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Genus Virgibacillus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 32
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Virgibacillus Heyndrickx et al. 1998, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998.
Etymology: L. n. virga, a green twig, transf., a branch in a family tree; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod and also a genus  of aerobic endospore-forming bacteria; N.L. n. Virgibacillus, a branch of the genus Bacillus.
Valid publication: HEYNDRICKX (M.), LEBBE (L.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), FORSYTH (G.) and LOGAN (N.A.): Virgibacillus: a new genus to accommodate Bacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950). Emended description of Virgibacillus pantothenticus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 99-106.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Virgibacillus Heyndrickx et al. 1998 emend. Wainø et al. 1999.
Type species: ¤ Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998.
Etymology: L. n. virga, a green twig, transf., a branch in a family tree; L. masc. n. Bacillus, a genus of aerobic endospore-forming bacteria; N.L. n. Virgibacillus, a branch of the genus Bacillus.
Reference: WAINØ (M.), TINDALL (B.J.), SCHUMANN (P.) and INGVORSEN (K.): Gracilibacillus gen. nov., with description of Gracilibacillus halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov.; transfer of Bacillus dipsosauri to Gracilibacillus dipsosauri comb. nov., and Bacillus salexigens to the genus Salibacillus gen. nov., as Salibacillus salexigens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 821-831.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Virgibacillus Heyndrickx et al. 1998 emend. Heyrman et al. 2003.
Type species: ¤ Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998.
Etymology: L. n. virga, a green twig, transf., a branch in a family tree; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod and also a genus  of aerobic endospore-forming bacteria; N.L. n. Virgibacillus, a branch of the genus Bacillus.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), BUSSE (H.J.), BALCAEN (A.), LEBBE (L.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. and Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of the genus Salibacillus to Virgibacillus, as Virgibacillus marismortui comb. nov. and Virgibacillus salexigens comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Virgibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Heyrman et al. 2003, Virgibacillus Heyndrickx et al. 1998 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Salibacillus Wainø et al. 1999.
Reference: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), BUSSE (H.J.), BALCAEN (A.), LEBBE (L.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. and Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of the genus Salibacillus to Virgibacillus, as Virgibacillus marismortui comb. nov. and Virgibacillus salexigens comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Virgibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus albus Zhang et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM 93624 = DSM 23711 = JCM 17364.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JQ680032.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. albus, white, referring to the white-coloured bacterial colony.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 149. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 1-5.
Effective publication: ZHANG (Y.J.), ZHOU (Y.), JA (M.), SHI (R.), CHUN-YU (W.X.), YANG (L.L.), TANG (S.K.) and LI (W.J.): Virgibacillus albus sp. nov., a novel moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from Lop Nur salt lake in Xinjiang province, China. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 2012, 102, 553-560.
Validation List no. 149 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Aquibacillus albus (Zhang et al. 2012) Amoozegar et al. 2014, comb. nov.

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Virgibacillus alimentarius Kim et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) J18 = JCM 16994 = KACC 14624.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU202420.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. alimentarius, pertaining to food.
Valid publication: KIM (J.), JUNG (M.J.), ROH (S.W.), NAM (Y.D.), SHIN (K.S.) and BAE (J.W.): Virgibacillus alimentarius sp. nov., isolated from a traditional Korean food. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2851-2855.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus arcticus Niederberger et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Hal 1 = DSM 19574 = JCM 14839.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF675742.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. arcticus, northern, Arctic, the place of origin of the type strain.
Valid publication: NIEDERBERGER (T.D.), STEVEN (B.), CHARVET (S.), BARBIER (B.) and WHYTE (L.G.): Virgibacillus arcticus sp. nov., a moderately halophilic, endospore-forming bacterium from permafrost in the Canadian high Arctic. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2219-2225.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus byunsanensis Yoon et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ISL-24 = CCUG 56754 = DSM 23507 = KCTC 13259.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ357159.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. byunsanensis, of or belonging to Byunsan, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.), JUNG (Y.T.), LEE (K.C.), OH (H.W.) and OH (T.K.): Virgibacillus byunsanensis sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 291-295.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus campisalis Lee et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) IDS-20 = CCUG 59308 = KCTC 13727.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU586225.
