Genus Achromobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 15
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 2

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Achromobacter Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 (non "Achromobacter" Bergey et al. 1923), gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981.
Synonym: not "Achromobacter" Bergey et al. 1923.
Etymology: Gr. adj. achrômos, colorless; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod or staff; N.L. masc. n. Achromobacter, colorless rodlet.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.) and YANO (I.): Achromobacter gen. nov. and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 477-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: "Achromobacter" Bergey et al. 1923, type species "Achromobacter liquefaciens" (Eisenberg 1891) Bergey et al. 1923, was not included in the Approved Lists 1980, because the lack of an identifiable culture of "Achromobacter liquefaciens".

¤ Alcaligenes Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: Kersters and De Ley 1984 propose to transfer ¤ Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 (the type species of the genus Achromobacter) to the genus Alcaligenes as ¤ Alcaligenes denitrificans subsp. xylosoxydans (Yabuuchi and Yano 1981) Kersters and De Ley 1984, comb. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Achromobacter to ¤ Alcaligenes.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357. [KERSTERS (K.) and DE LEY (J.): Genus Alcaligenes. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 361-373.]
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

Achromobacter Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 emend. Yabuuchi et al. 1998.
Type species: ¤ Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 emend. Yabuuchi et al. 1998.
Synonym: not "Achromobacter" Bergey et al. 1923.
Etymology: Gr. adj. achrômos, colorless; N.L. masc. n. bacter, a rod or staff; N.L. masc. n. Achromobacter, colorless rodlet.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 67 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [YABUUCHI (E.), KAWAMURA (Y.), KOSAKO (Y.) and EZAKI (T.): Emendation of the genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1998, 42, 429-438.]
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The results of phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA nucleotide sequences and a difference of more 10% in GC contents of DNA demonstrate that ¤ Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981, the type species of the genus Achromobacter, and ¤ Alcaligenes faecalis Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980), the type species of the genus ¤ Alcaligenes, belong to the 2 distinct genera Achromobacter Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 emend. Yabuuchi et al. 1998 and Alcaligenes Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980), respectively.

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Achromobacter aegrifaciens Vandamme et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26852=CCUG 62438.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF586507.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. adj. aeger, unwell, sick, ill; L. v. facere, to make; L. pres. part. faciens, making; N. L. part. adj. aegrifaciens, sick-making.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: VANDAMME, P., MOORE, E. R. B., CNOCKAERT, M., PEETERS, C., SVENSSON-STADLER, L., HOUF, K., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Classification of Achromobacter genogroups 2, 5, 7 and 14 as Achromobacter insuavis sp. nov., Achromobacter aegrifaciens sp. nov., Achromobacter anxifer sp. nov. and Achromobacter dolens sp. nov., respectively. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 474-482.
Effective publication Online

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Achromobacter animicus Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26690=CCUG 61966.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE613448.
Etymology: -.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: VANDAMME, P., MOORE, E. R., CNOCKAERT, M., DE BRANDT, E., SVENSSON-STADLER, L., HOUF, K., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Achromobacter animicus sp. nov., Achromobacter mucicolens sp. nov., Achromobacter pulmonis sp. nov. and Achromobacter spiritinus sp. nov., from human clinical samples. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 1-10.
Effective publication Online

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Achromobacter anxifer Vandamme et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26857=CCUG 62444.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF586508.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. adj. anxifer, distressing, bringing anxiety.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: VANDAMME, P., MOORE, E. R. B., CNOCKAERT, M., PEETERS, C., SVENSSON-STADLER, L., HOUF, K., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Classification of Achromobacter genogroups 2, 5, 7 and 14 as Achromobacter insuavis sp. nov., Achromobacter aegrifaciens sp. nov., Achromobacter anxifer sp. nov. and Achromobacter dolens sp. nov., respectively. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 474-482.
Effective publication Online

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Achromobacter denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Coenye et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15173 = CCUG 407 = CIP 77.15 = DSM 30026 = IFO (now NBRC) 15125 = JCM 5490 = JCM 9657 = LMG 1231 = NCTC 8582.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ278451.
Basonym: ¤ Alcaligenes denitrificans (ex Leifson and Hugh 1954) Rüger and Tan 1983.
Other synonyms: ¤ Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Kiredjian et al. 1986, ¤ Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Yabuuchi et al. 1998.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Reference: COENYE (T.), VANCANNEYT (M.), CNOCKAERT (M.C.), FALSEN (E.), SWINGS (J.) and VANDAMME (P.): Kerstersia gyiorum gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel Alcaligenes faecalis-like organism isolated from human clinical samples, and reclassification of Alcaligenes denitrificans Rüger and Tan 1983 as Achromobacter denitrificans comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1825-1831.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30 [1], this new combination is not validly published because the effective publication makes no reference to the deposit of the type strain in any publicly accessible service collection, but deposits in at least two recognized culture collections in different countries are documented. In a Request for an Opinion, Euzéby and Tindall provide a solution whereby this name may be considered to be validly published [2].
References:
1 DE VOS (P.) and TRÜPER (H.G.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. IXth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 14, 15 and 18 August 1999, Sydney, Australia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2239-2244.
Original article in IJSEM Online, PDF format
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Achromobacter dolens Vandamme et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26840=CCUG 62421.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF586509.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. v. dolere, to hurt, L. pres. part. dolens, hurting, causing pain, distressing.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: VANDAMME, P., MOORE, E. R. B., CNOCKAERT, M., PEETERS, C., SVENSSON-STADLER, L., HOUF, K., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Classification of Achromobacter genogroups 2, 5, 7 and 14 as Achromobacter insuavis sp. nov., Achromobacter aegrifaciens sp. nov., Achromobacter anxifer sp. nov. and Achromobacter dolens sp. nov., respectively. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 474-482.
Effective publication Online

