J.), LI (W.J.), ZHANG (C.S.) and ZHANG (S.): Streptomyces oceani sp. nov., a new obligate marine actinomycete isolated from a deep-sea sample of seep authigenic carbonate nodule in South China Sea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 335-343. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptomyces olivovariabilis" Zhdanovich et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: ZHDANOVICH (I.U.V.), KUZOVKOV (A.D.), VESELOVA (S.I.), VAGINA (I.M.), SAPOZHNIKOV (I.M.): Isolation of the new antibiotic variamycin B from the biosynthetic products of a Streptomyces olivovariabilis sp. nov. culture (in Russian). Antibiotiki,1982, 27, 83-87.

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    "Streptomyces ossamyceticus" (Schmitz et al. 1965) Rong and Huang, comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CGMCC 4.1866 = LMG 19951 = DSM 40824.
    Basonym: Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. ossamyceticus Schmitz et al. 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
    Reference: RONG (X.) and HUANG (Y.): Taxonomic evaluation of the Streptomyces hygroscopicus clade using multilocus sequence analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization, validating the MLSA scheme for systematics of the whole genus. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 7-18. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptomyces pratensis"  Rong et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ch24 = CGMCC 4.6829= NRRL B-24916.
    Reference: RONG (X.), DOROGHAZI (J.R.), CHENG (K.), ZHANG (L.), BUCKLEY (D.H.) and HUANG (Y.): Classification of Streptomyces phylogroup pratensis (Doroghazi and Buckley, 2010) based on genetic and phenotypic evidence, and proposal of Streptomyces pratensis sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., publisqhed online: June 13, 2013 (doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2013.03.010). Effective publication Online

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    "Streptomyces qinlingensis" Ji et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: JI (Z.), WANG (M.), ZHANG (J.), WEI (S.) and WU (W.): Two new members of streptothricin class antibiotics from Streptomyces qinlingensis sp. nov. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 2008, 60, 739-744. Effective publication Online.

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    "Streptomyces rubellomurinus" Okuhara et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: OKUHARA (M.), KURODA (Y.), GOTO (T.), OKAMOTO (M.), TERANO (H.), KOHSAKA (M.), AOKI (H.) and IMANAKA (H.): Studies on new phosphonic acid antibiotics. I. FR-900098, isolation and characterization. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo),1980, 33, 13-17.

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    "Streptomyces sandaensis" Iwami et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 6897 = FERM-P 7654.
    Reference: IWAMI (M.), KIYOTO (S.), TERANO (H.), KOHSAKA (M.), AOKI (H.), IMANAKA (H.): A new antitumor antibiotic, FR-900482. I. Taxonomic studies on the producing strain: a new species of the genus Streptomyces. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1987, 40, 589-593.

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    "Streptomyces sudanensis" Quintana et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SD 504 = DSM 41923 = NRRL B-24575.
    Reference: QUINTANA (E.T.), WIERZBICKA (K.), MACKIEWICZ (P.), OSMAN (A.), FAHAL (A.H.), HAMID (M.E.), ZAKRZEWSKA-CZERWINSKA (J.), MALDONADO (L.A.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Streptomyces sudanensis sp. nov., a new pathogen isolated from patients with actinomycetoma. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2008, 93, 305-313. Effective publication Online

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    "Streptomyces tokashikiensis" Iwami et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 7124.
    Reference: IWAMI (M.), NAKAYAMA (O.), TERANO (H.) and KOHSAKA (M.): New antitumor antibiotic, FR-900462. I. Taxonomy of the producing strain. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1989, 42, 680-685.

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    "Streptomyces tokunonensis" Kawamura et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PA-31088.
    Reference: KAWAMURA (Y.), YASUDA (Y.), MAYAMA (M.) and TANAKA (K.): Asparenomycins A, B and C, new carbapenem antibiotics. I. Taxonomic studies on the producing microorganisms. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo), 1982, 35, 10-14.

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    "Streptomyces unzenensis" Kuroda et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: KURODA (Y.), GOTO (T.), OKAMOTO (M.), YAMASHITA (M.), IGUCHI (E.), KOHSAKA (M.), AOKI (H.) and IMANAKA (H.): FR-900137, a new antibiotic. I. Taxonomy and fermentation of the organism, and isolation and characterization of the antibiotic. J. Antibiot. (Tokyo),1980, 33, 272-279.

