Genus Bacillus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 293
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 7

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Bacillus Cohn 1872, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Bacillales Prévot 1953 [Approved Lists 1980]; type genus of the family ¤ Bacillaceae Fischer 1895 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg 1835) Cohn 1872 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. masc. n. bacillus, a small staff, a wand, a rod.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [COHN (F.): Untersuchungen über Bakterien. Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen Heft 2, 1872, 1, 127-224.]

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Bacillus abyssalis You et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SCSIO 15042=DSM 25875=CCTCC AB 2012074=NBRC 109102.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX232168.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 153. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 3131-3134.
Effective publication Online

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Bacillus acidiceler Peak et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CBD 119 = DSM 18954 = NRRL B-41736.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ374637.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; L. masc. adj. celer, fast; N.L. masc. adj. acidiceler, fast growing in acid.
Reference: PEAK (K.K.), DUNCAN (K.E.), VEGUILLA (W.), LUNA (V.A.), KING (D.S.), HELLER (L.), HEBERLEIN-LARSON (L.), REEVES (F.), CANNONS (A.C.), AMUSO (P.) and CATTANI (J.): Bacillus acidiceler sp. nov., isolated from a forensic specimen, containing Bacillus anthracis pX02 genes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2031-2036.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The noun acidum is a "N.L. n. (from L. adj. acidus -a -um), not a "L. n." as cited in the paper by Peak et al. 2007.

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Bacillus acidicola Albert et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 105-2 = ATCC BAA-366 = DSM 14745 = NRRL B-23453.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF547209.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), an inhabitant, a resident; N.L. n. acidicola, an inhabitant of acidic environments.
Reference: ALBERT (R.A.), ARCHAMBAULT (J.), ROSSELLÓ-MORA (R.), TINDALL (B.J.) and MATHENY (M.): Bacillus acidicola sp. nov., a novel mesophilic, acidophilic species isolated from acidic Sphagnum peat bogs in Wisconsin. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2125-2130.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus acidiproducens Jung et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SL213 = JCM 14638 = KCTC 13078.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF379274.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus -a -um, sour, tart, acid), an acid; L. part. adj. producens, producing; N.L. part. adj. acidiproducens, acid-producing.
Reference: JUNG (M.Y.), KIM (J.S.) and CHANG (Y.H.): Bacillus acidiproducens sp. nov., vineyard soil isolates that produce lactic acid. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2226-2231.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus acidocaldarius Darland and Brock 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 104-1A = ATCC 27009 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14685 = CCUG 28521 = CIP 106131 = DSM 446 = HAMBI 2073 = HAMBI 2071 = IFO (now NBRC) 15652 = JCM 5260 = KCTC 1825 = LMG 7119 = NCCB 89167 = NCIMB 11725 = NRRL B-14509.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP001727 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; L. adj. caldarius -a -um, pertaining to warm or hot; N.L. masc. adj. acidocaldarius, pertaining to acid thermal habitats.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DARLAND (G.) and BROCK (T.D.): Bacillus acidocaldarius sp. nov., an acidophilic thermophilic spore-forming bacterium. Journal of General Bacteriology, 1971, 67, 9-15.]

¤ Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius (Darland and Brock 1971) Wisotzkey et al. 1992, comb. nov.

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Bacillus acidoterrestris Deinhard et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GD3B = ATCC 49025 = CIP 106132 = DSM 3922 = LMG 16906.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042057.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus, acid; L. adj. terrestris, of or belonging to the earth or to the land, terrestrial; N.L. masc. adj. acidoterrestris, acid-loving and isolated from soil.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [DEINHARD (G.), BLANZ (P.), PORALLA (K.) and ALTON (E.): Bacillus acidoterrestris sp. nov., a new thermotolerant acidophile isolated from different soils. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1987, 10, 47-53.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris (Deinhard et al. 1988) Wisotzkey et al. 1992, comb. nov.

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Bacillus aeolius Gugliandolo et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4-1 = CIP 107628 = DSM 15084.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ504797.
Etymology: L. adj. aeolius pertaining to the Eolian Island (Insulae Aeoliae) where the organism was isolated from a shallow marine hydrothermal vent.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 94. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1701-1702. [GUGLIANDOLO (C.), MAUGERI (T.L.), CACCAMO (D.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Bacillus aeolius sp. nov. a novel thermophilic, halophilic marine Bacillus species from Eolian Islands (Italy). Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2003, 26, 172-176.]
Validation List no. 94 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Based on phenotypic properties, 16S rRNA gene sequence and MALDI-TOF analysis, the strains DSM 15084 and CIP 107628, deposited as the type strain of Bacillus aeolius, do not represent the original type strain, strain 4-1. The two collections have attempted to obtain a subculture of the original strain from the depositor, but the strain is no longer available in the depositor's laboratory. It is therefore proposed that the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes places the name Bacillus aeolius on the list of "Rejected specific and subspecific epithets in names of species and subspecies of bacteria (Epitheta specifica et subspecifica rejicienda)" if a suitable replacement for the type strain or a neotype cannot be found within 2 years of publication of this Request.
Reference: PUKALL (R.), SCHUMANN (P.), CLERMONT (D.) and BIZET (C.): Bacillus aeolius DSM 15084T (=CIP 107628T) is a strain of Bacillus licheniformis. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1268-1270.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus aerius Shivaji et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 24K = JCM 13348 = MTCC 7303.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ831843.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aerius, pertaining to the air, aerial.
Reference: SHIVAJI (S.), CHATURVEDI (P.), SURESH (K.), REDDY (G.S.N.), DUTT (C.B.S.), WAINWRIGHT (M.), NARLIKAR (J.V.) and BHARGAVA (P.M.): Bacillus aerius sp. nov., Bacillus aerophilus sp. nov., Bacillus stratosphericus sp. nov. and Bacillus altitudinis sp. nov., isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1465-1473.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain 24K is no longer viable in the depositor's collection, the type strain JCM 13348 does not appear in the "JCM on-line catalogue of strains", and the MTCC may not provide the type strain MTCC 7303. The type strain cannot be found in another culture collection. So, to date (January 15, 2010), the type strain of Bacillus aerius is not available.
Reference: DOBRITSA (A.P.): Personal communication (January 15, 2010).

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Bacillus aerophilus Shivaji et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 28K = JCM 13347 = MTCC 7304.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ831844.
Etymology: Gr. n. aêr, air; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. aerophilus, air-loving.
Reference: SHIVAJI (S.), CHATURVEDI (P.), SURESH (K.), REDDY (G.S.N.), DUTT (C.B.S.), WAINWRIGHT (M.), NARLIKAR (J.V.) and BHARGAVA (P.M.): Bacillus aerius sp. nov., Bacillus aerophilus sp. nov., Bacillus stratosphericus sp. nov. and Bacillus altitudinis sp. nov., isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1465-1473.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain 28K is no longer viable in the depositor's collection, the type strain JCM 13347 does not appear in the "JCM on-line catalogue of strains", and the MTCC may not provide the type strain MTCC 7304. The type strain cannot be found in another culture collection. So, to date (January 15, 2010), the type strain of Bacillus aerophilus is not available.
Reference: DOBRITSA (A.P.): Personal communication (January 15, 2010).

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Bacillus agaradhaerens Nielsen et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-105 = ATCC 700163 = CIP 105302 = DSM 8721 = LMG 17948.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76445.
Etymology: Malayan n. agar, gelling polysaccharide from brown algae; N.L. n. agarum, agar; L. part. adj. adhaerens, adherent; N.L. part. adj. agaradhaerens, adhering to the agar.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus agri (ex Laubach and Rice 1916) Nakamura 1993, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51663 = CCUG 31345 = CIP 104002 = DSM 6348 = IFO (now NBRC) 15538 = JCM 9067 = LMG 15103 = NRRL NRS-1219.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB112716.
Synonym: "Bacillus agri" Laubach and Rice 1916.
Etymology: L. gen. n. agri, of a field.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): DNA relatedness of Bacillus brevis Migula 1900 strains and proposal of Bacillus agri sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus centrosporus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 20-25.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Shida et al. 1994, Bacillus agri (ex Laubach and Rice 1916) Nakamura 1993 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacillus galactophilus Takagi et al. 1993.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), UDAKA (S.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Bacillus galactophilus is a later subjective synonym of Bacillus agri. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 172-173.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus agri (Nakamura 1993) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus aidingensis Xue et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 17-5 = CGMCC 1.3227 = DSM 18341.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ504377.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. aidingensis, pertaining to Lake Ai-Ding, a saline lake in China.
Reference: XUE (Y.), VENTOSA (A.), WANG (X.), REN (P.), ZHOU (P.) and MA (Y.): Bacillus aidingensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from Ai-Ding salt lake in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2828-2832.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus akibai Nogi et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1139 = ATCC 43226 = JCM 9157.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB043858.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. akibai, of Akiba, named after the Japanese microbiologist Teruhiko Akiba, who made fundamental contributions to the study of alkaliphilic bacteria.
Reference: NOGI (Y.), TAKAMI (H.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Characterization of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains used in industry: proposal of five novel species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2309-2315.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus alcalophilus Vedder 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27647 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 15419 = CCUG 28516 = CIP 103410 = DSM 485 = IFO (now NBRC) 15653 = JCM 5262 = LMG 7120 = KCTC 1824 = NCIMB 10436 = NCIMB 8772 = NCTC 4553 = NRRL B-14309 = NRRL NRS-1548.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76436.
Etymology: N.L. alcali (from the Arabic al the; qaliy soda ash), alkali; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. alcalophilus, liking alkaline (media).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [VEDDER (A.): Bacillus alcalophilus n. sp.; benevens enkele ervaringen met sterk alcalische voedingsbodems. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1934, 1, 141-147.]

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Bacillus algicola Ivanova et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 107850 = KMM 3737.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY228462.
Etymology: L. fem. n. alga, sea-weed, alga; L. suff. -cola (from L. masc. or fem. n. incola), inhabitant, dweller; N.L. masc. n. algicola, alga-dweller.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 99. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1425-1426. [IVANOVA (E.P.), ALEXEEVA (Y.A.), ZHUKOVA (N.V.), GORSHKOVA (N.M.), BULJAN (V.), NICOLAU (D.V.), MIKHAILOV (V.V.) and CHRISTEN (R.): Bacillus algicola sp. nov., a novel filamentous organism isolated from brown alga Fucus evanescens. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 301-307.]
Validation List no. 99 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the protologue, the type strains KMM 3737 and CIP 107850 are erroneously cited as KMM 3557 and CIP 107684, respectively.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 99 (footnote ||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1425-1426.
Validation List no. 99 in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus alginolyticus Nakamura 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 175 = ATCC 51185 = CFBP 4264 = CIP 103122 = DSM 5050 = IFO (now NBRC) 15375 = JCM 9068 = LMG 18039 = NCIMB 12517 = NRRL NRS-1347.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073362.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum alginicum, alginic acid; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. alginolyticus, alginic acid dissolving.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus alginolyticus sp. nov. and Bacillus chondroitinus sp. nov., two alginate-degrading species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 284-286.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus alginolyticus (Nakamura 1987) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Bacillus alkalidiazotrophicus Sorokin et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MS 6 = NCCB 100213 = UNIQEM U377.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU143680.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali (from Arabic al qaliy), soda ash; N.L. masc. adj. diazotrophicus, feeding on dinitrogen; N.L. adj. alkalidiazotrophicus, alkaliphile fixing dinitrogen.
Reference: SOROKIN (I.D.), KRAVCHENKO (I.K.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), BOULYGINA (E.S.) and SOROKIN (D.Y.): Bacillus alkalidiazotrophicus sp. nov., a diazotrophic, low salt-tolerant alkaliphile isolated from Mongolian soda soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2459-2464.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Anaerobacillus alkalidiazotrophicus (Sorokin et al. 2008) Zavarzina et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Bacillus alkalinitrilicus Sorokin et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ANL-iso4 = NCCB 100120 = UNIQEM U240.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF422411.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali (from arabic al qaliy), soda; N.L. adj. nitrilicus, pertaining to nitriles; N.L. masc. adj. alkalinitrilicus, alkaliphile utilizing nitriles.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 125. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1-2. [SOROKIN (D.Y.), VAN PELT (S.) and TOUROVA (T.P.): Utilization of aliphatic nitriles under haloalkaline conditions by Bacillus alkalinitrilicus sp. nov. isolated from soda solonchak soil. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2008, 288, 235-240.]
Validation List no. 125 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus alkalisediminis Borsodi et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K1-25 = DSM 21670 = NCAIM B02301.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ606037.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali, alkali; L. gen. n. sediminis, of sediment; N.L. gen. n. alkalisediminis, of alkaline sediment.
Reference: BORSODI (A.K.), POLLÁK (B.), KÉKI (Z.), RUSZNYÁK (A.), KOVÁCS (A.L.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHUMANN (P.), MÁRIALIGETI (K.) and TÓTH (E.M.): Bacillus alkalisediminis sp. nov., an alkaliphilic and moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from sediment of extremely shallow soda ponds. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1880-1886.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus alkalitelluris Lee et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BA288 = DSM 16976 = KCTC 3947.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY829448.
Etymology: N.L. n. alkali, alkali; L. gen. n. telluris, of the soil or earth; N.L. gen. n. alkalitelluris, of alkaline soil.
Reference: LEE (J.C.), LEE (G.S.), PARK (D.J.) and KIM (C.J.): Bacillus alkalitelluris sp. nov., an alkaliphilic bacterium isolated from sandy soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2629-2634.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus altitudinis Shivaji et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 41KF2b = DSM 21631 = JCM 13350 = MTCC 7306.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ831842.
Etymology: L. n. altitudo, altitude; L. gen. n. altitudinis, of altitude.
Reference: SHIVAJI (S.), CHATURVEDI (P.), SURESH (K.), REDDY (G.S.N.), DUTT (C.B.S.), WAINWRIGHT (M.), NARLIKAR (J.V.) and BHARGAVA (P.M.): Bacillus aerius sp. nov., Bacillus aerophilus sp. nov., Bacillus stratosphericus sp. nov. and Bacillus altitudinis sp. nov., isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1465-1473.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus alveayuensis Bae et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TM1 = JCM 12523 = KCTC 10634.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY605232.
Etymology: L. n. alveus, a hollow, trough; N.L. masc. adj. ayuensis, pertaining to Ayu (as a locality); N.L. masc. adj. alveayuensis, pertaining to the Ayu Trough in the Pacific Ocean.
Reference: BAE (S.S.), LEE (J.H.) and KIM (S.J.): Bacillus alveayuensis sp. nov., a thermophilic bacterium isolated from deep-sea sediments of the Ayu Trough. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1211-1215.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus alvei Cheshire and Cheyne 1885, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 6344 = CCUG 1815 = CIP 66.18 = DSM 29 = IFO (now NBRC) 3343 = JCM 20131 = LMG 13253 = NCCB 48008 = NRRL B-383 = VKM B-502.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ320491.
Etymology: L. n. alveus, a beehive; L. gen. n. alvei, of a beehive.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [CHESHIRE (F.R.) and CHEYNE (W.W.): The pathogenic history and history under cultivation of a new Bacillus (B. alvei), the cause of a disease of the hive bee hitherto known as foul brood. Journal of the Royal Microscopic Society, Series II, 1885, 5, 581-601.]

¤ Paenibacillus alvei (Cheshire and Cheyne 1885) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (ex Fukumoto 1943) Priest et al. 1987, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Fukumoto strain F = ATCC 23350 = BCRC 11601 = CCUG 28519 = CFBP 4246 = CIP 103265 = DSM 7 = HAMBI 1824 = IFO (now NBRC) 15535 = LMG 9814 = LMG 12234 = NCAIM B.01704 = NCIMB 12077 = NRRL B-14393.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006920.
Synonym: "Bacillus amyloliquifaciens" (sic) Fukumoto 1943.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. v. liquefacio, to make liquid, to melt, dissolve, liquefy; N.L. part. adj. amyloliquefaciens, strach digesting.
Reference: PRIEST (F.G.), GOODFELLOW (M.), SHUTE (L.A.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): Bacillus amyloliquefaciens sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 69-71.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Priest et al. 1987, Fukumoto is spelled as Fukomoto.

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (ex Fukumoto 1943) Priest et al. 1987 emend. Wang et al. 2008.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Fukumoto strain F = ATCC 23350 = BCRC 11601 = CCUG 28519 = CFBP 4246 = CIP 103265 = DSM 7 = HAMBI 1824 = LMG 9814 = LMG 12234 = NBRC 15535 = NCAIM B.01704 = NCIMB 12077 = NRRL B-14393.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006920.
Synonym: "Bacillus amyloliquifaciens" (sic) Fukumoto 1943.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. v. liquefacio, to make liquid, to melt, dissolve, liquefy; N.L. part. adj. amyloliquefaciens, strach digesting.
Reference: WANG (L.T.), LEE (F.L.), TAI (C.J.) and KUO (H.P.): Bacillus velezensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 671-675.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 According to Wang et al. 2008, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (ex Fukumoto 1943) Priest et al. 1987 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacillus velezensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005.
Reference: WANG (L.T.), LEE (F.L.), TAI (C.J.) and KUO (H.P.): Bacillus velezensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 671-675.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. amyloliquefaciens (Priest et al. 1987) Borriss et al. 2011, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Fukumoto strain F = ATCC 23350 = BCRC 11601 = CCUG 28519 = CFBP 4246 = CIP 103265 = DSM 7 = HAMBI 1824 = IFO (now NBRC) 15535 = LMG 9814 = LMG 12234 = NCAIM B.01704 = NCIMB 12077 = NRRL B-14393.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006920, FN597644 (complete genome).
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. v. liquefacio, to make liquid, to melt, dissolve, liquefy; N.L. part. adj. amyloliquefaciens, strach digesting.
Reference: BORRISS (R.), CHEN (X.H.), RUECKERT (C.), BLOM (J.), BECKER (A.), BAUMGARTH (B.), FAN (B.), PUKALL (R.), SCHUMANN (P.), SPRÖER (C.), JUNGE (H.), VATER (J.), PÜHLER (A.) and KLENK (H.P.): Relationship of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens clades associated with strains DSM 7T and FZB42T: a proposal for Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. amyloliquefaciens subsp. nov. and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum subsp. nov. based on complete genome sequence comparisons. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1786-1801.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original authorship, (ex Fukumoto 1943) Priest et al. 1987, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum Borriss et al. 2011, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FZB42 = BGSC 10A6 = DSM 23117.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000560 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. n. planta, any vegetable production that serves to propagate the species, a young plant, a plant; L. gen. pl. noun plantarum, of plants.
Reference: BORRISS (R.), CHEN (X.H.), RUECKERT (C.), BLOM (J.), BECKER (A.), BAUMGARTH (B.), FAN (B.), PUKALL (R.), SCHUMANN (P.), SPRÖER (C.), JUNGE (H.), VATER (J.), PÜHLER (A.) and KLENK (H.P.): Relationship of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens clades associated with strains DSM 7T and FZB42T: a proposal for Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. amyloliquefaciens subsp. nov. and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum subsp. nov. based on complete genome sequence comparisons. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1786-1801.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus amylolyticus (ex Choukévitch 1911) Nakamura 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 434 = ATCC 9995 = CCUG 28514 = CFBP 4261 = CIP 103117 = DSM 11730 = DSM 11747 = DSM 15211 = DSM 3034 = IFO (now NBRC) 13625 = IFO (now NBRC) 15957 = JCM 9906 = LMG 11153 = NRRL B-377 = NRRL B-14940 = NRRL NRS-290.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85396.
Synonym: "Bacillus amylolyticus" Choukévitch 1911.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. amylolyticus, dissolving starch.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus amylolyticus sp. nov., nom. rev., Bacillus lautus sp. nov., nom. rev., Bacillus pabuli sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus validus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 224-226.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus amylolyticus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

¤ Paenibacillus amylolyticus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994 emend. Shida et al. 1997.

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Bacillus andreesenii Kosowski et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 8-4-E12=DSM 23947=LMG 27601.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF952774.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. andreesenii, of Andreesen, in honour of Jan Remmer Andreesen (1941-), for his contribution to the physiology and biochemistry of the Firmicutes, including species of Bacillus, and his inspiring and wide-ranging influence on the community of German microbiologists over many years.
Source: Industrial.
Reference: KOSOWSKI, K., SCHMIDT, M., PUKALL, R., HAUSE, G., KÄMPFER, P. and LECHNER, U. 2014. Bacillus pervagus sp. nov. and Bacillus andreesenii sp. nov., isolated from a composting reactor. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 88-94.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus aneurinilyticus corrig. (ex Kimura and Aoyama 1952) Shida et al. 1994, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 12856 = CIP 104007 = DSM 5562 = IAM 1077 = IFO (now NBRC) 15521 = JCM 9024 = LMG 15531 = LMG 16001 = NRRL NRS-1589.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94194.
Synonym: "Bacillus aneurinolyticus" Kimura and Aoyama in Aoyama 1952.
Etymology: N.L. n. aneurinum, thiamine; N.L. adj. lyticus (from Gr. adj. lutikos), able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. aneurinolyticus, decomposing thiamine.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), YANO (H.), ABE (M.), UDAKA (S.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Bacillus aneurinolyticus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 143-150.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, aneurinolyticus (sic) has been corrected by Heyndrickx et al. 1997.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), LEBBE (L.), VANCANNEYT (M.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.), FORSYTH (G.), NAZLI (S.), ALI (N.) and BERKELEY (R.C.W.): A polyphasic reassessment of the genus Aneurinibacillus, reclassification of Bacillus thermoaerophilus (Meier-Stauffer et al. 1996) as Aneurinibacillus thermoaerophilus comb. nov., and emended descriptions of A. aneurinilyticus corrig., and A. migulanus, and A. thermoaerophilus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 808-817.
Original article in IJSB Online

¤ Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus corrig. (Shida et al. 1994) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

¤ Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus corrig. (Shida et al. 1994) Shida et al. 1996 emend. Heyndrickx et al. 1997.

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Bacillus anthracis Cohn 1872, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14578 = CIP 66.17 = NCTC 10340.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB190217.
Synonyms: "Bacillus cereus var. anthracis" (Cohn 1872) Smith et al. 1946, "Bacteridium anthracis" (Cohn 1872) Hauduroy et al. 1953.
Etymology: Gr. n. anthrax, charcoal, a carbuncle; N.L. n. anthrax, the disease anthrax; N.L. gen. n. anthracis, of anthrax.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [COHN (F.): Untersuchungen über Bakterien. Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen, 1875 1 (Heft 2), 1872, 1, 127-224.]

