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Genus Flavobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 178
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Flavobacterium Bergey et al. 1923, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Flavobacteriales Bernardet 2012; type genus of the family ¤ Flavobacteriaceae Reichenbach et al. 1992).
Type species: ¤ Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. adj. flavus, yellow; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod or staff and, in biology, a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Flavobacterium, a yellow bacterium.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

Note: Holmes and Owen proposed rejection of Flavobacterium aquatile as a nomen dubium and proposed substitution of Flavobacterium breve, which does not appear in the Approved lists, as the type species. The Judicial Commission voted to deny the action proposed.
References:
1 HOLMES (B.) and OWEN (R.J.): Proposal that Flavobacterium breve be substituted as the type species of the genus in place of Flavobacterium aquatile and emended description of the genus Flavobacterium: status of the named species of Flavobacterium. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 416-426.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the meeting, 6 August 1982, Boston, Massachusetts. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 577-578.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the Meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, United Kingdom. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 85-87.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bernardet et al. 1996.
Type species: ¤ Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bernardet et al. 1996.
Etymology: L. adj. flavus, yellow; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod or staff and, in biology, a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Flavobacterium, a yellow bacterium.
Reference: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Dong et al. 2013.
Type species: ¤ Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bernardet et al. 1996.
Etymology: L. adj. flavus, yellow; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod or staff and, in biology, a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Flavobacterium, a yellow bacterium.
Reference: DONG (K.), CHEN (F.), DU (Y.) and WANG (G.): Flavobacterium enshiense sp. nov., isolated from soil, and emended descriptions of the genus Flavobacterium and Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium saliperosum and Flavobacterium suncheonense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 886-892.
Original article in IJSEM Online 

Flavobacterium Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kang et al. 2013.
Type species: ¤ Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bernardet et al. 1996.
Etymology: L. adj. flavus, yellow; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod or staff and, in biology, a bacterium (so called because the first ones observed were rod-shaped); N.L. neut. n. Flavobacterium, a yellow bacterium.
Reference: KANG (J.Y.), CHUN (J.) and JAHNG (K.Y.): Flavobacterium aciduliphilum sp. nov., isolated from freshwater, and emended description of the genus Flavobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1633-1638.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium acidificum Steinhaus 1941, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 8366= LMG 8364 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9891.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JX986959.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, sour; L. v. facere, to make; N.L. neut. adj. acidificum, making acid.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: STEINHAUS (E.A.): A study of the bacteria associated with thirty species of insects. Journal of Bacteriology, 1941, 42, 757-790.

Note: The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the family ¤ Enterobacteriaceae (99.9% similarity against ¤ Pantoea ananatis).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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Flavobacterium aciduliphilum Kang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JJ013 = JCM 18211 = KACC 16594.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN712178.
Etymology: L. adj. acidulus, a little sour, sourish, acidulous; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. aciduliphilum, weak acid-loving.
Valid publication: KANG (J.Y.), CHUN (J.) and JAHNG (K.Y.): Flavobacterium aciduliphilum sp. nov., isolated from freshwater, and emended description of the genus Flavobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1633-1638.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium acidurans Millar 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27383= CCUG 33441 = LMG 8388.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, sour; L. part. adj. durans, resisting; N.L. part. adj. acididurans, acid-resisting.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: MILLAR (W.N.): Heterotrophic bacterial population in acid coal mine water: Flavobacterium acidurans sp. n. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 142-150.

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Flavobacterium ahnfeltiae Nedashkovskaya et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 10Alg 130=KCTC 32467=KMM 6686.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC247342.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. ahnfeltiae, of or pertaining to the red alga Ahnfeltia.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 161. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1-4.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: NEDASHKOVSKAYA, O. I., BALABANOVA, L. A., ZHUKOVA, N. V., KIM, S. J., BAKUNINA, I. Y. and RHEE, S. K. 2014. Flavobacterium ahnfeltiae sp. nov., a new marine polysaccharide-degrading bacterium isolated from a Pacific red alga. Arch Microbiol, 196, 745-752.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium akiainvivens Kuo et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IK-1=ATCC BAA-2412=CIP 110358.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ228532.
Etymology: Hawaiian n. ‘akia, a local shrub; L. prep. in, in; L. part. adj. vivens, living; N.L. adj. akiainvivens living in or on ‘akia, a Hawaiian endemic shrub, from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: KUO, I., SAW, J., KAPAN, D. D., CHRISTENSEN, S., KANESHIRO, K. Y. and DONACHIE, S. P. 2013. Flavobacterium akiainvivens, sp. nov., from decaying wood of Wikstroemia oahuensis, Hawai’i, and emended description of the genus Flavobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3280-3286.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium algicola Miyashita et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TC2 = CIP 109574 = NBRC 102673.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB455265.
Etymology: L. fem. n. alga, seaweed, alga; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, dweller; N.L. masc. n. algicola, a alga-dweller.
Valid publication: MIYASHITA (M.), FUJIMURA (S.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), NISHIZAWA (M.), TOMIZUKA (N.), NAKAGAWA (T.) and NAKAGAWA (J.): Flavobacterium algicola sp. nov., isolated from marine algae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 344-348.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium anatoliense Kacagan et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MK3 = LMG 26441 = NCCB 100384.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF825522.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. anatoliense, of or belonging to Anatolia.
Valid publication: KACAGAN (M.), INAN (K.), BELDUZ (A.O.) and CANAKCI (S.): Flavobacterium anatoliense sp. nov., isolated from fresh water, and emended description of Flavobacterium ceti. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2075-2081.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium anhuiense Liu et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) D3 = JCM 14864 = KCTC 22128 = CGMCC 1.6859.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU046269.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. anhuiense, pertaining to Anhui, the province where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LIU (H.), LIU (R.), YANG (S.Y.), GAO (W.K.), ZHANG (C.X.), ZHANG (K.Y.) and LAI (R.): Flavobacterium anhuiense sp. nov., isolated from field soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 756-760.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium antarcticum Yi et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AT1026 = IMSNU 14042 = JCM 12383 = KCTC 12222.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY581113.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. antarcticum, southern, and, by extension, pertaining to Antarctica.
Valid publication: YI (H.), OH (H.M.), LEE (J.H.), KIM (S.J.) and CHUN (J.): Flavobacterium antarcticum sp. nov., a novel psychrotolerant bacterium isolated from the Antarctic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 637-641.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium aquaticum Subhash et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JC164 =KCTC 32196 =CGMCC 1.12398=LMG 27251.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE995762.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquaticum living, growing, or found in or by the water, aquatic.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Reference: SUBHASH, Y., SASIKALA, CH. and RAMANA CH., V. 2013. Flavobacterium aquaticum sp. nov., isolated from a water sample of a rice field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3463-3469.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11947= CCUG 29304 = CIP 103744 = CIP 55.141 = DSM 1132 = IFO (now NBRC) 15052 = JCM 20475 = LMG 4008 = NRRL B-14834 = VKM B-1173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230485.
Synonyms: "Bacillus aquatilis" Frankland and Frankland 1889, "Bacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Chester 1897, "Flavobacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923, "Chromobacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Topley and Wilson 1929, "Empedobacter aquatile" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Brisou et al. 1960.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquatile, living, growing, or found in water, aquatic.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 FRANKLAND (G.C.) and FRANKLAND (P.F.): Über einige typische Mikroorganismen im Wasser und im Boden. Zeitschrift fur Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Immunologie und Virologie, 1889, 6, 373-400. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

Note: Holmes and Owen proposed rejection of Flavobacterium aquatile as a nomen dubium and proposed substitution of Flavobacterium breve, which does not appear in the Approved lists, as the type species. The Judicial Commission voted to deny the action proposed.
References:
1 HOLMES (B.) and OWEN (R.J.): Proposal that Flavobacterium breve be substituted as the type species of the genus in place of Flavobacterium aquatile and emended description of the genus Flavobacterium: status of the named species of Flavobacterium. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 416-426.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the meeting, 6 August 1982, Boston, Massachusetts. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 577-578.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the Meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, United Kingdom. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 85-87.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bernardet et al. 1996.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11947= CCUG 29304 = CIP 103744 = CIP 55.141 = DSM 1132 = IFO (now NBRC) 15052 = JCM 20475 = LMG 4008 = NRRL B-14834 = VKM B-1173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230485.
Synonyms: "Bacillus aquatilis" Frankland and Frankland 1889, "Bacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Chester 1897, "Flavobacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923, "Chromobacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Topley and Wilson 1929, "Empedobacter aquatile" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Brisou et al. 1960.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquatile, living, growing, or found in water, aquatic.
Reference: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Lee et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11947= CCUG 29304 = CIP 103744 = CIP 55.141 = DSM 1132 = JCM 20475 = LMG 4008 = NBRC 15052 = NRRL B-14834 = VKM B-1173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230485.
Synonyms: "Bacillus aquatilis" Frankland and Frankland 1889, "Bacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Chester 1897, "Flavobacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923, "Chromobacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Topley and Wilson 1929, "Empedobacter aquatile" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Brisou et al. 1960.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquatile, living, growing, or found in water, aquatic.
Reference: LEE (S.), WEON (H.Y.), HAN (K.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium dankookense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheonanense, F. chungnamense, F. koreense and F. aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2378-2382.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Sheu et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11947= CCUG 29304 = CIP 103744 = CIP 55.141 = DSM 1132 = IFO (now NBRC) 15052 = JCM 20475 = LMG 4008 = NRRL B-14834 = VKM B-1173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230485.
Synonyms: "Bacillus aquatilis" Frankland and Frankland 1889, "Bacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Chester 1897, "Flavobacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923, "Chromobacterium aquatilis" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Topley and Wilson 1929, "Empedobacter aquatile" (sic) (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Brisou et al. 1960.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquatile, living, growing, or found in water, aquatic.
Reference: SHEU (S.Y.), LIN (Y.S) and CHEN (W.M.): Flavobacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater shrimp culture pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium haoranii, Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium terrae and Flavobacterium aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2239-2247.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium aquicola Hatayama et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TMd3a3=JCM 30987=DSM 100880.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LC120818.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. fem. n. aqua, water; L. masc. suffix -cola, inhabitant; N.L. masc. n. aquicola, inhabitant of water, referring to the source of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: HATAYAMA, K., USHIDA, A. and KUNO, T. 2016. Flavobacterium aquicola sp. nov., isolated from river water Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2789-2796.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium aquidurense Cousin et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WB 1.1-56 = CIP 109242 = DSM 18293.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM177392.
Etymology: L. fem. n. aqua, water; L. adj. durus, hard; L. suff. -ensis -is -e, suffix used with the sense of belonging to or coming from; N.L. neut. adj. aquidurense, pertaining to hard water.
Valid publication: COUSIN (S.), PÄUKER (O.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium aquidurense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium hercynium sp. nov., from a hard-water creek. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 243-249.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium aquidurense Cousin et al. 2007 emend. Kim et al. 2014.
Reference: KIM, H., KANG, H., JOUNG, Y. and JOH, K. 2014. Flavobacterium gyeonganense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium chungangense, Flavobacterium aquidurense, Flavobacterium tructae and Flavobacterium granuli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 4173-4178.
Original article.

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Flavobacterium araucananum Kämpfer et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LM-19-Fp = CCM 7939 = LMG 26359.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR774916.
Etymology: N.L. n. Araucanos, name of an ancient tribe of Chilean Indians; L. neut. suff. -anum, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. araucananum, belonging to the ancient people – the Araucanos – who once inhabited Concepción.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), LODDERS (N.), MARTIN (K.) and AVENDAÑO-HERRERA (R.): Flavobacterium chilense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium araucananum sp. nov., isolated from farmed salmonid fish. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1402-1408.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium arsenatis Ao et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z=CCTCC AB 2013048=KCTC 32397.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ205533.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. arsenatis, of arsenate, referring to the ability of the organism to resist to arsenate and arsenite.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: AO, L., ZENG, X.-C., NIE, Y., MU, Y., ZHOU, L. and LUO, X. 2014. Flavobacterium arsenatis sp. nov., a novel arsenic-resistant bacterium from high-arsenic sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3369-3374.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium arsenitoxidans Khianngam et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S2-3H=KCTC 22507=TISTR 2238.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX001187.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 162. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 741-744.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: KHIANNGAM, S., AKARACHARANYA, A., LEE, J.-S., LEE, K. C., KIM, K.-W. and TANASUPAWAT, S. 2014. Flavobacterium arsenitoxidans sp. nov., an arsenite-oxidizing bacterium from Thai soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 106, 1239-1246..
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium balustinum Harrison 1929, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33487= CIP 103103 = IFO (now NBRC) 15053 = LMG 8329 = NCTC 11212.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY468447.
Etymology: Etymology uncertain but possibly derived from L. n. balux, gold sand or gold dust, probably in reference to the bright yellow color.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: HARRISON (F.C.): The discoloration of halibut. Canadian Journal of Research, 1929, 1, 214-239.

