Genus Lactobacillus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 204
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 29

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Lactobacillales Ludwig et al. 2010; type genus of the family ¤ Lactobacillaceae Winslow et al. 1917 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the tribe ¤ Lactobacilleae Winslow et al. 1920 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. lac lactis, milk; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Lactobacillus, milk rodlet.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]

Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Haakensen et al. 2009.
Type species: ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. lac lactis, milk; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Lactobacillus, milk rodlet.
Reference: HAAKENSEN (M.), DOBSON (C.M.), HILL (J.E.) and ZIOLA (B.): Reclassification of Pediococcus dextrinicus (Coster and White 1964) Back 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) as Lactobacillus dextrinicus comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Lactobacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 615-621.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Haakensen et al. 2011, Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Paralactobacillus Leisner et al. 2000.
Reference: HAAKENSEN (M.), PITTET (V.) and ZIOLA (B.): Reclassification of Paralactobacillus selangorensis Leisner et al. 2000 as Lactobacillus selangorensis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2979-2983.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Cai et al. 2012.
Type species: ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. lac lactis, milk; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Lactobacillus, milk rodlet.
Reference: CAI (Y.), PANG (H.), KITAHARA (M.) and OHKUMA (M.): Lactobacillus nasuensis sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium isolated from silage, and emended description of the genus Lactobacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1140-1144.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus acetotolerans Entani et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43578 = CCUG 32229 = CIP 103180 = DSM 20749 = JCM 3825 = LMG 10751 = NBI 3014.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58801.
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating, enduring; N.L. part. adj. acetotolerans, vinegar tolerating.
Reference: ENTANI (E.), MASAI (H.) and SUZUKI (K.I.): Lactobacillus acetotolerans, a new species from fermented vinegar broth. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 544-549.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus acidifarinae Vancanneyt et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-19065 = CCM 7240 = CCUG 50162 = JCM 15949 = LMG 22200.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ632158.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, sour; L. n. farina, flour; N.L. gen. n. acidifarinae, of a sour flour.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NEYSENS (P.), DE WACHTER (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), SNAUWAERT (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), HOSTE (B.), TSAKALIDOU (E.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus acidifarinae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus zymae sp. nov., from wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 615-620.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FS60-1 = CCUG 46556 = CIP 106750 = HSCC 1411 = JCM 10692 = NBRC 102163 = NRIC 0300 = PCU 207 = TISTR 1386.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB023836.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, sour; L. n. piscis, fish; N.L. gen. n. acidipiscis, of a sour fish, an isolation source of strains of this species.
Reference: TANASUPAWAT (S.), SHIDA (O.), OKADA (S.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Lactobacillus acidipiscis sp. nov. and Weissella thailandensis sp. nov., isolated from fermented fish in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1479-1485.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1681-1683.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro 1900) Hansen and Mocquot 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 4356 = CCUG 5917 = CIP 76.13 = DSM 20079 = IFO (now NBRC) 13951 = JCM 1132 = LMG 9433 = LMG 13550 = NCTC 12980 = NRRL B-4495 = VKM B-1660.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY773947.
Synonyms: "Bacillus acidophilus" Moro 1900, "Thermobacterium intestinale" Orla-Jensen et al. 1936.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. acidophilus, acid-loving.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 MORO (E.): Über den Bacillus acidophilus n. sp. Jahrbuch fur Kinderheilkunde und physiche Erziehung, 1900, 52, 38-55. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and MOCQUOT (G.): Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 325-327.]

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Lactobacillus acidophilus Johnson et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 4356 = CCUG 5917 = CIP 76.13 = DSM 20079 = IFO (now NBRC) 13951 = JCM 1132 = LMG 9433 = LMG 13550 = NCTC 12980 = NRRL B-4495 = VKM B-1660.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY773947.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. acidophilus, acid-loving.
Reference: JOHNSON (J.L.), PHELPS (C.F.), CUMMINS (C.S.), LONDON (J.) and GASSER (F.): Taxonomy of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 53-68.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro 1900) Hansen and Mocquot 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) has priority (Rule 24b).

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Lactobacillus agilis Weiss et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 101264 = CCUG 31450 = DSM 20509 = JCM 1187 = LMG 9186 = NRRL B-14856.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58803.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. agilis, motile.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.), LATERNSER (M.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus sharpeae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus agilis sp. nov., two new species of homofermentative, meso-diaminopimelic acid-containing lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1981, C2, 242-253.]
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus algidus Kato et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M6A9 = CIP 106688 = JCM 10491.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB033209.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. algidus, cold, referring to the ability to grow at low temperature.
Reference: KATO (Y.), SAKALA (R.M.), HAYASHIDANI (H.), KIUCHI (A.), KANEUCHI (C.) and OGAWA (M.): Lactobacillus algidus sp. nov., a psychrophilic lactic acid bacterium isolated from vacuum-packaged refrigerated beef. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1143-1149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus alimentarius (ex Reuter 1970) Reuter 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29643 = CCUG 30672 = CIP 102986 = DSM 20249 = JCM 1095 = LMG 9187.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58804.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus alimentarius" Reuter 1970.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. alimentarius, pertaining to food.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [REUTER (G.): Lactobacillus alimentarius sp. nov., nom. rev. and Lactobacillus farciminis sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 277-279.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus amylolyticus Bohak et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LA 5 = CCUG 39901 = DSM 11664 = JCM 12529 = LMG 18796.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17361.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. amylolyticus, starch-digesting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 68. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3. [BOHAK (I.), BACK (W.), RICHTER (L.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Lactobacillus amylolyticus sp. nov., isolated from beer malt and beer wort. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 360-364.]
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus amylophilus Nakamura and Crowell 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49845 = CCUG 30137 = CIP 102988 = DSM 20533 = IFO (now NBRC) 15881 = JCM 1125 = LMG 6900 = NCAIM B.01457 = NRRL B-4437 = NRRL B-4476.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58806.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. amylophilus, starch loving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218. [NAKAMURA (L.K.) and CROWELL (C.D.): Lactobacillus amylophilus, a new starch-hydrolyzing species from swine waste-corn fermentation. Dev. Ind. Microbiol., 1979, 20, 532-540.]
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus amylotrophicus Naser et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 20534 = JCM 1124 = LMG 11400 = NRRL B-4436.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM236149.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; N.L. adj. trophicus -a -um (from Gr. adj. trophikos -ê -on), nursing, tending; N.L. masc. adj. amylotrophicus, growing on starch, pertaining to the ability to ferment starch.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), VRANCKEN (G.), HOSTE (B.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus amylophilus LMG 11400 and NRRL B-4435 as Lactobacillus amylotrophicus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2523-2527.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33620 = CCUG 27201 = CIP 102989 = DSM 20531 = JCM 1126 = LMG 9496 = NCAIM B.01458 = NRRL B-4540.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY944408.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. v. vorare, to devour; N.L. masc. adj. amylovorus, starch destroying.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Lactobacillus amylovorus, a new starch-hydrolyzing species from cattle waste-corn fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 56-63.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Jakava-Viljanen et al. 2008, Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006.
Reference: JAKAVA-VILJANEN (M.), MURROS (A.), PALVA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (K.J.): Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 910-913.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus animalis Dent and Williams 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1535 = ATCC 35046 = CCUG 33906 = CIP 103152 = DSM 20602 = IFO (now NBRC) 15882 = JCM 5670 = LMG 9843 = NCIMB 13278 (formerly NCDO 2425) = NRRL B-14176.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB326350.
Etymology: L. n. animal, animal; L. gen. n. animalis, of an animal.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [DENT (V.E.) and WILLIAMS (R.A.D.): Lactobacillus animalis sp. nov., a new species of Lactobacillus from the alimentary canal of animals. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 377-386.]
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online

Note: According to the subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms it seems necessary to verify the separate species status of Lactobacillus animalis Dent and Williams 1983.
References:
1 KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 4 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1391-1392.
Original article by Kagermeier-Callaway 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 KLEIN (G.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 22 and 23 September 1999, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 259-261.
Original article by Klein 2001 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

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Lactobacillus antri Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Kx146A4 = CCUG 48456 = DSM 16041 = JCM 15950 = LMG 22111.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY253659.
Etymology: L. gen. n. antri, of a cave, cavern, grotto and, by extension, of the antrum region of the stomach.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus apis Killer et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R4B=CCM 8403=LMG 26964.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF386017.
Etymology: L. gen. fem. n. apis, of/from a honey bee, the genus name of the true honey bee Apis mellifera L., referring to the insect host of the first strains.
Source: Animal.
Reference: KILLER, J., DUBNÁ, S., SEDLÁČEK, I. and ŠVEC, P. 2014. Lactobacillus apis sp. nov., from the stomach of honeybees (Apis mellifera), having an in vitro inhibitory effect on the causative agents of American and European foulbrood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 152-157.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus apodemi Osawa et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ASB1 = CIP 108913 = DSM 16634 = JCM 16172.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ871178.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. apodemi, of Apodemus, the genus name of the field mouse, Apodemus speciosus, from which the organism was first isolated.
Reference: OSAWA (R.), FUJISAWA (T.) and PUKALL (R.): Lactobacillus apodemi sp. nov., a tannase-producing species isolated from wild mouse faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1693-1696.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lacibacterium aquatile Sheu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LTC-2=BCRC 80445=LMG 26999=KCTC 32017.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE795994.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquatile, living, growing or found in water, aquatic.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Reference: SHEU, S.-Y., CHEN, Y.-L., YOUNG, C.-C. and CHEN, W.-M. 2013. Lacibacterium aquatile gen. nov., sp. nov., a new member of the family Rhodospirillaceae isolated from a freshwater lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4797-4804.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus aquaticus Mañes-Lázaro et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IMCC1736 = CECT 7355 = DSM 21051 = JCM 16869.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ664203.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aquaticus, living, growing, or found in water, aquatic.
Reference: MAÑES-LÁZARO (R.), SONG (J.), PARDO (I.), CHO (J.C.) and FERRER (S.): Lactobacillus aquaticus sp. nov., isolated from a Korean freshwater pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2215-2218.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC BAA-171 = CCUG 45396 = CIP 106786 = DSM 13273 = JCM 11125 = NRRL B-14768.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ965487.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. arizonensis, pertaining to Arizona.
Reference: SWEZEY (J.L.), NAKAMURA (L.K.), ABBOTT (T.P.) and PETERSON (R.E.): Lactobacillus arizonensis sp. nov., isolated from jojoba meal. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1803-1809.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Kostinek et al. 2005, Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000, is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KOSTINEK (M.), PUKALL (R.), ROONEY (A.P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HERTEL (C.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and FRANZ (C.M.A.P.): Lactobacillus arizonensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2485-2489.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus aviarius Fujisawa et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 75 = ATCC 43234 = DSM 20655 = CCUG 32230 = CIP 103144 = JCM 5666 = LMG 10753 = NBRC 102162.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58808.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aviarius, pertaining to birds.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: On the Validation List no. 17, the type strain, strain 75 = DSM 20655 is incorrectly cited as ML2 = DSM 20653.
Reference: VALIDATION LIST no. 20, footnote d. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List no. 20 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. araffinosus Fujisawa et al. 1986, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ML2 = ATCC 43235 = DSM 20653 = CCUG 32231 = CIP 103145 = JCM 5667.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB289043.
Etymology: Gr. pref. a, not; N.L. masc. adj. raffinosus, pertaining to raffinose; N.L. masc. adj. araffinosus, intended to mean not fermenting raffinose.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List no. 20 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: This subspecies name was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 17 and the effective date of validation is that of List no. 17 (April 1985).
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 20 (footnote d). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List no. 20 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. aviarius (Fujisawa et al. 1985) Fujisawa et al. 1986, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 75 = ATCC 43234 = DSM 20655 = CCUG 32230 = CIP 103144 = JCM 5666 = LMG 10753 = NBRC 102162.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58808.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aviarius, pertaining to birds.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [FUJISAWA (T.), SHIRASAKA (S.), WATABE (J.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus aviarius sp. nov.: a new species isolated from the intestines of chickens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 414-420.]
Validation List no. 20 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Fujisawa et al. 1985, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 This subspecies name was inadvertently omitted from Validation List no. 17 and the effective date of validation is that of List no. 17 (April 1985).
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 20 (footnote d). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356.
Validation List no. 20 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus backii Tohno et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JCM 18665=LMG 23555=DSM 18080=L1062.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB779648.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. backii, of Back, named in honour of Werner Back, who contributed to the general classification of beer-spoiling bacteria and brewing microbiology.
Source: Plant.
Reference: TOHNO, M., KITAHARA, M., IRISAWA, T., MASUDA, T., UEGAKI, R., OHKUMA, M. and TAJIMA, K. 2013. Description of Lactobacillus iwatensis sp. nov., isolated from orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) silage, and Lactobacillus backii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3854-3860.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 31063 = DSM 20269 = JCM 1129 = LMG 9844.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D31679.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. bavaricus, Bavarian.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 4. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 601 [STETTER (H.) and STETTER (K.O.): Lactobacillus bavaricus sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Streptobacterium. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C, 1980, 1, 70-74.]
Validation List no. 4 in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Kagermeier-Callaway and Lauer 1995, Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.) and LAUER (E.): Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 is the senior synonym for Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 398-399.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.

¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, subsp. nov.

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Lactobacillus bifermentans (ex Pette and van Beynum 1943) Kandler et al. 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35409 = CCUG 32234 = CIP 102811 = DSM 20003 = JCM 1094 = LMG 9845.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175330.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus bifermentans" Pette and van Beynum 1943.
Etymology: L. pref. bis, twice; L. part. adj. fermentans, leavening, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. bifermentans, doubly fermenting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 12. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 896-897. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus bifermentans sp. nov., nom. rev., an organism forming CO2 and H2 from lactic acid. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 408-412.]
Validation List no. 12 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus bobalius Mañes-Lázaro et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 203 = CECT 7310 = DSM 19674 = JCM 16180.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY681134.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. bobalius, pertaining to the grape variety Bobal.
Reference: MAÑES-LÁZARO (R.), FERRER (S.), RODAS (A.M.), URDIAIN (M.) and PARDO (I.): Lactobacillus bobalius sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium isolated from Spanish Bobal grape must. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2699-2703.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999.

Note: According to Pang et al. 2012, Lactobacillus bobalius Mañes-Lázaro et al. 2008 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999.
Reference: PANG (H.), KITAHARA (M.), TAN (Z.), WANG (Y.), QIN (G.), OHKUMA (M.) and CAI (Y.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kimchii and Lactobacillus bobalius as later subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus paralimentarius. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2383-2387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus bombi Killer et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BTLCH M1/2=DSM 26517=CCM 8440.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ078643.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. n. bombus, a boom, a deep hollow noise, buzzing, and also the zoological genus name of the bumblebee; N.L. gen. n. bombi of Bombus, of a bumblebee.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KILLER, J., VOTAVOVÁ, A., VALTEROVÁ, I., VLKOVÁ, E., RADA, V. and HRONCOVÁ, Z. 2014. Lactobacillus bombi sp. nov., from the digestive tract of laboratory-reared bumblebee queens (Bombus terrestris). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2611-2617.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus brantae Volokhov et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SL1108 = ATCC BAA-2142 = DSM 23927 = LMG 26001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ022861.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. brantae, of Branta, isolated from Branta canadensis.
Reference: VOLOKHOV (D.V.), AMSELLE (M.), BECK (B.J.), POPHAM (D.L.), WHITTAKER (P.), WANG (H.), KERRIGAN (E.) and CHIZHIKOV (V.E.): Lactobacillus brantae sp. nov., isolated from faeces of Canada geese (Branta canadensis). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2068-2076.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The epithet brantae is a neo-Latin genitive noun, not a Latin genitive noun as cited in the paper by Volokhov et al. 2012.

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Lactobacillus brevis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14869 = CCUG 30670 = CIP 102806 = DSM 20054 = JCM 1059 = LMG 6906 = LMG 7944 = NRRL B-4527.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58810.
Synonyms: "Bacillus γ" von Freudenreich 1891, "Bacillus casei γ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Betabacterium breve" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacterium breve" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. brevis, short.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.), HUNTOON (F.M.), MURRAY (E.G.D.) and HARRISON (F.C.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 4th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1934, pp. 1-664.]

