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Genus Photobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 29
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Photobacterium Beijerinck 1889, genus.
Type species: ¤ Photobacterium phosphoreum (Cohn 1878) Beijerinck 1889 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonyms: "Photobacter" Beijerinck 1900, "Photomonas" Orla-Jensen 1921.
Etymology: Gr. n. phôs -otos, light; L. neut. n. bacterium, rod or staff and, in biology, a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Photobacterium, light (-producing) bacterium.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Le Photobacterium luminosum, Bactérie lumineuse de la Mer du Nord. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, 1889, 23, 401-427.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the effective publication are cited as 401-415.

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Photobacterium aestuarii Jeon et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YA11=KACC 16912=JCM 18592.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF751050.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. n. aestuarii, of a tidal flat, from where the organism was isolated.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Reference: LO, N., JIN, H. M. and JEON, C. O. 2014. Photobacterium aestuarii sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from a tidal flat. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 625-630.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium angustum Reichelt et al. 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 68 = ATCC 25915= CAIM 908 = CCUG 16300 = CIP 75.10 = LMG 8455.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D25307.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. angustum, narrow, limited, with respect to nutritional versatility.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 REICHELT (J.L.), BAUMANN (P.) and BAUMANN (L.): Study of genetic relationships among marine species of the genera Beneckea and Photobacterium by means of in vitro DNA/DNA hybridization. Archives of Microbiology, 1976, 110, 101-120. 2 Validation of the publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. List no. 2. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 79-80.