¤ Chryseobacterium balustinum (Harrison 1929) Vandamme et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium banpakuense Kim et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 15F3 = JCM 16466 = KACC 14225.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ281770.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. banpakuense, of or belonging to banpaku, the short name of "Bankoku Hakurankai Koen" (the Japanese name of EXPO Park), where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: KIM (J.J.), JIN (H.M.), LEE (H.J.), JEON (C.O.), KANAYA (E.), KOGA (Y.), TAKANO (K.) and KANAYA (S.): Flavobacterium banpakuense sp. nov., isolated from leaf-and-branch compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1595-1600.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium beibuense Fu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F44-8 = CCTCC AB 209067 = LMG 25233 = MCCC 1A02877.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ245972.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. beibuense, referring to Beibu Gulf in the China Sea, the site where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: FU (Y.), TANG (X.), LAI (Q.), ZHANG (C.), ZHONG (H.), LI (W.), LIU (Y.), CHEN (L.), SUN (F.) and SHAO (Z.): Flavobacterium beibuense sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 205-209.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium beibuense Fu et al. 2011 emend. Kaur et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F44-8 = CCTCC AB 209067 = LMG 25233 = MCCC 1A02877.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ245972.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. beibuense, referring to Beibu Gulf in the China Sea, the site where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: KAUR (I.), KAUR (C.), KHAN (F.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Flavobacterium rakeshii sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment, and emended description of Flavobacterium beibuense Fu et al. 2011. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2897-2902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium beibuense Fu et al. 2011 emend. Kaur et al. 2012 emend. Dong et al. 2013.
Reference: DONG, K., XU, B., ZHU, F. and WANG, G. 2013. Flavobacterium hauense sp. nov., isolated from soil and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium subsaxonicum, Flavobacterium beibuense and Flavobacterium rivuli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3237-3242.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium branchiarum Zamora et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 57B-2-09=CCUG 60095=CECT 7908.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE612097.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. branchiarum, of the gills of fish.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 167. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1-3.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Zamora, L., Vela, A. I., Sánchez-Porro, C., Palacios, M. A., Domínguez, L., Moore, E. R. B., Ventosa, A., and Fernández-Garayzábal, J. F. 2013. Characterization of flavobacteria possibly associated with fish and fish farm environment. Description of three novel Flavobacterium species: Flavobacterium collinsii sp., nov., Flavobacterium branchiarum sp. nov., and Flavobacterium branchiicola sp. nov. Aquaculture 416-417, 346-353.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium branchiicola Zamora et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 59B-3-09=CCUG 60096=CECT 7790.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE612102.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. pl. n. branchiae, the gills of fish; L. suff. -cola, inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. branchiicola, inhabitant of gills.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 167. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1-3.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Zamora, L., Vela, A. I., Sánchez-Porro, C., Palacios, M. A., Domínguez, L., Moore, E. R. B., Ventosa, A., and Fernández-Garayzábal, J. F. 2013. Characterization of flavobacteria possibly associated with fish and fish farm environment. Description of three novel Flavobacterium species: Flavobacterium collinsii sp., nov., Flavobacterium branchiarum sp. nov., and Flavobacterium branchiicola sp. nov. Aquaculture 416-417, 346-353.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium branchiophilum corrig. Wakabayashi et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BGD -7721 = ATCC 35035= CCUG 33442 = CIP 103527 = IFO (now NBRC) 15030 = LMG 13707.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14017.
Etymology: Gr. n. branchion, gill; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. branchiophilum, gill loving.
Valid publication: WAKABAYASHI (H.), HUH (G.J.) and KIMURA (N.): Flavobacterium branchiophila sp. nov., a causative agent of bacterial gill disease of freshwater fishes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 213-216.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, branchiophila (sic), has been corrected by Von Graevenitz 1990.
Reference: Von GRAEVENITZ (A.): Revised nomenclature of Campylobacter laridis, Enterobacter intermedium, and "Flavobacterium branchiophila". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 211.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium branchiophilum corrig. Wakabayashi et al. 1989 emend. Bernardet et al. 1996.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BGD -7721 = ATCC 35035= CCUG 33442 = CIP 103527 = IFO (now NBRC) 15030 = LMG 13707.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14017.
Etymology: Gr. n. branchion, gill; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. branchiophilum, gill loving.
Reference: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium breve (ex Lustig 1890) Holmes and Owen 1982, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43319= CCUG 7320 = CIP 103104 = IFO (now NBRC) 14943 = LMG 4011 = NCTC 11099.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM177497.
Synonyms: "Bacillus brevis" Lustig 1890, "Bacterium breve" (Lustig 1890) Chester 1901, "Flavobacterium brevis" (sic) (Lustig 1890) Bergey et al. 1923, "Pseudobacterium brevis" (sic) (Lustig 1890) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Empedobacter breve" (sic) (Lustig 1890) Prévot 1961.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. breve, short.
Other synonyms: "Bacillus canicolis brevis" Cornil and Babes 1890, "Bacillus canalis parvus" Eisenberg 1891, "Bacterium canalis parvus" (sic) (Eisenberg 1891) Chester 1897, "Bacterium canale" Mez 1898.
Reference: HOLMES (B.) and OWEN (R.J.): Flavobacterium breve sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 233-234.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Empedobacter brevis (Holmes and Owen 1982) Vandamme et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium brevivitae Chen et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TTM-43=CRC 80913=KCTC 42744=LMG 29004.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LN849948.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. adj. brevis, short; L. gen. n. vitae, of life; N.L. gen. n. brevivitae, of a short life, referring to the short-lived cultures of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: CHEN, W. M., CHEN, Y. L. and SHEU, S. Y. 2016. Flavobacterium brevivitae sp. nov., isolated from river water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1705-1712.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium buctense Feng et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T7=CGMCC 1.15216=JCM 30750.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP744923.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. buctense, referring to the acronym BUCT, Beijing University of Chemical Technology where the strain was identified.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 167. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1-3.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Feng, X.-M., Tan, X., Jia, L., Long, P.-P., Han, L. and Lv, J. 2015. Flavobacterium buctense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater. Arch. Microbiol. 197, 1109-1115.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium caeni Liu et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LM5 = CGMCC 1.7031 = NBRC 104239.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU313814.
Etymology: L. gen. n. caeni, of sludge.
Valid publication: LIU (Y.), JIN (J.H.), ZHOU (Y.G.), LIU (H.C.) and LIU (Z.P.): Flavobacterium caeni sp. nov., isolated from a sequencing batch reactor for the treatment of malachite green effluents. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 417-421.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium caeni Liu et al. 2010 emend. Fujii et al. 2014.
Reference: FUJII, D., NAGAI, F., WATANABE, Y. and SHIRASAWA, Y. 2014. Flavobacterium longum sp. nov. and Flavobacterium urocaniciphilum sp. nov., isolated from a wastewater treatment plant, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium caeni and Flavobacterium terrigena. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1488-1494.
Original article.

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Flavobacterium capsulatum Leifson 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 14666= CCUG 17697 = CCUG 31202 = CIP 82.103 = DSM 30196 = GIFU 11526 = HAMBI 103 = IFO (now NBRC) 12533 = JCM 7508 = JCM 7452 = LMG 2830 = VKM B-1564.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16147.
Etymology: L. n. capsula, a small box or chest; L. neut. suff. -atum, suffix denoting provided with; N.L. neut. adj. capsulatum, with a chest, capsuled.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LEIFSON (E.): The bacterial flora of distilled and stored water. III. New species of the genera Corynebacterium, Flavobacterium, Spirillum and Pseudomonas. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, 1962, 12, 161-170.

¤ Sphingomonas capsulata (Leifson 1962) Yabuuchi et al. 1990, comb. nov.

¤ Novosphingobium capsulatum (Leifson 1962) Takeuchi et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium cauense Qu et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2A-7 = CGMCC 1.7270 = NBRC 104929.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU521691.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. cauense, pertaining to CAU, the acronym of the China Agricultural University, where taxonomic studies were performed.
Valid publication: QU (J.H.), YUAN (H.L.), LI (H.F.) and DENG (C.P.): Flavobacterium cauense sp. nov., isolated from sediment of a eutrophic lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2666-2669.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium cauense Qu et al. 2009 emend. Dong et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2A-7 = CGMCC 1.7270 = NBRC 104929.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU521691.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. cauense, pertaining to CAU, the acronym of the China Agricultural University, where taxonomic studies were performed.
Reference: DONG (K.), CHEN (F.), DU (Y.) and WANG (G.): Flavobacterium enshiense sp. nov., isolated from soil, and emended descriptions of the genus Flavobacterium and Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium saliperosum and Flavobacterium suncheonense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 886-892.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium cauense Qu et al. 2009 emend. Sheu et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2A-7 = CGMCC 1.7270 = NBRC 104929.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU521691.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. cauense, pertaining to CAU, the acronym of the China Agricultural University, where taxonomic studies were performed.
Reference: SHEU (S.Y.), LIN (Y.S) and CHEN (W.M.): Flavobacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater shrimp culture pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium haoranii, Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium terrae and Flavobacterium aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2239-2247.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium ceti Vela et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 454-2 = CCUG 52969 = CECT 7184.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM292800.
Etymology: L. n. cetus, whale; L. gen. n. ceti, of a whale.
Valid publication: VELA (A.I.), FERNANDEZ (A.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.), SIERRA (E.), MENDEZ (M.), ARBELO (M.), VENTOSA (A.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.) and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.): Flavobacterium ceti sp. nov., isolated from beaked whales (Ziphius cavirostris). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2604-2608.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium ceti Vela et al. 2007 emend. Lata et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 454-2 = CCUG 52969 = CECT 7184.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM292800.
Etymology: L. n. cetus, whale; L. gen. n. ceti, of a whale.
Reference: LATA (P.), LAL (D.) and LAL (R.): Flavobacterium ummariense sp. nov., isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane-contaminated soil, and emended description of Flavobacterium ceti Vela et al. 2007. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2674-2679.
Original article in IJSEM Online 

Flavobacterium ceti Vela et al. 2007 emend. Kacagan et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 454-2 = CCUG 52969 = CECT 7184.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM292800.
Etymology: L. n. cetus, whale; L. gen. n. ceti, of a whale.
Reference: KACAGAN (M.), INAN (K.), BELDUZ (A.O.) and CANAKCI (S.): Flavobacterium anatoliense sp. nov., isolated from fresh water, and emended description of Flavobacterium ceti. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2075-2081.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium cheniae Qu et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NJ-26 = CGMCC 1.6844 = NBRC 103934.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF407880.
Etymology: N.L. fem. gen. n. cheniae, of Chen, named in honour of Professor Wen-Xin Chen, for her contribution to environmental microbiology.
Valid publication: QU (J.H.), LI (H.F.), YANG (J.S.) and YUAN (H.L.): Flavobacterium cheniae sp. nov., isolated from sediment of a eutrophic reservoir. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2186-2190.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium cheniae Qu et al. 2008 emend. Joung et al. 2013.
Reference: JOUNG, Y., KIM, H. and JOH, K. 2013. Flavobacterium jumunjinense sp. nov., isolated from a lagoon, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheniae, Flavobacterium dongtanense and Flavobacterium gelidilacus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3937-3943.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium cheonanense Lee et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ARSA-108 = JCM 17069 = KACC 14972 = KCTC 23184.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU295968.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. cheonanense, of or belonging to Cheonan.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 143. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1-4.
Effective publication: LEE (S.), WEON (H.Y.), KIM (S.J.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium koreense sp. nov., Flavobacterium chungnamense sp. nov., and Flavobacterium cheonanense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 387-392.
Validation List no. 143 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Flavobacterium cheonanense Lee et al. 2012 emend. Lee et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ARSA-108 = JCM 17069 = KACC 14972 = KCTC 23184.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU295968.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. cheonanense, of or belonging to Cheonan.
Reference: LEE (S.), WEON (H.Y.), HAN (K.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium dankookense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheonanense, F. chungnamense, F. koreense and F. aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2378-2382.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium cheonhonense Lee et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ARSA-15=KACC 14967=KCTC 23180=JCM 17064.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GU295972.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. cheonhonense, of or belonging to Cheonho reservoir.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LEE, S., OH, J. H., WEON, H. Y. and AHN, T. Y. 2012. Flavobacterium cheonhonense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir. J. Microbiol., 50, 562-566.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium chilense Kämpfer et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LM-09-Fp = CCM 7940 = LMG 26360.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR774915.
Etymology: N.L. neut adj. chilense, of or belonging to Chile.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), LODDERS (N.), MARTIN (K.) and AVENDAÑO-HERRERA (R.): Flavobacterium chilense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium araucananum sp. nov., isolated from farmed salmonid fish. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1402-1408.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium chungangense Kim et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CJ7 = JCM 15651 = KACC 13353.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU924275.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. chungangense, pertaining to Chung-Ang University, Korea, where the type strain of the species was isolated.
Valid publication: KIM (J.H.), KIM (K.Y.) and CHA (C.J.): Flavobacterium chungangense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1754-1758.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium chungangense Kim et al. 2009 emend. Kim et al. 2014.
Reference: KIM, H., KANG, H., JOUNG, Y. and JOH, K. 2014. Flavobacterium gyeonganense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium chungangense, Flavobacterium aquidurense, Flavobacterium tructae and Flavobacterium granuli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 4173-4178.
Original article.

