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Genus Hyphomonas

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 11
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Hyphomonas (ex Pongratz 1957) Moore et al. 1984, gen. nov., nom. rev. (Type genus of the family ¤ Hyphomonadaceae Lee et al. 2005).
Type species: ¤ Hyphomonas polymorpha (ex Pongratz 1957) Moore et al. 1984.
Synonym: "Hyphomonas" Pongratz 1957.
Etymology: Gr. n. huphos, web, filament; Gr. fem. n. monas, a unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Hyphomonas, hyphabearing unit.
Valid publication: MOORE (R.L.), WEINER (R.M.) and GEBERS (R.): Genus Hyphomonas Pongratz 1957 nom. rev. emend., Hyphomonas polymorpha Pongratz 1957 nom. rev. emend., and Hyphomonas neptunium (Leifson 1964) comb. nov. emend. (Hyphomicrobium neptunium). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 71-73.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Hyphomonas (ex Pongratz 1957) Moore et al. 1984 emend. Weiner et al. 2000.
Type species: ¤ Hyphomonas polymorpha (ex Pongratz 1957) Moore et al. 1984.
Synonym: "Hyphomonas" Pongratz 1957.
Etymology: Gr. n. huphos, web, filament; Gr. fem. n. monas, a unit, monad; N.L. fem. n. Hyphomonas, hyphabearing unit.
Reference: WEINER (R.M.), MELICK (M.), O'NEILL (K.) and QUINTERO (E.): Hyphomonas adhaerens sp. nov., Hyphomonas johnsonii sp. nov. and Hyphomonas rosenbergii sp. nov., marine budding and prosthecate bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 459-469.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Hyphomonas Pongratz 1957) Moore et al. 1984 emend. Weiner et al. 2000 emend. Li et al. 2015.
Reference: LI, C., LAI, Q., LI, G., SUN, F. and SHAO, Z. 2015. Hyphomonas atlanticus sp. nov., isolated from the Atlantic Ocean and emended description of the genus Hyphomonas.
Original article.

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Hyphomonas adhaerens Weiner et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MHS-3 = ATCC 43965.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF082790.
Etymology: L. part. adj. adhaerens, adhering, sticking to.
Valid publication: WEINER (R.M.), MELICK (M.), O'NEILL (K.) and QUINTERO (E.): Hyphomonas adhaerens sp. nov., Hyphomonas johnsonii sp. nov. and Hyphomonas rosenbergii sp. nov., marine budding and prosthecate bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 459-469.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Hyphomonas atlantica Li et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 22II1-22F38=LMG 27916=MCCC 1A09418.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF863140.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. atlanticus, Atlantic, from the Atlantic Ocean.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 161. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1-4.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LI, C., LAI, Q., LI, G., SUN, F. and SHAO, Z. 2014. Hyphomonas atlanticus sp. nov., isolated from the Atlantic Ocean and emended description of the genus Hyphomonas. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 37, 423-428.
Effective publication Online
Note: Specific epithet and etymology were corrected on validation - the gender did not match that of the genus (fem.).

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Hyphomonas beringensis Li et al. 2015, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 25B14_1=LMG 27914=MCCC 1A07321.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF863136.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. beringensis, referring to the Bering Sea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 161. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1-4.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LI, C., LAI, Q., LI, G., DONG, C., WANG, J., LIAO, Y. and SHAO, Z. 2014. Hyphomonas beringensis sp. nov. and Hyphomonas chukchiensis sp. nov., isolated from surface seawater of the Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 106, 657-665.
Effective publication online

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Hyphomonas chukchiensis Li et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BH-BN04-4=LMG 27915=MCCC 1A07481.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF863137.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. chukchiensis, referring to the Chukchi Sea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 161. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1-4.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LI, C., LAI, Q., LI, G., DONG, C., WANG, J., LIAO, Y. and SHAO, Z. 2014. Hyphomonas beringensis sp. nov. and Hyphomonas chukchiensis sp. nov., isolated from surface seawater of the Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 106, 657-665.
Effective publication Online