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Lactobacillus buchneri (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 4005 = CCUG 21532 = CIP 103023 = DSM 20057 = JCM 1115 = LMG 6892 = NCAIM B.01145 = NRRL B-1837 = VKM B-1599.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB205055.
Synonyms: "Bacillus Buchneri" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Bacterium buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Henneberg 1926, "Ulvina buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Pribram 1933, "Lactobacterium buchneri" (Henneberg 1903) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. buchneri, of Buchner, named for E. Buchner, a German bacteriologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 HENNEBERG (W.): Zur Kenntniss der Milchsäure-bakterien der Brenneriemaische, der Milch, des Bieres, der Presshefe, der Melasse, der Sauerkohls, der sauren Gurken und des Sauerteigs, sowie einige Bemerkungen über die Milchsäurebakterien des menschlichen Magens. Zeitschrift fur Spiritusindustrie, 1903, 26, 329-332. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]

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Lactobacillus bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Rogosa and Hansen 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11842 = CCUG 41390 = CIP 101027 = DSM 20081 = IFO (now NBRC) 13953 = JCM 1002 = LMG 6901 = LMG 13551 = NCTC 12712 = VKM B-1923.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CR954253.
Synonym: "Thermobacterium bulgaricum" Orla-Jensen 1919.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. bulgaricus, Bulgarian.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 ROGOSA (M.) and HANSEN (P.A.): Nomenclatural considerations of certain species of Lactobacillus Beijerinck: Request for an Opinion. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 177-186.]

¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus cacaonum De Bruyne et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 21116 = LMG 24285.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM905389.
Etymology: N.L. n. cacao -onis, a cacao bean; N.L. gen. pl. n. cacaonum, of cacao beans.
Reference: DE BRUYNE (K.), CAMU (N.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANDAMME (P.): Lactobacillus fabifermentans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus cacaonum sp. nov., isolated from Ghanaian cocoa fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 7-12.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus camelliae Tanasupawat et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MCH3-1 = BCC 21233 = JCM 13995 = NRIC 0672.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB257864.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. camelliae, of Camellia sinensis, isolated from fermented tea leaves.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [TANASUPAWAT (S.), PAKDEETO (A.), THAWAI (C.), YUKPHAN (P.) and OKADA (S.): Identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented tea leaves (miang) in Thailand and proposals of Lactobacillus thailandensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus camelliae sp. nov., and Pediococcus siamensis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 53, 7-15.]
Validation List no. 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus capillatus Chao et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 11306 = BCRC 17811 = DSM 19910 = JCM 15044.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB365976.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. capillatus, hairy, referring to the characteristic of having long, hairy flagella.
Reference: CHAO (S.H.), TOMII (Y.), SASAMOTO (M.), FUJIMOTO (J.), TSAI (Y.C.) and WATANABE (K.): Lactobacillus capillatus sp. nov., a motile bacterium isolated from stinky tofu brine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2555-2559.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LV61 = DSM 20722 = JCM 9135 = LMG 9840 = NCIMB 12234 (formerly NCDO 2764).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58812.
Etymology: L. n. caro, flesh; L. gen. n. carnis, of flesh.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [SHAW (B.G.) and HARDING (C.D.): Atypical lactobacilli from vacuum-packaged meats: composition by DNA hybridization, cell composition and biochemical tests with a description of Lactobacillus carnis sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1985, 6, 291-297.]
Validation List no. 20 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.

Note: According to Collins et al. 1987, Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984 which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), FERESU (S.) and JONES (D.): Classification of Lactobacillus divergens, Lactobacillus piscicola, and some catalase-negative, asporogenous, rod-shaped bacteria from poultry in a new genus, Carnobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 310-316.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.

Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Orla-Jensen 7 ("Streptobacterium casei") = Hucker03 = OrlandL-323 = Tittsler303 = ATCC 393 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10697 = CECT 475 = CIP 103137 = DSM 20011 = IAM 12473 = JCM 1134 = KCTC 3109 = LMG 6904 = NBRC (formerly IFO) 15883 = NCIMB 11970 (NCDO 161) = NRRL B-1922.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF469172.
Synonyms: "Bacillus α" von Freudenreich 1890, "Bacillus α" von Freudenreich 1891, "Bacillus casei α" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Caseobacterium vulgare" Orla-Jensen 1916, "Bacterium casei α" Orla-Jensen 1916, "Streptobacterium casei" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus casei" Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium casei" (Orla-Jensen 1916) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. n. caseus, cheese; L. gen. n. casei, of cheese.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.): Maelkeri-Bakteriologi. Schønberske Forlag, Copenhagen, 1916. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Lactobacillus casei (Orla Jensen) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 69-71.]

Note: See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.

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Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27216 = JCM 1133 = LMG 9438.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16548.
Etymology: Gr. prep. a, not; N.L. adj. lactosus, pertaining to lactose; N.L. masc. adj. alactosus, intended to mean unable to ferment lactose.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MILLS (C.K.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Designation and description of the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Rogosa et al. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 67-68.]

¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus is transferred in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus must be changed to Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei.

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Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 393 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10697 = CCUG 21451 = CECT 475 = CIP 103137 = DSM 20011 = IAM 12473 = IFO (now NBRC) 15883 = JCM 1134 = KCTC 3109 = LMG 6904 = NCIMB 11970 = NRRL B-1922.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF469172.
Etymology: L. n. caseus, cheese; L. gen. n. casei, of cheese.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.): Maelkeri-Bakteriologi. Schønberske Forlag, Copenhagen, 1916. 2 HANSEN (P.A.) and LESSEL (E.F.): Lactobacillus casei (Orla Jensen) comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1971, 21, 69-71.]

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
3 If an author accepts the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, and the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, and the transfer of Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, and the elevation of Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968 to full species status, then Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 should thereafter be designated simply as Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25598 = JCM 1181 = LMG 9192.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16549.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pesudes, false; N.L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, a specific epithet; N.L. gen. pl. n. pseudoplantarum, not the true Lactobacillus plantarum.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]

¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum is transferred in the subspecies Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei. So, according to Rule 37a, the name Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum must be changed to Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei.

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Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7469 = CCUG 21452 = CIP A157 = DSM 20021 = IFO (now NBRC) 3425 = JCM 1136 = LMG 6400 = NCAIM B.01147 = NCCB 46033 = NCIMB 6375 (formerly NCDO 243) = NCTC 12953 = NRRL B-442 = VKM B-574.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16552.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. rhamnosus, pertaining to rhamnose.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HANSEN (P.A.): Type strains of Lactobacillus species. A report by the Taxonomic Subcommittee on Lactobacilli and Closely Related Organisms. American Type Culture Collection, Rockville, Maryland, 1968, p 76.]

¤ Lactobacillus rhamnosus (Hansen 1968) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25599 = CCUG 34829 = CIP 102994 = CIP 103024 = DSM 20258 = IFO (now NBRC) 15906 = JCM 1171 = LMG 9191 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9709 (formerly NCDO 2742, NCFB 2774).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB181950.
Etymology: L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating, means survival during pasteurization of milk.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the effective publication are cited as 1-39.

¤ Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus catenaformis corrig. (Eggerth 1935) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25536 = CCUG 48174 = CIP 104817 = DSM 20559 = JCM 1121.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ621549.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides catenaformis" Eggerth 1935, "Catenabacterium catenaforme" (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938.
Etymology: L. n. catena, chain; L. suff. -formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. masc. adj. catenaformis, chain-shaped.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 EGGERTH (A.H.): The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human feces. Journal of Bacteriology, 1935, 30, 277-299. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Propionibacterium, Arachnia, Actinomyces, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 15-22.]

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, catenaforme (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Eggerthia catenaformis (Eggerth 1935) Salvetti et al. 2011, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11739 = CECT 562 = CIP 102981 = DSM 20055 = JCM 1137 = JCM 12530 = LMG 9846 = NRRL B-1840.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ575812.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. cellobiosus, pertaining to cellobiose.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]

Notes:
1 The CIP accession number of the type strain of Lactobacillus cellobiosus has been changed from CIP 105933 to CIP 102981.
Reference: CLERMONT (D.): Personal communication (April 10, 2002).
2 Because of high phenotypic similarities and complete DNA-DNA homology, Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) was often regarded as a biovar of ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980). In May 2004, Dellaglio et al. proposed that ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) be an earlier heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980); Cf. infra.
References:
1 KANDLER (O.) and WEISS (N.): Genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, 212AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (eds.), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1209-1234.
2 DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article by Dellaglio et al. 2004 in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2004, Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus ceti Vela et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 142-2 = CCUG 53626 = CECT 7185 = JCM 15609.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM292799.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ceti, of a whale.
Reference: VELA (A.I.), FERNANDEZ (A.), ESPINOSA DE LOS MONTEROS (A.), GOYACHE (J.), HERRAEZ (P.), TAMES (B.), CRUZ (F.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Lactobacillus ceti sp. nov., isolated from beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 891-894.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus coleohominis Nikolaitchouk et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 44007 = CIP 106820 = DSM 14060 = JCM 11550.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113776.
Etymology: Gr. n. koleos, vagina; L. gen. n. hominis, of a  human being; N.L. gen. n. coleohominis, of the vagina of a human being.
Reference: NIKOLAITCHOUK (N.), WACHER (C.), FALSEN (E.), ANDERSCH (B.), COLLINS (M.D.) and LAWSON (P.A.): Lactobacillus coleohominis sp. nov., isolated from human sources. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 2081-2085.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus collinoides Carr and Davies 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27612 = CCUG 32259 = CIP 103008 = DSM 20515 = JCM 1123 = LMG 9194.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB005893.
Etymology: L. adj. collinus, hilly; Gr. suff. eides (from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar; N.L. masc. adj. collinoides, hill-shaped, pertaining to colony form.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CARR (J.G.) and DAVIES (P.A.): The ecology and classification of strains of Lactobacillus collinoides nov. spec.: A bacterium commonly found in fermenting apple juice. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 1972, 35, 463-471.]

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Lactobacillus composti Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 18527 = JCM 14202 = NRIC 0689.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB268118.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. composti, of compost, from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus composti sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 870-872.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus concavus Tong and Dong 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain C-5-1 = AS 1.5017 = JCM 14153 = LMG 22739.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY683322.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. concavus, curved, referring to the curved shape of the strains.
Reference: TONG (H.) and DONG (X.): Lactobacillus concavus sp. nov., isolated from the walls of a distilled spirit fermenting cellar in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2199-2202.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus confusus (Holzapfel and Kandler 1969) Sharpe et al. 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TCC 10881 = ATCC 10881 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14002 = CCUG 30113 = CIP 103172 = CIP 54.169 = DSM 20196 = JCM 1093 = LMG 9497 = NCIMB 9311 (formerly NCDO 1586) = NRRL B-1064.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB023241.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus coprophilus subsp. confusus" Holzapfel and Kandler 1969.
Etymology: L. masc. part. adj. confusus, confused, an allusion to its original confusion with Leuconostoc.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 HOLZAPFEL (W.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. VI. Lactobacillus coprophilus subsp. confusus nov. subsp., eine neue Unterart der Untergattung Betabacterium. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. AbteilungII, 1969, 123, 657-666. 2 SHARPE (M.E.), GARVIE (E.I.) and TILBURY (R.): Some slime-forming heterofermentative species of the genus Lactobacillus. Applied Microbiology, 1972, 23, 389-397.]

¤ Weissella confusa (Holzapfel and Kandler 1969) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus coryniformis Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25602 = CIP 103133 = DSM 20001 = CCUG 30666 = JCM 1164 = LMG 9196 = NRRL B-4391.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58813.
Etymology: Gr. n. coryne, a club; L. suff. formis, of the shape of; N.L. masc. adj. coryniformis, club-shaped.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]

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Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. coryniformis Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25602 = CIP 103133 = DSM 20001 = CCUG 30666 = JCM 1164 = LMG 9196 = NRRL B-4391.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58813.
Etymology: Gr. n. coryne, a club; L. suff. formis, of the shape of; N.L. masc. adj. coryniformis, club-shaped.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]

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Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. torquens Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25600 = CCUG 30667 = CIP 103134 = DSM 20004 = JCM 1166 = LMG 9197 = NRRL B-4390.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ575741.
Etymology: L. part. adj. torquens, twisting.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]

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Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33820 = CCUG 30722 = CIP 102990 = CIPP II = DSM 20584 = JCM 1185 = LMG 9479 = VPI 3199.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF257097.
Synonym: "Eubacterium crispatum" Brygoo and Aladame 1953.
Etymology: L. masc. part. adj. crispatus, curled, crisped, referring to morphology observed originally in broth media.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 BRYGOO (E.R.) and ALADAME (N.): Étude d'une espèce nouvelle anaérobie stricte du genre Eubacterium: E. crispatum n. sp. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1953, 84, 640-641. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Propionibacterium, Arachnia, Actinomyces, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. In: E.P. CATO, C.S. CUMMINS, L.V. HOLDEMAN, J.L. JOHNSON, W.E.C. MOORE, R.M. SMIBERT and L.D.S. SMITH (editors): Outline of Clinical Methods in Anaerobic Bacteriology, 2nd revision, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1970, pp. 15-22.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the paper by Cato et al. are cited as 15-21.

Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Cato et al. 1983.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33820 = CCUG 30722 = CIP 102990 = CIPP II = DSM 20584 = JCM 1185 = LMG 9479 = VPI 3199.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF257097.
Etymology: L. masc. part. adj. crispatus, curled, crisped, referring to morphology observed originally in broth media.
Reference: CATO (E.P.), MOORE (W.E.C.) and JOHNSON (J.L.): Synonymy of strains of "Lactobacillus acidophilus" group A2 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 426-428.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus crustorum Scheirlinck et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 53174 = JCM 15951 = LMG 23699.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM285450.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. crustorum, of breads/cakes.
Reference: SCHEIRLINCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), VAN SCHOOR (A.), HUYS (G.), VANDAMME (P.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus crustorum sp. nov., isolated from two traditional Belgian wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1461-1467.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus curieae Lei et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CCTCC M 2011381=S1L19=JCM 18524.
Sequence accession nos for the type strain: JQ086550 (16S rRNA), JQ307417 (recA), JQ307418 (rpoA), JQ307419 (pheS).
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. curieae of Curie, named after Marie Curie, a role model for female scientists.
Source: Food.
Reference: LEI, X., SUN, G., XIE, J. and WEI, D. 2013. Lactobacillus curieae sp. nov., isolated from stinky tofu brine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2501-2505.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113777.
Synonym: "Bacterium curvatum" Troili-Petersson 1903.
Etymology: L. masc. part. curvatus, curved.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 TROILI-PETERSSON (G.): Studien über die Mikroorganismen des schwedischen güterkäses. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1903, 11, 120-143. 2 ABO-ELNAGA (I.G.) and KANDLER (O.): Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Lactobacillus Beijerinck. I. Das Subgenus Streptobacterium Orla-Jensen. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1965, 119, 1-36.]

Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113777.
Etymology: L. masc. part. curvatus, curved.
Reference: KLEIN (G.), DICKS (L.M.T.), PACK (A.), HACK (B.), ZIMMERMANN (K.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and REUTER (G.): Emended descriptions of Lactobacillus sake (Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami) and Lactobacillus curvatus (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler): numerical classification revealed by protein fingerprinting and identification based on biochemical patterns and DNA-DNA hybridizations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 367-376.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Torriani et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25601 = CCUG 30669 = CIP 102992 = DSM 20019 = IFO (now NBRC) 15884 = JCM 1096 = LMG 9198 = LMG 13553 = NRRL B-4562.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113777.
Etymology: L. masc. part. curvatus, curved.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Torriani et al. 1996 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
3 In the paper by Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 15601 (sic).
4 If an author accepts that ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996, then Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Torriani et al. 1996 should thereafter be designated simply as ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R 60 = CCUG 34545 = CCUG 41580.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY204889.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. melibiosus, pertaining to melibiose.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996.

Note: According to Koort et al. 2004, Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996.
Reference: KOORT (J.), VANDAMME (P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HOLZAPFEL (W.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus is a later synonym of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1621-1626.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LMK3 = ATCC BAA-288 = CCUG 42961 = CIP 106393 = DSM 15353 = JCM 11551 = NBRC 102164.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB326357.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cypricasei, of cheese from Cyprus, referring to the original isolation source.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), PAPADEMAS (P.), WACHER (C.), FALSEN (E.), ROBINSON (R.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus cypricasei sp. nov., isolated from Halloumi cheese. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 45-49.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000.

Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.), SNAUWAERT (C.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus cypricasei Lawson et al. 2001 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus acidipiscis Tanasupawat et al. 2000. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1681-1683.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9649 = CCUG 34222 = CIP 57.8 = DSM 20074 = IFO (now NBRC) 3202 = JCM 1012 = LMG 6412 = NCIMB 8130 (formerly NCDO 213) = NRRL B-763 = VKM B-1596.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY773949.
Synonyms: "Bacillus Delbrücki" (sic) Leichmann 1896, "Bacillus acidificans longissimus" Lafar 1896, "Bacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Migula 1900, "Lactobacillus delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, "Thermobacterium cereale" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) van Steenberge 1920, "Ulvina delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Pribram 1933, "Plocamobacterium delbrücki" (sic) (Leichmann 1896) Pribram 1933.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. delbrueckii, of Delbrück, named for M. Delbrück, a German bacteriologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 LEICHMANN (G.): Über die im Brennereiprozess bei der Bereitung der Kunsthefe auftretende spontane Milchsäuregärung. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1896, 2, 281-285. 2 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]

Notes:
1 In the judicial Opinion 38, this name is cited as Lactobacillus delbrueckii Beijerinck 1901.
Reference: LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 103.
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11842 = CCUG 41390 = CIP 101027 = DSM 20081 = IFO (now NBRC) 13953 = JCM 1002 = LMG 6901 = LMG 13551 = NCTC 12712 = VKM B-1923.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CR954253.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Rogosa and Hansen 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Thermobacterium bulgaricum" Orla-Jensen 1919.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. bulgaricus, Bulgarian.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Weiss et al. 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9649 = CCUG 34222 = CIP 57.8 = DSM 20074 = IFO (now NBRC) 3202 = JCM 1012 = LMG 6412 = NCIMB 8130 (formerly NCDO 213) = NRRL B-763 = VKM B-1596.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY773949.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. delbrueckii, of Delbrück, named for M. Delbrück, a German bacteriologist.
Reference: HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Weiss et al. 1984 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 and the valid publication of Lactobacillus delbruckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. indicus Dellaglio et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NCC725 = CCUG 51390 = DSM 15996 = JCM 15610 = LMG 22083.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY421720.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. indicus, of India, Indian, referring to the geographical origin of the strains.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), TORRIANI (S.) and GERMOND (J.E.): Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. indicus subsp. nov., isolated from Indian dairy products. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 401-404.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. jakobsenii Adimpong et al. 2013, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ZN7a-9=DSM 26046=LMG 27067.
Sequence accession no. (whole genome) for the type strain: ALPY00000000.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. jakobsenii, of Jakobsen, named after Mogens Jakobsen for his significant contributions in the field of food microbiology including biodiversity, production and safety of African fermented foods and beverages.
Source: Food.
Reference: ADIMPONG, D. B., NIELSEN, D. S., S&Ostroke;RENSEN, K. I., VOGENSEN, F. K., SAWADOGO-LINGANI, H., DERKX, P. M. F. and JESPERSEN, L. 2013. Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. jakobsenii subsp. nov., isolated from dolo wort, an alcoholic fermented beverage in Burkina Faso. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3720-3726.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12315 = CCUG 31454 = CIP 101028 = DSM 20072 = JCM 1248 = LMG 7942 = NBRC 102622 = NRRL B-4525.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY050173.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Bacillus lactis acidi" Leichmann 1896, "Bacterium lactis acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Leichmann 1896, "Thermobacterium lactis" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus lactis-acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium caucasicum var. lactis" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lactis, of milk
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 and ¤ Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) are heterotypic synonyms.
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.
Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. sunkii Kudo et al. 2012, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 11221 = DSM 24966 = JCM 17838.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB641833.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sunkii, of sunki, the name of the non-salted, traditional, Japanese pickle from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: KUDO (Y.), OKI (K.) and WATANABE (K.): Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. sunkii subsp. nov., isolated from sunki, a traditional Japanese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2643-2649.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus dextrinicus (Coster and White 1964) Haakensen et al. 2009, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33087 = CCUG 18834 = CIP 103407 = DSM 20335 = JCM 5887 = LMG 11485 = NCIMB 701561 = VKM B-1603.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D87679.
Basonym: ¤ Pediococcus dextrinicus (Coster and White 1964) Back 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).
Another Synonym: "Pediococcus cerevisiae subsp. dextrinicus" Coster and White 1964.
Etymology: N.L. n. dextrinum, dextrin; L. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. dextrinicus, related to dextrin.
Reference: HAAKENSEN (M.), DOBSON (C.M.), HILL (J.E.) and ZIOLA (B.): Reclassification of Pediococcus dextrinicus (Coster and White 1964) Back 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) as Lactobacillus dextrinicus comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Lactobacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 615-621.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Haakensen et al. 2009, the strain NCIMB 701561 is cited as NCDO 1561.

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Lactobacillus diolivorans Krooneman et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JKD6 = DSM 14421 = JCM 12183 = LMG 19667.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF264701.
Etymology: N.L. n. diol, diol (from 1.2-propanediol); L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. diolivorans, devouring diols.
Reference: KROONEMAN (J.), FABER (F.), ALDERKAMP (A.C.), OUDE ELFERINK (S.J.H.W.), DRIEHUIS (F.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.), GOTTSCHAL (J.C.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus diolivorans sp. nov., a 1,2-propanediol-degrading bacterium isolated from aerobically stable maize silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 639-646.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus divergens Holzapfel and Gerber 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 66 = ATCC 35677 = CCUG 30094 = CIP 101029 = DSM 20623 = IFO (now NBRC) 15683 = JCM 5816 = JCM 9133 = LMG 9199 = NCIMB 11952 (formerly NCDO 2763).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58816.
Etymology: L. part. adj. divergens, deviating, diverging.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and GERBER (E.S.): Lactobacillus divergens sp. nov., a new heterofermentative Lactobacillus species producing L(+)-lactate. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 522-534.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Carnobacterium divergens (Holzapfel and Gerber 1984) Collins et al. 1987, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 45405 = JCM 12184 = LMG 19193.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ315640.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. durianis, of the durian fruit.
Reference: LEISNER (J.J.), VANCANNEYT (M.), LEFEBVRE (K.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), HOSTE (B.), EURAS VILALTA (N.), RUSUL (G.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus durianis sp. nov., isolated from an acid-fermented condiment (tempoyak) in Malaysia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 927-931.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is a "N.L. gen. n.", not a "N.L. adj." as cited by Leisner et al. 2002.

¤ Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983.

Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus equi Morotomi et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 0455 = ATCC BAA-261 = CCUG 47129 = JCM 10991.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB048833.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equi, of the horse.
Reference: MOROTOMI (M.), YUKI (N.), KADO (Y.), KUSHIRO (A.), SHIMAZAKI (T.), WATANABE (K.) and YUYAMA (T.): Lactobacillus equi sp. nov., a predominant intestinal Lactobacillus species of the horse isolated from faeces of healthy horses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 211-214.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus equicursoris Morita et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DI70 = DSM 19284 = JCM 14600.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB290830.
Etymology: L. n. equus, a horse; L. gen. n. cursoris, of a runner or racer; N.L. gen. n. equicursoris, of a racing horse, referring to the isolation of the type strain from faeces of a thoroughbred racehorse.
Reference: MORITA (H.), SHIMAZU (M.), SHIONO (H.), TOH (H.), NAKAJIMA (F.), AKITA (H.), TAKAGI (M.), TAKAMI (H.), MURAKAMI (M.), MASAOKA (T.), TANABE (S.) and HATTORI (M.): Lactobacillus equicursoris sp. nov., isolated from the faeces of a thoroughbred racehorse. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 109-112.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus equigenerosi Endo et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 18793 = JCM 14505 = NRIC 0697.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB288050.
Etymology: L. n. equus, a horse; L. adj. generosus, of noble birth, well-bred; N.L. gen. n. equigenerosi, of a thoroughbred horse.
Reference: ENDO (A.), ROOS (S.), SATOH (E.), MORITA (H.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus equigenerosi sp. nov., a coccoid species isolated from faeces of thoroughbred racehorses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 914-918.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus fabifermentans De Bruyne et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 21115 = LMG 24284.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM905388.
Etymology: L. n. faba, a bean; L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. fabifermentans, fermenting beans.
Reference: DE BRUYNE (K.), CAMU (N.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANDAMME (P.): Lactobacillus fabifermentans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus cacaonum sp. nov., isolated from Ghanaian cocoa fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 7-12.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus faecis Endo et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AFL13-2=JCM 17300=DSM 23956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB812750.
Etymology: L. n. faex, faecis, faeces; L. gen. n. faecis, of faeces.
Source: Animal.
Reference: ENDO, A., IRISAWA, T., FUTAGAWA-ENDO, Y., SALMINEN, S., OHKUMA, M. and DICKS, L. 2013. Lactobacillus faecis sp. nov., isolated from animal faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4502-4507.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus farciminis (ex Reuter 1970) Reuter 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29644 = DSM 20184 = CCUG 30671 = CIP 103136 = JCM 1097 = LMG 9200 = NRRL B-4566.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58817.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus farciminis" Reuter 1970.
Etymology: L. n. farcimen, sausage; L. gen. n. farciminis, of sausage.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [REUTER (G.): Lactobacillus alimentarius sp. nov., nom. rev. and Lactobacillus farciminis sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 277-279.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus farraginis Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 18382 = JCM 14108 = NRIC 0676.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB262731.
Etymology: L. gen. n. farraginis, of mash, pertaining to shochu mash, an ingredient of a compost material from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus farraginis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parafarraginis sp. nov., heterofermentative lactobacilli isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 708-712.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R7-84 = CIP 106749 = JCM 12511.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF275311.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ferintoshensis, pertaining to  Ferintosh, a Scottish estate famous for its whisky.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 86. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1075-1076. [SIMPSON (K.L.), PETTERSSON (B.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Characterization of lactobacilli from Scotch malt whisky distilleries and description of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis sp. nov., a new species isolated from malt whisky fermentations. Microbiology, 2001, 147, 1007-1016.]
Validation List no. 86 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989.

Note: According to Vancanneyt et al. 2005, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002, is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), CLEENWERCK (I.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis as a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus parabuchneri. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2195-2198.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14931 = CCUG 30138 = CIP 102980 = DSM 20052 = IFO (now NBRC) 15885 = JCM 1173 = LMG 6902 = NCCB 46038 = NCIMB 11840 (formerly NCDO 1750) = NRRL B-4524.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175331.
Synonyms: "Bacillus δ" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei δ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Lactobacterium fermentum" (Beijerinck 1901) van Steenberge 1920.
Etymology: L. neut. n. fermentum (nominative in apposition), that which causes fermentation, leaven, ferment.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Sur les ferments lactiques de l'industrie. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1901, 6, 212-243.]

Note: Because of high phenotypic similarities and complete DNA-DNA homology, ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) was often regarded as a biovar of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980). In May 2004, Dellaglio et al. proposed that Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) be an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980); Cf. infra.
References:
1 KANDLER (O.) and WEISS (N.): Genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, 212AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (eds.), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1209-1234.
2 DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article by Dellaglio et al. 2004 in IJSEM Online

Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Dellaglio et al. 2004.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14931 = CCUG 30138 = CIP 102980 = DSM 20052 = IFO (now NBRC) 15885 = JCM 1173 = LMG 6902 = NCCB 46038 = NCIMB 11840 (formerly NCDO 1750) = NRRL B-4524.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN175331.
Synonyms: "Bacillus δ" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei δ" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Lactobacterium fermentum" (Beijerinck 1901) van Steenberge 1920.
Etymology: L. neut. n. fermentum (nominative in apposition), that which causes fermentation, leaven, ferment.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In the paper by Dellaglio et al. 2004, the type strain NCIMB 11840 is cited as NCDO 1750 (sic).
2 According to Dellaglio et al. 2004, Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), TORRIANI (S.) and FELIS (G.E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 809-812.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus floricola Kawasaki et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ryu1-2 = DSM 23037 = JCM 16512 = NRIC 0774.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB523780.
Etymology: L. n. flos -oris, a flower; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), a dweller; N.L. n. floricola, flower-dweller.
Reference: KAWASAKI (S.), KUROSAWA (K.), MIYAZAKI (M.), YAGI (C.), KITAJIMA (Y.), TANAKA (S.), IRISAWA (T.), OKADA (S.), SAKAMOTO (M.), OHKUMA (M.) and NIIMURA (Y.): Lactobacillus floricola sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium isolated from mountain flowers. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1356-1359.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus florum Endo et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F9-1 = DSM 22689 = JCM 16035 = NRIC 0771.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB498045.
Etymology: L. n. flos -oris, flower; L. gen. pl. n. florum, of flowers, from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.), FUTAGAWA-ENDO (Y.), SAKAMOTO (M.), KITAHARA (M.)  and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus florum sp. nov., a fructophilic species isolated from flowers. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2478-2482.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus fornicalis Dicks et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TV 1018 = ATCC 700934 = CCUG 43621 = CIP 106679 = DSM 13171 = JCM 12512.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y18654.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. fornicalis, pertaining to the posterior fornix.
Reference: DICKS (L.M.T.), SILVESTER (M.), LAWSON (P.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus fornicalis sp. nov., isolated from the posterior fornix of the human vagina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1253-1258.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to the CCUG, the type strain ATCC 700934 = CCUG 43621 = CIP 106679 = DSM 13171 does not fit the sequence published in the Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1253-1258. The type strain is not displayed by the DSMZ, is displayed as Lactobacillus plantarum by the CIP and the CCUG, is displayed as Lactobacillus sp. by the JCM, but it is yet displayed (October 15, 2008) as Lactobacillus fornicalis by the ATCC.
References:
1 Culture Collection, University of Göteborg (CCUG).
2 FALSEN (E.): Personal communication (October 10, 2008).
3 KITAHARA (M.): Personal communication (October 15, 2008).

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Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 8288 = CCUG 32260 = CIP 103042 = DSM 20203 = IFO (now NBRC) 13954 = JCM 1117 = LMG 9201 = NRRL B-1841.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76330.
Etymology: L. n. fructus, fruit; L. part. adj. vorans, eating, devouring; N.L. part. adj. fructivorans, fruit-eating, intended to mean fructose-devouring.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CHARLTON (D.B.), NELSON (M.E.) and WERKMAN (C.H.): Physiology of Lactobacillus fructivorans sp. nov. isolated from spoiled salad dressing. Iowa State Journal of Science, 1934, 9, 1-11.]

Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957 (Approved Lists 1980), and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus fructosus Kodama 1956, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13162 = CCUG 32246 = CIP 102985 = DSM 20349 = IFO (now NBRC) 3516 = JCM 1119 = LMG 9498 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10784 = NRIC 1058 = NRRL B-2041.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF360737.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. fructosus, pertaining to fructose.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KODAMA (R.): Studies on the nutrition of lactic acid bacteria. Part I. Lactobacillus fructosus nov. sp., a new species of lactic acid bacteria. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1956, 30, 705-708.]

¤ Leuconostoc fructosum (Kodama 1956) Antunes et al. 2002, comb. nov.

