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Genus Sphingobium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 42
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Sphingobium Takeuchi et al. 2001, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Sphingobium yanoikuyae (Yabuuchi et al. 1990) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx, and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; Gr. n. bios, life; N.L. neut. n. Sphingobium, sphingosine-containing life.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), HAMANA (K.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1405-1417.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Sphingobium is a neo-Latin noun in the neuter gender, not in the feminine gender as cited by Takeuchi et al. 2001.

¤ Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 emend. Yabuuchi et al. 2002.

Note: On the basis of phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA sequences and polyamine profiles, Takeuchi et al. 2001 [1] proposed that the genus Sphingomonas be classified into four genera Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 emend. Takeuchi et al. 2001, ¤ Novosphingobium Takeuchi et al. 2001, ¤ Sphingobium Takeuchi et al. 2001 and ¤ Sphingopyxis Takeuchi et al. 2001. Yabuuchi et al. 2002 [2] found that there is no phenotypic and phylogenetic evidence to support a proposal to split the species into four genera. These authors concluded that the genus Sphingomonas should remain undivided at this time and that the species of genera ¤ Novosphingobium, ¤ Sphingobium and ¤ Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with ¤ Blastomonas ursincola (Yurkov et al. 1997) Hiraishi et al. 2000, should be treated as species of the genus Sphingomonas.
References:
1 TAKEUCHI (M.), HAMANA (K.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1405-1417.
Original article by Takeuchi et al. 2001 in IJSEM Online
2 YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article by Yabuuchi et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online

Sphingobium Takeuchi et al. 2001 emend. Li et al. 2013.
Type species: ¤ Sphingobium yanoikuyae (Yabuuchi et al. 1990) Takeuchi et al. 2001.
Etymology: N.L. n. sphingosinum (from Gr. gen. n. sphingos, of sphinx, and suff.-ine) sphingosine; N.L. pref. sphingo-, pertaining to sphingosine; Gr. n. bios, life; N.L. neut. n. Sphingobium, sphingosine-containing life.
Reference: LI (L.), LIU (H.), SHI (Z.) and WANG (G.): Sphingobium cupriresistens sp. nov., a copper-resistant bacterium isolated from copper mine soil, and emended description of the genus Sphingobium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 604-609.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium abikonense Kumari et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NBRC 16140 = IAM 12404 = JCM 20554 = KCTC 2864.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021416.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. abikonense, pertaining to Abiko, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: KUMARI (H.), GUPTA (S.K.), JINDAL (S.), KATOCH (P.) and LAL (R.): Sphingobium lactosutens sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site and Sphingobium abikonense sp. nov., isolated from oil-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2291-2296.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium amiense Ushiba et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YT = IAM 15006 = CIP 107839 = JCM 11777 = NBRC 102518.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB047364.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. amiense, of Ami, Ibaraki, Japan, where the type strain of this organism was isolated.
Valid publication: USHIBA (Y.), TAKAHARA (Y.) and OHTA (H.): Sphingobium amiense sp. nov., a novel nonylphenol-degrading bacterium isolated from a river sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 2045-2048.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium aromaticiconvertens Wittich et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RW16 = CIP 109198 = DSM 12677.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM181012.
Etymology: L. adj. aromaticus, aromatic; N.L. neut. n. aromaticum, aromatic compound; L. part. adj. convertens, converting; N.L. part. adj. aromaticiconvertens, converting aromatic compounds (into other form).
Valid publication: WITTICH (R.M.), BUSSE (H.J.), KÄMPFER (P.), TIIROLA (M.), WIESER (M.), MACEDO (A.J.) and ABRAHAM (W.R.): Sphingobium aromaticiconvertens sp. nov., a xenobiotic-compound-degrading bacterium from polluted river sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 306-310.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium baderi Kaur et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LL03 = CCM 7981 = DSM 25433.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN695620.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. baderi, of Bader, named for Alfred Bader, a Czech-born chemist and a co-founder of Aldrich Chemical Company.
