Genus Paenibacillus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 155
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 4

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Paenibacillus Ash et al. 1994, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Paenibacillaceae De Vos et al. 2010).
Type species: ¤ Paenibacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Ash et al. 1994.
Etymology: L. adv. paene, almost; L. masc. n. bacillus, a rod and also a bacterial genus name (Bacillus); N.L. masc. n. Paenibacillus, almost a Bacillus.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 51. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 51 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note:
In 1993 Ash et al. proposed that members of "group 3" within the genus ¤ Bacillus should be transferred to the genus Paenibacillus, for which they proposed ¤ Paenibacillus polymyxa as the type species. These proposals were validly published by publication in the Validation Lists No. 51 (Paenibacillus polymyxa) and No. 52 (further species) in 1994 and 1995 respectively.
Collins et al. (1994), clearly referring to Ash et al. (1993), also proposed that ¤ Clostridium durum should be transferred to Paenibacillus as ¤ Paenibacillus durum (sic).
According to the principle of priority based on page numbers in the same issue of the IJSEM [see, Rule 24b (2)] unintended confusion arose about the type species of the genus Paenibacillus, because ¤ Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Collins et al. 1994) appeared on page 824, whereas the Validation List No. 51, validly publishing the name ¤ Paenibacillus polymyxa appeared on page 852 of the same issue. This was certainly not intended by Collins and coworkers, as Collins himself was a coauthor of Ash et al. (1993).
To clarify the situation, Tindall (2000) published a Request for an Opinion in which he carefully explained the pros and cons of both possibilities [1]. In 2002, the Judicial Commission considered that the confusion arose unintentionally and decided that Paenibacillus polymyxa is the type species of the genus Paenibacillus [2].
References:
1 TINDALL (B.J.): What is the type species of the genus Paenibacillus? Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 939-940.
Request for an Opinion in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: The type species of the genus Paenibacillus Ash et al. 1994 is Paenibacillus polymyxa. Opinion 77. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 513.
Opinion 77 in IJSEM Online

Paenibacillus Ash et al. 1994 emend. Shida et al. 1997. (Type genus of the family ¤ Paenibacillaceae De Vos et al. 2010).
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus and emended description of the genus Paenibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 289-298.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Paenibacillus Ash et al. 1994 emend. Behrendt et al. 2010.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 13. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 6-7. [BEHRENDT (U.), SCHUMANN (P.), STIEGLMEIER (M.), PUKALL (R.), AUGUSTIN (J.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHWENDNER (P.), MOISSL-EICHINGER (C.) and ULRICH (A.): Characterization of heterotrophic nitrifying bacteria with respiratory ammonification and denitrification activity - Description of Paenibacillus uliginis sp. nov., an inhabitant of fen peat soil and Paenibacillus purispatii sp. nov., isolated from a spacecraft assembly clean room. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 33, 328-336.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 13 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Behrendt et al. 2010, the genus name Paenibacillus is cited as Paenibacillus Ash, Priest, and Collins 1993, in place of Paenibacillus Ash, Priest, and Collins 1994.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 13 (footnote *). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 6-7.
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 13 in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus aestuarii Bae et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CJ25 = JCM 15521 = KACC 13125.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU570250.
Etymology: L. gen. n. aestuarii, of a tract overflowed at high tide, of a salt marsh; here intended to mean of a wetland, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: BAE (J.Y.), KIM (K.Y.), KIM (J.H.), LEE (K.), CHO (J.C.) and CHA (C.J.): Paenibacillus aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from an estuarine wetland. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 644-647.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus agarexedens (ex Wieringa 1941) Uetanabaro et al. 2003, nom. rev., comb. nov., corrig.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 10 = CIP 107437 = DSM 1327.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ345020.
Synonym: "Bacillus agar-exedens" (sic) Wieringa 1941.
Etymology: N.L. n. agarum, agar; L. v. exedere, to eat up, utilize; N.L. part. adj. agarexedens, agar-utilizing.
Reference: UETANABARO (A.P.), WAHRENBURG (C.), HUNGER (W.), PUKALL (R.), SPRÖER (C.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), de CANHOS (V.P.), CLAUS (D.) and FRITZE (D.): Paenibacillus agarexedens sp. nov., nom. rev., and Paenibacillus agaridevorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1051-1057.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Uetanabaro et al. 2003, Paenibacillus agarexedens is proposed as a species nova and a nomen revictum.

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Paenibacillus agaridevorans Uetanabaro et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 65 = CIP 107436 = DSM 1355.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ345023.
Etymology: N.L. n. agarum, agar; L. part. adj. devorans, consuming, devouring; N.L. part. adj. agaridevorans, agar-devouring.
Reference: UETANABARO (A.P.), WAHRENBURG (C.), HUNGER (W.), PUKALL (R.), SPRÖER (C.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), de CANHOS (V.P.), CLAUS (D.) and FRITZE (D.): Paenibacillus agarexedens sp. nov., nom. rev., and Paenibacillus agaridevorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1051-1057.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus alginolyticus (Nakamura 1987) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 175 = ATCC 51185 = CFBP 4264 = CIP 103122 = DSM 5050 = IFO (now NBRC) 15375 = JCM 9068 = LMG 18039 = NCIMB 12517 = NRRL NRS-1347.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073362.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus alginolyticus Nakamura 1987.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum alginicum, alginic acid; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. alginolyticus, alginic acid dissolving.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus and emended description of the genus Paenibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 289-298.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus algorifonticola Tang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain XJ259 = CGMCC 1.10223 = JCM 16598.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ383922.
Etymology: L. n. algor, the cold; L. n. fons fontis, a spring; L. suff. -cola (from L. masc. or fem. n. incola), an inhabitant of a place, a resident; N.L. n. algorifonticola, an inhabitant of a cold spring.
Reference: TANG (Q.Y.), YANG (N.), WANG (J.), XIE (Y.Q.), REN (B.), ZHOU (Y.G.), GU (M.Y.), MAO (J.), LI (W.J.), SHI (Y.H.) and ZHANG (L.X.): Paenibacillus algorifonticola sp. nov., isolated from a cold spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2167-2172.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus alkaliterrae Yoon et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KSL-134 = DSM 17040 = KCTC 3956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY960748.
Etymology: Arabic n. alkali (al-qaliy), the ashes of saltwort; L. gen. n. terrae, of the earth; N.L. gen. n. alkaliterrae, of high-pH soil.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.), YEO (S.H.) and OH (T.K.): Paenibacillus alkaliterrae sp. nov., isolated from an alkaline soil in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2339-2344.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus alvei (Cheshire and Cheyne 1885) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 6344 = CCUG 1815 = CIP 66.18 = DSM 29 = IFO (now NBRC) 3343 = JCM 20131 = LMG 13253 = NCCB 48008 = NRRL B-383 = VKM B-502.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ320491.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus alvei Cheshire and Cheyne 1885 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. alveus, a beehive; L. gen. n. alvei, of a beehive.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus amylolyticus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 434 = ATCC 9995 = CCUG 28514 = CFBP 4261 = CIP 103117 = DSM 11730 = DSM 11747 = DSM 15211 = DSM 3034 = IFO (now NBRC) 13625 = IFO (now NBRC) 15957 = JCM 9906 = LMG 11153 = NRRL B-377 = NRRL B-14940 = NRRL NRS-290.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85396.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus amylolyticus (ex Choukévitch 1911) Nakamura 1984.
Other synonym: "Bacillus amylolyticus" Choukévitch 1911.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. amylolyticus, dissolving starch.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

Paenibacillus amylolyticus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Shida et al. 1997.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 434 = ATCC 9995 = CCUG 28514 = CFBP 4261 = CIP 103117 = DSM 11730 = DSM 11747 = DSM 3034 = IFO (now NBRC) 13625 = IFO (now NBRC) 15957 = JCM 9906 = LMG 11153 = NRRL NRS-290.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85396.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. amylolyticus, dissolving starch.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Emended description of Paenibacillus amylolyticus and description of Paenibacillus illinoisensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus chibensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 299-306.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus anaericanus Horn et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MH21 = ATCC BAA-844 = DSM 15890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ318909.
Etymology: Gr. pref. an, no, not; Gr. n. aer aeros, air; Gr. adj. ikanos, capable; N.L. masc. adj. anaericanus, capable of anaerobic growth.
Reference: HORN (M.A.), IHSSEN (J.), MATTHIES (C.), SCHRAMM (A.), ACKER (G.) and DRAKE (H.L.): Dechloromonas denitrificans sp. nov., Flavobacterium denitrificans sp. nov., Paenibacillus anaericanus sp. nov. and Paenibacillus terrae strain MH72, N2O-producing bacteria isolated from the gut of the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1255-1265.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Paenibacillus anaericanus Horn et al. 2005 emend. Kim et al. 2011.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MH21 = ATCC BAA-844 = DSM 15890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ318909.
Etymology: Gr. pref. an, no, not; Gr. n. aer aeros, air; Gr. adj. ikanos, capable; N.L. masc. adj. anaericanus, capable of anaerobic growth.
Reference: KIM (K.K.), LEE (K.C.) and LEE (J.S.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus ginsengisoli as a later heterotypic synonym of Paenibacillus anaericanus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2101-2106.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Kim et al. 2011, Paenibacillus anaericanus Horn et al. 2005 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Paenibacillus ginsengisoli Lee et al. 2007.
Reference: KIM (K.K.), LEE (K.C.) and LEE (J.S.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus ginsengisoli as a later heterotypic synonym of Paenibacillus anaericanus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2101-2106.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus antarcticus Montes et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 20CM = CECT 5836 = LMG 22078.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ605292.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. antarcticus, southern, of the Antarctic environment, where the organism was isolated.
Reference: MONTES (M.J.), MERCADÉ (E.), BOZAL (N.) and GUINEA (J.): Paenibacillus antarcticus sp. nov., a novel psychrotolerant organism from the Antarctic environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1521-1526.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus apiarius (ex Katznelson 1955) Nakamura 1996, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H. Katznelson BX3 = CIP 104902 = DSM 5581 = LMG 17433 = NRRL NRS-1438.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073201.
Synonym: "Bacillus apiarius" Katznelson 1955.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. apiarus, relating to bees.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Paenibacillus apiarius sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 688-693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus assamensis Saha et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GPTSA 11 = JCM 13186 = MTCC 6934.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY884046.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. assamensis, pertaining to Assam, a north-eastern state in India, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SAHA (P.), MONDAL (A.K.), MAYILRAJ (S.), KRISHNAMURTHI (S.), BHATTACHARYA (A.) and CHAKRABARTI (T.): Paenibacillus assamensis sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from a warm spring in Assam, India. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2577-2581.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus azoreducens Meehan et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CM1 = CIP 107224 = DSM 13822 = NCIMB 13761.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ272249.
Etymology: N.Gr. n. azo, a combining form meaning nitrogen; N.L. part. adj. reducens, reducing; N.L. part. adj. azoreducens, nitrogen-reducing, referring to the ability to decolorize azo dyes.
Reference: MEEHAN (C.), BJOURSON (A.J.) and McMULLAN (G.): Paenibacillus azoreducens sp. nov., a synthetic azo dye decolorizing bacterium from industrial wastewater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1681-1685.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P3L-5 = ATCC 35681 = CIP 104586 = DSM 5976 = LMG 14658.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60608.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus azotofixans Seldin et al. 1984.
Etymology: N.L. n. azotum (from French n. azote), nitrogen; L. v. figo, to fix; L. part. adj. fixans, fixing; N.L. part. adj. azotofixans, nitrogen-fixing.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online
2 Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1994 includes the species Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994.
Reference: ROSADO (A.S.), VAN ELSAS (J.D.) and SELDIN (L.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus durum (formerly Clostridium durum Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994 as a member of the species P. azotofixans (formerly Bacillus azotofixans Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1997, 47, 569-572.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994.