Etymology: L. n. campus, field; L. gen. n. salis, of salt; N.L. gen. n. campisalis, of the field of salt.
Valid publication: LEE (S.Y.), KANG (C.H.), OH (T.K.) and YOON (J.H.): Virgibacillus campisalis sp. nov., from a marine solar saltern. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 347-351.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus carmonensis Heyrman et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 14868 = JCM 16508 = LMG 20964.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ316302.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. carmonensis, of Carmona, referring to the mural paintings of the necropolis at Carmona, Spain, from where the strains were isolated.
Valid publication: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), BUSSE (H.J.), BALCAEN (A.), LEBBE (L.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. and Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of the genus Salibacillus to Virgibacillus, as Virgibacillus marismortui comb. nov. and Virgibacillus salexigens comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Virgibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus chiguensis Wang et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NTU-101 = BCRC 17637 = CGMCC 1.6496.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF101168.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. chiguensis, of chigu, a disused salt production field in southern Taiwan from where the strain in this study was isolated.
Valid publication: WANG (C.Y.), CHANG (C.C.), NG (C.C.), CHEN (T.W.) and SHYU (Y.T.): Virgibacillus chiguensis sp. nov., a novel halophilic bacterium isolated from Chigu, a previously commercial saltern located in southern Taiwan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 341-345.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus dokdonensis Yoon et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSW-10 = DSM 16826 = KCTC 3933.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY822043.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. dokdonensis, pertaining to Dokdo, a Korean island located at the edge of the East Sea in Korea from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), KANG (S.J.), LEE (S.Y.), LEE (M.H.) and OH (T.K.): Virgibacillus dokdonensis sp. nov., isolated from a Korean island, Dokdo, located at the edge of the East Sea in Korea. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1833-1837.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus flavescens Zhang et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) S1-20=LMG 28381=DSM 29015.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KP197672.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: L. part. adj. flavescens, becoming yellow.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: ZHANG, D. C., SCHUMANN, P., WU, J., FRANCA, L., NEUNER, K. and MARGESIN, R. 2016. Virgibacillus flavescens sp. nov., isolated from marine sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1138-1143.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus halodenitrificans (Denariaz et al. 1989) Yoon et al. 2004, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49067= DSM 10037 = JCM 12304 = LMG 9818 = NBRC 102361.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY543169.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus halodenitrificans Denariaz et al. 1989.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans (from N.L. v. denitrifico), denitrifying; N.L. part. adj. halodenitrificans, salt [-requiring] denitrifying.
Valid publication: YOON (J.H.), OH (T.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Transfer of Bacillus halodenitrificans Denariaz et al. 1989 to the genus Virgibacillus as Virgibacillus halodenitrificans comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2163-2167.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus halophilus An et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 5B73C = IAM 15308 = JCM 21758 = KCTC 13935.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB243851.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halophilus, salt-loving.
Valid publication: AN (S.Y.), ASAHARA (M.), GOTO (K.), KASAI (H.) and YOKOTA (A.): Virgibacillus halophilus sp. nov., spore-forming bacteria isolated from soil in Japan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1607-1611.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus halotolerans Seiler and Wenning 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WS 4627=DSM 25060=LMG 26644.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: HE577174.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals, halos salt; L. v. tolerare to tolerate; N.L. part. adj. halotolerans, salt-tolerating.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: SEILER, H. and WENNING, M. 2013. Virgibacillus halotolerans sp. nov., isolated from a dairy product. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 3358-3363.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus kapii Daroonpunt et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KN3-8-4=JCM 30071=LMG 28282=TISTR 2279=PCU 345.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LC041942.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: .
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. Kapii, of Ka-pi, a Thai shrimp paste.
Source: Food.