Valid publication: KAUR (J.), MOSKALIKOVA (H.), NIHARIKA (N.), SEDLACKOVA (M.), HAMPL (A.), DAMBORSKY (J.), PROKOP (Z.) and LAL (R.): Sphingobium baderi sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 673-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium barthaii Maeda et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KK22=DSM 29313=JCM 30309.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ830159.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. barthaii, of Bartha in honour of Richard Bartha, Professor Emeritus of the Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Cook College, Rutgers University, NJ, USA for his outstanding contributions to the fields of microbial ecology and environmental microbiology including the biodegradation of aromatic hydrocarbon pollutants.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: MAEDA, A. H., KUNIHIRO, M., OZEKI, Y., NOGI, Y. and KANALY, R. A. 2015. Sphingobium barthaii sp. nov., a high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from cattle pasture soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2919-2924.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium boeckii Chen et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 469 = DSM 25079 = LMG 26901.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN591315.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. boeckii, of Böck, in honour of August Böck (born 1937), a renowned German microbiologist, for his contributions to general microbiology and microbial biochemistry.
Valid publication: CHEN (H.), JOGLER (M.), ROHDE (M.), KLENK (H.P.), BUSSE (H.J.), TINDALL (B.J.), SPRÖER (C.) and OVERMANN (J.): Sphingobium limneticum sp. nov. and Sphingobium boeckii sp. nov., two freshwater planktonic members of the family Sphingomonadaceae, and reclassification of Sphingomonas suberifaciens as Sphingobium suberifaciens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 735-743.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium chinhatense Dadhwal et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IP26 = CCM 7432 = MTCC8598.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF190507.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. chinhatense, pertaining to Chinhat, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: DADHWAL (M.), JIT (S.), KUMARI (H.) and LAL (R.): Sphingobium chinhatense sp. nov., a hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-degrading bacterium isolated from an HCH dumpsite. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 3140-3144.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium chlorophenolicum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33790= CIP 104885 = DSM 7098 = IFO (now NBRC) 16172 = JCM 10275 = LMG 17771.
Basonym: ¤ Sphingomonas chlorophenolica Nohynek et al. 1996.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87161.
Etymology: N.L.  n. chlorophenol, chlorophenol; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to;  N.L. neut. adj. chlorophenolicum, relating to chlorophenols.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), HAMANA (K.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1405-1417.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication makes no reference to the deposit of the type strain in any publicly accessible service collection, but deposits in at least two recognized culture collections in different countries are documented. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sphingobium chlorophenolicum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingomonas chlorophenolica Nohynek et al. 1996.

Note: Sphingobium chlorophenolicum (Nohynek et al. 1996) Takeuchi et al. 2001 is a later homotypic synonym of Sphingomonas chlorophenolica Nohynek et al. 1996.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium chungbukense (Kim et al. 2000) Pal et al. 2005, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DJ77 = IMSNU 11152 = JCM 11454 = KCTC 2955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF159257.
Basonym: ¤ Sphingomonas chungbukensis Kim et al. 2000.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. chungbukense, named after Chungbuk National University.
Valid publication: PAL (R.), BALA (S.), DADHWAL (M.), KUMAR (M.), DHINGRA (G.), PRAKASH (O.), PRABAGARAN (S.R.), SHIVAJI (S.), CULLUM (J.), HOLLIGER (C.) and LAL (R.): Hexachlorocyclohexane-degrading bacterial strains Sphingomonas paucimobilis B90A, UT26 and Sp+, having similar lin genes, represent three distinct species, Sphingobium indicum sp. nov., Sphingobium japonicum sp. nov. and Sphingobium francense sp. nov., and reclassification of [Sphingomonas] chungbukensis as Sphingobium chungbukense comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1965-1972.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium cloacae (Fujii et al. 2001) Prakash and Lal 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S-3 = CIP 107076 = DSM 14926 = IAM 14885 = JCM 10874 = NBRC 102517.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB040739.
Basonym: ¤ Sphingomonas cloacae Fujii et al. 2001.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cloacae, of a sewer, the source of the organism.