Note: The Judicial Commission decided that the name Paenibacillus durus has priority over Paenibacillus azotofixans. The name Paenibacillus azotofixans is a later synonym of Paenibacillus durus.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 47, N° 2, of the IJSB (footnote e). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 917-919.
Notification List in IJSB Online
2 LOGAN (N.A.), HEYNDRICKX (M.), BERKELEY (R.C.W.) and DE VOS (P.): Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1995 does not have priority over Paenibacillus durum (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994: request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 325-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 TRÜPER (H.G.): Paenibacillus durus (Collins et al. 1994, formerly Clostridium durum Smith and Cato 1974) has priority over Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984). Opinion 73. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 931.
Opinion 73 in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus barcinonensis Sánchez et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BP-23 = CECT 7022 = DSM 15478.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ716019.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. barcinonensis, pertaining to Barcino, of Barcino, the Roman name for Barcelona, the city in Spain where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SÁNCHEZ (M.M.), FRITZE (D.), BLANCO (A.), SPRÖER (C.), TINDALL (B.J.), SCHUMANN (P.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), DIAZ (P.) and PASTOR (F.I.J.): Paenibacillus barcinonensis sp. nov., a xylanase-producing bacterium isolated from a rice field in the Ebro River delta. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 935-939.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus barengoltzii Osman et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SAFN-016 = ATCC BAA-1209 = NBRC 101215.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY167814.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. barengoltzii, of Barengoltz, referring to Jack Barengoltz, a well-known American physicist and NASA planentary protection scientist.
Reference: OSMAN (S.), SATOMI (M.) and VENKATESWARAN (K.): Paenibacillus pasadenensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus barengoltzii sp. nov., isolated from a spacecraft assembly facility. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1509-1514.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus borealis Elo et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KK19 = CCUG 43137 = CIP 107056 = DSM 13188.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ011322.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. borealis, pertaining to the north (wind) boreal.
Reference: ELO (S.), SUOMINEN (I.), KÄMPFER (P.), JUHANOJA (J.), SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.) and HAAHTELA (K.): Paenibacillus borealis sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from spruce forest humus in Finland. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 535-545.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus brasilensis von der Weid et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PB172 = ATCC BAA-413 = DSM 14914.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF273740.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. brasilensis, pertaining to Brazil, the country where the strains were isolated.
Reference: VON DER WEID (I.), FROIS DUARTE (G.), VAN ELSAS (J.D.) and SELDIN (L.): Paenibacillus brasilensis sp. nov., a novel nitrogen-fixing species isolated from the maize rhizosphere in Brazil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2147-2153.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus camelliae Oh et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain b11s-2 = CECT 7361 = KCTC 13220.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU400621.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. camelliae, of Camellia, referring to the isolation of the type strain from fermented green tea, Camellia sinensis.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 136. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2509-2510 [OH (H.W.), KIM (B.C.), LEE (K.H.), KIM (D.Y.), PARK (D.S.), PARK (H.M.) and BAE (K.S.): Paenibacillus camelliae sp. nov., isolated from fermented leaves of Camellia sinensis. J. Microbiol., 2008, 46, 530-534.]
Validation List no. 136 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus campinasensis Yoon et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 324 = JCM 11200 = KCTC 0364BP.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF021924.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. campinasensis, referring to Campinas, the city in Brazil where the College of Food Engineering, State University of Brazil is located.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), YIM (D.K.), LEE (J.S.), SHIN (K.S.), SATO (H.H.), LEE (S.T.), PARK (Y.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Paenibacillus campinasensis sp. nov., a cyclodextrin-producing bacterium isolated in Brazil. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 833-837.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus castaneae Valverde et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ch-32 = CECT 7279 = DSM 19417.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU099594.
Etymology: L. gen. n. castaneae, of a chestnut tree.
Reference: VALVERDE (A.), PEIX (A.), RIVAS (R.), VELÁZQUEZ (E.), SALAZAR (S.), SANTA-REGINA (I.), RODRÍGUEZ-BARRUECO (C.) and IGUAL (J.M.): Paenibacillus castaneae sp. nov., isolated from the phyllosphere of Castanea sativa Miller. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2560-2564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus catalpae Zhang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D75 = CGMCC 1.10784 = DSM 24714.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ657320.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. catalpae, of Catalpa, referring to the plant genus, the source of the rhizosphere soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ZHANG (J.), WANG (Z.T.), YU (H.M.) and MA (Y.): Paenibacillus catalpae sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Catalpa speciosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1776-1781.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus cellulosilyticus Rivas et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PALXIL08 = CECT 5696 = LMG 22232.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ407282.
Etymology: N.L. n. cellulosum, cellulose; Gr. adj. lutikos, able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. cellulosilyticus, cellulose-dissolving.
Reference: RIVAS (R.), GARCÍA-FRAILE (P.), MATEOS (P.F.), MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Paenibacillus cellulosilyticus sp. nov., a cellulolytic and xylanolytic bacterium isolated from the bract phyllosphere of Phoenix dactylifera. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2777-2781.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus Akaracharanya et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P2-1 = KCTC 13135 = PCU 305 = TISTR 1888.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ178001.
Etymology: N.L. n. cellulosum, cellulose; N.L. masc. adj. trophicus (from Gr. masc. adj. trophikos), nursing, tending; N.L. masc. adj. cellulositrophicus, feeding on cellulose, growing on cellulose.
Reference: AKARACHARANYA (A.), LORLIAM (W.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), LEE (K.C.) and LEE (J.S.): Paenibacillus cellulositrophicus sp. nov., a cellulolytic bacterium from Thai soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2680-2684.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus chartarius Kämpfer et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 7759 = CCUG 55240.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN689718.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. chartarius, of or pertaining to, paper.
Reference: KÄMPFER (P.), FALSEN (E.), LODDERS (N.), MARTIN (K.), KASSMANNHUBER (J.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Paenibacillus chartarius sp. nov., isolated from a paper mill. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1342-1347.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus chibensis Shida et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 442 = CIP 105254 = DSM 11731 = IFO (now NBRC) 15958 = JCM 9905 = LMG 14457 = NRRL B-142.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073194.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chibensis, referring to Chiba, a Japanese prefecture where the research laboratory of Higeta Shoyu Co., Ltd. is located.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Emended description of Paenibacillus amylolyticus and description of Paenibacillus illinoisensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus chibensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 299-306.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus chinjuensis Yoon et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WN9 = DSM 15045 = KCTC 8951P = JCM 10939.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF164345.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chinjuensis, of Chinju, the city in Korea where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), SEO (W.T.), SHIN (Y.K.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.) Paenibacillus chinjuensis sp. nov., a novel exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 415-421.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus chitinolyticus (Kuroshima et al. 1996) Lee et al. 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EAG-3 = CIP 104914 = DSM 11030 = NBRC (formerly IFO) 15660 = JCM 12162 = KCTC 3791 = LMG 18047 = NRRL B-23119.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB045100.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus chitinolyticus Kuroshima et al. 1996.
Etymology: N.L. n. chitinum, chitin; Gr. adj. lutikos, able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. chitinolyticus, decomposing chitin.
Reference: LEE (J.S.), PYUN (Y.R.) and BAE (K.S.): Transfer of Bacillus ehimensis and Bacillus chitinolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus with emended descriptions of Paenibacillus ehimensis comb. nov. and Paenibacillus chitinolyticus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 929-933.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Lee et al. 2004 the strain NBRC 15660 is cited as IFO 15660 (sic).

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Paenibacillus chondroitinus (Nakamura 1987) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 176 = ATCC 51184 = CCUG 28527 = CFBP 4265 = CIP 103123 = DSM 5051 = IFO (now NBRC) 15376 = JCM 9072 = LMG 18040 = NRRL NRS-1351.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D82064.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus chondroitinus Nakamura 1987.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chondroitinus, of chondroitin, pertaining to chondroitin.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus and emended description of the genus Paenibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 289-298.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus chungangensis Park et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CAU 9038 = CCUG 59129 = KCTC 13717.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU187432.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chungangensis, pertaining to Chung-Ang University, where taxonomic studies on the type strain were performed.
Reference: PARK (M.H.), TRAIWAN (J.), JUNG (M.Y.), NAM (Y.S.), JEONG (J.H.) and KIM (W.): Paenibacillus chungangensis sp. nov., isolated from a tidal-flat sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 281-285.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus cineris Logan et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Logan collection no. B1768 = isolate SSI068 = CIP 108109 = LMG 18439.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ575658.
Etymology: L. gen. masc. n. cineris, of/from ash, referring to the volcanic, ash-based soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: LOGAN (N.A.), DE CLERCK (E.), LEBBE (L.), VERHELST (A.), GORIS (J.), FORSYTH (G.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), HEYNDRICKX (M.) and DE VOS (P.): Paenibacillus cineris sp. nov. and Paenibacillus cookii sp. nov., from Antarctic volcanic soils and a gelatin-processing plant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1071-1076.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus contaminans Chou et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CKOBP-6 = BCRC 17728 = LMG 24216.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF626690.
Etymology: L. part. adj. contaminans, contaminating.
Reference: CHOU (J.H.), LEE (J.H.), LIN (M.C.), CHANG (P.S.), ARUN (A.B.), YOUNG (C.C.) and CHEN (W.M.): Paenibacillus contaminans sp. nov., isolated from a contaminated laboratory plate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 125-129.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus cookii Logan et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Logan collection no. B1718 = isolate SSI018 = CIP 108110 = LMG 18419.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ250317.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cookii, of Cook, referring to Captain James Cook, of HMS Resolution, who discovered Candlemas Island on Candlemas Day (2 February), 1775.
Reference: LOGAN (N.A.), DE CLERCK (E.), LEBBE (L.), VERHELST (A.), GORIS (J.), FORSYTH (G.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), HEYNDRICKX (M.) and DE VOS (P.): Paenibacillus cineris sp. nov. and Paenibacillus cookii sp. nov., from Antarctic volcanic soils and a gelatin-processing plant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1071-1076.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus (Kanzawa et al. 1995) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YK9 = HSCC 491 = ATCC 51898 = CIP 104575 = DSM 10247 = IFO (now NBRC) 15724 = JCM 12163 = LMG 18050 = NRRL B-23243.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073202.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus curdlanolyticus Kanzawa et al. 1995.
Etymology: N.L. n. curdlanum, curdlan, a polysaccharide produced by bacteria; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. curdlanolyticus, hydrolyzing curdlan.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus and emended description of the genus Paenibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 289-298.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus daejeonensis Lee et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AP-20 = DSM 15491 = JCM 11236 = KCTC 3745.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF290916.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. daejeonensis, referring to Daejeon, Korea, the geographical origin of the novel species.
Reference: LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.), CHANG (Y.H.), HONG (S.G.), OH (H.W.), PYUN (Y.R.) and BAE (K.S.): Paenibacillus daejeonensis sp. nov., a novel alkaliphilic bacterium from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2107-2111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus darwinianus Dsouza et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Br=DSM 27245=ICMP 19912.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF264455 .
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. darwinianus, referring to Darwin Mountains, Antarctica, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - soil (79° 55′ 16.2″ S 156° 55′ 30.7″ E).
Valid publication: DSOUZA, M., TAYLOR, M. W., RYAN, J., MACKENZIE, A., LAGUTIN, K., ANDERSON, R. F., TURNER, S. J. and AISLABIE, J. 2014. Paenibacillus darwinianus sp. nov., isolated from gamma-irradiated Antarctic soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1406-1411.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus dendritiformis Tcherpakov et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T168 = 30A1 (numbering according to the Bacillus Genetic Stock Center, Columbus, OH, USA) = CIP 105967.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY359885.
Etymology: Gr. n. dendron, tree; L. suff. -formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. masc. adj. dendritiformis, tree-shaped, referring to the tree like-shapes of the colonies on agar.
Reference: TCHERPAKOV (M.), BEN-JACOB (E.) and GUTNICK (D.L.): Paenibacillus dendritiformis sp. nov., proposal for a new pattern-forming species and its localization within a phylogenetic cluster. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 239-246.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus doosanensis Kim et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CAU 1055=KCTC 33036=CCUG 63270.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX233493.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. doosanensis, belonging to Doosan, named after the Doosan group, the Foundation of Chung-Ang University where the taxonomic studies on this species were performed.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: KIM, J.-H., KANG, H. and KIM, W. 2014. Paenibacillus doosanensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1271-1277.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27763 = DSM 1735 = VPI 6563.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77846.
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium durum Smith and Cato 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. masc. adj. durus, hard, tough.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.), WILLEMS (A.), CORDOBA (J.J.), FERNANDEZ-GARAYZABAL (J.), GARCIA (P.), CAI (J.), HIPPE (H.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium: proposal of five new genera and eleven new species combinations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 812-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The nomenclatural name Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 812-826.Original article in IJSEM Online) was validly published before the valid publication of the genus Paenibacillus Ash et al. 1994 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.).
2 The original spelling of the specific epithet, durum (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1998.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Taxonomic note: necessary correction of specific and subspecific epithets according to Rules 12c and 13b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1073-1075.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 The taxonomic status of the type species of the genus Paenibacillus cannot be easily determined according to the rules of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision) since the rules may be interpreted in an ambiguous way. Depending upon how the rules are applied the type species may be either ¤ Paenibacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Ash et al. 1994 or Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994. In 2002, the Judicial Commission decided that the type species of the genus Paenibacillus is ¤ Paenibacillus polymyxa.
See above the ¤ note for Paenibacillus.