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    "Streptoverticillium acido-carbonicum" Lakshmi, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: LAKSHMI (B.V.): Streptoverticillium acido-carbonicum sp. nov. Hindustan Antibiot. Bull., 1993, 35, 191-194.

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    "Sufflavibacter" Kwon et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Sufflavibacter maritimus" Kwon et al.
    Reference: KWON (K.K.), YANG (S.J.), LEE (H.S.), CHO (J.C.) and KIM (S.J.): Sufflavibacter maritimus gen. nov., sp. nov., novel Flavobacteriaceae bacteria isolated from marine environments. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2007, 17, 1379-1384.

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    "Sufflavibacter maritimus" Kwon et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain IMCC 1001 = KCCM 42359 = NBRC 102039.
    Reference: KWON (K.K.), YANG (S.J.), LEE (H.S.), CHO (J.C.) and KIM (S.J.): Sufflavibacter maritimus gen. nov., sp. nov., novel Flavobacteriaceae bacteria isolated from marine environments. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2007, 17, 1379-1384.

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    "Sulfolobus tengchongensis" Xiang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RT8-4.
    Reference: XIANG (X.), DONG (X.) and HUANG (L.): Sulfolobus tengchongensis sp. nov., a novel thermoacidophilic archaeon isolated from a hot spring in Tengchong, China. Extremophiles, 2003, 7, 493-498.

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    "Sulfurospirillum carboxydovorans" Jensen and Finster, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain MV = ATCC BAA-937 = DSM 16295.
    Reference: JENSEN (A.) and FINSTER (K.): Isolation and characterization of Sulfurospirillum carboxydovorans sp. nov., a new microaerophilic carbon monoxide oxidizing epsilon Proteobacterium. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2005, 87, 339-353.

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    "Syntrophomonas erecta subsp. erecta" Zhang et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GB4-38 = CGMCC 1.5013 = DSM 16215.
    Reference: WU (C.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophomonas erecta subsp. sporosyntropha subsp. nov., a spore-forming bacterium that degrades short chain fatty acids in co-culture with methanogens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 457-462. Effective publication Online

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    "Syntrophomonas erecta subsp. sporosyntropha" Wu et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 5-3-Z = CGMCC 1.5032 = JCM 13344.
    Reference: WU (C.), LIU (X.) and DONG (X.): Syntrophomonas erecta subsp. sporosyntropha subsp. nov., a spore-forming bacterium that degrades short chain fatty acids in co-culture with methanogens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 457-462. Effective publication Online

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    "Syntrophomonas saponavida" (Lorowitz et al. 1989) Wu et al., comb. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SD2 = DSM 4212 (co-culture with Desulfovibrio sp. G11).
    Proposed basonym: Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida Lorowitz et al. 1989.
    Reference: WU (C.), DONG (X.) and LIU (X.): Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. methylbutyratica subsp. nov., and assignment of Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida to Syntrophomonas saponavida sp. nov. comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 30, 376-380. Effective publication Online

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    "Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. methylbutyratica" Wu et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 4J5 = CGMCC 1.5051 = JCM 14075.
    Reference: WU (C.), DONG (X.) and LIU (X.): Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. methylbutyratica subsp. nov., and assignment of Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. saponavida to Syntrophomonas saponavida sp. nov. comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 30, 376-380. Effective publication Online

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    "Tahibacter" Makk et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Tahibacter aquaticus" Makk et al.
    Reference: MAKK (J.), HOMONNAY (Z.G.), KÉKI (Z.), LEJTOVICZ (Z.), MÁRIALIGETI (K.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHUMANN (P.) and TÓTH (E.M.) : Tahibacter aquaticus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new gammaproteobacterium isolated from the drinking water supply system of Budapest (Hungary). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 110-115. Effective publication Online

