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Genus Sphaerotilus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 3
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Sphaerotilus Kützing 1833, genus.
Type species: ¤ Sphaerotilus natans Kützing 1833 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Cladothrix" Cohn 1875.
Etymology: Gr. n. sphaira (Latin transliteration sphaera), a sphere; Gr. masc. n. tilos, anything plucked, intended to mean flock (in Greek, the noun tila means "flocks or motes floating in the air"); N.L. masc. n. Sphaerotilus, spherical flock.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KÜTZING (F.T.): Beitrag zur Kenntnis über die Entstehung und Metamorphose der niedern vegetabilischen Organismen, nebst einer systematischen Zusammenstellung der hierher gehörigen niedern Algenformen. Linnaea, 1833, 8, 335-387.

Sphaerotilus Kützing 1833 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Gridneva et al. 2011.
Type species: Sphaerotilus natans Kützing 1833 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. sphaira (Latin transliteration sphaera), a sphere; Gr. masc. n. tilos, anything plucked, intended to mean flock (in Greek, the noun tila means "flocks or motes floating in the air"); N.L. masc. n. Sphaerotilus, spherical flock.
Reference: GRIDNEVA (E.), CHERNOUSOVA (E.), DUBININA (G.), AKIMOV (V.), KUEVER (J.), DETKOVA (E.) and GRABOVICH (M.): Taxonomic investigation of representatives of the genus Sphaerotilus: descriptions of Sphaerotilus montanus sp. nov., Sphaerotilus hippei sp. nov., Sphaerotilus natans subsp. natans subsp. nov. and Sphaerotilus natans subsp. sulfidivorans subsp. nov., and an emended description of the genus Sphaerotilus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 916-925.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphaerotilus hippei Gridneva et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 566 = ATCC 29330= DSM 566.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU591795.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. hippei, of Hippe, named after H. Hippe, a German microbiologist, who isolated this strain.
Valid publication: GRIDNEVA (E.), CHERNOUSOVA (E.), DUBININA (G.), AKIMOV (V.), KUEVER (J.), DETKOVA (E.) and GRABOVICH (M.): Taxonomic investigation of representatives of the genus Sphaerotilus: descriptions of Sphaerotilus montanus sp. nov., Sphaerotilus hippei sp. nov., Sphaerotilus natans subsp. natans subsp. nov. and Sphaerotilus natans subsp. sulfidivorans subsp. nov., and an emended description of the genus Sphaerotilus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 916-925.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphaerotilus montanus Gridneva et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HS = DSM 21226 = VKM B-2519.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU636006.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. montanus, of or belonging to a mountain, pertaining to an iron spring, located in the foothills of the North Caucasus, Russia, the place from where the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: GRIDNEVA (E.), CHERNOUSOVA (E.), DUBININA (G.), AKIMOV (V.), KUEVER (J.), DETKOVA (E.) and GRABOVICH (M.): Taxonomic investigation of representatives of the genus Sphaerotilus: descriptions of Sphaerotilus montanus sp. nov., Sphaerotilus hippei sp. nov., Sphaerotilus natans subsp. natans subsp. nov. and Sphaerotilus natans subsp. sulfidivorans subsp. nov., and an emended description of the genus Sphaerotilus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 916-925.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphaerotilus natans Kützing 1833, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13338= DSM 6575 = LMG 7172.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR749902.
Synonyms: "Cladothrix dichotoma" Cohn 1875, "Streptothrix fluitans" Migula 1895, "Sphaerotilus fluitans" (Migula 1895) Schikora 1899, "Sphaerotilus dichotomus" (Cohn 1875) Migula 1900.
Etymology: L. part. adj. natans, swimming.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KÜTZING (F.T.): Beitrag zur Kenntnis über die Entstehung und Metamorphose der niedern vegetabilischen Organismen, nebst einer systematischen Zusammenstellung der hierher gehörigen niedern Algenformen. Linnaea, 1833, 8, 335-387.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Sphaerotilus natans subsp. natans (Kützing 1833) Gridneva et al. 2011, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13338= DSM 6575 = LMG 7172.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR749902.
Etymology: L. part. adj. natans, swimming.
Valid publication: GRIDNEVA (E.), CHERNOUSOVA (E.), DUBININA (G.), AKIMOV (V.), KUEVER (J.), DETKOVA (E.) and GRABOVICH (M.): Taxonomic investigation of representatives of the genus Sphaerotilus: descriptions of Sphaerotilus montanus sp. nov., Sphaerotilus hippei sp. nov., Sphaerotilus natans subsp. natans subsp. nov. and Sphaerotilus natans subsp. sulfidivorans subsp. nov., and an emended description of the genus Sphaerotilus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 916-925.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original authorship, Kützing 1833, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Sphaerotilus natans subsp. sulfidivorans Gridneva et al. 2011, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) D-501 = DSM 22545 = VKM B-2573.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ871054.
Etymology: N.L. n. sulfidum, sulphide; L. part adj. vorans, consuming; N.L. part adj. sulfidivorans, sulfide-consuming.
Valid publication: GRIDNEVA (E.), CHERNOUSOVA (E.), DUBININA (G.), AKIMOV (V.), KUEVER (J.), DETKOVA (E.) and GRABOVICH (M.): Taxonomic investigation of representatives of the genus Sphaerotilus: descriptions of Sphaerotilus montanus sp. nov., Sphaerotilus hippei sp. nov., Sphaerotilus natans subsp. natans subsp. nov. and Sphaerotilus natans subsp. sulfidivorans subsp. nov., and an emended description of the genus Sphaerotilus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 916-925.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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