Genus Treponema

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 28
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 3

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Treponema Schaudinn 1905, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Treponemataceae Robinson 1948 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Treponema pallidum (Schaudinn and Hoffmann 1905) Schaudinn 1905 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonyms: "Spironema" Vuillemin 1905, "Microspironema" Stiles and Pfender 1905.
Etymology: Gr. v. trepô, to turn; Gr. neut. n. nema, a thread; N.L. neut. n. treponema, a turning thread.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [SCHAUDINN (F.): Korrespondenzen. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 1905, 31, 1728.]

Treponema (Schaudinn 1905) Abt, Göker and Klenk 2013.
Valid publication: VALIDATION LIST no. 153. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63 (2013), 3131-3134.
Effective publication Online

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Treponema amylovorum Wyss et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain HA2P = ATCC 700288.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y09959.
Etymology: Gr. n. amulon, starch; L. neut. suff. -vorum (from L. v. voro, to devour), devouring; N.L. neut. adj. amylovorum, starch devouring.
Reference: WYSS (C.), CHOI (B.K.), SCHÜPBACH (P.), GUGGENHEIM (B.) and GÖBEL (U.B.): Treponema amylovorum sp. nov., a saccharolytic spirochete of medium size isolated from an advanced human periodontal lesion. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 842-845.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema azotonutricium Graber et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ZAS-9 = ATCC BAA-888 = DSM 13862.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF320287, CP001841 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. n. azotum (from French azote), nitrogen; N.L. pref. azo-, pertaining to nitrogen; L. neut. adj. nutricium, nourishing; N.L. neut. adj. azonutricium, nourishing with nitrogen (symbiotic dinitrogen fixation).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 97. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 631-632. [GRABER (J.R.), LEADBETTER (J.R.) and BREZNAK (J.A.): Description of Treponema azotonutricium sp. nov. and Treponema primitia sp. nov., the first spirochetes isolated from termite guts. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 1315-1320.]
Validation List no. 97 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Treponema berlinense Nordhoff et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 7CPL208 = ATCC BAA-909 = CIP 108244 = JCM 12341.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY230217.
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. berlinense, of or belonging to Berlin, Germany, where the type strain was isolated.
Reference: NORDHOFF (M.), TARAS (D.), MACHA (M.), TEDIN (K.), BUSSE (H.J.) and WIELER (L.H.): Treponema berlinense sp. nov. and Treponema porcinum sp. nov., novel spirochaetes isolated from porcine faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1675-1680.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema brennaborense Schrank et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DD5/3 = CIP 105900 = DSM 12168.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16568, CP002696 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. neut. adj. brennaborense, of or belonging to Brennabor, where the cow was raised from which the organism was first isolated.
Reference: SCHRANK (K.), CHOI (B.K.), GRUND (S.), MOTER (A.), HEUNER (K.), NATTERMANN (H.) and GÖBEL (U.B.): Treponema brennaborense sp. nov., a novel spirochaete isolated from a dairy cow suffering from digital dermatitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 43-50.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema bryantii Stanton and Canale-Parola 1980, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RUS-1 = ATCC 33254 = DSM 1788.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR749895.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. bryantii, of Bryant, named after M. P. Bryant.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 676-677. [STANTON (T.B.) and CANALE-PAROLA (E.): Treponema bryantii sp. nov., a rumen spirochete that interacts with cellulolytic bacteria. Arch. Mikrobiol., 1980, 127, 145-156.]
Validation List no. 5 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Treponema caldaria (Pohlschroeder et al. 1994) Abt, Göker and Klenk 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H1=ATCC 51460=DSM 7334.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: EU580141.
Basonym: Validation List Online
Effective publication: ABT, B., GÖKER, M., SCHEUNER, C., HAN, C., LU, M., MISRA, M., LAPIDUS, A., NOLAN, M., LUCAS, S., HAMMON, N., DESHPANDE, S., CHANG, J.-F., TAPIA, R., GOODWIN, L. A., PITLUCK, S., LIOLIOS, K., PAGANI, I., IVANOVA, N., MAVROMATIS, K., MIKHAILOVA, N., HUNTEMANN, M., PATI, A., CHEN, A., PALANIAPPAN, K., LAND, M., HAUSER, L., BRAMBILLA, E.-M., ROHDE, M., SPRING, S., GRONOW, S., DETTER, J. C., BRISTOW, J., EISEN, J. A., MARKOWITZ, V., HUGENHOLTZ, P., KYRPIDES, N. C., WOYKE, T. and KLENK, H.-P. 2013. Genome sequence of the thermophilic fresh-water bacterium Spirochaeta caldaria type strain (H1T), reclassification of Spirochaeta caldaria and Spirochaeta stenostrepta in the genus Treponema as Treponema caldaria comb. nov., Treponema stenostrepta comb. nov., and Treponema zuelzerae comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Treponema. Stand. Genomic Sci., 8, 88-105.
Treponema denticola (ex Flügge 1886) Chan et al. 1993, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35405 = CIP 103919 = DSM 14222 = JCM 8153.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF139203.
Synonyms: "Spirochaete denticola" Flügge 1886, "Spirochaete dentium" Miller 1889, "Spirillum dentium" (Miller 1889) Sternberg 1892, "Spirochaeta dentium" (Miller 1889) Migula 1895, "Spironema dentium" (Miller 1889) Gross 1912, "Treponema dentium" (Miller 1889) Dobell 1912, "Treponema microdentium" Noguchi 1912, "Spirochaeta orthodonta" Hoffmann 1920, "Treponema denticola" (Flügge 1886) Brumpt 1922, "Spirochaeta microdentium" (Noguchi 1912) Heim 1922, "Treponema orthodontum" (Hoffmann 1920) Noguchi 1928, "Treponema dentium-stenogyratum" Pettit 1928, "Spirochaeta ambigua" Séguin and Vinzent 1936, "Spirochaeta comandonii" Séguin and Vinzent 1936, "Treponema ambiguum" (Séguin and Vinzent 1936) Prévot 1940, "Treponema comandonii" (Séguin and Vinzent 1936) Prévot 1940.
Etymology: L. n. dens dentis, tooth; L. suff. -cola (from L. n. incola), inhabitant dweller; N.L. n. denticola, tooth dweller.
Reference: CHAN (E.C.S.), SIBOO (R.), KENG (T.), PSARRA (N.), HURLEY (R.), CHENG (S.L.) and IUGOVAZ (I.): Treponema denticola (ex Brumpt 1925) sp. nov., nom. rev., and identification of new spirochetes isolates from periodontal pockets. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 196-203.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Chan et al. 1993, this taxon is cited as Treponema denticola (ex Brumpt 1925) Chan et al. 1993.