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Flavobacterium chungbukense Lim et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CS100 = KACC 15048 = JCM 17386.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM627539.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. chungbukense, of or belonging to Chungbuk, a province in Korea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LIM (C.S.), OH (Y.S.), LEE (J.K.), PARK (A.R.), YOO (J.S.), RHEE (S.K.) and ROH (D.H.): Flavobacterium chungbukense sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2734-2739.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium chungnamense Lee et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ARSA-103 = JCM 17068 = KACC 14971 = KCTC 23183.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU295971.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. chungnamense, of or belonging to Chungnam.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 143. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1-4.
Effective publication: LEE (S.), WEON (H.Y.), KIM (S.J.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium koreense sp. nov., Flavobacterium chungnamense sp. nov., and Flavobacterium cheonanense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 387-392.
Validation List no. 143 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Flavobacterium chungnamense Lee et al. 2012 emend. Lee et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ARSA-103 = JCM 17068 = KACC 14971 = KCTC 23183.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU295971.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. chungnamense, of or belonging to Chungnam.
Reference: LEE (S.), WEON (H.Y.), HAN (K.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium dankookense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheonanense, F. chungnamense, F. koreense and F. aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2378-2382.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium collinsense Zhang et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4-T-2=CCTCC AB 2014004=LMG 28257.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM288594.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. collinsense, pertaining to Collins, an Antarctic glacier, from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: ZHANG, Y., JIANG, F., CHANG, X., QIU, X., REN, L., QU, Z., DENG, S., DA, X., FANG, C. and PENG, F. 2016. Flavobacterium collinsense sp. nov., isolated from a till sample of an Antarctic glacier. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 172-177.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium collinsii Zamora et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 983-08=CCUG 60109=CECT 7796.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE612088.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. collinsii, of Collins, named after Matthew David Collins, English microbiologist, in recognition to his contributions made to the field of bacterial systematics.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 167. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1-3.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Zamora, L., Vela, A. I., Sánchez-Porro, C., Palacios, M. A., Domínguez, L., Moore, E. R. B., Ventosa, A., and Fernández-Garayzábal, J. F. 2013. Characterization of flavobacteria possibly associated with fish and fish farm environment. Description of three novel Flavobacterium species: Flavobacterium collinsii sp., nov., Flavobacterium branchiarum sp. nov., and Flavobacterium branchiicola sp. nov. Aquaculture 416-417, 346-353.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium columnare (Bernardet and Grimont 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1-S-2cl (Anacker 1956) = ATCC 23463= CIP 103531 = JCM 21141 = LMG 13035 = LMG 10406 = NBRC 100251 = NCIMB 2248.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078047.
Basonym: ¤ Flexibacter columnaris (ex Davis 1922) Bernardet and Grimont 1989.
Homotypic synonym: ¤ Cytophaga columnaris (ex Davis 1922) Reichenbach 1989.
Other synonyms: "Bacillus columnaris" Davis 1922, "Chondrococcus columnaris" (Davis 1922) Ordal and Rucker 1944, "Cytophaga columnaris" (Davis 1922) Garnjobst 1945, "Flexibacter columnaris (Davis 1922) Leadbetter 1974.
Etymology:   L. neut. adj. columnare, rising in the form of a pillar, referring to the shape of the aggregates formed by the bacteria on external lesions of infected fish.
Valid publication: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium compostarboris Kim et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 15C3 = JCM 16527 = KACC 14224.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ281769.
Etymology: N.L. n. compostum -i, compost; L. n. arbor -oris, tree; N.L. gen. n. compostarboris, of compost made of trees, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: KIM (J.J.), KANAYA (E.), WEON (H.Y.), KOGA (Y.), TAKANO (K.), DUNFIELD (P.F.), KWON (S.W.) and KANAYA (S.): Flavobacterium compostarboris sp. nov., isolated from leaf-and-branch compost, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium hercynium, Flavobacterium resistens and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2018-2024.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium croceum Park et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EMB47 = DSM 17960 = KCTC 12611.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ372982.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. croceum, saffron-colored, yellow, golden.
Valid publication: PARK (M.), LU (S.), RYU (S.H.), CHUNG (B.S.), PARK (W.), KIM (C.J.) and JEON (C.O.): Flavobacterium croceum sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2443-2447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium cucumis Weon et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2A45-3 = DSM 18830 = KACC 11732.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF126993.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cucumis, of the cucumber, referring to the isolation source of the type strain, a soil cultivated with cucumber plants.
Valid publication: WEON (H.Y.), SONG (M.H.), SON (J.A.), KIM (B.Y.), KWON (S.W.), GO (S.J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium terrae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium cucumis sp. nov., isolated from greenhouse soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1594-1598.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium cutihirudinis Glaeser et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E89=DSM 25795=LMG 26922=CIP 110384.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX966231.
Etymology: L. n. cutis -is, the skin; L. n. hirudo -inis, a leech; N.L. gen. n. cutihirudinis of the skin of a leech.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: GLAESER, S. P., GALATIS, H., MARTIN, K. and KÄMPFER, P. 2013. Flavobacterium cutihirudinis sp. nov., isolated from the skin of the medical leech Hirudo verbana. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2841-2847.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The CIP reference for the strain of Flavobacterium cutihirudinis E89 = DSM 25795T was erroneously published as CIP 110374T, the correct reference for the strain is CIP 110384T.
Reference: GLAESER, S. P., GALATIS, H., MARTIN, K. and KÄMPFER, P. 2013. Flavobacterium cutihirudinis sp. nov., isolated from the skin of the medical leech Hirudo verbana. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4370.
Article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium daejeonense Kim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GH1-10 = DSM 17708 = KACC 11422.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ222427.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. daejeonense, pertaining to Daejeon, a city in Korea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: KIM (B.Y.), WEON (H.Y.), COUSIN (S.), YOO (S.H.), KWON (S.W.), GO (S.J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium daejeonense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium suncheonense sp. nov., isolated from greenhouse soils in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1645-1649.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium daemonensis Ngo et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG–DJ7=KACC 17651=JCM 19455.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF532125.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. daemonensis, pertaining to Daemo Mountain, the mountain where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NGO, H. T. T., KOOK, M. and YI, T.-H. 2015. Flavobacterium daemonensis sp. nov., isolated from Daemo Mountain soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 983-989.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium dankookense Lee et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ARSA-19 = JCM 17065 = KACC 14968 = KCTC 23179.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU295970.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. dankookense, of or pertaining to Dankook University, Korea, where the type strain of the species was isolated.
Valid publication: LEE (S.), WEON (H.Y.), HAN (K.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium dankookense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheonanense, F. chungnamense, F. koreense and F. aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2378-2382.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium defluvii Park et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EMB117 = DSM 17963 = KCTC 12612.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ372986.
Etymology: L. gen. n. defluvii, of sewage.
Valid publication: PARK (M.), RYU (S.H.), VU (T.H.T.), RO (H.S.), YUN (P.Y.) and JEON (C.O.): Flavobacterium defluvii sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 233-237.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium defluvii Park et al. 2007 emend. Chen et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EMB117 = DSM 17963 = KCTC 12612.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ372986.
Etymology: L. gen. n. defluvii, of sewage.
Reference: CHEN (W.M.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Flavobacterium tilapiae sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium defluvii and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 827-834.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium degerlachei Van Trappen et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 15718 = LMG 21915 = NBRC 102677.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ557886.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. degerlachei, of de Gerlache, named in honour of Adrian de Gerlache (the Belgian  pioneer who conducted the first scientific expedition to Antarctica in 1897-1899).
Valid publication: VAN TRAPPEN (S.), VANDECANDELAERE (I.), MERGAERT (J.) and SWINGS (J.): Flavobacterium degerlachei sp. nov., Flavobacterium frigoris sp. nov. and Flavobacterium micromati sp. nov., novel psychrophilic bacteria isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 85-92.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium denitrificans Horn et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ED5 = ATCC BAA-842 = DSM 15936.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ318907.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Valid publication: HORN (M.A.), IHSSEN (J.), MATTHIES (C.), SCHRAMM (A.), ACKER (G.) and DRAKE (H.L.): Dechloromonas denitrificans sp. nov., Flavobacterium denitrificans sp. nov., Paenibacillus anaericanus sp. nov. and Paenibacillus terrae strain MH72, N2O-producing bacteria isolated from the gut of the earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1255-1265.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium devorans (Zimmermann 1890) Bergey et al. 1923, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 16 (N. Porges) = ATCC 10829= CCUG 1819 = DSM 30198 = LMG 4017 = NRRL B-54.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HF558376.
Synonyms: "Bacillus devorans" Zimmermann 1890, "Chromobacterium devorans" (Zimmermann 1890) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. part. adj. devorans, devouring.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 ZIMMERMANN (O.E.R.): Die Bakterien unserer Trink- und Nutzwässer, insbesondere des Wassers der Chemnitzer Wasserleitung. I. Reihe, Elfter Bericht der Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft Chemnitz, 1890, pp. 54-154. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 1st ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1923, pp. 1-442.

Notes:
1 According to Yabuuchi et al. 1979 [1], to Holmes and Owen 1979 [2] and to the ATCC, the CCUG, the DSMZ, the LMG, and the ARS (NRLL), the strain ATCC 10829= CCUG 1819 = DSM 30198 = LMG 4017 = NRRL B-54 is a strain of ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990 [basonym ¤ Pseudomonas paucimobilis Holmes et al. 1977 (Approved Lists 1980)].
Yabuuchi et al. 1979 [1] and Homes and Owen 1979 [2] also indicate that the type strain of Flavobacterium  devorans which is currently in circulation does not correspond with the original strain. Holmes and Owen 1979 [2] wrote "We therefore consider that F. devorans should not be on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names when they are published on January 1,1980".
However, Flavobacterium devorans appears in the Approved Lists, and the rejection of the name Flavobacterium devorans, was never published in the IJSB/IJSEM.
References:
1 YABUUCHI (E.), TANIMURA (E.), OHYAMA (A.), YANO (I.) and YAMAMOTO (A.): Flavobacterium devorans ATCC 10829: A strain of Pseudomonas paucimobilis. J. Gen Appl. Microbiol., 1979, 25, 95-107.
Publication Online
2 HOLMES (B.) and OWEN (R.J.): Proposal that Flavobacterium breve be substituted as the type species of the genus in place of Flavobacterium aquatile and emended description of the genus Flavobacterium. Status of the named species of Flavobacterium. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 416-426.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 To date, the name Flavobacterium devorans is not placed on the list of rejected name (see above). Consequently, if the type strain of Flavobacterium devorans (Zimmermann 1890) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) is a strain of the genus ¤ Sphingomonas, then Flavobacterium devorans should be transfered in the genus ¤ Sphingomonas  as "Sphingomonas devorans" comb. nov. The epithet devorans [Flavobacterium devorans (Zimmermann 1890) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980] has priority over the epithet paucimobilis [¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis (Holmes et al. 1977) Yabuuchi et al. 1990]. So, if these two taxa are synonyms, then ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis  shoud be a later synonym of "Sphingomonas [Flavobacterium] devorans".
To avoid confusion, it should be useful that a Request for an Opinion and a Judicial Opinion be published in the IJSEM [see Rules 23a Note 4 (i), 56a, and 24c].
3 The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the genus ¤ Sphingomonas (99.86% similarity against ¤ Sphingomonas paucimobilis).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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Flavobacterium dongtanense Xiao et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LW30 = CCTCC AB 209201 = KCTC 22671.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU073293.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. dongtanense, pertaining to Dongtan, a wetland region in Chongming Island, Shanghai, China, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: XIAO (Y.P.), HUI (W.), LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.) and QUAN (Z.X.): Flavobacterium dongtanense sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of a wetland reed. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 343-346.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium dongtanense Xiao et al. 2011 emend. Joung et al. 2013.
Reference: JOUNG, Y., KIM, H. and JOH, K. 2013. Flavobacterium jumunjinense sp. nov., isolated from a lagoon, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheniae, Flavobacterium dongtanense and Flavobacterium gelidilacus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3937-3943.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium eburneum Hwang et al. 2017, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SA31=KACC 18743=JCM 31221.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KX158678.
Whole-genome sequence accession no.: JMST01000030.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. eburneum, ivory-coloured.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: HWANG, W. M., KIM, D., KANG, K. and AHN, T. Y. 2017. Flavobacterium eburneum sp. nov., isolated from reclaimed saline land soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 67, 55-59.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium endophyticum Gao et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 522=ACCC 19708=DSM 29537.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ873109.
Etymology: Gr. prefix endo-, inside; Gr. adj. phytikos, belonging to a plant; N.L. neut. adj. endophyticum, living inside a plant.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: GAO, J. L., LV, F. Y., WANG, X. M., YUAN, M., LI, J. W., WU, Q. Y. and SUN, J. G. 2015. Flavobacterium endophyticum sp. nov., a nifH gene-harbouring endophytic bacterium isolated from maize root. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 3900-3904.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium enshiense Dong et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DK69 = CCTCC AB 2011144 = KCTC 23775.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN790956.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. enshiense, of or pertaining to the city of Enshi, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: DONG (K.), CHEN (F.), DU (Y.) and WANG (G.): Flavobacterium enshiense sp. nov., isolated from soil, and emended descriptions of the genus Flavobacterium and Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium saliperosum and Flavobacterium suncheonense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 886-892.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium esteraromaticum (Omelianski 1923) Bergey et al. 1930, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 8091= CIP 103916 = DSM 8609 = IFO (now NBRC) 3751 = JCM 9172 = LMG 4020 = VKM Ac-1942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y17231.
Synonym: "Bacterium esteraromaticum" Omelianski 1923.
Etymology: N.L. n. ester, ester; L. neut. adj. aromaticum, aromatic, fragrant; N.L. neut. adj. esteraromaticum, smelling sweet due to esters.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 OMELIANSKI (V.L.): Aroma-producing micro-organisms. Journal of Bacteriology, 1923, 8, 393-419. 2 BERGEY (D.H.), HARRISON (F.C.), BREED (R.S.), HAMMER (B.W.) and HUNTOON (F.M.) (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 3rd ed., The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1930, pp. 1-589.

¤ Aureobacterium esteraromaticum (Omelianski 1923) Yokota et al. 1993, comb. nov.

¤ Microbacterium esteraromaticum (Omelianski 1923) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium faecale Kim et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WV33=KCTC 32457=CECT 8384.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF214259.
Etymology: L. n. faex, faecis, dregs, faeces; L. neut. suff. -ale, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. faecale, pertaining to faeces, faecal.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: KIM, J. H., CHOI, B. H., JO, M., KIM, S. C. and LEE, P. C. 2014. Flavobacterium faecale sp. nov., an agarase-producing species isolated from stools of Antarctic penguins. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2884-2890.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium ferrugineum Sickles and Shaw 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13524= CCUG 33443 = DSM 30193 = IAM 15098 = IFO (now NBRC) 14992 = JCM 21559 = LMG 4021.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230484.
Synonyms: "Pseudobacterium ferrugineum" (Sickles and Shaw 1934) Krasil'nikov 1949, "Empedobacter ferrugineum" (sic) (Sickles and Shaw 1934) Prévot 1961.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. ferrugineum, rust-coloured.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SICKLES (G.M.) and SHAW (M.): A systematic study of microorganisms which decompose the specific carbohydrates of the pneumococcus. Journal of Bacteriology, 1934, 28, 415-431.

¤ Terrimonas ferruginea (Sickles and Shaw 1934) Xie and Yokota 2006, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium filum Ryu et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EMB34 = DSM 17961 = KCTC 12610.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ372981.
Etymology: L. neut. n. filum (nominative in apposition), a thread, a Flavobacterium species called the thread.
Valid publication: RYU (S.H.), PARK (M.), JEON (Y.), LEE (J.R.), PARK (W.) and JEON (C.O.): Flavobacterium filum sp. nov., isolated from a wastewater treatment plant in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2026-2030.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium filum Ryu et al. 2007 emend. Li et al. 2014.
Valid publication: LI, A., LIU, H., SUN, B., ZHOU, Y. and XIN, Y. 2014. Flavobacterium lacus sp. nov., isolated from a high-altitude lake, and emended description of Flavobacterium filum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 933-939.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium flevense (van der Meulen et al. 1974) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27944= CCUG 14832 = CIP 104740 = DSM 1076 = IFO (now NBRC) 14960 = JCM 21143 = LMG 8328 = NBRC 14960.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB680723.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga flevensis van der Meulen et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. Flevum, a former inner sea in the central part of The Netherlands which is now a freshwater lake called IJsselmeer; L. suff. -ensis -is -e, suffix used with the sense of belonging to or coming from; N.L. neut. adj. flevense, pertaining to Flevum.
Valid publication: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium flevense (van der Meulen et al. 1974) Bernardet et al. 1996 emend. Chen et al. 2014.
Reference: CHEN, W.-M., CHEN, J.-C. and SHEU, S.-Y. 2014. Flavobacterium oryzae sp. nov., isolated from a flooded rice field, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium flevense, Flavobacterium yonginense and Flavobacterium myungsuense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3701-3708.
Original article.

