Title

Genus Actinobacillus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 19
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Actinobacillus Brumpt 1910, genus.
Type species: ¤ Actinobacillus lignieresii Brumpt 1910 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. aktis -inos, a ray; L. dim. masc. n. bacillus, a small staff or rod; N.L. masc. n. Actinobacillus, ray bacillus or rod.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BRUMPT (E.): Précis de Parasitologie. 1st ed., Masson et Cie, Paris, 1910.

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Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Topley and Wilson 1929, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33384= CCUG 13227 = CIP 52.106 = DSM 8324 = NCTC 9710.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75039.
Synonyms: "Bacterium actinomycetem comitans" Klinger 1912, "Bacterium acetinomycetum comitans" (sic) (Klinger 1912) Colebrook 1920, "Bacterium comitans" Lieske 1921.
Etymology: Gr. n. aktis -inos, a ray; Gr. n. mukês -êtos, mushroom or other fungus; N.L. n. actinomyces -etis, an actinomycete; L. part. adj. comitans, accompanying; N.L. part. adj. actinomycetemcomitans, accompanying an actinomycete.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KLINGER (R.): Untersuchungen über menschliche Atkinomykose. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung I, 1912, 62, 191-200. 2 TOPLEY (W.W.C.) and WILSON (G.S.): The principles of Bacteriology and Immunity, 1st ed., Edward Arnold and Co., London, 1929, pp. 1-587.

¤ Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Potts et al. 1985, comb. nov.

Note: The inclusion of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Topley and Wilson 1929 (Approved Lists 1980) in the genus ¤ Haemophilus Winslow et al. 1917 (Approved Lists 1980) as ¤ Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Potts et al. 1985 is not favoured by the subcommittee on Pasteurellaceae [1]. However, the statement 'is not favoured', nomenclaturally, does not affect the formal validity of the proposed transfer, and ¤ Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans are both legitimate names for the same species. In 2006, Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian [2] transfer this taxon to the genus ¤ Aggregatibacter as ¤ Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Nørskov-lauritsen and Kilian 2006, comb. nov. (see below).
References:
1 ICSB, Subcommittee on Pasteurellaceae and related organisms: Minutes of the meetings, 6 and 10 September 1986, Manchester, England. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 474.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 NØRSKOV-LAURITSEN (N.) and KILIAN (M.): Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus, Haemophilus paraphrophilus and Haemophilus segnis as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans gen. nov., comb. nov., Aggregatibacter aphrophilus comb. nov. and Aggregatibacter segnis comb. nov., and emended description of Aggregatibacter aphrophilus to include V factor-dependent and V factor-independent isolates. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2135-2146.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Nørskov-Lauritsen and Kilian 2006, comb. nov.

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Actinobacillus anseriformium Bisgaard and Christensen 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F66 = CCM 7846 = CCUG 60324.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY172727.
Etymology: N.L. pl. n. Anseriformes, scientific name of an order which encompasses ducks, geese, swans and other web-footed birds; N.L. gen. pl. n. anseriformium, of/from Anseriformes.
Valid publication: BISGAARD (M.) and CHRISTENSEN (H.): Classification of avian haemolytic Actinobacillus-like organisms (Bisgaard taxon 26) associated with anseriforme birds as Actinobacillus anseriformium sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 352-358.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Actinobacillus anseriformium Bisgaard and Christensen 2012 was previously known as Bisgaard taxon 26. See BISGAARD (M.): Isolation and characterization of some previously unreported taxa from poultry with phenotypical characters related to Actinobacillus- and Pasteurella species. Acta. Path. Microbiol. Immunol. Scand., 1982, B90, 59-67.

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Actinobacillus arthritidis Christensen et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Wetmore 1706 = P. 907 = ATCC 13376= CCUG 24862.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L06084.
Etymology: Gr. n. arthritis -idos, gout, arthritis; N.L. gen. n. arthritidis, of arthritis.
Valid publication: CHRISTENSEN (H.), BISGAARD (M.), ANGEN (Ø.) and OLSEN (J.E.): Final classification of Bisgaard taxon 9 as Actinobacillus arthritidis sp. nov. and recognition of a novel genomospecies for equine strains of Actinobacillus lignieresii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1239-1246.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Actinobacillus arthritidis Christensen et al. 2002 was previously known as Bisgaard taxon 9.

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Actinobacillus capsulatus Arseculeratne 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Frederiksen P243 = ATCC 51571= CCUG 12396 = CIP 103283 = NCTC 11408.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362886.
Etymology: L. n. capsula, a litle chest; L. masc. suff. -atus, suffix denoting provided with; N.L. masc. adj. capsulatus, encapsulated.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: ARSECULERATNE (S.N.): Actinobacillosis in joints of rabbits. Journal of Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics, 1962, 72, 33-39.