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Bacillus aquimaris Yoon et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TF-12 = JCM 11545 = KCCM 41589.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF483625.
Etymology: L. n. aqua, water; L. gen. n. maris, of the sea; N.L. gen. n. aquimaris, of the water of the sea.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KIM (I.G.), KANG (K.H.), OH (T.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Bacillus marisflavi sp. nov. and Bacillus aquimaris sp. nov., isolated from sea water of a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1297-1303.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus arenosi Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16319 = LMG 22166.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ627212.
Etymology: L. gen. n. arenosi, of a sandy place.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), DEVOS (J.), FELSKE (A.), LOGAN (N.A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus arenosi sp. nov., Bacillus arvi sp. nov. and Bacillus humi sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 111-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Viridibacillus arenosi (Heyrman et al. 2005) Albert et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Bacillus arseniciselenatis corrig. Switzer Blum et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E1H = ATCC 700614 = DSM 15340 = KCTC 5192.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF064705.
Etymology: L. n. arsenicum, arsenic; N.L. n. selenas -atis, selenate; N.L. gen. n. arseniciselenatis, of arsenic (and) selenate.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 80. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 793-794. [SWITZER BLUM (J.), BURNS BINDI (A.), BUZZELLI (J.), STOLZ (J.F.) and OREMLAND (R.S.): Bacillus arsenicoselenatis, sp. nov., and Bacillus selenitireducens, sp. nov.: two haloalkaliphiles from Mono Lake, California that respire oxyanions of selenium and arsenic. Arch. Microbiol., 1998, 171, 19-30.]
Validation List no. 80 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, arsenicoselenatis (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 80 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 793-794.
Validation List no. 80 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 According to Rules 27(3) and 30 [1], this new species is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However deposit in at least one other recognized culture collections in a different country is documented. In a Request for an Opinion, Euzéby and Tindall provide a solution whereby this name may be considered to be validly published [2].
References:
1 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article in IJSEM Online, PDF format
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Anaerobacillus arseniciselenatis (Switzer Blum et al. 2001) Zavarzina et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Bacillus arsenicus Shivaji et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Con a/3 = DSM 15822 = JCM 12167 = MTCC 4380.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ606700.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. arsenicus, pertaining to arsenic.
Reference: SHIVAJI (S.), SURESH (K.), CHATURVEDI (P.), DUBE (S.) and SENGUPTA (S.): Bacillus arsenicus sp. nov., an arsenic-resistant bacterium isolated from a siderite concretion in West Bengal, India. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1123-1127.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Fictibacillus arsenicus (Shivaji et al. 2005) Glaeser et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Bacillus arvi Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16317 = LMG 22165.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ627211.
Etymology: L. gen. n. arvi, of a field.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), DEVOS (J.), FELSKE (A.), LOGAN (N.A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus arenosi sp. nov., Bacillus arvi sp. nov. and Bacillus humi sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 111-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Viridibacillus arvi (Heyrman et al. 2005) Albert et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Bacillus aryabhattai Shivaji et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B8W22 = JCM 13839 = MTCC 7755.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF114313.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. aryabhattai, of Aryabhatta, named after the renowned Indian astronomer of the 5th century AD.
Reference: SHIVAJI (S.), CHATURVEDI (P.), BEGUM (Z.), PINDI (P.K.), MANORAMA (R.), PADMANABAN (D.A.), SHOUCHE (Y.S.), PAWAR (S.), VAISHAMPAYAN (P.), DUTT (C.B.S.), DATTA (G.N.), MANCHANDA (R.K.), RAO (U.R.), BHARGAVA (P.M.) and NARLIKAR (J.V.): Janibacter hoylei sp. nov., Bacillus isronensis sp. nov. and Bacillus aryabhattai sp. nov., isolated from cryotubes used for collecting air from the upper atmosphere. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2977-2986.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus asahii Yumoto et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MA001 = JCM 12112 = NCIMB 13969.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB109209.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. asahii, of Asahi; named after Asahi Kasei Co (a researcher working in the company isolated the bacterium).
Reference: YUMOTO (I.), HIROTA (K.), YAMAGA (S.), NODASAKA (Y.), KAWASAKI (T.), MATSUYAMA (H.) and NAKAJIMA (K.): Bacillus asahii sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from soil with the ability to deodorize the bad smell generated from short-chain fatty acids. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1997-2001.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus atrophaeus Nakamura 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49337 = CCUG 28524 = CIP 107159 = DSM 7264 = IFO (now NBRC) 15539 = JCM 9070 = LMG 16797 = NRS-213 = NRRL NRS-213.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021181.
Etymology: L. adj. ater -tra -trum, black; Gr. adj. phaeos, brown; N.L. adj. atrophaeus, dark brown.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Taxonomic relationship of black-pigmented Bacillus subtilis strains and a proposal for Bacillus atrophaeus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 295-300.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The strains DSM 675 [= ATCC 9372 = CIP 77.18 = IFO (now NBRC) 13721 = NCIMB 8058 (formerly NCIB 8058; formerly NCDO 738)] and DSM 2277 [= ATCC 51189 = CIP 103406 = IAM 1633 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8649 = NCTC 10073], used as bioindicators (DSM 675, hot-air sterilization control; DSM 2277, ethylene oxide sterilization control), préviously allocated to ¤ Bacillus subtilis have been reclassified as Bacillus atrophaeus.
Reference: FRITZE (D.) and PUKALL (R.): Reclassification of bioindicator strains Bacillus subtilis DSM 675 and Bacillus subtilis DSM 2277 as Bacillus atrophaeus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 35-37.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Strain DSM 675 was previously named "Bacillus globigii" Migula 1900, "red strain" or "Bacillus niger" Migula 1900, or "Bacillus subtilis var. niger" (Migula 1900) Smith et al. 1946. Strain DSM 2277 was previously named "Bacillus globigii" Migula 1900.

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Bacillus aurantiacus Borsodi et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K1-5 = CCM 7447 = DSM 18675 = NCAIM B002265.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ605773.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. aurantiacus, goldish-orange coloured.
Reference: BORSODI (A.K.), MÁRIALIGETI (K.), SZABÓ (G.), PALATINSZKY (M.), POLLÁK (B.), KÉKI (Z.), KOVÁCS (A.L.), SCHUMANN (P.) and TÓTH (E.M.): Bacillus aurantiacus sp. nov., an alkaliphilic and moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from Hungarian soda lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 845-851.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CR-119 = CECT 5688 = LMG 22476.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ993671.
Etymology: N.L. adj. masc. axarquiensis, pertaining to Axarquia, the Arabic name for the region surrounding the city of Málaga in southern Spain.
Reference: RUIZ-GARCÍA (C.), QUESADA (E.), MARTÍNEZ-CHECA (F.), LLAMAS (I.), URDACI (M.C.) and BÉJAR (V.): Bacillus axarquiensis sp. nov. and Bacillus malacitensis sp. nov., isolated from river-mouth sediments in southern Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1279-1285.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994.

Note: According to Wang et al. 2007, Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994.
Reference: WANG (L.T.), LEE (F.L.), TAI (C.J.), YOKOTA (A.) and KUO (H.P.): Reclassification of Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 and Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 as later heterotypic synonyms of Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1663-1667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus azotofixans Seldin et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P3L-5 = ATCC 35681 = CIP 104586 = DSM 5976 = LMG 14658.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60608.
Etymology: N.L. n. azotum (from French n. azote), nitrogen; L. v. figo, to fix; L. part. adj. fixans, fixing; N.L. part. adj. azotofixans, nitrogen-fixing.
Reference: SELDIN (L.), VAN ELSAS (J.D.) and PENIDO (E.G.C.): Bacillus azotofixans sp. nov., a nitrogen-fixing species from Brazilian soils and grass roots. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 451-456.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

¤ Paenibacillus durus corrig. (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Bacillus azotoformans (ex Pichinoty et al. 1976) Pichinoty et al. 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1 = ATCC 29788 = CCM 2849 = CCUG 28517 = CIP 77.28 = DSM 1046 = HAMBI 1884 = IFO (now NBRC) 15712 = JCM 12210 = LMG 9581 = NRRL B-14310 = NRRL B-14522.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB363732.
Synonym: "Bacillus azotoformans" Pichinoty et al. 1976.
Etymology: French n. azote, nitrogen; N.L. n. azotum, nitrogen; L. part. adj. formans, forming; N.L. part. adj. azotoformans, nitrogen-forming.
Reference: PICHINOTY (F.), DE BARJAC (H.), MANDEL (M.) and ASSELINEAU (J.): Description of Bacillus azotoformans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 660-662.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus badius Batchelor 1919, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14574 = CCUG 7412 = CIP 58.52 = DSM 23 = HAMBI 1885 = IFO (now NBRC) 15713 = JCM 12228 = LMG 7122 = NRRL NRS-663 = VKM B-496.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X77790.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. badius, chestnut brown.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BATCHELOR (M.D.): Aerobic spore-bearing bacteria in tbe intestinal tract of children. Journal of Bacteriology, 1919, 4, 23-34.]

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Bacillus barbaricus Täubel et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain V2-BIII-A2 = CCM 4982 = DSM 14730.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ422145.
Etymology: L. adj. barbaricus, strange, foreign, referring to the strange behaviour towards growth at different pH.
Reference: TÄUBEL (M.), KÄMPFER (P.), BUCZOLITS (S.), LUBITZ (W.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Bacillus barbaricus sp. nov., isolated from an experimental wall painting. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 725-730.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Bacillus bataviensis Heyrman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IDA1115 = R-16315 = DSM 15601 = JCM 21706 = LMG 21833 = NBRC 102449.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ542508.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. bataviensis, pertaining to Batavia (Latin name of The Netherlands).
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VANPARYS (B.), LOGAN (N.A.), BALCAEN (A.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), FELSKE (A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus novalis sp. nov., Bacillus vireti sp. nov., Bacillus soli sp. nov., Bacillus bataviensis sp. nov. and Bacillus drentensis sp. nov., from the Drentse A grasslands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 47-57.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus beijingensis Qiu et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ge10 = CGMCC 1.6762 = DSM 19037.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF371374.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. beijingensis, of Beijing, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: QIU (F.), ZHANG (X.), LIU (L.), SUN (L.), SCHUMANN (P.) and SONG (W.): Bacillus beijingensis sp. nov. and Bacillus ginsengi sp. nov., isolated from ginseng root. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 729-734.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Bhargavaea beijingensis (Qiu et al. 2009) Verma et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Bacillus benzoevorans Pichinoty et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B1 = ATCC 49005 = CCM 3364 = CCUG 47198 = CFBP 4252 = CIP 103477 = DSM 5391 = NRRL B-14535.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60611.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum benzoicum, benzoic acid; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. benzoevorans, devourer of benzoic acid.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 23. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 179-180. [PICHINOTY (F.), ASSELINEAU (J.) and MANDEL (M.): Caractérisation biochimique de Bacillus benzoevorans sp. nov., une nouvelle espèce filamenteuse, engainée et mésophile, dégradant divers acides aromatiques et phénols. Ann. Microbiol., 1984, 135B, 209-217.]
Validation List no. 23 in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus beringensis Yu et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BR035 = CGMCC 1.9126 = DSM 22571.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ889576.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. beringensis, of or belonging to Bering Sea, the geographical origin of the type strain.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554. [YU (Y.), LI (H.R.), ZENG (Y.X.) and CHEN (B.): Bacillus beringensis sp. nov., a psychrotolerant bacterium isolated from the Bering Sea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 99, 551-557.]
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus berkeleyi Nedashkovskaya et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KCTC 12718 = KMM 6244 = LMG 26357.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JN187498.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. berkeleyi, of Berkeley, named after Roger C. W. Berkeley (1937-2010), who is the famous English microbiologist who greatly contributed to the Bacillus taxonomy.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 145. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1017-1019. [NEDASHKOVSKAYA (O.I.), VAN TRAPPEN (S.), FROLOVA (G.M.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus berkeleyi sp. nov., isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius. Arch. Microbiol., 2012, 194, 215-221.]
Validation List no. 145 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus beveridgei Baesman et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MLTeJB = ATCC BAA-1786 = DSM 22320.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ825145.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. beveridgei, of Beveridge, named in honor of Professor Terry J. Beveridge for his broad contributions and teaching in the realm of Geomicrobiology, with specific reference to his research on the formation of mineral phases by microorganisms.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 135. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1985-1986 [BAESMAN (S.M.), STOLZ (J.F.), KULP (T.R.) and OREMLAND (R.S.): Enrichment and isolation of Bacillus beveridgei sp. nov., a facultative anaerobic haloalkaliphile from Mono Lake, California, that respires oxyanions of tellurium, selenium, and arsenic. Extremophiles, 2009, 13, 695-705.]
Validation List no. 135 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus bogoriensis Vargas et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LBB3 = ATCC BAA-922 = LMG 22234.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY376312.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. bogoriensis, pertaining to Lake Bogoria, a soda lake in Kenya.
Reference: VARGAS (V.A.), DELGADO (O.D.), HATTI-KAUL (R.) and MATTIASSON (B.): Bacillus bogoriensis sp. nov., a novel alkaliphilic, halotolerant bacterium isolated from a Kenyan soda lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 899-902.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus boroniphilus Ahmed et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T-15Z = ATCC BAA-1204 = DSM 17376 = IAM 15287 = JCM 21738.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB198719.
Etymology: N.L. n. boron -onis, boron; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. boroniphilus, boron-loving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 115. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 893-897. [AHMED (I.), YOKOTA (A.) and FUJIWARA (T.): A novel highly boron tolerant bacterium, Bacillus boroniphilus sp. nov., isolated from soil, that requires boron for its growth. Extremophiles, 2007, 11, 217-224.]
Validation List no. 115 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus borstelensis (ex Porter) Shida et al. 1995, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51668 = CIP 104545 = DSM 6347 = IFO (now NBRC) 15714 = JCM 9022 = LMG 16009 = NRRL NRS-818.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB112721.
Synonym: "Bacillus borstelensis" Porter.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. borstelensis, pertaining to Borstel, Germany, where it was isolated.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), UDAKA (S.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Proposal of Bacillus reuszeri sp. nov., Bacillus formosus sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus borstelensis sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 93-100.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus borstelensis (Shida et al. 1995) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus brevis Migula 1900, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 8246 = CCM 2050 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14682 = CCUG 7413 = CIP 52.86 = DSM 30 = HAMBI 1883 = IFO (now NBRC) 15304 = JCM 2503 = LMG 7123 = NCCB 48009 = NCIMB 9372 = NCTC 2611 = NRRL B-14602 = NRRL NRS-604 = VKM B-503.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB271756.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. brevis, short.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MIGULA (W.): System der Bakterien, Vol. 2, Gustav Fischer, Jena, 1900.]

¤ Brevibacillus brevis (Migula 1900) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus butanolivorans Kuisiene et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K9 = DSM 18926 = LMG 23974.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF206294.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. butanol -olis, butanol; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring, consuming; N.L. part. adj. butanolivorans, butanol-consuming.
Reference: KUISIENE (N.), RAUGALAS (J.), SPRÖER (C.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.) and CHITAVICHIUS (D.): Bacillus butanolivorans sp. nov., a species with industrial application for the remediation of n-butanol. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 505-509.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus canaveralius Newcombe et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KSC SF8b = ATCC BAA-1493 = MTCC 8908.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ870688.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. canaveralius, pertaining to (Cape) Canaveral, isolated from walls and floors of the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral.
Reference: NEWCOMBE (D.), DEKAS (A.), MAYILRAJ (S.) and VENKATESWARAN (K.): Bacillus canaveralius sp. nov., an alkali-tolerant bacterium isolated from a spacecraft assembly facility. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2015-2019.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus carboniphilus Fujita et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Kasumi 6 = ATCC 700100 = JCM 9731 = LMG 18001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021182.
Etymology: L. n. carbo -onis, coal, carbon; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. carboniphilus, carbon-loving.
Reference: FUJITA (T.), SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KUNUGITA (K.), PANKRUSHINA (A.N.) and MATSUHASHI (M.): Description of Bacillus carboniphilus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 116-118.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to D. Fritze (cited in N.A. Logan), the strain JCM 9731 is available only upon certain terms, such as declaration vis-à-vis a Japanese company not to pass on the strain to third parties, and to supply all one's results to that company prior to publication, said company then being entitled to use the data itself.
Reference: LOGAN (N.A.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of the genus Bacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meeting, 30 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 977-979.
Original article by Logan in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus cecembensis Reddy et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN5 = JCM 15113 = LMG 23935 = MTCC9127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM773821.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. cecembensis, pertaining to CCMB (arbitrary epithet derived from the acronym CCMB for the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, where the type strain was characterized).
Reference: REDDY (G.S.N.), UTTAM (A.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Bacillus cecembensis sp. nov., isolated from the Pindari glacier of the Indian Himalayas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2330-2335.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus cellulosilyticus Nogi et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain N-4 = DSM 2522 = JCM 9156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002394 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. cellulosum, cellulose; Gr. adj. lutikos, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. cellulosilyticus, cellulose-dissolving.
Reference: NOGI (Y.), TAKAMI (H.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Characterization of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains used in industry: proposal of five novel species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2309-2315.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus centrosporus (ex Ford 1916) Nakamura 1993, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51661 = CCUG 31347 = CIP 104003 = DSM 8445 = IFO (now NBRC) 15540 = JCM 9071 = LMG 15106 = NRRL NRS-664.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D78458.
Synonym: "Bacillus centrosporus" Ford 1916.
Etymology: L. n. centrum, the center; N.L. n. spora (from Gr. n. spora), a seed and in biology a spore; N.L. masc. adj. centrosporus, with a central spore.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): DNA relatedness of Bacillus brevis Migula 1900 strains and proposal of Bacillus agri sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus centrosporus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 20-25.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus centrosporus (Nakamura 1993) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus cereus Frankland and Frankland 1887, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14579 = CCM 2010 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10603 = CCUG 7414 = CIP 66.24 = DSM 31 = HAMBI 1887 = IAM 12605 = IFO (now NBRC) 15305 = JCM 2152 = LMG 6923 = NCCB 75008 = NCIMB 9373 (formerly NCDO 1771) = NCTC 2599 = NRRL B-3711 = VKM B-504.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AE016877.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. cereus, waxen, wax-colored.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [FRANKLAND (G.C.) and FRANKLAND (P.F.): Studies on some new microorganisms obtained from air. Royal Society London, Philosophical Transactions, Series B, Biological Sciences, 1887, 178, 257-287.]

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Bacillus chagannorensis Carrasco et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CG-15 = CCM 7371 = CECT 7153 = CGMCC 1.6292 = DSM 18086.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM492159.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chagannorensis, pertaining to Lake Chagannor.
Reference: CARRASCO (I.J.), MÁRQUEZ (M.C.), XUE (Y.), MA (Y.), COWAN (D.A.), JONES (B.E.), GRANT (W.D.) and VENTOSA (A.): Bacillus chagannorensis sp. nov., a moderate halophile from a soda lake in Inner Mongolia, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2084-2088.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus chitinolyticus Kuroshima et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EAG-3 = CIP 104914 = DSM 11030 = IFO (now NBRC) 15660 = JCM 12162 = KCTC 3791 = LMG 18047 = NRRL B-23119.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB045100.
Etymology: N.L. n. chitinum, chitin; Gr. adj. lutikos, able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. adj. lyticus (from Gr. adj. lutikos), dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. chitinolyticus, decomposing chitin.
Reference: KUROSHIMA (K.I.), SAKANE (T.), TAKATA (R.) and YOKOTA (A.): Bacillus ehimensis sp. nov. and Bacillus chitinolyticus sp. nov., new chitinolytic members of the genus Bacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 76-80.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus chitinolyticus (Kuroshima et al. 1996) Lee et al. 2004, comb. nov.

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Bacillus chondroitinus Nakamura 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HSCC 176 = ATCC 51184 = CCUG 28527 = CFBP 4265 = CIP 103123 = DSM 5051 = IFO (now NBRC) 15376 = JCM 9072 = LMG 18040 = NRRL NRS-1351.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D82064.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chondroitinus, of chondroitin, pertaining to chondroitin.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus alginolyticus sp. nov. and Bacillus chondroitinus sp. nov., two alginate-degrading species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 284-286.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus chondroitinus (Nakamura 1987) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Bacillus choshinensis Takagi et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HPD52 = ATCC 51359 = CIP 103838 = DSM 8552 = IFO (now NBRC) 15518 = JCM 8505 = LMG 15968 = NCIMB 13345 = NRRL B-23247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB112713.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. choshinensis, pertaining to Choshi, Japan, where it was isolated.
Reference: TAKAGI (H.), SHIDA (O.), KADOWAKI (K.), KOMAGATA (K.) and UDAKA (S.): Characterization of Bacillus brevis with descriptions of Bacillus migulanus sp. nov., Bacillus choshinensis sp. nov., Bacillus parabrevis sp. nov., and Bacillus galactophilus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 221-231.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus choshinensis (Takagi et al. 1993) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus chungangensis Cho et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CAU 348 = CCUG 57835 = KCTC 13566.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ514932.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chungangensis, named after Chung-Ang University, where taxonomic studies on the type strain were performed.
Reference: CHO (S.L.), JUNG (M.Y.), PARK (M.H.) and KIM (W.): Bacillus chungangensis sp. nov., a halophilic species isolated from sea sand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1349-1352.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus cibi Yoon et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JG-30 = DSM 16189 = KCTC 3880.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY550276.
Etymology: L. gen. n. cibi, of food.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), LEE (C.H.) and OH (T.K.): Bacillus cibi sp. nov., isolated from jeotgal, a traditional Korean fermented seafood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 733-736.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus circulans Jordan 1890, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 24 = ATCC 4513 = ATCC 9140 = CCM 2048 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10605 = CCUG 7416 = CIP 52.75 = DSM 11 = HAMBI 1911 = IAM 12462 = IFO (now NBRC) 13626 = JCM 2504 = LMG 6926 = LMG 13261 = NCCB 75011 = NCIMB 9374 (formerly NCDO 1775) = NCTC 2610 = NRRL B-378 = NRRL B-380 = VKM B-1242.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY724690.
Etymology: L. part. adj. circulans, making circular or round, circling.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [JORDAN (E.O.): A report on certain species of bacteria observed in sewage. In: W.T. SEDGEWICK (ed.), A Report of the Biological Work of the Lawrence Experiment Station, Including an Account of Methods Employed and Results Obtained in the Microscopical and Bacteriological Investigation of Sewage and Water. Report on Water Supply and Sewerage (Part II). The Report of the Massachusetts Board of Health, 1890, pp. 821-844.]

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Bacillus clarkii Nielsen et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-102 = ATCC 700162 = CIP 105301 = DSM 8720 = LMG 17947.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76444.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. clarkii, of Clark, named after the American bacteriologist Francis E. Clark.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus clausii Nielsen et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-23 = ATCC 700160 = CCUG 47262 = CIP 104718 = DSM 8716 = LMG 17945 = NCIMB 10309.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76440.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. clausii, of Claus, named after the German bacteriologist Dieter Claus.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus coagulans Hammer 1915, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7050 = CCM 2013 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10606 = CCUG 7417 = CFBP 4225 = CIP 66.25 = DSM 1 = HAMBI 1931 = IAM 1115 = IFO (now NBRC) 12583 = IMET 10993 = JCM 2257 = LMG 6326 = NCAIM B.01086 = NCCB 77025 = NCCB 48014 = NCIMB 9365 (formerly NCDO 1761) = NCTC 10334 = NRIC 1005 = NRRL NRS-609 = VKM B-731.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB271752.
Etymology: L. part. adj. coagulans, curdling, coagulating.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HAMMER (B.W.): Bacteriological studies on the coagulation of evaporated milk. Iowa Agricultural Experimental Station Research Bulletin, 1915, 19, 119-131.]

