Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Serratia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 19
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 4

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Serratia Bizio 1823, genus. (Type genus of the tribe ¤ Serratieae Bergey et al. 1939 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Serratia marcescens Bizio 1823 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Serratia, named after Serafino Serrati, an Italian physicist.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BIZIO (B.): Lettera di Bartolomeo Bizio al chiarissimo canonico Angelo Bellani sopra il fenomeno della polenta porporina. Biblioteca Italiana o sia Giornale di Letteratura, Scienze e Arti (Anno VIII), 1823, 30, 275-295.

   image

Serratia aquatilis Kämpfer and Glaeser 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 2015-2462-01=LMG 29119=CCM 8626.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT387999.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. aquatilis, living in water.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P. and GLAESER, S. P. 2016. Serratia aquatilis sp. nov., isolated from drinking water systems. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 407-413.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia entomophila Grimont et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A1 = ATCC 43705= CIP 102919 = DSM 12358.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233427.
Etymology: Gr. n. entomon, insect; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. entomophila, insect loving.
Valid publication: GRIMONT (P.A.D.), JACKSON (T.A.), AGERON (E.) and NOONAN (M.J.): Serratia entomophila sp. nov., associated with amber disease in the New Zealand grass grub Costelytra zealandica. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 1-6.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia ficaria Grimont et al. 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4024 = ATCC 33105= CIP 79.23 = DSM 4569 = ICPB 4050 = JCM 1241 = LMG 7881 = NBRC 102596 = NCTC 12148.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233428.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. ficaria, of or belonging to figs.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.) and STARR (M.P.): Serratia ficaria sp. nov., a bacterial species associated with Smyrna figs and the fig wasp Blastophaga psenes. Curr. Microbiol., 1979, 2, 277-282.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Serratia fonticola Gavini et al. 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 11 = ATCC 29844= CCUG 14186 = CCUG 37824 = CIP 78.64 = DSM 4576 = HAMBI 1274 = JCM 1242 = LMG 7882 = NBRC 102597 = NCTC 12965.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233429.
Etymology: L. n. fons fontis, spring, fountain; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), dweller; N.L. n. fonticola, spring-dweller.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: GAVINI (F.), FERRAGUT (C.), IZARD (D.), TRINEL (P.A.), LECLERC (H.), LEFEBVRE (B.) and MOSSEL (D.A.A.): Serratia fonticola, a new species from water. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 92-101.

Serratia fonticola Geiger et al. 2010 emend. Kämpfer and Glaeser 2015.
Reference: KÄMPFER, P. and GLAESER, S. P. 2015. Serratia glossinae Geiger et al. 2010 is a later synonym of Serratia fonticola Gavini et al. 1979. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1406-1408.
Original article.

   image

Serratia glossinae Geiger et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C1 = CCUG 57457 = DSM 22080.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ790328.
Synonym: ¤ Serratia fonticola. According to Kämpfer and Glaeser (2015), Serratia glossinae Geiger et al. 2010 is a later synonym of Serratia fonticola Gavini et al. 1979.
Reference: KÄMPFER, P. and GLAESER, S. P. 2015. Serratia glossinae Geiger et al. 2010 is a later synonym of Serratia fonticola Gavini et al. 1979. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1406-1408.
Original article.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. glossinae, of Glossina, referring to the isolation of the type strain from the tsetse fly Glossina palpalis gambiensis.
Valid publication: GEIGER (A.), FARDEAU (M.L.), FALSEN (E.), OLLIVIER (B.) and CUNY (G.): Serratia glossinae sp. nov., isolated from the midgut of the tsetse fly Glossina palpalis gambiensis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1261-1265.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia grimesii Grimont et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14460= CCUG 15721 = CIP 103361 = DSM 30063 = HAMBI 1284 = IFO (now NBRC) 13537 = JCM 5910 = LMG 7883 = NCTC 11543 = NRRL B-4271.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233430.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. grimesii, of Grimes.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.) and IRINO (K.): Biochemical characterization of Serratia liquefaciens sensu stricto, Serratia proteamaculans, and Serratia grimesii sp. nov. Curr. Microbiol., 1982, 7, 69-74.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

   image

Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27592= CCUG 9285 = CIP 103238 = DSM 4487 = JCM 1245 = LMG 7884 = NCTC 12962.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306725.
Synonym: "Aerobacter liquefaciens" Grimes and Hennerty 1931.
Etymology: L. part. adj. liquefaciens, making liquid, dissolving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 GRIMES (M.) and HENNERTY (P.J.): A study of bacteria belonging to the sub-genus Aerobacter. Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Society Dublin, 1931, 20, 89-97. 2 BASCOMB (S.), LAPAGE (S.P.), WILLCOX (W.R.) and CURTIS (M.A.): Numerical classification of the Tribe Klebsielleae. Journal of General Microbiology, 1971, 66, 279-295.