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    "Tahibacter aquaticus" Makk et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PYM5-11 = DSM 21667 = NCAIM B 02337.
    Reference: MAKK (J.), HOMONNAY (Z.G.), KÉKI (Z.), LEJTOVICZ (Z.), MÁRIALIGETI (K.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHUMANN (P.) and TÓTH (E.M.) : Tahibacter aquaticus gen. nov., sp. nov., a new gammaproteobacterium isolated from the drinking water supply system of Budapest (Hungary). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 110-115. Effective publication Online

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    "Taxeobacter" Reichenbach, gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: .
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Taxeobacter, a new genus of the Cytophagales with three new species. In: JOOSTE (P.J.) (ed.): Advances in the taxonomy and significance of Flavobacterium, Cytophaga and related bacteria. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Flavobacterium, Cytophaga and related bacteria 2-5 April 1992, pp. 182-185.

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    "Taxeobacter chitinovorans" Reichenbach, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Taxeobacter, a new genus of the Cytophagales with three new species. In: JOOSTE (P.J.) (ed.): Advances in the taxonomy and significance of Flavobacterium, Cytophaga and related bacteria. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Flavobacterium, Cytophaga and related bacteria 2-5 April 1992, pp. 182-185.
    Note: "Taxeobacter chitinovorans" Reichenbach is now known as ¤ Hymenobacter chitinivorans Buczolits et al. 2006.

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    "Taxeobacter gelupurpurascens" Reichenbach, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Taxeobacter, a new genus of the Cytophagales with three new species. In: JOOSTE (P.J.) (ed.): Advances in the taxonomy and significance of Flavobacterium, Cytophaga and related bacteria. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Flavobacterium, Cytophaga and related bacteria 2-5 April 1992, pp. 182-185.
    Note: "Taxeobacter gelupurpurascens" Reichenbach is now known as ¤ Hymenobacter gelipurpurascens Buczolits et al. 2006.

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    "Taxeobacter ocellatus" Reichenbach, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: REICHENBACH (H.): Taxeobacter, a new genus of the Cytophagales with three new species. In: JOOSTE (P.J.) (ed.): Advances in the taxonomy and significance of Flavobacterium, Cytophaga and related bacteria. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Flavobacterium, Cytophaga and related bacteria 2-5 April 1992, pp. 182-185.
    Note: "Taxeobacter ocellatus" Reichenbach is now known as ¤ Hymenobacter ocellatus Buczolits et al. 2006. 

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    "Tenacibaculum caenipelagi" Park and Yoon, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain HJ-26M = KCTC 32323 = CECT 8283.
    Reference: PARK (S.) and YOON (J.H.): Tenacibaculum caenipelagi sp. nov., a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from tidal flat sediment. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, published online: June 04, 2013 (doi: 10.1007/s10482-013-9941-1). Effective publication Online

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    "Tenacibaculum halocynthiae" Kim et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain P-R2A1-2 = KCTC 32262 = CCUG 63681.
    Reference: KIM (Y.O.), PARK (S.), NAM (B.H.), JUNG (Y.T.), KIM (D.G.), JEE (Y.J.) and YOON (J.H.): Tenacibaculum halocynthiae sp. nov., a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from sea squirt Halocynthia roretzi. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 1321-1327. Effective publication Online

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    "Tenuibacillus halotolerans" Gao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YIM 94025 = CCTCC AB 2012860 = KCTC 33046.
    Reference: GAO (X.H.), GAO (S.), ZHOU (Y.), GUAN (H.L.), ZHANG (Y.J.), JIA (M.), HUANG (H.W.), YANG (D.X.), LI (W.J.) and TANG (S.K.): Tenuibacillus halotolerans sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from a soil sample from a salt lake in Xinjiang, China and emended description of the genus Tenuibacillus. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ., 2013, 103, 207-215. Effective publication Online

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    "Tepidanaerobacter acetatoxydans" Westerholm et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Re1 = DSM 21804 = JCM 16047.
    Reference: WESTERHOLM (M.), ROOS (S.) and SCHNÜRER (A.): Tepidanaerobacter acetatoxydans sp. nov., an anaerobic, syntrophic acetate-oxidizing bacterium isolated from two ammonium-enriched mesophilic methanogenic processes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 260-266. Effective publication Online

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    "Tepidimonas arfidensis" Ko et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SMC-6271 = ABB 0301 = KCTC 12412 = JCM 13232.
    Reference: KO (K.S.), LEE (N.Y.), OH (W.S.), LEE (J.H.), KI (H.K.), PECK (K.R.) and SONG (J.H.): Tepidimonas arfidensis sp. nov., a novel Gram-negative and thermophilic bacterium isolated from the bone marrow of a patient with leukemia in Korea. Microbiol. Immunol., 2005, 49, 785-788.