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Flavobacterium fluvii Lee et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H7 = DSM 19978 = KACC 12818.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU109724.
Etymology: L. gen. n. fluvii, of a river, of a stream.
Valid publication: LEE (S.H.), KIM (J.M.), LEE (J.R.), PARK (W.) and JEON (C.O.): Flavobacterium fluvii sp. nov., isolated from stream sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 353-357.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium fontis Chun et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MIC3010 = JCM 18212 = KACC 16593.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN873147.
Etymology: L. gen. n. fontis, of a pond or fountain, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a freshwater pond.
Valid publication: CHUN (J.), KANG (J.Y.) and JAHNG (K.Y.): Flavobacterium fontis sp. nov., isolated from freshwater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1653-1657.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium frigidarium Humphry et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A2i = ATCC 700810= CIP 107124 = NBRC 102676 = NCIMB 13737.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF162266.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. frigidarium, of or for cooling, intended to mean belonging to the cold.
Valid publication: HUMPHRY (D.R.), GEORGE (A.), BLACK (G.W.) and CUMMINGS (S.P.): Flavobacterium frigidarium sp. nov., an aerobic, psychrophilic, xylanolytic and laminarinolytic bacterium from Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1235-1243.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The etymology of the specific epithet fridigarium should read L. neut. adj. frigidarium belonging to the cold (not L. n. frigidarium one who bathes in cold water as cited in the paper by Humphry et al. 2001).
Reference: Erratum in IJSEM Online.

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Flavobacterium frigidimaris Nogi et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KUC-1 = JCM 12218 = DSM 15937.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB183888.
Etymology: L. adj. frigidus, cold; L. gen. n. maris, of the sea; N.L. gen. n. frigidimaris, of a cold sea.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 105. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1743-1745.
Effective publication: NOGI (Y.), SODA (K.) and OIKAWA (T.): Flavobacterium frigidimaris sp. nov., isolated from Antarctic seawater. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 310-315.
Validation List no. 105 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium frigoris Van Trappen et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 15719 = LMG 21922 = NBRC 102678.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ557887.
Etymology: L. masc. n. frigor, cold; L. gen. n. frigoris, of the cold.
Valid publication: VAN TRAPPEN (S.), VANDECANDELAERE (I.), MERGAERT (J.) and SWINGS (J.): Flavobacterium degerlachei sp. nov., Flavobacterium frigoris sp. nov. and Flavobacterium micromati sp. nov., novel psychrophilic bacteria isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 85-92.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium fryxellicola Van Trappen et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 108325 = LMG 22022.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ811961.
Etymology: N.L. n. Fryxellum, Lake Fryxell; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), dweller, inhabitant; N.L. n. (nominative in apposition) fryxellicola, an inhabitant of Lake Fryxell.
Valid publication: VAN TRAPPEN (S.), VANDECANDELAERE (I.), MERGAERT (J.) and SWINGS (J.): Flavobacterium fryxellicola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium psychrolimnae sp. nov., novel psychrophilic bacteria isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 769-772.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium fulvum Nguyen and Kim 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UCM-R15=KACC 18666=NBRC 111764.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KU052686.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. neut. adj. fulvum, deep yellow, referring to the colour of the colonies.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NGUYEN, T. M. and KIM, J. 2016. Flavobacterium fulvum sp. nov., Flavobacterium pedocola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium humicola sp. nov., three new members of the family Flavobacteriaceae, isolated from soil Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3108-3118.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium gelidilacus Van Trappen et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R-8899 = DSM 15343 = LMG 21477.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ440996.
Etymology: L. adj. gelidus, ice-cold; L. n. lacus -us, lake; N.L. gen. n. gelidilacus, of the ice-cold lake, referring to the isolation source, microbial mats in Antarctic lakes.
Valid publication: VAN TRAPPEN (S.), MERGAERT (J.) and SWINGS (J.): Flavobacterium gelidilacus sp. nov., isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1241-1245.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium gelidilacus Van Trappen et al. 2003 emend. Joung et al. 2013.
Reference: JOUNG, Y., KIM, H. and JOH, K. 2013. Flavobacterium jumunjinense sp. nov., isolated from a lagoon, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheniae, Flavobacterium dongtanense and Flavobacterium gelidilacus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3937-3943.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium gillisiae McCammon and Bowman 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACAM 601.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U85889.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. gillisiae, of Gillis, named after Monique Gillis, a Belgian microbiologist who pioneered new techniques for bacterial taxonomy.
Valid publication: McCAMMON (S.A.) and BOWMAN (J.P.): Taxonomy of Antarctic Flavobacterium species: description of Flavobacterium gillisiae sp. nov., Flavobacterium tegetincola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium xanthum sp. nov., nom. rev., and reclassification of [Flavobacterium] salegens as Salegentibacter salegens gen. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1055-1063.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium ginsengisoli Kim et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DCY54=KCTC 23318=JCM 17336.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HM776705.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisoli, of soil of a ginseng field, the source of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: KIM, Y.-J., KIM, S.-R., NGUYEN, N.-L. and YANG, D.-C. 2013. Flavobacterium ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4289-4293.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium ginsenosidimutans Yang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG 01 = JCM 16720 = KACC 14525.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU138377.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsenosidum, ginsenoside; L. part. adj. mutans, transforming, converting; N.L. part. adj. ginsenosidimutans, ginsenoside-converting.
Valid publication: YANG (J.E.), KIM (S.Y.), IM (W.T.) and YI (T.H.): Flavobacterium ginsenosidimutans sp. nov., a bacterium with ginsenoside converting activity isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1408-1412.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium glaciei Zhang et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 0499 = CGMCC 1.5380 = JCM 13953.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ515962.
Etymology: L. gen. n. glaciei, of ice, referring to the isolation source, the China No.1 glacier.
Valid publication: ZHANG (D.C.), WANG (H.X.), LIU (H.C.), DONG (X.Z.) and ZHOU (P.J.): Flavobacterium glaciei sp. nov., a novel psychrophilic bacterium isolated from the China No.1 glacier. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2921-2925.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium gleum Holmes et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F93 = ATCC 35910= CCUG 14555 = CIP 103039 = IFO (now NBRC) 15054 = JCM 2410 = LMG 8334 = NCTC 11432.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM232812.
Etymology: Gr. neut. adj. gloion, slippery, sticky; N.L. neut. adj. gleum (sic), sticky.
Valid publication: HOLMES (B.), OWEN (R.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Flavobacterium gleum, a new species found in human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 21-25.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Chryseobacterium gleum (Holmes et al. 1984) Vandamme et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium glycines Madhaiyan et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Gm-149 = ICMP 17618 = NBRC 105008.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU672803.
Etymology: N.L. n. Glycine, a botanical genus name; N.L. gen. n. glycines, of Glycine max, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: MADHAIYAN (M.), POONGUZHALI (S.), LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.) and SUNDARAM (S.): Flavobacterium glycines sp. nov., a facultative methylotroph isolated from the rhizosphere of soybean. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2187-2192.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium gondwanense Dobson et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACAM 44 = ATCC 51278= CCUG 33444 = CIP 104040 = DSM 5423 = LMG 13192.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M92278.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. gondwanense, pertaining to Gondwanaland or Gondwana, one of the two ancient supercontinents, which originally included Antarctica and other, separate continental landmasses.
Valid publication: DOBSON (S.J.), COLWELL (R.R.), McMEEKIN (T.A.) and FRANZMANN (P.D.): Direct sequencing of the polymerase chain reaction-amplified 16S rRNA gene of Flavobacterium gondwanense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium salegens sp. nov., two new species from a hypersaline Antarctic lake. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 77-83.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Psychroflexus gondwanensis corrig. (Dobson et al. 1993) Bowman et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium granuli Aslam et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Kw05 = IAM 15099 = JCM 21560 = KCTC 12201 = NBRC 102009.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB180738.
Etymology: L. gen. n. granuli, of a small grain, pertaining to a granule, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ASLAM (Z.), IM (W.T.), KIM (M.K.) and LEE (S.T.): Flavobacterium granuli sp. nov., isolated from granules used in a wastewater treatment plant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 747-751.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium granuli Aslam et al. 2005 emend. Kim et al. 2014.
Reference: KIM, H., KANG, H., JOUNG, Y. and JOH, K. 2014. Flavobacterium gyeonganense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium chungangense, Flavobacterium aquidurense, Flavobacterium tructae and Flavobacterium granuli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 4173-4178.
Original article.

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Flavobacterium halmophilum corrig. Elazari-Volcani 1940, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACAM 71 = ATCC 19717= CIP 105455 = DSM 5349 = IFO (now NBRC) 15537 = JCM 21222 = LMG 4023 = NCIMB 1971.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306889.
Etymology: Gr. n. halmê, brine, seawater; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. halmophilum, seawater loving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ELAZARI-VOLCANI (B.): Studies on the microflora of the Dead Sea. In Hebrew, English summary. Thesis, Hebrew University Jerusalem, 1940.

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, halmephilium (sic), has been corrected to halmephilum by Hill et al. 1984 [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2].
References:
1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The spelling of the specific epithet, halmephilum (sic), has been corrected to halmophilum by Holmes et al. 1984.
Reference: HOLMES (B.), OWEN (R.J.) and McMEEKIN (T.A.): Genus Flavobacterium Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer and Huntoon 1923, 97AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 353-361.

¤ Halomonas halmophila (Elazari-Volcani 1940) Franzmann et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium haoranii Zhang et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LQY-7 = ACCC 05409 = KCTC 23008.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ988780.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. haoranii, of Hao-Ran, in honour of Hao-Ran Jian, a respected Chinese microbiologist, for his enormous contributions to the establishment and development of environmental microbiology in China.
Valid publication: ZHANG (J.), JIANG (R.B.), ZHANG (X.X.), HANG (B.J.), HE (J.) and LI (S.P.): Flavobacterium haoranii sp. nov., a cypermethrin-degrading bacterium isolated from a wastewater treatment system. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2882-2886.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium haoranii Zhang et al. 2010 emend. Sheu et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LQY-7 = ACCC 05409 = KCTC 23008.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ988780.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. haoranii, of Hao-Ran, in honour of Hao-Ran Jian, a respected Chinese microbiologist, for his enormous contributions to the establishment and development of environmental microbiology in China.
Reference: SHEU (S.Y.), LIN (Y.S) and CHEN (W.M.): Flavobacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater shrimp culture pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium haoranii, Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium terrae and Flavobacterium aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2239-2247.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium hauense Dong et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BX12=CCTCC AB 2012197=KCTC 32147.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX066803.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. hauense pertaining to HAU, arbitrary adjective formed from the acronym of the Huazhong Agricultural University, where taxonomic studies were performed.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: DONG, K., XU, B., ZHU, F. and WANG, G. 2013. Flavobacterium hauense sp. nov., isolated from soil and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium subsaxonicum, Flavobacterium beibuense and Flavobacterium rivuli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3237-3242.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium heparinum Payza and Korn 1956, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13125= CCUG 12810 = CIP 104194 = CIP 105498 = DSM 2366 = IFO (now NBRC) 12017 = JCM 7457 = LMG 4024 = LMG 10339 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9290 = NRRL B-14731.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001681 (complete genome).
Etymology: Gr. n. hêpar, liver; N.L. neut. adj. heparinum, of or pertaining to degradation of heparin, acidic mucoheteropolysaccharide with sulfate groups from various animal tissues.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: PAYZA (A.N.) and KORN (E.D.): The degradation of heparin by bacterial cells. I. Adaptation of lyophilized cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1956, 223, 853-858.

¤ Cytophaga heparina (Payza and Korn 1956) Christensen 1980, comb. nov.

¤ Sphingobacterium heparinum (Payza and Korn 1956) Takeuchi and Yokota 1993, comb. nov.

¤ Pedobacter heparinus (Payza and Korn 1956) Steyn et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium hercynium Cousin et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WB 4.2-33 = CIP 109241 = DSM 18292.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM265623.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. hercynium, pertaining to Hercynia, the Roman name for a mountain range, including the Harz Mountains, that forms the southern border of the North German plain.
Valid publication: COUSIN (S.), PÄUKER (O.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium aquidurense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium hercynium sp. nov., from a hard-water creek. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 243-249.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium hercynium Cousin et al. 2007 emend. Kim et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WB 4.2-33 = CIP 109241 = DSM 18292.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM265623.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. hercynium, pertaining to Hercynia, the Roman name for a mountain range, including the Harz Mountains, that forms the southern border of the North German plain.
Reference: KIM (J.J.), KANAYA (E.), WEON (H.Y.), KOGA (Y.), TAKANO (K.), DUNFIELD (P.F.), KWON (S.W.) and KANAYA (S.): Flavobacterium compostarboris sp. nov., isolated from leaf-and-branch compost, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium hercynium, Flavobacterium resistens and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2018-2024.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium hibernum McCammon et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACAM 376 = ATCC 51468= CIP 105745.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L39067.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. hibernum, of or belonging to winter.
Valid publication: McCAMMON (S.A.), INNES (B.H.), BOWMAN (J.P.), FRANZMANN (P.D.), DOBSON (S.J.), HOLLOWAY (P.E.), SKERRATT (J.H.), NICHOLS (P.D.) and RANKIN (L.M.): Flavobacterium hibernum sp. nov., a lactose-utilizing bacterium from a freshwater Antarctic lake. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1405-1412.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium humicola Nguyen and Kim 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UCM-46=KACC 18575=NBRC 111657.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT750335.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. n. humus, soil; L. suff. -cola, inhabiting; N.L. n. humicola, soil-inhabiting.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NGUYEN, T. M. and KIM, J. 2016. Flavobacterium fulvum sp. nov., Flavobacterium pedocola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium humicola sp. nov., three new members of the family Flavobacteriaceae, isolated from soil Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3108-3118.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium hydatis Bernardet et al. 1996, nom. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29551= CCUG 35201 = CIP 104741 = DSM 2063 = IFO (now NBRC) 14958 = JCM 20519 = LMG 8385 = NRRL B-14732.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58764.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. hûdor, water; N.L. gen. n. hydatis, of/from water.
Valid publication: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: For the transfer of Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) to the genus Flavobacterium Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bernardet et al. 1996, it is necessary to substitute a new specific epithet because there is an earlier homonym, Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Bernardet et al. 1996 (Rules 34a and 41a).