Bacillus coagulans Hammer 1915 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. De Clerck et al. 2004.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7050 = CCM 2013 = BCRC 10606 = CCUG 7417 = CFBP 4225 = CIP 66.25 = DSM 1 = HAMBI 1931 = IAM 1115 = NBRC 12583 = IMET 10993 = JCM 2257 = LMG 6326 = NCAIM B.01086 = NCCB 77025 = NCCB 48014 = NCIMB 9365 (formerly NCDO 1761) = NCTC 10334 = NRIC 1005 = NRRL NRS-609 = VKM B-731.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB271752.
Etymology: L. part. adj. coagulans, curdling, coagulating.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 7-8. [DE CLERCK (E.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), FORSYTH (G.), LEBBE (L.), LOGAN (N.A.) and DE VOS (P.): Polyphasic characterization of Bacillus coagulans strains, illustrating heterogeneity within this species, and emended description of the species. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2004, 27, 50-60.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 1 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

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Bacillus coahuilensis Cerritos et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain m4-4 = CECT 7197 = NRRL B-41737.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF014450, EF014451, and EF014452.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. coahuilensis, pertaining to Coahuila, the state in Mexico where the type strain was collected.
Reference: CERRITOS (R.), VINUESA (P.), EGUIARTE (L.E.), HERRERA-ESTRELLA (L.), ALCARAZ-PERAZA (L.D.), ARVIZU-GÓMEZ (J.L.), OLMEDO (G.), RAMIREZ (E.), SIEFERT (J.L.) and SOUZA (V.): Bacillus coahuilensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic species from a desiccation lagoon in the Cuatro Ciénegas Valley in Coahuila, Mexico. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 919-923.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus cohnii Spanka and Fritze 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RSH = ATCC 51227 = CIP 104587 = DSM 6307 = HAMBI 2098 = IFO (now NBRC) 15565 = JCM 12300 = LMG 16678.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76437.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. cohnii, of Cohn, named after the German bacteriologist Ferdinand Cohn.
Reference: SPANKA (R.) and FRITZE (D.): Bacillus cohnii sp. nov., a new, obligately alkaliphilic, oval-spore-forming Bacillus species with ornithine and aspartic acid instead of diaminopimelic acid in the cell wall. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 150-156.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus composti Yang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SgZ-9=CCTCC AB2012109=KACC 16872.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX274437.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. composti, of compost.
Source: Environmental.
Reference: YANG, G., CHEN, M., YU, Z., LU, Q. and ZHOU, S. 2013. Bacillus composti sp. nov. and Bacillus thermophilus sp. nov., two thermophilic Fe(III)-reducing bacteria isolated from compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3030-3036.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus curdlanolyticus Kanzawa et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YK9 = HSCC 491 = ATCC 51898 = CIP 104575 = DSM 10247 = IFO (now NBRC) 15724 = JCM 12163 = LMG 18050 = NRRL B-23243.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073202.
Etymology: N.L. n. curdlanum, curdlan, a polysaccharide produced by bacteria; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. curdlanolyticus, hydrolyzing curdlan.
Reference: KANZAWA (Y.), HARADA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), YOKOTA (A.) and HARADA (T.): Bacillus curdlanolyticus sp. nov. and Bacillus kobensis sp. nov., which hydrolyze resistant curdlan. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 515-521.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus curdlanolyticus (Kanzawa et al. 1995) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Bacillus cycloheptanicus Deinhard et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SCH = ATCC 49028 = ATCC BAA-2 = CIP 106133 = DSM 4006 = HAMBI 2074 = IFO (now NBRC) 15310 = LMG 17941.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042059.
Etymology: Gr. n. kyclos, circle; Gr. n. hepta, seven; N.L. masc. adj. cycloheptanicus, referring to the ω-cycloheptyl fatty acids.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [DEINHARD (G.), SAAR (J.), KRISCHKE (W.) and PORALLA (K.): Bacillus cycloheptanicus sp. nov., a new thermoacidophile containing ω-cycloheptane fatty acids. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1987, 10, 68-73.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Alicyclobacillus cycloheptanicus (Deinhard et al. 1988) Wisotzkey et al. 1992, comb. nov.

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Bacillus cytotoxicus Guinebretière et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NVH 391-98 = CIP 110041 = DSM 22905.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM747234.
Etymology: Gr. n. kutos, hollow, hold of a ship; N.L. pref. cyto-, prefix denoting pertaining to a cell; N.L. adj. toxicus -a -um (from L. n. toxicum, poison), toxic; N.L. masc. adj. cytotoxicus, cytotoxic, referring to cytotoxin K, an enterotoxin isolated and described from the type strain.
Reference: GUINEBRETIÈRE (M.H.), AUGER (S.), GALLERON (N.), CONTZEN (M.), DE SARRAU (B.), DE BUYSER (M.L.), LAMBERET (G.), FAGERLUND (A.), GRANUM (P.E.), LERECLUS (D.), DE VOS (P.), NGUYEN-THE (C.) and SOROKIN (A.): Bacillus cytotoxicus sp. nov. is a novel thermotolerant species of the Bacillus cereus Group occasionally associated with food poisoning. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 31-40.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus daliensis Zhai et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DLS13 = CGMCC 1.10369 = JCM 17097 = NBRC 107572.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU583651.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. daliensis, of or belonging to Dali Lake, a soda lake in China.
Reference: ZHAI (L.), LIAO (T.), XUE (Y.) and MA (Y.): Bacillus daliensis sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from a soda lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 949-953.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus decisifrondis Zhang et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain E5HC-32 = DSM 17725 = JCM 13601.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ465405.
Etymology: L. part. adj. decisus, thrown off, dead, died; L. n. frons frondis, of/from foliage; N.L. gen. n. decisifrondis, from thrown off decayed foliage.
Reference: ZHANG (L.), XU (Z.) and PATEL (B.K.C.): Bacillus decisifrondis sp. nov., isolated from soil underlying decaying leaf foliage. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 974-978.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus decolorationis Heyrman et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 14890 = LMG 19507.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ315075.
Etymology: L. gen. n. decolorationis, of discoloration.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), BALCAEN (A.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), LOGAN (N.A.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus decolorationis sp. nov., isolated from biodeteriorated parts of the mural paintings at the Servilia tomb (Roman necropolis of Carmona, Spain) and the Saint-Catherine chapel (Castle Herberstein, Austria). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 459-463.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus deserti Zhang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ZLD-8 = CCTCC AB 207173 = KCTC 13246.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ465041.
Etymology: L. gen. n. deserti, of a desert.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554. [ZHANG (L.), WU (G.L.), WANG (Y.), DAI (J.) and FANG (C.X.): Bacillus deserti sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from the desert of Xinjiang, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 99, 221-229.]
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus dipsosauri Lawson et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DD1 = ATCC 700347 = CIP 105095 = DSM 11125 = LMG 17413 = NCIMB 703027 (formerly NCFB 3027) = NRRL B-23348.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB101591.
Etymology: N.L. n. Dipsosaurus, scientific genus name of the desert iguana; N.L. gen. n. dipsosauri, of the desert iguana because it was first isolated from the nasal salt glands of the desert iguana.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 59. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1189-1190. [LAWSON (P.A.), DEUTSCH (C.E.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Phylogenetic characterization of a novel salt-tolerant Bacillus species: description of Bacillus dipsosauri sp. nov. J. Appl. Bacteriol., 1996, 81, 109-112.]
Validation List no. 59 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Gracilibacillus dipsosauri (Lawson et al. 1996) Wainø et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Bacillus drentensis Heyrman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IDA1967 = R-16337 = DSM 15600 = JCM 21707 = LMG 21831 = NBRC 102427.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ542506.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. drentensis, of Drente, referring to Drente (a province in The Netherlands).
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VANPARYS (B.), LOGAN (N.A.), BALCAEN (A.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), FELSKE (A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus novalis sp. nov., Bacillus vireti sp. nov., Bacillus soli sp. nov., Bacillus bataviensis sp. nov. and Bacillus drentensis sp. nov., from the Drentse A grasslands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 47-57.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus edaphicus Shelobolina et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T7 = CIP 105814 = DSM 12974 = VKPM B-7517.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF006076 (strain T7), AB045093 (strain VKPM B-7517).
Etymology: Gr. n. edaphos, ground; L. masc. suff. -icus, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. edaphicus, living in soil.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 66. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 631-632. [SHELOBOLINA (E.S.), AVAKYAN (Z.A.), BULYGINA (E.S.), TUROVA (T.P.), LYSENKO (A.M.), OSIPOV (G.A.) and KARAVAIKO (G.I.): Description of a new species of mucilaginous bacteria, Bacillus edaphicus sp. nov., and confirmation of the taxonomic status of Bacillus mucilaginosus Avakyan et al. 1986 based on data from phenotypic and genotypic analysis. Mikrobiologiya, 1997, 66, 813-822 (in Russian). English translation: Microbiology, 1997, 66, 681-689.]
Validation List no. 66 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: edaphicus is a Neo Latin adjective not a Latin adjective as cited in the English translation of the paper by Shelobolina et al. 1997.

¤ Paenibacillus edaphicus (Shelobolina et al. 1998) Hu et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Bacillus ehimensis Kuroshima et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EAG-5 = CIP 104913 = DSM 11029 = IFO (now NBRC) 15659 = JCM 12161 = KCTC 3748 = LMG 18048 = NRRL B-23118.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY116665.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. ehimensis, of or belonging to Ehime, referring to Ehime Prefecture, Japan, the source of the soil samples from which the organisms were isolated.
Reference: KUROSHIMA (K.I.), SAKANE (T.), TAKATA (R.) and YOKOTA (A.): Bacillus ehimensis sp. nov. and Bacillus chitinolyticus sp. nov., new chitinolytic members of the genus Bacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 76-80.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus ehimensis (Kuroshima et al. 1996) Lee et al. 2004, comb. nov.

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Bacillus eiseniae Hong et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A1-2 = JCM 16993 = KCCM 90092.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM035089.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. eiseniae, of/from Eisenia, isolated from Eisenia fetida, a species of earthworm, the source from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: HONG (S.W.), PARK (J.M.), KIM (S.J.) and CHUNG (K.S.): Bacillus eiseniae sp. nov., a swarming, moderately halotolerant bacterium isolated from the intestinal tract of an earthworm (Eisenia fetida L.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2077-2083.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus enclensis Dastager et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SGD-1123=CCTCC AB 2011125= NCIM 5450.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF265350.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: -.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: DASTAGER, S. G., MAWLANKAR, R., TANG, S. K., SRINIVASAN, K., RAMANA, V. V. and SHOUCHE, Y. S. 2014. Bacillus enclensis sp. nov., isolated from sediment sample.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus endophyticus Reva et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 2DT = UCM B-5715 = CIP 106778 = JCM 12211.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF295302.
Etymology: Gr. endo, within; Gr. n. phyton, plant; L. masc. suff. -icus, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. adj. endophyticus, within plant; originally isolated from plant tissues.
Reference: REVA (O.N.), SMIRNOV (V.V.), PETTERSSON (B.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Bacillus endophyticus sp. nov., isolated from the inner tissues of cotton plants (Gossypium sp.). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 101-107.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus endoradicis Zhang et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCBAU 05776 = HAMBI 3097 = LMG 25492.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU434676.
Etymology: L. praep. endo, in, within; L. n. radixicis, a root; N.L. gen. n. endoradicis, of the inside of a root.
Reference: ZHANG (Y.Z.), CHEN (W.F.), LI (M.), SUI (X.H.), LIU (H.C.), ZHANG (X.X.) and CHEN (W.X.): Bacillus endoradicis sp. nov., an endophytic bacterium isolated from soybean root. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 359-363.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus farraginis Scheldeman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-6540 = MB 1885 = DSM 16013 = LMG 22081.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY443036.
Etymology: L. gen. n. farraginis, from mixed fodder for cattle, referring to feed concentrate for dairy cattle as the principal isolation source.
Reference: SCHELDEMAN (P.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), GORIS (J.), PIL (A.), DE CLERCK (E.), HERMAN (L.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.) and HEYNDRICKX (M.): Bacillus farraginis sp. nov., Bacillus fortis sp. nov. and Bacillus fordii sp. nov., isolated at dairy farms. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1355-1364.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus fastidiosus den Dooren de Jong 1929, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Delft = ATCC 29604 = DSM 91 = LMD 29-14 = NBRC 101226 = NCCB 29014 = NRRL NRS-1705.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60615.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. fastidiosus, disdainful, fastidious.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DEN DOOREN DE JONG (L.E.): Über Bacillus fastidiosus. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1929, 79, 344-353.]

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Bacillus fengqiuensis Zhao et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NPK15=DSM 26745=CCTCC AB 2013156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC291653.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. fengqiuensis, referring to Fengqiu city, Henan Province, PR China, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: ZHAO, F., FENG, Y.-Z., CHEN, R.-R., ZHANG, H.-Y., WANG, J.-H. and LIN, X.-G. 2014. Bacillus fengqiuensis sp. nov., isolated from a typical sandy loam soil under long-term fertilization. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2849-2856.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus firmus Bredemann and Werner 1933, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14575 = CCM 2213 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11730 = CCUG 7418 = CIP 52.70 = DSM 12 = HAMBI 1886 = IAM 12464 = IFO (now NBRC) 15306 = JCM 2512 = LMG 7125 = NCAIM B.01087 = NCCB 48015 = NCIMB 9366 = NCTC 10335 = NRRL B-14307 = NRRL NRS-613 = VKM B-498.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16268.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. firmus, strong, firm.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BREDEMANN (G.) and WERNER (W.). In: WERNER (W.), Botanische beschreibung häufinger am buttersäureabbau beteiligter sporenbildender bakterienspezies. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1933, 87, 446-475.]

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Bacillus flexus (ex Batchelor 1919) Priest et al. 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49095 = DSM 1320 = CCUG 28525 = CIP 106928 = HAMBI 2080 = IFO (now NBRC) 15715 = JCM 12301 = LMG 11155 = NRRL NRS-665.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021185.
Synonym: "Bacillus flexus" Batchelor 1919.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. flexus, flexible.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [PRIEST (F.G.), GOODFELLOW (M.) and TODD (C.): A numerical classification of the genus Bacillus. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1988, 134, 1847-1882.]
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus foraminis Tiago et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CV53 = CIP 108889 = LMG 23174.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ717382.
Etymology: L. n. foramen -inis, a hole; L. gen. n. foraminis, from a hole.
Reference: TIAGO (I.), PIRES (C.), MENDES (V.), MORAIS (P.V.), DA COSTA (M.S.) and VERÍSSIMO (A.): Bacillus foraminis sp. nov., isolated from a non-saline alkaline groundwater. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2571-2574.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus fordii Scheldeman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-7190 = MB 1878 = DSM 16014 = LMG 22080.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY443039.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. fordii, of Ford, named after W. W. Ford, an American microbiologist working on aerobic spore-forming bacteria at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Reference: SCHELDEMAN (P.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), GORIS (J.), PIL (A.), DE CLERCK (E.), HERMAN (L.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.) and HEYNDRICKX (M.): Bacillus farraginis sp. nov., Bacillus fortis sp. nov. and Bacillus fordii sp. nov., isolated at dairy farms. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1355-1364.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus formosus (ex Porter) Shida et al. 1995, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F12 = ATCC 51669 = CIP 104544 = DSM 9885 = IFO (now NBRC) 15716 = JCM 9169 = LMG 16010 = NRRL NRS-863.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB112712.
Synonym: "Bacillus formosus" Porter.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. formosus, beautiful.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), UDAKA (S.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Proposal of Bacillus reuszeri sp. nov., Bacillus formosus sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus borstelensis sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 93-100.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus formosus (Shida et al. 1995) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus fortis Scheldeman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-6514 = DSM 16012 = LMG 22079.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY443038.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. fortis, strong, referring to the fact that the strains were isolated after heat treatment for 30 min at 100 °C.
Reference: SCHELDEMAN (P.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), GORIS (J.), PIL (A.), DE CLERCK (E.), HERMAN (L.), DE VOS (P.), LOGAN (N.A.) and HEYNDRICKX (M.): Bacillus farraginis sp. nov., Bacillus fortis sp. nov. and Bacillus fordii sp. nov., isolated at dairy farms. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1355-1364.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus fumarioli Logan et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Rcp Sm1 = CIP 106910 = JCM 21708 = LMG 17489 = LMG 19448 = NBRC 102428.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ250056.
Etymology: L. neut. n. fumariolum, a smoke -hole; L. gen. n. fumarioli, of a smoke-hole, whence fumarole, a hole emitting gases in a volcanic area.
Reference: LOGAN (N.A.), LEBBE (L.), HOSTE (B.), GORIS (J.), FORSYTH (G.), HEYNDRICKX (M.), MURRAY (B.L.), SYME (N.), WYNN-WILLIAMS (D.D.) and DE VOS (P.): Aerobic endospore-forming bacteria from geothermal environments in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica, and Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago, with the proposal of Bacillus fumarioli sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1741-1753.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus funiculus Ajithkumar et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NAF001 = CIP 107128 = DSM 15141 = JCM 11201.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB049195.
Etymology: L. masc. n. funiculus, string, rope; referring to the filamentous appearance of the cells.
Reference: AJITHKUMAR (V.P.), AJITHKUMAR (B.), IRIYE (R.) and SAKAI (T.): Bacillus funiculus sp. nov., novel filamentous isolates from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1141-1144.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus fusiformis (ex Meyer and Gottheil 1901) Priest et al. 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7055 = CCUG 28888 = DSM 2898 = IFO (now NBRC) 15717 = JCM 12229 = LMG 9816 = NRRL NRS-350.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF169537.
Synonyms: "Bacillus fusiformis" Meyer and Gottheil 1901, "Aerobacillus fusiformis" (Meyer and Gottheil 1901) Pribram 1933, "Bacillus sphaericus subsp. fusiformis" Smith et al. 1946.
Etymology: L. n. fusus, spindle; L. suff. -formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. masc. adj. fusiformis, spindle-shaped.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [PRIEST (F.G.), GOODFELLOW (M.) and TODD (C.): A numerical classification of the genus Bacillus. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1988, 134, 1847-1882.]
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 In Validation List no. 28, Bacillus fusiformis is erroneously proposed as a new combination (basonym: "Bacillus sphaericus subsp. fusiformis").
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 In the effective publication by Priest et al. 1988, this name is cited as Bacillus fusiformis (ex Smith et al. 1946) Priest et al. 1989 and the synonym is "Bacillus sphaericus subsp. fusiformis" Smith et al. 1946. However, according to the Index Bergeyana, the first synonym is "Bacillus fusiformis" Meyer and Gottheil 1901.
Reference: BUCHANAN (R.E.), HOLT (J.G.) and LESSEL Jr. (E.F.): Index Bergeyana, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1966.

¤ Lysinibacillus fusiformis (Priest et al. 1989) Ahmed et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Bacillus galactophilus Takagi et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 51360 = CFBP 4247 = JCM 8507 = LMG 16099 = NRRL NRS-616.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF478091.
Etymology: N.L. n. galactosum, galactose; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. galactophilus, galactose loving.
Reference: TAKAGI (H.), SHIDA (O.), KADOWAKI (K.), KOMAGATA (K.) and UDAKA (S.): Characterization of Bacillus brevis with descriptions of Bacillus migulanus sp. nov., Bacillus choshinensis sp. nov., Bacillus parabrevis sp. nov., and Bacillus galactophilus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 221-231.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Bacillus agri (ex Laubach and Rice 1916) Nakamura 1993.

Note: According to Shida et al. 1993, Bacillus galactophilus Takagi et al. 1993 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacillus agri (ex Laubach and Rice 1916) Nakamura 1993.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), UDAKA (S.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Bacillus galactophilus is a later subjective synonym of Bacillus agri. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 172-173.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus agri (Nakamura 1993) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus galactosidilyticus Heyndrickx et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MB 800 = Logan B2188 = DSM 15595 = LMG 17892.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ535638.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. galactosidum, galactoside; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. adj. lutikos), lysing, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. galactosidilyticus, referring to a positive ONPG test, revealing beta-galactosidase activity.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), LOGAN (N.A.), LEBBE (L.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), FORSYTH (G.), GORIS (J.), SCHELDEMAN (P.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus galactosidilyticus sp. nov., an alkali-tolerant β-galactosidase producer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 617-621.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus galliciensis Balcázar et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BFLP-1 = DSM 21539 = LMG 24668.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM162181.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. galliciensis, of Galicia, north-west Spain.
Reference: BALCÁZAR (J.L.), PINTADO (J.) and PLANAS (M.): Bacillus galliciensis sp. nov., isolated from faeces of wild seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 892-895.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus gelatini De Clerck et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 15865 = LMG 21880.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ551329.
Etymology: N.L. n. gelatinum, gelatin; N.L. gen. n. gelatini, of gelatin.
Reference: DE CLERCK (E.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), VANHOUTTE (T.), HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.) and DE VOS (P.): Anoxybacillus contaminans sp. nov. and Bacillus gelatini sp. nov., isolated from contaminated gelatin batches. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 941-946.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Fictibacillus gelatini (De Clerck et al. 2004) Glaeser et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Bacillus gibsonii Nielsen et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-109 = ATCC 700164 = CIP 104720 = DSM 8722 = LMG 17949.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76446.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. gibsonii, of Gibson, named after the British bacteriologist Thomas Gibson.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus ginsengi Qiu et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ge14 = CGMCC 1.6763 = DSM 19038.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF371375.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. ginsengi, of ginseng, the source of the type strain.
Reference: QIU (F.), ZHANG (X.), LIU (L.), SUN (L.), SCHUMANN (P.) and SONG (W.): Bacillus beijingensis sp. nov. and Bacillus ginsengi sp. nov., isolated from ginseng root. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 729-734.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Bhargavaea ginsengi (Qiu et al. 2009) Verma et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Bacillus ginsengihumi Ten et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gsoil 114 = DSM 18134 = KCTC 13944.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245378.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. humus, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengihumi, of soil of a ginseng field.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 116. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373. [TEN (L.N.), IM (W.T.), BAEK (S.H.), LEE (J.S.), OH (H.M.) and LEE (S.T.): Bacillus ginsengihumi sp. nov., a novel species isolated from soil of a ginseng field in pocheon Province, South Korea. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 2006, 16, 1554-1560.]
Validation List no. 116 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online (PDF)

Note: In the effective publication the type strain DSM 18134 is cited as DSMZ 18134.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 116 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1371-1373.
Validation List no. 116 in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus ginsengisoli Nguyen et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DCY53 = JCM 17335 = KCTC 13945.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ224517.
Etymology: N.L. n. ginsengum, ginseng; L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. ginsengisoli, of soil of a ginseng field, the source of the organism.
Reference: NGUYEN (N.L.), KIM (Y.J.), HOANG (V.A.), MIN (J.W.), LIANG (Z.Q.) and YANG (D.C.): Bacillus ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 855-860.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus globisporus Larkin and Stokes 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 785 = Larkin and Stockes W 25 = ATCC 23301 = CCUG 7419 = CIP 103266 = DSM 4 = HAMBI 471 = IFO (now NBRC) 16082 = JCM 10046 = LMG 6928 = NRRL NRS-1533 = NRRL B-3396 = VKM B-1435.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X68415.
Etymology: L. n. globus, a sphere; N.L. n. spora (from Gr. n. spora), a spore; N.L. masc. adj. globisporus, with spherical spores.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LARKIN (J.M.) and STOKES (J.L.): Taxonomy of psychrophilic strains of Bacillus. Journal of Bacteriology, 1967, 94, 889-895.]