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Photobacterium aphoticum Lucena et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M46 = CECT 7614 = KCTC 23057.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN796493.
Etymology: Gr. pref. a, not; Gr. n. phos photos, light; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. aphoticum, referring to the non-luminescent character of the species.
Valid publication: LUCENA (T.), RUVIRA (M.A.), PASCUAL (J.), GARAY (E.), MACIÁN (M.C.), ARAHAL (D.R.) and PUJALTE (M.J.): Photobacterium aphoticum sp. nov., isolated from coastal water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1579-1584.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium aplysiae Seo et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GMD509 = JCM 12948 = KCTC 12383. See also the footnote.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY781193. See also the footnote.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. aplysiae, of Aplysia, a zoological genus, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a sea hare, genus Aplysia.
Valid publication: SEO (H.J.), BAE (S.S.), YANG (S.H.), LEE (J.H.) and KIM (S.J.): Photobacterium aplysiae sp. nov., a lipolytic marine bacterium isolated from eggs of the sea hare Aplysia kurodai. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2293-2296.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note:   Dr. Y. Kosako checked the 16S rDNA sequence of Photobacterium aplysiae JCM 12948 and found the sequence of the JCM strain to be quite different from that of AY781193 (the sequence which was deposited in the DNA Data Bank). Dr. Y. Kosako raised with Dr. Lee of KCTC this discrepancy concerning the 16S rDNA sequence of Photobacterium aplysiae. Dr. Lee repeated the experiment and obtained the same results as Y. Kosako. Dr. Y. Kosako asked Dr. Kim, the depositor of the original strain for a replacement culture. Dr. Kim stated that he had deposited the wrong strain in both culture collections and that GMD 509 was no longer available due to a freezer breakdown. Thus, Photobacterium aplysiae is without a type strain and GMD509T is not available from any other source.
Reference: HOLMES (B.) and FARMER III (J.J.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Aeromonadaceae, Vibrionaceae and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2638-2640.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium aquae Liu et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AE6=CGMCC 1.12159=JCM 18480.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ948040.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. fem. n. aquae, of water.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: LIU, Y., LIU, L.-Z., SONG, L., ZHOU, Y.-G., QI, F.-J. and LIU, Z.-P. 2014. Photobacterium aquae sp. nov., isolated from a recirculating mariculture system. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 475-480.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium aquimaris Yoshizawa et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LC2-065 = KCTC 22356 = NBRC 104633.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB428873.
Etymology: L. n. aqua, water; L. gen. n. maris, of the sea; N.L. gen. n. aquimaris, of water of the sea.
Valid publication: YOSHIZAWA (S.), WADA (M.), KITA-TSUKAMOTO (K.), YOKOTA (A.) and KOGURE (K.): Photobacterium aquimaris sp. nov., a luminous marine bacterium isolated from seawater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1438-1442.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium damselae corrig. (Love et al. 1982) Smith et al. 1991, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33539= CAIM 331 = CCUG 13626 = CDC 2588-80 = CIP 102761 = IFO (now NBRC) 15633 = DSM 7482 = LMG 7892 = NCTC 11647.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032015.
Basonym: ¤ Vibrio damsela Love et al. 1982.
Other synonym: ¤ Listonella damsela (Love et al. 1982) MacDonell and Colwell 1986.
Etymology: N.L. n. damsela, derived from the modern zoological term damselfish; N.L. gen. n. damselae, of damselfish.
Valid publication: SMITH (S.K.), SUTTON (D.C.), FUERST (J.A.) and REICHELT (J.L.): Evaluation of the genus Listonella and reassignment of Listonella damsela (Love et al.) MacDonell and Colwell to the genus Photobacterium as Photobacterium damsela comb. nov. with an emended description. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 529-534.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, damsela (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae corrig. (Love et al. 1982) Gauthier et al. 1995, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33539= CAIM 331 = CCUG 13626 = CDC 2588-80 = CIP 102761 = IFO (now NBRC) 15633 = DSM 7482 = LMG 7892 = NCTC 11647.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032015.
Etymology: N.L. n. damsela, derived from the modern zoological term damselfish; N.L. gen. n. damselae, of damselfish.
Valid publication: GAUTHIER (G.), LAFAY (B.), RUIMY (R.), BREITTMAYER (V.), NICOLAS (J.L.), GAUTHIER (M.) and CHRISTEN (R.): Small-subunit rRNA sequences and whole DNA relatedness concur for the reassignment of Pasteurella piscicida (Snieszko et al.) Janssen and Surgalla to the genus Photobacterium as Photobacterium damsela subsp. piscicida comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 139-144.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Love et al. 1982) Smith et al. 1991, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The original spelling of the specific epithet and of the subspecific epithet, damsela (sic), have been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
