Genus Staphylococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 49
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 26

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Staphylococcus Rosenbach 1884, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Staphylococcaceae Schleifer and Bell 2010; type genus of the tribe ¤ Staphylococceae Prévot 1940 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Staphylococcus aureus Rosenbach 1884 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Aurococcus" Winslow and Rogers 1906.
Etymology: Gr. n. staphulê, bunch of grapes; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Staphylococcus, the grape-like coccus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ROSENBACH (F.J.): Microorganismen bei den Wund-Infections-Krankheiten des Menschen. J.F. Bergmann, Wiesbaden, 1884, pp. 1-122.]

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Staphylococcus agnetis Taponen et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 6-4 = CCUG 59809 = DSM 23656.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM484980.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. agnetis, of Agnes, named in honour of Europe’s first female veterinary surgeon, the Finn, Agnes Sjöberg (1888–1964), who struggled her way into the profession, despite resistance from her male colleagues.
Reference: TAPONEN (S.), SUPRÉ (K.), PIESSENS (V.), VAN COILLIE (E.), DE VLIEGHER (S.) and KOORT (J.M.K.): Staphylococcus agnetis sp. nov., a coagulase-variable species from bovine subclinical and mild clinical mastitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 61-65.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus arlettae Schleifer et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BP47 = ATCC 43957 = CCUG 32416 = CIP 103501 = DSM 20672 = LMG 19114 = NCTC 12413 = NRRL B-14764.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009933.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. arlettae, of Arlette; named for Arlette van de Kerckhove, who has studied this and related species for many years.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [SCHLEIFER (K.H.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and DEVRIESE (L.A.): Staphylococcus arlettae sp. nov., S. equorum sp. nov. and S. kloosii sp. nov.: three new coagulase-negative, novobiocin-resistant species from animals. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 501-509.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 17, the year of the effective publication is erroneously cited as 1985.

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Staphylococcus aureus Rosenbach 1884, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12600 = ATCC 12600-U = CCM 885 = CCUG 1800 = CIP 65.8 = DSM 20231 = HAMBI 66 = JCM 20624 = NBRC 100910 = NCAIM B.01065 = NCCB 72047 = NCTC 8532.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L36472.
Synonyms: "Staphylococcus pyogenes aureus" Rosenbach 1884, "Staphlococcus pyogenes citreus" Passet 1885, "Micrococcus aureus" (Rosenbach 1884) Zopf 1885, "Micrococcus pyogenes" Lehmann and Neumann 1896.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aureus, golden.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ROSENBACH (F.J.): Microorganismen bei den Wund-Infections-Krankheiten des Menschen. J.F. Bergmann, Wiesbaden, 1884, pp. 1-122.]

Notes:
1 In a paper by Howey et al. [1] and in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology (first edition) [2], the type strain NCTC 8532 is incorrectly cited as NCTC 8352 (sic).
References:
1 HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 KLOOS (W.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Genus IV. Staphylococcus Rosenbach 1884, 18AL, (Nom. Cons. Opin. 17 Jud. Comm. 1958, 153). In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1013-1035.
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus aureus subsp. anaerobius De La Fuente et al. 1985, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MVF-7 = ATCC 35844 = CCUG 37246 = CIP 103780 = DSM 20714.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83355.
Etymology: Gr. pref. an, not; Gr. n. aer aeros, air; Gr. n. bios, life; N.L. masc. adj. anaerobius, not living in air.
Reference: DE LA FUENTE (R.), SUAREZ (G.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Staphylococcus aureus subsp. anaerobius subsp. nov., the causal agent of abscess disease of sheep. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 99-102.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus (Rosenbach 1884) De La Fuente et al. 1985, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12600 = ATCC 12600-U = CCM 885 = CCUG 1800 = CIP 65.8 = DSM 20231 = HAMBI 66 = JCM 20624 = NBRC 100910 = NCAIM B.01065 = NCCB 72047 = NCTC 8532.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L36472.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aureus, golden.
Reference: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Rosenbach 1884, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the paper by Howey et al. [1] and in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology [2], the type strain NCTC 8532 [3] is incorrectly cited as NCTC 8352 (sic).
References:
1 HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 KLOOS (W.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Genus IV. Staphylococcus Rosenbach 1884, 18AL, (Nom. Cons. Opin. 17 Jud. Comm. 1958, 153). In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1013-1035.
3 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 94.
3 The subspecies name Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus (Rosenbach 1884) De La Fuente et al. 1985 is automatically created by the valid publication of Staphylococcus aureus subsp. anaerobius De La Fuente et al. 1985 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Staphylococcus auricularis Kloos and Schleifer 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WK 811M = ATCC 33753 = CCUG 15601 = CCUG 36974 = CIP 103587 = DSM 20609 = NCTC 12101 = NRRL B-14762.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83358.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. auricularis, pertaining to the ear
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Staphylococcus auricularis sp. nov.: an inhabitant of the human external ear. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 9-14.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus capitis Kloos and Schleifer 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27840 = CCM 2734 = CCUG 7326 = CIP 81.53 = DSM 20326 = JCM 2420 = LMG 13353 = NCTC 11045 = NRRL B-14752.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L37599.
Etymology: L. n. caput, head; L. gen. n. capitis, of the head; pertaining to that part of the human body where cutaneous populations of this species are usually the largest and most frequent.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KLOOS (W.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin. II. Description of four new species: Staphylococcus warneri, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis, and Staphylococcus simulans. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 62-79.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus capitis subsp. capitis (Kloos and Schleifer 1975) Bannerman and Kloos 1991, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27840 = CCM 2734 = CCUG 7326 = CIP 81.53 = DSM 20326 = JCM 2420 = LMG 13353 = NCTC 11045 = NRRL B-14752.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L37599.
Etymology: L. n. caput, head; L. gen. n. capitis, of the head; pertaining to that part of the human body where cutaneous populations of this species are usually the largest and most frequent.
Reference: BANNERMAN (T.L.) and KLOOS (W.E.): Staphylococcus capitis subsp. ureolyticus subsp. nov. from human skin. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 144-147.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Kloos and Schleifer 1975, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies Staphylococcus capitis subsp. capitis (Kloos and Schleifer 1975) Bannerman and Kloos 1991 is automatically created by the valid publication of Staphylococcus capitis subsp. urealyticus corrig. Bannerman and Kloos 1991 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Staphylococcus capitis subsp. urealyticus corrig. Bannerman and Kloos 1991, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MAW 8436 = ATCC 49326 = CCUG 35142 = CIP 104192 = DSM 6717.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009937.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. urea, urea; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. urealyticus, urea dissolving.
Reference: BANNERMAN (T.L.) and KLOOS (W.E.): Staphylococcus capitis subsp. ureolyticus subsp. nov. from human skin. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 144-147.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling, Staphylococcus capitis subsp. ureolyticus (sic), has been corrected by Sneath 1992.
Reference: SNEATH (P.H.A.): Correction of orthography of epithets in Pasteurella and some problems with recommendations on latinization. Letter to the Editor. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 658-659.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus caprae Devriese et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 143.22 = ATCC 35538 = CCM 3573 = CCUG 15604 = CIP 104000 = DSM 20608 = NCTC 12196 = NRRL B-14757.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009935.
Etymology: L. n. capra, goat; L. gen. n. caprae, of a goat.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), POUTREL (B.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Staphylococcus gallinarum and Staphylococcus caprae, two new species from animals. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 480-486.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Staphylococcus caprae Devriese et al. 1983 emend. Kawamura et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 143.22 = ATCC 35538 = CCM 3573 = CCUG 15604 = CIP 104000 = DSM 20608 = NCTC 12196 = NRRL B-14757.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009935.
Etymology: L. n. capra, goat; L. gen. n. caprae, of a goat.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 7-8. [KAWAMURA (Y.), HOU (X.G.), SULTANA (F.), HIROSE (K.), MIYAKE (M.), SHU (S.E.) and EZAKI (T.): Distribution of Staphylococcus species among human clinical specimens and emended description of Staphylococcus caprae. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1998, 36, 2038-2042.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

