Title

bmsab_800

Approved Lists of Bacterial Names

The Approved Lists of Bacterial Names contain all the bacterial names having standing in nomenclature on 1 January 1980 and they set a new starting point in bacterial nomenclature [Rule 24a].
"When bacteriologists agreed to make a new start in bacteriological nomenclature, they were faced with tens of thousands of names in the literature of the past. Except for about 2,500 names, it was impossible to tell exactly what bacteria they referred to. These 2,500 were therefore retained in the Approved Lists. The names are only approved in the sense that they were approved for retention in the new bacteriological nomenclature" [Sneath and Brenner, 1992]. "Hence, we have the "Approved Lists of Bacterial Names" and not "Lists of Approved Bacterial Names" as the title" [Sneath, 1989].

The Approved Lists of Bacterial Names consist of two lists which were published on 1 January 1980 in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology:

  • a list for names of taxa above the rank of genus;
  • a list for names of genera, species and subspecies.

    Despite every care, errors in the text have been detected and many of these errors have been corrected in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) published in 1989.


    Support LPSN

    LPSN is an invaluable resource for anyone with an interest in prokaryotic nomenclature. LPSN content is freely available to all, but takes considerable time, effort and expense to run. If you find LPSN useful, please support it at any level that you can - $10, $20, $50, $100, $1000... any amount will be greatly appreciated.


    References:

    SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol.,1980, 30, 225-420. Available on the Internet

    SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Amended edition. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, 1989. Available on the Internet

    SKERMAN (P.H.A.): Preface. In: V.B.D. Skerman, V. McGowan and P.H.A. Sneath, Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Amended edition. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, 1989. Available on the Internet

    SNEATH (P.H.A.) and BRENNER (D.J.): "Official" nomenclature lists. ASM News, 1992, 58, 175. Available on the Internet

     

    Some corrections not included in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), and some comments are also listed below.

     

    A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L- M - N - O - P - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

     

    A

    Acetobacter Beijerinck 1898, genus. - Type species: Acetobacter aceti.

    Acetobacter aceti (Pasteur 1864) Beijerinck 1898, species. - Type strain: NCIB 8621.

    Acetobacter aceti subsp. aceti (Pasteur 1864) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: NCIB 8621.

    Acetobacter aceti subsp. liquefaciens (Asai 1935) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: IAM 1834.

    Acetobacter aceti subsp. orleanensis (Henneberg 1906) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 12876.

    Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinus (Brown 1886) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 23767.
    Note: The original spelling, Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinum (sic), has been corrected on page 108 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (1990 Revision). See also: Judicial Opinion 3 and Rule 12c (1).

    Acetobacter pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) Beijerinck and Folpmers 1916, species. - Type strain: LMD 22.1.

    Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. ascendens (Henneberg 1898) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: LMD 51.1.

    Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. estunensis (Carr 1958) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 23753.

    Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. lovaniensis (Frateur 1950) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 12875.

    Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. paradoxus (Frateur 1950) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: LMD 53.6.

    Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. pasteurianus (Hansen 1879) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: LMD 22.1.

    Acetobacter peroxydans Visser't Hooft 1925, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12874.

    Acetobactereae Pribram 1929, tribus. - Type genus: Acetobacter.

    Acetobacterium Balch et al. 1977, genus. - Type species: Acetobacterium woodii.

    Acetobacterium woodii Balch et al. 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29683.

    Acholeplasma Edward and Freundt 1970, genus. - Type species: Acholeplasma laidlawii.

    Acholeplasma axanthum Tully and Razin 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25176.

    Acholeplasma equifetale Kirchoff 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29724.

    Acholeplasma granularum (Switzer 1964) Edward and Freundt 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19168.

    Acholeplasma hippikon Kirchoff 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29725.

    Acholeplasma laidlawii (Sabin 1941) Edward and Freundt 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23206.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this taxon is incorrectly cited as Acholeplasma laidlawii (Freundt 1955 [sic]) Edward and Freundt 1970. - Reference: TULLY (J.G.): Genus I. Acholeplasma Edward and Freundt 1970, 1AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, p. 775-781.

    Acholeplasma modicum Leach 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29102.

    Acholeplasma oculi Al-Aubaidi et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27350.

    Acholeplasmataceae Edward and Freundt 1970, familia. - Type genus: Acholeplasma.

    Achromatiaceae Massart 1901, familia. - Type genus: Achromatium.

    Achromatium Schewiakoff 1893, genus. - Type species: Achromatium oxaliferum.

    Achromatium oxaliferum Schewiakoff 1893, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Acidaminococcus Rogosa 1969, genus. - Type species: Acidaminococcus fermentans.

    Acidaminococcus fermentans Rogosa 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25085.

    Acinetobacter Brisou and Prévot 1954, genus. - Type species: Acinetobacter calcoaceticus.

    Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (Beijerinck 1911) Baumann et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23055.

    Acinetobacter lwoffii (Audureau 1940) Brisou and Prévot 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15309.

    Actinobacillus Brumpt 1910, genus. - Type species: Actinobacillus lignieresii.

    Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Klinger 1912) Topley and Wilson 1929, species. - Type strain: NCTC 9710.

    Actinobacillus capsulatus Arseculeratne 1962, species. - Type strain: Frederiksen P243.

    Actinobacillus equuli (van Straaten 1918) Haupt 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19392.

    Actinobacillus lignieresii Brumpt 1910, species. - Type strain: NCTC 4189.

    Actinobacillus suis van Dorssen and Jaartsveld 1962, species. - Type strain: CCM 5586.

    Actinomadura Lechevalier and Lechevalier 1968, genus. - Type species: Actinomadura madurae.

    Actinomadura africana Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1974, species. - Type strain: INA 1839.

    Actinomadura aurantiaca Lavrova and Preobrazhenskaya 1975, species. - Type strain: INA 1933.

    Actinomadura carminata Gauze et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: INA 4281.

    Actinomadura citrea Lavrova et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27887.

    Actinomadura coerulea Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: INA 765.

    Actinomadura coeruleofusca Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1974, species. - Type strain: INA 1335.

    Actinomadura cremea Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: INA 292.

    Actinomadura fastidiosa Soina et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: INMI 104.

    Actinomadura flava Gauze et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29533.

    Actinomadura helvata Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27295.

    Actinomadura livida Lavrova and Preobrazhenskaya 1975, species. - Type strain: INA 1678.

    Actinomadura longispora Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1974, species. - Type strain: INA 10222.

    Actinomadura luteofluorescens (Shinobu 1962) Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: IFO 13057.

    Actinomadura madurae (Vincent 1894) Lechevalier and Lechevalier 1968, species. - Type strain: NCTC 5654.

    Actinomadura malachitica Lavrova et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27888.

    Actinomadura pelletieri (Laveran 1906) Lechevalier and Lechevalier 1968, species. - Type strain: NCTC 4162.

    Actinomadura pusilla Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27296.

    Actinomadura roseola Lavrova and Preobrazhenskaya 1975, species. - Type strain: INA 1671.

    Actinomadura roseoviolacea Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27297.

    Actinomadura rubra (Sveshnikova et al. 1969) Meyer and Sveshnikova 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27031.

    Actinomadura salmonea Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: INA 2488.

    Actinomadura spadix Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27298.

    Actinomadura verrucosospora Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27299.

    Actinomadura vinacea Lavrova and Preobrazhenskaya 1975, species. - Type strain: INA 1682.

    Actinomyces Harz 1877, genus. - Type species: Actinomyces bovis.

    Actinomyces bovis Harz 1877, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13683.

    Actinomyces humiferus Gledhill and Casida 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25174.

    Actinomyces israelii (Kruse 1896) Lachner-Sandoval 1898, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12102.

    Actinomyces naeslundii Thompson and Lovestedt 1951, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12104.

    Actinomyces odontolyticus Batty 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17929.

    Actinomyces viscosus (Howell et al. 1965) Georg et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15987.

    Actinomycetaceae Buchanan 1918, familia. - Type genus: Actinomyces.

    Actinomycetales Buchanan 1917, ordo. - Type genus: Actinomyces.

    Actinomycetes Krasil'nikov 1949, classis. - Type order: not given.
    Note: According to Rules 15, 22 and 27(3), the class Actinomycetes is illegitimate because it was proposed without the designation of a nomenclatural type. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 725-727.

    Actinoplanaceae Couch 1955, familia. - Type genus: Actinoplanes.

    Actinoplanes Couch 1950, genus. - Type species: Actinoplanes philippinensis.

    Actinoplanes armeniacus Kalakoutskii and Kusnetsov 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15676.

    Actinoplanes brasiliensis Thiemann et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25844.

    Actinoplanes deccanensis Parenti et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 21983.

    Actinoplanes ferrugineus Palleroni 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29868.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Actinoplanes ferrugineus Palleroni 1978 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Actinoplanes italicus Beretta 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27366.

    Actinoplanes missouriensis Couch 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14538.

    Actinoplanes philippinensis Couch 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12427.

    Actinoplanes rectilineatus Lechevalier and Lechevalier 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29234.

    Actinoplanes utahensis Couch 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14539.

    Actinopolyspora Gochnauer et al. 1975, genus. - Type species: Actinopolyspora halophila.

    Actinopolyspora halophila Gochnauer et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27976.

    Actinopycnidium Krasil'nikov 1962, genus. - Type species: Actinopycnidium caeruleum.

    Actinopycnidium caeruleum Krasil'nikov 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15719.

    Actinosporangium Krasil'nikov and Yuan 1961, genus. - Type species: Actinosporangium violaceum.

    Actinosporangium violaceum Krasil'nikov and Yuan 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15813.

    Actinosynnema Hasegawa et al. 1978, genus. - Type species: Actinosynnema mirum.

    Actinosynnema mirum Hasegawa et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: IMRU 3971.

    Aegyptianella Carpano 1929, genus. - Type species: Aegyptianella pullorum.

    Aegyptianella pullorum Carpano 1929, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Aerococcus Williams et al. 1953, genus. - Type species: Aerococcus viridans.

    Aerococcus viridans Williams et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: NCTC 8251.

    Aeromonas Stanier 1943, genus. - Type species: Aeromonas hydrophila.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, in contravention of the Judicial Opinion 48, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Aeromonas Kluyver and van Niel 1936 (sic). - References: 1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 105. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Necessary corrections according to Judicial Opinions 16, 48 and 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 613.

    Aeromonas hydrophila (Chester 1901) Stanier 1943, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7966.

    Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. anaerogenes Schubert 1964, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15467.

    Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. hydrophila (Chester 1901) Schubert 1969, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 7966.
    Note: The original authorship, (Chester 1901) Stanier 1943, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. proteolytica (Merkel et al. 1964) Schubert 1969, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15338.

    Aeromonas punctata (Zimmermann 1890) Snieszko 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15468.

    Aeromonas punctata subsp. caviae (Scherago 1936) Schubert 1964, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15468.

    Aeromonas punctata subsp. punctata (Zimmermann 1890) Schubert 1964, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15468.
    Note: The original authorship, (Zimmermann 1890) Snieszko 1957, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Aeromonas salmonicida (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Griffin et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: NCMB 1102.

    Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. achromogenes (Smith 1963) Schubert 1967, subspecies. - Type strain: NCMB 1110.

    Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. masoucida Kimura 1969, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 27013.

    Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Schubert 1967, subspecies. - Type strain: NCMB 1102.
    Note: The original authorship, (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Griffin et al. 1953, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Agrobacterium Conn 1942, genus. - Type species: Agrobacterium tumefaciens.

    Agrobacterium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1942, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19358.

    Agrobacterium rhizogenes (Riker et al. 1930) Conn 1942, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11325.

    Agrobacterium rubi (Hildebrand 1940) Starr and Weiss 1943, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13335.

    Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23308.

    Agromyces Gledhill and Casida 1969, genus. - Type species: Agromyces ramosus.

    Agromyces ramosus Gledhill and Casida 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25173.

    Alcaligenes Castellani and Chalmers 1919, genus. - Type species: Alcaligenes faecalis.

    Alcaligenes aestus Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27128.

    Alcaligenes aquamarinus (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Hendrie et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14400.

    Alcaligenes cupidus Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27124.

    Alcaligenes eutrophus Davis 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17697.

    Alcaligenes faecalis Castellani and Chalmers 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8750.

    Alcaligenes latus Palleroni and Palleroni 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29712.

    Alcaligenes pacificus corrig. Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27122.
    Note: The original spelling, Alcaligenes pacifus (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Alcaligenes paradoxus Davis 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17713.

    Alcaligenes ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac 1955) Aragno and Schlegel 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15749.

    Alcaligenes venustus Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27125.

    Alteromonas Baumann et al. 1972, genus. - Type species: Alteromonas macleodii.

    Alteromonas aurantia Gauthier and Breittmayer 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33046.

    Alteromonas citrea Gauthier 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29719.

    Alteromonas communis Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27118.

    Alteromonas espejiana Chan et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29659.

    Alteromonas haloplanktis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Reichelt and Baumann 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14393.

    Alteromonas macleodii Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27126.

    Alteromonas rubra Gauthier 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29570.

    Alteromonas undina Chan et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29660.

    Alteromonas vaga Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27119.

    Alysiella Langeron 1923, genus. - Type species: Alysiella filiformis.

    Alysiella filiformis (Schmid 1922) Langeron 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15532.

    Amoebobacter Winogradsky 1888, genus. - Type species: Amoebobacter roseus.

    Amoebobacter pendens (Molisch 1906) Pfennig and Trüper 1971, species. - Type strain: DSM 236.

    Amoebobacter roseus Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: DSM 235.

    Amorphosporangium Couch 1963, genus. - Type species: Amorphosporangium auranticolor.

    Amorphosporangium auranticolor Couch 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15330.

    Amorphosporangium globisporum Thiemann 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23056.

    Ampullariella Couch 1964, genus. - Type species: Ampullariella regularis.

    Ampullariella campanulata (Couch 1963) Couch 1964, species. - Type strain: DSM 43148.

    Ampullariella digitata (Couch 1963) Couch 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15349.

    Ampullariella lobata (Couch 1963) Couch 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15350.

    Ampullariella regularis (Couch 1963) Couch 1964, species. - Type strain: DSM 43151.

    Anaerobiospirillum Davis et al. 1976, genus. - Type species: Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens.

    Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Davis et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29305.

    Anaeroplasma Robinson et al. 1975, genus. - Type species: Anaeroplasma abactoclasticum.

    Anaeroplasma abactoclasticum Robinson et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27879.
    Note: The type strain is not available from the ATCC because it was impossible to revive the culture sent by the depositors. - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (July 20, 2001).

    Anaeroplasma bactoclasticum (Robinson and Hungate 1973) Robinson and Allison 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27112.
    Note: The type strain is not available from the ATCC because it was impossible to revive the culture sent by the depositors. - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (July 20, 2001).

    Anaerovibrio Hungate 1966, genus. - Type species: Anaerovibrio lipolyticus corrig.

    Anaerovibrio lipolyticus corrig. Hungate 1966, species. - Type strain: VPI 7553.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, lipolytica (sic) has been corrected by Strömpl et al. 1999. - Reference: STRÖMPL (C.), TINDALL (B.J.), JARVIS (G.N.), LÜNSDORF (H.), MOORE (E.R.B.) and HIPPE (H.): A re-evaluation of the taxonomy of the genus Anaerovibrio, with the reclassification of Anaerovibrio glycerini as Anaerosinus glycerini gen. nov., comb. nov., and Anaerovibrio burkinabensis as Anaeroarcus burkinensis [corrig.] gen. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1861-1872.

    Anaplasma Theiler 1910, genus. - Type species: Anaplasma marginale.

    Anaplasma marginale Theiler 1910, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Anaplasma ovis Lestoquard 1924, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Anaplasmataceae Philip 1957, familia. - Type genus: Anaplasma.

    Ancalochloris Gorlenko and Lebedeva 1971, genus. - Type species: Ancalochloris perfilievii.

    Ancalochloris perfilievii Gorlenko and Lebedeva 1971, species. - Type strain: no pure culture.

    Ancalomicrobium Staley 1968, genus. - Type species: Ancalomicrobium adetum.

    Ancalomicrobium adetum Staley 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23632.

    Anoxyphotobacteriae Gibbons and Murray 1978, subclassis. - Type order: Rhodospirillales.

    Aquaspirillum Hylemon et al. 1973, genus. - Type species: Aquaspirillum serpens.

    Aquaspirillum anulus (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9012.

    Aquaspirillum aquaticum Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11330.

    Aquaspirillum autotrophicum Aragno and Schlegel 1978, species. - Type strain: DSM 732.

    Aquaspirillum bengal Kumar et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27641.

    Aquaspirillum delicatum (Leifson 1962) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14667.

    Aquaspirillum dispar Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27510.

    Aquaspirillum fasciculus Strength et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27740.

    Aquaspirillum giesbergeri (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11334.

    Aquaspirillum gracile (Canale-Parola et al. 1966) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19624.

    Aquaspirillum itersonii (Giesberger 1936) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12639.

    Aquaspirillum itersonii subsp. itersonii (Giesberger 1936) Terasaki 1979, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 12639.
    Note: The original authorship, (Giesberger 1936) Hylemon et al. 1973, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Aquaspirillum itersonii subsp. nipponicum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, subspecies. - Type strain: IFO 13615.

    Aquaspirillum metamorphum (Terasaki 1961) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15280.

    Aquaspirillum peregrinum (Pretorius 1963) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15387.

    Aquaspirillum peregrinum subsp. integrum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, subspecies. - Type strain: IFO 13617.

    Aquaspirillum peregrinum subsp. peregrinum (Pretorius 1963) Terasaki 1979, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15387.
    Note: The original authorship, (Pretorius 1963) Hylemon et al. 1973, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Aquaspirillum polymorphum (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11332.

    Aquaspirillum psychrophilum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species. - Type strain: IFO 13611.

    Aquaspirillum putridiconchylium (Terasaki 1961) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15279.

    Aquaspirillum serpens (Muller 1786) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12638.

    Aquaspirillum sinuosum (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9786.

    Arachnia Pine and Georg 1969, genus. - Type species: Arachnia propionica.

    Arachnia propionica (Buchanan and Pine 1962) Pine and Georg 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14157.

    Archangiaceae Jahn 1924, familia. - Type genus: Archangium.

    Archangium Jahn 1924, genus. - Type species: Archangium gephyra.

    Archangium gephyra Jahn 1924, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25201.

    Arthrobacter Conn and Dimmick 1947, genus. - Type species: Arthrobacter globiformis.

    Arthrobacter atrocyaneus Kuhn and Starr 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13752.

    Arthrobacter aurescens Phillips 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13344.

    Arthrobacter citreus Sacks 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11624.

    Arthrobacter crystallopoietes Ensign and Rittenberg 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15481.

    Arthrobacter duodecadis Lochhead 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13347.

    Arthrobacter flavescens Lochhead 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13348.

    Arthrobacter globiformis (Conn 1928) Conn and Dimmick 1947, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8010.

    Arthrobacter histidinolovorans Adams 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11442.

    Arthrobacter mysorens Nand and Rao 1972, species. - Type strain: NCIB 10583.

    Arthrobacter nicotianae Giovannozzi-Sermanni 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15236.

    Arthrobacter oxydans Sguros 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14358.

    Arthrobacter pascens Lochhead and Burton 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13346.

    Arthrobacter picolinophilus Tate and Ensign 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27854.

    Arthrobacter polychromogenes Schippers-Lammertse et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15216.

    Arthrobacter radiotolerans Yoshinaka et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: IAM 12072.

    Arthrobacter ramosus Jensen 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13727.

    Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus Dubinina and Zhdanov 1975, species. - Type strain: BKM-B N 1122.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Arthrobacter siderocapsulatus Dubinin (sic) and Zhdanov 1975. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Arthrobacter simplex (Jensen 1934) Lochhead 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6946.

    Arthrobacter terregens Lochhead and Burton 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13345.

    Arthrobacter tumescens (Jensen 1934) Conn and Dimmick 1947, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6947.

    Arthrobacter ureafaciens (Krebs and Eggleston 1939) Clark 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7562.

    Arthrobacter variabilis Muller 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15753.

    Arthrobacter viscosus Gasdorf et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19584.

    Asticcacaulis Poindexter 1964, genus. - Type species: Asticcacaulis excentricus.

    Asticcacaulis biprosthecium Pate et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27554.
    Note: In the effective publication by Pate et al. 1973 [1] and in a paper by Poindexter 1989 [2], this nomenclatural name is cited as Asticcacaulis biprosthecum. - References: 1 PATE (J.L.), PORTER (J.S.) and JORDAN (T.L.): Asticcacaulis biprosthecum sp. nov. Life cycle, morphology and cultural characteristics. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek J. Microbiol. Serol., 1973, 39, 569-583. 2 POINDEXTER (J.S.): Genus Asticcacaulis Poindexter 1964, 282AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1989, vol. 3. The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, p. 1939-1942.

    Asticcacaulis excentricus Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15261.

    Azomonas Winogradsky 1938, genus. - Type species: Azomonas agilis.

    Azomonas agilis (Beijerinck 1901) Winogradsky 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7494.

    Azomonas insignis (Derx 1951) Jensen 1955, species. - Type strain: UQM 1966.

    Azospirillum Tarrand et al. 1979, genus. - Type species: Azospirillum lipoferum.

    Azospirillum brasilense corrig. Tarrand et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29145.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, brasiliense (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Azospirillum lipoferum (Beijerinck 1925) Tarrand et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29707.

    Azotobacter Beijerinck 1901, genus. - Type species: Azotobacter chroococcum.

    Azotobacter beijerinckii Lipman 1904, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19360.

    Azotobacter chroococcum Beijerinck 1901, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9043.

    Azotobacter macrocytogenes Jensen 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12335.

    Azotobacter nigricans Krasil'nikov 1949, species. - Type strain: UQM 1967.

    Azotobacter paspali Dobereiner 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23833.

    Azotobacter vinelandii Lipman 1903, species. - Type strain: ATCC 478.

    Azotobacteraceae Pribram 1933, familia. - Type genus: Azotobacter.

    B

    Bacillaceae Fischer 1895, familia. - Type genus: Bacillus.

    Bacillales Prévot 1953, ordo. - Type genus: Bacillus.

    Bacillus Cohn 1872, genus. - Type species: Bacillus subtilis.

    Bacillus acidocaldarius Darland and Brock 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27009.

    Bacillus alcalophilus Vedder 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27647.

    Bacillus alvei Cheshire and Cheyne 1885, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6344.

    Bacillus anthracis Cohn 1872, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14578.

    Bacillus badius Batchelor 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14574.

    Bacillus brevis Migula 1900, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8246.

    Bacillus cereus Frankland and Frankland 1887, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14579.

    Bacillus circulans Jordan 1890, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4513.

    Bacillus coagulans Hammer 1915, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7050.

    Bacillus fastidiosus den Dooren de Jong 1929, species. - Type strain: Delft LMD 29-14.

    Bacillus firmus Bredemann and Werner 1933, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14575.

    Bacillus globisporus Larkin and Stokes 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23301.

    Bacillus globisporus subsp. globisporus (Larkin and Stokes 1967) Rüger and Richter 1979, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 23301.
    Note: The original authorship, Larkin and Stokes 1967, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Bacillus globisporus subsp. marinus Rüger and Richter 1979, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 29841.

    Bacillus insolitus Larkin and Stokes 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23299.

    Bacillus larvae White 1906, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9545.

    Bacillus laterosporus Laubach 1916, species. - Type strain: ATCC 64.

    Bacillus lentimorbus Dutky 1940, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14707.

    Bacillus lentus Gibson 1935, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10840.

    Bacillus licheniformis (Weigmann 1898) Chester 1901, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14580.

    Bacillus macerans Schardinger 1905, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8244.

    Bacillus macquariensis Marshall and Ohye 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23464.

    Bacillus megaterium de Bary 1884, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14581.

    Bacillus mycoides Flügge 1886, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6462.

    Bacillus pantothenticus Proom and Knight 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14576.

    Bacillus pasteurii (Miquel 1889) Chester 1898, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11859.

    Bacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Mace 1889, species. - Type strain: ATCC 842.

    Bacillus popilliae Dutky 1940, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14706.

    Bacillus pumilus Meyer and Gottheil 1901, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7061.

    Bacillus sphaericus Meyer and Neide 1904, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14577.

    Bacillus stearothermophilus Donk 1920, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12980.

    Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg 1835) Cohn 1872, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6051.

    Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner 1915, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10792.

    Bacteria Haeckel 1894, classis. - Type order: not given.
    Note: According to Rules 15, 22 and 27(3), the class Bacteria is illegitimate because it was proposed without the designation of a nomenclatural type. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 725-727.

    Bacterionema Gilmour et al. 1961, genus. - Type species: Bacterionema matruchotii.

    Bacterionema matruchotii (Mendel 1919) Gilmour et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14266.

    Bacteroidaceae Pribram 1933, familia. - Type genus: Bacteroides.

    Bacteroideae Castellani and Chalmers 1919, tribus. - Type genus: Bacteroides.

    Bacteroides Castellani and Chalmers 1919, genus. - Type species: Bacteroides fragilis.

    Bacteroides amylophilus Hamlin and Hungate 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29744.

    Bacteroides asaccharolyticus (Holdeman and Moore 1970) Finegold and Barnes 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25260.

    Bacteroides bivius Holdeman and Johnson 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29303.

    Bacteroides capillosus (Tissier 1908) Kelly 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29799.

    Bacteroides coagulans Eggerth and Gagnon 1933, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29798.

    Bacteroides disiens Holdeman and Johnson 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29426.

    Bacteroides distasonis Eggerth and Gagnon 1933, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8503.

    Bacteroides eggerthii Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27754.

    Bacteroides fragilis (Veillon and Zuber 1898) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25285.

    Bacteroides furcosus (Veillon and Zuber 1898) Hauduroy et al. 1937, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25662.

    Bacteroides hypermegas Harrison and Hansen 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25560.

    Bacteroides melaninogenicus (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Roy and Kelly 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25845.

    Bacteroides melaninogenicus subsp. intermedius Holdeman and Moore 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25611.

    Bacteroides melaninogenicus subsp. melaninogenicus (Oliver and Wherry 1921) Holdeman and Moore 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25845.

    Bacteroides microfusus Kaneuchi and Mitsuoka 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29728.

    Bacteroides multiacidus Mitsuoka et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27723.

    Bacteroides nodosus (Beveridge 1941) Mraz 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25549.

    Bacteroides ochraceus (Prévot et al. 1956) Holdeman and Moore 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27872.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Bacteroides ochraceus Prévot et al. 1956 (sic).

    Bacteroides oralis Loesche et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: VPI D27B-24.

    Bacteroides ovatus Eggerth and Gagnon 1933, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8483.

    Bacteroides pneumosintes (Olitsky and Gates 1921) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33048.

    Bacteroides praeacutus (Tissier 1908) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25539.

    Bacteroides putredinis (Weinberg et al. 1937) Kelly 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29800.

    Bacteroides ruminicola Bryant et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19189.

    Bacteroides ruminicola subsp. brevis Bryant et al. 1958, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19188.

    Bacteroides ruminicola subsp. ruminicola Bryant et al. 1958, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19189.

    Bacteroides splanchnicus Werner et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29572.

    Bacteroides succinogenes Hungate 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19169.

    Bacteroides termitidis (Sebald 1962) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: NCTC 11300.

    Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (Distaso 1912) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29148.

    Bacteroides uniformis Eggerth and Gagnon 1933, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8492.