2 The subspecies name Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae corrig. (Love et al. 1982) Gauthier et al. 1995 is automatically created by the valid publication of Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida corrig. (ex Janssen and Surgalla 1968) Gauthier et al. 1995 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae corrig. (Love et al. 1982) Gauthier et al. 1995 emend. Kimura et al. 2000.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33539= CAIM 331 = CCUG 13626 = CDC 2588-80 = CIP 102761 = IFO (now NBRC) 15633 = DSM 7482 = LMG 7892 = NCTC 11647.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032015.
Etymology: N.L. n. damsela, derived from the modern zoological term damselfish; N.L. gen. n. damselae, of damselfish.
Reference: KIMURA (B.), HOKIMOTO (S.), TAKAHASHI (H.) and FUJII (T.): Photobacterium histaminum Okuzumi et al. 1994 is a later subjective synonym of Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae (Love et al. 1981) Smith et al. 1991. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1339-1342.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Kimura et al. 2000, Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae corrig. (Love et al. 1982) Gauthier et al. 1995 emend. Kimura et al. 2000 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Photobacterium histaminum Okuzumi et al. 1994.
Reference: KIMURA (B.), HOKIMOTO (S.), TAKAHASHI (H.) and FUJII (T.): Photobacterium histaminum Okuzumi et al. 1994 is a later subjective synonym Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae (Love et al. 1981) Smith et al. 1991. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1339-1342.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida corrig. (ex Janssen and Surgalla 1968) Gauthier et al. 1995, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51736= CIP 104404 = NCIMB 2058.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X78105.
Synonym: "Pasteurella piscicida" Janssen and Surgalla 1968.
Etymology: L. n. piscis, a fish; L. suff. -cida (from L. v. caedo, to cut or kill), murderer, killer; N.L. n. piscicida, fish killer.
Valid publication: GAUTHIER (G.), LAFAY (B.), RUIMY (R.), BREITTMAYER (V.), NICOLAS (J.L.), GAUTHIER (M.) and CHRISTEN (R.): Small-subunit rRNA sequences and whole DNA relatedness concur for the reassignment of Pasteurella piscicida (Snieszko et al.) Janssen and Surgalla to the genus Photobacterium as Photobacterium damsela subsp. piscicida comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 139-144.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, damsela (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
2 Snieszko et al. 1964, placed this bacterium in the genus Pasteurella without a specific designation. The name "Pasteurella piscicida" was later proposed by Janssen and Surgalla 1968. Consequently, the correct citation is Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida corrig. (ex Janssen and Surgalla 1968) Gauthier et al. 1995, not Photobacterium damsela subsp. piscicida (sic) (ex Snieszko et al. 1964) Gauthier et al. 1995, as cited in the paper by Gauthier et al. 1995.
3 Based on phenotypic characterization, Photobacterium damsela subsp. piscicida corrig. (ex Janssen and Surgalla 1968) Gauthier et al. 1995 is more related to Photobacterium angustum Reichelt et al. 1979 (Approved Lists 1980) and Photobacterium leiognathi Boisvert et al. 1967 (Approved Lists 1980) than to Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae corrig. (Love et al. 1982) Smith et al. 1991 [1]. Because results obtained by phenotypic analyses are not in accordance with those of genotypic analyses performed by Gauthier et al. [2], further studies should be undertaken to unravel the taxonomic position of this taxon [1].
Reference: 1 THYSSEN (A.), GRISEZ (L.), VAN HOUDT (R.) and OLLEVIER (F.): Phenotypic characterization of the marine pathogen Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1145-1151. 2 GAUTHIER (G.), LAFAY (B.), RUIMY (R.), BREITTMAYER (V.), NICOLAS (J.L.), GAUTHIER (M.) and CHRISTEN (R.): Small-subunit rRNA sequences and whole DNA relatedness concur for the reassignment of Pasteurella piscicida (Snieszko et al.) Janssen and Surgalla to the genus Photobacterium as Photobacterium damsela subsp. piscicida comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 139-144.
Original article by Thyssen et al. 1998 in IJSEM Online
Original article by Gauthier et al. 1995 in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium fischeri (Beijerinck 1889) Reichelt and Baumann 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 7744= CAIM 329 = CCUG 13450 = CIP 103206 = DSM 507 = LMG 4414 = NCCB 80039 = NCCB 76033 = NCIMB 1281 = NRRL B-761.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X74702.
Synonyms: "Einheimischer Leuchtbacillus" Fischer 1888, "Bacillus fischeri" (Beijerinck 1889) Trevisan 1889, "Bacillus phosphorescens indigenus" Eisenberg 1891, "Spirillum marinum" Russell 1892, "Bacterium phosphorescens indigenus" (Eisenberg 1891) Chester 1897, "Microspira marina" (Russell 1892) Migula 1900, "Microspira fischeri" (Beijerinck 1889) Chester 1901, "Vibrio marinus" (Russell 1892) Ford 1927, "Achromobacter fischeri" (Beijerinck 1889) Bergey et al. 1930, "Vibrio noctiluca" Weisglass and Skreb 1963.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. fischeri, of Fischer, named after Bernhard Fischer, one of the earliest students of luminescent bacteria.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Le Photobacterium luminosum, Bactérie lumineuse de la Mer du Nord. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, 1889, 23, 401-427. 2 REICHELT (J.L.) and BAUMANN (P.): Taxonomy of the marine, luminous bacteria. Archiv für Mikrobiologie, 1973, 94, 283-330.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the paper by Beijerinck are cited as 401-415.

