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Genus Methanosarcina

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 14 (+ one rejected name)
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Methanosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1956, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Methanosarcinales Boone et al. 2002; type genus of the family ¤ Methanosarcinaceae Balch and Wolfe 1981).
Type species: ¤ Methanosarcina methanica (Smit 1930) Kluyver and van Niel 1936 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. methanum [from French n. méth(yle) and chemical suffix -ane], methane; N.L. pref. methano-, pertaining to methane; L. fem. n. sarcina, a package, bundle; N.L. fem. n. Methanosarcina, methane package, methane sarcina.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KLUYVER (A.J.) and Van NIEL (C.B.): Prospects for a natural system of classification of bacteria. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1936, 94, 369-403. 2 BARKER (H.A.): Bacterial fermentations. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1956, pp. 1-95.

Methanosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1956 (Approved Lists 1980), nom. cons., emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984.
New type species: ¤ Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. methanum [from French n. méth(yle) and chemical suffix -ane], methane; N.L. pref. methano-, pertaining to methane; L. fem. n. sarcina, a package, bundle; N.L. fem. n. Methanosarcina, methane package, methane sarcina.
References:
1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Rejection of the type species of Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980), conservation of the genus Methanosarcina with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 266-267.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 63: Rejection of the type species Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980) and conservation of the genus Methanosarcina (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 492.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Methanosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1956 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Ni et al. 1994.
Type species: ¤ Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. methanum [from French n. méth(yle) and chemical suffix -ane], methane; N.L. pref. methano-, pertaining to methane; L. fem. n. sarcina, a package, bundle; N.L. fem. n. Methanosarcina, methane package, methane sarcina.
Reference: NI (S.), WOESE (C.R.), ALDRICH (H.C.) and BOONE (D.R.): Transfer of Methanolobus siciliae to the genus Methanosarcina, naming it Methanosarcina siciliae, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 357-359.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina acetivorans Sowers et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C2A = ATCC 35395= DSM 2834 = JCM 12185 = NBRC 100939 = OCM 95.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M59137.
Etymology: L. neut. n. acetum, vinegar; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, consuming; N.L. fem. part. adj. acetivorans, consuming acetic acid.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Effective publication: SOWERS (K.R.), BARON (S.F.) and FERRY (J.G.): Methanosarcina acetivorans sp. nov., an acetotrophic methane-producing bacterium isolated from marine sediments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1984, 47, 971-978.
Validation List no. 20 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Methanosarcina baltica von Klein et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GS1-A = DSM 14042 = JCM 11281.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ238648.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. baltica, from the Baltic Sea.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 85. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 685-690.
Effective publication: Von KLEIN (D.), ARAB (H.), VÖLKER (H.) and THOMM (M.) Methanosarcina baltica, sp. nov., a novel methanogen isolated from the Gotland Deep of the Baltic Sea. Extremophiles, 2002, 6, 103-110.
Validation List no. 85 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Methanosarcina baltica von Klein et al. 2002 emend. Singh et al. 2005.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GS1-A = DSM 14042 = JCM 11281.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ238648.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. baltica, from the Baltic Sea.
Reference: SINGH (N.), KENDALL (M.M.), LIU (Y.) and BOONE (D.R.): Isolation and characterization of methylotrophic methanogens from anoxic marine sediments in Skan Bay, Alaska: description of Methanococcoides alaskense sp. nov., and emended description of Methanosarcina baltica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2531-2538.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MS = ATCC 43569= DSM 800 = JCM 10043 = NBRC 100474 = OCM 38 = VKM B-1635.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ012094.
Synonyms: "Methanosarcina barkerii" (sic) Schnellen 1947, "Sarcina barkeri" Breed and Smit 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. barkeri, of Barker; named for H.A. Barker, who made many definitive studies of this and other methanogenic bacteria.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SCHNELLEN (C.G.T.P.): Onderzoekingen over de methaangisting. Thesis, Delft, 1947, pp. 1-137.