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Staphylococcus carnosus Schleifer and Fischer 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 361 = ATCC 51365 = CCUG 15605 = CIP 103274 = DSM 20501 = NRRL B-14760.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009934.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. carnosus, pertaining to flesh.
Reference: SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and FISCHER (U.): Description of a new species of the genus Staphylococcus: Staphylococcus carnosus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 153-156.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus carnosus subsp. carnosus (Schleifer and Fischer 1982) Probst et al. 1998, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 361 = ATCC 51365 = CCUG 15605 = CIP 103274 = DSM 20501 = NRRL B-14760.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009934.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. carnosus, pertaining to flesh.
Reference: PROBST (A.J.), HERTEL (C.), RICHTER (L.), WASSILL (L.), LUDWIG (W.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Staphylococcus condimenti sp. nov., from soy sauce mash, and Staphylococcus carnosus (Schleifer and Fischer 1982) subsp. utilis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 651-658.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Schleifer and Fischer 1982, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Staphylococcus carnosus subsp. carnosus Schleifer and Fischer 1982 is automatically created by the valid publication of Staphylococcus carnosus subsp. utilis Probst et al. 1998 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Staphylococcus carnosus subsp. utilis Probst et al. 1998, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SK 11 = LTH 3728 = CCUG 39903 = CIP 105758 = DSM 11676 = JCM 6067.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY688042.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. utilis, useful.
Reference: PROBST (A.J.), HERTEL (C.), RICHTER (L.), WASSILL (L.), LUDWIG (W.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Staphylococcus condimenti sp. nov., from soy sauce mash, and Staphylococcus carnosus (Schleifer and Fischer 1982) subsp. utilis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 651-658.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The proposal for the new subspecies Staphylococcus carnosus subsp. utilis Probst et al. 1998 is supported by the results of Pantucek et al.
Reference: PANTUCEK (R.), SEDLÁCEK (I.), DOSKAR (J.) and ROSYPAL (S.): Complex genomic and phenotypic characterization of the related species Staphylococcus carnosus and Staphylococcus piscifermentans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 941-951.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus caseolyticus (ex Evans 1916) Schleifer et al. 1982, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DD 4508 = ATCC 13548 = CCUG 15606 = CIP 100755 = DSM 20597 = NRRL B-14761.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83359.
Synonym: "Micrococcus caseolyticus" Evans 1916.
Etymology: L. n. caseus, cheese; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from. Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. caseolyticus, casein-dissolving.
Reference: SCHLEIFER (K.H.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.), FISCHER (U.), FALLER (A.) and ENDL (J.): Identification of "Micrococcus candidus" ATCC 14852 as a strain of Staphylococcus epidermidis and of "Micrococcus caseolyticus" ATCC 13548 and Micrococcus varians ATCC 29750 as members of a new species, Staphylococcus caseolyticus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 15-20.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Macrococcus caseolyticus (Schleifer et al. 1982) Kloos et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Staphylococcus chromogenes (Devriese et al. 1978) Hájek et al. 1987, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A.C. Baird Parker CBCC 1462 = ATCC 43764 = CCM 3387 = CCUG 4319 = CIP 81.59 = DSM 20454 = NCTC 10530 = NRRL B-14759.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83360.
Basonym: ¤ Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. chromogenes Devriese et al. 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. chroma, color; Gr. v. gennaio, produce; N.L. part. adj. chromogenes, producing color.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 23. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 179-180. [HÁJEK (V.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), MORDARSKI (M.), GOODFELLOW (M.), PULVERER (G.) and VARALDO (P.E.): Elevation of Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. chromogenes (Devriese et al. 1978) to species status: Staphylococcus chromogenes (Devriese et al. 1978) comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1986, 8, 169-173.]
Validation List no. 23 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The species Staphylococcus chromogenes (effective publication: Hájek et al. 1986, type strain: strain NCTC 10530 = CCM 3387 = DSM 20454 = ATCC 43764) appears also on the Validation List no. 26 [1]. The date of valid publication of this name is in fact that of the first citation in a Validation List (List no. 23, published 9 April 1987) [2].
References:
1 VALIDATION LIST no. 26. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 328-329.
Validation List no. 26 in IJSM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus cohnii Schleifer and Kloos 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29974 = CCUG 6463 = CCUG 7322 = CCUG 35144 = CIP 81.54 = DSM 20260 = JCM 2417 = NCTC 11041 = NRRL B-14756.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83361.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cohnii, of Cohn, named for Ferdinand Cohn, a German botanist and bacteriologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and KLOOS (W.E.): Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin. I. Amended descriptions of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus and descriptions of three new species: Staphylococcus cohnii, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, and Staphylococcus xylosus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 50-61.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. cohnii(Schleifer and Kloos 1975) Kloos and Wolfshohl 1991, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29974 = CCUG 6463 = CCUG 7322 = CCUG 35144 = CIP 81.54 = DSM 20260 = JCM 2417 = NCTC 11041 = NRRL B-14756.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83361.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cohnii, of Cohn, named for Ferdinand Cohn, a German botanist and bacteriologist.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.) and WOLFSHOHL (J.F.): Staphylococcus cohnii subspecies: Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. cohnii subsp. nov. and Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. urealyticum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 284-289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Schleifer and Kloos 1975, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. cohnii (Schleifer and Kloos 1975) Kloos and Wolfshohl 1991 is automatically created by the valid publication of Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. urealyticus corrig. Kloos and Wolfshohl 1991 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. urealyticus corrig. Kloos and Wolfshohl 1991, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CK27 = ATCC 49330 = CCUG 35143 = CIP 104024 = DSM 6718.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009936.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. urea, urea; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. urealyticus, urea dissolving.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.) and WOLFSHOHL (J.F.): Staphylococcus cohnii subspecies: Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. cohnii subsp. nov. and Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. urealyticum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 284-289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. urealyticum (sic), has been corrected by Sneath 1992.
Reference: SNEATH (P.H.A.): Correction of orthography of epithets in Pasteurella and some problems with recommendations on latinization. Letter to the Editor. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 658-659.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecific epithet urealyticus in Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. urealyticus corrig. Kloos and Wolfshohl 1991 is a later homonym of the subspecific epithet urealyticus in ¤ Staphylococcus capitis subsp. urealyticus corrig. Bannerman and Kloos 1991. Because no two subspecies within a genus may bear the same subspecific epithet (Rules 12b and 13c), urealyticus in the name Staphylococcus cohnii subsp. urealyticus corrig. will have to be replaced.
References:
1 SNEATH (P.H.A.): Correction of orthography of epithets in Pasteurella and some problems with recommendations on latinization. Letter to the Editor. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 658-659.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus condimenti Probst et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F-2 = LTH 3734 = CCUG 39902 = CIP 105760 = DSM 11674 = JCM 6074.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y15750.
Synonym: "Tetracoccus soyae" Ueno and Omata 1961.
Etymology: L. n. condimentum, spice; L. gen. n. condimenti, of a spice.
Reference: PROBST (A.J.), HERTEL (C.), RICHTER (L.), WASSILL (L.), LUDWIG (W.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Staphylococcus condimenti sp. nov., from soy sauce mash, and Staphylococcus carnosus (Schleifer and Fischer 1982) subsp. utilis subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 651-658.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The proposal for the new species Staphylococcus condimenti Probst et al. 1998 is supported by the results of Pantucek et al.
Reference: PANTUCEK (R.), SEDLÁCEK (I.), DOSKAR (J.) and ROSYPAL (S.): Complex genomic and phenotypic characterization of the related species Staphylococcus carnosus and Staphylococcus piscifermentans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 941-951.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus delphini Varaldo et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Heidy = ATCC 49171 = CCUG 30107 = CIP 103732 = DSM 20771 = NCTC 12225 = NRRL B-14767.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009938.
Etymology: L. gen. n. delphini, of a dolphin.
Reference: VARALDO (P.E.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.), BIAVASCO (F.), SATTA (G.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Staphylococcus delphini sp. nov., a coagulase-positive species isolated from dolphins. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 436-439.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus devriesei Supré et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KS-SP 60 = KS-SP_60 = CCUG 58238 = LMG 25332.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ389206.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. devriesei, of Devriese, named in honour of the Belgian microbiologist Dr Luc A. Devriese for his contribution to the taxonomy of staphylococci.
Reference: SUPRÉ (K.), DE VLIEGHER (S.), CLEENWERCK (I.), ENGELBEEN (K.), VAN TRAPPEN (S.), PIEPERS (S.), SAMPIMON (O.C.), ZADOKS (R.N.), DE VOS (P.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Staphylococcus devriesei sp. nov., isolated from teat apices and milk of dairy cows. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2739-2744.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus epidermidis (Winslow and Winslow 1908) Evans 1916, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14990 = CCM 2124 = CCUG 18000 A = CCUG 39508 = CIP 81.55 = DSM 20044 = JCM 2414 = LMG 10474 = NBRC 100911 = NCAIM B.01066 = NCTC 11047.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83363.
Synonyms: "Staphylococcus epidermidis albus" Welch 1891, "Albococcus epidermidis" Winslow and Winslow 1908, "Micrococcus epidermidis" (Winslow and Winslow 1908) Hucker 1924.
Etymology: Gr. n. epiderma, the outer skin; N.L. gen. n. epidermidis, of the epidermis.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 WINSLOW (C.E.A.) and WINSLOW (A.R.): The systematic relationships of the Coccaceae. John Wiley and Sons (eds.), New York, 1908, pp. 1-300. 2 EVANS (A.C.): The bacteria of milk freshly drawn from normal udders. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1916, 18, 437-476.]

