Title


Sign up here for LPSN updates!


Genus Oerskovia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 5
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Oerskovia Prauser et al. 1970, genus.
Type species: ¤ Oerskovia turbata (Erikson 1954) Prauser et al. 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Oerskovia, in honor of J. Ørskov who first described this organism.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: PRAUSER (H.), LECHEVALIER (M.P.) and LECHEVALIER (H.A.): Description of Oerskovia gen. n. to harbor Ørskov's motile Nocardia. Applied Microbiology, 1970, 19, 534.

¤ Cellulomonas Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Stackebrandt et al. 1983 propose to transfer ¤ Oerskovia turbata (Erikson 1954) Prauser et al. 1970 (Approved Lists 1980), the type species of the genus Oerskovia, to the genus ¤ Cellulomonas as ¤ Cellulomonas turbata (Erikson 1954) Stackebrandt et al. 1983, comb. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Oerskovia to ¤ Cellulomonas.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440.
Effective publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), SEILER (H.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Union of the genera Cellulomonas Bergey et al. and Oerskovia Prauser et al. in a redefined genus Cellulomonas. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 401-409.

Oerskovia Prauser et al. 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Stackebrandt et al. 2002.
Type species: ¤ Oerskovia turbata (Erikson 1954) Prauser et al. 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Stackebrandt et al. 2002.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. Oerskovia, in honor of J. Ørskov who first described this organism.
Reference: STACKEBRANDT (E.), BREYMANN (S.), STEINER (U.), PRAUSER (H.), WEISS (N.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Re-evaluation of the status of the genus Oerskovia, reclassification of Promicromonospora enterophila (Jáger et al. 1983) as Oerskovia enterophila comb. nov. and description of Oerskovia jenensis sp. nov. and Oerskovia paurometabola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1105-1111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: 16S rDNA analysis, DNA-DNA reassociation, riboprinting, peptidoglycan analysis and determination of phenotypic properties of various strain of ¤ Cellulomonas turbata (Erikson 1954) Stackebrandt et al. 1983 [basonym: ¤ Oerskovia turbata (Erikson 1954) Prauser et al. 1970 (Approved Lists 1980)] reveal that they form a cluster that can be distinguished unambiguously from other ¤ Cellulomonas species by morphology, amino acid composition of the cell wall and 16 rDNA signatures. As a result of this polyphasic study, it appears taxonomically reasonable to re-establish the genus Oerskovia.

   image

Oerskovia enterophila (Jáger et al. 1983) Stackebrandt et al. 2002, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DFA-19 = ATCC 35307= DSM 43852 = HMGB B1078 = IFO (now NBRC) 14295 = JCM 7350 = NRRL B-16223.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X83807.
Basonym: ¤ Promicromonospora enterophila Jáger et al. 1983.
Etymology: Gr. n. enteron, intestine; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. enterophila, gut-loving.
Valid publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), BREYMANN (S.), STEINER (U.), PRAUSER (H.), WEISS (N.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Re-evaluation of the status of the genus Oerskovia, reclassification of Promicromonospora enterophila (Jáger et al. 1983) as Oerskovia enterophila comb. nov. and description of Oerskovia jenensis sp. nov. and Oerskovia paurometabola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1105-1111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Oerskovia jenensis Stackebrandt et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 47142 = CIP 100330 = DSM 46000 = JCM 9969.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ314848.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. jenensis, of or pertaining to Jena, Germany.
Valid publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), BREYMANN (S.), STEINER (U.), PRAUSER (H.), WEISS (N.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Re-evaluation of the status of the genus Oerskovia, reclassification of Promicromonospora enterophila (Jáger et al. 1983) as Oerskovia enterophila comb. nov. and description of Oerskovia jenensis sp. nov. and Oerskovia paurometabola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1105-1111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Oerskovia paurometabola Stackebrandt et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCUG 47105 = DSM 14281 = JCM 11755 = LMG 20385.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ314851.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pauros, little; Gr. adj. metabolos, changeable; N.L. fem. adj. paurometabola, producing little change.
Valid publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), BREYMANN (S.), STEINER (U.), PRAUSER (H.), WEISS (N.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Re-evaluation of the status of the genus Oerskovia, reclassification of Promicromonospora enterophila (Jáger et al. 1983) as Oerskovia enterophila comb. nov. and description of Oerskovia jenensis sp. nov. and Oerskovia paurometabola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1105-1111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