¤ Fructobacillus fructosus (Kodama 1956) Endo and Okada 2008, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus frumenti Müller et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TMW 1.666 = CIP 106922 = DSM 13145 = JCM 11122 = LMG 19473.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ250074.
Etymology: L. gen. n. frumenti, of/from cereal.
Reference: MÜLLER (M.R.A.), EHRMANN (M.A.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Lactobacillus frumenti sp. nov., a new lactic acid bacterium isolated from rye-bran fermentations with a long fermentation period. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2127-2133.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus fuchuensis Sakala et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B5M10 = CCUG 47133 = DSM 14340 = JCM 11249.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB370875.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. fuchuensis, pertaining to Fuchu, the city in which the bacterium was originally isolated.
Reference: SAKALA (R.M.), KATO (Y.), HAYASHIDANI (H.), MURAKAMI (M.), KANEUCHI (C.) and OGAWA (M.): Lactobacillus fuchuensis sp. nov., isolated from vacuum-packaged refrigerated beef. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1151-1154.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus furfuricola Irisawa et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Nu 27=JCM 18764=NRIC 0900=DSM 27174.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB910349.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. n. furfur, rice bran; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), dweller, inhabitant; N.L. n. furfuricola, rice bran-dweller.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: IRISAWA, T., TANAKA, N., KITAHARA, M., SAKAMOTO, M., OHKUMA, M. and OKADA, S. 2014. Lactobacillus furfuricola sp. nov., isolated from Nukadoko, rice bran paste for Japanese pickles. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2902-2906.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus futsaii Chao et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YM 0097 = BCRC 80278 = JCM 17355.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ322270.
Etymology: N.L. n. futsaium, fu-tsai, the name of a traditional fermented mustard product in Taiwan; N.L. gen. n. futsaii, of fu-tsai, from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: CHAO (S.H.), KUDO (Y.), TSAI (Y.C.) and WATANABE (K.): Lactobacillus futsaii sp. nov., isolated from fu-tsai and suan-tsai, traditional Taiwanese fermented mustard products. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 489-494.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus gallinarum Fujisawa et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33199 = CCUG 30724 = CIP 103611 = DSM 10532 = JCM 2011 = LMG 9435 = VPI 1294.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ417737.
Etymology: L. n. gallina, the hen; L. gen. pl. n. gallinarum, of hens.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), BENNO (Y.), YAESHIMA (T.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Taxonomic study of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group, with recognition of Lactobacillus gallinarum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus johnsonii sp. nov. and synonymy of Lactobacillus acidophilus group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus amylovorus (Nakamura 1981). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 487-491.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus gasseri Lauer and Kandler 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 63 AM of Gasser = ATCC 33323 = CCUG 31451 = CIP 102991 = DSM 20243 = JCM 1131 = LMG 9203 = NRRL B-14168 = NRRL B-4240.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF519171, CP000413 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. gasseri, of Gasser, named for F. Gasser, a French bacteriologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 4. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 601. [LAUER (E.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus gasseri sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Thermobacterium. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C, 1980, 1, 75-78.]
Validation List no. 4 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus gastricus Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Kx156A7 = CCUG 48454 = DSM 16045 = JCM 15952 = LMG 22113.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY253658.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gastricus, of the stomach.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Lactobacillus gastricus Roos et al. 2005 emend. Endo et al. 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Kx156A7 = CCUG 48454 = DSM 16045 = LMG 22113.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY253658.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gastricus, of the stomach.
Reference: ENDO (A.), ROOS (S.), SATOH (E.), MORITA (H.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus equigenerosi sp. nov., a coccoid species isolated from faeces of thoroughbred racehorses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 914-918.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus ghanensis Nielsen et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L489 = CCUG 53453 = DSM 18630 = JCM 15611.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ523489.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ghanensis, pertaining to Ghana, where the micro-organism was first isolated.
Reference: NIELSEN (D.S.), SCHILLINGER (U.), FRANZ (C.M.A.P.), BRESCIANI (J.), AMOA-AWUA (W.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and JAKOBSEN (M.): Lactobacillus ghanensis sp. nov., a motile lactic acid bacterium isolated from Ghanaian cocoa fermentations. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1468-1472.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus gigeriorum Cousin et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 202 = LEM 202 = CRBIP 24.85 = DSM 23908.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR681899.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. gigeriorum, of or from the entrails or gizzards of poultry.
Reference: COUSIN (S.), GULAT-OKALLA (M.L.), MOTREFF (L.), GOUYETTE (C.), BOUCHIER (C.), CLERMONT (D.) and BIZET (C.): Lactobacillus gigeriorum sp. nov., isolated from chicken crop. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 330-334.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus graminis Beck et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain G90 (1) = ATCC 51150 = CCUG 32238 = CIP 105164 = DSM 20719 = JCM 9503 = LMG 9825 = NRRL B-14857.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113778.
Etymology: L. n. gramen, grass; L. gen. n. graminis, of grass.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [BECK (R.), WEISS (N.) and WINTER (J.): Lactobacillus graminis sp. nov., a new species of facultatively heterofermentative lactobacilli surviving at low pH in grass silage. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1988, 10, 279-283.]
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus halotolerans (ex Reuter 1970) Kandler et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R61 = ATCC 35410 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14050 = CCUG 33457 = CECT 573 = CIP 103005 = DSM 20190 = JCM 1114 = LMG 9469 = NRIC 1627.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB022926.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. halotolerans" Reuter 1970.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating, enduring; N.L. part. adj. halotolerans, salt-tolerating.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus halotolerans sp. nov. nom. rev. and Lactobacillus minor sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 280-285.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Weissella halotolerans (Kandler et al. 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus hammesii Valcheva et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LP38 = TMW 1.1236 = CCUG 51325 = CIP 108387 = DSM 16381 = JCM 16170.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ632219.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hammesii, of Hammes, in honour of Walter P. Hammes, a German scientist who contributed to the microbiological and technological development of wheat and rye sourdough research.
Reference: VALCHEVA (R.), KORAKLI (M.), ONNO (B.), PRÉVOST (H.), IVANOVA (I.), EHRMANN (M.A.), DOUSSET (X.), GÄNZLE (M.G.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Lactobacillus hammesii sp. nov., isolated from French sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 763-767.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus hamsteri Mitsuoka and Fujisawa 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ha5F1 = ATCC 43851 = CCUG 30726 = CIP 103365 = DSM 5661 = JCM 6256 = LMG 10754.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306298.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hamsteri, of the hamster from which the isolate was derived.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [MITSUOKA (T.) and FUJISAWA (T.): Lactobacillus hamsteri, a new species from the intestine of hamsters. Proc. Jpn. Acad. Ser. B Phys. Biol. Sci., 1987, 63, 269-272.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus harbinensis Miyamoto et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AHU 1762 = DSM 16991 = JCM 16178 = NBRC 100982 = SBT 10908.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB196123.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. harbinensis, pertaining to Harbin, a city in northeastern China where traditional fermented vegetables are prepared and consumed.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 107. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1-6. [MIYAMOTO (M.), SETO (Y.), HAO (D.H.), TESHIMA (T.), SUN (Y.B.), KABUKI (T.), YAO (L.B.) and NAKAJIMA (H.): Lactobacillus harbinensis sp. nov., consisted of strains isolated from traditional fermented vegetables 'Suan cai' in Harbin, Northeastern China and Lactobacillus perolens DSM 12745. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 688-694.]
Validation List no. 107 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The culture collection accession number NBRC 100982 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 107 (footnote ††). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1-6.
Validation List no. 107 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus heilongjiangensis Gu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S4-3=LMG 26166=NCIMB 14701.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF411966.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. heilongjiangensis, pertaining to the Heilongjiang River, a river flowing through Heilongjiang Province of China, where the bacterium was first isolated.
Source: Food.
Reference: GU, C. T., LI, C. Y., YANG, L. J. and HUO, G. C. 2013. Lactobacillus heilongjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4094-4099.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus hayakitensis Morita et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KBL13 = DSM 18933 = JCM 14209.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB267406.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hayakitensis, of Hayakita, which is the name of the area where the bacterium was originally isolated.
Reference: MORITA (H.), SHIRATORI (C.), MURAKAMI (M.), TAKAMI (H.), KATO (Y.), ENDO (A.), NAKAJIMA (F.), TAKAGI (M.), AKITA (H.), OKADA (S.) and MASAOKA (T.): Lactobacillus hayakitensis sp. nov., isolated from intestines of healthy thoroughbreds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2836-2839.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15009 = CCUG 30139 = CIP 103146 = DSM 20075 = IFO (now NBRC) 15019 = JCM 1120 = LMG 6413 = LMG 13555 = NRRL B-4526.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113779.
Synonyms: "Bacillus ε" von Freudenreich 1895, "Bacillus casei ε" von Freudenreich and Thöni 1904, "Caseobacterium ε" Orla-Jensen 1909, "Thermobacterium helveticum" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus helveticum" (sic) (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925, "Plocamobacterium helveticum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Pribram 1933, "Lactobacterium helveticum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. helveticus, of or belonging to the Helvetians, Helvetian (Swiss).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 2nd ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1925, pp. 1-462.]

Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005.
Reference: NASER (S.M.), HAGEN (K.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.) and TOMPKINS (T.A.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 355-360.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15435 = DSM 20350 = IAM H1 = JCM 1198.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB289116 (636 bp).
Etymology: Gr. adj. heteros, different, other; N.L. n. hiochum (from Japanese n. hiochi), spoiled sake; N.L. gen. n. heterohiochii, probably intended to mean heterofermentative lactobacillus of hiochi (spoiled sake).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KITAHARA (K.), KANEKO (T.) and GOTO (O.): Taxonomic studies on the hiochi-bacteria, specific saprophytes of sake. II. Identification and classification of hiochi-bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1957, 3, 111-120.]

¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus hilgardii Douglas and Cruess 1936, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 8290 = CCUG 30140 = CIP 103007 = DSM 20176 = IFO (now NBRC) 15886 = JCM 1155 = LMG 6895 = NRRL B-1843.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58821.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus Type II" Fornachon 1943.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hilgardi, of Hilgard.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DOUGLAS (H.C.) and CRUESS (W.V.): A Lactobacillus from California wine: Lactobacillus hilgardii. Food Research, 1936, 1, 113-119.]

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Lactobacillus hokkaidonensis Tohno et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) .
Sequence accession nos for the type strain: AB721549 (16S rRNA) and AB731733 (pheS).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hokkaidonensis of or belonging to Hokkaido (subarctic northern part of Japan), from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Plant.
Reference: TOHNO, M., KITAHARA, M., UEGAKI, R., IRISAWA, T., OHKUMA, M. and TAJIMA, K. 2013. Lactobacillus hokkaidonensis sp. nov., isolated from subarctic timothy grass (Phleum pratense L.) silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2526-2531.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus hominis Cousin et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 61D = CRBIP 24.179 = DSM 23910.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR681902.
Etymology: L. gen. n. hominis, of a human being.
Reference: COUSIN (S.), MOTREFF (L.), GULAT-OKALLA (M.L.), GOUYETTE (C.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHUMANN (P.), BEGAUD (E.), BOUCHIER (C.), CLERMONT (D.) and BIZET (C.): Lactobacillus pasteurii sp. nov. and Lactobacillus hominis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 53-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus homohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15434 = CCUG 32247 = CIP 103141 = DSM 20571 = IFO (now NBRC) 15887 = JCM 1199 = JCM 7793 = LMG 9478 = NRRL B-4559.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ621552.
Etymology: Gr. adj. homos,  like, equal; N.L. n. hiochum (from Japanese n. hiochi), spoiled sake; N.L. gen. n. homohiochii, probably intended to mean homofermentative lactobacillus of hiochi (spoiled sake).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KITAHARA (K.), KANEKO (T.) and GOTO (O.): Taxonomic studies on the hiochi-bacteria, specific saprophytes of sake. II. Identification and classification of hiochi-bacteria. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, 1957, 3, 111-120.]

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Lactobacillus hordei Rouse et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain UCC128 = DSM 19519 = JCM 16179 = LMG 24241.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU074850.
Etymology: L. gen. neut. n. hordei, of/from barley.
Reference: ROUSE (S.), CANCHAYA (C.) and VAN SINDEREN (D.): Lactobacillus hordei sp. nov., a bacteriocinogenic strain isolated from malted barley. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2013-2017.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus iners Falsen et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 28746 = CIP 105923 = DSM 13335 = JCM 12513 = LMG 18914.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16329.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. iners, inert, lazy.
Reference: FALSEN (E.), PASCUAL (C.), SJÖDÉN (B.), OHLÉN (M.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phenotypic and phylogenetic characterization of a novel Lactobacillus species from human sources: description of Lactobacillus iners sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 217-221.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Lactobacillus iners Falsen et al. 1999 was previously known as Lactobacillus sp. EF (Enevold Falsen) group 47.

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Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KR3 = CCUG 45722 = JCM 12531 = LMG 20380.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF333975.
Etymology: L. n. ingluvies, crop sac; L. gen. n. ingluviei, of a crop sac.
Reference: BAELE (M.), VANCANNEYT (M.), DEVRIESE (L.A.), LEFEBVRE (K.), SWINGS (J.) and HAESEBROUCK (F.): Lactobacillus ingluviei sp. nov., isolated from the intestinal tract of pigeons. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 133-136.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Felis et al. 2006, Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003. The descriptions of these two taxa are very similar and, according to Felis et al. 2006, it is not necessary to consider an emended description of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), SWINGS (J.), TORRIANI (S.), CASTIONI (A.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 793-795.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus intestinalis (ex Hemme 1974) Fujisawa et al. 1990, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Th4 = ATCC 49335 = CCUG 30727 = CIP 104793 = DSM 6629 = JCM 7548 = LMG 14196.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306299.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus intestinalis" Hemme 1974.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. intestinalis, pertaining to the intestine.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), ITOH (K.), BENNO (Y.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus intestinalis (ex Hemme 1974) sp. nov., nom. rev., isolated from the intestines of mice and rats. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 302-304.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus iwatensis Tohno et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IWT246=JCM 18838=DSM 26942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB773428.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. iwatensis, of or belonging to Mount Iwate, where the first strains were isolated.
Source: Plant.
Reference: TOHNO, M., KITAHARA, M., IRISAWA, T., MASUDA, T., UEGAKI, R., OHKUMA, M. and TAJIMA, K. 2013. Description of Lactobacillus iwatensis sp. nov., isolated from orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) silage, and Lactobacillus backii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3854-3860.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus jensenii Gasser et al. 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25258 = CCUG 21961 = CCUG 35572 = CIP 69.17 = DSM 20557 = JCM 1146 = JCM 15953 = LMG 6414 = NRRL B-4550.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF243176.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. jensenii, of Jensen, named for S. Orla-Jensen, a Danish microbiologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [GASSER (F.), MANDEL (M.) and ROGOSA (M.): Lactobacillus jensenii sp. nov., a new representative of the subgenus Thermobacterium. Journal of General Microbiology, 1970, 62, 219-222.]

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Lactobacillus johnsonii Fujisawa et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33200 = CCUG 30725 = CIP 103620 = DSM 10533 = JCM 2012 = VPI 7960.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ002515.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. johnsonii, of Johnson, named for J.L. Johnson, an American microbiologist.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), BENNO (Y.), YAESHIMA (T.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Taxonomic study of the Lactobacillus acidophilus group, with recognition of Lactobacillus gallinarum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus johnsonii sp. nov. and synonymy of Lactobacillus acidophilus group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the type strain of Lactobacillus amylovorus (Nakamura 1981). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 487-491.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kalixensis Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Kx127A2 = CCUG 48459 = DSM 16043 = JCM 15954 = LMG 22115.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY253657.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kalixensis, pertaining to Kalix, a town in northern Sweden, where the gastric biopsies were sampled.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kandleri Holzapfel and van Wyk 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L250 = ATCC 51149 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14624 = CCUG 32237 = CIP 102809 = DSM 20593 = JCM 5817 = LMG 18979 = NCIMB 702753 (formerly NCDO 2753) = NRIC 1628.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB022922.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kandleri, of Kandler; named for Otto Kandler, a German microbiologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and VAN WYK (E.P.): Lactobacillus kandleri sp. nov., a new species of the subgenus Betabacterium, with glycine in the peptidoglycan. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1982, C3, 495-502.]
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online

¤ Weissella kandleri (Holzapfel and van Wyk 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113781.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefiranum, a polysaccharide of kefir grain, kefiran; L. v. facio, produce; N.L. part. adj. kefiranofaciens, kefiran-producing.
Reference: FUJISAWA (T.), ADACHI (S.), TOBA (T.), ARIHARA (K.) and MITSUOKA (T.): Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens sp. nov. isolated from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 12-14.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988 emend. Vancanneyt et al. 2004.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113781.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefiranum, a polysaccharide of kefir grain, kefiran; L. v. facio, produce; N.L. part. adj. kefiranofaciens, kefiran-producing.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefiranofaciens (Fujisawa et al. 1988) Vancanneyt et al. 2004, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WT-2B = ATCC 43761 = CCUG 32248 = CIP 103307 = DSM 5016 = JCM 6985 = LMG 19149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113781.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefiranum, a polysaccharide of kefir grain, kefiran; L. v. facio, produce; N.L. part. adj. kefiranofaciens, kefiran-producing.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original authorship, Fujisawa et al. 1988, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GCL 1701 = ATCC 51647 = CCUG 49353 = CIP 104241 = DSM 10550 = JCM 8572 = LMG 15132.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113782.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefirum (from Turkish n. kefir), Caucasian sour milk; L. n. granum, grain; N.L. n. kefirgranum, kefir grain.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), MENGAUD (J.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANHONACKER (K.), HOSTE (B.), DAWYNDT (P.), DEGIVRY (M.C.), RINGUET (D.), JANSSENS (D.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994 as Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum subsp. nov. and emended description of L. kefiranofaciens Fujisawa et al. 1988. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 551-556.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004 is a new combination, not a new subspecies as cited by Vancanneyt et al. 2004.

