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Genus Thiobacillus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 22
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thiobacillus Beijerinck 1904, genus. (Type genus of the tribe ¤ Thiobacilleae Pribram 1929 [Approved Lists 1980]).
Type species: ¤ Thiobacillus thioparus Beijerinck 1904 (Approved Lists 1980).
Synonyms: "Sulfuromonas" Orla-Jensen 1909, not "Thiobacillus" Ellis 1932.
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; L. masc. n. bacillus, a small rod; N.L. masc. n. Thiobacillus, sulfur rodlet.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Phénomènes de réduction produits par les microbes. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1904, 9, 131-157.

Note: Differentiation of ¤ Thiomicrospira species from Thiobacillus species on the basis of morphology is no longer valid because ¤ Thiomicrospira chilensis Brinkhoff et al. 1999 and ¤ Thiomicrospira frisia Brinkhoff et al. 1999 are two species described that have a rod-shaped morphology.
Reference: BRINKHOFF (T.), MUYZER (G.), WIRSEN (C.O.) and KUEVER (J.): Thiomicrospira chilensis sp. nov., a mesophilic obligately chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a Thioploca mat. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 875-879.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiobacillus acidophilus (ex Guay and Silver 1975) Harrison 1983, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27807= CIP 104483 = DSM 700.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D86511.
Synonym: "Thiobacillus acidophilus" Guay and Silver 1975.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. acidophilus, acid loving.
Valid publication: HARRISON Jr. (A.P.): Genomic and physiological comparisons between heterotrophic thiobacilli and Acidiphilium cryptum, Thiobacillus versutus sp. nov., and Thiobacillus acidophilus nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 211-217.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Acidiphilium acidophilum (Harrison 1983) Hiraishi et al. 1998, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus albertis Bryant et al. 1988, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 35403= DSM 14366.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ459804.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. albertis (sic), pertaining to Alberta, Canadian province of Alberta.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 25. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1988, 38, 220-222.
Effective publication: BRYANT (R.D.), McGROARTY (K.M.), COSTERTON (J.W.) and LAISHLEY (E.J.): Isolation and characterization of a new acidophilic Thiobacillus species (T. albertis). Can. J. Microbiol., 1983, 29, 1159-1170.
Validation List no. 25 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Acidithiobacillus albertensis corrig. (Temple and Colmer 1951) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus aquaesulis Wood and Kelly 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43788= DSM 4255.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U58019.
Etymology: L. pl. n. aquae, waters; L. n. Sulis -is, Sulis (a goddess), here the Temple of Sulis Minerva (Minerva, the Roman goddess of wisdom); N.L. gen. n. aquaesulis, of/from the waters of Sulis Minerva.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 53. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 418-419.
Effective publication: WOOD (A.P.) and KELLY (D.P.): Isolation and characterisation of Thiobacillus aquaesulis sp. nov., a novel facultatively autotrophic moderate thermophile. Arch. Microbiol., 1988, 149, 339-343.
Validation List no. 53 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thiobacillus caldus Hallberg and Lindström 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KU = ATCC 51756= DSM 8584.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Z29975.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. caldus, warm, hot; intended to mean liking warmth.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 54. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 619-620.
Effective publication: HALLBERG (K.B.) and LINDSTRÖM (E.B.): Characterization of Thiobacillus caldus sp. nov., a moderately thermophilic acidophile. Microbiology, 1994, 140, 3451-3456.
Validation List no. 54 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Acidithiobacillus caldus (Hallberg and Lindström 1995) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus concretivorus Parker 1945, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NCIB (now NCIMB) 8345.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: N.L. n. concretum (from L. adj. concretus, thick, hard), firm or solid matter; L. v. voro, to eat, devour; N.L. masc. adj. concretivorus, concrete-devouring, concrete-destroying.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: PARKER (C.D.): The corrosion of concrete. I. The isolation of a species of bacterium associated with the corrosion of concrete exposed to atmosphere containing hydrogen sulphide. Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science, 1945, 23, 81-90.

