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Genus Sulfolobus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Sulfolobus Brock et al. 1972, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Sulfolobales Stetter 1989; type genus of the family ¤ Sulfolobaceae Stetter 1989).
Type species: ¤ Sulfolobus acidocaldarius Brock et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. sulfur, sulfur; L. masc. n. lobus, a ball, lobe; N.L. masc. n. Sulfolobus, lobed sulfur-oxidizing organism.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BROCK (T.D.), BROCK (K.M.), BELLY (R.T.) and WEISS (R.L.): Sulfolobus: A new genus of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria living at low pH and high temperature. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie, 1972, 84, 54-68.

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Sulfolobus acidocaldarius Brock et al. 1972, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33909= DSM 639 = IFO (now NBRC) 15157 = JCM 8929.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14876, CP000077 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; L. masc. adj. caldarius, pertaining to warm or hot; N.L. masc. adj. acidocaldarius, organism living in acid-hot environments.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BROCK (T.D.), BROCK (K.M.), BELLY (R.T.) and WEISS (R.L.): Sulfolobus: A new genus of sulfur-oxidizing bacteria living at low pH and high temperature. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie, 1972, 84, 54-68.

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Sulfolobus brierleyi Zillig et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 1651 = JCM 8954.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D26489.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. brierleyi, of Brierley, named for J. A. Brierley who isolated the organism.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 676-677.
Effective publication: ZILLIG (W.), STETTER (K.O.), WUNDERL (S.), SCHULZ (W.), PRIESS (H.) and SCHOLZ (I.): The Sulfolobus- "Caldariella" group: taxonomy on the basis of the structure of DNA-dependent RNA polymerases. Arch. Mikrobiol., 1980, 125, 259-269.
Validation List no. 5 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Acidianus brierleyi (Zillig et al. 1980) Segerer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

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Sulfolobus hakonensis Takayanagi et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HO1-1 = ATCC 51241= DSM 7519 = IAM 14250 = JCM 8857.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D86414.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hakonensis, pertaining to Hakone, Japan, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: TAKAYANAGI (S.), KAWASAKI (H.), SUGIMORI (K.), YAMADA (T.), SUGAI (A.), ITO (T.), YAMASATO (K.) and SHIODA (M.): Sulfolobus hakonensis sp. nov., a novel species of acidothermophilic archaeon. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 377-382.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Metallosphaera hakonensis (Takayanagi et al. 1996) Kurosawa et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Sulfolobus metallicus Huber and Stetter 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Kra 23 = DSM 6482 = IFO (now NBRC) 15436 = JCM 9184.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85519.
Etymology: L. masc. n. metallicus, the miner.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 40. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 191-192.
Effective publication: HUBER (G.) and STETTER (K.O.): Sulfolobus metallicus, sp. nov., a novel strictly chemolithoautotrophic thermophilic archaeal species of metal-mobilizers. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1991, 14, 372-378.
Validation List no. 40 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sulfolobus shibatae Grogan et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B12 = ATCC 51178= DSM 5389 = IFO (now NBRC) 15437 = JCM 8931.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M32504.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. shibatae, of Shibata, named after Masaru Shibata who enabled us to obtain the samples from which the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 38. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 456-457.
Effective publication: GROGAN (D.), PALM (P.) and ZILLIG (W.): Isolate B12, which harbours a virus-like element, represents a new species of the archaebacterial genus Sulfolobus, Sulfolobus shibatae, sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1990, 154, 594-599.
Validation List no. 38 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sulfolobus solfataricus Zillig et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35091= DSM 1616 = IFO (now NBRC) 15331 = JCM 8930.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D26490.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. solfataricus, pertaining to solfatara, living in solfatara habitats.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 676-677.
Effective publication: ZILLIG (W.), STETTER (K.O.), WUNDERL (S.), SCHULZ (W.), PRIESS (H.) and SCHOLZ (I.): The Sulfolobus- "Caldariella" group: taxonomy on the basis of the structure of DNA-dependent RNA polymerases. Arch. Mikrobiol., 1980, 125, 259-269.
Validation List no. 5 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Sulfolobus tokodaii Suzuki et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 7 = DSM 16993 = JCM 10545 = NBRC 100140.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB022438.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. tokodaii, of  Tokoda (the Japanese name of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, where this isolate was initially characterized).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 87. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1437-1438.
Effective publication: SUZUKI (T.), IWASAKI (T.), UZAWA (T.), HARA (K.), NEMOTO (N.), KON (T.), UEKI (T.), YAMAGISHI (A.) and OSHIMA (T.): Sulfolobus tokodaii sp. nov. (f. Sulfolobus sp. strain 7), a new member of the genus Sulfolobus isolated from Beppu Hot Springs, Japan. Extremophiles, 2002, 6, 39-44.
Validation List no. 87 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sulfolobus tokodaii Suzuki et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Sulfolobus yangmingensis Jan et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YM1.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB010957.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. yangmingensis, pertaining to the Yang-Ming National Park, Taiwan, Republic of China, from where the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: JAN (R.L.), WU (J.), CHAW (S.M.), TSAI (C.W.) and TSEN (S.D.): A novel species of thermoacidophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus yangmingensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1809-1816.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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