= ¤ Vibrio fischeri (Beijerinck 1889) Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Photobacterium fischeri (Beijerinck 1889) Reichelt and Baumann 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and Vibrio fischeri (Beijerinck 1889) Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

¤ Aliivibrio fischeri (Beijerinck 1889) Urbanczyk et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Photobacterium frigidiphilum Seo et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SL13 = JCM 12947 = KCTC 12384.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY538749.
Etymology: L. adj. frigidus, cold; N.L. adj. philus (from Gr. adj. philos), loving; N.L. neut. adj. frigidiphilum, cold-loving.
Valid publication: SEO (H.J.), BAE (S.S.), LEE (J.H.) and KIM (S.J.): Photobacterium frigidiphilum sp. nov., a psychrophilic, lipolytic bacterium isolated from deep-sea sediments of Edison Seamount. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1661-1666.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium gaetbulicola Kim et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Gung47 = CCUG 58399 = KCTC 22804.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ260188.
Etymology: N.L. n. gaetbulum, gaetbul, the Korean name for a tidal flat; L. suff. -cola (from L. masc; or fem. n. incola) a dweller, inhabitant; N.L. fem. n. gaetbulicola, a dweller of a tidal flat.
Valid publication: KIM (Y.O.), KIM (K.K.), PARK (S.), KANG (S.J.), LEE (J.H.), LEE (S.J.), OH (T.K.) and YOON (J.H.): Photobacterium gaetbulicola sp. nov., a lipolytic bacterium isolated from a tidal flat sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2587-2591.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium galatheae Machado et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S2753=LMG 28894=DSM 100496.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR704916.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. galatheae, referring to the research expedition on which the type strain was first isolated.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: MACHADO, H., GIUBERGIA, S., MATEIU, R. V. and GRAM, L. 2015. Photobacterium galatheae sp. nov., a bioactive bacterium isolated from a mussel in the Solomon Sea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4503-4507.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium ganghwense Park et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FR1311 = IMSNU 60287 = JCM 12487 = KCTC 12328.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY960847.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. ganghwense, pertaining to Ganghwa Island, Korea, the geographical origin of the type strain of the species.
Valid publication: PARK (Y.D.), BAIK (K.S.), SEONG (C.N.), BAE (K.S.), KIM (S.) and CHUN (J.): Photobacterium ganghwense sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from sea water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 745-749.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium halotolerans Rivas et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MACL01 = CECT 5860 = LMG 22194.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY551089.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. halotolerans, referring to the ability to tolerate high salt concentrations.
Valid publication: RIVAS (R.), GARCÍA-FRAILE (P.), MATEOS (P.F.), MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Photobacterium halotolerans sp. nov., isolated from Lake Martel in Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1067-1071.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium histaminum Okuzumi et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C-8 = JCM 8968 = ATCC 51805.
Etymology: N.L. n. histaminum, histamine (probably intended to mean histamine-producing).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB032014.
Reference: OKUZUMI (M.), HIRAISHI (A.), KOBAYASHI (T.) and FUJII (T.): Photobacterium histaminum sp. nov., a histamine-producing marine bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 631-636.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae corrig. (Love et al. 1982) Gauthier et al. 1995 emend. Kimura et al. 2000.

Note: According to Kimura et al. 2000, Photobacterium histaminum Okuzumi et al. 1994 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae corrig. (Love et al. 1982) Gauthier et al. 1995 emend. Kimura et al. 2000.
Reference: KIMURA (B.), HOKIMOTO (S.), TAKAHASHI (H.) and FUJII (T.): Photobacterium histaminum Okuzumi et al. 1994 is a later subjective synonym of Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae (Love et al. 1981) Smith et al. 1991. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1339-1342.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium iliopiscarium (Onarheim et al. 1995) Urakawa et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PS1 = ATCC 51760= CAIM 909 = CIP 104755 = DSM 9896 = LMG 19543.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY643710.
Basonym: ¤ Vibrio iliopiscarius Onarheim et al. 1995.
Etymology: L. n. ilium, entrails, intestine; L. adj. piscarius, of or belonging to fish; N.L. neut. adj. iliospiscarium, belonging to intestines of fish.
Valid publication: URAKAWA (H.), KITA-TSUKAMOTO (K.) and OHWADA (K.): Reassessment of the taxonomic position of Vibrio iliopiscarius (Onarheim et al. 1994) and proposal for Photobacterium iliopiscarium comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 257-260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium indicum (Johnson and Weisrock 1969) Ivanova et al. 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19614= DSM 5151 = NBRC 14233.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB016982.
Basonym: ¤ Hyphomicrobium indicum Johnson and Weisrock 1969.
Other synonym: "Hyphomicrobium indium" (sic) Johnson and Weisrock 1966.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. indicum, of India, Indian (isolated from the Indian Ocean).
Valid publication: IVANOVA (E.P.), FLAVIER (S.) and CHRISTEN (R.): Phylogenetic relationships among marine Alteromonas-like proteobacteria: emended description of the family Alteromonadaceae and proposal of Pseudoalteromonadaceae fam. nov., Colwelliaceae fam. nov., Shewanellaceae fam. nov., Moritellaceae fam. nov., Ferrimonadaceae fam. nov., Idiomarinaceae fam. nov. and Psychromonadaceae fam. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1773-1788.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium indicum (Johnson and Weisrock 1969) Xie and Yokota 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19614= DSM 5151 = NBRC 14233.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB016982.
Basonym: ¤ Hyphomicrobium indicum Johnson and Weisrock 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Hyphomicrobium indium" (sic) Johnson and Weisrock 1966.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. indicum, of India, Indian (isolated from the Indian Ocean).
Valid publication: XIE (C.H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Transfer of Hyphomicrobium indicum to the genus Photobacterium as Photobacterium indicum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2113-2116.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 ¤ Photobacterium indicum (Johnson and Weisrock 1969) Ivanova et al. 2004, comb. nov. has priority [Rule 24b(2)].
2 The specific epithet indicum is a Latin adjective, not a neo-Latin adjective as cited in the paper by Xie and Yokota 2004.