¤ Thiobacillus thiooxidans Waksman and Joffe 1922 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Kelly and Wood 2000, Thiobacillus concretivorus Parker 1945 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of Thiobacillus thiooxidans Waksman and Joffe 1922 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiobacillus delicatus (ex Mizoguchi et al. 1976) Katayama-Fujimura et al. 1984, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THI 091 = DSM 17897 = IFO (now NBRC) 14566.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB245481.
Synonym: "Thiobacillus delicatus" Mizoguchi et al. 1976.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. delicatus, delicate.
Valid publication: KATAYAMA-FUJIMURA (Y.), KAWASHIMA (I.), TSUZAKI (N.) and KURAISHI (H.): Physiological characteristics of the facultatively chemolithotrophic Thiobacillus species Thiobacillus delicatus nom. rev., emend., Thiobacillus perometabolis, and Thiobacillus intermedius. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 139-144.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain IAM 12624, cited in the effective publication, is not available (the IAMCC lost the culture).
Reference: KELLY (D.P.): Personal communication (May 06, 2006).

¤ Thiomonas delicata (Katayama-Fujimura et al. 1984) Kelly and Wood 2006, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus denitrificans (ex Beijerinck 1904) Kelly and Harrison 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AB7 = ATCC 23644= CIP 104767 = DSM 12475 = JCM 3870 = NCIMB 9548.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ243144.
Synonym: "Thiobacillus denitrificans" Beijerinck 1904.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: KELLY (D.P.) and HARRISON (A.P.): Genus Thiobacillus Beijerinck 1904b, 597AL. In: J.T. STALEY, M.P. BRYANT, N. PFENNIG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 3, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1989, pp. 1842-1858.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

Note: In Validation List no. 31, the type strain is incorrectly cited as NCIB (now NCIMB) 8327. The correct designation is NCIMB 9548; this correction was published by the National Collection of Industrial and Marine Bacteria (1994) and was corrected for the second edition of Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology.
References:
1 KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Confirmation of Thiobacillus denitrificans as a species of the genus Thiobacillus, in the β-subclass of the Proteobacteria, with strain NCIMB 9548 as the type strain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 547-550.
Original article by Kelly and Wood in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online

Thiobacillus denitrificans (ex Beijerinck 1904) Kelly and Harrison 1989 emend. Kelly and Wood 2000.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AB7 = ATCC 23644= CIP 104767 = DSM 12475 = JCM 3870 = NCIMB 9548.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ243144.
Synonym: "Thiobacillus denitrificans" Beijerinck 1904.
Etymology: N.L. part. adj. denitrificans, denitrifying.
Reference: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Confirmation of Thiobacillus denitrificans as a species of the genus Thiobacillus, in the β-subclass of the Proteobacteria, with strain NCIMB 9548 as the type strain. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 547-550.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiobacillus ferrooxidans Temple and Colmer 1951, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 23270= CIP 104768 = DSM 14882.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF465604.
Synonyms: "Ferrobacillus ferrooxidans" Leathen and Braley 1954, "Ferrobacillus sulfooxidans" Kinsel 1960.
Etymology: L. n. ferrum, iron; N.L. part. adj. oxidans, oxidizing; N.L. part. adj. ferrooxidans, iron-oxidizing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TEMPLE (K.L.) and COLMER (A.R.): The autotrophic oxidation of iron by a new bacterium, Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. Journal of Bacteriology, 1951, 62, 605-611.

¤ Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (Temple and Colmer 1951) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus halophilus Wood and Kelly 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49870= DSM 6132.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U58020.
Etymology: Gr. n. hals halos, salt; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. halophilus, salt-loving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 53. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 418-419.
Effective publication: WOOD (A.P.) and KELLY (D.P.): Isolation and characterisation of Thiobacillus halophilus sp. nov., a sulfur-oxidising autotrophic eubacterium from a Western Australian hypersaline lake. Arch. Microbiol., 1991, 156, 277-280.
Validation List no. 53 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Halothiobacillus halophilus (Wood and Kelly 1995) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus hydrothermalis Durand et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) R3 = ATCC 51453= DSM 7121.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M90662.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hydrothermalis, hydrothermal, pertaining to a hydrothermal vent in the North Fiji basin.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 60. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 242.
Effective publication: DURAND (P.), REYSENBACH (A.L.), PRIEUR (D.) and PACE (N.): Isolation and characterization of Thiobacillus hydrothermalis sp. nov., a mesophilic obligately chemolithotrophic bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent in Fiji Basin. Arch. Microbiol., 1993, 159, 39-44.
Validation List no. 60 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Halothiobacillus hydrothermalis (Durand et al. 1997) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus intermedius London 1963, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 15466= CIP 104401 = IFO (now NBRC) 14564 = JCM 20425.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY455809.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. intermedius, that is between, intermediate.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LONDON (J.P.): Thiobacillus intermedius nov. sp. A novel type of facultative autotroph. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie, 1963, 46, 329-337.

