Title

Genus Cronobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 10
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 3

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Cronobacter Iversen et al. 2008, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Cronobacter sakazakii (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al. 2008.
Etymology: Gr. n. Cronos, one of the Titans of mythology who swallowed each of his children as soon as they were born; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod; N.L. masc. n. Cronobacter, a rod that can cause infection in neonates.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Cronobacter Iversen et al. 2008 was previously known as "Cronobacter" Iversen et al. 2007.
Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Publication Online.

Cronobacter Iversen et al. 2008 emend. Brady et al. 2013.
Reference: BRADY, C., CLEENWERCK, I., VENTER, S., COUTINHO, T. and DE VOS, P. 2013. Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 309-319.
Original article Online.

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Cronobacter condimenti Joseph et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1330 = CECT 7863 = LMG 26250.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN539031.
Etymology: L. gen. n. condimenti, of spice, seasoning.
Valid publication: JOSEPH (S.), CETINKAYA (E.), DRAHOVSKA (H.), LEVICAN (A.), FIGUERAS (M.J.) and FORSYTHE (S.J.): Cronobacter condimenti sp. nov., isolated from spiced meat, and Cronobacter universalis sp. nov., a species designation for Cronobacter sp. genomospecies 1, recovered from a leg infection, water and food ingredients. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1277-1283.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Cronobacter dublinensis Iversen et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DES187 = DSM 18705 = JCM 16467 = LMG 23823.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059892.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. dublinensis, pertaining to Dublin, Ireland, the origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Cronobacter dublinensis Iversen et al. 2008 was previously known as "Cronobacter dublinensis" Iversen et al. 2007.
Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Publication Online.

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Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis Iversen et al. 2008, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DES187 = DSM 18705 = JCM 16467 = LMG 23823.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059892.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. dublinensis, pertaining to Dublin, Ireland, the origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi Iversen et al. 2008, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E464 = DSM 18707 = JCM 16468 = LMG 23825.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059838.
Etymology: L. n. lac lactis, milk; L. adj. aridus, dried; N.L. gen. n. lactaridi, of dried milk.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis Iversen et al. 2008, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E515 = DSM 18706 = JCM 16469 = LMG 23824.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059841.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lausannensis, pertaining to Lausanne, Switzerland, the origin of the type strain for this subspecies.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Cronobacter helveticus (Stephan et al. 2007) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 513/05=LMG 23732=DSM 18396.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: DQ273688.
Basonym: ¤ Enterobacter helveticus Stephan et al. 2007
Etymology: L. masc. adj. helveticus, of Helvetica (Switzerland), from where the species was first isolated.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 154. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 3931-3934.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: BRADY, C., CLEENWERCK, I., VENTER, S., COUTINHO, T. and DE VOS, P. 2013. Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 309-319.
Effective publication Online

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Cronobacter malonaticus Iversen et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CDC 1058-77 = DSM 18702 = LMG 23826.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059881.
Etymology: N.L. n. malonas -atis, malonate; L. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. malonaticus, pertaining to the utilization of malonate.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Cronobacter malonaticus Iversen et al. 2008 was previously known as "Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus" Iversen et al. 2007.
Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Publication Online.

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Cronobacter muytjensii Iversen et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51329= CIP 103581.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059845.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. muytjensii, of Muytjens, named in honour of the Dutch microbiologist Harry Muytjens, who performed much of the early work on [Enterobacter] sakazakii.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Cronobacter muytjensii Iversen et al. 2008 was previously known as "Cronobacter muytjensii" Iversen et al. 2007.
Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Publication Online.

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Cronobacter pulveris (Stephan et al. 2008) Brady et al. 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 601/05=LMG 24057=DSM 19144.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: DQ273684.
Basonym: ¤ Enterobacter pulveris Stephan et al. 2008
Etymology: L. n. pulvis -eris, dust, powder; L. gen. n. pulveris, of powder.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 154. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 3931-3934.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: BRADY, C., CLEENWERCK, I., VENTER, S., COUTINHO, T. and DE VOS, P. 2013. Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 309-319.
Effective publication Online

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Cronobacter sakazakii (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al. 2008, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29544= CCUG 14558 = CDC 4562-70 (78-067947) = CIP 103183 = DSM 4485 = JCM 1233 = LMG 5740 = NBRC 102416 = NCTC 11467.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059843.
Basonym: ¤ Enterobacter sakazakii Farmer et al. 1980.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. sakazakii, of Sakazaki, in honour of the Japanese microbiologist Riichi Sakazaki.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Cronobacter sakazakii (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al. 2008 was previously known as "Cronobacter sakazakii" (Farmer et al. 1980) Iversen et al. 2007.
Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Publication Online.