¤ Sporosarcina globispora (Larkin and Stokes 1967) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus globisporus subsp. globisporus (Larkin and Stokes 1967) Rüger and Richter 1979, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 785 = Larkin and Stockes W 25 = ATCC 23301 = CCUG 7419 = CIP 103266 = DSM 4 = HAMBI 471 = IFO (now NBRC) 16082 = JCM 10046 = LMG 6928 = NRRL NRS-1533 = NRRL B-3396 = VKM B-1435.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X68415.
Etymology: L. n. globus, a sphere; N.L. n. spora (from Gr. n. spora), a spore; N.L. masc. adj. globisporus, with spherical spores.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LARKIN (J.M.) and STOKES (J.L.): Taxonomy of psychrophilic strains of Bacillus. Journal of Bacteriology, 1967, 94, 889-895.]

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Larkin and Stokes 1967, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 If an author accepts the elevation of Bacillus globisporus subsp. marinus (Larkin and Stokes 1967) Rüger and Richter 1979 (Approved Lists 1980) to full species status, then Bacillus globisporus subsp. globisporus Larkin and Stokes 1967 (Approved Lists 1980) should thereafter be designated simply as Bacillus globisporus Larkin and Stokes 1967 (Approved Lists 1980).

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Bacillus globisporus subsp. marinus Rüger and Richter 1979, subspecies.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 581 = ATCC 29841 = CCUG 28884 = CIP 103308 = DSM 1297 = LMG 6930 = NRRL B-14321.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237708.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. marinus, marine, of the sea.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [RÜGER (H.J.) and RICHTER (G.): Bacillus globisporus subsp. marinus subsp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 196-203.]

¤ Bacillus marinus (Rüger and Richter 1979) Rüger 1983, comb. nov.

¤ Marinibacillus marinus (Rüger and Richter 1979) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.

¤ Jeotgalibacillus marinus (Rüger and Richter 1979) Yoon et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Bacillus glucanolyticus Alexander and Priest 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S93 = HSCC 171 = ATCC 49278 = CCUG 28523 = CIP 106935 = DSM 5162 = IFO (now NBRC) 15330 = LMG 12239 = NCIMB 12809 = NRRL B-14679.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073189.
Etymology: N.L. n. glucanum, glucan (a polysaccharide of D-glucose monomers); Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. glucanolyticus, hydrolyzing glucose polymers.
Reference: ALEXANDER (B.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Bacillus glucanolyticus, a new species that degrades a variety of β-glucans. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 112-115.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus glucanolyticus (Alexander and Priest 1989) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Bacillus gordonae Pichinoty et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Q1 = ATCC 29948 = HAMBI 1853 = LMG 9817.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60617.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. gordonae, of Gordon.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 23. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 179-180. [PICHINOTY (F.), WATERBURY (J.B.), MANDEL (M.) and ASSELINEAU (J.): Bacillus gordonae sp. nov., une nouvelle espèce appartenant au second groupe morphologique, dégradant divers composés aromatiques. Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 1986, 137A, 65-78.]
Validation List no. 23 in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus gordonae (Pichinoty et al. 1987) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Bacillus gottheilii Seiler et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WCC 4585 = CCUG 59876 = DSM 23668 = LMG 25856.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN995266.
Etymology: N. L. gen. masc. n. gottheilii, of Gottheil, named after Otto Gottheil who together with Arthur Meyer originally described the species Bacillus pumilus and Bacillus simplex.
Reference: SEILER (H.), WENNING (M.), SCHMIDT (V.) and SCHERER (S.): Bacillus gottheilii sp. nov., isolated from a pharmaceutical manufacturing site. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 867-872.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus graminis Bibi et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YC6957 = DSM 22162 = KACC 13779.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU322908.
Etymology: L. n. gramen -inis, grass; L. gen. n. graminis, of grass.
Reference: BIBI (F.), CHUNG (E.J.), JEON (C.O.) and CHUNG (Y.R.): Bacillus graminis sp. nov., an endophyte isolated from a coastal dune plant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1567-1571.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus halmapalus Nielsen et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-118 = ATCC 700165 = CIP 105303 = DSM 8723 = JCM 12302 = LMG 17950.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76447.
Etymology: Gr. n. halme, brine; Gr. adj. hapalos, delicate; N.L. adj. halmapalus, sensitive to brine.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus haloalkaliphilus Fritze 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WN13 = ATCC 700606 = CIP 106702 = DSM 5271 = JCM 12303 = LMG 17943.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ238041.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. n. alkali (from Arabic article al, the; Arabic n. qaliy, ashes of saltwort), alkali; Gr. adj. philos loving; N.L. masc. adj. haloalkaliphilus, loving briny
and alkaline media.
Reference: FRITZE (D.): Bacillus haloalkaliphilus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 98-101.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Alkalibacillus haloalkaliphilus (Fritze 1996) Jeon et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Bacillus halochares Pappa et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MSS4 = DSM 21373 = LMG 24571.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM982516.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. part. adj. chares (from Gr. v. chairo to rejoice at, to delight in), delighting in; N.L. part. adj. halochares, finding pleasure in salt (salty environments).
Reference: PAPPA (A.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.), LAZOURA (P.), KALLIMANIS (A.), PERISYNAKIS (A.), VENTOSA (A.), DRAINAS (C.) and KOUKKOU (A.I.): Bacillus halochares sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from a solar saltern. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1432-1436.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus halodenitrificans Denariaz et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49067 = DSM 10037 = JCM 12304 = LMG 9818.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY543169.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans (from N.L. v. denitrifico), denitrifying; N.L. part. adj. halodenitrificans, salt [-requiring] denitrifying.
Reference: DENARIAZ (G.), PAYNE (W.J.) and LE GALL (J.): A halophilic denitrifier, Bacillus halodenitrificans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 145-151.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Virgibacillus halodenitrificans (Denariaz et al. 1989) Yoon et al. 2004, comb. nov.

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Bacillus halodurans (ex Boyer 1973) Nielsen et al. 1995, nom. rev., comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-80 = ATCC 27557 = CIP 105296 = DSM 497 = LMG 7121 = NRRL B-3881.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ302709.
Synonym: "Bacillus alcalophilus subsp. halodurans" Boyer et al. 1973.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; L. part. adj. durans, enduring; N.L. part. adj. halodurans, salt-enduring.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus halophilus Ventosa et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain N23-2 = ATCC 49085 = CCM 4074 = DSM 4771 = HAMBI 2106 = JCM 12305 = LMG 17942 = NBRC 102426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ243920.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halophilus, salt-loving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 32. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 105-106. [VENTOSA (A.), GARCIA (M.T.), KAMEKURA (M.), ONISHI (H.) and RUIZ-BERRAQUERO (F.): Bacillus halophilus sp. nov., a moderately halophilic Bacillus species. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1989, 12, 162-165.]
Validation List no. 32 in IJSEM Online

¤ Salimicrobium halophilum (Ventosa et al. 1990) Yoon et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Bacillus halosaccharovorans Mehrshad et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E33=IBRC-M 10095=DSM 25387.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ433447.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; L. part. adj. vorans devouring; N.L. part.adj. halosaccharovorans sugar-devouring halophile.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Reference: MEHRSHAD, M., AMOOZEGAR, M. A., DIDARI, M., BAGHERI, M., FAZELI, S. A., SCHUMANN, P., SPRöER, C., SÁNCHEZ-PORRO, C. and VENTOSA, A. 2013. Bacillus halosaccharovorans sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium from a hypersaline lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2776-2781.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus hemicellulosilyticus Nogi et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain C-11 = DSM 16731 = JCM 9152.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB043846.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. hemicellulosum, hemicellulose; Gr. adj. lutikos, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. hemicellulosilyticus, hemicellulose-dissolving.
Reference: NOGI (Y.), TAKAMI (H.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Characterization of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains used in industry: proposal of five novel species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2309-2315.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus hemicentroti Chen et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JSM 076093 = DSM 23007 = KCTC 13710.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM460885.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. hemicentroti, of Hemicentrotus (Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, a sea urchin), the source of isolation of the organism.
Reference: CHEN (Y.G.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), HE (J.W.), KLENK (H.P.), XIAO (J.Q.), ZHU (H.Y.), TANG (S.K.) and LI (W.J.): Bacillus hemicentroti sp. nov., a moderate halophile isolated from a sea urchin. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2950-2955.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus herbersteinensis Wieser et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D-1,5a = CCM 7228 = DSM 16534.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ781029.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. herbersteinensis, pertaining to Castle Herberstein in Styria, in which the chapel with the medieval wall painting is located from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: WIESER (M.), WORLICZEK (H.), KÄMPFER (P.) and BUSSE (H.J.): Bacillus herbersteinensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2119-2123.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus horikoshii Nielsen et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-121 = ATCC 700161 = CIP 105300 = DSM 8719 = LMG 17946.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB043865.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. horikoshii, of Horikoshi; named after the Japanese microbiologist Koki Horikoshi.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus horneckiae Vaishampayan et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1P01SC = MTCC 9535 = NRRL B-59162.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU861362.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. horneckiae, of Horneck, named after Dr Gerda Horneck, a German space microbiologist who carried out pioneering work in exposing spores to several space and radiation conditions.
Reference: VAISHAMPAYAN (P.), PROBST (A.), KRISHNAMURTHI (S.), GHOSH (S.), OSMAN (S.), McDOWALL (A.), RUCKMANI (A.), MAYILRAJ (S.) and VENKATESWARAN (K.): Bacillus horneckiae sp. nov., isolated from a spacecraft-assembly clean room. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1031-1037.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus horti Yumoto et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K13 = ATCC 700778 = CIP 105746 = DSM 12751 = JCM 9943 = LMG 18497.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D87035.
Etymology: L. gen. n. horti, of/from a garden.
Reference: YUMOTO (I.), YAMAZAKI (K.), SAWABE (T.), NAKANO (K.), KAWASAKI (K.), EZURA (Y.) and SHINANO (H.): Bacillus horti sp. nov., a new Gram-negative alkaliphilic bacillus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 565-571.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus humi Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16318 = LMG 22167.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ627210.
Etymology: L. gen. n. humi, of earth, soil.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), DEVOS (J.), FELSKE (A.), LOGAN (N.A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus arenosi sp. nov., Bacillus arvi sp. nov. and Bacillus humi sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 111-117.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus hwajinpoensis Yoon et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SW-72 = JCM 11807 = KCCM 41641.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF541966.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hwajinpoensis, of Hwajinpo, a beach of the East Sea in Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KIM (I.G.), KANG (K.H.), OH (T.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Bacillus hwajinpoensis sp. nov. and an unnamed Bacillus genomospecies, novel members of Bacillus rRNA group 6 isolated from sea water of the East Sea and the Yellow Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 803-808.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus idriensis Ko et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SMC 4352-2 = KCCM 90024 = JCM 13437.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY904033.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. idriensis, arbitrary specific epithet pertaining to IDRI, the Infectious Disease Research Institute, where this study was performed.
Reference: KO (K.S.), OH (W.S.), LEE (M.Y.), LEE (J.H.), LEE (H.), PECK (K.R.), LEE (N.Y.) and SONG (J.H.): Bacillus infantis sp. nov. and Bacillus idriensis sp. nov., isolated from a patient with neonatal sepsis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2541-2544.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus indicus Suresh et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Sd/3 = DSM 15820 = JCM 12168 = MTCC 4374.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ583158.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. indicus, pertaining to India, Indian.
Reference: SURESH (K.), PRABAGARAN (S.R.), SENGUPTA (S.) and SHIVAJI (S.): Bacillus indicus sp. nov., an arsenic-resistant bacterium isolated from an aquifer in West Bengal, India. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1369-1375.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus infantis Ko et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SMC 4352-1 = JCM 13438 = KCCM 90025.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY904032.
Etymology: L. gen. n. infantis, of an infant, baby, the putative source of the type strain.
Reference: KO (K.S.), OH (W.S.), LEE (M.Y.), LEE (J.H.), LEE (H.), PECK (K.R.), LEE (N.Y.) and SONG (J.H.): Bacillus infantis sp. nov. and Bacillus idriensis sp. nov., isolated from a patient with neonatal sepsis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2541-2544.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus infernus Boone et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TH-23 = CIP 104581 = DSM 10277 = SMCC/W 479.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U20385.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. infernus, that which comes from below (the ground).
Reference: BOONE (D.R.), LIU (Y.), ZHAO (Z.J.), BALKWILL (D.L.), DRAKE (G.R.), STEVENS (T.O.) and ALDRICH (H.C.): Bacillus infernus sp. nov., an Fe(III)- and Mn(IV)-reducing anaerobe from the deep terrestrial subsurface. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 441-448.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus insolitus Larkin and Stokes 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23299 = CCUG 7420 = CIP 103268 = DSM 5 = HAMBI 477 = LMG 17757 = NRRL B-3395.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM980508.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. insolitus, unaccustomed, unusual, unfamiliar, strange.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LARKIN (J.M.) and STOKES (J.L.): Taxonomy of psychrophilic strains of Bacillus. Journal of Bacteriology, 1967, 94, 889-895.]

¤ Psychrobacillus insolitus (Larkin and Stokes 1967) Krishnamurthi et al. 2011, comb. nov.

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Bacillus iranensis Bagheri et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain X5B = DSM 23995 = IBRC 10446.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ433452.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. iranensis, of or belonging to Iran, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: BAGHERI (M.), DIDARI (M.), AMOOZEGAR (M.A.), SCHUMANN (P.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.), MEHRSHAD (M.) and VENTOSA (A.): Bacillus iranensis sp. nov., a moderate halophile from a hypersaline lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 811-816.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus isabeliae Albuquerque et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CVS-8 = CIP 108578 = LMG 22838.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM503357.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. isabeliae, of Isabel, in honour of Portuguese microbiologist Isabel Spencer-Martins.
Reference: ALBUQUERQUE (L.), TIAGO (I.), TABORDA (M.), NOBRE (M.F.), VERÍSSIMO (A.) and DA COSTA (M.S.): Bacillus isabeliae sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from a sea salt evaporation pond. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 226-230.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus isronensis Shivaji et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B3W22 = JCM 13838 = MTCC 7902.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF114311.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. isronensis (arbitrary name), pertaining to ISRO, the acronym of the Indian Space Research Organization, which largely funded the studies in which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SHIVAJI (S.), CHATURVEDI (P.), BEGUM (Z.), PINDI (P.K.), MANORAMA (R.), PADMANABAN (D.A.), SHOUCHE (Y.S.), PAWAR (S.), VAISHAMPAYAN (P.), DUTT (C.B.S.), DATTA (G.N.), MANCHANDA (R.K.), RAO (U.R.), BHARGAVA (P.M.) and NARLIKAR (J.V.): Janibacter hoylei sp. nov., Bacillus isronensis sp. nov. and Bacillus aryabhattai sp. nov., isolated from cryotubes used for collecting air from the upper atmosphere. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2977-2986.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus jeotgali Yoon et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YKJ-10 = CIP 107104 = JCM 10885 = KCCM 41040.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF221061.
Etymology: N.L. n. jeotgalum (from Korean n. jeotgal), jeotgal, traditional Korean fermented seafood; N.L. gen. n. jeotgali, of jeotgal.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.S.), LEE (K.C.), KHO (Y.H.), CHOI (S.H.), KANG (K.H.) and PARK (Y.H.): Bacillus jeotgali sp. nov., isolated from jeotgal, Korean traditional fermented seafood. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1087-1092.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus kaustophilus (ex Prickett 1928) Priest et al. 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 8005 = BGSC 90A1 = CCUG 28890 = CIP 106929 = DSM 7263 = JCM 20319 = LMG 9819 = NBRC 102445 = NCCB 30003 = NRRL NRS-7281.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60618.
Synonym: "Bacillus kaustophilus" Prickett 1928.
Etymology: Gr. adj. kaustos, burnt, red-hot; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. kaustophilus, loving intense heat.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [PRIEST (F.G.), GOODFELLOW (M.) and TODD (C.): A numerical classification of the genus Bacillus. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1988, 134, 1847-1882.]
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Geobacillus kaustophilus (Priest et al. 1989) Nazina et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus kobensis Kanzawa et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YK205 = HSCC 488 = ATCC 51900 = CIP 104576 = DSM 10249 = IFO (now NBRC) 15729 = JCM 12164 = LMG 18049 = NRRL B-23246.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073363.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kobensis, pertaining to Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, the source of the soil from which the organisms were isolated.
Reference: KANZAWA (Y.), HARADA (A.), TAKEUCHI (M.), YOKOTA (A.) and HARADA (T.): Bacillus curdlanolyticus sp. nov. and Bacillus kobensis sp. nov., which hydrolyze resistant curdlan. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 515-521.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus kobensis (Kanzawa et al. 1995) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Bacillus kochii Seiler et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WCC 4582 = CCUG 59877 = DSM 23667 = LMG 25855.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN995265.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kochii, of Koch, named in honour of the famous microbiologist, Robert Koch, with great merit in Bacillus anthracis research, to commemorate the centenary of his death on 27 May 1910.
Reference: SEILER (H.), SCHMIDT (V.), WENNING (M.) and SCHERER (S.): Bacillus kochii sp. nov., isolated from foods and a pharmaceuticals manufacturing site. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 1092-1097.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus kokeshiiformis Poudel et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MO-04=JCM 19325=KCTC 33163.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX848633.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. n. kokeshi, Japanese, a Japanese doll with a long trunk and a cuboid-shaped head; L. adj. suff. formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. masc. adj. kokeshiiformis, with the shape of a Japanese kokeshi doll.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: POUDEL, P., MIYAMOTO, H., MIYAMOTO, H., OKUGAWA, Y., TASHIRO, Y. and SAKAI, K. 2014. Thermotolerant Bacillus kokeshiiformis sp. nov. isolated from marine animal resources compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2668-2674.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus koreensis Lim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BR030 = DSM 16467 = KCTC 3914.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY667496.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. koreensis, pertaining to Korea.
Reference: LIM (J.M.), JEON (C.O.), LEE (J.C.), JU (Y.J.), PARK (D.J.) and KIM (C.J.): Bacillus koreensis sp. nov., a spore-forming bacterium, isolated from the rhizosphere of willow roots in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 59-63.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus korlensis Zhang et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ZLC-26 = CCTCC AB 207172 = NRRL B-51302.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU603328.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. korlensis, pertaining to Korla, a city of Xinjiang Province in the north-west of China from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ZHANG (L.), WANG (Y.), DAI (J.), TANG (Y.), YANG (Q.), LUO (X.) and FANG (C.): Bacillus korlensis sp. nov., a moderately halotolerant bacterium isolated from a sand soil sample in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1787-1792.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus kribbensis Lim et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BT080 = DSM 17871 = KCTC 13934.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ280367.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kribbensis, pertaining to KRIBB (the acronym of the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, KRIBB), where taxonomic studies on this species were performed.
Reference: LIM (J.M.), JEON (C.O.), LEE (J.R.), PARK (D.J.) and KIM (C.J.): Bacillus kribbensis sp. nov., isolated from a soil sample in Jeju, Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2912-2916.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus krulwichiae Yumoto et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AM31D = IAM 15000 = JCM 11691 = NBRC 102362 = NCIMB 13904.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB086897.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. krulwichiae, of Krulwich; named after American microbiologist Terry A. Krulwich who made fundamental contributions to the study of alkaliphilic bacteria.
Reference: YUMOTO (I.), YAMAGA (S.), SOGABE (Y.), NODASAKA (Y.), MATSUYAMA (H.), NAKAJIMA (K.) and SUEMORI (A.): Bacillus krulwichiae sp. nov., a halotolerant obligate alkaliphile that utilizes benzoate and m-hydroxybenzoate. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1531-1536.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus laevolacticus (ex Nakayama and Yanoshi 1967) Andersch et al. 1994, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M 8 = ATCC 23492 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11598 = CCUG 33623 = CIP 104421 = DSM 442 = IAM 12321 = JCM 2513 = KCTC 3117 = LMG 6329 = LMG 16675 = NBRC 102473 = NCIMB 10269.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16270.
Synonym: "Bacillus laevolacticus" Nakayama and Yanoshi 1967.
Etymology: N.L. adj. laevolacticus, referring to D-(-)-lactic acid, the only lactic acid produced by the organisms.
Reference: ANDERSCH (I.), PIANKA (S.), FRITZE (D.) and CLAUS (D.): Description of Bacillus laevolacticus (ex Nakayama and Yanoshi 1967) sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 659-664.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sporolactobacillus laevolacticus (Andersch et al. 1994) Hatayama et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Bacillus larvae White 1906, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 9545 = CCUG 28515 = CIP 104618 = DSM 7030 = LMG 9820 = LMG 15969 = NRRL B-2605.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY530294.
Etymology: L. gen. n. larvae, of a ghost, of a spectre and in biology of a larva.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [WHITE (G.F.): The bacteria of the apiary, with special reference to bee diseases. United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology, Technical Series No 14, 1906.]

¤ Paenibacillus larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae (White 1906) Ash et al. 1994, subsp. nov.

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Bacillus laterosporus Laubach 1916, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 4517 = ATCC 64 = ATCC 8248 = CCM 2116 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10607 = CCUG 7421 = CFBP 4222 = CIP 52.83 = DSM 25 = HAMBI 1882 = IAM 12465 = IFO (now NBRC) 15654 = JCM 2496 = LMG 6931 = LMG 16000 = NCCB 75013 = NCCB 48016 = NCIMB 8213 = NCIMB 9367 (formerly NCDO 1763) = NCTC 6357 = NRRL NRS-314 = NRRL NRS-340 = VKM B-499.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16271.
Etymology: L. n. latus lateris, the side; N.L. n. spora (from Gr. n. spora), a seed and in biology a spore; N.L. masc. adj. laterosporus, with lateral spores.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [LAUBACH (C.A.): Studies on aerobic spore-bearing non-pathogenic bacteria. Spore-bearing organisms in water. Journal of Bacteriology, 1916, 1, 505-512.]

¤ Brevibacillus laterosporus (Laubach 1916) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus lautus (ex Batchelor 1919) Nakamura 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43898 = CIP 103118 = DSM 3035 = IFO (now NBRC) 15380 = JCM 9073 = LMG 11157 = NRRL NRS-666.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073188.
Synonym: "Bacillus lautus" Batchelor 1919.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lautus, washed, splendid.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus amylolyticus sp. nov., nom. rev., Bacillus lautus sp. nov., nom. rev., Bacillus pabuli sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus validus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 224-226.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus lautus (Nakamura 1984) Heyndrickx et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus lehensis Ghosh et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MLB2 = JCM 13820 = MTCC 7633.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY793550.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. lehensis, pertaining to Leh, in India, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: GHOSH (A.), BHARDWAJ (M.), SATYANARAYANA (T.), KHURANA (M.), MAYILRAJ (S.) and JAIN (R.K.): Bacillus lehensis sp. nov., an alkalitolerant bacterium isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 238-242.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus lentimorbus Dutky 1940, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14707 = CCUG 28883 = CIP 106068 = LMG 20224 = NCCB 75014 = NRRL B-2522.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073199.
Etymology: L. adj. lentus, slow; L. n. morbus, a sickness, disease; N.L. n. lentimorbus, the slow disease.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DUTKY (S.R.): Two new spore-forming bacteria causing milky diseases of Japanese beetle larvae. Journal of Agricultural Research, 1940, 61, 57-68.]

