Genus Streptococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 104
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 22

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Streptococcus Rosenbach 1884, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Streptococcaceae Deibel and Seeley 1974 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the tribe ¤ Streptococceae Trevisan 1889 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Streptococcus pyogenes Rosenbach 1884 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. streptos, pliant; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Streptococcus, pliant coccus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ROSENBACH (F.J.): Microorganismen bei den Wund-Infections-Krankheiten des Menschen. J.F. Bergmann, Wiesbaden, 1884, pp. 1-122.]

   image

Streptococcus acidominimus Ayers and Mudge 1922, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51725 = CCUG 27296 = CIP 82.4 = DSM 20622 = LMG 17755 = NCIMB 702025 (formerly NCDO 2025) = NCTC 12957.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF151153.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, sour, acid; L. sup. adj. minimus, very least; N.L. masc. adj. acidominimus, probably intended to mean that this organism produces the least amount of acid.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [AYERS (S.H.) and MUDGE (C.S.): The streptococci of the bovine udder. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1922, 31, 40-50.]

   image

Streptococcus adjacens Bouvet et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GaD = ATCC 49175 = CCUG 27637 A = CCUG 27809 = CIP 103243 = DSM 9848 = LMG 14496 = NCTC 13000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D50540.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. adjacens, adjacent, indicating that this organism can grow as satellite colonies adjacent to other bacterial growth.
Reference: BOUVET (A.), GRIMONT (F.) and GRIMONT (P.A.D.): Streptococcus defectivus sp. nov. and Streptococcus adjacens sp. nov., nutritionally variant streptococci from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 290-294.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Abiotrophia adiacens (Bouvet et al. 1989) Kawamura et al. 1995, comb. nov.

Note: The spelling of the specific epithet is adjacens in the nomenclatural name Streptococcus adjacens and adiacens in the nomenclatural name Abiotrophia adiacens. Y. Kawamura et al. used adiacens because the IJSB editor recommended to use i instead of j [1]. The Latin i, when used as a consonant, is often printed as j in earlier dictionaries and classical texts [2]. It is true that this practice has become rare [3]. However, a such change should be applied to many nomenclatural names (examples: Janibacter, Janthinobacterium, …) that is not desirable, because an essential point in nomenclature is the stability of names (Principle 1 of the Bacteriological Code (1990 revision).
References:
1 FREDERIKSEN (W.): Personal communication.
2 GAFFIOT (F.): Dictionnaire latin français. Hachette, Paris, 1934.
3 SIMPSON (D.P.): Cassell's Latin dictionary, fifth edition. Cassell Publishers Limited, London, 1987.

¤ Granulicatella adiacens (Bouvet et al. 1989) Collins and Lawson 2000, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13813 = CCUG 4208 = CIP 103227 = DSM 2134 = JCM 5671 = LMG 14694 = NCTC 8181.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB023574.
Synonyms: "Streptoccocus de la mammite" Nocard and Mollereau 1887, "Streptococcus agalactiae contagiosae" Kitt 1893, "Streptococcus mastitidis" Migula 1900.
Etymology: Gr. n. agalactia, want of milk; N.L. gen. n. agalactiae, of agalactia.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896.]

Note: According to Kawamura et al. 2005, Streptococcus agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus difficilis corrig. Eldar et al. 1995.
Reference: KAWAMURA (Y.), ITOH (Y.), MISHIMA (N.), OHKUSU (K.), KASAI (H.) and EZAKI (T.): High genetic similarity of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus difficilis: S. difficilis Eldar et al. 1995 is a later synonym of S. agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 961-965.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43077 = CCUG 27297 = CIP 103244 = DSM 20728 = HAMBI 1719 = LMG 14808 = NCIMB 701091 (formerly NCDO 1091).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF201899.
Etymology: Gr. pref. a, not; L. n. lac lactis, milk; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. alactolyticus, not milk digesting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [FARROW (J.A.E.), KRUZE (J.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), BRAMLEY (A.J.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Taxonomic studies on Streptococcus bovis and Streptococcus equinus: description of Streptococcus alactolyticus sp. nov. and Streptococcus saccharolyticus sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 467-482.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 17, the reference is erroneously cited as "Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1985 (sic), 5, 467-482".
2 Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1985 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988.
Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1985 and ¤ Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988 are phenotypically indistinguishable as determined by whole-cell protein electrophoresis and a variety of biochemical tests [1, 2]. Given the congruence between whole cell protein electrophoreis and percentage of DNA-DNA hybridization, these data suggest that Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1985 is an earlier synonym of ¤ Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988 [1, 3]. Comparison of the 16S rDNA of the type strains of Streptococcus alactolyticus and ¤ Streptococcus intestinalis is also consistent with the existence of a single species [4].
References:
1 VANDAMME (P.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), HAESEBROUCK (F.) and KERSTERS (K.): Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988 and Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1984 are phenotypically indistinguishable. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 737-741.
Original article by Vandamme et al. in IJSEM Online
2 WHILEY (R.A.) and KILIAN (M.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 915-917.
Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France in IJSEM Online
3 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 49, part 2, of the IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 937-939.
Notification List in IJSEM Online
4 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article by Schlegel et al. 2003 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33397 = CCUG 27298 = CCUG 35776 = CIP 102921 = DSM 20563 = HAMBI 1525 = JCM 12993 = LMG 14502 = NCTC 10713.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104678.
Synonym: "Streptococcus anginosus" Andrewes and Horder 1906.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. anginosus, pertaining to angina.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ANDREWES (F.W.) and HORDER (T.J.): A study of the streptococci pathogenic for man. Lancet, 1906, 2, 708-713. 2 SMITH (F.R.) and SHERMAN (J.M.): The hemolytic streptococci of human feces. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1939, 62, 186-189.]

Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, Streptococcus anginosus is cited as "Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938". However, the reference by Smith and Sherman is cited as "Smith, F.R. and J.M. Sherman. 1939, Journal of Infectious Diseases, 62: 186-189.".

Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Coykendall 1987.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33397 = CCUG 27298 = CCUG 35776 = CIP 102921 = DSM 20563 = HAMBI 1525 = JCM 12993 = LMG 14502 = NCTC 10713.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104678.
Synonym: "Streptococcus anginosus" Andrewes and Horder 1906.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. anginosus, pertaining to angina.
Reference: COYKENDALL (A.L.), WESBECHER (P.M.) and GUSTAFSON (K.B.): "Streptococcus milleri", Streptococcus constellatus, and Streptococcus intermedius are later synonyms of Streptococcus anginosus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 222-228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Coykendall 1987 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus intermedius Prévot 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).

Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Whiley and Beighton 1991.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33397 = CCUG 27298 = CCUG 35776 = CIP 102921 = DSM 20563 = HAMBI 1525 = JCM 12993 = LMG 14502 = NCTC 10713.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104678.
Synonym: "Streptococcus anginosus" Andrewes and Horder 1906.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. anginosus, pertaining to angina.
Reference: WHILEY (R.A.) and BEIGHTON (D.): Emended descriptions and recognition of Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus anginosus as distinct species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 1-5.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Data from DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, whole-cell-derived polypeptide patterns, and data from phenotypic testing demonstrate that Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980), ¤ Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Streptococcus intermedius Prévot 1925 (Approved Lists 1980) are distinct species [1]. However, the taxonomic status of strains classified as Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus constellatus and Streptococcus intermedius has been the subject of much debate. The analysis of whole-cell protein patterns (P. Vandamme et al. 1998 [2]) supports the viewpoint that these three taxa constitute a single species which should be referred to as Streptococcus anginosus. Nevertheless, no formal proposition is made in the paper by P. Vandamme et al. [2].
References:
1 WHILEY (R.A.) and BEIGHTON (D.): Emended descriptions and recognition of Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus anginosus as distinct species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 1-5.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VANDAMME (P.), TORCK (U.), FALSEN (E.), POT (B.), GOOSSENS (H.) and KERSTERS (K.): Whole-cell protein electrophoretic analysis of viridans streptococci: evidence for heterogeneity among Streptococcus mitis biovars. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 117-125.
Original article by Vandamme et al. 1998 in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus anginosus subsp. anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Jensen et al. 2013, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NCTC 10713=ATCC 33397.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AF104678.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. anginosus, pertaining to angina.
Source: Medical.
Reference: JENSEN, A., HOSHINO, T. and KILIAN, M. 2013. Taxonomy of the Anginosus group of the genus Streptococcus and description of Streptococcus anginosus subsp. whileyi subsp. nov. and Streptococcus constellatus subsp. viborgensis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2506-2519.
Note: This subspecies is the type subspecies of Streptococcus anginosus and contains the type strain according to Rules 40a and 40b of the Bacteriological Code. It was automatically created by the description of Streptococcus anginosus subsp. whileyi subsp. nov. and Streptococcus constellatus subsp. viborgensis subsp. nov.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus anginosus subsp. whileyi Jensen et al. 2013, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 39159=DSM 25818=SK1267.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN787193.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. whileyi, of Whiley, named in honour of Robert Whiley, who has made significant contributions to the understanding of the taxonomy of streptococci and first recognized this taxon.
Source: Medical.
Reference: JENSEN, A., HOSHINO, T. and KILIAN, M. 2013. Taxonomy of the Anginosus group of the genus Streptococcus and description of Streptococcus anginosus subsp. whileyi subsp. nov. and Streptococcus constellatus subsp. viborgensis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2506-2519.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus australis Willcox et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AI-1 = ATCC 700641 = CCUG 45919 = CIP 107167 = NCTC 13166.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY485604.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. australis, of the south, southern, relating to the region in which the organism was isolated.
Reference: WILLCOX (M.D.P.), ZHU (H.) and KNOX (K.W.): Streptococcus australis sp. nov., a novel oral streptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1277-1281.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet australis is a Latin adjective not a Latin noun in the genitive case as cited by Willcox et al. 2001.

   image

Streptococcus bovis Orla-Jensen 1919, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33317 = CCUG 17828 = CCUG 34832 = CIP 102302 = DSM 20480 = HAMBI 1527 = JCM 5802 = LMG 8518 = NCIMB 700597 (formerly NCDO 597) = NCTC 8177.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58835.
Etymology: L. gen. n. bovis, of a cow.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196.]

¤ Streptococcus equinus Andrewes and Horder 1906 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Poyart et al. [1] confirm previous results [2] which indicated that Streptococcus bovis and ¤ Streptococcus equinus represent a single species. According to Rule 24b(1) [not 24b(2) as erroneously cited in the paper by Poyart et al.], these authors propose to designate Streptococcus bovis (later heterotypic synonym) as ¤ Streptococcus equinus (earlier heterotypic synonym). The "Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci" [3] and Schlegel et al. 2003 [4] also agree with the proposal by Poyart et al.
References:
1 POYART (C.), QUESNE (G.) and TRIEU-CUOT (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the Streptococcus bovis group by analysis of manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase gene (sodA) sequences: reclassification of 'Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli' as Streptococcus lutetiensis sp. nov. and of Streptococcus bovis biotype II.2 as Streptococcus pasteurianus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1247-1255.
Original article by Poyart et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online
2 FARROW (J.A.E.), KRUZE (J.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), BRAMLEY (A.J.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Taxonomic studies on Streptococcus bovis and Streptococcus equinus: description of Streptococcus alactolyticus sp. nov. and Streptococcus saccharolyticus sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 467-482.
Effective publication Online
3 WHILEY (R.A.) and KILIAN (M.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 915-917.
Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France in IJSEM Online
4 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article by Schlegel et al. 2003 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus caballi Milinovich et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 151 = ATCC BAA-1485 = DSM 19004.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF364098.
Etymology: L. gen. n. caballi, of an inferior riding- or pack-horse; named in recognition of the domestic horse, Equus caballus, which, of the seven species of Equidae, suffers most from laminitis.
Reference: MILINOVICH (G.J.), BURRELL (P.C.), POLLITT (C.C.), BOUVET (A.) and TROTT (D.J.): Streptococcus henryi sp. nov. and Streptococcus caballi sp. nov., isolated from the hindgut of horses with oligofructose-induced laminitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 262-266.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus canis Devriese et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain STR-T1 = ATCC 43496 = CCUG 27661 = CIP 103223 = DSM 20715 = LMG 15890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002483.
Etymology: L. gen. n. canis, of a dog.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), HOMMEZ (J.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Streptococcus canis sp. nov.: a species of group G streptococci from animals. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 422-425.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus caprinus Brooker et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TPC 2.3 = ACM 3969 = ATCC 700065 = CIP 104887 = LMG 15572.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y10868.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. caprinus, of or pertaining to goats.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [BROOKER (J.D.), O'DONOVAN (L.A.), SKENE (I.), CLARKE (K.), BLACKALL (L.) and MUSLERA (P.): Streptococcus caprinus sp. nov., a tannin-resistant ruminal bacterium from feral goats. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 1994, 18, 313-318.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online

¤ Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1996.