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Achromobacter insolitus Coenye et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain API 201-3-84 = CCUG 47057 = LMG 6003.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY170847.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. insolitus, unusual, uncommon, referring to the fact that these organisms are found only rarely in human clinical samples.
Reference: COENYE (T.), VANCANNEYT (M.), FALSEN (E.), SWINGS (J.) and VANDAMME (P.): Achromobacter insolitus sp. nov. and Achromobacter spanius sp. nov., from human clinical samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1819-1824.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Achromobacter insuavis Vandamme et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26845=CCUG 62426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HF586506 .
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: L. adj. insuavis, unpleasant, disagreeable.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 155. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64 (2014), 1-5.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: VANDAMME, P., MOORE, E. R. B., CNOCKAERT, M., PEETERS, C., SVENSSON-STADLER, L., HOUF, K., SPILKER, T. and LIPUMA, J. J. 2013. Classification of Achromobacter genogroups 2, 5, 7 and 14 as Achromobacter insuavis sp. nov., Achromobacter aegrifaciens sp. nov., Achromobacter anxifer sp. nov. and Achromobacter dolens sp. nov., respectively. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 36, 474-482.
Effective publication Online

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Achromobacter marplatensis Gomila et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B2 = CCM 7608 = CCUG 56371 = CECT 7342.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU150134.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. marplatensis, of or pertaining to Mar del Plata, the Argentinian city where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: GOMILA (M.), TVRZOVÁ (L.), TESHIM (A.), SEDLÁČEK (I.), GONZÁLEZ-ESCALONA (N.), ZDRÁHAL (Z.), ŠEDO (O.), GONZÁLEZ (J.F.), BENNASAR (A.), MOORE (E.R.B.), LALUCAT (J.) and MURIALDO (S.E.): Achromobacter marplatensis sp. nov., isolated from a pentachlorophenol-contaminated soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2231-2237.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Achromobacter mucicolens Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26685=CCUG 61961.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE613446.
Etymology: -.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication Online

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Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al. 1986) Yabuuchi et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hugh 366-5 = ATCC 43552 = CCUG 724 = CIP 60.75 = DSM 10342 = IAM 12591 = JCM 20668 = LMG 1873 = NBRC 102461 = NCTC 11970.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB010841.
Basonym: ¤ Alcaligenes piechaudii Kiredjian et al. 1986.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. piechaudii, of Piechaud, to honor M. Piechaud, a bacteriologist at the Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [YABUUCHI (E.), KAWAMURA (Y.), KOSAKO (Y.) and EZAKI (T.): Emendation of the genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1998, 42, 429-438.]
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Yabuuchi et al. 1998 (page 436), the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 15173 (sic).

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Achromobacter pulmonis Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26696=CCUG 61972.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE798552.
Etymology: -.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication Online

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Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac 1955) Yabuuchi et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15749 = CIP 77.26 = DSM 653 = LMG 1866 = VKM B-1333.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB010840.
Basonym: ¤ Alcaligenes ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac 1955) Aragno and Schlegel 1977.
Other synonyms: "Hydrogenomonas ruhlandii" Packer and Vishniac 1955, "Pseudomonas ruhlandii" (Packer and Vishniac 1955) Davis in Davis et al. 1969.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. ruhlandii, of Ruhland, named for the German microbiologist W. Ruhland, who studied the physiology of the hydrogen bacteria.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [YABUUCHI (E.), KAWAMURA (Y.), KOSAKO (Y.) and EZAKI (T.): Emendation of the genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1998, 42, 429-438.]
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: In the paper by Yabuuchi et al. 1998 (page 436), the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC 15947 (sic).

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Achromobacter spanius Coenye et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain API 198-2-84 = CCUG 47062 = LMG 5911.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY170848.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. spanius (from Gr. adj. spanios), rare, scarce, referring to the fact that, so far, only a few strains have been found.
Reference: COENYE (T.), VANCANNEYT (M.), FALSEN (E.), SWINGS (J.) and VANDAMME (P.): Achromobacter insolitus sp. nov. and Achromobacter spanius sp. nov., from human clinical samples. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1819-1824.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Achromobacter spiritinus Vandamme et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LMG 26692=CCUG 61968.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE613447.
Etymology: -.
Source: Clinical.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 152. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 2365-2367.
Effective publication Online

