Genus Enterobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 30
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Enterobacter Hormaeche and Edwards 1960, genus.
Type species: ¤ Enterobacter cloacae (Jordan 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonyms: "Cloaca" Castellani and Chalmers 1919, "Aerobacter" Hormaeche and Edwards 1958, not "Aerobacter" Beijerinck 1900, not "Enterobacter" Rahn 1937.
Etymology: Gr. n. enteron, intestine; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Enterobacter, intestinal small rod.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HORMAECHE (E.) and EDWARDS (P.R.): A proposed genus Enterobacter. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, 1960, 10, 71-74.]

Note: According to the Judicial Opinion 15, the genus Enterobacter Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) is an exception to Rules 15 and 21a because it is not the type genus of the family ¤ Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937 (Approved Lists 1980). The Judicial Opinion 15 states that the nomenclatural type of the family ¤ Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937 (Approved Lists 1980) is the the genus ¤ Escherichia Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 93.

Enterobacter Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 emend. Brady et al. 2013.
Reference: BRADY, C., CLEENWERCK, I., VENTER, S., COUTINHO, T. and DE VOS, P. 2013. Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 309-319.
Original article Online.

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Enterobacter aerogenes Hormaeche and Edwards 1960, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13048 = CCUG 1429 = CIP 60.86 = DSM 30053 = HAMBI 101 = HAMBI 1898 = IFO (now NBRC) 13534 = JCM 1235 = LMG 2094 = NCAIM B.01467 = NCTC 10006.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004750.
Synonyms: "Aerobacter aerogenes" Hormaeche and Edwards 1958, not "Bacillus aerogenes" Miller 1896, not "Bacterium aerogenes" (Kruse) Chester 1897, not "Aerobacter aerogenes" (Kruse) Beijerinck 1900.
Etymology: Gr. n. aer aeros, air; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), producing; N.L. adj. aerogenes, gas producing.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HORMAECHE (E.) and EDWARDS (P.R.): A proposed genus Enterobacter. International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy, 1960, 10, 71-74.]

= ¤ Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Enterobacter aerogenes Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) and Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al. 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and therefore are homotypic synonyms [Rules 24a and 24b (1)].

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Enterobacter agglomerans Ewing and Fife 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27155 = CCUG 539 = CDC 1461-67 = CFBP 3845 = CIP 57.51 = DSM 3493 = ICPB 3435 = ICMP 12534 = ICPB 3435 = JCM 1236 = LMG 1286 = NBRC 102470 = NCTC 9381.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233423.
Synonym: "Bacillus agglomerans" Beijerinck 1888.
Etymology: L. v. agglomerare, to wind on (as on a ball);  L. part. adj. agglomerans, forming into a ball (referring to the occurrence of symplasmata bacteria in aggregates surrounded by a translucent sheath in anaerogenic strains).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [EWING (W.H.) and FIFE (M.A.): Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijernick) comb. nov. (the Herbicola-Lathyri Bacteria). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1972, 22, 4-11.]

Note: M.W. Beijerinck [1] published the name "Bacillus agglomerans" in 1888. W.H. Ewing and M.A. Fife [2] changed the name to Enterobacter agglomerans in 1972 as a new combination, acknowledging that Beijerinck had been the original author and making the new full name: Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing and Fife 1972. However, the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names omitted Beijerinck from the name in 1980 and listed only Ewing and Fife as the authors [3]. In 2004, Edwards et al. [4] request that Beijerinck be acknowledged as the original author of this species by having his name reinstated in its full name Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing and Fife 1972.
References:
1 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Cultur des Bacillus radicola aus den Knöllchen. Bot. Ztg. 1888, 46, 740-750.
2 EWING (W.H.) and FIFE (M.A.): Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck) comb. nov. (the Herbicola-Lathyri bacteria). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1972, 22, 4-11.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 EDWARDS (J.): Personal communication (July 30, 2003).
4 EDWARDS (J.), BAQUE (E.) and TANG (J.): Proposal to acknowledge Beijerinck as the original author of the species Pantoea agglomerans. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2437.
Original article by Edwards et al. 2004 in IJSEM Online

