Genus Mycobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 169
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 13

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Mycobacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Mycobacteriales Janke 1924 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the order ¤ Mycobacteriales Cavalier-Smith 2002; type genus of the family ¤ Mycobacteriaceae Chester 1897 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Zopf 1883) Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. mukês -etis, a mushroom, fungus; L. neut. n. bacterium, a rod; N.L. neut. n. Mycobacterium, a fungus rodlet.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speciellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, 1st ed., J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896.]

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Mycobacterium abscessus (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kusunoki and Ezaki 1992, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hauduroy L948 = TMC 1543 = ATCC 19977 = CCUG 20993 = CIP 104536 = DSM 44196 = JCM 13569 = NCTC 13031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457071.
Basonym: ¤ Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. abscessus corrig. (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kubica et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Mycobacterium abscessus" Moore and Frerichs 1953.
Etymology: L. gen. n. abscessus, of an abscess, referring to the ability of the organism to form abscesses.
Reference: KUSUNOKI (S.) and EZAKI (T.): Proposal of Mycobacterium peregrinum sp. nov., nom. rev., and elevation of Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. abscessus (Kubica et al.) to species status: Mycobacterium abscessus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 240-245.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

Mycobacterium abscessus (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kusunoki and Ezaki 1992 emend Leao et al. 2011.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hauduroy L948 = TMC 1543 = ATCC 19977 = CCUG 20993 = CIP 104536 = DSM 44196 = JCM 13569 = NCTC 13031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457071.
Basonym: ¤ Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. abscessus corrig. (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kubica et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Mycobacterium abscessus" Moore and Frerichs 1953.
Etymology: L. gen. n. abscessus, of an abscess, referring to the ability of the organism to form abscesses.
Reference: LEAO (S.C.), TORTOLI (E.), EUZÉBY (J.P.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Proposal that Mycobacterium massiliense and Mycobacterium bolletii be united and reclassified as Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii comb. nov., designation of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus subsp. nov. and emended description of Mycobacterium abscessus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2311-2313.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Leao et al. 2011, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hauduroy L948 = TMC 1543 = ATCC 19977 = CCUG 20993 = CIP 104536 = DSM 44196 = JCM 13569 = NCTC 13031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457071.
Etymology: L. gen. n. abscessus, of an abscess, referring to the ability of the organism to form abscesses.
Reference: LEAO (S.C.), TORTOLI (E.), EUZÉBY (J.P.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Proposal that Mycobacterium massiliense and Mycobacterium bolletii be united and reclassified as Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii comb. nov., designation of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus subsp. nov. and emended description of Mycobacterium abscessus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2311-2313.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original authorship, (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kusunoki and Ezaki 1992, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii (Adékambi et al. 2006) Leao et al. 2011, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BD = CCUG 50184 = CIP 108541 = JCM 15297.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY859681.
Basonym: ¤ Mycobacterium bolletii Adékambi et al. 2006.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. bolletii, of Bollet, to honour Claude Bollet, a famous clinical microbiologist and taxonomist.
Reference: LEAO (S.C.), TORTOLI (E.), EUZÉBY (J.P.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Proposal that Mycobacterium massiliense and Mycobacterium bolletii be united and reclassified as Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii comb. nov., designation of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus subsp. nov. and emended description of Mycobacterium abscessus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2311-2313.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In 2009, Leao et al. proposed the union of ¤ Mycobacterium bolletii and ¤ Mycobacterium massiliense, and the recognition of two subspecies within ¤ Mycobacterium abscessus: Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus and Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense. The proposal of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense was not in accordance with the Rules of the Bacteriological Code, because the epithet bolletii has priority over the epithet massiliense. Consequently, the name Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. massiliense was illegitimate. In 2011 Leao et al. propose the correct name Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii (Adékambi et al. 2006) Leao et al. 2011.
References:
1 LEAO (S.C.), TORTOLI (E.), VIANA-NIERO (C.), UEKI (SY.M.), BATISTA LIMA (KV.), LOPES (M.L.), YUBERO (J.), MENENDEZ (M.C.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Characterization of Mycobacteria from a major Brazilian Outbreak suggests that revision of the taxonomic status of members of the Mycobacterium chelonae-M. abscessus group is needed. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 2691-2698.
Effective publication Online
2 LEAO (S.C.), TORTOLI (E.), EUZÉBY (J.P.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Proposal that Mycobacterium massiliense and Mycobacterium bolletii be united and reclassified as Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii comb. nov., designation of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus subsp. nov. and emended description of Mycobacterium abscessus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2311-2313.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium africanum Castets et al. 1969, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25420 = CIP 105147.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480605.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. africanum, of Africa, African.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CASTETS (M.), RIST (N.) and BOISVERT (H.): La variété africaine du bacille tuberculeux humain. Médecine d'Afrique Noire, 1969, 16, 321-322.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the publication "Médecine d'Afrique Noire" is erroneously cited as "Médecin (sic) d'Afrique Noire".

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Mycobacterium agri (ex Tsukamura 1972) Tsukamura 1981, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 90012 = ATCC 27406 = CCUG 37673 A = CIP 105391 = DSM 44515 = JCM 6377.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ429045.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium agri" Tsukamura 1972.
Etymology: L. n. ager -gri, a field; L. gen. n. agri, of a field.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.): Numerical analysis of rapidly growing, nonphotochromogenic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium agri (Tsukamura 1972) Tsukamura sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 247-258.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium aichiense (ex Tsukamura 1973) Tsukamura 1981, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 49005 (previously, strain 5545) = ATCC 27280 = CIP 106808 = DSM 44147 = JCM 6376 = LMG 19259 = NCTC 10820.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X55598.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium aichiense" Tsukamura 1973.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. aichiense, of or belonging to Aichi prefecture, Japan.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), MIZUNO (S.) and TSUKAMURA (S.): Numerical analysis of rapidly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium obuense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium rhodesiae sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium aichiense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium chubuense sp. nov., nom. rev., and Mycobacterium tokaiense sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 263-275.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium algericum Sahraoui et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TBE 500028/10 = Bejaia = CIP 110121 = DSM 45454.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU564404.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. algericum, of or pertaining to Algeria, the country where the strain was first isolated.
Reference: SAHRAOUI (N.), BALLIF (M.), ZELLEG (S.), YOUSFI (N.), RITTER (C.), FRIEDEL (U.), AMSTUTZ (B.), YALA (D.), BOULAHBAL (F.), GUETARNI (D.), ZINSSTAG (J.) and KELLER (P.M.): Mycobacterium algericum sp. nov., a novel rapidly growing species related the Mycobacterium terrae complex and associated with goat lung lesions. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1870-1874.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium alvei Ausina et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CR-21 = ATCC 51304 = CIP 103464 = DSM 44176 = JCM 12272.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF023664.
Etymology: L. gen. n. alvei, of the bed of a river, referring to the place where this species was first isolated.
Reference: AUSINA (V.), LUQUIN (M.), GARCÍA BARCELÓ (M.), LANÉELLE (M.A.), LÉVY-FRÉBAULT (V.), BELDA (F.) and PRATS (G.): Mycobacterium alvei sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 529-535.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium arabiense Zhang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 121001T ( = DSM 45768T = JCM 18538.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC010491.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. arabiense, of or belonging to Arabia, referring to the isolation of the type strain in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Reference: ZHANG, D.-F., CHEN, X., ZHANG, X.-M., ZHI, X.-Y., YAO, J.-C., JIANG, Y., XIONG, Z. and LI, W.-J. 2013. Mycobacterium sediminis sp. nov. and Mycobacterium arabiense sp. nov., two rapidly growing members of the genus Mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4081-4086.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium aromaticivorans Hennessee et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JS19b1 = ATCC BAA-1378 = CIP 109274 = JCM 16368.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY943386.
Etymology: L. adj. aromaticus, aromatic, fragrant; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. aromaticivorans, devouring aromatic (compounds).
Reference: HENNESSEE (C.T.), SEO (J.S.), ALVAREZ (A.M.) and LI (Q.X.): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading species isolated from Hawaiian soils: Mycobacterium crocinum sp. nov., Mycobacterium pallens sp. nov., Mycobacterium rutilum sp. nov., Mycobacterium rufum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aromaticivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 378-387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium arosiense Bang et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T1921 = ATCC BAA-1401 = DSM 45069.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF054881.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. arosiense, pertaining to Arosia, the Latin name of Aarhus, the city in Denmark where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: BANG (D.), HERLIN (T.), STEGGER (M.), ANDERSEN (A.B.), TORKKO (P.), TORTOLI (E.) and THOMSEN (V.O.): Mycobacterium arosiense sp. nov., a slowly growing, scotochromogenic species causing osteomyelitis in an immunocompromised child. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2398-2402.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium arupense Cloud et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AR30097 = ATCC BAA-1242 = DSM 44942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ157760.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. arupense, pertaining to the ARUP Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology, where the type strain was characterized.
Reference: CLOUD (J.L.), MEYER (J.J.), POUNDER (J.I.), JOST Jr. (K.C.), SWEENEY (A.), CARROLL (K.C.) and WOODS (G.L.): Mycobacterium arupense sp. nov., a non-chromogenic bacterium isolated from clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1413-1418.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium asiaticum Weiszfeiler et al. 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25276 = CCUG 29115 = CIP 106809 = DSM 44297 = JCM 6409.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480595.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. asiaticum, Asiatic, of Asia.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [WEISZFEILER (J.), KARASSEVA (G.V.) and KARCZAG (E.): A new Mycobacterium species: Mycobacterium asiaticum n. sp. Acta Microbiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1971, 18, 247-252.]

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Mycobacterium aubagnense Adékambi et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain U8 = CCUG 50186 = CIP 108543 = JCM 15296.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY859683.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. aubagnense, of or pertaining to Aubagne, the city from where the first patient originated.
Reference: ADÉKAMBI (T.), BERGER (P.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): rpoB gene sequence-based characterization of emerging non-tuberculous mycobacteria with descriptions of Mycobacterium bolletii sp. nov., Mycobacterium phocaicum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aubagnense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 133-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium aurum Tsukamura 1966, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23366 = CCUG 37666 = CIP 104465 = DSM 43999 = HAMBI 2275 = JCM 6366 = LMG 19255 = NCTC 10437 = NRRL B-4037.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X55595.
Etymology: L. n. aurum, the gold, the color of gold, intended to mean gold-pigmented.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [TSUKAMURA (M.): Adansonian classification of mycobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1966, 45, 253-273.]

Note: According to Simmon et al. 2009, except for the type strain, ATCC culture collection strains of Mycobacterium aurum are incorrectly annotated. The authors propose that the majority of Mycobacterium aurum strains belong to the Mycobacterium neoaurum-"Mycobacterium lacticola" relatedness group. These findings together with a review of isolates identified at two large reference laboratories suggest that Mycobacterium aurum is not a clinically significant isolate.
Reference: SIMMON (K.E.), LOW (Y.Y.), BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), WALLACE Jr (R.J.) and PETTI (C.A.): Phylogenetic analysis of Mycobacterium aurum and Mycobacterium neoaurum with redescription of M. aurum culture collection strains. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1371-1375.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium austroafricanum Tsukamura et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E9789-SA12441 = ATCC 33464 = CCUG 37667 = CIP 105395 = DSM 44191 = HAMBI 2271 = JCM 6369.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93182.
Etymology: L. adj. australis, southern; L. adj. africanus -a -um, pertaining to Africa; N.L. neut. adj. austroafricanum, of or pertaining to South Africa, the source of the isolates.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), VAN DER MEULEN (H.J.) and GRABOW (W.O.K.): Numerical taxonomy of rapidly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacteria of the Mycobacterium parafortuitum complex: Mycobacterium austroafricanum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium diernhoferi sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 460-469.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium avium Chester 1901, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25291 = CCUG 20992 = CIP 104244 = DSM 44156 = NCTC 13034.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ536037.
Synonyms: "Tuberculose des oiseaux" Strauss and Gamaléia 1891, "Bacillus tuberculosis gallinarum" Sternberg 1892, "Mycobacterium tuberculosis avium" Lehmann and Neumann 1896, "Mycobacterium tuberculosis typus gallinaceus" Lehmann and Neumann 1907.
Etymology: L. n. avis, a bird; L. gen. pl. n. avium, of birds.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CHESTER (F.D.): A Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. The Macmillan Co., New York, 1901, pp. 1-401.]

Mycobacterium avium Chester 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Thorel et al. 1990.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25291 = CCUG 20992 = CIP 104244 = DSM 44156 = NCTC 13034.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ536037.
Etymology: L. n. avis, a bird; L. gen. pl. n. avium, of birds.
Reference: THOREL (M.F.), KRICHEVSKY (M.) and LÉVY-FRÉBAULT (V.V.): Numerical taxonomy of mycobactin-dependent mycobacteria, emended description of Mycobacterium avium, and description of Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium subsp. nov., Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis subsp. nov., and Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 254-260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium (Chester 1901) Thorel et al. 1990, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25291 = CCUG 20992 = CIP 104244 = DSM 44156 = NCTC 13034.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ536037.
Etymology: L. n. avis, a bird; L. gen. pl. n. avium, of birds.
Reference: THOREL (M.F.), KRICHEVSKY (M.) and LÉVY-FRÉBAULT (V.V.): Numerical taxonomy of mycobactin-dependent mycobacteria, emended description of Mycobacterium avium, and description of Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium subsp. nov., Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis subsp. nov., and Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 254-260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Chester 1901, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium (Chester 1901) Thorel et al. 1990 is automatically created by the valid publication of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Bergey et al. 1923) Thorel et al. 1990 and the valid publication of Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum Thorel et al. 1990 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
3 Based on differences in IS1245 RFLP, 16S-23S rDNA ITS and growth temperature, Mijs et al. 2002 propose to reserve the designation Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium for bird-type isolates. These authors suggest, but not formally propose, the designation "Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis" for the isolates from humans and pigs.
Reference: MIJS (W.), de HAAS (P.), ROSSAU (R.), VAN DER LAAN (T.), RIGOUTS (L.), PORTAELS (F.) and van SOOLINGEN (D.): Molecular evidence to support a proposal to reserve the designation Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium for bird-type isolates and 'M. avium subsp. hominissuis' for the human/porcine type of M. avium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1505-1518.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Bergey et al. 1923) Thorel et al. 1990, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19698 = CIP 103963 = DSM 44133.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X52934.
Basonym: ¤ Mycobacterium paratuberculosis Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980). 
Other synonyms: "Darmtuberculose" Johne and Frothingham 1895, "Mycobacterium enteritidis" Lehmann in Lehmann and Neumann 1927, "Bacterium paratuberculosis" (Bergey et al. 1923) Miessner and Berge in Kolle and Wasserman 1929, "Bacillus paratuberculosis" (Bergey et al. 1923) Krasil'nikov 1941, "Mycobacterium johnei" Francis 1943.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, alongside of, resembling; N.L. n. tuberculosis, tuberculosis; N.L. gen. n. paratuberculosis, of tuberculosis-like, of paratuberculosis.
Reference: THOREL (M.F.), KRICHEVSKY (M.) and LÉVY-FRÉBAULT (V.V.): Numerical taxonomy of mycobactin-dependent mycobacteria, emended description of Mycobacterium avium, and description of Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium subsp. nov., Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis subsp. nov., and Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 254-260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum Thorel et al. 1990, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 6409 = ATCC 49884 = CCUG 47446 = CIP 103317 = DSM 44175.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF521891.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. silvaticum, of or belonging to a wood or to trees.
Reference: THOREL (M.F.), KRICHEVSKY (M.) and LÉVY-FRÉBAULT (V.V.): Numerical taxonomy of mycobactin-dependent mycobacteria, emended description of Mycobacterium avium, and description of Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium subsp. nov., Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis subsp. nov., and Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 254-260.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum Thorel et al. 1990 was previously known as Mycobacterium avium strains wood pigeon.