Note 1: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1961[sic]) Bascomb et al. 1971.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note 2:
Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) was proposed by Grimont et al. [1] as a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978 (Approved Lists 1980). Since the publication of this proposal several new developments have occured. The sequence of events are as follows. (i) Holmes [2] requested that the Judicial Commission issue an Opinion conserving the specific epithet liquefaciens over proteamaculans. (ii) the "Approved Lists of Bacterial Names" contain both the names Serratia liquefaciens and Serratia proteamaculans. (iii) Grimont et al. [3] have studied additional strains and have concluded that Serratia liquefaciens is a species distinct from Serratia proteamaculans. Therefore, Grimont et al. [3] requested that the Judicial Commission conserve both names. (iv) The Request for an Opinion by Holmes was denied by the Judicial Commission [4, 5, 6].
In the "Indexes of the Bacterial and Yeast Nomenclatural Changes", Moore and Moore [7, 8] write "Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb et al. 1971 (AL) = Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978 (AL)". However, Serratia liquefaciens and Serratia proteamaculans are distinct species.
References:
1 GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.) and STARR (M.P.): Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield) comb. nov., a senior heterotypic synonym of Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty) Bascomb et al. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1978, 28, 503-510.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 HOLMES (B.): Proposal to conserve the specific epithet liquefaciens over the specific epithet proteamaculans in the name of the organism currently known as Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb et al. 1971. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 220-222.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.) and STARR (M.P.): Comment on the Request to the Judicial Commission to conserve the specific epithet liquefaciens over the specific epithet proteamaculans in the name of the organism currently known as Serratia liquefaciens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 211-212.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465.
Original article in IJSEM Online
5 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the meeting, 6 August 1982, Boston, Massachusetts. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 577-578.
Original article in IJSEM Online
6 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the Meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, United Kingdom. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 85-87.
Original article in IJSEM Online
7 MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1989). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1989.
8 MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1992). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.

   image

Serratia marcescens Bizio 1823, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13880= CCUG 1647 = CFBP 4226 = CIP 103235 = DSM 30121 = HAMBI 1286 = JCM 1239 = LMG 2792 = NBRC 102204 = NCTC 10211 = NRRL B-2544 = VKM B-1248.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233431.
Synonym: "Bacillus marcescens" (Bizio 1823) Trevisan in de Toni and Trevisan 1889.
Etymology: L. part. adj. marcescens, becoming weak, fading away.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BIZIO (B.): Lettera di Bartolomeo Bizio al chiarissimo canonico Angelo Bellani sopra il fenomeno della polenta porporina. Biblioteca Italiana o sia Giornale di Letteratura, Scienze e Arti (Anno VIII), 1823, 30, 275-295.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

   image

Serratia marcescens subsp. marcescens (Bizio 1823) Ajithkumar et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13880= CCUG 1647 = CFBP 4226 = CIP 103235 = DSM 30121 = HAMBI 1286 = JCM 1239 = LMG 2792 = NBRC 102204 = NCTC 10211 = NRRL B-2544 = VKM B-1248.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233431.
Synonym: "Bacillus marcescens" (Bizio 1823) Trevisan in de Toni and Trevisan 1889.
Etymology: L. part. adj. marcescens, becoming weak, fading away.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233431.

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Bizio 1823, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46) of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), the valid publication of ¤ Serratia marcescens subsp. sakuensis Ajithkumar et al. 2003 automatically creates another subspecies, Serratia marcescens subsp. marcescens (Bizio 1823) Ajithkumar et al. 2003.

   image

Serratia marcescens subsp. sakuensis Ajithkumar et al. 2003, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KRED = CIP 107489 = JCM 11315.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB061685.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. sakuensis, referring to Saku, Nagano, Japan, where the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: AJITHKUMAR (B.), AJITHKUMAR (V.P.), IRIYE (R.), DOI (Y.) and SAKAI (T.): Spore-forming Serratia marcescens subsp. sakuensis subsp. nov., isolated from a domestic wastewater treatment tank. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 253-258.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to the Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Enterobacteriaceae, the presence of spores in Serratia marcescens subsp. sakuensis JCM 11315 is not confirmed.
Reference: HOLMES (B.) and FARMER III (J.J.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Enterobacteriaceae. Minutes of the meetings, 7 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2643-2645.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia marinorubra ZoBell and Upham 1944, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27593= CCUG 9286 = CCUG 10981 = CIP 103234 = DSM 4480 = JCM 1240 = LMG 5019 = NBRC 103169 = NCTC 12971.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004751.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. marinus, of the sea, marine; L. adj. ruber -bra -brum, red; N.L. fem. adj. marinorubra, intended to mean a marine red organism.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ZOBELL (C.E.) and UPHAM (H.C.): A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species. Bulletin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California (Technical Series). 1944, 5, 239-292.