    Bacteroides ureolyticus Jackson and Goodman 1978, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10941.

    Bacteroides vulgatus Eggerth and Gagnon 1933, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8482.

    Bactoderma Tepper and Korshunova 1973, genus. - Type species: Bactoderma alba.

    Bactoderma alba Tepper and Korshunova 1973, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Bactoderma rosea (Winogradsky and Winogradsky 1933) Tepper and Korshunova 1973, species. - Type strain: BKMW 1344.

    Bartonella Strong et al. 1915, genus. - Type species: Bartonella bacilliformis.

    Bartonella bacilliformis (Strong et al. 1913) Strong et al. 1915, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Bartonellaceae Gieszczykiewicz 1939, familia. - Type genus: Bartonella.

    Bdellovibrio Stolp and Starr 1963, genus. - Type species: Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus.

    Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus Stolp and Starr 1963, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9529.

    Bdellovibrio starrii Seidler et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15145.

    Bdellovibrio stolpii Seidler et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: DSM 50722.

    Beggiatoa Trevisan 1842, genus. - Type species: Beggiatoa alba.

    Beggiatoa alba (Vaucher 1803) Trevisan 1845, species. - Type strain: LSU B18LD.

    Beggiatoaceae Migula 1894, familia. - Type genus: Beggiatoa.

    Beggiatoales Buchanan 1957, ordo. - Type genus: Beggiatoa.

    Beijerinckia Derx 1950, genus. - Type species: Beijerinckia indica.

    Beijerinckia derxii Tchan 1957, species. - Type strain: UQM 1968.

    Beijerinckia fluminensis Dobereiner and Ruschel 1958, species. - Type strain: UQM 1685.

    Beijerinckia indica (Starkey and De 1939) Derx 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9039.

    Beijerinckia mobilis Derx 1950, species. - Type strain: UQM 1969.

    Beneckea Campbell 1957, genus. - Type species: Beneckea campbellii.

    Beneckea alginolytica (Miyamoto et al. 1961) Baumann et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17749.

    Beneckea campbellii Baumann et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25920.

    Beneckea harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Reichelt and Baumann 1973 species. - Type strain: ATCC 14126.

    Beneckea natriegens (Payne et al. 1961) Baumann et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14048.

    Beneckea nigripulchritudo corrig. Baumann et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27043.
    Note: The original spelling, Beneckea nigrapulchrituda (sic), has been corrected by Baumann et al. 1984. - Reference: BAUMANN (P.), FURNISS (A.L.) and LEE (J.V.): Genus I. Vibrio Pacini 1854, 411AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1984, p. 518-538.

    Beneckea parahaemolytica (Fujino et al. 1951) Baumann et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17802.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Beneckea parahaemolytica (Fujino et al. 1965 [sic]) Baumann et al. 1971. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Beneckea pelagia Baumann et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25916.

    Beneckea splendida (Beijerinck 1900) Reichelt et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: NCMB 1.

    Beneckea vulnifica Reichelt et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27562.

    Bifidobacterium Orla-Jensen 1924, genus. - Type species: Bifidobacterium bifidum.

    Bifidobacterium adolescentis Reuter 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15703biovar a.

    Bifidobacterium angulatum Scardovi and Crociani 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27535.

    Bifidobacterium animalis (Mitsuoka 1969) Scardovi and Trovatelli 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25527.

    Bifidobacterium asteroides Scardovi and Trovatelli 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25910.

    Bifidobacterium bifidum (Tissier 1900) Orla-Jensen 1924, species. - Type strain: Ti (Tissier) Anaerobe Collection, Institut Pasteur Lille.

    Bifidobacterium boum Scardovi et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27917.

    Bifidobacterium breve Reuter 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15700.

    Bifidobacterium catenulatum Scardovi and Crociani 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27539.

    Bifidobacterium choerinum Scardovi et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27686.

    Bifidobacterium cuniculi Scardovi et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27916.

    Bifidobacterium dentium Scardovi and Crociani 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27534.

    Bifidobacterium indicum Scardovi and Trovatelli 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25912.

    Bifidobacterium infantis Reuter 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15697.

    Bifidobacterium longum Reuter 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15707.

    Bifidobacterium magnum Scardovi and Zani 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27540.

    Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum Scardovi et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27919.

    Bifidobacterium pseudolongum Mitsuoka 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25526.

    Bifidobacterium pullorum Trovatelli et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27685.

    Bifidobacterium suis Matteuzzi et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27533.

    Bifidobacterium thermophilum corrig. Mitsuoka 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25525.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, thermophilium (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984 [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2]. - References: 1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Blastobacter Zavarzin 1961, genus. - Type species: Blastobacter henricii.

    Blastobacter henricii Zavarzin 1961, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Blastococcus Ahrens and Moll 1970., genus. - Type species: Blastococcus aggregatus.

    Blastococcus aggregatus Ahrens and Moll 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25902.

    Blattabacterium Hollande and Favre 1931, genus. - Type species: Blattabacterium cuenoti.

    Blattabacterium cuenoti (Mercier 1906) Hollande and Favre 1931, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Bordetella Moreno-Lopez 1952, genus. - Type species: Bordetella pertussis.

    Bordetella bronchiseptica (Ferry 1912) Moreno-Lopez 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19395.

    Bordetella parapertussis (Eldering and Kendrick 1938) Moreno-Lopez 1952, species. - Type strain: NCTC 5952.

    Bordetella pertussis (Bergey et al. 1923) Moreno-Lopez 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9797.

    Borrelia Swellengrebel 1907, genus. - Type species: Borrelia anserina.

    Borrelia anserina (Sakharoff 1891) Bergey et al. 1925, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia brasiliensis Davis 1952, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia caucasica (Kandelaki 1945) Davis 1957, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia crocidurae (Leger 1917) Davis 1957, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia dugesii (Mazzotti 1949) Davis 1957, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia duttonii (Novy and Knapp 1906) Bergey et al. 1925, species. - Type strain: no culture available.
    Note: Viable cultures were obtained by Cutler et al. 1999. The strains were designated La, Ly, Lw, Ma and Ku. - Reference: CUTLER (S.J.), AKINTUNDE (C.O.K.), MOSS (J.), FUKUNAGA (M.), KURTENBACH (K.), TALBERT (A.), ZHANG (H.), WRIGHT (D.J.M.) and WARRELL (D.A.): Successful in vitro cultivation of Borrelia duttonii and its comparison with Borrelia recurrentis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1793-1799.

    Borrelia graingeri (Heisch 1953) Davis 1957, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia harveyi (Garnham 1947) Davis 1948, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia hermsii (Davis 1942) Steinhaus 1946, species. - Type strain: no culture available.
    Note: Viable cultures are now available (i.e. CIP 104209 = DSM 4682) but no type strain has been designated.

    Borrelia hispanica (de Buen 1926) Steinhaus 1946, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia latyschewii (Sofiev 1941) Davis 1948, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia mazzottii Davis 1956, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia parkeri (Davis 1942) Steinhaus 1946, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia persica (Dschunkowsky 1913) Steinhaus 1946, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia recurrentis (Lebert 1874) Bergey et al. 1925, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia theileri (Laveran 1903) Bergey et al. 1925, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia tillae Zumpt and Organ 1961, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia turicatae (Brumpt 1933) Steinhaus 1946, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Borrelia venezuelensis (Brumpt 1921) Brumpt 1922, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Branhamella Catlin 1970, genus. - Type species: Branhamella catarrhalis.

    Branhamella catarrhalis (Frosch and Kolle 1896) Catlin 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25238.

    Brevibacteriaceae Breed 1953, familia. - Type genus: Brevibacterium.

    Brevibacterieae Prévot 1961, tribus. - Type genus: Brevibacterium.

    Brevibacterium Breed 1953, genus. - Type species: Brevibacterium linens.

    Brevibacterium acetylicum (Levine and Soppeland 1926) Breed 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 953.

    Brevibacterium albidum Komagata and Iizuka 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15831.

    Brevibacterium ammoniagenes (Cooke and Keith 1927) Breed 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6871.

    Brevibacterium citreum Komagata and Iizuka 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15828.

    Brevibacterium divaricatum Su and Yamada 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14020.

    Brevibacterium fermentans Chatelain and Second 1966, species. - Type strain: CIP 66.11.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as CIP 6611. - Reference: KUDO (T.): Personal communication (March 07, 2003).

    Brevibacterium frigoritolerans Delaporte and Sasson 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25097.

    Brevibacterium halotolerans Delaporte and Sasson 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25096.

    Brevibacterium imperiale (Steinhaus 1941) Breed 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8365.

    Brevibacterium incertum (Steinhaus 1941) Breed 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8363.

    Brevibacterium linens (Wolff 1910) Breed 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9172.

    Brevibacterium liquefaciens Okabayashi and Masuo 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14929.

    Brevibacterium luteum Komagata and Iizuka 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15830.

    Brevibacteium lyticum Takayama et al. 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15921.

    Brevibacterium oxydans Chatelain and Second 1966, species. - Type strain: CIP 6612.

    Brevibacterium protophormiae Lysenko 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19271.

    Brevibacterium pusillum Iizuka and Komagata 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19096.

    Brevibacterium saperdae Lysenko 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19272.

    Brevibacterium stationis (ZoBell and Upham 1944) Breed 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14403.

    Brevibacterium testaceum Komagata and Iizuka 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15829.

    Brevibacterium vitaeruminis corrig. (Bechdel et al. 1928) Breed 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10234.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, vitarumen (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Brochothrix Sneath and Jones 1976, genus. - Type species: Brochothrix thermosphacta.

    Brochothrix thermosphacta (McLean and Sulzbacher 1953) Sneath and Jones 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11509.

    Brucella Meyer and Shaw 1920, genus. - Type species: Brucella melitensis.

    Brucella abortus (Schmidt 1901) Meyer and Shaw 1920, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23448.

    Brucella canis Carmichael and Bruner 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23365.

    Brucella melitensis (Hughes 1893) Meyer and Shaw 1920, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23456.

    Brucella neotomae Stoenner and Lackman 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23459.

    Brucella ovis Buddle 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25840.

    Brucella suis Huddleson 1929, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23444.

    Brucellaceae Breed et al. 1957, familia. - Type genus: Brucella.

    Brucelleae Murray 1948, tribus. - Type genus: Brucella.

    Butyrivibrio Bryant and Small 1956, genus. - Type species: Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens.

    Butyrivibrio crossotus Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: VPI T9-40A.

    Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Bryant and Small 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19171.

    C

    Calymmatobacterium Aragao and Vianna 1913, genus. - Type species: Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.

    Calymmatobacterium granulomatis Aragao and Vianna 1913, species. - Type strain: no strain extant.

    Campylobacter Sebald and Véron 1963, genus. - Type species: Campylobacter fetus.

    Campylobacter coli (Doyle 1948) Véron and Chatelain 1973, species. - Type strain: CIP 7080.

    Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor 1919) Sebald and Véron 1963, species. - Type strain: CIP 5396.
    Note: Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific epithet fetus was erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithet or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific epithet fetus. The correct etymology is: fe'tus. L. masc. n. fetus, fetus, fruit; L. gen. masc. n. fetus, of a fetus. - Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.

    Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (Smith and Taylor 1919) Véron and Chatelain 1973, subspecies. - Type strain: CIP 5396.
    Note: Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific and subspecific epithets fetus were erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithets or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific and subspecific epithets fetus. The correct etymology is: fe'tus. L. masc. n. fetus, fetus, fruit; L. gen. masc. n. fetus, of a fetus. - Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.

    Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis (Florent 1959) Véron and Chatelain 1973, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19438.
    Notes:

    Campylobacter jejuni (Jones et al. 1931) Véron and Chatelain 1973, species. - Type strain: CIP 702.
    Note: Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific epithet jejuni was erroneously formed. This required correction of the spelling of the epithet or, alternatively, correction of the etymology. The subcommittee members reached a consensus to correct the etymology of the specific epithet jejuni. The correct etymology is: je.ju'ni. N.L. gen. neut. n. jejuni, of the jejunum. - Reference: VANDAMME (P.) and ON (S.L.W.): Recommendations of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 719-721.

    Campylobacter sputorum (Prévot 1940) Véron and Chatelain 1973, species. - Type strain: Forsyth ER33.

    Campylobacter sputorum subsp. bubulus (Florent 1953) Véron and Chatelain 1973, subspecies. - Type strain: CIP 53.103.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain CIP 53.103 is erroneously cited as CIP 53103.

    Campylobacter sputorum subsp. sputorum (Prévot 1940) Véron and Chatelain 1973, subspecies. - Type strain: Forsyth ER33.

    Capsularis Prévot 1938, genus. - Type species: Capsularis zoogleoformans corrig.

    Capsularis zoogleoformans corrig. (Weinberg et al. 1937) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: VPI D28K-1.
    Note: The original spelling, Capsularis zoogleiformans (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1982. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), KELLEY (R.W.), MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN (L.V.): Bacteroides zoogleoformans (Weinberg, Nativelle, and Prévot 1937) corrig. comb. nov.: emended description. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 271-274.

    Cardiobacterium Slotnick and Dougherty 1964, genus. - Type species: Cardiobacterium hominis.

    Cardiobacterium hominis Slotnick and Dougherty 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15826.

    Caryophanaceae Peshkoff 1939, familia. - Type genus: Caryophanon.

    Caryophanales Peshkoff 1939, ordo. - Type genus: Caryophanon.

    Caryophanon Peshkoff 1939, genus. - Type species: Caryophanon latum.

    Caryophanon latum Peshkoff 1939, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9533.

    Caseobacter Crombach 1978, genus. - Type species: Caseobacter polymorphus.

    Caseobacter polymorphus Crombach 1978, species. - Type strain: LMD AC 256.

    Caulobacter Henrici and Johnson 1935, genus. - Type species: Caulobacter vibrioides.

    Caulobacter bacteroides Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15254.

    Caulobacter crescentus Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15252.

    Caulobacter fusiformis Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15257.

    Caulobacter halobacteroides Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15269.

    Caulobacter henricii Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15253.

    Caulobacter intermedius Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15262.

    Caulobacter leidyi corrig. Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15260.
    Note: In the effective publication by Poindexter 1964 [1], the specific epithet is cited as leidyi (named in remembrance of J. Leidy). So, the spelling of the epithet, leidyia (sic), which appears in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, has been corrected by Poindexter 1989 [2]. - References: 1 POINDEXTER (J.S.): Biological properties and classification of the Caulobacter group. Bacteriol. Rev., 1964, 3, 231-295. 2 POINDEXTER (J.S.): Genus Caulobacter Henrici and Johnson 1935, 83AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1989, vol. 3. The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, p. 1924-1939.

    Caulobacter maris Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15268.

    Caulobacter subvibrioides Poindexter 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15264.

    Caulobacter vibrioides Henrici and Johnson 1935, species. - Type strain: Stove CB51 [not extant (sic)].
    Note: The type strain of Caulobacter vibrioides Henrici and Johnson 1935 (Approved Lists 1980), which the "Approved Lists of Bacterial Names" list as being "not extant" is in fact held in the DSMZ (strain DSM 9893) and VKM (strain VKM B-1496). - Reference: ABRAHAM (W.R.), STRÖMPL (C.), MEYER (H.), LINDHOLST (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), CHRIST (R.), VANCANNEYT (M.), TINDALL (B.J.), BENNASAR (A.), SMIT (J.) and TESAR (M.): Phylogeny and polyphasic taxonomy of Caulobacter species. Proposal of Maricaulis gen. nov. with Maricaulis maris (Poindexter) comb. nov. as the type species, and emended description of the genera Brevundimonas and Caulobacter. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1053-1073.

    Caulobacteraceae Henrici and Johnson 1935, familia. - Type genus: Caulobacter.

    Caulobacterales Henrici and Johnson 1935, ordo. - Type genus: Caulobacter.

    Caulobacterineae Breed et al. 1944, subordo. - Type genus: Caulobacter.

    Cellulomonas Bergey et al. 1923, genus. - Type species: Cellulomonas flavigena.

    Cellulomonas biazotea (Kellerman et al. 1913) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 486.

    Cellulomonas cellasea (Kellerman et al. 1913) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 487.

    Cellulomonas fimi (McBeth and Scales 1913) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 484.

    Cellulomonas flavigena (Kellerman and McBeth 1912) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 482.

    Cellulomonas gelida (Kellerman et al. 1913) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 488.

    Cellulomonas uda (Kellerman et al. 1913) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 491.

    Chainia Thirumalachar 1955, genus. - Type species: Chainia antibiotica.

    Chainia antibiotica Thirumalachar 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15721.

    Chainia flava Thirumalachar and Sukapure 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19347.

    Chainia fumigata Thirumalachar et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19345.

    Chainia minutisclerotica Thirumalachar et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17757.

    Chainia nigra Thirumalachar 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17756.

    Chainia ochracea Kuznetsov 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15814.

    Chainia olivacea Thirumalachar and Sukapure 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15722.

    Chainia poonensis Thirumalachar 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15723.

    Chainia purpurogena Thirumalachar and Sukapure 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19348.

    Chainia rosea Thirumalachar 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17755.

    Chainia rubra Thirumalachar 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17754.

    Chainia violens Kalakoutskii and Krasil'nikov 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15898.

    Chlamydia Jones et al. 1945, genus. - Type species: Chlamydia trachomatis.

    Chlamydia psittaci (Lillie 1930) Page 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-125.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 125 (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Chlamydia trachomatis (Busacca 1935) Rake 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-571.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 571B (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Chlamydiaceae Rake 1957, familia. - Type genus: Chlamydia.

    Chlamydiales Storz and Page 1971, ordo. - Type genus: Chlamydia.

    Chlorobiaceae Copeland 1956, familia. - Type genus: Chlorobium.

    Chlorobiales Gibbons and Murray 1978, ordo. - Type genus: Chlorobium.

    Chlorobium Nadson 1906, genus. - Type species: Chlorobium limicola.

    Chlorobium chlorovibrioides Gorlenko et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: DSM 1377.
    Note: The type strain DSM 1377 is unavailable. - Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF THE PHOTOTROPHIC BACTERIA: Minutes of the meetings, 10 September 1997, Vienna, Austria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 925-926.

    Chlorobium limicola Nadson 1906, species. - Type strain: DSM 245.

    Chlorobium phaeobacteroides Pfennig 1968, species. - Type strain: DSM 266.

    Chlorobium phaeovibrioides Pfennig 1968, species. - Type strain: DSM 269.

    Chlorobium vibrioforme Pelsh 1936, species. - Type strain: DSM 260.

    Chloroflexus Pierson and Castenholz 1974, genus. - Type species: Chloroflexus aurantiacus.

    Chloroflexus aurantiacus Pierson and Castenholz 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29366.

    Chloronema Dubinina and Gorlenko 1975, genus. - Type species: Chloronema giganteum.

    Chloronema giganteum Dubinina and Gorlenko 1975, species. - Type strain: no pure culture.

    Chondromyces Berkeley and Curtis 1874, genus. - Type species: Chondromyces crocatus.

    Chondromyces apiculatus Thaxter 1897, species. - Type strain: TC 4481.

    Chondromyces catenulatus Thaxter 1904, species. - Type strain: TC 4517.

    Chondromyces crocatus Berkeley and Curtis 1874, species. - Type strain: TC 601.

    Chondromyces lanuginosus Kofler 1913, species. - Type strain: TC 4494.

    Chondromyces pediculatus Thaxter 1904, species. - Type strain: TC 4524.

    Chromatiaceae Bavendamm 1924, familia. - Type genus: Chromatium.

    Chromatium Perty 1852, genus. - Type species: Chromatium okenii.

    Chromatium buderi Trüper and Jannasch 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25588.

    Chromatium gracile Strzeszewski 1913, species. - Type strain: DSM 203.

    Chromatium minus Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: DSM 178.

    Chromatium minutissimum Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: DSM 1376.

    Chromatium okenii (Ehrenberg 1838) Perty 1852, species. - Type strain: DSM 169.

    Chromatium vinosum (Ehrenberg 1838) Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17899.

    Chromatium violascens Perty 1852, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17096.
    Note: The type strain ATCC 17096has been deaccessioned. - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (December 20, 2001).

    Chromatium warmingii (Cohn 1875) Migula 1900, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14959.

    Chromatium weissei Perty 1852, species. - Type strain: DSM 171.
    Note: The type strain DSM 171 is unavailable. - Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF THE PHOTOTROPHIC BACTERIA: Minutes of the meetings, 10 September 1997, Vienna, Austria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 925-926.

    Chromobacterieae Winslow et al. 1920, tribus. - Type genus: Chromobacterium.

    Chromobacterium Bergonzini 1880, genus. - Type species: Chromobacterium violaceum.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Chromobacterium Bergonzini 1881 (sic). - References: 1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 93. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Necessary corrections according to Judicial Opinions 16, 48 and 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 613.

    Chromobacterium violaceum Bergonzini 1880, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12472.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Chromobacterium violaceum Bergonzini 1881 (sic). - References: 1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 93. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Necessary corrections according to Judicial Opinions 16, 48 and 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 613.

    Citrobacter Werkman and Gillen 1932, genus. - Type species: Citrobacter freundii.

    Citrobacter diversus (Burkey 1928) Werkman and Gillen 1932, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27156.

    Citrobacter freundii (Braak 1928) Werkman and Gillen 1932, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8090.

    Citrobacter koseri Frederiksen 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27028.

    Clostridiaceae Pribram 1933, familia. - Type genus: Clostridium.

    Clostridiales Prévot 1953, ordo. - Type genus: Clostridium.

    Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, genus. - Type species: Clostridium butyricum.

    Clostridium absonum Nakamura et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27555.

    Clostridium acetobutylicum McCoy et al. 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 824.

    Clostridium acidurici corrig. (Liebert 1909) Barker 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7906.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium acidiurici (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium aminovalericum Hardman and Stadtman 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13725.

    Clostridium aurantibutyricum Hellinger 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17777.

    Clostridium baratii corrig. (Prévot 1938) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27638.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium barati (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium barkeri Stadtman et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25849.

    Clostridium beijerinckii Donker 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25752.

    Clostridium bifermentans (Weinberg and Seguin 1918) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 638.

    Clostridium botulinum (Van Ermengem 1896) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25763.

    Clostridium butyricum Prazmowski 1880, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19398.

    Clostridium cadaveris (Klein 1899) McClung and McCoy 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25783.

    Clostridium carnis (Klein 1904) Spray 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25777.

    Clostridium celatum Hauschild and Holdeman 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27791.

    Clostridium cellobioparum Hungate 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15832.

    Clostridium chauvoei (Arloing et al. 1887) Scott 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10092.

    Clostridium clostridioforme corrig. (Burri and Ankersmit 1906) Kaneuchi et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25537.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium clostridiiforme (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium coccoides Kaneuchi et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29236.

    Clostridium cochlearium (Douglas et al. 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17787.

    Clostridium cocleatum Kaneuchi et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29902.

    Clostridium difficile (Hall and O'Toole 1935) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9689.

    Clostridium durum Smith and Cato 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27763.

    Clostridium fallax (Weinberg and Seguin 1915) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19400.

    Clostridium felsineum (Carbone and Tombolato 1917) Bergey et al. 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17788.

    Clostridium formicaceticum corrig. Andreesen et al. 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27076.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium formicoaceticum (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium ghonii corrig. Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25757.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium ghoni (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium glycolicum Gaston and Stadtman 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14880.

    Clostridium haemolyticum (Hall 1929) Scott et al. 1935, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9650.

    Clostridium hastiforme MacLennan 1939, species. - Type strain: VPI 12193.

    Clostridium histolyticum (Weinberg and Seguin 1916) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19401.

    Clostridium indolis McClung and McCoy 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25771.

    Clostridium innocuum Smith and King 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14501.

    Clostridium irregulare corrig. (Choukévitch 1911) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25756.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium irregularis (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium kluyveri Barker and Taha 1942, species. - Type strain: NCIB 10680.

    Clostridium lentoputrescens Hartsell and Rettger 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17794.

    Clostridium leptum Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29065.

    Clostridium limosum Andre 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25620.

    Clostridium lituseburense (Laplanche and Saissac 1948) McClung and McCoy 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25759.

    Clostridium malenominatum (Weinberg et al. 1937) Spray 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25776.

    Clostridium mangenotii (Prévot and Zimmes-Chaverou 1947) McClung and McCoy 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25761.

    Clostridium nexile Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27757.

    Clostridium novyi (Migula 1894 [sic]) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: strain ATCC 17861.
    Note:
    There is obviously a problem with the citation of Clostridium novyi and the author thanks Dr. T. Kudo (JCM) for his helpful informations.
    In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and in the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this taxon is cited as "C. novyi (Migula 1894) Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer and Huntoon 1923". The reference of the paper by Migula is the following: Migula, W. 1894, Zeitschrift fur Hygiene 17:209.
    The journal name "Zeitschrift für Hygiene" was terminated in 1891 and was succeeded by "Zeitschrift für Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten".
    Zeitschrift für Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten, 1894, 17, 209-232 is an article by F. G. Novy entitled "Ein neuer anaerober Bacillus des malignen oedems".
    In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology sixth, seventh and eight editions, in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, and in the Index Bergeyana, this taxon is cited as Clostridium novyi (Migula 1900) Bergey et al. 1923 and the synonym "Bacillus novyi" is cited as "Bacillus novyi" Migula 1900. The reference is cited as follows: Migula, W. 1900. System der Bakterien. Vol. 2. Gustav Fischer, Jena.

    Clostridium oceanicum Smith 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25647.

    Clostridium oroticum (Wachsman and Barker 1954) Cato et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13619.

    Clostridium paraperfringens Nakamura et al. 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27639.

    Clostridium paraputrificum (Bienstock 1906) Snyder 1936, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25780.

    Clostridium pasteurianum Winogradsky 1895, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6013.

    Clostridium perenne (Prévot 1940) McClung and McCoy 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25782.

    Clostridium perfringens (Veillon and Zuber 1898) Hauduroy et al. 1937, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13124.

    Clostridium propionicum Cardon and Barker 1946, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25522.

    Clostridium putrefaciens (McBryde 1911) Sturges and Drake 1927, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25786.

    Clostridium putrificum (Trevisan 1889) Reddish and Rettger 1922, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25784.

    Clostridium quercicolum Stankewich et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25974.

    Clostridium ramosum (Veillon and Zuber 1898) Holdeman et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25582.

    Clostridium rectum (Heller 1922) Holdeman and Moore 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25751.

    Clostridium sardiniense corrig. Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: VPI 2971.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium sardiniensis (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium sartagoforme corrig. Partansky and Henry 1935, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25778.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium sartagoformum (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium scatologenes (Weinberg and Ginsbourg 1927) Prévot 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25775.

    Clostridium septicum (Mace 1889) Ford 1927, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12464.

    Clostridium sordellii (Hall and Scott 1927) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: NCIB 10717.

    Clostridium sphenoides (Douglas et al. 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19403.

    Clostridium spiroforme Kaneuchi et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29900.

    Clostridium sporogenes (Metchnikoff 1908) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3584.

    Clostridium sporosphaeroides Soriano and Soriano 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25781.

    Clostridium sticklandii Stadtman and McClung 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12662.

    Clostridium subterminale (Hall and Whitehead 1927) Spray 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25774.

    Clostridium symbiosum (Stevens 1956) Kaneuchi et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14940.

    Clostridium tertium (Henry 1917) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14573.
    Note: According to Rule 52 (2), tertium is an illegitimate epithet because it is an ordinal adjective.

