Genus Pyrodictium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 3
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Pyrodictium Stetter et al. 1984, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Pyrodictiaceae Burggraf et al. 1997).
Type species: ¤ Pyrodictium occultum Stetter et al. 1984.
Etymology: Gr. n. pur, fire; Gr. neut. n. diktûon, lattice-work, network; N.L. neut. n. Pyrodictium, fire-loving network.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [STETTER (K.O.), KÖNIG (H.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Pyrodictium gen. nov., a new genus of submarine disc-shaped sulphur reducing archaebacteria growing optimally at 105°C. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 535-551.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Pyrodictium abyssi Pley and Stetter 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AV2 = ATCC 49828 = DSM 6158 = JCM 9394 = NBRC 100439.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X99559.
Etymology: L. gen. n. abyssi, of an abyss, living at great depth within the oceans.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 39. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 580-581. [PLEY (U.), SCHIPKA (J.), GAMBACORTA (A.), JANNASCH (H.W.), FRICKE (H.), RACHEL (R.) and STETTER (K.O.): Pyrodictium abyssi sp. nov. represents a novel heterotrophic marine archaeal hyperthermophile growing at 110°C. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1991, 14, 245-253.]
Validation List no. 39 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The name Pyrodictium abyssi must be attributed to Pley and Stetter 1991 (in Pley, Schipka, Gambacorta, Jannasch, Fricke, Rachel and Stetter 1991) not to Pley et al. 1991 as cited in Validation List no. 39.
Reference: STETTER (K.O.): Genus I. Pyrodictium Stetter, König and Stackebrandt 1984, 270VP, emend. Pley and Stetter in Pley, Schipka, Gambacorta, Jannasch, Fricke, Rachel and Stetter 1991, 251 (Effective publication: Stetter, König and Stackebrandt 1983, 549). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 192-195.

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Pyrodictium brockii Stetter et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S 1 = DSM 2708 = JCM 9392 = NBRC 100437.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L36461.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. brockii, of Brock; named for T. D. Brock for his pioneering work on the extreme thermophiles.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [STETTER (K.O.), KÖNIG (H.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Pyrodictium gen. nov., a new genus of submarine disc-shaped sulphur reducing archaebacteria growing optimally at 105°C. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 535-551.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Pyrodictium occultum Stetter et al. 1984, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PL-19 = DSM 2709 = JCM 9393 = NBRC 100438.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M21087.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. occultum, hidden, concealed, secret, indicating the invisibility of the network in the phase-contrast microscope.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [STETTER (K.O.), KÖNIG (H.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Pyrodictium gen. nov., a new genus of submarine disc-shaped sulphur reducing archaebacteria growing optimally at 105°C. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 535-551.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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