Genus Thermococcus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 29
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Thermococcus Zillig 1983, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Thermococcales Zillig 1988; type genus of the family ¤ Thermococcaceae Zillig 1988).
Type species: ¤ Thermococcus celer Zillig 1983.
Etymology: Gr. fem. n. thermê, heat; N.L. masc. n. coccus (from Gr. masc. n. kokkos, grain, seed), coccus; N.L. masc. n. Thermococcus, coccus existing in hot environment.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [ZILLIG (W.), HOLZ (L.), JANEKOVIC (D.), SCHÄFER (W.) and REITER (W.D.): The archaebacterium Thermococcus celer represents a novel genus within the thermophilic branch of the archaebacteria. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 88-94.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermococcus acidaminovorans Dirmeier et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AEDII10 = DSM 11906 = JCM 12186.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099170.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus -a -um, sour), an acid; N.L. n. aminum (amino in compound words involving chemicals), amine; L. part. adj. vorans, devouring eating; N.L. part. adj. acidaminovorans, amino acids devouring, growing on amino acids.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 80. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 793-794. [DIRMEIER (R.), KELLER (M.), HAFENBRADL (D.), BRAUN (F.J.), RACHEL (R.), BURGGRAF (S.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thermococcus acidaminovorans sp. nov., a new hyperthermophilic alkalophilic archaeon growing on amino acids. Extremophiles, 1998, 2, 109-114.]
Validation List no. 80 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Thermococcus acidaminovorans Dirmeier et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus aegaeus corrig. Arab et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P5 = DSM 12767 = JCM 10828.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099171.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. aegaeus, of the Aegean Sea, from where the organism was isolated.
Reference: ARAB (H.), VÖLKER (H.) and THOMM (M.): Thermococcus aegaeicus sp. nov. and Staphylothermus hellenicus sp. nov., two novel hyperthermophilic archaea isolated from geothermally heated vents off Palaeochori Bay, Milos, Greece. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2101-2108.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet aegaeicus (sic), has been corrected by the List Editor, IJSEM.
Reference: LIST EDITOR, IJSEM: Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 50, part 6, of the IJSEM. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 267-268.
Notification List in IJSEM Online (PDF Format)

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Thermococcus aggregans Canganella et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TY = DSM 12819 = JCM 10137.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y08384.
Etymology: L. part. adj. aggregans, assembling, aggregating.
Reference: CANGANELLA (F.), JONES (W.J.), GAMBACORTA (A.) and ANTRANIKIAN (G.): Thermococcus guaymasensis sp. nov. and Thermococcus aggregans sp. nov., two novel thermophilic archaea isolated from the Guaymas Basin hydrothermal vent site. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1181-1185.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Canganella et al., the type strain DSM 12819 is erroneously cited as DSM 10597.

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Thermococcus alcaliphilus Keller et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AEDII12 = DSM 10322.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB055121.
Etymology: N.L. n. alcali (from Arabic article al, the; Arabic n. qaliy, ashes of saltwort), alcali; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. alcaliphilus, liking alkaline media.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 61. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 601-602. [KELLER (M.), BRAUN (F.J.), DIRMEIER (R.), HAFENBRADL (D.), BURGGRAF (S.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thermococcus alcaliphilus sp. nov., a new hyperthermophilic archaeum growing on polysulfide at alkaline pH. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 164, 390-395.]
Validation List no. 61 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermococcus atlanticus Cambon-Bonavita et al. 2004, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MA898 = DSM 15226 = JCM 16138.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ310754.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. atlanticus, of or pertaining to the Atlantic Ocean (from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge from which the organism was isolated).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 99. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1425-1426. [CAMBON-BONAVITA (M.A.), LESONGEUR (F.), PIGNET (P.), WERY (N.), LAMBERT (C.), GODFROY (A.), QUERELLOU (J.) and BARBIER (G.): Thermococcus atlanticus sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Extremophiles, 2003, 7, 101-109.]
Validation List no. 99 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Thermococcus atlanticus (type strain MA898 = CIP 107420 = DSM 15226) appears in Validation List 99. However, the type strain CIP 107420 was never available and this name was deleted from Validation List 99. As a consequence, Thermococcus atlanticus was not validly published [Rules 27(3) and 30]. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Thermococcus atlanticus Cambon-Bonavita et al. 2004 is now considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.
References:
1 VALIDATION LIST no. 99. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1425-1426.
Validation List no. 99 in IJSEM Online
2 Erratum in IJSEM Online.
3 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus barophilus Marteinsson et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MP = CNCM I-1946 = DSM 11836.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099172.
Etymology: Gr. neut. n. baros, weight; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. barophilus, weight loving, referring to the weight of the water column.
Reference: MARTEINSSON (V.T.), BIRRIEN (J.L.), REYSENBACH (A.L.), VERNET (M.), MARIE (D.), GAMBACORTA (A.), MESSNER (P.), SLEYTR (U.B.) and PRIEUR (D.): Thermococcus barophilus sp. nov., a new barophilic and hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated under high hydrostatic pressure from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 351-359.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: CNCM is solely set up to deal with deposits on a confidential basis (i.e. patent deposits under the Budapest Treaty). Strain CNCM I-1946 is probably a patent deposit.