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Staphylococcus equorum Schleifer et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PA231 = ATCC 43958 = CCUG 30109 = CIP 103502 = DSM 20674 = NCTC 12414 = NRRL B-14765.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009939.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. equorum, of horses.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [SCHLEIFER (K.H.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and DEVRIESE (L.A.): Staphylococcus arlettae sp. nov., S. equorum sp. nov. and S. kloosii sp. nov.: three new coagulase-negative, novobiocin-resistant species from animals. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 501-509.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 17, the year of the effective publication is erroneously cited as 1985.
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus equorum subsp. equorum (Schleifer et al. 1985) Place et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PA231 = ATCC 43958 = CCUG 30109 = CIP 103502 = DSM 20674 = NCTC 12414 = NRRL B-14765.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009939.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. equorum, of horses.
Reference: VALIDATION LIST no. 93 (footnote ||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1219-1220.
Validation List no. 93 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Schleifer et al. 1985, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46) of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), the valid publication of Staphylococcus equorum subsp. linens Place et al. 2003 automatically creates another subspecies, Staphylococcus equorum subsp. equorum (Schleifer et al. 1985) Place et al. 2003.

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Staphylococcus equorum subsp. linens Place et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RP29 = CCUG 49024 = CIP 107656 = DSM 15097.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF527483.
Etymology: L. part. adj. linens, smearing; named because the organism was isolated from the surface of a smeared red cheese.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 93. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1219-1220. [PLACE (R.B.), HIESTAND (D.), GALLMANN (H.R.) and TEUBER (M.): Staphylococcus equorum subsp. linens, subsp. nov., a starter culture component for surface ripened semi-hard cheeses. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2003, 26, 30-37.]
Validation List no. 93 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Staphylococcus felis Igimi et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GD521 = ATCC 49168 = CCUG 32418 = CCUG 38440 = CIP 103366 = DSM 7377 = JCM 7469 = NRRL B-14779.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83364.
Etymology: L. gen. n. felis, of a cat.
Reference: IGIMI (S.), KAWAMURA (S.), TAKAHASHI (E.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Staphylococcus felis, a new species from clinical specimens from cats. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 373-377.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus fleurettii Vernozy-Rozand et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 241 = ATCC BAA-274 = CCUG 43834 = CIP 106114 = DSM 13212.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB233330.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. fleurettii, of Fleurette, in honor of the French microbiologist Jean Fleurette for his contribution to the taxonomy of staphylococci.
Reference: VERNOZY-ROZAND (C.), MAZUY (C.), MEUGNIER (H.), BES (M.), LASNE (Y.), FIEDLER (F.), ETIENNE (J.) and FRENEY (J.): Staphylococcus fleurettii sp. nov., isolated from goat's milk cheeses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1521-1527.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus gallinarum Devriese et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain VIII1 = ATCC 35539 = CCM 3572 = CCUG 15600 = CIP 103504 = DSM 20610 = LMG 19121 = NCTC 12195 = NRRL B-14763.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83366.
Etymology: L. n. gallina, hen; L. gen. pl. n. gallinarum, of hens.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), POUTREL (B.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Staphylococcus gallinarum and Staphylococcus caprae, two new species from animals. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 480-486.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus haemolyticus Schleifer and Kloos 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29970 = CCUG 7323 = CIP 81.56 = DSM 20263 = JCM 2416 = LMG 13349 = NCTC 11042 = NRRL B-14755.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X66100.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. hemolyticus, blood-dissolving.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and KLOOS (W.E.): Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin. I. Amended descriptions of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus and descriptions of three new species: Staphylococcus cohnii, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, and Staphylococcus xylosus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 50-61.]