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Treponema hyodysenteriae Harris et al. 1972, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B78 = ATCC 27164 = NCTC 13041.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U14930.
Etymology: Gr. n. hus huos, hog, pig; L. n. dysenteria, a flux, dysentery; N.L. gen. n. hyodysenteriae, of hog dysentery. In recognition of the species as the etiologic agent of swine dysentery.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [HARRIS (D.L.), GLOCK (R.D.), CHRISTENSEN (C.R.) and KINYON (J.M.): Swine dysentery. 1. Inoculation of pigs with Treponema hyodysenteriae (new species) and reproduction of the disease. Veterinary Medicine - Small Animal Clinician, 1972, 67, 61-64.]

Note: The type strain B78 is cited as ATCC 27164 [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] or as ATCC 27168 [6, 7]. However, the right type strain is the strain ATCC 27164 [8].
References:
1 Approved Lists 1980.
2 Approved Lists 1980 (Amended Edition).
3 KINYON (J.M.) and HARRIS (D.L.): Treponema innocens, a new species of intestinal bacteria and emended description of the type strain of Treponema hyodysenteriae Harris et al. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1979, 29, 102-109.
Original article in IJSEM Online
4 STANTON (T.B.): Proposal to change the genus designation Serpula to Serpulina gen. nov. containing the species Serpulina hyodysenteriae comb. nov. and Serpulina innocens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 189-190.
Original article in IJSEM Online
5 MOORE (W.E.C.) and MOORE (L.V.H.): Index of the bacterial and yeast nomenclatural changes published in the International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology since the 1980 Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (1 January 1980 to 1 January 1992). American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C., 1992.
6 SMIBERT (R.M.): Genus III. Treponema Schaudinn 1905, 1728AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, pp. 49-57.
7 STANTON (T.B.), JENSEN (N.S.), CASEY (T.A.), TORDOFF (L.A.), DEWHIRST (F.E.) and PASTER (B.J.): Reclassification of Treponema hyodysenteriae and Treponema innocens in a new genus, Serpula gen. nov., as Serpula hyodysenteriae comb. nov. and Serpula innocens comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1991, 41, 50-58.
Original article in IJSEM Online
8 American Type Culture Collection (ATCC).