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Flavobacterium indicum Saha and Chakrabarti 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GPTSA100-9 = DSM 17447 = MTCC 6936.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY904351.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. indicum, pertaining to India, where the bacterial strain was isolated.
Valid publication: SAHA (P.) and CHAKRABARTI (T.): Flavobacterium indicum sp. nov., isolated from warm spring water in Assam, India. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2617-2621.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium indologenes Yabuuchi et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RH 542 = ATCC 29897= CCUG 14483 = CCUG 14556 = CDC 3716 = CIP 101026 = GIFU 1347 = IFO (now NBRC) 14944 = LMG 8337 = NCTC 10796.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM232813.
Etymology: N.L. n. indolum, indole; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), producing; N.L. neut. adj. indologenes, indole producing.
Valid publication: YABUUCHI (E.), KANEKO (T.), YANO (I.), MOSS (C.W.) and MIYOSHI (N.): Sphingobacterium gen. nov., Sphingobacterium spiritivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium multivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium mizutae sp. nov., and Flavobacterium indologenes sp. nov.: glucose-nonfermenting gram-negative rods in CDC groups IIK-2 and IIb. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 580-598.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The type strain is designated as ATCC 29893(p. 580) or ATCC 29897(p. 581) or ATCC 17898(p. 597). The right type strain is ATCC 29897 [1, 2, 3, 4] erroneously listed as ATCC 29893in the NCTC catalogue 1989 [4].
References:
1 MOORE (W.E.C.), CATO (E.P.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of bacterial names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1985). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 382-407.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1992). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.
3 American Type Culture Collection (ATCC).
4 Culture Collection, University of Göteborg (CCUG).
2 Flavobacterium indologenes Yabuuchi et al. 1983 was previously known as King group IIb.

¤ Chryseobacterium indologenes (Yabuuchi et al. 1983) Vandamme et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium indoltheticum Campbell and Williams 1951, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27950= CCUG 33445 = CIP 103168 = LMG 4025.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY468448.
Synonym: "Beneckea indolthetica" (Campbell and Williams 1951) Campbell 1957.
Etymology: N.L. n. indolum, indole; Gr. adj. thetikos -ê -on, positive; N.L. neut. adj. indoltheticum (sic), indole-positive.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: CAMPBELL (L.L.) and WILLIAMS (O.B.): A study of chitin-decomposing microorganisms of marine origin. Journal of General Microbiology, 1951, 5, 894-905.

¤ Chryseobacterium indoltheticum (Campbell and Williams 1951) Vandamme et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium inkyongense Park et al. 2017, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMCC27201=KCTC 52244=JCM 31385.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KX025140.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. inkyongense, from Inkyong pond, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: PARK, M., JOUNG, Y., NAM, G. G., KIM, S. and CHO, J. C. 2017. Flavobacterium inkyongense sp. nov., isolated from an artificial freshwater pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 67, 82-86.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium jejuense corrig. Park et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EC11=JCM 30735=KCTC 42149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ957195.
Etymology: -.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 171. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 3761-3764.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Park, S.-H., Kim, J.-Y., Kim, Y.-J. and Heo, M.-S. 2015. Flavobacterium jejuensis sp. nov., isolated from marine brown alga Ecklonia cava. J. Microbiol. 53, 756-761.
Effective publication Online
Note: Ending of epithet changed on validation to neuter gender, -ense.

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Flavobacterium johnsoniae corrig. (Stanier 1947) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 17061= CCUG 35202 = CFBP 3036 = CIP 100931 = DSM 2064 = IFO (now NBRC) 14942 = JCM 8514 = LMG 1341.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230489.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga johnsonae Stanier 1947 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: Vegetative myxobacteria Johnson 1932, "Cytophaga johnsonii" (sic) Stanier 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. johnsoniae, of Johnson, named after the American microbiologist Delia E. Johnson, who made an early study of chitinolytic gliding soil bacteria.
Valid publication: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, johnsonae (sic), has been corrected by Bernardet et al. 1996.
Reference: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Bernardet et al. 1996, Flavobacterium johnsoniae corrig. (Stanier 1947) Bernardet et al. 1996, includes strains NCIMB 1382 and NCIMB 1455, previously known as ¤ Flexibacter aurantiacus Lewin 1969 (Approved Lists 1980). Strain NCIMB 1382 is the type strain of ¤ Flexibacter aurantiacus Lewin 1969 (Approved Lists 1980). So, according to Bernardet et al. 1996, Flavobacterium johnsoniae corrig. (Stanier 1947) Bernardet et al. 1996 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Flexibacter aurantiacus Lewin 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium johnsoniae corrig. (Stanier 1947) Bernardet et al. 1996 emend. Kim et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 17061= CCUG 35202 = CFBP 3036 = CIP 100931 = DSM 2064 = JCM 8514 = LMG 1341 = NBRC 14942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230489.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga johnsonae Stanier 1947 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: Vegetative myxobacteria Johnson 1932, "Cytophaga johnsonii" (sic) Stanier 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. johnsoniae, of Johnson, named after the American microbiologist Delia E. Johnson, who made an early study of chitinolytic gliding soil bacteria.
Reference: KIM (J.J.), KANAYA (E.), WEON (H.Y.), KOGA (Y.), TAKANO (K.), DUNFIELD (P.F.), KWON (S.W.) and KANAYA (S.): Flavobacterium compostarboris sp. nov., isolated from leaf-and-branch compost, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium hercynium, Flavobacterium resistens and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2018-2024.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium johnsoniae corrig. (Stanier 1947) Bernardet et al. 1996 emend. Chen et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 17061= CCUG 35202 = CFBP 3036 = CIP 100931 = DSM 2064 = JCM 8514 = LMG 1341 = NBRC 14942.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230489.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga johnsonae Stanier 1947 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: Vegetative myxobacteria Johnson 1932, "Cytophaga johnsonii" (sic) Stanier 1957.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. johnsoniae, of Johnson, named after the American microbiologist Delia E. Johnson, who made an early study of chitinolytic gliding soil bacteria.
Reference: CHEN (W.M.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Flavobacterium tilapiae sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium defluvii and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 827-834.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium jumunjinense Joung et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HME7102=KCTC 23618=CECT 7955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF317279.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. jumunjinense, of or belonging to Jumunjin, the city close to the lagoon from where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Reference: JOUNG, Y., KIM, H. and JOH, K. 2013. Flavobacterium jumunjinense sp. nov., isolated from a lagoon, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheniae, Flavobacterium dongtanense and Flavobacterium gelidilacus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3937-3943.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium koreense Lee et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ARSA-42 = JCM 17066 = KACC 14969 = KCTC 23182.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU295967.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. koreense, of or belonging to Korea.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 143. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1-4.
Effective publication: LEE (S.), WEON (H.Y.), KIM (S.J.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium koreense sp. nov., Flavobacterium chungnamense sp. nov., and Flavobacterium cheonanense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir. J. Microbiol., 2011, 49, 387-392.
Validation List no. 143 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Flavobacterium koreense Lee et al. 2012 emend. Lee et al. 2012.
Reference: LEE (S.), WEON (H.Y.), HAN (K.) and AHN (T.Y.): Flavobacterium dankookense sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater reservoir, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium cheonanense, F. chungnamense, F. koreense and F. aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2378-2382.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium kyungheense Son et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG-107=KACC 16219=LMG 26575.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN196130.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. kyungheense, of or belonging to Kyung Hee University, Republic of Korea.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 157. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1455-1458.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: SON, H.-M., KOOK, M., PARK, S.-Y., MAVLONOV, G. T. and YI, T.-H. 2013. Flavobacterium kyungheensis sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 104, 1029-1037.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium lacus Li et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NP180=CGMCC 1.12504=NBRC 109715.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC969641.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. n. lacus, of a lake.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: LI, A., LIU, H., SUN, B., ZHOU, Y. and XIN, Y. 2014. Flavobacterium lacus sp. nov., isolated from a high-altitude lake, and emended description of Flavobacterium filum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 933-939.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium limicola Tamaki et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ST-82 = DSM 15094 = JCM 11473 = NBRC 103156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB075230.
Etymology: L. n. limus, mud; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant, dweller; N.L. n. limicola, a mud-dweller.
Valid publication: TAMAKI (H.), HANADA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.), NAKAMURA (K.), NOMURA (N.), NAKANO (K.) and MATSUMURA (M.): Flavobacterium limicola sp. nov., a psychrophilic, organic-polymer-degrading bacterium isolated from freshwater sediments. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 519-526.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet, limicola, is a "N.L. masc. n." or a "N.L. fem. n." not a "N.L. neut. n." as cited by Tamaki et al. 2003.

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Flavobacterium limnosediminis Lee et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JC2902=KACC 16937=JCM 18661.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ928688.
Etymology: Gr. n. limnê lake; L. n. sedimen -inis, sediment; N.L. gen. n. limnosediminis, from lake sediment.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Reference: LEE, K., PARK, S.-C., YI, H. and CHUN, J. 2013. Flavobacterium limnosediminis sp. nov., isolated from sediment of a freshwater lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4784-4789.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium lindanitolerans Jit et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IP-10 = CCM 7424 = MTCC 8597.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF424395.
Etymology: N.L. n. lindanum, lindane; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. lindanitolerans, lindane-tolerating.
Valid publication: JIT (S.), DADHWAL (M.), PRAKASH (O.) and LAL (R.): Flavobacterium lindanitolerans sp. nov., isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1665-1669.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium longum Fujii et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIT 12745=JCM 19141=DSM 27077.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB795014.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. longum, long in shape, referring to the filamentous cellular morphology that occurs in broth culture.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: FUJII, D., NAGAI, F., WATANABE, Y. and SHIRASAWA, Y. 2014. Flavobacterium longum sp. nov. and Flavobacterium urocaniciphilum sp. nov., isolated from a wastewater treatment plant, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium caeni and Flavobacterium terrigena. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1488-1494.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium luticocti Liu et al. 2017, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) xz20=CCTCC AB 2015421=JCM 31174.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KU746271.
Etymology: L. neut. n. lutum, mud, sludge; L. part. adj. coctus -a -um, digested; N.L. gen. n. luticocti, of digested sludge.
Source: Industrial/agricultural.
Valid publication: LIU, H., LU, P., JIN, L. and ZHU, G. 2017. Flavobacterium luticocti sp. nov., isolated from wastewater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 67, 369-373.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium lutivivi Feng et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HQQ=CGMCC 1.15347=KCTC 42935.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT215492.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. n. lutum, sludge, mud; L. adj. vivus, alive; N.L. gen. n. lutivivi, from activated sludge.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: FENG, Q., HAN, L., NOGI, Y., HONG, Q. and LV, J. 2016. Flavobacterium lutivivi sp. nov., isolated from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1394-1400.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium macrobrachii Sheu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) an-8 = BCRC 17965 = LMG 25203.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ593904.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. macrobrachii, of Macrobrachium, a genus of freshwater shrimp, isolated from the surrounding environment of shrimp belonging to the genus Macrobrachium.
Valid publication: SHEU (S.Y.), CHIU (T.F.), YOUNG (C.C.), ARUN (A.B.) and CHEN (W.M.): Flavobacterium macrobrachii sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater shrimp culture pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1402-1407.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium maotaiense Feng et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T9=CGMCC 1.12712=JCM 19927.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF857166.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. maotaiense, pertaining to Maotai town, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: FENG, Q., GAO, Y., NOGI, Y., TAN, X., HAN, L., ZHANG, Y. and LV, J. 2015. Flavobacterium maotaiense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 171-176
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium marinotypicum ZoBell and Upham 1944, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19260= CIP 105733 = DSM 12512 = IFO (now NBRC) 15779 = LMG 8374 = NCIMB 559 (formerly NCMB 1050) = VKM Ac-2079.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ853910.
Etymology: L. adj. marinus, of the sea, marine; L. neut. adj. typicum, typical; N.L. neut. adj. marinotypicum, probably intended to mean typical of the sea.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ZOBELL (C.E.) and UPHAM (H.C.): A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species. Bulletin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California (Technical Series), 1944, 5, 239-292.

¤ Microbacterium maritypicum (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Takeuchi and Hatano 1998.

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Flavobacterium marinum Song et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SW105=CGMCC 1.10825=JCM 18132.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN867054.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. marinum of the sea, marine.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Reference: SONG, L., LIU, H., HUANG, Y., DAI, X. and ZHOU, Y. 2013. Flavobacterium marinum sp. nov., isolated from seawater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3551-3555.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium maris Romanenko et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KMM 9535=KCTC 42093=NRIC 0920.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB973429.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. adj. maris, of sea.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 167. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1-3.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Romanenko, L. A., Tanaka, N., Svetashev, V. I., Kurilenko, V. V. and Mikhailov, V. V. 2015. Flavobacterium maris sp. nov. isolated from shallow sediments of the Sea of Japan. Arch. Microbiol. 197, 941-947.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium meningosepticum King 1959, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13253= CCUG 214 = CIP 60.57 = DSM 2800 = IFO (now NBRC) 12535 = JCM 21065 = LMG 12279 = NCTC 10016.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ704540.
Etymology: Gr. n. meninx meningos, meninges, membrane covering the brain; Gr. adj. septikos, putrefactive; N.L. neut. adj. meningosepticum, apparently referring to association of the bacterium with both meningitis and septicaemia, but not septic meningitis as the name implies.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KING (E.O.): Studies on a previously unclassified bacteria associated with meningitis in infants. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 1959, 31, 241-247.

¤ Chryseobacterium meningosepticum (King 1959) Vandamme et al. 1994, comb. nov.