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Cronobacter turicensis Iversen et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) z3032 = DSM 18703 = LMG 23827.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059891.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. turicensis, pertaining to Turicum, the Latin name of Zurich, as the type strain was isolated in Zurich, Switzerland.
Valid publication: IVERSEN (C.), MULLANE (N.), McCARDELL (B.), TALL (B.D.), LEHNER (A.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): Cronobacter gen. nov., a new genus to accommodate the biogroups of Enterobacter sakazakii, and proposal of Cronobacter sakazakii gen. nov., comb. nov., Cronobacter malonaticus sp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov., Cronobacter genomospecies 1, and of three subspecies, Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. dublinensis subsp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lausannensis subsp. nov. and Cronobacter dublinensis subsp. lactaridi subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1442-1447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Cronobacter turicensis Iversen et al. 2008 was previously known as "Cronobacter turicensis" Iversen et al. 2007.
Reference: IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov. Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64. Publication Online.

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Cronobacter universalis Joseph et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CECT 7864 = LMG 26249 = NCTC 9529.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF059877.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. universalis, of or belonging to all, universal.
Valid publication: JOSEPH (S.), CETINKAYA (E.), DRAHOVSKA (H.), LEVICAN (A.), FIGUERAS (M.J.) and FORSYTHE (S.J.): Cronobacter condimenti sp. nov., isolated from spiced meat, and Cronobacter universalis sp. nov., a species designation for Cronobacter sp. genomospecies 1, recovered from a leg infection, water and food ingredients. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1277-1283.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Strain NCTC 9529 (the type strain of Cronobacter universalis) was previously referred to as ¤ Enterobacter sakazakii biogroup 16c as defined by Iversen et al. 2007 [1]. Strain NCTC 9529 was deemed a separate Cronobacter species, however insufficient strains and biochemical tests were available to define the species and consequently it was called Cronobacter genomospecies 1 [1]. According to DNA-DNA hybridization data and phenotypic characterization, Joseph et al. 2012 [2] propose a new species, Cronobacter universalis, for strains NCTC 9529 and 731 (previously known as Cronobacter genomospecies 1), and for strains 96 and 1435 (previously known as ¤ Cronobacter turicensis).
References:
1 IVERSEN (C.), LEHNER (A.), MULLANE (N.), BIDLAS (E.), CLEENWERCK (I.), MARUGG (J.), FANNING (S.), STEPHAN (R.) and JOOSTEN (H.): The taxonomy of Enterobacter sakazakii: proposal of a new genus Cronobacter gen. nov. and descriptions of Cronobacter sakazakii comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. sakazakii, comb. nov., Cronobacter sakazakii subsp. malonaticus subsp. nov., Cronobacter turicensis sp. nov., Cronobacter muytjensii sp. nov., Cronobacter dublinensis sp. nov. and Cronobacter genomospecies 1. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007, 7:64.
Publication Online
2 JOSEPH (S.), CETINKAYA (E.), DRAHOVSKA (H.), LEVICAN (A.), FIGUERAS (M.J.) and FORSYTHE (S.J.): Cronobacter condimenti sp. nov., isolated from spiced meat, and Cronobacter universalis sp. nov., a species designation for Cronobacter sp. genomospecies 1, recovered from a leg infection, water and food ingredients. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1277-1283.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Cronobacter zurichensis (Stephan et al. 2007) Brady et al. 2013, nom. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 508/05=LMG 23730=DSM 18397.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ992947.
Basonym: ¤ Enterobacter turicensis Stephan et al. 2007
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. zurichensis, of or belonging to Zurich.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 154. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 3931-3934.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: BRADY, C., CLEENWERCK, I., VENTER, S., COUTINHO, T. and DE VOS, P. 2013. Taxonomic evaluation of the genus Enterobacter based on multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA): proposal to reclassify E. nimipressuralis and E. amnigenus into Lelliottia gen. nov. as Lelliottia nimipressuralis comb. nov. and Lelliottia amnigena comb. nov., respectively, E. gergoviae and E. pyrinus into Pluralibacter gen. nov. as Pluralibacter gergoviae comb. nov. and Pluralibacter pyrinus comb. nov., respectively, E. cowanii, E. radicincitans, E. oryzae and E. arachidis into Kosakonia gen. nov. as Kosakonia cowanii comb. nov., Kosakonia radicincitans comb. nov., Kosakonia oryzae comb. nov. and Kosakonia arachidis comb. nov., respectively, and E. turicensis, E. helveticus and E. pulveris into Cronobacter as Cronobacter zurichensis nom. nov., Cronobacter helveticus comb. nov. and Cronobacter pulveris comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genera Enterobacter and Cronobacter. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 309-319.
Effective publication Online

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