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Genus Thiothrix

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thiothrix Winogradsky 1888, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Thiotrichales Garrity et al. 2005; type genus of the family ¤ Thiotrichaceae Garrity et al. 2005).
Type species: ¤ Thiothrix nivea (Rabenhorst 1865) Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; Gr. fem. n. thrix, hair; N.L. fem. n. Thiothrix, sulfur hair.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WINOGRADSKY (S.): Beiträge zur Morphologie und Physiologie der Bacterien. Heft I. Zur Morphologie und Physiologie der Schwefelbacterien. Arthur Felix, Leipzig, 1888, pp. 1-120.

Thiothrix Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Howarth et al. 1999.
Type species: ¤ Thiothrix nivea (Rabenhorst 1865) Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; Gr. fem. n. thrix, hair; N.L. fem. n. Thiothrix, sulfur hair.
Reference: HOWARTH (R.), UNZ (R.F.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), SEVIOUR (R.J.), BLACKALL (L.L.), PICKUP (R.W.), JONES (J.G.), YAGUCHI (J.) and HEAD (I.M.): Phylogenetic relationships of filamentous sulfur bacteria (Thiothrix spp. and Eikelboom type 021N bacteria) isolated from wastewater-treatment plants and description of Thiothrix eikelboomii sp. nov., Thiothrix unzii sp. nov., Thiothrix fructosivorans sp. nov. and Thiothrix defluvii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1817-1827.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Thiothrix Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Aruga et al. 2002.
Type species: ¤ Thiothrix nivea (Rabenhorst 1865) Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; Gr. fem. n. thrix, hair; N.L. fem. n. Thiothrix, sulfur hair.
Reference: ARUGA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.), KOHNO (T.), HANADA (S.), NAKAMURA (K.) and KANAGAWA (T.): Characterization of filamentous Eikelboom type 021N bacteria and description of Thiothrix disciformis sp. nov. and Thiothrix flexilis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1309-1316.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix caldifontis Chernousova et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) G1 = DSM 21228 = VKM B-2520.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU642573.
Etymology: L. adj. caldus, hot; L. n. fons fontis, a spring; N.L. gen. n. caldifontis, of/from a hot spring, pertaining to the source of isolation of the first strains.
Valid publication: CHERNOUSOVA (E.), GRIDNEVA (E.), GRABOVICH (M.), DUBININA (G.), AKIMOV (V.), ROSSETTI (S.) and KUEVER (J.): Thiothrix caldifontis sp. nov. and Thiothrix lacustris sp. nov., gammaproteobacteria isolated from sulfide springs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 3128-3135.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix defluvii Howarth et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ben57.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF127020.
Etymology: L. gen. n. defluvii, of sewage.
Valid publication: HOWARTH (R.), UNZ (R.F.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), SEVIOUR (R.J.), BLACKALL (L.L.), PICKUP (R.W.), JONES (J.G.), YAGUCHI (J.) and HEAD (I.M.): Phylogenetic relationships of filamentous sulfur bacteria (Thiothrix spp. and Eikelboom type 021N bacteria) isolated from wastewater-treatment plants and description of Thiothrix eikelboomii sp. nov., Thiothrix unzii sp. nov., Thiothrix fructosivorans sp. nov. and Thiothrix defluvii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1817-1827.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix disciformis Aruga et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B3-1 = DSM 14473 = JCM 11364.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042532.
Etymology: L. n. discus, a disc; L. adj. suffix -formis -is -e (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. fem. adj. disciformis, disc-shaped, the main cell form.
Valid publication: ARUGA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.), KOHNO (T.), HANADA (S.), NAKAMURA (K.) and KANAGAWA (T.): Characterization of filamentous Eikelboom type 021N bacteria and description of Thiothrix disciformis sp. nov. and Thiothrix flexilis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1309-1316.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix eikelboomii Howarth et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AP3 = ATCC 49788.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042819.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. eikelboomii, of Eikelboom; named for D.H. Eikelboom, who pioneered morphological identification of filamentous bacteria in wastewater.
Valid publication: HOWARTH (R.), UNZ (R.F.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), SEVIOUR (R.J.), BLACKALL (L.L.), PICKUP (R.W.), JONES (J.G.), YAGUCHI (J.) and HEAD (I.M.): Phylogenetic relationships of filamentous sulfur bacteria (Thiothrix spp. and Eikelboom type 021N bacteria) isolated from wastewater-treatment plants and description of Thiothrix eikelboomii sp. nov., Thiothrix unzii sp. nov., Thiothrix fructosivorans sp. nov. and Thiothrix defluvii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1817-1827.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Thiothrix eikelboomii Howarth et al. 1999 emend. Aruga et al. 2002.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AP3 = ATCC 49788.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042819.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. eikelboomii, of Eikelboom; named for D.H. Eikelboom, who pioneered morphological identification of filamentous bacteria in wastewater.
Reference: ARUGA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.), KOHNO (T.), HANADA (S.), NAKAMURA (K.) and KANAGAWA (T.): Characterization of filamentous Eikelboom type 021N bacteria and description of Thiothrix disciformis sp. nov. and Thiothrix flexilis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1309-1316.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix flexilis Aruga et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EJ2M-B = DSM 14609 = JCM 11135.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042545.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. flexilis, pliable, flexile.
Valid publication: ARUGA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.), KOHNO (T.), HANADA (S.), NAKAMURA (K.) and KANAGAWA (T.): Characterization of filamentous Eikelboom type 021N bacteria and description of Thiothrix disciformis sp. nov. and Thiothrix flexilis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1309-1316.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix fructosivorans Howarth et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Q = ATCC 49748.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU269554.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. fructosum, fructose; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, eating; N.L. part. adj. fructosivorans, fructose-eating.
Valid publication: HOWARTH (R.), UNZ (R.F.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), SEVIOUR (R.J.), BLACKALL (L.L.), PICKUP (R.W.), JONES (J.G.), YAGUCHI (J.) and HEAD (I.M.): Phylogenetic relationships of filamentous sulfur bacteria (Thiothrix spp. and Eikelboom type 021N bacteria) isolated from wastewater-treatment plants and description of Thiothrix eikelboomii sp. nov., Thiothrix unzii sp. nov., Thiothrix fructosivorans sp. nov. and Thiothrix defluvii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1817-1827.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix lacustris Chernousova et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BL = DSM 21227 = VKM B-2521.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU642572.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. lacustris, belonging to a lake, referring to the site from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: CHERNOUSOVA (E.), GRIDNEVA (E.), GRABOVICH (M.), DUBININA (G.), AKIMOV (V.), ROSSETTI (S.) and KUEVER (J.): Thiothrix caldifontis sp. nov. and Thiothrix lacustris sp. nov., gammaproteobacteria isolated from sulfide springs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 3128-3135.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix nivea (Rabenhorst 1865) Winogradsky 1888, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) no culture isolated.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonym: "Beggiatoa nivea" Rabenhorst 1865.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. nivea, snow-white.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 RABENHORST (L.): Flora Europaea Algarum aquae dulcis et submarinae, E. Kummer (ed.), Leipzig, Section II, 1865, pp. 1-319. 2 WINOGRADSKY (S.): Beiträge zur Morphologie und Physiologie der Bacterien. Heft I. Zur Morphologie und Physiologie der Schwefelbacterien. Arthur Felix, Leipzig, 1888, pp. 1-120.