Note: Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947 (Approved Lists 1980) is the new type species of the genus Methanosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1956 (Approved Lists 1980), nom. cons., emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984.
References:
1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Rejection of the type species of Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980), conservation of the genus Methanosarcina with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 266-267.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 63: Rejection of the type species Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980) and conservation of the genus Methanosarcina (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 492.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bryant and Boone 1987 (emended description of the type strain).
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MS = DSM 800 = ATCC 43569= JCM 10043 = NBRC 100474 = OCM 38 = VKM B-1635.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ012094.
Synonyms: "Methanosarcina barkerii" (sic) Schnellen 1947, "Sarcina barkeri" Breed and Smit 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. barkeri, of Barker; named for H.A. Barker, who made many definitive studies of this and other methanogenic bacteria.
Reference: BRYANT (M.P.) and BOONE (D.R.): Emended description of strain MST (DSM 800T), the type strain of Methanosarcina barkeri. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 169-170.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Maestrojuán et al. 1992.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MS = DSM 800 = ATCC 43569= JCM 10043 = NBRC 100474 = OCM 38 = VKM B-1635.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ012094.
Synonyms: "Methanosarcina barkerii" (sic) Schnellen 1947, "Sarcina barkeri" Breed and Smit 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. barkeri, of Barker; named for H.A. Barker, who made many definitive studies of this and other methanogenic bacteria.
Reference: MAESTROJUÁN (G.M.), BOONE (J.E.), MAH (R.A.), MENAIA (J.A.G.F.), SACHS (M.S.) and BOONE (D.R.): Taxonomy and halotolerance of mesophilic Methanosarcina strains, assignment of strains to species, and synonymy of Methanosarcina mazei and Methanosarcina frisia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 561-567.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina flavescens Kern et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E03.2=DSM 100822=JCM 30921.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT828541.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. part. adj. flavescens, becoming yellow.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: KERN, T., FISCHER, M. A., DEPPENMEIER, U., SCHMITZ, R. A. and ROTHER, M. 2016. Methanosarcina flavescens sp. nov., a methanogenic archaeon isolated from a full-scale anaerobic digester. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1533-1538.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina frisia (Blotevogel et al. 1986) Blotevogel and Fischer 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C16 = ATCC 43340= DSM 3318.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY196685.
Basonym: ¤ Methanococcus frisius Blotevogel et al. 1986.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. frisia, pertaining to Frisia, a region of the Germany.
Valid publication: BLOTEVOGEL (K.H.) and FISCHER (U.): Transfer of Methanococcus frisius to the genus Methanosarcina as Methanosarcina frisia comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 91-92.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain of Methanosarcina frisia is ATCC 43340, not ATCC 43330as erroneously cited in the paper by Blotevogel and Fischer 1989.
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (August 22, 2002).

¤ Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) Mah and Kuhn 1984, comb. nov.

Note: According to Maestrojuán et al. 1992, Methanosarcina frisia (Blotevogel et al. 1986) Blotevogel and Fischer 1989 is a later heterotypic synonym of Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) Mah and Kuhn 1984, comb. nov.
Reference: MAESTROJUÁN (G.M.), BOONE (J.E.), MAH (R.A.), MENAIA (J.A.G.F.), SACHS (M.S.) and BOONE (D.R.): Taxonomy and halotolerance of mesophilic Methanosarcina strains, assignment of strains to species, and synonymy of Methanosarcina mazei and Methanosarcina frisia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 561-567.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina horonobensis Shimizu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HB-1 = DSM 21571 = JCM 15518 = NBRC 102577.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB288262.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. horonobensis, of or belonging to Horonobe, the town in Hokkaido, Japan, from which the strain was isolated.
Valid publication: SHIMIZU (S.), UPADHYE (R.), ISHIJIMA (Y.) and NAGANUMA (T.): Methanosarcina horonobensis sp. nov., a methanogenic archaeon isolated from a deep subsurface Miocene formation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2503-2507.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina lacustris Simankova et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ZS = DSM 13486 = VKM B-2268.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF432127.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. lacustris, related to a lake, inhabiting lake.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 85. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 685-690.
Effective publication: SIMANKOVA (M.V.), PARSHINA (S.N.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), ZEHNDER (A.J.B.) and NOZHEVNIKOVA (A.N.): Methanosarcina lacustris sp. nov., a new psychrotolerant methanogenic archaeon from anoxic lake sediments. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2001, 24, 362-367.
Validation List no. 85 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) Mah and Kuhn 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S-6 = DSM 2053 = OCM 26 = VKM B-1636.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ012095.
Basonym: ¤ Methanococcus mazei Barker 1936 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mazeii, of Mazé, named for P. Mazé, the French bacteriologist who first studied the organism.
References:
1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Transfer of the type species of the genus Methanococcus to the genus Methanosarcina naming it Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) comb. nov. et emend. and conservation of the genus Methanococcus (Approved Lists, 1980) with Methanococcus vannielii (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 263-265.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 62: Transfer of the type species of the genus Methanococcus to the genus Methanosarcina as Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) comb. nov. et emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 and conservation of the genus Methanococcus (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanococcus vannielii (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 491.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to Maestrojuán et al. 1992, Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) comb. nov. Mah and Kuhn 1984 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Methanosarcina frisia Blotevogel and Fischer 1989.
Reference: MAESTROJUÁN (G.M.), BOONE (J.E.), MAH (R.A.), MENAIA (J.A.G.F.), SACHS (M.S.) and BOONE (D.R.): Taxonomy and halotolerance of mesophilic Methanosarcina strains, assignment of strains to species, and synonymy of Methanosarcina mazei and Methanosarcina frisia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 561-567.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In volume one of the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, Methanosarcina mazei has been incorrectly corrected to Methanosarcina mazeii (sic).
Reference: BOONE (D.R.) and MAH (R.A.): Genus I. Methanosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936, 400AL, emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984a, 266 (Nom. Cons., Opinion 63 of the Jud. Comm. 1986b, 492). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 269-276.