¤ Serpula hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton et al. 1991, comb. nov.

¤ Serpulina hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Stanton 1992, comb. nov.

¤ Brachyspira hyodysenteriae (Harris et al. 1972) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Treponema innocens Kinyon and Harris 1979, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain B256 = ATCC 29796 = CCUG 17081.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U14920.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. innocens, harmless, inoffensive (referring to non-pathogenic nature of the species for swine).
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [KINYON (J.M.) and HARRIS (D.L.): Treponema innocens, a new species of intestinal bacteria and emended description of the type strain of Treponema hyodysenteriae Harris et al. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1979, 29, 102-109.]

¤ Serpula innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Stanton et al. 1991, comb. nov.

¤ Serpulina innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Stanton 1992, comb. nov.

¤ Brachyspira innocens (Kinyon and Harris 1979) Ochiai et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Treponema isoptericolens Dröge et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SPIT5 = DSM 18056 = JCM 13955.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AM182455.
Etymology: N.L. pl. neut. n. Isoptera, scientific name of an order which encompasses the termites; L. part. adj. colens (from L. v. colere to inhabit), inhabiting; N.L. n. (participle adjective used as a substantive) isoptericolens, inhabitant of Isoptera, termites.
Reference: DRÖGE (S.), RACHEL (R.), RADEK (R.) and KÖNIG (H.): Treponema isoptericolens sp. nov., a novel spirochaete from the hindgut of the termite Incisitermes tabogae. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1079-1083.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema lecithinolyticum Wyss et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PFB4G = OMZ 684 = ATCC 700332 = CIP 107075.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87139.
Etymology: Gr. n. lekithos, egg yolk; N.L. adj. lyticus -a -um (from Gr. adj. lutikos -ê -on), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. lecithinolyticum, effecting the breakdown of egg yolk.
Reference: WYSS (C.), CHOI (B.K.), SCHÜPBACH (P.), MOTER (A.), GUGGENHEIM (B.) and GÖBEL (U.B.): Treponema lecithinolyticum sp. nov., a small saccharolytic spirochaete with phospholipase A and C activities associated with periodontal diseases. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1329-1339.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema maltophilum Wyss et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain BR = ATCC 51939 = CIP 105146.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X87140.
Etymology: N.L. n. maltosum, maltose; N.L. neut. adj. philum (from Gr. neut. adj. philon), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. maltophilum, intended to mean maltose loving.
Reference: WYSS (C.), CHOI (B.K.), SCHÜPBACH (P.), GUGGENHEIM (B.) and GÖBEL (U.B.): Treponema maltophilum sp. nov., a small oral spirochete isolated from human periodontal lesions. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 745-752.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema medium Umemoto et al. 1997, sp. nov
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D85437.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain G7201.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. medium, intermediate, not very great or small; referring to the cell size.
Reference: UMEMOTO (T.), NAKAZAWA (F.), HOSHINO (E.), OKADA (K.), FUKUNAGA (M.) and NAMIKAWA (I.): Treponema medium sp. nov., isolated from human subgingival dental plaque. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 67-72.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema minutum Dobell 1912, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain CIPP 5162.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: L. neut adj. minutum, small, minute.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [DOBELL (C.C.): Researches on the spirochaets and related organisms. Archiv fur Protistenkunde, 1912, 26, 117-240.]

