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Genus Exiguobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 16
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Exiguobacterium Collins et al. 1984, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Exiguobacterium aurantiacum Collins et al. 1984.
Etymology: L. adj. exiguus, short, small; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Exiguobacterium, small rod
Valid publication: Validation List no. 13. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 91-92.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), LUND (B.M.), FARROW (J.A.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Chemotaxonomic study of an alkalophilic bacterium, Exiguobacterium aurantiacum gen. nov., sp. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1983, 129, 2037-2042.
Validation List no. 13 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Exiguobacterium acetylicum (Levine and Soppeland 1926) Farrow et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 953= CCUG 32630 = CIP 82.109 = DSM 20416 = HAMBI 2009 = IFO (now NBRC) 12146 = JCM 1968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ019167.
Basonym: ¤ Brevibacterium acetylicum (Levine and Soppeland 1926) Breed 1957 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Flavobacterium acetylicum" Levine and Soppeland 1926.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. acetylum, the organic radical acetyl; L. neut. suff. -icum, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. acetylicum, pertaining to acetyl.
Valid publication: FARROW (J.A.E.), WALLBANKS (S.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phylogenetic interrelationships of round-spore-forming bacilli containing cell walls based on lysine and the non-spore-forming genera Caryophanon, Exiguobacterium, Kurthia, and Planococcus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 74-82.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium aestuarii Kim et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TF-16 = DSM 16306 = KCTC 19035.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY594264.
Etymology: L. gen. n. aestuarii, of a part of the sea-coast which, during the flood-tide, is overflowed, but at the ebb-tide is left covered with mud or slime.
Valid publication: KIM (I.G.), LEE (M.H.), JUNG (S.Y.), SONG (J.J.), OH (T.K.) and YOON (J.H.): Exiguobacterium aestuarii sp. nov. and Exiguobacterium marinum sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 885-889.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium alkaliphilum Kulshreshtha et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 12/1=CCM 8459=DSM 21148.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: EU379016.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali, alkali (from Arabic alqali, ashes of salt wort); Gr. adj. philos, loving; N.L. neut. adj. philum, loving, friendly to; N.L. neut adj. alkaliphilum, loving alkaline conditions.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: MOHAN KULSHRESHTHA, N., KUMAR, R., BEGUM, Z., SHIVAJI, S. and KUMAR, A. 2013. Exiguobacterium alkaliphilum sp. nov. isolated from alkaline wastewater drained sludge of a beverage factory. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4374-4379.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium antarcticum Frühling et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H2 = CCUG 47137 = CIP 107163 = DSM 14480.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ019164.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. antarcticum, southern, of Antarctica.
Valid publication: FRÜHLING (A.), SCHUMANN (P.), HIPPE (H.), STRAUBLER (B.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Exiguobacterium undae sp. nov. and Exiguobacterium antarcticum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1171-1176.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet antarcticum is a "L. neut. adj.", not a "N.L. gen. n." as cited in the paper by Frühling et al. 2002.

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Exiguobacterium aquaticum Raichand et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IMTB-3094 = JCM 17977 = MTCC 10958.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF775503.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquaticum, living in water, referring to the isolation of the type strain from water.
Valid publication: RAICHAND (R.), S. PAREEK (S.), N. K. SINGH (N.K.) and S. MAYILRAJ (S.): Exiguobacterium aquaticum sp. nov., a member of the genus Exiguobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2150-2155.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium artemiae López-Cortés et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 9AN = DSM 16484 = CIP 108858.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM072763.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. artemiae, of Artemia, the taxonomic genus name of the brine shrimp.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 110. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1459-1460.
Effective publication: LÓPEZ-CORTÉS (A.), SCHUMANN (P.), PUKALL (R.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Exiguobacterium mexicanum sp. nov. and Exiguobacterium artemiae sp. nov., isolated from the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 183-190.
Validation List no. 110 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Exiguobacterium aurantiacum Collins et al. 1984, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35652= CCUG 44910 = CIP 103353 = DSM 6208 = IFO (now NBRC) 14763 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 11798.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ019166.
Etymology: L. n. aurum, gold; N.L. n. Aurantium, generic name of the orange; L. neut. suff. -acum, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. neut. adj. aurantiacum, orange-colored.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 13. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 91-92.
Effective publication: COLLINS (M.D.), LUND (B.M.), FARROW (J.A.E.) and SCHLEIFER (K.H.): Chemotaxonomic study of an alkalophilic bacterium, Exiguobacterium aurantiacum gen. nov., sp. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1983, 129, 2037-2042.