    Clostridium tetani (Flügge 1886) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19406.

    Clostridium thermaceticum corrig. Fontaine et al. 1942, species. - Type strain: DSM 521.
    Note: The original spelling, Clostridium thermoaceticum (sic), has been corrected by Cato et al. 1986. - Reference: CATO (E.P.), GEORGE (W.L.) and FINEGOLD (S.M.): Genus Clostridium Prazmowski 1880, 23AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1141-1200.

    Clostridium thermocellum Viljoen et al. 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27405.

    Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum Klaushofer and Parkkinen 1965, species. - Type strain: DSM 567.

    Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum McClung 1935, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7956.

    Clostridium tyrobutyricum Van Beynum and Pette 1935, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25755.

    Clostridium villosum Love et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: NCTC 11220.

    Coprococcus Holdeman and Moore 1974, genus. - Type species: Coprococcus eutactus.

    Coprococcus catus Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: VPI C6-61.

    Coprococcus comes Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: VPI C1-38.

    Coprococcus eutactus Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27759.

    Corynebacteriaceae Lehmann and Neumann 1907, familia. - Type genus: Corynebacterium.

    Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896, genus. - Type species: Corynebacterium diphtheriae.

    Corynebacterium betae Keyworth et al. 1956, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 374.

    Corynebacterium beticola Abdou 1969, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2256.

    Corynebacterium bovis Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7715.

    Corynebacterium callunae (Lee and Good 1963) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15991.

    Corynebacterium cystitidis Yanagawa and Honda 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29593.

    Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Kruse 1886) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27010.

    Corynebacterium equi Magnusson 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6939.

    Corynebacterium fascians (Tilford 1936) Dowson 1942, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12974.

    Corynebacterium flaccumfaciens (Hedges 1922) Dowson 1942, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 1446.

    Corynebacterium flavescens Barksdale et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10340.

    Corynebacterium glutamicum (Kinoshita et al. 1958) Abe et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13032.

    Corynebacterium hoagii (Morse 1912) Eberson 1918, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7005.

    Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ICMP 2608 = ICPB CI144, not ATCC 14264.
    Note: Following a Request for an Opinion, the Judicial Commission has therefore ruled (i) that ATCC 14264, as cited in the Approved Lists, cannot serve as the type of the species Corynebacterium ilicis, but may serve as the type of a different taxon, Arthrobacter ilicis; and (ii) that the name Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961 is represented by the type strain ICMP 2608 = ICPB CI144. See Judicial Opinion 87 [JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Corynebacterium ilicis is typified by ICMP 2608 =ICPB CI144, Arthrobacter ilicis is typified by DSM 20138 =ATCC 14264=NCPPB 1228 and the two are not homotypic synonyms, and clarification of the authorship of these two species. Opinion 87. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1976-1978.]

    Corynebacterium insidiosum (McCulloch 1925) Jensen 1934, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 1109.

    Corynebacterium kutscheri (Migula 1900) Bergey et al. 1925, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15677.

    Corynebacterium lilium Lee and Good 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15990.

    Corynebacterium michiganense (Smith 1910) Jensen 1934, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2979.

    Corynebacterium nebraskense Vidaver and Mandel 1974, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2581.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Corynebacterium nebraskense (Schuster et al. 1973) emend. Vidaver and Mandel 1974 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Corynebacterium oortii Saaltink and Maas Geesteranus 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25283.

    Corynebacterium paurometabolum Steinhaus 1941, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8368.

    Corynebacterium pilosum Yanagawa and Honda 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29592.

    Corynebacterium poinsettiae (Starr and Pirone 1942) Burkholder 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9682.

    Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10700.

    Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (Buchanan 1911) Eberson 1918, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19410.

    Corynebacterium pyogenes (Glage 1903) Eberson 1918, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19411.

    Corynebacterium rathayi (Smith 1913) Dowson 1942, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2980.

    Corynebacterium renale (Migula 1900) Ernst 1906, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19412.

    Corynebacterium sepedonicum (Spieckermann and Kotthoff 1914) Skaptason and Burkholder 1942, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33113.

    Corynebacterium striatum (Chester 1901) Eberson 1918, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6940.
    Note: None of the reference strains fits the descriptions in the original publications. It appears that the wrong strains were deposited in Major Culture Collections. This is a substantial case for declaring Corynebacterium striatum a nomen dubium (Rule 56a). However, if a careful search reveals a strain or strains used in the original description agreeing in its characteristics, then a neotype strain can be proposed (Rule 18c). - Reference: COYLE (M.B.), LEONARD (R.B.) and NOWOWIEJSKI (D.J.): Pursuit of the Corynebacterium striatum type strain. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 848-851.

    Corynebacterium xerosis (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Lehmann and Neumann 1899, species. - Type strain: ATCC 373.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this taxon is cited as Corynebacterium xerosis Lehmann and Neumann 1899.

    Cowdria Moshkovski 1947, genus. - Type species: Cowdria ruminantium.

    Cowdria ruminantium (Cowdry 1925) Moshkovski 1947, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.
    Note: Several strains have been isolated since the Approved Lists 1980 but, no type strain has been designated.

    Coxiella (Philip 1943) Philip 1948, genus. - Type species: Coxiella burnetii.

    Coxiella burnetii (Derrick 1939) Philip 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-615.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 615 (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Crenothrix Cohn 1870, genus. - Type species: Crenothrix polyspora.

    Crenothrix polyspora Cohn 1870, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Crenotrichaceae Hansgirg 1888, familia. - Type genus: Crenothrix.

    Cristispira Gross 1910, genus. - Type species: Cristispira pectinis.

    Cristispira pectinis Gross 1910, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Curtobacterium Yamada and Komagata 1972, genus. - Type species: Curtobacterium citreum.

    Curtobacterium albidum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15831.

    Curtobacterium citreum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15828.

    Curtobacterium luteum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species. - Type strain: IAM 1623.

    Curtobacterium pusillum (Iizuka and Komagata 1965) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19096.

    Curtobacterium saperdae (Lysenko 1959) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19272.

    Curtobacterium testaceum (Komagata and Iizuka 1964) Yamada and Komagata 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15829.

    Cystobacter Schroeter 1886, genus. - Type species: Cystobacter fuscus.

    Cystobacter ferrugineus (Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1927) McCurdy 1970, species. - Type strain: Windsor M-203.

    Cystobacter fuscus Schroeter 1886, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25194.

    Cystobacter minus (Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1926) McCurdy 1970, species. - Type strain: Windsor M-307.

    Cystobacteraceae McCurdy 1970, familia. - Type genus: Cystobacter.

    Cytophaga Wynogradsky 1929, genus. - Type species: Cytophaga hutchinsonii.

    Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29551.

    Cytophaga fermentans Bachmann 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19072.

    Cytophaga flevensis van der Meulen et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27944.

    Cytophaga hutchinsonii Winogradsky 1929, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9469.

    Cytophaga johnsonae Stanier 1947, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17061.
    Note: According Bernardet et al., the original spelling should be changed to Cytophaga johnsoniae (named in honor of Delia E. Johnson). - Reference: BERNARDET (J.F.), SEGERS (P.), VANCANNEYT (M.), BERTHE (F.), KERSTERS (K.) and VANDAMME (P.): Cutting a Gordian knot: emended classification and description of the genus Flavobacterium, emended description of the family Flavobacteriaceae, and proposal of Flavobacterium hydatis nom. nov. (basonym, Cytophaga aquatilis Strohl and Tait 1978). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 128-148.

    Cytophaga latercula Lewin 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23177.

    Cytophaga lytica Lewin 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23178.

    Cytophaga salmonicolor Veldkamp 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19041.

    Cytophagaceae Stanier 1940, familia. - Type genus: Cytophaga.

    Cytophagales Leadbetter 1974, ordo. - Type genus: Cytophaga.

    D

    Dactylosporangium Thiemann et al. 1967, genus. - Type species: Dactylosporangium aurantiacum.

    Dactylosporangium aurantiacum Thiemann et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23491.

    Dactylosporangium thailandense Thiemann et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23490.

    Dermatophilaceae Austwick 1958, familia. - Type genus: Dermatophilus.

    Dermatophilus (Van Saceghem 1915) Gordon 1964, genus. - Type species: Dermatophilus congolensis.

    Dermatophilus congolensis (Van Saceghem 1915) Gordon 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14637.

    Derxia Jensen et al. 1960, genus. - Type species: Derxia gummosa.

    Derxia gummosa Jensen et al. 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15994.

    Desulfomonas Moore et al. 1976, genus. - Type species: Desulfomonas pigra.

    Desulfomonas pigra Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29098.

    Desulfotomaculum Campbell and Postgate 1965, genus. - Type species: Desulfotomaculum nigrificans.

    Desulfotomaculum acetoxidans Widdel and Pfennig 1977, species. - Type strain: DSM 771.

    Desulfotomaculum nigrificans (Werkman and Weaver 1927) Campbell and Postgate 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19998.

    Desulfotomaculum orientis Campbell and Postgate 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19365.
    Note: In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology eight edition and in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, this taxon is cited as Desulfotomaculum orientis (Adams and Postgate 1959) Campbell and Postgate 1965.

    Desulfotomaculum ruminis Campbell and Postgate 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23193.

    Desulfovibrio Kluyver and van Niel 1936, genus. - Type species: Desulfovibrio desulfuricans.

    Desulfovibrio africanus Campbell et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: NCIB 8401.

    Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (Beijerinck 1895) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. - Type strain: NCIB 8307.

    Desulfovibrio desulfuricans subsp. aestuarii Postgate and Campbell 1966, subspecies. - Type strain: NCIB 9335.

    Desulfovibrio desulfuricans subsp. desulfuricans (Beijerinck 1895) Postgate and Campbell 1966, subspecies. - Type strain: NCIB 8307.
    Note: The original authorship, (Beijerinck 1895) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Desulfovibrio gigas Le Gall 1963, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9332.

    Desulfovibrio salexigens Postgate and Campbell 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14822.

    Desulfovibrio thermophilus Razanova and Khudyakova 1974, species. - Type strain: VKM V-1128.

    Desulfovibrio vulgaris Postgate and Campbell 1966, species. - Type strain: DSM 644.

    Desulfovibrio vulgaris subsp. oxamicus Postgate and Campbell 1966, subspecies. - Type strain: NCIB 9442.

    Desulfovibrio vulgaris subsp. vulgaris Postgate and Campbell 1966, subspecies. - Type strain: DSM 644.

    Desulfuromonas Pfennig and Biebl 1977, genus. - Type species: Desulfuromonas acetoxidans.

    Desulfuromonas acetoxidans Pfennig and Biebl 1977, species. - Type strain: DSM 684.

    E

    Ectothiorhodospira Pelsh 1936, genus. - Type species: Ectothiorhodospira mobilis.

    Ectothiorhodospira halochloris Imhoff and Trüper 1979, species. - Type strain: DSM 1059.

    Ectothiorhodospira halophila Raymond and Sistrom 1969, species. - Type strain: DSM 244.

    Ectothiorhodospira mobilis Pelsh 1936, species. - Type strain: DSM 237.

    Ectothiorhodospira shaposhnikovii Cherni et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: DSM 243.

    Edwardsiella Ewing and McWhorter 1965, genus. - Type species: Edwardsiella tarda.

    Edwardsiella anguillimortifera (Hoshina 1962) Sakazaki and Tamura 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15947.
    Note: Edwardsiella anguillimortifera (Hoshina 1962) Sakazaki and Tamura 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) and Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and Edwardsiella anguillimortifera (Hoshina 1962) Sakazaki and Tamura 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) is the earlier synonym. However, Farmer et al. 1976 have submitted a request for an opinion to conserve the specific epithet tarda over the specific epithet anguillimortifera. Opinion pending. - Reference: FARMER III (J.J.), BRENNER (D.J.) and CLARK (W.A.): Proposal to conserve the specific epithet tarda over the specific epithet anguillimortiferum in the name of the organism presently know as Edwardsiella tarda: Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1976, 26, 293-294.

    Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15947.
    Note: Edwardsiella tarda Ewing and McWhorter 1965 (Approved Lists 1980) and Edwardsiella anguillimortifera (Hoshina 1962) Sakazaki and Tamura 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) have the same type strain and Edwardsiella anguillimortifera (Hoshina 1962) Sakazaki and Tamura 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) is the earlier synonym. However, Farmer et al. 1976 have submitted a request for an opinion to conserve the specific epithet tarda over the specific epithet anguillimortifera. Opinion pending. - Reference: FARMER III (J.J.), BRENNER (D.J.) and CLARK (W.A.): Proposal to conserve the specific epithet tarda over the specific epithet anguillimortiferum in the name of the organism presently know as Edwardsiella tarda: Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1976, 26, 293-294.

    Ehrlichia Moshkovski 1945, genus. - Type species: Ehrlichia canis.

    Ehrlichia canis (Donatien and Lestoquard 1935) Moshkovski 1945, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.
    Note: Several strains have been isolated since the Approved Lists 1980 but, no type strain has been designated.

    Ehrlichia phagocytophila (Foggie 1949) Philip 1962, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.
    Note: Several strains have been isolated since the Approved Lists 1980 but, no type strain has been designated.

    Ehrlichiaceae Moshkovski 1945, familia. - Type genus: Ehrlichia.

    Ehrlichieae Philip 1957, tribus. - Type genus: Ehrlichia.

    Eikenella Jackson and Goodman 1972, genus. - Type species: Eikenella corrodens.

    Eikenella corrodens (Eiken 1958) Jackson and Goodman 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23834.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the name Eikenella corrodens appears twice. In the first appearance, typographic errors have been made so, the first appearance of Eikenella corrodens (page 61, column 2, paragraph 6, and page 62, column 1, lines 1-4) should be deleted. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Elytrosporangium Falcao de Morais et al. 1966, genus. - Type species: Elytrosporangium brasiliense corrig. (Elytrosporangium brasiliensis [sic]).

    Elytrosporangium brasiliense corrig. Falcão de Morais et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23727.
    Note: The original spelling, Elytrosporangium brasiliensis (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Elytrosporangium carpinense Falcao de Morais et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: 70-6-2 (Lab. Microbiol. Inst. Biociencias Univer. Federal Pernambucco, Recife, Brazil).

    Elytrosporangium spirale Falcao de Morais 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25664.

    Enterobacter Hormaeche and Edwards 1960, genus. - Type species: Enterobacter cloacae.
    Note: According to the Judicial Opinion 15, the genus Enterobacter Hormaeche and Edwards 1960 (Approved Lists 1980) is an exception to Rules 15 and 21a because it is not the type genus of the family Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937 (Approved Lists 1980). The Judicial Opinion 15 states that the nomenclatural type of the family Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937 (Approved Lists 1980) is the the genus Escherichia Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980). - Reference: LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 93.

    Enterobacter aerogenes Hormaeche and Edwards 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13048.

    Enterobacter agglomerans Ewing and Fife 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27155.
    Note: M.W. Beijerinck [1] published the name "Bacillus agglomerans" in 1888. W.H. Ewing and M.A. Fife [2] changed the name to Enterobacter agglomerans in 1972 as a new combination, acknowledging that Beijerinck had been the original author and making the new full name: Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing and Fife 1972. However, the Approved List of Bacterial Names omitted Beijerinck from the name in 1980 and listed only Ewing and Fife as the authors [3]. - References: 1 BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Cultur des Bacillus radicola aus den Knöllchen. Bot. Ztg. 1888, 46, 740-750. 2 EWING (W.H.) and FIFE (M.A.): Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck) comb. nov. (the Herbicola-Lathyri bacteria). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1972, 22, 4-11. 3 EDWARDS (J.): Personal communication (July 30, 2003).

    Enterobacter cloacae (Jordan 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13047.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Enterobacter cloacae (Jordon (sic) 1890) Hormaeche and Edwards 1960. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937, familia. - Type genus: Escherichia.
    Note: The family name Enterobacteriaceae was omitted from the body of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980, but a footnote was inserted on page 236 indicating that the name was sub judice, referring to the proposal by Lapage. This has led to some confusion over the status of the name. The Judicial Commission has reviewed this question and concluded that the family name Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937 is valid and should have been incorporated in the body of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980. - References: 1 LAPAGE (S.P.): Proposal of Enterobacteraceae nom. nov. as a substitute for the illegitimate but conserved name Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 265-266. 2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Present standing of the family name Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 104. 3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465. 4 BRENNER (D.J.): Opposition to the proposal to replace the family name Enterobacteriaceae. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 892-895. 5 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF THE ENTEROBACTERIACEAE: Minutes of the meeting, 6 September 1978, Munich, Federal Republic of Germany. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 242. 6 ICSB, Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of the Enterobacteriaceae: Minutes of the meeting, 10 August 1982, Boston, Massachusetts. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 243-244. 7 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1982. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 272-273. 8 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Eperythrozoon Schilling 1928, genus. - Type species: Eperythrozoon coccoides.

    Eperythrozoon coccoides Schilling 1928, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Eperythrozoon ovis Neitz et al. 1934, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Eperythrozoon parvum Splitter 1950, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Eperythrozoon suis Splitter 1950, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Eperythrozoon wenyonii Adler and Ellenbogen 1934, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Erwinia Winslow et al. 1920, genus. - Type species: Erwinia amylovora.

    Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow et al. 1920, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15580.

    Erwinia ananatis corrig. Serrano 1928, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 1846.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, ananas (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Erwinia cancerogena Urosevic 1966, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2176.

    Erwinia carnegieana Standring 1942, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 439.

    Erwinia carotovora (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15713.

    Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica (van Hall 1902) Dye 1969, subspecies. - Type strain: NCPPB 549.

    Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora (Jones 1901) Dye 1969, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15713.
    Note: The original authorship, (Jones 1901) Bergey et al. 1923, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11663.

    Erwinia cypripedii (Hori 1911) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: PDDCC 1591.

    Erwinia dissolvens (Rosen 1922) Burkholder 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23373.

    Erwinia herbicola (Lohnis 1911) Dye 1964, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2971.

    Erwinia mallotivora Goto 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29573.

    Erwinia milletiae (Kawakami and Yoshida 1920) Magrou 1937, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2519.

    Erwinia nigrifluens Wilson et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13028.

    Erwinia nimipressuralis (Carter 1945) Dye 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9912.
    Note: In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology eight edition, and in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, this taxon is cited as Erwinia nimipressuralis Carter 1945.

    Erwinia paradisiaca Fernandez-Borrero and Lopez-Duque 1970, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2511.

    Erwinia quercina Hildebrandt and Schroth 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29281.

    Erwinia rhapontici (Millard 1924) Burkholder 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29283.

    Erwinia rubrifaciens Wilson et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29291.

    Erwinia salicis (Day 1924) Chester 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15712.

    Erwinia stewartii (Smith 1898) Dye 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8199.

    Erwinia tracheiphila (Smith 1895) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2452.

    Erwinia uredovora (Pon et al. 1954) Dye 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19321.

    Erwinieae Winslow et al. 1920, tribus. - Type genus: Erwinia.

    Erysipelothrix Rosenbach 1909, genus. - Type species: Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.

    Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (Migula 1900) Buchanan 1918, species. - Type strain: ATCC19414.

    Escherichia Castellani and Chalmers 1919, genus. - Type species: Escherichia coli.
    Note: According to Judicial Opinion 15 the genus Escherichia Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980) is the type genus of the family Enterobacteriaceae Rahn 1937 (Approved Lists 1980). - Reference: LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 93.

    Escherichia adecarboxylata Leclerc 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23216.

    Escherichia blattae Burgess et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: CDC 9005-74.

    Escherichia coli (Migula 1895) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11775.

    Escherichieae Bergey et al. 1939, tribus. - Type genus: Escherichia.

    Eubacteriales Buchanan 1917, ordo. - Type genus: Eubacterium.

    Eubacterieae Prévot 1961, tribus. - Type genus: Eubacterium.

    Eubacteriineae Breed et al. 1944, subordo. - Type genus: Eubacterium.

    Eubacterium Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Cato et al. 1983, genus. - New type species: Eubacterium limosum.
    Note: In the Approved Lists (1980), the type species is "Eubacterium foedans". However, "Eubacterium foedans" (Klein 1908) Prévot 1938 is not included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and is not a valid species.

    Eubacterium aerofaciens (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25986.

    Eubacterium alactolyticum (Prévot and Taffanel 1942) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23263.

    Eubacterium biforme (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27806.

    Eubacterium budayi (Le Blaye and Guggenheim 1914) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25541.

    Eubacterium cellulosolvens (Bryant et al. 1958) Holdeman and Moore 1972, species. - Type strain: strain Bryant B348.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is incorrectly cited as Bryant B348 (sic).

    Eubacterium combesii (Prévot and Laplanche 1947) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25545.

    Eubacterium contortum (Prévot 1947) Holdeman et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25540.

    Eubacterium cylindroides (Rocchi 1908) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27803.

    Eubacterium dolichum Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29143.

    Eubacterium eligens Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: VPI C15-48.

    Eubacterium fissicatena Taylor 1972, species. - Type strain: NCIB 10446.

    Eubacterium formicigenerans Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27755.

    Eubacterium hadrum Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: VPI B2-52.

    Eubacterium hallii Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: VPI B4-27.

    Eubacterium lentum (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25559.

    Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8486.
    Note: Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth 1935) Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) is the new type species of the genus Eubacterium Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980). - References: 1 CATO (E.P.), HOLDEMAN (L.V.) and MOORE (W.E.C.): Designation of Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth) Prévot as the type species of Eubacterium. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 209-210. 2 JUDICIAL OPINION 57: Designation of Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth) Prévot 1938 as the type species of Eubacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 434. 3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465.

    Eubacterium moniliforme (Repaci 1910) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25546.

    Eubacterium multiforme (Distaso 1911) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25552.

    Eubacterium nitritogenes Prévot 1940, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25547.

    Eubacterium plexicaudatum Wilkins et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: VPI 7582.

    Eubacterium ramulus Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29099.

    Eubacterium rectale (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: VPI 0989.
    Note: VPI 0989, the type strain in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names was deposited in ATCC (ATCC 25578 but was lost in both collections. A different isolate, VPI 0990 = ATCC 33656= CIP 105953, from the same fecal sample has been deposited to represent the type strain. Because these isolates came from the same sample, Moore and Holdeman Moore believe that they are the same strain. According to Rule 18c, a neotype strain must be proposed in the IJSB (now IJSEM) and the proposal by Moore and Holdeman Moore is illegitimate. The neotype strain VPI 0990 = ATCC 33656= CIP 105953 is not an established neotype (see Rule 18c). - References: 1 MOORE (W.E.C.) and HOLDEMAN MOORE (L.V.): Genus Eubacterium Prévot 1938, 294AL. In: P.H.A. SNEATH, N.S. MAIR, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, pp. 1353-1373. 2 TANG (J.): Personal communication (April 30, 2002).

    Eubacterium ruminantium Bryant 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17233.

    Eubacterium saburreum (Prévot 1966) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: VPI 11763.

    Eubacterium siraeum Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29066.

    Eubacterium tarantellae corrig. Udey et al. 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29255.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, tarantellus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Eubacterium tenue (Bergey et al. 1923) Holdeman and Moore 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25553.

    Eubacterium tortuosum (Debono 1912) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25548.

    Eubacterium ventriosum (Tissier 1908) Prévot 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27560.

    Excellospora Agre and Guzeva 1975, genus. - Type species: Excellospora viridilutea.

    Excellospora viridilutea Agre and Guzeva 1975, species. - Type strain: INMI 187.

    F

    Firmicutes corrig. Gibbons and Murray 1978, divisio. - Type class: not given.
    Note: The original spelling, Firmacutes (sic), has been corrected by Murray 1984. - Reference: MURRAY (R.G.E.): The higher taxa, or, a place for everything... In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (ed.) Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1984, p. 31-34.

    Flavobacterium Bergey et al. 1923, genus. - Type species: Flavobacterium aquatile.
    Note: Holmes and Owen proposed rejection of Flavobacterium aquatile as a nomen dubium and proposed substitution of Flabobacterium breve, which does not appear in the Approved lists, as the type species. The Judicial Commission voted to deny the action proposed. - References: 1 HOLMES (B.) and OWEN (R.J.): Proposal that Flavobacterium breve be substituted as the type species of the genus in place of Flavobacterium aquatile and emended description of the genus Flavobacterium: status of the named species of Flavobacterium. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 416-426. 2 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465. 3 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the meeting, 6 August 1982, Boston, Massachusetts. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 577-578. 4 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the Meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, United Kingdom. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 85-87.

    Flavobacterium acidificum Steinhaus 1941, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9891.

    Flavobacterium acidurans Millar 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27383.

    Flavobacterium aquatile (Frankland and Frankland 1889) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11947.
    Note: Holmes and Owen proposed rejection of Flavobacterium aquatile as a nomen dubium and proposed substitution of Flabobacterium breve, which does not appear in the Approved lists, as the type species. The Judicial Commission voted to deny the action proposed. - References: 1 HOLMES (B.) and OWEN (R.J.): Proposal that Flavobacterium breve be substituted as the type species of the genus in place of Flavobacterium aquatile and emended description of the genus Flavobacterium: status of the named species of Flavobacterium. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 416-426. 2 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published between July 1979 and April 1981. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 464-465. 3 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the meeting, 6 August 1982, Boston, Massachusetts. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 577-578. 4 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the Meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, United Kingdom. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 85-87.

    Flavobacterium balustinum Harrison 1929, species. - Type strain: NCTC 11212.

    Flavobacterium capsulatum Leifson 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14666.

    Flavobacterium devorans (Zimmermann 1890) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10829.
    Note: According to the ATCC the strain ATCC 10829is a strain of Sphingomonas paucimobilis.

    Flavobacterium esteraromaticum (Omelianski 1923) Bergey et al. 1930, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8091.

    Flavobacterium ferrugineum Sickles and Shaw 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13524.

    Flavobacterium halmophilum corrig. Elazari-Volcani 1940, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19717.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, halmephilium (sic), has been corrected to halmephilum by Hill et al. 1984 [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2]. - References: 1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.
    Note: The spelling of the specific epithet, halmephilum (sic), has been corrected to halmophilum by Holmes et al. 1984. - Reference: HOLMES (B.), OWEN (R.J.) and McMEEKIN (T.A.): Genus Flavobacterium Bergey, Harrison, Breed, Hammer and Huntoon 1923, 97AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, p. 353-361.

    Flavobacterium heparinum Payza and Korn 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13125.

    Flavobacterium indoltheticum Campbell and Williams 1951, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27950.

    Flavobacterium marinotypicum ZoBell and Upham 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19260.

    Flavobacterium meningosepticum King 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13253.

    Flavobacterium oceanosedimentum Carty and Litchfield 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 31317.

    Flavobacterium odoratum Stutzer 1929, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4651.

    Flavobacterium okeanokoites ZoBell and Upham 1944, species. - Type strain: CCM 320.

    Flavobacterium resinovorum Delaporte and Daste 1956, species. - Type strain: NCIB 8767.

    Flavobacterium uliginosum ZoBell and Upham 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC14397.

    Flectobacillus Larkin et al. 1977, genus. - Type species: Flectobacillus major.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the type species is incorrectly cited as Flectobacillus major Larkin et al. 1977 (sic). - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Flectobacillus major (Gromov 1963) Larkin et al. 1977, species. - Type strain: DSM 103.

    Flectobacillus marinus (Raj 1976) Borrall and Larkin 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25205.

    Flexibacter Soriano 1945, genus. - Type species: Flexibacter flexilis.

