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Classification of Cyanobacteria

Updated: August 31, 2009

See also the file Classification of prokaryotes (bacteria): Introduction

 

Contents:

Taxonomic scheme according to NCBI Taxonomy Browser (August 31, 2009)
Taxonomic scheme according to Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd Edition (2001)
Taxonomic scheme according to Cavalier-Smith (January 14, 2002)

 

Note:
The taxa included in the phylum or division "Cyanobacteria" have not been validly published under the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision) except (i) the classes Chroobacteria, Hormogoneae and Gloeobacteria; (ii) the orders Chroococcales, Gloeobacterales, Nostocales, Oscillatoriales, Pleurocapsales and Stigonematales; (iii) the families Prochloraceae and Prochlorotrichaceae, and (iv) the genera Halospirulina, Planktothricoides, Prochlorococcus, Prochloron, Prochlorothrix and Rubidibacter.
The species names Crinalium epipsammum De Winder et al. 1991,  Microcystis aeruginosa Otsuka et al. 2001, Planktothrix mougeotii Suda et al. 2002, and Planktothrix pseudagardhii Suda and Watanabe 2002  are illegitimate.

 

See also:

  • The Cyanobacteria and Their Taxonomy After Stanier (1977)
  • The Cyanobacteria and Their Taxonomy After Rippka et al. (1979)

    Taxonomic scheme according to NCBI Taxonomy Browser (August 31, 2009)

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?name=cyanobacteria

     

     

    Order Chroococcales

    Aphanocapsa
    Aphanothece
    Chamaesiphon

    Chondrocystis
    Chroococcus
    Chroogloeocystis
    Coelosphaerium
    Crocosphaera

    Cyanobacterium
    Cyanobium

    Cyanodictyon
    Cyanosarcina

    Cyanothece
    Dactylococcopsis
    Geminocystis
    Gloeocapsa
    Gloeothece
    Halothece cluster: Euhalothece, Halothece
    Johannesbaptistia

    Merismopedia
    Microcystis
    Radiocystis
    Rhabdoderma

    Rubidibacter
    Snowella
    Sphaerocavum
    Synechococcus
    Synechocystis
    Thermosynechococcus
    Woronichinia

    Order Gloeobacterales

    Gloeobacter

    Order Nostocales

    Family Microchaetaceae

    Coleodesmium
    Fremyella
    Hassallia
    Microchaete
    Petalonema
    Rexia
    Spirirestis

    Tolypothrix

    Family Nostocaceae

    Anabaena
    Anabaenopsis
    Aphanizomenon
    Aulosira
    Cyanospira

    Cylindrospermopsis
    Cylindrospermum
    Mojavia
    Nodularia
    Nostoc
    Raphidiopsis
    Richelia

    Trichormus

    Family Rivulariaceae

    Calothrix
    Gloeotrichia
    Rivularia

    Family Scytonemataceae

    Brasilonema
    Scytonema

    Scytonematopsis

    Order Oscillatoriales

    Arthronema
    Arthrospira

    Blennothrix
    Crinalium

    Geitlerinema
    Halomicronema

    Halospirulina
    Hydrocoleum
    Jaaginema
    Katagnymene

    Komvophoron
    Leptolyngbya
    Limnothrix

    Lyngbya
    Microcoleus
    Oscillatoria
    Phormidium
    Planktolyngbya
    Planktothricoides

    Planktothrix
    Plectonema
    Pseudanabaena
    Pseudophormidium

    Schizothrix
    Spirulina
    Starria
    Symploca
    Trichocoleus
    Trichodesmium
    Tychonema

    Order Pleurocapsales

    Chroococcidiopsis
    Dermocarpa
    Dermocarpella
    Myxosarcina
    Pleurocapsa
    Solentia
    Stanieria
    Xenococcus

    Prochlorophytes

    Family Prochloraceae

    Prochloron

    Family Prochlorococcaceae

    Prochlorococcus

    Family Prochlorotrichaceae

    Prochlorothrix

    Order Stigonematales

    Capsosira
    Chlorogloeopsis

    Fischerella
    Hapalosiphon
    Mastigocladopsis

    Mastigocladus
    Nostochopsis
    Stigonema
    Symphyonema
    Symphyonemopsis
    Umezakia
    Westiellopsis



    Taxonomic scheme according to Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd Edition


    D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ, G.M. GARRITY (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001.

    Subsection I

    Chamaesiphon
    Chroococcus
    Cyanobacterium
    Cyanobium
    Cyanothece
    Dactylococcopsis
    Gloeobacter
    Gloeocapsa
    Gloeothece
    Microcystis
    Prochlorococcus
    Prochloron
    Synechoccus
    Synechocystis

    Subsection II

    Subgroup I

    Cyanocystis
    Dermocarpella
    Stanieria
    Xenococcus

    Subgroup II

    Chroococcidiopsis
    Myxosarcina
    Pleurocapsa-group

    Subsection III

    Arthrospira
    Borzia
    Crinalium
    Geitlerinemia
    Leptolyngbya
    Limnothrix
    Lyngbya
    Microcoleus
    Oscillatoria
    Planktothrix
    Prochlorothrix
    Pseudanabaena
    Spirulina
    Starria
    Symploca
    Trichodesmium
    Tychonema

    Subsection IV

    Subgroup I

    Anabaena
    Anabaenopsis
    Aphanizomenon
    Cyanospira
    Cylindrospermopsis
    Cylindrospermum
    Nodularia
    Nostoc
    Scytonema

    Subgroup II

    Calothrix
    Rivularia
    Tolypothrix

    Subsection V

    Chlorogloeopsis
    Fischerella
    Geitleria
    Iyengariella
    Nostochopsis
    Stigonema


    Taxonomic scheme according to Cavalier-Smith (January 14, 2002)


    CAVALIER-SMITH (T.): The neomuran origin of archaebacteria, the negibacterial root of the universal tree and bacterial megaclassification. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 7-76.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Note: The categories kingdom, subkingdom, infrakingdom, division, and subdivision are not covered by the Rules of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision).

     

     

    Kingdom Bacteria
    Subkingdom Negibacteria
    Infrakingdom Glycobacteria
    Division Cyanobacteria

    Subdivision Gloeobacteria

    Subdivision Gloeobacteria

    Order Gloeobacterales

    Subdivision Phycobacteria

    Subdivision Chroobacteria

    Orders:
    Chroococcales
    Pleurocapsales
    Oscillatoriales

    Subdivision Hormogoneae

    Orders:
    Nostocales
    Stigonematales



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