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Mycobacterium bacteremicum Brown-Elliot et al.2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25791 = DSM 45578.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ172329.
Etymology: N.L.n. bacteremia, bacteremia; N.L. neut. suff. -(i)cum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. bacteremicum, pertaining to bacteremia, referring to the organism's association with bloodstream infections.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554. [BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), WALLACE Jr. (R.J.), PETTI (C.A.), MANN (L.B.), McGLASSON (M.), CHIHARA (S.), SMITH (G.L.), PAINTER (P.), HAIL (D.), WILSON (R.) and SIMMON (K.E.): Mycobacterium neoaurum and Mycobacterium bacteremicum sp. nov. as causes of mycobacteremia. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2010, 48, 4377-4385.]
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The etymology of the epithet has been provided at the time of request for valid publication of the name.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 148 (footnote ¶¶¶). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554.
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online
2 The culture collection accession number DSM 45578 has been provided at the time of request for valid publication of the name.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 148 (footnote ###). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554.
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium boenickei Schinsky et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W5998 = ATCC 49935 = DSM 44677 = JCM 15653.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY012573.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. boenickei, of Bönicke, in honour of the contribution of Rudolf Bönicke, a german mycobacteriologist, who first recognized the heterogeneity within the Mycobacterium fortuitum complex.
Reference: SCHINSKY (M.F.), MOREY (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), DOUGLAS (M.P.), WILSON (R.W.), FLOYD (M.M.), BUTLER (W.R.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), WALLACE Jr. (R.J.), McNEIL (M.M.), BRENNER (D.J.) and BROWN (J.M.): Taxonomic variation in the Mycobacterium fortuitum third biovariant complex: description of Mycobacterium boenickei sp. nov., Mycobacterium houstonense sp. nov., Mycobacterium neworleansense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium brisbanense sp. nov. and recognition of Mycobacterium porcinum from human clinical isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1653-1667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium bohemicum Reischl et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 105808 = CIP 105811 = DSM 44277 = JCM 12402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U84502.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. bohemicum, of or belonging to the Czech Republic where the organism was first isolated.
Reference: REISCHL (U.), EMLER (S.), HORAK (Z.), KAUSTOVA (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), LEHN (N.) and NAUMANN (L.): Mycobacterium bohemicum sp. nov., a new slow-growing scotochromogenic mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1349-1355.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium bolletii Adékambi et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BD = CCUG 50184 = CIP 108541 = JCM 15297.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY859681.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. bolletii, of Bollet, to honour Claude Bollet, a famous clinical microbiologist and taxonomist.
Reference: ADÉKAMBI (T.), BERGER (P.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): rpoB gene sequence-based characterization of emerging non-tuberculous mycobacteria with descriptions of Mycobacterium bolletii sp. nov., Mycobacterium phocaicum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aubagnense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 133-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Leao et al. 2011, Mycobacterium bolletii Adékambi et al. 2006 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Mycobacterium massiliense Adékambi et al. 2006.
Reference: LEAO (S.C.), TORTOLI (E.), EUZÉBY (J.P.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Proposal that Mycobacterium massiliense and Mycobacterium bolletii be united and reclassified as Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii comb. nov., designation of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus subsp. nov. and emended description of Mycobacterium abscessus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2311-2313.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium botniense Torkko et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E347 = ATCC 700701 = CCUG 47976 = CIP 106753 = DSM 44537 = JCM 17322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ012756.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. botniense, of or belonging to Botnia Occidentalis, the Latin name of the Västerbotten province (West Bothnia) of Finland, where the organism was isolated.
Reference: TORKKO (P.), SUOMALAINEN (S.), IIVANAINEN (E.), SUUTARI (M.), TORTOLI (E.), PAULIN (L.) and KATILA (M.L.): Mycobacterium xenopi and related organisms isolated from stream waters in Finland and description of Mycobacterium botniense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 283-289.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium bouchedurhonense Ben Salah et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4355387 = CCUG 56331 = CIP 109827 = CSUR P34 = JCM 17323.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF591053.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. bouchedurhonense, pertaining to Bouches du Rhône, the name of the département around Marseille, France, where the type strain was recovered.
Reference: BEN SALAH (I.), CAYROU (C.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): Mycobacterium marseillense sp. nov., Mycobacterium timonense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium bouchedurhonense sp. nov., members of the Mycobacterium avium complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2803-2808.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium bourgelatii Guérin et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MLB-A84=CIP 110557=DSM 45746.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF674384.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. bourgelatii, of Bourgelat was named to honour Claude Bourgelat, the founder of the first veterinary school in the world at Lyon, France, for improving livestock health care.
Source: Animal.
Reference: GUÉRIN-FAUBLÉE, V., FLANDROIS, J.-P., PICHAT, C., BOSCHIROLI, M.-L. and LAMY, B. 2013. Mycobacterium bourgelatii sp. nov., a rapidly growing, non-chromogenic species isolated from the lymph nodes of cattle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4669-4674.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium bovis Karlson and Lessel 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19210 = CIP 105234 = NCTC 10772.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF547903.
Synonyms: "Mycobacterium tuberculosis typus bovinus" Lehmann and Neumann 1907, "Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis" Bergey et al. 1934.
Etymology: L. n. bos bovis, an ox, bull, cow; L. gen. n. bovis, of an ox.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KARLSON (A.G.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Mycobacterium bovis nom. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 273-282.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Mycobacterium bovis subsp. bovis (Karlson and Lessel 1970) Niemann et al. 2002, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19210 = CIP 105234 = NCTC 10772.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF547903.
Etymology: L. n. bos bovis, an ox, bull, cow; L. gen. n. bovis, of an ox.
Reference: NIEMANN (S.), RICHTER (E.) and RÜSCH-GERDES (S.): Biochemical and genetic evidence for the transfer of Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999 to the species Mycobacterium bovis Karlson and Lessel 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) as Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 433-436.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Karlson and Lessel 1970, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies Mycobacterium bovis subsp. bovis (Karlson and Lessel 1970) Niemann et al. 2002 is automatically created by the valid publication of ¤ Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Niemann et al. 2002 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
3 If an author accepts that ¤ Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Niemann et al. 2002 is a new species (¤ Mycobacterium caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Aranaz et al. 2003, comb. nov.), then Mycobacterium bovis subsp. bovis (Karlson and Lessel 1970) Niemann et al. 2002 should thereafter be designated simply as ¤ Mycobacterium bovis Karlson and Lessel 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Niemann et al. 2002, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain spc-1 = gM-1 = ATCC BAA-824 = CIP 105776.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ131120.
Basonym: ¤ Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999.
Etymology: L. gen. n. caprae, of a goat, the host animal from which the bacterium was first isolated.
Reference: NIEMANN (S.), RICHTER (E.) and RÜSCH-GERDES (S.): Biochemical and genetic evidence for the transfer of Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999 to the species Mycobacterium bovis Karlson and Lessel 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) as Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 433-436.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30 [1], this new combination is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However deposit in at least one other recognized culture collections in a different country is documented. In a Request for an Opinion, Euzéby and Tindall provide a solution whereby this name may be considered to be validly published [2].
References:
1 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article in IJSEM Online, PDF format
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycobacterium caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Aranaz et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Mycobacterium branderi Koukila-Kähkölä et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 52157 = ATCC 51789 = CIP 104592 = DSM 44624 = JCM 12687.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480574.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. branderi, of Brander, referring to Eljas Brander, the former head of the Tuberculosis Laboratory of the National Public Health Institute, Finland, who collected the strains.
Reference: KOUKILA-KÄHKÖLÄ (P.), SPRINGER (B.), BÖTTGER (E.C.), PAULIN (L.), JANTZEN (E.) and KATILA (M.L.): Mycobacterium branderi sp. nov., a new potential human pathogen. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 549-553.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium brisbanense Schinsky et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W6743 = ATCC 49938 = CCUG 47584 = DSM 44680 = JCM 15654.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY012577.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. brisbanense, of or pertaining to Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, the source of the type strain.
Reference: SCHINSKY (M.F.), MOREY (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), DOUGLAS (M.P.), WILSON (R.W.), FLOYD (M.M.), BUTLER (W.R.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), WALLACE Jr. (R.J.), McNEIL (M.M.), BRENNER (D.J.) and BROWN (J.M.): Taxonomic variation in the Mycobacterium fortuitum third biovariant complex: description of Mycobacterium boenickei sp. nov., Mycobacterium houstonense sp. nov., Mycobacterium neworleansense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium brisbanense sp. nov. and recognition of Mycobacterium porcinum from human clinical isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1653-1667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium brumae Luquin et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CR-270 = ATCC 51384 = CCUG 37586 = CIP 103465 = DSM 44177 = JCM 12273.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480576.
Etymology: L. gen. n. brumae, of winter, referring to the time of year at which the first strains were isolated.
Reference: LUQUIN (M.), AUSINA (V.), VINCENT-LÉVY-FRÉBAULT (V.), LANÉELLE (M.A.), BELDA (F.), GARCÍA-BARCELÓ (M.), PRATS (G.) and DAFFÉ (M.): Mycobacterium brumae sp. nov., a rapidly growing, nonphotochromogenic mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 405-413.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium canariasense Jiménez et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 502329 = CCUG 47953 = CIP 107998 = JCM 15298.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY255478.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. canariasense, of or belonging to the Canarias (the Spanish name of the Canary Islands), where all strains were isolated.
Reference: JIMÉNEZ (M.S.), CAMPOS-HERRERO (M.I.), GARCÍA (D.), LUQUIN (M.), HERRERA (L.) and GARCÍA (M.J.): Mycobacterium canariasense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1729-1734.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet canariasense is a N.L. neut. adj., not a L. gen. adj. as cited in the paper by Jiménez et al. 2004.

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Mycobacterium caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Aranaz et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain spc-1 = gM-1 = ATCC BAA-824 = CIP 105776.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ131120.
Basonym: ¤ Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999.
Other synonym: ¤ Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Niemann et al. 2002.
Etymology: L. gen. n. caprae, of a goat, the host animal from which the bacterium was first isolated.
Reference: ARANAZ (A.), COUSINS (D.), MATEOS (A.) and DOMÍNGUEZ (L.): Elevation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999 to species rank as Mycobacterium caprae comb. nov., sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1785-1789.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium celatum Butler et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51131 = CCUG 39185 = CDC 90-0899 = CIP 106109 = DSM 44243 = JCM 12373.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L08169.
Etymology: L. neut. part. adj. celatum, hidden from or concealed from, referring to the concealed nature of these organisms among recognized Mycobacterium species.
Reference: BUTLER (W.R.), O'CONNOR (S.P.), YAKRUS (M.A.), SMITHWICK (R.W.), PLIKAYTIS (B.B.), MOSS (C.W.), FLOYD (M.M.), WOODLEY (C.L.), KILBURN (J.O.), VADNEY (F.S.) and GROSS (W.M.): Mycobacterium celatum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 539-548.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: On page 547, the type strain is cited as ATCC 51131 = CDC 89-0899 (sic). However, the right CDC number is CDC 90-0899.

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Mycobacterium chelonae corrig. Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CM 6388 = ATCC 35752 = CCUG 47445 = CIP 104535 = DSM 43804 = JCM 6388 = NCTC 946.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457072.
Etymology: Gr. n. khelone, a tortoise; N.L. gen. n. chelonae, of a tortoise.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]

Note: The original spelling, Mycobacterium chelonei (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. abscessus corrig. (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kubica et al. 1972, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19977 = CCUG 20993 = CIP 104536 = DSM 44196 = NCTC 13031.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457071.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium abscessus" Moore and Frerichs 1953.
Etymology: L. gen. n. abscessus, of an abscess, referring to the ability of the organism to form abscesses.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 MOORE (M.) and FRERICHS (J.B.): An unusual acid-fast infection of the knee, with subcutaneous, abscess-like lesions of the gluteal region. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 1953, 20, 133-169. 2 KUBICA (G.P.), BAESS (I.), GORDON (R.E.), JENKINS (P.A.), KWAPINSKI (J.B.G.), McDURMONT (C.), PATTYN (S.R.), SAITO (H.), SILCOX (V.), STANFORD (J.L.), TAKEYA (K.) and TSUKAMURA (M.): A cooperative numerical analysis of the rapidly growing mycobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1972, 73, 55-70.]

Note: The original spelling, Mycobacterium chelonei (sic) subsp. abscessus, has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycobacterium abscessus (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kusunoki and Ezaki 1992, comb. nov.

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Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. chelonae corrig. (Bergey et al. 1923) Kubica et al. 1972, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CM 6388 = ATCC 35752 = CCUG 47445 = CIP 104535 = DSM 43804 = JCM 6388 = NCTC 946.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457072.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium chelonei" (sic) Bergey et al. 1923.
Etymology: Gr. n. khelone, a tortoise; N.L. gen. n. chelonae, of a tortoise.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442. 2 KUBICA (G.P.), BAESS (I.), GORDON (R.E.), JENKINS (P.A.), KWAPINSKI (J.B.G.), McDURMONT (C.), PATTYN (S.R.), SAITO (H.), SILCOX (V.), STANFORD (J.L.), TAKEYA (K.) and TSUKAMURA (M.): A cooperative numerical analysis of the rapidly growing mycobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1972, 73, 55-70.]

