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Genus Trichococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 6
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Trichococcus Scheff et al. 1984, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Trichococcus flocculiformis Scheff et al. 1984.
Etymology: Gr. n. thrix trichos, hair; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Trichococcus, a hair of cocci.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: SCHEFF (G.), SALCHER (O.) and LINGENS (F.): Trichococcus flocculiformis gen. nov. sp. nov. A new gram-positive filamentous bacterium isolated from bulking sludge. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 1984, 19, 114-119.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

Trichococcus Scheff et al. 1984 emend. Liu et al. 2002.
Type species: ¤ Trichococcus flocculiformis Scheff et al. 1984 emend. Liu et al. 2002.
Etymology: Gr. n. thrix trichos, hair; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Trichococcus, a hair of cocci.
Reference: LIU (J.R.), TANNER (R.S.), SCHUMANN (P.), WEISS (N.), McKENZIE (C.A.), JANSSEN (P.H.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), LAWSON (P.A.), ALLEN (T.D.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Emended description of the genus Trichococcus, description of Trichococcus collinsii sp. nov., and reclassification of Lactosphaera pasteurii as Trichococcus pasteurii comb. nov. and of Ruminococcus palustris as Trichococcus palustris comb. nov. in the low-G+C Gram-positive bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1113-1126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Liu et al. 2002, Trichococcus Scheff et al. 1984 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Lactosphaera Janssen et al. 1995.
Reference: LIU (J.R.), TANNER (R.S.), SCHUMANN (P.), WEISS (N.), McKENZIE (C.A.), JANSSEN (P.H.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), LAWSON (P.A.), ALLEN (T.D.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Emended description of the genus Trichococcus, description of Trichococcus collinsii sp. nov., and reclassification of Lactosphaera pasteurii as Trichococcus pasteurii comb. nov. and of Ruminococcus palustris as Trichococcus palustris comb. nov. in the low-G+C Gram-positive bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1113-1126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Trichococcus collinsii Liu et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 37AN3* = ATCC BAA-296 = DSM 14526.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306612.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. collinsii, of Collins, referring to M. D. Collins, a contemporary English microbiologist who has contributed significantly to our understanding of the systematics of the lactic acid bacteria.
Valid publication: LIU (J.R.), TANNER (R.S.), SCHUMANN (P.), WEISS (N.), McKENZIE (C.A.), JANSSEN (P.H.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), LAWSON (P.A.), ALLEN (T.D.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Emended description of the genus Trichococcus, description of Trichococcus collinsii sp. nov., and reclassification of Lactosphaera pasteurii as Trichococcus pasteurii comb. nov. and of Ruminococcus palustris as Trichococcus palustris comb. nov. in the low-G+C Gram-positive bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1113-1126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Trichococcus collinsii Liu et al. 2002 emend. Pikuta et al. 2006.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 37AN3* = ATCC BAA-296 = DSM 14526.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306612.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. collinsii, of Collins, referring to M. D. Collins, a contemporary English microbiologist who has contributed significantly to our understanding of the systematics of the lactic acid bacteria.
Reference: PIKUTA (E.V.), HOOVER (R.B.), BEJ (A.K.), MARSIC (D.), WHITMAN (W.B.), KRADER (P.E.) and TANG (J.): Trichococcus patagoniensis sp. nov., a facultative anaerobe that grows at -5 °C, isolated from penguin guano in Chilean Patagonia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2055-2062.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Trichococcus flocculiformis Scheff et al. 1984, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Echt = ATCC 51221= DSM 2094.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306611.
Etymology: L. n. floccus, a flock of wool; N.L. dim. adj. flocculus, like a small floc of wool; L. suff. -formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; L. masc. adj. flocculiformis, small-floc-shaped.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 15. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 355-357.
Effective publication: SCHEFF (G.), SALCHER (O.) and LINGENS (F.): Trichococcus flocculiformis gen. nov. sp. nov. A new gram-positive filamentous bacterium isolated from bulking sludge. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 1984, 19, 114-119.