Note: Streptococcus caprinus Brooker et al. 1996 (Validation List no. 56, priority number 7) is a later heterotypic synonym of Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1996 (Validation List no. 56, priority number 2).
Reference: SLY (L.I.), CAHILL (M.M.), OSAWA (R.) and FUJISAWA (T.): The tannin-degrading species Streptococcus gallolyticus and Streptococcus caprinus are subjective synonyms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 893-894.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus castoreus Lawson et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M605815/03/2 = CCUG 48115 = CIP 108205.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ606047.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. castoreus, pertaining to a beaver, from which the bacterium was originally isolated.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), FOSTER (G.), FALSEN (E.), MARKOPOULOS (S.J.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Streptococcus castoreus sp. nov., isolated from a beaver (Castor fiber). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 843-846.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus cecorum Devriese et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A60 = ATCC 43198 = CCUG 27299 = CIP 103676 = DSM 20682 = JCM 8724 = LMG 12902 = NBRC 100674 = NCIMB 702674 (formerly NCDO 2674) = NCTC 12421.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061009.
Etymology: N.L. n. cecum [from Latin caecum (or cecum) intestinum, caecum], sacculated diverticulum of the large intestine (caecum); L. gen. pl. n. cecorum, of caeca.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), DUTTA (G.N.), FARROW (J.A.E.), VAN DE KERCKHOVE (A.) and PHILLIPS (B.A.): Streptococcus cecorum, a new species isolated from chickens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 772-776.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Enterococcus cecorum (Devriese et al. 1983) Williams et al. 1989, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27823 = CCUG 24889 = CIP 103247 = DSM 20575 = JCM 12994 = LMG 14507 = NCIMB 702226 (formerly NCDO 2226) = NCTC 11325.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104676.
Synonyms: "Diplococcus constellatus" Prévot 1924, "Peptococcus constellatus" (Prévot 1924) Douglas1957.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. constellatus, starred, studded with stars.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Diplococcus constellatus (n. sp.). Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie (Paris), 1924, 91, 426-428. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]

¤ Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Coykendall et al. 1987.

Note: According to Coykendall et al. 1987, Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Coykendall et al. 1987.
Reference: COYKENDALL (A.L.), WESBECHER (P.M.) and GUSTAFSON (K.B.): "Streptococcus milleri", Streptococcus constellatus, and Streptococcus intermedius are later synonyms of Streptococcus anginosus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 222-228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Whiley and Beighton 1991.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27823 = CCUG 24889 = CIP 103247 = DSM 20575 = JCM 12994 = LMG 14507 = NCIMB 702226 (formerly NCDO 2226) = NCTC 11325.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104676.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. constellatus, starred, studded with stars.
Reference: WHILEY (R.A.) and BEIGHTON (D.): Emended descriptions and recognition of Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus anginosus as distinct species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 1-5.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Data from DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, whole-cell-derived polypeptide patterns, and data from phenotypic testing demonstrate that Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974 (Approved Lists 1980), ¤ Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980), and ¤ Streptococcus intermedius Prévot 1925 (Approved Lists 1980) are distinct species [1]. However, the taxonomic status of strains classified as Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus anginosus, and Streptococcus intermedius has been the subject of much debate. The analysis of whole-cell protein patterns (P. Vandamme et al. 1998 [2]) supports the viewpoint that these three taxa constitute a single species which should be referred to as Streptococcus anginosus. Nevertheless, no formal proposition is made in the paper by P. Vandamme et al. [2].
References:
1 WHILEY (R.A.) and BEIGHTON (D.): Emended descriptions and recognition of Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus anginosus as distinct species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 1-5.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VANDAMME (P.), TORCK (U.), FALSEN (E.), POT (B.), GOOSSENS (H.) and KERSTERS (K.): Whole-cell protein electrophoretic analysis of viridans streptococci: evidence for heterogeneity among Streptococcus mitis biovars. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 117-125.
Original article by Vandamme et al. 1998 in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Whiley et al. 1999.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27823 = CCUG 24889 = CIP 103247 = DSM 20575 = JCM 12994 = LMG 14507 = NCIMB 702226 (formerly NCDO 2226) = NCTC 11325.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104676.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. constellatus, starred, studded with stars.
Reference: WHILEY (R.A.), HALL (L.M.C.), HARDIE (J.M.) and BEIGHTON (D.): A study of small-colony, β-haemolytic, Lancefield group C streptococci within the anginosus group: description of Streptococcus constellatus subsp. pharyngis subsp. nov., associated with the human throat and pharyngitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1443-1449.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

   image

Streptococcus constellatus subsp. constellatus (Prévot 1924) Whiley et al. 1999, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27823 = CCUG 24889 = CIP 103247 = DSM 20575 = JCM 12994 = LMG 14507 = NCIMB 702226 (formerly NCDO 2226) = NCTC 11325.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104676.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. constellatus, starred, studded with stars.
Reference: WHILEY (R.A.), HALL (L.M.C.), HARDIE (J.M.) and BEIGHTON (D.): A study of small-colony, β-haemolytic, Lancefield group C streptococci within the anginosus group: description of Streptococcus constellatus subsp. pharyngis subsp. nov., associated with the human throat and pharyngitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1443-1449.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Streptococcus constellatus subsp. constellatus (Prévot 1924) Whiley et al. 1999 is automatically created by the valid publication of ¤ Streptococcus constellatus subsp. pharyngis Whiley et al. 1999 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

   image

Streptococcus constellatus subsp. pharyngis Whiley et al. 1999, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MM9889a = CCUG 46377 = NCTC 13122.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY309095.
Etymology: N.L. n. pharynx -yngis (from Gr. n. pharugx pharuggos, throat), throat; N.L. gen. n. pharyngis, of the throat.
Reference: WHILEY (R.A.), HALL (L.M.C.), HARDIE (J.M.) and BEIGHTON (D.): A study of small-colony, β-haemolytic, Lancefield group C streptococci within the anginosus group: description of Streptococcus constellatus subsp. pharyngis subsp. nov., associated with the human throat and pharyngitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1443-1449.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus constellatus subsp. viborgensis Jensen et al. 2013, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SK1359=CCUG 62387=DSM 25819.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN787160.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. viborgensis of or pertaining to the Danish town Viborg, where the isolates were collected.
Source: Medical.
Reference: JENSEN, A., HOSHINO, T. and KILIAN, M. 2013. Taxonomy of the Anginosus group of the genus Streptococcus and description of Streptococcus anginosus subsp. whileyi subsp. nov. and Streptococcus constellatus subsp. viborgensis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2506-2519.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus cremoris Orla-Jensen 1919, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19257 = CCUG 21953 = CIP 102301 = DSM 20069 = HAMBI 1588 = JCM 16167 = LMG 6897 = NBRC 100676 = NCIMB 8662 (formerly NCDO 607).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB100802.
Synonyms: "Streptococcus hollandicus" Scholl 1891, "Streptococcus lactis B" Ayers et al. 1924.
Etymology: L. n. cremor, the thick juice obtained from animal or vegetable substances, cream; L. gen. n. cremoris, of cream.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196.]

¤ Streptococcus lactis subsp. cremoris (Orla-Jensen 1919) Garvie and Farrow 1982, comb. nov.

¤ Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris (Orla-Jensen 1919) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus criceti corrig. Coykendall 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19642 = CCUG 27300 = CIP 102510 = DSM 20562 = HAMBI 1517 = LMG 14508 = NCTC 12277.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ420198.
Etymology: N.L. n. Cricetus, a zoological genus name; N.L. gen. n. criceti of the hamster.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [COYKENDALL (A.L.): Proposal to elevate the subspecies of Streptococcus mutans to species status, based on their molecular composition. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 26-30.]

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, cricetus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1998.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the Kilian's opinion [1] the change of the well-established name Streptococcus cricetus may be a source of confusion. So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), Kilian requested that the original name Streptococcus cricetus be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3].
References:
1 KILIAN (M.): Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News, 1998, 64, 670.
2 KILIAN (M.): Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus rattus, Streptococcus cricetus, and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 723-724.
Original article by Killian 2001 in IJSEM Online
3 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus cristatus corrig. Handley et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CR311 = ATCC 51100 = CCUG 33481 = CIP 105954 = DSM 8249 = LMG 16320 = NCTC 12479.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188347.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. cristatus, ornamented by a crest.
Reference: HANDLEY (P.), COYKENDALL (A.), BEIGHTON (D.), HARDIE (J.M.) and WHILEY (R.A.): Streptococcus crista sp. nov., a viridans streptococcus with tufted fibrils, isolated from the human oral cavity and throat. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 543-547.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, crista (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online

   image

Streptococcus danieliae Clavel et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ERD01G = CCUG 57647 = DSM 22233.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ456229.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. danieliae, of Daniel, named after professor Hannelore Daniel, in recognition of her research achievements in the field of gut physiology.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 150. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 797-798. [CLAVEL (T.), CHARRIER (C.) and HALLER (D.): Streptococcus danieliae sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from the caecum of a mouse. Arch. Microbiol., 2013, 195, 43-49.]
Validation List no. 150 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Streptococcus defectivus Bouvet et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC10 = ATCC 49176 = CIP 103242 = CCUG 27639 = CCUG 27804 = DSM 9849 = LMG 14740.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D50541.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. defectivus, deficient.
Reference: BOUVET (A.), GRIMONT (F.) and GRIMONT (P.A.D.): Streptococcus defectivus sp. nov. and Streptococcus adjacens sp. nov., nutritionally variant streptococci from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 290-294.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Abiotrophia defectiva (Bouvet et al. 1989) Kawamura et al. 1995, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus dentapri Takada et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NUM 1529 = DSM 21999 = JCM 15752.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB469560.
Etymology: L. n. dens dentis, tooth; L. masc. n. aper apri, wild boar; N.L. gen. n. dentapri, of/from the tooth of a wild boar.
Reference: TAKADA (K.), HAYASHI (K.), SATO (Y.) and HIRASAWA (M.): Streptococcus dentapri sp. nov., isolated from the wild boar oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 820-823.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus dentasini Takada et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NUM 1808= JCM 17943=DSM 25137.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB668378.
Etymology: L. gen. n. dens -entis, a tooth; L. gen. n. asini, of a donkey; L. gen. n. dentasini, from the tooth of a donkey.
Source: Veterinary.
Reference: TAKADA, K., SAITO, M., TSUDUKIBASHI, O., HIROI, T. and HIRASAWA, M. 2013. Streptococcus orisasini sp. nov. and Streptococcus dentasini sp. nov., isolated from the oral cavity of donkeys. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2782-2786.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus dentirousetti Takada and Hirasawa 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NUM 1303 = DSM 18963 = JCM 14596.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB259061.
Etymology: L. n. dens dentis, tooth; N.L. gen. masc. n. rousetti, of/from Rousettus, a genus of fruit-eating bats; N.L. gen. n. dentirousetti, from/of the tooth of bats of the genus Rousettus.
Reference: TAKADA (K.) and HIRASAWA (M.): Streptococcus dentirousetti sp. nov., isolated from the oral cavities of bats. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 160-163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus dentisani Camelo-Castillo et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 7747=CECT 8312=DSM 27088.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HG1315102.
Etymology: L. masc. n. dens, tooth; L. adj. sanus, healthy; N.L. gen. n. dentisani, of a healthy tooth, pertaining to caries-free humans, from whom the organisms were isolated.
Source: Human.
Reference: CAMELO-CASTILLO, A., BENÍTEZ-PÁEZ, A., BELDA-FERRE, P., CABRERA-RUBIO, R. and MIRA, A. 2014. Streptococcus dentisani sp. nov., a novel member of the mitis group. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 60-65.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus devriesei Collins et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 47155 = CIP 107809.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ564067.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. devriesei, of Devriese, to honour Luc A. Devriese, a Belgian microbiologist, in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the taxonomy of streptococci and related organisms.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 97. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 631-632. [COLLINS (M.D.), LUNDSTRÖM (T.), WELINDER-OLSSON (C.), HANSSON (I.), WATTLE (O.), HUTSON (R.A.) and FALSEN (E.): Streptococcus devriesei sp. nov., from equine teeth. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 146-150.]
Validation List no. 97 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The name of the sixth author (R.A. Hutson) is erroneously given as R.A. Hudson in the effective publication.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 97 (footnote ¶). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 631-632.
Validation List no. 97 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus didelphis Rurangirwa et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WADDL 94-11374-1 = ATCC 700828 = CCUG 45419 = CIP 106980.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF176103.
Etymology: N.L. n. Didelphis, taxonomic genus name of the American opossum; N.L. gen. n. didelphis, of the opossum.
Reference: RURANGIRWA (F.R.), TEITZEL (C.A.), CUI (J.), FRENCH (D.M.), McDONOUGH (P.L.) and BESSER (T.): Streptococcus didelphis sp. nov., a streptococcus with marked catalase activity isolated from opossums (Didelphis virginiana) with suppurative dermatitis and liver fibrosis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 759-765.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus difficilis corrig. Eldar et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ND 2-22 = ATCC 51487 = CIP 103768 = LMG 15977.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB112407.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. difficilis, difficult, troublesome.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ELDAR (A.), BEJERANO (Y.) and BERCOVIER (H.): Streptococcus shiloi and Streptococcus difficile: two new streptococcal species causing a meningoencephalitis in fish. Curr. Microbiol., 1994, 28, 139-143.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, difficile (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1998.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Taxonomic note: necessary correction of specific and subspecific epithets according to Rules 12c and 13b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1073-1075.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Vandamme et al. 1997 demonstrate that Streptococcus difficilis corrig. Eldar et al. 1995 is a group B streptococcus belonging to the capsular serotype Ib group with a whole-cell protein pattern and phenotypic characteristics similar to those of other type Ib variants of ¤ Streptococcus agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980). The fish isolates classified as Streptococcus difficilis corrig. could represent a distinct marine variant of ¤ Streptococcus agalactiae.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.) and MELIN (P.): Streptococcus difficile is a nonhemolytic group B, type Ib streptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 81-85.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Streptococcus agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Kawamura et al. 2005, Streptococcus difficilis corrig. Eldar et al. 1995 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KAWAMURA (Y.), ITOH (Y.), MISHIMA (N.), OHKUSU (K.), KASAI (H.) and EZAKI (T.): High genetic similarity of Streptococcus agalactiae and Streptococcus difficilis: S. difficilis Eldar et al. 1995 is a later synonym of S. agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 961-965.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus downei Whiley et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MFe28 = ATCC 33748 = CCUG 24890 = CIP 103222 = DSM 5635 = LMG 14514 = NCTC 11391.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188350.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. downei, of Downe, the village in Kent, United Kingdom, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: WHILEY (R.A.), RUSSELL (R.R.B.), HARDIE (J.M.) and BEIGHTON (D.): Streptococcus downei sp. nov. for strains previously described as Streptococcus mutans serotype h. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 25-29.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus durans (ex Sherman and Wing 1937) Knight et al. 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 98D = ATCC 19432 = CCUG 7972 = CIP 55.125 = DSM 20633 = JCM 8725 = LMG 10746 = NBRC 100479 = NCIMB 700596 (formerly NCDO 596) = NCTC 8307.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ276354.
Synonym: "Streptococcus durans" Sherman and Wing 1937.
Etymology: L. part. adj. durans, hardening, resisting.
Reference: KNIGHT (R.G.), SHLAES (D.M.) and MESSINEO (L.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness among major human enterococci. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 327-331.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Enterococcus durans (ex Sherman and Wing 1937) Collins et al. 1984.