¤ Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (King 1959) Kim et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium micromati Van Trappen et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 108161 = LMG 21919.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ557888.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. micromati, arbitrary name referring to the MICROMAT project (“Biodiversity of microbial mats in Antarctic”) in connection with which the strains were isolated.
Valid publication: VAN TRAPPEN (S.), VANDECANDELAERE (I.), MERGAERT (J.) and SWINGS (J.): Flavobacterium degerlachei sp. nov., Flavobacterium frigoris sp. nov. and Flavobacterium micromati sp. nov., novel psychrophilic bacteria isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 85-92.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium mizutaii (Yabuuchi et al. 1983) Holmes et al. 1988, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33299= CCUG 15907 = CIP 101122 = GIFU 1203 = JCM 21155 = KC1794 = LMG 8340 = NCTC 12149.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438175.
Basonym: ¤ Sphingobacterium mizutaii corrig. Yabuuchi et al. 1983.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. mizutaii, of Mizuta, named after Shunsuke Mizuta, Japanese pediatrician, who first reported a case of meningitis in a premature baby from whose spinal fluid the type strain of the species was isolated.
Valid publication: HOLMES (B.), WEAVER (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BRENNER (D.J.): A taxonomic study of Flavobacterium spiritivorum and Sphingobacterium mizutae: proposal of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium mizutaii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 348-353.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision) [1] caters primarily for new names and new combinations and does not address the issue of changes in taxonomic opinion, particularly where an earlier synonym is considered to be the name that corresponds with the data. Gherna and Woese 1992 [2] showed that the type of the species Flavobacterium mizutaii does not group with the type of the genus Flavobacterium (¤ Flavobacterium aquatile) and is consistent with placement of this species in the genus ¤ Sphingobacterium, not in the genus Flavobacterium as proposed by Holmes et al. 1988 [3]. The inclusion of this organism in the genus ¤ Sphingobacterium is supported by the work of Takeuchi and Yokota 1993 [4], Bernardet et al. 1996 [6], Steyn et al. 1998 [7] and virtually all subsequent publications dealing with members of the genera ¤ Pedobacter and ¤ Sphingobacterium. Barry Holmes of the NCTC also accepts the inclusion of this organism in the genus ¤ Sphingobacterium (personal communication to Brian J. Tindall of the DSMZ). While the name that often appears in databases is Flavobacterium mizutaii this is not consistent with widely accepted and published current taxonomic opinion.
References:
1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 Revision). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.
2 GHERNA (R.) and WOESE (C.R.): A partial phylogenetic analysis of the "flavobacter-bacteroides" phylum: basis for taxonomic restructuring. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 15, 513-521.
3 HOLMES (B.), WEAVER (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BRENNER (D.J.): A taxonomic study of Flavobacterium spiritivorum and Sphingobacterium mizutae: proposal of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium mizutaii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 348-353.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 TAKEUCHI (M.) and YOKOTA (A.): Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 465-482.
Original article Online
5 BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online
6 STEYN (P.L.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), SANDRA (P.), KERSTERS (K.) and JOUBERT (J.J.): Classification of heparinolytic bacteria into a new genus, Pedobacter, comprising four species: Pedobacter heparinus comb. nov., Pedobacter piscium comb. nov., Pedobacter africanus sp. nov. and Pedobacter saltans sp. nov. Proposal of the family Sphingobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 165-177.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium multivorum Holmes et al. 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B5533 = ATCC 33613= CCUG 11736 = CDC B5533 = CIP 100541 = GIFU 2812 = IFO (now NBRC) 14947 = JCM 21156 = LMG 8342 = NCTC 11343 = NRRL B-14861.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB100738.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, many; L. v. vorare, to swallow; N.L. neut. adj. multivorum, intended to mean "produces acid from many carbohydrates".
Valid publication: HOLMES (B.), OWEN (R.J.) and WEAVER (R.E.): Flavobacterium multivorum, a new species isolated from human clinical specimens and previously known as group IIk, biotype 2. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 21-34.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingobacterium multivorum (Holmes et al. 1981) Yabuuchi et al. 1983, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium myungsuense Joung et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HMD1033 = CECT 7649 = KCTC 22825.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ148878.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. myungsuense, of or belonging to Myungsu, the artificial lake from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: JOUNG (Y.), KIM (H.), AHN (T.S.) and JOH (K.): Flavobacterium yonginense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium myungsuense sp. nov., isolated from a mesotrophic artificial lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 806-810.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium myungsuense Joung et al. 2012 emend. Chen et al. 2014.
Reference: CHEN, W.-M., CHEN, J.-C. and SHEU, S.-Y. 2014. Flavobacterium oryzae sp. nov., isolated from a flooded rice field, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium flevense, Flavobacterium yonginense and Flavobacterium myungsuense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3701-3708.
Original article.

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Flavobacterium nitratireducens Nupur et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) N1=MTCC 11155=JCM 17678.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FR827898.
Etymology: N.L. n. nitras, -atis, nitrate; L. part. adj. reducens, leading back, bringing back, and in chemistry, converting to a different oxidation state; N.L. part. adj. nitratireducens, reducing nitrate.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Reference: NUPUR, BHUMIKA, V., SRINIVAS, T. N. and KUMAR, P. A. 2013. Flavobacterium nitratireducens sp. nov., an amylolytic bacterium of the family Flavobacteriaceae isolated from coastal surface seawater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2490-2496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium nitrogenifigens Kämpfer et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NXU-44=LMG 28694=CIP 110894.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP711654.
Etymology: N.L. n. nitrogenium, nitrogen; L. part. adj. Fig ens, fixing; N.L. part. adj. nitrogenifigens, referring to the ability of this organism to fix nitrogen.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER, P., BUSSE, H.-J., MCINROY, J. A., XU, J. and GLAESER, S. P. 2015. Flavobacterium nitrogenifigens sp. nov., isolated from switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2803-2809.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium noncentrifugens Zhu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R-HLS-17 = CGMCC 1.10076 = NBRC 108844.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ002654.
Etymology: L. adv. non, not; L. n. centrum, middle; L. v. fugere, to flee; N.L. part. adj. noncentrifugens, not fleeing the middle, i.e., hard to precipitate by centrifugation.
Valid publication: ZHU (L.), LIU (Q.), LIU (H.), ZHANG (J.), DONG (X.), ZHOU (Y.) and XIN (Y.): Flavobacterium noncentrifugens sp. nov., a psychrotolerant bacterium isolated from glacier meltwater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2032-2037.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium notoginsengisoli Zhang et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SYP-B540=BCRC 80724=KCTC 32505=NBRC 110012.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ130052.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. notoginsengum, notoginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. notoginsengisoli, of soil of a notoginseng root, the source of the organism.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 167. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1-3.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Zhang, M.-Y., Xu, H., Zhang, T.-Y., Xie, J., Cheng, J., Nimaichand, S., Li, S.-H., Li, W.-J. and Zhang, Y.-X. 2015. Flavobacterium notoginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Panax notoginseng . Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 108, 545-552.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium oceanosedimentum Carty and Litchfield 1978, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 31317.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU269547.
Etymology: Gr. n. okeanos, the ocean; L. n. sedimentum, a settling, subsidence; N.L. neut. adj. oceanosedimentum, intended to mean from marine sediments.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: CARTY (C.E.) and LITCHFIELD (C.D.): Characterization of a new marine sedimentary bacterium as Flavobacterium oceanosedimentum sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1978, 28, 561-566.

Note: The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the family ¤ Microbacteriaceae (99.8% similarity against ¤ Curtobacterium citreum).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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Flavobacterium odoratum Stutzer 1929, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 4651= CCUG 7321 = CIP 103105 = DSM 2801 = IFO (now NBRC) 14945 = JCM 7458 = LMG 1233 = NCTC 11036.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M58777.
Etymology: L. part. neut. adj. odoratum, perfumed.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: STUTZER (M.) In: STUTZER (M.) and KWASCHNINA (A.): Aussaaten aus den Fäzes des Menschen gelbe Kolonien bildende Bakterien (Gattung Flavobacterium u.a.). Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1929, 113, 219-225.

¤ Myroides odoratus (Stutzer 1929) Vancanneyt et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium okeanokoites ZoBell and Upham 1944, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33414= CCM 320 = CIP 105082 = IFO (now NBRC) 12536 = LMG 4030 = NCIMB 561 = VKM B-1175.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D55729.
Etymology: Gr. masc. n. okeanos, the ocean; Gr. fem. n. choite, bed; N.L. fem. gen. n. okeanokoites, of the ocean bed.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ZOBELL (C.E.) and UPHAM (H.C.): A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species. Bulletin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California (Technical Series), 1944, 5, 239-292.

¤ Planococcus okeanokoites (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Nakagawa et al. 1996, comb. nov.

¤ Planomicrobium okeanokoites (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium omnivorum Zhu et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ZF-8 = AS 1.2747 = JCM 11313.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF433174.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. omnivorum, all-devouring, eating everything, referring to the ability of the strain to degrade a wide range of macromolecules.
Valid publication: ZHU (F.), WANG (S.) and ZHOU (P.): Flavobacterium xinjiangense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium omnivorum sp. nov., novel psychrophiles from the China No. 1 glacier. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 853-857.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the description of Flavobacterium omnivorum, the type strain is erroneously cited as AS 1.2749.

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Flavobacterium oncorhynchi Zamora et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 631-08 = CCUG 59446 = CECT 7678.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN669776.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. oncorhynchi, of Oncorhynchus, named after the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 145. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1017-1019.
Effective publication: ZAMORA (L.), FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL (J.F.), SVENSSON-STADLER (L.A.), PALACIOS (M.A.), DOMÍNGUEZ (L.), MOORE (E.R.B.), and VELA (A.I.): Flavobacterium oncorhynchi sp. nov., a new species isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2012, 35, 86-91.
Validation List no. 145 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium orientale Li et al. 2017, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SP3=CGMCC 1.12506=NBRC 109717.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT985058.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. orientale, of or belonging to the East, Eastern, referring to the region where the strains were isolated.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: LI, A. H., LIU, H. C. and ZHOU, Y. G. 2017. Flavobacterium orientale sp. nov., isolated from lake water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 67, 108-112.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium oryzae Chen et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Jyi-05=BCRC 80522=LMG 27292=KCTC 32240.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE997061.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oryzae, of rice, pertaining to the isolation of the type strain from flooded rice field.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: CHEN, W.-M., CHEN, J.-C. and SHEU, S.-Y. 2014. Flavobacterium oryzae sp. nov., isolated from a flooded rice field, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium flevense, Flavobacterium yonginense and Flavobacterium myungsuense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3701-3708.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium palustre Feng et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S44=CGMCC 1.12811=NBRC 110389.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ150599.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. palustre, marshy, swampy or muddy, living in marshes.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: FENG, H., ZENG, Y. and HUANG, Y. 2015. Flavobacterium palustre sp. nov., isolated from wetland soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1003-1007.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium paronense Joung et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KNUS1=KACC 17692=CECT 8460.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF499995.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: JOUNG, Y., KANG, H., KIM, H., KIM, T. S., HAN, J. H., KIM, S. B., AHN, T. S. and JOH, K. 2016. Flavobacterium paronense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater of an artificial vegetated island. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 365-370.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium pectinovorum (Reichenbach 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) number 81 Dorey = ATCC 19366= CIP 104742 = DSM 6368 = IFO (now NBRC) 15945 = JCM 8518 = LMG 4031 = NBRC 15945 = NCIMB 9059.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB681003.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga pectinovora (ex Dorey 1959) Reichenbach 1989.
Other synonyms: "Flavobacterium pectinovorum" Dorey 1959, "Empedobacter pectinovorum" (sic) (Dorey 1959) Kaiser 1961.
Etymology: N.L. n. pectinum, pectin, methylated polygalacturonic acids in plant cell walls; L. n. suff. -vorum, devouring; N.L. neut. adj. pectinovorum, pectin-devouring.
Valid publication: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium pedocola Nguyen and Kim 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) UCM-R36=KACC 18668=NBRC 111765.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KU052688.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: Gr. n. pedon,; L. suff. -cola, inhabiting; N.L. n. pedocola, soil-inhabiting.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: NGUYEN, T. M. and KIM, J. 2016. Flavobacterium fulvum sp. nov., Flavobacterium pedocola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium humicola sp. nov., three new members of the family Flavobacteriaceae, isolated from soil Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3108-3118.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium phragmitis Liu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BLN2 = BLN_2 = CGMCC 1.10370 = DSM 23314.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU564236.
Etymology: L. n. phragmites -is, a kind of reed growing in hedges and also a scientific generic name (Phragmites); L. gen. n. phragmitis, of a reed, of Phragmites australis, the wetland plant from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LIU (M.), LI (Y.H.), LIU (Y.), ZHU (J.N.), LIU (Q.F.), LIU (Y.), GU (J.G.), ZHANG (X.X.) and LI (C.L.): Flavobacterium phragmitis sp. nov., an endophyte of reed (Phragmites australis). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2717-2721.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium piscis Zamora et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 412R-09=CECT 7911=CCUG 60099.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE612101.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. masc. n. piscis, of a fish.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: ZAMORA, L., VELA, A. I., SÁNCHEZ-PORRO, C., PALACIOS, M. A., MOORE, E. R. B., DOMÍNGUEZ, L., VENTOSA, A. and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL, J. F. 2014. Flavobacterium tructae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium piscis sp. nov., isolated from farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 392-399.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium plurextorum Zamora et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1126-1H-08=CECT 7844=CCUG 60112.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE612094.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. comp. pl. plures, more, several, many; L. pl. n. exta -orum, entrails; N.L. gen. pl. n. plurextorum, of several internal organs.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: ZAMORA, L., FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL, J. F., SÁNCHEZ-PORRO, C., PALACIOS, M. A., MOORE, E. R., DOMÍNGUEZ, L., VENTOSA, A. and VELA, A. I. 2014. Flavobacterium plurextorum sp. nov. isolated from farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium ponti Yoon et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GSW-R14 = CCUG 58402 = KCTC 22802.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ370387.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ponti (poet. for maris), of the sea, referring to the place that the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), PARK (S.), KANG (S.J.), OH (S.J.), MYUNG (S.C.) and KIM (W.): Flavobacterium ponti sp. nov., isolated from seawater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 81-85.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium procerum Feng et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T3=CGMCC 1.12926=JCM 30113.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF857168.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. procerum, long, referring to the cell shape.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: FENG, Q., HAN, L., YUAN, X., TAN, X., GAO, Y. and LV, J. 2015. Flavobacterium procerum sp. nov., isolated from freshwater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2702-2708.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium psychrolimnae Van Trappen et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CIP 108326 = LMG 22018 = NBRC 102679.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ585428.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; Gr. fem. n. limna, lake; N.L. gen. n. psychrolimnae, of a cold lake.
Valid publication: VAN TRAPPEN (S.), VANDECANDELAERE (I.), MERGAERT (J.) and SWINGS (J.): Flavobacterium fryxellicola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium psychrolimnae sp. nov., novel psychrophilic bacteria isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 769-772.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium psychrophilum (Bernardet and Grimont 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49418= CCUG 35200 = CIP 103534 = DSM 3660 = JCM 8519 = LMG 13179 = NBRC 100250 = NCIMB 1947.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB078060.
Basonym: ¤ Flexibacter psychrophilus (ex Borg 1960) Bernardet and Grimont 1989.
Homotypic synonym: ¤ Cytophaga psychrophila (ex Borg 1960) Reichenbach 1989.
Other synonym: "Cytophaga psychrophila" Borg 1960.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. psychrophilum, cold-loving.
Valid publication: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium qiangtangense corrig. Huang et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F3=CGMCC 1.12706=JCM 19739.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF726983.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 163. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1105-1111.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: HUANG, F., ZHANG, Y., ZHU, Y., WANG, P., LU, J. and LV, J. 2014. Flavobacterium qiangtangensis sp. nov., isolated from Qiangtang basin in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. Curr Microbiol, 69, 234-239.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium rakeshii Kaur et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FCS-5 = JCM 17928 = MTCC 10967.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF830803.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. rakeshii, of Rakesh, in memory of Dr Rakesh Kumar Jain, an Indian microbiologist, for his valuable contributions to microbial taxonomy and environmental biotechnology.
Valid publication: KAUR (I.), KAUR (C.), KHAN (F.) and MAYILRAJ (S.): Flavobacterium rakeshii sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment, and emended description of Flavobacterium beibuense Fu et al. 2011. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2897-2902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium reichenbachii Ali et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WB 3.2-61 = CIP 109866 = DSM 21791.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM177616.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. reichenbachii, of Reichenbach, named after Hans Reichenbach, a famous German microbiologist, who pioneered the study of gliding bacteria.
Valid publication: ALI (Z.), COUSIN (S.), FRÜHLING (A.), BRAMBILLA (E.), SCHUMANN (P.), YANG (Y.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium rivuli sp. nov., Flavobacterium subsaxonicum sp. nov., Flavobacterium swingsii sp. nov. and Flavobacterium reichenbachii sp. nov, isolated from a hard water rivulet. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2610-2617.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium resinovorum Delaporte and Daste 1956, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33545= CCUG 33446 A = CCUG 33446 B = DSM 7478 = LMG 8367 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8767 = VKM B-1172.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF029110.
Etymology: L. n. resina, resin or gum of trees; L; neut. suff. -vorum, devouring; N.L. neut. adj. resinovorum, resin-devouring.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: DELAPORTE (B.) and DASTE (P.): Une bactérie du sol capable de décomposer la fraction fixe de certaines oléorésines Flavobacterium resinovorum n. sp. Compte Rendu de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 1956, 242, 831-834.