Enterobacter agglomerans Ewing and Fife 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Beji et al. 1988.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27155 = CCUG 539 = CDC 1461-67 = CFBP 3845 = CIP 57.51 = DSM 3493 = ICPB 3435 = ICMP 12534 = ICPB 3435 = JCM 1236 = LMG 1286 = NCTC 9381.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ233423.
Synonym: "Bacillus agglomerans" Beijerinck 1888.
Etymology: L. v. agglomerare, to wind on (as on a ball);  L. part. adj. agglomerans, forming into a ball (referring to the occurrence of symplasmata bacteria in aggregates surrounded by a translucent sheath in anaerogenic strains).
Reference: BEJI (A.), MERGAERT (J.), GAVINI (F.), IZARD (D.), KERSTERS (K.), LECLERC (H.) and DE LEY (J.): Subjective synonymy of Erwinia herbicola, Erwinia milletiae, and Enterobacter agglomerans and redefinition of the taxon by genotypic and phenotypic data. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 77-88.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Beji et al. 1988, Enterobacter agglomerans Ewing and Fife 1972 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Beji et al. 1988, ¤ Erwinia herbicola (Löhnis 1911) Dye 1964 (Approved Lists 1980) and ¤ Erwinia milletiae (Kawakami and Yoshida 1920) Magrou 1937 (Approved Lists 1980) are heterotypic synonyms. In the original description of Enterobacter agglomerans by Ewing and Fife, the epithet agglomerans was ascribed to Beijerinck's publication in 1888. Thus, Beji et al. 1988 think that the epithet agglomerans has priority.
Reference: BEJI (A.), MERGAERT (J.), GAVINI (F.), IZARD (D.), KERSTERS (K.), LECLERC (H.) and DE LEY (J.): Subjective synonymy of Erwinia herbicola, Erwinia milletiae, and Enterobacter agglomerans and redefinition of the taxon by genotypic and phenotypic data. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 77-88.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pantoea agglomerans (Ewing and Fife 1972) Gavini et al. 1989, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter amnigenus Izard et al. 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33072 = CCUG 14182 = CIP 103169 = CUETM 77-118 = DSM 4486 = HAMBI 1297 = JCM 1237 = LMG 2784 = NCTC 12124.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004749.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. amnigenus, born in a river; intended to mean coming from water.
Reference: IZARD (D.), GAVINI (F.), TRINEL (P.A.) and LECLERC (H.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between Enterobacter cloacae and Enterobacter amnigenus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 35-42.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Enterobacter amnigenus Izard et al. 1981 was previously known as group H3 of Izard et al.

¤ Lelliottia amnigena (Izard et al. 1981) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter arachidis Madhaiyan et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ah-143 = KCTC 22375 = NCIMB 14469 = KCTC 22375.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU672801.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. arachidis, of Arachis, isolated from groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).
Reference: MADHAIYAN (M.), POONGUZHALI (S.), LEE (J.S.), SARAVANAN (V.S.), LEE (K.C.) and SANTHANAKRISHNAN (P.): Enterobacter arachidis sp. nov., a plant-growth-promoting diazotrophic bacterium isolated from rhizosphere soil of groundnut. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1559-1564.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Kosakonia arachidis (Madhaiyan et al. 2010) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter asburiae Brenner et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1497-78 = ATCC 35953 = CCUG 25588 = CCUG 25714 = CIP 103358 = JCM 6051 = NCTC 12123.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004744.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. asburiae, of Asbury, named in honor of Mary Alyce Fife-Asbury, an American bacteriologist who made many important contributions to the classification of Enterobacteriaceae.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [BRENNER (D.J.), McWHORTER (A.C.), KAI (A.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and FARMER III (J.J.): Enterobacter asburiae sp. nov., a new species found in clinical specimens, and reassignment of Erwinia dissolvens and Erwinia nimipressuralis to the genus Enterobacter as Enterobacter dissolvens comb. nov. and Enterobacter nimipressuralis comb. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1986, 23, 1114-1120.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Enterobacter asburiae Brenner et al. 1988 was previously known as CDC Enteric Group 17.

