Title

Genus Agrobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 11
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Agrobacterium Conn 1942, genus.
Type species: ¤ Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonym: "Polymonas" Lieske 1928 (nom. rejic. Opinion 33).
Etymology: Gr. n. agros, a field; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Agrobacterium, a small field rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: CONN (H.J.): Validity of the genus Alcaligenes. Journal of Bacteriology, 1942, 44, 353-360.

Agrobacterium Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Sawada et al. 1993.
Proposed new type species: ¤ Agrobacterium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Sawada et al. 1993.
Etymology: Gr. n. agros, a field; L. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Agrobacterium, a small field rod.
Reference: SAWADA (H.), IEKI (H.), OYAIZU (H.) and MATSUMOTO (S.): Proposal for rejection of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and revised descriptions for the genus Agrobacterium and for Agrobacterium radiobacter and Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 694-702.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Sawada et al. 1993 propose the emendation of the genus Agrobacterium Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) with the designation of Agrobacterium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Sawada et al. 1993, as the neotype species, and the rejection of Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980). According to Rule 56a, only the Judicial Commission can place a name on the list of rejected names.

Agrobacterium Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Type species: ¤ Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. agros, a field; L. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Agrobacterium, a small field rod.
Valid publication: JUDICIAL COMMISSION: Minutes of the Meetings, 2 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 195-196.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Sawada et al. [1] proposed that the name Agrobacterium tumefaciens should be rejected because it is a later synonym of Agrobacterium radiobacter. In a letter to the editor (Request for a Judicial Opinion concerning the type species of Agrobacterium) Bouzar [2] reviewed the situation, noting that all prior commission actions had the effect of conserving Agrobacterium tumefaciens as the type species of the genus Agrobacterium. In an author's reply (Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 374), Oyaizu and Sawada [3] agreed that Agrobacterium tumefaciens should remain the type species of the genus Agrobacterium. The commission [4] accepted Bouzar's position that Agrobacterium tumefaciens is still the type species; no further action is needed.
References:
1 SAWADA (H.), IEKI (H.), OYAIZU (H.) and MATSUMOTO (S.): Proposal for rejection of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and revised descriptions for the genus Agrobacterium and for Agrobacterium radiobacter and Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 694-702.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 BOUZAR (H.): Request for a Judicial Opinion concerning the type species of Agrobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 373-374.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 OYAIZU (H.) and SAWADA (H.): Authors' reply. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 374.
Authors' reply in IJSEM Online
4 JUDICIAL COMMISSION: Minutes of the Meetings, 2 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 195-196.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhizobium Frank 1889 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Young et al. 2001.

Notes:
1 Young et al. 2001 propose to transfer ¤ Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980), the type species of the genus Agrobacterium, to the genus ¤ Rhizobium as ¤ Rhizobium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Young et al. 2001, comb. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Agrobacterium to ¤ Rhizobium.
Reference: YOUNG (J.M.), KUYKENDALL (L.D.), MARTÍNEZ -ROMERO (E.), KERR (A.) and SAWADA (H.): A revision of Rhizobium Frank 1889, with an emended description of the genus, and the inclusion of all species of Agrobacterium Conn 1942 and Allorhizobium undicola de Lajudie et al. 1998 as new combinations: Rhizobium radiobacter, R. rhizogenes, R. rubi, R. undicola and R. vitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 89-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 Young et al. propose that the type species of Agrobacterium be transferred to the Rhizobium. These authors did not, however, make any proposal regarding the transfer of Agrobacterium ferrugineum to either Rhizobium or another genus.
3 Farrand et al. 2003 [1], recommend retention of the genus Agrobacterium. The paper by Farrand et al. 2003 is also co-signed by several individuals, all of whom have communicated to the Editor of IJSEM their agreement with the position of the authors concerning the taxonomic validity of the genus Agrobacterium. The list of co-signatories is provided in the footnote 1. Counter-arguments to Farrand et al. 2003 have been published by Young et al. 2003 [2].
References:
1 FARRAND (S.K.), VAN BERKUM (P.B.) and OGER (P.): Agrobacterium is a definable genus of the family Rhizobiaceae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1681-1687.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 YOUNG (J.M.), KUYKENDALL (L.D.), MARTÍNEZ-ROMERO (E.), KERR (A.) and SAWADA (H.): Classification and nomenclature of Agrobacterium and Rhizobium - a reply to Farrand et al. (2003). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1689-1695.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Agrobacterium atlanticum Rüger and Höfle 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1480 = ATCC 700000= CIP 105975 = DSM 5823 = IAM 14463 = IFO (now NBRC) 15792 = JCM 21234.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88526.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. atlanticum, of or pertaining to the Atlantic Ocean.
Valid publication: RÜGER (H.J.) and HÖFLE (M.G.): Marine star-shaped-aggregate-forming bacteria: Agrobacterium atlanticum sp. nov.; Agrobacterium meteori sp. nov.; Agrobacterium ferrugineum sp. nov., nom. rev.; Agrobacterium gelatinovorum sp. nov., nom. rev.; and Agrobacterium stellulatum sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 133-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Uchino et al. 1998 Agrobacterium atlanticum Rüger and Höfle 1992 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  ¤ Agrobacterium meteori Rüger and Höfle 1992.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote ¶). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 UCHINO (Y.), HIRATA (A.), YOKOTA (A.) and SUGIYAMA (J.): Reclassification of marine Agrobacterium species: proposals of Stappia stellulata gen. nov., comb. nov., Stappia aggregata sp. nov., nom. rev., Ruegeria atlantica gen. nov., comb. nov., Ruegeria gelatinovora comb. nov., Ruegeria algicola comb. nov., and Ahrensia kieliense gen. nov., sp. nov., nom. rev. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 44, 201-210.
Original article Online