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Staphylococcus hominis Kloos and Schleifer 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27844 = CCUG 35516 = CIP 102258 = CIP 81.57 = DM 122 = DSM 20328 = JCM 2419 = LMG 13348 = NCTC 11320 = NRRL B-14737.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X66101.
Etymology: L. gen. n. hominis, of a human being, named for the host on whose skin this species is commonly found.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KLOOS (W.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin. II. Description of four new species: Staphylococcus warneri, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis, and Staphylococcus simulans. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 62-79.]

Staphylococcus hominis Kloos and Schleifer 1975 emend. Kloos et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27844 = CCUG 35516 = CIP 102258 = CIP 81.57 = DM 122 = DSM 20328 = JCM 2419 = LMG 13348 = NCTC 11320 = NRRL B-14737.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X66101.
Etymology: L. gen. n. hominis, of a human being, named for the host on whose skin this species is commonly found.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), GEORGE (C.G.), OLGIATE (J.S.), VAN PELT (L.), McKINNON (M.L.), ZIMMER (B.L.), MULLER (E.), WEINSTEIN (M.P.) and MIRRETT (S.): Staphylococcus hominis subsp. novobiosepticus subsp. nov., a novel trehalose- and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-negative, novobiocin- and multiple-antibiotic-resistant subspecies isolated from human blood cultures. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 799-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus hominis subsp. hominis (Kloos and Schleifer 1975) Kloos et al. 1998, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27844 = CCUG 35516 = CIP 102258 = CIP 81.57 = DM 122 = DSM 20328 = JCM 2419 = LMG 13348 = NCTC 11320 = NRRL B-14737.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X66101.
Etymology: L. gen. n. hominis, of a human being, named for the host on whose skin this species is commonly found.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), GEORGE (C.G.), OLGIATE (J.S.), VAN PELT (L.), McKINNON (M.L.), ZIMMER (B.L.), MULLER (E.), WEINSTEIN (M.P.) and MIRRETT (S.): Staphylococcus hominis subsp. novobiosepticus subsp. nov., a novel trehalose- and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-negative, novobiocin- and multiple-antibiotic-resistant subspecies isolated from human blood cultures. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 799-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Kloos and Schleifer 1975, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Staphylococcus hominis subsp. hominis (Kloos and Schleifer 1975) Kloos et al. 1998 is automatically created by the valid publication of Staphylococcus hominis subsp. novobiosepticus Kloos et al. 1998 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Staphylococcus hominis subsp. novobiosepticus Kloos et al. 1998, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R22 = ATCC 700236 = CCUG 42399 = CIP 105719.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB233326.
Etymology: N.L. n. novobiocinum, novobiocin; L. adj. septicus, septic; N.L. masc. adj. novobiosepticus, intended to mean resistant to novobiocin and growing in blood.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), GEORGE (C.G.), OLGIATE (J.S.), VAN PELT (L.), McKINNON (M.L.), ZIMMER (B.L.), MULLER (E.), WEINSTEIN (M.P.) and MIRRETT (S.): Staphylococcus hominis subsp. novobiosepticus subsp. nov., a novel trehalose- and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine-negative, novobiocin- and multiple-antibiotic-resistant subspecies isolated from human blood cultures. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 799-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus hyicus (Sompolinsky 1953) Devriese et al. 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D. Sompolinsky n° 1 = ATCC 11249 = CCM 2368 = CCUG 6509 = CIP 81.58 = DSM 20459 = JCM 2423 = LMG 13352 = NCTC 10350.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83368.
Synonym: "Micrococcus hyicus" Sompolinsky 1953.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, hog, pig; N.L. masc. adj. hyicus, pertaining to a pig.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 SOMPOLINSKI (D.): De l'impetigo contagiosa suis et du Micrococcus hyicus n. sp. Schweizerishces Archiv fur Tierheilkunde, 1953, 95, 302-309. 2 DEVRIESE (L.A.), HAJEK (V.), OEDING (P.), MEYER (S.A.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Staphylococcus hyicus (Sompolinsky 1953) comb. nov. and Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. chromogenes subsp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 482-490.]

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the publication by Sompolinsky are cited as 302-339.
2 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this taxon is incorrectly cited as Staphylococcus hyicus (Sompolinski (sic) 1953) Devriese et al. 1978.

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Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. chromogenes Devriese et al. 1978, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A.C. Baird Parker CBCC 1462 = ATCC 43764 = CCM 3387 = CIP 81.59 = DSM 20454 = NCTC 10530 = NRRL B-14759.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83360.
Etymology: Gr. n. chroma, color; Gr. v. gennaio, produce; N.L. part. adj. chromogenes, producing color.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DEVRIESE (L.A.), HAJEK (V.), OEDING (P.), MEYER (S.A.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Staphylococcus hyicus (Sompolinsky 1953) comb. nov. and Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. chromogenes subsp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 482-490.]

¤ Staphylococcus chromogenes Hájek et al. 1987, comb. nov.

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Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus (Sompolinsky 1953) Devriese et al. 1978, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D. Sompolinsky n° 1 = ATCC 11249 = CCM 2368 = CCUG 6509 = CIP 81.58 = DSM 20459 = JCM 2423 = LMG 13352 = NCTC 10350.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83368.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, hog, pig; N.L. masc. adj. hyicus, pertaining to a pig.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 SOMPOLINSKI (D.): De l'impetigo contagiosa suis et du Micrococcus hyicus n. sp. Schweizerishces Archiv fur Tierheilkunde, 1953, 95, 302-309. 2 DEVRIESE (L.A.), HAJEK (V.), OEDING (P.), MEYER (S.A.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Staphylococcus hyicus (Sompolinsky 1953) comb. nov. and Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. chromogenes subsp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 482-490.]

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this taxon is incorrectly cited as Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus (Sompolinski (sic) 1953) Devriese et al. 1978.
2 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the publication by Sompolinsky are cited as 302-339.
3 If an author accepts the elevation of Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. chromogenes Devriese et al. 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) to full species status, then Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus (Sompolinski 1953) Devriese et al. 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) should thereafter be designated simply as Staphylococcus hyicus (Sompolinski 1953) Devriese et al. 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Staphylococcus intermedius Hájek 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H 11/68 = ATCC 29663 = CCM 5739 = CCUG 6520 = CCUG 27191 = CIP 81.60 = CNCTC M16/75 = DSM 20373 = JCM 2422 = LMG 13351 = NCTC 11048 = NRRL B-14754.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83369.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. intermedius, in between, intermediate; intended to indicate that this species possesses some properties of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HÁJEK (V.): Staphylococcus intermedius, a new species isolated from animals. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 401-408.]

