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Genus Thermomicrobium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 3
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thermomicrobium Jackson et al. 1973, genus. (Type genus of the order ¤ Thermomicrobiales Garrity and Holt 2002; type genus of the family ¤ Thermomicrobiaceae Garrity and Holt 2002).
Type species: ¤ Thermomicrobium roseum Jackson et al. 1973 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; N.L. neut. n. microbium, microbe; N.L. neut. n. Thermomicrobium, indicates a small organism living in hot environments.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: JACKSON (T.J.), RAMALEY (R.F.) and MEINSCHEIN (W.G.): Thermomicrobium, a new genus of extremely thermophilic bacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 28-36.

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Thermomicrobium carboxidum King and King 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KI3=DSM 27067=ATCC BAA-2535.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF193529.
Etymology: L. n. carbo, charcoal, carbon; Gr. adj. oxys, sharp, acid; N.L. neut. adj carboxidum, pertaining to carbon monoxide.
Source: Environmental.
Valid publication: KING, C. E. and KING, G. M. 2014. Thermomicrobium carboxidum sp. nov., and Thermorudis peleae gen. nov., sp. nov., carbon monoxide-oxidizing bacteria isolated from geothermally heated biofilms. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 2586-2592.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Thermomicrobium carboxidum King and King 2014 emend. Houghton et al. 2015.
Reference: HOUGHTON, K. M., MORGAN, X. C., LAGUTIN, K., MACKENZIE, A. D., VYSSOTSKII, M., MITCHELL, K. A., MCDONALD, I. R., MORGAN, H. W., POWER, J. F., MOREAU, J. W., HANSSEN, E. and STOTT, M. B. 2015. Thermorudis pharmacophila sp. nov., a novel member of the class Thermomicrobia isolated from geothermal soil, and emended descriptions of Thermomicrobium roseum, Thermomicrobium carboxidum, Thermorudis peleae and Sphaerobacter thermophilus. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 4479-4487.
Original article.

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Thermomicrobium fosteri Phillips and Perry 1976, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) PTA-1 = ATCC 29033re-deposited as ATCC 35268.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ458464.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. fosteri, of Foster, named for Jackson W. Foster.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: PHILLIPS Jr. (W.E.) and PERRY (J.J.): Thermomicrobium fosteri sp. nov., a hydro-carbon-utilizing obligate thermophile. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1976, 26, 220-225.

Note: Strain ATCC 29033was deposited as Thermomicrobium fosteri. Later correspondence with the depositor indicated that it was a mixed culture and the purified strain was re-deposited as ATCC 35268.
Reference: TANG (J.): Personal communication (December 20, 2001).

¤ Thermoleophilum minutum Zarilla and Perry 1986.

Note: Thermomicrobium fosteri, represented by ATCC strain 35268, possesses a typical peptidoglycan and therefore differs from Thermomicrobium roseum [1]. Strain ATCC 35268is presently assigned to the species Thermoleophilum minutum [2].
References:
1 PERRY (J.J.): Genus Thermomicrobium Jackson, Ramaley amd Meinschein 1973, 34AL. In: N.R. KRIEG and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1984, pp. 338-339.
2 ZARILLA (K.A.) and PERRY (J.J.): Deoxyribonucleic acid homology and other comparisons among obligately thermophilic hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria, with a proposal for Thermoleophilum minutum sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 13-16.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermomicrobium roseum Jackson et al. 1973, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27502= DSM 5159.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: M34115.
Etymology: L. neut. adj. roseum, rose-colored, rosy.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: JACKSON (T.J.), RAMALEY (R.F.) and MEINSCHEIN (W.G.): Thermomicrobium, a new genus of extremely thermophilic bacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1973, 23, 28-36.

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