Valid publication: DAROONPUNT, R., TANASUPAWAT, S., KUDO, T., OHKUMA, M. and ITOH, T. 2016. Virgibacillus kapii sp. nov., isolated from Thai shrimp paste (Ka-pi). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 1832-1837.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus kekensis Chen et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM kkny16 = CGMCC 1.6298 = DSM 17056 = JCM 16510.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY121439.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kekensis, pertaining to salt lake Keke in Qinghai Province, north-west China, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: CHEN (Y.G.), CUI (X.L.), FRITZE (D.), CHAI (L.H.), SCHUMANN (P.), WEN (M.L.), WANG (Y.X.), XU (L.H.) and JIANG (C.L.): Virgibacillus kekensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from a salt lake in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 647-653.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus koreensis Lee et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BH30097 = JCM 12387 = KCTC 3823.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY616012.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. koreensis, pertaining to Korea, where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: LEE (J.S.), LIM (J.M.), LEE (K.C.), LEE (J.C.), PARK (Y.H.) and KIM (C.J.): Virgibacillus koreensis sp. nov., a novel bacterium from a salt field, and transfer of Virgibacillus picturae to the genus Oceanobacillus as Oceanobacillus picturae comb. nov. with emended descriptions. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 251-257.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Aquibacillus koreensis (Lee et al. 2006) Amoozegar et al. 2014, comb. nov.

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Virgibacillus litoralis Chen et al. 2012, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JSM 089168 = DSM 21085 = KCTC 13228.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ425909.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. litoralis, of or belonging to the seashore.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 148. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2012, 62, 2549-2554.
Effective publication: CHEN (Y.G.), LIU (Z.X.), PENG (D.J.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), WANG (Y.X.), TANG (S.K.), LI (W.J.), CUI (X.L.) and LIU (Y.Q.): Virgibacillus litoralis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from saline soil. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek., 2009, 96, 323-329.
Validation List no. 148 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Virgibacillus marismortui (Arahal et al. 1999) Heyrman et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 123 = ATCC 700626= CECT 5066 = CIP 105609 = DSM 12325 = LMG 18992.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ009793.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus marismortui Arahal et al. 1999.
Other synonym: ¤ Salibacillus marismortui (Arahal et al. 1999) Arahal et al. 2000.
Etymology: L. gen. n. maris, of the sea; L. adj. mortuus, dead; N.L. gen. n. marismortui, of the Dead Sea.
Valid publication: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), BUSSE (H.J.), BALCAEN (A.), LEBBE (L.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. and Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of the genus Salibacillus to Virgibacillus, as Virgibacillus marismortui comb. nov. and Virgibacillus salexigens comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Virgibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus natechei Amziane et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) FarD=CCUG 62224=DSM 25609.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: JX435821.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: -.
Etymology: N.L. masc. n. natechei, of Mohamed Nateche, the man who took the samples during 11 days in the Algerian desert (30°51′37″ North, 2°00′20″ West).
Source: Environmental - saline lake.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 167. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66 (2016), 1-3.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: Amziane, M., Metiaz, F., Darenfed-Bouanane, A., Djenane, Z., Selama, O., Abderrahmani, A., Cayol, J.-L. and Fardeau, M.-L. 2013. Virgibacillus natechei sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from sediment of a saline lake in southwest of Algeria. Curr. Microbiol. 66, 462-466.
Effective publication Online

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Virgibacillus necropolis Heyrman et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 14866 = JCM 16509 = LMG 19488.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ315056.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. necropolis, of the necropolis, referring to the mural paintings of the necropolis of Carmona, Spain, from where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), BUSSE (H.J.), BALCAEN (A.), LEBBE (L.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. and Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of the genus Salibacillus to Virgibacillus, as Virgibacillus marismortui comb. nov. and Virgibacillus salexigens comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Virgibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus oceani Yin et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MY11=LMG 28105=CGMCC 1.12754=MCCC 1A09973.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ144820.
Etymology: L. gen. n. oceani, of the ocean.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: YIN, X., YANG, Y., WANG, S. and ZHANG, G. 2015. Virgibacillus oceani sp. nov. isolated from ocean sediment. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 159-164
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus olivae Quesada et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E308 = DSM 18098 = LMG 23503.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ139839.
Etymology: L. gen. n. olivae, of an olive, referring to the isolation of the first strains from olive processing waste-water.