¤ Ruegeria atlantica (Rüger and Höfle 1992) Uchino et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Agrobacterium ferrugineum (ex Ahrens and Rheinheimer 1967) Rüger and Höfle 1992, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25652= CIP 105952 = DSM 5888 = IAM 12616 = IFO (now NBRC) 15767.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88522.
Synonym: "Agrobacterium ferrugineum" Ahrens and Rheinheimer 1967.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. ferrugineum, of the color of iron-rust, dark-red.
Valid publication: RÜGER (H.J.) and HÖFLE (M.): Marine star-shaped-aggregate-forming bacteria: Agrobacterium atlanticum sp. nov.; Agrobacterium meteori sp. nov.; Agrobacterium ferrugineum sp. nov., nom. rev.; Agrobacterium gelatinovorum sp. nov., nom. rev.; and Agrobacterium stellulatum sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 133-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Young et al. proposed that the type species of Agrobacterium be transferred to the Rhizobium. These authors did not, however, make any proposal regarding the transfer of Agrobacterium ferrugineum to either Rhizobium or another genus.
Reference: YOUNG (J.M.), KUYKENDALL (L.D.), MARTÍNEZ -ROMERO (E.), KERR (A.) and SAWADA (H.): A revision of Rhizobium Frank 1889, with an emended description of the genus, and the inclusion of all species of Agrobacterium Conn 1942 and Allorhizobium undicola de Lajudie et al. 1998 as new combinations: Rhizobium radiobacter, R. rhizogenes, R. rubi, R. undicola and R. vitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 89-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Pseudorhodobacter ferrugineus (Rüger and Höfle 1992) Uchino et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Agrobacterium gelatinovorum (ex Ahrens 1968) Rüger and Höfle 1992, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25655= CECT 4357 = CIP 105976 = DSM 5887 = IAM 12617 = IFO (now NBRC) 15761 = JCM 20688 = LMG 129.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88523.
Synonym: "Agrobacterium gelatinovorum" Ahrens 1968.
Etymology: N.L. n. gelatinum, gelatin; L. neut. suff. -vorum, devouring; N.L. neut. adj. gelatinovorum, gelatin-devouring.
Valid publication: RÜGER (H.J.) and HÖFLE (M.): Marine star-shaped-aggregate-forming bacteria: Agrobacterium atlanticum sp. nov.; Agrobacterium meteori sp. nov.; Agrobacterium ferrugineum sp. nov., nom. rev.; Agrobacterium gelatinovorum sp. nov., nom. rev.; and Agrobacterium stellulatum sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 133-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The specific epithet gelatinovorum (sic) has been corrected in the new combination Ruegeria gelatinovorans [see, ¤ Ruegeria gelatinovorans corrig. (Rüger and Höfle 1992) Uchino et al. 1999, comb. nov.]. However the name "Agrobacterium gelatinovorans" corrig. has never been formally proposed before December 14, 2000 (date of publication of the amended Rule 61; see Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, page 2239, column 2). Consequently, in the "List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature", the epithet gelatinovorum (sic) has been maintained for Agrobacterium gelatinovorum.

¤ Ruegeria gelatinovorans corrig. (Rüger and Höfle 1992) Uchino et al. 1999, comb. nov.