¤ Novosphingobium resinovorum (Delaporte and Daste 1956) Lim et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium resistens Ryu et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BD-b365 = DSM 19382 = KCTC 22078.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF575563.
Etymology: L. part. adj. resistens, resisting, based on the type strain being resistant to all antibiotics tested.
Valid publication: RYU (S.H.), PARK (J.H.), MOON (J.C.), SUNG (Y.), LEE (S.S.) and JEON (C.O.): Flavobacterium resistens sp. nov., isolated from stream sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2266-2270.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium resistens Ryu et al. 2008 emend. Kim et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BD-b365 = DSM 19382 = KCTC 22078.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF575563.
Etymology: L. part. adj. resistens, resisting, based on the type strain being resistant to all antibiotics tested.
Reference: KIM (J.J.), KANAYA (E.), WEON (H.Y.), KOGA (Y.), TAKANO (K.), DUNFIELD (P.F.), KWON (S.W.) and KANAYA (S.): Flavobacterium compostarboris sp. nov., isolated from leaf-and-branch compost, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium hercynium, Flavobacterium resistens and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2018-2024.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium rivuli Ali et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WB 3.3-2 = CIP 109865 = DSM 21788.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM934661.
Etymology: L. gen. n. rivuli, of/from a small river.
Valid publication: ALI (Z.), COUSIN (S.), FRÜHLING (A.), BRAMBILLA (E.), SCHUMANN (P.), YANG (Y.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium rivuli sp. nov., Flavobacterium subsaxonicum sp. nov., Flavobacterium swingsii sp. nov. and Flavobacterium reichenbachii sp. nov, isolated from a hard water rivulet. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2610-2617.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium rivuli Ali et al. 2009 emend. Dong et al. 2013.
Reference: DONG, K., XU, B., ZHU, F. and WANG, G. 2013. Flavobacterium hauense sp. nov., isolated from soil and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium subsaxonicum, Flavobacterium beibuense and Flavobacterium rivuli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3237-3242.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium saccharophilum (Reichenbach 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 024 Agbo and Moss = ATCC 49530= CIP 104743 = DSM 1811 = IFO (now NBRC) 15944 = JCM 8520 = LMG 8384 = NCIMB 2072.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230491.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga saccharophila (ex Agbo and Moss 1979) Reichenbach 1989.
Other synonym: "Cytophaga saccharophila" Agbo and Moss 1979.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. saccharophilum, sugar-loving.
Valid publication: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium salegens Dobson et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACAM 48 = ATCC 51522= CCUG 33447 = CIP 104041 = DSM 5424 = LMG 13193.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M92279.
Etymology: L. n. sal salis, salt; L. adj. egens, needy, necessitous; N.L. neut. adj. salegens, needing salt.
Valid publication: DOBSON (S.J.), COLWELL (R.R.), McMEEKIN (T.A.) and FRANZMANN (P.D.): Direct sequencing of the polymerase chain reaction-amplified 16S rRNA gene of Flavobacterium gondwanense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium salegens sp. nov., two new species from a hypersaline Antarctic lake. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 77-83.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Salegentibacter salegens (Dobson et al. 1993) McCammon and Bowman 2000, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium saliperosum Wang et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S13 = CGMCC 1.3801 = JCM 13331.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ021903.
Etymology: L. n. sal salis, salt; L. adj. perosus -a -um, detesting, hating greatly; N.L. neut. adj. saliperosum, salt-hating.
Valid publication: WANG (Z.W.), LIU (Y.H.), DAI (X.), WANG (B.J.), JIANG (C.Y.) and LIU (S.J.): Flavobacterium saliperosum sp. nov., isolated from freshwater lake sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 439-442.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium saliperosum Wang et al. 2006 emend. Dong et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S13 = CGMCC 1.3801 = JCM 13331.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ021903.
Etymology: L. n. sal salis, salt; L. adj. perosus -a -um, detesting, hating greatly; N.L. neut. adj. saliperosum, salt-hating.
Reference: DONG (K.), CHEN (F.), DU (Y.) and WANG (G.): Flavobacterium enshiense sp. nov., isolated from soil, and emended descriptions of the genus Flavobacterium and Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium saliperosum and Flavobacterium suncheonense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 886-892.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium sasangense Yoon et al. 2009, sp. nov. (not validly published; see the ¤ footnote).
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YC6274 = DSM 21067 = KCTC 22246.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU423319.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. sasangense, pertaining to the Sasang stream, from which the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (H.S.), ASLAM (Z.), SONG (G.C.), KIM (S.W.), JEON (C.O.), CHON (T.S.) and CHUNG (Y.R.): Flavobacterium sasangense sp. nov., isolated from a wastewater stream polluted with heavy metals. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1162-1166.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: It has become apparent that one of the culture collection certificates supplied in connection with this paper, provided by Zubair Aslam without the knowledge of the other authors, was not issued by the culture collection concerned; therefore evidence has not been provided that the type strain of Flavobacterium sasangense has been deposited in two culture collections in different countries, as required for valid publication of a species name under the Bacteriological Code. For this reason, this paper has been retracted.


Reference: Retraction for Yoon et al., Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 59 (5) 1162-1166. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 267.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium scophthalmum Mudarris et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MM1 = ATCC 700039= CCM 4109 = CCUG 33454 = CIP 104199 = LMG 13028.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ271009.
Etymology: N.L. n. Scophthalmus, scientific name of a genus that encompasses the turbot; N.L. neut. adj. scophthalmum (sic), pertaining to turbot.
Valid publication: MUDARRIS (M.), AUSTIN (B.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), HOSTE (B.) and BERNARDET (J.F.): Flavobacterium scophthalmum sp. nov., a pathogen of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 447-453.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Chryseobacterium scophthalmum (Mudarris et al. 1994) Vandamme et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium segetis Yi and Chun 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AT1048 = IMSNU 14050 = JCM 12385 = KCTC 12224.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY581115.
Etymology: L. gen. n. segetis, of the soil.
Valid publication: YI (H.) and CHUN (J.): Flavobacterium weaverense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium segetis sp. nov., novel psychrophiles isolated from the Antarctic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1239-1244.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium seoulense Shin et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) EM1321=JCM 30145=KACC 18114.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ461685.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: JNCA00000000.1.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. seoulense, named after Seoul, Korea, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 164. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 2017-2025.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Shin, S.-K., Goo, H., Cho, Y.-J., Kwon, S., Yong, D. and Yi, H. 2014. Non-contiguous finished genome sequence and description of the gliding bacterium Flavobacterium seoulense sp. nov. Stand. Genomic Sci., 9, 34 .
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium sinopsychrotolerans Xu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 0533 = CGMCC 1.8704 = JCM 16398.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ654474.
Etymology: M.L. gen. n. sinae, of China; Gr. adj. psychros, cold; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. sinopsychrotolerans, Chinese and cold-tolerating.
Valid publication: XU (M.), XIN (Y.), TIAN (J.), DONG (K.), YU (Y.), ZHANG (J.), LIU (H.) and ZHOU (Y.): Flavobacterium sinopsychrotolerans sp. nov., isolated from a glacier. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 20-24.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium soli Yoon et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DS-6 = CIP 108840 = KCTC 12542.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ178976.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.) and OH (T.K.): Flavobacterium soli sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 997-1000.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium spartansii Loch and Faisal 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T16=LMG 27337=ATCC BAA-2541.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX287799.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. spartansii, of Spartans, in honour of the mascot of Michigan State University.
Source: Veterinary.
Valid publication: LOCH, T. P. and FAISAL, M. 2014. Flavobacterium spartansii sp. nov., a pathogen of fishes, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium aquidurense and Flavobacterium araucananum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 406-412.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium spiritivorum Holmes et al. 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E7288 = ATCC 33861= CCUG 13224 = CDC E7288 = CIP 100542 = GIFU 3101 = IFO (now NBRC) 14948 = JCM 1277 = JCM 6897 = LMG 8347 = NCTC 11386.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF090267.
Etymology: L. n. spiritus, spirit; L. neut. suff. -vorum, devouring, eating; N.L. neut. adj. spiritivorum, spirit-devouring, intended to refer to the ability of the organism to attack spirits, i.e., alcohol, producing acid in the process.
Valid publication: HOLMES (B.), OWEN (R.J.) and HOLLIS (D.G.): Flavobacterium spiritivorum, a new species isolated from human clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 157-165.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingobacterium spiritivorum (Holmes et al. 1982) Yabuuchi et al. 1983, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium squillarum Sheu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CMJ-5 = BCRC 80405 = KCTC 23915 = LMG 26890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ029111.
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. squillarum, of/from shrimp.
Valid publication: SHEU (S.Y.), LIN (Y.S) and CHEN (W.M.): Flavobacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater shrimp culture pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium haoranii, Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium terrae and Flavobacterium aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2239-2247.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium suaedae Sun et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) G16-7=CGMCC 1.15461=KCTC 42947.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT284905.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. suaedae, of the plant Suaeda corniculata, referring to the isolation of the type strain from the roots of Suaeda corniculata.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: SUN, J. Q., XU, L., LIU, M., WANG, X. Y. and WU, X. L. 2016. Flavobacterium suaedae sp. nov., an endophyte isolated from the root of Suaeda corniculata. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1943-1949.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium subsaxonicum Ali et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WB 4.1-42 = CIP 109867 = DSM 21790.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM934666.
Etymology: L. prep. sub, low, below, under; N.L. adj. saxonicus -a -um, pertaining to Saxony; N.L. neut. adj. subsaxonicum, pertaining to Lower Saxony.
Valid publication: ALI (Z.), COUSIN (S.), FRÜHLING (A.), BRAMBILLA (E.), SCHUMANN (P.), YANG (Y.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium rivuli sp. nov., Flavobacterium subsaxonicum sp. nov., Flavobacterium swingsii sp. nov. and Flavobacterium reichenbachii sp. nov, isolated from a hard water rivulet. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2610-2617.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium subsaxonicum Ali et al. 2009 emend. Dong et al. 2013.
Reference: DONG, K., XU, B., ZHU, F. and WANG, G. 2013. Flavobacterium hauense sp. nov., isolated from soil and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium subsaxonicum, Flavobacterium beibuense and Flavobacterium rivuli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3237-3242.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium succinicans (Reichenbach 1989) Bernardet et al. 1996, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 8 (Anderson and Ordal 1961) = CIP 104744 = DSM 4002 = IFO (now NBRC) 14905 = JCM 21151 = LMG 10402 = NCIMB 2277.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM230492.
Basonym: ¤ Cytophaga succinicans (ex Anderson and Ordal 1961) Reichenbach 1989.
Other synonyms: "Cytophaga succinicans" Anderson and Ordal 1961, "Flexibacter succinicans" (Anderson and Ordal 1961) Leadbetter 1974.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum succinicum (derived from L. n. succinum, amber), succinic acid; N.L. part. adj. succinicans, intended to mean forming succinic acid.
Valid publication: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium suncheonense Kim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GH29-5 = DSM 17707 = KACC 11423.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ222428.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. suncheonense, pertaining to Suncheon, a city in Korea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: KIM (B.Y.), WEON (H.Y.), COUSIN (S.), YOO (S.H.), KWON (S.W.), GO (S.J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium daejeonense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium suncheonense sp. nov., isolated from greenhouse soils in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1645-1649.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium suncheonense Kim et al. 2006 emend. Dong et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GH29-5 = DSM 17707 = KACC 11423.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ222428.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. suncheonense, pertaining to Suncheon, a city in Korea, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: DONG (K.), CHEN (F.), DU (Y.) and WANG (G.): Flavobacterium enshiense sp. nov., isolated from soil, and emended descriptions of the genus Flavobacterium and Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium saliperosum and Flavobacterium suncheonense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 886-892.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium suzhouense Zhang et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) XIN-1=CCTCC AB 2014200=KCTC 42107.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM089833.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. suzhouense, referring to Suzhou in Jiangsu province, China, the area where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: ZHANG, H., CHENG, M.-G., SUN, B., GUO, S.-H., SONG, M., LI, Q. and HUANG, X. 2015. Flavobacterium suzhouense sp. nov., isolated from farmland river sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 370-374
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium swingsii Ali et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WB 2.3-68 = CIP 109868 = DSM 21789.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM934651.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. swingsii, of Swings, named after Jean Swings, a famous Belgian microbiologist and former President of the World Federation of Culture Collections.
Valid publication: ALI (Z.), COUSIN (S.), FRÜHLING (A.), BRAMBILLA (E.), SCHUMANN (P.), YANG (Y.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium rivuli sp. nov., Flavobacterium subsaxonicum sp. nov., Flavobacterium swingsii sp. nov. and Flavobacterium reichenbachii sp. nov, isolated from a hard water rivulet. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2610-2617.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium tegetincola McCammon and Bowman 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACAM 602.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U85887.
Etymology: L. n. tegesetis, a mat or covering; L. n. incola, dweller; N.L. n. tegetincola (nominative in apposition), a mat-dweller, pertaining to the cyanobacterial mat habitat.
Valid publication: McCAMMON (S.A.) and BOWMAN (J.P.): Taxonomy of Antarctic Flavobacterium species: description of Flavobacterium gillisiae sp. nov., Flavobacterium tegetincola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium xanthum sp. nov., nom. rev., and reclassification of [Flavobacterium] salegens as Salegentibacter salegens gen. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1055-1063.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet tegetincola is a nominative in apposition (the mat-dweller), not a substantive in the genitive case as cited in the paper by McCammon and Bowman 2000.