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Hyphomonas hirschiana Weiner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VP5 = ATCC 33886= CIP 106773 = DSM 5152.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF082794.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. hirschiana, pertaining to Hirsch; named for P. Hirsch for his contributions to the study of prosthecate, budding bacteria.
Valid publication: WEINER (R.M.), DEVINE (R.A.), POWELL (D.M.), DAGASAN (L.) and MOORE (R.L.): Hyphomonas oceanitis sp. nov., Hyphomonas hirschiana sp. nov., and Hyphomonas jannaschiana sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 237-243.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Hyphomonas jannaschiana Weiner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VP2 = ATCC 33883= DSM 5153.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ227814.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. jannaschiana, pertaining to Jannasch; named for H. Jannasch for his contributions to marine microbiology.
Valid publication: WEINER (R.M.), DEVINE (R.A.), POWELL (D.M.), DAGASAN (L.) and MOORE (R.L.): Hyphomonas oceanitis sp. nov., Hyphomonas hirschiana sp. nov., and Hyphomonas jannaschiana sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 237-243.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Hyphomonas johnsonii Weiner et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MHS-2 = ATCC 43964.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF082791.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. johnsonii, of Johnson, named after the (American) molecular taxonomist John Johnson.
Valid publication: WEINER (R.M.), MELICK (M.), O'NEILL (K.) and QUINTERO (E.): Hyphomonas adhaerens sp. nov., Hyphomonas johnsonii sp. nov. and Hyphomonas rosenbergii sp. nov., marine budding and prosthecate bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 459-469.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Hyphomonas neptunium (Leifson 1964) Moore et al. 1984, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LE670 = ATCC 15444= DSM 5154 = IFAM LE670 = IFO (now NBRC) 14232.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000158.
Basonym: ¤ Hyphomicrobium neptunium Leifson 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. neptunius -a -um, of Neptunus, pertaining to Neptunus, god of the sea; probably should be L. fem. adj. neptunia.
Valid publication: MOORE (R.L.), WEINER (R.M.) and GEBERS (R.): Genus Hyphomonas Pongratz 1957 nom. rev. emend., Hyphomonas polymorpha Pongratz 1957 nom. rev. emend., and Hyphomonas neptunium (Leifson 1964) comb. nov. emend. (Hyphomicrobium neptunium). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 71-73.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Hyphomonas oceanitis Weiner et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SCH89 = ATCC 33879= DSM 5155 = IFAM 1325.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF082797.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. oceanitis, daughter of the ocean.
Valid publication: WEINER (R.M.), DEVINE (R.A.), POWELL (D.M.), DAGASAN (L.) and MOORE (R.L.): Hyphomonas oceanitis sp. nov., Hyphomonas hirschiana sp. nov., and Hyphomonas jannaschiana sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 237-243.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Hyphomonas polymorpha (ex Pongratz 1957) Moore et al. 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PS728 = ATCC 33881= DSM 2665 = IFAM PS728 = JCM 21104 = NBRC 102482.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ227813.
Synonym: "Hyphomonas polymorpha" Pongratz 1957.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. polymorpha (from Gr. adj. polumorphos -on), multiform, variable in form, of irregular shape.
Valid publication: MOORE (R.L.), WEINER (R.M.) and GEBERS (R.): Genus Hyphomonas Pongratz 1957 nom. rev. emend., Hyphomonas polymorpha Pongratz 1957 nom. rev. emend., and Hyphomonas neptunium (Leifson 1964) comb. nov. emend. (Hyphomicrobium neptunium). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 71-73.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Pongratz 1957 [1] reported that upon isolation on solid media, colonies appear as smooth or rough types. On page 71, the type strain is designated as PS728 (S for smooth) = ATCC 33881= IFAM PS728, and on page 72, the type strain is given as PR728 (R for rough) = ATCC 33881= IFAM PR728. According to Rule 33b note 2 the type strain should be PR728 = ATCC 33881= IFAM PR728. However, Moore and Weiner 1989 [2] give the strain PS278 = ATCC 33881= IFAM PS728 as the type strain.
References:
1 PONGRATZ (E.): D'une bactérie pédiculée isolée d'un pus de sinus. Schweiz. Z. Allg. Pathol. Bakteriol., 1957, 20, 593-608.
2 MOORE (R.L.) and WEINER (R.M.): Genus Hyphomonas (ex Pongratz 1957) Moore, Weiner and Gebers 1984, 71VP. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 1904-1910.

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Hyphomonas rosenbergii Weiner et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) VP6 = ATCC 43869.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF082795.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. rosenbergii, of Rosenberg, named after the (Israeli) microbial ecologist Eugene Rosenberg.
Valid publication: WEINER (R.M.), MELICK (M.), O'NEILL (K.) and QUINTERO (E.): Hyphomonas adhaerens sp. nov., Hyphomonas johnsonii sp. nov. and Hyphomonas rosenbergii sp. nov., marine budding and prosthecate bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 459-469.
Original article in IJSEM Online


Note: This species is the subject of a Request for an Opinion because the culture cited as the type strain, ATCC 43869T, does not conform to the description of the species and the type strain does not exist in any other established culture collection or with the authors who described it..
Reference: LAI, Q., LI, C. and SHAO, Z. 2015. The status of the species Hyphomonas rosenbergii Weiner et al. 2000. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 321
Article in IJSEM Online

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