¤ Thalassobius gelatinovorus (Rüger and Höfle 1992) Arahal et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Agrobacterium larrymoorei Bouzar and Jones 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51759= CFBP 5473 = ICMP 14256 = NCPPB 4096.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z30542.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. larrymoorei, named in honour of Larry Moore, renowned plant pathologist who spent his career studying the genus Agrobacterium.
Valid publication: BOUZAR (H.) and JONES (J.B.): Agrobacterium larrymoorei sp. nov., a pathogen isolated from aerial tumours of Ficus benjamina. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1023-1026.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhizobium larrymoorei (Bouzar and Jones 2001) Young 2004, comb. nov.

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Agrobacterium meteori Rüger and Höfle 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 1513 = ATCC 700001= DSM 5824 = IAM 14464.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88527.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. meteori, of meteor; after the German research vessel Meteor.
Valid publication: RÜGER (H.J.) and HÖFLE (M.): Marine star-shaped-aggregate-forming bacteria: Agrobacterium atlanticum sp. nov.; Agrobacterium meteori sp. nov.; Agrobacterium ferrugineum sp. nov., nom. rev.; Agrobacterium gelatinovorum sp. nov., nom. rev.; and Agrobacterium stellulatum sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 133-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Agrobacterium atlanticum Rüger and Höfle 1992.

Note: According to Uchino et al. 1998 Agrobacterium meteori Rüger and Höfle 1992 is a later heterotypic synonym of ¤ Agrobacterium atlanticum Rüger and Höfle 1992.
References:
1 ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSB: Validation List no. 68 (footnote ¶). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1-3.
Validation List no. 68 in IJSEM Online
2 UCHINO (Y.), HIRATA (A.), YOKOTA (A.) and SUGIYAMA (J.): Reclassification of marine Agrobacterium species: proposals of Stappia stellulata gen. nov., comb. nov., Stappia aggregata sp. nov., nom. rev., Ruegeria atlantica gen. nov., comb. nov., Ruegeria gelatinovora comb. nov., Ruegeria algicola comb. nov., and Ahrensia kieliense gen. nov., sp. nov., nom. rev. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 44, 201-210.
Original article Online

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Agrobacterium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1942, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19358= CIP 104325 = DSM 30147 = HAMBI 1814 = IAM 12048 = ICMP 5785 = IFO (now NBRC) 13532 = JCM 20371 = LMG 140 = NCCB 27005 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9042 = NCPPB 3001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB247615.
Synonyms: "Bacillus radiobacter" Beijerinck and van Delden 1902, "Bacterium radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Löhnis 1905, "Rhizobium radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Pribram 1933, "Achromobacter radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Bergey et al. 1934, "Alcaligenes radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1939, "Pseudomonas radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. n. radius, a beam or ray; N.L. pref. radio-, pertaining to radiation; N.L. n. bacter, a rod, staff; N.L. n. radiobacter, ray rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 BEIJERINCK (M.W.) and VAN DELDEN (A.): Über die Assimilation des freien Stickstoffs durch Bakerien. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II., 1902, 9, 3-43. 2 CONN (H.J.): Validity of the genus Alcaligenes. Journal of Bacteriology, 1942, 44, 353-360.

Agrobacterium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Sawada et al. 1993.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19358= CIP 104325 = DSM 30147 = HAMBI 1814 = IAM 12048 = ICMP 5785 = IFO (now NBRC) 13532 = LMG 140 = NCCB 27005 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 9042 = NCPPB 3001.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB247615.
Synonyms: "Bacillus radiobacter" Beijerinck and van Delden 1902, "Bacterium radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Löhnis 1905, "Rhizobium radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Pribram 1933, "Achromobacter radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Bergey et al. 1934, "Alcaligenes radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1939, "Pseudomonas radiobacter" (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Krasil'nikov 1949.
Etymology: L. n. radius, a beam or ray; N.L. pref. radio-, pertaining to radiation; N.L. n. bacter, a rod, staff; N.L. n. radiobacter, ray rod.
Reference: SAWADA (H.), IEKI (H.), OYAIZU (H.) and MATSUMOTO (S.): Proposal for rejection of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and revised descriptions for the genus Agrobacterium and for Agrobacterium radiobacter and Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 694-702.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhizobium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Young et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Agrobacterium rhizogenes (Riker et al. 1930) Conn 1942, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11325= CIP 104328 = DSM 30148 = IFO (now NBRC) 13257 = CFBP 5520 = HAMBI 1816 = ICMP 5794 = JCM 20919 = LMG 150 = NCPPB 2991.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14501.
Etymology: Gr. n. rhiza, root; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), producing; N.L. part. adj. rhizogenes, root-producing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 RIKER (A.J.), BANFIELD (W.M.), WRIGHT (W.H.), KEITT (G.W.) and SAGEN (H.E.): Studies on infectious hairy-root of nursery apple trees. Journal of Agricultural Research, 1930, 41, 507-540. 2 CONN (H.J.): Validity of the genus Alcaligenes. Journal of Bacteriology, 1942, 44, 353-360.