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    "Teredinobacter" Waterbury et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Teredinobacter turnerae" Waterbury et al.
    Reference: WATERBURY (J.B.) et al.: Bacteria for cellulose digestion. U.S. Pat. 4,861,721 dated Aug. 29, 1989.
    Note: "Teredinobacter" Waterbury et al. is now known as ¤ Teredinibacter Distel et al. 2002.

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    "Teredinobacter turnerae" Waterbury et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain T7902 = ATCC 39867.
    Reference: WATERBURY (J.B.) et al.: Bacteria for cellulose digestion. U.S. Pat. 4,861,721 dated Aug. 29, 1989.
    Note: "Teredinobacter turnerae" Waterbury et al. is now known as ¤ Teredinibacter turnerae Distel et al. 2002.

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    "Terrabacter ginsenosidimutans" An et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Gsoil 3082.
    Reference: AN (D.S.), CUI (C.H.), LEE (H.G.), WANG (L.), KIM (S.C.), LEE (S.T.), JIN (F.), YU (H.), CHIN (Y.W.), LEE (H.K.), IM (W.T.) and KIM (S.G.): Identification and characterization of a novel Terrabacter ginsenosidimutans sp. nov β-glucosidase that transforms ginsenoside Rb1 into the rare gypenoside XVII and LXXV. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2010, 76, 5827-5836. Effective publication Online

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    "Tessaracoccus profundi" Finster et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain CB31 = NCIMB 14440 = DSM 21240.
    Reference: FINSTER (K.W.), COCKELL (C.S.), VOYTEK (M.A.), GRONSTAL (A.L.) and KJELDSEN (K.U.): Description of Tessaracoccus profundi sp.nov., a deep-subsurface actinobacterium isolated from a Chesapeake impact crater drill core (940 m depth). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2009, 96, 515-526. Effective publication Online

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    "Tetracoccus" Blackall et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Tetracoccus cechii" Blackall et al.
    Reference: BLACKALL (L.L.), ROSSETTI (S.), CHRISTENSSON (C.), CUNNINGHAM (M.), HATMAN (P.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.) and TANDOI (V.): The characterization and description of representatives of 'G' bacteria from activated sludge plants. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 1997, 25, 63-69.

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    "Tetracoccus cechii" Blackall et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: BLACKALL (L.L.), ROSSETTI (S.), CHRISTENSSON (C.), CUNNINGHAM (M.), HATMAN (P.), HUGENHOLTZ (P.) and TANDOI (V.): The characterization and description of representatives of 'G' bacteria from activated sludge plants. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 1997, 25, 63-69.

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    "Thalassobacter" Nogami et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thalassobacter utilis" Nogami et al.
    Reference: NOGAMI (K.), HAMASAKI (K.), MAEDA (M.) and HIRAYAMA (K.): Biocontrol method in aquaculture for rearing the swimming crab larvae Portunus trituberculatus. Hydrobiologia, 1997, 358, 291-295.

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    "Thalassobacter utilis" Nogami et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain PM-4.
    Reference: NOGAMI (K.), HAMASAKI (K.), MAEDA (M.) and HIRAYAMA (K.): Biocontrol method in aquaculture for rearing the swimming crab larvae Portunus trituberculatus. Hydrobiologia, 1997, 358, 291-295.