¤ Paenibacillus lentimorbus (Dutky 1940) Pettersson et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Bacillus lentus Gibson 1935, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 10840 = CCM 2214 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11735 = CCUG 1816 = CIP 52.74 = DSM 9 = HAMBI 1918 = IAM 12466 = IFO (now NBRC) 15655 = IFO (now NBRC) 16413 = IFO (now NBRC) 16444 = JCM 2511 = LMG 16798 = NCCB 48017 = NCIMB 8713 = NCIMB 8773 (formerly NCDO 1127) = NCTC 4824 = NRRL B-396 = VKM B-500.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021189.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. lentus, slow.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [GIBSON (T.): The urea-decomposing microflora of soils. I. Description and classification of the organisms. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1935, 92, 364-380.]

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Bacillus licheniformis (Weigmann 1898) Chester 1901, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14580 = CCM 2145 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11702 = CCUG 7422 = CFBP 4227 = CIP 52.71 = DSM 13 = HAMBI 1823 = IAM 13417 = IFO (now NBRC) 12200 = JCM 2505 = KCTC 1753 = KCTC 1918 = LMG 6933 = LMG 12363 = LMG 12407 = NCAIM B.01470 = NCCB 50016 = NCCB 75015 = NCIMB 9375 (formerly NCDO 1772) = NCTC 10341 = NRRL NRS-1264 = VKM B-511.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000002.
Synonyms: "Clostridium licheniforme" Weigmann 1898, "Denitrobacillus licheniformis" (Weigmann 1898) Verhoeven 1952.
Etymology: Gr. n. lichen, lichen; L. suff. -formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; N.L. masc. adj. licheniformis, lichen-shaped.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 WEIGMANN (H.): Über zwei an der Käsereifung beteiligte Bakterien. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1898, 4, 820-834. 2 CHESTER (F.D.): A Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. The Macmillan Co., New York, 1901, pp. 1-401.]

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Bacillus ligniniphilus Zhu et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L1=JCM 18543=DSM 26145.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ044788.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. ligninum, lignin; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. ligniniphilus lignin-loving, isolated as a lignin degrader with lignin as a single carbon source.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: ZHU, D., TANABE, S.-H., XIE, C., HONDA, D., SUN, J. and AI, L. 2014. Bacillus ligniniphilus sp. nov., an alkaliphilic and halotolerant bacterium isolated from sediments of the South China Sea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1712-1717.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus litoralis Yoon and Oh 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SW-211 = DSM 16303 = KCTC 3898.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY608605.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. litoralis, of or belonging to the sea-shore.
Reference: YOON (J.H.) and OH (T.K.): Bacillus litoralis sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1945-1948.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus locisalis Márquez et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CG1 = CCM 7370 = CECT 7152 = CGMCC 1.6286 = DSM 18085.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR714930.
Etymology: L. n. locus, place, locality; L. gen. n. salis, of salt; N.L. gen. n. locisalis, from a place of salt.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 142. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2563-2565. [MÁRQUEZ (M.C.), CARRASCO (I.J.), DE LA HABA (R.R.), JONES (B.E.), GRANT (W.D.) and VENTOSA (A.): Bacillus locisalis sp. nov., a new haloalkaliphilic species from hypersaline and alkaline lakes of China, Kenya and Tanzania. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2011, 34, 424-428.]
Validation List no. 142 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus luciferensis Logan et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain isolate SSI061 = Logan collection number B1761 = CIP 107105 = JCM 12212 = LMG 18422.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ419629.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. luciferensis, pertaining to Lucifer Hill, a volcano on Candlemas Island, South Sandwich Islands, the soil of which yielded the organism.
Reference: LOGAN (N.A.), LEBBE (L.), VERHELST (A.), GORIS (J.), FORSYTH (G.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), HEYNDRICKX (M.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus luciferensis sp. nov., from volcanic soil on Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1985-1989.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus luteolus Shi et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YIM 93174 = CCTCC AA 208068 = DSM 22388 = KCTC 13210.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ925365.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. luteolus, yellowish, pale tangerine-coloured.
Reference: SHI (R.), YIN (M.), TANG (S.K.), LEE (J.C.), PARK (D.J.), ZHANG (Y.J.), KIM (C.J.) and LI (W.J.): Bacillus luteolus sp. nov., a halotolerant bacterium isolated from a salt field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1344-1349.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus luteus Subhash et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JC167=KCTC 33100=LMG 27257.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE996968.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. luteus, orange-coloured.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: SUBHASH, Y., SASIKALA, CH. and RAMANA, CH. V. 2014. Bacillus luteus sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1580-1586.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus macauensis Zhang et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ZFHKF-1 = DSM 17262 = JCM 13285.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY373018.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. macauensis, pertaining to Macau, the city where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: ZHANG (T.), FAN (X.), HANADA (S.), KAMAGATA (Y.) and FANG (H.H.P.): Bacillus macauensis sp. nov., a long-chain bacterium isolated from a drinking water supply. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 349-353.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Bacillus macerans Schardinger 1905, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 8244 = CCM 2012 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 14680 = CCUG 7423 = CFBP 4253 = CIP 66.19 = DSM 24 = HAMBI 636 = HAMBI 1958 = IAM 12467 = IFO (now NBRC) 15307 = JCM 2500 = KCTC 1822 = LMG 6324 = LMG 13281 = NCCB 48019 = NCIMB 9368 (formerly NCDO 1764) = NCTC 6355 = NRRL B-172 = NRRL B-394 = NRRL B-4267 = VKM B-506.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073196.
Synonyms: "Aerobacillus macerans" (Schardinger 1905) Donker 1926, "Zymobacillus macerans" (Schardinger 1905) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, "Bactrillum macerans" (Schardinger 1905) Pribram 1933.
Etymology: L. part. adj. macerans, softening by steeping, retting.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHARDINGER (F.): Bacillus macerans, ein Aceton bildender Rottebacillus. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1905, 14, 772-781.]

¤ Paenibacillus macerans (Schardinger 1905) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Bacillus macquariensis Marshall and Ohye 1966, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23464 = CCUG 37394 = CIP 103269 = DSM 2 = LMG 6935 = NCTC 10419 = NRRL B-14306.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60625.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. macquariensis, pertaining to Macquarie Island.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MARSHALL (B.J.) and OHYE (D.F.): Bacillus macquariensis n. sp., a psychrotrophic bacterium from sub-Antarctic soil. Journal of General Microbiology, 1966, 44, 41-46.]

¤ Paenibacillus macquariensis (Marshall and Ohye 1966) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Bacillus macyae Santini et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JMM-4 = DSM 16346 = JCM 12340.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY032601.
Etymology: N.L. gen. fem. n. macyae, of Macy, named after the professor Joan M. Macy, Chair of Microbiology, La Trobe University, in tribute to her research in the area of environment microbiology.
Reference: SANTINI (J.M.), STREIMANN (I.C.A.) and VANDEN HOVEN (R.N.): Bacillus macyae sp. nov., an arsenate-respiring bacterium isolated from an Australian gold mine. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2241-2244.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain JCM 12340 does not appear in the JCM on-line catalogue of strains. According to the JCM, the stock culture of JCM 12340 does not grow.
Reference: SAKAMOTO (M.): Personal communication (January 27, 2010).

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Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CR-95 = CECT 5687 = LMG 22477.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ993673.
Etymology: L. adj. masc. malacitensis, pertaining to Flavia Malacita, the Roman name for Málaga in southern Spain.
Reference: RUIZ-GARCÍA (C.), QUESADA (E.), MARTÍNEZ-CHECA (F.), LLAMAS (I.), URDACI (M.C.) and BÉJAR (V.): Bacillus axarquiensis sp. nov. and Bacillus malacitensis sp. nov., isolated from river-mouth sediments in southern Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1279-1285.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994.

Note: According to Wang et al. 2007, Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994.
Reference: WANG (L.T.), LEE (F.L.), TAI (C.J.), YOKOTA (A.) and KUO (H.P.): Reclassification of Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 and Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 as later heterotypic synonyms of Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1663-1667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus mannanilyticus Nogi et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AM-001 = DSM 16130 = JCM 10596.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB043864.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. mannanum, mannan; Gr. adj. lutikos, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. mannanilyticus, mannan-dissolving.
Reference: NOGI (Y.), TAKAMI (H.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Characterization of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains used in industry: proposal of five novel species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2309-2315.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus marinus (Rüger and Richter 1979) Rüger 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 581 = ATCC 29841 = CCUG 28884 = CIP 103308 = DSM 1297 = LMG 6930 = NRRL B-14321.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ237708.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus globisporus subsp. marinus Rüger and Richter 1979 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. masc. adj. marinus, of the sea, marine.
Reference: RÜGER (H.J.): Differentiation of Bacillus globisporus, Bacillus marinus comb. nov., Bacillus aminovorans, and Bacillus insolitus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 157-161.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Bacillus marinus (Rüger and Richter 1979) Rüger 1983 emend. Rüger et al. 2000.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 581 = ATCC 29841 = CCUG 28884 = CIP 103308 = DSM 1297 = LMG 6930 = NRRL B-14321.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. marinus, of the sea, marine.
Reference: RÜGER (H.J.), FRITZE (D.) and SPRÖER (C.): New psychrophilic and psychrotolerant Bacillus marinus strains from tropical and polar deep-sea sediments and emended description of the species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1305-1313.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Marinibacillus marinus (Rüger and Richter 1979) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.

¤ Jeotgalibacillus marinus (Rüger and Richter 1979) Yoon et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Bacillus marisflavi Yoon et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TF-11 = JCM 11544 = KCCM 41588.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF483624.
Etymology: L. gen. n. maris, of the sea; L. adj. flavus, yellow; N.L. gen. masc. n. marisflavi, of the Yellow Sea.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KIM (I.G.), KANG (K.H.), OH (T.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Bacillus marisflavi sp. nov. and Bacillus aquimaris sp. nov., isolated from sea water of a tidal flat of the Yellow Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1297-1303.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus marismortui Arahal et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 123 = ATCC 700626 = CECT 5066 = CIP 105609 = DSM 12325 = LMG 18992.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ009793.
Etymology: L. gen. n. maris, of the sea; L. adj. mortuus, dead; N.L. gen. n. marismortui, of the Dead Sea.
Reference: ARAHAL (D.R.), MÁRQUEZ (M.C.), VOLCANI (B.E.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.) and VENTOSA (A.): Bacillus marismortui sp. nov., a new moderately halophilic species from the Dead Sea. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 521-530.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Salibacillus marismortui (Arahal et al. 1999) Arahal et al. 2000, comb. nov.

¤ Virgibacillus marismortui (Arahal et al. 1999) Heyrman et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Bacillus marmarensis Denizci et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GMBE 72 = DSM 21297 = JCM 15719.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU621902.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. marmarensis, of or pertaining to the region of Marmara, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: DENIZCI (A.A.), KAZAN (D.) and ERARSLAN (A.): Bacillus marmarensis sp. nov., an alkaliphilic, protease-producing bacterium isolated from mushroom compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1590-1594.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus massiliensis Glazunova et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4400831 = CCUG 49529 = CIP 108446 =  = KCTC 13178.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY677116.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. massiliensis, of Massilia, the ancient Roman name for Marseille, France, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: GLAZUNOVA (O.O.), RAOULT (D.) and ROUX (V.): Bacillus massiliensis sp. nov., isolated from cerebrospinal fluid. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1485-1488.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lysinibacillus massiliensis (Glazunova et al. 2006) Jung et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Bacillus megaterium de Bary 1884, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14581 = CCM 2007 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10608 = CCUG 1817 = CIP 66.20 = DSM 32 = HAMBI 2018 = IAM 13418 = IFO (now NBRC) 15308 = JCM 2506 = KCTC 3007 = LMG 7127 = NCCB 75016 = NCIMB 9376 = NCTC 10342 = NRIC 1710 = NRRL B-14308 = VKM B-512.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16273.
Etymology: Gr. adj. megas, large; Gr. n. teras -atis, monster, beast; N.L. n. megaterium, big beast.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DE BARY (A.): Vergleichende Morphologie und Biologie der Pilze, Mycetozoen und Bacterien. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, 1884.]

Note: The spelling of the specific epithet megaterium in Bacillus megaterium de Bary 1884 (Approved Lists 1980) is to be preferred to the spelling megatherium (Judicial Opinion 1).

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Bacillus methanolicus Arfman et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PB1 = ATCC 51375 = LMG 16799 = NCIMB 13113.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB112727.
Etymology: N.L. n. methanol, methanol; L. masc. suff. -icus, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. methanolicus, relating to methanol.
Reference: ARFMAN (N.), DIJKHUIZEN (L.), KIRCHHOF (G.), LUDWIG (W.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), BULYGINA (E.S.), CHUMAKOV (K.M.), GOVORUKHINA (N.I.), TROTSENKO (Y.A.), WHITE (D.) and SHARP (R.J.): Bacillus methanolicus sp. nov., a new species of thermotolerant, methanol-utilizing, endospore-forming bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 439-445.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus methylotrophicus Madhaiyan et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CBMB205 = KACC 13105 = NCCB 100236.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU194897.
Etymology: N.L. suff. methylo, pertaining to the methyl radical; N.L. adj. trophicus (from Gr. masc. adj. trophikos), nursing, tending or feeding; N.L. masc. adj. methylotrophicus, feeding on methyl radical, methyl radical-consuming.
Reference: MADHAIYAN (M.), POONGUZHALI (S.), KWON (S.W.)  and SA (T.M.): Bacillus methylotrophicus sp. nov., a methanol-utilizing, plant-growth-promoting bacterium isolated from rice rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2490-2495.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus migulanus Takagi et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B0270 = ATCC 9999 = CIP 103841 = DSM 2895 = IFO (now NBRC) 15520 = JCM 8504 = LMG 15427 = NCTC 7096 = NRRL NRS-1137.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94195.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. migulanus, pertaining to Migula, referring to the German bacteriologist W. Migula, who contributed to bacterial taxonomy.
Reference: TAKAGI (H.), SHIDA (O.), KADOWAKI (K.), KOMAGATA (K.) and UDAKA (S.): Characterization of Bacillus brevis with descriptions of Bacillus migulanus sp. nov., Bacillus choshinensis sp. nov., Bacillus parabrevis sp. nov., and Bacillus galactophilus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 221-231.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Aneurinibacillus migulanus (Takagi et al. 1993) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

¤ Aneurinibacillus migulanus (Takagi et al. 1993) Shida et al. 1996 emend. Heyndrickx et al. 1997.

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Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RO-H-1 = ATCC 51516 = CIP 104095 = DSM 9205 = IFO (now NBRC) 15718 = JCM 12230 = LMG 17797 = NRRL B-14698.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021191.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. mojavensis, pertaining to the Mojave Desert.
Reference: ROBERTS (M.S.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and COHAN (F.M.): Bacillus mojavensis sp. nov., distinguishable from Bacillus subtilis by sexual isolation, divergence in DNA sequence, and difference in fatty acid composition. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 256-264.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994 emend. Wang et al. 2007.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RO-H-1 = ATCC 51516 = CIP 104095 = DSM 9205 = LMG 17797 = NBRC 15718 = NRRL B-14698.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021191.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. mojavensis, pertaining to the Mojave Desert.
Reference: WANG (L.T.), LEE (F.L.), TAI (C.J.), YOKOTA (A.) and KUO (H.P.): Reclassification of Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 and Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 as later heterotypic synonyms of Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1663-1667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Wang et al. 2007, Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005, and an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005.
Reference: WANG (L.T.), LEE (F.L.), TAI (C.J.), YOKOTA (A.) and KUO (H.P.): Reclassification of Bacillus axarquiensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 and Bacillus malacitensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 as later heterotypic synonyms of Bacillus mojavensis Roberts et al. 1994. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1663-1667.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus mucilaginosus Avakyan et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1480D = CIP 105815 = HSCC 1605 = KCTC 3870 = VKM B-1480D = VKPM B-7519.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF006077 (strain 1480D), FJ039528 (strain VKPM B-7519).
Etymology: L. masc. adj. mucilaginosus, slimy.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 66. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 631-632. [AVAKYAN (Z.A.), PIVOVAROVA (T.A.) and KARAVAIKO (G.I.): Properties of a new species, Bacillus mucilaginosus. Mikrobiologiya, 1986, 55, 477-482 (in Russian).]
Validation List no. 66 in IJSEM Online

Note: In Validation List no. 66, the type strain VKM B-1480D is erroneously cited as 1480D.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Bacillus mucilaginosus Avakyan et al. 1998 emend. Shelobolina et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 1480D = CIP 105815 = HSCC 1605 = KCTC 3870 = VKM B-1480D = VKPM B-7519.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF006077 (strain 1480D), FJ039528 (strain VKPM B-7519).
Etymology: L. masc. adj. mucilaginosus, slimy.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 66 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 631-632.
Validation List no. 66 in IJSEM Online
2 SHELOBOLINA (E.S.), AVAKYAN (Z.A.), BULYGINA (E.S.), TUROVA (T.P.), LYSENKO (A.M.), OSIPOV (G.A.) and KARAVAIKO (G.I.): Description of a new species of mucilaginous bacteria, Bacillus edaphicus sp. nov., and confirmation of the taxonomic status of Bacillus mucilaginosus Avakyan et al. 1986 based on data from phenotypic and genotypic analysis. Mikrobiologiya, 1997, 66, 813-822 (in Russian). English translation: Microbiology, 1997, 66, 681-689.
Original article Online

¤ Paenibacillus mucilaginosus (Avakyan et al. 1998) Hu et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Bacillus muralis Heyrman et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 16288 = LMG 20238.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ316309.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. muralis, of or belonging to a wall, mural.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), LEBBE (L.), SWINGS (J.), HEYNDRICKX (M.) and DE VOS (P.): Study of mural painting isolates, leading to the transfer of 'Bacillus maroccanus' and 'Bacillus carotarum' to Bacillus simplex, emended description of Bacillus simplex, re-examination of the strains previously attributed to 'Bacillus macroides' and description of Bacillus muralis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 119-131.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus murimartini Borchert et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LMG 21005 = NCIMB 14102.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ316316.
Etymology: L. n. murus, wall; N.L. gen. n. martini, of Martin (masc. name of a saint); N.L. gen. n. murimartini, from the wall of the (St.) Martin church in Greene-Kreiensen, Germany.
Reference: BORCHERT (M.S.), NIELSEN (P.), GRAEBER (I.), KAESLER (I.), SZEWZYK (U.), PAPE (T.), ANTRANIKIAN (G.) and SCHÄFER (T.): Bacillus plakortidis sp. nov. and Bacillus murimartini sp. nov., novel alkalitolerant members of rRNA group 6. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2888-2893.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus mycoides Flügge 1886, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 6462 = CCUG 26678 = CIP 103472 = DSM 2048 = HAMBI 1827 = LMG 7128 = NBRC 101228 = NCTC 12974 = NRRL B-14799 = NRRL B-14811 = NRRL NRS-273.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021192.
Etymology: Gr. n. mukês -êtos, mushroom or other fungus; L. suff. -oides (from Gr. suff. eides, from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar: N.L. masc. adj. mycoides, fungus-like.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [FLÜGGE (C.): Die Mikroorganismen, F.C.W. Vogel, Leipzig, 1886.]

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Bacillus naganoensis Tomimura et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 53909 = DSM 10191 = LMG 12887.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021193.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. naganoensis, pertaining to the Japanese Prefecture Nagano.
Reference: TOMIMURA (E.), ZEMAN (N.W.), FRANKIEWICZ (J.R.) and TEAGUE (W.M.): Description of Bacillus naganoensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 123-125.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pullulanibacillus naganoensis (Tomimura et al. 1990) Hatayama et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Bacillus nanhaiensis Chen et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JSM 082006 = DSM 23009 = KCTC 13712.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU477780.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. nanhaiensis, of or pertaining to Nanhai, the Chinese name for the South China Sea, the source of the sample from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: CHEN (Y.G.), ZHANG (L.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), HE (J.W.), KLENK (H.P.), TANG (S.K.), ZHANG (Y.X.) and LI (W.J.): Bacillus nanhaiensis sp. nov., isolated from an oyster. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 888-893.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Bacillus nanhaiisediminis Zhang et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NH3 = CGMCC 1.10116 = JCM 16507.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ292773.
Etymology: N.L. n. nanhaium, Nan Hai, the Chinese name for the South China Sea; L. n. sedimen -inis, a sediment; N.L. gen. n. nanhaiisediminis, of a sediment from the South China Sea.
Reference: ZHANG (J.), WANG (J.), SONG (F.), FANG (C.), XIN (Y.) and ZHANG (Y.): Bacillus nanhaiisediminis sp. nov., an alkalitolerant member of Bacillus rRNA group 6. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1078-1083.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus nealsonii Venkateswaran et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FO-92 = ATCC BAA-519 = DSM 15077.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU656111.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. nealsonii, of Nealson, referring to Kenneth H. Nealson, a well-known American microbiologist.
Reference: VENKATESWARAN (K.), KEMPF (M.), CHEN (F.), SATOMI (M.), NICHOLSON (W.) and KERN (R.): Bacillus nealsonii sp. nov., isolated from a spacecraft-assembly facility, whose spores are γ-radiation resistant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 165-172.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus neidei Nakamura et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 15031 = NRRL BD-87 = JCM 11077.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF169520.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. neidei, of Neide, of the early microbiologist Neide.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.), SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Bacillus pycnus sp. nov. and Bacillus neidei sp. nov., round-spored bacteria from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 501-505.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Viridibacillus neidei (Nakamura et al. 2002) Albert et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Bacillus neizhouensis Chen et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JSM 071004 = CCTCC AB 207161 = DSM 19794 = KCTC 13187.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU925618.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. neizhouensis, pertaining to Neizhou Bay, from which the sample that yielded the type strain was collected.
Reference: CHEN (Y.G.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), WANG (Y.X.), LIU (Z.X.), KLENK (H.P.), XIAO (H.D.), TANG (S.K.), CUI (X.L.) and LI (W.J.): Bacillus neizhouensis sp. nov., a halophilic marine bacterium isolated from a sea anemone. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 3035-3039.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus niabensis Kwon et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 4T19 = DSM 17723 = JCM 16399 = KACC 11279.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY998119.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. niabensis, arbitrary name formed from NIAB, the acronym for the National Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Korea, where taxonomic studies on this species were performed.
Reference: KWON (S.W.), LEE (S.Y.), KIM (B.Y.), WEON (H.Y.), KIM (J.B.), GO (S.J.) and LEE (G.B.): Bacillus niabensis sp. nov., isolated from cotton-waste composts for mushroom cultivation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1909-1913.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus niacini Nagel and Andreesen 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 104585 = DSM 2923 = IFO (now NBRC) 15566 = JCM 12306 = LMG 16677.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021194.
Etymology: N.L. n. niacinum, niacin or nicotinic acid; N.L. gen. n. niacini, of nicotinic acid.
Reference: NAGEL (M.) and ANDREESEN (J.R.): Bacillus niacini sp. nov., a nicotinate-metabolizing mesophile isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 134-139.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus novalis Heyrman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IDA3307 = R-15439 = DSM 15603 = JCM 21709 = LMG 21837 = NBRC 102450.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ542512.
Etymology: L. fem. n. novalis (or L. neut. n. novale), fallow land: L. gen. n. novalis, of a fallow land.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VANPARYS (B.), LOGAN (N.A.), BALCAEN (A.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), FELSKE (A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus novalis sp. nov., Bacillus vireti sp. nov., Bacillus soli sp. nov., Bacillus bataviensis sp. nov. and Bacillus drentensis sp. nov., from the Drentse A grasslands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 47-57.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus oceanisediminis Zhang et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H2 = CGMCC 1.10115 = JCM 16506.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ292772.
Etymology: L. n. oceanus, ocean; L. n. sedimen -inis, sediment; N.L. gen. n. oceanisediminis, of/from sediment of the ocean.
Reference: ZHANG (J.), WANG (J.), FANG (C.), SONG (F.), XIN (Y.), QU (L.) and DING (K.): Bacillus oceanisediminis sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2924-2929.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus odysseyi La Duc et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 34hs-1 = ATCC PTA-4993 = CIP 108263 = DSM 18869 = KCTC 3961 = NBRC 100172 = NRRL B-30641.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF526913.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. Odysseyum, name of the spacecraft Odyssey; N.L. gen. n. odysseyi, of the Mars Odyssey spacecraft.
Reference: LA DUC (M.T.), SATOMI (M.) and VENKATESWARAN (K.): Bacillus odysseyi sp. nov., a round-spore-forming bacillus isolated from the Mars Odyssey spacecraft. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 195-201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Lysinibacillus odysseyi (La Duc et al. 2004) Jung et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Bacillus okhensis Nowlan et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Kh10-101 = ATCC BAA-1137 = JCM 13040.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ026060.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. okhensis, pertaining to Port Okha, a port of the Dwarka region in India, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: NOWLAN (B.), DODIA (M.S.), SINGH (S.P.) and PATEL (B.K.C.): Bacillus okhensis sp. nov., a halotolerant and alkalitolerant bacterium from an Indian saltpan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1073-1077.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus okuhidensis Li et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GTC 854 = DSM 13666 = JCM 10945.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB047684.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. okuhidensis, referring to Okuhida in Gifu, Japan, where the strains were originally isolated.
Reference: LI (Z.), KAWAMURA (Y.), SHIDA (O.), YAMAGATA (S.), DEGUCHI (T.) and EZAKI (T.): Bacillus okuhidensis sp. nov., isolated from the Okuhida spa area of Japan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1205-1209.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus oleronius Kuhnigk et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Rt 10 = ATCC 700005 = CIP 104972 = DSM 9356 = LMG 17952.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY988598.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. oleronius, of Îsle d'Oléron, France, where the termite host thrives.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626. [KUHNIGK (T.), BORST (E.M.), BREUNIG (A.), KÖNIG (H.), COLLINS (M.D.), HUTSON (R.H.) and KÄMPFER (P.): Bacillus oleronius sp. nov., a member of hindgut flora of the termite Reticulitermes santonensis (Feytaud). Can. J. Microbiol., 1995, 41, 699-706.]
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format) - Effective publication Online