Enterobacter asburiae Brenner et al. 1988 emend. Hoffmann et al. 2005.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1497-78 = ATCC 35953 = CCUG 25588 = CCUG 25714 = CIP 103358 = JCM 6051 = NCTC 12123.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004744.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. asburiae, of Asbury, named in honor of Mary Alyce Fife-Asbury, an American bacteriologist who made many important contributions to the classification of Enterobacteriaceae.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 2. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1403-1404. [HOFFMANN (H.), STINDL (S.), LUDWIG (W.), STUMPF (A.), MEHLEN (A.), HEESEMANN (J.), MONGET (D.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and ROGGENKAMP (A.): Reassignment of Enterobacter dissolvens to Enterobacter cloacae as E. cloacae subspecies dissolvens comb. nov. and emended description of Enterobacter asburiae and Enterobacter kobei. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 196-205.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 2 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

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Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urosevic 1966) Dickey and Zumoff 1988, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33241 = CCUG 25231 = CFBP 4167 = CIP 103787 = ICMP 5706 = LMG 2693 = NCPPB 2176.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96078.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia cancerogena Urosevic 1966 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. cancer -cri, crab, the disease cancer; L. suff. genus -a -um (from L. v. gigno, to produce, give birth to, beget), producing; N.L. masc. adj. cancerogenus, cancer-inducing.
Reference: DICKEY (R.S.) and ZUMOFF (C.H.): Emended description of Enterobacter cancerogenus comb. nov. (formerly Erwinia cancerogena). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 371-374.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Schønheyder et al. 1994, Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urosevic 1966) Dickey and Zumoff 1988 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterobacter taylorae Farmer et al. 1985.
Reference: SCHØNHEYDER (H.C.), JENSEN (K.T.) and FREDERIKSEN (W.): Taxonomic notes: synonymy of Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urosevic 1966) Dickey and Zumoff 1988 and Enterobacter taylorae Farmer et al. 1985 and resolution of an ambiguity in the biochemical profile. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 586-587.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterobacter cloacae (Jordan 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13047 = CCUG 6323 = CCUG 28448 = CCUG 29301 = CIP 60.85 = DSM 30054 = HAMBI 96 = HAMBI 1295 = IFO (now NBRC) 13535 = JCM 1232 = LMG 2783 = NCTC 10005.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001918 (complete genome).
Synonyms: "Bacillus cloacae" Jordan 1890, "Bacterium cloacae" (Jordan 1890) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, "Cloaca cloacae" (Jordan 1890) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, "Aerobacter cloacae" (Jordan 1890) Bergey et al. 1923, "Aerobacter cloacae" (Jordan 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1958.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cloacae, of a sewer.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [JORDAN (E.O.): A report on certain species of bacteria observed in sewage. In: W.T. SEDGEWICK (ed.), A report of the biological work of the Lawrence Experiment Station, including an account of methods employed and results obtained in the microscopical and bacteriological investigation of sewage and water. Report on water supply and sewerage (Part II). Report of the Massachusettes Board of Public Health, 1890, pp. 821-844.]

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Enterobacter cloacae (Jordon (sic) 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae (Jordan 1890) Hoffmann et al. 2005, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 13047 = CIP 60.85 = DSM 30054 = JCM 1232 = LMG 2783.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001918 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. gen. n. cloacae, of a sewer.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 104. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1395-1397. [HOFFMANN (H.), STINDL (S.), LUDWIG (W.), STUMPF (A.), MEHLEN (A.), HEESEMANN (J.), MONGET (D.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and ROGGENKAMP (A.): Reassignment of Enterobacter dissolvens to Enterobacter cloacae as E. cloacae subspecies dissolvens comb. nov. and emended description of Enterobacter asburiae and Enterobacter kobei. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 196-205.]
Validation List no. 104 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Jordan 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the effective publication, Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae is erroneously proposed as a new combination.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 104 (footnote ¶). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1395-1397.
Validation List no. 104 in IJSEM Online