Note: Streptococcus durans (ex Sherman and Wing 1937) Knight et al. 1984 is a later homotypic synonym of Enterococcus durans (ex Sherman and Wing 1937) Collins et al. 1984.

   image

Streptococcus dysgalactiae (ex Diernhofer 1932) Garvie et al. 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43078 = CCUG 27301 = CIP 102914 = DSM 20662 = LMG 15885 = LMG 16023 = NCIMB 702023 (formerly NCDO 2023 or NCFB 2023).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002485.
Synonym: "Streptococcus dysgalactiae" Diernhofer 1932.
Other synonyms: "Group II" Minett 1934, "Streptococcus pseudogalactiae" Plastridge and Hartsell 1937.
Etymology: Gr. pref. dys, bad, hard; Gr. n. gala galaktos, milk; N.L. n. dysgalactia, loss or impairment of milk secretion; N.L. gen. n. dysgalactiae, of dysgalactia.
Reference: GARVIE (E.I.), FARROW (J.A.E.) and BRAMLEY (A.J.): Streptococcus dysgalactiae (Diernhofer) nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 404-405.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In 1984, Farrow and Collins propose an emendation of Streptococcus dysgalactiae (ex Diernhofer 1932) Garvie et al. 1983. However, this proposal has not been validly published.
Reference: FARROW (J.A.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Taxonomic studies on streptococci of serological groups C, G and L and possibly related taxa. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 483-493.
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

   image

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae (Garvie et al. 1983) Vandamme et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43078 = CCUG 27301 = CIP 102914 = DSM 20662 = LMG 15885 = LMG 16023 = NCIMB 702023 (formerly NCDO 2023 or NCFB 2023).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002485.
Etymology: Gr. pref. dys, bad, hard; Gr. n. gala galaktos, milk; N.L. n. dysgalactia, loss or impairment of milk secretion; N.L. gen. n. dysgalactiae, of dysgalactia.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), POT (B.), FALSEN (E.), KERSTERS (K.) and DEVRIESE (L.A.): Taxonomic study of Lancefield streptococcal groups C, G, and L (Streptococcus dysgalactiae) and proposal of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 774-781.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (ex Diernhofer 1932) Garvie et al. 1983, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae (Garvie et al. 1983) Vandamme et al. 1996 is automatically created by the valid publication of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis Vandamme et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
3 Jelínková and Köhler suggested that Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae and Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis should be regarded as separate species on clinical and epidemiological grounds. Current taxonomic evidence did not appear to support this view, although these streptococci are generally regarded as distinct species by clinical microbiologists.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), HARDIE (J.M.) and WHILEY (R.A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the meetings, 17 September 1996, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 717-718.
Original article in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae (Garvie et al. 1983) Vandamme et al. 1996 emend. Vieira et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43078 = CCUG 27301 = CIP 102914 = DSM 20662 = LMG 15885 = LMG 16023 = NCIMB 702023 (formerly NCDO 2023 or NCFB 2023).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002485.
Etymology: Gr. pref. dys, bad, hard; Gr. n. gala galaktos, milk; N.L. n. dysgalactia, loss or impairment of milk secretion; N.L. gen. n. dysgalactiae, of dysgalactia.
Reference: VIEIRA (V.V.), TEIXEIRA (L.M.), ZAHNER (V.), MOMEN (H.), FACKLAM (R.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), BRENNER (D.J.) and CASTRO (A.C.D.): Genetic relationships among the different phenotypes of Streptococcus dysgalactiae strains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1231-1243.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis Vandamme et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 36637 = CCUG 36913 = CIP 105120 = LMG 16026 = NCIMB 701356 (formerly NCFB 1356).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ232540.
Synonym: "Streptococcus equisimilis" Frost and Engelbrecht 1936 (human strains).
Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of a horse, and also a specific epithet; L. adj. similis, resembling; N.L. masc. adj. equisimilis, resembling Streptococcus equi.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), POT (B.), FALSEN (E.), KERSTERS (K.) and DEVRIESE (L.A.): Taxonomic study of Lancefield streptococcal groups C, G, and L (Streptococcus dysgalactiae) and proposal of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 774-781.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Jelínková and Köhler suggested that Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis and Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae should be regarded as separate species on clinical and epidemiological grounds. Current taxonomic evidence did not appear to support this view, although these streptococci are generally regarded as distinct species by clinical microbiologists.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), HARDIE (J.M.) and WHILEY (R.A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the meetings, 17 September 1996, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 717-718.
Original article in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis Vandamme et al. 1996 emend. Vieira et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 36637 = CCUG 36913 = CIP 105120 = LMG 16026 = NCIMB 701356 (formerly NCFB 1356).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ232540.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of a horse, and also a specific epithet; L. adj. similis, resembling; N.L. masc. adj. equisimilis, resembling Streptococcus equi.
Reference: VIEIRA (V.V.), TEIXEIRA (L.M.), ZAHNER (V.), MOMEN (H.), FACKLAM (R.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), BRENNER (D.J.) and CASTRO (A.C.D.): Genetic relationships among the different phenotypes of Streptococcus dysgalactiae strains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1231-1243.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus entericus Vela et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CECT 5353 = CCUG 44616 = JCM 12180.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ409287.
Etymology: Gr. n. enteron, gut; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj., entericus, pertaining to the gut.
Reference: VELA (A.I.), FERNÁNDEZ (E.), LAWSON (P.A.), LATRE (M.V.), FALSEN (E.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.), COLLINS (M.D.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Streptococcus entericus sp. nov., isolated from cattle intestine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 665-669.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus equi Sand and Jensen 1888, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33398 = CCUG 23255 = CIP 102910 = DSM 20561 = LMG 15886 = NCTC 9682.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ303186.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of a horse.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SAND (G.) and JENSEN (C.O.): Die Aetiologie der Druise. Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Tiermedizin und Vergleichende Pathologie, 1888, 13, 437-464.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

   image

Streptococcus equi subsp. equi (Sand and Jensen 1888) Farrow and Collins 1985, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33398 = CCUG 23255 = CIP 102910 = DSM 20561 = LMG 15886 = NCTC 9682.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ303186.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of a horse.
Reference: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Sand and Jensen 1888, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Streptococcus equi subsp. equi (Sand and Jensen 1888) Farrow and Collins 1985 is automatically created by the valid publication of Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (ex Frost and Englebrecht 1940) Farrow and Collins 1985 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

   image

Streptococcus equi subsp. ruminatorum Fernández et al. 2004, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Mt 167 = CCUG 47520 = CECT 5772.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ605748.
Etymology: L. n. ruminator -oris, ruminant; L. gen. pl. n. ruminatorum, of ruminants.
Reference: FERNÁNDEZ (E.), BLUME (V.), GARRIDO (P.), COLLINS (M.D.), MATEOS (A.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Streptococcus equi subsp. ruminatorum subsp. nov., isolated from mastitis in small ruminants. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2291-2296.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the protologue, the type strain CCUG 47520 is erroneously cited as CGUG (sic) 47520.
Reference: Erratum, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 545.

   image

Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (ex Frost and Englebrecht 1936) Farrow and Collins 1985, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43079 = CCUG 23256 = CIP 103228 = DSM 20727 = LMG 16030 = NCIMB 701358 (formerly NCDO 1358) = NCTC 4676.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002516.
Synonyms: "Animal pyogenes, type A" Edwards 1934, "Streptococcus zooepidemicus" Frost and Englebrecht 1936, "Streptococcus pyogenes animalis" Seelemann 1942.
Etymology: Gr. n. zoon, an animal; Gr. adj. epidemios, among the people; prevalent, epidemic; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with various meanings; N.L. masc. adj. zooepidemicus, prevalent among animals.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [FARROW (J.A.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Taxonomic studies on streptococci of serological groups C, G and L and possibly related taxa. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 483-493.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 17, the year of the effective publication is erroneously cited as 1985.

   image

Streptococcus equinus Andrewes and Horder 1906, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9812 = CCUG 27302 = CIP 102504 = DSM 20558 = HAMBI 1572 = IFO (now NBRC) 12553 = JCM 7879 = LMG 14897 = NCTC 12969.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ301607.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. equinus, of or belonging to horses.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ANDREWES (F.W.) and HORDER (T.J.): A study of the streptococci pathogenic for man. Lancet, 1906, 2, 708-713.]

Note: Streptococcus equinus Andrewes and Horder 1906 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus bovis Orla-Jensen 1919 (Approved Lists 180).
References:
1 FARROW (J.A.E.), KRUZE (J.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), BRAMLEY (A.J.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Taxonomic studies on Streptococcus bovis and Streptococcus equinus: description of Streptococcus alactolyticus sp. nov. and Streptococcus saccharolyticus sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 467-482.
Effective publication Online
2 POYART (C.), QUESNE (G.) and TRIEU-CUOT (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the Streptococcus bovis group by analysis of manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase gene (sodA) sequences: reclassification of 'Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli' as Streptococcus lutetiensis sp. nov. and of Streptococcus bovis biotype II.2 as Streptococcus pasteurianus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1247-1255.
Original article by Poyart et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online
3 WHILEY (R.A.) and KILIAN (M.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 915-917.
Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France in IJSEM Online
4 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article by Schlegel et al. 2003 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus faecalis Andrewes and Horder 1906, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19433 = ATCC 19433-U = CCUG 19916 = CIP 103015 = DSM 20478 = HAMBI 1711 = JCM 5803 = JCM 8726 = LMG 7937 = NBRC 100480 = NBRC 100481 = NCAIM B.01312 = NCIMB 775 (formerly NCDO 581) = NCTC 775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB012212.
Synonyms: "Micrococcus ovalis" Escherich 1886, "Streptococcus liquefaciens" Sternberg 1892, "Micrococcus zymogenes" MacCallum and Hastings 1899, "Enterocoque" Thiercelin 1902, "Enterococcus proteiformis" Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903, "Streptococcus glycerinaceus" Orla-Jensen 1919.
Etymology: L. n. faex faecis, dregs; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. faecalis,pertaining or relating to feces.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ANDREWES (F.W.) and HORDER (T.J.): A study of the streptococci pathogenic for man. Lancet, 1906, 2, 708-713.]

¤ Enterococcus faecalis (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus faecium Orla-Jensen 1919, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19434 = CCUG 542 = CIP 103014 = CFBP 4248 = DSM 20477 = HAMBI 1710 = JCM 5804 = JCM 8727 = LMG 11423 = NBRC 100485 = NBRC 100486 = NCIMB 11508 (formerly NCDO 942) = NCTC 7171.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ301830.
Etymology: L. n. faex, dregs; L. gen. pl. n. faecium, of the dregs, of feces.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196.]