Valid publication: PRAKASH (O.) and LAL (R.): Description of Sphingobium fuliginis sp. nov., a phenanthrene-degrading bacterium from a fly ash dumping site, and reclassification of Sphingomonas cloacae as Sphingobium cloacae comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2147-2152.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium cupriresistens Li et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CU4 = CCTCC AB 2011146 = KCTC 23865.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ046313.
Etymology: L. n. cuprum, copper; L. part. adj. resistens, resisting; N.L. part. adj. cupriresistens, copper resisting.
Valid publication: LI (L.), LIU (H.), SHI (Z.) and WANG (G.): Sphingobium cupriresistens sp. nov., a copper-resistant bacterium isolated from copper mine soil, and emended description of the genus Sphingobium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 604-609.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium czechense Niharika et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LL01 = CCM 7979 = DSM 25410.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN646865.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. czechense, of or belonging to the Czech Republic, referring to the isolation of the type strain.
Valid publication: NIHARIKA (N.), MOSKALIKOVA (H.), KAUR (J.), KHAN (F.), SEDLACKOVA (M.), HAMPL (A.), DAMBORSKY (J.), PROKOP (Z.) and LAL (R.): Sphingobium czechense sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 723-728.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium endophyticum corrig. Zhu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GZGR-4=CCTCC AB 2013305=KCTC 32447.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF551123.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: Gr. pref. endo, within; Gr. n. phyton, plant; N.L. neut. adj. endophyticum, within plant, referring to the endophytic nature of the strain and its isolation from plant tissue [Gender of epithet and etymology corrected on validation.]
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 164. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 2017-2025.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Zhu, L., Xin, K., Chen, C., Li, C., Si, M., Zhao, L., Shi, X., Zhang, L. and Shen, X. 2015. Sphingobium endophyticus sp. nov., isolated from the root of Hylomecon japonica . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 107, 1001-1008.
Effective publication Online

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Sphingobium faniae Guo et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JZ-2 = CGMCC 1.7749 = DSM 21829.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ373058.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. faniae, of Fan, to honour Yun-Liu Fan, a respected molecular biologist, for her contributions to the development of agricultural genetic engineering in China.
Valid publication: GUO (P.), WANG (B.Z.), HANG (B.J.), LI (L.), LI (S.P.) and HE (J.): Sphingobium faniae sp. nov., a pyrethroid-degrading bacterium isolated from activated sludge treating wastewater from pyrethroid manufacture. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 408-412.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The epithet faniae is a "N.L. gen. fem. n.", not a "N.L. fem. n." as cited in the paper by Guo et al. 2010.

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Sphingobium fontiphilum Sheu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Chen16-4 = BCRC 80308 = KCTC 23559 = LMG 26342.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ667767.
Etymology: L. n. fons fontis, a spring, fountain; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), loving; N.L. neut. adj. fontiphilum, loving spring-water environment.
Valid publication: SHEU (S.Y.), SHIAU (Y.W.), WEI (Y.T.) and CHEN (W.M.): Sphingobium fontiphilum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1906-1911.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium francense Pal et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Sp+ = CCM 7288 = MTCC 6363.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY519130.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. francense, pertaining to France, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: PAL (R.), BALA (S.), DADHWAL (M.), KUMAR (M.), DHINGRA (G.), PRAKASH (O.), PRABAGARAN (S.R.), SHIVAJI (S.), CULLUM (J.), HOLLIGER (C.) and LAL (R.): Hexachlorocyclohexane-degrading bacterial strains Sphingomonas paucimobilis B90A, UT26 and Sp+, having similar lin genes, represent three distinct species, Sphingobium indicum sp. nov., Sphingobium japonicum sp. nov. and Sphingobium francense sp. nov., and reclassification of [Sphingomonas] chungbukensis as Sphingobium chungbukense comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1965-1972.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium fuliginis Prakash and Lal 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TKP = CCM 7327 = MTCC 7295.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ092757.