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Mycobacterium chelonei (sic) subsp. chelonei (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 If an author accepts the elevation of Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. abscessus (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kubica et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) to full species status, then Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. chelonae (Bergey et al. 1923) Kubica et al. 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) should thereafter be designated simply as Mycobacterium chelonae Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Mycobacterium chimaera Tortoli et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FI-01069 = CCUG 50989 = CIP 107892 = DSM 44623 = JCM 14737.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ548480.
Etymology: L. fem. n. chimaera, the chimaera, the mythological being made up of parts of three different animals, referring to the apparent mix of genetic features characterizing the strains.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), RINDI (L.), GARCIA (M.J.), CHIARADONNA (P.), DEI (R.), GARZELLI (C.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), LARI (N.), MATTEI (R.), MARIOTTINI (A.), MAZZARELLI (G.), MURCIA (M.I.), NANETTI (A.), PICCOLI (P.) and SCARPARO (C.): Proposal to elevate the genetic variant MAC-A, included in the Mycobacterium avium complex, to species rank as Mycobacterium chimaera sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1277-1285.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium chitae Tsukamura 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19627 = CCUG 39504 = CIP 105383 = DSM 44633 = JCM 12403 = NCTC 10485.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X55603.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. chitae, of Chita, a place in Japan.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [TSUKAMURA (M.): Mycobacterium chitae: a new species. Japanese Journal of Microbiology, 1967, 11, 43-47.]

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Mycobacterium chlorophenolicum (Apajalahti et al. 1986) Häggblom et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PCP-I = ATCC 49826 = CIP 104189 = DSM 43826 = HAMBI 2278 = IEGM 559 = IFO (now NBRC) 15527 = JCM 7439 = NRRL B-16528.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79292.
Basonym: ¤ Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus Apajalahti et al. 1986.
Etymology: N.L. n. chlorophenol, chlorophenol; L. neut. suffix -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. chlorophenolicum, related to chlorophenols.
Reference: HÄGGBLOM (M.M.), NOHYNEK (L.J.), PALLERONI (N.J.), KRONQVIST (K.), NURMIAHO-LASSILA (E.L.), SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.S.), KLATTE (S.) and KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.): Transfer of polychlorophenol-degrading Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus (Apajalahti et al. 1986) to the genus Mycobacterium as Mycobacterium chlorophenolicum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 485-493.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The spelling of the first author's name HÄGGLBLOM (sic) has been corrected in an erratum.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 854.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium chlorophenolicum (Apajalahti et al. 1986) Briglia et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PCP-I = ATCC 49826 = CIP 104189 = DSM 43826 = HAMBI 2278 = IEGM 559 = IFO (now NBRC) 15527 = JCM 7439.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X79292.
Basonym: ¤ Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus Apajalahti et al. 1986.
Etymology: N.L. n. chlorophenol, chlorophenol; L. neut. suffix -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. chlorophenolicum, related to chlorophenols.
Reference: BRIGLIA (M.), EGGEN (R.I.L.), VAN ELSAS (D.J.) and DE VOS (W.M.): Phylogenetic evidence for transfer of pentachlorophenol-mineralizing Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus PCP-IT to the genus Mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 494-498.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium chlorophenolicum (Apajalahti et al. 1986) Häggblom et al. 1994 has priority [Rule 24b(2)].

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Mycobacterium chubuense (ex Tsukamura 1973) Tsukamura 1981, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 48013 (previously, strain 5517) = ATCC 27278 = CCUG 37670 = CIP 106810 = DSM 44219 = JCM 6374 = JCM 16420 = NCTC 10819.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480597.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium chubuense" Tsukamura 1973.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. chubuense, of or belonging to Chubu, coming from soil of Chubu hospital.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), MIZUNO (S.) and TSUKAMURA (S.): Numerical analysis of rapidly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium obuense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium rhodesiae sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium aichiense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium chubuense sp. nov., nom. rev., and Mycobacterium tokaiense sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 263-275.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium colombiense Murcia et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 10B = CECT 3035 = CIP 108962 = JCM 16228.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM062764.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. colombiense, of or belonging to Colombia, the South American country where the strains were first isolated.
Reference: MURCIA (M.I.), TORTOLI (E.), MENENDEZ (M.C.), PALENQUE (E.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Mycobacterium colombiense sp. nov., a novel member of the Mycobacterium avium complex and description of MAC-X as a new ITS genetic variant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2049-2054.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium conceptionense Adékambi et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D16 = CCUG 50187 = CIP 108544 = JCM 15299.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY859684.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. conceptionense, of or pertaining to Hôpital de la Conception, the hospital where the first strain was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 111. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2025-2027. [ADÉKAMBI (T.), STEIN (A.), CARVAJAL (J.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): Description of Mycobacterium conceptionense sp. nov., a Mycobacterium fortuitum group organism isolated from a posttraumatic osteitis inflammation. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2006, 44, 1268-1273.]
Validation List no. 111 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Mycobacterium confluentis Kirschner et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1389/90 = ATCC 49920 = CIP 105510 = DSM 44017 = JCM 13671.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ634379.
Etymology: M.L. gen. n. confluentis, of Confluentes, now Koblenz, the source of the strain on which the species description is based.
Reference: KIRSCHNER (P.), TESKE (A.), SCHRÖDER (K.H.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), WOLTERS (J.) and BÖTTGER (E.C.): Mycobacterium confluentis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 257-262.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium conspicuum Springer et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 3895/92 = ATCC 700090 = CIP 105165 = DSM 44136 = JCM 14738.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X88922.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. conspicuum, in view, visible, apparent, obvious, referring to the unique profile of this species.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [SPRINGER (B.), TORTOLI (E.), RICHTER (I.), GRÜNEWALD (R.), RÜSCH-GERDES (S.), USCHMANN (K.), SUTER (F.), COLLINS (M.D.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and BÖTTGER (E.C.): Mycobacterium conspicuum sp. nov., a new species isolated from patients with disseminated infections. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1995, 33, 2805-2811.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Mycobacterium cookii Kazda et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NZ2 = ATCC 49103 = CIP 105396 = DSM 43922 = JCM 12404.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X53896.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. cookii, of Cook, named for Bertram Cook, who discovered the natural reservoir of this species.
Reference: KAZDA (J.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), SMIDA (J.), MINNIKIN (D.E.), DAFFE (M.), PARLETT (J.H.) and PITULLE (C.): Mycobacterium cookii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 217-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium cosmeticum Cooksey et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LTA-388 = ATCC BAA-878 = CIP 108170 = JCM 14739.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY449728.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. cosmeticum (from Gr. adj. kosmetikos), referring to cosmetics.
Reference: COOKSEY (R.C.), DE WAARD (J.H.), YAKRUS (M.A.), RIVERA (I.), CHOPITE (M.), TONEY (S.R.), MORLOCK (G.P.) and BUTLER (W.R.): Mycobacterium cosmeticum sp. nov., a novel rapidly growing species isolated from a cosmetic infection and from a nail salon. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2385-2391.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium crocinum Hennessee et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain czh-42 = ATCC BAA-1373 = CIP 109269 = JCM 16369.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ534008.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. crocinum, saffron-coloured, pertaining to the colony pigmentation of known strains.
Reference: HENNESSEE (C.T.), SEO (J.S.), ALVAREZ (A.M.) and LI (Q.X.): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading species isolated from Hawaiian soils: Mycobacterium crocinum sp. nov., Mycobacterium pallens sp. nov., Mycobacterium rutilum sp. nov., Mycobacterium rufum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aromaticivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 378-387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Hennessee et al. 2009, the type strain CIP 109269 is erroneously cited as CIP 109262.
Reference: BIMET (F.): Personal communication (December 29, 2009).

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Mycobacterium diernhoferi (ex Bönicke and Juhasz 1965) Tsukamura et al. 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 41001 = ATCC 19340 = CIP 105384 = DSM 43524 = HAMBI 2269 = IFO (now NBRC) 14756 = JCM 6371.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480599.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium diernhoferi" Bönicke and Juhasz 1965.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. diernhoferi, of Diernhofer, who originally isolated the organisms.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), VAN DER MEULEN (H.J.) and GRABOW (W.O.K.): Numerical taxonomy of rapidly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacteria of the Mycobacterium parafortuitum complex: Mycobacterium austroafricanum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium diernhoferi sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 460-469.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium doricum Tortoli et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FI-13295 = CCUG 46352 = CIP 106867 = DSM 44339 = JCM 12405.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF264700.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. doricum, of or belonging to Dorica civitas, the ancient name of the Italian city of Ancona, from where the organism was first isolated.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), PIERSIMONI (C.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), MONTOYA-BURGOS (J.I.), REISCHL (U.), GIACOMETTI (A.) and EMLER (S.): Mycobacterium doricum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 2007-2012.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium duvalii Stanford and Gunthorpe 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43910 = CCUG 41352 = CIP 104539 = DSM 44244 = JCM 6396 = NCTC 358.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U94745.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. duvalii, of Duval, named for Professor C.W. Duval who isolated two strains of the organism.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [STANFORD (J.L.) and GUNTHORPE (W.J.): A study of some fast-growing scotochromogenic mycobacteria including species descriptions of Mycobacterium gilvum (new species) and Mycobacterium duvalii (new species). British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1971, 52, 627-637.]

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Mycobacterium elephantis Shojaei et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 484 = CIP 106831 = DSM 44368 = JCM 12406.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ010747.
Etymology: L. n. elephas -antis, an elephant; L. gen. n. elephantis, of an elephant.
Reference: SHOJAEI (H.), MAGEE (J.G.), FREEMAN (R.), YATES (M.), HORADAGODA (N.U.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Mycobacterium elephantis sp. nov., a rapidly growing non-chromogenic Mycobacterium isolated from an elephant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1817-1819.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium engbaekii Tortoli et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27353 = DSM 45694.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480577.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. engbaekii, of Engbaek, to honour of the Danish mycobacteriologist H. C. Engbaek.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), GITTI (Z.), KLENK (H.P.), LAURIA (S.), MANNINO (R.), MANTEGANI (P.), MARIOTTINI (A.) and NEONAKIS (I.): Survey of 150 strains belonging to the Mycobacterium terrae complex and description of Mycobacterium engbaekii sp. nov., Mycobacterium heraklionense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium longobardum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 401-411.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium europaeum Tortoli et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FI-95228 = CCUG 58464 = DSM 45397.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM022196.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. europaeum, of or pertaining to Europe, as the first five known strains were isolated in four European countries.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), BÖTTGER (E.C.), FABIO (A.), FALSEN (E.), GITTI (Z.), GROTTOLA (A.), KLENK (H.P.), MANNINO (R.), MARIOTTINI (A.), MESSINÒ (M.), PECORARI (M.) and RUMPIANESI (F.): Mycobacterium europaeum sp. nov., a scotochromogenic species related to the Mycobacterium simiae complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1606-1611.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium fallax Lévy-Frébault et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35219 = CCUG 37584 = CIP 81.39 = DSM 44179 = JCM 6405.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480600.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. fallax, deceptive, in the sense that the colonies resemble those of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Reference: LÉVY-FRÉBAULT (V.), RAFIDINARIVO (É.), PROMÉ (J.C.), GRANDRY (J.), BOISVERT (H.) and DAVID (H.L.): Mycobacterium fallax sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 336-343.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium farcinogenes Chamoiseau 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IEMVT 75 = ATCC 35753 = CCUG 21047 = DSM 43637 = JCM 15463 = NCTC 10955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457084.
Synonyms: "Mycobacterium farcinogenes subsp. tchadense (sic)" Chamoiseau 1973, "Mycobacterium farcinogenes subsp. farcinogenes" Chamoiseau 1973, corrig. Chamoiseau 1979.
Etymology: Fr. n. farcin (from L. n. farciminum, a disease in horses and other animals), farcy or glanders; Gr. v. gennaio, produce; N.L. part. adj. farcinogenes, producing farcy.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CHAMOISEAU (G.): M. farcinogenes agent causal du farcin du bœuf en Afrique. Annales de Microbiologie de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1973, 124, 215-222.]

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Mycobacterium flavescens Bojalil et al. 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14474 = CCUG 29041 = CIP 104533 = DSM 43991 = JCM 12274 = NCTC 10271 = NRRL B-4038.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X52932.
Etymology: L. v. flavesco, to become golden yellow; L. part. adj. flavescens, becoming yellow.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BOJALIL (L.F.), CERBON (J.) and TRUJILLO (A.): Adansonian classification of mycobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1962, 28, 333-346.]

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Mycobacterium florentinum Tortoli et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FI-93171 = CCUG 50992 = CIP 108409 = DSM 44852 = JCM 14740.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ616230.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. florentinum, of or belonging to Florentia, the Italian city of Florence, from where the majority of the strains were collected and investigated.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), RINDI (L.), GOH (K.S.), KATILA (M.L.), MARIOTTINI (A.), MATTEI (R.), MAZZARELLI (G.), SUOMALAINEN (S.), TORKKO (P.) and RASTOGI (N.): Mycobacterium florentinum sp. nov., isolated from humans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1101-1106.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet, florentinum, is a Latin adjective, not a neo-Latin adjective as cited in the paper by Tortoli et al. 2005.