Validation List no. 15 in IJSEM Online

Trichococcus flocculiformis Scheff et al. 1984 emend. Liu et al. 2002.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Echt = ATCC 51221= DSM 2094.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ306611.
Etymology: L. n. floccus, a flock of wool; N.L. dim. adj. flocculus, like a small floc of wool; L. suff. -formis (from L. n. forma, figure, shape, appearance), -like, in the shape of; L. masc. adj. flocculiformis, small-floc-shaped.
Reference: LIU (J.R.), TANNER (R.S.), SCHUMANN (P.), WEISS (N.), McKENZIE (C.A.), JANSSEN (P.H.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), LAWSON (P.A.), ALLEN (T.D.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Emended description of the genus Trichococcus, description of Trichococcus collinsii sp. nov., and reclassification of Lactosphaera pasteurii as Trichococcus pasteurii comb. nov. and of Ruminococcus palustris as Trichococcus palustris comb. nov. in the low-G+C Gram-positive bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1113-1126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Trichococcus ilyis Strepis et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R210=DSM 22150=JCM 31247.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FJ374769.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: FJNB00000000.1.
Etymology: Gr. fem. n. ilys, ilyos, mud, sludge; latinized Gr. gen. n. ilyis, of sludge referring to the source of isolation.
Source: Industrial/agricultural.
Valid publication: STREPIS, N., SANCHEZ-ANDREA, I., VAN GELDER, A. H., VAN KRUISTUM, H., SHAPIRO, N., KYRPIDES, N., GOKER, M., KLENK, H. P., SCHAAP, P., STAMS, A. J. and SOUSA, D. Z. 2016. Description of Trichococcus ilyis sp. nov. by combined physiological and in silico genome hybridization analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3957-3963.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Trichococcus palustris (Zhilina et al. 1997) Liu et al. 2002, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Z-7189 = CIP 105359 = DSM 9172.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ296179.
Basonym: ¤ Ruminococcus palustris Zhilina et al. 1997.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. palustris, marshy, swamp-inhabiting.
Valid publication: LIU (J.R.), TANNER (R.S.), SCHUMANN (P.), WEISS (N.), McKENZIE (C.A.), JANSSEN (P.H.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), LAWSON (P.A.), ALLEN (T.D.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Emended description of the genus Trichococcus, description of Trichococcus collinsii sp. nov., and reclassification of Lactosphaera pasteurii as Trichococcus pasteurii comb. nov. and of Ruminococcus palustris as Trichococcus palustris comb. nov. in the low-G+C Gram-positive bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1113-1126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Trichococcus pasteurii (Schink 1985) Liu et al. 2002, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KoTa2 = ATCC 35945= CCUG 37395 = CIP 104580 = DSM 2381.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87150.
Basonym: ¤ Ruminococcus pasteurii Schink 1985.
Other synonym: ¤ Lactosphaera pasteurii (Schink 1985) Janssen et al. 1995.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. pasteurii, of Pasteur, referring to Louis Pasteur, who probably first enriched and observed this bacterium during studies on tartrate fermentation.
Valid publication: LIU (J.R.), TANNER (R.S.), SCHUMANN (P.), WEISS (N.), McKENZIE (C.A.), JANSSEN (P.H.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), LAWSON (P.A.), ALLEN (T.D.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Emended description of the genus Trichococcus, description of Trichococcus collinsii sp. nov., and reclassification of Lactosphaera pasteurii as Trichococcus pasteurii comb. nov. and of Ruminococcus palustris as Trichococcus palustris comb. nov. in the low-G+C Gram-positive bacteria. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1113-1126.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Trichococcus patagoniensis Pikuta et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PmagG1 = ATCC BAA-756 = CIP 108035 = JCM 12176.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF394926.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. patagoniensis, pertaining to Patagonia, the region of South America where the sample for the type strain was collected.
Valid publication: PIKUTA (E.V.), HOOVER (R.B.), BEJ (A.K.), MARSIC (D.), WHITMAN (W.B.), KRADER (P.E.) and TANG (J.): Trichococcus patagoniensis sp. nov., a facultative anaerobe that grows at -5 °C, isolated from penguin guano in Chilean Patagonia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2055-2062.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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