Validation List no. 13 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Exiguobacterium enclense Dastager et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NIO-1109=NCIM 5457=DSM 25128=CCTCC AB 2011124.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JF893462.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. enclense, arbitrary name formed from NCL, the acronym for the National Chemical Laboratory, India, where taxonomic studies on this species were performed.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: DASTAGER, S. G., MAWLANKAR, R., SONALKAR, V. V., THORAT, M. N., MUAL, P., VERMA, A., KRISHNAMURTHI, S., TANG, S. K. and LI, W. J. 2015. Exiguobacterium enclense sp. nov., isolated from sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 1611-1616.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium indicum Chaturvedi and Shivaji 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HHS 31 = IAM 15368 = LMG 23471.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ846291.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. indicum, Indian, pertaining to India.
Valid publication: CHATURVEDI (P.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Exiguobacterium indicum sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium from the Hamta glacier of the Himalayan mountain ranges of India. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2765-2770.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium marinum Kim et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TF-80 = DSM 16307 = KCTC 19036.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY594266.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. marinum, of the sea, marine.
Valid publication: KIM (I.G.), LEE (M.H.), JUNG (S.Y.), SONG (J.J.), OH (T.K.) and YOON (J.H.): Exiguobacterium aestuarii sp. nov. and Exiguobacterium marinum sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 885-889.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium mexicanum López-Cortés et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 8N = DSM 16483 = CIP 108859.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM072764.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. mexicanum, Mexican (from the location of the laboratory where isolation of the strain took place).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 110. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1459-1460.
Effective publication: LÓPEZ-CORTÉS (A.), SCHUMANN (P.), PUKALL (R.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Exiguobacterium mexicanum sp. nov. and Exiguobacterium artemiae sp. nov., isolated from the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 29, 183-190.
Validation List no. 110 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans Yumoto et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T-2-2 = CCUG 51936 = JCM 12280 = NCIMB 13980.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB105164.
Etymology: N.L. v. oxido, to oxidize; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. oxidotolerans, oxidation-tolerant.
Valid publication: YUMOTO (I.), HISHINUMA-NARISAWA (M.), HIROTA (K.), SHINGYO (T.), TAKEBE (F.), NODASAKA (Y.), MATSUYAMA (H.) and HARA (I.): Exiguobacterium oxidotolerans sp. nov., a novel alkaliphile exhibiting high catalase activity. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2013-2017.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium profundum Crapart et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 10C = CCUG 50949 = DSM 17289.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY818050.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. profundum, deep, living within the depth of the oceans.
Valid publication: CRAPART (S.), FARDEAU (M.L.), CAYOL (J.L.), THOMAS (P.), SERY (C.), OLLIVIER (B.) and COMBET-BLANC (Y.): Exiguobacterium profundum sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic, lactic acid-producing bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 287-292.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium sibiricum Rodrigues et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 255-15 = DSM 17290 = JCM 13490.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001022 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. sibiricum, pertaining to Siberia (region in northwestern Asia, the name said to come from Sibir, ancient Tatar fortress at the confluence of the rivers Tobol and Irtysh).
Valid publication: Validation List no. 112. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2507-2508.
Effective publication: RODRIGUES (D.F.), GORIS (J.), VISHNIVETSKAYA (T.), GILICHINSKY (D.), THOMASHOW (M.F.) and TIEDJE (J.M.): Characterization of Exiguobacterium isolates from the Siberian permafrost. Description of Exiguobacterium sibiricum sp. nov. Extremophiles, 2006, 10, 285-294.
Validation List no. 112 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The culture collection accession number JCM 13490 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 112 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2507-2508.
Validation List no. 112 in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium soli Chaturvedi et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DVS 3Y = JCM 14376 = MTCC 4816.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY864633.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil.
Valid publication: CHATURVEDI (P.), PRABAHAR (V.), MANORAMA (R.), KUMAR PINDI (P.), BHADRA (B.), BEGUM (Z.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Exiguobacterium soli sp. nov., a psychrophilic bacterium from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2447-2453.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Exiguobacterium undae Frühling et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L2 = CCUG 47136 = CIP 107162 = DSM 14481.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ019165.
Etymology: L. n. unda, water; L. gen. n. undae, of the water.
Valid publication: FRÜHLING (A.), SCHUMANN (P.), HIPPE (H.), STRÄUBLER (B.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Exiguobacterium undae sp. nov. and Exiguobacterium antarcticum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1171-1176.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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