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Genus Thiomicrospira

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 12
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thiomicrospira Kuenen and Veldkamp 1972, genus.
Type species: ¤ Thiomicrospira pelophila Kuenen and Veldkamp 1972 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; Gr. adj. mikros, small, little; L. fem. n. spira, spiral; N.L. fem. n. Thiomicrospira, small sulfur spiral.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KUENEN (J.G.) and VELDKAMP (H.): Thiomicrospira pelophila, gen. n., sp. n., a new obligately chemolithotrophic colourless sulfur bacterium. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1972, 38, 241-256.

Note: ¤ Thiomicrospira chilensis Brinkhoff et al. 1999 and ¤ Thiomicrospira frisia Brinkhoff et al. 1999 are two species described that have a rod-shaped morphology. Therefore, differentiation of Thiomicrospira species from ¤ Thiobacillus species on the basis of morphology is no longer valid.
Reference: BRINKHOFF (T.), MUYZER (G.), WIRSEN (C.O.) and KUEVER (J.): Thiomicrospira chilensis sp. nov., a mesophilic obligately chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a Thioploca mat. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 875-879.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira arctica Knittel et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SVAL-E = ATCC 700955= DSM 13458.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ404731.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. arctica, northern, arctic, and, by extension, pertaining to Arctic, referring to the site where the type strain was isolated.
Valid publication: KNITTEL (K.), KUEVER (J.), MEYERDIERKS (A.), MEINKE (R.), AMANN (R.) and BRINKHOFF (T.): Thiomicrospira arctica sp. nov. and Thiomicrospira psychrophila sp. nov., psychrophilic, obligately chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacteria isolated from marine Arctic sediments. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 781-786.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira chilensis Brinkhoff et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ch-1 = ATCC 700858= DSM 12352.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF013975.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. chilensis, pertaining to Chile, a country of South America.
Valid publication: BRINKHOFF (T.), MUYZER (G.), WIRSEN (C.O.) and KUEVER (J.): Thiomicrospira chilensis sp. nov., a mesophilic obligately chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a Thioploca mat. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 875-879.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira crunogena Jannasch et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TH-55 = ATCC 35932= DSM 12353 = LMD 84.00.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L40810.
Etymology: Gr. n. krounos (Latin transliteration crunos), spring; L. suff. genus -a -um (from L. v. gigno, to produce, give birth to, beget), born from; N.L. fem. adj. crunogena, spring-born.
Valid publication: JANNASCH (H.W.), WIRSEN (C.O.), NELSON (D.C.) and ROBERTSON (L.A.): Thiomicrospira crunogena sp. nov., a colorless, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 422-424.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira denitrificans Timmer-ten Hoor 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33889= DSM 1251.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000153.
Etymology: N.L. v. denitrificare, to denitrify; N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TIMMER-TEN HOOR (A.): A new type of thiosulphate oxidizing, nitrate reducing microorganism: Thiomicrospira denitrificans sp. nov. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 1975, 9, 344-351.

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names and on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names (Amended Edition), the page numbers of the effective publication are cited as 343-351.
2 Thiomicrospira denitrificans Timmer-ten Hoor 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) should be reclassified because its belongs to the ε-subclass of the ¤ Proteobacteria [1, 2]. In 2006, Takai et al. propose the new combination ¤ Sulfurimonas denitrificans (Timmer-ten Hoor 1975) Takai et al. 2006 [3] (see below).
References:
1 BRINKHOFF (T.), MUYZER (G.), WIRSEN (C.O.) and KUEVER (J.): Thiomicrospira chilensis sp. nov., a mesophilic obligately chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a Thioploca mat. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 875-879.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 ON (S.L.W.): International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. Minutes of the meetings, 2 and 4 September 2001, Freiburg, Germany. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 2339-2341.
Minutes of the meetings, 2 and 4 September 2001, Freiburg, Germany in IJSEM Online
3 TAKAI (K.), SUZUKI (M.), NAKAGAWA (S.), MIYAZAKI (M.), SUZUKI (Y.), INAGAKI (F.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Sulfurimonas paralvinellae sp. nov., a novel mesophilic, hydrogen- and sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotroph within the Epsilonproteobacteria isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent polychaete nest, reclassification of Thiomicrospira denitrificans as Sulfurimonas denitrificans comb. nov. and emended description of the genus Sulfurimonas. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1725-1733.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Sulfurimonas denitrificans (Timmer-ten Hoor 1975) Takai et al. 2006, comb. nov.

