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Genus Methylocystis

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 6
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Methylocystis (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993, gen. nov., nom. rev. (Type genus of the family ¤ Methylocystaceae Bowman 2006).
Type species: ¤ Methylocystis parvus (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993.
Synonym: "Methylocystis" Whittenbury et al. 1970.
Etymology: N.L. n. methylum (from French méthyle, back-formation from French méthylène, coined from Gr. n. methu, wine and Gr. n. hulê, wood), the methyl group; N.L. pref. methylo-, pertaining to the methyl radical; N.L. fem. n. cystis (from Gr. fem. n. kustis), the bladder and in biology, a cyst; N.L. fem. n. Methylocystis, methyl cyst.
Valid publication: BOWMAN (J.P.), SLY (L.I.), NICHOLS (P.D.) and HAYWARD (A.C.): Revised taxonomy of the methanotrophs: description of Methylobacter gen. nov., emendation of Methylococcus, validation of Methylosinus and Methylocystis species, and a proposal that the family Methylococcaceae includes only the group I methanotrophs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 735-753.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The correct gender of the genus name, feminine gender (not masculine gender as cited by Bowman et al. 1993), was provided by Dedysh et al. 2007.
Reference: DEDYSH (S.N.), BELOVA (S.E.), BODELIER (P.L.E.), SMIRNOVA (K.V.), KHMELENINA (V.N.), CHIDTHAISONG (A.), TROTSENKO (Y.A.), LIESACK (W.) and DUNFIELD (P.F.): Methylocystis heyeri sp. nov., a novel type II methanotrophic bacterium possessing 'signature' fatty acids of type I methanotrophs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 472-479.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The names of the original authors and the year of publication are Whittenbury, Phillips and Wilkinson 1970 (J. Gen. Microbiol., 1970, 61, 205-218) not Romanovskaya, Malashenko and Bogachenko 1978 (Mikrobiologiya, 1978, 47, 96-103) as cited in the paper by Bowman et al. 1993.