    Flexibacter aggregans (Lewin 1969) Leadbetter 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23162.

    Flexibacter aurantiacus Lewin 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23107.

    Flexibacter flexilis Soriano 1945, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23079.

    Flexibacter litoralis Lewin 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23117.

    Flexibacter polymorphus Lewin 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27820.

    Flexibacter roseolus Lewin 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23088.

    Flexibacter ruber Lewin 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23103.

    Flexibacter sancti Lewin 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23092.

    Flexibacter tractuosus (Lewin 1969) Leadbetter 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23168.

    Flexithrix Lewin 1970, genus. - Type species: Flexithrix dorotheae.

    Flexithrix dorotheae Lewin 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23163.

    Francisella Dorofeev 1947, genus. - Type species: Francisella tularensis.

    Francisella novicida (Larson et al. 1955) Olsufiev et al. 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15482.

    Francisella tularensis (McCoy and Chapin 1912) Dorofeev 1947, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6223.

    Frankia Brunchorst 1886, genus. - Type species: Frankia alni.

    Frankia alni (Woronin 1866) Von Tubeuf 1895, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Frankiaceae Becking 1970, familia. - Type genus: Frankia.

    Fusobacterium Knorr 1922, genus. - Type species: Fusobacterium nucleatum.

    Fusobacterium gonidiaformans (Tunnicliff and Jackson 1925) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25563.

    Fusobacterium mortiferum (Harris 1901) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25557.

    Fusobacterium naviforme (Jungano 1909) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25832.

    Fusobacterium necrogenes (Weinberg et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25556.

    Fusobacterium necrophorum (Flügge 1886) Moore and Holdeman 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25286.

    Fusobacterium nucleatum Knorr 1922, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25586.

    Fusobacterium perfoetens (Tissier 1905) Moore and Holdeman 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29250.

    Fusobacterium plautii corrig. Séguin 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29863.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, plauti (sic), has been corrected by Hofstad and Aasjord 1982. - Reference: HOFSTAD (T.) and AASJORD (P.): Eubacterium plautii (Séguin 1928) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 346-349.

    Fusobacterium prausnitzii (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27768.

    Fusobacterium russii (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25533.

    Fusobacterium varium (Eggerth and Gagnon 1933) Moore and Holdeman 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8501.

    G

    Gallionella Ehrenberg 1838, genus. - Type species: Gallionella ferruginea.

    Gallionella ferruginea Ehrenberg 1838, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Gallionellaceae Henrici and Johnson 1935, familia. - Type genus: Gallionella.

    Gemella Berger 1960, genus. - Type species: Gemella haemolysans.

    Gemella haemolysans (Thjotta and Boe 1938) Berger 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10379.

    Gemmiger Gossling and Moore 1975, genus. - Type species: Gemmiger formicilis.

    Gemmiger formicilis Gossling and Moore 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27749.

    Geodermatophilus Luedemann 1968, genus. - Type species: Geodermatophilus obscurus.

    Geodermatophilus obscurus Luedemann 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25078.

    Gluconobacter Asai 1935, genus. - Type species: Gluconobacter oxydans.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this name is incorrectly cited as Gluconobacter (Asai 1935) Asai et al. 1964 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Gluconobacter oxydans (Henneberg1897) De Ley 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19357.

    Gluconobacter oxydans subsp. industrius (Henneberg 1898) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: LMD 24.1.

    Gluconobacter oxydans subsp. melanogenes (Beijerinck 1911) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: LMD 29.2.

    Gluconobacter oxydans subsp. oxydans (Henneberg 1897) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19357.
    Note: The original authorship, (Henneberg 1897) De Ley 1961, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Gluconobacter oxydans subsp. sphaericus Ameyama 1975, subspecies. - Type strain: IFO 12467.

    Gluconobacter oxydans subsp. suboxydans (Kluyver and de Leeuw 1924) De Ley and Frateur 1974, subspecies. - Type strain: LMD 23.2.

    Gracilicutes Gibbons and Murray 1978, divisio. - Type class: not given.

    H

    Haemobartonella Tyzzer and Weinman 1939, genus. - Type species: Haemobartonella muris.

    Haemobartonella muris (Mayer 1921) Tyzzer and Weinman 1939, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Haemophileae Castellani and Chalmers 1919, tribus. - Type genus: Haemophilus.

    Haemophilus Winslow et al. 1917, genus. - Type species: Haemophilus influenzae.

    Haemophilus aegyptius (Trevisan 1889) Pittman and Davis 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11116.

    Haemophilus aphrophilus Khairat 1940, species. - Type strain: NCTC 5906.

    Haemophilus avium Hinz and Kunjara 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29546.

    Haemophilus ducreyi (Neveu-Lemaire 1921) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: CIP 542.

    Haemophilus haemoglobinophilus (Lehmann and Neumann 1907) Murray 1939, species. - Type strain: NCTC 1659.

    Haemophilus haemolyticus Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10659.

    Haemophilus influenzae (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Winslow et al. 1917, species. - Type strain: NCTC 8143.

    Haemophilus paragallinarum Biberstein and White 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29545.

    Haemophilus parahaemolyticus Pittman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10014.

    Haemophilus parainfluenzae Rivers 1922, species. - Type strain: NCTC 7857.

    Haemophilus paraphrohaemolyticus Zinnemann et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10670.

    Haemophilus paraphrophilus Zinnemann et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10557.

    Haemophilus parasuis Biberstein and White 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19417.

    Haemophilus piscium Snieszko et al. 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10801.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Haemophilus piscium Sniezko (sic) et al. 1950 [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2]. - References: 1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae Shope 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27088.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae (Matthews and Pattison 1961) (sic) Shope 1964 [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2]. - References: 1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Haemophilus segnis Kilian 1977, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10977.

    Haemophilus vaginalis Gardner and Dukes 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14018.

    Hafnia Moller 1954, genus. - Type species: Hafnia alvei.

    Hafnia alvei Moller 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13337.

    Haliscomenobacter van Veen et al. 1973, genus. - Type species: Haliscomenobacter hydrossis.

    Haliscomenobacter hydrossis van Veen et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27775.

    Halobacteriaceae Gibbons 1974, familia. - Type genus: Halobacterium.

    Halobacterium Elazari-Volcani 1957, genus. - Type species: Halobacterium salinarum corrig.

    Halobacterium cutirubrum (Lochhead 1934) Elazari-Volcani 1957, species. - Type strain: NRC 34001.

    Halobacterium halobium (Petter 1931) Elazari-Volcani 1957, species. - Type strain: NCIB 8720.

    Halobacterium saccharovorum Tomlinson and Hochstein 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29252.

    Halobacterium salinarum corrig. (Harrison and Kennedy 1922) Elazari-Volcani 1957, species. - Type strain: NRC 34002.
    Note: The original spelling, Halobacterium salinarium (sic), has been corrected by Ventosa and Oren 1996 [1]. However, in the effective publication [2], the etymology is L. adj. salinarius a um, of salt works, not salinae arum (salt works). M. Vitruvius Pollio, in De architectura [3], uses the adjective salinarius. So, Halobacterium salinarium seems correct. - References: 1 VENTOSA (A.) and OREN (A.): Halobacterium salinarum nom. corrig., a name to replace Halobacterium salinarium (Elazari-Volcani) and to include Halobacterium halobium and Halobacterium cutirubrum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 347. 2 ELAZARI-VOLCANI (B.): Genus XII. Halobacterium Elazari-Volcani, 1940. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors), Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, seventh edition, 1957. The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, p. 207-212. 3 GAFFIOT (F.): Dictionnaire latin français. Hachette, Paris, 1934.

    Halobacterium trapanicum (Petter 1931) Elazari-Volcani 1957, species. - Type strain: NRC 34021.

    Halobacterium vallismortis González et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29715.

    Halobacterium volcanii Mullakhanbhai and Larsen 1975, species. - Type strain: NCMB 2012.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this taxon is incorrectly cited as Halobacterium volcanii Mullakhanbhai and Larson (sic) 1975. - References: 1 LARSEN (H.): Genus I. Halobacterium Elazari-Volcani 1957, 207AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 262-266. 2 KUDO (T.): Personal communication (April 25, 2001).

    Halococcus Schoop 1935, genus. - Type species: Halococcus morrhuae.

    Halococcus morrhuae (Farlow 1880) Kocur and Hodgkiss 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17082.

    Herpetosiphon Holt and Lewin 1968, genus. - Type species: Herpetosiphon aurantiacus.

    Herpetosiphon aurantiacus Holt and Lewin 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23779.

    Herpetosiphon cohaerens Lewin 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23123.

    Herpetosiphon geysericola (Copeland 1936) Lewin 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23076.

    Herpetosiphon nigricans Lewin 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23147.

    Herpetosiphon persicus Lewin 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23167.

    Hyphomicrobiaceae Babudieri 1950, familia. - Type genus: Hyphomicrobium.

    Hyphomicrobiales Douglas 1957, ordo. - Type genus: Hyphomicrobium.

    Hyphomicrobium Stutzer and Hartleb 1898, genus. - Type species: Hyphomicrobium vulgare.
    Note: In the Approved Lists, this nomenclatural name is cited as Hyphomicrobium Stutzer and Hartleb 1899.

    Hyphomicrobium indicum Johnson and Weisrock 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19614.

    Hyphomicrobium neptunium Leifson 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15444.

    Hyphomicrobium vulgare Stutzer and Hartleb 1898, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9698.
    Notes:

    I

    Intrasporangium Kalakoutskii et al. 1967, genus. - Type species: Intrasporangium calvum.

    Intrasporangium calvum Kalakoutskii et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23552.

    J

    Janthinobacterium De Ley et al. 1978, genus. - Type species: Janthinobacterium lividum.

    Janthinobacterium lividum (Eisenberg 1891) De Ley et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: NCTC 9796.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Janthinobacterium lividum De Ley et al. 1978 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    K

    Kineosporia Pagani and Parenti 1978, genus. - Type species: Kineosporia aurantiaca.

    Kineosporia aurantiaca Pagani and Parenti 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29727.

    Kingella Henriksen and Bøvre 1976, genus. - Type species: Kingella kingae.

    Kingella denitrificans Snell and Lapage 1976, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10995.

    Kingella indologenes Snell and Lapage 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25869.

    Kingella kingae (Henriksen and Bøvre 1968) Henriksen and Bøvre 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23330.

    Kitasatoa Matsumae and Hata 1968, genus. - Type species: Kitasatoa purpurea.

    Kitasatoa diplospora Matsumae et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27788.

    Kitasatoa kauaiensis Matsumae et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 21405.

    Kitasatoa nagasakiensis Matsumae and Hata 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27789.

    Kitasatoa purpurea Matsumae and Hata 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27787.

    Klebsiella Trevisan 1885, genus. - Type species: Klebsiella pneumoniae.

    Klebsiella mobilis Bascomb et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13048.

    Klebsiella oxytoca (Flügge 1886) Lautrop 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13182.

    Klebsiella ozaenae (Abel 1893) Bergey et al. 1925, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11296.

    Klebsiella pneumoniae (Schroeter 1886) Trevisan 1887, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13883.

    Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis Trevisan 1887, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13884.

    Kurthia Trevisan 1885, genus. - Type species: Kurthia zopfii.

    Kurthia zopfii (Kurth 1883) Trevisan 1885, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9878.

    L

    Lachnospira Bryant and Small 1956, genus. - Type species: Lachnospira multipara corrig.

    Lachnospira multipara corrig. Bryant and Small 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19207.
    Note: The original spelling, Lachnospira multiparis (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Lactobacillaceae Winslow et al. 1917, familia. - Type genus: Lactobacillus.

    Lactobacilleae Winslow et al. 1920, tribus. - Type genus: Lactobacillus.

    Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, genus. - Type species: Lactobacillus delbrueckii.

    Lactobacillus acidophilus (Moro 1900) Hansen and Mocquot 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4356.

    Lactobacillus brevis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14869.

    Lactobacillus buchneri (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4005.

    Lactobacillus bulgaricus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Rogosa and Hansen 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11842.

    Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 393.

    Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus Mills and Lessel 1973, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 27216.

    Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 393.
    Note: The original authorship, (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Lactobacillus casei subsp. pseudoplantarum Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25598.

    Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus Hansen 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 7469.

    Lactobacillus casei subsp. tolerans Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25599.

    Lactobacillus catenaformis corrig. (Eggerth 1935) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25536.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, catenaforme (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Lactobacillus cellobiosus Rogosa et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11739.

    Lactobacillus collinoides Carr and Davies 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27612.

    Lactobacillus confusus (Holzapfel and Kandler 1969) Sharpe et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10881.

    Lactobacillus coryniformis Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, species. - Type strain: DSM 20001.

    Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. coryniformis Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: DSM 20001.

    Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. torquens Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25600.

    Lactobacillus crispatus (Brygoo and Aladame 1953) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: VPI 3199.

    Lactobacillus curvatus (Troili-Petersson 1903) Abo-Elnaga and Kandler 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25601.

    Lactobacillus delbrueckii (Leichmann 1896) Beijerinck 1901, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9649.
    Note: In the judicial Opinion 38, this name is cited as Lactobacillus delbrueckii Beijerinck 1901. - Reference: LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 103.

    Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14931.

    Lactobacillus fructivorans Charlton et al. 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8288.

    Lactobacillus fructosus Kodama 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13162.

    Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15009.

    Lactobacillus heterohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15435.

    Lactobacillus hilgardii Douglas and Cruess 1936, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8290.

    Lactobacillus homohiochii Kitahara et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15434.

    Lactobacillus jensenii Gasser et al. 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25258.

    Lactobacillus lactis (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12315.

    Lactobacillus leichmannii (Henneberg 1903) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4797.

    Lactobacillus mali Carr and Davies 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27053.

    Lactobacillus maltaromicus Miller et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27865.

    Lactobacillus minutus (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Moore and Holdeman 1972, species. - Type strain: VPI 9428.

    Lactobacillus plantarum (Orla-Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14917.

    Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: VPI C37-38.

    Lactobacillus ruminis Sharpe et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27780.

    Lactobacillus sakei corrig. Katagiri et al. 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15521.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sake (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Lactobacillus salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: 11741.

    Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salicinius Rogosa et al. 1953, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 11742.

    Lactobacillus salivarius subsp. salivarius Rogosa et al. 1953, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 11741.

    Lactobacillus trichodes Fornachon et al. 1949, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27394.

    Lactobacillus viridescens Niven and Evans 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12706.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Lactobacillus viridescens Kandler and Abo-Elnaga 1966 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Lactobacillus vitulinus Sharpe et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27783.

    Lactobacillus xylosus Kitahara 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15577.

    Lamprocystis Schroeter 1886, genus. - Type species: Lamprocystis roseopersicina.

    Lamprocystis roseopersicina (Kutzing 1849) Schroeter 1886, species. - Type strain: DSM 229.

    Lampropedia Schroeter 1886, genus. - Type species: Lampropedia hyalina.

    Lampropedia hyalina (Ehrenberg 1832) Schroeter 1886, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11041.

    Legionella Brenner et al. 1979, genus. - Type species: Legionella pneumophila.

    Legionella pneumophila Brenner et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33152.

    Legionellaceae Brenner et al. 1979, familia. - Type genus: Legionella.

    Leptospira Noguchi 1917, genus. - Type species: Leptospira interrogans.

    Leptospira biflexa (Wolbach and Binger 1914) Noguchi 1918, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23582.

    Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23581.
    Note: According to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names [1], to Faine and Stallman 1982 [2], and to the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology [3], the ATCC accession number of the type strain is ATCC 23581 However according to Yasuda et al. [4] and to the ATCC web site [5], the type strain is ATCC 43642 - References: 1 SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420. 2 FAINE (S.) and STALLMAN (N.D.): Amended descriptions of the genus Leptospira Noguchi 1917 and the species L. interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926 and L. biflexa (Wolbach and Binger 1914) Noguchi 1918. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 461-463. 3 JOHNSON (R.C.) and FAINE (S.): Genus I. Lepstospira Noguchi 1917, 755AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 62-67. 4 YASUDA (P.H.), STEIGERWALT (A.G.), SULZER (K.R.), KAUFMANN (A.F.), ROGERS (F.) and BRENNER (D.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between serogroups and serovars in the family Leptospiraceae with proposals for seven new Leptospira species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 407-415. 5 TANG (J.): Personal communication (September 12, 2003).

    Leptospiraceae Hovind-Hougen 1979, familia. - Type genus: Leptospira.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Leptospiraceae Hovind-Houger (sic) 1978 (sic) [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2]. - References: 1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Leptothrix Kutzing 1843, genus. - Type species: Leptothrix ochracea.

    Leptothrix cholodnii Mulder and van Veen 1963, species. - Type strain: LVMW 99.

    Leptothrix lopholea Dorff 1934, species. - Type strain: LVMW 124.

    Leptothrix ochracea (Roth 1797) Kutzing 1843, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Leptotrichia Trevisan 1879, genus. - Type species: Leptotrichia buccalis.

    Leptotrichia buccalis (Robin 1853) Trevisan 1879, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14201.

    Leuconostoc van Tieghem 1878, genus. - Type species: Leuconostoc mesenteroides.

    Leuconostoc cremoris (Knudsen and Sörensen 1929) Garvie 1960, species. - Type strain: NCDO 543.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Leuconostoc cremoris (Kundsen (sic) and Sorenson (sic) 1929) Garvie 1960. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Leuconostoc dextranicum (Beijerinck 1912) Hucker and Pederson 1930, species. - Type strain: NCDO 529.

    Leuconostoc lactis Garvie 1960, species. - Type strain: NCDO 533.

    Leuconostoc mesenteroides (Tsenkovskii 1878) van Tieghem 1878, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8293.

    Leuconostoc oeni corrig. Garvie 1967, species. - Type strain: NCDO 1674.
    Note: The original spelling, Leuconostoc oenos (sic) has been corrected by Dicks et al. 1995. - Reference: DICKS (L.M.T.), DELLAGLIO (F.) and COLLINS (M.D.): Proposal to reclassify Leuconostoc oenos as Oenococcus oeni [corrig.] gen. nov., comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 395-397.

    Leuconostoc paramesenteroides Garvie 1967, species. - Type strain: NCDO 803.

    Leucothrix Oersted 1844, genus. - Type species: Leucothrix mucor.

    Leucothrix mucor Oersted 1844, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25107.

    Leucotrichaceae Buchanan 1957, familia. - Type genus: Leucothrix.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the type genus of the Leucotrichaceae Buchanan 1957, is incorrectly cited as Leucothrix Oersted 1884 (sic). - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Levinea Young et al. 1971, genus. - Type species: Levinea amalonatica.

    Levinea amalonatica Young et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25405.

    Levinea malonatica Young et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25408.

    Listeria Pirie 1940, genus. - Type species: Listeria monocytogenes.

    Listeria denitrificans Prévot 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14870.

    Listeria grayi Errebo Larsen and Seeliger 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19120.

    Listeria monocytogenes (Murray et al. 1926) Pirie 1940, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15313.
    Note: The type strain ATCC 15313of Listeria monocytogenes is not typical of the species. This strain has an atypical antigenic structure, is nonhemolytic on sheep blood agar (but is hemolytic on rabbit blood agar), lacks motility, is nonpathogenic in mice, and shows limited cytopathogenic effects on Caco-2 monolayers [1, 2]. Moreover, there are important differences betwen the strain ATCC 15313and the strain SLCC 53 (the strain SLCC 53 is unable to produce lecithinase, is nonhemolytic on rabbit or sheep blood agar, is motile, and shows no cytopathogenic effects on Caco-2 monolayers) [2]. In 1983, J. Dorothy and H.P.R. Seeliger [1] requested that strain ATCC 15313be replaced by strain NCTC 7973 as the type strain. This request was prepared on behalf of and with the unanimous endorsement of the ICSB Subcommittee on the Taxonomy of Listeria. However, this proposal was rejected by the Judicial Commission [3, 4], and the type strain is still strain ATCC 15313 - References: 1 JONES (D.) and SEELIGER (H.P.R.): Designation of a new type strain for Listeria monocytogenes. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 429. 2 KATHARIOU (S.) and PINE (L.): The type strain(s) of Listeria monocytogenes: a source of continuing difficulties. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 328-330. 3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358. 4 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATIC BACTERIOLOGY: Minutes of the Meeting, 5 September 1986, Manchester, United Kingdom. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 85-87.

    Listeria murrayi Welshimer and Meredith 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25401.

    Lucibacterium Hendrie et al. 1970, genus. - Type species: Lucibacterium harveyi.

    Lucibacterium harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Hendrie et al. 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14126.

    Lysobacter Christensen and Cook 1978, genus. - Type species: Lysobacter enzymogenes.

    Lysobacter antibioticus Christensen and Cook 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29479.

    Lysobacter brunescens Christensen and Cook 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29482.

    Lysobacter enzymogenes Christensen and Cook 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29487.

    Lysobacter gummosus Christensen and Cook 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29489.

    Lysobacteraceae Christensen and Cook 1978, familia. - Type genus: Lysobacter.

    Lysobacterales Christensen and Cook 1978, ordo. - Type genus: Lysobacter.

    M

    Macromonas Utermohl and Koppe 1924, genus. - Type species: Macromonas mobilis.

    Macromonas mobilis (Lauterborn 1915) Utermohl and Koppe 1924, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Megasphaera Rogosa 1971, genus. - Type species: Megasphaera elsdenii.

    Megasphaera elsdenii (Gutierrez et al. 1959) Rogosa 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25940.

    Melittangium Jahn 1924, genus. - Type species: Melittangium boletus.

    Melittangium alboraceum (Peterson 1959) McCurdy 1971, species. - Type strain: UMH Slides Peterson 72.

    Melittangium boletus Jahn 1924, species. - Type strain: not cultivated.

    Melittangium lichenicola (Thaxter 1892) McCurdy 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25944.
    Notes:

    Meniscus Irgens 1977, genus. - Type species: Meniscus glaucopis.

    Meniscus glaucopis Irgens 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29398.

    Methanobacteriaceae Barker 1956, familia. - Type genus: Methanobacterium.

    Methanobacterium Kluyver and van Niel 1936, genus. - Type species: Methanobacterium formicicum.

    Methanobacterium arbophilicum Zeikus and Hennings 1975, species. - Type strain: DSM 1125.

    Methanobacterium formicicum Schnellen 1947, species. - Type strain: DSM 863.

    Methanobacterium mobile Paynter and Hungate 1968, species. - Type strain: DSM 1539.

    Methanobacterium ruminantium Smith and Hungate 1958, species. - Type strain: DSM 1093.

    Methanobacterium thermautotrophicum corrig. Zeikus and Wolfe 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29096.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, thermoautotrophicum (sic), has been corrected by Boone and Mah 1989. - Reference: BOONE (D.R.) and MAH (R.A.): Genus I. Methanobacterium Kluyver and van Niel 1936, 399AL, emend. Balch and Wolfe in Balch, Fox, Magrum, Woese and Wolfe 1979, 284. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J. G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 3, 1989. The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, p. 2175-2177.

    Methanococcus Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1936, genus. - New type species: Methanococcus vannielii.
    Note: Methanococcus vannielii Stadtman and Barker 1951 (Approved Lists 1980) is the new type species of the genus Methanococcus Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1936 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1986. - References: 1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Transfer of the type species of the genus Methanococcus to the genus Methanosarcina naming it Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) comb. nov. et emend. and conservation of the genus Methanococcus (Approved Lists, 1980) with Methanococcus vannielii (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 263-265. 2 JUDICIAL OPINION 62: Transfer of the type species of the genus Methanococcus to the genus Methanosarcina as Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) comb. nov. et emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 and conservation of the genus Methanococcus (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanococcus vannielii (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 491. 3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.

    Methanococcus mazei Barker 1936, species. - Type strain: not cultivated.
    Note: After the publication of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, Methanococcus mazei was available in pure culture.

    Methanococcus vannielii Stadtman and Barker 1951, species. - Type strain: DSM 1224.
    Note: Methanococcus vannielii Stadtman and Barker 1951 (Approved Lists 1980) is the new type species of the genus Methanococcus Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1936 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1986. - References: 1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Transfer of the type species of the genus Methanococcus to the genus Methanosarcina naming it Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) comb. nov. et emend. and conservation of the genus Methanococcus (Approved Lists, 1980) with Methanococcus vannielii (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 263-265. 2 JUDICIAL OPINION 62: Transfer of the type species of the genus Methanococcus to the genus Methanosarcina as Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) comb. nov. et emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 and conservation of the genus Methanococcus (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanococcus vannielii (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 491. 3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.

    Methanosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1956, genus. - New type species: Methanosarcina barkeri.
    Note: Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947 (Approved Lists 1980) is the new type species of the genus Methanosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1956 (Approved Lists 1980), nom. cons., emend. Mah and Kuhn 1986. - References: 1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Rejection of the type species of Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980), conservation of the genus Methanosarcina with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 266-267. 2 JUDICIAL OPINION 63: Rejection of the type species Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980) and conservation of the genus Methanosarcina (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 492. 3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.

    Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947, species. - Type strain: DSM 800.
    Note: Methanosarcina barkeri Schnellen 1947 (Approved Lists 1980) is the new type species of the genus Methanosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1956 (Approved Lists 1980), nom. cons., emend. Mah and Kuhn 1986. - References: 1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Rejection of the type species of Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980), conservation of the genus Methanosarcina with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 266-267. 2 JUDICIAL OPINION 63: Rejection of the type species Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980) and conservation of the genus Methanosarcina (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 492. 3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.

    Methanosarcina methanica (Smit 1930) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. - Type strain: not cultivated.
    Note: Methanosarcina methanica is placed on the list of nomina rejicienda as a nomen dubium et confusum because it is a source of doubt and confusion.- References: 1 MAH (R.A.) and KUHN (D.A.): Rejection of the type species of Methanococcus methanica (Approved Lists, 1980), conservation of the genus Methanosarcina with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 266-267. 2 JUDICIAL OPINION 63: Rejection of the type species Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980) and conservation of the genus Methanosarcina (Approved Lists, 1980) emend. Mah and Kuhn 1984 with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 492. 3 WAYNE (L.G.): Actions of the Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology on requests for opinions published in 1983 and 1984. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 357-358.

    Methanospirillum Ferry et al. 1974, genus. - Type species: Methanospirillum hungatei corrig.

    Methanospirillum hungatei corrig. Ferry et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27890.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, hungatii (sic), has been corrected by Ferry 1989. - Reference: FERRY (J.G.): Genus II. Methanospirillum Ferry, Smith and Wolfe 1974, 469AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 1989, vol. 3. The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, p. 2193-2195.

    Methylobacillus Yordy and Weaver 1977, genus. - Type species: Methylobacillus glycogenes Yordy and Weaver 1977.

    Methylobacillus glycogenes Yordy and Weaver 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29475.

    Methylobacterium Patt et al. 1976, genus. - Type species: Methylobacterium organophilum.

    Methylobacterium organophilum Patt et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27886.

    Methylococcus Foster and Davis 1966, genus. - Type species: Methylococcus capsulatus.

    Methylococcus capsulatus Foster and Davis 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19069.

    Methylococcus thermophilus Malashenko et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: IMV-2Yu.

    Microbacterium Orla-Jensen 1919, genus. - Type species: Microbacterium lacticum.

    Microbacterium lacticum Orla-Jensen 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8180.

    Microbispora Nonomura and Ohara 1957, genus. - Type species: Microbispora rosea.

    Microbispora aerata (Gerber and Lechevalier 1964) Cross 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15448.