Bacillus oleronius Kuhnigk et al. 1996 emend. Heyndrickx et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Rt 10 = ATCC 700005 = CIP 104972 = DSM 9356 = LMG 17952.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY988598.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. oleronius, of Îsle d'Oléron, France, where the termite host thrives.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), COOREVITS (A.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), LEBBE (L.), SCHUMANN (P.), RODRÍGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), FORSYTH (G.), DINSDALE (A.), HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.) and DE VOS (P.): Emended descriptions of Bacillus sporothermodurans and Bacillus oleronius with the inclusion of dairy farm isolates of both species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 307-314.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus oryzaecorticis Hong et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R1=KACC 17217=KCCM 90231=JCM 19602.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF548480.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. fem. n. oryza, rice; L. masc. n. cortex, bark, husk; N.L. masc. gen. n. oryzaecorticis, of rice husk.
Source: Plant.
Valid publication: HONG, S. W., KWON, S.-W., KIM, S.-J., KIM, S. Y., KIM, J. J., LEE, J. S., OH, M.-H., KIM, A.-J. and CHUNG, K. S. 2014. Bacillus oryzaecorticis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from rice husks. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2786-2791.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus oshimensis Yumoto et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K11 = JCM 12663 = NCIMB 14023.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB188090.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. oshimensis, pertaining to Oshima, of Oshima, the region were the micro-organism was isolated.
Reference: YUMOTO (I.), HIROTA (K.), GOTO (T.), NODASAKA (Y.) and NAKAJIMA (K.): Bacillus oshimensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic, non-motile alkaliphile. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 907-911.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus pabuli (ex Schieblich 1923) Nakamura 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43899 = CCUG 27415 = CFBP 4262 = CIP 103119 = DSM 3036 = HAMBI 1825 = IFO (now NBRC) 13638 = JCM 9074 = LMG 15970 = NRRL NRS-924.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB045094.
Synonym: "Bacillus pabuli" Schieblich 1923.
Etymology: L. gen. n. pabuli, of fodder.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus amylolyticus sp. nov., nom. rev., Bacillus lautus sp. nov., nom. rev., Bacillus pabuli sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus validus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 224-226.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus pabuli (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Bacillus pallidus Scholz et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H12 = ATCC 51176 = DSM 3670 = LMG 19006.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z26930.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. pallidus, pale, pallid.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 24. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 136-137. [SCHOLZ (T.), DEMHARTER (W.), HENSEL (R.) and KANDLER (O.): Bacillus pallidus sp. nov., a new thermophilic species from sewage. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1987, 9, 91-96.]
Validation List no. 24 in IJSEM Online

Note: Bacillus pallidus Scholz et al. 1988 is an earlier homonym of ¤ Bacillus pallidus Zhou et al. 2008.

¤ Geobacillus pallidus (Scholz et al. 1988) Banat et al. 2004, comb. nov.

¤ Aeribacillus pallidus (Scholz et al. 1988) Miñana-Galbis et al. 2010, comb. nov.

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Bacillus pallidus Zhou et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CW 7 = CCTCC AB 207188 = KCTC 13200 = LMG 24451.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU364818.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. pallidus, pale, the light pink colour of colonies.
Reference: ZHOU (Y.), WEI (W.), CHE (Q.), XU (Y.), WANG (X.), HUANG (X.) and LAI (R.): Bacillus pallidus sp. nov., isolated from forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2850-2854.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Bacillus pallidus Zhou et al. 2008 is illegitimate because it is a later homonym of ¤ Bacillus pallidus Scholz et al. 1988.

¤ Falsibacillus pallidus (Zhou et al. 2008) Zhou et al. 2009, comb. nov.

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Bacillus panacisoli Choi and Cha 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CJ32=KACC 17503=JCM 19226.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JQ806742.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. n. Panax -acis, scientific name of ginseng; L. gen. n. soli, of soil; N.L. gen. n. panacisoli, of soil of a ginseng field, the source of isolation of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: CHOI, J.-H. and CHA, C.-J. 2014. Bacillus panacisoli sp. nov., isolated from ginseng soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 901-906.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus panaciterrae Ten et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gsoil 1517 = CCUG 52470 = KCTC 13929 = LMG 23408.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245380.
Etymology: N.L. n. Panax -acis, scientific name for ginseng; L. n. terra, soil; N.L. gen. n. panaciterrae, of soil of a ginseng field.
Reference: TEN (L.N.), BAEK (S.H.), IM (W.T.), LIU (Q.M.), ASLAM (Z.) and LEE (S.T.): Bacillus panaciterrae sp. nov., isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2861-2866.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus pantothenticus Proom and Knight 1950, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B0018 = ATCC 14576 = CCUG 7424 = CFBP 4270 = CIP 51.24 = DSM 26 = HAMBI 476 = JCM 20334 = LMG 7129 = NBRC 102447 = NCIMB 8775 (formerly NCDO 1765) = NCTC 8162 = NRRL NRS-1321 = VKM B-507.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16275.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum pantothenticum, pantothenic acid; L. masc. suff. -icus, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. pantothenticus, relating to pantothenic acid.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [PROOM (H.) and KNIGHT (B.C.J.G.): Bacillus pantothenticus (n. sp.). Journal of General Microbiology, 1950, 4, 539-541].

¤ Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Bacillus parabrevis Takagi et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 10027 = CIP 103840 = DSM 8376 = IFO (now NBRC) 12334 = JCM 8506 = LMG 15971 = NCIMB 13346 = NRRL NRS-605 = NRRL NRS-815.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB112714.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, alongside of, like; L. adj. brevis, short, and also a bacterial specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. parabrevis, brevis-like, referring to Bacillus (now Brevibacillus) brevis.
Reference: TAKAGI (H.), SHIDA (O.), KADOWAKI (K.), KOMAGATA (K.) and UDAKA (S.): Characterization of Bacillus brevis with descriptions of Bacillus migulanus sp. nov., Bacillus choshinensis sp. nov., Bacillus parabrevis sp. nov., and Bacillus galactophilus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 221-231.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus parabrevis (Takagi et al. 1993) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus paraflexus Chandna et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RC2=MTCC 9831=MCC 2100=KCTC 13724=CCM 7754.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FN999943.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside, near, like; L. masc. adj. flexus, flexible, and also a specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. paraflexus, near Bacillus flexus.
Source: Environmental.
Reference: CHANDNA, P., MAYILRAJ, S. and KUHAD, R. C. 2013. Bacillus paraflexus sp. nov., isolated from compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4735-4743.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus pasteurii (Miquel 1889) Chester 1898, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 11859 = CCUG 7425 = CIP 66.21 = DSM 33 = LMG 7130 = NCCB 48021 = NCIMB 8841 = NCTC 4822 = NRRL NRS-673 = VKM B-513.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X60631.
Synonym: "Urobacillus pasteurii" Miquel 1889.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pasteurii, of Pasteur, named for Louis Pasteur, French chemist and bacteriologist.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 MIQUEL (P.): Étude sur la fermantation ammoniacale et sur les ferments de l'urée. Annales Micrographie, 1889, 1, 506-519. 2 CHESTER (F.D.): Report of the mycologist: Bacteriological work. Delaware Agricultural Experimental Station Annual Report, 1898, 10, 47-137.]

¤ Sporosarcina pasteurii (Miquel 1889) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus patagoniensis Olivera et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PAT 05 = ATCC BAA-965 = DSM 16117.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY258614.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. patagoniensis, pertaining to Patagonia, Argentina, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: OLIVERA (N.), SIÑERIZ (F.) and BRECCIA (J.D.): Bacillus patagoniensis sp. nov., a novel alkalitolerant bacterium from the rhizosphere of Atriplex lampa in Patagonia, Argentina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 443-447.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus peoriae Montefusco et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BD-57 = ATCC 51925 = CIP 103812 = DSM 8320 = IFO (now NBRC) 15541 = LMG 14832 = NRRL B-14750.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ320494.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. peoriae, of Peoria, named after Peoria, Illinois, where the organism was studied.
Reference: MONTEFUSCO (A.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and LABEDA (D.P.): Bacillus peoriae sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 388-390.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus peoriae (Montefusco et al. 1993) Heyndrickx et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus persepolensis Amoozegar et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HS136 = CCM 7595 = DSM 21632 = JCM 15720 = LMG 25222.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM244839.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. persepolensis, pertaining to Persepolis, the ancient city of Persepolis (Iran).
Reference: AMOOZEGAR (M.A.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.), ROHBAN (R.), HAJIGHASEMI (M.) and VENTOSA (A.): Bacillus persepolensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium from a hypersaline lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2352-2358.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Alteribacillus persepolensis (Amoozegar et al. 2009) Didari et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Bacillus persicus Didari et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B48 = B48 (2010) = CECT 8001 = DSM 25386 = IBRC-M 10115.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ433471.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. persicus, Persian, pertaining to Persia (Iran), from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: DIDARI (M.), AMOOZEGAR (M.A.), BAGHERI (M.), MEHRSHAD (M.), SCHUMANN (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SÁNCHEZ-PORRO (C.) and VENTOSA (A.): Bacillus persicus sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium from a hypersaline lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63,1229-1234.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus pervagus Kosowski et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 8-4-E12=DSM 23947=LMG 27601.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF952773.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. pervagus, wandering, referring to the swarming behaviour of cells on the surface of nutrient agar plates.
Source: Industrial.
Reference: KOSOWSKI, K., SCHMIDT, M., PUKALL, R., HAUSE, G., KÄMPFER, P. and LECHNER, U. 2014. Bacillus pervagus sp. nov. and Bacillus andreesenii sp. nov., isolated from a composting reactor. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 88-94.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus plakortidis Borchert et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P203 = DSM 19153 = NCIMB 14288.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ880003.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. plakortidis, of Plakortis a genus of sponges.
Reference: BORCHERT (M.S.), NIELSEN (P.), GRAEBER (I.), KAESLER (I.), SZEWZYK (U.), PAPE (T.), ANTRANIKIAN (G.) and SCHÄFER (T.): Bacillus plakortidis sp. nov. and Bacillus murimartini sp. nov., novel alkalitolerant members of rRNA group 6. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2888-2893.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus pocheonensis Ten et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Gsoil 420 = DSM 18135 = KCTC 13943.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245377.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. pocheonensis, pertaining to Pocheon Province in South Korea, the source of the soil sample from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: TEN (L.N.), BAEK (S.H.), IM (W.T.), LARINA (L.L.), LEE (J.S.), OH (H.M.) and LEE (S.T.): Bacillus pocheonensis sp. nov., a moderately halotolerant, aerobic bacterium isolated from soil of a ginseng field. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2532-2537.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus polygoni Aino et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YN-1 = NCIMB 14282 = JCM 14604.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB292819.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. polygoni, of Polygonum tinctorium, referring to polygonum, the fermentation product from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: AINO (K.), HIROTA (K.), MATSUNO (T.), MORITA (N.), NODASAKA (Y.), FUJIWARA (T.), MATSUYAMA (H.), YOSHIMUNE (K.) and YUMOTO (I.): Bacillus polygoni sp. nov., a moderately halophilic, non-motile obligate alkaliphile isolated from indigo balls. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 120-124.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Macé 1889, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 842 = CCUG 7426 = CFBP 4258 = CIP 66.22 = DSM 36 = HAMBI 635 = HAMBI 1897 = IFO (now NBRC) 15309 = JCM 2507 = LMG 13294 = NCCB 24016 = NCTC 10343 = NRRL B-4317 = VKM B-514.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16276.
Synonyms: "Clostridium polymyxa" Prazmowski 1880, "Granulobacter polymyxa" (Prazmowski 1880) Beijerinck 1893, "Aerobacillus polymyxa" (Prazmowski 1880) Donker 1926.
Etymology: Gr. pref. polu, many; Gr. n. myxa, slime or mucus; N.L. n. polymyxa, much slime.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 PRAZMOWSKI (A.): Untersuchung über die Entwickelungsgeschichte und Fermentwirking einiger Bacterien-Arten. Inaugural Dissertation. Hugo Voigt, Leipzig, 1880, pp. 1-58. 2 MACÉ (E.) (ed.): Traité Pratique de Bactériologie, 1st ed. J.B. Ballière & Sons, Paris, 1889, pp. 1-711.]

¤ Paenibacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Bacillus popilliae Dutky 1940, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14706 = CCUG 28881 = CIP 106066 = NCCB 75017 = NRRL B-2309.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073198.
Etymology: N.L. n. Popillia, generic name of the Japanese beetle; N.L. gen. n. popilliae, of Popillia.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DUTKY (S.R.): Two new spore-forming bacteria causing milky diseases of Japanese beetle larvae. Journal of Agricultural Research, 1940, 61, 57-68.]

¤ Paenibacillus popilliae (Dutky 1940) Pettersson et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Bacillus pseudalcaliphilus corrig. Nielsen et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-137 = ATCC 700166 = CIP 105304 = DSM 8725 = LMG 17951.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76449.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pseudês, false; N.L. masc. adj. alcalophilus, a specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. pseudalcaliphilus, false alcalophilus because it is phenotypically closely related to Bacillus alcalophilus but phylogenetically distinct.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling, Bacillus pseudalcalophilus (sic), has been corrected by the Associate Editor, IJSB 1995.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 55 (footnote c). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880.
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus pseudofirmus Nielsen et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PN-3 = ATCC 700159 = CIP 105299 = DSM 8715 = LMG 17944 = NCIMB 10283.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X76439.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; L. masc. adj. firmus, strong, firm, and also specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. pseudofirmus, false fimus referring to physiological similarities to Bacillus firmus.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 55. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 879-880. [NIELSEN (P.), FRITZE (D.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Phenetic diversity of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains: proposal for nine new species. Microbiology, 1995, 141, 1745-1761.]
Validation List no. 55 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus pseudomycoides Nakamura 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIP 105700 = DSM 12442 = JCM 12231 = LMG 18993 = NBRC 101232 = NRRL B-617.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF013121.
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; N.L. adj. mycoides, fungus-like; N.L. masc. adj. pseudomycoides, false fungus-like.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus pseudomycoides sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1031-1035.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus psychrodurans Abd El-Rahman et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 68E3 = DSM 11713 = NCIMB 13837.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ277984.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; L. part. adj. durans, enduring; N.L. part. adj. psychrodurans, cold-enduring.
Reference: ABD EL-RAHMAN (H.A.), FRITZE (D.), SPRÖER (C.) and CLAUS (D.): Two novel psychrotolerant species, Bacillus psychrotolerans sp. nov. and Bacillus psychrodurans sp. nov., which contain ornithine in their cell walls. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2127-2133.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Psychrobacillus psychrodurans (Abd El-Rahman et al. 2002) Krishnamurthi et al. 2011, comb. nov.

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Bacillus psychrophilus (ex Larkin and Stokes 1967) Nakamura 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23304 = CCM 2117 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11738 = CCUG 28886 = CIP 103267 = DSM 3 = IAM 12468 = IFO (now NBRC) 15381 = JCM 9075 = LMG 6929 = NRRL B-3397 = NRRL NRS-1530.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16277.
Synonym: "Bacillus psychrophilus" Larkin and Stokes 1967.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. psychrophilus, preferring cold.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus psychrophilus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 121-123.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sporosarcina psychrophila (Nakamura 1984) Yoon et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus psychrosaccharolyticus (ex Larkin and Stokes 1967) Priest et al. 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 23296 = CCUG 28882 = CIP 106932 = DSM 6 = DSM 13778 = LMG 9580 = NBRC 101233 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 11729 = NRRL B-3394 = NRRL NRS-1518.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021195.
Synonym: "Bacillus psychrosaccharolyticus" Larkin and Stokes 1967.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; Gr. adj. lutikos, dissolvable; N.L. part. adj. psychrosaccharolyticus, cold (adapted), sugar-fermenting.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [PRIEST (F.G.), GOODFELLOW (M.) and TODD (C.): A numerical classification of the genus Bacillus. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1988, 134, 1847-1882.]
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus psychrotolerans Abd El-Rahman et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 3H1 = DSM 11706 = NCIMB 13838.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ277983.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. psychrotolerans, cold-tolerating.
Reference: ABD EL-RAHMAN (H.A.), FRITZE (D.), SPRÖER (C.) and CLAUS (D.): Two novel psychrotolerant species, Bacillus psychrotolerans sp. nov. and Bacillus psychrodurans sp. nov., which contain ornithine in their cell walls. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2127-2133.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Psychrobacillus psychrotolerans (Abd El-Rahman et al. 2002) Krishnamurthi et al. 2011, comb. nov.

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Bacillus pulvifaciens (ex Katznelson 1950) Nakamura 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49843 = CIP 104990 = DSM 3615 = IFO (now NBRC) 15408 = LMG 6911 = LMG 15974 = NCIMB 11201 = NRRL B-3685.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY530295.
Synonym: "Bacillus pulvifaciens" Katznelson 1950.
Etymology: L. n. pulvis, dust, powder; L. part. adj. faciens, making; N.L. part. adj. pulvifaciens, making powder or dust.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus pulvifaciens sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 410-413.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

¤ Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Heyndrickx et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus pumilus Meyer and Gottheil 1901, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 7061 = CCM 2144 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11706 = CCUG 26015 = CCUG 26016 = CIP 52.67 = DSM 27 = HAMBI 1826 = IAM 12469 = IFO (now NBRC) 12092 = JCM 2508 = LMG 7132 = LMG 18928 = NCCB 48024 = NCIMB 9369 = NCTC 10337 = NRIC 1010 = NRRL NRS-272 = VKM B-508.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY876289.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. pumilus, little.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MEYER (A.) and GOTTHEIL (O.). In: GOTTHEIL (O.): Botanische beschreibung einiger bodenbakterien. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1901, 7, 680-691.]

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Bacillus purgationiresistans (sic) Vaz-Moreira et al. 2012, sp. nov. See ¤ Bacillus purgationiresistens corrig.

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Bacillus purgationiresistens corrig. Vaz-Moreira et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DS22 = DSM 23494 = LMG 25783 = NRRL B-59432.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR666703.
Etymology: L. n. purgatio -onis, a cleansing, purification; L. part. adj. resistens, resisting; N.L. part. adj. purgationiresistens, opposing, resisisting (i.e. resisting cleansing, purification).
Reference: VAZ-MOREIRA (I.), FIGUEIRA (V.), LOPES (A.R.), LOBO-DA-CUNHA (A.), SPRÖER (C.), SCHUMANN (P.), NUNES (O.C.) and MANAIA (C.M.): Bacillus purgationiresistans sp. nov., isolated from a drinking-water treatment plant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 71-77.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Vaz-Moreira et al. 2012 proposed the specific epithet purgationiresistans. However, the present participle of the latin verb resisto -ere, is resistens not resistans as cited in the paper by Vaz-Moreira et al. 2012. According to Rules 57a and 61, the specific epithet has been corrected on notification.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 62, part 1, of the IJSEM (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 757-758.
Notification List in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus pycnus Nakamura et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DSM 15030 = JCM 11075 = NBRC 101231 = NRRL NRS-1691.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB271739.
Etymology: Gr. adj. puknos, thick; N.L. masc. adj. pycnus, thick, referring to thick cells.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.), SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Bacillus pycnus sp. nov. and Bacillus neidei sp. nov., round-spored bacteria from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 501-505.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rummeliibacillus pycnus (Nakamura et al. 2002) Vaishampayan et al. 2009, comb. nov.