¤ Enterococcus faecium (Orla-Jensen 1919) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus ferus (ex Coykendall 1977) Coykendall 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 8S1 = ATCC 33477 = CCUG 34784 = CCUG 34834 = CIP 103225 = DSM 20646 = HAMBI 1522 = LMG 16520 = NCTC 12278.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY058218.
Synonym: "Streptococcus ferus" Coykendall 1977.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. ferus, wild (referring to wild rats from which the organism was isolated).
Reference: COYKENDALL (A.L.): Streptococcus sobrinus nom. rev. and Streptococcus ferus nom. rev.: habitat of these and other mutans streptococci. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 883-885.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus ferus (ex Coykendall 1977) Coykendall 1983 emend. Baele et al. 2003.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 8S1 = ATCC 33477 = CCUG 34784 = CCUG 34834 = CIP 103225 = DSM 20646 = HAMBI 1522 = LMG 16520 = NCTC 12278.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY058218.
Synonym: "Streptococcus ferus" Coykendall 1977.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. ferus, wild (referring to wild rats from which the organism was isolated).
Reference: BAELE (M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), VANCANNEYT (M.), VANEECHOUTTE (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), SWINGS (J.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Emended description of Streptococcus ferus isolated from pigs and rats. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 143-146.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus gallinaceus Collins et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 42692 = CIP 107087 = DSM 15349 = JCM 12181.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ307888.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. gallinaceus, of or belonging to domestic fowls or poultry.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.), FALSEN (E.), INGANÄS (E.) and BISGAARD (M.): Streptococcus gallinaceus sp. nov., from chickens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1161-1164.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus gallinarum Bridge and Sneath 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F87/276 = PB21 = ATCC 49573 = CCUG 18658 = CIP 103013 = JCM 8728 = LMG 13129 = NBRC 100675 = NCIMB 702313 (formerly NCDO 2313) = NCTC 12359.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF039900.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. gallinarum, of hens.
Reference: BRIDGE (P.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Streptococcus gallinarum sp. nov. and Streptococcus oralis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 410-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Enterococcus gallinarum (Bridge and Sneath 1982) Collins et al. 1984, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ACM 3611 = CCUG 35224 = CIP 105428 = JCM 10005 = LMG 16802 = HDP 98035.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94337.
Etymology: N.L. n. gallatum, gallate; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. gallolyticus, gallate-digesting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [OSAWA (R.), FUJISAWA (T.) and SLY (L.L.): Streptococcus gallolyticus sp. nov.; gallate degrading organisms formerly assigned to Streptococcus bovis. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 74-78.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1996 (Validation List no. 56, priority number 2) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Streptococcus caprinus Brooker et al. 1996 (Validation List no. 56, priority number 7).
Reference: SLY (L.I.), CAHILL (M.M.), OSAWA (R.) and FUJISAWA (T.): The tannin-degrading species Streptococcus gallolyticus and Streptococcus caprinus are subjective synonyms. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 893-894.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1996 emend. Chamkha et al. 2002.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ACM 3611 = CCUG 35224 = CIP 105428 = JCM 10005 = LMG 16802 = HDP 98035.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94337.
Etymology: N.L. n. gallatum, gallate; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. gallolyticus, gallate-digesting.
Reference: CHAMKHA (M.), PATEL (B.K.C.), TRAORE (A.), GARCIA (J.L.) and LABAT (M.): Isolation from a shea cake digester of a tannin-degrading Streptococcus gallolyticus strain that decarboxylates protocatechuic and hydroxycinnamic acids, and emendation of the species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 939-944.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Chamkha et al. 2002, Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1996 is erroneously cited as Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1995.

Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1996 emend. Schlegel et al. 2003.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ACM 3611 = CCUG 35224 = CIP 105428 = HDP 98035 = JCM 10005 = LMG 16802.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94337.
Etymology: N.L. n. gallatum, gallate; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. gallolyticus, gallate-digesting.
Reference: SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Streptococcus gallolyticus Osawa et al. 1996 emend. Schlegel et al. 2003 encompasses three subspecies (see: below).

   image

Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus (Osawa et al. 1996) Schlegel et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ACM 3611 = CCUG 35224 = CIP 105428 = HDP 98035 = JCM 10005 = LMG 16802.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94337.
Etymology: N.L. n. gallatum, gallate; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. gallolyticus, gallate-digesting.
Reference: SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Osawa et al. 1996, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the "Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 53, part 3, of the IJSEM. (Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2003, 53, 1221-122) Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus (Osawa et al. 1996) Schlegel et al. 2003 is erroneously cited as Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus Schlegel et al. 2003.

Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus (Osawa et al. 1996) Schlegel et al. 2003 emend. Beck et al. 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ACM 3611 = CCUG 35224 = CIP 105428 = HDP 98035 = JCM 10005 = LMG 16802.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94337.
Etymology: N.L. n. gallatum, gallate; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. gallolyticus, gallate-digesting.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6. [BECK (M.), FRODL (R.) and FUNKE (G.): Comprehensive study of strains previously designated Streptococcus bovis consecutively isolated from human blood cultures and emended description of Streptococcus gallolyticus and Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 2966-2972.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Beck et al. 2008, Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus (Osawa et al. 1996) Schlegel et al. 2003 is erroneously cited as Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus Schlegel et al. 2003.
References: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 (footnote *). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6.
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus (Tsakalidou et al. 1998) Schlegel et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ACA-DC 206 = LAB 617 = ATCC BAA-249 = CCUG 39970 = CIP 105683 = HDP 98362 = JCM 11119 = LMG 18488.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z94012.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus macedonicus Tsakalidou et al. 1998.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. macedonicus, pertaining to Macedonia, northern Greece, where the bacterium was first isolated.
Reference: SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Schlegel et al. 2003, Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus (Tsakalidou et al. 1998) Schlegel et al. 2003, comb. nov. is cited as Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus Schlegel et al. 2003, subsp. nov.

   image

Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (Poyart et al. 2002) Schlegel et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NEM 1202 = CCUG 46150 = CIP 107122 = DSM 15351 = JCM 12261.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ297216.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus pasteurianus Poyart et al. 2002.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pasteurianus, of Pasteur, referring to the Pasteur Institute, where the type strain was characterized.
Reference: SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (Poyart et al. 2002) Schlegel et al. 2003 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
2 In the paper by Schlegel et al. 2003, Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (Poyart et al. 2002) Schlegel et al. 2003, comb. nov. is cited as Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus Schlegel et al. 2003, subsp. nov.

Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (Poyart et al. 2002) Schlegel et al. 2003 emend. Beck et al. 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NEM 1202 = CCUG 46150 = CIP 107122 = DSM 15351 = JCM 12261.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ297216.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus pasteurianus Poyart et al. 2002.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pasteurianus, of Pasteur, referring to the Pasteur Institute, where the type strain was characterized.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6. [BECK (M.), FRODL (R.) and FUNKE (G.): Comprehensive study of strains previously designated Streptococcus bovis consecutively isolated from human blood cultures and emended description of Streptococcus gallolyticus and Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 2966-2972.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Beck et al. 2008, Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (Poyart et al. 2002) Schlegel et al. 2003 is erroneously cited as Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus Schlegel et al. 2003.
References: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 (footnote †). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6.
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus garvieae Collins et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NIZO2415T = ATCC 43921 = CCUG 32208 = CIP 102507 = DSM 20684 = HAMBI 1592 = JCM 10343 = JCM 12256 = LMG 8893 = NBRC 100934 = NCIMB 702155 (formerly NCDO 2155).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU091459 (652 bp).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. garvieae, of Garvie, named for E.I. Garvie, a British microbiologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and KANDLER (O.): Streptococcus garvieae sp. nov. and Streptococcus plantarum sp. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1983, 129, 3427-3431.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Lactococcus garvieae (Collins et al. 1984) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus gordonii Kilian et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SK3 = ATCC 10558 = CCUG 25608 = CCUG 33482 = CCUG 35801 = CIP 105258 = DSM 6777 = JCM 12995 = LMG 14518 = NCTC 7865.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF003931.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. gordonii, of Gordon, in honor of British microbiologist Mervyn H. Gordon, who pioneered classification of viridans streptococci by fermentation tests.
Reference: KILIAN (M.), MIKKELSEN (L.) and HENRICHSEN (J.): Taxonomic study of viridans streptococci: description of Streptococcus gordonii sp. nov. and emended descriptions of Streptococcus sanguis (White and Niven 1946), Streptococcus oralis (Bridge and Sneath 1982), and Streptococcus mitis (Andrewes and Horder 1906). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 471-484.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus halichoeri Lawson et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M512/02/1 = CCUG 48324 = CIP 108195.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ606046.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. halichoeri, of a seal of the genus Halichoerus, systematic genus name of the grey seal.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), FOSTER (G.), FALSEN (E.), DAVISON (N.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Streptococcus halichoeri sp. nov., isolated from grey seals (Halichoerus grypus). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1753-1756.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus hansenii Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27752 = CIP 104219 = DSM 20583.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB534168.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. hansenii, of Hansen, named after P. Arne Hansen, a Danish-American bacteriologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]

¤ Ruminococcus hansenii (Holdeman and Moore 1974) Ezaki et al. 1994, comb. nov.

¤ Blautia hansenii (Holdeman and Moore 1974) Liu et al. 2008, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus henryi Milinovich et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 126 = ATCC BAA-1484 = DSM 19005.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF364097.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. henryi, of Henry, named in honour of Dr Dick Peter Henry (AM) (1924-2003), a highly respected Australian veterinarian and microbiologist.
Reference: MILINOVICH (G.J.), BURRELL (P.C.), POLLITT (C.C.), BOUVET (A.) and TROTT (D.J.): Streptococcus henryi sp. nov. and Streptococcus caballi sp. nov., isolated from the hindgut of horses with oligofructose-induced laminitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 262-266.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus hongkongensis Lau et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HKU30=DSM 26014=CECT 8154.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ335006.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hongkongensis of or belonging to Hong Kong, the place where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Medical and Animal.
Reference: LAU, S. K. P., CURREEM, S. O. T., LIN, C. C. N., FUNG, A. M. Y., YUEN, K.-Y. and WOO, P. C. Y. 2013. Streptococcus hongkongensis sp. nov., isolated from a patient with an infected puncture wound and from a marine flatfish. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2570-2576.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus hyointestinalis Devriese et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S93 = ATCC 49169 = CCUG 27888 = CIP 103372 = DSM 20770 = LMG 14579 = NCTC 12224.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF201898.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, pig; L. n. intestinum, intestine; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. hyointestinalis, associated with pig intestines.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Streptococcus hyointestinalis sp. nov. from the gut of swine. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 440-441.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus hyovaginalis Devriese et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SHV515 = ATCC 700866 = CCUG 37866 = CIP 105517 = DSM 12219 = LMG 14710.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y07601.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, pig; L. n. vagina, sheath, vagina; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. hyovaginalis, associated with pig vaginas.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), POT (B.), VANDAMME (P.), KERSTERS (K.), COLLINS (M.D.), ALVAREZ (N.), HAESEBROUCK (F.) and HOMMEZ (J.): Streptococcus hyovaginalis sp. nov. and Streptococcus thoraltensis sp. nov., from the genital tract of sows. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1073-1077.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus ictaluri Shewmaker et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 707-05 = S02-1108 = ATCC BAA-1300 = CCUG 52536.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ462421.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. ictaluri, of/from Ictalurus, the catfish from which the organism was isolated.
Reference: SHEWMAKER (P.L.), CAMUS (A.C.), BAILIFF (T.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MOREY (R.E.) and CARVALHO (M. da G. S.): Streptococcus ictaluri sp. nov., isolated from Channel Catfish Ictalurus punctatus broodstock. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1603-1606.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus infantarius Schlegel et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HDP 90056 = ATCC BAA-102 = CCUG 43820 = CIP 103233 = NCIMB 700599 (formerly NCDO 599).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF177729.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. infantarius, that has to do with infants, the source of the type strain.
Reference: SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), COLLINS (M.D.), RÉGNAULT (B.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Streptococcus infantarius sp. nov., Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius subsp. nov. and Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli subsp. nov., isolated from humans and food. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1425-1434.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).
2 There are some problems with the two subspecies ¤ Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius and ¤ Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli (see: below). The author is very grateful to Dr. B.J. Tindall (DSMZ) for his helpful comments.

   image

Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli Schlegel et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HDP 90246 = CCUG 47831 = CCUG 48464 = NCIMB 700964 (formerly NCDO 964).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF429763.
Etymology: L. gen. n. coli, of colon.
Reference: SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note 1: In the paper by Schlegel et al. 2003, the type strain CCUG 47831 is erroneously cited as CCUG 43822.
Reference: FALSEN (E.): Personal communication (June 30, 2003).