Valid publication: QUESADA (T.), AGUILERA (M.), MORILLO (J.A.), RAMOS-CORMENZANA (A.) and MONTEOLIVA-SÁNCHEZ (M.): Virgibacillus olivae sp. nov., isolated from waste wash-water from processing of Spanish-style green olives. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 906-910.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B0018 = ATCC 14576= CCUG 7424 = CFBP 4270 = CIP 51.24 = DSM 26 = HAMBI 476 = JCM 20334 = LMG 7129 = NBRC 102447 = NCIMB 8775 (formerly NCDO 1765) = NCTC 8162 = NRRL NRS-1321 = VKM B-507.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16275.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus pantothenticus Proom and Knight 1950 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum pantothenticum, pantothenic acid; L. masc. suff. -icus, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. pantothenticus, relating to pantothenic acid.
Valid publication: HEYNDRICKX (M.), LEBBE (L.), KERSTERS (K.), DE VOS (P.), FORSYTH (G.) and LOGAN (N.A.): Virgibacillus: a new genus to accommodate Bacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950). Emended description of Virgibacillus pantothenticus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 99-106.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The transfer of Bacillus pantothenticus Proom and Knight 1950 (Approved Lists 1980) to the genus Virgibacillus Heyndrickx et al. 1998, as Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998 is supported by the data provided by Wainø et al. 1999.
Reference: WAINØ (M.), TINDALL (B.J.), SCHUMANN (P.) and INGVORSEN (K.): Gracilibacillus gen. nov., with description of Gracilibacillus halotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov.; transfer of Bacillus dipsosauri to Gracilibacillus dipsosauri comb. nov., and Bacillus salexigens to the genus Salibacillus gen. nov., as Salibacillus salexigens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 821-831.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998 emend. Heyndrickx et al. 1999.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B0018 = ATCC 14576= CCUG 7424 = CFBP 4270 = CIP 51.24 = DSM 26 = HAMBI 476 = JCM 20334 = LMG 7129 = NCIMB 8775 (formerly NCDO 1765) = NCTC 8162 = NRRL NRS-1321 = VKM B-507.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D16275.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus pantothenticus Proom and Knight 1950 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum pantothenticum, pantothenic acid; L. masc. suff. -icus, adjectival suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. pantothenticus, relating to pantothenic acid.
Reference: HEYNDRICKX (M.), LEBBE (L.), KERSTERS (K.), HOSTE (B.), DE WACHTER (R.), DE VOS (P.), FORSYTH (G.) and LOGAN (N.A.): Proposal of Virgibacillus proomii sp. nov. and emended description of Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1083-1090.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus picturae Heyrman et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DSM 14867 = KCTC 3821 = LMG 19492.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ315060.
Etymology: L. gen. n. picturae, pertaining or belonging to a painting.
Valid publication: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), BUSSE (H.J.), BALCAEN (A.), LEBBE (L.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. and Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of the genus Salibacillus to Virgibacillus, as Virgibacillus marismortui comb. nov. and Virgibacillus salexigens comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Virgibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Oceanobacillus picturae (Heyrman et al. 2003) Lee et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Virgibacillus proomii Heyndrickx et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BO413 = F 2737/77 = CIP 106304 = DSM 13055 = LMG 12370.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ012667.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. proomii, of Proom of Proom, referring to Harold Proom, the person who, with B.C.J.G. Knight, first isolated a member of this species and who described Bacillus pantothenticus.
Valid publication: HEYNDRICKX (M.), LEBBE (L.), KERSTERS (K.), HOSTE (B.), DE WACHTER (R.), DE VOS (P.), FORSYTH (G.) and LOGAN (N.A.): Proposal of Virgibacillus proomii sp. nov. and emended description of Virgibacillus pantothenticus (Proom and Knight 1950) Heyndrickx et al. 1998. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol, 1999, 49, 1083-1090.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus salarius Hua et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SA-Vb1 = DSM 18441 = JCM 12946.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB197851.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salarius, of or belonging to salt.