Note: Staphylococcus intermedius Hájek 1976 (Approved Lists 1980) was previously known as Staphylococcus aureus var. canis Meyer 1966, or as Staphylococcus aureus biovar E and F Hájek and Marsálek 1971.

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Staphylococcus jettensis De Bel et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SEQ110=LMG 26879=CCUG 62657=DSM 26618.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN092118.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. jettensis, from Jette, the municipality of Brussels-Capital region where most of these strains were isolated and where the medical campus of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel is housed.
Source: Clinical.
Reference: DE BEL, A., VAN HOORDE, K., WYBO, I., VANDOORSLAER, K., ECHAHIDI, F., DE BRANDT, E., SCHUMANN, P., IEVEN, M., SOETENS, O., PIÉRARD, D. and VANDAMME, P. 2013. Staphylococcus jettensis sp. nov., a coagulase-negative staphylococcal species isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3250-3256.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus kloosii Schleifer et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC210 = ATCC 43959 = CCUG 30110 = CIP 103503 = DSM 20676 = NCTC 12415 = NRRL B-14766.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009940.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kloosii, of Kloos named for Wesley E. Kloos, who made important contributions to the systematics of staphylococci.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [SCHLEIFER (K.H.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and DEVRIESE (L.A.): Staphylococcus arlettae sp. nov., S. equorum sp. nov. and S. kloosii sp. nov.: three new coagulase-negative, novobiocin-resistant species from animals. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 501-509.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 17, the year of the effective publication is erroneously cited as 1985.

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Staphylococcus lentus (Kloos et al. 1976) Schleifer et al. 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Roguinsky K21 = ATCC 29070 = CCUG 15599 = CIP 81.63 = DSM 20352 = NCTC 12102 = NRRL B-14758.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83370.
Basonym: ¤ Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. lentus Kloos et al. 1976 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lentus, slow; pertaining to slow growth.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897. [SCHLEIFER (K.H.), GEYER (U.), KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and DEVRIESE (L.A.): Elevation of Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. lentus (Kloos et al.) to species status: Staphylococcus lentus (Kloos et al.) comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 382-387.]
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Staphylococcus lugdunensis Freney et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain N860297 = ATCC 43809 = CCUG 25348 = CIP 103642 = DSM 4804 = LMG 13346 = NCTC 12217 = NRRL B-14774.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009941.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lugdunensis, pertaining to Lugdunum, the Latin name of Lyon, a French city where the organism was first isolated.
Reference: FRENEY (J.), BRUN (Y.), BES (M.), MEUGNIER (H.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), NERVI (C.) and FLEURETTE (J.): Staphylococcus lugdunensis sp. nov. and Staphylococcus schleiferi sp. nov., two species from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 168-172.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus lutrae Foster et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M340/94/1 = ATCC 700373 = CCUG 38494 = CIP 105399 = DSM 10244.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84731.
Etymology: L gen. n. lutrae, of an otter.
Reference: FOSTER (G.), ROSS (H.M.), HUTSON (R.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Staphylococcus lutrae sp. nov., a new coagulase-positive species isolated from otters. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 724-726.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus massiliensis Al Masalma et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 5402776 = CSUR P23 = CCUG 55927.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU707796.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. massiliensis, of or belonging to Massilia, the old Roman name for Marseille, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: AL MASALMA (M.), RAOULT (D.) and ROUX (V.): Staphylococcus massiliensis sp. nov., isolated from a human brain abscess. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1066-1072.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus microti Nováková et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4005-LJ(m) = CCM 4903 = CCUG 55861 = DSM 22147.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU888120.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. microti, of Microtus, the zoological name for a genus of vole, referring to the isolation of the first strains from individuals of Microtus arvalis.
Reference: NOVÁKOVÁ (D.), PANTŮČEK (R.), HUBÁLEK (Z.), FALSEN (E.), BUSSE (H.J.), SCHUMANN (P.) and SEDLÁČEK (I.): Staphylococcus microti sp. nov., isolated from the common vole (Microtus arvalis). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 566-573.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus muscae Hájek et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MB4 = ATCC 49910 = CCUG 36972 = CCM 4175 = CIP 103641 = DSM 7068.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733703.
Etymology: L. gen. n. muscae, of a fly.
Reference: HÁJEK (V.), LUDWIG (W.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), SPRINGER (N.), ZITZELSBERGER (W.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and KOCUR (M.): Staphylococcus muscae, a new species isolated from flies. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 97-101.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus nepalensis Spergser et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CW1 = CCM 7045 = CCUG 48991 = DSM 15150.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ517414.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nepalensis, pertaining to the kingdom of Nepal, where clinical samples for bacteriological examination were collected from local goats.
Reference: SPERGSER (J.), WIESER (M.), TÄUBEL (M.), ROSSELLÓ-MORA (R.A.), ROSENGARTEN (R.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Staphylococcus nepalensis sp. nov., isolated from goats of the Himalayan region. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 2007-2011.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus pasteuri Chesneau et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BM9357 = ATCC 51129 = CCUG 32420 = CIP 103540 = DSM 10656.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009944.
Etymology: L. gen. n. pasteuri, of Pasteur, honoring the French microbiologist Louis Pasteur for his contribution in 1878 to the recognition of staphylococci as pathogenic agents and also referring to the research institute, Institute Pasteur, Paris, France, where the new species was characterized.
Reference: CHESNEAU (O.), MORVAN (A.), GRIMONT (F.), LABISCHINSKI (H.) and EL SOLH (N.): Staphylococcus pasteuri sp. nov., isolated from human, animal, and food specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 237-244.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus petrasii Pantůček et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCM 8418=CCUG 62727.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication Online

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Staphylococcus petrasii subsp. croceilyticus Pantůček et al. 2013, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCM 8421=CCUG 62728.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication online

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Staphylococcus petrasii subsp. petrasii Pantůček et al. 2013, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCM 8418=CCUG 62727.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication online

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Staphylococcus pettenkoferi Trülzsch et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B3117 = CCUG 51270 = CIP 107711.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF322002.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pettenkoferi, of Pettenkofer, honouring Max von Pettenkofer, 1818-1901, a German pioneer in the field of hygiene and public health.
Reference: TRÜLZSCH (K.), GRABEIN (B.), SCHUMANN (P.), MELLMANN (A.), ANTONENKA (U.), HEESEMANN (J.) and BECKER (K.): Staphylococcus pettenkoferi sp. nov., a novel coagulase-negative staphylococcal species isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1543-1548.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Staphylococcus pettenkoferi Trülzsch et al. 2007 was previously known as "Staphylococcus pettenkoferi" Trulzsch et al. 2002 [TRULZSCH (K.), RINDER (H.), TRCEK (J.), BADER (L.), WILHELM (U.) and HEESEMANN (J.): "Staphylococcus pettenkoferi," a novel staphylococcal species isolated from clinical specimens. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis., 2002, 43, 175-82. Effective publication Online]