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Lactobacillus kefirgranum Takizawa et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GCL 1701 = ATCC 51647 = CCUG 39467 = CIP 104241 = DSM 10550 = JCM 8572 = LMG 15132.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113782.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefirum (from Turkish n. kefir), Caucasian sour milk; L. n. granum, grain; N.L. n. kefirgranum, kefir grain.
Reference: TAKIZAWA (S.), KOJIMA (S.), TAMURA (S.), FUJINAGA (S.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus kefirgranum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parakefir sp. nov., two new species from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 435-439.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum (Takizawa et al. 1994) Vancanneyt et al. 2004, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus kefiri corrig. Kandler and Kunath 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A/K = ATCC 35411 = CCUG 30673 = CIP 103006 = DSM 20587 = IFO (now NBRC) 15888 = JCM 5818 = LMG 9480.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ621553.
Etymology: N.L. n. kefirum (from Turkish n. kefir), Caucasian sour milk; N.L. gen. n. kefiri, of kefir.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.) and KUNATH (P.): Lactobacillus kefir sp. nov., a component of the microflora of kefir. Syst. Appl. Microbiol, 1983, 4, 286-294.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, kefir (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online

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Lactobacillus kimchicus Liang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DCY51 = JCM 15530 = KCTC 12976.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU678893.
Etymology: N.L. n. kimchium, kimchi; L. masc. suff. -(i)cus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. kimchicus, pertaining to kimchi, isolated from kimchi.
Reference: LIANG (Z.Q.), SRINIVASAN (S.), KIM (Y.J.), KIM (H.B.), WANG (H.T.) and YANG (D.C.): Lactobacillus kimchicus sp. nov., a β-glucosidase-producing bacterium isolated from kimchi. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 894-897.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kimchiensis Kim et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L133 = DSM 24716 = JCM 17702 = KACC 15533.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ906500.
Etymology: N.L. n. kimchium, kimchi, a type of traditional Korean fermented food; L. masc. suff. -ensis, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. kimchiensis, belonging to kimchi, isolated from kimchi.
Reference: KIM (J.), KIM (J.Y.), KIM (M.S.), ROH (S.W.) and BAE (J.W.): Lactobacillus kimchiensis sp. nov., isolated from a fermented food. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63,1355-1359.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kimchii Yoon et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MT-1077 = ATCC BAA-131 = CCUG 45370 = CIP 107019 = DSM 13961 = JCM 10707 = KCTC 8903P.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF183558.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kimchii, from kimchi, a Korean fermented- vegetable food.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.S.), MHEEN (T.I.), AHN (J.S.), LEE (H.J.), KIM (T.K.), PARK (C.S.), KHO (Y.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Lactobacillus kimchii sp. nov., a new species from kimchi. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1789-1795.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999.

Note: According to Pang et al. 2012, Lactobacillus kimchii Yoon et al. 2000 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999.
Reference: PANG (H.), KITAHARA (M.), TAN (Z.), WANG (Y.), QIN (G.), OHKUMA (M.) and CAI (Y.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kimchii and Lactobacillus bobalius as later subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus paralimentarius. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2383-2387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kisonensis Watanabe et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 11168 = DSM 19906 = JCM 15041 = NRIC 0741.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB366388.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kisonensis, pertaining to Kiso, the name of the county located in the south-west area of Nagano in Japan, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: WATANABE (K.), FUJIMOTO (J.), TOMII (Y.), SASAMOTO (M.), MAKINO (H.), KUDO (Y.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus kisonensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus otakiensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus rapi sp. nov. and Lactobacillus sunkii sp. nov., heterofermentative species isolated from sunki, a traditional Japanese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 754-760.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kitasatonis Mukai et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JCM 1039 = KCTC 3155.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB107638.
Etymology: L. gen. n. kitasatonis, of Kitasato, referring to Shibasaburo Kitasato, the founder of Kitasato Institute, the father of Japanese bacteriology.
Reference: MUKAI (T.), ARIHARA (K.), IKEDA (A.), NOMURA (K.), SUZUKI (F.) and OHORI (H.): Lactobacillus kitasatonis sp. nov., from chicken intestine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 2055-2059.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus koreensis Bui et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DCY50 = JCM 16448 = KCTC 13530.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ904277.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. koreensis, of or belonging to Korea, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a traditional Korean food.
Reference: BUI (T.P.N.), KIM (Y.J.), IN (J.G.) and YANG (D.C.): Lactobacillus koreensis sp. nov., isolated from the traditional Korean food kimchi. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 772-776.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus kunkeei Edwards et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YH-15 = ATCC 700308 = DSM 12361 = JCM 16173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11374.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kunkeei, of Kunkee. Named after Ralph E. Kunkee, University of California, Davis, CA, USA, for his contributions to the microbiology of wines.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [EDWARDS (C.G.), HAAG (K.M.), COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.A.) and HUANG (Y.C.): Lactobacillus kunkeei sp. nov.: a spoilage organism associated with grape juice fermentations. J. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 84, 698-702.]
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Lactobacillus kunkeei Edwards et al. 1998 emend. Endo et al. 2012.
Type strain: strain YH-15 = ATCC 700308 = DSM 12361 = JCM 16173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11374.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kunkeei, of Kunkee. Named after Ralph E. Kunkee, University of California, Davis, CA, USA, for his contributions to the microbiology of wines.
Reference: ENDO (A.), IRISAWA (T.), FUTAGAWA-ENDO (Y.), TAKANO (K.), DU TOIT (M.), OKADA (S.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Characterization and emended description of Lactobacillus kunkeei as a fructophilic lactic acid bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 500-504.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12315 = CCUG 31454 = CIP 101028 = DSM 20072 = JCM 1248 = LMG 7942 = NBRC 102622 = NRRL B-4525.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY050173.
Synonyms: "Bacillus lactis acidi" Leichmann 1896, "Bacterium lactis acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Leichmann 1896, "Thermobacterium lactis" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus lactis-acidi" (Leichmann 1896) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium caucasicum var. lactis" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lactis, of milk.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.), HUNTOON (F.M.), MURRAY (E.G.D.) and HARRISON (F.C.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 4th ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1934, pp. 1-664.]

¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 4797 = JCM 1148 = LMG 13136 = NCCB 49006.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB289093 (674 bp).
Synonyms: "Bacillus Leichmanni I" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Bacillus Leichmanni III" (sic) Henneberg 1903, "Lactobacillus leichmanni" (sic) (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, "Bacterium leichmanni I" (sic) (Henneberg 1903) Henneberg 1926, "Lactobacterium leichmannii" (Henneberg 1903) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. Leichmannii, of Leichmann, named for G. Leichmann, a German bacteriologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 HENNEBERG (W.): Zur Kenntniss der Milchsäure-bakterien der Brenneriemaische, der Milch, des Bieres, der Presshefe, der Melasse, der Sauerkohls, der sauren Gurken und des Sauerteigs, sowie einige Bemerkungen über die Milchsäurebakterien des menschlichen Magens. Zeitschrift fur Spiritusindustrie, 1903, 26, 329-332. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]

Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Weiss et al. 1984 are heterotypic synonyms.
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus leichmannii and Lactobacillus bulgaricus subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis comb. nov. and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus comb. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 552-557.
Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus lindneri (ex Henneberg 1901) Back et al. 1997, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KPA = CIP 102983 = DSM 20690 = JCM 11027 = LMG 14528.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X95421.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus lindneri" (Henneberg 1901) Bergey et al. 1923.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. lindneri, of Lindner, referring to Lindner, a German bacteriologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 61. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 601-602. [BACK (W.), BOHAK (I.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Revival of the species Lactobacillus lindneri and the design of a species specific oligonucleotide probe. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1996, 19, 322-325.]
Validation List no. 61 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus malefermentans (ex Russell and Walker 1953) Farrow et al. 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D2 MF1 = ATCC 49373 = CCUG 32206 = CIP 103367 = DSM 5705 = IFO (now NBRC) 15905 = JCM 12497 = LMG 11455 = NCIMB 701410 (formerly NCDO 1410).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113783.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus malefermentans" Russell and Walker 1953.
Etymology: L. adj. malus, bad; L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. malefermentans, badly fermenting, referring to spoiled beer.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Nucleic acid studies on some heterofermentative lactobacilli: description of Lactobacillus malefermentans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parabuchneri sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1988, 55, 163-168.]
Validation List no. 30 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The year of publication of the reference of the paper by Farrow et al. must be 1988, not 1986 as cited in the Validation List no. 30. This error is derived from the error by the publisher of FEMS Microbiology Letter.
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 14, 2005).

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Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58824.
Etymology: L. n. malus, apple; L. gen. n. mali, of the apple.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CARR (J.) and DAVIES (P.A.): Homofermentative lactobacilli of ciders including Lactobacillus mali nov. spec. Journal of Applied Bacteriology, 1970, 33, 768-774.]

¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983, comb. nov.

Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58824.
Etymology: L. n. malus, apple; L. gen. n. mali, of the apple.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983, an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983 and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27865 = CCUG 30142 = CIP 103135 = DSM 20342 = JCM 1154 = LMG 6903 = NRRL B-14852.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58825.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. maltum, malt; L. adj. aromaticus -a -um, aromatic, fragrant; N.L. masc. adj. maltaromaticus, possessing a malt-like aroma.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MILLER III (A.), MORGAN (M.E.) and LIBBEY (L.M.): Lactobacillus maltaromicus, a new species producing a malty aroma. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 346-354.]

Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus manihotivorans Morlon-Guyot et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OND 32 = CCUG 42894 = CIP 105851 = DSM 13343 = JCM 12514 = LMG 18010.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF000162.
Etymology: N.L. n. manihot, a botanical genus name (cassava); L part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. manihotivorans, cassava-devouring.
Reference: MORLON-GUYOT (J.), GUYOT (J.P.), POT (B.), JACOBE de HAUT (I.) and RAIMBAULT (M.): Lactobacillus manihotivorans sp. nov., a new starch-hydrolysing lactic acid bacterium isolated during cassava sour starch fermentation. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1101-1109.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus mindensis Ehrmann et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TMW 1.80 = CCUG 48642 = DSM 14500 = JCM 12532 = LMG 21508.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ313530.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. mindensis, pertaining to the city of Minden, Germany, from where the first strain of this species was isolated.
Reference: EHRMANN (M.A.), MÜLLER (M.R.A.) and VOGEL (R.F.): Molecular analysis of sourdough reveals Lactobacillus mindensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 7-13.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus minor (ex Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Kandler et al. 1983, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 3 = ATCC 35412 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14049 = CCUG 30668 = CECT 572 = CIP 102978 = DSM 20014 = JCM 1168 = LMG 9847 = NCIMB 701973 (formerly NCDO 1973) = NRIC 1625.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB022920.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. minor" Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965.
Etymology: L. masc. comp. adj. minor, smaller.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [KANDLER (O.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and WEISS (N.): Lactobacillus halotolerans sp. nov. nom. rev. and Lactobacillus minor sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 280-285.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Weissella minor (Kandler et al. 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus minutus (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33267 = CCUG 31167 = DSM 20586 = JCM 1118 = LMG 9439 = NCIMB 702751 (formerly NCFB 2751) = VPI 9428.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67148.
Synonyms: "Bacteroides minutum" (sic) Hauduroy et al. 1937, "Eubacterium minutum" (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Prévot 1938.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. minutus, little, small.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 HAUDUROY (P.), EHRINGER (G.), URBAIN (G.), GUILLOT (G.) and MAGROU (J.) (editors): Dictionnaire des bactéries pathogènes, Masson et Cie, Paris, 1937, pp. 1-597. 2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Lactobacillus. In: L.V. HOLDEMAN and W.E.C. MOORE (editors): Anaerobe Laboratory Manual, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Anaerobe Laboratory, Blacksburg, Virginia, 1972, pp 61-66.]

Lactobacillus minutus (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Olsen et al. 1991.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33267 = CCUG 31167 = DSM 20586 = JCM 1118 = LMG 9439 = NCIMB 702751 (formerly NCFB 2751) = VPI 9428.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X67148.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. minutus, little, small.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Atopobium minutum (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Collins and Wallbanks 1993, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus mucosae Roos et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S32 = CCUG 43179 = CIP 106485 = DSM 13345 = JCM 12515.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF126738.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mucosae, of mucosa.
Reference: ROOS (S.), KARNER (F.), AXELSSON (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus mucosae sp. nov., a new species with in vitro mucus-binding activity isolated from pig intestine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 251-258.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus murinus Hemme et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 313 = ATCC 35020 = CCUG 33904 = CIP 104818 = CNRZ 220 = DSM 20452 = IFO (now NBRC) 14221 = JCM 1717 = LMG 14189.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. murinus, of mice.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ621554.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 384-385. [HEMME (D.), RAIBAUD (P.), DUCLUZEAU (R.), GALPIN (J.V.), SICARD (P.) and VAN HEIJENOORT (J.): Lactobacillus murinus n. sp., une nouvelle espèce de la flore dominante autochtone du tube digestif du rat et de la souris. Ann. Microbiol., 1980, 131A, 297-308.]
Validation List no. 9 in IJSEM Online

Note: According to the subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms it seems necessary to verify the separate species status of Lactobacillus murinus Hemme et al. 1982.
References:
1 KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 4 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1391-1392.
Original article by Kagermeier-Callaway 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 KLEIN (G.): International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meetings, 22 and 23 September 1999, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 259-261.
Original article by Klein 2001 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