¤ Thiomonas intermedia (London 1963) Moreira and Amils 1997, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus neapolitanus Parker 1957, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Parker strain X = CIP 104769 = DSM 15147 = NCIMB 8539.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: JF416645.
Synonym: "Thiobacillus X" Parker and Prisk 1953.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. neapolitanus, Neapolitan; pertaining to the seawater at Naples from which this species was probably first isolated by Nathansohn in 1902.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: PARKER (C.D.): Genus V. Thiobacillus Beijerinck 1904. In: R.S. BREED, E.G.D. MURRAY and N.R. SMITH (editors): Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 7th edition, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1957, pp. 83-88.

¤ Halothiobacillus neapolitanus (Parker 1957) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus novellus Starkey 1934, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 8093= CCM 1077 = CIP 104402 = CIP 106821 = DSM 506 = IAM 12100 = IFO (now NBRC) 12443 = NCCB 81075 = NCCB 38019 = NCIMB 9113 = NCIMB 10456.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D32247, CP002026 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. masc. adj. novellus, new.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: STARKEY (R.L.): Cultivation of organisms concerned in the oxidation of thiosulfate. Journal of Bacteriology, 1934, 28, 365-386.

¤ Starkeya novella (Starkey 1934) Kelly et al. 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus perometabolis London and Rittenberg 1967, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THI 023 = ATCC 23370= CIP 104403 = IAM 12132 = IFO (now NBRC) 14565 = JCM 20426 = LMG 8564.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY455808.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pêros, maimed; N.L. adj. metabolis (from Gr. n. metabolê, transition, change), pertaining to metabolism; N.L. masc. adj. perometabolis, with a maimed metabolism.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LONDON (J.P.) and RITTENBERG (S.C.): Thiobacillus perometabolis nov. sp., a non-autotrophic thiobacillus. Archiv fur Mikrobiologie, 1967, 59, 218-225.

Thiobacillus perometabolis London and Rittenberg 1967 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Katayama-Fujimura and Kuraishi 1983.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) THI 023 = ATCC 23370= CIP 104403 = IAM 12132 = IFO (now NBRC) 14565 = JCM 20426 = LMG 8564.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY455808.
Etymology: Gr. adj. pêros, maimed; N.L. adj. metabolis (from Gr. n. metabolê, transition, change), pertaining to metabolism; N.L. masc. adj. perometabolis, with a maimed metabolism.
Reference: KATAYAMA-FUJIMURA (Y.) and KURAISHI (H.): Emendation of Thiobacillus perometabolis London and Rittenberg 1967. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 650-651.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Thiomonas perometabolis (London and Rittenberg 1967) Moreira and Amils 1997, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus rapidicrescens Katayama-Fujimura et al. 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A2 = THI O41 = ATCC 25364.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16932.
Etymology: L. adj. rapidus, rapid; L. part. adj. crescens, growing; N.L. part. adj. rapidicrescens, rapid growing.
Valid publication: KATAYAMA-FUJIMURA (Y.), KAWASHIMA (I.), TSUZAKI (N.) and KURAISHI (H.): Reidentification of Thiobacillus perometabolis ATCC 27793and Thiobacillus sp. strain A2 with reference to a new species, Thiobacillus rapidicrescens sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 532-538.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Thiobacillus versutus Harrison 1983.

Note: Thiobacillus rapidicrescens Katayama-Fujimura et al. 1983 is a later homotypic synonym of Thiobacillus versutus Harrison 1983.