Actinobacillus capsulatus Arseculeratne 1962 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Kuhnert et al. 2007.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Frederiksen P243 = ATCC 51571= CCUG 12396 = CIP 103283 = NCTC 11408.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362886.
Etymology: L. n. capsula, a litle chest; L. masc. suff. -atus, suffix denoting provided with; N.L. masc. adj. capsulatus, encapsulated.
Reference: KUHNERT (P.), KORCZAK (B.M.), CHRISTENSEN (H.) and BISGAARD (M.): Emended description of Actinobacillus capsulatus Arseculeratne 1962, 38AL. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 625-632.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Kuhnert et al. 2007, the type strain Frederiksen P243 is erroneously cited as Frederiksen 243.

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Actinobacillus delphinicola Foster et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M906/93 = ATCC 700179= CIP 106129 = DSM 11374 = NCTC 12870.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362889.
Etymology: L. n. delphinus, dolphin; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), dweller; N.L. n. delphinicola, dolphin dweller.
Valid publication: FOSTER (G.), ROSS (H.M.), MALNICK (H.), WILLEMS (A.), GARCIA (P.), REID (R.J.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Actinobacillus delphinicola sp. nov., a new member of the family Pasteurellaceae Pohl (1979) 1981 isolated from sea mammals. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 648-652.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Actinobacillus equuli (van Straaten 1918) Haupt 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19392= CCUG 2041 = CIP 103284 = JCM 2432 = LMG 3736 = NCTC 8529.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF381186.
Synonyms: "Bacillus nephritidis equi" Meyer 1910, "Bacterium viscosum equi" Magnusson 1917, "Bacillus equuli" van Straaten 1918, "Bacillus pyosepticus equi" de Blieck and van Heelsbergen 1919, "Bacillus equirulis" de Blieck and van Heelsbergen 1919, "Bacterium pyosepticum viscosum" Miessner 1921, "Bacterium pyosepticum viscosum equi" Lütje 1921, "Bacterium pyosepticum" Miessner and Berge 1922, "Bacterium equi" Weldin and Levine 1923, "Bacillus pyosepticus" Clarenburg 1925, "Eberthella viscosa" Snyder 1925, "Shigella equi" (Weldin and Levine 1923) Weldin 1927, "Shigella viscosa" (Snyder 1925) Bergey 1930, "Shigella equirulis" (de Blieck and van Heelsbergen 1919) Edwards 1931, "Shigella equuli" (van Straaten 1918) Dimock et al. 1947.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equuli, of a foal, of a small young horse.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 VAN STRAATEN (H.): Bacteriologische bevindingen bij eenigo gevallen van pyo-septicaemie (Lähme) der veuluens. Verslag van den Werksaamheden der Rijksseruminrichting voor 1916-1917, Rotterdam, 1918, pp. 71-76. 2 HAUPT (H.): Zur Frage der Verwandschaft des Actinobacillus Lignieresii Brumpt 1910, des Bacillus equuli van Straaten 1918 und des Bacillus mallei Flügge 1886. Archiv für Wissenschaftliche und Praktische Tierheilkunde, 1934, 67, 513-524.

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Actinobacillus equuli subsp. equuli (van Straaten 1918) Christensen et al. 2002, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19392= CCUG 2041 = CIP 103284 = JCM 2432 = LMG 3736 = NCTC 8529.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF381186.
Etymology: L. gen. n. equuli, of a foal, of a small young horse.
Valid publication: CHRISTENSEN (H.), BISGAARD (M.) and OLSEN (J.E.): Reclassification of equine isolates previously reported as Actinobacillus equuli, variants of A. equuli, Actinobacillus suis or Bisgaard taxon 11 and proposal of A. equuli subsp. equuli subsp. nov. and A. equuli subsp. haemolyticus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1569-1576.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The subspecies name Actinobacillus equuli subsp. equuli (van Straaten 1918) Christensen et al. 2002 is automatically created by the valid publication of ¤ Actinobacillus equuli subsp. haemolyticus Christensen et al. 2002 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].
2 The original authorship, (van Straaten 1918) Haupt 1934, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Actinobacillus equuli subsp. haemolyticus Christensen et al. 2002, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) F 154 = CCUG 19799 = NCTC 13195.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF247716.
Etymology: Gr. n. haima (Latin transliteration haema), blood; N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. haemolyticus, blood dissolving, haemolytic.
Valid publication: CHRISTENSEN (H.), BISGAARD (M.) and OLSEN (J.E.): Reclassification of equine isolates previously reported as Actinobacillus equuli, variants of A. equuli, Actinobacillus suis or Bisgaard taxon 11 and proposal of A. equuli subsp. equuli subsp. nov. and A. equuli subsp. haemolyticus subsp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1569-1576.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Actinobacillus equuli subsp. haemolyticus Christensen et al. 2002 was previously known as Bisgaard taxon 11.