= ¤ Serratia rubidaea (Stapp 1940) Ewing et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Serratia marinorubra ZoBell and Upham 1944 (Approved Lists 1980) and Serratia rubidaea (Stapp 1940) Ewing et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
However, according to Brenner [1] and according to Grimont and Grimont [2], the type strain of Serratia marinorubra is ATCC 27614not ATCC 27593as incorrectly shown on the Approved Lists because of an error by the Enterobacteriaceae Subcommittee. To avoid further confusion, the name Serratia rubidae (Stapp 1940) Ewing et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) should now be used to designate the same (Serratia rubidae-Serratia marinorubra) taxon [2].
References:
1 BRENNER (D.J.): Family I. Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937, Nom. fam. cons. Opin. 15, Jud. Comm. 1958, 73; Ewing, Farmer, and Brenner 1980, 674; Judicial Commission 1981, 104. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 408-420.
2 GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRIMONT (F.): Genus VIII. Serratia Bizio 1823, 288AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 477-484.

   image

Serratia myotis García-Fraile et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 12=CECT 8594=DSM 28726.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ739884.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. myotis, of the bat Myotis myotis.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: GARCÍ­A-FRAILE, P., CHUDÍČKOVÁ, M., BENADA, O., PIKULA, J. and KOLAŘÍK, M. 2015. Serratia myotis sp. nov. and Serratia vespertilionis sp. nov., isolated from bats hibernating in caves. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 90-94
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia nematodiphila Zhang et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DZ0503SBS1 = CGMCC 1.6853 = KCTC 22130.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU036987.
Etymology: N.L. n. nematodum, nematode; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. nematodiphila, nematode-loving, referring to its living in the intestine of the nematode Heterorhabditidoides chongmingensis.
Valid publication: ZHANG (C.X.), YANG (S.Y.), XU (M.X.), SUN (J.), LIU (H.), LIU (J.R.), LIU (H.), KAN (F.), SUN (J.), LAI (R.) and ZHANG (K.Y.): Serratia nematodiphila sp. nov., associated symbiotically with the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditidoides chongmingensis (Rhabditida: Rhabditidae). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1603-1608.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia odorifera Grimont et al. 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33077= CDC 1979-77 = CCUG 14508 = CIP 79.1 = DSM 4582 = JCM 1243 = NBRC 102598 = NCTC 11214.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233432.
Etymology: L. adj. odorifer -era -erum, bringing or spreading odors, fragrant, odoriferous; L. fem. adj. odorifera, bringing or spreading odors, fragrant, odoriferous.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.), RICHARD (C.), DAVIS (B.R.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between Serratia plymuthica and other Serratia species with a description of Serratia odorifera sp. nov. (holotype: ICPB 3995). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 453-463.

   image

Serratia plymuthica (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Breed et al. 1948, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 183= CCUG 14509 = CIP 103239 = DSM 4540 = JCM 1244 = LMG 7886 = NBRC 102599 = NCTC 12961.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233433.
Synonym: "Bacterium plymuthicum" (sic) Lehmann and Neumann 1896.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. plymuthica, pertaining to Plymouth, UK.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896. 2 BREED (R.S.), MURRAY (E.G.D.) and HITCHENS (A.P.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 6th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1948, pp. 1-1529.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Serratia plymuthica (Dyar 1895) Bergey et al. 1923 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19323= CCUG 14510 = CIP 103236 = DSM 4543 = ICMP 1724 = NCPPB 245.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233434.
Synonyms: "Pseudomonas proteamaculans" Paine and Stansfield 1919, "Xantomonas proteamaculans" (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Burkholder 1948, "Erwinia proteamaculans" (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Dye 1966.
Etymology: N.L. n. Protea, a plant generic name; L. v. maculo, to spot; N.L. part. adj. proteamaculans, spotting Protea.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 PAINE (S.G.) and STANSFIELD (H.): Studies in Bacteriosis. III. A bacterial leafspot disease of Protea cynaroides, exhibiting a host reaction of possibly bacteriolytic nature. Annals of Applied Biology, 1919, 6, 27-39. 2 GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.) and STARR (M.P.): Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stanfield) comb. nov., a senior subjective synonym of Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty) Bascomb et al. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 503-510.