    Microbispora amethystogenes Nonomura and Ohara 1960, species. - Type strain: DSM 43164.

    Microbispora bispora (Henssen 1957) Lechevalier 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19993.

    Microbispora chromogenes Nonomura and Ohara 1960, species. - Type strain: DSM 43165.

    Microbispora diastatica Nonomura and Ohara 1960, species. - Type strain: KCC A-0023.

    Microbispora echinospora Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27300.

    Microbispora parva Nonomura and Ohara 1960, species. - Type strain: KCC A-0024.

    Microbispora rosea Nonomura and Ohara 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12950.

    Microbispora thermodiastatica Nonomura and Ohara 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27098.

    Microbispora thermorosea Nonomura and Ohara 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27099.

    Micrococcaceae Pribram 1929, familia. - Type genus: Micrococcus.

    Micrococcales Prévot 1940, ordo. - Type genus: Micrococcus.

    Micrococceae Prévot 1961, tribus. - Type genus: Micrococcus.

    Micrococcus Cohn 1872, genus. - Type species: Micrococcus luteus.

    Micrococcus agilis Ali-Cohen 1889, species. - Type strain: ATCC 966.

    Micrococcus halobius Onishi and Kamekura 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 21727.

    Micrococcus kristinae Kloos et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27570.

    Micrococcus luteus (Schroeter 1872) Cohn 1872, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4698.

    Micrococcus lylae Kloos et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27566.
    Note: On the Approved Lists, the type strain ATCC 27566is erroneously cited as ATCC 17566.

    Micrococcus nishinomiyaensis Oda 1935, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29093.

    Micrococcus roseus Flügge 1886, species. - Type strain: ATCC 186.

    Micrococcus sedentarius ZoBell and Upham 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14392.

    Micrococcus varians Migula 1900, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15306.

    Microcyclus Ørskov 1928, genus. - Type species: Microcyclus aquaticus.

    Microcyclus aquaticus Ørskov 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25396.

    Microellobosporia Cross et al. 1963, genus. - Type species: Microellobosporia cinerea.

    Microellobosporia cinerea Cross et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15840.

    Microellobosporia flavea Cross et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15332.

    Microellobosporia grisea (Konev et al. 1967) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19618.

    Microellobosporia violacea (Tsyganov et al. 1964) Pridham 1974, species. - Type strain: DSM 43167.

    Micromonospora Ørskov 1923, genus. - Type species: Micromonospora chalcea.

    Micromonospora aurantiaca Sveshnikova et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27029.
    Note: According to Rule 12b no specific or subspecific epithets within the same genus may be the same if based on different types. Consequently, Micromonospora aurantiaca is illegitimate because Micromonospora carbonacea subsp. aurantiaca Luedemann and Brodsky 1965 has priority over Micromonospora aurantiaca Sveshnikova et al. 1969. The specific epithet aurantiaca in Micromonospora aurantiaca must be replaced.

    Micromonospora brunnea Sveshnikova et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27334.

    Micromonospora carbonacea Luedemann and Brodsky 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27114.

    Micromonospora carbonacea subsp. aurantiaca Luedemann and Brodsky 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 27115.

    Micromonospora carbonacea subsp. carbonacea Luedemann and Brodsky 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 27114.

    Micromonospora chalcea (Foulerton 1905) Ørskov 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12452.

    Micromonospora coerulea Jensen 1932, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27008.

    Micromonospora echinospora Luedemann and Brodsky 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15837.

    Micromonospora echinospora subsp. echinospora Luedemann and Brodsky 1964, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15837.

    Micromonospora echinospora subsp. ferruginea Luedemann and Brodsky 1964, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15836.

    Micromonospora echinospora subsp. pallida Luedemann and Brodsky 1964, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15838.

    Micromonospora gallica (Erikson 1935) Waksman 1961, species. - Type strain: NCTC 4582.

    Micromonospora halophytica Weinstein et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27596.

    Micromonospora halophytica subsp. halophytica Weinstein et al. 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 27596.

    Micromonospora halophytica subsp. nigra Weinstein et al. 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 33088.

    Micromonospora inositola Kawamoto et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 21773.

    Micromonospora purpurea Luedemann and Brodsky 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15835.

    Micromonospora purpureochromogenes (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Luedemann 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27007.

    Micromonospora rhodorangea Wagman et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27932.

    Micromonosporaceae Krasil'nikov 1938, familia. - Type genus: Micromonospora.

    Micropolyspora Lechevalier et al. 1961, genus. - Type species: Micropolyspora brevicatena.

    Micropolyspora angiospora Zhukova et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: LIA 3479-30.

    Micropolyspora brevicatena Lechevalier et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15333.

    Micropolyspora faeni Cross et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15347.

    Micropolyspora internatus Agre et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: INMI 632.

    Micropolyspora rectivirgula (Krasil'nikov and Agre 1964) Prauser and Momirova 1970, species. - Type strain: INMI 683.

    Microscilla Pringsheim 1951, genus. - Type species: Microscilla marina.

    Microscilla marina (Pringsheim 1951) Lewin 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23134.

    Microtatobiotes Philip 1956, classis. - Type order: not given.
    Note: According to Rules 15, 22 and 27(3), the class Microtatobiotes is illegitimate because it was proposed without the designation of a nomenclatural type. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 725-727.

    Microtetraspora Thiemann et al. 1968, genus. - Type species: Microtetraspora glauca.

    Microtetraspora fusca Thiemann et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23058.

    Microtetraspora glauca Thiemann et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23057.

    Microtetraspora niveoalba Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27301.

    Microtetraspora viridis Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27103.

    Mollicutes Edward and Freundt 1967, classis. - Type order: not given.
    Note: According to Rules 15, 22 and 27(3), the class Mollicutes is illegitimate because it was proposed without the designation of a nomenclatural type. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 725-727.

    Moraxella Lwoff 1939, genus. - Type species: Moraxella lacunata.

    Moraxella anatipestifer (Hendrickson and Hilbert 1932) Bruner and Fabricant 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11845.

    Moraxella atlantae Bøvre et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29525.

    Moraxella bovis (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Murray 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10900.

    Moraxella catarrhalis (Frosch and Kolle1896) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25238.

    Moraxella caviae (Pelczar 1953) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14659.

    Moraxella equi Hughes and Pugh 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25576.

    Moraxella lacunata (Eyre 1900) Lwoff 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17967.

    Moraxella nonliquefaciens (Scarlett 1916) Lwoff 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19975.

    Moraxella osloensis Bøvre and Henriksen 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19976.

    Moraxella ovis (Lindqvist 1960) Henriksen and Bøvre 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33078.

    Moraxella phenylpyruvica Bøvre and Henriksen 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23333.

    Moraxella saccharolytica Flamm 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19245.

    Moraxella urethralis Lautrop et al. 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17960.

    Morganella Fulton 1943, genus. - Type species: Morganella morganii.

    Morganella morganii (Winslow et al. 1919) Fulton 1943, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25830.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Morganella morganii (Winslow et al. 1919) Brenner et al. 1978 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Mycobacteriaceae Chester 1897, familia. - Type genus: Mycobacterium.

    Mycobacteriales Janke 1924, ordo. - Type genus: Mycobacterium.

    Mycobacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896, genus. - Type species: Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    Mycobacterium africanum Castets et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25420.

    Mycobacterium asiaticum Weiszfeiler et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25276.

    Mycobacterium aurum Tsukamura 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23366.

    Mycobacterium avium Chester 1901, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25291.

    Mycobacterium bovis Karlson and Lessel 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19210.

    Mycobacterium chelonae corrig. Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: NCTC 946.
    Note: The original spelling, Mycobacterium chelonei (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. abscessus corrig. (Moore and Frerichs 1953) Kubica et al. 1972, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19977.
    Note: The original spelling, Mycobacterium chelonei (sic) subsp. abscessus, has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. chelonae corrig. (Bergey et al. 1923) Kubica et al. 1972, subspecies. - Type strain: NCTC 946.
    Note: The original spelling, Mycobacterium chelonei (sic) subsp. chelonei (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Mycobacterium chitae Tsukamura 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19627.

    Mycobacterium duvalii Stanford and Gunthorpe 1971, species. - Type strain: NCTC 358.

    Mycobacterium farcinogenes Chamoiseau 1973, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10955.

    Mycobacterium flavescens Bojalil et al. 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14474.

    Mycobacterium fortuitum da Costa Cruz 1938, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6841.

    Mycobacterium gadium Casal and Calero 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27726.

    Mycobacterium gastri Wayne 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15754.

    Mycobacterium gilvum Stanford and Gunthorpe 1971, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10742.

    Mycobacterium gordonae Bojalil et al. 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14470.

    Mycobacterium haemophilum Sompolinsky et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29548.

    Mycobacterium intracellulare (Cuttino and McCabe 1949) Runyon 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13950.

    Mycobacterium kansasii Hauduroy 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12478.

    Mycobacterium komossense Kazda and Muller 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33013.

    Mycobacterium leprae (Hansen 1880) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. - Type strain: has not been cultivated.

    Mycobacterium lepraemurium Marchoux and Sorel 1912, species. - Type strain: Difficult to cultivate.

    Mycobacterium malmoense Schroder and Juhlin 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29571.

    Mycobacterium marinum Aronson 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 927.

    Mycobacterium microti Reed 1957, species. - Type strain: NCTC 8710.

    Mycobacterium neoaurum Tsukamura 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25795.

    Mycobacterium nonchromogenicum Tsukamura 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19530.

    Mycobacterium parafortuitum Tsukamura et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19686.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Mycobacterium parafortuitum Tsukamura 1966 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Mycobacterium paratuberculosis Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19698.

    Mycobacterium phlei Lehmann and Neumann 1899, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11758.

    Mycobacterium scrofulaceum Prissick and Masson 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19981.

    Mycobacterium senegalense (Chamoiseau 1973) Chamoiseau 1979, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10956.

    Mycobacterium simiae Karassova et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25275.

    Mycobacterium smegmatis (Trevisan 1889) Lehmann and Neumann 1899, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19420.

    Mycobacterium szulgai Marks et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10831.

    Mycobacterium terrae Wayne 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15755.

    Mycobacterium thermoresistibile Tsukamura 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19527.

    Mycobacterium triviale Kubica 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23292.

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Zopf 1883) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27294.

    Mycobacterium ulcerans MacCallum et al. 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19423.

    Mycobacterium vaccae Bonicke and Juhasz 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15483.

    Mycobacterium xenopi Schwabacher 1959, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10042.

    Mycoplana Gray and Thornton 1928, genus. - Type species: Mycoplana dimorpha.

    Mycoplana bullata Gray and Thornton 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4278.

    Mycoplana dimorpha Gray and Thornton 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4279.

    Mycoplasma Nowak 1929, genus. - Type species: Mycoplasma mycoides.

    Mycoplasma agalactiae (Wroblewski 1931) Freundt 1955, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10123.

    Mycoplasma alkalescens Leach 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29103.

    Mycoplasma alvi Gourlay et al. 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29626.

    Mycoplasma anatis Roberts 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25524.

    Mycoplasma arginini Barile et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23838.

    Mycoplasma arthritidis (Sabin 1941) Freundt 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19611.

    Mycoplasma bovigenitalium Freundt 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19852.

    Mycoplasma bovirhinis Leach 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27748.

    Mycoplasma bovis (Hale et al. 1962) Askaa and Erno 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25523.

    Mycoplasma bovoculi Langford and Leach 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29104.

    Mycoplasma buccale Freundt et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23636.

    Mycoplasma canadense Langford et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29418.

    Mycoplasma canis Edward 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19525.

    Mycoplasma capricolum Tully et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27343.

    Mycoplasma caviae Hill 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27108.

    Mycoplasma citelli Rose et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29760.

    Mycoplasma columbinum Shimizu et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29257.

    Mycoplasma columborale Shimizu et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29258.

    Mycoplasma conjunctivae Barile et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25834.

    Mycoplasma cynos Rosendal 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27544.

    Mycoplasma dispar Gourlay and Leach 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27140.

    Mycoplasma edwardii Tully et al. 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23462.

    Mycoplasma equigenitalium Kirchhoff 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29869.

    Mycoplasma equirhinis Allam and Lemcke 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29420.

    Mycoplasma faucium Freundt et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25293.

    Mycoplasma feliminutum Heyward et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25749.

    Mycoplasma felis Cole et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23391.

    Mycoplasma fermentans Edward 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19989.

    Mycoplasma flocculare Meyling and Friss 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27399.

    Mycoplasma gallinarum Freundt 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19708.

    Mycoplasma gallisepticum Edward and Kanarek 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19610.

    Mycoplasma gateae Cole et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23392.

    Mycoplasma hominis (Freundt 1953) Edward 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23114.

    Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Mare and Switzer 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25934.

    Mycoplasma hyorhinis Switzer 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17981.

    Mycoplasma hyosynoviae Ross and Karmon 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25591.

    Mycoplasma iners Edward and Kanarek 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19705.

    Mycoplasma lipophilum Del Giudice et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27104.

    Mycoplasma maculosum Edward 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19327.

    Mycoplasma meleagridis Yamamoto et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25294.

    Mycoplasma moatsii Madden et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27625.

    Mycoplasma molare Rosendal 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27746.

    Mycoplasma mycoides (Borrel et al. 1910) Freundt 1955, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10114.

    Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri (Edward 1953) Freundt 1955, subspecies. - Type strain: NCTC 10137.

    Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (Borrel et al. 1910) Freundt 1955, subspecies. - Type strain: NCTC 10114.

    Mycoplasma neurolyticum (Sabin 1941) Freundt 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19988.

    Mycoplasma opalescens Rosendal 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27921.

    Mycoplasma orale Taylor-Robinson et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23714.

    Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae Carmichael et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29419.

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae Somerson et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15531.

    Mycoplasma primatum Del Giudice et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25948.

    Mycoplasma pulmonis (Sabin 1941) Freundt 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19612.

    Mycoplasma putrefaciens Tully et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15718.

    Mycoplasma salivarium Edward 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23064.

    Mycoplasma spumans Edward 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19526.

    Mycoplasma sualvi Gourlay et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10170.

    Mycoplasma subdolum Lemcke and Kirchhoff 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29870.

    Mycoplasma synoviae Olson et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25204.

    Mycoplasma verecundum Gourlay et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27862.

    Mycoplasmataceae Freundt 1955, familia. - Type genus: Mycoplasma.

    Mycoplasmatales Freundt 1955, ordo. - Type genus: Mycoplasma.

    Myxococcaceae Jahn 1924, familia. - Type genus: Myxococcus.

    Myxococcales Tchan et al. 1948, ordo. - Type genus: Myxococcus.

    Myxococcus Thaxter 1892, genus. - Type species: Myxococcus fulvus.

    Myxococcus coralloides Thaxter 1892, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25202.

    Myxococcus disciformis Thaxter 1904, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33172.

    Myxococcus fulvus (Cohn 1875) Jahn 1911, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25199.

    Myxococcus macrosporus (Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1926) Zahler and McCurdy 1974, species. - Type strain: Windsor M271.

    Myxococcus stipitatus Thaxter 1897, species. - Type strain: Windsor M78.

    Myxococcus virescens Thaxter 1892, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25203.

    Myxococcus xanthus Beebe 1941, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25232.

    N

    Nannocystis Reichenbach 1970, genus. - Type species: Nannocystis exedens.

    Nannocystis exedens Reichenbach 1970, species. - Type strain: DSM 71.

    Neisseria Trevisan 1885, genus. - Type species: Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

    Neisseria animalis Berger 1960, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10212.

    Neisseria canis Berger 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14687.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is incorrectly listed as ATCC 14678.

    Neisseria caviae Pelczar 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14659.

    Neisseria cinerea (von Lingelsheim 1906) Murray 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14685.

    Neisseria cuniculi Berger 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14688.

    Neisseria denitrificans Berger 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14686.

    Neisseria elongata Bøvre and Holten 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25295.

    Neisseria elongata subsp. elongata (Bøvre and Holten 1970) Henriksen and Holten 1976, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25295.
    Note: The original authorship, Bøvre and Holten 1970, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Neisseria elongata subsp. glycolytica Henriksen and Holten 1976, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 29315.

    Neisseria flava Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: NRL 30,008.

    Neisseria flavescens Branham 1930, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13120.

    Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Zopf 1885) Trevisan 1885, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19424.

    Neisseria lactamica Hollis et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23970.

    Neisseria meningitidis (Albrecht and Ghon 1901) Murray 1929, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13077.

    Neisseria mucosa Véron et al. 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19696.
    Note: The correct citation for this taxon should be Neisseria mucosa (von Lingelsheim 1906) Véron et al. 1959; synonym: "Diplococcus mucosus" von Lingelsheim 1906.

    Neisseria ovis Lindqvist 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33078.

    Neisseria perflava Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10555.

    Neisseria sicca (von Lingelsheim 1908) Bergey et al. 1923, species. - Type strain: NRL 30,016.

    Neisseria subflava (Flügge 1886) Trevisan 1889, species. - Type strain: NRL 30,017.

    Neisseriaceae Prévot 1933, familia. - Type genus: Neisseria.

    Neorickettsia Philip et al. 1953, genus. - Type species: Neorickettsia helminthoeca.

    Neorickettsia helminthoeca Philip et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Nevskia Famintzin 1892, genus. - Type species: Nevskia ramosa.

    Nevskia ramosa Famintzin 1892, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.
    Note: Nevskia ramosa has been cultivated in pure culture and according to the DSMZ, the type strain is DSM 11499. - References: 1 STÜRMEYER (H.), OVERMANN (J.), BABENZIEN (H.D.) and CYPIONKA (H.): Ecophysiological and phylogenetic studies of Nevskia ramosa in pure culture. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1998, 64, 1890-1894. 2 DSMZ Web Site.

    Nevskiaceae Henrici and Johnson 1935, familia. - Type genus: Nevskia.

    Nitrobacter Winogradsky 1892, genus. - Type species: Nitrobacter winogradskyi.

    Nitrobacter winogradskyi Winslow et al. 1917, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25391.

    Nitrobacteraceae Buchanan 1917, familia. - Type genus: Nitrobacter.

    Nitrococcus Watson and Waterbury 1971, genus. - Type species: Nitrococcus mobilis.

    Nitrococcus mobilis Watson and Waterbury 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25380.

    Nitrosococcus Winogradsky 1892, genus. - Type species: Nitrosococcus nitrosus.

    Nitrosococcus nitrosus (Migula 1900) Buchanan 1925, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Nitrosococcus oceani corrig. (Watson 1965) Watson 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19707.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, oceanus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Nitrosolobus Watson et al. 1971, genus. - Type species: Nitrosolobus multiformis.

    Nitrosolobus multiformis Watson et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25196.

    Nitrosomonas Winogradsky 1892, genus. - Type species: Nitrosomonas europaea.

    Nitrosomonas europaea Winogradsky 1892, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25978.

    Nitrosospira Winogradsky and Winogradsky 1933, genus. - Type species: Nitrosospira briensis.

    Nitrosospira briensis Winogradsky and Winogradsky 1933, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Nitrospina Watson and Waterbury 1971, genus. - Type species: Nitrospina gracilis.

    Nitrospina gracilis Watson and Waterbury 1971, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Nocardia Trevisan 1889, genus. - Type species: Nocardia asteroides.

    Nocardia amarae Lechevalier and Lechevalier 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27808.

    Nocardia asteroides (Eppinger 1891) Blanchard 1896, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19247.

    Nocardia autotrophica (Takamiya and Tubaki 1956) Hirsch 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19727.

    Nocardia brasiliensis (Lindenberg 1909) Pinoy 1913, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19296.

    Nocardia calcarea Metcalf and Brown 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19369.

    Nocardia carnea (Rossi Doria 1891) Castellani and Chalmers 1913, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6847.

    Nocardia cellulans Metcalf and Brown 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12830.

    Nocardia coeliaca (Gray and Thornton 1928) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17041.

    Nocardia corynebacterioides Serrano et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14898.

    Nocardia farcinica Trevisan 1889, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3318.

    Nocardia globerula (Gray 1928) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19370.

    Nocardia hydrocarbonoxydans Nolof and Hirsch 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15104.

    Nocardia mediterranei (Margalith and Beretta 1960) Thiemann et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13685.

    Nocardia orientalis (Pittenger and Brigham 1956) Pridham and Lyons 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19795.

    Nocardia otitidiscaviarum corrig. Snijders 1924, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14629.
    Note: The original spelling, Nocardia otitidis-caviarum (sic), has been corrected by Farmer 1983 [1] and by Hill et al. 1984 [2]. - References: 1 FARMER III (J.J.): Correction of four specific epithets that are hyphenated in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 425. 2 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Nocardia petroleophila Hirsch and Engel 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15777.

    Nocardia restricta (Turfitt 1944) McClung 1974, species. - Type strain: DSM 43199.

    Nocardia saturnea Hirsch 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15809.

    Nocardia transvalensis Pijper and Pullinger 1927, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6865.

    Nocardia vaccinii Demaree and Smith 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11092.

    Nocardiaceae Castellani and Chalmers 1919, familia. - Type genus: Nocardia.

    Nocardioides Prauser 1976, genus. - Type species: Nocardioides albus.

    Nocardioides albus Prauser 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27980.

    Nocardiopsis (Brocq-Rousseau 1904) Meyer 1976, genus. - Type species: Nocardiopsis dassonvillei.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Nocardiopsis Meyer 1976 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Nocardiopsis dassonvillei (Brocq-Rousseau 1904) Meyer 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23218.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Nocardiopsis dassonvillei Meyer 1976 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    O

    Obesumbacterium Shimwell 1963, genus. - Type species: Obesumbacterium proteus.

    Obesumbacterium proteus (Shimwell and Grimes 1936) Shimwell 1963, species. - Type strain: NCIB 8771.
    Note: The Approved Lists omit "Shimwell and Grimes 1936". Presumably this was an inadvertent omission. - Reference: FARMER III (J.J.): Other genera of the familly Enterobacteriaceae. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, p.506-516.

    Oceanospirillum Hylemon et al. 1973, genus. - Type species: Oceanospirillum linum.

    Oceanospirillum beijerinckii (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12754.

    Oceanospirillum hiroshimense (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species. - Type strain: IFO 13616.

    Oceanospirillum japonicum (Watanabe 1959) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19191.

    Oceanospirillum linum (Williams and Rittenberg 1957) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11336.

    Oceanospirillum maris Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27509.

    Oceanospirillum minutulum (Watanabe 1959) Hylemon et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19193.

    Oceanospirillum multiglobuliferum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species. - Type strain: IFO 13614.

    Oceanospirillum pelagicum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species. - Type strain: IFO 13612.

    Oceanospirillum pusillum (Terasaki 1973) Terasaki 1979, species. - Type strain: IFO 13613.

    Oerskovia Prauser et al. 1970, genus. - Type species: Oerskovia turbata.

    Oerskovia turbata (Erikson 1954) Prauser et al. 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25835.

    Oerskovia xanthineolytica Lechevalier 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27402.

    Oscillospira Chatton and Perard 1913, genus. - Type species: Oscillospira guilliermondii corrig.

    Oscillospira guilliermondii corrig. Chatton and Pérard 1913, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, guilliermondi (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Oscillospiraceae Peshkoff 1940, familia. - Type genus: Oscillospira.

    P

    Paracoccus Davis 1969, genus. - Type species: Paracoccus denitrificans.

    Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17741.

    Paracoccus halodenitrificans (Robinson and Gibbons 1952) Davis 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13511.

    Pasteurella Trevisan 1887, genus. - Type species: Pasteurella multocida.

    Pasteurella aerogenes McAllister and Carter 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27883.

    Pasteurella gallicida (Burrill 1883) Buchanan 1925, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10322.
    Note: Recognition of Pasteurella multocida as type species of the genus Pasteurella requires the rejection of the species name Pasteurella gallicida because this species has the same type strain as Pasteurella multocida on the Approved Lists 1980 and is therefore a homotypic synonym. - References: 1 SNEATH (P.H.A.): Status of nomenclatural types in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980. Request for an opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 459-460. 2 JUDICIAL OPINION 58: Confirmation of the types in the Approved Lists as nomenclatural types including recognition of Nocardia asteroides (Eppinger 1891) Blanchard 1896 and Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939 as the respective type species of the genera Nocardia and Pasteurella and rejection of the species name Pasteurella gallicida (Burrill 1883) Buchanan 1925. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 538.

    Pasteurella gallinarum Hall et al. 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13361.

    Pasteurella haemolytica Newsom and Cross 1932, species. - Type strain: NCTC 9380.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Pasteurella haemolytica Newsome (sic) and Cross 1932.

    Pasteurella multocida (Lehmann and Neumann 1899) Rosenbusch and Merchant 1939, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10322.

    Pasteurella pneumotropica Jawetz 1950, species. - Type strain: NCTC 8141.

    Pasteurella ureae Jones 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25976.

    Pasteurelleae Castellani and Chalmers 1919, tribus. - Type genus: Pasteurella.

    Pasteuria Metchnikoff 1888, genus. - Type species: Pasteuria ramosa.

    Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27377.

    Pasteuriaceae Laurent 1890, familia. - Type genus: Pasteuria.

    Pectinatus Lee et al. 1978, genus. - Type species: Pectinatus cerevisiiphilus.

    Pectinatus cerevisiiphilus Lee et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29359.

    Pectobacterium Waldee 1945, genus. - Type species: Pectobacterium carotovorum.

    Pectobacterium carnegieana (Standring 1942) Brenner et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 439.

    Pectobacterium carotovorum (Jones 1901) Waldee 1945, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15713.

    Pectobacterium chrysanthemi (Burkholder et al. 1953) Brenner et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11663.

    Pectobacterium cypripedii (Hori 1911) Brenner et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: PDDCC 1591.

    Pectobacterium rhapontici (Millard 1924) Patel and Kulkarni 1951, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29283.

    Pediococcus Claussen 1903, genus. - Type species: Pediococcus damnosus.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Pediococcus Balcke 1884 (sic). - References: 1 LAPAGE (S.P.), SNEATH (P.H.A.), LESSEL (E.F.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.), SEELIGER (H.P.R.) and CLARK (W.A.): International code of nomenclature of bacteria (1990 revision), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992, p. 106. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Necessary corrections according to Judicial Opinions 16, 48 and 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 613.

    Pediococcus acidilactici Lindner 1887, species. - Type strain: NCDO 1859.

    Pediococcus damnosus Claussen 1903, species. - Type strain: NCDO 1832.

    Pediococcus dextrinicus (Coster and White 1964) Back 1978, species. - Type strain: DSM 20335.

    Pediococcus halophilus Mees 1934, species. - Type strain: NCDO 1635.

    Pediococcus parvulus Gunther and White 1961, species. - Type strain: NCDO 1634.

    Pediococcus pentosaceus Mees 1934, species. - Type strain: NCDO 990.

    Pedomicrobium Aristovskaya 1961, genus. - Type species: Pedomicrobium ferrugineum.

    Pedomicrobium ferrugineum Aristovskaya 1961, species. - Type strain: IFAM S-1290.

    Pedomicrobium manganicum Aristovskaya 1961, species. - Type strain: IFAM E-1129.

    Pelodictyon Lauterborn 1913, genus. - Type species: Pelodictyon clathratiforme.

    Pelodictyon clathratiforme (Szafer 1911) Lauterborn 1913, species. - Type strain: no pure culture.

    Pelodictyon luteolum (Schmidle 1901) Pfennig and Trüper 1971, species. - Type strain: DSM 273.