Note: The type strain is currently not available from a recognized culture collection.
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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Treponema pallidum (Schaudinn and Hoffmann 1905) Schaudinn 1905, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) no culture available.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Spirochaeta pallida" Schaudinn and Hoffmann 1905, "Spironema pallidum" (Schaudinn and Hoffmann 1905) Vuillemin 1905, "Microspironema pallidum" (Schaudinn and Hoffmann 1905) Stiles and Pfender 1905, "Spirillum pallidum" (Schaudinn and Hoffmann 1905) Macé 1913.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pallidum, pale, pallid.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 SCHAUDINN (F.) and HOFFMANN (E.): Vorläufiger Bericht über das Vorkommen for Spirochaeten in syphilitischen Krankheitsprodukten und bei Papillomen. Arbeiten aus dem Kaiserlichen Gesundheitsamte (Berlin), 1905, 22, 528-534. 2 SCHAUDINN (F.): Korrespondenzen. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 1905, 31, 1728.]

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Treponema paraluiscuniculi corrig. (Jacobsthal 1920) Smibert 1974, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) no culture available.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Spirochaeta paraluis-cuniculi" Jacobsthal 1920, "Treponema pallidum var. cuniculi" Klarenbeek 1921, "Treponema cuniculi" Noguchi 1921, "Spirochaeta cuniculi" Levaditi, Marie and Isaicu 1921, "Spirochaeta pallida var. cuniculi" (Klarenbeek 1921) Zuelzer 1925, "Spirochaeta paraluis" Pettit 1928.
Etymology: Gr. prep. para, beside, alongside of, near, like; L. n. lues -is, pestilences, plague, infection (here syphilis); L. gen. n. cuniculus -i, a rabbit; N.L. gen. n. paraluiscuniculi, of a syphilis-like (disease) of rabbits.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 JACOBSTHAL (E.): Untersuchungen über eine syphilisahnliche Spontanerkrankung des Kaninchens (Paralues cuniculi). Dermatologische Wochenschrift, 1920, 71, 569-571. 2 SMIBERT (R.M.): Treponema paraluiscuniculi (Jacobsthal) Smibert comb. nov. In: R.E. BUCHANAN and N.E. GIBBONS (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1974, p. 177.]

Note: The original spelling, Treponema paraluis-cuniculi (sic), has been corrected by Farmer 1983 [1] and by Hill et al. 1984 [2].
References:
1 FARMER III (J.J.): Correction of four specific epithets that are hyphenated in the Approved Lists. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 425.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema parvum Wyss et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OMZ 833 = ATCC 700770 = DSM 16260.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF302937.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. parvum, small.
Reference: WYSS (C.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), GMÜR (R.), THURNHEER (T.), XUE (Y.), SCHÜPBACH (P.), GUGGENHEIM (B.) and PASTER (B.J.): Treponema parvum sp. nov., a small, glucuronic or galacturonic acid-dependent oral spirochaete from lesions of human periodontitis and acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 955-962.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Treponema parvum Wyss et al. 2001 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Treponema pectinovorum Smibert and Burmeister 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 33768 = VPI D-36DR-2.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU562449.
Etymology: N.L. n. pectinum, pectin; L. neut. suff. -vorum (from L. v. voro, to devour) devouring; N.L. neut. adj. pectinovorum, pectin devouring, pectin destroying.
Reference: SMIBERT (R.M.) and BURMEISTER (J.A.): Treponema pectinovorum sp. nov. isolated from humans with periodontitis. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 852-856.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema pedis Evans et al. 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain T3552B = DSM 18691 = NCTC 13403.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF061268.
Etymology: L. n. pes pedis, foot; L. gen. n. pedis, of the foot, referring to the source of isolation.
Reference: EVANS (N.J.), BROWN (J.M.), DEMIRKAN (I.), MURRAY (R.D.), BIRTLES (R.J.), HART (C.A.) and CARTER (S.D.): Treponema pedis sp. nov., a spirochaete isolated from bovine digital dermatitis lesions. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 987-991.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema pertenue (Castellani 1905) Castellani and Chalmers 1910, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) no culture available.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not available.
Synonyms: "Spirochaeta pertenuis" Castellani 1905, "Spirochaete pertenuis" (sic) (Castellani 1905) Lehman and Neumann 1912, "Spironema pertenue" (Castellani 1905) Gross 1912, "Spirillum pertenue" (Castellani 1905) Macé 1913.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. pertenue, extremely slight, very thin, slender.
References: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition). [1 CASTELLANI (A.): On the presence of spirochaetes in some cases of parangi (yaws, Framboesia tropica). Preliminary note. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the British Medical Association, 1905, 2, 54. 2 CASTELLANI (A.) and CHALMERS (A.J.) (editors): Manual of Tropical Medicine, 1st ed., Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, London, 1910.]

