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Genus Pediococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 15
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Pediococcus Claussen 1903, genus.
Type species: ¤ Pediococcus damnosus Claussen 1903 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. pedium, a plane surface; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Pediococcus, coccus growing in one plane.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BALCKE (J.): Über faurigen Geruch des Bieres. Wochenschrift fur Brauerei, 1884, 1, 257.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, in contravention of the Judicial Opinion 52, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Pediococcus Balcke 1884 (sic).
References:
1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 106.
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Necessary corrections according to Judicial Opinions 16, 48 and 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 613.
Original article by Euzéby in IJSEM Online

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Pediococcus acidilactici Lindner 1887, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33314= DSM 20333 = JCM 5885 = NCIMB 12009 (formerly NCDO 1859).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF404733 (516 bp).
Synonym: "Pediococcus lindneri" Henneberg 1926.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. acidilactici, of lactic acid.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LINDNER (P.): Über ein neues in Malzmaischen vorkommendes, milchsäurebildendes Ferment. Wochenschrift fur Brauerei, 1887, 4, 437-440.

Pediococcus acidilactici Lindner 1887 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Judicial Commission 1996.
Neotype strain: strain Back S213C = B213c = CCUG 32235 = CIP 103408 = DSM 20284 = LMG 11384 = NCIMB 12174 (formerly NCFB 2767).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ305320.
Synonym: "Pediococcus lindneri" Henneberg 1926.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. acidilactici, of lactic acid.
References:
1 TANASUPAWAT (S.), OKADA (S.), KOZAKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Characterization of Pediococcus pentosaceus and Pediococcus acidilactici strains and replacement of the type strain of P. acidilactici with the proposed neotype DSM 20284. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 860-863.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 68: Designation of strain B213c (DSM 20284) in place of strain NCDO 1859 as the type strain of Pediococcus acidilactici Lindner 1887. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 835.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: VIIIth International Congress of Microbiology and Applied Bacteriology. Minutes of the meetings, 17 and 22 August 1996, Jerusalem, Israel. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 240-241.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain cited in the Approved Lists (the strain ATCC 33314= DSM 20333 = JCM 5885 = NCDO 1859) seems to belong in the species ¤ Pediococcus pentosaceus.
Reference: JUDICIAL OPINION 68: Designation of strain B213c (DSM 20284) in place of strain NCDO 1859 as the type strain of Pediococcus acidilactici Lindner 1887. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 835.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Wieme et al. 2012 [1], the type strains of ¤ Pediococcus lolii deposited as DSM 19927 and JCM 15055 are Pediococcus acidilactici strains.  However, these authors also indicate that the question of whether ¤ Pediococcus lolii and Pediococcus acidilactici are to be treated as heterotypic synonyms depends on the availability of biological material corresponding with the original description of ¤ Pediococcus lolii by Doi et al. 2009 [2]. It would appear that type material of ¤ Pediococcus lolii corresponding with the data published by Doi et al. (2009) is currently not available from culture collections [3].
References:
1 WIEME (A.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VAN LANDSCHOOT (A.) and VANDAMME (P.): Pediococcus lolii DSM 19927T and JCM 15055T are strains of Pediococcus acidilactici. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 3105-3108.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 DOI (K.), NISHIZAKI (Y.), FUJINO (Y.), OHSHIMA (T.), OHMOMO (S.) and OGATA (S.): Pediococcus lolii sp. nov., isolated from ryegrass silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1007-1010.
Original article in IJSEM Online 
3 TINDALL (B.J.): Personal communication (February 18, 2013).

