Genus Ureaplasma

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 7
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Ureaplasma Shepard et al. 1974, genus.
Type species: ¤ Ureaplasma urealyticum Shepard et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: N.L. fem. n. urea, urea; Gr. neut. n. plasma, anything formed or moulded, image, figure, form; N.L. neut. n. Ureaplasma, urea form.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SHEPARD (M.C.), LUNCEFORD (C.D.), FORD (D.K.), PURCELL (R.H.), TAYLOR-ROBINSON (D.), RAZIN (S.) and BLACK (F.T.): Ureaplasma urealyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.: proposed nomenclature for the human T (T-strain) mycoplasmas. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 160-171.]

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Ureaplasma canigenitalium Harasawa et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D6P-C = ATCC 51252 = CIP 106087.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D78648.
Etymology: L. n. canis -is, dog; L. pl. n. genitalia -ium, the genitals; N.L. pl. gen. n. canigenitalium, of canine genitals.
Reference: HARASAWA (R.), IMADA (Y.), KOTANI (H.), KOSHIMIZU (K.) and BARILE (M.F.): Ureaplasma canigenitalium sp. nov. isolated from dogs. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 640-644.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ureaplasma cati Harasawa et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain F2 = ATCC 49228 = CIP 106088 = NCTC 11710.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D78649.
Etymology: L. n. catus (or cattus), a cat; L. gen. n. cati, of a cat
Reference: HARASAWA (R.), IMADA (Y.), ITO (M.), KOSHIMIZU (K.), CASSELL (G.H.) and BARILE (M.F.): Ureaplasma felinum sp. nov. and Ureaplasma cati sp. nov. isolated from the oral cavities of cats. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 45-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ureaplasma diversum Howard and Gourlay 1982, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain A417 = ATCC 43321 = CIP 106089 = NCTC 10182.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D78650.
Etymology: L. neut. part. adj. diversum, diverse, different, distinct, heterogeneous, referring to the difference in polypeptides and G+C content as compared to Ureaplasma urealyticum and to the heterogeneous antigenic structure of the species.
Reference: HOWARD (C.J.) and GOURLAY (R.N.): Proposal for a second species within the genus Ureaplasma, Ureaplasma diversum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 446-452.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ureaplasma felinum Harasawa et al. 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain FT2-B (originally designated strain FT2) = ATCC 49229 = CIP 106090 = NCTC 11709.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D78651.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. felinum, of or belonging to a cat.
Reference: HARASAWA (R.), IMADA (Y.), ITO (M.), KOSHIMIZU (K.), CASSELL (G.H.) and BARILE (M.F.): Ureaplasma felinum sp. nov. and Ureaplasma cati sp. nov. isolated from the oral cavities of cats. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 45-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ureaplasma gallorale Koshimizu et al. 1987, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain D6-1 = CIP 105946 = ATCC 43346 = NCTC 11707.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U62937.
Etymology: L. n. gallus, chicken, barnyard fowl; L. n. os oris, the mouth; L. neut. suff. -ale, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. gallorale, relating to the mouth of barnyard fowl.
Reference: KOSHIMIZU (K.), HARASAWA (R.), PAN (I.J.), KOTANI (H.), OGATA (M.), STEPHENS (E.B.) and BARILE (M.F.): Ureaplasma gallorale sp. nov. from the oropharynx of chickens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1987, 37, 333-338.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Ureaplasma parvum Robertson et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 27 = ATCC 27815 = NCTC 11736.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF073456.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. parvum, small, referring to its significantly smaller genome sizes compared to Ureaplasma urealyticum.
Reference: ROBERTSON (J.A.), STEMKE (G.W.), DAVIS Jr. (J.W.), HARASAWA (R.), THIRKELL (D.), KONG (F.), SHEPARD (M.C.) and FORD (D.K.): Proposal of Ureaplasma parvum sp. nov. and emended description of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Shepard et al. 1974) Robertson et al. 2001. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 587-597.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Robertson et al. 2002, Ureaplasma parvum is cited as Ureaplasma parvum Robertson et al. 2001 (sic).

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Ureaplasma urealyticum Shepard et al. 1974, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T960 = ATCC 27618 = CIP 103755 = NCTC 10177.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF073450.
Etymology: N.L. n. urea, urea; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. urealyticum, urea-dissolving or urea-digesting.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SHEPARD (M.C.), LUNCEFORD (C.D.), FORD (D.K.), PURCELL (R.H.), TAYLOR-ROBINSON (D.), RAZIN (S.) and BLACK (F.T.): Ureaplasma urealyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.: proposed nomenclature for the human T (T-strain) mycoplasmas. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1974, 24, 160-171.]

Ureaplasma urealyticum Shepard et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Robertson et al. 2002.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T960 = ATCC 27618 = CIP 103755 = NCTC 10177.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF073450.
Etymology: N.L. n. urea, urea; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. urealyticum, urea-dissolving or urea-digesting.
Reference: ROBERTSON (J.A.), STEMKE (G.W.), DAVIS Jr. (J.W.), HARASAWA (R.), THIRKELL (D.), KONG (F.), SHEPARD (M.C.) and FORD (D.K.): Proposal of Ureaplasma parvum sp. nov. and emended description of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Shepard et al. 1974) Robertson et al. 2001 Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 587-597.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 In the paper by Robertson et al. 2002, Ureaplasma urealyticum is cited as Ureaplasma urealyticum (Shepard et al. 1974) Robertson et al. 2001 (sic).
2 The strains of Ureaplasma urealyticum Shepard et al. 1974 (Approved Lists 1980) clearly fall into two groups as indicated by many criteria [1]. A manuscript proposing a new species, ¤ Ureaplasma parvum, for the group with the smaller genome has been published in the March issue of the IJSEM [2].
References:
1 BRADBURY (J.M.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of mollicutes. Minutes of the interim meetings, 13 and 19 July 2000, Fukuoka, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 2227-2230.
Original article by Bradbury in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)
2 ROBERTSON (J.A.), STEMKE (G.W.), DAVIS Jr. (J.W.), HARASAWA (R.), THIRKELL (D.), KONG (F.), SHEPARD (M.C.) and FORD (D.K.): Proposal of Ureaplasma parvum sp. nov. and emended description of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Shepard et al. 1974) Robertson et al. 2001. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 587-597.
Original article by Robertson et al. in IJSEM Online

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