¤ Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1994.
Reference: ROSADO (A.S.), VAN ELSAS (J.D.) and SELDIN (L.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus durum (formerly Clostridium durum Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994 as a member of the species P. azotofixans (formerly Bacillus azotofixans Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1997, 47, 569-572.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Phenotypic studies and genomic studies show that Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994 and Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1994 form a homogeneous group. Therefore, the names Paenibacillus durus and Paenibacillus azotofixans should be considered synonyms. The name Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994 has priority over the name Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1994. However, Rosado et al. 1997, propose that the species Paenibacillus durus should be included in Paenibacillus azotofixans and that Paenibacillus durus should be eliminated as a separate species.

Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994.

Note: The Judicial Commission decided that the name Paenibacillus durus has priority over Paenibacillus azotofixans. The name Paenibacillus azotofixans is a later synonym of Paenibacillus durus.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 47, N° 2, of the IJSB (footnote e). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 917-919.
Notification List in IJSB Online
2 LOGAN (N.A.), HEYNDRICKX (M.), BERKELEY (R.C.W.) and DE VOS (P.): Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1995 does not have priority over Paenibacillus durum (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994: Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 325-326.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 TRÜPER (H.G.): Paenibacillus durus (Collins et al. 1994, formerly Clostridium durum Smith and Cato 1974) has priority over Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984). Opinion 73. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 931.
Opinion 73 in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus edaphicus (Shelobolina et al. 1998) Hu et al. 2010, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T7 = CIP 105814 = DSM 12974 = VKPM B-7517.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF006076 (strain T7), AB045093 (strain VKPM B-7517).
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus edaphicus Shelobolina et al. 1998.
Etymology: Gr. n. edaphos, ground; L. masc. suff. -icus, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. edaphicus, living in soil.
Reference: HU (X.F.), LI (S.X.), WU (J.G.), WANG (J.F.), FANG (Q.L.) and CHEN (J.S.): Transfer of Bacillus mucilaginosus and Bacillus edaphicus to the genus Paenibacillus as Paenibacillus mucilaginosus comb. nov. and Paenibacillus edaphicus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 8-14.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus ehimensis (Kuroshima et al. 1996) Lee et al. 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EAG-5 = CIP 104913 = DSM 11029 = IFO (now NBRC) 15659 = JCM 12161 = KCTC 3748 = LMG 18048 = NRRL B-23118.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY116665.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus ehimensis Kuroshima et al. 1996.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ehimensis, of or belonging to Ehime, referring to Ehime Prefecture, Japan, the source of the soil samples from which the organisms were isolated.
Reference: LEE (J.S.), PYUN (Y.R.) and BAE (K.S.): Transfer of Bacillus ehimensis and Bacillus chitinolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus with emended descriptions of Paenibacillus ehimensis comb. nov. and Paenibacillus chitinolyticus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 929-933.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Lee et al. 2004 the strain NBRC 15659 is cited as IFO 15659 (sic).

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Paenibacillus elgii Kim et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SD17 = KCTC 10016BP = NBRC 100335.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY090110.
Etymology: N.L. n. elgius, arbitrary name formed from the company name LG where taxonomic studies on this species were performed; N.L. gen. n. elgii, of the LG Life Sciences Ltd.
Reference: KIM (D.S.), BAE (C.Y.), JEON (J.J.), CHUN (S.J.), OH (H.W.), HONG (S.G.), BAEK (K.S.), MOON (E.Y.) and BAE (K.S.): Paenibacillus elgii sp. nov., with broad antimicrobial activity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2031-2035.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus endophyticus Carro et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PECAE04=LMG 27297=CECT 8234.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC447384.
Etymology: Gr. pref. endo-, within; Gr. n. phyton, plant; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. endophyticus, within plant, because the type strain was first isolated from the inner of a plant nodule.
Source: Plant.
Reference: CARRO, L., FLORES-FÉLIX, J. D., CERDA-CASTILLO, E., RAMÍREZ-BAHENA, M. H., IGUAL, J. M., TEJEDOR, C., VELAacute;ZQUEZ, E. and PEIX, A. 2013. Paenibacillus endophyticus sp. nov., isolated from nodules of Cicer arietinum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4433-4438.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus favisporus Velázquez et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GMP01 = CECT 5760 = LMG 20987.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY208751.
Etymology: L. masc. n. favus, a honey-comb; Gr. fem. n. spora, a seed (in bacteriology a spore); N.L. masc. adj. favisporus, intended to refer to the honey-comb form of spores.
Reference: VELÁZQUEZ (E.), DE MIGUEL (T.), POZA (M.), RIVAS (R.), ROSSELLÓ-MORA (R.) and VILLA (T.G.): Paenibacillus favisporus sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium isolated from cow faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 59-64.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus filicis Kim et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S4 = JCM 16417 = KACC 14197 = KCTC 13693.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ423055.
Etymology: L. n. filix -icis, a fern plant; L. gen. n. filicis, of a fern plant.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 131. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1-2. [KIM (B.C.), KIM (M.N.), LEE (K.H.), KWON (S.B.), BAE (K.S.) and SHIN (K.S.): Paenibacillus filicis sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of the fern. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 524-529.]
Validation List no. 131 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus fonticola Chou et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ZL = BCRC 17579 = LMG 23577.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ453131.
Etymology: L. masc. n. fons fontis, a spring, fountain; L. suff. -cola (from L. masc. or fem. n. incola), an inhabitant of a place, a resident; N.L. n. fonticola, an inhabitant of a fountain.
Reference: CHOU (J.H.), CHOU (Y.J.), LIN (K.Y.), SHEU (S.Y.), SHEU (D.S.), ARUN (A.B.), YOUNG (C.C.) and CHEN (W.M.): Paenibacillus fonticola sp. nov., isolated from a warm spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1346-1350.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus forsythiae Ma and Chen 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T98 = CCBAU 10203 = DSM 17842.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ338443.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. forsythiae, of Forsythia, referring to the plant Forsythia mira, the source of the rhizosphere soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: MA (Y.C.) and CHEN (S.F.): Paenibacillus forsythiae sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from rhizosphere soil of Forsythia mira. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 319-323.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus frigoriresistens Ming et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIM 016 = CCTCC AB 2011150 = JCM 18141.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ314346.
Etymology: L. n. frigor -oris, cold; L. part. adj. resistens, resisting; N.L. part. adj. frigoriresistens, cold resisting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554. [MING (H.), NIE (G.X.), JIANG (H.C.), YU (T.T.), ZHOU (E.M.), FENG (H.G.), TANG (S.K.) and LI (W.J.): Paenibacillus frigoriresistens sp. nov., a novel psychrotroph isolated from a peat bog in Heilongjiang, Northern China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 297-305.]
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus gansuensis Lim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B518 = DSM 16968 = KCTC 3950.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY839866.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gansuensis, belonging to Gansu, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: LIM (J.M.), JEON (C.O.), LEE (J.C.), XU (L.H.), JIANG (C.L.) and KIM (C.J.): Paenibacillus gansuensis sp. nov., isolated from desert soil of Gansu Province in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2131-2134.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus ginsengarvi Yoon et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gsoil 139 = DSM 18677 = KCTC 13059.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB271057.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. arvum, a field; N.L. gen. n. ginsengarvi, of a ginseng field, the source of the type strain.
Reference: YOON (M.H.), TEN (L.N.) and IM (W.T.): Paenibacillus ginsengarvi sp. nov., isolated from soil from ginseng cultivation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1810-1814.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus ginsengihumi Kim et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DCY16 = JCM 14928 = KCTC 13141.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF452662.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. humus, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengihumi, of the soil of a ginseng field, the source of the type strain.
Reference: KIM (M.K.), KIM (Y.A.), PARK (M.J.) and YANG (D.C.): Paenibacillus ginsengihumi sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from soil in a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1164-1168.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus ginsengisoli Lee et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gsoil 1638 = KCTC 13931 = LMG 23406.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245382.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisoli, of soil of a ginseng field, the source of the organism.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [LEE (M.), TEN (L.N.), BAEK (S.H.), IM (W.T.), ASLAM (Z.) and LEE (S.T.): Paenibacillus ginsengisoli sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from soil of a ginseng field in Pocheon province, South Korea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2007, 91, 127-135.]
Validation List no. 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Paenibacillus anaericanus Horn et al. 2005.