Etymology: L. gen. n. fuliginis, of soot, referring to the coal fly ash from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: PRAKASH (O.) and LAL (R.): Description of Sphingobium fuliginis sp. nov., a phenanthrene-degrading bacterium from a fly ash dumping site, and reclassification of Sphingomonas cloacae as Sphingobium cloacae comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2147-2152.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium herbicidovorans (Zipper et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MH = CIP 106705 = ATCC 700291= DSM 11019 = IFO (now NBRC) 16415 = LMG 18315.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB022428.
Basonym: ¤ Sphingomonas herbicidovorans Zipper et al. 1997.
Etymology: L. n. herba, an herb; L. suff. -cida (from L. v. caedo, to cut or kill), murderer, killer; L. part. adj. vorans, eating, devouring; N.L. part. adj. herbicidovorans, herbicide-devouring, referring to its ability to utilize herbicides as a sole source of carbon and energy.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), HAMANA (K.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1405-1417.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication makes no reference to the deposit of the type strain in any publicly accessible service collection, but deposits in at least two recognized culture collections in different countries are documented. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sphingobium herbicidovorans (Zipper et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingomonas herbicidovorans Zipper et al. 1997.

Note: Sphingobium herbicidovorans (Zipper et al. 1997) Takeuchi et al. 2001 is a later homotypic synonym of Sphingomonas herbicidovorans Zipper et al. 1997.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium hydrophobicum Chen et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C1=CCTCC AB 2015198=KCTC 42740.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR712272.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hydrophobicum, hydrophobic.
Source: Industrial/agricultural.
Valid publication: CHEN, X., WANG, H., XU, J., SONG, D., SUN, G. and XU, M. 2016. Sphingobium hydrophobicum sp. nov., a hydrophobic bacterium isolated from electronic-waste-contaminated sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3912-3916.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium indicum Pal et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B90A = CCM 7286 = MTCC 6364.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY519129.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. indicum, pertaining to India, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: PAL (R.), BALA (S.), DADHWAL (M.), KUMAR (M.), DHINGRA (G.), PRAKASH (O.), PRABAGARAN (S.R.), SHIVAJI (S.), CULLUM (J.), HOLLIGER (C.) and LAL (R.): Hexachlorocyclohexane-degrading bacterial strains Sphingomonas paucimobilis B90A, UT26 and Sp+, having similar lin genes, represent three distinct species, Sphingobium indicum sp. nov., Sphingobium japonicum sp. nov. and Sphingobium francense sp. nov., and reclassification of [Sphingomonas] chungbukensis as Sphingobium chungbukense comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1965-1972.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium japonicum Pal et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UT26 = CCM 7287 = MTCC 6362.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF039168.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. japonicum, pertaining to Japan, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: PAL (R.), BALA (S.), DADHWAL (M.), KUMAR (M.), DHINGRA (G.), PRAKASH (O.), PRABAGARAN (S.R.), SHIVAJI (S.), CULLUM (J.), HOLLIGER (C.) and LAL (R.): Hexachlorocyclohexane-degrading bacterial strains Sphingomonas paucimobilis B90A, UT26 and Sp+, having similar lin genes, represent three distinct species, Sphingobium indicum sp. nov., Sphingobium japonicum sp. nov. and Sphingobium francense sp. nov., and reclassification of [Sphingomonas] chungbukensis as Sphingobium chungbukense comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1965-1972.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium jiangsuense Zhang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BA-3 = CCTCC AB 2010217 = KACC 16433 = KCTC 23196.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM748834.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. jiangsuense, of or pertaining to Jiangsu, the province where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ZHANG (J.), LANG (Z.F.), ZHENG (J.W.), HANG (B.J.), DUAN (X.Q.), HE (J.) and LI (S.P.): Sphingobium jiangsuense sp. nov., a 3-phenoxybenzoic acid-degrading bacterium isolated from a wastewater treatment system. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 800-805.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium lactosutens Kumari et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DS20 = CCM 7540 = MTCC 9471.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU675846.