    Pelodictyon phaeum Gorlenko 1972, species. - Type strain: DSM 728.

    Peptococcaceae Rogosa 1971, familia. - Type genus: Peptococcus.

    Peptococcus Kluyver and van Niel 1936, genus. - Type species: Peptococcus niger.

    Peptococcus asaccharolyticus (Distaso 1912) Douglas 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14963.

    Peptococcus glycinophilus (Cardon and Barker 1946) Douglas 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23195.

    Peptococcus indolicus (Christiansen 1934) Sorensen 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29427.

    Peptococcus magnus (Prévot 1933) Holdeman and Moore 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15794.

    Peptococcus niger (Hall 1930) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27731.

    Peptococcus prevotii (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Douglas 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9321.

    Peptococcus saccharolyticus (Foubert and Douglas 1948) Douglas 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14953.

    Peptostreptococcus Kluyver and van Niel 1936, genus. - Type species: Peptostreptococcus anaerobius.

    Peptostreptococcus anaerobius (Natvig 1905) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27337.

    Peptostreptococcus micros (Prévot 1933) Smith 1957, species. - Type strain: VPI 5464.

    Peptostreptococcus parvulus (Weinberg et al. 1937) Smith 1957, species. - Type strain: VPI 0546.

    Peptostreptococcus productus (Prévot 1941) Smith 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27340.

    Photobacteria Gibbons and Murray 1978, classis. - Type order: not given.
    Note: According to Rules 15, 22 and 27(3), the class Photobacteria is illegitimate because it was proposed without the designation of a nomenclatural type. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 725-727.

    Photobacterium Beijerinck 1889, genus. - Type species: Photobacterium phosphoreum.

    Photobacterium angustum Reichelt et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25915.

    Photobacterium fischeri (Beijerinck 1889) Reichelt and Baumann 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7744.

    Photobacterium leiognathi Boisvert et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25521.

    Photobacterium phosphoreum (Cohn 1878) Beijerinck 1889, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11040.

    Pilimelia Kane 1966, genus. - Type species: Pilimelia terevasa.

    Pilimelia anulata Kane 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25604.

    Pilimelia terevasa Kane 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25603.

    Planctomyces Gimesi 1924, genus. - Type species: Planctomyces bekefii.

    Planctomyces bekefii Gimesi 1924, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Planobispora Thiemann and Beretta 1968, genus. - Type species: Planobispora longispora.

    Planobispora longispora Thiemann and Beretta 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23867.

    Planobispora rosea Thiemann 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23866.
    Note: In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology eight edition and in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, this taxon is cited as Planobispora rosea Thiemann 1970.

    Planococcaceae Krasil'nikov 1949, familia. - Type genus: Planococcus.

    Planococcus Migula 1894, genus. - Type species: Planococcus citreus.

    Planococcus citreus Migula 1894, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14404.

    Planococcus halophilus Novitsky and Kushner 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27964.

    Planomonospora Thiemann et al. 1967, genus. - Type species: Planomonospora parontospora.

    Planomonospora parontospora Thiemann et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23863.

    Planomonospora parontospora subsp. antibiotica Thiemann et al. 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 23864.

    Planomonospora parontospora subsp. parontospora (Thiemann et al. 1967) Thiemann et al. 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 23863.
    Note: The original authorship, Thiemann et al. 1967, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Planomonospora venezuelensis Thiemann 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23865.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this taxon is cited as Planomonospora venezuelensis Thiemann 1967.

    Plesiomonas corrig. Habs and Schubert 1962, genus. - Type species: Plesiomonas shigelloides (corrig.).
    Note: The original spelling, Pleisomonas (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Plesiomonas shigelloides corrig. (Bader 1954) Habs and Schubert 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14029.
    Note: The original spelling, Pleisomonas shigelloides (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Polyangiaceae Jahn 1924, familia. - Type genus: Polyangium.

    Polyangium Link 1809, genus. - Type species: Polyangium vitellinum.

    Polyangium fumosum Krzemieniewska and Krzemieniewski 1930, species. - Type strain: Windsor M257.

    Polyangium minor (Peterson 1959) McCurdy 1970, species. - Type strain: UMH Peterson 41.
    Note:

    Polyangium rugiseptum (Peterson 1959) McCurdy 1970, species. - Type strain: UMH Peterson 51.
    Note: The strain UMH Peterson 51 is not available from the herbarium at the University of Missouri. - Reference: GARRITY (G.M.): Personal communication (March 01, 2005).

    Polyangium vitellinum Link 1809, species. - Type strain: TC 4564.

    Promicromonospora Krasil'nikov et al. 1961, genus. - Type species: Promicromonospora citrea.

    Promicromonospora citrea Krasil'nikov et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15908.

    Propionibacteriaceae Delwiche 1957, familia. - Type genus: Propionibacterium.

    Propionibacterium Orla-Jensen 1909, genus. - Type species: Propionibacterium freudenreichii.

    Propionibacterium acidipropionici corrig. Orla-Jensen 1909, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25562.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, acidi-propionici (sic), has been corrected by Farmer 1983 [1] and by Hill et al. 1984 [2]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [3]. - References: 1 FARMER III (J.J.): Correction of four specific epithets that are hyphenated in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 425. 2 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. 3 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Propionibacterium acnes (Gilchrist 1900) Douglas and Gunter 1946, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6919.
    Note: Propionibacterium acnes has been described by Gilchrist 1900 as "Bacillus acnes". The name of the specific epithet has been incorrectly transliterated from Gr. noun acme (a point) to N.L. noun acne acnes.

    Propionibacterium avidum (Eggerth 1935) Moore and Holdeman 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25577.

    Propionibacterium freudenreichii van Niel 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6207.

    Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. freudenreichii (van Niel 1928) Holdeman and Moore 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 6207.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. freudenreichii is erroneously cited as Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. freudenreichii (van Niel 1928) Moore and Holdeman 1970.

    Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. shermanii (van Niel 1928) Holdeman and Moore 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 9614.

    Propionibacterium granulosum (Prévot 1938) Moore and Holdeman 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25564.

    Propionibacterium jensenii van Niel 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4868.

    Propionibacterium lymphophilum (Torrey 1916) Johnson and Cummins 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27520.

    Propionibacterium thoenii van Niel 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4874.

    Prosthecochloris Gorlenko 1970, genus. - Type species: Prosthecochloris aestuarii.

    Prosthecochloris aestuarii Gorlenko 1970, species. - Type strain: DSM 271.

    Prosthecomicrobium Staley 1968., genus. - Type species: Prosthecomicrobium pneumaticum.

    Prosthecomicrobium enhydrum Staley 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23634.

    Prosthecomicrobium pneumaticum Staley 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23633.

    Proteeae Castellani and Chalmers 1919, tribus. - Type genus: Proteus.

    Proteus Hauser 1885, genus. - Type species: Proteus vulgaris.

    Proteus inconstans (Ornstein 1920) Shaw and Clarke 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9886.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Proteus inconstans (Orstein (sic) 1920) Shaw and Clarke 1955.

    Proteus mirabilis Hauser 1885, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29906.

    Proteus morganii (Winslow et al. 1919) Yale 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25830.

    Proteus myxofaciens Cosenza and Podgwaite 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19692.

    Proteus rettgeri (Hadley et al. 1918) Rustigian and Stuart 1943, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29944.

    Proteus vulgaris Hauser 1885 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Judicial Commission 1999, species. -Type strain: ATCC 13315.
    Note: A new type strain (strain PR 1 = ATCC 29905= CCUG 35382 = CCUG 39507 = CDC PR1 = CIP 104989 = LMG 16708 = NCTC 13145) has been designated for this taxon. - References: 1 BRENNER (D.J.), HICKMAN-BRENNER (F.W.), HOLMES (B.), HAWKEY (P.M.), PENNER (J.L.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and O'HARA (C.M.): Replacement of NCTC 4175, the current type strain of Proteus vulgaris, with ATCC 29905 Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 870-871. 2 JUDICIAL OPINION 70: Replacement of strain NCTC 4175, since 1963 the neotype strain of Proteus vulgaris, with strain ATCC 29905- Opinion 70. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1949.

    Providencia Ewing 1962, genus. - Type species: Providencia alcalifaciens.

    Providencia alcalifaciens (de Salles Gomes 1944) Ewing 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9886.

    Providencia rettgeri (Hadley 1918) Brenner et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29944.

    Providencia stuartii (Buttiaux et al. 1954) Ewing 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29914.

    Pseudomonadaceae Winslow et al. 1917, familia. - Type genus: Pseudomonas.

    Pseudomonadales Orla-Jensen 1921, ordo. - Type genus: Pseudomonas.

    Pseudomonadeae Kluyver and Van Niel 1936, tribus. - Type genus: Pseudomonas.

    Pseudomonadineae Breed et al. 1957, subordo. - Type genus: Pseudomonas.

    Pseudomonas Migula 1894, genus. - Type species: Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

    Pseudomonas acidovorans den Dooren de Jong 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15668.

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Schroeter 1872) Migula 1900, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10145.

    Pseudomonas agarici Young 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25941.

    Pseudomonas alcaligenes Monias 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14909.

    Pseudomonas aminovorans den Dooren de Jong 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23314.

    Pseudomonas amygdali Psallidas and Panagopoulos 1975, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2607.

    Pseudomonas andropogonis (Smith 1911) Stapp 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23061.

    Pseudomonas anguilliseptica Wakabayashi and Egusa 1972, species. - Type strain: NCMB 1949.

    Pseudomonas asplenii (Ark and Tompkins 1946) Savulescu 1947, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23835.

    Pseudomonas aurantiaca Nakhimovskaya 1948, species. - Type strain: NCIB 10068.

    Pseudomonas aureofaciens Kluyver 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13985.

    Pseudomonas avenae Manns 1909, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 1011.

    Pseudomonas azotoformans Iizuka and Komagata 1963, species. - Type strain: IAM 1603.

    Pseudomonas beijerinckii Hof 1935, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19372.

    Pseudomonas beteli corrig. (Ragunathan 1928) Savulescu 1947, species Type strain: ATCC 19861.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, betle (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Pseudomonas boreopolis Gray and Thornton 1928, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9401.

    Pseudomonas caricapapayae Robbs 1956, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 1873.

    Pseudomonas caryophylli (Burkholder 1942) Starr and Burkholder 1942, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25418.

    Pseudomonas cattleyae (Pavarino 1911) Savulescu 1947, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 961.

    Pseudomonas chlororaphis (Guignard and Sauvageau 1894) Bergey et al. 1930, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9446.

    Pseudomonas cichorii (Swingle 1925) Stapp 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10857.

    Pseudomonas cissicola (Takimoto 1939) Burkholder 1948, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2982.

    Pseudomonas citronellolis Seubert 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13674.

    Pseudomonas cocovenenans van Damme et al. 1960, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9450.

    Pseudomonas delafieldii Davis 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17505.

    Pseudomonas diminuta Leifson and Hugh 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11568.

    Pseudomonas doudoroffii Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27123.

    Pseudomonas echinoides Heumann 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14820.

    Pseudomonas elongata Humm 1946, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10144.

    Pseudomonas facilis (Schatz and Bovell 1952) Davis 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11228.

    Pseudomonas flava (Niklewski 1910) Davis 1969, species. - Type strain: DSM 619.

    Pseudomonas flectens Johnson 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12775.

    Pseudomonas fluorescens Migula 1895, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13525.

    Pseudomonas fragi (Eichholz 1902) Gruber 1905, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4973.

    Pseudomonas fulva Iizuka and Komagata 1963, species. - Type strain: IAM 1529.

    Pseudomonas gelidicola Kadota 1951, species. - Type strain: IAM 1127.

    Pseudomonas geniculata (Wright 1895) Chester 1901, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19374.

    Pseudomonas gladioli Severini 1913, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 1891.

    Pseudomonas glathei Zolg and Ottow 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29195.

    Pseudomonas glumae Kurita and Tabei 1967, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2981.

    Pseudomonas hibiscicola Moniz 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19867.

    Pseudomonas huttiensis Leifson 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14670.

    Pseudomonas indigofera (Voges 1893) Migula 1900, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19706.

    Pseudomonas iners Iizuka and Komagata 1964, species. - Type strain: IAM 1419.

    Pseudomonas lanceolata Leifson 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14669.

    Pseudomonas lemoignei Delafield et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17989.

    Pseudomonas mallei (Zopf 1885) Redfearn et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23344.

    Pseudomonas marginalis (Brown 1918) Stevens 1925, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10844.

    Pseudomonas marina (Cobet et al. 1970) Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25374.

    Pseudomonas mendocina Palleroni 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25411.

    Pseudomonas mephitica Claydon and Hammer 1939, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9672.

    Pseudomonas mesophilica Austin and Goodfellow 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29983.

    Pseudomonas mucidolens Levine and Anderson 1932, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4685.

    Pseudomonas nautica Baumann et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27132.

    Pseudomonas nitroreducens Iizuka and Komagata 1964, species. - Type strain: IAM 1439.

    Pseudomonas oleovorans Lee and Chandler 1941, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8062.

    Pseudomonas palleronii Davis 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17724.

    Pseudomonas paucimobilis Holmes 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29837.

    Pseudomonas pertucinogena Kawai and Yabuuchi 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 190.

    Pseudomonas phenazinium Bell and Turner 1973, species. - Type strain: NCIB 11027.

    Pseudomonas pickettii Ralston et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27511.

    Pseudomonas pictorum Gray and Thornton 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23328.

    Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes Stanier 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17440.

    Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes subsp. citrulli Schaad et al. 1978, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 29625.

    Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes subsp. pseudoalcaligenes (Stanier 1966) Schaad et al. 1978, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 17440.
    Note: The original authorship, Stanier 1966, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Pseudomonas pseudoflava Auling et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: DSM 1034.

    Pseudomonas pseudomallei (Whitmore 1913) Haynes 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23343.

    Pseudomonas putida (Trevisan 1889) Migula 1895, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12633.

    Pseudomonas pyrrocinia Imanaka et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15958.

    Pseudomonas radiora Ito and Iizuka 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27329.
    Note: According to Green and Bousfield 1983, the original spelling should be changed to Pseudomonas radiotolerans (the etymology of the original spelling, radiodura (sic) is uncertain). - Reference: GREEN (P.N.) and BOUSFIELD (I.J.): Emendation of Methylobacterium Patt, Cole, and Hanson 1976; Methylobacterium rhodinum (Heumann 1962) comb. nov. corrig.; Methylobacterium radiotolerans (Ito and Iizuka 1971) comb. nov., corrig.; and Methylobacterium mesophilicum (Austin and Goodfellow 1979) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 875-877.

    Pseudomonas resinovorans Delaporte et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14235.

    Pseudomonas rhodos Heumann 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14821.
    Note: According to Green and Bousfield 1983, the original spelling should be changed to Pseudomonas rhodina (Gr. adj. rhodinos, rosy; not N.L. adj. rhodos, rosy). - Reference: GREEN (P.N.) and BOUSFIELD (I.J.): Emendation of Methylobacterium Patt, Cole, and Hanson 1976; Methylobacterium rhodinum (Heumann 1962) comb. nov. corrig.; Methylobacterium radiotolerans (Ito and Iizuka 1971) comb. nov., corrig.; and Methylobacterium mesophilicum (Austin and Goodfellow 1979) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 875-877.

    Pseudomonas rubrilineans (Lee et al. 1925) Stapp 1928, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19307.

    Pseudomonas rubrisubalbicans (Christopher and Edgerton 1930) Krasil'nikov 1949, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19308.

    Pseudomonas saccharophila Doudoroff 1940, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15946.

    Pseudomonas solanacearum (Smith 1896) Smith 1914, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11696.

    Pseudomonas spinosa Leifson 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14606.

    Pseudomonas straminea corrig. Iizuka and Komagata 1963, species. - Type strain: IAM 1598.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, straminae (sic), has been corrected by Uchino et al. 2000. - Reference: UCHINO (M.), KOSAKO (Y.), UCHIMURA (T.) and KOMAGATA (K.): Emendation of Pseudomonas straminea Iizuka and Komagata 1963. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1513-1519.

    Pseudomonas stutzeri (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Sijderius 1946, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17588.

    Pseudomonas synxantha (Ehrenberg 1840) Holland 1920, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9890.

    Pseudomonas syringae van Hall 1902, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19310.

    Pseudomonas taetrolens Haynes 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4683.

    Pseudomonas testosteroni Marcus and Talalay 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11996.

    Pseudomonas tolaasii Paine 1919, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2192.

    Pseudomonas vesicularis (Busing et al. 1953) Galarneault and Leifson 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11426.

    Pseudomonas viridiflava (Burkholder 1930) Dowson 1939, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13223.

    Pseudomonas woodsii (Smith 1911) Stevens 1925, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19311.

    Pseudonocardia Henssen 1957, genus. - Type species: Pseudonocardia thermophila.

    Pseudonocardia spinosa Schafer 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25924.

    Pseudonocardia thermophila Henssen 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19285.

    R

    Rhizobiaceae Conn 1938, familia. - Type genus: Rhizobium.

    Rhizobieae Prévot 1948, tribus. - Type genus: Rhizobium.

    Rhizobium Frank1889, genus. - Type species: Rhizobium leguminosarum.

    Rhizobium japonicum (Kirchner 1896) Buchanan 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10324.

    Rhizobium leguminosarum (Frank 1879) Frank 1889, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10004.
    Note: The reference of the publication by Frank 1879 is Botanische Zeitung, 1879, 37, 376-387, 394-399. However, in the "Approved Lists of Bacterial Names" and in the "Amended Edition of Approved Lists of Bacterial Names" the publication of Frank 1879 is erroneously cited as Berichte der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft, 1879, 37, 376-387, 394-399. - Reference: YOUNG (J.M.): Correction to the authority of Rhizobium leguminosarum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1943.

    Rhizobium lupini (Schroeter 1886) Eckhardt et al. 1931, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10319.

    Rhizobium meliloti Dangeard 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9930.

    Rhizobium phaseoli Dangeard 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14482.

    Rhizobium trifolii Dangeard 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14480.

    Rhodococcus Zopf 1891, genus. - Type species: Rhodococcus rhodochrous.
    Note: On the Approved Lists 1980, the effective publication for the genus Rhodococcus is a paper by Goodfellow and Alderson 1977 (GOODFELLOW (M.) and ALDERSON (G.): The actinomycete-genus Rhodococcus: a home for the "rhodochrous" complex. J. Gen. Microbiol., 1977, 100, 99-122.). In this paper, the nomenclatural name Rhodococcus is assigned to the neuter gender! However, in accordance with Rule 65(2) a generic name which is modern coupound from two Greek words take the gender of the last component of the compound word. In Greek, coccos is in the masculine gender, and the genus name Rodococcus should be assigned to the masculine gender.

    Rhodococcus bronchialis (Tsukamura 1971) Tsukamura 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25592.

    Rhodococcus coprophilus Rowbotham and Cross 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29080.

    Rhodococcus corallinus (Bergey et al. 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25593.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Rhodococcus corallinus (Bergey et al. 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25729.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Rhodococcus equi (Magnusson 1923) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (sic) [1]. This corrigendum has been omitted from the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition) [2]. - References: 1 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. 2 EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Rhodococcus erythropolis (Gray and Thornton 1928) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 4277.

    Rhodococcus rhodnii Goodfellow and Alderson 1979, species. - Type strain: KCC A-0203.

    Rhodococcus rhodochrous (Zopf 1891) Tsukamura 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13808.

    Rhodococcus ruber (Kruse 1896) Goodfellow and Alderson 1977, species. - Type strain: KCC A-0205.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Rhodococcus ruber (Kruse 1896) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Rhodococcus rubropertinctus (Hefferan 1904) Tsukamura 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14352.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Rhodococcus rubropertinctus (Hefferan 1904) Goodfellow and Alderson 1979 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Rhodococcus terrae (Tsukamura 1971) Tsukamura 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25594.

    Rhodocyclus Pfennig 1978, genus. - Type species: Rhodocyclus purpureus.

    Rhodocyclus purpureus Pfennig 1978, species. - Type strain: DSM 168.

    Rhodomicrobium Duchow and Douglas 1949, genus. - Type species: Rhodomicrobium vannielii.

    Rhodomicrobium vannielii Duchow and Douglas 1949, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17100.

    Rhodopseudomonas Czurda and Maresch 1937, genus. - Type species: Rhodopseudomonas palustris.
    Notes:

    Rhodopseudomonas acidophila Pfennig 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25092.

    Rhodopseudomonas capsulata (Molisch 1907) van Niel 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11166.

    Rhodopseudomonas gelatinosa (Molisch 1907) van Niel 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17011.

    Rhodopseudomonas globiformis Pfennig 1974, species. - Type strain: DSM 161.

    Rhodopseudomonas palustris (Molisch 1907) van Niel 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17001.

    Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides van Niel 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17023.

    Rhodopseudomonas sulfidophila Hansen and Veldkamp 1973, species. - Type strain: DSM 1374.

    Rhodopseudomonas sulfoviridis Keppen and Gorlenko 1975, species. - Type strain: DSM 729.

    Rhodopseudomonas viridis Drews and Giesbrecht 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19567.

    Rhodospirillaceae Pfennig and Trüper 1971, familia. - Type genus: Rhodospirillum.

    Rhodospirillales Pfennig and Trüper 1971, ordo. - Type genus: Rhodospirillum.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the type genus of the order Rhodospirillales Pfennig and Trüper 1971, is incorrectly cited as Rhodospirillum Molisch 1904 (sic). - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and to the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1271-1272.

    Rhodospirillum Molisch 1907, genus. - Type species: Rhodospirillum rubrum.

    Rhodospirillum fulvum van Niel 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15798.
    Note: On the Approved Lists, the type strain ATCC 15798is erroneously cited as ATCC 157980.

    Rhodospirillum molischianum Giesberger 1947, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14031.

    Rhodospirillum photometricum Molisch 1907, species. - Type strain: DSM 122.

    Rhodospirillum rubrum (Esmarch 1887) Molisch 1907, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11170.

    Rhodospirillum tenue Pfennig 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25093.

    Rickettsia da Rocha-Lima 1916, genus. - Type species: Rickettsia prowazekii.

    Rickettsia akari Huebner et al. 1946, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-148.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 148 (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Rickettsia australis Philip 1950, species. - Type strain: NIAID Phillips 32.

    Rickettsia canadensis corrig. McKiel et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-610.
    Notes:

    Rickettsia conorii Brumpt 1932, species. - Type strain: NIAID Malish 7.

    Rickettsia parkeri Lackman et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: NIAID maculatum 20.

    Rickettsia prowazekii da Rocha-Lima 1916, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-142.
    Notes:

    Rickettsia rickettsii (Wolbach 1919) Brumpt 1922, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-149.
    Notes:

    Rickettsia sennetsu Misao and Kobayashi 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-367.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 367 (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Rickettsia sibirica Zdrodovskii 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-151.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 151 (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Rickettsia tsutsugamushi (Hayashi 1920) Ogata 1931, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-150.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 150 (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Rickettsia typhi (Wolbach and Todd 1920) Philip 1943, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-144.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 144 (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Rickettsiaceae Pinkerton 1936, familia. - Type genus: Rickettsia.

    Rickettsiales Gieszczykiewicz 1939, ordo. - Type genus: Rickettsia.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the author's name Gieszczykiewicz is mis-spelt Gieszczkiewicz (sic).

    Rickettsieae Philip 1957, tribus. - Type genus: Rickettsia.

    Rickettsiella Philip 1956, genus. - Type species: Rickettsiella popilliae.

    Rickettsiella popilliae (Dutky and Gooden 1952) Philip 1956, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Rickettsiella stethorae Hall and Badgley 1957, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Rochalimaea (Macchiavello 1947) Krieg 1961, genus. - Type species: Rochalimaea quintana.

    Rochalimaea quintana (Schmincke 1917) Krieg 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-358.
    Notes:

    Rothia Georg and Brown 1967, genus. - Type species: Rothia dentocariosa.

    Rothia dentocariosa (Onishi 1949) Georg and Brown 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17931.

    Ruminococcus Sijpesteijn 1948, genus. - Type species: Ruminococcus flavefaciens.

    Ruminococcus albus Hungate 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27210.

    Ruminococcus bromii Moore et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27255.

    Ruminococcus callidus Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: VPI 57-31.

    Ruminococcus flavefaciens Sijpesteijn 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19208.

    Ruminococcus gnavus Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29149.

    Ruminococcus lactaris Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29176.

    Ruminococcus obeum Moore et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29174.

    Ruminococcus torques Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27756.

    Runella Larkin and Williams 1978, genus. - Type species: Runella slithyformis.

    Runella slithyformis Larkin and Williams 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29530.

    S

    Saccharomonospora Nonomura and Ohara 1971, genus. - Type species: Saccharomonospora viridis.

    Saccharomonospora viridis (Schuurmans et al. 1956) Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15386.

    Saccharopolyspora Lacey and Goodfellow 1975, genus. - Type species: Saccharopolyspora hirsuta.

    Saccharopolyspora hirsuta Lacey and Goodfellow 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27875.

    Salmonella Lignieres 1900, genus. - Type species: Salmonella choleraesuis corrig.

    Salmonella arizonae (Borman 1957) Kauffmann 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13314.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited Salmonella arizonae (Borman 1957) Kauffman (sic) 1964.

    Salmonella choleraesuis corrig. (Smith 1894) Weldin 1927, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13312.
    Note: The original spelling, Salmonella cholerae-suis (sic), has been corrected by Farmer 1983 [1], by Hill et al. 1984 [2], and by Howey et al. 1990 [3]. - References: 1 FARMER III (J.J.): Correction of four specific epithets that are hyphenated in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 425. 2 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511. 3 HOWEY (R.T.), LOCK (C.M.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Subspecies names automatically created by Rule 46. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 317-319.

    Salmonella enteritidis (Gaertner 1888) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13076.

    Salmonella typhi (Schroeter 1886) Warren and Scott 1930, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19430.

    Salmonella typhimurium (Loeffler 1892) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13311.

    Salmonelleae Kalz 1957, tribus. - Type genus: Salmonella.

    Saprospira Gross 1911, genus. - Type species: Saprospira grandis.

    Saprospira grandis Gross 1911, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23119.

    Sarcina Goodsir 1842, genus. - Type species: Sarcina ventriculi.

    Sarcina maxima Lindner 1888, species. - Type strain: DSM 316.

    Sarcina ventriculi Goodsir 1842, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19633.

    Schizomycetes Nägeli 1857, classis. - Type order: not given.
    Note: According to Rules 15, 22 and 27(3), the class Schizomycetes is illegitimate because it was proposed without the designation of a nomenclatural type. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 725-727.

    Scotobacteria Gibbons and Murray 1978, classis. - Type order: not given.
    Note: According to Rules 15, 22 and 27(3), the class Scotobacteria is illegitimate because it was proposed without the designation of a nomenclatural type. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 725-727.

    Selenomonas von Prowasek 1913, genus. - Type species: Selenomonas sputigena.

    Selenomonas ruminantium (Certes 1889) Wenyon 1926, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12561.

    Selenomonas ruminantium subsp. lactilytica Bryant 1956, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19205.

    Selenomonas ruminantium subsp. ruminantium (Certes 1889) Bryant 1956, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 12561.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, and in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), Selenomonas ruminantium subsp. ruminantium is erroneously cited as Selenomonas ruminantium subsp. ruminantium Bryant 1974.