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Thiomicrospira frisia Brinkhoff et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JB-A2 = ATCC 700878= DSM 12351.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF013974.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. frisia, pertaining to Frisia, a coastal region in northwestern Germany and the Netherlands from where the organism was obtained.
Valid publication: BRINKHOFF (T.), MUYZER (G.), WIRSEN (C.O.) and KUEVER (J.): Thiomicrospira kuenenii sp. nov. and Thiomicrospira frisia sp. nov., two mesophilic obligately chemolithoautotropic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria isolated from an intertidal mud flat. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 385-392.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira halophila Sorokin et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HL 5 = DSM 15072 = UNIQEM U 221.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ390450.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. halophila, salt-loving.
Valid publication: SOROKIN (D.Y.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), SPIRIDONOVA (E.M.), BERG (I.A.) and MUYZER (G.): Thiomicrospira halophila sp. nov., a moderately halophilic, obligately chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium from hypersaline lakes. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2375-2380.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira hydrogeniphila Watsuji et al. 2016, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MAS2=JCM 30760=DSM 100274.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: LC010781.
Etymology: Gr. n. hydor, hydros, water; Gr. v. genein, to produce; Gr. adj. philos, loving; N.L. fem. adj. hydrogeniphila, hydrogen-loving..
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: WATSUJI, T. O., HADA, E., MIYAZAKI, M., ICHIMURA, M. and TAKAI, K. 2016. Thiomicrospira hydrogeniphila sp. nov., an aerobic, hydrogen- and sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotroph isolated from a seawater tank containing a block of beef tallow. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 66, 3688-3693.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira kuenenii Brinkhoff et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JB-A1 = ATCC 700877= DSM 12350.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF013978.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. kuenenii, of Kuenen; named after J.G. Kuenen, a Dutch microbiologist of the Delft School of Microbiology, who proposed the genus Thiomicrospira.
Valid publication: BRINKHOFF (T.), MUYZER (G.), WIRSEN (C.O.) and KUEVER (J.): Thiomicrospira kuenenii sp. nov. and Thiomicrospira frisia sp. nov., two mesophilic obligately chemolithoautotropic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria isolated from an intertidal mud flat. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 385-392.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira pelophila Kuenen and Veldkamp 1972, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27801= DSM 1534.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L40809.
Etymology: Gr. n. pelos, mud; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. pelophila, mud-loving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KUENEN (J.G.) and VELDKAMP (H.): KUENEN (J.G.) and VELDKAMP (H.): Thiomicrospira pelophila, gen. n., sp. n., a new obligately chemolithotrophic colourless sulfur bacterium. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Journal of Microbiology and Serology, 1972, 38, 241-256.

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Thiomicrospira psychrophila Knittel et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SVAL-D = ATCC 700954= DSM 13453.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ404732.
Etymology: Gr. adj. psuchros, cold; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. psychrophila, cold-loving.
Valid publication: KNITTEL (K.), KUEVER (J.), MEYERDIERKS (A.), MEINKE (R.), AMANN (R.) and BRINKHOFF (T.): Thiomicrospira arctica sp. nov. and Thiomicrospira psychrophila sp. nov., psychrophilic, obligately chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing bacteria isolated from marine Arctic sediments. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 781-786.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira thermophila Takai et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) I78 = DSM 16397 = JCM 12397.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB166731.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. thermophila, heat-loving.
Valid publication: TAKAI (K.), HIRAYAMA (H.), NAKAGAWA (T.), SUZUKI (Y.), NEALSON (K.H.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Thiomicrospira thermophila sp. nov., a novel microaerobic, thermotolerant, sulfur-oxidizing chemolithomixotroph isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal fumarole in the TOTO caldera, Mariana Arc, Western Pacific. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 2325-2333.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiomicrospira thyasirae (Wood and Kelly 1995) Wood and Kelly 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51452= DSM 5322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF016046.
Basonym: ¤ Thiobacillus thyasiris Wood and Kelly 1995.
Etymology: N.L. n. Thyasira, a genus of the bivalve mollusk family of the Thyasiridae; N.L. gen. n. thyasirae, of Thyasira, isolated from Thyasira flexuosa.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 53. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 418-419.
Effective publication: WOOD (A.P.) and KELLY (D.P.): Reclassification of Thiobacillus thyasiris as Thiomicrospira thyasirae comb. nov., an organism exhibiting pleomorphism in response to environmental conditions. Arch. Microbiol., 1993, 159, 45-47.
Validation List no. 53 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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