Thiothrix nivea (Rabenhorst 1865) Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Larkin and Shinabarger 1983.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JP2 = ATCC 35100= DSM 5205.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L40993.
Synonym: "Beggiatoa nivea" Rabenhorst 1865.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. nivea, snow-white.
Reference: LARKIN (J.M.) and SHINABARGER (D.L.): Characterization of Thiothrix nivea. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 841-846.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Larkin and Shinabarger 1983 propose a neotype strain in accordance with Rule 18f.
2 In the abstract of the paper by Larkin and Shinabarger 1983, the type strain is erroneously cited as designated as ATCC 31500.
Reference: LARKIN (J.M.) and SHINABARGER (D.L.): Characterization of Thiothrix nivea. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 841-846.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiothrix unzii Howarth et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A1 = ATCC 49747.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L79961.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. unzii, of Unz; named for R.F. Unz.
Valid publication: HOWARTH (R.), UNZ (R.F.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), SEVIOUR (R.J.), BLACKALL (L.L.), PICKUP (R.W.), JONES (J.G.), YAGUCHI (J.) and HEAD (I.M.): Phylogenetic relationships of filamentous sulfur bacteria (Thiothrix spp. and Eikelboom type 021N bacteria) isolated from wastewater-treatment plants and description of Thiothrix eikelboomii sp. nov., Thiothrix unzii sp. nov., Thiothrix fructosivorans sp. nov. and Thiothrix defluvii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1817-1827.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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