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Pediococcus argentinicus De Bruyne et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CRL 776 = CCUG 54535 = LMG 23999.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM709786.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. argentinicus, pertaining to Argentina.
Valid publication: DE BRUYNE (K.), FRANZ (C.M.A.P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SCHILLINGER (U.), MOZZI (F.), FONT DE VALDEZ (G.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANDAMME (P.): Pediococcus argentinicus sp. nov., from Argentinean fermented wheat flour and identification of Pediococcus species by pheS, rpoA and atpA sequence analysis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2909-2916.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pediococcus cellicola Zhang et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-8 = AS 1.3787 = JCM 14152 = LMG 22956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY956788.
Etymology: L. n. cella, a storeroom for wine and food; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), an inhabitant dweller; N.L. n. cellicola, an inhabitant of a storeroom, indicating that the strains were originally isolated from a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar.
Valid publication: ZHANG (B.), TONG (H.) and DONG (X.): Pediococcus cellicola sp. nov., a novel lactic acid coccus isolated from a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2167-2170.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pediococcus claussenii Dobson et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P06 = ATCC BAA-344 = DSM 14800 = JCM 18046.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ621555.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. claussenii, of Claussen, in honor of N.H. Claussen
Reference: DOBSON (C.M.), DENEER (H.), LEE (S.), HEMMINGSEN (S.), GLAZE (S.) and ZIOLA (B.): Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Pediococcus, including Pediococcus claussenii sp. nov., a novel lactic acid bacterium isolated from beer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2003-2010.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pediococcus damnosus Claussen 1903, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Be.1 = ATCC 29358= CCUG 32251 = CIP 102264 = DSM 20331 = JCM 5886 = LMG 11484 = NCIMB 12010 (formerly NCDO 1832) = VKM B-1602.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ318414.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. damnosus, destructive.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: CLAUSSEN (N.H.): Études sur les bactéries dites sarcines et sur les maladies qu'elles provoquent dans la bière. Compte Rendu des Travaux du Laboratoire de Carlsberg, 1903, 6, 64-83.

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Pediococcus dextrinicus (Coster and White 1964) Back 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33087= CCUG 18834 = CIP 103407 = DSM 20335 = JCM 5887 = LMG 11485 = NCIMB 701561 = VKM B-1603.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D87679.
Synonym: "Pediococcus cerevisiae subsp. dextrinicus" Coster and White 1964.
Etymology: N.L. n. dextrinum, dextrin; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. dextrinicus, relating to dextrin.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 COSTER (E.) and WHITE (H.R.): Further studies of the genus Pediococcus. Journal of General Microbiology, 1964, 37, 15-31. 2 BACK (W.): Elevation of Pediococcus cerevisiae subsp. dextrinicus Coster and White to species status [Pediococcus dextrinicus (Coster and White) comb. nov.. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 523-527.]

¤ Lactobacillus dextrinicus (Coster and White 1964) Haakensen et al. 2009, comb. nov.

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Pediococcus ethanolidurans Liu et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-9 = AS 1.3889 = LMG 23354.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY956789.
Etymology: N.L. n. ethanol, ethanol; L. part. adj. durans, insensible, resisting; N.L. part. adj. ethanolidurans, ethanol-resisting.
Valid publication: LIU (L.), ZHANG (B.), TONG (H.) and DONG (X.): Pediococcus ethanolidurans sp. nov., isolated from the walls of a distilled-spirit-fermenting cellar. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2405-2408.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pediococcus halophilus Mees 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33315= CCUG 32204 = CIP 102263 = DSM 20339 = JCM 5888 = LMG 11490 = NCIMB 12011 (formerly NCDO 1635).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88668.
Synonyms: "Tetracocccus No. 1" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Sarcina hamaguchiae" Saito 1907, "Pediococcus soyae" Sakaguchi 1958.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halophilus, salt-loving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MEES (R.H.): Onderzoekingen over de Biersarcina. Thesis. Technical University Delft, Holland, 1934, pp. 1-110.

¤ Tetragenococcus halophilus (Mees 1934) Collins et al. 1993, comb. nov.