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Treponema porcinum Nordhoff et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 14V28 = ATCC BAA-908 = CIP 108245 = JCM 12342.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY518274.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. porcinum, pertaining to swine, from which the type strain was isolated.
Reference: NORDHOFF (M.), TARAS (D.), MACHA (M.), TEDIN (K.), BUSSE (H.J.) and WIELER (L.H.): Treponema berlinense sp. nov. and Treponema porcinum sp. nov., novel spirochaetes isolated from porcine faeces. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 1675-1680.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema primitia Graber et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ZAS-2 = ATCC BAA-887 = DSM 12427.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF093252.
Etymology: N.L. fem. sing. n. (from L. fem. pl. n. primatiae, first-fruits) primatia, the first fruit (of isolation after long work).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 97. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 631-632. [GRABER (J.R.), LEADBETTER (J.R.) and BREZNAK (J.A.): Description of Treponema azotonutricium sp. nov. and Treponema primitia sp. nov., the first spirochetes isolated from termite guts. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2004, 70, 1315-1320.]
Validation List no. 97 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Treponema putidum Wyss et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain JZC3 = ATCC 700334 = CIP 108088 = OMZ 758.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ543428.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. putidum, rotten, decaying, stinking, fetid.
Reference: WYSS (C.), MOTER (A.), CHOI (B.K.), DEWHIRST (F.E.), XUE (Y.), SCHÜPBACH (P.), GÖBEL (U.B.), PASTER (B.J.) and GUGGENHEIM (B.): Treponema putidum sp. nov., a medium-sized proteolytic spirochaete isolated from lesions of human periodontitis and acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1117-1122.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema saccharophilum Paster and Canale-Parola 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain PB = ATCC 43261 = DSM 2985.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M71238.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. neut. adj. saccharophilum, sugar-loving.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 20. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 354-356. [PASTER (B.J.) and CANALE-PAROLA (E.): Treponema saccharophilum sp. nov., a large pectinolytic spirochete from the bovine rumen. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1985, 50, 212-219.]
Validation List no. 20 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Treponema socranskii Smibert et al. 1984, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35536 = JCM 8157 = VPI DR56BRIII6.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF033306.
Etymology:   N.L. masc. gen. n. socranskii, of Socransky, named for Sigmund S. Socransky, Forsyth Dental Center.
Reference: SMIBERT (R.M.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and RANNEY (R.R.): Treponema socranskii sp. nov., Treponema socranskii subsp. socranskii subsp. nov., Treponema socranskii subsp. buccale subsp. nov., and Treponema socranskii subsp. paredis subsp. nov. isolated from human periodontia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 457-462.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema socranskii subsp. buccale Smibert et al. 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35534 = JCM 8155 = VPI D2B8.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF033305.
Etymology: L. n. bucca, the mouth; L. neut. suff. -ale, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj. buccale, buccal, pertaining to the mouth.
Reference: SMIBERT (R.M.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and RANNEY (R.R.): Treponema socranskii sp. nov., Treponema socranskii subsp. socranskii subsp. nov., Treponema socranskii subsp. buccale subsp. nov., and Treponema socranskii subsp. paredis subsp. nov. isolated from human periodontia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 457-462.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema socranskii subsp. paredis Smibert et al. 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35535 = VPI D46CPE1 = JCM 8156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF033307.
