A.zo.rhi.zo’bi.um. N.L. neut. n.azotum, nitrogen; from French masc. n.azote, nitrogen; from Gr. pref.a-, not; from Gr. fem. n.zôê, life; from N.Gr. fem. n.azôê, not sustaining life; N.L. pref.azo-, pertaining to nitrogen; N.L. neut. n.Rhizobium, a bacterial generic name; N.L. neut. n.Azorhizobium, a nitrogen (using) Rhizobium
Dreyfus B, Garcia JL, Gillis M. Characterization of Azorhizobium caulinodans gen. nov., sp. nov., a stem-nodulating nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from Sesbania rostrata. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1988; 38:89-98.
validly published under the ICNP
Lang et al. 2013
Lang E, Schumann P, Adler S, Sproer C, Sahin N. Azorhizobium oxalatiphilum sp. nov., and emended description of the genus Azorhizobium. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2013; 63:1505-1511.
Euzeby JP. Notification list. Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 63, part 4 of the IJSEM. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2013; 63:2368-2370. Notes:
Emendation accompanied by the proposal of 1 new species in the genus.
Brenner et al. (2005) assigned this genus to the family Hyphomicrobiaceae Babudieri 1950 (Approved Lists 1980).Publication:
Garrity GM, Bell JA, Lilburn T. Class I. Alphaproteobacteria class. nov. In: Brenner DJ, Krieg NR, Staley JT, Garrity GM (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, p. 1.
This taxon name is occasionally misprinted in some sources as: "Atorhizobium"; "Awrhizobium"; "Azohizobium"; "Azorhizobjum"; "Azorhizohium"; "Azorhkobium"; "Azotirhizobium".
This taxon was discussed in a meeting of a Taxonomic Subcommittee of the ICSP.Publication:
de Lajudie P, Martinez-Romero E. International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Agrobacterium and Rhizobium Minutes of the meeting, 7 September 2014, Tenerife, Spain. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2017; 67:516-520.
The phylogenomic assignment score of this taxon is 0.08302 (N = 30).
The BRCs most frequently used for deposits in this group are: DSM: 3; LMG: 2; IFO: 1; ATCC: 1; CCM: 1; JCM: 1; CCUG: 1; NBRC: 1.
Pittman et al. (1991) suggested the abbreviation "AZRH" for this genus name but this does not appear to be of practical relevance any longer.Publication:
Pittman KF, Walczak CA, Lock CM. Codes and abbreviations for approved of effectively published names of genera of bacteria published from January 1980 to December 1990. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1991; 41:571-579.
Number of child taxa with a validly published and correct name: 3 Number of child taxa with a validly published name, including synonyms: 3 Total number of child taxa: 5
Lee KB, Liu CT, Anzai Y, Kim H, Aono T, Oyaizu H. The hierarchical system of the 'Alphaproteobacteria': description of Hyphomonadaceae fam. nov., Xanthobacteraceae fam. nov. and Erythrobacteraceae fam. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:1907-1919.
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