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Genus Cystobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, genus. (Type genus of the suborder ¤ Cystobacterineae Reichenbach 2007; type genus of the family ¤ Cystobacteraceae McCurdy 1970 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Cystobacter fuscus Schroeter 1886 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. kustis, bladder; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Cystobacter, bladder-forming rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SCHROETER (J.): 1886, pp. 131-256. In: F. COHN, Kryptogamen-Flora von Schlesien. Band 3, Heft 3, Pilze J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau, 1889, pp. 1-814.

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Cystobacter armeniaca Reichenbach 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Cb a1 = CIP 109127 = DSM 14710 = JCM 12622.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ768107.
Etymology: L. fem. n. armeniaca, an apricot-tree, intended to mean apricot-colored.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 115. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Effective publication: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, 170AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1086-1096.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain CIP 109127 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote h). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

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Cystobacter badius Reichenbach 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Cb b2 = CIP 109126 = DSM 14723 = JCM 12623.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ768108.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. badius, chestnut brown.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 115. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Effective publication: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, 170AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1086-1096.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain CIP 109126 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote i). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

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Cystobacter ferrugineus (Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1927) McCurdy 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Windsor M-203.
Proposed neotype strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Cb fe18=DSM 14716=JCM 12624.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AJ233901.
Synonym: "Polyangium ferrugineum" Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1927.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. ferrugineus, of the color of iron-rust, dark-red.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KRZEMIENIEWSKA (H.) and KRZEMIENIEWSKI (S.): Miksobacterje Polski Uzupelnienie. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 1927, 5, 79-98. 2 McCURDY (H.D.): Studies on the taxonomy of the Myxobacterales. II. Polyangium and the demise of the Sporangiaceae. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 283-296.

Note: Original strain designation appears to refer to herbarium material.

Note: In accordance with Rule 18c of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, strain Cb fe18 (=DSM 14716=JCM 12624) is proposed as the neotype strain of Cystobacter ferrugineus by Lang and Reichenbach (2013); these authors also provided the 16S rRNA gene sequence accession number given above.
Reference: LANG, E. and REICHENBACH, H. 2013. Designation of type strains for seven species of the order Myxococcales and proposal for neotype strains of Cystobacter ferrugineus, Cystobacter minus and Polyangium fumosum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4354-4360.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Cystobacter fuscus Schroeter 1886, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25194= DSM 2262.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ768109.
Synonym: "Polyangium fuscum" (Schroeter 1886) Thaxter 1904.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. fuscus, dark, swarthy, dusky, tawny.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: SCHROETER (J.): 1886, pp. 131-256. In: F. COHN, Kryptogamen-Flora von Schlesien. Band 3, Heft 3, Pilze J.U. Kern's Verlag, Breslau, 1889, pp. 1-814.

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Cystobacter gracilis Reichenbach 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Cb g1 = DSM 14753 = JCM 12625.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ768110.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. gracilis, slight, thin, slender.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 151. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1577-1580.
Effective publication: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, 170AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp.1086–1096.
Validation List no. 151 in IJSEM Online

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Cystobacter miniatus Reichenbach 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Cb a24 = CIP 109119 = DSM 14712 = JCM 12626.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ768111.
Etymology: L. masc. part. adj. miniatus, cinnabar-red.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 115. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Effective publication: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, 170AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1086-1096.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain CIP 109119 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote j). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

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Cystobacter minus (Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1926) McCurdy 1970, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Windsor M-307.
Proposed neotype strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Cb m2=DSM 14751=JCM 12627.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AJ233903.
Synonym: "Polyangium minus" Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1926.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. minus (comparative of parvus, small), smaller. The epithet minus is in the neuter gender, but the genus name Cystobacter is in the masculine gender! The correct epithet should be minor.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KRZEMIENIEWSKA (H.) and KRZEMIENIEWSKI (S.): Miksobacterje Polski (Die Myxobakterien von Polen). Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 1926, 4, 1-54. 2 McCURDY (H.D.): Studies on the taxonomy of the Myxobacterales. II. Polyangium and the demise of the Sporangiaceae. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1970, 20, 283-296.

Note: Original strain designation appears to refer to herbarium material.

Note: In accordance with Rule 18c of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, strain Cb m2 (=DSM 14751=JCM 12627) is proposed as the neotype strain of Cystobacter minus by Lang and Reichenbach (2013); these authors also provided the 16S rRNA gene sequence accession number given above.
Reference: LANG, E. and REICHENBACH, H. 2013. Designation of type strains for seven species of the order Myxococcales and proposal for neotype strains of Cystobacter ferrugineus, Cystobacter minus and Polyangium fumosum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4354-4360.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Archangium minus (Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1926) McCurdy 1970 Lang et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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Cystobacter velatus Reichenbach 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Cb v34 = CIP 109132 = DSM 14718 = JCM 12628.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ768115.
Etymology: L. part. adj. velatus, veiled, covered.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 115. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Effective publication: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, 170AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1086-1096.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 Cystobacter velatus Reichenbach 2007 was previously known as Polyangium fuscum biovar velatum Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1926.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote k). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online
2 The type strain CIP 109132 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote l). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

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Cystobacter violaceus (ex Kühlwein and Gallwitz 1958) Reichenbach 2007, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Cb vi61 = CIP 109131 = DSM 14727 = JCM 12629.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ768114.
Synonyms: "Polyangium violaceum" Kühlwein and Gallwitz 1958, "Archangium violaceum" Kühlwein and Reichenbach 1964.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. violaceus, violet colored.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 115. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Effective publication: REICHENBACH (H.): Genus I. Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, 170AL. In: D.J. BRENNER, N.R. KRIEG, J.T. STALEY and G. M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 2 (The Proteobacteria), part C (The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria), Springer, New York, 2005, pp. 1086-1096.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In the effective publication, Cystobacter violaceus is cited as a new combination.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote m). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online
2 The type strain CIP 109131 has been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 115 (footnote n). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897.
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online

¤ Archangium violaceum (ex Kühlwein and Gallwitz 1958) Reichenbach 2007 Lang et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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