Agrobacterium rhizogenes (Riker et al. 1930) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Sawada et al. 1993.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 11325= CIP 104328 = DSM 30148 = IFO (now NBRC) 13257 = CFBP 5520 = HAMBI 1816 = ICMP 5794 = LMG 150 = NCPPB 2991.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14501.
Etymology: Gr. n. rhiza, root; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), producing; N.L. part. adj. rhizogenes, root-producing.
Reference: SAWADA (H.), IEKI (H.), OYAIZU (H.) and MATSUMOTO (S.): Proposal for rejection of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and revised descriptions for the genus Agrobacterium and for Agrobacterium radiobacter and Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 694-702.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhizobium rhizogenes (Riker et al. 1930) Young et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Agrobacterium rubi (Hildebrand 1940) Starr and Weiss 1943, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13335= CFBP 5509 = CFBP 6448 = CIP 104332 = DSM 6772 = HAMBI 1812 = IFO (now NBRC) 13261 = ICMP 6428 = JCM 20918 = LMG 156 = LMG 17935 = NCPPB 1854.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY626395.
Synonym: "Phytomonas rubi" Hildebrand 1940.
Etymology: L. n. rubus, a blackberry, and also the generic name of blackberry (Rubus); L. gen. n. rubi, of blackberry,  of Rubus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 HILDEBRAND (E.M.): Cane gall of brambles caused by Phytomonas n. sp. Journal of Agricultural Research, 1940, 61, 685-696. 2 STARR (M.P.) and WEISS (J.E.): Growth of phytopathogenic bacteria in a synthetic asparagin medium. Phytopathology, 1943, 33, 314-318.

¤ Rhizobium rubi (Hildebrand 1940) Young et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Agrobacterium stellulatum (ex Stapp and Knösel 1954) Rüger and Höfle 1992, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15215= CIP 105977 = DSM 5886 = IAM 12621 = IFO (now NBRC) 15764.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D88525.
Synonym: "Agrobacterium stellulatum" Stapp and Knösel 1954.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. stellulatum, starry, here star-shaped.
Valid publication: RÜGER (H.J.) and HÖFLE (M.): Marine star-shaped-aggregate-forming bacteria: Agrobacterium atlanticum sp. nov.; Agrobacterium meteori sp. nov.; Agrobacterium ferrugineum sp. nov., nom. rev.; Agrobacterium gelatinovorum sp. nov., nom. rev.; and Agrobacterium stellulatum sp. nov., nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 133-143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Stappia stellulata (Rüger and Höfle 1992) Uchino et al. 1999, comb. nov.

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Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23308= CFBP 2413 = HAMBI 1811 = ICMP 5856 = LMG 187 = NCPPB 2437.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14500.
Synonyms: "Bacterium tumefaciens" Smith and Townsend 1907, "Pseudomonas tumefaciens" (Smith and Townsend 1907) Duggar 1909, "Phytomonas tumefaciens" (Smith and Townsend 1907) Bergey et al. 1923, "Polymonas tumefaciens" (Smith and Townsend 1907) Lieske 1928.
Etymology: L. v. tumefacio, to cause to swell, to tumefy; L. part. adj. tumefaciens, causing to swell, tumor producing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 SMITH (E.F.) and TOWNSEND (C.O.): A plant-tumor of bacterial origin. Science (Washington), 1907, 25, 671-673. 2 CONN (H.J.): Validity of the genus Alcaligenes. Journal of Bacteriology, 1942, 44, 353-360.

Agrobacterium tumefaciens nom. rejic.
Reference: SAWADA (H.), IEKI (H.), OYAIZU (H.) and MATSUMOTO (S.): Proposal for rejection of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and revised descriptions for the genus Agrobacterium and for Agrobacterium radiobacter and Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 694-702.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rule 56a, only the Judicial Commission can place a name on the list of rejected names.

Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980).
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23308= CFBP 2413 = HAMBI 1811 = ICMP 5856 = LMG 187 = NCPPB 2437.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D14500.
Synonyms: "Bacterium tumefaciens" Smith and Townsend 1907, "Pseudomonas tumefaciens" (Smith and Townsend 1907) Duggar 1909, "Phytomonas tumefaciens" (Smith and Townsend 1907) Bergey et al. 1923, "Polymonas tumefaciens" (Smith and Townsend 1907) Lieske 1928.
Etymology: L. v. tumefacio, to cause to swell, to tumefy; L. part. adj. tumefaciens, causing to swell, tumor producing.
Valid publication: JUDICIAL COMMISSION: Minutes of the Meetings, 2 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 195-196.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Sawada et al. 1993 proposed that the name Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) should be rejected because it is a later synonym of Agrobacterium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980). In a letter to the editor (Request for a Judicial Opinion concerning the type species of Agrobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 373-374 Original article in IJSEM Online) Bouzar reviewed the situation, noting that all prior commission actions had the effect of conserving Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) as the type species of the genus Agrobacterium Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980). The commission accepted Bouzar's position that Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) is still the type species.

¤ Rhizobium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Young et al. 2001, comb. nov.

Note: Sawada et al. 1993 [1] proposed that the name Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) should be rejected because it is a later synonym of Agrobacterium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980). However, Agrobacterium tumefaciens was conserved as the type species of the genus Agrobacterium Conn 1942 (Approved Lists 1980) [2], and the recognition of Agrobacterium radiobacter in place of Agrobacterium tumefaciens cannot be adopted. In January 2001, Young et al. [3] propose the transfer of Agrobacterium radiobacter/Agobacterium tumefaciens to the genus Rhizobium Frank 1889 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Young et al. 2001. According to Young et al. 2001 [3], the problem Agrobacterium radiobacter versus Agrobacterium tumefaciens is dissolved by this transfer because the specific epithet radiobacter has priority over tumefaciens and can be applied in the latter genus.
References:
1 SAWADA (H.), IEKI (H.), OYAIZU (H.) and MATSUMOTO (S.): Proposal for rejection of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and revised descriptions for the genus Agrobacterium and for Agrobacterium radiobacter and Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 694-702.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION: Minutes of the Meetings, 2 and 6 July 1994, Prague, Czech Republic. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 195-196.
Original article in IJSEM Online
3 YOUNG (J.M.), KUYKENDALL (L.D.), MARTÍNEZ -ROMERO (E.), KERR (A.) and SAWADA (H.): A revision of Rhizobium Frank 1889, with an emended description of the genus, and the inclusion of all species of Agrobacterium Conn 1942 and Allorhizobium undicola de Lajudie et al. 1998 as new combinations: Rhizobium radiobacter, R. rhizogenes, R. rubi, R. undicola and R. vitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 89-103.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Agrobacterium vitis Ophel and Kerr 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) K309 = ATCC 49767= CIP 105853 = HAMBI 1817 = ICMP 10752 = IFO (now NBRC) 15140 = JCM 21033 = LMG 8750 = NCPPB 3554.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U45329.
Etymology: L. fem. n. vitis, wine plant; L. gen. fem. n. vitis, of the wine plant.
Valid publication: OPHEL (K.) and KERR (A.): Agrobacterium vitis sp. nov. for strains of Agrobacterium biovar 3 from grapevines. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 236-241.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Rhizobium vitis (Ophel and Kerr 1990) Young et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Footnote 1: Co-signatories of the paper by Farrand et al. 2003 about the validity of the genus Agrobacterium.