    Selenomonas sputigena (Flügge 1886) Boskamp 1922, species. - Type strain: VPI 10068.

    Seliberia Aristovskaya and Parinkina 1963, genus. - Type species: Seliberia stellata.

    Seliberia stellata Aristovskaya and Parinkina 1963, species. - Type strain: INMI N-9.

    Serpens Hespell 1977, genus. - Type species: Serpens flexibilis.

    Serpens flexibilis Hespell 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29606.

    Serratia Bizio 1823, genus. - Type species: Serratia marcescens.

    Serratia fonticola Gavini et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29844.

    Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1931) Bascomb et al. 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27592.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty 1961 [sic]) Bascomb et al. 1971. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Serratia marcescens Bizio 1823, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13880.

    Serratia marinorubra ZoBell and Upham 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27593.

    Serratia odorifera Grimont et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: CDC 1979-77.

    Serratia plymuthica (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) Breed et al. 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 183.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Serratia plymuthica (Dyar 1895) Bergey et al. 1923 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19323.

    Serratia rubidaea (Stapp 1940) Ewing et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27593.

    Serratieae Bergey et al. 1939, tribus. - Type genus: Serratia.

    Shigella Castellani and Chalmers 1919, genus. - Type species: Shigella dysenteriae.

    Shigella boydii Ewing 1949, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8700.

    Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1897) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13313.
    Note: According to Yabuuchi, the correct citation is Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1897) Castellani and Chalmers 1919, not Shigella dysenteriae (Shiga 1898) Castellani and Chalmers 1919 as cited in the Approved Lists. - Reference: YABUUCHI (E.): Bacillus dysentericus (sic) 1897 was the first rather than Bacillus dysenteriae 1898. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1041-1041.

    Shigella flexneri Castellani and Chalmers 1919, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29903.

    Shigella sonnei (Levine 1920) Weldin 1927, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29930.

    Simonsiella Schmid 1922, genus. - Type species: Simonsiella muelleri.

    Simonsiella crassa Schmid 1922, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15533.

    Simonsiella muelleri Schmid 1922, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29453.

    Simonsiella steedae Kuhn and Gregory 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27409.

    Simonsiellaceae Steed 1962, familia. - Type genus: Simonsiella.

    Sphaerotilus Kutzing 1833, genus. - Type species: Sphaerotilus natans.

    Sphaerotilus natans Kutzing 1833, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13338.

    Spirillaceae Migula 1894, familia. - Type genus: Spirillum.

    Spirillales Prévot 1940, ordo. - Type genus: Spirillum.

    Spirilleae Kluyver and van Niel 1936, tribus. - Type genus: Spirillum.

    Spirillospora Couch 1963, genus. - Type species: Spirillospora albida.

    Spirillospora albida Couch 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15331.

    Spirillum Ehrenberg 1832, genus. - Type species: Spirillum volutans.

    Spirillum volutans Ehrenberg 1832, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19554.

    Spirochaeta Ehrenberg 1835, genus. - Type species: Spirochaeta plicatilis.

    Spirochaeta halophila Greenberg and Canale-Parola 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29478.

    Spirochaeta plicatilis Ehrenberg 1835, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Spirochaeta stenostrepta Zuelzer 1912, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25083.

    Spirochaetaceae Swellengrebel 1907, familia. - Type genus: Spirochaeta.

    Spirochaetales Buchanan 1917, ordo. - Type genus: Spirochaeta.

    Spiroplasma Saglio et al. 1973, genus. - Type species: Spiroplasma citri.

    Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27556.

    Spirosoma Migula 1894, genus. - Type species: Spirosoma linguale.

    Spirosoma linguale Migula 1894, species. - Type strain: DSM 74.

    Spirosomaceae Larkin and Borrall 1978, familia. - Type genus: Spirosoma.

    Sporichthya Lechevalier et al. 1968, genus. - Type species: Sporichthya polymorpha.

    Sporichthya polymorpha Lechevalier et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23823.

    Sporocytophaga Stanier 1940, genus. - Type species: Sporocytophaga myxococcoides.

    Sporocytophaga myxococcoides (Krzemieniewska 1933) Stanier 1940, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10010.

    Sporolactobacillus Kitahara and Suzuki 1963, genus. - Type species: Sporolactobacillus inulinus.

    Sporolactobacillus inulinus (Kitahara and Suzuki 1963) Kitahara and Lai 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15538.

    Sporosarcina Kluyver and van Niel 1936, genus. - Type species: Sporosarcina ureae.

    Sporosarcina ureae (Beijerinck 1901) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6473.

    Staphylococceae Prévot 1940, tribus. - Type genus: Staphylococcus.

    Staphylococcus Rosenbach 1884, genus. - Type species: Staphylococcus aureus.

    Staphylococcus aureus Rosenbach 1884, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12600.

    Staphylococcus capitis Kloos and Schleifer 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27840.

    Staphylococcus cohnii Schleifer and Kloos 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29974.

    Staphylococcus epidermidis (Winslow and Winslow 1908) Evans 1916, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14990.

    Staphylococcus haemolyticus Schleifer and Kloos 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29970.

    Staphylococcus hominis Kloos and Schleifer 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27844.

    Staphylococcus hyicus (Sompolinsky 1953) Devriese et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11249.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this taxon is incorrectly cited as Staphylococcus hyicus (Sompolinski (sic) 1953) Devriese et al. 1978.

    Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. chromogenes Devriese et al. 1978, subspecies. - Type strain: NCTC 10530.

    Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus (Sompolinsky 1953) Devriese et al. 1978, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 11249.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), this taxon is incorrectly cited as Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus (Sompolinski (sic) 1953) Devriese et al. 1978.

    Staphylococcus intermedius Hajek 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29663.

    Staphylococcus saprophyticus (Fairbrother 1940) Shaw et al. 1951, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15305.

    Staphylococcus sciuri Kloos et al. 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29062.

    Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. lentus Kloos et al. 1976, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 29070.

    Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. sciuri Kloos et al. 1976, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 29062.

    Staphylococcus simulans Kloos and Schleifer 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27848.

    Staphylococcus warneri Kloos and Schleifer 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27836.

    Staphylococcus xylosus Schleifer and Kloos 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29971.

    Stibiobacter Lyalikova 1974, genus. - Type species: Stibiobacter senarmontii.

    Stibiobacter senarmontii Lyalikova 1974, species. - Type strain: VKM MV-1130.

    Stigmatella Berkeley and Curtis 1875, genus. - Type species: Stigmatella aurantiaca.

    Stigmatella aurantiaca Berkeley and Curtis 1875, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25190.

    Stigmatella erecta (Schroeter 1886) McCurdy 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25191.

    Streptobacillus Levaditi et al. 1925, genus. - Type species: Streptobacillus moniliformis.

    Streptobacillus moniliformis Levaditi et al. 1925, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14647.

    Streptococcaceae Deibel and Seeley 1974, familia. - Type genus: Streptococcus.

    Streptococceae Trevisan 1889, tribus. - Type genus: Streptococcus.

    Streptococcus Rosenbach 1884, genus. - Type species: Streptococcus pyogenes.

    Streptococcus acidominimus Ayers and Mudge 1922, species. - Type strain: NCDO 2025.

    Streptococcus agalactiae Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. - Type strain: NCTC 8181.

    Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938, species. - Type strain: NCTC 10713.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, Streptococcus anginosus is cited as "Streptococcus anginosus (Andrewes and Horder 1906) Smith and Sherman 1938". However, the reference by Smith and Sherman is cited as "Smith, F.R. and J.M. Sherman. 1939, Journal of Infectious Diseases, 62: 186-189."

    Streptococcus bovis Orla-Jensen 1919, species. - Type strain: NCDO 597.

    Streptococcus constellatus (Prévot 1924) Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27823.

    Streptococcus cremoris Orla-Jensen 1919, species. - Type strain: NCDO 607.

    Streptococcus criceti corrig. Coykendall 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19642.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, cricetus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1998. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: erratum and correction of further specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 615.

    Streptococcus equi Sand and Jensen 1888, species. - Type strain: NCTC 9682.

    Streptococcus equinus Andrewes and Horder 1906, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9812.

    Streptococcus faecalis Andrewes and Horder 1906, species. - Type strain: NCTC 775.

    Streptococcus faecium Orla-Jensen 1919, species. - Type strain: NCTC 7171.

    Streptococcus hansenii Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27752.

    Streptococcus iniae Pier and Madin 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29178.

    Streptococcus intermedius Prévot 1925, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27335.

    Streptococcus lactis (Lister 1873) Lohnis 1909, species. - Type strain: NCDO 604.

    Streptococcus mitis Andrewes and Horder 1906, species. - Type strain: NCTC 3165.

    Streptococcus morbillorum (Prévot 1933) Holdeman and Moore 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27824.

    Streptococcus mutans Clarke 1924, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25175.

    Streptococcus pleomorphus Barnes et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: NCTC 11087.

    Streptococcus pneumoniae (Klein 1884) Chester 1901, species. - Type strain: NCTC 7465.

    Streptococcus pyogenes Rosenbach 1884, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12344.

    Streptococcus raffinolactis Orla-Jensen and Hansen 1932, species. - Type strain: NCDO 617.

    Streptococcus ratti corrig. Coykendall 1977, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19645.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, rattus (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Streptococcus salivarius Andrewes and Horder 1906, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7073.

    Streptococcus sanguinis corrig. White and Niven 1946, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10556.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, sanguis (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Streptococcus thermophilus Orla-Jensen 1919, species. - Type strain: NCDO 573.

    Streptococcus uberis Diernhofer 1932, species. - Type strain: NCTC 3858.

    Streptomyces Waksman and Henrici 1943, genus. - Type species: Streptomyces albus.

    Streptomyces aburaviensis Nishimura et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23869.

    Streptomyces achromogenes Okami and Umezawa 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12767.

    Streptomyces achromogenes subsp. achromogenes (Okami and Umezawa 1953) Bhuyan et al. 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 12767.
    Note: The original authorship, Okami and Umezawa 1953, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces achromogenes subsp. rubradiris Bhuyan et al. 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: CBS 566.70.

    Streptomyces acrimycini (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19885.

    Streptomyces afghaniensis Shimo et al. 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23871.

    Streptomyces alanosinicus Thiemann and Beretta 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15710.

    Streptomyces albaduncus Tsukiura et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14698.

    Streptomyces albidoflavus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25422.

    Streptomyces albofaciens Thirumalachar and Bhatt 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25184.

    Streptomyces alboflavus (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12626.

    Streptomyces albogriseolus Benedict et al. 1954, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1305.

    Streptomyces albolongus Tsukiura et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27414.

    Streptomyces alboniger Porter et al. 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12461.

    Streptomyces albospinus Wang et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29808.

    Streptomyces albosporeus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15394.

    Streptomyces albosporeus subsp. albosporeus (Krainsky 1914) Okami et al. 1963, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15394.
    Note: The original authorship, (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces albosporeus subsp. labilomyceticus Okami et al. 1963, subspecies. - Type strain: NIHJ 425.

    Streptomyces albovinaceus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15823.

    Streptomyces alboviridis (Duche 1934) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25425.

    Streptomyces albulus Routien 1969, species. - Type strain: 12757.

    Streptomyces albus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman and Henrici 1943, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3004.

    Streptomyces albus subsp. albus (Rossi Doria 1891) Nagatsu et al. 1962, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 3004.
    Note: The original authorship, (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman and Henrici 1943, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces albus subsp. pathocidicus Nagatsu et al. 1962, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 14510.

    Streptomyces almquistii (Duche 1934) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 618.

    Streptomyces althioticus Yamaguchi et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19724.

    Streptomyces amakusaensis Nagatsu et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23876.

    Streptomyces ambofaciens Pinnert-Sindico 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23877.

    Streptomyces aminophilus Foster 1961, species. - Type strain: 14961.

    Streptomyces anandii Batra and Bajaj 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19388.

    Streptomyces anthocyanicus (Krasil'nikov et al. 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19821.

    Streptomyces antibioticus (Waksman and Woodruff 1941) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8663.

    Streptomyces antimycoticus Waksman 1957, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2421.

    Streptomyces anulatus (Beijerinck 1912) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: CBS 100.18.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Streptomyces anulatus (Beijerinck 1912) Waksman 1957 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptomyces arabicus Shibata et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23881.

    Streptomyces arenae Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2377.

    Streptomyces argenteolus Tresner et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11009.

    Streptomyces atratus Shibata et al. 1962, species. - Type strain: IFO 3897.

    Streptomyces atroolivaceus (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19725.

    Streptomyces aurantiacus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19822.

    Streptomyces aurantiogriseus (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19887.

    Streptomyces aureocirculatus (Krasil'nikov and Yuan 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19823.

    Streptomyces aureofaciens Duggar 1948, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2209.

    Streptomyces aureoverticillatus (Krasil'nikov and Yuan 1960) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15854.

    Streptomyces avellaneus Baldacci and Grein 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23730.

    Streptomyces avidinii Stapley et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: NRRL 3077.

    Streptomyces azureus Kelly et al. 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14921.

    Streptomyces baarnensis Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: CBS 306.55.

    Streptomyces bacillaris (Krasil'nikov 1958) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15855.

    Streptomyces badius (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19888.

    Streptomyces bambergiensis Wallhausser et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13879.

    Streptomyces bellus Margalith and Beretta 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14925.

    Streptomyces bikiniensis Johnstone and Waksman 1947, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11062.

    Streptomyces bluensis Mason et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2876.

    Streptomyces bobili (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3310.

    Streptomyces bottropensis Waksman 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25435.

    Streptomyces cacaoi (Waksman 1932) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3082.

    Streptomyces cacaoi subsp. asoensis Isono et al. 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: IFO 13813.

    Streptomyces cacaoi subsp. cacaoi (Waksman 1932) Isono et al. 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 3082.
    Note: The original authorship, (Waksman 1932) Waksman and Henrici 1948, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces caelestis De Boer et al. 1955, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2418.

    Streptomyces caeruleus (Baldacci 1944) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27421.

    Streptomyces californicus (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3312.

    Streptomyces calvus Backus et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13382.

    Streptomyces canarius Vavra and Dietz 1965, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2976.

    Streptomyces canescens Waksman 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19736.

    Streptomyces canus Heinemann et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12237.

    Streptomyces capoamus Goncalves de Lima et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19006.

    Streptomyces catenulae Davisson and Finlay 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12476.

    Streptomyces cavourensis Skarbek and Brady 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14889.

    Streptomyces cavourensis subsp. cavourensis Skarbek and Brady 1978, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 14889.

    Streptomyces cavourensis subsp. washingtonensis Skarbek and Brady 1978, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 27732.

    Streptomyces cellostaticus Hamada 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23894.

    Streptomyces celluloflavus Nishimura et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: IFO 13780.

    Streptomyces cellulosae (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: CBS 122.18.

    Streptomyces champavatii Uma and Narasimha Rao 1959, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-5682.

    Streptomyces chartreusis Leach et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2287.

    Streptomyces chattanoogensis Burns and Holtman 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13358.

    Streptomyces chibaensis Suzuki et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23895.

    Streptomyces chrestomyceticus Canevazzi and Scotti 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14947.

    Streptomyces chromofuscus (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23896.

    Streptomyces chryseus (Krasil'nikov et al. 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19829.

    Streptomyces chrysomallus Lindenbein 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11523.

    Streptomyces chrysomallus subsp. chrysomallus (Lindenbein 1952) Frommer 1959, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 11523.
    Note: The original authorship, Lindenbein 1952, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces chrysomallus subsp. fumigatus Frommer 1959, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL B-2289.

    Streptomyces cinereoruber Corbaz et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19740.

    Streptomyces cinereoruber subsp. cinereoruber Corbaz et al 1957, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19740.

    Streptomyces cinereoruber subsp. fructofermentans Corbaz et al. 1957, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL 2588.

    Streptomyces cinerochromogenes Miyairi et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: IFO 13822.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain IFO (now NBRC) 13822 is erroneously cited as IFO (now NBRC) 13922.

    Streptomyces cinnabarinus (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23617.

    Streptomyces cinnamonensis Okami 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12308.

    Streptomyces cirratus Koshiyama et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14699.

    Streptomyces citreofluorescens (Korenyako et al. 1960) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15858.

    Streptomyces clavifer (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: CBS 101.27.

    Streptomyces clavuligerus Higgens and Kastner 1971, species. - Type strain: NRRL 3585.

    Streptomyces coelescens (Krasil'nikov et al. 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19830.

    Streptomyces coelicolor (Muller 1908) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: CBS 210.27.

    Streptomyces coeruleofuscus (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23618.

    Streptomyces coeruleorubidus (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13740.

    Streptomyces coerulescens (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19896.

    Streptomyces collinus Lindenbein 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19743.

    Streptomyces colombiensis Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27425.

    Streptomyces corchorusii Ahmad and Bhuiyan 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25444.

    Streptomyces cremeus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19897.

    Streptomyces crystallinus Tresner et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-3629.

    Streptomyces curacoi Cataldi 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13385.

    Streptomyces cuspidosporus Higashide et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: IFO 12378.

    Streptomyces cyaneofuscatus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23619.

    Streptomyces cyaneus (Krasil'nikov 1941) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14923.

    Streptomyces cyanoalbus (Krasil'nikov and Agre 1960) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15859.

    Streptomyces daghestanicus (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23620.

    Streptomyces diastaticus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3315.

    Streptomyces diastaticus subsp. ardesiacus (Baldacci et al. 1955) Pridham et al. 1958, subspecies. - Type strain: CBS 100.56.

    Streptomyces diastaticus subsp. diastaticus (Krainsky 1914) Pridham et al. 1958, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 3315.
    Note: The original authorship, (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces diastatochromogenes (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12309.

    Streptomyces djakartensis Huber et al. 1962, species. - Type strain: DSM 40743.

    Streptomyces durhamensis Gordon and Lapa 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23194.

    Streptomyces echinatus Corbaz et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19748.

    Streptomyces ederensis Wallhausser et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15304.

    Streptomyces endus Anderson and Gottlieb 1952, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2339.

    Streptomyces erumpens Calot and Cercós 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23266.

    Streptomyces erythraeus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11635.

    Streptomyces erythrogriseus Falcao de Morais and Dalia Maia 1959, species. - Type strain: CBS 485.74.

    Streptomyces eurythermus Corbaz et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14975.

    Streptomyces exfoliatus (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12627.

    Streptomyces felleus Lindenbein 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19752.

    Streptomyces filamentosus Okami and Umezawa 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19753.

    Streptomyces filipinensis Ammann et al. 1955, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2437.

    Streptomyces fimbriatus (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman and Lechevalier 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15051.

    Streptomyces fimicarius (Duche 1934) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: CBS 420.34.

    Streptomyces finlayi (Szabo et al. 1963) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23340.

    Streptomyces flaveolus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3319.

    Streptomyces flavidovirens (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19900.

    Streptomyces flavogriseus (Duche 1934) Waksman and Lechevalier 1953, species. - Type strain: CBS 101.34.

    Streptomyces flavotricini (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23621.

    Streptomyces flavovirens (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3320.

    Streptomyces flocculus (Duche 1934) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25453.

    Streptomyces floridae Bartz et al. 1951, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2423.

    Streptomyces fluorescens (Krasil'nikov 1958) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15860.

    Streptomyces fradiae (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10745.

    Streptomyces fragilis Anderson et al. 1956, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2424.

    Streptomyces fulvissimus (Jensen 1930) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1453.

    Streptomyces fumanus (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19904.

    Streptomyces galbus Frommer 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23910.

    Streptomyces galilaeus Ettlinger et al 1958, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2722.

    Streptomyces gancidicus Suzuki 1957, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1872.

    Streptomyces gardneri (Waksman 1942) Waksman 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9604.

    Streptomyces gelaticus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3323.

    Streptomyces geysiriensis Wallhausser et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15303.

    Streptomyces ghanaensis Wallhausser et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14672.

    Streptomyces gibsonii (Erikson 1935) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6852.

    Streptomyces glaucescens (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23622.

    Streptomyces globisporus (Krasil'nikov 1941) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15864.

    Streptomyces globisporus subsp. caucasicus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19907.

    Streptomyces globisporus subsp. flavofuscus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19908.

    Streptomyces globisporus subsp. globisporus (Krasil'nikov 1941) Pridham et al. 1958, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15864.
    Note: The original authorship, (Krasil'nikov 1941) Waksman 1953, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces globosus (Krasil'nikov 1941) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-2292.

    Streptomyces glomeroaurantiacus (Krasil'nikov and Yuan 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15866.

    Streptomyces gobitricini (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: CBS 123.60.

    Streptomyces goshikiensis Niida 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23914.

    Streptomyces gougerotii (Duche 1934) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: CBS 422.34.

    Streptomyces graminofaciens Charney et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12705.

    Streptomyces griseinus Waksman 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23915.

    Streptomyces griseoaurantiacus (Krasil'nikov and Yuan 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19840.

    Streptomyces griseobrunneus Waksman 1961, species. - Type strain: 19762.

    Streptomyces griseochromogenes Fukunaga 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14511.

    Streptomyces griseoflavus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25456.

    Streptomyces griseofuscus Sakamoto et al. 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23916.

    Streptomyces griseoincarnatus (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23623.

    Streptomyces griseoloalbus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23624.

    Streptomyces griseolus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3325.

    Streptomyces griseoluteus Umezawa et al. 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12768.

    Streptomyces griseomycini (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23625.

    Streptomyces griseoplanus Backus et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19766.

    Streptomyces griseorubens (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19909.

    Streptomyces griseoruber Yamaguchi and Saburi 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23919.

    Streptomyces griseorubiginosus (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23627.

    Streptomyces griseosporeus Niida and Ogasawara 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27435.

    Streptomyces griseostramineus (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23628.

    Streptomyces griseoviridis Anderson et al. 1956, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2427.

    Streptomyces griseus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23345.

    Streptomyces griseus subsp. alpha (Ciferri 1927) Pridham 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: CBS 219.25.

    Streptomyces griseus subsp. cretosus Pridham 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: CBS 137.21.

    Streptomyces griseus subsp. griseus (Krainsky 1914) Pridham 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 23345.
    Note: The original authorship, (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces griseus subsp. solvifaciens Pridham 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL B-1561.

    Streptomyces halstedii (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10897.

    Streptomyces hawaiiensis Cron et al. 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12236.

    Streptomyces helvaticus (Krasil'nikov et al. 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19841.

    Streptomyces herbaricolor Kawato and Shinobu 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23922.

    Streptomyces hirsutus Ettlinger et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19773.

    Streptomyces humidus Nakazawa and Shibata 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12760.

    Streptomyces hydrogenans Lindner et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19631.

    Streptomyces hygroscopicus (Jensen 1931) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27438.

    Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. angustmyceticus Yüntsen et al. 1956, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15484.

    Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. decoyicus Vavra et al. 1959, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL 2666.

    Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. glebosus Ohmori et al. 1962, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 14607.

    Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. hygroscopicus (Jensen 1931) Yüntsen et al. 1956, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 27438.
    Note: The original authorship, (Jensen 1931) Waksman and Henrici 1948, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces hygroscopicus subsp. ossamyceticus Schmitz et al. 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15420.

    Streptomyces iakyrus deQuerioz and Albert 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15375.

    Streptomyces indigoferus Shinobu and Kawato 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23924.

    Streptomyces intermedius (Kruger 1904) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3329.

    Streptomyces inusitatus Hasegawa et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: IFO 13601.

    Streptomyces ipomoeae (Person and Martin 1940) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25462.

    Streptomyces janthinus (Artamonova and Krasil'nikov 1960) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15870.

    Streptomyces kanamyceticus Okami and Umezawa 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12853.

    Streptomyces katrae Gupta and Chopra 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27440.

    Streptomyces kurssanovii (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15824.

    Streptomyces lanatus Frommer 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19775.

    Streptomyces lateritius (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19913.

    Streptomyces laurentii Trejo et al. 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 31255.

    Streptomyces lavendofoliae (Kuchaeva et al. 1961) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15872.

    Streptomyces lavendulae (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8664.

    Streptomyces lavendulae subsp. grasserius (Kuchaeva et al. 1961) Pridham 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15875.

    Streptomyces lavendulae subsp. lavendulae (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Pridham 1970, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 8664.
    Note: The original authorship, (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces lavendulocolor (Kuchaeva et al. 1961) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15871.

    Streptomyces libani Baldacci and Grein 1966, species. - Type strain: CBS 753.72.

    Streptomyces libani subsp. libani Baldacci and Grein 1966, subspecies. - Type strain: CBS 753.72.

    Streptomyces libani subsp. rufus Baldacci and Grein 1966, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 23731.

    Streptomyces limosus Lindenbein 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19778.

    Streptomyces lincolnensis Mason et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2936.

    Streptomyces lipmanii (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3331.

    Streptomyces litmocidini (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19914.

    Streptomyces lomondensis Johnson and Dietz 1969, species. - Type strain: NRRL 3252.

    Streptomyces longisporoflavus Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19915.

    Streptomyces longispororuber Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27443.

    Streptomyces longisporus (Krasil'nikov 1941) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23931.

    Streptomyces lucensis Arcamone et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17804.

    Streptomyces luridus (Krasil'nikov et al. 1957) Waksman 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19782.

    Streptomyces lusitanus Villax 1963, species. - Type strain: NCIB 9585.

    Streptomyces luteogriseus Schmitz et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15072.

    Streptomyces lydicus De Boer et al. 1956, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2433.

    Streptomyces massasporeus Shinobu and Kawato 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19785.

    Streptomyces matensis Margalith et al. 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23935.

    Streptomyces mauvecolor Okami and Umezawa 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29835.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), "Okami and Umezawa 1961" is cited as "Okami and Umezawa 1960".

    Streptomyces mediolani Arcamone et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: NCIB 10969.

    Streptomyces melanogenes Sugawara and Onuma 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23937.

    Streptomyces melanosporofaciens Arcamone et al. 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25473.

    Streptomyces michiganensis Corbaz et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14970.

    Streptomyces microflavus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: CBS 124.18.

    Streptomyces minutiscleroticus (Thirumalachar 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17757.

    Streptomyces mirabilis Ruschmann 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27447.

    Streptomyces misakiensis Nakamura 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23938.

    Streptomyces misionensis Cercós et al. 1962, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14991.

    Streptomyces murinus Frommer 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19788.

    Streptomyces mutabilis (Preobrazhenskaya and Ryabova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19919.

    Streptomyces naganishii Yamaguchi and Saburi 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23939.

    Streptomyces narbonensis Corbaz et al. 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19790.

    Streptomyces nashvillensis McVeigh and Reyes 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25476.

    Streptomyces neyagawaensis Yamamoto et al. 1960, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27449.

    Streptomyces nigrescens (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23941.

    Streptomyces nigrifaciens Waksman 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19791.

    Streptomyces nitrosporeus Okami 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12769.

    Streptomyces niveoruber Ettlinger et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14971.

    Streptomyces niveus Smith et al. 1956, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2466.

    Streptomyces noboritoensis Isono et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25477.

    Streptomyces nodosus Trejo 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14899.

    Streptomyces nogalater Bhuyan and Dietz 1966, species. - Type strain: NRRL 3035.

    Streptomyces nojiriensis Ishida et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29781.

    Streptomyces noursei Brown et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 11455.

    Streptomyces novaecaesareae Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27452.

    Streptomyces ochraceiscleroticus Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15814.

    Streptomyces odorifer (Rullmann 1895) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6246.