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    "Thalassospira permensis" Plotnikova et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SMB34 = VKM B-2527 = NBRC 106175.
    Reference: PLOTNIKOVA (E.G.), ANAN'INA (L.N.), KRAUSOVA (V.I.), ARISKINA (E.V.), PRISYAZHNAYA (N.V.), LEBEDEV (A.T.), DEMAKOV (V.A.) and EVTUSHENKO (L.I.): Thalassospira permensis sp. nov., a new terrestrial halotolerant bacterium isolated from a naphthalene-utilizing microbial consortium. Mikrobiologiia, 2011, 80, 691-699. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermalkalibacillus" Zhao et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thermalkalibacillus uzonensis" Zhao et al.
    Reference: ZHAO (W.), WEBER (C.), ZHANG (C.L.), ROMANEK (C.S.), KING (G.M.), MILLS (G.), SOKOLOVA (T.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermalkalibacillus uzonensis gen. nov. sp. nov, a novel aerobic alkali-tolerant thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring in Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka. Extremophiles, 2006, 10, 337-345. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermalkalibacillus uzonensis" Zhao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: JW/WZ-YB58 = ATCC BAA-1258 = DSM 17740.
    Reference: ZHAO (W.), WEBER (C.), ZHANG (C.L.), ROMANEK (C.S.), KING (G.M.), MILLS (G.), SOKOLOVA (T.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermalkalibacillus uzonensis gen. nov. sp. nov, a novel aerobic alkali-tolerant thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring in Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka. Extremophiles, 2006, 10, 337-345. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermanaerothrix" Grégoire et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thermanaerothrix daxensis" Grégoire et al.
    Reference: GRÉGOIRE (P.), FARDEAU (M.L.), JOSEPH (M.), GUASCO (S.), HAMAIDE (F.), BIASUTTI (S.), MICHOTEY (V.), BONIN (P.) and OLLIVIER (B.): Isolation and characterization of Thermanaerothrix daxensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a thermophilic anaerobic bacterium pertaining to the phylum "Chloroflexi", isolated from a deep hot aquifer in the Aquitaine Basin. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 494-497. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermanaerothrix daxensis" Grégoire et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain GNS-1 = DSM 23592 = JCM 16980.
    Reference: GRÉGOIRE (P.), FARDEAU (M.L.), JOSEPH (M.), GUASCO (S.), HAMAIDE (F.), BIASUTTI (S.), MICHOTEY (V.), BONIN (P.) and OLLIVIER (B.): Isolation and characterization of Thermanaerothrix daxensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a thermophilic anaerobic bacterium pertaining to the phylum "Chloroflexi", isolated from a deep hot aquifer in the Aquitaine Basin. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 494-497. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermoanaerobacter keratinophilus" Riessen and Antranikian, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 2KXI.
    Reference: RIESSEN (S.) and ANTRANIKIAN (G.): Isolation of Thermoanaerobacter keratinophilus sp. nov., a novel thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium with keratinolytic activity. Extremophiles, 2001, 5, 399-408.

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    "Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus subsp. carboxydovorans" Balk et al., subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain TLO.
    Reference: BALK (M.), HEILIG (H.G.H.J.), VAN EEKERT (M.H.A.), STAMS (A.J.M.), RIJPSTRA (I.C.), SINNINGHE-DAMSTÉ (J.S.), DE VOS (W.M.) and KENGEN (S.W.M.): Isolation and characterization of a new CO-utilizing strain, Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus subsp. carboxydovorans, isolated from a geothermal spring in Turkey. Extremophiles, 2009, 13, 885-894. Effective publication Online

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    "Themoanaerobacterium calidifontis" Shang et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Rx1 = JCM 18270 = CCTCC M 2011109.
    Reference: SHANG (S.M.), QIAN (L.), ZHANG (X.), LI (K.Z.) and CHAGAN (I.): Themoanaerobacterium calidifontis sp. nov., a novel anaerobic, thermophilic, ethanol-producing bacterium from hot springs in China. Arch. Microbiol., 2013, 195, 439-445. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermobaculum" Botero et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thermobaculum terrenum" Botero et al.
    Reference: BOTERO (L.M.), BROWN (K.B.), BRUMEFIELD (S.), BURR (M.), CASTENHOLZ (R.W.), YOUNG (M.) and McDERMOTT (T.R.): Thermobaculum terrenum gen. nov., sp. nov.: a non-phototrophic gram-positive thermophile representing an environmental clone group related to the Chloroflexi (green non-sulfur bacteria) and Thermomicrobia. Arch. Microbiol., 2004, 181, 269 - 277.