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Mycobacterium fluoranthenivorans Hormisch et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FA4 = DSM 44556 = CIP 108203 = JCM 14741.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ617741.
Etymology: N.L. n. fluoranthenum, fluoranthene; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. fluoranthenivorans, digesting fluoranthene.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 110. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1459-1460. [HORMISCH (D.), BROST (I.), KOHRING (G.W.), GIFFHORN (F.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), FÄRBER (P.) and HOLZAPFEL (W.H.): Mycobacterium fluoranthenivorans sp. nov., a fluoranthene and aflatoxin B1 degrading bacterium from contaminated soil of a former coal gas plant. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 653-660.]
Validation List no. 110 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Mycobacterium fortuitum da Costa Cruz 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 6841 = CCUG 20994 = CIP 104534 = DSM 46621 = IFO (now NBRC) 13159 = JCM 6387 = NCTC 10394.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457066.
Synonyms: "Mycobacterium giae" Darzins 1950, "Mycobacterium minetti" Penso et al. 1952.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. fortuitum, casual, accidental, fortuitous.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [Da COSTA CRUZ (J.C.): Mycobacterium fortuitum um novo bacillo acidoresistance pathogenico para o homen. Acta Medica (Rio de Janeiro), 1938, 1, 297-301.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Mycobacterium fortuitum subsp. acetamidolyticum Tsukamura et al. 1986, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCH E11620 = ATCC 35931 = CIP 105423 = DSM 44220 = JCM 6368.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733720.
Etymology: N.L. n. acetamidum, acetamide; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. acetamidolyticum, digesting acetamide.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 21. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 489. [TSUKAMURA (M.), YANO (I.) and IMAEDA (T.): Mycobacterium fortuitum subsp. acetamidolyticum, a new subspecies of Mycobacterium fortuitum. Microbiol. Immunol., 1986, 30, 97-110.]
Validation List 21 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Mycobacterium fortuitum subsp. fortuitum (da Costa Cruz 1938) Tsukamura et al. 1986, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 6841 = CCUG 20994 = CIP 104534 = DSM 46621 = IFO (now NBRC) 13159 = JCM 6387 = NCTC 10394.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457066.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. fortuitum, casual, accidental, fortuitous.
Reference: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, da Costa Cruz 1938, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Mycobacterium fortuitum subsp. fortuitum da Costa Cruz 1938 is automatically created by the valid publication of Mycobacterium fortuitum subsp. acetamidolyticum Tsukamura et al. 1986 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Mycobacterium fragae Ramos 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HF8705=Fiocruz-INCQS/CMRVS P4051=DSM 45731.
Sequence accession nos for the type strain: JQ898451 (16S rRNA), JQ902012 (hsp65) and JQ902013 (rpoB).
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. fragae of Fraga, referring to the doctor and researcher after whom the Centro de Referência Professor Hélio Fraga, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz was named and where this species was characterized and described.
Source: Medical.
Reference: RAMOS, J. P., CAMPOS, C. E., CALDAS, P. C., FERREIRA, N. V., BOAS DA SILVA, M. V., REDNER, P., CAMPELO, C. L., VALE, S. F., BARROSO, E. C., MEDEIROS, R. F., MONTES, F. C., GALVAO, T. C. and TORTOLI, E. 2013. Mycobacterium fragae sp. nov., a non-chromogenic species isolated from human respiratory specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2583-2587..
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium frederiksbergense Willumsen et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FAn9 = CIP 107205 = DSM 44346 = NRRL B-24126.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ276274.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. frederiksbergense, of or belonging to Frederiksberg, Denmark, referring to the place of isolation.
Reference: WILLUMSEN (P.), KARLSON (U.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.): Mycobacterium frederiksbergense sp. nov., a novel polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading Mycobacterium species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1715-1722.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is a N.L. adjective (frederiksbergensis -e, of Frederiksberg, Denmark, reffering to the place of isolation), not a N.L. gen. noun as cited in the paper by Willumsen et al. 2001.

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Mycobacterium gadium Casal and Calero 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27726 = CCUG 37515 = CIP 105388 = DSM 44077 = HAMBI 2274 = JCM 12688 = NCTC 10942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X55594.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. gadium, of Gades, the modern Cadiz (a town on the Atlantic coast of Spain).
References
:
SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CASAL (M.) and CALERO (J.R.): Mycobacterium gadium sp. nov. A new species of rapid-growing scotochromogenic mycobacteria. Tubercle, 1974, 55, 299-308.]

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Mycobacterium gastri Wayne 1966, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15754 = CCUG 20995 = CIP 104530 = DSM 43505 = JCM 12407.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480602.
Etymology: L. n. gaster -tri, belly, stomach; L. gen. n. gastri, of the stomach.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [WAYNE (L.G.): Classification and identification of mycobacteria. III. Species within Group III. American Review of Respiratory Diseases, 1966, 93, 919-928.]

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Mycobacterium genavense Böttger et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2289 = ATCC 51234.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60070.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. genavense, of or belonging to Geneva, the source of the first isolate.
Reference: BÖTTGER (E.C.), HIRSCHEL (B.) and COYLE (M.B.): Mycobacterium genavense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 841-843.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium gilvum Stanford and Gunthorpe 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43909 = CIP 106743 = JCM 15464 = NCTC 10742.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X81996.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. gilvum, pale yellow.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [STANFORD (J.L.) and GUNTHORPE (W.J.): A study of some fast-growing scotochromogenic mycobacteria including species descriptions of Mycobacterium gilvum (new species) and Mycobacterium duvalii (new species). British Journal of Experimental Pathology, 1971, 52, 627-637.]

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Mycobacterium goodii Brown et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MO69 = ATCC 700504 = CIP 106349 = DSM 44492 = JCM 12689.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y12872.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. goodii, of Good, named for Robert Good who made significant contributions to the study of mycobacteria.
Reference: BROWN (B.A.), SPRINGER (B.), STEINGRUBE (V.A.), WILSON (R.W.), PFYFFER (G.E.), GARCIA (M.J.), MENENDEZ (M.C.), RODRIGUEZ-SALGADO (B.), JOST Jr (K.C.), CHIU (S.H.), ONYI (G.O.), BÖTTGER (E.C.) and WALLACE Jr (R.J.): Mycobacterium wolinskyi sp. nov. and Mycobacterium goodii sp. nov., two new rapidly growing species related to Mycobacterium smegmatis and associated with human wound infections: a cooperative study from the International Working Group on Mycobacterial Taxonomy. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1493-1511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium goodii Brown et al. 1999 was previously known as Mycobacterium smegmatis group 2.

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Mycobacterium gordonae Bojalil et al. 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14470 = CCUG 21801 = CCUG 21811 = CIP 104529 = DSM 44160 = JCM 6382 = NCTC 10267.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X52923.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. gordonae, of Gordon, named after the American bacteriologist Ruth E. Gordon.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BOJALIL (L.F.), CERBON (J.) and TRUJILLO (A.): Adansonian classification of mycobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1962, 28, 333-346.]

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Mycobacterium haemophilum Sompolinsky et al. 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29548 = CCUG 47452 = CIP 105049 = DSM 44634 = JCM 15465 = NCTC 11185.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF547932.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. haemophilum, blood loving.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SOMPOLINSKY (D.), LAGZIEL (A.), NAVEH (D.) and YANKILEVITZ (L.): M. haemophilum sp. nov., a new pathogen of humans. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 67-75.]

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Mycobacterium hassiacum Schröder et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 3849 = CCUG 37519 = CIP 105218 = DSM 44199 = JCM 12690.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U49401.
Etymology: M.L. neut. adj. hassiacum, of or belonging to Hassia, the German province of Hesse, where the organism was first isolated.
Reference: SCHRÖDER (K.H.), NAUMANN (L.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and REISCHL (U.): Mycobacterium hassiacum sp. nov., a new rapidly growing thermophilic mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 86-91.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium heckeshornense Roth et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S369 = CCUG 51897 = CIP 107347 = DSM 44428 = JCM 15655.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF174290.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. heckeshornense, of or belonging to Heckeshorn, a peninsula in Berlin, Germany, the location of the hospital in which the strain was found.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 79. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 263-265. [ROTH (A.), REISCHL (U.), SCHÖNFELD (N.), NAUMANN (L.), EMLER (S.), FISCHER (M.), MAUCH (H.), LODDENKEMPER (R.) and KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.): Mycobacterium heckeshornense sp. nov., a new pathogenic slowly growing Mycobacterium sp. causing cavitary lung disease in an immunocompetent patient. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2000, 38, 4102-4107.]
Validation List no. 79 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Mycobacterium heckeshornense Roth et al. 2001 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium heidelbergense Haas et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2554/91 = ATCC 51253 = CIP 105424 = DSM 44471 = JCM 14842.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ000684.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. heidelbergense, of or belonging to Heidelberg, Germany, the source of the strain on which the description of the species is based.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 65. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 627. [HAAS (W.H.), BUTLER (W.R.), KIRSCHNER (P.), PLIKAYTIS (B.B.), COYLE (M.B.), AMTHOR (B.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), BRENNER (D.J.), SALFINGER (M.), CRAWFORD (J.T.), BÖTTGER (E.C.) and BREMER (H.J.): A new agent of mycobacterial lymphadenitis in children: Mycobacterium heidelbergense sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1997, 35, 3203-3209.]
Validation List no. 65 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Mycobacterium heraklionense Tortoli et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GN-1 = CECT 7509 = LMG 24735 = NCTC 13432.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU084182.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. heraklionense, of or belonging to Heraklion, the city in Crete where many strains were isolated.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), GITTI (Z.), KLENK (H.P.), LAURIA (S.), MANNINO (R.), MANTEGANI (P.), MARIOTTINI (A.) and NEONAKIS (I.): Survey of 150 strains belonging to the Mycobacterium terrae complex and description of Mycobacterium engbaekii sp. nov., Mycobacterium heraklionense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium longobardum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 401-411.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium hiberniae Kazda et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hi 11 = ATCC 49874 = CIP 104537 = DSM 44241 = JCM 13571.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67096.
Etymology: L. gen. n. hiberniae, of Hibernia, the Latin name for Ireland, the source of the strains.
Reference: KAZDA (J.), COONEY (R.), MONAGHAN (M.), QUINN (P.J.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), DORSCH (M.), DAFFÉ (M.), MÜLLER (K.), COOK (B.R.) and TARNOK (Z.S.): Mycobacterium hiberniae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 352-357.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium hodleri Kleespies et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EMI2 = CIP 104909 = DSM 44183 = JCM 12141 = LMG 19253.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93184.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. hodleri, of Hodler, named after Christian Hodler, director of the Ministry of Science and Culture of the State of Lower Saxony, Germany, a strong supporter of natural sciences.
Reference: KLEESPIES (M.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), RAINEY (F.A.), WEBB (L.E.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Mycobacterium hodleri sp. nov., a new member of the fast-growing mycobacteria capable of degrading polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 683-687.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium holsaticum Richter et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1406 = CCUG 46266 = DSM 44478 = JCM 12374.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ310467.
Etymology: M.L. neut. adj. holsaticum, of or belonging to Holsatia, the German region of Holstein, the location of the institute in which the strains were first analyzed.
Reference: RICHTER (E.), NIEMANN (S.), GLOECKNER (F.O.), PFYFFER (G.E.) and RÜSCH-GERDES (S.): Mycobacterium holsaticum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1991-1996.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium houstonense Schinsky et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W5198 = ATCC 49403 = DSM 44676 = JCM 15656.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457067.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. houstonense, of or pertaining to Houston, TX, USA, where the first isolate of the Mycobacterium fortuitum third biovariant (sorbitol positive) was identified.
Reference: SCHINSKY (M.F.), MOREY (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), DOUGLAS (M.P.), WILSON (R.W.), FLOYD (M.M.), BUTLER (W.R.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), WALLACE Jr. (R.J.), McNEIL (M.M.), BRENNER (D.J.) and BROWN (J.M.): Taxonomic variation in the Mycobacterium fortuitum third biovariant complex: description of Mycobacterium boenickei sp. nov., Mycobacterium houstonense sp. nov., Mycobacterium neworleansense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium brisbanense sp. nov. and recognition of Mycobacterium porcinum from human clinical isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1653-1667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium immunogenum Wilson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BH29 = MC 779 = ATCC 700505 = DSM 45595.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ812215.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. immunogenum, eliciting an immune response.
Reference: WILSON (R.W.), STEINGRUBE (V.A.), BÖTTGER (E.C.), SPRINGER (B.), BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), VINCENT (V.), JOST Jr. (K.C.), ZHANG (Y.), GARCIA (M.J.), CHIU (S.H.), ONYI (G.O.), ROSSMOORE (H.), NASH (D.R.) and WALLACE Jr. (R.J.): Mycobacterium immunogenum sp. nov., a novel species related to Mycobacterium abscessus and associated with clinical disease, pseudo-outbreaks and contaminated metalworking fluids: an international cooperative study on mycobacterial taxonomy. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1751-1764.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium insubricum Tortoli et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FI-06250 = CIP 109609 = DSM 45132 = JCM 16366.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU605695.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. insubricum, pertaining to Insubria, the Latin name of part of the Lombardy region of Italy that includes the cities in which four of the first five strains were isolated, including the type strain.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), BARUZZO (S.), HEIJDRA (Y.), KLENK (H.P.), LAURIA (S.), MARIOTTINI (A.) and VAN INGEN (J.): Mycobacterium insubricum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1518-1523.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium interjectum Springer et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4185/92 = ATCC 51457 = CCUG 37514 = DSM 44064.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM037998.
Etymology: L. v. interjacio, to set, place, or put between; L. neut. part. adj. interjectum, placed between, corresponding to the phylogenetic position between rapid and slow-growing mycobacteria.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [SPRINGER (B.), KIRSCHNER (P.), ROST-MEYER (G.), SCHRODER (K.H.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and BOTTGER (E.C.): Mycobacterium interjectum, a new species isolated from a patient with chronic lymphadenitis. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1993, 31, 3083-3089.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Mycobacterium intermedium Meier et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1669/91 = ATCC 51848 = CCUG 37583 = CIP 104542 = DSM 44049 = JCM 13572.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67847.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. intermedium, intermediate, referring to the phylogenetic position of this organism between the rapidly and slowly growing mycobacteria.
Reference: MEIER (A.), KIRSCHNER (P.), SCHRÖDER (K.H.), WOLTERS (J.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and BÖTTGER (E.C.): Mycobacterium intermedium sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 204-209.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium intracellulare (Cuttino and McCabe 1949) Runyon 1965, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13950 = CCUG 28005 = CIP 104243 = DSM 43223 = JCM 6384 = NCTC 13025.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ536036.
Synonym: "Nocardia intracellularis" Cuttino and McCabe 1949.
Etymology: L. prep. intra, within; L. n. cellula, a small store-room and in biology a cell; L. neut. suff. -are, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. intracellulare, intracellular.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 CUTTINO (J.T.) and McCABE (A.M.): Pure granulomatous nocardiosis: A new fungus disease distinguished by intracellular parasitism. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 1949, 25, 1-34. 2 RUNYON (E.H.): Pathogenic mycobacteria. Advances in Tuberculosis Research, 1965, 14, 235-287.]