Note: According to Kim et al. 2011, Paenibacillus ginsengisoli Lee et al. 2007 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Paenibacillus anaericanus Horn et al. 2005.
Reference: KIM (K.K.), LEE (K.C.) and LEE (J.S.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus ginsengisoli as a later heterotypic synonym of Paenibacillus anaericanus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2101-2106.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus glacialis Kishore et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KFC91 = DSM 22343 = NCCB 100252.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU815294.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. glacialis, icy, referring to the cold, icy environment from which the strain was isolated.
Reference: KISHORE (K.H.), BEGUM (Z.), PATHAN (A.A.K.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Paenibacillus glacialis sp. nov., isolated from the Kafni glacier of the Himalayas, India. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1909-1913.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus glucanolyticus (Alexander and Priest 1989) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S93 = HSCC 171 = ATCC 49278 = CCUG 28523 = CIP 106935 = DSM 5162 = IFO (now NBRC) 15330 = LMG 12239 = NCIMB 12809 = NRRL B-14679.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073189.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus glucanolyticus Alexander and Priest 1989.
Etymology: N.L. n. glucanum, glucan (a polysaccharide of D-glucose monomers); Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. glucanolyticus, hydrolyzing glucose polymers.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus and emended description of the genus Paenibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 289-298.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus glycanilyticus Dasman et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DS-1 = IFO (now NBRC) 16618 = JCM 11221 = NRRL B-23455.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042938.
Etymology: N.L. glycanum, glycan, a heteropolysaccharide; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. glycanilyticus, degrading heteropolysaccharide.
Reference: DASMAN, KAJIYAMA (S.), KAWASAKI (H.), YAGI (M.), SEKI (T.), FUKUSAKI (E.) and KOBAYASHI (A.): Paenibacillus glycanilyticus sp. nov., a novel species that degrades heteropolysaccharide produced by the cyanobacterium Nostoc commune. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1669-1674.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus gordonae (Pichinoty et al. 1987) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Q1 = ATCC 29948 = HAMBI 1853 = LMG 9817.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60617.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus gordonae Pichinoty et al. 1987.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. gordonae, of Gordon.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Heyndrickx et al. 1995.

Note: According to Heyndrickx et al. 1995, Paenibacillus gordonae (Pichinoty et al. 1987) Ash et al. 1994 is a later heterotypic synonym of Paenibacillus validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), HOSTE (B.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), AZIZ (A.M.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) gordonae (Pichinoty et al. 1986) Ash et al. 1994 is a later subjective synonym of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994: emended description of P. validus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 661-669.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus graminis Berge et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RSA19 = ATCC BAA-95 = DSM 15220 = LMG 19080.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ223987.
Etymology: L. gen. n. graminis, of grass.
Reference: BERGE (O.), GUINEBRETIÈRE (M.H.), ACHOUAK (W.), NORMAND (P.) and HEULIN (T.): Paenibacillus graminis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus odorifer sp. nov., isolated from plant roots, soil and food. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 607-616.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus granivorans Van der Maarel et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A30 = CBS 229.89.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF237682.
Etymology: L. pl. n. grani, granules; L. part. adj. vorans, eating, devouring; N.L. part. adj. granivorans, granules-eating, referring to its ability to hydrolyze granular starch.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [Van der MAAREL (M.J.E.C.), VEEN (A.) and WIJBENGA (D.J.): Paenibacillus granivorans sp. nov., a new Paenibacillus species which degrades native potato starch granules. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 23, 344-348.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, Paenibacillus granivorans Van der Maarel et al. 2001 is not validly published because, at the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, authors or this name, or other scientists who wish to have this name validly published, should submit evidence of the deposit of the type strain in additional collections to the List Editor (either directly or via the IJSEM Editorial Office) before the next meeting of the Judicial Commission in Sapporo, Japan, in 2011. After that time, the name will be ruled not to have been validly published. If, after that deadline, the authors or other scientists wish to have this name validly published, this may be done by confirming that the name is in accordance with the requirements of the Code and either by requesting valid publication via the Validation Lists or by inclusion of the proposal in an original article in the IJSEM. The details of valid publication will then make reference to those publications. If authors or other scientists feel that an exception should be granted to Rule 30, requiring deposit of the type in two different collections in two different countries, they should contact the Editorial Office of the IJSEM.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online
2 According to D. Fritze (cited in N.A. Logan), the strain CBS 229.89 is a patent strain and it is unavailable.
Reference: LOGAN (N.A.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of the genus Bacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meeting, 30 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 977-979.
Original article by Logan in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus harenae Jeon et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B519 = DSM 16969 = KCTC 3951.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY839867.
Etymology: L. gen. n. harenae, of sand, referring to the isolation of the type strain from desert sand.
Reference: JEON (C.O.), LIM (J.M.), LEE (S.S.), CHUNG (B.S.), PARK (D.J.), XU (L.H.), JIANG (C.L.) and KIM (C.J.): Paenibacillus harenae sp. nov., isolated from desert sand in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 13-17.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus hodogayensis Takeda et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SG = JCM 12520 = KCTC 3919.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB179866.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hodogayensis, pertaining to Hodogaya, the name of a district in Yokohama, Japan, the geographical origin of isolation of the type strain.
Reference: TAKEDA (M.), SUZUKI (I.) and KOIZUMI (J.): Paenibacillus hodogayensis sp. nov., capable of degrading the polysaccharide produced by Sphaerotilus natans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 737-741.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus hordei Kim et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RH-N24 = JCM 17570 = KACC 15511.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ833590.
Etymology: L. gen. hordei, of/from barley.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 150. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 797-798. [KIM (J.M.), LEE (S.H.), LEE (S.H.), CHOI (E.J.) and JEON (C.O.): Paenibacillus hordei sp. nov., isolated from naked barley in Korea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2013, 103, 3-9.]
Validation List no. 150 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus humicus Vaz-Moreira et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PC-147 = DSM 18784 = LMG 23886 = NBRC 102415.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM411528.
Etymology: L. n. humus, earth, soil and, in earth sciences or agriculture, humus; L. suff. -icus -a -um, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. humicus, pertaining to humus.
Reference: VAZ-MOREIRA (I.), FARIA (C.), NOBRE (M.F.), SCHUMANN (P.), NUNES (O.C.) and MANAIA (C.M.): Paenibacillus humicus sp. nov., isolated from poultry litter compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2267-2271.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus hunanensis Liu et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FeL05 = ACCC 10718 = CGMCC 1.8907 = DSM 22170.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU741036.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hunanensis, of or belonging to Hunan, a province of China, from where the first strains were isolated.
Reference: LIU (Y.), LIU (L.), QIU (F.), SCHUMANN (P.), SHI (Y.), ZOU (Y.), ZHANG (X.) and SONG (W.): Paenibacillus hunanensis sp. nov., isolated from rice seeds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1266-1270.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus illinoisensis Shida et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 309 = CIP 105253 = DSM 11733 = IFO (now NBRC) 15959 = JCM 9907 = LMG 18051 = NRRL NRS-1356.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073192.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. illinoisensis, referring to Illinois, the state where Microbial Properties Research, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, U.S. Department of Agriculture is located.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Emended description of Paenibacillus amylolyticus and description of Paenibacillus illinoisensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus chibensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 299-306.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Paenibacillus illinoisensis was previously known as Bacillus circulans group 6.

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Paenibacillus jamilae Aguilera et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B.3 = CECT 5266 = DSM 13815.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ271157.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. jamilae, of jamila (a specific term of Arabic origin, commonly used in Andalusia for residual water of olive oil production).
Reference: AGUILERA (M.), MONTEOLIVA-SÁNCHEZ (M.), SUÁREZ (A.), GUERRA (V.), LIZAMA (C.), BENNASAR (A.) and RAMOS-CORMENZANA (A.): Paenibacillus jamilae sp. nov., an exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium able to grow in olive-mill wastewater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1687-1692.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus jilunlii Jin et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Be17 = CGMCC 1.10239 = DSM 23019.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ985393.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. jilunlii, of Jilun Li, named after Professor Jilun Li, one of the academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a pioneer of microbiology in PR China.
Reference: JIN (H.J.), ZHOU (Y.G.), LIU (H.C.) and CHEN (S.F.): Paenibacillus jilunlii sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from the rhizosphere of Begonia semperflorens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1350-1355.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus kobensis (Kanzawa et al. 1995) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YK205 = HSCC 488 = ATCC 51900 = CIP 104576 = DSM 10249 = IFO (now NBRC) 15729 = JCM 12164 = LMG 18049 = NRRL B-23246.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073363.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus kobensis Kanzawa et al. 1995.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kobensis, pertaining to Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, the source of the soil from which the organisms were isolated.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus and emended description of the genus Paenibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 289-298.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus koleovorans Takeda et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TB = IAM 14926 = JCM 11186 = KCTC 13912 = NBRC 103111.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB041720.
Etymology: Gr. n. koleon, sheath; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. koleovorans, sheath-devouring.
Reference: TAKEDA (M.), KAMAGATA (Y.), SHINMARU (S.), NISHIYAMA (T.) and KOIZUMI (J.): Paenibacillus koleovorans sp. nov., able to grow on the sheath of Sphaerotilus natans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1597-1601.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus konsidensis Ko et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LBY = ABB-ID-KSY9 = JCM 14798 = KCTC 13165.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU081509.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. konsidensis, pertaining to KONSID, arbitrary adjective formed from the Korean Network for Studies of Infectious Diseases (KONSID).
Reference: KO (K.S.), KIM (Y.S.), LEE (M.Y.), SHIN (S.Y.), JUNG (D.S.), PECK (K.R.) and SONG (J.H.): Paenibacillus konsidensis sp. nov., isolated from a patient. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2164-2168.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus koreensis Chung et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YC300 = KCTC 2393 = KCCM 40903.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF130254.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. koreensis, pertaining to Korea, the geographical origin of isolation.
Reference: CHUNG (Y.R.), KIM (C.H.), HWANG (I.) and CHUN (J.): Paenibacillus koreensis sp. nov., a new species that produces an iturin-like antifungal compound. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1495-1500.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus kribbensis Yoon et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AM49 = JCM 11465 = KCTC 0766BP.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF391123.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kribbensis, arbitrary name formed from the acronym of the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, KRIBB, where taxonomic studies on this species were performed.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), OH (H.M.), YOON (B.D.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Paenibacillus kribbensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus terrae sp. nov., bioflocculants for efficient harvesting of algal cells. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 295-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus lactis Scheldeman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MB 1871 = DSM 15596 = LMG 21940.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY257868.
Etymology: L. masc. n. lac, milk; L. gen. n. lactis, of milk, referring to milk (and its environment on the dairy farm) as the principal isolation source.
Reference: SCHELDEMAN (P.), GOOSSENS (K.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), PIL (A.), GORIS (J.), HERMAN (L.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.) and HEYNDRICKX (M.): Paenibacillus lactis sp. nov., isolated from raw and heat-treated milk. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 885-891.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9545 = CCUG 28515 = CIP 104618 = DSM 7030 = LMG 9820 = LMG 15969 = NRRL B-2605.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY530294.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus larvae White 1906 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. gen. n. larvae, of a ghost, of a spectre and in biology of a larva.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

Paenibacillus larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Heyndrickx 1996.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9545 = CCUG 28515 = CIP 104618 = DSM 7030 = LMG 9820 = LMG 15969 = NRRL B-2605.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY530294.
Etymology: L. gen. n. larvae, of a ghost, of a spectre and in biology of a larva.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), HOSTE (B.), JANSSEN (P.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, a later subjective synonym of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994, as a subspecies of P. larvae, with emended descriptions of P. larvae as P. larvae subsp. larvae and P. larvae subsp. pulvifaciens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 270-279.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Paenibacillus larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Heyndrickx 1996 is divided into subspecies (see: below).