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    "Thermobaculum terrenum" Botero et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain YNP1 = ATCC BAA-798 = CCMEE 7001.
    Reference: BOTERO (L.M.), BROWN (K.B.), BRUMEFIELD (S.), BURR (M.), CASTENHOLZ (R.W.), YOUNG (M.) and McDERMOTT (T.R.): Thermobaculum terrenum gen. nov., sp. nov.: a non-phototrophic gram-positive thermophile representing an environmental clone group related to the Chloroflexi (green non-sulfur bacteria) and Thermomicrobia. Arch. Microbiol., 2004, 181, 269 - 277.

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    "Thermococcus marinus" Jolivet et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain EJ1 = DSM 15227 = JCM 11825.
    Reference: JOLIVET (E.), CORRE (E.), L'HARIDON (S.), FORTERRE (P.) and PRIEUR (D.): Thermococcus marinus sp. nov. and Thermococcus radiotolerans sp. nov., two hyperthermophilic archaea from deep-sea hydrothermal vents that resist ionizing radiation. Extremophiles, 2004, 8, 219-227.

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    "Thermococcus radiotolerans" Jolivet et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain EJ2 = DSM 15228 = JCM 11826.
    Reference: JOLIVET (E.), CORRE (E.), L'HARIDON (S.), FORTERRE (P.) and PRIEUR (D.): Thermococcus marinus sp. nov. and Thermococcus radiotolerans sp. nov., two hyperthermophilic archaea from deep-sea hydrothermal vents that resist ionizing radiation. Extremophiles, 2004, 8, 219-227.

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    "Thermodesulfobacterium geofontis" Hamilton-Brehm et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain OPF15 = ATCC BAA 2454 = JCM 18567.
    Reference: HAMILTON-BREHM (S.D.), GIBSON (R.A.), GREEN (S.J.), HOPMANS (E.C.), SCHOUTEN (S.), VAN DER MEER (M.T.), SHIELDS (J.P.), DAMSTE (J.S.) and ELKINS (J.G.): Thermodesulfobacterium geofontis sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic, sulfate-reducing bacterium isolated from Obsidian Pool, Yellowstone National Park. Extremophiles, 2013, 17, 251-263. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermogladius" Osburn et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thermogladius shockii" Osburn et al.
    Reference: OSBURN (M.R.) and AMEND (J.P.): Thermogladius shockii gen. nov., sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic crenarchaeote from Yellowstone National Park, USA. Arch. Microbiol., 2011, 193, 45-52. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermogladius shockii" Osburn et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RIKEN = JCM-16579 = ATCC BAA-1607.
    Reference: OSBURN (M.R.) and AMEND (J.P.): Thermogladius shockii gen. nov., sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic crenarchaeote from Yellowstone National Park, USA. Arch. Microbiol., 2011, 193, 45-52. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermomarinilinea" Nunoura et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thermomarinilinea lacunofontalis" Nunoura et al.
    Reference: NUNOURA (T.), HIRAI (M.), MIYAZAKI (M.), KAZAMA (H.), MAKITA (H.), HIRAYAMA (H.), FURUSHIMA (Y.), YAMAMOTO (H.), IMACHI (H.) and TAKAI (K.): Isolation and characterization of a thermophilic, obligately anaerobic and heterotrophic marine Chloroflexi bacterium from a Chloroflexi-dominated microbial community associated with a japanese shallow hydrothermal system, and proposal for Thermomarinilinea lacunofontalis gen. nov., sp. nov. Microbes Environ., 2013, 28, 228-235. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermopirellula" Liu et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thermopirellula anaerolimosa" Liu et al.
    Reference: LIU (D.), LIU (Y.), MEN (X.), GUO (Q.), GUO (R.) and QIU (Y.): Isolation and characterization of Thermopirellula anaerolimosa gen. nov., sp. nov., an obligate anaerobic hydrogen-producing bacterium of the phylum Planctomycetes. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 2012, 52, 994-1001. Article in Chinese.