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Mycobacterium iranicum Shojaei et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M05 = DSM 45541 = CCUG 62053 = JCM 17461.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ009482.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. iranicum, of or belonging to Iran, isolated in Iran.
Reference: SHOJAEI (H.), DALEY (C.), GITTI (Z.), HASHEMI (A.), HEIDARIEH (P.), MOORE (E.R.B.), DAEI NASER (A.), RUSSO (C.), VAN INGEN (J.) and TORTOLI (E.): Mycobacterium iranicum sp. nov., a rapidly growing scotochromogenic species isolated from clinical specimens on three different continents. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63,1383-1389.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium kansasii Hauduroy 1955, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12478 = CIP 104589 = DSM 44162 = JCM 6379 = NCTC 13024.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ536035.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kansasii, of Kansas, USA.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HAUDUROY (P.): Derniers aspects du monde des mycobactéries. Masson et Cie, Paris, 1955.]

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Mycobacterium komossense Kazda and Muller 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ko 2 = ATCC 33013 = CIP 105293 = DSM 44078 = HAMBI 2279 = HAMBI 2280 = JCM 12408.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X55591.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. komossense, of or belonging to Komosse sphagnum bog in south Sweden.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KAZDA (J.) and MULLER (K.): Mycobacterium komossense sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 361-365.]

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Mycobacterium koreense Kim et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 01-305 = DSM 45576 = KCTC 19819.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF271826.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. koreense, of or pertaining to the Republic of Korea, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Reference: KIM (B.J.), JEONG (J.), LEE (S.H.), KIM (S.R.), YU (H.K.), PARK (Y.G.), KIM (K.J.), KOOK (Y.H.) and KIM (B.J.): Mycobacterium koreense sp. nov., a slowly growing non-chromogenic species closely related to Mycobacterium triviale. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1289-1295.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium kubicae Floyd et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 700732 = CDC 941078 = CIP 106428 = DSM 44627 = JCM 13573.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF133902.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kubicae, of Kubica, to honor the contributions of George P. Kubica, an exceptional American mycobacteriologist, mentor, and teacher.
Reference: FLOYD (M.M.), GROSS (W.M.), BONATO (D.A.), SILCOX (V.A.), SMITHWICK (R.W.), METCHOCK (B.), CRAWFORD (J.T.) and BUTLER (W.R.): Mycobacterium kubicae sp. nov., a slowly growing, scotochromogenic Mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1811-1816.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium kumamotonense Masaki et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CST 7247 = CCUG 51961 = JCM 13453.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB239925.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. kumamotonense, of or pertaining to Kumamoto Prefecture in Japan, where the type strain was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 114. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 433-434. [MASAKI (T.), OHKUSU (K.), HATA (H.), FUJIWARA (N.), IIHARA (H.), YAMADA-NODA (M.), NHUNG (P.H.), HAYASHI (M.), ASANO (Y.), KAWAMURA (Y.) and EZAKI (T.): Mycobacterium kumamotonense sp. nov. recovered from clinical specimen and the first isolation report of Mycobacterium arupense in Japan: novel slowly growing, nonchromogenic clinical isolates related to Mycobacterium terrae complex. Microbiol. Immunol., 2006, 50, 889-897.]
Validation List no. 114 in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium kyorinense Okazaki et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KUM 060204 = DSM 45166 = JCM 15038.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB370111.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. kyorinense, pertaining to Kyorin, referring to the Kyorin University Hospital where the first strain was isolated.
Reference: OKAZAKI (M.), OHKUSU (K.), HATA (H.), OHNISHI (H.), SUGAHARA (K.), KAWAMURA (C.), FUJIWARA (N.), MATSUMOTO (S.), NISHIUCHI (Y.), TOYODA (K.), SAITO (H.), YONETANI (S.), FUKUGAWA (Y.), YAMAMOTO (M.), WADA (H.), SEJIMO (A.), EBINA (A.), GOTO (H.), EZAKI (T.) and WATANABE (T.): Mycobacterium kyorinense sp. nov., a novel, slow-growing species, related to Mycobacterium celatum, isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1336-1341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium lacus Turenne et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NRCM 00-255 = ATCC BAA-323 = DSM 44577 = JCM 15657.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF406783.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lacus, of a lake, where the organism was acquired.
Reference: TURENNE (C.), CHEDORE (P.), WOLFE (J.), JAMIESON (F.), BROUKHANSKI (G.), MAY (K.) and KABANI (A.): Mycobacterium lacus sp. nov., a novel slowly growing, non-chromogenic clinical isolate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2135-2140.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium lentiflavum Springer et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2186/92 = ATCC 51985 = CCUG 42422 = CCUG 42559 = CIP 105465 = DSM 44418 = JCM 13390.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480583.
Etymology: L. adj. lentus -a -um, slow; L. adj. flavus -a -um, yellow; N.L. neut. adj. lentiflavum, slow and yellow, two characteristic features of this species.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 58. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837. [SPRINGER (B.), WU (W.K.), BODMER (T.), HAASE (G.), PFYFFER (G.E.), KROPENSTEDT (R.M.), SCHRÖDER (K.H.), EMLER (S.), KILBURN (J.O.), KIRSCHNER (P.), TELENTI (A.), COYLE (M.B.) and BÖTTGER (E.C.): Isolation and characterization of a unique group of slowly growing mycobacteria: description of Mycobacterium lentiflavum sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1996, 34, 1100-1107.]
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Mycobacterium leprae (Hansen 1880) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) has not been cultivated.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonym: "Bacillus leprae" Hansen 1880.
Etymology: L. n. lepra, leprosy; L. gen. n. leprae, of leprosy.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 HANSEN (G.A.): Bacillus leprae. Virchows Archiv fur pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und fur klinische Medizin, 1880, 79, 32-42. 2 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik. 1st ed. J.F. Lehmann, München, 1896.]

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Mycobacterium lepraemurium Marchoux and Sorel 1912, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) none specified due to difficulties in cultivation.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Bacillus der Rattenlepra" Stefansky 1903, "Mycobacterium leprae murium" (sic) Marchoux and Sorel 1912.
Etymology: L. gen. n. leprae, of leprosy; L. gen. pl. n. murium, of mice; N.L. gen. pl. n. lepraemurium, of leprosy of mice.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MARCHOUX (E.) and SOREL (F.): Recherches sur la lèpre. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1912, 26, 675-700.]

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Mycobacterium litorale Zhang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F4 = CGMCC 4.5724 = JCM 17423.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU997640.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. litorale, of or belonging to the seashore.
Reference: ZHANG (Y.), ZHANG (J.), FANG (C.), PANG (H.) and FAN (J.): Mycobacterium litorale sp. nov., a rapidly growing mycobacterium from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1204-1207.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium llatzerense Gomila et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MG13 = CCUG 54744 = CECT 7273 = JCM 16229.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ746070.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. llatzerense, pertaining to Hospital Son Llàtzer, the hospital where the strains were isolated.
Reference: GOMILA (M.), RAMIREZ (A.), GASCÓ (J.) and LALUCAT (J.): Mycobacterium llatzerense sp. nov., a facultatively autotrophic, hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium isolated from haemodialysis water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2769-2773.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium longobardum Tortoli et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FI-07034 = CCUG 58460 = DSM 45394.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN571166.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. longobardum, of or pertaining to Lombardy, the region where the strains were isolated.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), GITTI (Z.), KLENK (H.P.), LAURIA (S.), MANNINO (R.), MANTEGANI (P.), MARIOTTINI (A.) and NEONAKIS (I.): Survey of 150 strains belonging to the Mycobacterium terrae complex and description of Mycobacterium engbaekii sp. nov., Mycobacterium heraklionense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium longobardum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 401-411.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium madagascariense Kazda et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P2 = ATCC 49865 = CIP 104538 = JCM 13574.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB537170.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. madagascariense, of or belonging to the island of Madagascar, the source of the strains.
Reference: KAZDA (J.), MÜLLER (H.J.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), DAFFE (M.), MÜLLER (K.) and PITULLE (C.): Mycobacterium madagascariense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 524-528.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium mageritense Domenech et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 938 = ATCC 700351 = CCUG 37984 = CIP 104973 = DSM 44476 = JCM 12375.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ699399.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. mageritense, of or pertaining to Magerit, old (first) Arabic name of Madrid, the source of most of the isolates.
Reference: DOMENECH (P.), JIMENEZ (M.S.), MENENDEZ (M.C.), BULL (T.J.), SAMPER (S.), MANRIQUE (A.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Mycobacterium mageritense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 535-540.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium malmoense Schroder and Juhlin 1977, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29571 = CCUG 37761 = CIP 105775 = DSM 44163 = JCM 13391 = NCTC 11298.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X52930.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. malmoense, of or belonging to Malmö, Sweden, the source of the strains on which the original description is based.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHRODER (K.H.) and JUHLIN (I.): Mycobacterium malmoense sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1977, 27, 241-246.]

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Mycobacterium mantenii van Ingen et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 04-1474 = NLA000401474 = CIP 109863 = DSM 45255 = JCM 18113.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ042897.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. mantenii, of Manten, in honour of Dr A. Manten, microbiologist, who published the first cases of NTM disease in the Netherlands in 1957, as well as landmark reviews on the clinical relevance of NTM in the Netherlands.
Reference: VAN INGEN (J.), LINDEBOOM (J.A.), HARTWIG (N.G.), DE ZWAAN (R.), TORTOLI (E.), DEKHUIJZEN (P.N.R.), BOEREE (M.J.) and VAN SOOLINGEN (D.): Mycobacterium mantenii sp. nov., a pathogenic, slowly growing, scotochromogenic species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2782-2787.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium marinum Aronson 1926, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 927 = CCUG 20998 = CCUG 27843 = CIP 104528 = DSM 44344 = JCM 12275 = JCM 17638 = NCTC 2275.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF456240.
Synonyms: "Mycobacterium platypoecilus" (sic) Baker and Hagan 1942, "Mycobacterium balnei" Linell and Norden 1952, not "Mycobacterium marinum" Suzanne and Penso 1953.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. marinum, of the sea, marine.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ARONSON (J.D.): Spontaneous tuberculosis in salt water fish. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 1926, 39, 314-320.]

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Mycobacterium marseillense Ben Salah et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 5356591 = CCUG 56325 = CIP 109828 = CSUR P30 = JCM 17324.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU266632.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. marseillense, pertaining to Marseille, where the first strains were isolated.
Reference: BEN SALAH (I.), CAYROU (C.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): Mycobacterium marseillense sp. nov., Mycobacterium timonense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium bouchedurhonense sp. nov., members of the Mycobacterium avium complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2803-2808.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium massiliense Adékambi et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 48898 = CIP 108297 = JCM 15300.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY593980.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. massiliense, pertaining to Massilia, the Latin name of Marseille, where the organism was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 111. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2025-2027. [ADÉKAMBI (T.), REYNAUD-GAUBERT (M.), GREUB (G.), GEVAUDAN (M.J.), LA SCOLA (B.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): Amoebal coculture of "Mycobacterium massiliense" sp. nov. from the sputum of a patient with hemoptoic pneumonia. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004, 42, 5493-5501.]
Validation List no. 111 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The 'protologue' [Rule 27(2)] has been provided on request for validation:
Description of Mycobacterium massiliense sp. nov.
Mycobacterium massiliense (mas.si.li.en'se. L. neut. adj. massiliense, pertaing to Massilia, Latin name of Marseille, where the organism was isolated).
The strains are strictly aerobic, nonmotile, non-spore-forming, acid-fast, Gram-positive rods. The colonies on 5% sheep blood agar are nonphotochromogenic and intermediate between smooth and rough. Growth occurs between 2 and 4 days on 5% sheep blood agar, Middlebrook 7H10 agar, and LJ slants at between at 24 and 37 °C; no growth is observed at 42 and 45 °C. Both isolates grow at 30 °C on MacConkey agar without crystal violet and LJ slants containing 5% NaCl. Biochemical and susceptibility characteristics that differentiate the isolates from species of the Mycobacterium chelonae-Mycobacterium abscessus group are summarized in Tables 1 and 2 of the effective publication.
The type strain CIP 108297 (= CCUG 48898) was isolated from the sputum of a patient with hemoptoic pneumonia.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 111 (footnote ¶¶). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2025-2027.
Validation List no. 111 in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycobacterium bolletii Adékambi et al. 2006

Note: According to Leao et al. 2011, Mycobacterium massiliense Adékambi et al. 2006 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Mycobacterium bolletii Adékambi et al. 2006.
Reference: LEAO (S.C.), TORTOLI (E.), EUZÉBY (J.P.) and GARCIA (M.J.): Proposal that Mycobacterium massiliense and Mycobacterium bolletii be united and reclassified as Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii comb. nov., designation of Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus subsp. nov. and emended description of Mycobacterium abscessus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2311-2313.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium microti Reed 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19422 = CIP 104256 = NCTC 8710.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480584.
Synonyms: "Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. muris" Brooke 1941, "Mycobacterium muris" Smith and Conant in Smith et al. 1948, not "Mycobacterium muris" Simmons 1927.
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. Microtus, a genus that includes the vole; N.L. gen. n. microti, of Microtus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [REED (G.B.): Genus Mycobacterium (species affecting warm-blooded animals except those causing leprosy), In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, p. 703-704.]

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Mycobacterium minnesotense Hannigan et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DL49 = DSM 45633 = JCM 17932 = NCCB 100399.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN546610.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. minnesotense, of or belonging to Minnesota.
Reference: HANNIGAN (G.D.), KRIVOGORSKY (B.), FORDICE (D.), WELCH (J.B.) and DAHL (J.L.): Mycobacterium minnesotense sp. nov., a photochromogenic bacterium isolated from sphagnum peat bogs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 124-128.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium monacense Reischl et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B9-21-178 = CIP 109237 = DSM 44395 = JCM 15658.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF107039.
Etymology: M.L. neut. adj. monacense, of or belonging to Monacum, the Latin name of the German city Munich where the first strain was isolated.
Reference: REISCHL (U.), MELZL (H.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), MIETHKE (T.), NAUMANN (L.), MARIOTTINI (A.), MAZZARELLI (G.) and TORTOLI (E.): Mycobacterium monacense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2575-2578.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium montefiorense Levi et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC BAA-256 = CCUG 51898 = DSM 44602.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF330038.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. montefiorense, of or pertaining to Montefiore, referring to the Montefiore Medical Center.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 94. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1701-1702. [LEVI (M.H.), BARTELL (J.), GANDOLFO (L.), SMOLE (S.C.), COSTA (S.F.), WEISS (L.M.), JOHNSON (L.K.), OSTERHOUT (G.) and HERBST (L.H.): Characterization of Mycobacterium montefiorense sp. nov., a novel pathogenic mycobacterium from moray eels that is related to Mycobacterium triplex. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2003, 41, 2147-2152.]
Validation List no. 94 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Mycobacterium moriokaense Tsukamura et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCH E11715 = ATCC 43059 = CCUG 37671 = CIP 105393 = DSM 44221 = JCM 6375 = VKM Ac-1183.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ429044.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. moriokaense, of or belonging to Morioka, the locality where the species was first isolated.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), YANO (I.) and IMAEDA (T.): Mycobacterium moriokaense sp. nov., a rapidly growing, nonphotochromogenic Mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 333-338.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium mucogenicum Springer et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MO76 = ATCC 49650.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457074.
Etymology: L. n. mucus, mucus, Gr. v. gennaio, to produce; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. mucogenicum, intended to mean producing mucus, referring to the highly mucoid character of most strains on solid agar.
Reference: SPRINGER (B.), BÖTTGER (E.C.), KIRSCHNER (P.) and WALLACE Jr. (R.J.): Phylogeny of the Mycobacterium chelonae-like organism based on partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene and proposal of Mycobacterium mucogenicum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 262-267.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium mucogenicum Springer et al. 1995 was previously designated as Mycobacterium chelonae-like organism (MCLO) by Silcox et al. 1981.
Reference: SILCOX (V.A.), GOOD (R.C.) and FLOYD (M.M.): Identification of clinically significant Mycobacterium fortuitum complex isolates. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1981, 14, 686-691.

