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Genus Leptotrichia

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 7
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Leptotrichia Trevisan 1879, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Leptotrichiaceae Staley and Whitman 2012).
Type species: ¤ Leptotrichia buccalis (Robin 1853) Trevisan 1879 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. leptos, fine, small; Gr. fem. n. thrix thricos, hair; N.L. fem. n. Leptotrichia, fine hair.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TREVISAN (V.): Prime linee d'introduzione allo die batteri italiani. R C Institut Lombardo (Seriale 2), 1879, 12, 133-151.

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Leptotrichia buccalis (Robin 1853) Trevisan 1879, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14201= CCUG 34316 = CIP 105792 = DSM 1135 = JCM 12969 = NCTC 10249.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001685 (complete genome).
Synonym: "Leptothrix buccalis" Robin 1853.
Etymology: L. n. bucca, the mouth; L. fem. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. buccalis, buccal, pertaining to the mouth.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ROBIN (C.): Histoire naturelle des végétaux parasites qui croissent sur l'homme et sur les animaux vivants. J.-B. Baillière, Paris, 1853, pp. 1-702. 2 TREVISAN (V.): Prime linee d'introduzione allo die batteri italiani. R C Institut Lombardo (Seriale 2), 1879, 12, 133-151.

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Leptotrichia goodfellowii Eribe et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LB 57 = CCUG 32286 = CIP 107915 = JCM 16774.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY029807.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. goodfellowii, of Goodfellow, named in honour of Mike Goodfellow, for his contributions to microbial systematics.
Valid publication: ERIBE (E.R.K.), PASTER (B.J.), CAUGANT (D.A.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), STROMBERG (V.K.), LACY (G.H.) and OLSEN (I.): Genetic diversity of Leptotrichia and description of Leptotrichia goodfellowii sp. nov., Leptotrichia hofstadii sp. nov., Leptotrichia shahii sp. nov. and Leptotrichia wadei sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 583-592.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptotrichia hofstadii Eribe et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LB 23 = CCUG 47504 = CIP 107917 = JCM 16775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY029803.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. hofstadii, of Hofstad, named in honour of Tor Hofstad, for his contributions to Leptotrichia taxonomy.
Valid publication: ERIBE (E.R.K.), PASTER (B.J.), CAUGANT (D.A.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), STROMBERG (V.K.), LACY (G.H.) and OLSEN (I.): Genetic diversity of Leptotrichia and description of Leptotrichia goodfellowii sp. nov., Leptotrichia hofstadii sp. nov., Leptotrichia shahii sp. nov. and Leptotrichia wadei sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 583-592.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptotrichia hongkongensis Woo et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HKU24 = CCUG 59534 = DSM 23441.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU919515.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. hongkongensis, of or belonging to Hong Kong, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 139. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1011-1013.
Effective publication: WOO (P.C.Y.), WONG (S.S.Y.), TENG (J.L.L.), LEUNG (K.W.), NGAN (A.H.Y.), ZHAO (D.Q.), TSE (H.), LAU (S.K.P.) and YUEN (K.Y.): Leptotrichia hongkongensis sp. nov., a novel Leptotrichia species with the oral cavity as its natural reservoir. J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. B., 2010, 11, 391-401.
Validation List no. 139 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The accession numbers CCUG 59534 and DSM 23441 have been provided at the time of request for valid publication of the name.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 139 (footnote ||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1011-1013.
Validation List no. 139 in IJSEM Online

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Leptotrichia shahii Eribe et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LB 37 = CCUG 47503 = CIP 107916 = JCM 16776 = VPI N06A-34.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY029806.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. shahii, of Shah, named in honour of Haroun N. Shah, a Trinidad-born microbiologist, for his contributions to microbiology.
Valid publication: ERIBE (E.R.K.), PASTER (B.J.), CAUGANT (D.A.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), STROMBERG (V.K.), LACY (G.H.) and OLSEN (I.): Genetic diversity of Leptotrichia and description of Leptotrichia goodfellowii sp. nov., Leptotrichia hofstadii sp. nov., Leptotrichia shahii sp. nov. and Leptotrichia wadei sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 583-592.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Leptotrichia trevisanii Tee et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) "Wee Tee" 1999 = ATCC 700907= DSM 22070.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF206305.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. trevisanii, of Trevisan, who proposed the genus Leptotrichia in 1879.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 85. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 685-690.
Effective publication: TEE (W.), MIDOLO (P.), JANSSEN (P.H.), KERR (T.) and DYALL-SMITH (M.L.): Bacteremia due to Leptotrichia trevisanii sp. nov. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis., 2001, 20, 765-769.
Validation List no. 85 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 On Validation List no. 85, the last author, Dyall-Smith ML, is missing.
Reference: DYALL-SMITH (M.L.): Personal communication (January 08, 2010).
2 At the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries, and Leptotrichia trevisanii Tee et al. 2002 was not validly published [Rules 27(3) and 30]. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Leptotrichia trevisanii Tee et al. 2002 is now considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Leptotrichia wadei Eribe et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LB 16 = CCUG 47505 = CIP 107918 = JCM 16777.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY029802.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. wadei, of Wade, named in honour of William G. Wade, for his contributions to microbiology.
Valid publication: ERIBE (E.R.K.), PASTER (B.J.), CAUGANT (D.A.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), STROMBERG (V.K.), LACY (G.H.) and OLSEN (I.): Genetic diversity of Leptotrichia and description of Leptotrichia goodfellowii sp. nov., Leptotrichia hofstadii sp. nov., Leptotrichia shahii sp. nov. and Leptotrichia wadei sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 583-592.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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