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Actinobacillus hominis Friis-Møller 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 12 = P 578 = ATCC 49457= CCUG 19800 = CIP 102631 = NCTC 11529.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362890.
Etymology: L. masc. n. homo -inis, man; L. gen. n. hominis, of man.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 18. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 375-376.
Effective publication: FRIIS-MØLLER (A.): A new Actinobacillus species from the human respiratory tract: Actinobacillus hominis nov. sp. In: M. KILIAN, W. FREDERIKSEN, and E.L. BIBERSTEIN (editors), Haemophilus, Pasteurella and Actinobacillus. Academic Press, London, 1981, p. 151-157.
Validation List no. 18 in IJSEM Online

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Actinobacillus indolicus Møller et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 46KC2 = CCUG 39029 = CIP 105316.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362891.
Etymology: N.L. n. indolum, indole; L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. indolicus, pertaining to indole, which is formed by the organism.
Valid publication: MØLLER (K.), FUSSING (V.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), PASTER (B.J.), DEWHIRST (F.E.) and KILIAN (M.): Actinobacillus minor sp. nov., Actinobacillus porcinus sp. nov., and Actinobacillus indolicus sp. nov., three new V factor-dependent species from the respiratory tract of pigs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 951-956.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Actinobacillus lignieresii Brumpt 1910, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49236= CCUG 41384 = CIP 53.130 = NCTC 4189.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362892.
Synonyms: "Actinobacillus lignieresi" (sic) Brumpt 1910, "Bacterium purifaciens" Christiansen 1917.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. lignieresii, of Lignières, named for J. Lignières, one of the bacteriologists who first isolated this organism.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BRUMPT (E.): Précis de Parasitologie. 1st ed., Masson et Cie, Paris, 1910, p. 849.

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Actinobacillus minor Møller et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NM305 = CCUG 38923 = CIP 105314.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362893.
Etymology: L. comp. masc. adj. minor, less, smaller, referring to the name of this taxon used previously (Møller and Kilian, 1990).
Valid publication: MØLLER (K.), FUSSING (V.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), PASTER (B.J.), DEWHIRST (F.E.) and KILIAN (M.): Actinobacillus minor sp. nov., Actinobacillus porcinus sp. nov., and Actinobacillus indolicus sp. nov., three new V factor-dependent species from the respiratory tract of pigs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 951-956.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Actinobacillus minor Møller et al. 1996 was previously known as Haemophilus sp. minor group.

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Actinobacillus muris Bisgaard 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 80-443D = ATCC 49577= CCUG 16938 = CCUG 28285 B = CIP 103439 = NCTC 12432.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362894.
Etymology: L. n. mus, the mouse; L. gen. n. muris, of the mouse.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222.
Effective publication: BISGAARD (M.): Actinobacillus muris sp. nov. isolated from mice. Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Immunol. Scand. Sect. B, 1986, 94, 1-18.
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online

Note: Actinobacillus muris Bisgaard 1988 was previously known as Bisgaard taxon 12.

¤ Muribacter muris (Bisgaard 1988) Nicklas et al. 2015, comb. nov.

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Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (Shope 1964) Pohl et al. 1983, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Shope 4074 = HK 405 = ATCC 27088= CCM 5869 = CCUG 12837 = CCUG 41656 = CCUG 43096 = CIP 100916 = DSM 13472 = NCTC 12370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M75074.
Basonym: ¤ Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae Shope 1964 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. pleura, rib, side; Gr. n. pneumonia, disease of the lungs; N.L. gen. n. pleuropneumoniae, of pleuropneumonia.
Valid publication: POHL (S.), BERTSCHINGER (H.U.), FREDERIKSEN (W.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Transfer of Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae and the Pasteurella haemolytica-like organism causing porcine necrotic pleuropneumonia to the genus Actinobacillus (Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae comb. nov.) on the basis of phenotypic and deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 510-514.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the abstract of the paper by Pohl et al. 1983, the type strain is cited as 4047 in place of Shope 4074.