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Mycobacterium murale Vuorio et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MA112/96 = CCUG 39728 = CIP 105980 = DSM 44340 = HAMBI 2320 = JCM 13392.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB537171.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. murale, of or belonging to a wall.
Reference: VUORIO (R.), ANDERSSON (M.A.), RAINEY (F.A.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), KÄMPFER (P.), BUSSE (H.J.), VILJANEN (M.) and SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.): A new rapidly growing mycobacterial species, Mycobacterium murale sp. nov., isolated from the indoor walls of a children's day care centre. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 25-35.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium nebraskense Mohamed et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain UNMC-MY 1349 = ATCC BAA-837 = DSM 44803.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY368456.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. nebraskense, of or belonging to the state of Nebraska, USA.
Reference: MOHAMED (A.M.), IWEN (P.C.), TARANTOLO (S.) and HINRICHS (S.H.): Mycobacterium nebraskense sp. nov., a novel slowly growing scotochromogenic species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2057-2060.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium neoaurum Tsukamura 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25795 = CCUG 37665 = CIP 105387 = DSM 44074 = HAMBI 2273 = JCM 6365 = NCTC 10818.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480593.
Etymology: Gr. adj. neos, new; L. n. aurum, gold; N.L. n. neoaurum, a new gold, intended to mean a new gold-pigmented organism.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [TSUKAMURA (M.): Mycobacterium neoaurum Tsukamura sp. nov. (in Japanese). Medicine and Biology, 1972, 85, 229-233.]

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Mycobacterium neworleansense Schinsky et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W6705 = ATCC 49404 = DSM 44679 = JCM 15659.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457068.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. neworleansense, of or pertaining to New Orleans, LA, USA, the source of the type strain.
Reference: SCHINSKY (M.F.), MOREY (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), DOUGLAS (M.P.), WILSON (R.W.), FLOYD (M.M.), BUTLER (W.R.), DANESHVAR (M.I.), BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), WALLACE Jr. (R.J.), McNEIL (M.M.), BRENNER (D.J.) and BROWN (J.M.): Taxonomic variation in the Mycobacterium fortuitum third biovariant complex: description of Mycobacterium boenickei sp. nov., Mycobacterium houstonense sp. nov., Mycobacterium neworleansense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium brisbanense sp. nov. and recognition of Mycobacterium porcinum from human clinical isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1653-1667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium nonchromogenicum Tsukamura 1965, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19530 = CCUG 28009 = CIP 106811 = DSM 44164 = JCM 6364 = NCTC 10424.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X52928.
Etymology: L. adv. non, not; Gr. n. chroma, color; Gr. v. gennaio, to produce; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. nonchromogenicum, intended to mean not producing color.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [TSUKAMURA (M.): A group of mycobacteria from soil resources resembling nonphotochromogens (Group 3). Medicine and Biology, 1965, 71, 110-113.]

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Mycobacterium noviomagense van Ingen et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NLA000500338 = CIP 109766 = DSM 45145 = JCM 16367.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU239955.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. noviomagense, pertaining to Noviomagus, the Roman name of the major city in the endemic region in the Netherlands and the location of the reference hospital; current name: Nijmegen.
Reference: VAN INGEN (J.), BOEREE (M.J.), DE LANGE (W.C.M.), DE HAAS (P.E.W.), VAN DER ZANDEN (A.G.M.), MIJS (W.), RIGOUTS (L.), DEKHUIJZEN (P.N.R.) and VAN SOOLINGEN (D.): Mycobacterium noviomagense sp. nov.; clinical relevance evaluated in 17 patients. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 845-849.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium novocastrense Shojaei et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 73 = CIP 105546 = DSM 44203 = JCM 18114.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U96747.
Etymology: L. adj. novus, new; L. n. castrum, castle; N.L. neut. adj. novocastrense, of or pertaining to Newcastle, a city in the northeast of England.
Reference: SHOJAEI (H.), GOODFELLOW (M.), MAGEE (J.G.), FREEMAN (R.), GOULD (F.K.) and BRIGNALL (C.G.): Mycobacterium novocastrense sp. nov., a rapidly growing photochromogenic Mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1205-1207.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium obuense (ex Tsukamura and Mizuno 1971) Tsukamura and Mizuno 1981, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 47001 (previously, strain 4388) = ATCC 27023 = CCUG 37669 = CIP 106803 = DSM 44075 = HAMBI 2272 = JCM 6372 = NCTC 10778.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X55597.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium obuense" Tsukamura and Mizuno 1971.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. obuense, of or belonging to Obu, Japan.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), MIZUNO (S.) and TSUKAMURA (S.): Numerical analysis of rapidly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium obuense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium rhodesiae sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium aichiense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium chubuense sp. nov., nom. rev., and Mycobacterium tokaiense sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 263-275.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium pallens Hennessee et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain czh-8 = ATCC BAA-1372 = CIP 109268 = JCM 16370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ370008.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pallens, pale yellow, pertaining to the colony pigmentation of the type strain.
Reference: HENNESSEE (C.T.), SEO (J.S.), ALVAREZ (A.M.) and LI (Q.X.): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading species isolated from Hawaiian soils: Mycobacterium crocinum sp. nov., Mycobacterium pallens sp. nov., Mycobacterium rutilum sp. nov., Mycobacterium rufum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aromaticivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 378-387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium palustre Torkko et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E846 = ATCC BAA-377 = DSM 44572.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ308603.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. palustre, living in swamps, referring to the isolation of the organisms from peat land run-off water.
Reference: TORKKO (P.), SUOMALAINEN (S.), IIVANAINEN (E.), TORTOLI (E.), SUUTARI (M.), SEPPÄNEN (J.), PAULIN (L.) and KATILA (M.L.): Mycobacterium palustre sp. nov., a potentially pathogenic, slowly growing mycobacterium isolated from clinical and veterinary specimens and from Finnish stream waters. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1519-1525.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium paraffinicum (ex Davis et al. 1956) Toney et al. 2010, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12670 = DSM 44181 = JCM 17782 = NCIMB 10420.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ153270.
Etymology: N.L. n. paraffinum, paraffin; L. neut. suff. -icum, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. paraffinicum, pertaining to paraffin.
Reference: TONEY (N.), ADEKAMBI (T.), TONEY (S.), YAKRUS (M.)  and BUTLER (W.R.): Revival and emended description of ‘Mycobacterium paraffinicum’ Davis, Chase and Raymond 1956 as Mycobacterium paraffinicum sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2307-2313.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium paraffinicum (ex Davis et al. 1956) Toney et al. 2010 was previously known as "Mycobacterium paraffinicum" Davis, Chase and Raymond 1956 [see: DAVIS (J.B.), CHASE (H.H.) and RAYMOND (R.L.): Mycobacterium paraffinicum n. sp., a bacterium isolated from soil. Appl. Microbiol., 1956, 4, 310–315. Original article Online]

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Mycobacterium parafortuitum Tsukamura et al. 1965, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19686 = CCUG 20999 = CIP 106802 = DSM 43528 = JCM 6367 = NCTC 10411 = NRRL B-4035.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93183.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, alongside of or near; L. neut. adj. fortuitum, casual, accidental, and also a specific epithet; N.L. neut. adj. parafortuitum, alongside of (Mycobacterium) fortuitum.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [TSUKAMURA (M.), TOYAMA (H.) and MIZUNO (S.): Mycobacterium parafortuitum, a new species. Medicine and Biology, 1965, 70, 232-235.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Mycobacterium parafortuitum Tsukamura 1966 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium paragordonae Kim et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 49061=JCM 18565=KCTC 29126.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC525204.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, next to, resembling; N.L. gen. n. gordonae, a bacterial epithet; N.L. gen. n. paragordonae, next to (Mycobacterium) gordonae.
Source: Clinical.
Reference: KIM, B.-J., HONG, S.-H., KOOK, Y.-H. and KIM, B.-J. 2014. Mycobacterium paragordonae sp. nov., a slowly growing, scotochromogenic species closely related to Mycobacterium gordonae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 39-45.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium parakoreense Kim et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 299 = DSM 45575 = KCTC 19818.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF271823.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; N.L. neut. adj. koreense, of or belonging to Korea, and also a bacterial specific epithet; N.L. neut. adj. parakoreense, near (Mycobacterium) koreense.
Reference: KIM (B.J.), HONG (S.H.), YU (H.K.), PARK (Y.G.), JEONG (J.), LEE (S.H.), KIM (S.R.), KIM (K.), KOOK (Y.H.) and KIM (B.J.): Mycobacterium parakoreense sp. nov., a slowly growing non-chromogenic species related to Mycobacterium koreense, isolated from a human clinical specimen. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2301-2308.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium parascrofulaceum Turenne et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSC-68 = ATCC BAA-614 = DSM 44648 = JCM 13015.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY337273.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, like, beside; N.L. neut. adj. scrofulaceum, specific epither of a bacterial species; N.L. neut. adj. parascrofulaceum, beside Mycobacterium parascrofulaceum (referring to the phenotypic resemblance of the isolate to Mycobacterium scrofulaceum).
Reference: TURENNE (C.Y.), COOK (V.J.), BURDZ (T.V.), PAULS (R.J.), THIBERT (L.), WOLFE (J.N.) and KABANI (A.): Mycobacterium parascrofulaceum sp. nov., novel slowly growing, scotochromogenic clinical isolates related to Mycobacterium simiae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1543-1551.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the abstract, the table 1, and the figure 2, the strain HSC-68 is cited as HSC68.

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Mycobacterium paraseoulense Lee et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 31118 = DSM 45000 = JCM 16952 = KCTC 19145.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ536404.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; N.L. neut. adj. seoulense, specific epithet of a bacterial species; N.L. neut. adj. paraseoulense, like seoulense, referring to the genotypic resemblance of the type strain to Mycobacterium seoulense.
Reference: LEE (H.K.), LEE (S.A.), LEE (I.K.), YU (H.K.), PARK (Y.G.), HYUN (J.W.), KIM (K.), KOOK (Y.H.) and KIM (B.J.): Mycobacterium paraseoulense sp. nov., a slowly growing, scotochromogenic species related genetically to Mycobacterium seoulense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 439-443.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium paratuberculosis Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19698 = CIP 103963 = DSM 44133.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X52934.
Synonyms: "Darmtuberculose" Johne and Frothingham 1895, "Mycobacterium enteritidis" Lehmann in Lehmann and Neumann 1927, "Bacterium paratuberculosis" (Bergey et al. 1923) Miessner and Berge in Kolle and Wasserman 1929, "Bacillus paratuberculosis" (Bergey et al. 1923) Krasil'nikov 1941, "Mycobacterium johnei" Francis 1943.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, alongside of, resembling; N.L. n. tuberculosis, tuberculosis; N.L. gen. n. paratuberculosis, of tuberculosis-like, of paratuberculosis.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, p. 374.]

¤ Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Bergey et al. 1923) Thorel et al. 1990, comb. nov.

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Mycobacterium parmense Fanti et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MUP 1182 = CCUG 50998 = CIP 107385 = DSM 44553 = JCM 14742.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF466821.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. parmense, of or belonging to Parma, the Italian city of Parma, where the strain was isolated..
Reference: FANTI (F.), TORTOLI (E.), HALL (L.), ROBERTS (G.D.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), DODI (I.), CONTI (S.), POLONELLI (L.) and CHEZZI (C.): Mycobacterium parmense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1123-1127.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium peregrinum (ex Bojalil et al. 1962) Kusunoki and Ezaki 1992, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14467 = CCUG 27976 = CIP 105382 = DSM 43271 = JCM 12142 = NCTC 10264.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457069.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium peregrinum" Bojalil et al. 1962.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. peregrinum, strange, foreign.
Reference: KUSUNOKI (S.) and EZAKI (T.): Proposal of Mycobacterium peregrinum sp. nov., nom. rev., and elevation of Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. abscessus (Kubica et al.) to species status: Mycobacterium abscessus comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 240-245.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium phlei Lehmann and Neumann 1899, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11758 = CCUG 21000 = CIP 105389 = DSM 43239 = JCM 5865 = JCM 6385 = NCTC 8151 = NRRL B-14615 = VKM Ac-1291.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480603.
Synonyms: "Bacterium phlei" (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Grimme 1902, "Sclerothrix phlei" (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Vuillemin 1931.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. Phleum, a genus of grass, timothy; N.L. gen. n. phlei, of Phleum, of timothy.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Lehmann's Medizin, Handatlanter X. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik. 2 Aulf., JF. Lehmann, München, 1899, pp. 1-497.]

