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Genus Thermothrix

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 2
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thermothrix Caldwell et al. 1981, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Thermothrix thiopara Caldwell et al. 1981.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. fem. n. thrix, hair; N.L. fem. n. Thermothrix, hot hair.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: CALDWELL (D.E.), CALDWELL (S.J.) and LAYCOCK (J.P.): Thermothrix thiopara gen. et sp. nov., a facultatively anaerobic facultative chemolithotroph living at neutral pH and high temperature. Can. J. Microbiol., 1976, 22, 1509-1517.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online

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Thermothrix azorensis Odintsova et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) TM = ATCC 51754.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: GU233444.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. azorensis, pertaining to the Azores.
Valid publication: ODINTSOVA (E.V.), JANNASCH (H.W.), MAMONE (J.A.) and LANGWORTHY (T.A.): Thermothrix azorensis sp. nov., an obligately chemolithoautotrophic, sulfur-oxidizing, thermophilic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 422-428.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The strain ATCC 51754does not appear in the ATCC catalog. According to Dr. Kuever, pure culture of this strain is lost.
Reference: KUEVER (J.): Personal communication (February 11, 2010).
2 The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the type strain shows an unexpected affiliation with the family ¤ Aquificaceae (99.7% similarity against ¤ Hydrogenobacter subterraneus).
Reference: YARZA (P.), SPRÖER (C.), SWIDERSKI (J.), MROTZEK (N.), SPRING (S.), TINDALL (B.J.), GRONOW (S.), PUKALL (R.), KLENK (H.P.), LANG (E.), VERBARG (S.), CROUCH (A.), LILBURN (T.), BECK (B.), UNOSSON (C.), CARDEW (S.), MOORE (E.R.B.), GOMILA (M.), NAKAGAWA (Y.), JANSSENS (D.), DE VOS (P.), PEIREN (J.), SUTTELS (T.), CLERMONT (D.), BIZET (C.), SAKAMOTO (M.), IIDA (T.), KUDO (T.), KOSAKO (Y.), OSHIDA (Y.), OHKUMA (M.), ARAHAL (D.R.), SPIECK (E.), POMMERENING ROESER (A.), FIGGE (M.), PARK (D.), BUCHANAN (P.), CIFUENTES (A.), MUNOZ (R.), EUZEBY (J.P.), SCHLEIFER (K.H.), LUDWIG (W.), AMANN (R.), GLÖCKNER (F.O.) and RÓSSELLO-MÓRA (R.): Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 2013, 36, 69-73.
Publication online

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Thermothrix thiopara Caldwell et al. 1981, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 29244.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: not found.
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; L. v. paro, to make, to provide, produce; N.L. fem. adj. thiopara, sulfur-providing, sulfur-depositing.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: CALDWELL (D.E.), CALDWELL (S.J.) and LAYCOCK (J.P.): Thermothrix thiopara gen. et sp. nov., a facultatively anaerobic facultative chemolithotroph living at neutral pH and high temperature. Can. J. Microbiol., 1976, 22, 1509-1517.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online

Note: The strain ATCC 29244does not appear in the ATCC catalog. According to Dr. Kuever, pure culture of this strain is lost.
Reference: KUEVER (J.): Personal communication (February 11, 2010).

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