Methylocystis (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993 emend. Dedysh et al. 2007.
Type species: ¤ Methylocystis parvus (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993.
Synonym: "Methylocystis" Whittenbury et al. 1970.
Etymology: N.L. n. methylum (from French méthyle, back-formation from French méthylène, coined from Gr. n. methu, wine and Gr. n. hulê, wood), the methyl group; N.L. pref. methylo-, pertaining to the methyl radical; N.L. fem. n. cystis (from Gr. fem. n. kustis), the bladder and in biology, a cyst; N.L. fem. n. Methylocystis, methyl cyst.
Reference: DEDYSH (S.N.), BELOVA (S.E.), BODELIER (P.L.E.), SMIRNOVA (K.V.), KHMELENINA (V.N.), CHIDTHAISONG (A.), TROTSENKO (Y.A.), LIESACK (W.) and DUNFIELD (P.F.): Methylocystis heyeri sp. nov., a novel type II methanotrophic bacterium possessing 'signature' fatty acids of type I methanotrophs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 472-479.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Methylocystis (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993 emend. Belova et al. 2013.
Type species: ¤ Methylocystis parvus (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993.
Synonym: "Methylocystis" Whittenbury et al. 1970.
Etymology: N.L. n. methylum (from French méthyle, back-formation from French méthylène, coined from Gr. n. methu, wine and Gr. n. hulê, wood), the methyl group; N.L. pref. methylo-, pertaining to the methyl radical; N.L. fem. n. cystis (from Gr. fem. n. kustis), the bladder and in biology, a cyst; N.L. fem. n. Methylocystis, methyl cyst.
Reference: BELOVA (S.E.), KULICHEVSKAYA (I.S.), BODELIER (P.L.E.) and DEDYSH (S.N.): Methylocystis bryophila sp. nov., a novel facultatively methanotrophic bacterium from acidic Sphagnum peat, and emended description of the genus Methylocystis (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1096-1104.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methylocystis bryophila Belova et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H2s = DSM 21852 = VKM B-2545.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN422003.
Etymology: Gr. neut. n. bruon,moss; NL. fem. adj. philus (from Gr. fem. adj. phlilê), loving; N.L. fem adj. bryophila, moss-loving, intended to mean moss-associated.
Valid publication: BELOVA (S.E.), KULICHEVSKAYA (I.S.), BODELIER (P.L.E.) and DEDYSH (S.N.): Methylocystis bryophila sp. nov., a novel facultatively methanotrophic bacterium from acidic Sphagnum peat, and emended description of the genus Methylocystis (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1096-1104.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methylocystis echinoides (ex Gal'chenko et al. 1977) Bowman et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMET 10491 = UNIQEM 25 = VKM B-2128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ458473.
Etymology: Gr. n. echinos, hedgehog, sea-urchin; L. suff. -oides (from Gr. suff. -eides, from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar; N.L. fem. adj. echinoides, hedgehog-like, spiny like a hedgehog.
Valid publication: BOWMAN (J.P.), SLY (L.I.), NICHOLS (P.D.) and HAYWARD (A.C.): Revised taxonomy of the methanotrophs: description of Methylobacter gen. nov., emendation of Methylococcus, validation of Methylosinus and Methylocystis species, and a proposal that the family Methylococcaceae includes only the group I methanotrophs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 735-753.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methylocystis heyeri Dedysh et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H2 = DSM 16984 = VKM B-2426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM283543.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. heyeri, of Heyer, named in honour of the German microbiologist Jürgen Heyer, for his highly enthusiastic research on methanotrophic bacteria and his contributions to increasing our knowledge on methanotroph diversity and ecology.
Valid publication: DEDYSH (S.N.), BELOVA (S.E.), BODELIER (P.L.E.), SMIRNOVA (K.V.), KHMELENINA (V.N.), CHIDTHAISONG (A.), TROTSENKO (Y.A.), LIESACK (W.) and DUNFIELD (P.F.): Methylocystis heyeri sp. nov., a novel type II methanotrophic bacterium possessing 'signature' fatty acids of type I methanotrophs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 472-479.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methylocystis hirsuta Lindner et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CSC1 = ATCC BAA-1344 = DSM 18500.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ364433.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. hirsuta, hairy, rough, shaggy, bristly.
Valid publication: LINDNER (A.S.), PACHECO (A.), ALDRICH (H.C.), COSTELLO STANIEC (A.), UZ (I.) and HODSON (D.J.): Methylocystis hirsuta sp. nov., a novel methanotroph isolated from a groundwater aquifer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1891-1900.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methylocystis parvus (ex Whittenbury et al. 1970) Bowman et al. 1993, sp. nov., nom. rev. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACM 3309 = ATCC 35066= IMET 10483 = NCIMB 11129 = OBBP = UNIQEM 38 = VKM B-2129.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y18945.
Synonym: "Methylocystis parvus" Whittenbury et al. 1970.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. parvus, small. The correct epithet should be parva (L. fem. adj. parva, small).
Valid publication: BOWMAN (J.P.), SLY (L.I.), NICHOLS (P.D.) and HAYWARD (A.C.): Revised taxonomy of the methanotrophs: description of Methylobacter gen. nov., emendation of Methylococcus, validation of Methylosinus and Methylocystis species, and a proposal that the family Methylococcaceae includes only the group I methanotrophs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 735-753.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The names of the original authors and the year of publication are Whittenbury, Phillips and Wilkinson 1970 (J. Gen. Microbiol., 1970, 61, 205-218) not Romanovskaia, Malashenko and Bogachenko (Mikrobiologiia, 1978, 47, 120-130) as cited in the paper by Bowman et al. 1993.

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Methylocystis rosea Wartiainen et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SV97 = ATCC BAA-1196 = DSM 17261.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ414656.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. rosea, rose-coloured, rosy.
Valid publication: WARTIAINEN (I.), HESTNES (A.G.), McDONALD (I.R.) and SVENNING (M.M.): Methylocystis rosea sp. nov., a novel methanotrophic bacterium from Arctic wetland soil, Svalbard, Norway (78° N). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 541-547.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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