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Bacillus qingdaonensis Wang et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CM1 = CGMCC 1.6134 = JCM 14087.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ115802.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. qingdaonensis, pertaining to Qingdao, the name of the place from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: WANG (Q.F.), LI (W.), LIU (Y.L.), CAO (H.H.), LI (Z.) and GUO (G.Q.): Bacillus qingdaonensis sp. nov., a moderately haloalkaliphilic bacterium isolated from a crude sea-salt sample collected near Qingdao in eastern China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1143-1147.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus qingshengii Xi et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) G19=CCTCC AB 2013273=JCM 19454.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX293295.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. qingshengii, of Qing-sheng, to honour Qing-sheng Fan, a Chinese soil microbiologist, for his contribution to the development of microbiology in China.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: XI, J., HE, L.-Y., HUANG, Z. and SHENG, X.-F. 2014. Bacillus qingshengii sp. nov., a rock-weathering bacterium isolated from weathered rock surface. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2473-2479.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus reuszeri Shida et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain H.W. Reuszer Army strain 39 = ATCC 51665 = CIP 104543 = DSM 9887 = IFO (now NBRC) 15719 = JCM 9170 = LMG 16012 = NRRL NRS-1206.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB112715.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. reuszeri, of Reuszer, referring to H.W. Reuszer who isolated the organism.
Reference: SHIDA (O.), TAKAGI (H.), KADOWAKI (K.), UDAKA (S.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Proposal of Bacillus reuszeri sp. nov., Bacillus formosus sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus borstelensis sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 93-100.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus reuszeri (Shida et al. 1995) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus rhizosphaerae Madhaiyan et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SC-N012 = DSM 21911 = NCCB 100267.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ233848.
Etymology: Gr. n. rhiza, a root; L. n. sphaera, ball, sphere; N.L. n. rhizosphaera, the rhizosphere; N.L. gen. n. rhizosphaerae, of the rhizosphere.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 149. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1-5. [MADHAIYAN (M.), POONGUZHALI (S.), LEE (J.S.), LEE (K.C.) and HARI (K.): Bacillus rhizosphaerae sp. nov., an novel diazotrophic bacterium isolated from sugarcane rhizosphere soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 100, 437-444.]
Validation List no. 149 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus rigui Baik et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WPCB074 = JCM 16348 = KCTC 13278.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU939689.
Etymology: L. gen. n. rigui, of a well-watered place.
Reference: BAIK (K.S.), LIM (C.H.), PARK (S.C.), KIM (E.M.), RHEE (M.S.) and SEONG (C.N.): Bacillus rigui sp. nov., isolated from wetland fresh water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2204-2209.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Bacillus ruris Heyndrickx et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Logan B3037 = MB 1669 = DSM 17057 = LMG 22866.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ535639.
Etymology: L. gen. n. ruris, of the country, of the farm.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), FORSYTH (G.), LEBBE (L.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), LOGAN (N.A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus ruris sp. nov., from dairy farms. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2551-2554.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus safensis Satomi et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FO-36b = ATCC BAA-1126 = NBRC 100820.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF234854.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. safensis, arbitrarily derived from SAF (the spacecraft-assembly facility at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USA), from where the organism was first isolated.
Reference: SATOMI (M.), LA DUC (M.T.) and VENKATESWARAN (K.): Bacillus safensis sp. nov., isolated from spacecraft and assembly-facility surfaces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1735-1740.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus salarius Lim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BH169 = DSM 16461 = KCTC 3912.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY667494.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salarius, of or belonging to salt.
Reference: LIM (J.M.), JEON (C.O.), LEE (S.M.), LEE (J.C.), XU (L.H.), JIANG (C.L.) and KIM (C.J.): Bacillus salarius sp. nov., a halophilic, spore-forming bacterium isolated from a salt lake in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 373-377.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus salexigens Garabito et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain C-20Mo = ATCC 700290 = CCM 4646 = CCUG 52350 = CIP 105608 = DSM 11483 = LMG 21520.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11603.
Etymology: L. n. sal salis, salt; L. v. exigere, to demand; N.L. part. adj. salexigens, salt demanding.
Reference: GARABITO (M.J.), ARAHAL (D.R.), MELLADO (E.), MÁRQUEZ (M.C.) and VENTOSA (A.): Bacillus salexigens sp. nov., a new moderately halophilic Bacillus species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 735-741.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Salibacillus salexigens (Garabito et al. 1997) Wainø et al. 1999, comb. nov.

¤ Virgibacillus salexigens (Garabito et al. 1997) Heyrman et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Bacillus saliphilus Romano et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 6AG = ATCC BAA-957 = DSM 15402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ493660.
Etymology: L. n. sal salis, salt; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), loving; N.L. masc. adj. saliphilus, loving salt.
Reference: ROMANO (I.), LAMA (L.), NICOLAUS (B.), GAMBACORTA (A.) and GIORDANO (A.): Bacillus saliphilus sp. nov., isolated from a mineral pool in Campania, Italy. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 159-163.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus salsus Amoozegar et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A24=IBRC-M 10078 =KCTC 13816.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HQ433466.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salsus, salted, salty; intended to mean salt-loving.
Source: Environmental.
Reference: AMOOZEGAR, M. A., DIDARI, M., BAGHERI, M., FAZELI, S. A., SCHUMANN, P., SPRÖER, C., SÁNCHEZ-PORRO, C. and VENTOSA, A. 2013. Bacillus salsus sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium from a hypersaline lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3324-3329.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus schlegelii Schenk and Aragno 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MA 48 = ATCC 43741 = CCUG 26017 = CIP 106933 = DSM 2000 = LMG 7133.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042060.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. schlegelii, of Schlegel, named after H. G. Schlegel, a German bacteriologist.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218. [SCHENK (A.) and ARAGNO (M.): Bacillus schlegelii a new species of thermophilic, facultatively chemolithoautotrophic bacterium oxidizing molecular hydrogen. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1979, 115, 333-341.]
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In Validation List no. 6, Bacillus schlegelii is erroneously cited as a new subspecies.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Hydrogenibacillus schlegelii (Schenk and Aragno 1981) Kämpfer et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Bacillus selenatarsenatis Yamamura et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SF-1 = DSM 18680 = JCM 14380.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB262082.
Etymology: N.L. n. selenas -atis, selenate; N.L. n. arsenas -atis arsenate; N.L. gen. n. selenatarsenatis, of selenate and arsenate.
Reference: YAMAMURA (S.), YAMASHITA (M.), FUJIMOTO (N.), KURODA (M.), KASHIWA (M.), SEI (K.), FUJITA (M.) and IKE (M.): Bacillus selenatarsenatis sp. nov., a selenate- and arsenate-reducing bacterium isolated from the effluent drain of a glass-manufacturing plant. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1060-1064.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus selenitireducens Switzer Blum et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MLS10 = ATCC 700615 = DSM 15326.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF064704.
Etymology: N.L. n. selenis -itis, selenite; L. part. adj. reducens, reducing; N.L. part. adj. selenitireducens, reducing selenite.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 80. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 793-794. [SWITZER BLUM (J.), BURNS BINDI (A.), BUZZELLI (J.), STOLZ (J.F.) and OREMLAND (R.S.): Bacillus arsenicoselenatis, sp. nov., and Bacillus selenitireducens, sp. nov.: two haloalkaliphiles from Mono Lake, California that respire oxyanions of selenium and arsenic. Arch. Microbiol., 1998, 171, 19-30.]
Validation List no. 80 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Bacillus selenitireducens Switzer Blum et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus seohaeanensis Lee et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BH724 = DSM 16464 = KCTC 3913.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY667495.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. seohaeanensis, of Seohaean, the Korean name for the west coast of Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: LEE (J.C.), LIM (J.M.), PARK (D.J.), JEON (C.O.), LI (W.J.) and KIM (C.J.): Bacillus seohaeanensis sp. nov., a halotolerant bacterium that contains L-lysine in its cell wall. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1893-1898.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus shackletonii Logan et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SSI024 = Logan collection number B1724 = CIP 107762 = LMG 18435.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ250318.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. shackletonii, of Shackleton, referring to RRS Shackleton, the ship used by the first British scientific expedition to visit Candlemas Island, the vessel being named in honour of the celebrated Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton.
Reference: LOGAN (N.A.), LEBBE (L.), VERHELST (A.), GORIS (J.), FORSYTH (G.), RODRÍGUEZ-DÍAZ (M.), HEYNDRICKX (M.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus shackletonii sp. nov., from volcanic soil on Candlemas Island, South Sandwich archipelago. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 373-376.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus siamensis Sumpavapol et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PD-A10 = BCC 22614 = KCTC 13613.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GQ281299.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. siamensis, of or pertaining to Siam, the old name of Thailand, from where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: SUMPAVAPOL (P.), TONGYONK (L.), TANASUPAWAT (S.), CHOKESAJJAWATEE (N.), LUXANANIL (P.)  and VISESSANGUAN (W.): Bacillus siamensis sp. nov., isolated from salted crab (poo-khem) in Thailand. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2364-2370.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus silvestris Rheims et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HR3-23 = ATCC BAA-269 = CIP 106059 = DSM 12223 = LMG 18991.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ006086.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. silvestris, of or belonging to a wood or forest, isolated from a forest.
Reference: RHEIMS (H.), FRÜHLING (A.), SCHUMANN (P.), ROHDE (M.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Bacillus silvestris sp. nov., a new member of the genus Bacillus that contains lysine in its cell wall. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 795-802.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Solibacillus silvestris (Rheims et al. 1999) Krishnamurthi et al. 2009, comb. nov.

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Bacillus simplex (ex Meyer and Gottheil 1901) Priest et al. 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49097 = CCUG 28889 = CIP 106934 = DSM 1321 = IFO (now NBRC) 15720 = JCM 12307 = LMG 11160 = NRRL NRS-960.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ439078.
Synonym: "Bacillus simplex" Meyer and Gottheil 1901.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. simplex, simple.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94. [PRIEST (F.G.), GOODFELLOW (M.) and TODD (C.): A numerical classification of the genus Bacillus. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1988, 134, 1847-1882.]
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the effective publication by Priest et al. 1988, this name is cited as Bacillus simplex (ex Gottheil 1901) Priest et al. 1989. However, according to the Index Bergeyana, the synonym is "Bacillus simplex" Meyer and Gottheil 1901 in Gottheil 1901.
Reference: BUCHANAN (R.E.), HOLT (J.G.) and LESSEL Jr. (E.F.): Index Bergeyana, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1966.

Bacillus simplex (ex Meyer and Gottheil 1901) Priest et al. 1989 emend. Heyrman et al. 2005.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 49097 = CCUG 28889 = CIP 106934 = DSM 1321 = LMG 11160 = NBRC 15720 = NRRL NRS-960.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ439078.
Synonym: "Bacillus simplex" Meyer and Gottheil 1901.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. simplex, simple.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), LEBBE (L.), SWINGS (J.), HEYNDRICKX (M.) and DE VOS (P.): Study of mural painting isolates, leading to the transfer of 'Bacillus maroccanus' and 'Bacillus carotarum' to Bacillus simplex, emended description of Bacillus simplex, re-examination of the strains previously attributed to 'Bacillus macroides' and description of Bacillus muralis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 119-131.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Bacillus simplex (ex Meyer and Gottheil 1901) Priest et al. 1989 emend. Heyrman et al. 2005 also encompasses strains belonging to "Bacillus maroccanus" Delaporte and Sasson 1967, strains belonging to "Bacillus carotarum" Koch 1888, and the strain LMG 18508 = NCIMB 8796 of "Bacillus macroides".

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Bacillus siralis Pettersson et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 171544 = CIP 106295 = DSM 13140 = JCM 12213 = NCIMB 13601.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF071856.
Etymology: L. masc. n. sirus, grain pit, silo; L. masc. suff. -alis, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. siralis, belonging to the silo.
Reference: PETTERSSON (B.), de SILVA (S.K.), UHLÉN (M.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Bacillus siralis sp. nov., a novel species from silage with a higher order structural attribute in the 16S rRNA genes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2181-2187.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus smithii Nakamura et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CCUG 27413 = CIP 103790 = DSM 4216 = IFO (now NBRC) 15311 = JCM 9076 = LMG 12526 = NRS-173 = NRRL NRS-173.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z26935.
Etymology: L. gen. n. smithii, of Smith, named after Nathan R. Smith, American bacteriologist and Bacillus taxonomist.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.), BLUMENSTOCK (I.) and CLAUS (D.): Taxonomic study of Bacillus coagulans Hammer 1915 with a proposal for Bacillus smithii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 63-73.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus soli Heyrman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IDA0086 = R-16300 = DSM 15604 = JCM 21710 = LMG 21838 = NBRC 102451.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ542513.
Etymology: L. neut. n. solum, ground, base, foundation, floor, soil; L. gen. n. soli, of soil.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VANPARYS (B.), LOGAN (N.A.), BALCAEN (A.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), FELSKE (A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus novalis sp. nov., Bacillus vireti sp. nov., Bacillus soli sp. nov., Bacillus bataviensis sp. nov. and Bacillus drentensis sp. nov., from the Drentse A grasslands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 47-57.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus solimangrovi Lee et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) GH2-4=KCTC 33142=JCM 18994=DSM 27083.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KC616733.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. n. solum, soil; N.L. gen. n. mangrovi, of/from a mangrove; N.L. gen. n. solimangrovi, of soil of a mangrove.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: LEE, G.-H., RHEE, M.-S., CHANG, D.-H., KWON, K. K., BAE, K. S., YANG, S.-H. and KIM, B.-C. 2014. Bacillus solimangrovi sp. nov., isolated from mangrove soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1622-1628.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus solisalsi Liu et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain YC1 = CGMCC 1.6854 = JCM 14863 = KCTC 13181.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU046268.
Etymology: L. neut. n. solum -i, soil; L. adj. salsus -a -um, salty; N.L. gen. n. solisalsi, of a salty soil.
Reference: LIU (H.), ZHOU (Y.), LIU (R.), ZHANG (K.Y.) and LAI (R.): Bacillus solisalsi sp. nov., a halotolerant, alkaliphilic bacterium isolated from soil around a salt lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 1460-1464.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Fictibacillus solisalsi (Liu et al. 2009) Glaeser et al. 2013, comb. nov.

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Bacillus songklensis Kang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CAU 1033=KCTC 13881=CCUG 61889.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JN036548.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. songklensis, belonging to Songkla, named after Prince of Songkla University, Thailand, where the first strain was isolated from a soil sample.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Reference: KANG, H., WEERAWONGWIWAT, V., KIM, J.-H., SUKHOOM, A. and KIM, W. 2013. Bacillus songklensis sp. nov., isolated from soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4189-4195.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus sonorensis Palmisano et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L87-10 = DSM 13779 = JCM 12232 = NBRC 101234 = NRRL B-23154.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF302118.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. sonorensis, pertaining to the Sonoran Desert, where the organism was found.
Reference: PALMISANO (M.M.), NAKAMURA (L.K.), DUNCAN (K.E.), ISTOCK (C.A.) and COHAN (F.M.): Bacillus sonorensis sp. nov., a close relative of Bacillus licheniformis, isolated from soil in the Sonoran Desert, Arizona. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1671-1679.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus sphaericus Meyer and Neide 1904, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 14577 = CCM 2120 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 12825 = CCM 2120 = CCUG 7428 = CIP 65.30 = DSM 28 = HAMBI 1938 = IAM 13420 = IFO (now NBRC) 15095 = JCM 2502 = LMG 7134 = NCCB 75018 = NCIMB 9370 = NCTC 10338 = NRRL B-23268 = VKM B-509.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF169495.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. sphaericus, spherical.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [MEYER (A.) and NEIDE (E.). In: NEIDE (E.): Botanische beschreibung einiger sporenbildenden bakterien. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II, 1904, 12, 337-352.]

¤ Lysinibacillus sphaericus (Meyer and Neide 1904) Ahmed et al. 2007, comb. nov.

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Bacillus sporothermodurans Pettersson et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M215 = MB 581 = CIP 104910 = DSM 10599 = LMG 17668 = LMG 17894.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U49078.
Etymology: Gr. n. spora, seed, spore; Gr. adj. thermos, warm, hot; L. part. adj. durans, resisting; N.L. part. adj. sporothermodurans, with heat-resisting spores.
Reference: PETTERSSON (B.), LEMBKE (F.), HAMMER (P.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and PRIEST (F.G.): Bacillus sporothermodurans, a new species producing highly heat-resistant endospores. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 759-764.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Bacillus sporothermodurans Pettersson et al. 1996 emend. Heyndrickx et al. 2012.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M215 = MB 581 = CIP 104910 = DSM 10599 = LMG 17668 = LMG 17894 (contains colony types t1 and t2).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U49078.
Etymology: Gr. n. spora, seed, spore; Gr. adj. thermos, warm, hot; L. part. adj. durans, resisting; N.L. part. adj. sporothermodurans, with heat-resisting spores.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), COOREVITS (A.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), LEBBE (L.), SCHUMANN (P.), RODRÍGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), FORSYTH (G.), DINSDALE (A.), HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.) and DE VOS (P.): Emended descriptions of Bacillus sporothermodurans and Bacillus oleronius with the inclusion of dairy farm isolates of both species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 307-314.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus stearothermophilus Donk 1920, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-35646 = ATCC 12980 = BGSC 9A20 = CCM 2062 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 11092 = CCUG 26241 = CIP 66.23 = DSM 22 = IAM 11062 = IFO (now NBRC) 12550 = JCM 2501 = KCTC 1665 = KCTC 1752 = LMG 6939 = NCCB 75019 = NCIMB 8923 (formerly NCDO 1768) = NCTC 10339 = NRRL B-1172 = VKM B-510.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN428694.
Etymology: Gr. n. stear, fat; Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. stearothermophilus, (presumably intended to mean) heat- and fat-loving.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DONK (P.J.): A highly resistant thermophilic organism. Journal of Bacteriology, 1920, 5, 373-374.]

¤ Geobacillus stearothermophilus (Donk 1920) Nazina et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus stratosphericus Shivaji et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 41KF2a = JCM 13349 = MTCC 7305.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ831841.
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. stratosphera, stratosphere; L. suff. -icus, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. stratosphericus, belonging to the stratosphere.
Reference: SHIVAJI (S.), CHATURVEDI (P.), SURESH (K.), REDDY (G.S.N.), DUTT (C.B.S.), WAINWRIGHT (M.), NARLIKAR (J.V.) and BHARGAVA (P.M.): Bacillus aerius sp. nov., Bacillus aerophilus sp. nov., Bacillus stratosphericus sp. nov. and Bacillus altitudinis sp. nov., isolated from cryogenic tubes used for collecting air samples from high altitudes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1465-1473.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain 41KF2a is no longer viable in the depositor's collection, the type strain JCM 13349 does not appear in the "JCM on-line catalogue of strains", and the MTCC may not provide the type strain MTCC 7305. The type strain cannot be found in another culture collection. So, to date (January 15, 2010), the type strain of Bacillus stratosphericus is not available.
Reference: DOBRITSA (A.P.): Personal communication (January 15, 2010).

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Bacillus subterraneus Kanso et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain COOI3B = ATCC BAA-136 = DSM 13966.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR733689.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. subterraneus, underground, subterranean, referring to the isolation source.
Reference: KANSO (S.), GREENE (A.C.) and PATEL (B.K.C.): Bacillus subterraneus sp. nov., an iron- and manganese-reducing bacterium from a deep subsurface Australian thermal aquifer. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 869-874.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Kanso et al. 2002, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC BAA 136 (without dash). The ATCC website search will not recognize entries without dash!

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Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg 1835) Cohn 1872, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 6051 = ATCC 6051-U = CCM 2216 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10255 = CCUG 163 B = CFBP 4228 = CIP 52.65 = DSM 10 = IAM 12118 = IFO (now NBRC) 13719 = IFO (now NBRC) 16412 = IMET 10758 = JCM 1465 = LMG 7135 = NCAIM B.01095 = NCCB 70064 = NCCB 32009 = NCCB 53016 = NCIMB 3610 (formerly NCDO 1769) = NCTC 3610 = NRRL B-4219 = NRRL NRS-1315 = NRRL NRS-744 = VKM B-501.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ276351.
Synonym: "Vibrio subtilis" Ehrenberg 1835.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. subtilis, slender.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 EHRENBERG (C.G.): Dritter Beitrag zur Erkenntniss grosser Organisation in der Richtung des kleinsten Raumes. Physikalische Abhandlungen der Koeniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin aus den Jahren 1833-1835, 1835, pp. 143-336. 2 COHN (F.): Untersuchungen über Bakterien. Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen, 1872, 1 (Heft 2), 127-224.]

