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Genus Thermotoga

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 11
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thermotoga Stetter and Huber 1986, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Thermotogales Reysenbach 2002; type genus of the family ¤ Thermotogaceae Reysenbach 2002).
Type species: ¤ Thermotoga maritima Stetter and Huber 1986.
Etymology: Gr. fem. n. thermê, heat; L. fem. n. toga, Roman outer garment; N.L. fem. n. Thermotoga, the hot outer garment.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 22. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 573-576.
Effective publication: HUBER (R.), LANGWORTHY (T.A.), KÖNIG (H.), THOMM (M.), WOESE (C.R.), SLEYTR (U.B.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thermotoga maritima sp. nov. represents a new genus of unique extremely thermophilic eubacteria growing up to 90°C. Arch. Microbiol., 1986, 144, 324-333.
Validation List no. 22 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The name Thermotoga must be attributed to Stetter and Huber 1986 (in Huber, Langworthy, König, Thomm, Woese, Sleytr and Stetter 1986) not to Huber et al. 1986 as cited in Validation List no. 22.
Reference: HUBER (R.) and STETTER (K.O.): Genus I. Thermotoga Stetter and Huber 1986, 575VP (Effective publication: Stetter and Hubber in Huber, Langworthy, König, Thomm, Woese, Sleytr and Stetter 1986, 332). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 370-377.

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Thermotoga caldifontis Mori et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AZM44c09=NBRC 106116=DSM 23272.
Sequence accession no. (complete genome) for the type strain: AP014509.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: AP014509.
Etymology: L. adj. caldus, hot; L. masc. n. fons, fontis, a spring; N.L. gen. n. caldifontis, of a hot spring, pertaining to the source of isolation of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: MORI, K., YAMAZOE, A., HOSOYAMA, A., OHJI, S., FUJITA, N., ISHIBASHI, J.-I., KIMURA, H. and SUZUKI, K.-I. 2014. Thermotoga profunda sp. nov. and Thermotoga caldifontis sp. nov., anaerobic thermophilic bacteria isolated from terrestrial hot springs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2128-2136.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermotoga elfii Ravot et al. 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SEBR 6459 = ATCC 51869= DSM 9442.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X80790.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. elfii, of ELF, named after ELF-Aquitaine.
Valid publication: RAVOT (G.), MAGOT (M.), FARDEAU (M.L.), PATEL (B.K.C.), PRENSIER (G.), EGAN (A.), GARCIA (J.L.) and OLLIVIER (B.): Thermotoga elfii sp. nov., a novel thermophilic bacterium from an African oil-producing well. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 308-314.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermotoga hypogea Fardeau et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SEBR 7054 = DSM 11164.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U89768.
Etymology: Gr. adj. hupogeôs -ôn, underground, subterraneous; N.L. fem. adj. hypogea, under the earth, referring to the site of isolation.
Valid publication: FARDEAU (M.L.), OLLIVIER (B.), PATEL (B.K.C.), MAGOT (M.), THOMAS (P.), RIMBAULT (A.), ROCCHICCIOLI (F.) and GARCIA (J.L.): Thermotoga hypogea sp. nov., a xylanolytic, thermophilic bacterium from an oil-producing well. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 1013-1019.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermotoga lettingae Balk et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TMO = ATCC BAA-301 = DSM 14385.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF355615.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. lettingae, of Lettinga, named after Gatze Lettinga, a Dutch biotechnologist, in recognition of his pioneering work on anaerobic methanol conversion in methanogenic bioreactors.
Valid publication: BALK (M.), WEIJMA (J.) and STAMS (A.J.M.): Thermotoga lettingae sp. nov., a novel thermophilic, methanol-degrading bacterium isolated from a thermophilic anaerobic reactor. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 1361-1368.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermotoga maritima Stetter and Huber 1986, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MSB8 = ATCC 43589= DSM 3109 = JCM 10099 = NBRC 100826.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M21774.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. maritima, of the sea, marine, describing its biotope.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 22. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 573-576.
Effective publication: HUBER (R.), LANGWORTHY (T.A.), KÖNIG (H.), THOMM (M.), WOESE (C.R.), SLEYTR (U.B.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thermotoga maritima sp. nov. represents a new genus of unique extremely thermophilic eubacteria growing up to 90°C. Arch. Microbiol., 1986, 144, 324-333.
Validation List no. 22 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The name Thermotoga maritima must be attributed to Stetter and Huber 1986 (in Huber, Langworthy, König, Thomm, Woese, Sleytr and Stetter 1986) not to Huber et al. 1986 as cited in Validation List no. 22.
Reference: HUBER (R.) and STETTER (K.O.): Genus I. Thermotoga Stetter and Huber 1986, 575VP (Effective publication: Stetter and Hubber in Huber, Langworthy, König, Thomm, Woese, Sleytr and Stetter 1986, 332). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 370-377.

