Genus Acidiphilium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Acidiphilium Harrison 1981, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Acidiphilium cryptum Harrison 1981.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Acp. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. n. Acidiphilium (sic), acid lover.
Reference: HARRISON Jr. (A.P.): Acidiphilium cryptum gen. nov., sp. nov., heterotrophic bacterium from acidic mineral environments. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 327-332.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Acidiphilium Harrison 1981 emend. Kishimoto et al. 1996.
Type species: ¤ Acidiphilium cryptum Harrison 1981.
Recommended three-letter abbreviation: Acp. (see the file ¤ "Three-letter code for abbreviations of generic names").
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. neut. n. Acidiphilium (sic), acid lover.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 56. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 362-363. [KISHIMOTO (N.), KOSAKO (Y.), WAKAO (N.), TANO (T.) and HIRAISHI (A.): Transfer of Acidiphilium facilis and Acidiphilium aminolytica to the genus Acidocella gen. nov., and emendation of the genus Acidiphilium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 85-91.]
Validation List no. 56 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acidiphilium acidophilum (Harrison 1983) Hiraishi et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 27807 = CIP 104483 = DSM 700.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D86511.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus acidophilus (ex Guay and Silver 1975) Harrison 1983.
Other synonym: "Thiobacillus acidophilus" Guay and Silver 1975.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. acidophilum, acid loving.
Reference: HIRAISHI (A.), NAGASHIMA (K.V.P.), MATSUURA (K.), SHIMADA (K.), TAKAICHI (S.), WAKAO (N.) and KATAYAMA (Y.): Phylogeny and photosynthetic features of Thiobacillus acidophilus and related acidophilic bacteria: its transfer to the genus Acidiphilium as Acidiphilium acidophilum comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1389-1398.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidiphilium aminilyticum corrig. Kishimoto et al. 1994, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 101 = ATCC 51361 = DSM 11237 = JCM 8796.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30771.
Etymology: N.L. n. aminum, amine; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. aminolyticum, amine dissolving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 48. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1994, 44, 182-183. [KISHIMOTO (N.), KOSAKO (Y.) and TANO (T.): Acidiphilium aminolytica sp. nov.: an acidophilic chemoorganotrophic bacterium isolated from acidic mineral environment. Curr. Microbiol., 1993, 27, 131-136.]
Validation List no. 48 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, aminolytica (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1998.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Taxonomic note: necessary correction of specific and subspecific epithets according to Rules 12c and 13b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1073-1075.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Acidocella aminolytica (Kishimoto et al. 1994) Kishimoto et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Acidiphilium angustum Wichlacz et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KLB = ATCC 35903 = NCCB 86036.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30772.
Etymology: L. neut. adj, angustum, narrow, small, with respect to nutritional versatility.
Reference: WICHLACZ (P.L.), UNZ (R.F.) and LANGWORTHY (T.A.): Acidiphilium angustum sp. nov., Acidiphilium facilis sp. nov., and Acidiphilium rubrum sp. nov.: acidophilic heterotrophic bacteria isolated from acidic coal mine drainage. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 197-201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidiphilium cryptum Harrison 1981, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Lhet2 = ATCC 33463 = DSM 2389 = IFO (now NBRC) 14242 = JCM 21277.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30773.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. cryptum (from Gr. n. adj. krupton), hidden.
Reference: HARRISON Jr. (A.P.): Acidiphilium cryptum gen. nov., sp. nov., heterotrophic bacterium from acidic mineral environments. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 327-332.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidiphilium facile corrig. Wichlacz et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PW2 = ATCC 35904 = NCCB 86038.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30774.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. facile, easy, without difficulty, quick, with respect to growth.
Reference: WICHLACZ (P.L.), UNZ (R.F.) and LANGWORTHY (T.A.): Acidiphilium angustum sp. nov., Acidiphilium facilis sp. nov., and Acidiphilium rubrum sp. nov.: acidophilic heterotrophic bacteria isolated from acidic coal mine drainage. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 197-201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, facilis (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby 1998.
Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Taxonomic note: necessary correction of specific and subspecific epithets according to Rules 12c and 13b of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1073-1075.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Acidocella facilis (Wichlacz et al. 1986) Kishimoto et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Acidiphilium multivorum Wakao et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AIU 301 = DSM 11245 = JCM 8867 = NBRC 100785 = NBRC 100883.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB006711.
Etymology: L. adj. multus, many; L. v. voro, to eat, devour; N.L. neut. adj. multivorum, devouring many kinds of substances.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198. [WAKAO (N.), NAGASAWA (N.), MATSUURA (T.), MATSUKURA (H.), MATSUMOTO (T.), HIRAISHI (A.), SAKURAI (Y.) and SHIOTA (H.): Acidiphilium multivorum sp. nov., an acidophilic chemoorganotrophic bacterium from pyritic acid mine drainage. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 1994, 40, 143-159.]
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Acidiphilium organovorum Lobos et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 43141 = NCCB 86037.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30775.
Etymology: N.L. pref. organo- (from Gr. adj. organikos, of or pertaining to an organ), pertaining to organic chemical compounds; L. v. voro, to eat, devour; N.L. neut. adj. organovorum, devouring organic compounds.
Reference: LOBOS (J.H.), CHISOLM (T.E.), BOPP (L.H.) and HOLMES (D.S.): Acidiphilium organovorum sp. nov., an acidophilic heterotroph isolated from a Thiobacillus ferrooxidans culture. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 139-144.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Acidiphilium rubrum Wichlacz et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OP = ATCC 35905.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D30776.
Etymology: L. adj. ruber -bra -brum, red; L. neut. adj. rubrum, red colored.
Reference: WICHLACZ (P.L.), UNZ (R.F.) and LANGWORTHY (T.A.): Acidiphilium angustum sp. nov., Acidiphilium facilis sp. nov., and Acidiphilium rubrum sp. nov.: acidophilic heterotrophic bacteria isolated from acidic coal mine drainage. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 197-201.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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