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Genus Natrinema

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 7
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Natrinema McGenity et al. 1998, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Natrinema pellirubrum McGenity et al. 1998.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Nnm. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: N.L. n. natron (arbitrarily derived from the Arabic n. natrun or natron) soda, sodium carbonate; Gr. neut. n. nema, a thread; N.L. neut. n. Natrinema, sodium (-requiring) thread.
Valid publication: McGENITY (T.J.), GEMMELL (R.T.) and GRANT (W.D.): Proposal of a new halobacterial genus Natrinema gen. nov., with two species Natrinema pellirubrum nom. nov. and Natrinema pallidum nom. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1187-1196.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Natrinema McGenity et al. 1998 emend. Xin et al. 2000.
Type species: ¤ Natrinema pellirubrum McGenity et al. 1998.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Nnm. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: N.L. n. natron (arbitrarily derived from the Arabic n. natrun or natron) soda, sodium carbonate; Gr. neut. n. nema, a thread; N.L. neut. n. Natrinema, sodium (-requiring) thread.
Reference: XIN (H.), ITOH (T.), ZHOU (P.), SUZUKI (K.I.), KAMEKURA (M.) and NAKASE (T.): Natrinema versiforme sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from Aibi salt lake, Xinjiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1297-1303.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Minegishi et al. (2010), the genera Natrinema McGenity et al. 1998 and ¤ Haloterrigena Ventosa et al. 1999 might constitute a single genus.
Reference: MINEGISHI (H.), KAMEKURA (M.), ITOH (T.), ECHIGO (A.), USAMI (R.) AND HASHIMOTO (T.): Further refinement of the phylogeny of the Halobacteriaceae based on the full-length RNA polymerase subunit B’ (rpoB’) gene. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2398-2408.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Natrinema altunense Xu et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AJ2 = AS 1.3731 = JCM 12890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY208972.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. altunense, of Altun, referring to isolation of the organism from Altun Mountain, China.
Valid publication: XU (X.W.), REN (P.G.), LIU (S.J.), WU (M.) and ZHOU (P.J.): Natrinema altunense sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from a salt lake in Altun Mountain in Xinjiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1311-1314.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Natrinema ejinorense Castillo et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EJ-57 = CECT 7144 = CGMCC 1.6202 = JCM 13890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM231733.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. ejinorense, pertaining to the saline lake Ejinor, Inner Mongolia, China.
Valid publication: CASTILLO (A.M.), GUTIÉRREZ (M.C.), KAMEKURA (M.), XUE (Y.), MA (Y.), COWAN (D.A.), JONES (B.E.), GRANT (W.D.) and VENTOSA (A.): Natrinema ejinorense sp. nov., isolated from a saline lake in Inner Mongolia, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2683-2687.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Natrinema gari Tapingkae et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HIS40-3 = BCC 24370 = JCM 14663 = PCU 303.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB289741.
Etymology: L. gen. n. gari, of a fish sauce, pertaining to the isolation of strains from fermented fish sauce.
Valid publication: TAPINGKAE (W.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), ITOH (T.), PARKIN (K.L.), BENJAKUL (S.), VISESSANGUAN (W.) and VALYASEVI (R.): Natrinema gari sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from fish sauce in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2378-2383.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Natrinema pallidum McGenity et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 106292 = JCM 8980 = NCIMB 777.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ002949.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pallidum, pale.
Valid publication: McGENITY (T.J.), GEMMELL (R.T.) and GRANT (W.D.): Proposal of a new halobacterial genus Natrinema gen. nov., with two species Natrinema pellirubrum nom. nov. and Natrinema pallidum nom. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1187-1196.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 McGenity et al. 1998 write "We propose that Halobacterium salinarium NCIMB 786, Halobacterium trapanicum NCIMB 784 and Halobacterium halobium NCIMB 777 are placed into the new genus Natrinema and, as other halobacteria have the specific epithets "salinar(i)um, "trapanicum" and "halobium", it as been necessary to change these". However, according to Rule 34a, Natrinema pallidum is a new species, not a nomen novum as proposed by McGenity et al. 1998.
2 Strain NCIMB 784, deposited as Halobacterium trapanicum by Formisano (1962) is regarded as synonymous with NCIMB 777.
Reference: McGENITY (T.J.), GEMMELL (R.T.) and GRANT (W.D.): Proposal of a new halobacterial genus Natrinema gen. nov., with two species Natrinema pellirubrum nom. nov. and Natrinema pallidum nom. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1187-1196.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Natrinema pellirubrum McGenity et al. 1998, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 106293 = JCM 10476 = NCIMB 786.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ002947.
Etymology: L. n. pellis, skin or hide; L. neut. adj. rubrum, red; N.L. neut. adj. pellirubrum, red-hide.
Valid publication: McGENITY (T.J.), GEMMELL (R.T.) and GRANT (W.D.): Proposal of a new halobacterial genus Natrinema gen. nov., with two species Natrinema pellirubrum nom. nov. and Natrinema pallidum nom. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1187-1196.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 McGenity et al. 1998 write "We propose that Halobacterium salinarium NCIMB 786, Halobacterium trapanicum NCIMB 784 and Halobacterium halobium NCIMB 777 are placed into the new genus Natrinema and, as other halobacteria have the specific epithets "salinar(i)um, "trapanicum" and "halobium", it as been necessary to change these". However, according to Rule 34a, Natrinema pellirubrum is a new species, not a nomen novum as proposed by McGenity et al. 1998.
2 The strain NCIMB 786 was originally described (but not formally proposed) as Halobacterium cutirubrum subsp. proteolyticum by Formisano (1962).
Reference: McGENITY (T.J.), GEMMELL (R.T.) and GRANT (W.D.): Proposal of a new halobacterial genus Natrinema gen. nov., with two species Natrinema pellirubrum nom. nov. and Natrinema pallidum nom. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1187-1196.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Natrinema salaciae Albuquerque et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MDB25 = CECT 8172 = DSM 25055 = JCM 17869.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ669385.
Etymology: L. gen. n. salaciae, of Salacia, Roman goddess of the sea, wife of Neptune, who presided over the depths of the ocean, referring to the depth of Lake Medee.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554.
Effective publication: ALBUQUERQUE (L.), TABORDA (M.), LA CONO (V.), YAKIMOV (M.) and DA COSTA (M.S.): Natrinema salaciae sp. nov., a halophilic archaeon isolated from the deep, hypersaline anoxic Lake Medee in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 368-373.
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The culture collection accession number CECT 8172 has been provided at the time of request for valid publication of the name.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 148 (footnote ‡‡‡‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554.
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online

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Natrinema versiforme Xin et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) XF10 = AS 1.2365 = ANMR 0149 = JCM 10478.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB023426.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. versiforme, changing its form, changeable, of various shapes; the various-shaped Natrinema.
Valid publication: XIN (H.), ITOH (T.), ZHOU (P.), SUZUKI (K.I.), KAMEKURA (M.) and NAKASE (T.): Natrinema versiforme sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon from Aibi salt lake, Xinjiang, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1297-1303.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Halobacteriaceae, Natrinema versiforme was previously known as "Natrinema patibile".
Reference: OREN (A.) and VENTOSA (A.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Halobacteriaceae. Minutes of the meetings, 24 September 2001, Sevilla, Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 289-290.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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