Paenibacillus larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Genersch et al. 2006.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9545 = CCUG 28515 = CIP 104618 = DSM 7030 = LMG 9820 = LMG 15969 = NRRL B-2605.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY530294.
Etymology: L. gen. n. larvae, of a ghost, of a spectre and in biology of a larva.
Reference: GENERSCH (E.), FORSGREN (E.), PENTIKÄINEN (J.), ASHIRALIEVA (A.), RAUCH (S.), KILWINSKI (J.) and FRIES (I.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens and Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae as Paenibacillus larvae without subspecies differentiation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: A polyphasic taxonomic study of the two subspecies of Paenibacillus larvae, ¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae and ¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens, supported the reclassification of both subspecies into one species, Paenibacillus larvae, without subspecies classification.
Reference: GENERSCH (E.), FORSGREN (E.), PENTIKÄINEN (J.), ASHIRALIEVA (A.), RAUCH (S.), KILWINSKI (J.) and FRIES (I.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens and Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae as Paenibacillus larvae without subspecies differentiation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae (White 1906) Heyndrickx et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9545 = CCUG 28515 = CIP 104618 = DSM 7030 = LMG 9820 = LMG 15969 = NRRL B-2605.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY530294.
Etymology: L. gen. n. larvae, of a ghost, of a spectre and in biology of a larva.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), HOSTE (B.), JANSSEN (P.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, a later subjective synonym of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994, as a subspecies of P. larvae, with emended descriptions of P. larvae as P. larvae subsp. larvae and P. larvae subsp. pulvifaciens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 270-279.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae (White 1906) Heyndrickx et al. 1996 is automatically created by the valid publication of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Heyndrickx et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

¤ Paenibacillus larvae (White 1906) Heyndrickx et al. 1996 emend. Genersch et al. 2006.

Note: A polyphasic taxonomic study of the two subspecies of Paenibacillus larvae, ¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae and ¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens, supported the reclassification of both subspecies into one species, ¤ Paenibacillus larvae, without subspecies classification.
Reference: GENERSCH (E.), FORSGREN (E.), PENTIKÄINEN (J.), ASHIRALIEVA (A.), RAUCH (S.), KILWINSKI (J.) and FRIES (I.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens and Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae as Paenibacillus larvae without subspecies differentiation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Heyndrickx et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49843 = CIP 104990 = DSM 3615 = IFO (now NBRC) 15408 = LMG 6911 = LMG 15974 = NCIMB 11201 = NRRL B-3685.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY530295.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus pulvifaciens (ex Katznelson 1950) Nakamura 1984.
Other synonyms: ¤ Paenibacillus pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, "Bacillus pulvifaciens" Katznelson 1950.
Etymology: L. n. pulvis, dust, powder; L. part. adj. faciens, making; N.L. part. adj. pulvifaciens, making powder or dust.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), HOSTE (B.), JANSSEN (P.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, a later subjective synonym of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994, as a subspecies of P. larvae, with emended descriptions of P. larvae as P. larvae subsp. larvae and P. larvae subsp. pulvifaciens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 270-279.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Heyndrickx et al. 1996, the type strain ATCC 49843 is erroneously cited as ATCC 13537.
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (September 06, 2001).

¤ Paenibacillus larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Genersch et al. 2006.

Note: A polyphasic taxonomic study of the two subspecies of Paenibacillus larvae, ¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae and ¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens, supported the reclassification of both subspecies into one species, ¤ Paenibacillus larvae, without subspecies classification.
Reference: GENERSCH (E.), FORSGREN (E.), PENTIKÄINEN (J.), ASHIRALIEVA (A.), RAUCH (S.), KILWINSKI (J.) and FRIES (I.): Reclassification of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens and Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae as Paenibacillus larvae without subspecies differentiation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus lautus (Nakamura 1984) Heyndrickx et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43898 = CIP 103118 = DSM 3035 = IFO (now NBRC) 15380 = JCM 9073 = LMG 11157 = NRRL NRS-666.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073188.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus lautus (ex Batchelor 1919) Nakamura 1984.
Other synonym: "Bacillus lautus" Batchelor 1919.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lautus, washed, splendid.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), AZIZ (A.M.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): A polyphasic reassessment of the genus Paenibacillus, reclassification of Bacillus lautus (Nakamura 1984) as Paenibacillus lautus comb. nov. and of Bacillus peoriae (Montefusco et al. 1993) as Paenibacillus peoriae comb. nov., and emended descriptions of P. lautus and of P. peoriae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 988-1003.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus lentimorbus (Dutky 1940) Pettersson et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14707 = CCUG 28883 = CIP 106068 = LMG 20224 = NCCB 75014 = NRRL B-2522.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073199.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus lentimorbus Dutky 1940 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. lentus, slow; L. n. morbus, a sickness, disease; N.L. n. lentimorbus, the slow disease.
Reference: PETTERSSON (B.), RIPPERE (KE.), YOUSTEN (A.A.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Transfer of Bacillus lentimorbus and Bacillus popilliae to the genus Paenibacillus with emended descriptions of Paenibacillus lentimorbus comb. nov. and Paenibacillus popilliae comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 531-540.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus lentus Li et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CMG1240=ATCC BAA-2594=DSM 25539.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC800716.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lentus, slow, delayed, referring to its slow growth.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LI, Y.-F., CALLEY, J. N., EBERT, P. J. and HELMES, E. B. 2014. Paenibacillus lentus sp. nov., a β-mannanolytic bacterium isolated from mixed soil samples in a selective enrichment using guar gum as the sole carbon source. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1166-1172.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus macerans (Schardinger 1905) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 8244 = CCM 2012 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14680 = CCUG 7423 = CFBP 4253 = CIP 66.19 = DSM 24 = HAMBI 636 = HAMBI 1958 = IAM 12467 = IFO (now NBRC) 15307 = JCM 2500 = KCTC 1822 = LMG 6324 = LMG 13281 = NCCB 48019 = NCIMB 9368 (formerly NCDO 1764) = NCTC 6355 = NRRL B-172 = NRRL B-394 = NRRL B-4267 = VKM B-506.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073196.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus macerans Schardinger 1905 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Aerobacillus macerans" (Schardinger 1905) Donker 1926, "Zymobacillus macerans" (Schardinger 1905) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, "Bactrillum macerans" (Schardinger 1905) Pribram 1933.
Etymology: L. part. adj. macerans, softening by steeping, retting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus macquariensis (Marshall and Ohye 1966) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23464 = CCUG 37394 = CIP 103269 = DSM 2 = LMG 6935 = NCTC 10419 = NRRL B-14306.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60625.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus macquariensis Marshall and Ohye 1966 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. macquariensis, pertaining to Macquarie Island.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Paenibacillus macquariensis subsp. defensor Hoshino et al. 2009, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M4-2 = JCM 14954 = NCIMB 14397.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB360546.
Etymology: L. n. defensor (nominative in apposition), defender, protector, because the isolates inhibit the production of sclerotia by the psychrophilic phytopathogenic fungus Typhula ishikariensis.
Reference: HOSHINO (T.), NAKABAYASHI (T.), HIROTA (K.), MATSUNO (T.), KOIWA (R.), FUJIU (S.), SAITO (I.), TKACHENKO (O.B.), MATSUYAMA (H.) and YUMOTO (I.): Paenibacillus macquariensis subsp. defensor subsp. nov., isolated from boreal soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2074-2079.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus macquariensis subsp. macquariensis (Marshall and Ohye 1966) Hoshino et al. 2009, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23464 = CCUG 37394 = CIP 103269 = DSM 2 = LMG 6935 = NCTC 10419 = NRRL B-14306.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60625.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. macquariensis, pertaining to Macquarie Island.
Reference: HOSHINO (T.), NAKABAYASHI (T.), HIROTA (K.), MATSUNO (T.), KOIWA (R.), FUJIU (S.), SAITO (I.), TKACHENKO (O.B.), MATSUYAMA (H.) and YUMOTO (I.): Paenibacillus macquariensis subsp. defensor subsp. nov., isolated from boreal soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2074-2079.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original authorship, (Marshall and Ohye 1966) Ash et al. 1994, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus marinisediminis Lee et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LHW35=JCM 17886=KACC 16317.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF748731.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 158. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 2184-2187.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LEE, H.-W., ROH, S. W., YIM, K. J., SHIN, N.-R., LEE, J., WHON, T. W., KIM, J. Y., HYUN, D.-W., KIM, D. and BAE, J.-W. 2013. Paenibacillus marinisediminis sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from marine sediment. J. Microbiol., 51, 312-317.
Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus massiliensis Roux and Raoult 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2301065 = CCUG 48215 = CIP 107939.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY323608.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. massiliensis, pertaining to Massilia, the Roman name for Marseille, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ROUX (V.) and RAOULT (D.): Paenibacillus massiliensis sp. nov., Paenibacillus sanguinis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus timonensis sp. nov., isolated from blood cultures. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1049-1054.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus mendelii Smerda et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain C/2 = CCM 4839 = LMG 23002.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF537343.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mendelii, of Mendel, to honour J.G. Mendel, the founder of genetics.
Reference: ŠMERDA (J.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), PÁČOVÁ (Z.), DURNOVÁ (E.), SMÍŠKOVÁ (A.) and HAVEL (L.): Paenibacillus mendelii sp. nov., from surface-sterilized seeds of Pisum sativum L. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2351-2354.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus montaniterrae Khianngam et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MXC2-2 = KCTC 13036 = PCU 281 = TISTR 1836.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB295646.
Etymology: L. adj. montanus, of a mountain; L. n. terra, soil; N.L. gen. n. montaniterrae, of mountain soil, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: KHIANNGAM (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.) and AKARACHARANYA (A.): Paenibacillus siamensis sp. nov., Paenibacillus septentrionalis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus montaniterrae sp. nov., xylanase-producing bacteria from Thai soils. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 130-134.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus motobuensis Iida et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MC10 = CCUG 50090 = GTC 1835 = JCM 12774.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY741810.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. motobuensis, pertaining to Motobu in Okinawa, Japan, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: IIDA (K.), UEDA (Y.), KAWAMURA (Y.), EZAKI (T.), TAKADE (A.), YOSHIDA (S.) and AMAKO (K.): Paenibacillus motobuensis sp. nov., isolated from a composting machine utilizing soil from Motobu-town, Okinawa, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1811-1816.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus mucilaginosus (Avakyan et al. 1998) Hu et al. 2010, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1480D = CIP 105815 = HSCC 1605 = KCTC 3870 = VKM B-1480D = VKPM B-7519.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF006077 (strain 1480D), FJ039528 (strain VKPM B-7519).
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus mucilaginosus Avakyan et al. 1998.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. mucilaginosus, slimy.
Reference: HU (X.F.), LI (S.X.), WU (J.G.), WANG (J.F.), FANG (Q.L.) and CHEN (J.S.): Transfer of Bacillus mucilaginosus and Bacillus edaphicus to the genus Paenibacillus as Paenibacillus mucilaginosus comb. nov. and Paenibacillus edaphicus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 8-14.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus nanensis Khianngam et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MX2-3 = KCTC 13044 = PCU 276 = TISTR 1828.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB265206.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nanensis, pertaining to Nan, a province in Thailand, from where the strain was isolated.
Reference: KHIANNGAM (S.), AKARACHARANYA (A.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), LEE (K.C.) and LEE (J.S.): Paenibacillus thailandensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus nanensis sp. nov., xylanase-producing bacteria isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 564-568.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus naphthalenovorans Daane et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PR-N1 = ATCC BAA-206 = DSM 14203.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF353681.
Etymology: L. neut. n. naphthalenum, naphtalene; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. part. adj. naphthalenovorans, naphthalene-devouring.
Reference: DAANE (L.L.), HARJONO (I.), BARNS (S.M.), LAUNEN (L.A.), PALLERONI (N.J.) and HÄGGBLOM (M.M.): PAH-degradation by Paenibacillus spp. and description of Paenibacillus naphthalenovorans sp. nov., a naphthalene-degrading bacterium from the rhizosphere of salt marsh plants. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 131-139.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus nematophilus Enright et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NEM1a = DSM 13559 = NCIMB 13845.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480935.
Etymology: N.L. n. nematoda, roundworms, nematodes; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. nematophilus, nematode-loving.
Reference: ENRIGHT (M.R.), McINERNEY (J.O.) and GRIFFIN (C.T.): Characterization of endospore-forming bacteria associated with entomopathogenic nematodes, Heterorhabditis spp., and description of Paenibacillus nematophilus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 435-441.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus oceanisediminis Lee et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L10 = JCM 17814 = KACC 16203.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF811909.
Etymology: L. n. oceanus, the great sea; L. n. sedimen -inis, a sediment; N.L. gen. n. oceanisediminis, of a sediment of the sea.
Reference: LEE (J.), SHIN (N.R.), JUNG (M.J.), ROH (S.W.), KIM (M.S.), LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.), KIM (Y.O.) and BAE (J.W.): Paenibacillus oceanisediminis sp. nov. isolated from marine sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 428-434.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus odorifer Berge et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TOD45 = ATCC BAA-93 = DSM 15391 = JCM 21743 = LMG 19079.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ223990.
Etymology: L. n. odor, smell; L. suff. n. -fer, carrier; N.L. n. odorifer, carrier of smell.
Reference: BERGE (O.), GUINEBRETIÈRE (M.H.), ACHOUAK (W.), NORMAND (P.) and HEULIN (T.): Paenibacillus graminis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus odorifer sp. nov., isolated from plant roots, soil and food. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 607-616.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In Latin, odorifer -era -erum is an adjective not a noun as cited in the paper by Berge et al. 2002.