Note 1:
Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) was proposed by Grimont et al. [1] as an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980). Since the publication of this proposal several new developments have occured. The sequence of events are as follows. (i) Holmes [2] requested that the Judicial Commission issue an Opinion conserving the specific epithet liquefaciens over proteamaculans. (ii) the "Approved Lists of Bacterial Names" contain both the names Serratia liquefaciens and Serratia proteamaculans. (iii) Grimont et al. [3] have studied additional strains and have concluded that Serratia liquefaciens is a species distinct from Serratia proteamaculans. Therefore, Grimont et al. [3] requested that the Judicial Commission conserve both names. (iv) The Request for an Opinion by Holmes was denied by the Judicial Commission [4, 5, 6].
In the "Indexes of the Bacterial and Yeast Nomenclatural Changes", Moore and Moore [7, 8] write "Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb et al. 1971 (AL) = Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978 (AL)". However, Serratia liquefaciens and Serratia proteamaculans are distinct species.
References:
1 GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.) and STARR (M.P.): Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield) comb. nov., a senior heterotypic synonym of Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty) Bascomb et al. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1978, 28, 503-510.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 HOLMES (B.): Proposal to conserve the specific epithet liquefaciens over the specific epithet proteamaculans in the name of the organism currently known as Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb et al. 1971. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 220-222.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.) and STARR (M.P.): Comment on the Request to the Judicial Commission to conserve the specific epithet liquefaciens over the specific epithet proteamaculans in the name of the organism currently known as Serratia liquefaciens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 211-212.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465.
Original article in IJSEM Online
5 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the meeting, 6 August 1982, Boston, Massachusetts. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 577-578.
Original article in IJSEM Online
6 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the Meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, United Kingdom. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 85-87.
Original article in IJSEM Online
7 MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1989). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1989.
8 MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1992). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.

Note 2: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

   image

Serratia proteamaculans subsp. proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1983, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19323= CCUG 14510 = CIP 103236 = DSM 4543 = ICMP 1724 = NCPPB 245.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233434.
Etymology: N.L. n. Protea, a plant generic name; L. v. maculo, to spot; N.L. part. adj. proteamaculans, spotting Protea.
Valid publication: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Serratia proteamaculans subsp. proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1983 is automatically created by the valid publication of Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora Grimont et al. 1983 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
3 If an author accepts the elevation of ¤ Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora Grimont et al. 1983 to full species status, then Serratia proteamaculans subsp. proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1983 should thereafter be designated simply as ¤ Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).

   image

Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora Grimont et al. 1983, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4364 = ATCC 33765= CIP 103237 = CIP 81.95 = DSM 4597 = LMG 7887 = NCTC 11544.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233435.
Etymology: N.L. n. quina (from Spanish n. quina), quinine; L. v. voro, to eat, to devour; N.L. fem. adj. quinovora, quinate devouring.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: GRIMONT (P.A.D.), GRIMONT (F.) and IRINO (K.): Biochemical characterization of Serratia liquefaciens sensu stricto, Serratia proteamaculans, and Serratia grimesii sp. nov. Curr. Microbiol., 1982, 7, 69-74.
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The subspecific epithet quinovora (sic) has been corrected in the new combination Serratia quinivorans [see, ¤ Serratia quinivorans corrig. (Grimont et al. 1983) Ashelford et al. 2002, comb. nov.]. However the name "Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinivorans" corrig. has never been formally proposed before December 14, 2000 (date of publication of the amended Rule 61; see Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, page 2239, column 2). Consequently, in the "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature", the subspecific epithet quinovora (sic) has been maintained for Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora.