Etymology: N.L. n. lactosum, lactose; L. v. utor, to use, make use of, employ; N.L. part. adj. lactosutens, using lactose, assimilating lactose.
Valid publication: KUMARI (H.), GUPTA (S.K.), JINDAL (S.), KATOCH (P.) and LAL (R.): Sphingobium lactosutens sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site and Sphingobium abikonense sp. nov., isolated from oil-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2291-2296.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium limneticum Chen et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 301 = DSM 25076 = LMG 26659.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN591313.
Etymology: Gr. n. limnê, pool of standing water, lake; L. neut. suff. -ticum, suffix denoting made of or belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. limneticum, from or belonging to a lake.
Valid publication: CHEN (H.), JOGLER (M.), ROHDE (M.), KLENK (H.P.), BUSSE (H.J.), TINDALL (B.J.), SPRÖER (C.) and OVERMANN (J.): Sphingobium limneticum sp. nov. and Sphingobium boeckii sp. nov., two freshwater planktonic members of the family Sphingomonadaceae, and reclassification of Sphingomonas suberifaciens as Sphingobium suberifaciens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 735-743.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium lucknowense Garg et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F2 = CCM 7544 = MTCC 9456.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF534725.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. lucknowense, of or belonging to Lucknow.
Valid publication: GARG (N.), BALA (K.) and LAL (R.): Sphingobium lucknowense sp. nov., a hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-degrading bacterium isolated from HCH-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 618-623.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium mellinum Francis et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WI4=LMG 11032=ATCC 51292
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF437546.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. mellinum, honey-like.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: FRANCIS, I. M., JOCHIMSEN, K. N., DE VOS, P. and VAN BRUGGEN, A. H. C. 2014. Reclassification of rhizosphere bacteria including strains causing corky root of lettuce and proposal of Rhizorhapis suberifaciens gen. nov., comb. nov., Sphingobium mellinum sp. nov., Sphingobium xanthum sp. nov. and Rhizorhabdus argentea gen. nov., sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1340-1350.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium olei Young et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMMIB HF-1 = CCUG 54329 = DSM 18999.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM489507.
Etymology: L. gen. n. olei, of/from oil, as the organism was isolated from oil-contaminated soil.
Valid publication: YOUNG (C.C.), HO (M.J.), ARUN (A.B.), CHEN (W.M.), LAI (W.A.), SHEN (F.T.), REKHA (P.D.) and YASSIN (A.F.): Sphingobium olei sp. nov., isolated from oil-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2613-2617.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium phenoxybenzoativorans Cai et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SC_3=CCTCC AB 2014349=KACC 42448.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP257600.
Etymology: N.L. n. phenoxybenzoatum, 2-PBA; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. phenoxybenzoativorans, 2-PBA-devouring, degrading.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: CAI, S., SHI, C., ZHAO, J. D., CAO, Q., HE, J. and CHEN, L. W. 2015. Sphingobium phenoxybenzoativorans sp. nov., a 2-phenoxybenzoic-acid-degrading bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1986-1991.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium qiguonii Yan et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) X23 = CCTCC AB 208221 = DSM 21541.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU095328.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. qiguonii, of Qi-Guo, to honour Qi-Guo Zhao, a respected Chinese pedologist, for his enormous contributions to pedology and soil biology in China.
Valid publication: YAN (Q.X.), WANG (Y.X.), LI (S.P.), LI (W.J.) and HONG (Q.): Sphingobium qiguonii sp. nov., a carbaryl-degrading bacterium isolated from a wastewater treatment system. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2724-2728.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium quisquiliarum Bala et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P25 = CCM 7543 = MTCC 9472.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU781657.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. quisquiliarum, of refuse, rubbish, trash, referring to the isolation of the type strain from an HCH dump site.
Valid publication: BALA (K.), SHARMA (P.) and LAL (R.): Sphingobium quisquiliarum sp. nov., a hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-degrading bacterium isolated from an HCH-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 429-433.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium rhizovicinum Young et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CC-FH12-1 = BCRC 17770 = CCM 7491.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF465534.