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Paenibacillus pabuli (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43899 = CCUG 27415 = CFBP 4262 = CIP 103119 = DSM 3036 = HAMBI 1825 = IFO (now NBRC) 13638 = JCM 9074 = LMG 15970 = NRRL NRS-924.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB045094.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus pabuli (ex Schieblich 1923) Nakamura 1984.
Other synonym: "Bacillus pabuli" Schieblich 1923.
Etymology: L. gen. n. pabuli, of fodder.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online
2 On the Validation List no. 52, the name was mis-spelt Paenibacillus pubuli (sic).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.: 1995, 45, 882.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus panacisoli Ten et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gsoil 1411 = KCTC 13020 = LMG 23405.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245384.
Etymology: N.L. n. Panax -acis, scientific name of ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. panacisoli, of soil of a ginseng field.
Reference: TEN (L.N.), BAEK (S.H.), IM (W.T.), LEE (M.), OH (H.W.) and LEE (S.T.): Paenibacillus panacisoli sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium isolated from soil in a ginseng field in South Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2677-2681.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus pasadenensis Osman et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SAFN-007 = ATCC BAA-1211 = NBRC 101214.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY167820.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pasadenensis, referring to Pasadena, the city in which the JPL-SAF is located.
Reference: OSMAN (S.), SATOMI (M.) and VENKATESWARAN (K.): Paenibacillus pasadenensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus barengoltzii sp. nov., isolated from a spacecraft assembly facility. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1509-1514.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus pectinilyticus Park et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RCB-08 = CECT 7358 = KCTC 13222.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU391157.
Etymology: N.L. n. pectinum (from French n. pectine), pectin; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. pectinilyticus, pectin-dissolving bacteria.
Reference: PARK (D.S.), JEONG (W.J.), LEE (K.H.), OH (H.W.), KIM (B.C.), BAE (K.S.) and PARK (H.Y.): Paenibacillus pectinilyticus sp. nov., isolated from the gut of Diestrammena apicalis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1342-1347.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus peoriae (Montefusco et al. 1993) Heyndrickx et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BD-57 = ATCC 51925 = CIP 103812 = DSM 8320 = IFO (now NBRC) 15541 = LMG 14832 = NRRL B-14750.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ320494.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus peoriae Montefusco et al. 1993.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. peoriae, of Peoria, named after Peoria, Illinois, where the organism was studied.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), AZIZ (A.M.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): A polyphasic reassessment of the genus Paenibacillus, reclassification of Bacillus lautus (Nakamura 1984) as Paenibacillus lautus comb. nov. and of Bacillus peoriae (Montefusco et al. 1993) as Paenibacillus peoriae comb. nov., and emended descriptions of P. lautus and of P. peoriae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 988-1003.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus phoenicis Bernardini et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 3PO2SA = NBRC 106274 = NRRL B-59348.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU977789.
Etymology: L. gen. n. phoenicis, of phoenix, isolated from the surface of the clean room where the recently landed Mars Phoenix spacecraft was assembled.
Reference: BENARDINI (J.N.), VAISHAMPAYAN (P.A.), SCHWENDNER (P.), SWANNER (E.), FUKUI (Y.), OSMAN (S.), SATOMI (M.) and VENKATESWARAN (K.): Paenibacillus phoenicis sp. nov., isolated from the Phoenix Lander assembly facility and a subsurface molybdenum mine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1338-1343.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus pini Kim et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S22 = JCM 16418 = KACC 14198 = KCTC 13694.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ423056.
Etymology: L. gen. n. pini, of a pine tree.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 137. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1-3. [KIM (B.C.), LEE (K.H.), KIM (M.N.), KIM (E.M.), MIN (S.R.), KIM (H.S.) and SHIN (K.S.): Paenibacillus pini sp. nov., a cellulolytic bacterium isolated from the rhizosphere of pine tree. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 699-704.]
Validation List no. 137 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus phyllosphaerae Rivas et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PALXIL04 = CECT 5862 = LMG 22192.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY598818.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. phyllosphaerae, of the phyllosphere.
Reference: RIVAS (R.), MATEOS (P.F.), MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Paenibacillus phyllosphaerae sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium isolated from the phyllosphere of Phoenix dactylifera. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 743-746.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus pinihumi Kim et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S23 = JCM 16419 = KACC 14199 = KCTC 13695.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ423057.
Etymology: L. n. pinus, a pine; L. n. humus, soil; N.L. gen. n. pinihumi, of soil from a pine tree.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 131. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1-2. [KIM (B.C.), LEE (K.H.), KIM (M.N.), KIM (E.M.), RHEE (M.S.), KWON (O.Y.) and SHIN (K.S.): Paenibacillus pinihumi sp. nov., a cellulolytic bacterium isolated from the rhizosphere of Pinus densiflora. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 530-535.]
Validation List no. 131 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus pocheonensis Baek et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gsoil 1138 = KCTC 13941 = LMG 23404.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245386.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pocheonensis, of or pertaining to Pocheon Province in South Korea, the source of the soil sample from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: BAEK (S.H.), YI (T.H.), LEE (S.T.) and IM (W.T.): Paenibacillus pocheonensis sp. nov., a facultative anaerobe isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1163-1167.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 842 = CCUG 7426 = CFBP 4258 = CIP 66.22 = DSM 36 = HAMBI 635 = HAMBI 1897 = IFO (now NBRC) 15309 = JCM 2507 = LMG 13294 = NCCB 24016 = NCTC 10343 = NRRL B-4317 = VKM B-514.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16276.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Macé 1889 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Clostridium polymyxa" Prazmowski 1880, "Granulobacter polymyxa" (Prazmowski 1880) Beijerinck 1893, "Aerobacillus polymyxa" (Prazmowski 1880) Donker 1926.
Etymology: Gr. pref. polu, many; Gr. n. myxa, slime or mucus; N.L. n. polymyxa, much slime.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 51. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 51 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The taxonomic status of the type species of the genus Paenibacillus cannot be easily determined according to the rules of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision) since the rules may be interpreted in an ambiguous way. Depending upon how the rules are applied the type species may be either Paenibacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Ash et al. 1994 or ¤ Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994. In 2002, the Judicial Commission decided that the type species of the genus Paenibacillus is ¤ Paenibacillus polymyxa.
See above the ¤ note for Paenibacillus.