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Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981, sp. nov., nom. rev. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hugh 2838 = Yabuuchi KM 543 = ATCC 27061 = CCUG 12689 = CIP 71.32 = DSM 10346 = DSM 2402 = IFO (now NBRC) 15126 = JCM 9659 = KM543 = LMG 1863 = NCTC 10807 = NRRL B-4082.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y14908.
Synonym: "Achromobacter xylosoxidans" Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971.
Etymology: N.L. n. xylosum (from Gr. n. xulon, wood), xylose, wood sugar; N.L. v. oxido (from Gr. adj. oxus, sour, acid), to oxidize; N.L. part. adj. xylosoxidans, oxidizing xylose.
Reference: YABUUCHI (E.) and YANO (I.): Achromobacter gen. nov. and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 477-478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Alcaligenes denitrificans subsp. xylosoxydans (Yabuuchi and Yano 1981) Kersters and De Ley 1984, comb. nov.

Note: The spelling is xylosoxidans in the nomenclatural name Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981. However, the spelling is xylosoxydans in the nomenclatural name Alcaligenes denitrificans subsp. xylosoxydans (Yabuuchi and Yano 1981) Kersters and De Ley 1984. In Latin, "y" is a letter borrowed from the Greek in order to represent the Greek upsilon (υ). The root of the word is the Greek adjective οςυζ (Latin transliteration oxys) and the spelling xylosoxydans seems better than xylosoxidans.

¤ Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano 1981) Kiredjian et al. 1986, comb. nov.

¤ Alcaligenes xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano 1981) Kiredjian et al. 1986.

Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981, sp. nov., nom. rev. emend. Yabuuchi et al. 1998.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hugh 2838 = Yabuuchi KM 543 = ATCC 27061 = CCUG 12689 = CIP 71.32 = DSM 10346 = DSM 2402 = IFO (now NBRC) 15126 = JCM 9659 = KM543 = LMG 1863 = NCTC 10807 = NRRL B-4082.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y14908.
Synonym: "Achromobacter xylosoxidans" Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971.
Etymology: N.L. n. xylosum (from Gr. n. xulon, wood), xylose, wood sugar; N.L. v. oxido (from Gr. adj. oxus, sour, acid), to oxidize; N.L. part. adj. xylosoxidans, oxidizing xylose.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 67 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [YABUUCHI (E.), KAWAMURA (Y.), KOSAKO (Y.) and EZAKI (T.): Emendation of the genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1998, 42, 429-438.]
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The results of phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA nucleotide sequences and a difference of more 10% in GC contents of DNA demonstrate that ¤ Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981, the type species of the genus Achromobacter, and ¤ Alcaligenes faecalis Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980), the type species of the genus ¤ Alcaligenes, belong to the 2 distinct genera Achromobacter Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 emend. Yabuuchi et al. 1998 and Alcaligenes Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980), respectively.
The species Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 encompasses two subspecies (see: below).

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Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Yabuuchi et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 15173 = CCUG 407 = CIP 77.15 = DSM 30026 = IFO (now NBRC) 15125 = JCM 5490 = LMG 1231 = NCTC 8582.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ278451.
Basonym: ¤ Alcaligenes denitrificans (ex Leifson and Hugh 1954) Rüger and Tan 1983.
Other synonyms: ¤ Alcaligenes denitrificans subsp. denitrificans (ex Leifson and Hugh 1954) Rüger and Tan 1983, ¤ Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Kiredjian et al. 1986, "Alcaligenes denitrificans" Leifson and Hugh 1954.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [YABUUCHI (E.), KAWAMURA (Y.), KOSAKO (Y.) and EZAKI (T.): Emendation of the genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1998, 42, 429-438.]
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Achromobacter denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Coenye et al. 2003, comb. nov.

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Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain Hugh 2838 = Yabuuchi KM 543 = ATCC 27061 = CCUG 12689 = CIP 71.32 = DSM 10346 = DSM 2402 = IFO (now NBRC) 15126 = JCM 9659 = KM543 = LMG 1863 = NCTC 10807 = NRRL B-4082.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y14908.
Basonym: ¤ Alcaligenes denitrificans subsp. xylosoxydans (Yabuuchi and Yano 1981) Kersters and De Ley 1984.
Other synonym: ¤ Alcaligenes xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano 1981) Kiredjian et al. 1986.
Etymology: N.L. n. xylosum (from Gr. n. xulon, wood), xylose, wood sugar; N.L. v. oxido (from Gr. adj. oxus, sour, acid), to oxidize; N.L. part. adj. xylosoxidans, oxidizing xylose.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084. [YABUUCHI (E.), KAWAMURA (Y.), KOSAKO (Y.) and EZAKI (T.): Emendation of the genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan) comb. nov. Microbiol. Immunol., 1998, 42, 429-438.]
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 According to Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46), the valid publication of Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Yabuuchi et al. 1998 automatically creates another subspecies, Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981.
Reference: VALIDATION LIST no. 67 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084.
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online
2 If an author accepts that ¤ Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Yabuuchi et al. 1998 is a new species (¤ Achromobacter denitrificans (Rüger and Tan 1983) Coenye et al. 2003, comb. nov.), then Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 should thereafter be designated simply as ¤ Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981.

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