Notes:
1 The strains DSM 675 [= ATCC 9372 = CIP 77.18 = IFO (now NBRC) 13721 = NCIMB 8058 (formerly NCIB 8058; formerly NCDO 738)] and DSM 2277 [= ATCC 51189 = CIP 103406 = IAM 1633 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 8649 = NCTC 10073], used as bioindicators (DSM 675, hot-air sterilization control; DSM 2277, ethylene oxide sterilization control), préviously allocated to Bacillus subtilis have been reclassified as ¤ Bacillus atrophaeus.
Reference: FRITZE (D.) and PUKALL (R.): Reclassification of bioindicator strains Bacillus subtilis DSM 675 and Bacillus subtilis DSM 2277 as Bacillus atrophaeus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 35-37.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Strain DSM 675 was previously named "Bacillus globigii" Migula 1900, "red strain" or "Bacillus niger" Migula 1900, or "Bacillus subtilis var. niger" (Migula 1900) Smith et al. 1946. Strain DSM 2277 was previously named "Bacillus globigii" Migula 1900.
3 Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Bacillus subtilis subsp. inaquosorum Rooney et al. 2009, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BGSC 3A28 = KCTC 13429 = NRRL B-23052.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU138467.
Etymology: L. pl. n. inaquosa -orum, dry places, desert places; L. gen. pl. n. inaquasorum, of dry places, desert places, from which this organism was isolated.
Reference: ROONEY (A.P.), PRICE (N.P.J.), EHRHARDT (C.), SWEZEY (J.L.) and BANNAN (J.D.): Phylogeny and molecular taxonomy of the Bacillus subtilis species complex and description of Bacillus subtilis subsp. inaquosorum subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2429-2436.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus subtilis subsp. spizizenii Nakamura et al. 1999, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TU-B-10 = CIP 106094 = DSM 15029 = JCM 12233 = LMG 19156 = NBRC 101239 = NRRL B-23049.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF074970, CP002905 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. spizizenii, of Spizizen, named after the American bacteriologist J. Spizizen.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.), ROBERTS (M.S.) and COHAN (F.M.): Relationship of Bacillus subtilis clades associated with strains 168 and W23: a proposal for Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis subsp. nov. and Bacillus subtilis subsp. spizizenii subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1211-1215.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis (Ehrenberg 1835) Nakamura et al. 1999, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 6051 = ATCC 6051-U = CCM 2216 = BCRC (formerly CCRC) 10255 = CCUG 163 B = CFBP 4228 = CIP 52.65 = DSM 10 = IAM 12118 = IFO (now NBRC) 13719 = IFO (now NBRC) 16412 = IMET 10758 = JCM 1465 = LMG 7135 = NCAIM B.01095 = NCCB 70064 = NCCB 32009 = NCCB 53016 = NCIMB 3610 (formerly NCDO 1769) = NCTC 3610 = NRRL B-4219 = NRRL NRS-1315 = NRRL NRS-744 = VKM B-501.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ276351.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. subtilis, slender.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.), ROBERTS (M.S.) and COHAN (F.M.): Relationship of Bacillus subtilis clades associated with strains 168 and W23: a proposal for Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis subsp. nov. and Bacillus subtilis subsp. spizizenii subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1211-1215.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Ehrenberg 1835) Cohn 1872, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis (Ehrenberg 1835) Nakamura et al. 1999 is automatically created by the valid publication of ¤ Bacillus subtilis subsp. spizizenii Nakamura et al. 1999 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Bacillus taeanensis Lim et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BH030017 = DSM 16466 = KCTC 3918.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY603978.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. taeanensis, belonging to Taean, where the organism was isolated.
Reference: LIM (J.M.), JEON (C.O.) and KIM (C.J.): Bacillus taeanensis sp. nov., a halophilic Gram-positive bacterium from a solar saltern in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2903-2908.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus tequilensis Gatson et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 10b = ATCC BAA-819 = NCTC 13306.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HQ223107.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. tequilensis, pertaining to Tequila, Mexico.
Reference: GATSON (J.W.), BENZ (B.F.), CHANDRASEKARAN (C.), SATOMI (M.), VENKATESWARAN (K.) and HART (M.E.): Bacillus tequilensis sp. nov., isolated from a 2000-year-old Mexican shaft-tomb, is closely related to Bacillus subtilis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1475-1484.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus thermantarcticus corrig. Nicolaus et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain M1 = R-35644 = BGSC 20A1 = DSM 9572 = LMG 23032.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR749957 (type strain DSM 9572, clone 1), FR749958 (type strain DSM 9572, clone 2), FR749959 (type strain DSM 9572, clone 3).
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; L. masc. adj. antarcticus, southern, belonging to the Antarctica; N.L. masc. adj. thermantarcticus, a hot (bacterium) from Antarctica, isolated from Antarctic geothermal soil.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 84. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 3-4. [NICOLAUS (B.), LAMA (L.), ESPOSITO (E.), MANCA (M.C.), Di PRISCO (G.) and GAMBACORTA, A. (1996). "Bacillus thermoantarcticus" sp. nov., from Mount Melbourne, Antarctica: a novel thermophilic species. Polar Biol. 1996, 16, 101-104.]
Validation List no. 84 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, thermoantarcticus (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 84 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2002, 52, 3-4.
Validation List no. 84 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Bacillus thermantarcticus corrig. Nicolaus et al. 2002 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

¤ Geobacillus thermantarcticus (Nicolaus et al. 2002) Coorevits et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thermoaerophilus Meier-Stauffer et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain L420-91 = ATCC 700303 = CIP 104816 = CIP 105494 = DSM 10154 = LMG 17165.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X94196.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. masc. n. aer, air; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. thermophilus, loving heat air, i.e., thermophilic and aerobic.
Reference: MEIER-STAUFFER (K.), BUSSE (H.J.), RAINEY (F.A.), BURGHARDT (J.), SCHEBERL (A.), HOLLAUS (F.), KUEN (B.), MAKRISTATHIS (A.), SLEYTR (U.B.) and MESSNER (P.): Description of Bacillus thermoaerophilus sp. nov., to include sugar beet isolates and Bacillus brevis ATCC 12990. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 532-541.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Aneurinibacillus thermoaerophilus (Meier-Stauffer et al. 1996) Heyndrickx et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thermoamylovorans Combet-Blanc et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DKP = CNCM I-1378 = LMG 18084.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L27478.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring: N.L. part. adj. thermoamylovorans, utilizing starch at high temperature.
Reference: COMBET-BLANC (Y.), OLLIVIER (B.), STREICHER (C.), PATEL (B.K.C.), DWIVEDI (P.P.), POT (B.), PRENSIER (G.) and GARCIA (J.L.): Bacillus thermoamylovorans sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic and amylolytic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 9-16.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to D. Fritze (cited in N.A. Logan), the strain CNCM I-1378 is a patent strain and it is unavailable.
Reference: LOGAN (N.A.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of the genus Bacillus and related organisms. Minutes of the meeting, 30 July 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 977-979.
Original article by Logan in IJSEM Online

Bacillus thermoamylovorans Combet-Blanc et al. 1995 emend. Coorevits et al. 2011.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DKP = CNCM I-1378 = LMG 18084.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L27478.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring: N.L. part. adj. thermoamylovorans, utilizing starch at high temperature.
Reference: COOREVITS (A.), LOGAN (N.A.), DINSDALE (A.E.), HALKET (G.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), HEYNDRICKX (M.), SCHUMANN (P.), VAN LANDSCHOOT (A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus thermolactis sp. nov., isolated from dairy farms, and emended description of Bacillus thermoamylovorans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1954-1961.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus thermocatenulatus Golovacheva et al. 1991, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 178 = DSM 730 = LMG 19007 = VKM B-1259.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY608935.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. adj. catenulatus, chain-like; N.L. masc. adj. thermocatenulatus, thermophilic, chain-like, referring to two of the organism's features.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 36. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 178-179. [GOLOVACHEVA (R.S.), LOGINOVA (L.G.), SALIKHOV (T.A.), KOLESNIKOV (A.A.) and ZAITZEVA (G.N.): A new thermophilic species Bacillus thermocatenulatus nov. sp. Mikrobiologiya, 1975, 44, 265-268.]
Validation List no. 36 in IJSEM Online

¤ Geobacillus thermocatenulatus (Golovacheva et al. 1991) Nazina et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thermocloacae Demharter and Hensel 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain S6025 = ATCC 49805 = DSM 5250 = LMG 17772.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z26939.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermos, heat; L. n. cloaca, sewer; N.L. gen. n. thermocloacae, of a heated sewer.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497. [DEMHARTER (W.) and HENSEL (R.): Bacillus thermocloaceae sp. nov., a new thermophilic species from sewage sludge. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1989, 11, 272-276.]
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet is misspelt as thermocloaceae (sic) in the title of effective publication and Validation List no. 31.

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Bacillus thermocopriae Han et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SgZ-7=CCTCC AB 2012030=KACC 16700.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX113681.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermos, heat; Gr. n. kopria, dunghill; N.L. gen. n. thermocopriae, of heat compost.
Source: Environmental.
Reference: HAN, L., YANG, G., ZHOU, X., YANG, D., HU, P., LU, Q. and ZHOU, S. 2013. Bacillus thermocopriae sp. nov., isolated from a compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3024-3029.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus thermodenitrificans (ex Klaushofer and Hollaus 1970) Manachini et al. 2000, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-35647 = ATCC 29492 = BGSC 94A1 = DSM 465 = LMG 17532.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN538993.
Synonym: "Bacillus thermodenitrificans" Klaushofer and Hollaus 1970.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying; N.L. part. adj. thermodenitrificans, thermophilic denitrifying, referring to two of the organism's features.
Reference: MANACHINI (P.L.), MORA (D.), NICASTRO (G.), PARINI (C.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), PUKALL (R.) and FORTINA (M.G.): Bacillus thermodenitrificans sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1331-1337.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Geobacillus thermodenitrificans (Manachini et al. 2000) Nazina et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thermoglucosidasius Suzuki et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KP 1006 = R-35637 = ATCC 43742 = BGSC 95A1 = CCUG 28887 = CIP 106930 = DSM 2542 = LMG 7137 = NCIMB 11955 = NRRL B-14516.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FN428685.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. adj. glucosidasius, of glucosidase; N.L. masc. adj. thermoglucosidasius, indicating the production of heat-stable glucosidase.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 14. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 270-271. [SUZUKI (Y.), KISHIGAMI (T.), INOUE (K.), MIZOGUCHI (Y.), ETO (N.), TAKAGI (M.) and ABE (S.): Bacillus thermoglucosidasius sp. nov., a new species of obligately thermophilic bacilli. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 487-495.]
Validation List no. 14 in IJSEM Online

¤ Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius (Suzuki et al. 1984) Nazina et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thermolactis Coorevits et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain R-6488 = DSM 23332 = LMG 25569.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY397764.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; L. gen. n. lactis, of/from milk; N.L. gen. n. thermolactis, a thermotolerant bacterium isolated from milk.
Reference: COOREVITS (A.), LOGAN (N.A.), DINSDALE (A.E.), HALKET (G.), SCHELDEMAN (P.), HEYNDRICKX (M.), SCHUMANN (P.), VAN LANDSCHOOT (A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus thermolactis sp. nov., isolated from dairy farms, and emended description of Bacillus thermoamylovorans. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1954-1961.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus thermoleovorans Zarilla and Perry 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain LEH-1 = ATCC 43513 = BGSC 96A1 = DSM 5366 = LMG 9823.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z26923.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; L. n. oleum, oil; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring; N.L. part. adj. thermoleovorans, indicating heat-requiring bacteria capable of utilizing oil (hydrocarbons).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222. [ZARILLA (K.) and PERRY (J.J.): Bacillus thermoleovorans, sp. nov., a species of obligately thermophilic hydrocarbon utilizing endospore-forming bacteria. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1987, 9, 258-264.]
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online

¤ Geobacillus thermoleovorans (Zarilla and Perry 1988) Nazina et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thermophilus Yang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SgZ-10=CCTCC AB2012110=KACC 16873.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX274438.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; Gr. adj. philos, friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. thermophilus, heat-loving.
Source: Environmental.
Reference: YANG, G., CHEN, M., YU, Z., LU, Q. and ZHOU, S. 2013. Bacillus composti sp. nov. and Bacillus thermophilus sp. nov., two thermophilic Fe(III)-reducing bacteria isolated from compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3030-3036.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus thermoruber (ex Guicciardi et al. 1968) Manachini et al. 1985, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BT2 = MIM 30.8.38 = CIP 105255 = CIP 105298 = DSM 7064 = HAMBI 2105 = LMG 16910.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z26921.
Synonym: "Bacillus thermoruber" Guicciardi et al. 1968.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; L. adj. ruber, red; N.L. masc. adj. thermoruber, heat-loving and red-pigment producing.
Reference: MANACHINI (P.L.), FORTINA (M.G.), PARINI (C.) and CRAVERI (R.): Bacillus thermoruber sp. nov., nom. rev., a red-pigmented thermophilic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 493-496.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Brevibacillus thermoruber (Manachini et al. 1985) Shida et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thermosphaericus Andersson et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P-11 = CIP 104857 = DSM 10633 = HAMBI 1900 = LMG 17959.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB101594.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, heat; L. adj. sphaericus, spherical; N.L. n. thermosphaericus, the hot sphere.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [ANDERSSON (M.), LAUKKANEN (M.), NURMIAHO-LASSILA (E.L.), RAINEY (F.A.), NIEMELÄ (S.I.) and SALKINOJA-SALONEN (M.): Bacillus thermosphaericus sp. nov. a new thermophilic ureolytic bacillus isolated from air. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 203-220.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Ureibacillus thermosphaericus (Andersson et al. 1996) Fortina et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thermotolerans Yang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SgZ-8=CCTCC AB 2012108=KACC 16706.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX261934.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. thermotolerans, able to tolerate high temperatures.
Source: Environmental.
Reference: YANG, G., ZHOU, X., ZHOU, S., YANG, D., WANG, Y. and WANG, D. 2013. Bacillus thermotolerans sp. nov., a thermophilic bacterium capable of reducing humus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3672-3678.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus thiaminolyticus (ex Kuno 1951) Nakamura 1990, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AHU 1393 = HSCC 148 = CCUG 28880 = CIP 104430 = DSM 7262 = IFO (now NBRC) 15656 = JCM 8360 = LMG 17412 = NCTC 12999 = NRRL B-4156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073197.
Synonyms: "Bacillus thiaminolyticus" Kuno 1951, "Clostridium thiaminolyticum" (Kuno 1951) Kimura and Liao 1953.
Etymology: N.L. n. thiaminun, thiamine; N.L. adj. lyticus (from Gr. adj. lutikos), dissolving; N.L. masc. adj. thiaminolyticus, decomposing thiamine.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus thiaminolyticus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 242-246.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Nakamura 1990, the strain AHU 1393 is erroneously cited as AHU 1392.

¤ Paenibacillus thiaminolyticus (Nakamura 1990) Shida et al. 1997, comb. nov.

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Bacillus thioparans corrig. Pérez-Ibarra et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BMP-1 = CECT 7196 = IIBM-UNAM BM-B-436.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ371431.
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; L. part. adj. parans, producing; N.L. part. adj. thioparans, sulfur-producing.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 117. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1933-1934. [PÉREZ-IBARRA (B.M.), FLORES (M.E.) and GARCÍA-VARELA (M.): Isolation and characterization of Bacillus thioparus sp. nov., chemolithoautotrophic, thiosulfate-oxidizing bacterium. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 2007, 271, 289-296.]
Validation List no. 117 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The specific epithet, thioparus (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 117 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1933-1934.
Validation List no. 117 in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner 1915, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 10792 = CCUG 7429 = CIP 53.137 = DSM 2046 = HAMBI 478 = JCM 20386 = LMG 7138 = NBRC 101235 = NCAIM B.01292 = NCCB 70008 = NRRL HD-735 = VKM B-1544.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16281.
Synonym: "Bacillus cereus var. thuringiensis" Smith et al. 1952.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. thuringiensis, pertaining to Thuringia, the German province from where the organism was first isolated.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [BERLINER (E.): Über die Schlaffsucht der Mehlmottenraupe (Ephestia kühniella Zell) und ihren Erreger Bacillus thuringiensis n. sp. Zeitschrift fur angewandte Entomologie Berlin, 1915, 2, 29-56.]

Note: The species Bacillus thuringiensis encompasses several subspecies which have no standing in bacterial nomenclature. A list of these subspecies is provided in "The Bacillus Genetic Stock Center Catalog of Strains, Seventh Edition, Part 2: Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus cereus. © 1999". This document is available on the Bacillus Genetic Stock Center (BGSC) web site (see the file http://www.bgsc.org/_catalogs/Catpart2.pdf).

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Bacillus tianshenii Jiang et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM M13235=DSM 25879=KCTC 33044.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF811034.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. n. tianshenii, of Tian-Shen, to honour Tian-Shen Tao for his contributions to microbial taxonomy in China.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: JIANG, Z., ZHANG, D.-F., KHIEU, T.-N., SON, C. K., ZHANG, X.-M., CHENG, J., TIAN, X.-P., ZHANG, S. and LI, W.-J. 2014. Bacillus tianshenii sp. nov., isolated from a marine sediment sample. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1998-2002.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus toyonensis Jiménez et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BCT-7112=CECT 876=NCIMB 14858.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AJ310100.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CP006863.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. toyonensis, arbitrary epithet formed from the name of a company called Toyo Jozo.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: JIMÉNEZ, G., URDIAIN, M., CIFUENTES, A., LÓPEZ-LÓPEZ, A., BLANCH, A. R., TAMAMES, J., KÄMPFER, P., KOLST&Ostroke;, A.-B., RAMÓN, D., MARTÍNEZ, J. F., CODOÑER, F. M. and ROSSELLÓ-MÓRA, R. 2013. Description of Bacillus toyonensis sp. nov., a novel species of the Bacillus cereus group, and pairwise genome comparisons of the species of the group by means of ANI calculations. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 383-391.
Effective publication Online

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Bacillus trypoxylicola Aizawa et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SU1 = KCTC 13244 = NBRC 102646.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB434284.
Etymology: N.L. n. Trypoxylus, systematic genus name of the Japanese horned beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), the source of the type strain; L. suff. -cola (from L. masc. or fem. n. incola), an inhabitant of a place, a resident, a dweller; N.L. masc. n. trypoxylicola, the Japanese horned beetle dweller.
Reference: AIZAWA (T.), URAI (M.), IWABUCHI (N.), NAKAJIMA (M.) and SUNAIRI (M.): Bacillus trypoxylicola sp. nov., xylanase-producing alkaliphilic bacteria isolated from the guts of Japanese horned beetle larvae (Trypoxylus dichotomus septentrionalis). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 61-66.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus tusciae Bonjour and Aragno 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T2 = DSM 2912 = IFO (now NBRC) 15312 = LMG 17940.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB042062, CP002017 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. gen. n. tusciae, referring to the Italian region of Tuscany, where all the organisms were isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 17. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 223-225 [BONJOUR (F.) and ARAGNO (M.): Bacillus tusciae, a new species of thermoacidophilic, facultatively chemolithoautotrophic, hydrogen oxidizing sporeformer from a geothermal area. Arch. Microbiol., 1984, 139, 397-401.]
Validation List no. 17 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Kyrpidia tusciae (Bonjour and Aragno 1985) Klenk et al. 2012, comb. nov.

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Bacillus validus (ex Bredemann and Heigener 1935) Nakamura 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43897 = CCUG 28520 = CFBP 4263 = CIP 103120 = DSM 3037 = IFO (now NBRC) 15382 = JCM 9077 = LMG 11161 = NRRL B-14484 = NRRL NRS-1000.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB073203.
Synonym: "Bacillus validus" Bredemann and Heigener 1935.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. validus, strong, vigorous.
Reference: NAKAMURA (L.K.): Bacillus amylolyticus sp. nov., nom. rev., Bacillus lautus sp. nov., nom. rev., Bacillus pabuli sp. nov., nom. rev., and Bacillus validus sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 224-226.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Paenibacillus validus (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, comb. nov.

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Bacillus vallismortis Roberts et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DV1-F-3 = ATCC 700092 = CIP 104792 = DSM 11031 = LMG 18725 = NBRC 101236 = NRRL B-14890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021198.
Etymology: L. n. vallis, valley; L. n. mors mortis, death; N.L. gen. n. vallismortis, of Death Valley.
Reference: ROBERTS (M.S.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and COHAN (F.M.): Bacillus vallismortis sp. nov., a close relative of Bacillus subtilis, isolated from soil in Death Valley, California. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 470-475.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus vedderi Agnew et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JaH = ATCC 700130 = CIP 105292 = DSM 9768 = LMG 17954.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z48306.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. vedderi, of Vedder, named after A. Vedder, the Dutch microbiologist who described Bacillus alcalophilus in 1934.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [AGNEW (M.D.), KOVAL (S.F.) and JARRELL (K.F.): Isolation and characterization of novel alkaliphiles from bauxite-processing waste and description of Bacillus vedderi sp. nov., a new obligate alkaliphile. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 221-230.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Bacillus velezensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CR-502 = CCUG 50740 = CECT 5686 = LMG 22478.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY603658.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. velezensis, pertaining to Vélez, named thus for being isolated from the river Vélez in Málaga, southern Spain.
Reference: RUIZ-GARCÍA (C.), BÉJAR (V.), MARTÍNEZ-CHECA (F.), LLAMAS (I.) and QUESADA (E.): Bacillus velezensis sp. nov., a surfactant-producing bacterium isolated from the river Vélez in Málaga, southern Spain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 191-195.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (ex Fukumoto 1943) Priest et al. 1987.
Reference: WANG (L.T.), LEE (F.L.), TAI (C.J.) and KUO (H.P.): Bacillus velezensis is a later heterotypic synonym of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 671-675.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Wang et al. 2008, Bacillus velezensis Ruiz-García et al. 2005 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (ex Fukumoto 1943) Priest et al. 1987.

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Bacillus vietnamensis Noguchi et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 15-1 = JCM 11124 = NBRC 101237 = NRIC 0531 = NRRL B-23890.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB099708.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. vietnamensis, referring to Vietnam, the country where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: NOGUCHI (H.), UCHINO (M.), SHIDA (O.), TAKANO (K.), NAKAMURA (L.K.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Bacillus vietnamensis sp. nov., a moderately halotolerant, aerobic, endospore-forming bacterium isolated from Vietnamese fish sauce. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2117-2120.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Noguchi et al. 2004, the type strain NRRL B-23890 is erroneously cited as NRRL 23890.
Reference: Erratum, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 545.

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Bacillus vireti Heyrman et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain IDA3632 = R-15447 = DSM 15602 = JCM 21711 = LMG 21834 = NBRC 102452.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ542509.
Etymology: L. neut. n. viretum, a place overgrown with grass, a green place; L. gen. n. vireti, of a field.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), VANPARYS (B.), LOGAN (N.A.), BALCAEN (A.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), FELSKE (A.) and DE VOS (P.): Bacillus novalis sp. nov., Bacillus vireti sp. nov., Bacillus soli sp. nov., Bacillus bataviensis sp. nov. and Bacillus drentensis sp. nov., from the Drentse A grasslands. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 47-57.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus vulcani Caccamo et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 3s-1 = CIP 106305 = DSM 13174 = JCM 12214.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ293805.
Etymology: L. gen. n. vulcani, of Vulcan, the god of fire and, by extension, of the volcano. Pertaining to the Eolian Island Volcano where the organism was isolated from a shallow marine hydrothermal vent.
Reference: CACCAMO (D.), GUGLIANDOLO (C.), STACKEBRANDT (E.) and MAUGERI (T.L.): Bacillus vulcani sp. nov., a novel thermophilic species isolated from a shallow marine hydrothermal vent. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2009-2012.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Geobacillus vulcani (Caccamo et al. 2000) Nazina et al. 2004, comb. nov.

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Bacillus wakoensis Nogi et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain N-1 = DSM 2521 = JCM 9140.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB043851.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. wakoensis, of Wako, a city in Japan.
Reference: NOGI (Y.), TAKAMI (H.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Characterization of alkaliphilic Bacillus strains used in industry: proposal of five novel species. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2309-2315.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus weihenstephanensis Lechner et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WSBC 10204 = CIP 105772 = DSM 11821 = LMG 18989 = NBRC 101238 = NRRL B-23307.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB021199.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. weihenstephanensis, pertaining to Freising-Weihenstephan in Southern Germany, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: LECHNER (S.), MAYR (R.), FRANCIS (K.P.), PRÜβ (B.M.), KAPLAN (T.), WIEβNER-GUNKEL (E.), STEWART (G.S.A.B.) and SCHERER (S.): Bacillus weihenstephanensis sp. nov. is a new psychrotolerant species of the Bacillus cereus group. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1373-1382.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus xiamenensis Lai et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HYC-10=CGMCC 1.12326=LMG 27143.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX680142.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: -.
Source: Animal.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 157. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1455-1458.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: LAI, Q., LIU, Y. and SHAO, Z. 2014. Bacillus xiamenensis sp. nov., isolated from intestinal tract contents of a flathead mullet (Mugil cephalus). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 105, 99-107.
Effective publication Online

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Bacillus xiaoxiensis Chen et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JSM 081004 = CCTCC AA 208057 = DSM 21943.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM054474.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. xiaoxiensis, of or pertaining to Xiaoxi National Natural Reserve, China, the source of the sample from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: CHEN (Y.G.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), CHEN (Q.H.), KLENK (H.P.), HE (J.W.), TANG (S.K.), CUI (X.L.) and LI (W.J.): Bacillus xiaoxiensis sp. nov., a slightly halophilic bacterium isolated from non-saline forest soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2095-2100.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Bacillus zhanjiangensis Chen et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JSM 099021 = DSM 23010 = KCTC 13713.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM460884.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. zhanjiangensis, of or belonging to Zhanjiang, a Chinese city near which the sample was collected.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554. [CHEN (Y.G.), HU (S.P.), TANG (S.K.), HE (J.W.), XIAO (J.Q.), ZHU (H.Y.) and LI (W.J.): Bacillus zhanjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from an oyster in South China Sea. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2011, 99, 473-480.]
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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