Etymology: Gr. n. rhiza, root; L. masc. adj. vicinus -a -um, neighbouring; N.L. neut. adj. rhizovicinum, neighbouring a root, referring to the rhizosphere, soil closely related to plant roots, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: YOUNG (C.C.), ARUN (A.B.), KÄMPFER (P.), BUSSE (H.J.), LAI (W.A.), CHEN (W.M.), SHEN (F.T.) and REKHA (P.D.): Sphingobium rhizovicinum sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere soil of Fortunella hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Swingle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1801-1806.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The CCM accession number for the type strain of Sphingobium rhizovicinum should be CCM 7491 and not CCM 7941 as given in the abstract and species description.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2673.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium scionense Liang and Lloyd-Jones 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WP01 = DSM 19371 = ICMP 13533.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU009209.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. scionense, pertaining to Scion, a Crown Research Institute close to the isolation source of the type strain.
Valid publication: LIANG (Q.) and LLOYD-JONES (G.): Sphingobium scionense sp. nov., an aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium isolated from contaminated sawmill soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 413-416.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium suberifaciens (van Bruggen et al. 1990) Chen et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ca1 = EY 2404 = ATCC 49355= CIP 105429 = DSM 7465 = ICMP 12535 = JCM 8521 = LMG 17323 = NBRC 15211 = NCPPB 3629.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13737.
Basonym: ¤ Sphingomonas suberifaciens (van Bruggen et al. 1990) Yabuuchi et al. 1999.
Illegitimate basonym: ¤ Rhizomonas suberifaciens van Bruggen et al. 1990.
Etymology: L. n. suber -eris, cork; L. part. adj. faciens, making, producing; N.L. part. adj. suberifaciens, cork making.
Valid publication: CHEN (H.), JOGLER (M.), ROHDE (M.), KLENK (H.P.), BUSSE (H.J.), TINDALL (B.J.), SPRÖER (C.) and OVERMANN (J.): Sphingobium limneticum sp. nov. and Sphingobium boeckii sp. nov., two freshwater planktonic members of the family Sphingomonadaceae, and reclassification of Sphingomonas suberifaciens as Sphingobium suberifaciens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 735-743.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhizorhapis suberifaciens Chen et al. 2013) Francis et al. 2014, comb. nov.

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Sphingobium subterraneum Lee et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S-II-13=KACC 17606=NBRC 109814.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FJ796422.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. subterraneum, underground.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: LEE, J.-C., KIM, S.-G. and WHANG, K.-S. 2015. Sphingobium subterraneum sp. nov., isolated from ground water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 393-398
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium sufflavum Sheu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HL-25=BCRC 80413=KCTC 23953.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ060960.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. sufflavum, light yellow, referring to the production of a yellow pigment.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Reference: SHEU, S.-Y., SHIAU, Y.-W. and CHEN, W.-M. 2013. Sphingobium sufflavum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3444-3450.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium ummariense Singh and Lal 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RL-3 = CCM 7431 = MTCC 8599.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF207155.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. ummariense, pertaining to Ummari, the HCH-contaminated site from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: SINGH (A.) and LAL (R.): Sphingobium ummariense sp. nov., a hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)-degrading bacterium, isolated from HCH-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 162-166.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium vermicomposti Vaz-Moreira et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VC-230 = CCUG 55809 = DSM 21299.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM998824.
Etymology: L. n. vermis, worm; N.L. neut. n. compostum, compost; N.L. gen. n. vermicomposti, of/from compost produced by earthworms.
Valid publication: VAZ-MOREIRA (I.), FARIA (C.), LOPES (A.R.), SVENSSON (L.), FALSEN (E.), MOORE (E.R.B.), SILVA FERREIRA (A.C.), NUNES (O.C.) and MANAIA (C.M.): Sphingobium vermicomposti sp. nov., isolated from vermicompost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 3145-3149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium vulgare Baek et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HU1-GD12 = KCTC 22289 = LMG 24321.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ177535.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. vulgare, common, referring to the lack of specific characteristics.