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Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Hoffmann et al. 2005, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23373 = CIP 105586 = JCM 6049 = LMG 2683.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96079.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Pseudomonas dissolvens" Rosen 1922, "Bacterium dissolvens" Rosen 1922, "Phytomonas dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Rosen 1926, "Aplanobacter dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Rosen 1926, "Aerobacter dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Waldee 1945, ¤ Enterobacter dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Brenner et al. 1988.
Etymology: L. part. adj. dissolvens, dissolving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 104. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1395-1397. [HOFFMANN (H.), STINDL (S.), LUDWIG (W.), STUMPF (A.), MEHLEN (A.), HEESEMANN (J.), MONGET (D.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and ROGGENKAMP (A.): Reassignment of Enterobacter dissolvens to Enterobacter cloacae as E. cloacae subspecies dissolvens comb. nov. and emended description of Enterobacter asburiae and Enterobacter kobei. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 196-205.]
Validation List no. 104 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Enterobacter cowanii Inoue et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 888-76 = CCUG 45998 A = CCUG 45998 B = CIP 107300 = JCM 10956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ508303.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. cowanii, of Cowan, named after S.T. Cowan, British bacteriologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 82. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1619-1620. [INOUE (K.), SUGIYAMA (K.), KOSAKO (Y.), SAKAZAKI (R.) and YAMAI (S.): Enterobacter cowanii sp. nov., a new species of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Curr. Microbiol., 2000, 41, 417-420.]
Validation List no. 82 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Enterobacter cowanii Inoue et al. 2001 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Kosakonia cowanii (Inoue et al. 2001) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Brenner et al. 1988, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23373 = CCUG 25230 = CIP 105586 = ICMP 1570 = LMG 2683 = NCPPB 1850 = JCM 6049.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96079.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Burkholder 1948 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonyms: "Pseudomonas dissolvens" Rosen 1922, "Bacterium dissolvens" Rosen 1922, "Phytomonas dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Rosen 1926, "Aplanobacter dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Rosen 1926, "Aerobacter dissolvens" (Rosen 1922) Waldee 1945.
Etymology: L. part. adj. dissolvens, dissolving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [BRENNER (D.J.), McWHORTER (A.C.), KAI (A.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and FARMER III (J.J.): Enterobacter asburiae sp. nov., a new species found in clinical specimens, and reassignment of Erwinia dissolvens and Erwinia nimipressuralis to the genus Enterobacter as Enterobacter dissolvens comb. nov. and Enterobacter nimipressuralis comb. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1986, 23, 1114-1120.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Hoffmann et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter gergoviae Brenner et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33028 = CCUG 14557 = CDC 604-77 = CIP 76.1 = DSM 9245 = JCM 1234 = LMG 5739 = NCTC 11434.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB004748.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. gergoviae, of Gergovie (Gergovia) Highland, France.
Reference: BRENNER (D.J.), RICHARD (C.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), ASBURY (M.A.) and MANDEL (M.): Enterobacter gergoviae sp. nov.: a new species of Enterobacteriaceae found in clinical specimens and the environment. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 1-6.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pluralibacter gergoviae (Brenner et al. 1980) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter helveticus Stephan et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 513/05 = DSM 18396 = JCM 16470 = LMG 23732.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ273688.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. helveticus, from Helvetia (Switzerland), from where the species was first isolated.
Reference: STEPHAN (R.), VAN TRAPPEN (S.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANCANNEYT (M.), DE VOS (P.) and LEHNER (A.): Enterobacter turicensis sp. nov. and Enterobacter helveticus sp. nov., isolated from fruit powder. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 820-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Cronobacter helveticus (Stephan et al. 2007) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter hormaechei O'Hara et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 0992-77 = ATCC 49162 = CCUG 27126 = CIP 103441.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ508302.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. hormaechei, of Hormaeche, named after Estenio Hormaeche, Uruguayan microbiologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 32. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 105-106. [O'HARA (C.M.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), HILL (B.C.), FARMER III (J.J.), FANNING (G.R.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Enterobacter hormaechei, a new species of the family Enterobacteriaceae formerly known as Enteric Group 75. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1989, 27, 2046-2049.]
Validation List no. 32 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Enterobacter hormaechei O'Hara et al. 1990 was previously known as CDC Enteric Group 75.