Etymology: Gr. n. pareias, cheek; N.L. gen. n. paredis, of a cheek
Reference: SMIBERT (R.M.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and RANNEY (R.R.): Treponema socranskii sp. nov., Treponema socranskii subsp. socranskii subsp. nov., Treponema socranskii subsp. buccale subsp. nov., and Treponema socranskii subsp. paredis subsp. nov. isolated from human periodontia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 457-462.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema socranskii subsp. socranskii Smibert et al. 1984, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35536 = JCM 8157 = VPI DR56BRIII6.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF033306.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. socranskii, of Socransky, named for Sigmund S. Socransky, Forsyth Dental Center.
Reference: SMIBERT (R.M.), JOHNSON (J.L.) and RANNEY (R.R.): Treponema socranskii sp. nov., Treponema socranskii subsp. socranskii subsp. nov., Treponema socranskii subsp. buccale subsp. nov., and Treponema socranskii subsp. paredis subsp. nov. isolated from human periodontia. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 457-462.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Treponema stenostrepta (Zuelzer 1912) Abt, Göker and Klenk 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 25083=DSM 2028=JCM 16534.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FR733664.
Basonym: Validation List Online
Effective publication: ABT, B., GÖKER, M., SCHEUNER, C., HAN, C., LU, M., MISRA, M., LAPIDUS, A., NOLAN, M., LUCAS, S., HAMMON, N., DESHPANDE, S., CHANG, J.-F., TAPIA, R., GOODWIN, L. A., PITLUCK, S., LIOLIOS, K., PAGANI, I., IVANOVA, N., MAVROMATIS, K., MIKHAILOVA, N., HUNTEMANN, M., PATI, A., CHEN, A., PALANIAPPAN, K., LAND, M., HAUSER, L., BRAMBILLA, E.-M., ROHDE, M., SPRING, S., GRONOW, S., DETTER, J. C., BRISTOW, J., EISEN, J. A., MARKOWITZ, V., HUGENHOLTZ, P., KYRPIDES, N. C., WOYKE, T. and KLENK, H.-P. 2013. Genome sequence of the thermophilic fresh-water bacterium Spirochaeta caldaria type strain (H1T), reclassification of Spirochaeta caldaria and Spirochaeta stenostrepta in the genus Treponema as Treponema caldaria comb. nov., Treponema stenostrepta comb. nov., and Treponema zuelzerae comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Treponema. Stand. Genomic Sci., 8, 88-105.
Treponema succinifaciens Cwyk and Canale-Parola 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain 6091 = ATCC 33096 = DSM 2489.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M57738, CP002631 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum succinicum, succinic acid; L. part. adj. faciens, making, producing; N.L. part. adj, succinifaciens, succinic acid-producing.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 7. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 382-383. [CWYK (W.M.) and CANALE-PAROLA (E.): Treponema succinifaciens sp. nov., an anaerobic spirochete from the swine intestine. Arch. Microbiol., 1979, 122, 231-239.]
Validation List no. 7 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Treponema zuelzerae [(ex Veldkamp 1960) Canale-Parola 1980)] Abt, Göker and Klenk 2013, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19044=DSM 1903.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FR749929.
Basonym: Validation List Online
Effective publication: ABT, B., GÖKER, M., SCHEUNER, C., HAN, C., LU, M., MISRA, M., LAPIDUS, A., NOLAN, M., LUCAS, S., HAMMON, N., DESHPANDE, S., CHANG, J.-F., TAPIA, R., GOODWIN, L. A., PITLUCK, S., LIOLIOS, K., PAGANI, I., IVANOVA, N., MAVROMATIS, K., MIKHAILOVA, N., HUNTEMANN, M., PATI, A., CHEN, A., PALANIAPPAN, K., LAND, M., HAUSER, L., BRAMBILLA, E.-M., ROHDE, M., SPRING, S., GRONOW, S., DETTER, J. C., BRISTOW, J., EISEN, J. A., MARKOWITZ, V., HUGENHOLTZ, P., KYRPIDES, N. C., WOYKE, T. and KLENK, H.-P. 2013. Genome sequence of the thermophilic fresh-water bacterium Spirochaeta caldaria type strain (H1T), reclassification of Spirochaeta caldaria and Spirochaeta stenostrepta in the genus Treponema as Treponema caldaria comb. nov., Treponema stenostrepta comb. nov., and Treponema zuelzerae comb. nov., and emendation of the genus Treponema. Stand. Genomic Sci., 8, 88-105.

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