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Thermotoga naphthophila Takahata et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RKU-10 = DSM 13996 = JCM 10882.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ872268.
Etymology: Gr. n. naphtha, naphta, bitumen; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. naphthophila, bitumen-loving.
Valid publication: TAKAHATA (Y.), NISHIJIMA (M.), HOAKI (T.) and MARUYAMA (T.): Thermotoga petrophila sp. nov. and Thermotoga naphthophila sp. nov., two hyperthermophilic bacteria from the Kubiki oil reservoir in Niigata, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1901-1909.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermotoga neapolitana Jannasch et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) NS-E = ATCC 49049= DSM 4359.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB039768.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. neapolitana, pertaining to Naples,  having been isolated near Naples.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94.
Effective publication: JANNASCH (H.W.), HUBER (R.), BELKIN (S.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thermotoga neapolitana sp. nov. of the extremely thermophilic, eubacterial genus Thermotoga. Arch. Microbiol., 1988, 150, 103-104.
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermotoga petrophila Takahata et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) RKU-1 = DSM 13995 = JCM 10881.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ872269.
Etymology: Gr. n. petra, rock; N.L. fem. adj. phila (from Gr. fem. adj. philê), friend, loving; N.L. fem. adj. petrophila, rock-loving.
Valid publication: TAKAHATA (Y.), NISHIJIMA (M.), HOAKI (T.) and MARUYAMA (T.): Thermotoga petrophila sp. nov. and Thermotoga naphthophila sp. nov., two hyperthermophilic bacteria from the Kubiki oil reservoir in Niigata, Japan. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1901-1909.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermotoga profunda Mori et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AZM34c06=NBRC 106115=DSM 23275.
Sequence accession no. (complete genome) for the type strain: AP014510.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: AP014510.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. profunda, from the deep, pertaining to the source of isolation of the type strain.
Source: Environmental - freshwater.
Valid publication: MORI, K., YAMAZOE, A., HOSOYAMA, A., OHJI, S., FUJITA, N., ISHIBASHI, J.-I., KIMURA, H. and SUZUKI, K.-I. 2014. Thermotoga profunda sp. nov. and Thermotoga caldifontis sp. nov., anaerobic thermophilic bacteria isolated from terrestrial hot springs. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2128-2136.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermotoga subterranea Jeanthon et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SL1 = DSM 9912.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U22664.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. subterranea, underground, subterranean, describing its site of isolation.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 76. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1699-1700.
Effective publication: JEANTHON (C.), REYSENBACH (A.L.), L'HARIDON (S.), GAMBACORTA (A.), PACE (N.R.), GLÉNAT (P.) and PRIEUR (D.): Thermotoga subterranea sp. nov., a new thermophilic bacterium isolated from a continental oil reservoir. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 164, 91-97.
Validation List no. 76 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermotoga thermarum Windberger et al. 1992, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LA3 = DSM 5069.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB039769, CP002351 (complete genome).
Etymology: L. gen. pl. n. thermarum, of warm springs, of warm baths; living in hot continental springs with low ionic strength.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 41. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 327-328.
Effective publication: WINDBERGER (E.), HUBER (R.), TRINCONE (A.), FRICKE (H.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thermotoga thermarum sp. nov. and Thermotoga neapolitana occurring in African continental solfataric springs. Arch. Microbiol., 1989, 151, 506-512.
Validation List no. 41 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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