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Enterobacter intermedius corrig. Izard et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gavini E 86 = ATCC 33110 = CCUG 14183 = CIP 79.27 = CUETM 77-130 = DSM 4581 = HAMBI 1299 = JCM 1238 = LMG 2785 = NBRC 102594 = NCTC 12125.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF310217.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. intermedius, that is between, intermediate.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 4. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 601. [IZARD (D.), GAVINI (F.) and LECLERC (H.): Polynucleotide sequence relatedness and genome size among Enterobacter intermedium sp. nov. and the species Enterobacter cloacae and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Parasitenkd. Infektionskr. Hyg. Abt. 1 Orig. Reihe C, 1980, 1, 51-60.]
Validation List no. 4 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling, Enterobacter intermedium (sic), has been corrected by Von Graevenitz 1990.
Reference: Von GRAEVENITZ (A.): Revised nomenclature of Campylobacter laridis, Enterobacter intermedium, and "Flavobacterium branchiophila". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 211.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Enterobacter intermedius corrig. Izard et al. 1980 was previously known as group H1 of Izard et al.

¤ Kluyvera intermedia (Izard et al. 1980) Pavan et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter kobei Kosako et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC BAA-260 = CCUG 49023 = CIP 105566 = DSM 13645 = JCM 8580 = NIH 1485-79.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ508301.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kobei, of Kobe, Japan.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 62. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 915-916. [KOSAKO (Y.), TAMURA (K.), SAKAZAKI (R.) and MIKI (K.): Enterobacter kobei sp. nov., a new species of the familiy Enterobacteriaceae resembling Enterobacter cloacae. Curr. Microbiol., 1996, 33, 261-265.]
Validation List no. 62 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Enterobacter kobei Kosako et al. 1997 was previously known as NIH group 21.

Enterobacter kobei Kosako et al. 1997 emend. Hoffmann et al. 2005.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC BAA-260 = CIP 105566 = DSM 13645 = JCM 8580 = NIH 1485-79.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ508301.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kobei, of Kobe, Japan.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 2. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1403-1404. [HOFFMANN (H.), STINDL (S.), LUDWIG (W.), STUMPF (A.), MEHLEN (A.), HEESEMANN (J.), MONGET (D.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and ROGGENKAMP (A.): Reassignment of Enterobacter dissolvens to Enterobacter cloacae as E. cloacae subspecies dissolvens comb. nov. and emended description of Enterobacter asburiae and Enterobacter kobei. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 196-205.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 2 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

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Enterobacter ludwigii Hoffmann et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EN-119 = CCUG 51323 = CCUG 51354 = CIP 108491 = DSM 16688.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ853891.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. ludwigii, of Ludwig, named in honour of Wolfgang Ludwig, a microbiologist who contributed to the general understanding of bacterial systematics, especially by developing the ARB data bases and opening them to the public.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 106. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2235-2238. [HOFFMANN (H.), STINDL (S.), STUMPF (A.), MEHLEN (A.), MONGET (D.), HEESEMANN (J.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and ROGGENKAMP (A.): Description of Enterobacter ludwigii sp. nov., a novel Enterobacter species of clinical relevance. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 206-212.]
Validation List no. 106 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Enterobacter massiliensis Lagier et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JC163=CSUR P161=DSM 26120.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN657217.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CAEO00000000.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. massiliense, of Massilia, the Latin name of Marseille, where they type strain was cultivated.
Source: Human.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LAGIER, J.-C., EL KARKOURI, K., MISHRA, A. K., ROBERT, C., RAOULT, D. and FOURNIER, P.-E. 2013. Non contiguous-finished genome sequence and description of Enterobacter massiliensis sp. nov. Stand. Genomic Sci., 7, 399-412.
Effective publication Online