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    "Thermopirellula anaerolimosa" Liu et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain VM20-7 = CGMCC 1.5169 = JCM 17478 = DSM 24165.
    Reference: LIU (D.), LIU (Y.), MEN (X.), GUO (Q.), GUO (R.) and QIU (Y.): Isolation and characterization of Thermopirellula anaerolimosa gen. nov., sp. nov., an obligate anaerobic hydrogen-producing bacterium of the phylum Planctomycetes. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao, 2012, 52, 994-1001. Article in Chinese.

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    "Thermoplasma thiooxidans" Li et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain ES-23.
    Reference: LI (Y.), LIU (G.) and ZHONG (H.): A new species of Thermoplasma. (in Chinese). Wei Sheng Wu Hsueh Pao, 1994, 34, 255-260.

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    "Thermotomaculum" Izumi et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thermotomaculum hydrothermale" Izumi et al.
    Reference: IZUMI (H.), NUNOURA (T.), MIYAZAKI (M.), MINO (S.), TOKI (T.), TAKAI (K.), SAKO (Y.), SAWABE (T.) and NAKAGAWA (S.): Thermotomaculum hydrothermale gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel heterotrophic thermophile within the phylum Acidobacteria from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney in the Southern Okinawa Trough. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 245-253. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermotomaculum hydrothermale" Izumi et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AC55 = JCM 17643 = DSM 24660 = NBRC 107904.
    Reference: IZUMI (H.), NUNOURA (T.), MIYAZAKI (M.), MINO (S.), TOKI (T.), TAKAI (K.), SAKO (Y.), SAWABE (T.) and NAKAGAWA (S.): Thermotomaculum hydrothermale gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel heterotrophic thermophile within the phylum Acidobacteria from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney in the Southern Okinawa Trough. Extremophiles, 2012, 16, 245-253. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermus kawarayensis" Kurosawa et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain KW11 = JCM12314 = DSM16200.
    Reference: KUROSAWA (N.), ITOH (Y.H.) and ITOH (T.): Thermus kawarayensis sp. nov., a new member of the genus Thermus, isolated from Japanese hot springs. Extremophiles, 2005, 9, 81-84. Effective publication Online

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    "Thermus rehai" Lin et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RH99-GF7504 = CCTCC-AB200292.
    Reference: LIN (L.), CHEN (C.), PENG (Q.), BEN (K.) and ZHOU (Z.): Thermus rehai sp. nov., isolated from Rehai of Tengchong, Yunnan Province, China. J. Basic. Microbiol., 2002, 42, 337-344.

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    "Thermus yunnanensis" Gong et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain RHY12-2.
    Reference: GONG (N.), CHEN (C.), XIE (L.), CHEN (H.), LIN (X.) and ZHANG (R.): Characterization of a thermostable alkaline phosphatase from a novel species Thermus yunnanensis sp. nov. and investigation of its cobalt activation at high temperature. Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 2005, 1750, 103-111. Effective publication Online

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    "Thiobacillus plumbophilus" Drobner et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain Gro7 = DSM 6690.
    Reference: DROBNER (E.), HUBER (H.), RACHEL (R.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thiobacillus plumbophilus spec. nov., a novel galena and hydrogen oxidizer. Arch. Microbiol., 1992, 157, 213-217.

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    "Thiobacillus prosperus" Huber and Stetter, sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain .
    Reference: HUBER (H.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thiobacillus prosperus sp. nov., represents a new group of halotolerant metal-metabolizing bacteria isolated from a marine geothermal field. Arch. Microbiol., 1989, 151, 479-485.

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    "Thiobacillus sajanensis" Dul'tseva et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 4HG = VKM B-2365.
    Reference: DUL’TSEVA (N.M.), TOUROVA (T.P.), SPIRIDONOVA (E.M.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), OSIPOV (G.A.) and GORLENKO (V.M.): Thiobacillus sajanensis sp. nov., a new obligately autotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from khoito-gol hydrogen-sulfide springs, Buryatia. Microbiology (Mikrobiologiya), 2006, 75, 582-592.