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Photobacterium jeanii Chimetto et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R-40508 = CAIM 1817 = LMG 25436.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU065210.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. jeanii, of Jean, after the Belgian microbiologist Jean Swings.
Valid publication: CHIMETTO (L.A.), CLEENWERCK (I.), THOMPSON (C.C.), BROCCHI (M.), WILLEMS (A.), DE VOS (P.) and THOMPSON (F.L.): Photobacterium jeanii sp. nov., isolated from corals and zoanthids. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2843-2848.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium kishitanii Ast et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) pjapo.1.1 = ATCC BAA-1194 = LMG 23890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY341439.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kishitanii, of Kishitani, to honour the deceased Japanese scientist Teijiro Kishitani, who first isolated luminous bacteria from the light organ of Physiculus japonicus.
Valid publication: AST (J.C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), ENGELBEEN (K.), URBANCZYK (H.), THOMPSON (F.L.), DE VOS (P.) and DUNLAP (P.V.): Photobacterium kishitanii sp. nov., a luminous marine bacterium symbiotic with deep-sea fishes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2073-2078.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium leiognathi Boisvert et al. 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25521= CAIM 327 = CCUG 16229 = CIP 66.5 = LMG 4228.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X74686.
Etymology: N.L. n. Leiognathus, a genus name; N.L. gen. n. leiognathi, of Leiognathus, named after fish of the genus Leiognathus (family Leiognathidae).
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BOISVERT (H.), CHATELAIN (R.) and BASSOT (J.M.): Étude d'un Photobacterium isolé de l'organe lumineux de poissons Leiognathidae. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1967, 112, 520-524.

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Photobacterium lipolyticum Yoon et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M37 = DSM 16190 = KCTC 10562BP.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY554009.
Etymology: Gr. n. lipos, animal fat, lard, tallow; Gr. neut. adj. lutikon, able to loosen, dissolving; N.L. neut. adj. lipolyticum, dissolving fat or lipid.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), LEE (J.K.), KIM (Y.O.) and OH (T.K.): Photobacterium lipolyticum sp. nov., a bacterium with lipolytic activity isolated from the Yellow Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 335-339.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium logei (ex Bang et al. 1978) Harwood et al. 1980, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 584 = ATCC 29985= CCUG 20283 = CIP 104991 = LMG 21012 = NCIMB 2252.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ437616.
Synonym: "Photobacterium logei" Bang et al. 1978.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. logei, of Loge; from German Loge, Norse god of fire and mischief.
Valid publication: HARWOOD (C.S.), BANG (S.S.), BAUMANN (P.) and NEALSON (K.H.): Photobacterium logei sp. nov., nom. rev.; Beneckea nereida sp. nov., nom. rev.; and Beneckea gazogenes sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 655.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Vibrio logei (Harwood et al. 1980) Baumann et al. 1981, comb. nov.

¤ Aliivibrio logei (Harwood et al. 1980) Urbanczyk et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Photobacterium lutimaris Jung et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DF-42 = JCM 13586 = KCTC 12723.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ534014.
Etymology: L. n. lutum, mud; L. gen. n. maris, of the sea; N.L. gen. n. lutimaris, of mud of the sea.
Valid publication: JUNG (S.Y.), JUNG (Y.T.), OH (T.K.) and YOON (J.H.): Photobacterium lutimaris sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat sediment in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 332-336.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium panuliri Deep et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LBS5=JCM 19199=LMG 27617=DSM 27646.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC990827.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 165. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 2777-2783.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Deep, K., Poddar, A. and Das, S.K. 2014. Photobacterium panuliri sp. nov., an alkalitolerant marine bacterium isolated from eggs of spiny lobster, Panulirus penicillatus from Andaman Sea. Curr. Microbiol. 69, 660-668.
Effective publication Online