    Streptomyces olivaceiscleroticus Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15722.

    Streptomyces olivaceoviridis (Preobrazhenskaya and Ryabova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23630.

    Streptomyces olivaceus (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3335.

    Streptomyces olivochromogenes (Waksman 1923) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3336.

    Streptomyces olivoviridis (Kuchaeva et al. 1960) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15882.

    Streptomyces omiyaensis Umezawa and Okami 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27454.

    Streptomyces pactum Bhuyan et al. 1962, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2939.

    Streptomyces parvulus corrig. Waksman and Gregory 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12434.
    Note: The original spelling, Streptomyces parvullus (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptomyces parvus (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1455.

    Streptomyces peucetius Grein et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29050.

    Streptomyces phaeochromogenes (Conn 1917) Waksman 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3338.

    Streptomyces phaeofaciens Maeda et al. 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15034.

    Streptomyces phaeopurpureus Shinobu 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23946.

    Streptomyces phaeoviridis Shinobu 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23947.

    Streptomyces pilosus Ettlinger et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19797.

    Streptomyces platensis Tresner and Backus 1956, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2364.

    Streptomyces plicatus Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2428.

    Streptomyces pluricolorescens Okami and Umezawa 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19798.

    Streptomyces polychromogenes Hagemann et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12595.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the amended edition of the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the author's name Hagemann is misspelled as Hageman (sic).

    Streptomyces poonensis (Thirumalachar 1960) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15723.

    Streptomyces praecox (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3374.

    Streptomyces prasinopilosus Ettlinger et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19799.

    Streptomyces prasinosporus Tresner et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17918.

    Streptomyces prasinus Ettlinger et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19800.

    Streptomyces prunicolor (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25487.

    Streptomyces psammoticus Virgilio and Hengeller 1960, species. - Type strain: CBS 175.61.

    Streptomyces pseudogriseolus Okami and Umezawa 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12770.

    Streptomyces pseudovenezuelae (Kuchaeva et al. 1961) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23951.

    Streptomyces pulveraceus Shibata et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13875.

    Streptomyces puniceus Patelski 1951, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19801.

    Streptomyces purpeofuscus Yamaguchi and Saburi 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23952.

    Streptomyces purpurascens Lindenbein 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25489.

    Streptomyces purpurogeneiscleroticus Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19348.

    Streptomyces racemochromogenes Sugai 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23954.

    Streptomyces rameus Shibata 1959, species. - Type strain: ATCC 21273.

    Streptomyces ramulosus Ettlinger et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19802.

    Streptomyces rangoonensis corrig. (Erikson 1935) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6860.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, rangoon (sic), has been corrected by Trüper and De' Clari 1997. - Reference: TRÜPER (H.G.) and DE' CLARI (L.): Taxonomic note: Necessary correction of specific epithets formed as substantives (nouns) "in apposition". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 908-909.

    Streptomyces recifensis (Goncalves de Lima et al. 1955) Falcao de Morais et al. 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19803.

    Streptomyces regensis Gupta et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27461.

    Streptomyces resistomycificus Lindenbein 1952, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2290.

    Streptomyces rimosus Sobin et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2234.

    Streptomyces rimosus subsp. paromomycinus Coffey et al. 1959, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL 2455.

    Streptomyces rimosus subsp. rimosus (Sobin et al. 1953) Coffey et al. 1959, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL 2234.
    Note: The original authorship, Sobin et al. 1953, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces rishiriensis Kawaguchi et al. 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14812.

    Streptomyces rochei Berger et al. 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10739.

    Streptomyces roseiscleroticus Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17755.

    Streptomyces roseodiastaticus (Duche 1934) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: CBS 102.34.

    Streptomyces roseoflavus Arai 1951, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-2789.

    Streptomyces roseofulvus (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19921.

    Streptomyces roseolilacinus (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19922.

    Streptomyces roseolus (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23210.

    Streptomyces roseosporus Falcao de Morais and Dalia Maia 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23958.

    Streptomyces roseoviolaceus (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25493.

    Streptomyces roseoviridis (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23959.

    Streptomyces rubiginosohelvolus (Kudrina 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19926.

    Streptomyces rubiginosus (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19927.

    Streptomyces rutgersensis (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 3350.

    Streptomyces rutgersensis subsp. castelarensis corrig. Cercós 1954, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 15191.
    Note: The original spelling, Streptomyces rutgersensis subsp. castelarense (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptomyces rutgersensis subsp. rutgersensis (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Cercós 1954, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 3350.
    Note: The original authorship, (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Waksman and Henrici 1948, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptomyces sampsonii (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25495.

    Streptomyces sclerotialus Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15721.

    Streptomyces setonii (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25497.

    Streptomyces showdoensis Nishimura et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15105.

    Streptomyces sindenensis Nakazawa and Fujii 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23963.

    Streptomyces sioyaensis Nishimura et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13989.

    Streptomyces somaliensis (Brumpt 1906) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 33201.

    Streptomyces sparsogenes Owen et al. 1963, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2940.

    Streptomyces spectabilis Mason et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2494.

    Streptomyces spheroides Wallick et al. 1956, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2449.

    Streptomyces spiroverticillatus Shinobu 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19811.

    Streptomyces subrutilus Arai et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27467.

    Streptomyces sulphureus (Gasperini 1894) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27468.

    Streptomyces tanashiensis Hata et al. 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23967.

    Streptomyces tendae Ettlinger et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19812.

    Streptomyces termitum Duche et al. 1951, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25499.

    Streptomyces thermodiastaticus (Bergey et al. 1923) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27472.

    Streptomyces thermonitrificans Desai and Dhala 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23385.

    Streptomyces thermoviolaceus Henssen 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19283.

    Streptomyces thermoviolaceus subsp. apingens Henssen 1957, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19994.

    Streptomyces thermoviolaceus subsp. thermoviolaceus Henssen 1957, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 19283.

    Streptomyces thermovulgaris Henssen 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19284.

    Streptomyces torulosus Lyons and Pridham 1971, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-3889.

    Streptomyces toxytricini (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19813.

    Streptomyces tricolor (Wollenweber 1920) Waksman 1961, species. - Type strain: CBS 103.21.

    Streptomyces tubercidicus Nakamura 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25502.

    Streptomyces tuirus Albert and Malaquias de Querioz 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19007.

    Streptomyces umbrinus (Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19929.

    Streptomyces variabilis (Preobrazhenskaya et al. 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19930.

    Streptomyces varsoviensis Kurylowicz and Woznicka 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25505.

    Streptomyces vastus Szabo and Marton 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25506.

    Streptomyces venezuelae Ehrlich et al. 1948, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2277.

    Streptomyces vinaceus Jones 1952, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2382.

    Streptomyces vinaceusdrappus Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2363.

    Streptomyces violaceochromogenes (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19932.

    Streptomyces violaceolatus (Krasil'nikov et al. 1965) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19847.

    Streptomyces violaceorectus (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25514.

    Streptomyces violaceoruber (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14980.

    Streptomyces violaceus (Rossi Doria 1891) Waksman 1953, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15888.

    Streptomyces violaceusniger corrig. (Waksman and Curtis 1916) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1476.
    Note: The original spelling, Streptomyces violaceoniger (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptomyces violarus (Artamonova and Krasil'nikov 1960) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15891.

    Streptomyces violascens (Preobrazhenskaya and Sveshnikova 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23968.

    Streptomyces violatus (Artamonova and Krasil'nikov 1960) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15892.

    Streptomyces virginiae Grundy et al. 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19817.

    Streptomyces viridiviolaceus (Ryabova and Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27478.

    Streptomyces viridochromogenes (Krainsky 1914) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14920.

    Streptomyces viridodiastaticus (Baldacci et al. 1955) Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25518.

    Streptomyces viridosporus Pridham et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2414.

    Streptomyces werraensis Wallhausser et al. 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14424.

    Streptomyces willmorei (Erikson 1935) Waksman and Henrici 1948, species. - Type strain: ATCC 6867.

    Streptomyces xanthochromogenes Arishima et al. 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19818.

    Streptomyces xanthocidicus Asahi et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27480.

    Streptomyces xantholiticus (Konev and Tsyganov 1962) Pridham 1970, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27481.

    Streptomyces xanthophaeus Lindenbein 1952, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19819.

    Streptomyces yokosukanensis Nakamura 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25520.

    Streptomyces zaomyceticus Hinuma 1954, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27482.

    Streptomycetaceae Waksman and Henrici 1943, familia. - Type genus: Streptomyces.

    Streptosporangium Couch 1955, genus. - Type species: Streptosporangium roseum.

    Streptosporangium albidum Furumai et al. 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25243.

    Streptosporangium album Nonomura and Ohara 1960, species. - Type strain: DSM 43023.

    Streptosporangium amethystogenes Nonomura and Ohara 1960, species. - Type strain: strain KCC A-0026
    Note: On the Approved Lists 1980, the type strain KCC A-0026 is incorrectly cited as KCC A-2006 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptosporangium corrugatum Williams and Sharples 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29331.

    Streptosporangium indianense corrig. Gupta 1965, species. - Type strain: KCC A-0053.
    Note: The original spelling, Streptosporangium indianensis (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptosporangium longisporum Schafer 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25212.

    Streptosporangium nondiastaticum Nonomura and Ohara 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27101.

    Streptosporangium pseudovulgare Nonomura and Ohara 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27100.

    Streptosporangium roseum Couch 1955, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12428.

    Streptosporangium violaceochromogenes Kawamoto et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 21807.

    Streptosporangium viridialbum Nonomura and Ohara 1960, species. - Type strain: KCC A-027.

    Streptosporangium viridogriseum Okuda et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25242.

    Streptosporangium viridogriseum subsp. kofuense Nonomura and Ohara 1969, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 27102.

    Streptosporangium viridogriseum subsp. viridogriseum (Okuda et al. 1966) Nonomura and Ohara 1969, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25242.
    Note: The original authorship, Okuda et al. 1966, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptosporangium vulgare Nonomura and Ohara 1960, species. - Type strain: KCC A-0028.

    Streptoverticillium Baldacci 1958, genus. - Type species: Streptoverticillium baldaccii.

    Streptoverticillium abikoense (Umezawa et al. 1951) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12766.

    Streptoverticillium albireticuli (Nakazawa 1955) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19721.

    Streptoverticillium album Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2401.

    Streptoverticillium ardum (De Boer et al. 1961) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2817.

    Streptoverticillium aureoversile corrig. Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15853.
    Note: The original spelling, Streptoverticillium aureoversales (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the AL. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptoverticillium baldaccii Farina and Locci 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23654.

    Streptoverticillium biverticillatum (Preobrazhenskaya 1957) Farina and Locci 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23615.

    Streptoverticillium blastmyceticum (Watanabe et al. 1957) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19731.

    Streptoverticillium cinnamoneum (Benedict et al. 1952) Baldacci et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1285.

    Streptoverticillium cinnamoneum subsp. albosporum Thirumalachar 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25186.

    Streptoverticillium cinnamoneum subsp. cinnamoneum (Benedict et al. 1952) Thirumalachar 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL B-1285.
    Notes:

    Streptoverticillium cinnamoneum subsp. lanosum Thirumalachar 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25187.

    Streptoverticillium cinnamoneum subsp. sparsum Thirumalachar 1968, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 25185.

    Streptoverticillium distallicum Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2886.

    Streptoverticillium ehimense (Shibata et al. 1954) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23903.

    Streptoverticillium eurocidicum (Okami et al. 1954) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27428.

    Streptoverticillium fervens (De Boer et al. 1960) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2755.

    Streptoverticillium fervens subsp. fervens (De Boer et al. 1960) Mason et al. 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL 2755.
    Note: The original authorship, Baldacci and Locci 1974, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Streptoverticillium fervens subsp. melrosporus Mason et al. 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: NRRL 3117.

    Streptoverticillium flavopersicum (Oliver et al. 1961) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2820.

    Streptoverticillium griseocarneum (Benedict et al. 1950) Baldacci et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1068.

    Streptoverticillium griseoverticillatum (Shinobu and Shimada 1962) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27436.

    Streptoverticillium hachijoense (Hosoya et al. 1952) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19769.

    Streptoverticillium hiroshimense (Shinobu 1955) Farina and Locci 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19772.

    Streptoverticillium kashmirense (Gupta and Chopra 1963) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27439.

    Streptoverticillium kentuckense (Barr and Carman 1956) Baldacci et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12691.

    Streptoverticillium kishiwadense (Shinobu and Kayamura 1964) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25464.

    Streptoverticillium ladakanum Hanka et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: NRRL 3191.

    Streptoverticillium lavenduligriseum Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 13306.

    Streptoverticillium lilacinum (Nakazawa et al. 1956) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23930.

    Streptoverticillium luteoverticillatum (Shinobu 1956) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23933.

    Streptoverticillium mashuense (Sawazaki et al. 1955) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23934.

    Streptoverticillium mobaraense (Nagatsu and Suzuki 1963) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29032.
    Note: In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology eight edition, and in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, this taxon is cited as Streptoverticillium mobaraense (Kubo et al. 1964) Locci et al. 1969.

    Streptoverticillium netropsis (Finlay et al. 1951) Baldacci et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2268.

    Streptoverticillium olivoreticuli corrig. (Arai et al. 1957) Baldacci et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23943.
    Note: The original spelling, Streptoverticillium olivoreticulum (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptoverticillium olivoverticillatum (Shinobu 1956) Baldacci et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1994.

    Streptoverticillium orinoci Cassinelli et al. 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23202.

    Streptoverticillium parvisporogenes corrig. Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 12568.
    Note: The original spelling, Streptoverticillium parvisporogenum (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Streptoverticillium rectiverticillatum (Krasil'nikov and Yuan 1965) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19845.

    Streptoverticillium roseoverticillatum (Shinobu 1956) Farina and Locci 1966, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19807.

    Streptoverticillium salmonis (Baldacci et al. 1966) Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: NRRL B-1472.

    Streptoverticillium septatum Locci et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: NRRL 2974.
    Note: In the Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology eight edition, and in the Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, this taxon is cited as Streptoverticillium septatum Prokop 1964.

    Streptoverticillium thioluteum (Okami 1952) Baldacci et al. 1966, species. - Type strain: CBS 642.72.

    Succinimonas Bryant et al. 1958, genus. - Type species: Succinimonas amylolytica.

    Succinimonas amylolytica Bryant et al. 1958, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19206.

    Succinivibrio Bryant and Small 1956, genus. - Type species: Succinivibrio dextrinosolvens.

    Succinivibrio dextrinosolvens Bryant and Small 1956, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19716.

    Sulfolobus Brock et al. 1972, genus. - Type species: Sulfolobus acidocaldarius.

    Sulfolobus acidocaldarius Brock et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: DSM 639.

    Symbiotes Philip 1956, genus. - Type species: Symbiotes lectularius.

    Symbiotes lectularius (Arkwright et al. 1921) Philip 1956, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    T

    Thermoactinomyces Tsilinsky 1899, genus. - Type species: Thermoactinomyces vulgaris.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Thermoactinomyces Tsiklinsky (sic) 1899. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Thermoactinomyces candidus Kurup et al. 1975, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27868.

    Thermoactinomyces dichotomicus corrig. (Krasil'nikov and Agre 1964) Cross and Goodfellow 1973, species Type strain: strain 114 (Department Soil Biology, Moscow University).
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, dichotomica (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Thermoactinomyces peptonophilus Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27302.

    Thermoactinomyces sacchari Lacey 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27375.

    Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsilinsky 1899, species. - Type strain: KCC A-0162.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsiklinsky (sic) 1899. - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Thermomicrobium Jackson et al. 1973, genus. - Type species: Thermomicrobium roseum.

    Thermomicrobium fosteri Phillips and Perry 1976, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29033re-deposited as ATCC 35268.
    Note: Strain ATCC 29033was deposited as Thermomicrobium fosteri. Later correspondence with the depositor indicated that it was a mixed culture and the purified strain was re-deposited as ATCC 35268 - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (December 20, 2001).

    Thermomicrobium roseum Jackson et al. 1973, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27502.

    Thermomonospora Henssen 1957, genus. - Type species: Thermomonospora curvata.

    Thermomonospora alba (Locci et al. 1967) Cross and Goodfellow 1973, species. - Type strain: IPV 1900.

    Thermomonospora curvata Henssen 1957, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19995.

    Thermomonospora mesophila Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27303.

    Thermomonospora mesouviformis Nonomura and Ohara 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27644.

    Thermoplasma Darland et al. 1970, genus. - Type species: Thermoplasma acidophilum.

    Thermoplasma acidophilum Darland et al. 1970, species. - Type strain: AMRC-C165.

    Thermus Brock and Freeze 1969, genus. - Type species: Thermus aquaticus.

    Thermus aquaticus Brock and Freeze 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25104.

    Thiobacilleae Pribram 1929, tribus. - Type genus: Thiobacillus.

    Thiobacillus Beijerinck 1904, genus. - Type species: Thiobacillus thioparus.

    Thiobacillus concretivorus Parker 1945, species. - Type strain: NCIB 8345.

    Thiobacillus ferrooxidans Temple and Colmer 1951, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23270.

    Thiobacillus intermedius London 1963, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15466.

    Thiobacillus neapolitanus Parker 1957, species. - Type strain: NCIB 8539.

    Thiobacillus novellus Starkey 1934, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8093.

    Thiobacillus perometabolis London and Rittenberg 1967, species. - Type strain: ATCC 23370.

    Thiobacillus thiooxidans Waksman and Joffe 1922, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19377.

    Thiobacillus thioparus Beijerinck 1904, species. - Type strain: ATCC 8158.

    Thiocapsa Winogradsky 1888, genus. - Type species: Thiocapsa roseopersicina.

    Thiocapsa pfennigii Eimhjellen 1970, species. - Type strain: DSM 1375.
    Note: There is a problem with the type strain (DSM 1375) of Thiocapsa pfennigii because this strain is not - and has never been - available from the DSMZ. - References: 1 KRACHT (M.), DSMZ: Personal communication, 1998. 2 ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF THE PHOTOTROPHIC BACTERIA: Minutes of the meetings, 10 September 1997, Vienna, Austria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 925-926.

    Thiocapsa roseopersicina Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: DSM 217.

    Thiocapsaceae Bavendamm 1924, familia. - Type genus: Thiocapsa.

    Thiocystis Winogradsky 1888, genus. - Type species: Thiocystis violacea.

    Thiocystis gelatinosa (Winogradsky 1888) Pfennig and Trüper 1971, species. - Type strain: DSM 215.

    Thiocystis violacea Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: DSM 207.

    Thiodictyon Winogradsky 1888, genus. - Type species: Thiodictyon elegans.

    Thiodictyon bacillosum (Winogradsky 1888) Pfennig and Trüper 1971, species. - Type strain: DSM 234.

    Thiodictyon elegans Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: DSM 232.

    Thiomicrospira Kuenen and Veldkamp 1972, genus. - Type species: Thiomicrospira pelophila.

    Thiomicrospira denitrificans Timmer-ten Hoor 1975, species. - Type strain: DSM 1251.

    Thiomicrospira pelophila Kuenen and Veldkamp 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27801.

    Thiopedia Winogradsky 1888, genus. - Type species: Thiopedia rosea.

    Thiopedia rosea Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: no pure culture.
    Note: The type strain of Thiopedia rosea Winogradsky 1888 (Approved Lists 1980) is cited as DSM 1236 by the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of phototrophic bacteria. This type strain is unavailable. - Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF THE PHOTOTROPHIC BACTERIA: Minutes of the meetings, 10 September 1997, Vienna, Austria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 925-926.

    Thioploca Lauterborn 1907, genus. - Type species: Thioploca schmidlei.

    Thioploca schmidlei Lauterborn 1907, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Thiospira Visloukh 1914, genus. - Type species: Thiospira winogradskyi.

    Thiospira winogradskyi (Omelianski 1905) Visloukh 1914, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Thiospirillum Winogradsky 1888, genus. - Type species: Thiospirillum jenense.

    Thiospirillum jenense (Ehrenberg 1838) Migula 1900, species. - Type strain: DSM 216.
    Note: The type strain DSM 216 is unavailable. - Reference: ICSB, SUBCOMMITTEE ON THE TAXONOMY OF THE PHOTOTROPHIC BACTERIA: Minutes of the meetings, 10 September 1997, Vienna, Austria. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 925-926.

    Thiothrix Winogradsky 1888, genus. - Type species: Thiothrix nivea.

    Thiothrix nivea (Rabenhorst 1865) Winogradsky 1888, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Thiovulum Hinze 1913, genus. - Type species: Thiovulum majus.

    Thiovulum majus Hinze 1913, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Toxothrix Molisch 1925, genus. - Type species: Toxothrix trichogenes.

    Toxothrix trichogenes (Cholodny 1924) Beger 1953, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Treponema Schaudinn 1905, genus. - Type species: Treponema pallidum.

    Treponema hyodysenteriae Harris et al. 1972, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27164.

    Treponema innocens Kinyon and Harris 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29796.

    Treponema minutum Dobell 1912, species. - Type strain: CIPP 5162.

    Treponema pallidum (Schaudinn and Hoffmann 1905) Schaudinn 1905, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Treponema paraluiscuniculi corrig. (Jacobsthal 1920) Smibert 1974, species. - Type strain: no culture available.
    Note: The original spelling, Treponema paraluis-cuniculi (sic), has been corrected by Farmer 1983 [1] and by Hill et al. 1984 [2]. - References: 1 FARMER III (J.J.): Correction of four specific epithets that are hyphenated in the Approved Lists. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 425. 2 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Treponema pertenue (Castellani 1905) Castellani and Chalmers 1910, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Treponemataceae Robinson 1948, familia. - Type genus: Treponema.

    U

    Ureaplasma Shepard et al. 1974, genus. - Type species: Ureaplasma urealyticum.

    Ureaplasma urealyticum Shepard et al. 1974, species. - Type strain: ATCC 27618.

    V

    Veillonella Prévot 1933, genus. - Type species: Veillonella parvula.

    Veillonella alcalescens Prévot 1933, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17745.

    Veillonella alcalescens subsp. alcalescens (Prévot 1933) Rogosa 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 17745
    Note: The original authorship, Prévot 1933, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Veillonella alcalescens subsp. criceti Rogosa 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 17747.

    Veillonella alcalescens subsp. dispar Rogosa 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 17748.

    Veillonella alcalescens subsp. ratti Rogosa 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 17746.

    Veillonella parvula (Veillon and Zuber 1898) Prévot 1933, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10790.

    Veillonella parvula subsp. atypica Rogosa 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 17744.

    Veillonella parvula subsp. parvula (Veillon and Zuber 1898) Rogosa 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 10790.
    Note: The original authorship, Rogosa 1965, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
    Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
    Original article in IJSEM Online

    Veillonella parvula subsp. rodentium Rogosa 1965, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 17743.

    Veillonellaceae Rogosa 1971, familia. - Type genus: Veillonella.

    Vibrio Pacini 1854, genus. - Type species: Vibrio cholerae.

    Vibrio albensis Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14547.

    Vibrio alginolyticus (Miyamoto et al. 1961) Sakazaki 1968, species. - Type strain: ATCC 17749.

    Vibrio anguillarum Bergeman 1909, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19264.

    Vibrio cholerae Pacini 1854, species. - Type strain: ATCC 14035.

    Vibrio costicola Smith 1938, species. - Type strain: NCMB 701.

    Vibrio fischeri (Beijerinck 1889) Lehmann and Neumann 1896, species. - Type strain: ATCC 7744.

    Vibrio metschnikovii Gamaleia 1888, species. - Type strain: NCTC 8443.

    Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Fujino et al. 1951) Sakazaki et al. 1963, species Type strain: ATCC 17802.
    Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Vibrio parahaemolyticus Sakazaki et al. 1963 (sic). - Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.

    Vibrio succinogenes Wolin et al. 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29543.

    Vibrionaceae Véron 1965, familia. - Type genus: Vibrio.

    Vitreoscilla Pringsheim 1949, genus. - Type species: Vitreoscilla beggiatoides.

    Vitreoscilla beggiatoides Pringsheim 1949, species. - Type strain: no culture available.

    Vitreoscilla stercoraria Pringsheim 1951, species. - Type strain: ATCC 15218.

    Vitreoscillaceae Pringsheim 1949, familia. - Type genus: Vitreoscilla.

    W

    Wolbachia Hertig 1936, genus. - Type species: Wolbachia pipientis.

    Wolbachia melophagi (Noller 1917) Philip 1956, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Wolbachia persica Suitor and Weiss 1961, species. - Type strain: ATCC VR-331.
    Note: In the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, the type strain is erroneously cited as ATCC VR 331 (without dash). - Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (May 30, 2001).

    Wolbachia pipientis Hertig 1936, species. - Type strain: no culture isolated.

    Wolbachieae Philip 1955, tribus. - Type genus: Wolbachia.

    X

    Xanthobacter Wiegel et al. 1978, genus. - Type species: Xanthobacter autotrophicus.

    Xanthobacter autotrophicus (Baumgarten et al. 1974) Wiegel et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: DSM 432.

    Xanthobacter flavus Malik and Claus 1979, species. - Type strain: DSM 338.

    Xanthomonas Dowson 1939, genus. - Type species: Xanthomonas campestris.

    Xanthomonas albilineans (Ashby 1929) Dowson 1943, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2969.

    Xanthomonas ampelina Panagopoulos 1969, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 2217.

    Xanthomonas axonopodis Starr and Garces 1950, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19312.

    Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel 1895) Dowson 1939, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 528.

    Xanthomonas fragariae Kennedy and King 1962, species. - Type strain: NCPPB 1469.

    Xenorhabdus Thomas and Poinar 1979, genus. - Type species: Xenorhabdus nematophila corrig.

    Xenorhabdus luminescens Thomas and Poinar 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29999.

    Xenorhabdus nematophila corrig. (Poinar and Thomas 1965) Thomas and Poinar 1979, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19061.
    Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, nematophilus (sic), has been corrected by Euzéby and Boemare 2000. - Reference: EUZÉBY (J.P.) and BOEMARE (N.E.): The modern Latin word rhabdus belongs to the feminine gender, inducing necessary corrections according to Rules 65(2),12c(1) and 13b of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1691 - 1692.

    Y

    Yersinia van Loghem 1944, genus. - Type species: Yersinia pestis.

    Yersinia enterocolitica (Schleifstein and Coleman 1939) Frederiksen 1964, species. - Type strain: ATCC 9610.

    Yersinia pestis (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) van Loghem 1944, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19428.

    Yersinia philomiragia Jensen et al. 1969, species. - Type strain: ATCC 25015.

    Yersinia pseudotuberculosis (Pfeiffer 1889) Smith and Thal 1965, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29833.

    Yersinia ruckeri Ewing et al. 1978, species. - Type strain: ATCC 29473.

    Z

    Zoogloea Itzigsohn 1868, genus. - Type species: Zoogloea ramigera.

    Zoogloea ramigera Itzigsohn 1868, species. - Type strain: ATCC 19544.

    Zymomonas Kluyver and van Niel 1936, genus. - Type species: Zymomonas mobilis.

    Zymomonas mobilis (Lindner 1928) Kluyver and van Niel 1936, species. - Type strain: ATCC 10988.

    Zymomonas mobilis subsp. mobilis (Lindner 1928) De Ley and Swings 1976, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 10988.

    Zymomonas mobilis subsp. pomaceae (Millis 1956) De Ley and Swings 1976, subspecies. - Type strain: ATCC 29192.

     

     image