Note 2: In the July 2000 issue of the IJSEM, Schlegel et al. [1] proposed the subspecies "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli". It would appear that this name not validly published because no type strain was designated [see Rule 27]. The authors mistakenly designated a reference strain (strain HDP 90248 = NCDO 2620 in the abstract, or strain HDP 90246 = NCDO 964 on page 1433) rather than use the term "type strain". Despite this fact, "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli" Schlegel et al. 2000 was cited in the Notification List published in the September 2000 issue of the IJSEM [2]. In 2002, Poyart et al. [3] proposed to place the strain HDP 90246 = CCUG 47831 = NCIMB 700964 (formerly NCDO 964) in the new species ¤ Streptococcus lutetiensis. The type strain of this species and the reference strain of "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli" are known to belong to the same taxon [3]. In the May 2003 issue of the IJSEM, Schlegel et al. [4] describe the subspecies Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli, and formally designate a type strain. However, they do not cite the fact that Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli Schlegel et al. 2003 and Streptococcus lutetiensis Poyart et al. 2002 should be placed in the same taxon. If ¤ Streptococcus lutetiensis Poyart et al. 2002, which is validly published, is considered to have priority over Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli Schlegel et al. 2003 then placing the members of this taxon in a subspecies of Streptococcus infantarius would result in the creation of the combination "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. lutetiensis" and the name Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli Schlegel et al. 2003 is illegitimate. It is clear from the work of Schlegel et al. 2003 [4] that the authors intended to create a new subspecies Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli in the original work (Schlegel et al. 2000 [1]). The incorrect use of the term "reference strain" was discussed at a recent meeting of the Judicial Commission in Paris, but the solution sought by Schlegel et al., 2003 has created further problems since the consequences of the work of Poyart et al. 2002 [3] have not been taken into consideration.
References:
1 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), COLLINS (M.D.), RÉGNAULT (B.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Streptococcus infantarius sp. nov., Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius subsp. nov. and Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli subsp. nov., isolated from humans and food. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1425-1434.
Article by Schlegel et al. 2000 in IJSEM Online
2 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 50, part 4, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1701-1702.
Notification List in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
3 POYART (C.), QUESNE (G.) and TRIEU-CUOT (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the Streptococcus bovis group by analysis of manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase gene (sodA) sequences: reclassification of 'Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli' as Streptococcus lutetiensis sp. nov. and of Streptococcus bovis biotype II.2 as Streptococcus pasteurianus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1247-1255.
Article by Poyart et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online
4 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Article by Schlegel et al. 2003 in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli Schlegel et al. 2003 emend. Beck et al. 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HDP 90246 = CCUG 47831 = CCUG 48464 = NCIMB 700964 (formerly NCDO 964).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF429763.
Etymology: L. gen. n. coli, of colon.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6. [BECK (M.), FRODL (R.) and FUNKE (G.): Comprehensive study of strains previously designated Streptococcus bovis consecutively isolated from human blood cultures and emended description of Streptococcus gallolyticus and Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 2966-2972.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Beck et al. 2008, Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli Schlegel et al. 2003 is erroneously cited as Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli Schlegel et al. 2000.
References: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 5-6.
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 9 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius Schlegel et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HDP 90056 = ATCC BAA-102 = CCUG 43820 = CIP 103233 = NCIMB 700599 (formerly NCDO 599).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF177729.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. infantarius, that has to do with infants, the source of the type strain.
Reference: SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the July 2000 issue of the IJSEM, Schlegel et al. [1] proposed the subspecies "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius" and "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli". "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli" Schlegel et al. 2000 may be considered to be not validly published (see ¤ Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli). Consequently, it would not be usual to cite this subspecies combination if a validly published species contains only one validly published subspecies combination (i.e. Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius Schlegel et al. 2000). Despite this fact, "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius" was cited in the Notification List published in the September 2000 issue of the IJSEM [2]. In the May 2003 issue of the IJSEM, Schlegel et al. [3] describe again the subspecies ¤ Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli and Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius. The name ¤ Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli Schlegel et al. 2003 may also be illegitimate, which would also call into question the use of the subspecies name Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius Schlegel et al. 2003 at the present.
References:
1 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), COLLINS (M.D.), RÉGNAULT (B.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Streptococcus infantarius sp. nov., Streptococcus infantarius subsp. infantarius subsp. nov. and Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli subsp. nov., isolated from humans and food. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1425-1434.
Article by Schlegel et al. 2000 in IJSEM Online
2 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 50, part 4, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1701-1702.
Notification List in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
3 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Article by Schlegel et al. 2003 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus infantis Kawamura et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain O-122 = ATCC 700779 = CCUG 39817 = CIP 105949 = DSM 12492 = GTC 849 = JCM 10157 = LMG 18720.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY485603.
Etymology: L. n. infans, infant; L. gen. n. infantis, of an human infant, from whom the organism was isolated.
Reference: KAWAMURA (Y.), HOU (X.G.), TODOME (Y.), SULTANA (F.), HIROSE (K.), SHU (S.E.), EZAKI (T.) and OHKUNI (H.): Streptococcus peroris sp. nov. and Streptococcus infantis sp. nov., new members of the Streptococcus mitis group, isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 921-927.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus iniae Pier and Madin 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PW = ATCC 29178 = CCUG 27303 = CIP 102508 = DSM 20576 = LMG 14520.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF335572.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. iniae, of Inia, of the dolphin.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [PIER (G.B.) and MADIN (S.H.): Streptococcus iniae sp. nov., a beta hemolytic streptococcus isolated from an Amazon freshwater dolphin, Inia geoffrensis. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 545-553.]

Note: Streptococcus iniae Pier and Madin 1976 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus shiloi Eldar et al. 1995 [1]. Later, a numerical comparison of the whole-cell protein patterns confirmed that Streptococcus shiloi is identical to Streptocccus iniae [2].
References:
1 ELDAR (A.), FRELIER (P.F.), ASSENTA (L.), VARNER (P.W.), LAWHON (S.) and BERCOVIER (H.): Streptococcus shiloi, the name for an agent causing septicemic infection in fish, is a junior synonym of Streptococcus iniae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 840-842.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VANDAMME (P.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.) and MELIN (P.): Streptococcus difficile is a nonhemolytic group B, type Ib streptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 81-85.
Original article by Vandamme et al. 1997 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus intermedius Prévot 1925, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27335 = CCUG 17827 = CCUG 32759 = CIP 103248 = DSM 20573 = HAMBI 1571 = JCM 12996 = LMG 17840 = NCTC 11324.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104671.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. intermedius, intermediate.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [PRÉVOT (A.R.): Les streptocoques anaérobies. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1925, 39, 417-447.]

¤ Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Coykendall 1987.

Note: According to Coykendall et al. 1987, Streptococcus intermedius Prévot 1925 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Coykendall 1987.
Reference: COYKENDALL (A.L.), WESBECHER (P.M.) and GUSTAFSON (K.B.): "Streptococcus milleri", Streptococcus constellatus, and Streptococcus intermedius are later synonyms of Streptococcus anginosus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 222-228.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus intermedius Prévot 1925 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Whiley and Beighton 1991.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27335 = CCUG 17827 = CCUG 32759 = CIP 103248 = DSM 20573 = HAMBI 1571 = JCM 12996 = LMG 17840 = NCTC 11324.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF104671.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. intermedius, intermediate.
Reference: WHILEY (R.A.) and BEIGHTON (D.): Emended descriptions and recognition of Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus anginosus as distinct species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 1-5.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In the paper by Whiley and Beighton 1991, the type strain is also designated (p. 3) as ATCC 33397 (sic).
2 Data from DNA-DNA hybridization experiments, whole-cell-derived polypeptide patterns, and data from phenotypic testing demonstrate that Streptococcus intermedius Prévot 1925 (Approved Lists 1980), ¤ Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938 (Approved Lists 1980), and ¤ Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) are distinct species [1]. However, the taxonomic status of strains classified as Streptococcus intermedius, Streptococcus anginosus, and Streptococcus constellatus has been the subject of much debate. The analysis of whole-cell protein patterns (P. Vandamme et al. 1998 [2]) supports the viewpoint that these three taxa constitute a single species which should be referred to as Streptococcus anginosus. Nevertheless, no formal proposition is made in the paper by P. Vandamme et al. [2].
References:
1 WHILEY (R.A.) and BEIGHTON (D.): Emended descriptions and recognition of Streptococcus constellatus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus anginosus as distinct species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 1-5.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 VANDAMME (P.), TORCK (U.), FALSEN (E.), POT (B.), GOOSSENS (H.) and KERSTERS (K.): Whole-cell protein electrophoretic analysis of viridans streptococci: evidence for heterogeneity among Streptococcus mitis biovars. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 117-125.
Original article by Vandamme et al. 1998 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 76-84-1 = ATCC 43492 = CCUG 27640 = LMG 14906.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002519.
Etymology: L. n. intestinum, intestine; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. intestinalis, pertaining to intestines.
Reference: ROBINSON (I.M.), STROMLEY (J.M.), VAREL (V.H.) and CATO (E.P.): Streptococcus intestinalis, a new species from the colons and feces of pigs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 245-248.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1985.

Note: Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1985.
Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988 and ¤ Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1985 are phenotypically indistinguishable as determined by whole-cell protein electrophoresis and a variety of biochemical tests [1, 2]. Given the congruence between whole cell protein electrophoreis and percentage of DNA-DNA hybridization, these data suggest that ¤ Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1985 is an earlier synonym of Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988 [1, 3]. Comparison of the 16S rDNA of the type strains of Streptococcus alactolyticus and ¤ Streptococcus intestinalis is also consistent with the existence of a single species [4].
References:
1 VANDAMME (P.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), HAESEBROUCK (F.) and KERSTERS (K.): Streptococcus intestinalis Robinson et al. 1988 and Streptococcus alactolyticus Farrow et al. 1984 are phenotypically indistinguishable. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 737-741.
Original article by Vandamme et al. in IJSEM Online
2 WHILEY (R.A.) and KILIAN (M.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 915-917.
Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France in IJSEM Online
3 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 49, part 2, of the IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 937-939.
Notification List in IJSEM Online
4 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article by Schlegel et al. 2003 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus lactarius Martín et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MV1 = CECT 7613 = DSM 23027.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU045364.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lactarius, of or belonging to milk, referring to the isolation of the first strains from human breast milk.
Reference: MARTÍN (V.), MAÑES-LÁZARO (R.), RODRÍGUEZ (J.M.) and MALDONADO-BARRAGÁN (A.): Streptococcus lactarius sp. nov., isolated from breast milk of healthy women. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1048-1052.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus lactis (Lister 1873) Löhnis 1909, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19435 = CCUG 7980 = CCUG 32211 = CIP 70.56 = DSM 20481 = HAMBI 1591 = JCM 5805 = LMG 6890 = NBRC 100933 = NCIMB 6681 (formerly NCDO 604) = NCTC 6681 = VKM B-1662.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB100803.
Synonym: "Bacterium lactis" Lister 1873.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lactis, of milk.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 LISTER (J.): A further contribution to the natural history of bacteria and the germ theory of fermentative changes. Quarterly Journal of Microbiological Science, 1873, 13, 380-408. 2 LOHNIS (F.): Die Benennung der Milchsaürebakterien. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1909, 22, 553-555.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

¤ Lactococcus lactis (Lister 1873) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus lactis subsp. cremoris (Orla-Jensen 1919) Garvie and Farrow 1982, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19257 = CCUG 21953 = CIP 102301 = DSM 20069 = HAMBI 1588 = JCM 16167 = LMG 6897 = NBRC 100676 = NCIMB 8662 (formerly NCDO 607).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB100802.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus cremoris Orla-Jensen 1919 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Streptococcus hollandicus" Scholl 1891, "Streptococcus lactis B" Ayers et al. 1924.
Etymology: L. n. cremor, the thick juice obtained from animal or vegetable substances, cream; L. gen. n. cremoris, of cream.
Reference: GARVIE (E.I.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): Streptococcus lactis subsp. cremoris (Orla-Jensen) comb. nov. and Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetilactis (Matuszewski et al.) nom. rev., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 453-455.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris (Orla-Jensen 1919) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetilactis (ex Matuszewski et al. 1936) Garvie and Farrow 1982, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LMG 7949 = NCIMB 700176 (formerly NCDO 176).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Synonym: "Streptococcus diacetilactis" Matuszewski et al. 1936.
Etymology: N.L. n. diacetyl, diacetyl; L. n. lac lactis, milk; N.L. gen. n. diacetilactis, intended to mean a Streptococcus lactis isolate that produces diacetyl.
Reference: GARVIE (E.I.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): Streptococcus lactis subsp. cremoris (Orla-Jensen) comb. nov. and Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetilactis (Matuszewski et al.) nom. rev., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 453-455.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (Lister 1873) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

Note: In the "Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1992)", Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetilactis (ex Matuszewski et al. 1936) Garvie and Farrow 1982 is erroneously transferred in the genus Lactococcus Schleifer et al. 1986 as "Lactococcus lactis subsp. diacitilactis (sic)" (Garvie and Farrow 1982) Schleifer et al. 1986.
Reference: MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1992). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.

   image

Streptococcus lactis subsp. lactis (Lister 1873) Garvie and Farrow 1982, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19435 = CCUG 7980 = CCUG 32211 = CIP 70.56 = DSM 20481 = HAMBI 1591 = JCM 5805 = LMG 6890 = NBRC 100933 = NCIMB 6681 (formerly NCDO 604) = NCTC 6681 = VKM B-1662.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB100803.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lactis, of milk.
Reference: GARVIE (E.I.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): Streptococcus lactis subsp. cremoris (Orla-Jensen) comb. nov. and Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetilactis (Matuszewski et al.) nom. rev., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 453-455.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Lister 1873) Löhnis 1909, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Streptococcus lactis subsp. lactis (Lister 1873) Garvie and Farrow 1982 is automatically created by the valid publication of Streptococcus lactis subsp. cremoris (Orla-Jensen 1919) Garvie and Farrow 1982 and the valid publication of Streptococcus lactis subsp. diacetilactis (ex Matuszewski 1936) Garvie and Farrow 1982 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

¤ Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (Lister 1873) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus lutetiensis Poyart et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NEM 782 = CCUG 46149 = CIP 106849 = DSM 15350.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ297215.
Etymology: L. fem. n. lutetia, Lutèce, Paris; N.L. masc. adj. lutetiensis, pertaining to Lutèce (now Paris) where the species was characterized.
Reference: POYART (C.), QUESNE (G.) and TRIEU-CUOT (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the Streptococcus bovis group by analysis of manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase gene (sodA) sequences: reclassification of 'Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli' as Streptococcus lutetiensis sp. nov. and of Streptococcus bovis biotype II.2 as Streptococcus pasteurianus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1247-1255.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 One of the strain of this species [the strain HDP 90246 = CCUG 47831 = NCIMB 700964 (formerly NCDO 964) = NEM 1867] has been previously characterized as ¤ "Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli" Schlegel et al. 2000.
2 The specific epithet lutetiensis is a N.L. masc. adj. not a L. masc. n. as cited in the paper by Poyart et al. 2002.
3 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Streptococcus lutetiensis Poyart et al. 2002 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus macacae Beighton et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 25-1 = ATCC 35911 = CCUG 27653 = CIP 102912 = DSM 20724 = LMG 15097 = NCTC 11558.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188351.
Etymology: N.L. n. Macaca, genus name of the macaque; N.L. gen. n. macacae, of macaque.
Reference: BEIGHTON (D.), HAYDAY (H.), RUSSELL (R.R.B.) and WHILEY (R.A.): Streptococcus macacae sp. nov., from dental plaque of monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 332-335.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus macedonicus Tsakalidou et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ACA-DC 206 = LAB 617 = ATCC BAA-249 = CCUG 39970 = CIP 105683 = JCM 11119 = LMG 18488 = HDP 98362.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z94012.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. macedonicus, pertaining to Macedonia, northern Greece, where the bacterium was first isolated.
Reference: TSAKALIDOU (E.), ZOIDOU (E.), POT (B.), WASSILL (L.), LUDWIG (W.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), KALANTZOPOULOS (G.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and KERSTERS (K.): Identification of streptococci from Greek Kasseri cheese and description of Streptococcus macedonicus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 519-527.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Streptococcus macedonicus Tsakalidou et al. 1998 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Streptococcus waius Flint et al. 1999.
References:
1 MANACHINI (P.L.), FLINT (S.H.), WARD (L.J.H.), KELLY (W.), FORTINA (M.G.), PARINI (C.) and MORA (D.): Comparison between Streptococcus macedonicus and Streptococcus waius strains and reclassification of Streptococcus waius (Flint et al. 1999) as Streptococcus macedonicus (Tsakalidou et al. 1998). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 945-951.
Original article by Manachini et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online
2 WHILEY (R.A.) and KILIAN (M.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 915-917.
Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France in IJSEM Online
3 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article by Schlegel et al. 2003 in IJSEM Online