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Photobacterium phosphoreum (Cohn 1878) Beijerinck 1889, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11040= CAIM 328 = CIP 102511 = DSM 15556 = HAMBI 1726 = JCM 21184 = LMG 4233 = NBRC 103031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D25310.
Synonyms: "Micrococcus phosphoreus" Cohn 1878, "Bacillus phosphorescens II" Baumgarten 1888, "Bacterium phosphorescens" Fischer 1888, "Photobacterium phosphorescens" Beijerinck 1889, "Bacillus hermesi" Trevisan 1889, "Streptococcus phosphoreus" (Cohn 1878) Trevisan 1889, "Bacillus phosphoreus" (Cohn 1878) Macé 1901, "Photobacter phosphorescens" Beijerinck 1901, "Pseudomonas lucifera" Molisch 1904, "Bacterium phosphoreum" (Cohn 1878) Molisch 1912, "Photobacter phosphoreum" (sic) (Cohn 1878) Beijerinck 1916, "Micrococcus physiculus" Kishitani 1930, "Coccobacillus acropoma" Yasaki and Haneda 1936, "Acinetobacter phosphorescens" Brisou 1955, "Photobacterium profudum" Weisglass and Gavrilovic 1963.
Etymology: Gr. adj. phosphoros, bringing or giving light; N.L. neut. adj. phosphoreum, light-bearing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 COHN (F.): Letter to J. Penn which describes Micrococcus phosphoreum. Versameling van stucken betreffende het geneeskundig staats toerzich, 1878, 126-130. 2 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Le Photobacterium luminosum, Bactérie lumineuse de la Mer du Nord. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles, 1889, 23, 401-427.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the paper by Beijerinck are cited as 401-415.

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Photobacterium profundum Nogi et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSJ4 = CIP 106289 = JCM 10084.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D21226.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. profundum, deep, living within the depth of the oceans.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 66. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 631-632.
Effective publication: NOGI (Y.), MASUI (N.) and KATO (C.): Photobacterium profundum sp. nov., a new, moderately barophilic bacterial species isolated from a deep-sea sediment. Extremophiles, 1998, 2, 1-7.
Validation List no. 66 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Photobacterium rosenbergii Thompson et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CC1 = CBMAI 622 = LMG 22223.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ842344.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. rosenbergii, of Rosenberg, after the Israeli microbiologist Eugene Rosenberg.
Valid publication: THOMPSON (F.L.), THOMPSON (C.C.), NASER (S.), HOSTE (B.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), MUNN (C.), BOURNE (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Photobacterium rosenbergii sp. nov. and Enterovibrio coralii sp. nov., vibrios associated with coral bleaching. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 913-917.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Photobacterium sanctipauli Moreira et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A-394=CIAM 1982=LMG 27910.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC751088.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sanctipauli, of Saint Paul, after the St Peter & St Paul Archipelago.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 161. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1-4.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: MOREIRA, A. P., DUYTSCHAEVER, G., CHIMETTO TONON, L. A., FROES, A. M., DE OLIVEIRA, L. S., AMADO-FILHO, G. M., FRANCINI-FILHO, R. B., DE VOS, P., SWINGS, J., THOMPSON, C. C. and THOMPSON, F. L. 2014. Photobacterium sanctipauli sp. nov. isolated from bleached Madracis decactis (Scleractinia) in the St Peter & St Paul Archipelago, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Brazil. PeerJ, 2, e427.
Effective publication Online

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Photobacterium sanguinicancri Gomez-Gil et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Mj110=AIM 1827=CECT 7579=DSM 24670.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GQ454928.
Etymology: -.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Gomez-Gil, B., Roque, A., Rotllant, G., Romalde, J. L., Doce, A., Eggermont, M. and Defoirdt, T. 2016. Photobacterium sanguinicancri sp. nov. isolated from marine animals. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109, 817-825.
Effective publication Online

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Photobacterium swingsii Gomez-Gil et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CAIM 1393 = CECT 7576.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ386822.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. swingsii, of Swings, in honour of the Belgian microbiologist Jean Swings.
Valid publication: GOMEZ-GIL (B.), ROQUE (A.), ROTLLANT (G.), PEINADO (L.), ROMALDE (J.L.), DOCE (A.), CABANILLAS-BELTRÁN (H.), CHIMETTO (L.A.) and THOMPSON (F.L.): Photobacterium swingsii sp. nov., isolated from marine organisms. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 315-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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