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Methanosarcina methanica (Smit 1930) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) not cultivated.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Methaansarcine" Söhngen 1906, "Zymosarcina methanica" Smit 1930, "Sarcina methanica" (Smit 1930) Weinberg et al. 1937.
Etymology: N.L. n. methanum, methane; L. fem. suff. -ica, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. methanica, pertaining to methane.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 SMIT (J.): Die Garungssarcinen. Eine Monographie. Pflanzenforschung Heft 14, 1930, pp. 1-59. 2 KLUYVER (A.J.) and Van NIEL (C.B.): Prospects for a natural system of classification of bacteria. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1936, 94, 369-403.

Methanosarcina methanica nom. rejic.
References:
1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Rejection of the type species of Methanococcus methanica (Approved Lists, 1980), conservation of the genus Methanosarcina with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 266-267.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL OPINION 63: Rejection of the type species Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980) and conservation of the genus Methanosarcina (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 492.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Methanosarcina methanica is placed on the list of nomina rejicienda as a nomen dubium et confusum because it is a source of doubt and confusion.

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Methanosarcina semesiae Lyimo et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MD1 = DSM 12914.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ012742.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. semesiae, of Semesi, named after Adelaida K. Semesi in recognition of her many contributions to marine biology studies and for her mentorship/supervision of many postgraduate students in the field of microbiology.
Valid publication: LYIMO (T.J.), POL (A.), OP den CAMP (H.J.M.), HARHANGI (H.R.) and VOGELS (G.D.): Methanosarcina semesiae sp. nov., a dimethylsulfide-utilizing methanogen from mangrove sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 171-178.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina siciliae (Stetter and König 1989) Ni et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T4/M = DSM 3028 = OCM 156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733698.
Basonym: ¤ Methanolobus siciliae Stetter and König 1989.
Etymology: L. gen. n. siciliae, of Sicily, the place of isolation in Italy.
Valid publication: NI (S.), WOESE (C.R.), ALDRICH (H.C.) and BOONE (D.R.): Transfer of Methanolobus siciliae to the genus Methanosarcina, naming it Methanosarcina siciliae, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 357-359.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Methanosarcina siciliae (Stetter and König 1989) Ni et al. 1994 emend. Elberson and Sowers 1997.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T4/M = DSM 3028 = OCM 156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733698.
Basonym: ¤ Methanolobus siciliae Stetter and König 1989.
Etymology: L. gen. n. siciliae, of Sicily, the place of isolation in Italy.
Reference: ELBERSON (M.A.) and SOWERS (K.R.): Isolation of an aceticlastic strain of Methanosarcina siciliae from marine canyon sediments and emendation of the species description for Methanosarcina siciliae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1258-1261.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina soligelidi Wagner et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SMA-21=DSM 20065=JCM 18468.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF812255.
Etymology: L. n. solum, soil; L. adj. gelidus –a –um, icy cold, very cold; N.L. gen. n. soligelidi, of an icy cold soil, referring to the isolation of the type strain from permafrost-affected soil.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: WAGNER, D., SCHIRMACK, J., GANZERT, L., MOROZOVA, D. and MANGELSDORF, K. 2013. Methanosarcina soligelidi sp. nov., a desiccation- and freeze-thaw-resistant methanogenic archaeon from a Siberian permafrost-affected soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2986-2991.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina spelaei Ganzert et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MC-15=DSM 26047=JCM 18469.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ608060.
Etymology: L. gen. n. spelaei, from a cave, with reference to a cave as source of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: GANZERT, L., SCHIRMACK, J., ALAWI, M., MANGELSDORF, K., SAND, W., HILLEBRAND-VOICULESCU, A. and WAGNER, D. 2014. Methanosarcina spelaei sp. nov., a methanogenic archaeon isolated from a floating biofilm of a subsurface sulphurous lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3478-3484.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina subterranea Shimizu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HC-2=DSM 22503=JCM 15540=NBRC 102578.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB288264.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. subterranea, underground, below the earth surface, from where the strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: SHIMIZU, S., UENO, A., NAGANUMA, T. and KANEKO, K. 2015. Methanosarcina subterranea sp. nov., a methanogenic archaeon isolated from a deep subsurface diatomaceous shale formation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1167-1171.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina thermophila Zinder et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TM-1 = DSM 1825 = OCM 12.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M59140.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. thermophila, heat loving.
Valid publication: ZINDER (S.H.), SOWERS (K.R.) and FERRY (J.G.): Methanosarcina thermophila sp. nov., a thermophilic, acetotrophic, methane-producing bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 522-523.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Methanosarcina vacuolata Zhilina and Zavarzin 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-761 = ATCC 35090= DSM 1232 = OCM 85.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733661.
Etymology: N.L. fem. part. adj. vacuolata,  equipped with gas vacuoles.
Valid publication: ZHILINA (T.N.) and ZAVARZIN (G.A.): Methanosarcina vacuolata sp. nov., a vacuolated Methanosarcina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 281-283.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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