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Lactobacillus nagelii Edwards et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LuE10 = ATCC 700692 = CCUG 43575 = DSM 13675 = JCM 12492.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB162131.
Etymology: N.L. n. nagelii, of Nagel, named after Charles W. Nagel, Washington State University, WA, USA, for his contributions to the science of wines.
Reference: EDWARDS (C.G.), COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.) and RODRIGUEZ (A.V.): Lactobacillus nagelii sp. nov., an organism isolated from a partially fermented wine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 699-702.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus namurensis Scheirlinck et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 52843 = JCM 15612 = LMG 23583.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM259119.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. namurensis, pertaining to the province of Namur, Belgium, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SCHEIRLINCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), VAN SCHOOR (A.), CLEENWERCK (I.), HUYS (G.), VANDAMME (P.), DE VUYST (L.) and VANCANNEYT (M.): Lactobacillus namurensis sp. nov., isolated from a traditional Belgian sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 223-227.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus nantensis Valcheva et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LP33 = TMW 1.1265 = CIP 108546 = DSM 16982 = JCM 16171.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY690834.
Etymology: M.L. masc. adj. nantensis, pertaining to Nantes, from where the first strain of this species was isolated.
Reference: VALCHEVA (R.), FERCHICHI (M.F.), KORAKLI (M.), IVANOVA (I.), GÄNZLE (M.G.), VOGEL (R.F.), PRÉVOST (H.), ONNO (B.) and DOUSSET (X.): Lactobacillus nantensis sp. nov., isolated from French wheat sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 587-591.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus nasuensis Cai et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SU 18 = CGMCC 1.10801 = JCM 17158.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB608051.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nasuensis, of or belonging to Nasu-shiobara City, where strains were first isolated.
Reference: CAI (Y.), PANG (H.), KITAHARA (M.) and OHKUMA (M.): Lactobacillus nasuensis sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium isolated from silage, and emended description of the genus Lactobacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1140-1144.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus nenjiangensis Gu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 11102=LMG 27192=NCIMB 14833.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF679039.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nenjiangensis, pertaining to the Nenjiang River, a river flowing through Heilongjiang Province of China, where the bacterium was isolated.
Source: Food.
Reference: GU, C.-T., LI, C.-Y., YANG, L.-J. and HUO, G.-C. 2013. Lactobacillus mudanjiangensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus songhuajiangensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus nenjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese traditional pickle and sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4698-4706.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus nodensis Kashiwagi et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain iz4b-1 = DSM 19682 = JCM 14932.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB332024.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nodensis, referring to Noda, the city in which the bacterium was originally isolated.
Reference: KASHIWAGI (T.), SUZUKI (T.) and KAMAKURA (T.): Lactobacillus nodensis sp. nov., isolated from rice bran. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 83-86.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus odoratitofui Chao et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 11304 = BCRC 17810 = DSM 19909 = JCM 15043.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB365975.
Etymology: L. part adj. odoratus -a -um, that has a smell, fragrant; N.L. n. tofuum -i, tofu; N.L. gen. n. odoratitofui, of the stinky tofu, a kind of fermented tofu in Taiwan, from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: CHAO (S.H.), SASAMOTO (M.), KUDO (Y.), FUJIMOTO (J.), TSAI (Y.C.) and WATANABE (K.): Lactobacillus odoratitofui sp. nov., isolated from stinky tofu brine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2903-2907.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus oeni Mañes-Lázaro et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 59b = CECT 7334 = DSM 19972 = JCM 18036.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY681127.
Etymology: Gr. n. oinos, wine; N.L. gen. n. oeni, of wine.
Reference: MAÑES-LÁZARO (R.), FERRER (S.), ROSSELLÓ-MORA (R.) and PARDO (I.): Lactobacillus oeni sp. nov., from wine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2010-2014.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus oligofermentans Koort et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AMKR18 = CCUG 52263 = DSM 15707 = JCM 16175 = LMG 22743.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY733084.
Etymology: Gr. adj. oligos, few or little; L. part. adj. fermentans, fermenting; N.L. part. adj. oligofermentans, fermenting few substrates.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 106. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2235-2238. [KOORT (J.), MURROS (A.), COENYE (T.), EEROLA (S.), VANDAMME (P.), SUKURA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus oligofermentans sp. nov., associated with spoilage of modified-atmosphere-packaged poultry products. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2005, 71, 4400-4406.]
Validation List no. 106 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus oris Farrow and Collins 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 5A1 of Hayward = ATCC 49062 = CCUG 37396 = CIP 103255 = CIP 105162 = DSM 4864 = JCM 7507 = JCM 11028 = LMG 9848 = NCIMB 8831 (formerly NCIB 8831; formerly NCDO 2160).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94229.
Etymology: L. n. os, mouth; L. gen. n. oris, of the mouth.
Reference: FARROW (J.A.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus oris sp. nov. from the human oral cavity. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 116-118.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus oryzae Tohno et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SG293=JCM 18671=DSM 26518.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB731660.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oryzae, of rice, from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Food.
Reference: TOHNO, M., KITAHARA, M., IRISAWA, T., INOUE, H., UEGAKI, R., OHKUMA, M. and TAJIMA, K. 2013. Lactobacillus oryzae sp. nov., isolated from fermented rice grain (Oryza sativa L. subsp. japonica). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2957-2962.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus otakiensis Watanabe et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 11163 = DSM 19908 = JCM 15040 = NRIC 0742.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB366386.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. otakiensis, pertaining to Otaki, the name for the village located in the west part of Kiso county in Nagano prefecture, Japan, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: WATANABE (K.), FUJIMOTO (J.), TOMII (Y.), SASAMOTO (M.), MAKINO (H.), KUDO (Y.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus kisonensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus otakiensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus rapi sp. nov. and Lactobacillus sunkii sp. nov., heterofermentative species isolated from sunki, a traditional Japanese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 754-760.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus ozensis Kawasaki et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type species: strain Mizu2-1 = DSM 23829 = JCM 17196.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB572588.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ozensis, of Oze National Park, Japan, from where the first strains were isolated.
Reference: KAWASAKI (S.), KUROSAWA (K.), MIYAZAKI (M.), SAKAMOTO (M.), OHKUMA (M.) and NIIMURA (Y.): Lactobacillus ozensis sp. nov., isolated from mountain flowers. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2435-2438.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus panis Wiese et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 37482 = DSM 6035 = JCM 11053.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94230.
Etymology: L. gen. n. panis, of bread.
Reference: WIESE (B.J.), STROHMAR (W.), RAINEY (F.A.) and DIEKMANN (H.): Lactobacillus panis sp. nov., from sourdough with a long fermentation period. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 449-453.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The members of the Sucommittee on Taxonomy of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, and Related Organisms concluded (meeting in Budapest, Hungary, August 1996) that Lactobacillus panis Wiese et al. 1996 is not a validly published name because the type strain of has been deposited in the closed collection of the DSM. Therefore, Dellaglio and Klein requested an opinion which indicates wether this name should be rejected according to Rule 30 (3), recommendation 30a, and Principle 1 [1]. However, the type strain of Lactobacillus panis DSM 6035 has been transferred from the patent/safe deposit department to the public part of the DSMZ and is now available without any restriction [2, 3]. So, Lactobacillus panis is a validly published and legitimate name [4, 5].
References:
1 DELLAGLIO (F.) and KLEIN (G.): Rejection of Lactobacillus panis (Wiese et al. 1996). Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 910.
2 WEISS (N.): Personal communication, November 23, 1999.
3 DSMZ: Search Catalogue of Microbial Strains.
4 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article by De Vos and Trüper 2000 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
5 TRÜPER (H.G.): Strain DSM 6035 is the type strain of Lactobacillus panis (Wiese et al. 1996). Opinion 72. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 929.
Opinion 72 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus pantheris Liu and Dong 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A24-2-1 = AS 1.2826 = JCM 12539 = LMG 21017.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF413523.
Etymology: L. gen. n. pantheris, of the panther, referring to the isolation of the strains from jaguar feces.
Reference: LIU (B.) and DONG (X.): Lactobacillus pantheris sp. nov., isolated from faeces of a jaguar. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1745-1748.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus parabrevis Vancanneyt et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 53295 = LMG 11984.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM158249.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, like; L. masc. adj. brevis, referring to the specific epithet of Lactobacillus brevis; N.L. masc. adj. parabrevis, brevis-like, referring to Lactobacillus brevis.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NASER (S.M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), CLEENWERCK (I.), HOSTE (B.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus brevis strains LMG 11494 and LMG 11984 as Lactobacillus parabrevis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1553-1557.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49374 = CCUG 32261 = CIP 103368 = DSM 5707 = JCM 12493 = LMG 11457 = NCIMB 8838 (formerly NCDO 2748).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB205056.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, resembling; N.L. gen. n. buchneri, specific epithet; N.L. gen. n. parabuchneri, resembling Lactobacillus buchneri.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 30. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 371. [FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Nucleic acid studies on some heterofermentative lactobacilli: description of Lactobacillus malefermentans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parabuchneri sp. nov. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1988, 55, 163-168.]
Validation List no. 30 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The year of publication of the reference of the paper by Farrow et al. must be 1988, not 1986 as cited in the Validation List no. 30. This error is derived from the error by the publisher of FEMS Microbiology Letter.
Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (January 14, 2005).
2 According to Vancanneyt et al. 2005, Lactobacillus parabuchneri Farrow et al. 1989 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), DE WACHTER (M.), VANDEMEULEBROECKE (K.), CLEENWERCK (I.) and SWINGS (J.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus ferintoshensis as a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus parabuchneri. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2195-2198.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus paracasei Collins et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25302 = CCUG 32212 = CIP 103918 = DSM 5622 = IFO (now NBRC) 15889 = JCM 8130 = LMG 13087 = NCIMB 700151 (formerly NCDO 151).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D79212.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, resembling; L. gen. n. casei, a specific epithet; N.L. gen. n. paracasei, resembling Lactobacillus casei.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.

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Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25302 = CCUG 32212 = CIP 103918 = DSM 5622 = IFO (now NBRC) 15889 = JCM 8130 = LMG 13087 = NCIMB 700151 (formerly NCDO 151).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D79212.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, resembling; L. gen. n. casei, a specific epithet; N.L. gen. n. paracasei, resembling Lactobacillus casei.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 See the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae.
2 The taxon Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei Collins et al. 1989, encompasses the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973 (Approved Lists 1980) and the type strain of Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 25599 = CCUG 34829 = CIP 102994 = CIP 103024 = DSM 20258 = IFO (now NBRC) 15906 = JCM 1171 = LMG 9191 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9709 (formerly NCFB 2774).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB181950.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating, enduring; means survival during the pasteurization of milk.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus paracollinoides Suzuki et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LA2 = DSM 15502 = JCM 11969.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ786665.
Etymology: Gr. pref. para, beside; N.L. masc. adj. collinoides, the specific epithet of Lactobacillus collinoides; N.L. masc. adj. paracollinoides, beside Lactobacillus collinoides, referring to close relationship to Lactobacillus collinoides.
Reference: SUZUKI (K.), FUNAHASHI (W.), KOYANAGI (M.) and YAMASHITA (H.): Lactobacillus paracollinoides sp. nov., isolated from brewery environments. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 115-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus parafarraginis Endo and Okada 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 18390 = JCM 14109 = NRIC 0677.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB262734.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside; L. gen. n. farraginis, of mash, the specific epithet of Lactobacillus farraginis; N.L. gen. n. parafarraginis, beside farraginis, pertaining to the close relationship to Lactobacillus farraginis.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus farraginis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parafarraginis sp. nov., heterofermentative lactobacilli isolated from a compost of distilled shochu residue. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 708-712.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus parakefiri corrig. Takizawa et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GCL 1731 = ATCC 51648 = CCUG 39468 = CIP 104242 = DSM 10551 = IFO (now NBRC) 15890 = JCM 8573 = LMG 15133.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY026750.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, resembling; N.L. gen. n. kefiri, the specific epithet of Lactobacillus kefiri; N.L. gen. n. parakefiri, resembling Lactobacillus kefiri.
Reference: TAKIZAWA (S.), KOJIMA (S.), TAMURA (S.), FUJINAGA (S.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus kefirgranum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus parakefir sp. nov., two new species from kefir grains. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 435-439.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, parakefir (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1998.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TB 1 = CCUG 43349 = CIP 106794 = DSM 13238 = JCM 10415 = LMG 19152.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB018528.
Etymology: Gr. pref. para, beside: L. adj. alimentarius, a specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. paralimentarius, beside Lactobacillus alimentarius.
Reference: CAI (Y.), OKADA (H.), MORI (H.), BENNO (Y.) and NAKASE (T.): Lactobacillus paralimentarius sp. nov., isolated from sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1451-1455.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Pang et al. 2012, Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus bobalius Mañes-Lázaro et al. 2008, and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus kimchii Yoon et al. 2000.
Reference: PANG (H.), KITAHARA (M.), TAN (Z.), WANG (Y.), QIN (G.), OHKUMA (M.) and CAI (Y.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus kimchii and Lactobacillus bobalius as later subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus paralimentarius. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2383-2387.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus paraplantarum Curk et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 700211 = CCUG 35983 = CIP 104668 = CNRZ 1885 = CST 10961 = DSM 10667 = JCM 12533 = LMG 16673 = NRRL B-23115.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306297.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, resembling; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, specific epithet of Lactobacillus plantarum; N.L. gen. pl. n. paraplantarum, resembling Lactobacillus plantarum.
Reference: CURK (M.C.), HUBERT (J.C.) and BRINGEL (F.): Lactobacillus paraplantarum sp. nov., a new species related to Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 595-598.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus pasteurii Cousin et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1517 = CRBIP 24.76 = DSM 23907.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR681901.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. pasteurii, of Pasteur.
Reference: COUSIN (S.), MOTREFF (L.), GULAT-OKALLA (M.L.), GOUYETTE (C.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHUMANN (P.), BEGAUD (E.), BOUCHIER (C.), CLERMONT (D.) and BIZET (C.): Lactobacillus pasteurii sp. nov. and Lactobacillus hominis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 53-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus paucivorans Ehrmann et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TMW 1.1424 = DSM 22467 = JCM 18045 = LMG 25291.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN185731.
Etymology: L. adj. paucus, little; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. paucivorans, devouring few substrates, relating to the observation that the organism utilizes few carbohydrates.
Reference: EHRMANN (M.A.), PREISSLER (P.), DANNE (M.)  and VOGEL (R.F.): Lactobacillus paucivorans sp. nov., isolated from a brewery environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2353-2357.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus pentosus (ex Fred et al. 1921) Zanoni et al. 1987, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 8041 = CCUG 33455 = CIP 103156 = DSM 20314 = JCM 1558 = LMG 10755 = NCAIM B.01727 = NCCB 32014 = NCIMB 8026 (formerly NCDO 363) = NRRL B-227 = NRRL B-473.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D79211.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus pentosus" Fred et al. 1921.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pentosus, pertaining to pentoses.
Reference: ZANONI (P.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus pentosus (Fred, Peterson, and Anderson) sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 339-341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus perolens Back et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L 532 = DSM 12744 = JCM 12534 = LMG 18936.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y19167.
Etymology: L. pref. per, through, penetrating; L. part. adj. olens, having an odor; N.L. part. adj. perolens,  offensive-smelling.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 72. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 3-4. [BACK (W.), BOHAK (I.), EHRMANN (M.), LUDWIG (W.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Lactobacillus perolens sp. nov., a soft drink spoilage bacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1999, 22, 354-359.]
Validation List no. 72 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B270 = ATCC 35586 = CCUG 34645 = CIP 103158 = DSM 20730 = HAMBI 2234 = IFO (now NBRC) 15684 = JCM 5348 = LMG 9839 = NCIMB 2264 (formerly NCDO 2762) = NRRL B-14829.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X54268.
Etymology: L. n. piscis, fish; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant dweller; N.L. n. piscicola, fish-dweller.
Reference: HIU (S.F.), HOLT (R.A.), SRIRANGANATHAN (N.), SEIDLER (R.J.) and FRYER (J.L.): Lactobacillus piscicola, a new species from salmonid fish. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 393-400.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Collins et al. 1987, Lactobacillus piscicola Hiu et al. 1984 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus carnis Shaw and Harding 1986.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), FARROW (J.A.E.), PHILLIPS (B.A.), FERESU (S.) and JONES (D.): Classification of Lactobacillus divergens, Lactobacillus piscicola, and some catalase-negative, asporogenous, rod-shaped bacteria from poultry in a new genus, Carnobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 310-316.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987, comb. nov.

¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003, comb. nov.

Note: According to Mora et al. 2003, ¤ Carnobacterium piscicola (Hiu et al. 1984) Collins et al. 1987 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) which is transfered to the genus ¤ Carnobacterium Collins et al. 1987 as ¤ Carnobacterium maltaromaticum (Miller et al. 1974) Mora et al. 2003.
Reference: MORA (D.), SCARPELLINI (M.), FRANZETTI (L.), COLOMBO (S.) and GALLI (A.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus maltaromicus (Miller et al. 1974) DSM 20342T and DSM 20344 and Carnobacterium piscicola (Collins et al. 1987) DSM 20730T and DSM 20722 as Carnobacterium maltaromaticum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 675-678.
Original article in IJSEM Online.

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Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503 = CIP 103151 = DSM 20174 = IFO (now NBRC) 15891 = JCM 1149 = LMG 6907 = NCIMB 11974 = NRRL B-4496.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ965482.
Synonyms: "Streptobacterium plantarum" Orla-Jensen 1919, "Lactobacillus plantari" (sic) (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, "Lactobacterium plantarum" (Orla-Jensen 1919) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 ORLA-JENSEN (S.) (ed.): The lactic acid bacteria. Høst, Copenhagen, 1919, pp. 1-196. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.]

Note: According to Kostinek et al. 2005, Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus arizonensis Swezey et al. 2000.
Reference: KOSTINEK (M.), PUKALL (R.), ROONEY (A.P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HERTEL (C.), HOLZAPFEL (W.H.) and FRANZ (C.M.A.P.): Lactobacillus arizonensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus plantarum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2485-2489.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis Bringel et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DKO 22 = CCUG 50787 = CIP 108320 = DSM 16365 = JCM 16169.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ640078.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. argentoratensis, pertaining to Argentoratus, the Roman name of the city of Strasbourg in Alsace, France, where the strains were first collected and analysed.
Reference: BRINGEL (F.), CASTIONI (A.), OLUKOYA (D.K.), FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis subsp. nov., isolated from vegetable matrices. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1629-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bringel et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503 = CIP 103151 = DSM 20174 = IFO (now NBRC) 15891 = JCM 1149 = LMG 6907 = NCIMB 11974 = NRRL B-4496.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ965482.
Etymology: L. fem. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a plant; L. gen. pl. n. plantarum, of plants.
Reference: BRINGEL (F.), CASTIONI (A.), OLUKOYA (D.K.), FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. argentoratensis subsp. nov., isolated from vegetable matrices. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1629-1634.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the paper by Bringel et al. 2005, the type strain NCIMB 11974 is cited as NCDO 1752.