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Pediococcus inopinatus Back 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49902= CCUG 38496 = CIP 102406 = DSM 20285 = JCM 12518 = LMG 11409.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ271383.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. inopinatus, unexpected.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222.
Effective publication: BACK (W.): Zur taxonomie der gattung Pediococcus. Brauwissenschaft., 1978, 31, 237-250, 312-320, 336-343.
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online

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Pediococcus lolii Doi et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NGRI 0510Q = DSM 19927 = JCM 15055.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB362985.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lolii, of ryegrass.
Valid publication: DOI (K.), NISHIZAKI (Y.), FUJINO (Y.), OHSHIMA (T.), OHMOMO (S.) and OGATA (S.): Pediococcus lolii sp. nov., isolated from ryegrass silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1007-1010.
Original article in IJSEM Online 

Note: According to Wieme et al. 2012 [1], the type strains of Pediococcus lolii deposited as DSM 19927 and JCM 15055 are ¤ Pediococcus acidilactici strains.  However, these authors also indicate that the question of whether Pediococcus lolii and ¤ Pediococcus acidilactici are to be treated as heterotypic synonyms depends on the availability of biological material corresponding with the original description of Pediococcus lolii by Doi et al. 2009 [2]. It would appear that type material of Pediococcus lolii corresponding with the data published by Doi et al. (2009) is currently not available from culture collections [3].
References:
1 WIEME (A.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VAN LANDSCHOOT (A.) and VANDAMME (P.): Pediococcus lolii DSM 19927T and JCM 15055T are strains of Pediococcus acidilactici. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 3105-3108.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 DOI (K.), NISHIZAKI (Y.), FUJINO (Y.), OHSHIMA (T.), OHMOMO (S.) and OGATA (S.): Pediococcus lolii sp. nov., isolated from ryegrass silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1007-1010.
Original article in IJSEM Online 
3 TINDALL (B.J.): Personal communication (February 18, 2013).

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Pediococcus parvulus Gunther and White 1961, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19371= CCUG 28439 = CIP 102262 = DSM 20332 = JCM 5889 = LMG 11486 = NBRC 100673 = NCIMB 9447 (formerly NCDO 1634) = VKM B-1604.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88528.
Etymology: L. dim. masc. adj. parvulus, very small.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: GUNTHER (H.L.) and WHITE (H.R.): The cultural and physiological characters of the pediococci. Journal of General Microbiology, 1961, 26, 185-197.

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Pediococcus pentosaceus Mees 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33316= CCUG 32205 = CIP 102260 = DSM 20336 = JCM 5890 = LMG 11488 = NCIMB 12012 (formerly NCDO 990) = NCTC 12956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ305321.
Synonyms: "Tetracoccus No. 2" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Pediococcus hennebergii" Sollied 1903.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. pentosum, a pentose sugar; N.L. adj. pentosaceus, relating to a pentose.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MEES (R.H.): Onderzoekingen over de Biersarcina. Thesis. Technical University Delft, Holland, 1934, pp. 1-110.

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Pediococcus siamensis Tanasupawat et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MCH3-2 = BCC 21234 = JCM 13997 = NRIC 0675.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB258357.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. siamensis, pertaining to Thailand (Siam), where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373.
Effective publication: TANASUPAWAT (S.), PAKDEETO (A.), THAWAI (C.), YUKPHAN (P.) and OKADA (S.): Identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented tea leaves (miang) in Thailand and proposals of Lactobacillus thailandensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus camelliae sp. nov., and Pediococcus siamensis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 53, 7-15.
Validation List no. 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Pediococcus stilesii Franz et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BFE 1652 = FAIR-E 180 = CCUG 51290 = LMG 23082.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ973157.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. stilesii, of Stiles, named in honour of Michael E. Stiles, a food microbiologist who specialized in food preservation with bacteriocinogenic lactic acid bacteria.
Valid publication: FRANZ (C.M.A.P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), CLEENWERCK (I.), HOSTE (B.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and SWINGS (J.): Pediococcus stilesii sp. nov., isolated from maize grains. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 329-333.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Pediococcus urinaeequi (ex Mees 1934) Garvie 1988, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29723= CCUG 28094 = CIP 103442 = DSM 20341 = JCM 12519 = LMG 13989 = NCIMB 701636 (formerly NCDO 1636).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D87677.
Synonym: "Pediococcus urinae equi" (sic) Mees 1934.
Etymology: L. n. urina, urine; L. n. equus, horse; N.L. gen. n. urinaeequi, of urine of horse.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222.
Effective publication: GARVIE (E.I.): Genus Pediococcus Claussen 1903, 68 AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1075-1079.
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online

¤ Aerococcus urinaeequi (Garvie 1988) Felis et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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