¤ Serratia quinivorans corrig. (Grimont et al. 1983) Ashelford et al. 2002, comb. nov.

   image

Serratia quinivorans corrig. (Grimont et al. 1983) Ashelford et al. 2002, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4364 = ATCC 33765= CIP 103237 = CIP 81.95 = DSM 4597 = LMG 7887 = NCTC 11544.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233435.
Basonym: ¤ Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora Grimont et al. 1983.
Etymology: N.L. n. quina (from Spanish n. quina), quinine; L. v. voro, to eat, to devour; N.L. part. adj. quinovorans, quinate devouring.
Valid publication: ASHELFORD (K.E.), FRY (J.C.), BAILEY (M.J.) and DAY (M.J.): Characterization of Serratia isolates from soil, ecological implications and transfer of Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora Grimont et al. 1983 to Serratia quinivorans corrig., sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2281-2289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Serratia quinivorans is a new combination not a new species as cited by Ashelford et al. 2002.
2 In the paper by Ashelford et al. 2002, the strain 4364 is erroneously cited as 4123 and the strain CIP 81.95 is erroneously cited as CIP 8195.
3 The original spelling of the epithet, quinivora, has been corrected by Ashelford et al. 2002 [1] to quinivorans. However, this correction contravenes the Note for Rule 61 [2, 3].
References:
1 ASHELFORD (K.E.), FRY (J.C.), BAILEY (M.J.) and DAY (M.J.): Characterization of Serratia isolates from soil, ecological implications and transfer of Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora Grimont et al. 1983 to Serratia quinivorans corrig., sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2281-2289.
Original article by Ashelford et al. 2002 in IJSEM Online
2 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article by De Vos and Trüper 2000 in IJSEM Online
3 LABEDA (D.P.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14 and 17 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2245-2247.
Original article by Labeda 2000 in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia rubidaea (Stapp 1940) Ewing et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27593= CCUG 9286 = CCUG 10981 = CIP 103234 = DSM 4480 = JCM 1240 = LMG 5019 = NBRC 103169 = NCTC 12971.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004751.
Synonym: "Bacterium rubidaeum" Stapp 1940.
Etymology: N.L. n. Rubus idaeus, scientific name of raspberry; N.L. fem. adj. rubidaea (contracted from Rubus idaeus, and made to agree in gender with Serratia), pertaining to Rubus idaeus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 STAPP (C.): Bacterium rubidaeum nov. spec. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1940, 102, 251-266. 2 EWING (W.H.), DAVIS (B.R.), FIFE (M.A.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Biochemical characterization of Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty) Bascomb et al. (formerly Enterobacter liquefaciens) and Serratia rubidaea (Stapp) comb. nov. and designation of type and neotype strains. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 217-225.

= ¤ Serratia marinorubra ZoBell and Upham 1944 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Serratia rubidaea (Stapp 1940) Ewing et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and Serratia marinorubra ZoBell and Upham 1944 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].
However, according to Brenner [1] and according to Grimont and Grimont [2], the type strain of Serratia marinorubra is ATCC 27614not ATCC 27593as incorrectly shown on the Approved Lists because of an error by the Enterobacteriaceae Subcommittee. To avoid further confusion, the name Serratia rubidae (Stapp 1940) Ewing et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) should now be used to designate the same (Serratia rubidae-Serratia marinorubra) taxon [2]. This proposal has not been validly published.
References:
1 BRENNER (D.J.): Family I. Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937, Nom. fam. cons. Opin. 15, Jud. Comm. 1958, 73; Ewing, Farmer, and Brenner 1980, 674; Judicial Commission 1981, 104. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 408-420.
2 GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GRIMONT (F.): Genus VIII. Serratia Bizio 1823, 288AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 477-484.

   image

Serratia symbiotica Sabri et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CWBI-2.3 = DSM 23270 = LMG 25624.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU394001.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. symbiotica (from Gr. n. sumbios, a companion, partner), living together.
Valid publication: SABRI (A.), LEROY (P.), HAUBRUGE (E.), HANCE (T.), FRÈRE (I.), DESTAIN (J.) and THONART (P.): Isolation, pure culture and characterization of Serratia symbiotica sp. nov., the R-type of secondary endosymbiont of the black bean aphid Aphis fabae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2081-2088.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia ureilytica Bhadra et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NiVa 51 = CCUG 50595 = JCM 16474 = LMG 22860.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ854062.
Etymology: N.L. n. urea, urea; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. fem. adj. ureilytica, urea-dissolving.
Valid publication: BHADRA (B.), ROY (P.) and CHAKRABORTY (R.): Serratia ureilytica sp. nov., a novel urea-utilizing species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2155-2158.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Serratia vespertilionis García-Fraile et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 52=CECT 8595=DSM 28727.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ739885.
Etymology: L. gen. n. vespertilionis, of a bat, from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: GARCÍ­A-FRAILE, P., CHUDÍČKOVÁ, M., BENADA, O., PIKULA, J. and KOLAŘÍK, M. 2015. Serratia myotis sp. nov. and Serratia vespertilionis sp. nov., isolated from bats hibernating in caves. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 90-94
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image