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Staphylococcus piscifermentans Tanasupawat et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SK03 = ATCC 51136 = CCUG 35133 = CIP 103958 = DSM 7373 = JCM 6057 = NRIC 1817 = TISTR 824.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y15754.
Etymology: L. n. piscis, fish; L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. piscifermentans, fish fermenting.
Reference: TANASUPAWAT (S.), HASHIMOTO (Y.), EZAKI (T.), KOZAKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Staphylococcus piscifermentans sp. nov., from fermented fish in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 577-581.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus pseudintermedius Devriese et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ON 86 = CCUG 49543 = JCM 17571 = LMG 22219.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ780976.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; L. masc. adj. intermedius, intermediate, and also a specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. pseudintermedius, a false (Staphylococcus) intermedius, because of the high phenotypic similarity to Staphylococcus intermedius.
Reference: DEVRIESE (L.A.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BAELE (M.), VANEECHOUTTE (M.), DE GRAEF (E.), SNAUWAERT (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), DAWYNDT (P.), SWINGS (J.), DECOSTERE (A.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Staphylococcus pseudintermedius sp. nov., a coagulase-positive species from animals. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1569-1573.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus pulvereri Zakrzewska-Czerwińska et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NT215 = ATCC 51698 = CCM 4481 = CCUG 33938 = CIP 104364 = DSM 9930 = PCM 2443.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY688086.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pulvereri, of Pulver, in honor of the German microbiologist Gerhard Pulverer for contributions to the study of staphylococcal infections in clinical microbiology.
Reference: ZAKRZEWSKA-CZERWIŃSKA (J.), GASZEWSKA-MASTALARZ (A.), LIS (B.), GAMIAN (A.) and MORDARSKI (M.): Staphylococcus pulvereri sp. nov., isolated from human and animal specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 169-172.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:  
1 Practically all characteristics of three strains (including the type strain) of Staphylococcus pulvereri Zakrzewska-Czerwińska et al. 1995 are in conformity with those described for the species ¤ Staphylococcus vitulinus corrig. Webster et al. 1994. The author supposes that these strains actually belong to the species ¤ Staphylococcus vitulinus.
Reference: PETRÁŠ (P.): Letter to the editor. Staphylococcus pulvereri = Staphylococcus vitulus? Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 617-618.
Original letter in IJSEM Online
2 The ribotypes of Staphylococcus pulvereri strains were either similar or identical to those of ¤ Staphylococcus vitulinus strains. This observation suggests strongly that they belong to the same species. It is nevertheless, possible that they are different subspecies.
Reference: CHESNEAU (O.), MORVAN (A.), AUBERT (S.) and EL SOLH (N.): The value of rRNA gene restriction site polymorphism analysis for delineating taxa in the genus Staphylococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 689-697.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 The synonymy between Staphylococcus pulvereri and ¤ Staphylococcus vitulinus is supported by the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), HARDIE (J.M.) and WHILEY (R.A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the meetings, 17 September 1996, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 717-718.
Original article in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

¤ Staphylococcus vitulinus corrig. Webster et al. 1994 emend. Švec et al. 2004.

Note: According to Švec et al. 2004, Staphylococcus pulvereri Zakrzewska-Czerwińska et al. 1995 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Staphylococcus vitulinus corrig. Webster et al. 1994 emend. Švec et al. 2004.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), ENGELBEEN (K.), ŠTETINA (V.), SWINGS (J.) and PETRÁŠ (P.): Reclassification of Staphylococcus pulvereri Zakrzewska-Czerwińska et al. 1995 as a later synonym of Staphylococcus vitulinus Webster et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2213-2215.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus rostri Riesen and Perreten 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ARI 262 = CCUG 57266 = DSM 21968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM242137.
Etymology: L. n. rostrum, the snout of a swine; L. gen. n. rostri, of a pig's snout.
Reference: RIESEN (A.) and PERRETEN (V.): Staphylococcus rostri sp. nov., a haemolytic bacterium isolated from the noses of healthy pigs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2042-2047.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus saccharolyticus (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Kilpper-Bälz and Schleifer 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14953 = CCUG 9989 = CCUG 24040 = CIP 103275 = DSM 20359 = JCM 1768 = NCTC 11807 = NRRL B-14778.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L37602.
Basonym: ¤ Peptococcus saccharolyticus (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Douglas 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Micrococcus saccharolyticus" Foubert and Douglas 1948.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. saccharolyticus, sugar-digesting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 13. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 91-92. [KILPPER-BÄLZ (R.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Transfer of Peptococcus saccharolyticus Foubert and Douglas to the genus Staphylococcus: Staphylococcus saccharolyticus (Foubert and Douglas) comb. nov. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C, 1981, 2, 324-331.]
Validation List no. 13 in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus saprophyticus (Fairbrother 1940) Shaw et al. 1951, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15305 = CCUG 3706 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10786 = CIP 76.125 = DSM 20229 = IAM 12452 = JCM 2427 = LMG 13350 = NBRC 102446 = NCAIM B.01067 = NCCB 73011 = NCTC 7292 = NRRL B-14751.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AP008934.
Synonym: "Staphylococcus saprophyticus" Fairbrother 1940.
Etymology: Gr. adj. sapros, putrid; Gr. n. phyton, plant; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with several meanings; N.L. masc. adj. saprophyticus, saprophytic, growing on dead tissues.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 FAIRBROTHER (R.W.): Coagulase production as a criterion for the classification of the staphylococci. Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, 1940, 50, 83-88. 2 SHAW (C.), STITT (J.M.) and COWAN (S.T.): Stapyylococci and their classification. Journal of General Microbiology, 1951, 5, 1010-1023.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus saprophyticus subsp. bovis Hájek et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KV 12 = CCUG 36975 = CCUG 38042 = CCM 4410 = CIP 105260.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB233327.
Etymology: L. n. bos, a cow; L. gen. n. bovis, of a cow.
Reference: HÁJEK (V.), MEUGNIER (H.), BES (M.), BRUN (Y.), FIEDLER (F.), CHMELA (Z.), LASNE (Y.), FLEURETTE (J.) and FRENEY (J.): Staphylococcus saprophyticus subsp. bovis subsp. nov., isolated from bovine nostrils. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 792-796.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus saprophyticus subsp. saprophyticus (Fairbrother 1940) Hájek et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15305 = CCUG 3706 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10786 = CIP 76.125 = DSM 20229 = IAM 12452 = JCM 2427 = LMG 13350 = NBRC 102446 = NCAIM B.01067 = NCCB 73011 = NCTC 7292 = NRRL B-14751.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AP008934.
Etymology: Gr. adj. sapros, putrid; Gr. n. phyton, plant; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with several meanings; N.L. masc. adj. saprophyticus, saprophytic, growing on dead tissues.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 46, N° 3, of the IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1191.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Fairbrother 1940) Shaw et al. 1951, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Staphylococcus saprophyticus subsp. saprophyticus (Fairbrother 1940) Hájek et al. 1996 is automatically created by the valid publication of Staphylococcus saprophyticus subsp. bovis Hájek et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Staphylococcus schleiferi Freney et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain N850274 = ATCC 43808 = CCUG 25351 = CIP 103643 = DSM 4807 = LMG 13347 = NCTC 12218 = NRRL B-14775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: S83568.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. schleiferi, of Schleifer, in honor of Karl Heinz Schleifer, German microbiologist, for his many contributions to the taxonomy of Gram-positive organisms.
Reference: FRENEY (J.), BRUN (Y.), BES (M.), MEUGNIER (H.), GRIMONT (F.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), NERVI (C.) and FLEURETTE (J.): Staphylococcus lugdunensis sp. nov. and Staphylococcus schleiferi sp. nov., two species from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 168-172.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. coagulans Igimi et al. 1990, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GA211 = ATCC 49545 = CCUG 37248 = CIP 104370 = DSM 6628 = JCM 7470.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009945.
Etymology: L. part. adj. coagulans, curdling, coagulating.
Reference: IGIMI (S.), TAKAHASHI (E.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. coagulans subsp. nov., isolated from the external auditory meatus of dogs with external ear otitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 409-411.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. schleiferi (Freney et al. 1988) Igimi et al. 1990, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain N850274 = ATCC 43808 = CCUG 25351 = CIP 103643 = DSM 4807 = LMG 13347 = NCTC 12218 = NRRL B-14775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: S83568.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. schleiferi, of Schleifer, in honor of Karl Heinz Schleifer, German microbiologist, for his many contributions to the taxonomy of Gram-positive organisms.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 830.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Freney et al. 1988, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. schleiferi Freney et al. 1988 is automatically created by the valid publication of Staphylococcus schleiferi subsp. coagulans Igimi et al. 1990 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Staphylococcus sciuri Kloos et al. 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC 116 = DD 4277 = ATCC 29062 = CCUG 15598 = CIP 81.62 = DSM 20345 = JCM 2425 = NCTC 12103 = NRRL B-14777.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ421446.
Etymology: L. masc. n. sciurus, a squirrel and also a genus name of a squirrel on whose skin this species is commonly found in large populations; L. gen. n. sciuri, of the squirrel.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KLOOS (W.E.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and SMITH (R.F.): Characterization of Staphylococcus sciuri sp. nov. and its subspecies. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 22-37.]