¤ Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus (Tsakalidou et al. 1998) Schlegel et al. 2003, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus marimammalium Lawson et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M54/01/1 = CCUG 48494 = CIP 108309.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ634751.
Etymology: L. n. mare, the sea; N.L. gen. pl. n. mammalium, of mammals; N.L. gen. pl. n. marimammalium, of marine mammals.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), FOSTER (G.), FALSEN (E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Streptococcus marimammalium sp. nov., isolated from seals. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 271-274.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus massiliensis Glazunova et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4401825 = CCUG 49690 = CIP 108498.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY769997.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. massiliensis, of Massilia, the ancient Greek and Roman name for Marseille, France, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: GLAZUNOVA (O.O.), RAOULT (D.) and ROUX (V.): Streptococcus massiliensis sp. nov., isolated from a patient blood culture. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1127-1131.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus merionis Tappe et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WUE3771 = CCUG 54871 = DSM 19192.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM396401.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. merionis, of Meriones, the Mongolian jird, from which the bacterium was isolated.
Reference: TAPPE (D.), PUKALL (R.), SCHUMANN (P.), GRONOW (S.), SPILIOTIS (M.), CLAUS (H.), BREHM (K.) and VOGEL (U.): Streptococcus merionis sp. nov., isolated from Mongolian jirds (Meriones unguiculatus). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 766-770.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus minor Vancanneyt et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ON59 = CCUG 47487 = LMG 21734.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY232832.
Etymology: L. masc. comp. minor (from L. adj. parvus), smaller.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), DE GRAEF (E.M.), BAELE (M.), LEFEBVRE (K.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VANDAMME (P.), SWINGS (J.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Streptococcus minor sp. nov., from faecal samples and tonsils of domestic animals. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 449-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus mitis Andrewes and Horder 1906, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCTC 3165.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002520.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. mitis, mild.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ANDREWES (F.W.) and HORDER (T.J.): A study of the streptococci pathogenic for man. Lancet, 1906, 2, 708-713.]

Notes:
1 According to the NCTC, the strain NCTC 3165 (previously the type strain of Streptococcus mitis), is a strain (not the type strain) of ¤ Streptococcus gordonii Kilian et al. 1989.
2 Coykendall 1989 argued that the type strain of Streptococcus mitis, NCTC 3165, is not a representative of the species and proposed that Streptococcus oralis should be considered a later synonym of Streptococcus mitis and that its type strain, NCTC 11427, should become the type strain of Streptococcus mitis. This request has been denied by the Judicial Commission (see: infra).
Reference: COYKENDALL (A.L.): Rejection of the type strain of Streptococcus mitis (Andrewes and Horder 1906). Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 207-209. 
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus mitis Andrewes and Horder 1906 emend. Judicial Commission 1993.
Neotype strain: strain Carlson's strain NS 51 = ATCC 49456 = CCUG 35790 = CCUG 31611 = CIP 103335 = DSM 12643 = JCM 12971 = LMG 14557 = NCTC 12261.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF003929.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. mitis, mild.
References:
1 KILIAN (M.), MIKKELSEN (L.) and HENRICHSEN (J.): Replacement of the type strain of Streptococcus mitis. Request for an opinion under Rule 18g. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 498-499.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF STAPHYLOCOCCI AND STREPTOCOCCI: Minutes of the meeting, 17 September 1990, Osaka, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 338.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 JUDICIAL OPINION 66: Designation of strain NS 51 (NCTC 12261) in place of strain NCTC 3165 as the type strain of Streptococcus mitis Andrewes and Horder 1906. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 391.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between January 1985 and July 1993. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 177-178.
Original article in IJSEM Online 

   image

Streptococcus morbillorum (Prévot 1933) Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Prévot 2917B = ATCC 27824 = CCUG 15561 = CCUG 18164 = CIP 81.10 = DSM 20572 = JCM 12968 = LMG 18985 = NCTC 11323 = VPI 5424.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L14327.
Synonyms: "Diplococcus morbillorum" Prévot 1933, "Peptostreptococcus morbillorum" (Prévot 1933) Smith 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. morbillorum, of measles; once considered to be associated with measles.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRÉVOT (A.R.): Études de systématique bactérienne. I. Lois générales. II. Cocci anaerobies. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, 1933, 15, 23-260. 2 HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]

¤ Gemella morbillorum (Prévot 1933) Kilpper-Bälz and Schleifer 1988, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus mutans Clarke 1924, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25175 = CCUG 6519 = CCUG 11877 = CCUG 17824 = CIP 103220 = DSM 20523 = HAMBI 1519 = IFO (now NBRC) 13955 = JCM 5705 = LMG 14558 = NCTC 10449.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188348.
Etymology: L. part. adj. mutans, changing.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CLARKE (J.K.): On the bacterial factor in the aetiology of dental caries. British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1924, 5, 141-147.]

   image

Streptococcus oligofermentans Tong et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AS 1.3089  = CCUG 58097 = LMG 22279.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: Gr. adj. oligos, little, scanty; L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. oligofermentans, fermenting few compounds.
Reference: TONG (H.), GAO (X.) and DONG (X.): Streptococcus oligofermentans sp. nov., a noval oral isolate from caries-free humans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1101-1104.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain LMG 21535 (cited in the paper by Tong et al. 2003) is not the authentic type strain of Streptococcus oligofermentans, and it is no longer available (see LMG 21535, and CCUG 58097).

   image

Streptococcus oralis Bridge and Sneath 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LVG 1 = SK23 = PB 182 = ATCC 35037 = CCUG 13229 = CCUG 24891 = CIP 102922 = DSM 20627 = JCM 12997 = LMG 14532 = NCTC 11427.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY485602.
Etymology: L. n.os oris, mouth; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. oralis, pertaining to the mouth, of the mouth.
Reference: BRIDGE (P.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Streptococcus gallinarum sp. nov. and Streptococcus oralis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 410-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus oralis Bridge and Sneath 1982 emend. Kilpper-Bälz et al. 1985.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LVG 1 = SK23 = PB 182 = ATCC 35037 = CCUG 13229 = CCUG 24891 = CIP 102922 = DSM 20627 = JCM 12997 = LMG 14532 = NCTC 11427.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY485602.
Etymology: L. n.os oris, mouth; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. oralis, pertaining to the mouth, of the mouth.
Reference: KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.), WENZIG (P.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Molecular relationships and classification of some viridans streptococci as Streptococcus oralis and emended description of Streptococcus oralis (Bridge and Sneath 1982). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 482-488.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus oralis Bridge and Sneath 1982 emend. Kilian et al. 1989.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LVG 1 = SK23 = PB 182 = ATCC 35037 = CCUG 13229 = CCUG 24891 = CIP 102922 = DSM 20627 = JCM 12997 = LMG 14532 = NCTC 11427.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY485602.
Etymology: L. n.os oris, mouth; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. oralis, pertaining to the mouth, of the mouth.
Reference: KILIAN (M.), MIKKELSEN (L.) and HENRICHSEN (J.): Taxonomic study of viridans streptococci: description of Streptococcus gordonii sp. nov. and emended descriptions of Streptococcus sanguis (White and Niven 1946), Streptococcus oralis (Bridge and Sneath 1982), and Streptococcus mitis (Andrewes and Horder 1906). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 471-484.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus orisasini Takada et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NUM 1801= JCM 17942=DSM 25193.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB668377.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oris, of the mouth; L. gen. n. asini of a donkey; L. gen. n. orisasini from the mouth of a donkey.
Source: Veterinary.
Reference: TAKADA, K., SAITO, M., TSUDUKIBASHI, O., HIROI, T. and HIRASAWA, M. 2013. Streptococcus orisasini sp. nov. and Streptococcus dentasini sp. nov., isolated from the oral cavity of donkeys. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2782-2786.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus orisratti Zhu et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A63 = ATCC 700640 = CCUG 43577 = CIP 106965.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF124350.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oris, of the mouth; N.L. gen. n. ratti, of the rat; N.L. gen. n. orisratti, of the mouth of the rat.
Reference: ZHU (H.), WILLCOX (M.D.P.) and KNOX (K.W.): A new species of oral Streptococcus isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats, Streptococcus orisratti sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 55-61.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus orisuis Takada and Hirasawa 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NUM 1001 = DSM 18307 = JCM 14035.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB182324.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oris, of the mouth; L. gen. n. suis, of a pig; N.L. gen. n. orisuis, from/of the mouth of a pig.
Reference: TAKADA (K.) and HIRASAWA (M.): Streptococcus orisuis sp. nov., isolated from the pig oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1272-1275.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus ovis Collins et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S369/98/1 = CCUG 39485 = CIP 107097 = LMG 19174.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17358.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ovis, of the sheep.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.), HOYLES (L.), FALSEN (E.), NIKOLAITCHOUK (N.) and FOSTER (G.): Streptococcus ovis sp. nov., isolated from sheep. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1147-1150.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus parasanguinis corrig. Whiley et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 55898 = ATCC 15912 = CCUG 30417 = DSM 6778 = LMG 14537.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF003933.
Etymology: Gr. pref. para, alongside of or near; L. gen. n. sanguinis, of the blood, and also a specific epithet; N.L. gen. n. parasanguinis, alongside of Streptococcus sanguinis, indicating the close similarity between the two species.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321. [WHILEY (R.A.), FRASER (H.Y.), DOUGLAS (C.W.I.), HARDIE (J.M.), WILLIAMS (A.M.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Streptococcus parasanguis sp. nov., an atypical viridans Streptococcus from human clinical specimens. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1990, 68, 115-122.]
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, parasanguis (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online

   image

Streptococcus parauberis Williams and Collins 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 39954 = CIP 103956 = DSM 6631 = LMG 12174 = NCIMB 702020 (formerly NCDO 2020).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY584477.
Etymology: Gr. pref. para, alongside of or near; L. gen. n. uberis, of an udder,  and also a specific epithet; N.L. gen. n. parauberis, alongside of Streptococcus uberis, indicating the close similarity between the two species.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 35. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 470-471. [WILLIAMS (A.M.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular taxonomic studies on Streptococcus uberis types I and II. Description of Streptococcus parauberis sp. nov. J. Appl. Bacteriol., 1990, 68, 485-490.]
Validation List no. 35 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Streptococcus parauberis Williams and Collins 1990 was previously known as ¤ Streptococcus uberis type (genotype) II.

   image

Streptococcus parvulus (Weinberg et al. 1937) Cato 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33793 = CCUG 32760 = DSM 20469 = IPP 1246 = JCM 10300 = VPI 0546.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF292372 (complete genome CP001721).
Basonym: ¤ Peptostreptococcus parvulus (Weinberg et al. 1937) Smith 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Streptococcus parvulus" Weinberg et al. 1937, not "Streptococcus parvulus" Levinthal 1928.
Etymology: L. masc. dim. adj. parvulus, very small.
Reference: CATO (E.P.): Transfer of Peptostreptococcus parvulus (Weinberg, Nativelle, and Prévot 1937) Smith 1957 to the genus Streptococcus: Streptococcus parvulus (Weinberg, Nativelle, and Prévot 1937) comb. nov., nom. rev., emend. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 82-84.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus parvulus (Weinberg et al. 1937) Cato 1983 emend. Olsen et al. 1991.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33793 = CCUG 32760 = DSM 20469 = IPP 1246 = JCM 10300 = VPI 0546.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67150.
Etymology: L. masc. dim. adj. parvulus, very small.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Atopobium parvulum (Weinberg et al. 1937) Collins and Wallbanks 1993, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus pasteurianus Poyart et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NEM 1202 = CCUG 46150 = CIP 107122 = DSM 15351 = JCM 12261.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ297216.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pasteurianus, pertaining to the Pasteur Institute, where the species was characterized.
Reference: POYART (C.), QUESNE (G.) and TRIEU-CUOT (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the Streptococcus bovis group by analysis of manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase gene (sodA) sequences: reclassification of 'Streptococcus infantarius subsp. coli' as Streptococcus lutetiensis sp. nov. and of Streptococcus bovis biotype II.2 as Streptococcus pasteurianus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1247-1255.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Streptococcus pasteurianus Poyart et al. 2002 was previously known as Streptococcus bovis biovar II.2.
2 The specific epithet pasteurianus is a N.L. masc. adj. not a N.L. n. as cited in the paper by Poyart et al. 2002.
3 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Streptococcus pasteurianus Poyart et al. 2002 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus (Poyart et al. 2002) Schlegel et al. 2003, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus peroris Kawamura et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain O-66 = ATCC 700780 = CCUG 39814 = CIP 105950 = DSM 12493 = GTC 848 = JCM 10158 = LMG 18719.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB008314.
Etymology: L. prep. per, through; L. n. os oris, oral cavity; N.L. gen. n. peroris, pertaining to the oral cavity, from where the organism was isolated.
Reference: KAWAMURA (Y.), HOU (X.G.), TODOME (Y.), SULTANA (F.), HIROSE (K.), SHU (S.E.), EZAKI (T.) and OHKUNI (H.): Streptococcus peroris sp. nov. and Streptococcus infantis sp. nov., new members of the Streptococcus mitis group, isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 921-927.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus phocae Skaar et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 8399 H1 = ATCC 51973 = CCUG 35103 = LMG 16735 = NCTC 12719.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ621053.
Etymology: L. gen. n. phocae, of a seal.
Reference: SKAAR (I.), GAUSTAD (P.), TØNJUM (T.), HOLM (B.) and STENWIG (H.): Streptococcus phocae sp. nov., a new species isolated from clinical specimens from seals. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 646-650.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The separate status of Streptococcus phocae within the group of beta-hemolytic streptococci is confirmed by Vandamme et al. 1997.
Reference: VANDAMME (P.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.) and MELIN (P.): Streptococcus difficile is a nonhemolytic group B, type Ib streptococcus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 81-85.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Streptococcus phocae Skaar et al. 1994 emend. Avendaño et al. 2014.
Reference: AVENDAÑO-HERRERA, R., BALBOA, S., CASTRO, N., GONZáLEZ-CONTRERAS, A., MAGARIñOS, B., FERNáNDEZ, J., TORANZO, A. E. and ROMALDE, J. S. L. 2014. Comparative polyphasic characterization of Streptococcus phocae strains with different host origin and description of the subspecies Streptococcus phocae subsp. salmonis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1775-1781.
Original article.