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Mycobacterium phocaicum Adékambi et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain N4 = CCUG 50185 = CIP 108542 = JCM 15301.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY859682.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. phocaicum, Phocœan, referred to Phocaea, a maritime town of Ionia, a colony of the Athenians, whose inhabitants fled, to escape from Persian domination, and founded Massilia (Marseille), which was the source of the type strain.
Reference: ADÉKAMBI (T.), BERGER (P.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): rpoB gene sequence-based characterization of emerging non-tuberculous mycobacteria with descriptions of Mycobacterium bolletii sp. nov., Mycobacterium phocaicum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aubagnense sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 133-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium pinnipedii Cousins et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 6482 = ATCC BAA-688 = NCTC 13288.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF502574.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pinnipedii, of a pinniped, referring to the host animal from which the organism was first isolated.
Reference: COUSINS (D.V.), BASTIDA (R.), CATALDI (A.), QUSE (V.), REDROBE (S.), DOW (S.), DUIGNAN (P.), MURRAY (A.), DUPONT (C.), AHMED (N.), COLLINS (D.M.), BUTLER (W.R.), DAWSON (D.), RODRÍGUEZ (D.), LOUREIRO (J.), ROMANO (M.I.), ALITO (A.), ZUMARRAGA (M.) and BERNARDELLI (A.): Tuberculosis in seals caused by a novel member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex: Mycobacterium pinnipedii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1305-1314.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium porcinum Tsukamura et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E10241-1 = ATCC 33776 = CCUG 37674 = CIP 105392 = DSM 44242 = JCM 6378.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457077.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. porcinum, pertaining to swine.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), NEMOTO (H.) and YUGI (H.): Mycobacterium porcinum sp. nov., a porcine pathogen. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 162-165.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium poriferae Padgitt and Moshier 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 47 = ATCC 35087 = CIP 105394 = JCM 12603.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480589.
Etymology: N.L. gen. poriferae of the Porifera, the phylum of sponges.
Reference: PADGITT (P.J.) and MOSHIER (S.E.): Mycobacterium poriferae sp. nov., a scotochromogenic, rapidly growing species isolated from a marine sponge. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 186-191.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium pseudoshottsii Rhodes et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L15 = ATCC BAA-883 = JCM 15466 = NCTC 13318.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY570988.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; N.L. gen. n. shottsii, name of a species; N.L. gen. n. pseudoshottsii, a false Mycobacterium shottsii, not the true Mycobacterium shottsii.
Reference: RHODES (M.W.), KATOR (H.), McNABB (A.), DESHAYES (C.), REYRAT (J.M.), BROWN-ELLIOTT (B.A.), WALLACE Jr (R.), TROTT (K.A.), PARKER (J.M.), LIFLAND (B.), OSTERHOUT (G.), KAATTARI (I.), REECE (K.), VOGELBEIN (W.) and OTTINGER (C.A.): Mycobacterium pseudoshottsii sp. nov., a slowly growing chromogenic species isolated from Chesapeake Bay striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1139-1147.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium psychrotolerans Trujillo et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WA101 = DSM 44697 = JCM 13323 = LMG 21953.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ534886.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. psychrotolerans, cold-tolerating.
Reference: TRUJILLO (M.E.), VELÁZQUEZ (E.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), SCHUMANN (P.), RIVAS (R.), MATEOS (P.F.) and MARTÍNEZ-MOLINA (E.): Mycobacterium psychrotolerans sp. nov., isolated from pond water near a uranium mine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1459-1463.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium pulveris Tsukamura et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCH 33505 = ATCC 35154 = CCUG 37668 = CIP 106804 = DSM 44222 = JCM 6370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ429046.
Etymology: L. n. pulvis -eris, dust, powder; L. gen. n. pulveris, of dust, referring to the source, house dust.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), MIZUNO (S.) and TOYAMA (H.): Mycobacterium pulveris sp. nov., a nonphotochromogenic mycobacterium with an intermediate growth rate. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 811-815.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium pyrenivorans Derz et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 17A3 = DSM 44605 = JCM 15927 = NRRL B-24349.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ431371.
Etymology: N.L. n. pyrenum, pyrene; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, destroying; N.L. part. adj. pyrenivorans, destroying pyrene.
Reference: DERZ (K.), KLINNER (U.), SCHUPHAN (I.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.): Mycobacterium pyrenivorans sp. nov., a novel polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-degrading species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2313-2317.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The correct NRRL accession number for the type strain of Mycobacterium pyrenivorans is NRRL B-24349, not NRRL B-24244 as given in the paper (D. P. Labeda, personal communication).
References: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1393.
Original article in IJSEM Online.

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Mycobacterium rhodesiae (ex Tsukamura et al. 1971) Tsukamura 1981, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 02002 (previously, strain 5295) = ATCC 27024 = CIP 106806 = DSM 44223 = JCM 6363 = NCTC 10779.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ429047.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium rhodesiae" Tsukamura et al. 1971.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rhodesiae, of/from Rhodesia.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), MIZUNO (S.) and TSUKAMURA (S.): Numerical analysis of rapidly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium obuense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium rhodesiae sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium aichiense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium chubuense sp. nov., nom. rev., and Mycobacterium tokaiense sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 263-275.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium riyadhense van Ingen et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NLA000201958 = CIP 109808 = DSM 45176.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU274642.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. riyadhense, pertaining to Riyadh, capital of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and origin of the patient from whom the type strain was isolated.
Reference: VAN INGEN (J.), AL-HAJOJ (S.A.M.), BOEREE (M.), AL-RABIAH (F.), ENAIMI (M.), DE ZWAAN (R.), TORTOLI (E.), DEKHUIJZEN (R.) and VAN SOOLINGEN (D.): Mycobacterium riyadhense sp. nov., a non-tuberculous species identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex by a commercial line-probe assay. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1049-1053.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium rufum Hennessee et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JS14 = ATCC BAA-1377 = CIP 109273 = JCM 16372.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY943385.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. rufum, ruddy or red, pertaining to the colony pigmentation of the type strain.
Reference: HENNESSEE (C.T.), SEO (J.S.), ALVAREZ (A.M.) and LI (Q.X.): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading species isolated from Hawaiian soils: Mycobacterium crocinum sp. nov., Mycobacterium pallens sp. nov., Mycobacterium rutilum sp. nov., Mycobacterium rufum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aromaticivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 378-387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium rutilum Hennessee et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain czh-117 = ATCC BAA-1375 = CIP 109271 = JCM 16371.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ370011.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. rutilum, rust-coloured, pertaining to the colony pigmentation of known strains.
Reference: HENNESSEE (C.T.), SEO (J.S.), ALVAREZ (A.M.) and LI (Q.X.): Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading species isolated from Hawaiian soils: Mycobacterium crocinum sp. nov., Mycobacterium pallens sp. nov., Mycobacterium rutilum sp. nov., Mycobacterium rufum sp. nov. and Mycobacterium aromaticivorans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 378-387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Hennessee et al. 2009, the GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain is erroneously cited as DQ370001.
Reference: Erratum in IJSEM Online.

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Mycobacterium salmoniphilum (ex Ross 1960) Whipps et al. 2007, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC = ATCC 13758 = DSM 43276.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ866768.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium salmoniphilum" Ross 1960.
Etymology: L. n. salmo -onis, a salmon; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. salmoniphilum, salmon-loving.
Reference: WHIPPS (C.M.), BUTLER (W.R.), POURAHMAD (F.), WATRAL (V.G.) and KENT (M.L.): Molecular systematics support the revival of Mycobacterium salmoniphilum (ex Ross 1960) sp. nov., nom. rev., a species closely related to Mycobacterium chelonae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2525-2531.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium salmoniphilum (ex Ross 1960) Whipps et al. 2007 was previously known as "Mycobacterium salmoniphilum" Ross 1960 [ROSS (A.J.): Mycobacterium salmoniphilum sp. nov. from salmonids fishes. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1960, 81, 241-250.]

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Mycobacterium saskatchewanense Turenne et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 00-250 = ATCC BAA-544 = CIP 108114 = DSM 44616 = JCM 13016.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY208856.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. saskatchewanense, of or pertaining to Saskatchewan.
Reference: TURENNE (C.Y.), THIBERT (L.), WILLIAMS (K.), BURDZ (T.V.), COOK (V.J.), WOLFE (J.N.), COCKCROFT (D.W.) and KABANI (A.): Mycobacterium saskatchewanense sp. nov., a novel slowly growing scotochromogenic species from human clinical isolates related to Mycobacterium interjectum and Accuprobe-positive for Mycobacterium avium complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 659-667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium scrofulaceum Prissick and Masson 1956, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19981 = CCUG 29045 = CIP 105416 = DSM 43992 = JCM 6381 = NCTC 10803.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480604.
Etymology: L. pl. n. scrofulae, a swelling of the glands of the neck, scrofula; L. neut. suff. -aceum, suffix used with various meanings; N.L. neut. adj. scrofulaceum, of or pertaining to scrofula.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [PRISSICK (F.H.) and MASSON (A.M.): Cervical lymphadentis in children caused by chromogenic mycobacteria. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 1956, 75, 798-803.]

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Mycobacterium sediminis Zhang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM M13028=DSM 45643=KCTC 19999.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC010490.
Etymology: L. n. sedimen, -inis, sediment; L. gen. n. sediminis, of a sediment.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Reference: ZHANG, D.-F., CHEN, X., ZHANG, X.-M., ZHI, X.-Y., YAO, J.-C., JIANG, Y., XIONG, Z. and LI, W.-J. 2013. Mycobacterium sediminis sp. nov. and Mycobacterium arabiense sp. nov., two rapidly growing members of the genus Mycobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4081-4086.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium senegalense (Chamoiseau 1973) Chamoiseau 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IEMVT 378 = ATCC 35796 = CCUG 21001 = CIP 104941 = DSM 43656 = JCM 15467 = NCTC 10956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457081.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium farcinogenes subsp. senegalense" Chamoiseau 1973.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. senegalense, of or belonging to the West African Republic of Senegal.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 CHAMOISEAU (G.): M. farcinogenes agent causal du farcin du bœuf en Afrique. Annales de Microbiologie de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1973, 124, 215-222. 2 CHAMOISEAU (G.): Etiology of farcy in African bovines: nomenclature of the causal organisms Mycobacterium farcinogenes Chamoiseau and Mycobacterium senegalense (Chamoiseau) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 407-410.]

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Mycobacterium senuense Mun et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 05-832 = DSM 44999 = JCM 16017 = KCTC 19147.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ536408.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. senuense, arbitrary name formed from the initial letters of Seoul National University, the organization that carried out the taxonomic investigation of the type strain.
Reference: MUN (H.S.), PARK (J.H.), KIM (H.), YU (H.K.), PARK (Y.G.), CHA (C.Y.), KOOK (Y.H.) and KIM (B.J.): Mycobacterium senuense sp. nov., a slowly growing, non-chromogenic species closely related to the Mycobacterium terrae complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 641-646.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium seoulense Mun et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 03-19 = DSM 44998 = JCM 16018 = KCTC 19146.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ536403.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. seoulense, of or pertaining to Seoul, Republic of Korea, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Reference: MUN (H.S.), KIM (H.J.), OH (E.J.), KIM (H.), BAI (G.H.), YU (H.K.), PARK (Y.G.), CHA (C.Y.), KOOK (Y.H.) and KIM (B.J.): Mycobacterium seoulense sp. nov., a slowly growing scotochromogenic species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 594-599.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium septicum Schinsky et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W4964 = ATCC 700731 = CCUG 43574 = CIP 106642 = DSM 44393 = JCM 14743.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457070.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. septicum, producing a putrefaction, putrefying, septic, referring to the isolation of the organism from blood.
Reference: SCHINSKY (M.F.), McNEIL (M.M.), WHITNEY (A.M.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), LASKER (B.A.), FLOYD (M.M.), HOGG (G.G.), BRENNER (D.J.) and BROWN (J.M.): Mycobacterium septicum sp. nov., a new rapidly growing species associated with catheter-related bacteraemia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 575-581.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium setense Lamy et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ABO-M06 = CIP 109395 = DSM 45070 = JCM 15660.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF138818.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. setense, pertaining to Sète (France), the city from which the infected patient originated.
Reference: LAMY (B.), MARCHANDIN (H.), HAMITOUCHE (K.) and LAURENT (F.): Mycobacterium setense sp. nov., a Mycobacterium fortuitum-group organism isolated from a patient with soft tissue infection and osteitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 486-490.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium sherrisii van Ingen et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4773 = ATCC BAA-832 = DSM 45441.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY353699.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. sherrisii, of Sherris, in honour of John C. Sherris for his contributions to the field of clinical microbiology.
Reference: VAN INGEN (J.), TORTOLI (E.), SELVARANGAN (R.), COYLE (M.B.), CRUMP (J.A.), MORRISSEY (A.B.), DEKHUIJZEN (P.N.R.), BOEREE (M.J.) and VAN SOOLINGEN (D.): Mycobacterium sherrisii sp. nov., a slow-growing non-chromogenic species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1293-1298.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium sherrisii van Ingen et al. 2011 was previously known as "Mycobacterium sherrisii" Selvarangan et al. [SELVARANGAN (R.), WU (W.K.), NGUYEN (T.T.), CARLSON (L.D.C.), WALLIS (C.K.), STIGLICH (S.K.), CHEN (Y.C.), JOST Jr. (K.C.), PRENTICE (J.L.), WALLACE Jr. (R.J.), RASSOULIAN BARRETT (S.L.), COOKSON (B.T.) and COYLE (M.B.): Characterization of a novel group of Mycobacteria and proposal of Mycobacterium sherrisii sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2004. 42, 52-59. Effective publication Online]

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Mycobacterium shimoidei (ex Tsukamura et al. 1975) Tsukamura 1982, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E4796 = ATCC 27962 = CCUG 37517 = DSM 44152 = JCM 12376.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ005005.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium shimoidei" Tsukamura et al. 1975.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. shimoidei, of Shimoide, named for H. Shimoide, a Japanese microbiologist who first isolated a strain of this species.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.): Mycobacterium shimoidei sp. nov., nom. rev., a lung pathogen. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 67-69.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium shinjukuense Saito et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GTC 2738 = CCUG 53584 = JCM 14233.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB268503.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. shinjukuense, of or pertaining to Shinjuku ward, Tokyo, Japan, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SAITO (H.), IWAMOTO (T.), OHKUSU (K.), OTSUKA (Y.), AKIYAMA (Y.), SATO (S.), TAGUCHI (O.), SUEYASU (Y.), KAWABE (Y.), FUJIMOTO (H.), EZAKI (T.) and BUTLER (R.): Mycobacterium shinjukuense sp. nov., a slowly growing, non-chromogenic species isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1927-1932.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium shottsii Rhodes et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M175 = ATCC 700981 = JCM 12657 = NCTC 13215.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY005147.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. shottsii, of Shotts, named after Emmett Shotts, an American fish bacteriologist.
Reference: RHODES (M.W.), KATOR (H.), KOTOB (S.), VAN BERKUM (P.), KAATTARI (I.), VOGELBEIN (W.), QUINN (F.), FLOYD (M.M.), BUTLER (W.R.) and OTTINGER (C.A.): Mycobacterium shottsii sp. nov., a slowly growing species isolated from Chesapeake Bay striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 421-424.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium simiae Karassova et al. 1965, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25275 = CCUG 29114 = CCUG 42427 = CIP 104531 = DSM 44165 = JCM 12377.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X52931.
Etymology: L. n. simia, an ape; L. gen. simiae, of an ape.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KARASSOVA (V.), WEISZFEILER (J.) and KRASZNAY (E.): Occurrence of atypical mycobacteria in Macacus rhesus. Acta Microbiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 1965, 12, 275-282.]