¤ Paracoccus versutus (Harrison 1983) Katayama et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus tepidarius Wood and Kelly 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43215= DSM 3134.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ459801.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. tepidarius, of or belonging to tepid water or to a tepid bath.
Valid publication: WOOD (A.P.) and KELLY (D.P.): Physiological characteristics of a new thermophilic obligately chemolithotrophic Thiobacillus species, Thiobacillus tepidarius. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 434-437.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Thermithiobacillus tepidarius (Wood and Kelly 1985) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus thermosulfatus Shooner et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51520.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U27839.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. n. sulfas -atis, sulfate; N.L. masc. adj. thermosulfatus, intended top mean organism that produces sulfate and grows at high temperatures.
Valid publication: SHOONER (F.), BOUSQUET (J.) and TYAGI (R.D.): Isolation, phenotypic characterization, and phylogenetic position of a novel, facultatively autotrophic, moderately thermophilic bacterium, Thiobacillus thermosulfatus sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 409-415.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Thiomonas thermosulfata (Shooner et al. 1996) Moreira and Amils 1997, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus thiooxidans Waksman and Joffe 1922, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 19377= CIP 104597 = DSM 14887 = JCM 3867 = NCIMB 8343.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11596.
Synonyms: "Thiobacterium thiooxydans" (Waksman and Joffe 1922) Lehmann and Neumann 1927, "Thiobacillus thermitanus" Emoto 1928, "Thiobacillus lobatus" Emoto 1929, "Thiobacillus crenatus" Emoto 1929, "Thiobacillus umbonatus" Emoto 1929".
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; N.L. part. adj. oxidans, oxidizing; N.L. part. adj. thiooxidans, oxidizing sulfur.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: WAKSMAN (S.A.) and JOFFE (J.S.): Microorganisms concerned in the oxidation of sulfur in the soil. II. The Thiobacillus thiooxidans a new sulfur oxidizing organism isolated from the soil. Journal of Bacteriology, 1922, 7, 239-256.

Note: According to Kelly and Wood 2000, Thiobacillus thiooxidans Waksman and Joffe 1922 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier heterotypic synonym of ¤ Thiobacillus concretivorus Parker 1945 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: KELLY (D.P.) and WOOD (A.P.): Reclassification of some species of Thiobacillus to the newly designated genera Acidithiobacillus gen. nov., Halothiobacillus gen. nov. and Thermithiobacillus gen. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 511-516.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans (Waksman and Joffe 1922) Kelly and Wood 2000, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus thioparus Beijerinck 1904, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Starkey = ATCC 8158= CIP 104484 = DSM 505 = JCM 3859 = NBRC 103402.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: HM173629.
Synonyms: "Bacterium thioparum" (Beijerinck 1904) Schoenichen 1925, "Bacterium thiocyanoxidans" Happold and Key 1937, "Thiobacillus thiocyanoxidans" (Happold and Key 1937) Happold et al. 1954.
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; N.L. masc. adj. parus (from L. v. paro, to furnish, provide); N.L. masc. adj. thioparus, sulfur producing.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: BEIJERINCK (M.W.): Phénomènes de réduction produits par les microbes. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Exactes et Naturelles (Section 2), 1904, 9, 131-157.

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Thiobacillus thiophilus Kellermann and Griebler 2009, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) D24TN = DSM 19892 = JCM 15047.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EU685841.
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. thiophilus, sulfur-loving.
Valid publication: KELLERMANN (C.) and GRIEBLER (C.): Thiobacillus thiophilus sp. nov., a chemolithoautotrophic, thiosulfate-oxidizing bacterium isolated from contaminated aquifer sediments. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2009, 59, 583-588.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thiobacillus thyasiris (sic) Wood and Kelly 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 51452= DSM 5322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF016046.
Etymology: N.L. n. Thyasira, a genus of the bivalve mollusk family of the Thyasiridae; N.L. gen. n. thyasiris, of Thyasira, isolated from Thyasira flexuosa.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 53. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 418-419.
Effective publication: WOOD (A.P.) and KELLY (D.P.): Isolation and physiological characterisation of Thiobacillus thyasiris sp. nov., a novel marine facultative autotroph and the putative symbiont to Thyasira fexuosa. Arch. Microbiol., 1989, 152, 160-166.
Validation List no. 53 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Thiomicrospira thyasirae (Wood and Kelly 1995) Wood and Kelly 1995, comb. nov.

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Thiobacillus versutus Harrison 1983, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A2 = ATCC 25364= CIP 107117 = DSM 582 = IAM 12814 = JCM 20754 = NCCB 80062 = NCCB 81078 = VKM B-2163.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY014174.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. versutus, versatile.
Valid publication: HARRISON Jr. (A.P.): Genomic and physiological comparisons between heterotrophic thiobacilli and Acidiphilium cryptum, Thiobacillus versutus sp. nov., and Thiobacillus acidophilus nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 211-217.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Thiobacillus versutus Harrison 1983 is an earlier homotypic synonym of ¤ Thiobacillus rapidicrescens Katayama-Fujimura et al. 1983.

¤ Paracoccus versutus (Harrison 1983) Katayama et al. 1996, comb. nov.

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