   image

Streptococcus phocae subsp. phocae Avendaño et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SVL 8399 H1=CCUG 35103=LMG 16735=ATCC 51973.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AJ621053.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. n. phocae, of a seal.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: AVENDAÑO-HERRERA, R., BALBOA, S., CASTRO, N., GONZáLEZ-CONTRERAS, A., MAGARIñOS, B., FERNáNDEZ, J., TORANZO, A. E. and ROMALDE, J. S. L. 2014. Comparative polyphasic characterization of Streptococcus phocae strains with different host origin and description of the subspecies Streptococcus phocae subsp. salmonis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1775-1781.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus phocae subsp. salmonis Avendaño et al. 2014, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C-4=CECT 7921=DSM 24768.
Sequence accession no. (rpoB) for the type strain: FR846017.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. n. salmonis, of salmon, since it was first discovered in salmon.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: AVENDAÑO-HERRERA, R., BALBOA, S., CASTRO, N., GONZáLEZ-CONTRERAS, A., MAGARIñOS, B., FERNáNDEZ, J., TORANZO, A. E. and ROMALDE, J. S. L. 2014. Comparative polyphasic characterization of Streptococcus phocae strains with different host origin and description of the subspecies Streptococcus phocae subsp. salmonis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1775-1781.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus plantarum Collins et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43199 = CCUG 39180 = CIP 102506 = DSM 20686 = HAMBI 1593 = JCM 11056 = LMG 8517 = NCIMB 11945 (formerly NCDO 1869).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF694029.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and KANDLER (O.): Streptococcus garvieae sp. nov. and Streptococcus plantarum sp. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1983, 129, 3427-3431.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Lactococcus plantarum (Collins et al. 1984) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus pleomorphus Barnes et al. 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EBF 61/60B = ATCC 29734 = CCUG 11733 = DSM 20574 = JCM 10414 = NCTC 11087.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M23730.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pleomorphus (from Gr. adj. pleos, full, and Gr. n. morphê, form, shape), pleomorphic.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 BARNES (E.M.), IMPEY (C.S.), STEVENS (B.J.H.) and PEEL (J.L.): Steptococcus pleomorphus sp. nov.: an anaerobic streptococcus isolated mainly from the caeca of birds. Journal of General Microbiology, 1977, 102, 45-53. 2 Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 2. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 79-80.]

   image

Streptococcus pluranimalium Devriese et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T70 = ATCC 700864 = CCUG 43803 = CIP 106120 = LMG 14177.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF151155.
Etymology: L. comp. adj. plus pluris, more, in greater number; L. gen. pl. n. animalium, of animals; N.L. gen. pl. n. pluranimalium, of/from many animals.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), VANDAMME (P.), COLLINS (M.D.), ALVAREZ (N.), POT (B.), HOMMEZ (J.), BUTAYE (P.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Streptococcus pluranimalium sp. nov., from cattle and other animals. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1221-1226.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus plurextorum Vela et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1956-02 = CCUG 52972 = CECT 7308.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM774228.
Etymology: L. comp. pl. plures, more, several, many; L. pl. n. exta -orum, entrails; N.L. gen. pl. n. plurextorum, of several internal organs.
Reference: VELA (A.I.), CASAMAYOR (A.), SÁNCHEZ DEL REY (V.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Streptococcus plurextorum sp. nov., isolated from pigs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 504-508.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus pneumoniae (Klein 1884) Chester 1901, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33400 = CCUG 28588 = CIP 102911 = DSM 20566 = LMG 14545 = NBRC 102642 = NCTC 7465.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF003930.
Synonyms: "Micrococcus pneumoniae" Klein 1884, "Diplococcus pneumoniae" (Klein 1884) Weichselbaum 1886.
Etymology: Gr. n. pneumonia, disease of the lungs; N.L. n. pneumonia, pneumonia; N.L. gen. n. pneumoniae, of pneumonia.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 KLEIN (E.): Micro-organisms and diseases. Practitioner, 1884, 32, 321-352. 2 CHESTER (F.D.): A Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, The MacMillan Co., New York, 1901, pp. 1-401.]

   image

Streptococcus porci Vela et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2923-03 = CCUG 55896 = CECT 7374.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM941160.
Etymology: L. gen. n. porci, of a pig.
Reference: VELA (A.I.), PEREZ (M.), ZAMORA (L.), PALACIOS (L.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Streptococcus porci sp. nov., isolated from swine sources. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 104-108.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus porcinus Collins et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43138 = CCUG 27628 = CCUG 41363 = CIP 103218 = DSM 20725 = LMG 15980 = NCTC 10999.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002523.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. porcinus, of a hog, pertaining to pigs.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), KATIC (V.) and KANDLER (O.): Taxonomic studies on streptococci of serological groups E, P, U and V: description of Streptococcus porcinus sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 402-413.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Streptococcus porcorum Vela et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 682-03 = 682/03 = CCUG 58479 = CECT 7593.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN643224.
Etymology: L. n. porcus -i, a hog, pig; L. gen. pl. n. porcorum, of/from pigs.
Reference: VELA (A.I.), SÁNCHEZ (V.), MENTABERRE (G.), LAVÍN (S.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Streptococcus porcorum sp. nov., isolated from domestic and wild pigs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1585-1589.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae Arbique et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 0108 = ATCC BAA-960 = CCUG 49455 = CDC SS-1757.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY612844.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; N.L. n. pneumoniae, a bacterial specific epithet; N.L. n. pseudopneumoniae, a false [Streptococcus] pneumoniae.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 101. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2. [ARBIQUE (J.C.), POYART (C.), TRIEU-CUOT (P.), QUESNE (G.), CARVALHO (M. da G.S.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), MOREY (R.E.), JACKSON (D.), DAVIDSON (R.J.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): Accuracy of phenotypic and genotypic testing for identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae and description of Streptococcus pseudopneumoniae sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 4686-4696.]
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The etymology has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 101 (footnote #). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2.
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online
2 In the effective publication, the culture collection accession number CDC SS-1757 is erroneously cited as CDC SS-1575.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 101 (footnote **). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1-2.
Validation List no. 101 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus pseudoporcinus Bekal et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LQ 940-04 = ATCC BAA-1381 = DSM 18513.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ303209.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; L. adj. porcinus, of a swine, a bacterial specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. pseudoporcinus, a false [Streptococcus] porcinus.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 115. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897. [BEKAL (S.), GAUDREAU (C.), LAURENCE (R.A.), SIMONEAU (E.) and RAYNAL (L.): Streptococcus pseudoporcinus sp. nov., a novel species isolated from the genitourinary tract of women. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2006, 44, 2584-2586.]
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The etymology has been provided on validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote dd). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online
2 The type strains ATCC BAA-1381 and DSM 18513 have been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote ee). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus pyogenes Rosenbach 1884, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12344 = CCUG 4207 = CCUG 12701 = CIP 56.41 = DSM 20565 = JCM 5674 = LMG 14700 = NCAIM B.01705 = NCTC 8198.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB002521.
Synonyms: "Streptococcus erysipelatos" (sic) Rosenbach 1884, "Micrococcus scarlatinae" Klein 1884, "Streptococcus scarlatinae" Klein 1887, "Streptococcus hemolyticus" Rolly 1911.
Etymology: Gr. n. puon (Latin transliteration pyum), discharge from a sore, pus; Gr. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô), producing; N.L. masc. adj. pyogenes, pus-producing.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ROSENBACH (F.J.): Microorganismen bei den Wund-Infections-Krankheiten des Menschen. J.F. Bergmann, Wiesbaden, 1884, pp. 1-122.]

   image

Streptococcus raffinolactis Orla-Jensen and Hansen 1932, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43920 = CCUG 32209 = CIP 102300 = DSM 20443 = HAMBI 1589 = JCM 5706 = LMG 13095 = NBRC 100932 = NCIMB 13197 (formerly NCDO 617).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF694030.
Etymology: N.L. n. raffinosum, raffinose; L. gen. n. lactis, of milk; N.L. gen. n. raffinolactis, raffinose fermenting bacterium from milk.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ORLA-JENSEN (A.D.) and HANSEN (P.A.): The bacteriological flora of spontaneously soured milk and of commercial starters for butter making. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1932, 86, 6-29.]

¤ Lactococcus raffinolactis (Orla-Jensen and Hansen 1932) Schleifer et al. 1988, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus ratti corrig. Coykendall 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19645 = CCUG 27502 = CCUG 27642 = CIP 102509 = DSM 20564 = HAMBI 1518 = LMG 14650.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ420201.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. ratti, of the rat.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [COYKENDALL (A.L.): Proposal to elevate the subspecies of Streptococcus mutans to species status, based on their molecular composition. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 26-30.]

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, rattus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
2 In the Kilian's opinion [1] the change of the well-established name Streptococcus rattus may be a source of confusion. So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), Kilian requested that the original name Streptococcus rattus be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3].
References:
1 KILIAN (M.): Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News, 1998, 64, 670.
2 KILIAN (M.): Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus rattus, Streptococcus cricetus, and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 723-724.
Original article by Killian 2001 in IJSEM Online
3 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus rubneri Huch et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 27207=DSM 26920.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX861483.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. rubneri, in honour of Max Rubner (2 June 1854–27 April 1932), a German medical doctor and professor of hygiene, after which the Max Rubner-Institut in Karlsruhe, Germany, was named, and where the strains investigated in this study were isolated.
Source: Human.
Reference: HUCH, M., DE BRUYNE, K., CLEENWERCK, I., BUB, A., CHO, G.-S., WATZL, B., SNAUWAERT, I., FRANZ, C. M. A. P. and VANDAMME, P. 2013. Streptococcus rubneri sp. nov., isolated from the human throat. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4026-4032.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus rupicaprae Vela et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2777-2-07 = CCUG 59652 = CECT 7718.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN813250.
Etymology: L. n. rupicapra, chamois; L. gen. n. rupicaprae, of a chamois.
Reference: VELA (A.I.), MENTABERRE (G.), MARCO (I.), VELARDE (R.), LAVÍN (S.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Streptococcus rupicaprae sp. nov., isolated from a Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1989-1993.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus saccharolyticus Farrow et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43076 = CCUG 27643 = CCUG 33311 = CIP 103246 = DSM 20726 = HAMBI 1576 = JCM 8734 = LMG 11427 = NBRC 100493 = NCIMB 702594 (formerly NCDO 2594).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF061004.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. saccharolyticus, sugar-digesting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [FARROW (J.A.E.), KRUZE (J.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), BRAMLEY (A.J.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Taxonomic studies on Streptococcus bovis and Streptococcus equinus: description of Streptococcus alactolyticus sp. nov. and Streptococcus saccharolyticus sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 467-482.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 17, the reference is erroneously cited as "Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1985 (sic), 5, 467-482".