   image

Oerskovia turbata (Erikson 1954) Prauser et al. 1970, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 891 = Ørskov strain 27 = ATCC 25835= CFBP 4266 = CIP 100331 = DSM 20577 = IFO (now NBRC) 15015 = JCM 3160 = LMG 4072 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10587 = NCTC 11973 = NRRL B-8019 = VKM Ac-1024.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79454.
Synonym: "Nocardia turbata" Erikson 1954.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. turbata, agitated.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ERIKSON (D.): Factors promoting cell division in a "soft" mycelial type of Nocardia: Nocarcia turbata n. sp. Journal of General Microbiology, 1954, 11, 198-208. 2 PRAUSER (H.), LECHEVALIER (M.P.) and LECHEVALIER (H.A.): Description of Oerskovia gen. n. to harbor Ørskov's motile Nocardia. Applied Microbiology, 1970, 19, 534.

¤ Cellulomonas turbata (Erikson 1954) Stackebrandt et al. 1983, comb. nov.

Oerskovia turbata (Erikson 1954) Prauser et al. 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Stackebrandt et al. 2002.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 891 = Ørskov strain 27 = ATCC 25835= CFBP 4266 = CIP 100331 = DSM 20577 = IFO (now NBRC) 15015 = JCM 3160 = LMG 4072 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10587 = NCTC 11973 = NRRL B-8019 = VKM Ac-1024.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79454.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. turbata, agitated.
Reference: STACKEBRANDT (E.), BREYMANN (S.), STEINER (U.), PRAUSER (H.), WEISS (N.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Re-evaluation of the status of the genus Oerskovia, reclassification of Promicromonospora enterophila (Jáger et al. 1983) as Oerskovia enterophila comb. nov. and description of Oerskovia jenensis sp. nov. and Oerskovia paurometabola sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1105-1111.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: 16S rDNA analysis, DNA-DNA reassociation, riboprinting, peptidoglycan analysis and determination of phenotypic properties of various strain of ¤ Cellulomonas turbata (Erikson 1954) Stackebrandt et al. 1983 reveal that they form a cluster that can be distinguished unambiguously from other ¤ Cellulomonas species by morphology, amino acid composition of the cell wall and 16 rDNA signatures. As a result of this polyphasic study, it appears taxonomically reasonable to re-establish the genus Oerskovia for Cellulomonas turbata.

   image

Oerskovia xanthineolytica Lechevalier 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27402= IFO (now NBRC) 16148 = JCM 3164 = LMG 16121 = NRRL B-16088.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB023355.
Synonym: "Arthrobacter luteus" Kaneko et al. 1969.
Etymology: N.L. n. xanthinum, xanthine, N.L. fem. adj. lytica (from Gr. fem. adj. lutikê, able to loosen, able to dissolve), loosening, dissolving; N.L. fem. adj. xanthineolytica, xanthine-dissolving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LECHEVALIER (M.P.): Description of a new species, Oerskovia xanthinolytica, and emendation of Oerskovia Prauser et al. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1972, 22, 260-264.

¤ Cellulomonas cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Stackebrandt and Keddie 1988, comb. nov.

Note: E. Stackebrandt et al. 1982 [1] proposed combining Oerskovia xanthineolytica, ¤ Brevibacterium fermentans, ¤ Brevibacterium lyticum, ¤ Nocardia cellulans, and ¤ Cellulomonas cartae in one species which was named ¤ Cellulomonas cartae Stackebrandt and Kandler 1980. The proposal to combine all five species under the name Cellulomonas cartae is not in accordance with the Bacteriological Code because the specific epithet cellulans in Nocardia cellulans Metcalf and Brown 1957 has priority over the specific epithet cartae in Cellulomonas cartae Stackebrandt and Kandler 1980 [Rules 38 and 42]. Therefore, the name of the taxon under which they are united is ¤ Cellulomonas cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Stackebrandt and Keddie 1988, comb. nov. [2, 3].
References:
1 STACKEBRANDT (E.), SEILER (H.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Union of the genera Cellulomonas Bergey et al. and Oerskovia Prauser et al. in a redefined genus Cellulomonas. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 401-409.
2 STACKEBRANDT (E.) and KEDDIE (R.M.): Genus Cellulomonas Bergey et al. 1923, 154, emend. mut. char. Clark 1952, 50AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1325-1329.
3 Validation List no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222.

¤ Cellulosimicrobium cellulans (Metcalf and Brown 1957) Schumann et al. 2001, comb. nov.

   image