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    "Thiocapsa bogorovii" Tourova et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain BBS.
    Reference: TOUROVA (T.P.), KEPPEN (O.I.), KOVALEVA (O.L.), SLOBODOVA (N.V.), BERG (I.A.) and R. N. IVANOVSKY (R.N.): Phylogenetic characterization of the purple sulfur bacterium Thiocapsa sp. BBS by analysis of the 16S rRNA, cbbL, and nifH genes and its description as Thiocapsa bogorovii sp. nov., a new species. Microbiology, 2009, 78, 339-349. Effective publication Online

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    "Thiocapsa imhoffii" Asao et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain SC5.
    Reference: ASAO (M.), TAKAICHI (S.) and MADIGAN (M.T.): Thiocapsa imhoffii, sp. nov., an alkaliphilic purple sulfur bacterium of the family Chromatiaceae from Soap Lake, Washington (USA). Arch. Microbiol., 2007, 188, 665-675. Effective publication Online

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    "Thiofractor" Makita et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Thiofractor thiocaminus" Makita et al.
    Reference: MAKITA (H.), NAKAGAWA (S.), MIYAZAKI (M.), NAKAMURA (K.I.), INAGAKI (F.) and TAKAI (K.): Thiofractor thiocaminus gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel hydrogen-oxidizing, sulfur-reducing epsilonproteobacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney in the Nikko Seamount field of the northern Mariana Arc. Arch. Microbiol., 2012, 194, 785-794. Effective publication Online

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    "Thiofractor thiocaminus" Makita et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain 496Chim = DSM 22050 = JCM 15747 = NBRC 105224.
    Reference: MAKITA (H.), NAKAGAWA (S.), MIYAZAKI (M.), NAKAMURA (K.I.), INAGAKI (F.) and TAKAI (K.): Thiofractor thiocaminus gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel hydrogen-oxidizing, sulfur-reducing epsilonproteobacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney in the Nikko Seamount field of the northern Mariana Arc. Arch. Microbiol., 2012, 194, 785-794. Effective publication Online

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    "Thiomonas arsenivorans" Attaglia-Brunet et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain b6 = DSM 16361 = LMG 22795.
    Reference: ATTAGLIA-BRUNET (F.), JOULIAN (C.), GARRIDO (F.), DICTOR (M.C.), MORIN (D.), COUPLAND (K.), BARRIE JOHNSON (D.), HALLBERG (K.B.) and BARANGER (P.): Oxidation of arsenite by Thiomonas strains and characterization of Thiomonas arsenivorans sp. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2006, 89, 99-108. Effective publication Online

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    "Thiorhodococcus drewsii" Zaar et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: strain AZ1.
    Reference: ZAAR (A.), FUCHS (G.), GOLECKI (J.R.) and OVERMANN (J.): A new purple sulfur bacterium isolated from a littoral microbial mat, Thiorhodococcus drewsii sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 2003, 179, 174-183.

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    "Titanospirillum" Guerrero et al., gen. nov.
    Proposed type species: "Titanospirillum velox" Guerrero et al.
    Reference: GUERRERO (R.), HASELTON (A.), SOLÉ (M.), WIER (A.) and MARGULIS (L.): Titanospirillum velox: a huge, speedy, sulfur-storing spirillum from Ebro Delta microbial mats. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A, 1999, 96, 11584-11588.

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    "Titanospirillum velox" Guerrero et al., sp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: not cultivated.
    Reference: GUERRERO (R.), HASELTON (A.), SOLÉ (M.), WIER (A.) and MARGULIS (L.): Titanospirillum velox: a huge, speedy, sulfur-storing spirillum from Ebro Delta microbial mats. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A, 1999, 96, 11584-11588.

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    "Treponema carateum" (ex Brumpt 1939) Smibert, sp. nov., nom. rev.
    Proposed type strain: none designated.
    Synonym: "Treponema carateum" Brumpt 1939.
    Reference: SMIBERT (R.M.): Genus III Treponema Schaudinn 1905, 1728AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 49-57.

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    "Treponema pallidum subsp. endemicum" Smibert, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: none designated.
    Reference: SMIBERT (R.M.): Genus III Treponema Schaudinn 1905, 1728AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 49-57.

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    "Treponema pallidum subsp.pallidum" (Schaudinn and Hoffmann 1905) Schaudinn 1905, subsp. nov.
    Proposed type strain: none designated.
    Reference: SMIBERT (R.M.): Genus III Treponema Schaudinn 1905, 1728AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 49-57.

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    "Treponema