¤ Enterococcus saccharolyticus (Farrow et al. 1985) Rodrigues and Collins 1991, comb. nov.

   image

Streptococcus salivarius Andrewes and Horder 1906, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7073 = CCUG 11878 = CCUG 17825 = CCUG 50207 = CIP 102503 = DSM 20560 = HAMBI 1716 = JCM 5707 = LMG 11489 = NCIMB 701779 (formerly NCFB 1779) = NCTC 8618.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188352.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, salivary.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ANDREWES (F.W.) and HORDER (T.J.): A study of the streptococci pathogenic for man. Lancet, 1906, 2, 708-713.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

   image

Streptococcus salivarius subsp. salivarius (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Farrow and Collins 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7073 = CCUG 11878 = CCUG 17825 = CIP 102503 = DSM 20560 = HAMBI 1716 = JCM 5707 = LMG 11489 = NCIMB 701779 (formerly NCFB 1779) = NCTC 8618.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188352.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, salivary.
Reference: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Andrewes and Horder 1906, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Streptococcus salivarius subsp. salivarius (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Farrow and Collins 1984 is automatically created by the valid publication of Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Farrow and Collins 1984 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

   image

Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Farrow and Collins 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19258 = CCUG 21957 = CIP 102303 = DSM 20617 = JCM 17834 = LMG 6896 = NCIMB 8510 (formerly NCDO 573).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188354.
Basonym: ¤ Streptococcus thermophilus Orla-Jensen 1919 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, hot; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. thermophilus, heat-loving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357. [FARROW (J.A.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): DNA base composition, DNA-DNA homology and long-chain fatty acid studies on Streptococcus thermophilus and Streptococcus salivarius. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1984, 130, 357-362.]
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Streptococcus thermophilus Orla-Jensen 1919 (Approved Lists 1980).
References:
1 VALIDATION LIST no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online
2 SCHLEIFER (K.H.), EHRMANN (M.), KRUSCH (U.) and NEVE (H.): Revival of the species Streptococcus thermophilus (ex Orla-Jensen, 1919) nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1991, 14, 386-388.
Effective publication Online
Note: The Validation List no. 54 [1] encompasses the following citation:
"Name: Streptococcus thermophilus (basonym: Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus) - Proposed as: Revived name - Authors: Schleifer et al. 1991 [2] - Nomenclatural type: ATCC 19258 (= NCDO 573)".
However, ¤ Streptococcus thermophilus cannot be a revived name because it appeared in the Approved Lists (1980). Obviously, Streptococcus thermophilus nom. rev. (sic) is erroneously cited in the Validation List no. 54.

   image

Streptococcus sanguinis corrig. White and Niven 1946, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SK1 = ATCC 10556 = CCUG 17826 = CCUG 35770 = CIP 55.128 = DSM 20567 = JCM 5708 = LMG 14702 = NCTC 7863.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF003928.
Etymology: L. n. sanguis, blood; L. gen. n. sanguinis, of the blood.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [WHITE (J.C.) and NIVEN Jr. (C.F.): Streptococcus s.b.e.: a streptococcus associated with subacute bacterial endocarditis. Journal of Bacteriology, 1946, 51, 717-722.]

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, sanguis (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
2 In the Kilian's opinion [1] the change of the well-established name Streptococcus sanguis may be a source of confusion. So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), Kilian requested that the original name Streptococcus sanguis be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3].
References:
1 KILIAN (M.): Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News, 1998, 64, 670.
2 KILIAN (M.): Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus rattus, Streptococcus cricetus, and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 723-724.
Original article by Killian 2001 in IJSEM Online
3 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online
3 The correctness of the specific epithet sanguis is not favoured by the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.) and HARDIE (J.M.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the meetings, 4 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 715-716.
Original article in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

Streptococcus sanguinis corrig. White and Niven 1946 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kilian et al. 1989.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SK1 = ATCC 10556 = CCUG 17826 = CCUG 35770 = CIP 55.128 = DSM 20567 = JCM 5708 = LMG 14702 = NCTC 7863.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF003928.
Etymology: L. n. sanguis, blood; L. gen. n. sanguinis, of the blood.
Reference: KILIAN (M.), MIKKELSEN (L.) and HENRICHSEN (J.): Taxonomic study of viridans streptococci: description of Streptococcus gordonii sp. nov. and emended descriptions of Streptococcus sanguis (White and Niven 1946), Streptococcus oralis (Bridge and Sneath 1982), and Streptococcus mitis (Andrewes and Horder 1906). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 471-484.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus shiloi Eldar et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ND 2-16 = ATCC 51499 = CIP 103769 = LMG 15978.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. shiloi, of Shilo, named after the microbiologist Moshe Shilo.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ELDAR (A.), BEJERANO (Y.) and BERCOVIER (H.): Streptococcus shiloi and Streptococcus difficile: two new streptococcal species causing a meningoencephalitis in fish. Curr. Microbiol., 1994, 28, 139-143.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Streptococcus iniae Pier and Madin 1976 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Eldar et al. 1995, Streptococcus shiloi Eldar et al. 1995 is a later heterotypic synonym of Streptococcus iniae Pier and Madin 1976 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: ELDAR (A.), FRELIER (P.F.), ASSENTA (L.), VARNER (P.W.), LAWHON (S.) and BERCOVIER (H.): Streptococcus shiloi, the name for an agent causing septicemic infection in fish, is a junior synonym of Streptococcus iniae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 840-842.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus sinensis Woo et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HKU4 = CCUG 48363 = CCUG 48488 = DSM 14990 = LMG 21517.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF432856.
Etymology: M.L. gen. n. sinae, of China; N.L. masc. adj. sinensis, pertaining to China, the country where the bacterium was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 87. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1437-1438. [WOO (P.C.Y.), TAM (D.M.W.), LEUNG (K.W.), LAU (S.K.P.), TENG (J.L.L.), WONG (M.K.M.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Streptococcus sinensis sp. nov., a novel species isolated from a patient with infective endocarditis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2002, 40, 805-810.]
Validation List no. 87 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: The type strain LMG 21517 has been provided by P. Woo in a personal communication to the List Editor.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 87 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1437-1438.

   image

Streptococcus sobrinus (ex Coykendall 1974) Coykendall 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SL1 = ATCC 33478 = CCUG 25735 = CIP 103230 = DSM 20742 = HAMBI 1516 = LMG 14641 = NCTC 12279.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188349.
Synonyms: "Streptococcus mutans subsp. sobrinus" Coykendall 1974, "Streptococcus sobrinus" (Coykendall 1974) Coykendall 1977.
Etymology: L. masc. n. sobrinus, a cousin-german, cousin by the mother's side (referring to the “distant relationship” between this species and Streptococcus mutans).
Reference: COYKENDALL (A.L.): Streptococcus sobrinus nom. rev. and Streptococcus ferus nom. rev.: habitat of these and other mutans streptococci. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 883-885.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus suis (ex Elliot 1966) Kilpper-Bälz and Schleifer 1987, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Henrichsen S735 = ATCC 43765 = CCUG 7984 = CIP 103217 = DSM 9682 = LMG 14181 = NCTC 10234.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF009477.
Synonym: "Streptococcus suis" Elliot 1966.
Etymology: L. n. sus, a pig; L. gen. n. suis, of a pig.
Reference: KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Streptococcus suis sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 160-162.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the Catalogue of the National Collection of Type Cultures, the type strain is cited as NCTC 10237.

   image

Streptococcus thermophilus Orla-Jensen 1919, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19258 = CCUG 21957 = CIP 102303 = DSM 20617 = JCM 17834 = LMG 6896 = NCIMB 8510 (formerly NCDO 573).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188354.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, hot; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. thermophilus, heat-loving.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196.]

¤ Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Farrow and Collins 1984, comb. nov.

Streptococcus thermophilus Orla-Jensen 1919 (Approved Lists 1980).
References:
1 VALIDATION LIST no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online
2 SCHLEIFER (K.H.), EHRMANN (M.), KRUSCH (U.) and NEVE (H.): Revival of the species Streptococcus thermophilus (ex Orla-Jensen, 1919) nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1991, 14, 386-388.
Effective publication Online
Note: The Validation List no. 54 [1] encompasses the following citation:
"Name: Streptococcus thermophilus (basonym: Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus) - Proposed as: Revived name - Authors: Schleifer et al. 1991 [2] - Nomenclatural type: ATCC 19258 (= NCDO 573)".
However,  Streptococcus thermophilus cannot be a revived name because it appeared in the Approved Lists (1980). Obviously, Streptococcus thermophilus nom. rev. (sic) is erroneously cited in the Validation List no. 54.

   image

Streptococcus thoraltensis Devriese et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S69 = ATCC 700865 = CCUG 32906 = CCUG 37868 = CIP 105518 = DSM 12221 = LMG 13593.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09007.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. thoraltensis, from Thoraltum, Latin name of Torhout, the town where the strains were isolated.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), POT (B.), VANDAMME (P.), KERSTERS (K.), COLLINS (M.D.), ALVAREZ (N.), HAESEBROUCK (F.) and HOMMEZ (J.): Streptococcus hyovaginalis sp. nov. and Streptococcus thoraltensis sp. nov., from the genital tract of sows. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1073-1077.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus tigurinus Zbinden et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AZ_3a = CCOS 600 = DSM 24864.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN004270.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. tigurinus, of or pertaining to Tigurum, a district in Helvetia, the modern Zurich, the region where the bacterial species was first recognized.
Reference: ZBINDEN (A.), MUELLER (N.J.), TARR (P.E.), SPRÖER (C.), KELLER (P.M.) and BLOEMBERG (G.V.): Streptococcus tigurinus sp. nov., isolated from blood of patients with endocarditis, meningitis and spondylodiscitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2941-2945.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus troglodytae Okamato et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TKU 31 = DSM 25324 = JCM 18038.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB679299.
Etymology: N.L. n. troglodytes (from Gr. n. troglodutes), one who creeps into holes and also the specific epithet of the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes); N.L. gen. n. troglodytae, of/from Pan troglodytes.
Reference: OKAMOTO (M.), IMAI (S.), MIYANOHARA (M.), SAITO (W.), MOMOI (Y.), ABO (T.), NOMURA (Y.), IKAWA (T.), OGAWA (T.), MIYABE-NISHIWAKI (T.), KANEKO (A.), WATANABE (A.), WATANABE (S.), HAYASHI (M.), TOMONAGA (M.) and HANADA (N.): Streptococcus troglodytae sp. nov., from the chimpanzee oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 418-422.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus troglodytidis Zhang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M09-11185 = ABB-12D01 = ATCC BAA-2337 = KCTC 33006.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF414111.
Etymology: L. gen. adj. troglodytis, of or belonging to the Troglodytes, here isolated from an infection in a chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes.
Reference: ZHANG (M.), YAN (L.), ZHU (G.), HOLIFIELD (M.), TODD (D.) and ZHANG (S.): Streptococcus troglodytidis sp. nov., isolated from a foot abscess of a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 449-453.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus uberis Diernhofer 1932, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19436 = CCUG 17930 = CCUG 27579 = CIP 103219 = DSM 20569 = JCM 5709 = LMG 9465 = NCTC 3858.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB023573.
Etymology: L. n. uber, udder, teat; L. gen. n. uberis, of an udder.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DIERNHOFER (K.): Asculinbouillon als Hilfsmittel fur die Differenzierung von Euter-und Milchstreptokokken bei Massenuntersuchungen. Milchwirtschaftliche Forschungen, 1932, 13, 368-374.]

Note: The type (genotype) II strains of Streptococcus uberis have been reclassified as ¤ Streptococcus parauberis Williams and Collins 1990.

   image

Streptococcus urinalis Collins et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2285-97 = CCUG 41590 = CIP 106463.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ131965.
Etymology: L. n. urina, urine; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. urinalis, pertaining to urine.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.), FALSEN (E.), NIKOLAITCHOUK (N.), LACLAIRE (L.) and FACKLAM (R.R.): An unusual Streptococcus from human urine, Streptococcus urinalis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1173-1178.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is a Latin adjective (urinalis is e) not a neo-Latin adjective as cited in the paper by Collins et al. 2000.

   image

Streptococcus ursoris Shinozaki-Kuwahara et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NUM 1615 = DSM 22768 = JCM 16316.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB501126.
Etymology: L. n. ursus -i, bear; L. n. os oris, mouth; N.L. gen. n. ursoris, of the mouth of a bear.
Reference: SHINOZAKI-KUWAHARA (N.), TAKADA (K.) and HIRASAWA (M.): Streptococcus ursoris sp. nov., isolated from the oral cavities of bears. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 40-44.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus vestibularis Whiley and Hardie 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MM1 = ATCC 49124 = CCUG 24893 = CIP 103363 = DSM 5636 = LMG 13516 = NCTC 12166.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY188353.
Etymology:   L. n. vestibulum, entrance hall or forecourt; L. masc. suff. -aris, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. vestibularis, pertaining to the vestibule of the mouth where the organism was originally isolated.
Reference: WHILEY (R.A.) and HARDIE (J.M.): Streptococcus vestibularis sp. nov. from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 335-339.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Streptococcus waius Flint et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 3/1 = CCUG 43003 = CIP 106079 = NZRCC 20100.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF088900.
Etymology: New Zealand Maori n. waiu, milk; N.L. gen. n. waius, of milk.
Reference: FLINT (S.H.), WARD (L.J.H.) and BROOKS (J.D.): Streptococcus waius sp. nov., a thermophilic streptococcus from a biofilm. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 759-767.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Streptococcus macedonicus Tsakalidou et al. 1998.

Note: Streptococcus waius Flint et al. 1999 is a later heterotypic synonym of Streptococcus macedonicus Tsakalidou et al. 1998.
References:
1 MANACHINI (P.L.), FLINT (S.H.), WARD (L.J.H.), KELLY (W.), FORTINA (M.G.), PARINI (C.) and MORA (D.): Comparison between Streptococcus macedonicus and Streptococcus waius strains and reclassification of Streptococcus waius (Flint et al. 1999) as Streptococcus macedonicus (Tsakalidou et al. 1998). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 945-951.
Original article by Manachini et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online
2 WHILEY (R.A.) and KILIAN (M.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 915-917.
Minutes of the closed meeting, 31 July 2002, Paris, France in IJSEM Online
3 SCHLEGEL (L.), GRIMONT (F.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and BOUVET (A.): Reappraisal of the taxonomy of the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex and related species: description of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. gallolyticus subsp. nov., S. gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus subsp. nov. and S. gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 631-645.
Original article by Schlegel et al. 2003 in IJSEM Online

¤ Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. macedonicus (Tsakalidou et al. 1998) Schlegel et al. 2003, comb. nov.

   image