Valid publication: BAEK (S.H.), LIM (J.H.)  and LEE (S.T.): Sphingobium vulgare sp. nov., isolated from freshwater sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2473-2477.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium wenxiniae Wang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JZ-1 = CGMCC 1.7748 = DSM 21828.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ686047.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. wenxiniae, of Wen-xin, to honour Wen-xin Chen, a respected soil microbiologist, for her great contributions to the investigation and development of rhizobia resources in China.
Valid publication: WANG (B.Z.), GUO (P.), ZHENG (J.W.), HANG (B.J.), LI (L.), HE (J.) and LI (S.P.): Sphingobium wenxiniae sp. nov., a synthetic pyrethroid (SP)-degrading bacterium isolated from activated sludge in an SP-manufacturing wastewater treatment facility. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1776-1780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium xanthum Francis et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NL9=LMG 12560=ATCC 51296
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF437579.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: Gr. adj. xanthos, yellow.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: FRANCIS, I. M., JOCHIMSEN, K. N., DE VOS, P. and VAN BRUGGEN, A. H. C. 2014. Reclassification of rhizosphere bacteria including strains causing corky root of lettuce and proposal of Rhizorhapis suberifaciens gen. nov., comb. nov., Sphingobium mellinum sp. nov., Sphingobium xanthum sp. nov. and Rhizorhabdus argentea gen. nov., sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1340-1350.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphingobium xenophagum (Stolz et al. 2000) Pal et al. 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BN6 = CIP 107206 = DSM 6383.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94098.
Basonym: ¤ Sphingomonas xenophaga Stolz et al. 2000.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. xenophagum (from Gr. adj. xenos, foreign, and Gr. v. phagein to eat), eating foreign (xenobiotic) compounds.
Valid publication: PAL (R.), BHASIN (V.K.) and LAL (R.): Proposal to reclassify [Sphingomonas] xenophaga Stolz et al. 2000 and [Sphingomonas] taejonensis Lee et al. 2001 as Sphingobium xenophagum comb. nov. and Sphingopyxis taejonensis comb. nov., respectively. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 667-670.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet xenophagum, should be a "N.L. neut. adj.", not a "N.L. neut. n." as cited in the paper by Pal et al. 2006.

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Sphingobium yanoikuyae (Yabuuchi et al. 1990) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51230= CCUG 28380 = CCUG 31205 = CIP 106726 = DSM 7462 = GIFU 9882 = HAMBI 1842 = IFO (now NBRC) 15102 = JCM 7371 = LMG 11252.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D13728.
Basonym: ¤ Sphingomonas yanoikuyae Yabuuchi et al. 1990.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. yanoikuyae, of Yano Ikuya, named in honor of Professor Ikuya Yano, the Japanese bacteriologist who first recognized the second major spot of alkaline-stable glycolipid (SGL-1', now known as galacturonosyl ceramide) on TLC.
Valid publication: TAKEUCHI (M.), HAMANA (K.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Proposal of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto and three new genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, on the basis of phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1405-1417.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication makes no reference to the deposit of the type strain in any publicly accessible service collection, but deposits in at least two recognized culture collections in different countries are documented. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, Sphingobium yanoikuyae (Yabuuchi et al. 1990) Takeuchi et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingomonas yanoikuyae Yabuuchi et al. 1990.

Note: Sphingobium yanoikuyae (Yabuuchi et al. 1990) Takeuchi et al. 2001 is a later homotypic synonym of Sphingomonas yanoikuyae Yabuuchi et al. 1990.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.), KOSAKO (Y.), FUJIWARA (N.), NAKA (T.), MATSUNAGA (I.), OGURA (H.) and KOBAYASHI (K.): Emendation of the genus Sphingomonas Yabuuchi et al. 1990 and junior objective synonymy of the species of three genera, Sphingobium, Novosphingobium and Sphingopyxis, in conjunction with Blastomonas ursincola. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1485-1496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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