Genus Chromobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Chromobacterium Bergonzini 1880, genus. (Type genus of the tribe ¤ Chromobacterieae Winslow et al. 1920 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Chromobacterium violaceum Bergonzini 1880 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: not "Cromobacterium" (sic) Bergonzini 1879.
Etymology: Gr. n. chroma, color; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Chromobacterium, a small, colored rod.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BERGONZINI (C.): Sopra un nuovo bacterio colorato. Annuar Soc. Nat. Modena, Series 2, 1881, 14, 149-158.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, in contravention of the Judicial Opinion 16, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Chromobacterium Bergonzini 1881 (sic).
References:
1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 93.
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Necessary corrections according to Judicial Opinions 16, 48 and 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 613.
Original article by Euzéby in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

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Chromobacterium aquaticum Young et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CC-SEYA-1 = BCRC 17769 = CCUG 55175.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU109734.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. aquaticum, living, growing, or found in or by water.
Reference: YOUNG (C.C.), ARUN (A.B.), LAI (W.A.), CHEN (W.M.), CHOU (J.H.), SHEN (F.T.), REKHA (P.D.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Chromobacterium aquaticum sp. nov., isolated from spring water samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 877-880.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The name of the fifth author in the paper by Young et al. 2008 was incorrectly published as Jiu-Hsing Chao. The correct spelling should be Jui-Hsing Chou.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1782.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Chromobacterium fluviatile Moss et al. 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Logan C009 = 165 = ATCC 33051 = CCUG 30103 = CIP 103351 = DSM 3764 = JCM 9044 = LMG 6630 = NBRC 102505 = NCTC 11159.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M22511.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. fluviatile, of or belonging to a river.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218. [MOSS (M.O.), RYALL (C.) and LOGAN (N.A.): The classification and characterization of chromobacteria from a lowland river. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1978, 105, 11-21.]
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Iodobacter fluviatilis corrig. (Moss et al. 1981) Logan 1989, comb. nov.

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Chromobacterium haemolyticum Han et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MDA0585 = CCUG 53230 = JCM 14163 = DSM 19808.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ785104.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. haemolyticum, dissolving blood.
Reference: HAN (X.Y.), HAN (F.S.) and SEGAL (J.): Chromobacterium haemolyticum sp. nov., a strongly haemolytic species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1398-1403.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chromobacterium piscinae Kämpfer et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCM 3329 = LMG 3947.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ871127.
Etymology: L. gen. n. piscinae, of a pond.
Reference: KÄMPFER (P.), BUSSE (H.J.) and SCHOLZ (H.C.): Chromobacterium piscinae sp. nov. and Chromobacterium pseudoviolaceum sp. nov., from environmental samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2486-2490.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chromobacterium pseudoviolaceum Kämpfer et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Lewitus = P.H.A. Sneath strain LW = ATCC 7461 =  CCM 2076 = LMG 3953 = NCIMB 8182 = NCTC 8683.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ871128.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pseudês, false; L. neut. adj. violaceum, violet-coloured and also a bacterial specific epithet; N.L. neut. adj. pseudoviolaceum, not the true Chromobacterium violaceum.
Reference: KÄMPFER (P.), BUSSE (H.J.) and SCHOLZ (H.C.): Chromobacterium piscinae sp. nov. and Chromobacterium pseudoviolaceum sp. nov., from environmental samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2486-2490.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Kämpfer et al. 2009, the type strain is cited as LMG 3953 (= CCM 2076 = NCTC 8182). However, the strain NCTC 8182 is a strain of Streptococcus agalactiae!
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 3184.
Erratum in IJSEM Online

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Chromobacterium subtsugae Martin et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PRAA4-1 = DSM 17043 = NRRL B-30655.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY344056.
Etymology: L. pref. sub, under; N.L. n. Tsuga, scientific name of hemlocks; N.L. gen. n. subtsugae, under Tsuga, because the type strain was found in soil under a hemlock tree.
Reference: MARTIN (P.A.W.), GUNDERSEN-RINDAL (D.), BLACKBURN (M.) and BUYER (J.): Chromobacterium subtsugae sp. nov., a betaproteobacterium toxic to Colorado potato beetle and other insect pests. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 993-999.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chromobacterium vaccinii Soby et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MWU205 = ATCC BAA-2314 = DSM 25150.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN120869.
Etymology: L. n. vaccinium, a blueberry, whortleberry, and also a botanical generic name; N.L. gen. n. vaccinii, of Vaccinium, referring to the isolation of the type strain in association with wild and cultivated Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait. (cranberry) roots and soils.
Reference: SOBY (S.D.), GADAGKAR (S.R.), CONTRERAS (C.) and CARUSO (F.L.): Chromobacterium vaccinii sp. nov., isolated from native and cultivated cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) bogs and irrigation ponds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1840-1846.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Chromobacterium violaceum Bergonzini 1880, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12472 = CCUG 213 = CIP 103350 = DSM 30191 = IFO (now NBRC) 12614 = JCM 1249 = LMG 1267 = NCCB 80006 = NCTC 9757.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AE016825.
Synonyms: "Chromobacterium janthinum" (Zopf) Ford 1927, "Chromobacterium manilae" (Krasil'nikov) Leifson 1956, "Chromobacterium laurentium" (Migula) Leifson 1956, not "Chromobacterium violaceum" Leifson 1956, not "Chromobacterium violaceum" as described by Breed et al. 1957.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. violaceum, violet colored.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BERGONZINI (C.): Sopra un nuovo bacterio colorato. Annuar Soc. Nat. Modena, Series 2, 1881, 14, 149-158.]

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, in contravention of the Judicial Opinion 16, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Chromobacterium violaceum Bergonzini 1881 (sic).
References:
1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 93.
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Necessary corrections according to Judicial Opinions 16, 48 and 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 613.
Original article by Euzéby in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

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