Drs Fredrick M. Ausubel, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Jacques Balandreau, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France; Rene Bally, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France; Lois Banta, Department of Biological Sciences, Williams College, Williamstown, MA, USA; Andrew Binns, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Peter Bottomley, Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA; Hacène Bouzar, Sakata Seed America, Inc., Salinas, CA, USA; Susana Brom, Centro de Investigación sobre Fijación Nitrógeno, Cuernevaca, Mexico; William J. Broughton, Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes Superieures, Université Genéve, Switzerland; Thomas J. Burr, Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, Geneva, NY, USA; Miguel A. Cevallos, Centro de Investigación sobre Fijación Nitrógeno, Cuernavaca Mexico; Jai-Soo Cha, Chung Buk National University, Chongju, Korea; Mary-Dell Chilton, Syngenta, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; William Scott Chilton, Department of Botany, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA; Peter Christie, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas, Houston Medical School, Houston, TX, USA; Thomas Clemente, Department of Agronomy, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA; Paolo Costantino, Departmento di Genetica e Biologia Molecolare, Universita di Roma, Roma, Italy; Anath Das (and two members of his group), Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, USA; Christine Desfeux-Oger, UMR-CNRS, Ecologie Microbienne, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France; Yves Dessaux, Institut des Sciences Végétales, CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Allan Downie (and eight members of his group), The John Innes Centre, Norwich, UK; Turlough Finan, Department of Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; W. Clay Fuqua, Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA; Stanton B. Gelvin, Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA; Lourdes Girard, Centro de Investigación sobre Fijación Nitrógeno, Cuernavaca, Mexico; Bradley Goodner, Department of Biology, Hiram College, Hiram, OH, USA; Champa Gopalan, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA; Milton P. Gordon, Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Barbara Hohn, Friedrich Mischer Institute, Basel, Switzerland; Marcelle Holsters, Laboratorium Genetika, Universiteit Gent, Gent, Belgium; Paul J. J. Hooykaas, Institute of Molecular Plant Sciences, University of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands; Michael F. Hynes, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Ingyu Hwang, Department of Plant Pathology, Seoul National University, Suwon, Korea; Shouguang Jin, Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Jeffrey B. Jones, Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA; Clarence I. Kado, Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA; Michael L. Kahn, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA; Heidi B. Kaplan, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas, Houston Medical School, Houston, TX, USA; John Kemp, Department of Entomology, Plant Pathology and Weed Sciences, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA; Kun-Soo Kim, Department of Life Sciences, Sogang University, Seoul, Korea; Theresa Koehler, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas, Houston Medical School, Houston, TX, USA; Adam Kondorosi, Institut des Sciences Végétales, CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Philippe de Lajudie, Laboratoire des Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, Montpellier, France; Maria M. López, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Moncada, Valencia, Spain; David Lynn (and 12 members of his group), Departments of Chemistry and Biology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; William Margolin, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas, Houston Medical School, Houston, TX, USA; Eustuquio Martinez-Molina, Departmento Microbíolgia y Genética, Campus M. Unamuno, Salamanca, Spain; Pedro F. Mateos Gonzalés, Departmento Microbíologia y Genética, Campus M. Unamuno, Salamanca, Spain; Ann G. Matthysse, Department of Biology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Patrick Mavinguy, Ecologie Microbienne, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France; Eric Messens, Department of Molecular Genetics, Universiteit Gent, Gent, Belgium; Yvan Moënne-Loccoz, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France; Sharon Long, Gilbert Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA; Xavier Nesme, Ecologie Microbienne, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France; Eugene W. Nester, Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Marc Neyra, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, IRD - Dakur, Dakur, Sengal; Philippe Normand, Microbial Ecology, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France; Léon Otten, Department of Cell Division and Plant Development, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France; L. Nicholas Ornston, Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA; Karrupiah Palanichelvam, Plant Science Unit, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA; Shen Q. Pan, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore; Donna Parke, Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA; Ramón Penyalver, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias, Moncada-Valencia, Spain; Xavier Perret, Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes Superieures, Université Genéve, Switzerland; Annik Petit, Institut des Sciences Végétales, CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; Steven G. Pueppke, Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA; David Romero, Centro de Investigación sobre Fijación Nitrógeno, Cuernevaca Moreles, Mexico; Michael J. Sadowsky, Department of Soil, Water and Climate, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, USA; Pascal Simonet, Group on Gene Transfer Among Bacteria, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France; Herman Spaink, Instituut Moleculaire Plantkunde, Rijks Universiteit Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands; Todd R. Steck, Department of Biology, University of North Carolina - Charlotte, Charlotte, NC, USA; Gary Stacey, Department of Plant Microbiology and Pathology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA; Sandor Süle, Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary; Laurent Sutra, UMR de Pathologie Végétale, INRA, Beaucouzé, France; Nobukazu Tanaka, Center for Gene Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; David Tepfer, Laboratoire de Biologie de la Rhizosphére, INRA, Versailles, France; Encarna Velázquez Perez, Departmento Microbíologia y Genética Campus M. Unamuno, Salamanca, Spain; Graham C. Walker, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA; Stephen C. Winans, Department of Microbiology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA; Derek Wood, Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Shaw-Jyre Wu, Central National University, Chung Li, Taiwan, Republic of China; Patricia Zambryski (and three members of her group), Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA; Jin Zhang, Department of Pharmacology, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.