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Actinobacillus porcinus Møller et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NM319 = CCUG 38924 = CIP 105315.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U65583.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. porcinus, of a hog, of a pig.
Valid publication: MØLLER (K.), FUSSING (V.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.), PASTER (B.J.), DEWHIRST (F.E.) and KILIAN (M.): Actinobacillus minor sp. nov., Actinobacillus porcinus sp. nov., and Actinobacillus indolicus sp. nov., three new V factor-dependent species from the respiratory tract of pigs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 951-956.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Actinobacillus rossii Sneath and Stevens 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A55 and A68 = Ross 192 = P624 = ATCC 27072= CCUG 12395 = CCUG 24851 = CIP 102634 = NCTC 10801.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362895.
Synonyms: "Phenon 17 of Sneath and Stevens 1985", "Group Ross of Kilian and Frederiksen 1981".
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rossii, of Ross, named after R.F. Ross, who with his colleagues isolated the organism.
Valid publication: SNEATH (P.H.A.) and STEVENS (M.): Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella bettii sp. nov., Pasteurella lymphangitidis sp. nov., Pasteurella mairi sp. nov., and Pasteurella trehalosi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 148-153.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Actinobacillus rossii Sneath and Stevens 1990 was previously known as phenon 17 of Sneath and Stevens and Actinobacillus sp. group "Ross" of Kilian and Frederiksen.

Actinobacillus rossii Sneath and Stevens 1990 emend. Christensen et al. 2005.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A55 and A68 = Ross 192 = P624 = ATCC 27072= CCUG 12395 = CCUG 24851 = CIP 102634 = NCTC 10801.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362895.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. rossii, of Ross, named after R.F. Ross, who with his colleagues isolated the organism.
Reference: CHRISTENSEN (H.), KUHNERT (P.), BISGAARD (M.), MUTTERS (R.), DZIVA (F.) and OLSEN (J.E.): Emended description of porcine [Pasteurella] aerogenes, [Pasteurella] mairii and [Actinobacillus] rossii. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 209-223.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Actinobacillus scotiae Foster et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) M2000/95/1 = CCUG 46379 = CIP 105697 = NCTC 12922.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09653.
Etymology: L. n. Scotiae, Latin name of Scotland; L. gen. n. scotiae, of Scotia, of Scotland, where the isolates were collected from porpoises.
Valid publication: FOSTER (G.), ROSS (H.M.), PATTERSON (I.A.P.), HUTSON (R.A.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Actinobacillus scotiae sp. nov., a new member of the family Pasteurellaceae Pohl (1979) 1981 isolated from porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 929-933.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Actinobacillus seminis (ex Baynes and Simmons 1960) Sneath and Stevens 1990, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A51 and A65 = 5 = Simmons K3844-C = ATCC 15768= CCUG 27187 = CIP 102633 = NCTC 10851.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362897.
Synonyms: "Actinobacillus seminis" Baynes and Simmons 1960, "Phenon 14 of Sneath and Stevens 1985".
Etymology: L. n. semen -inis, seed; N.L. gen. n. seminis, of seed; intended to mean of semen.
Valid publication: SNEATH (P.H.A.) and STEVENS (M.): Actinobacillus rossii sp. nov., Actinobacillus seminis sp. nov., nom. rev., Pasteurella bettii sp. nov., Pasteurella lymphangitidis sp. nov., Pasteurella mairi sp. nov., and Pasteurella trehalosi sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 148-153.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Actinobacillus seminis (ex Baynes and Simmons 1960) Sneath and Stevens 1990 was also known as phenon 14 of Sneath and Stevens.

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Actinobacillus succinogenes Guettler et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 130Z = ATCC 55618= CCUG 43843 = CIP 106512.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF024525.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum succinicum, succinic acid; N.L. suff. -genes (from Gr. v. gennaô, to produce), producing; N.L. adj. succinogenes, succinic-acidproducing.
Valid publication: GUETTLER (M.V.), RUMLER (D.) and JAIN (M.K.): Actinobacillus succinogenes sp. nov., a novel succinic-acid-producing bacterium from the bovine rumen. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 207-216.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Actinobacillus suis van Dorssen and Jaartsveld 1962, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33415= CCM 5586 = CCUG 11624 = CIP 103354 = NCTC 12996.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362899.
Etymology: L. n. sus, the pig, swine; L. gen. n. suis, of the pig.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: VAN DORSSEN (C.A.) and JAARTSVELD (F.H.J.): Actinobacillus suis (novo species) een bij het varken voorkomende bacterie. Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde, 1962, 87, 448-450.

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Actinobacillus ureae (Jones 1962) Mutters et al. 1986, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Henriksen 3520/59 = ATCC 25976= CCUG 2139 = CIP 62.8 = DSM 5568 = NCTC 10219.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY362900.
Basonym: ¤ Pasteurella ureae Jones 1962 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Pasteurella haemolytica var. ureae" Henriksen and Jyssum 1960.
Etymology: N.L. n. urea, urea; N.L. gen. n. ureae, of urea; intended to mean that urea is converted into ammonium carbonate?
Reference: MUTTERS (R.), POHL (S.) and MANNHEIM (W.): Transfer of Pasteurella ureae Jones 1962 to the genus Actinobacillus Brumpt 1910: Actinobacillus ureae comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 343-344.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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