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Paenibacillus popilliae (Dutky 1940) Pettersson et al. 1999, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14706 = CCUG 28881 = CIP 106066 = NCCB 75017 = NRRL B-2309.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073198.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus popilliae Dutky 1940 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. Popillia, generic name of the Japanese beetle; N.L. gen. n. popilliae, of Popillia.
Reference: PETTERSSON (B.), RIPPERE (KE.), YOUSTEN (A.A.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Transfer of Bacillus lentimorbus and Bacillus popilliae to the genus Paenibacillus with emended descriptions of Paenibacillus lentimorbus comb. nov. and Paenibacillus popilliae comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 531-540.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus profundus Romanenko et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Sl 79=KMM 9420=NRIC 0885.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus prosopidis Valverde et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PW21 = CECT 7506 = DSM 22405 = LMG 25259.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ820995.
Etymology: L. n. prosopis, name of a plant, and also a botanical genus name; L. gen. n. prosopidis, of Prosopis, isolated from Prosopis farcta.
Reference: VALVERDE (A.), FTERICH (A.), MAHDHI (M.), RAMÍREZ-BAHENA (M.H.), CAVIEDES (M.A.), MARS (M.), VELÁZQUEZ (E.) and RODRIGUEZ-LLORENTE (I.D.): Paenibacillus prosopidis sp. nov., isolated from the nodules of Prosopis farcta. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2182-2186.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus provencensis Roux et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4401170 = CCUG 53519 = CIP 109358.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF212893.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. provencensis, pertaining to Provence, the region of France where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ROUX (V.), FENNER (L.) and RAOULT (D.): Paenibacillus provencensis sp. nov., isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid, and Paenibacillus urinalis sp. nov., isolated from human urine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 682-687.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus pueri Kim et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain b09i-3 = CECT 7360 = KCTC 13223.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU391156.
Etymology: N.L. n. puerum, Pu'er, a tea from China; N.L. gen. n. pueri, of Pu'er.
Reference: KIM (B.C.), JEONG (W.J.), KIM (D.Y.), OH (H.W.), KIM (H.), PARK (D.S.), PARK (H.M.) and BAE (K.S.): Paenibacillus pueri sp. nov., isolated from Pu'er tea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1002-1006.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus puldeungensis Traiwan et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CAU 9324 = CCUG 59189 = KCTC 13718.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU187433.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. puldeungensis, of/from puldeung, the Korean word for a grassy sandbank such as the one from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: TRAIWAN (J.), PARK (M.H.) and KIM (W.): Paenibacillus puldeungensis sp. nov., isolated from a grassy sandbank. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 670-673.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49843 = CIP 104990 = DSM 3615 = IFO (now NBRC) 15408 = LMG 6911 = LMG 15974 = NCIMB 11201 = NRRL B-3685.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY530295.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus pulvifaciens (ex Katznelson 1950) Nakamura 1984.
Other synonym: "Bacillus pulvifaciens" Katznelson 1950.
Etymology: L. n. pulvis, dust, powder; L. part. adj. faciens, making; N.L. part. adj. pulvifaciens, making powder or dust.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Heyndrickx et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Paenibacillus purispatii Behrendt et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ES_MS17 = CIP 110057 = DSM 22991.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU888513.
Etymology: L. adj. purus -a -um, clean; L. n. spatium, room; N.L. gen. n. purispatii, of a clean room.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 137. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1-3. [BEHRENDT (U.), SCHUMANN (P.), STIEGLMEIER (M.), PUKALL (R.), AUGUSTIN (J.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHWENDNER (P.), MOISSL-EICHINGER (C.) and ULRICH (A.): Characterization of heterotrophic nitrifying bacteria with respiratory ammonification and denitrification activity - Description of Paenibacillus uliginis sp. nov., an inhabitant of fen peat soil and Paenibacillus purispatii sp. nov., isolated from a spacecraft assembly clean room. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 33, 328-336.]
Validation List no. 137 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus relictisesami Shimoyama et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KB0549=JCM 18068=DSM 25385.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB567661.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. neut. n. relictum, residue; L. neut. n. sesamum, sesame; N.L. gen. n. relictisesami, of residue remaining after the extraction of sesame oil, the source of the type strain.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: SHIMOYAMA, T., JOHARI, N. B., TSURUYA, A., NAIR, A. and NAKAYAMA, T. 2014. Paenibacillus relictisesami sp. nov., isolated from sesame oil cake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1534-1539.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus residui Vaz-Moreira et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MC-246 = CCUG 57263 = DSM 22072.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN293173.
Etymology: L. n. residuum, leavings, scraps, residues; L. gen. n. residui, of leavings, scraps, residues.
Reference: VAZ-MOREIRA (I.), FIGUEIRA (V.), LOPES (A.R.), PUKALL (R.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHUMANN (P.), NUNES (O.C.)  and MANAIA (C.M.): Paenibacillus residui sp. nov., isolated from urban waste compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2415-2419.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus rhizosphaerae Rivas et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CECAP06 = CECT 5831 = LMG 21955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY751754.
Etymology: Gr. fem. n. rhiza, root; L. fem. n. sphaera -ae, ball, any globe, sphere; N.L. gen. fem. n. rhizosphaerae, of the rhizosphere.
Reference: RIVAS (R.), GUTIÉRREZ (C.), ABRIL (A.), MATEOS (P.F.), MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.), VENTOSA (A.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Paenibacillus rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Cicer arietinum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1305-1309.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus rigui Baik et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WPCB173 = JCM 16352 = KCTC 13282.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU939688.
Etymology: L. gen. n. rigui, of a well-watered place, referring to where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: BAIK (K.S.), LIM (C.H.), CHOE (H.N.), KIM (E.M.) and SEONG (C.N.): Paenibacillus rigui sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater wetland. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 529-534.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus riograndensis Beneduzi et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SBR5 = CCGB 1313 = CECT 7330.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU257201.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. riograndensis, referring to Rio Grande do Sul, the state located in Southern Brazil, where the strain was isolated.
Reference: BENEDUZI (A.), COSTA (P.B.), PARMA (M.), MELO (I.S.), BODANESE-ZANETTINI (M.H.) and PASSAGLIA (L.M.P.): Paenibacillus riograndensis sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from the rhizosphere of Triticum aestivum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 128-133.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus sabinae Ma et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T27 = CCBAU 10202 = DSM 17841.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ338444.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sabinae, of Sabina, referring to the plant Sabina squamata, the source of the rhizosphere soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: MA (Y.), XIA (Z.), LIU (X.) and CHEN (S.): Paenibacillus sabinae sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from the rhizosphere soils of shrubs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 6-11.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus sacheonensis Moon et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SY01 = DSM 23054 = KACC 14895.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU124597.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. sacheonensis, of or belonging to Sacheon, the city in Korea where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: MOON (J.C.), JUNG (Y.J.), JUNG (J.H.), JUNG (H.S.), CHEONG (Y.R.), JEON (C.O.), LEE (K.O.) and LEE (S.Y.): Paenibacillus sacheonensis sp. nov., a xylanolytic and cellulolytic bacterium isolated from tidal flat sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2753-2757.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus sanguinis Roux and Raoult 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2301083 = CCUG 48214 = CIP 107938.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY323609.
Etymology: L. masc. gen. n. sanguinis, of blood, referring to the fact that the type strain was isolated from a blood sample.
Reference: ROUX (V.) and RAOULT (D.): Paenibacillus massiliensis sp. nov., Paenibacillus sanguinis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus timonensis sp. nov., isolated from blood cultures. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1049-1054.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus sediminis Wang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GTH-3 = GT-H3  = DSM 23491 = LMG 25635.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ355277.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sediminis, of sediment.
Reference: WANG (L.), BAEK (S.H.), CUI (Y.), LEE (H.G.) and LEE (S.T.): Paenibacillus sediminis sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium isolated from a tidal flat. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1284-1288.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus selenitireducens Yao et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ES3-24=KCTC 33157=CCTCC AB2013097.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC815539.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. n. selenis -itis, selenite; L. part. adj. reducens (from L. v. reducere) leading back, bringing back and, in chemistry, converting to a different oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. selenitireducens, selenite-reducing.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: YAO, R., WANG, R., WANG, D., SU, J., ZHENG, S. and WANG, G. 2014. Paenibacillus selenitireducens sp. nov., a selenite-reducing bacterium isolated from a selenium mineral soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 805-811.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus septentrionalis Khianngam et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain X13-1 = KCTC 13039 = PCU 280 = TISTR 1830.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB295647.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. septentrionalis, northern, referring to the isolation of the type strain from the northern province, Nan, Thailand.
Reference: KHIANNGAM (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.) and AKARACHARANYA (A.): Paenibacillus siamensis sp. nov., Paenibacillus septentrionalis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus montaniterrae sp. nov., xylanase-producing bacteria from Thai soils. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 130-134.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus sepulcri Smerda et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 7311 = LMG 19508.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ291142.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sepulcri, from a tomb, pertaining to the place of isolation of the type strain.
Reference: ŠMERDA (J.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), PÁČOVÁ (Z.), KREJČÍ (E.) and HAVEL (L.): Paenibacillus sepulcri sp. nov., isolated from biodeteriorated mural paintings in the Servilia tomb. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2341-2344.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus shirakamiensis Tonouchi et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) P-1T (NBRC 109471=DSM 26806=KCTC 33126=CIP 110571.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB769168.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. shirakamiensis, pertaining to the Shirakami Mountains, the origin of the type strain.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: TONOUCHI, A., TAZAWA, D. and FUJITA, T. 2014. Paenibacillus shirakamiensis sp. nov., isolated from the trunk surface of a Japanese oak (Quercus crispula). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1763-1769.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus siamensis Khianngam et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S5-3 = KCTC 13038 = PCU 279 = TISTR 1831.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB295645.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. siamensis, pertaining to Siam, the old name of Thailand, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: KHIANNGAM (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.) and AKARACHARANYA (A.): Paenibacillus siamensis sp. nov., Paenibacillus septentrionalis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus montaniterrae sp. nov., xylanase-producing bacteria from Thai soils. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 130-134.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus soli Park et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DCY03 = KCTC 13010 = LMG 23604.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ309072.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil, the source of the organism.
Reference: PARK (M.J.), KIM (H.B.), AN (D.S.), YANG (H.C.), OH (S.T.), CHUNG (H.J.) and YANG (D.C.): Paenibacillus soli sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 146-150.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus sonchi Hong et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain X19-5 = CCBAU 83901 = LMG 24727.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ358736.
Etymology: L. n. sonchus -i, the herb sow-thistle, and also a botanical genus name (Sonchus); L. gen. n. sonchi, of Sonchus, referring to the plant Sonchus oleraceus, the source of the rhizosphere soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: HONG (Y.Y.), MA (Y.C.), ZHOU (Y.G.), GAO (F.), LIU (H.C.) and CHEN (S.F.): Paenibacillus sonchi sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from the rhizosphere of Sonchus oleraceus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2656-2661.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus sophorae Jin et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S27 = CGMCC 1.10238 = DSM 23020.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ985395.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sophorae, of Sophora, referring to the plant Sophora japonica, the source of the rhizosphere soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: JIN (H.J.), LV (J.) and CHEN (S.F.): Paenibacillus sophorae sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species isolated from the rhizosphere of Sophora japonica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 767-771.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus sputi Kim et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KIT 00200-70066-1 = DSM 22699 = KCTC 13252.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN394513.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sputi, of sputum.
Reference: KIM (K.K.), LEE (K.C.), YU (H.), RYOO (S.), PARK (Y.)  and LEE (J.S.): Paenibacillus sputi sp. nov., isolated from the sputum of a patient with pulmonary disease. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2371-2376.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus stellifer Suominen et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IS 1 = CCUG 45566 = DSM 14472.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ316013.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. stellifer, star-bearing, star-carrying, referring to the presence of star-shaped spores.
Reference: SUOMINEN (I.), SPRÖER (C.), KÄMPFER (P.), RAINEY (F.A.), LOUNATMAA (K.) and SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.): Paenibacillus stellifer sp. nov., a cyclodextrin-producing species isolated from paperboard. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1369-1374.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus taichungensis Lee et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain V10537 = BCRC 17757 = DSM 19942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU179327.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. taichungensis, of Taichung, a city in Taiwan, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: LEE (F.L.), TIEN (C.J.), TAI (C.J.), WANG (L.T.), LIU (Y.C.) and CHERN (L.L.): Paenibacillus taichungensis sp. nov., from soil in Taiwan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2640-2645.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus taihuensis Wu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THMBG22=CGMCC 1.10966=NBRC 108766.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ398861.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. taihuensis, of or pertaining to Lake Taihu in Jiangsu province, China, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Reference: WU, Y. F., WU, Q. L. and LIU, S. J. 2013. Paenibacillus taihuensis sp. nov., isolated from an eutrophic lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3652-3658.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus taiwanensis Lee et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain G-soil-2-3 = BCRC 17411 = DSM 18679 = IAM 15414 = JCM 23198 = LMG 23799.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ890521.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. taiwanensis, of Taiwan, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: LEE (F.L.), KUO (H.P.), TAI (C.J.), YOKOTA (A.) and LO (C.C.): Paenibacillus taiwanensis sp. nov., isolated from soil in Taiwan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1351-1354.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus tarimensis Wang et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SA-7-6 = CCTCC AB 206108 = DSM 19409.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF125184.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. tarimensis, referring to Tarim Basin, China, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Reference: WANG (M.), YANG (M.), ZHOU (G.), LUO (X.), ZHANG (L.), TANG (Y.) and FANG (C.): Paenibacillus tarimensis sp. nov., isolated from sand in Xinjiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2081-2085.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus telluris Lee et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PS38 = CGMCC 1.10695 = KCTC 13946.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ257247.
Etymology: L. gen. n. telluris, of the earth, ground.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554. [LEE (J.C.), KIM (C.J.) and YOON (K.H.) : Paenibacillus telluris sp. nov., a novel phosphate-solubilizing bacterium isolated from soil. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 617-621.]
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus terrae Yoon et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AM141 = JCM 11466 = KCCM 41557.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF391124.
Etymology: L. gen. n. terrae, of the earth.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), OH (H.M.), YOON (B.D.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Paenibacillus kribbensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus terrae sp. nov., bioflocculants for efficient harvesting of algal cells. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 295-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus terrigena Xie and Yokota 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A35 = CCTCC AB206026 = IAM 15291 = JCM 21741.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB248087.
Etymology: L. n. terrigena (nominative in apposition), born of, or from, the earth, earth-born.
Reference: XIE (C.H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Paenibacillus terrigena sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 70-72.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus thailandensis Khianngam et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S3-4A = KCTC 13043 = PCU 275 = TISTR 1827.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB265205.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. thailandensis, pertaining to Thailand, where the strain was isolated.
Reference: KHIANNGAM (S.), AKARACHARANYA (A.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), LEE (K.C.) and LEE (J.S.): Paenibacillus thailandensis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus nanensis sp. nov., xylanase-producing bacteria isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 564-568.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus thermoaerophilus Ueda et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TC22-2b=DSM 26310=JCM 18657.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB738878.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. masc. n. aer, air; Gr. adj. philos, loving; N.L. masc. adj. thermoaerophilus, loving heat and air.
Source: Environmental.
Reference: UEDA, J., YAMAMOTO, S. and KUROSAWA, N. 2013. Paenibacillus thermoaerophilus sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic bacterium isolated from compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3330-3335.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus thermophilus Zhou et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WP-1 = CCTCC AB 2011115 = DSM 24746 = JCM 17693.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ824133.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. thermophilus, heat-loving, referring to its growth temperature.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 149. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1-5. [ZHOU (Y.), GAO (S.), WEI (D.Q.), YANG (L.L.), HUANG (X.), HE (J.), ZHANG (Y.J.), TANG (S.K.) and LI (W.J.): Paenibacillus thermophilus sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from a sediment of hot spring in Fujian province, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 601-609.]
Validation List no. 149 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus thiaminolyticus (Nakamura 1990) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AHU 1393 = HSCC 148 = CCUG 28880 = CIP 104430 = DSM 7262 = IFO (now NBRC) 15656 = JCM 8360 = LMG 17412 = NCTC 12999 = NRRL B-4156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073197.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus thiaminolyticus (ex Kuno 1951) Nakamura 1990.
Other synonyms: "Bacillus thiaminolyticus" Kuno 1951, "Clostridium thiaminolyticum" (Kuno 1951) Kimura and Liao 1953.
Etymology: N.L. n. thiaminun, thiamine; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. thiaminolyticus, decomposing thiamine.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Transfer of Bacillus alginolyticus, Bacillus chondroitinus, Bacillus curdlanolyticus, Bacillus glucanolyticus, Bacillus kobensis, and Bacillus thiaminolyticus to the genus Paenibacillus and emended description of the genus Paenibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 289-298.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus tianmuensis Wu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B27 = CGMCC 1.8946 = DSM 22342.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ719490.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. Tianmuensis, of or pertaining to Tianmu Mountain National Natural Reserve in Zhejiang Province, China, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: WU (X.), FANG (H.), QIAN (C.), WEN (Y.), SHEN (X.), LI (O.) and GAO (H.): Paenibacillus tianmuensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1133-1137.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus timonensis Roux and Raoult 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2301032 = CCUG 48216 = CIP 108005.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY323612.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. timonensis, pertaining to the Hôpital de la Timone, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ROUX (V.) and RAOULT (D.): Paenibacillus massiliensis sp. nov., Paenibacillus sanguinis sp. nov. and Paenibacillus timonensis sp. nov., isolated from blood cultures. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1049-1054.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus tundrae Nelson et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A10b = DSM 21291 = NRRL B-51094.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU558284.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. tundrae, of/from the tundra, a biome in northern North America and Eurasia.
Reference: NELSON (D.M.), GLAWE (A.J.), LABEDA (D.P.), CANN (I.K.O.) and MACKIE (R.I.): Paenibacillus tundrae sp. nov. and Paenibacillus xylanexedens sp. nov., psychrotolerant, xylan-degrading bacteria from Alaskan tundra. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1708-1714.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus turicensis Bosshard et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MOL722 = DSM 14349 = NCCB 100011.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF378694.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. turicensis, referring to Turicum, the Latin name of Zurich, where the organism was first isolated.
Reference: BOSSHARD (P.P.), ZBINDEN (R.) and ALTWEGG (M.): Paenibacillus turicensis sp. nov., a novel bacterium harbouring heterogeneities between 16S rRNA genes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2241-2249.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus typhae Kong et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain xj7 = CGMCC 1.11012 = DSM 25190.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN256679.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. typhae, of Typha, referring to Typha angustifolia, the wetland plant from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: KONG (B.H.), LIU (Q.F.), LIU (M.), LIU (Y.), LIU (L.), LI (C.L.), YU (R.) and LI (Y.H.): Paenibacillus typhae sp. nov., isolated from roots of Typha angustifolia L. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1037-1044.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus uliginis Behrendt et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain N3/975 = DSM 21861 = LMG 24790.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN556467.
Etymology: L. n. uligo -inis, moisture, marshy quality of the earth; L. gen. n. uliginis, of moisture.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 137. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1-3. [BEHRENDT (U.), SCHUMANN (P.), STIEGLMEIER (M.), PUKALL (R.), AUGUSTIN (J.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHWENDNER (P.), MOISSL-EICHINGER (C.) and ULRICH (A.): Characterization of heterotrophic nitrifying bacteria with respiratory ammonification and denitrification activity - Description of Paenibacillus uliginis sp. nov., an inhabitant of fen peat soil and Paenibacillus purispatii sp. nov., isolated from a spacecraft assembly clean room. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 33, 328-336.]
Validation List no. 137 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Paenibacillus urinalis Roux et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 5402403 = CCUG 53521 = CIP 109357.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF212892.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. urinalis, pertaining to urine, urinary.
Reference: ROUX (V.), FENNER (L.) and RAOULT (D.): Paenibacillus provencensis sp. nov., isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid, and Paenibacillus urinalis sp. nov., isolated from human urine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 682-687.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43897 = CCUG 28520 = CFBP 4263 = CIP 103120 = DSM 3037 = IFO (now NBRC) 15382 = JCM 9077 = LMG 11161 = NRRL B-14484 = NRRL NRS-1000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073203.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus validus (ex Bredemann and Heigener 1935) Nakamura 1984.
Other synonym: "Bacillus validus" Bredemann and Heigener 1935.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. validus, strong, vigorous.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [ASH (C.), PRIEST (F.G.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Molecular identification of rRNA group 3 bacilli (Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Collins) using a PCR probe test. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 1993, 64, 253-260.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 This species, listed in the Validation List no. 52 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.), was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 51 (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 852.); the effective date of validation is that of List no. 51 (October 1994).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 201.
Erratum in IJSEM Online
2 On the Validation List no. 52, the name was mis-spelt Paenibacillus validas (sic).
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.: 1995, 45, 622.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