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Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. carnaticus Kloos et al. 1997, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DD 791 = ATCC 700058 = CCUG 39509 A = CIP 105826.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB233331.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. carnaticus, pertaining to meat.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), BALLARD (D.N.), WEBSTER (J.A.), HUBNER (R.J.), TOMASZ (A.), COUTO (I.), SLOAN (G.L.), DEHART (H.P.), FIEDLER (F.), SCHUBERT (K.), DE LENCASTRE (H.), SANTOS SANCHES (I.), HEATH (H.E.), LEBLANC (P.A.) and LJUNGH (A.): Ribotype delineation and description of Staphylococcus sciuri subspecies and their potential as reservoirs of methicillin resistance and staphylolytic enzyme genes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 313-323.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. lentus Kloos et al. 1976, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Roguinsky K21 = ATCC 29070 = CCUG 15599 = CIP 81.63 = DSM 20352 = NCTC 12102 = NRRL B-14758.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83370.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lentus, slow; pertaining to slow growth.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KLOOS (W.E.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and SMITH (R.F.): Characterization of Staphylococcus sciuri sp. nov. and its subspecies. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 22-37.]

¤ Staphylococcus lentus (Kloos et al. 1976) Schleifer et al. 1983, comb. nov.

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Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. rodentium Kloos et al. 1997, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DD 4761 = R1-33 = ATCC 700061 = CCUG 37923 = CIP 105829.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB233332.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. rodentium, of rodents.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), BALLARD (D.N.), WEBSTER (J.A.), HUBNER (R.J.), TOMASZ (A.), COUTO (I.), SLOAN (G.L.), DEHART (H.P.), FIEDLER (F.), SCHUBERT (K.), DE LENCASTRE (H.), SANTOS SANCHES (I.), HEATH (H.E.), LEBLANC (P.A.) and LJUNGH (A.): Ribotype delineation and description of Staphylococcus sciuri subspecies and their potential as reservoirs of methicillin resistance and staphylolytic enzyme genes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 313-323.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. sciuri Kloos et al. 1976, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC 116 = DD 4277 = ATCC 29062 = CCUG 15598 = CIP 81.62 = DSM 20345 = JCM 2425 = NCTC 12103 = NRRL B-14777.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ421446.
Etymology: L. masc. n. sciurus, a squirrel and also a genus name of a squirrel on whose skin this species is commonly found in large populations; L. gen. n. sciuri, of the squirrel.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KLOOS (W.E.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and SMITH (R.F.): Characterization of Staphylococcus sciuri sp. nov. and its subspecies. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 22-37.]

Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. sciuri Kloos et al. 1976 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kloos et al. 1997.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) amended description of the type strain SC 116 = DD 4277 = ATCC 29062 = CCUG 15598 = CIP 81.62 = DSM 20345 = JCM 2425 = NCTC 12103.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ421446.
Etymology: L. masc. n. sciurus, a squirrel and also a genus name of a squirrel on whose skin this species is commonly found in large populations; L. gen. n. sciuri, of the squirrel.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), BALLARD (D.N.), WEBSTER (J.A.), HUBNER (R.J.), TOMASZ (A.), COUTO (I.), SLOAN (G.L.), DEHART (H.P.), FIEDLER (F.), SCHUBERT (K.), DE LENCASTRE (H.), SANTOS SANCHES (I.), HEATH (H.E.), LEBLANC (P.A.) and LJUNGH (A.): Ribotype delineation and description of Staphylococcus sciuri subspecies and their potential as reservoirs of methicillin resistance and staphylolytic enzyme genes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 313-323.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus simiae Pantucek et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 7213 = CCUG 51256 = LMG 22723.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY727530.
Etymology: L. gen. n. simiae, of a monkey.
Reference: PANTŮČEK (R.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), PETRÁŠ (P.), KOUKALOVÁ (D.), ŠVEC (P.), ŠTETINA (V.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CHRASTINOVÁ (L.), VOKURKOVÁ (J.), RŮŽIČKOVÁ (V.), DOŠKAŘ (J.), SWINGS (J.) and HÁJEK (V.): Staphylococcus simiae sp. nov., isolated from South American squirrel monkeys. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1953-1958.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus simulans Kloos and Schleifer 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27848 = CCUG 7327 A = CIP 81.64 = DSM 20322 = HAMBI 2058 = JCM 2424 = NCTC 11046 = NRRL B-14753.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83373.
Etymology: L. part. adj. simulans, imitating; named for having similarities to certain coagulase-positive staphylococci, including Staphylococcus aureus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KLOOS (W.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin. II. Description of four new species: Staphylococcus warneri, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis, and Staphylococcus simulans. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 62-79.]