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Enterobacter mori Zhu et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R18-2 = CGMCC 1.10322 = LMG 25706.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU721605.
Etymology: L. gen. n. mori, of a mulberry tree, of Morus, the generic name of the white mulberry, Morus alba L., from which the first strains were isolated.
Reference: ZHU (B.), LOU (M.M.), XIE (G.L.), WANG (G.F.), ZHOU (Q.), WANG (F.), FANG (Y.), SU (T.), LI (B.) and DUAN (Y.P.): Enterobacter mori sp. nov., associated with bacterial wilt on Morus alba L. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2769-2774.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterobacter nimipressuralis (Carter 1945) Brenner et al. 1988, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9912 = CIP 104980 = ICMP 1577 = JCM 6050 = NCPPB 2045.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z96077.
Basonym: ¤ Erwinia nimipressuralis (Carter 1945) Dye 1969 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Erwinia nimipressuralis" Carter 1945.
Etymology: L. adv. nimis, overmuch; L. n. pressura, pressure; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. nimipressuralis, pertaining to excessive pressure, with excessive pressure.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [BRENNER (D.J.), McWHORTER (A.C.), KAI (A.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.) and FARMER III (J.J.): Enterobacter asburiae sp. nov., a new species found in clinical specimens, and reassignment of Erwinia dissolvens and Erwinia nimipressuralis to the genus Enterobacter as Enterobacter dissolvens comb. nov. and Enterobacter nimipressuralis comb. nov. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1986, 23, 1114-1120.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Lelliottia nimipressuralis (Carter 1945) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter oryzae Peng et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Ola 51 = CGMCC 1.7012 = LMG 24251.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF488759.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oryzae, of rice, from which the first strains were isolated.
Reference: PENG (G.), ZHANG (W.), LUO (H.), XIE (H.), LAI (W.) and TAN (Z.): Enterobacter oryzae sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium isolated from the wild rice species Oryza latifolia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1650-1655.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Kosakonia oryzae (Peng et al. 2009) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter pulveris Stephan et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 601/05 = DSM 19144 = JCM 16471 = LMG 24057.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ273684.
Etymology: L. n. pulvis -eris, dust, powder; L. gen. n. pulveris, of powder.
Reference: STEPHAN (R.), VAN TRAPPEN (S.), CLEENWERCK (I.), IVERSEN (C.), JOOSTEN (H.), DE VOS (P.) and LEHNER (A.): Enterobacter pulveris sp. nov., isolated from fruit powder, infant formula and an infant formula production environment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 237-241.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Cronobacter pulveris (Stephan et al. 2008) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter pyrinus Chung et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49851= CCUG 48320 = CDC G6570 = CFBP 4168 = CIP 104019 = DSM 12410 = ICMP 12530 = KCTC 2520.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ010486.
Etymology: L. n. pyrum, a pear; L. masc. suff. -inus, suffix denoting belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. pyrinus, belonging to pears, from pears.
Reference: CHUNG (Y.R.), BRENNER (D.J.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), KIM (B.S.), KIM (H.T.) and CHO (K.Y.): Enterobacter pyrinus sp. nov., an organism associated with brown leaf spot disease of pear trees. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 157-161.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Chung et al. 1993, on page 161, the type strain is erroneously designated as CDC 6570.