Paenibacillus validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Heyndrickx et al. 1995.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43897 = CFBP 4263 = CIP 103120 = DSM 3037 = IFO (now NBRC) 15382 = JCM 9077 = LMG 11161 = NRRL NRS-1000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073203.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus validus (ex Bredemann and Heigener 1935) Nakamura 1984.
Other synonym: "Bacillus validus" Bredemann and Heigener 1935.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. validus, strong, vigorous.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), HOSTE (B.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), AZIZ (A.M.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) gordonae (Pichinoty et al. 1986) Ash et al. 1994 is a later subjective synonym of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994: emended description of P. validus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 661-669.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Heyndrickx et al. 1995, Paenibacillus validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Heyndrickx et al. 1995 is an earlier synonym of ¤ Paenibacillus gordonae (Pichinoty et al. 1987) Ash et al. 1994.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), HOSTE (B.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), AZIZ (A.M.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) gordonae (Pichinoty et al. 1986) Ash et al. 1994 is a later subjective synonym of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994: emended description of P. validus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 661-669.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus vulneris Glaeser et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 53270 = JCM 18268.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HE649498.
Etymology: L. gen. n. vulneris, of a wound.
Reference: GLAESER (S.P.), FALSEN (E.), BUSSE (H.J.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Paenibacillus vulneris sp. nov., isolated from a necrotic wound. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 777-782.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus wooponensis Baik et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WPCB018 = JCM 16350 = KCTC 13280.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU939687.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. wooponensis, of or belonging to Woopo wetland, Republic of Korea, the geographical origin of the type strain of the species.
Reference: BAIK (K.S.), CHOE (H.N.), PARK (S.C.), KIM (E.M.) and SEONG (C.N.): Paenibacillus wooponensis sp. nov., isolated from wetland freshwater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2763-2768.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus woosongensis Lee and Yoon 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YB-45 = DSM 16971 = KCTC 3953.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY847463.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. woosongensis, of Woosong, the Korean name for the university in Korea at which the organism was isolated.
Reference: LEE (J.C.) and YOON (K.H.): Paenibacillus woosongensis sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 612-616.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus wynnii Rodríguez-Díaz et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 108306 = LMG 22176.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ633647.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wynnii, of Wynn, in honour of Dr. David Wynn-Williams, the Antarctic microbiologist who developed Mars Oasis as a research site.
Reference: RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), LEBBE (L.), RODELAS (B.), HEYRMAN (J.), DE VOS (P.) and LOGAN (N.A.): Paenibacillus wynnii sp. nov., a novel species harbouring the nifH gene, isolated from Alexander Island, Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2093-2099.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus xinjiangensis Lim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B538 = DSM 16970 = KCTC 3952.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY839868.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. xinjiangensis, pertaining to Xinjiang in China, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: LIM (J.M.), JEON (C.O.), PARK (D.J.), XU (L.H.), JIANG (C.L.) and KIM (C.J.): Paenibacillus xinjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from Xinjiang province in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2579-2582.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus xylanexedens Nelson et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B22a = DSM 21292 = NRRL B-51090.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU558281.
Etymology: N.L. n. xylanum, xylan; L. v. exedere, to eat up, utilize; N.L. part. adj. xylanexedens, xylan-utilizing.
Reference: NELSON (D.M.), GLAWE (A.J.), LABEDA (D.P.), CANN (I.K.O.) and MACKIE (R.I.): Paenibacillus tundrae sp. nov. and Paenibacillus xylanexedens sp. nov., psychrotolerant, xylan-degrading bacteria from Alaskan tundra. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1708-1714.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus xylanilyticus Rivas et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain XIL14 = CECT 5839 = LMG 21957.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY427832.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. xylanum, xylan; Gr. masc. adj. lutikos, able to loosen, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. xylanilyticus, xylan-dissolving.
Reference: RIVAS (R.), MATEOS (P.F.), MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.) and VELÁZQUEZ (E.): Paenibacillus xylanilyticus sp. nov., an airborne xylanolytic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 405-408.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus xylanisolvens Khianngam et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain X11-1 = KCTC 13042 = PCU 311 = TISTR 1829.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB495094.
Etymology: N.L. n. xylanum, xylan; L. part. adj. solvens, dissolving; N.L. part. adj. xylanisolvens, xylan-dissolving.
Reference: KHIANNGAM (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), AKARACHARANYA (A.), KIM (K.K.), LEE (K.C.) and LEE (J.S.): Paenibacillus xylanisolvens sp. nov., a xylan-degrading bacterium from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 160-164.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Paenibacillus zanthoxyli Ma et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JH29 = CCBAU 10243 = DSM 18202.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ471303.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. zanthoxyli, of Zanthoxylum, referring to the plant Zanthoxylum simulans, the source of the rhizosphere soil from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: MA (Y.), ZHANG (J.) and CHEN (S.): Paenibacillus zanthoxyli sp. nov., a novel nitrogen-fixing species isolated from the rhizosphere of Zanthoxylum simulans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 873-877.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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