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Lactobacillus pobuzihii Chen et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E100301 = RIFY 6501 = JCM 18084 = KCTC 13174 = NBRC 103219.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB326358.
Etymology: N.L. n. pobuzihium, pobuzihi (fermented cummingcordia); N.L. gen. n. pobuzihii, of/from pobuzihi.
Reference: CHEN (Y.S.), MIYASHITA (M.), SUZUKI (K.), SATO (H.), HSU (J.S.) and YANAGIDA (F.): Lactobacillus pobuzihii sp. nov., isolated from pobuzihi (fermented cummingcordia). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1914-1917.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus pontis Vogel et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LTH 2587 = ATCC 51518 = CCUG 33456 = CIP 104232 = DSM 8475 = JCM 11051 = LMG 14187.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76329.
Etymology: L. gen. n. pontis, of the bridge, referring to BRIDGE which is the abbreviation for the Commission of the European Communities Research Programme entitled Biotechnology Research, for Innovation Development and Growth in Europe. During this program, the organism was isolated and characterized by the joined efforts of three laboratories.
Reference: VOGEL (R.F.), BÖCKER (G.), STOLZ (P.), EHRMANN (M.), FANTA (D.), LUDWIG (W.), POT (B.), KERSTERS (K.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Identification of lactobacilli from sourdough and description of Lactobacillus pontis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 223-229.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus porcinae Nguyen et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-42633 = CCUG 62266 = LMG 26767.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HE616585.
Etymology: L. n. porcina, pork; L. n. gen. porcinae, of pork.
Reference: NGUYEN (D.T.L.), CNOCKAERT (M.), VAN HOORDE (K.), DE BRANDT (E.), SNAUWAERT (I.), SNAUWAERT (C.), DE VUYST (L.), LE (B.T.) and VANDAMME (P.): Lactobacillus porcinae sp. nov., isolated from traditional Vietnamese nem chua. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1754-1759.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus psittaci Lawson et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 42378 = CIP 106492 = DSM 15354 = JCM 11552.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ272391.
Etymology: L. gen. n. psittaci, of the parrot, from which the organism was first isolated.
Reference: LAWSON (P.A.), WACHER (C.), HANSSON (I.), FALSEN (E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus psittaci sp. nov., isolated from a hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 967-970.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus rapi Watanabe et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 11204 = DSM 19907 = JCM 15042 = NRIC 0743.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB366389.
Etymology: L. gen. n. rapi, of a turnip, used in making sunki products.
Reference: WATANABE (K.), FUJIMOTO (J.), TOMII (Y.), SASAMOTO (M.), MAKINO (H.), KUDO (Y.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus kisonensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus otakiensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus rapi sp. nov. and Lactobacillus sunkii sp. nov., heterofermentative species isolated from sunki, a traditional Japanese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 754-760.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus rennini Chenoll et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CECT 5922 = DSM 20253 = JCM 14279.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ576007.
Etymology: N.L. n. renninum, rennin, an enzyme that coagulates milk and is used in making cheese; N.L. gen. n. rennini, of rennin.
Reference: CHENOLL (E.), MACIÁN (M.C.) and AZNAR (R.): Lactobacillus rennini sp. nov., isolated from rennin and associated with cheese spoilage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 449-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus reuteri Kandler et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23272 = CCUG 33624 = CIP 101887 = DSM 20016 = IFO (now NBRC) 15892 = JCM 1112 = LMG 9213 = LMG 13557 = NRRL B-14171.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AP007281 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. reuteri, of Reuter; named for G. Reuter, a German bacteriologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [KANDLER (O.), STETTER (K.O.) and KÖHL (R.): Lactobacillus reuteri sp. nov., a new species of heterofermentative lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1980, C1, 264-269.]
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus rhamnosus (Hansen 1968) Collins et al. 1989, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7469 = CCUG 21452 = CIP A157 = DSM 20021 = IFO (now NBRC) 3425 = JCM 1136 = LMG 6400 = NCAIM B.01147 = NCCB 46033 = NCIMB 6375 (formerly NCDO 243) = NCTC 12953 = NRRL B-442 = VKM B-574.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16552.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. rhamnosus, pertaining to rhamnose.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), PHILLIPS (B.A.) and ZANONI (P.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology studies of Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei sp. nov., subsp. paracasei and subsp. tolerans, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus sp. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 105-108.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Collins et al. 1989, Lactobacillus rhamnosus is proposed as a new species.

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Lactobacillus rimae Olsen et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49626 = CCUG 31168 = DSM 7090 = IFO (now NBRC) 15546 = JCM 10299 = LMG 11476 = VPI D140H-11A.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF292371.
Etymology: L. gen. n. rimae, of a fissure, here pertaining to the gingival crevice.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Lactobacillus rimae Olsen et al. 1991was previously known as Lactobacillus D02.

¤ Atopobium rimae (Olsen et al. 1991) Collins and Wallbanks 1993, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus rodentium Killer et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MYMRS/TLU1=DSM 24759=CCM 7945.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ851022.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. n. rodentium, of gnawers, referring to the fact that the organism was isolated from wild rodents.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KILLER, J., HAVLíK, J., VLKOV&Ãacute;, E., RADA, V., PECHAR, R., BENADA, O., KOPEÄčÝ, J., KOFROŇOV&Ãacute;, O. and SECHOVCOV&Ãacute;, H. 2014. Lactobacillus rodentium sp. nov., from the digestive tract of wild rodents. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1526-1533.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27753 = VPI C37-38.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU269544.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rogosae, of Rogosa.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): New genus, Coprococcus, twelve new species, and emended descriptions of four previously described species of bacteria from human feces. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 260-277.]

Notes:
1 The type strain is not available in any established culture collection; therefore it cannot be included in any scientific study. Felis et al. request the rejection of the species name, at least until strains under accession process in the ATCC are available and confirmed as belonging to the Lactobacillus.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), TORRIANI (S.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): The status of the species Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1903-1904.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the family ¤ Lachnospiraceae (94.8% similarity against ¤ Lachnospira multipara).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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Lactobacillus rossiae corrig. Corsetti et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CS1 = ATCC BAA-822 = DSM 15814 = JCM 16176.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ564009.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rossiae, of Rossi, to honour Professor Jone Rossi, University of Perugia, Italy, for her main contribution to dairy and sourdough microbiology.
Reference: CORSETTI (A.), SETTANNI (L.), VAN SINDEREN (D.), FELIS (G.E.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and GOBBETTI (M.): Lactobacillus rossii sp. nov., isolated from wheat sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 35-40.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, rossii (sic), has been corrected on notification with the authors' agreement.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 55, part 1, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2005, 55, 987-991.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus ruminis Sharpe et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27780 = CCUG 39465 = CIP 103153 = DSM 20403 = JCM 1152 = LMG 10756 = NBRC 102161 = NRRL B-14853.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB326354.
Etymology: L n. rumen, rumen; N.L. gen. n. ruminis, of rumen.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SHARPE (M.E.), LATHAM (M.J.), GARVIE (E.I.), ZIRNGIBL (J.) and KANDLER (O.): Two new species of Lactobacillus isolated from the bovine rumen, Lactobacillus ruminis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus vitulinus sp. nov. Journal of General Microbiology, 1973, 77, 37-49.]

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Lactobacillus saerimneri Pedersen and Roos 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GDA154 = CCUG 48462 = DSM 16049 = JCM 15955 = LMG 22087.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY255802.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. saerimneri, of Saerimmer, a pig occuring in Nordic mythology, because the organism was isolated from pigs.
Reference: PEDERSEN (C.) and ROOS (S.): Lactobacillus saerimneri sp. nov., isolated from pig faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1365-1368.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113784.
Etymology: N.L. n. sakeum, sake, a Japanese rice wine; N.L. gen. n. sakei, of sake.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KATAGIRI (H.), KITAHARA (K.) and FUKAMI (K.): The characteristics of the lactic acid bacteria isolated from moto, yeast mashes for sake manufacture. IV. Classification of the lactic acid bacteria. Bulletin of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1934, 10, 156-157.]

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, sake (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
2 In the Kilian's opinion [1] the change of the well-established name Lactobacillus sake may be a source of confusion. So, with reference to the first Principle of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), Kilian requested that the original name Lactobacillus sake be conserved [2]. The Judicial Commission denied this request, and no Opinion will be issued upon this request [3].
References:
1 KILIAN (M.): Necessary changes of bacterial names? ASM News, 1998, 64, 670.
2 KILIAN (M.): Recommended conservation of the names Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus rattus, Streptococcus cricetus, and seven other names included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 723-724.
Original article by Killian 2001 in IJSEM Online
3 DE VOS (P.), TRÜPER (H.G.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 525-532.
Original article by De Vos et al. 2005 in IJSEM Online
3 According to Kagermeier-Callaway and Lauer 1995, Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980.
Reference: KAGERMEIER-CALLAWAY (A.S.) and LAUER (E.): Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 is the senior synonym for Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 398-399.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Klein et al. 1996.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113784.
Etymology: N.L. n. sakeum, sake, a Japanese rice wine; N.L. gen. n. sakei, of sake.
Reference: KLEIN (G.), DICKS (L.M.T.), PACK (A.), HACK (B.), ZIMMERMANN (K.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and REUTER (G.): Emended descriptions of Lactobacillus sake (Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami) and Lactobacillus curvatus (Abo-Elnaga and Kandler): numerical classification revealed by protein fingerprinting and identification based on biochemical patterns and DNA-DNA hybridizations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 367-376.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R 14b/a = CCUG 31331 = CIP 105422 = JCM 11031 = LMG 17302.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY204889.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. carnosus, abounding in flesh, pertaining to flesh.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sake (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online

Note: According to Koort et al. 2004, Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus Torriani et al. 1996.
Reference: KOORT (J.), VANDAMME (P.), SCHILLINGER (U.), HOLZAPFEL (W.) and BJÖRKROTH (J.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus is a later synonym of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1621-1626.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. (Katagiri et al. 1934) Torriani et al. 1996, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15521 = CCUG 30501 = CIP 103139 = DSM 20017 = IFO (now NBRC) 15893 = JCM 1157 = LMG 9468 = LMG 13558.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM113784.
Etymology: N.L. n. sakeum, sake, a Japanese rice wine; N.L. gen. n. sakei, of sake.
Reference: TORRIANI (S.), VAN REENEN (C.A.), KLEIN (G.), REUTER (G.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and DICKS (L.M.T.): Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. curvatus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus curvatus subsp. melibiosus subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. sake subsp. nov. and Lactobacillus sake subsp. carnosus subsp. nov., new subspecies of Lactobacillus curvatus Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965 and Lactobacillus sake Katagiri, Kitahara, and Fukami 1934 (Klein et al. 1996, emended descriptions), respectively. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1158-1163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Katagiri et al. 1934, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The original spelling of the specific epithet and of the subspecific epithet, sake (sic), have been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online
3 The subspecies name Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei corrig. (Katagiri et al. 1934) Torriani et al. 1996 is automatically created by the valid publication of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus corrig. Torriani et al. 1996 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = HAMBI 78 = HAMBI 87 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF089108.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, clammy, salivary.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]

Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = HAMBI 78 = HAMBI 87 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF089108.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, clammy, salivary.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Li et al. 2006 propose that the infraspecific division of Lactobacillus salivarius into the subspecies ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980), and ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) be discontinued.

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Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius Rogosa et al. 1953, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11742 = CCUG 39464 = CIP 103155 = DSM 20554 = JCM 1150 = LMG 9476 = NBRC 102160 = NRRL B-1950.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB326353.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. salicinius, pertaining to salicin, a glycoside.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]

¤ Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.

Note: According to Li et al. 2006, ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius comprises a single species with no infraspecific taxa.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11741 = CCUG 31453 = CIP 103140 = DSM 20555 = JCM 1231 = LMG 9477 = NRRL B-1949.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF089108.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salivarius, slimy, clammy, salivary.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [ROGOSA (M.), WISEMAN (R.F.), MITCHELL (J.A.) and DISRAELY (M.N.): Species differentiation of oral lactobacilli from man including descriptions of Lactobacillus salivarius nov. spec. and Lactobacillus cellobiosus nov. spec. Journal of Bacteriology, 1953, 65, 681-699.]

¤ Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Li et al. 2006.

Note: According to Li et al. 2006, ¤ Lactobacillus salivarius comprises a single species with no infraspecific taxa.
Reference: LI (Y.), RAFTIS (E.), CANCHAYA (C.), FITZGERALD (G.F.), VAN SINDEREN (D.) and O'TOOLE (P.W.): Polyphasic analysis indicates that Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius and Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius do not merit separate subspecies status. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2397-2403.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis corrig. (ex Kline and Sugihara 1971) Weiss and Schillinger 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L-12 = ATCC 27651 = CCUG 30143 = CIP 103252 = DSM 20451 = JCM 5668 = LMG 16002 = NRRL B-3934.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76327.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus sanfrancisco" Kline and Sugihara 1971.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. sanfranciscensis, pertaining to San Francisco, named after the city where the sourdough from which the organism was first isolated had been propagated for more than 100 years.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 16. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 503-504. [WEISS (N.) and SCHILLINGER (U.): Lactobacillus sanfrancisco sp. nov., nom. rev. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1984, 5, 230-232.]
Validation List no. 16 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sanfrancisco (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997.
Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.
Original article in IJSB Online

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Lactobacillus saniviri Oki et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 12363 = DSM 24301 = JCM 17471.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB602569.
Etymology: L. adj. sanus, healthy; L. gen. n. viri, of an adult male; N.L. gen. n. saniviri, of a healthy adult male, indicating the source of the type strain.
Reference: OKI (K.), KUDO (Y.) and WATANABE (K.): Lactobacillus saniviri sp. nov. and Lactobacillus senioris sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 601-607.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus satsumensis Endo and Okada 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16230 = JCM 12392 = NRIC 0604.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB154519.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. satsumensis, pertaining to Satsuma, old name for the southern part of Kyushu in Japan, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ENDO (A.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus satsumensis sp. nov., isolated from mashes of shochu, a traditional Japanese distilled spirit made from fermented rice and other starchy materials. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 83-85.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus secaliphilus Ehrmann et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TMW 1.1309 = CCUG 53218 = DSM 17896 = JCM 15613.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM279150.
Etymology: L. n. secale, rye; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. secaliphilus, rye-loving.
Reference: EHRMANN (M.A.), BRANDT (M.), STOLZ (P.), VOGEL (R.F.) and KORAKLI (M.): Lactobacillus secaliphilus sp. nov., isolated from type II sourdough fermentation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 745-750.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus selangorensis (Leisner et al. 2000) Haakensen et al. 2011, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC BAA-66 = CCUG 43347 = CIP 106482 = DSM 13344 = LMG 17710.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF049745.
Basonym: ¤ Paralactobacillus selangorensis Leisner et al. 2000.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. selangorensis, pertaining to the province of Selangor, Malaysia.
Reference: HAAKENSEN (M.), PITTET (V.) and ZIOLA (B.): Reclassification of Paralactobacillus selangorensis Leisner et al. 2000 as Lactobacillus selangorensis comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2979-2983.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus senioris Oki et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 12364 = DSM 24302 = JCM 17472.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB602570.
Etymology: L. gen. n. senioris, of/from an elderly person, indicating the source of the type strain.
Reference: OKI (K.), KUDO (Y.) and WATANABE (K.): Lactobacillus saniviri sp. nov. and Lactobacillus senioris sp. nov., isolated from human faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 601-607.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus senmaizukei Hiraga et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L13 = NBRC 103853 = TISTR 1847.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB297927.
Etymology: N.L. n. senmaizukeum, senmaizuke, a traditional fermented pickle; N.L. gen. n. senmaizukei, of senmaizuke, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a traditional fermented pickle produced in Kyoto, Japan.
Reference: HIRAGA (K.), UENO (Y.), SUKONTASING (S.), TANASUPAWAT (S.) and ODA (K.): Lactobacillus senmaizukei sp. nov., isolated from Japanese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1625-1629.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus sharpeae Weiss et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49974 = CCUG 39466 = CIP 101266 = DSM 20505 = JCM 1186 = LMG 9214 = NRRL B-14855.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58831.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sharpeae, of Sharpe; named for M. Elisabeth Sharpe, an English bacteriologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268. [WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.), LATERNSER (M.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus sharpeae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus agilis sp. nov., two new species of homofermentative, meso-diaminopimelic acid-containing lactobacilli. Zentralbl. Mikrobiol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig., 1981, C2, 242-253.]
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus shenzhenensis Zou et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LY-73 = CCTCC M 2011481 = KACC 16878.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JX523627.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. shenzhenensis, of or belonging to Shenzhen, referring to the city where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ZOU (Y.), LIU (F.), FANG (C.), WAN (D.), YANG (R.), SU (Q.), YANG (R.) and ZHAO (J.): Lactobacillus shenzhenensis sp. nov., isolated from a fermented dairy beverage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1817-1823.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus silagei Tohno et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IWT126=JCM 19001=DSM 27022.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB786910.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. silageum, silage (a kind of fermented feed for livestock); N.L. gen. n. silagei, of silage, from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Plant.
Reference: TOHNO, M., KITAHARA, M., IRISAWA, T., MASUDA, T., UEGAKI, R., OHKUMA, M. and TAJIMA, K. 2013. Lactobacillus silagei sp. nov., isolated from orchardgrass silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4613-4618.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus siliginis Aslam et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M1-212 = JCM 16155 = KCTC 3985 = NBRC 101315.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB370882.
Etymology: L. n. siligo -inis, a kind of very white wheat, fine wheaten flour; L. gen. n. siliginis, of flour, the source of the first strains.
Reference: ASLAM (Z.), IM (W.T.), TEN (L.N.), LEE (M.J.), KIM (K.H.) and LEE (S.T.): Lactobacillus siliginis sp. nov., isolated from wheat sourdough in South Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2209-2213.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus similis Kitahara et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JCM 2765 = LMG 23904.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB282889.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. similis, similar, resembling, as the type strain is similar to those of Lactobacillus collinoides and Lactobacillus paracollinoides.
Reference: KITAHARA (M.), SAKAMOTO (M.) and BENNO (Y.): Lactobacillus similis sp. nov., isolated from fermented cane molasses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 187-190.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OTU171-001 = DSM 16698 = NCCB 100067.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF468103.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. sobrius, sober, moderate, temperate; in Calvinism, referring to a hard working, invisible person.
Reference: KONSTANTINOV (S.R.), POZNANSKI (E.), FUENTES (S.), AKKERMANS (A.D.L.), SMIDT (H.) and DE VOS (W.M.): Lactobacillus sobrius sp. nov., abundant in the intestine of weaning piglets. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 29-32.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981.