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Staphylococcus stepanovicii Hauschild et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 196 = CCM 7717 = PCM 2693.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ222244.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. stepanovicii, of Stepanović, named in honour of Serbian microbiologist Srdjan Stepanović, 1965-2009, for his contributions to the study of members of the Staphylococcus sciuri group.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 146. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1443-1445. [HAUSCHILD (T.), STEPANOVIĆ (S.) and ZAKRZEWSKA-CZERWIŃSKA (J.): Staphylococcus stepanovicii sp. nov., a novel novobiocin-resistant oxidase-positive staphylococcal species isolated from wild small mammals. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 33, 183-187.]
Validation List no. 146 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Staphylococcus succinus Lambert et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AMG-D1 = ATCC 700337 = CCUG 43571 = DSM 14617.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF004220.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. succinus, of amber.
Reference: LAMBERT (L.H.), COX (T.), MITCHELL (K.), ROSSELLÓ-MORA (R.A.), DEL CUETO (C.), DODGE (D.E.), ORKAND (P.) and CANO (R.J.): Staphylococcus succinus sp. nov., isolated from Dominican amber. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 511-518.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Staphylococcus succinus subsp. casei Place et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SB72 = CCUG 47674 = CIP 107658 = DSM 15096.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ320272.
Etymology: L. gen. n. casei, of cheese, named because the organism was isolated from cheese.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 89. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1-2. [PLACE (R.B.), HIESTAND (D.), BURRI (S.) and TEUBER (M.): Staphylococcus succinus subsp. casei subsp. nov., a dominant isolate from a surface ripened cheese. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2002, 25, 353-359.]
Validation List no. 89 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: The strain CIP 107658 has been designated by R.B. Place in a personal communication to the Lists Editor, IJSEM.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 89 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1-2.
Validation List no. 89 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

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Staphylococcus succinus subsp. succinus (Lambert et al. 1998) Place et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AMG-D1 = ATCC 700337 = CCUG 43571 = DSM 14617.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF004220.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. succinus, of amber.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 89 (footnote). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1-2.
Validation List no. 89 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Lambert et al. 1998, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46) of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), the valid publication of ¤ Staphylococcus succinus subsp. casei Place et al. 2003 automatically creates another subspecies, Stapylococcus succinus subsp. succinus (Lambert et al. 1998) Place et al. 2003.

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Staphylococcus vitulinus corrig. Webster et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DD 756 = ATCC 51145 = CCM 4511 = CCUG 33636 = CIP 104850 = DSM 15615.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009946.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. vitulinus, of a calf.
Reference: WEBSTER (J.A.), BANNERMAN (T.L.), HUBNER (R.J.), BALLARD (D.N.), COLE (E.M.), BRUCE (J.L.), FIEDLER (F.), SCHUBERT (K.) and KLOOS (W.E.): Identification of the Staphylococcus sciuri species group with EcoRI fragments containing rRNA sequences and description of Staphylococcus vitulus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 454-460.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, vitulus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1998.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Practically all characteristics of three strains (including the type strain) of ¤ Staphylococcus pulvereri Zakrzewska-Czerwińska et al. 1995 are in conformity with those described for the species Staphylococcus vitulinus corrig. Webster et al. 1994. The author supposes that these strains actually belong to the species Staphylococcus vitulinus.
Reference: PETRÁŠ (P.): Letter to the editor. Staphylococcus pulvereri = Staphylococcus vitulus? Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 617-618.
Original letter in IJSEM Online
3 The ribotypes of Staphylococcus vitulinus strains were either similar or identical to those of strains ¤ Staphylococcus pulvereri. This observation suggests strongly that they belong to the same species. It is nevertheless, possible that they are different subspecies.
Reference: CHESNEAU (O.), MORVAN (A.), AUBERT (S.) and EL SOLH (N.): The value of rRNA gene restriction site polymorphism analysis for delineating taxa in the genus Staphylococcus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 689-697.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 The synonymy between Staphylococcus vitulinus and ¤ Staphylococcus pulvereri is supported by the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci.
Reference: KLOOS (W.E.), HARDIE (J.M.) and WHILEY (R.A.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of staphylococci and streptococci. Minutes of the meetings, 17 September 1996, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 717-718.
Original article in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

Staphylococcus vitulinus corrig. Webster et al. 1994 emend. Švec et al. 2004.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DD 756 = ATCC 51145 = CCM 4511 = CCUG 33636 = CIP 104850 = DSM 15615.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB009946.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. vitulinus, of a calf.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), ENGELBEEN (K.), ŠTETINA (V.), SWINGS (J.) and PETRÁŠ (P.): Reclassification of Staphylococcus pulvereri Zakrzewska-Czerwińska et al. 1995 as a later synonym of Staphylococcus vitulinus Webster et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2213-2215.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Švec et al. 2004, Staphylococcus vitulinus corrig. Webster et al. 1994 emend. Švec et al. 2004 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Staphylococcus pulvereri Zakrzewska-Czerwińska et al. 1995.
Reference: ŠVEC (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), ENGELBEEN (K.), ŠTETINA (V.), SWINGS (J.) and PETRÁŠ (P.): Reclassification of Staphylococcus pulvereri Zakrzewska-Czerwińska et al. 1995 as a later synonym of Staphylococcus vitulinus Webster et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2213-2215.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Staphylococcus warneri Kloos and Schleifer 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27836 = CCUG 7325 = CIP 81.65 = DSM 20316 = JCM 2415 = LMG 13354 = NCTC 11044 = NRRL B-14736.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L37603.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. warneri, of Warner, named for Arthur Warner, from whom this organism was originally isolated.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KLOOS (W.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin. II. Description of four new species: Staphylococcus warneri, Staphylococcus capitis, Staphylococcus hominis, and Staphylococcus simulans. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 62-79.]

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Staphylococcus xylosus Schleifer and Kloos 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29971 = CCUG 7324 = CIP 81.66 = DSM 20266 = HAMBI 2057 = JCM 2418 = NCTC 11043 = NRRL B-14776.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D83374.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. xylosus, belonging to xylose.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and KLOOS (W.E.): Isolation and characterization of staphylococci from human skin. I. Amended descriptions of Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus and descriptions of three new species: Staphylococcus cohnii, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, and Staphylococcus xylosus. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 50-61.]

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