Valid publication: HUA (N.P.), HAMZA-CHAFFAI (A.), VREELAND (R.H.), ISODA (H.) and NAGANUMA (T.): Virgibacillus salarius sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from a Saharan salt lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2409-2414.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus salexigens (Garabito et al. 1997) Heyrman et al. 2003, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C-20Mo = ATCC 700290= CCM 4646 = CCUG 52350 = CIP 105608 = DSM 11483 = LMG 21520.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11603.
Basonym: ¤ Bacillus salexigens Garabito et al. 1997.
Other synonym: ¤ Salibacillus salexigens (Garabito et al. 1997) Wainø et al. 1999.
Etymology: L. n. sal salis, salt; L. v. exigere, to demand; N.L. part. adj. salexigens, salt demanding.
Valid publication: HEYRMAN (J.), LOGAN (N.A.), BUSSE (H.J.), BALCAEN (A.), LEBBE (L.), RODRIGUEZ-DIAZ (M.), SWINGS (J.) and DE VOS (P.): Virgibacillus carmonensis sp. nov., Virgibacillus necropolis sp. nov. and Virgibacillus picturae sp. nov., three novel species isolated from deteriorated mural paintings, transfer of the species of the genus Salibacillus to Virgibacillus, as Virgibacillus marismortui comb. nov. and Virgibacillus salexigens comb. nov., and emended description of the genus Virgibacillus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 501-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus salinus Carrasco et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) XH-22 = XH22 = CCM 7562 = CECT 7439 = DSM 21756.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM205010.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. salinus, of or belonging to salt.
Valid publication: CARRASCO (I.J.), MÁRQUEZ (M.C.) and VENTOSA (A.): Virgibacillus salinus sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium from sediment of a saline lake. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 3068-3073.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus sediminis Chen et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) YIM kkny3 = CCTCC AA 207023 = DSM 19797 = KCTC 13193.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY121430.
Etymology: L. gen. n. sediminis, of sediment.
Valid publication: CHEN (Y.G.), CUI (X.L.), WANG (Y.X.), ZHANG (Y.Q.), TANG (S.K.), LI (W.J.), LIU (Z.X.), WEN (M.L.) and PENG (Q.): Virgibacillus sediminis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from a salt lake in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 2058-2063.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus siamensis Tanasupawat et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MS3-4 = JCM 15395 = TISTR 1957.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB365482.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. siamensis, of or belonging to Siam, the old name of Thailand, from where the first strain was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 139. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1011-1013.
Effective publication: TANASUPAWAT (S.), CHAMROENSAKSRI (N.), KUDO (T.) and ITOH (T.): Identification of moderately halophilic bacteria from Thai fermented fish (pla-ra) and proposal of Virgibacillus siamensis sp. nov. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., 2010, 56, 369-379.
Validation List no. 139 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Virgibacillus soli Kämpfer et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CC-YMP-6 = CCM 7714 = DSM 22952.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU213011.
Etymology: L. gen. n. soli, of soil, the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: KÄMPFER (P.), ARUN (A.B.), BUSSE (H.J.), LANGER (S.), YOUNG (C.C.), CHEN (W.M.), SYED (A.A.) and REKHA (P.D.): Virgibacillus soli sp. nov., isolated from mountain soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 275-280.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus subterraneus Wang et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H57B72 = CGMCC 1.7734 = DSM 22441.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FJ746573.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. subterraneus, underground, subterranean, indicating the source of isolation of the type strain.
Valid publication: WANG (X.), XUE (Y.) and MA (Y.): Virgibacillus subterraneus sp. nov., a moderately halophilic Gram-positive bacterium isolated from subsurface saline soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 2763-2767.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Virgibacillus xinjiangensis Jeon et al. 2010, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SL6-1 = DSM 19031 = KCTC 13128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ664543.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. xinjiangensis, of or belonging to Xinjiang in China.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 133. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2010, 60, 1009-1010.
Effective publication: JEON (C.O.), KIM (J.M.), PARK (D.J.), XU (L.H.), JIANG (C.L.) and KIM (C.J.): Virgibacillus xinjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from a Salt Lake of Xin-jiang Province in China. J. Microbiol., 2009, 47, 705-709.
Validation List no. 133 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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