Note: According to Meissner and Schröder 1975, Mycobacterium simiae Karassova et al. 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of "Mycobacterium habana" Valdivia Alvarez et al. 1971.
Reference: MEISSNER (G.) and SCHRÖDER (K.H.): Relationship between Mycobacterium simiae and Mycobacterium habana. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis., 1975, 111, 196-200.

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Mycobacterium smegmatis (Trevisan 1889) Lehmann and Neumann 1899, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19420 = CCUG 21002 = CCUG 21815 = CIP 104444 = DSM 43756 = JCM 5866 = JCM 6386 = NCTC 8159 = NRRL B-14616 = VKM Ac-1239.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ131761.
Synonyms: "Bacillus smegmatis" Trevisan 1889, "Bacterium smegmatis" (Trevisan 1889) Migula 1900, "Mycobacterium paratuberculosis smegmatis" Bustinza 1951.
Etymology: L. n. smegma -atis, an unguent (for making the skin smooth), a detergent, a cleansing medicine, and in biology the sebaceous humor; L. gen. n. smegmatis, of smegma.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 TREVISAN (V.): I. Generi e le Specie delle Batteriacee, Zanaboni and Gabuzzi, Milano, 1889. 2 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Lehmann's Medizin, Handatlanter X. Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik. 2 Aulf., JF. Lehmann, München, 1899, pp. 1-497.]

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Mycobacterium sphagni Kazda 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Sph 38 = ATCC 33027 = DSM 44076.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733719.
Etymology: N.L. n. Sphagnum, generic name of the moss of sphagnum bogs, the habitat of these strains; N.L. gen. n. sphagni, of Sphagnum.
Reference: KAZDA (J.): Mycobacterium sphagni sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 77-81.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium stomatepiae Pourahmad et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T11 = CIP 109275 = DSM 45059 = JCM 17783 = NCIMB 14252.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM884331.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. stomatepiae, of Stomatepia, isolated from Stomatepia mariae, the scientific name of the striped barombi mbo cichlid.
Reference: POURAHMAD (F.), CERVELLIONE (F.), THOMPSON (K.D.), TAGGART (J.B.), ADAMS (A.) and RICHARDS (R.H.): Mycobacterium stomatepiae sp. nov., a slowly growing, non-chromogenic species isolated from fish. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2821-2827.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium szulgai Marks et al. 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35799 = CCUG 37675 = CIP 104532 = DSM 44166 = JCM 6383 = NCTC 10831.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X52926.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. szulgai, of Szulga, named after T. Szulga, a Polish microbiologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [Mycobacterium szulgai MARKS (J.), JENKINS (P.A.) and TSUKAMURA (M.): Mycobacterium szulgai - a new pathogen. Tubercle, 1972, 53, 210-214.]

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Mycobacterium terrae Wayne 1966, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15755 = CCUG 27847 = CIP 104321 = DSM 43227 = JCM 12143 = LMG 10394.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M29568.
Etymology: L. n. terra, the earth. L. gen. n. terrae, of the earth.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [WAYNE (L.G.): Classification and identification of mycobacteria. III. Species within Group III. American Review of Respiratory Diseases, 1966, 93, 919-928.]

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Mycobacterium thermoresistibile Tsukamura 1966, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19527 = CCUG 28008 = CCUG 41353 = CIP 105390 = DSM 44167 = JCM 6362 = NCTC 10409.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X55602.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; L. verb. resisto, to stand back, remain standing, endure; L. neut. suff. -ile, suffix denoting an active quality, able to; N.L. neut. adj. thermoresistibile, able to resist to high temperature.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [TSUKAMURA (M.): Adansonian classification of mycobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology, 1966, 45, 253-273.]

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Mycobacterium timonense Ben Salah et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 5351974 = CCUG 56329 = CIP 109830 = CSUR P32 = JCM 17325.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU266628.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. timonense, pertaining to La Timone, the name of a hospital in Marseille, France, where the first strains were isolated.
Reference: BEN SALAH (I.), CAYROU (C.), RAOULT (D.) and DRANCOURT (M.): Mycobacterium marseillense sp. nov., Mycobacterium timonense sp. nov. and Mycobacterium bouchedurhonense sp. nov., members of the Mycobacterium avium complex. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2803-2808.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium tokaiense (ex Tsukamura 1973) Tsukamura 1981, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 47503 (previously, strain 5553) = ATCC 27282 = CIP 106807 = DSM 44635 = JCM 6373 = NCTC 10821.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480590.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium tokaiense" Tsukamura 1973.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. tokaiense, of or belonging to Tokai district of Japan.
Reference: TSUKAMURA (M.), MIZUNO (S.) and TSUKAMURA (S.): Numerical analysis of rapidly growing, scotochromogenic mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium obuense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium rhodesiae sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium aichiense sp. nov., nom. rev., Mycobacterium chubuense sp. nov., nom. rev., and Mycobacterium tokaiense sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 263-275.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium triplex Floyd et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 90-1019 = ATCC 700071 = CIP 106108 = DSM 44626 = JCM 14744.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U57632.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. triplex, threefold, triple, referring to something consisting of three parts, specifically, the triple-cluster HPLC pattern shown by these isolates.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 61. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 601-602. [FLOYD (M.M.), GUTHERTZ (L.S.), SILCOX (V.A.), DUFFEY (P.S.), JANG (Y.), DESMOND (E.P.), CRAWFORD (J.T.) and BUTLER (W.R.): Characterization of an SAV organism and proposal of Mycobacterium triplex sp. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1996, 34, 2963-2967.]
Validation List no. 61 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The wrong accession number, ATCC 70071 (sic), cited in the effective publication, has been corrected by the Associate Editor, IJSB.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 61 (footnote d). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 601-602.
Validation List no. 61 in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium triviale Kubica 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23292 = CCUG 42431 = DSM 44153.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ058405.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. triviale, common, commonplace, vulgar, ordinary, of little importance.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KUBICA (G.P.). In: KUBICA (G.P.), SILCOX (V.A.), KILBURN (J.O.), SMITHWICK (R.W.), BEAM (R.E.), JONES Jr. (W.D.) and STOTTMEIER (K.D.): Differential identification of mycobacteria. VI. Mycobacterium triviale sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 161-174.]

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Zopf 1883) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H37Rv = ATCC 27294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X58890.
Synonyms: "Bacterium tuberculosis" Zopf 1883, "Bacillus tuberculosis" (Zopf 1883) Klein 1884, "Mycobacterium tuberculosis typus humanus" Lehmann and Neumann 1907, "Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. hominis" Bergey et al. 1934.
Etymology: L. dim. n. tuberculum, a small swelling, tubercle; Gr. suff. -osis, suffix expressing state or condition, in medical terminology denoting a state of disease; N.L. gen. n. tuberculosis, of tuberculosis.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ZOPF (W.): Die Spaltpilze, Edward Trewendt, Breslau, 1883, pp. 1-100. 2 LEHMANN (K.B.) and NEUMANN (R.): Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speziellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik. 1st. ed. J.F. LEHMANN, Munchen, 1896.]

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain spc-1 = gM-1 = ATCC BAA-824 = CIP 105776.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ131120.
Etymology: L. gen. n. caprae, of a goat, the host animal from which the bacterium was first isolated.
Reference: ARANAZ (A.), LIÉBANA (E.), GÓMEZ-MAMPASO (E.), GALÁN (J.C.), COUSINS (D.), ORTEGA (A.), BLÁZQUEZ (J.), BAQUERO (F.), MATEOS (A.), SÚAREZ (G.) and DOMÍNGUEZ (L.): Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae subsp. nov.: a taxonomic study of a new member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolated from goats in Spain. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1263-1273.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Niemann et al. 2002, comb. nov.

Note: The subspecies designation Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999 is replaced by ¤ Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Niemann et al. 2002, since the isolates of this subspecies share their main growth, biochemical and genetic characteristics with ¤ Mycobacterium bovis Karlson and Lessel 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) and not with ¤ Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Zopf 1883) Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).

¤ Mycobacterium caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Aranaz et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. tuberculosis (Zopf 1883) Aranaz et al. 1999, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H37Rv = ATCC 27294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X58890.
Etymology: L. dim. n. tuberculum, a small swelling, tubercle; Gr. suff. -osis, suffix expressing state or condition, in medical terminology denoting a state of disease; N.L. gen. n. tuberculosis, of tuberculosis.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 49, part 3, of the IJSB. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1327-1328.
Notification List in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Zopf 1883) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. tuberculosis (Zopf 1883) Aranaz et al. 1999 is automatically created by the valid publication of ¤ Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
3 If an author accepts that ¤ Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae Aranaz et al. 1999 is a subspecies of ¤ Mycobacterium bovis Karlson and Lessel 1970 (Approved Lists 1980), or a new species (¤ Mycobacterium caprae (Aranaz et al. 1999) Aranaz et al. 2003, comb. nov.), then Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. tuberculosis (Zopf 1883) Aranaz et al. 1999 should thereafter be designated simply as ¤ Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Zopf 1883) Lehmann and Neumann 1896 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Mycobacterium tusciae Tortoli et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FI-25796 = CCUG 50996 = CIP 106367 = DSM 44338 = JCM 12692.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF058299.
Etymology: L. gen. n. tusciae, of Tuscia (the country of the Tuscans), now Tuscany,  the Italian region where all the organisms were isolated.
Reference: TORTOLI (E.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), BARTOLONI (A.), CAROLI (G.), JAN (I.), PAWLOWSKI (J.) and EMLER (S.): Mycobacterium tusciae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1839-1844.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium ulcerans MacCallum et al. 1950, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19423 = NCTC 10417.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB548725.
Etymology: L. part. adj. ulcerans, making sore, causing to ulcerate.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MacCALLUM (P.), TOLHURST (J.C.) and BUCKLE (G.). In: FENNER (F.): The siginificance of the incubation period in infectious diseases. Medical Journal of Australia, 1950, 2, 813-818.]

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Mycobacterium vaccae Bönicke and Juhasz 1964, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15483 = CCUG 21003 = CIP 105934 = DSM 43292 = HAMBI 2276 = IFO (now NBRC) 14118 = JCM 6389 = NCTC 10916.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF480591.
Etymology: L. n. vacca, a cow; L. gen. n. vaccae, of a cow.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BONICKE (R.) and JUHASZ (S.E.): Beschreibung der neuen Species Mycobacterium vaccae n. sp. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1964, 192, 133-135.]

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Mycobacterium vanbaalenii Khan et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PYR-1 = DSM 7251 = JCM 13017 = NRRL B-24157.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X84977, CP000511 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. vanbaalenii, of Van Baalen, in memory of Chase Van Baalen, late Professor at The University of Texas Marine Science Institute, Port Aransas Marine Laboratory, Port Aransas, Texas, USA.
Reference: KHAN (A.A.), KIM (S.J.), PAINE (D.D.) and CERNIGLIA (C.E.): Classification of a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-metabolizing bacterium, Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR-1, as Mycobacterium vanbaalenii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1997-2002.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium vanbaalenii Khan et al. 2002 was previously known as Mycobacterium sp. strain PYR-1 Heitkamp et al. 1988.

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Mycobacterium vulneris van Ingen et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NLA000700772 = CIP 109859 = DSM 45247 = JCM 18115.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU834055.
Etymology: L. n. vulnus -eris, wound; L. gen. n. vulneris, of a wound, from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: VAN INGEN (J.), BOEREE (M.J.), KÖSTERS (K.), WIELAND (A.), TORTOLI (E.), DEKHUIJZEN (P.N.R.) and VAN SOOLINGEN (D.): Proposal to elevate Mycobacterium avium complex ITS sequevar MAC-Q to Mycobacterium vulneris sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2277-2282.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Mycobacterium wolinskyi Brown et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MO739 = ATCC 700010 = CCUG 47168 = CIP 106348 = DSM 44493 = JCM 13393.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY457083.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. wolinskyi, of Wolinsky, named for Emanuel Wolinsky for his significant contributions to the study of non-tuberculous mycobacteria.
Reference: BROWN (B.A.), SPRINGER (B.), STEINGRUBE (V.A.), WILSON (R.W.), PFYFFER (G.E.), GARCIA (M.J.), MENENDEZ (M.C.), RODRIGUEZ-SALGADO (B.), JOST Jr (K.C.), CHIU (S.H.), ONYI (G.O.), BÖTTGER (E.C.) and WALLACE Jr (R.J.): Mycobacterium wolinskyi sp. nov. and Mycobacterium goodii sp. nov., two new rapidly growing species related to Mycobacterium smegmatis and associated with human wound infections: a cooperative study from the International Working Group on Mycobacterial Taxonomy. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1493-1511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Mycobacterium wolinskyi Brown et al. 1999 was previously known as Mycobacterium smegmatis group 3.

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Mycobacterium xenopi Schwabacher 1959, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 19250 = CCUG 28011 = CCUG 31306 = CIP 104035 = DSM 43995 = JCM 15661 = NCTC 10042.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ536033.
Synonym: "Mycobacterium xenopei" (sic) Schwabacher 1959.
Etymology: N.L. n. Xenopus, a genus of toad; N.L. gen. n. xenopi, of Xenopus.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHWABACHER (H.): A strain of Mycobacterium isolated from skin lesions of a cold blooded animal, Xenopus laevus, and its relation to atypical acid-fast bacilli occurring in man. Journal of Hygiene, 1959, 57, 57-67.]

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Mycobacterium yongonense Kim et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 05-1390 = DSM 45126 = KCTC 19555.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF738056.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. yongonense, of or belonging to Yongon-Dong, the location of the department performing the taxonomic research on the species.
Reference: KIM (B.J.), MATH (R.K.), JEON (C.O.), YU (H.K.), PARK (Y.G.), KOOK (Y.H.) and KIM (B.J.): Mycobacterium yongonense sp. nov., a slow-growing non-chromogenic species closely related to Mycobacterium intracellulare. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 192-199.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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