Note: According to Jakava-Viljanen et al. 2008, Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981.
Reference: JAKAVA-VILJANEN (M.), MURROS (A.), PALVA (A.) and BJÖRKROTH (K.J.): Lactobacillus sobrius Konstantinov et al. 2006 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus amylovorus Nakamura 1981. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 910-913.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus songhuajiangensis Gu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 7-19=LMG 27191=NCIMB 14832=CCUG 62990.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF679038.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. songhuajiangensis, pertaining to the Songhuajiang River, a river flowing through Heilongjiang Province of China, where the bacterium was isolated.
Source: Food.
Reference: GU, C.-T., LI, C.-Y., YANG, L.-J. and HUO, G.-C. 2013. Lactobacillus mudanjiangensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus songhuajiangensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus nenjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese traditional pickle and sourdough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4698-4706.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus spicheri Meroth et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LTH 5753 = DSM 15429 = JCM 15956 = LMG 21871.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ534844.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. spicheri, of Spicher, to honour Gottfried Spicher, a German researcher, who contributed to the chemical, microbial and technological characterization of wheat and rye sourdoughs.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 97. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 631-632. [MEROTH (C.B.), HAMMES (W.P.) and HERTEL (C.): Characterisation of the microbiota of rice sourdoughs and description of Lactobacillus spicheri sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 151-159.]
Validation List no. 97 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The specific epithet spicheri is a N.L. gen. n., not a L. gen. n. as cited in the paper by Meroth et al.

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Lactobacillus sucicola Irisawa and Okada 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 21376 = JCM 15457 = NRIC 0736.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB433982.
Etymology: L. n. sucus, sap; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. sucicola, a sap-dweller.
Reference: IRISAWA (T.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus sucicola sp. nov., a motile lactic acid bacterium isolated from oak tree (Quercus sp.) sap. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2662-2665.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus suebicus Kleynmans et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain I = ATCC 49375 = CCUG 32233 = CIP 103411 = DSM 5007 = JCM 9504 = LMG 11408.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ575744.
Etymology: L. n. suebia, Swabia (a country in southern Germany); L. masc. adj. suebicus, pertaining to Swabia
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [KLEYNMANS (U.), HEINZL (H.) and HAMMES (W.P.): Lactobacillus suebicus sp. nov., an obligately heterofermentative Lactobacillus species isolated from fruit mashes. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1989, 11, 267-271.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus sunkii Watanabe et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIT 11161 = DSM 19904 = JCM 15039 = NRIC 0744.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB366385.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sunkii, of sunki, the name of a non-salted Japanese traditional pickle.
Reference: WATANABE (K.), FUJIMOTO (J.), TOMII (Y.), SASAMOTO (M.), MAKINO (H.), KUDO (Y.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus kisonensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus otakiensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus rapi sp. nov. and Lactobacillus sunkii sp. nov., heterofermentative species isolated from sunki, a traditional Japanese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 754-760.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SA = LMG 22464 = NCIMB 14005.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY445815.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. suntoryeus, belonging to Suntory, occuring in Suntory malt whisky fermentations.
Reference: CACHAT (E.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus sp. nov., isolated from malt whisky distilleries. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 31-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: NASER (S.M.), HAGEN (K.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CLEENWERCK (I.), SWINGS (J.) and TOMPKINS (T.A.): Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later synonym of Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925 (Approved Lists 1980). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 355-360.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus taiwanensis Wang et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FIRDI 006 = BCRC 17755 = DSM 21401.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU487512.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. taiwanensis, pertaining to Taiwan, referring to the geographical origin of the type strain.
Reference: WANG (L.T.), KUO (H.P.), WU (Y.C.), TAI (C.J.) and LEE (F.L.): Lactobacillus taiwanensis sp. nov., isolated from silage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2064-2068.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus thailandensis Tanasupawat et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MCH5-2 = BCC 21235 = JCM 13996 = NRIC 0671.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB257863.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. thailandensis, pertaining to Thailand, where the type strain was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [TANASUPAWAT (S.), PAKDEETO (A.), THAWAI (C.), YUKPHAN (P.) and OKADA (S.): Identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented tea leaves (miang) in Thailand and proposals of Lactobacillus thailandensis sp. nov., Lactobacillus camelliae sp. nov., and Pediococcus siamensis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2007, 53, 7-15.]
Validation List no. 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online 

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Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain G 35 = CCUG 48824 = DSM 14792 = JCM 11425.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF317702.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. thermotolerans, heat-tolerating.
Reference: NIAMSUP (P.), SUJAYA (I.N.), TANAKA (M.), SONE (T.), HANADA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.), LUMYONG (S.), ASSAVANIG (A.), ASANO (K.), TOMITA (F.) and YOKOTA (A.): Lactobacillus thermotolerans sp. nov., a novel thermotolerant species isolated from chicken faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 263-268.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.

Note: According to Felis et al. 2006, Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003.
Reference: FELIS (G.E.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SNAUWAERT (C.), SWINGS (J.), TORRIANI (S.), CASTIONI (A.) and DELLAGLIO (F.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 as a later synonym of Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 793-795.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27394.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus Type I" Fornachon 1943.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. trichoides (from Gr. masc. adj. trîchoeidês), like hair.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [FORNACHON (J.C.M.), DOUGLAS (H.C.) and VAUGHN (R.H.): Lactobacillus trichodes nov. spec., a bacterium causing spoilage in appetizer and dessert wines. Hilgardia, 1949, 19, 129-132.]

¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Weiss et al. 1983, Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: WEISS (N.), SCHILLINGER (U.) and KANDLER (O.): Lactobacillus trichodes, and Lactobacillus heterohiochii, subjective synonyms of Lactobacillus fructivorans. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 507-511.
Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus tucceti Chenoll et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R 19c = CECT 5920 = DSM 20183 = JCM 18037.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ576006.
Etymology: L. gen. n. tucceti, of sausage.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 127. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 923-925 [CHENOLL (E.), MACIÁN (M.C.) and AZNAR (R.): Lactobacillus tucceti sp. nov., a new lactic acid bacterium isolated from sausage. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 389-395.]
Validation List no. 127 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus uli Olsen et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49627 = CCUG 31166 = DSM 7084 = JCM 12494 = LMG 11480 = VPI D76D-27C.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002106 (complete genome).
Etymology: Gr. n. oulon, the gums; N.L. gen. n. uli, of the gum.
Reference: OLSEN (I.), JOHNSON (J.L.), MOORE (L.V.H.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Lactobacillus uli sp. nov. and Lactobacillus rimae sp. nov. from the human gingival crevice and emended descriptions of Lactobacillus minutus and Streptococcus parvulus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 261-266.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Lactobacillus uli Olsen et al. 1991 was previously known as the oral strains of Lactobacillus minutus or Lactobacillus D01.

¤ Olsenella uli (Olsen et al. 1991) Dewhirst et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus ultunensis Roos et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Kx146C1 = CCUG 48460 = DSM 16047 = JCM 16177 = LMG 22117.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY253660.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ultunensis, pertaining to Ultuna, the site of Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala, Sweden.
Reference: ROOS (S.), ENGSTRAND (L.) and JONSSON (H.): Lactobacillus gastricus sp. nov., Lactobacillus antri sp. nov., Lactobacillus kalixensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus ultunensis sp. nov., isolated from human stomach mucosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 77-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus uvarum Mañes-Lázaro et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 8 = Lb8 = CECT 7335 = DSM 19971 = JCM 16870.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY681126.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. uvarum, of grapes.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 129. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2129-2130 [MAÑES-LÁZARO (R.), FERRER (S.), ROSSELLÓ-MORA (R.) and PARDO (I.): Lactobacillus uvarum sp. nov. - A new lactic acid bacterium isolated from Spanish Bobal grape must. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2008, 31, 425-433.]
Validation List no. 129 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain X-94 = TUA 055B = ATCC 33310 = CCUG 30723 = CIP 102807 = DSM 20634 = JCM 1716 = LMG 9215 = NCIMB 11808 = NRIC 1075.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ621556.
Etymology: L. adj. vaccinus, pertaining to a cow; L. n. stercus, dung; N.L. masc. adj. vaccinostercus, from cow dung.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 10. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 438-440. [OKADA (S.), SUZUKI (Y.) and KOZAKI (M.): A new heterofermentative Lactobacillus species with meso-diaminopimelic acid in peptidoglycan, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1979, 25, 215-221.]
Validation List no. 10 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: On the Validation List no. 10, the type strain ATCC 33310 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 3310.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 673.

Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983 emend. Dellaglio et al. 2006.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain X-94 = TUA 055B = ATCC 33310 = CCUG 30723 = CIP 102807 = DSM 20634 = JCM 1716 = LMG 9215 = NCIMB 11808 = NRIC 1075.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ621556.
Etymology: L. adj. vaccinus, pertaining to a cow; L. n. stercus, dung; N.L. masc. adj. vaccinostercus, from cow dung.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002.
Reference: DELLAGLIO (F.), VANCANNEYT (M.), ENDO (A.), VANDAMME (P.), FELIS (G.E.), CASTIONI (A.), FUJIMOTO (J.), WATANABE (K.) and OKADA (S.): Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1721-1724.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus vaginalis Embley et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49540 = CCUG 31452 = CIP 105932 = DSM 5837 = JCM 9505 = LMG 12891 = NCTC 12197.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF243177.
Etymology: L. n. vagina, sheath, vagina; L. suff. -alis -is -e, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. fem. adj. vaginalis, of or pertaining to the vagina.
Reference: EMBLEY (T.M.), FAQUIR (N.), BOSSART (W.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Lactobacillus vaginalis sp. nov. from the human vagina. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 368-370.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus versmoldensis Kröckel et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KU-3 = ATCC BAA-478 = DSM 14857 = JCM 16174 = NCCB 100034.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ496791.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. versmoldensis, pertaining to Versmold, the town in Germany where the strains were isolated.
Reference: KRÖCKEL (L.), SCHILLINGER (U.), FRANZ (C.M.A.P.), BANTLEON (A.) and LUDWIG (W.): Lactobacillus versmoldensis sp. nov., isolated from raw fermented sausage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 513-517.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus vini Rodas et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Mont 4 = CECT 5924 = DSM 20605 = JCM 14280.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ576009.
Etymology: L. gen. n. vini, of wine.
Reference: RODAS (A.M.), CHENOLL (E.), MACIÁN (M.C.), FERRER (S.), PARDO (I.) and AZNAR (R.): Lactobacillus vini sp. nov., a wine lactic acid bacterium homofermentative for pentoses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 513-517.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus viridescens Niven and Evans 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12706 = CCM 56 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11650 = CCUG 21533 = CCUG 30502 = CECT 283 = CIP 102810 = DSM 20410 = IAM 13546 = JCM 1174 = LMG 3507 = NCCB 71015 = NCIMB 8965 (formerly NCFB 1655, NCDO 1655) = NRIC 1536 = NRRL B-1951 = VKM B-1528.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB023236.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus viridescens subsp. minor" Kandler and Albo-Elnaga 1966.
Etymology: L. part. adj. viridescens, growing green, greening.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [NIVEN (C.F.) and EVANS (J.B.): Lactobacillus viridescens nov. spec. a heterofermentative species that produces a green discoloration of cured meat pigments. Journal of Bacteriology, 1957, 73, 758-759.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Lactobacillus viridescens Kandler and Abo-Elnaga 1966 (sic).
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Weissella viridescens (Niven and Evans 1957) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus vitulinus Sharpe et al. 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27783 = CCUG 32236 = CIP 103154 = DSM 20405 = JCM 1143 = LMG 18931 = NRRL B-14854.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB210825.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. vitulinus, of a calf.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SHARPE (M.E.), LATHAM (M.J.), GARVIE (E.I.), ZIRNGIBL (J.) and KANDLER (O.): Two new species of Lactobacillus isolated from the bovine rumen, Lactobacillus ruminis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus vitulinus sp. nov. Journal of General Microbiology, 1973, 77, 37-49.]

¤ Kandleria vitulina (Sharpe et al. 1973) Salvetti et al. 2011, sp. nov.

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Lactobacillus xiangfangensis Gu et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 3.1.1 = LMG 26013 = NCIMB 14687.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM443954.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. xiangfangensis, of or pertaining to xiangfang district, located in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: GU (C.T.), WANG (F.), LI (C.Y.), LIU (F.) and HUO (G.C.): Lactobacillus xiangfangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese pickle. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 860-863.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus xylosus Kitahara 1938, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15577 = LMG 7760.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. xylosus, pertaining to xylose.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KITAHARA (K.): Studies in lactic acid-forming bacteria in milk and milk products. Journal of the Agricultural Chemical Society of Japan, 1938, 14, 1449-1465.]

¤ Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis (Lister 1873) Schleifer et al. 1986, comb. nov.

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Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 239 = ATCC 27304 = JCM 1153.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB289196 (652 bp).
Synonym: "Lactobacillus yamanashiensis" Nonomura et al. 1965.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. yamanashiensis, belonging to Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, the source of the wine must from which the organism was isolated.
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Nonomura 1983 the type strain ATCC 27304 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 27340.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 675.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.

Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali (Carr and Davies 1970) Nonomura 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27053 = CCUG 30141 = CCUG 32228 = CIP 103142 = DSM 20444 = JCM 1116 = LMG 6899 = NBRC 102159 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10560 = NRRL B-4563 = VKM B-1600.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58824.
Basonym: ¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. gen. n. mali, of an apple.
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.

Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983, subsp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 239 = ATCC 27304 = JCM 1153.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB289196 (652 bp).
Synonym: "Lactobacillus yamanashiensis" Nonomura et al. 1965 emend. Nonomura and Ohara 1967.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. yamanashiensis, belonging to Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, the source of the wine must from which the organism was isolated.
Reference: NONOMURA (H.): Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. yamanashiensis and Lactobacillus yamanashiensis subsp. mali sp. and subsp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 406-407.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Nonomura 1983 the type strain ATCC 27304 is incorrectly cited as ATCC 27340.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 675.

¤ Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.

Note: According to Kaneuchi et al. 1988, Lactobacillus yamanashiensis (ex Nonomura et al. 1965) Nonomura 1983 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kaneuchi et al. 1988.
Reference: KANEUCHI (C.), SEKI (M.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Taxonomic study of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 and related strains: validation of Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davis 1970 over Lactobacillus yamanashiensis Nonomura 1983. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 269-272.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus yonginensis Yi et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THK-V8=KACC 16236=JCM 18023.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN128640.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. yonginensis, of or belonging to Yongin, Korea, where the novel organisms were isolated.
Source: Food.
Reference: YI, E.-J., YANG, J.-E., LEE, J. M., PARK, Y., PARK, S.-Y., SHIN, H.-S., KOOK, M. and YI, T.-H. 2013. Lactobacillus yonginensis sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium with ginsenoside converting activity isolated from Kimchi. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3274-3279.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus zeae (ex Kuznetsov 1959) Dicks et al. 1996, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15820 = CCUG 35515 = DSM 20178 = JCM 11302 = LMG 17315 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9537.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D86516.
Synonym: "Lactobacterium zeae" Kuznetsov 1959.
Etymology: L. n. zea, a kind of grain, and also a botanical genus name; L. gen. n. zeae, of Zea, pertaining to Zea mais, corn.
Reference: DICKS (L.M.T.), Du PLESSIS (E.M.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and LAUER (E.): Reclassification of Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei ATCC 393 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 15820 as Lactobacillus zeae nom. rev., designation of ATCC 334 as the neotype of L. casei subsp. casei, and rejection of the name Lactobacillus paracasei. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 337-340.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to the Opinion 82 issued by the Judicial Commission, the name Lactobacillus zeae (ex Kuznetsov 1959) Dicks et al. 1996 is illegtimate (see the file Some problems with Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus zeae).
Reference: JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: The type strain of Lactobacillus casei is ATCC 393, ATCC 334 cannot serve as the type because it represents a different taxon, the name Lactobacillus paracasei and its subspecies names are not rejected and the revival of the name 'Lactobacillus zeae' contravenes Rules 51b (1) and (2) of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 82. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1764-1765.
Opinion 82 in IJSEM Online

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Lactobacillus zymae Vancanneyt et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-18615 = CCM 7241 = CCUG 50163 = JCM 15957 = LMG 22198.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ632157.
Etymology: N.L. n. zyma (from Gr. n. zumê), leaven, sourdough; N.L. gen. n. zymae, of sourdough.
Reference: VANCANNEYT (M.), NEYSENS (P.), DE WACHTER (M.), ENGELBEEN (K.), SNAUWAERT (C.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VAN DER MEULEN (R.), HOSTE (B.), TSAKALIDOU (E.), DE VUYST (L.) and SWINGS (J.): Lactobacillus acidifarinae sp. nov. and Lactobacillus zymae sp. nov., from wheat sourdoughs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 615-620.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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