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Flavobacterium terrae Weon et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2A1-13 = DSM 18829 = KACC 11731.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF117329.
Etymology: L. gen. n. terrae, of the soil.
Valid publication: WEON (H.Y.), SONG (M.H.), SON (J.A.), KIM (B.Y.), KWON (S.W.), GO (S.J.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Flavobacterium terrae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium cucumis sp. nov., isolated from greenhouse soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1594-1598.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium terrae Weon et al. 2007 emend. Sheu et al. 2013.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R2A1-13 = DSM 18829 = KACC 11731.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF117329.
Etymology: L. gen. n. terrae, of the soil.
Reference: SHEU (S.Y.), LIN (Y.S) and CHEN (W.M.): Flavobacterium squillarum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater shrimp culture pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium haoranii, Flavobacterium cauense, Flavobacterium terrae and Flavobacterium aquatile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2239-2247.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium terrigena Yoon et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DS-20 = DSM 17934 = KCTC 12761.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ889724.
Etymology: L. masc. or fem. n. terrigena, child of the earth, referring to the isolation of the type strain from soil.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.), LEE (J.S.) and OH (T.K.): Flavobacterium terrigena sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 947-950.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium terrigena Yoon et al. 2007 emend. Fujii et al. 2014.
Reference: FUJII, D., NAGAI, F., WATANABE, Y. and SHIRASAWA, Y. 2014. Flavobacterium longum sp. nov. and Flavobacterium urocaniciphilum sp. nov., isolated from a wastewater treatment plant, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium caeni and Flavobacterium terrigena. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1488-1494.
Original article.

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Flavobacterium terriphilum Zhang et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CUG00004=CCTCC AB 2014151=KCTC 42876.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT592306.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. gen. n. terra, earth, soil, land; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. terriphilum, soilloving.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: ZHANG, G., XIAN, W., CHU, Q., YANG, J., LIU, W., YANG, L., XIAO, M., JIANG, H. and LI, W. 2016. Flavobacterium terriphilum sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 4276-4281.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium thalpophilum Holmes et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K-1173 = ATCC 43320= CCUG 22397 = CIP 100935 = IFO (now NBRC) 14963 = JCM 21153 = NCTC 11429 = NRRL B-14902.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ438177.
Etymology: Gr. n. thalpos, warmth, heat; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. thalpophilum, warmth-loving.
Valid publication: HOLMES (B.), HOLLIS (D.G.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), PICKETT (M.J.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Flavobacterium thalpophilum, a new species recovered from human clinical material. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 677-682.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingobacterium thalpophilum (Holmes et al. 1983) Takeuchi and Yokota 1993, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium thermophilum Loginova and Egorova 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BKM 1325 = CCM 3496 = CCUG 22402 = NCTC 11526 = VKM 1325.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HF558369.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. thermophilum, heat-loving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 8. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 266-268.
Effective publication: LOGINOVA (G.B.U.) and EGOROVA (L.A.): A new species of obligate thermophilic bacteria, Flavobacterium thermophilum. Mikrobiologia, 1978, 47, 1081-1084.
Validation List no. 8 in IJSEM Online

Note: The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the order ¤ Bacillales (99.7% similarity against ¤ Anoxybacillus kamchatkensis).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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Flavobacterium tiangeerense Xin et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 0563 = CGMCC 1.6847 = JCM 15087.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU036219.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. tiangeerense, pertaining to the mountain Tiangeer (meaning ‘close to the sky’ in Mongolian language), the location of the China No. 1 glacier, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: XIN (Y.H.), LIANG (Z.H.), ZHANG (D.C.), LIU (H.C.), ZHANG (J.), YU (Y.), XU (M.S.), ZHOU (P.J.) and ZHOU (Y.G.): Flavobacterium tiangeerense sp. nov., a cold-living bacterium isolated from a glacier. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2773-2777.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium tilapiae Chen et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ruye-71 = BCRC 80262 = KCTC 23312.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ111525.
Etymology: N.L. n. Tilapia, the scientific name of a genus of tilapiine cichlid fish; N.L. gen. n. tilapiae, of Tilapia, referring to the isolation of the type strain from a culture pond for Tilapia.
Valid publication: CHEN (W.M.), HUANG (W.C.), YOUNG (C.C.) and SHEU (S.Y.): Flavobacterium tilapiae sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater pond, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium defluvii and Flavobacterium johnsoniae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 827-834.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium tistrianum Suwannachart et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GB 56.1=TISTR 1612=KCTC 42679.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KT223144.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. tistrianum, arbitrary name formed from the acronym of the Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research, TISTR, where the isolation of the type strain was performed.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: SUWANNACHART, C., RUEANGYOTCHANTHANA, K., SRICHUAY, S., PHENG, S., FUNGSIN, B., PHOONSIRI, C. and KIM, S. G. 2016. Flavobacterium tistrianum sp. nov., a gliding bacterium isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2241-2246.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium tructae Zamora et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 435-08=CECT 7791=CCUG 60100.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE612100.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. gen. n. tructae, of a trout, from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: ZAMORA, L., VELA, A. I., SÁNCHEZ-PORRO, C., PALACIOS, M. A., MOORE, E. R. B., DOMÍNGUEZ, L., VENTOSA, A. and FERNÁNDEZ-GARAYZÁBAL, J. F. 2014. Flavobacterium tructae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium piscis sp. nov., isolated from farmed rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 392-399.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium tructae Zamora et al. 2014 emend. Kim et al. 2014.
Reference: KIM, H., KANG, H., JOUNG, Y. and JOH, K. 2014. Flavobacterium gyeonganense sp. nov., isolated from freshwater, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium chungangense, Flavobacterium aquidurense, Flavobacterium tructae and Flavobacterium granuli. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 4173-4178.
Original article.

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Flavobacterium tyrosinilyticum Du and Yi 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG-DN8.8=KCTC 42726=CCTCC AB 2015295.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KR232271.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. tyrosinum, tyrosine; N.L. adj. lyticus, -a, -um (from Gr. adj. lytikos, -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. tyrosinilyticum, tyrosine-dissolving.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: DU, J. and YI, T. H. 2016. Flavobacterium tyrosinilyticum sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of wild strawberry. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2629-2634.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium uliginosum ZoBell and Upham 1944, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ZoBell 553 = ACAM 538 = ATCC 14397= CCUG 33448 = CECT 4277 = CIP 104808 = DSM 2061 = IFO (now NBRC) 14962 = JCM 21152 = LMG 3809 = NCIMB 1863.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M62799.
Synonym: "Agarbacterium uliginosum" (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Breed 1957.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. uliginosum, moist, marshy.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ZOBELL (C.E.) and UPHAM (H.C.): A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species. Bulletin Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California (Technical Series), 1944, 5, 239-292.

¤ Cytophaga uliginosa (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichenbach 1989, comb. nov.

¤ Cellulophaga uliginosa (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Bowman 2000, comb. nov.

¤ Zobellia uliginosa (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Barbeyron et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Flavobacterium ummariense Lata et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DS-12 = CCM 7847 = MTCC 10766.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ329187.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. ummariense, of or pertaining to Ummari, the HCH-contaminated site from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LATA (P.), LAL (D.) and LAL (R.): Flavobacterium ummariense sp. nov., isolated from hexachlorocyclohexane-contaminated soil, and emended description of Flavobacterium ceti Vela et al. 2007. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2674-2679.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium urocaniciphilum Fujii et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIT 12746=JCM 19142=DSM 27078.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AB795015.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum urocanicum, urocanic acid; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. urocaniciphilum, urocanic acid loving, because of its ability to assimilate urocanic acid.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: FUJII, D., NAGAI, F., WATANABE, Y. and SHIRASAWA, Y. 2014. Flavobacterium longum sp. nov. and Flavobacterium urocaniciphilum sp. nov., isolated from a wastewater treatment plant, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium caeni and Flavobacterium terrigena. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1488-1494.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium urumqiense Dong et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Sr25 = CGMCC 1.9230 = NBRC 106480.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ436467.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. urumqiense, of or pertaining to the capital of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Valid publication: DONG (K.), LIU (H.), ZHANG (J.), ZHOU (Y.) and XIN (Y.): Flavobacterium xueshanense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium urumqiense sp. nov., two psychrophilic bacteria isolated from glacier ice. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1151-1157.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium verecundum Sheu et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TTM-46=BCRC 80914=LMG 29005=KCTC 42745.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LN849950.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: L. neut. adj. verecundum, shy or unobtrusive, free from extravagance, alluding to the lack of obvious biochemical characteristics of the species.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: SHEU, S. Y., CHEN, Y. L. and CHEN, W. M. 2016. Flavobacterium verecundum sp. nov., isolated from a freshwater river. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3337-3344.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium vireti Singh et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THG-SM1=CCTCC AB 2014312=KACC 18371.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KM576853.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 165. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 2777-2783.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Singh, H., Du, J., Won, K., Yang, J.-E., Akter, S., Kim, K.-Y. and Yi, T.-H. 2015. Flavobacterium vireti sp. nov., isolated from soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 107, 1421-1428.
Effective publication Online

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Flavobacterium weaverense Yi and Chun 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AT1042 = IMSNU 14048 = JCM 12384 = KCTC 12223.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY581114.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. weaverense, pertaining to the Weaver Peninsula in the Antarctic, the geographical origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: YI (H.) and CHUN (J.): Flavobacterium weaverense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium segetis sp. nov., novel psychrophiles isolated from the Antarctic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1239-1244.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium xanthum (ex Inoue and Komagata 1976) McCammon and Bowman 2000, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ACAM 81 = IFO (now NBRC) 14972 = JCM 20358 = LMG 8372 = NCIMB 2069.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF030380.
Synonym: "Cytophaga xantha" Inoue and Komagata 1976.
Etymology: Gr. adj. xanthos, yellow; N.L. neut. adj. xanthum, yellow.
Valid publication: McCAMMON (S.A.) and BOWMAN (J.P.): Taxonomy of Antarctic Flavobacterium species: description of Flavobacterium gillisiae sp. nov., Flavobacterium tegetincola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium xanthum sp. nov., nom. rev., and reclassification of [Flavobacterium] salegens as Salegentibacter salegens gen. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1055-1063.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium xinjiangense Zhu et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ZF-6 = AS 1.2749 = JCM 11314.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF433173.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. xinjiangense, pertaining to Xinjiang, an autonomous region in North-West China from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: ZHU (F.), WANG (S.) and ZHOU (P.): Flavobacterium xinjiangense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium omnivorum sp. nov., novel psychrophiles from the China No. 1 glacier. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 853-857.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium xueshanense Dong et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Sr22 = CGMCC 1.9227 = NBRC 106479.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ436466.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. xueshanense, of or pertaining to the region where the China No.1 glacier is located.
Valid publication: DONG (K.), LIU (H.), ZHANG (J.), ZHOU (Y.) and XIN (Y.): Flavobacterium xueshanense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium urumqiense sp. nov., two psychrophilic bacteria isolated from glacier ice. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1151-1157.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium yabuuchiae Holmes et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F8081 = CCUG 26765 = D7529 = LMG 11523 = NBRC 14975 (previously IFO 14975) = NCTC 12113.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14021.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. yabuuchiae, of Yabuuchi, named in honor of Eiko Yabuuchi.
Valid publication: HOLMES (B.), WEAVER (R.E.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and BRENNER (D.J.): A taxonomic study of Flavobacterium spiritivorum and Sphingobacterium mizutae: proposal of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae sp. nov. and Flavobacterium mizutaii comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 348-353.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sphingobacterium spiritivorum (Holmes et al. 1982) Yabuuchi et al. 1983.

Note: According to Takeuchi and Yokota 1992, Flavobacterium yabuuchiae Holmes et al. 1988 is a later heterotypic synonym of Sphingobacterium spiritivorum (Holmes et al. 1982) Yabuuchi et al. 1983.
Reference: TAKEUCHI (M.) and YOKOTA (A.): Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1992, 38, 465-482.
Original article Online

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Flavobacterium yanchengense Hu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) hg=CCTCC AB 2012099=KACC 16855.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX548325.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. yanchengense, of or belonging to Yancheng, the area where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: HU, G., ZHANG, J., YANG, G., LI, Y. Y., GUAN, Y. T., WANG, J., LI, S. P. and HONG, Q. 2013. Flavobacterium yanchengense sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2848-2852.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Flavobacterium yonginense Joung et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HMD1001 = CECT 7594 = KCTC 22796.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ144413.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. yonginense, of or belonging to Yongin, the Korean city where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: JOUNG (Y.), KIM (H.), AHN (T.S.) and JOH (K.): Flavobacterium yonginense sp. nov. and Flavobacterium myungsuense sp. nov., isolated from a mesotrophic artificial lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 806-810.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Flavobacterium yonginense Joung et al. 2012 emend. Chen et al. 2014.
Reference: CHEN, W.-M., CHEN, J.-C. and SHEU, S.-Y. 2014. Flavobacterium oryzae sp. nov., isolated from a flooded rice field, and emended descriptions of Flavobacterium flevense, Flavobacterium yonginense and Flavobacterium myungsuense. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 3701-3708.
Original article.

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