¤ Pluralibacter pyrinus (Chung et al. 1993) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter radicincitans Kämpfer et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D5/23 = CCUG 50898 = CIP 108468 = DSM 16656.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY563134.
Etymology: L. n. radix -icis, a root; L. part. adj. incitans, promoting the growth; N.L. part. adj. radicincitans, promoting root growth of plants.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 104. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1395-1397. [KÄMPFER (P.), RUPPEL (S.) and REMUS (R.): Enterobacter radicincitans sp. nov., a plant growth promoting species of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2005, 28, 213-221.]
Validation List no. 104 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Kosakonia radicincitans (Kämpfer et al. 2005) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter sacchari Zhu et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SP1=CGMCC 1.12102=LMG 26783.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ001784.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. sacchari of Saccharum, isolated from Saccharum officinarum L. (sugar cane).
Source: Plant.
Reference: ZHU, B., ZHOU, Q., LIN, L., HU, C., SHEN, P., YANG, L., AN, Q., XIE, G. and LI, Y. 2013. Enterobacter sacchari sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing bacterium associated with sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Int.J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2577-2582.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Kosakonia sacchari (Zhu et al. 2013) Gu et al. 2014, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter sakazakii Farmer et al. 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 29544 = CCUG 14558 = CDC 4562-70 (78-067947) = CIP 103183 = DSM 4485 = JCM 1233 = LMG 5740 = NBRC 102416 = NCTC 11467.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059843.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. sakazakii, of Sakazaki, in honour of the Japanese microbiologist Riichi Sakazaki.
Reference: FARMER III (J.J.), ASBURY (M.A.), HICKMAN (F.W.), BRENNER (D.J.) and THE ENTEROBACTERIACEAE STUDY GROUP: Enterobacter sakazakii: a new species of "Enterobacteriaceae" isolated from clinical specimens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 569-584.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Enterobacter sakazakii Farmer et al. 1980 was previously known as "yellow -pigmented Enterobacter cloacae".

¤ Cronobacter sakazakii (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al. 2008, comb. nov.

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Enterobacter soli Manter et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LF7 = ATCC BAA-2102 = LMG 25861.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU814270.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil, the source of the type strain.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 140. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1499-1501. [MANTER (D.K.), HUNTER (W.J.) and VIVANCO (J.M.): Enterobacter soli sp. nov.: a lignin-degrading γ-proteobacteria isolated from soil. Curr. Microbiol., 2011, 62, 1044-1049.]
Validation List no. 140 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Enterobacter taylorae Farmer et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35317 = CCUG 18765 = CCUG 25589 = CDC 2126-81 = JCM 3943 = NCTC 12126.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. taylorae, of Taylor, named after Welton Taylor, an American clinical microbiologist who has also made many contributions to our knowledge of the family Enterobacteriaceae, particularly the development of XLD agar and the isolation of Shigella and other bacterial pathogens from feces.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225. [FARMER III (J.J.), FANNING (G.R.), DAVIS (B.R.), O'HARA (C.M.), RIDDLE (C.), HICKMAN-BRENNER (F.W.), ASBURY (M.A.), LOWERY III (V.A.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Escherichia fergusonii and Enterobacter taylorae, two new species of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from clinical specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol., 1985, 21, 77-81.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Enterobacter taylorae Farmer et al. 1985 was previously known as CDC Enteric Group 19.

¤ Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urosevic 1966) Dickey and Zumoff 1988.

Note: According to Schønheyde et al. 1994, Enterobacter taylorae Farmer et al. 1985 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urosevic 1966) Dickey and Zumoff 1988.
Reference: SCHØNHEYDER (H.C.), JENSEN (K.T.) and FREDERIKSEN (W.): Taxonomic notes: synonymy of Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urosevic 1966) Dickey and Zumoff 1988 and Enterobacter taylorae Farmer et al. 1985 and resolution of an ambiguity in the biochemical profile. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 586-587.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Enterobacter turicensis Stephan et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 508/05 = DSM 18397 = JCM 16472 = LMG 23730.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ273681.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. turicensis, from Turicum (Zurich), from where the species was first isolated.
Reference: STEPHAN (R.), VAN TRAPPEN (S.), CLEENWERCK (I.), VANCANNEYT (M.), DE VOS (P.) and LEHNER (A.): Enterobacter turicensis sp. nov. and Enterobacter helveticus sp. nov., isolated from fruit powder. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 820-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Cronobacter zurichensis (Stephan et al. 2007) Brady et al. 2013, nom. nov.

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Enterobacter xiangfangensis Gu et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 10-17=LMG 27195=NCIMB 14836=CCUG 62994.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF679035.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. xiangfangensis, pertaining to Xiangfang, a district located in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, where the bacterium was first isolated.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: GU, C. T., LI, C. Y., YANG, L. J. and HUO, G. C. 2014. Enterobacter xiangfangensis sp. nov., isolated from Chinese traditional sourdough, and reclassification of Enterobacter sacchari Zhu et al. 2013 as Kosakonia sacchari comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2650-2656.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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