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Thermococcus barossii Duffaud et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain SHCK-94 = ATCC BAA-1085 = JCM 12858.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099173.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. barossii, of Baross, after professor John A. Baross, School of Oceanography, University of Washington, for his efforts to characterize the microbiological phenomena associated with hydrothermal vent flange formations.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 102. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 547-549. [DUFFAUD (G.D.), d'HENNEZEL (O.B.), PEEK (A.S.), REYSENBACH (A.L.) and KELLY (R.M.): Isolation and characterization of Thermococcus barossii, sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a hydrothermal vent flange formation. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1998, 21, 40-49.]
Validation List no. 102 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Although the number DSM 9535 appears in the effective publication, no type strain is designated in the paper by Duffaud et al. 1998. However, the strain DSM 9535 does not appear on the DSMZ website and would appear not to be available from the publicly accessible section of that collection. With the kind permission of Professor Robert M. Kelly, Dr. Elena Pikuta deposited the strain SHCK-94 (here designated as the type strain) in the ATCC (ATCC BAA-1085) and the JCM (JCM 12858), and provided documentation confirming deposit in these collections.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 102 (footnote ***). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 547-549.
Validation List no. 102 in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus celer Zillig 1983, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ATCC 35543 = DSM 2476 = JCM 8558.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099174.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. celer, fast, due to high growth rate.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674. [ZILLIG (W.), HOLZ (L.), JANEKOVIC (D.), SCHÄFER (W.) and REITER (W.D.): The archaebacterium Thermococcus celer represents a novel genus within the thermophilic branch of the archaebacteria. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1983, 4, 88-94.]
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermococcus celericrescens Kuwabara et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TS2 = DSM 17994 = JCM 13640 = NBRC 101555.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB107768.
Etymology: L. adj. celer -eris -ere, quick, speedy; L. part. adj. crescens, growing; N.L. part. adj. celericrescens, fast-growing.
Reference: KUWABARA (T.), MINABA (M.), OGI (N.) and KAMEKURA (M.): Thermococcus celericrescens sp. nov., a fast-growing and cell-fusing hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 437-443.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus chitonophagus Huber and Stetter 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain GC74 = DSM 10152.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099175.
Etymology: Gr. n. chiton, sheath; Gr. n. phagos, a glutton; N.L. masc. n. chitonophagus, the sheath degrader.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 58. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837. [HUBER (R.), STÖHR (J.), HOHENHAUS (S.), RACHEL (R.), BURGGRAF (S.), JANNASCH (H.W.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thermococcus chitonophagus sp. nov., a novel, chitin-degrading, hyperthermophilic archaeum from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent environment. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 164, 255-264.]
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermococcus coalescens Kuwabara et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TS1 = DSM 16538 = JCM 12540.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB107767.
Etymology: L. part. adj. coalescens (from L. v. coalesco), coalescing, indicating that the cells coalesce.
Reference: KUWABARA (T.), MINABA (M.), IWAYAMA (Y.), INOUYE (I.), NAKASHIMA (M.), MARUMO (K.), MARUYAMA (A.), SUGAI (A.), ITOH (T.), ISHIBASHI (J.), URABE (T.) and KAMEKURA (M.): Thermococcus coalescens sp. nov., a cell-fusing hyperthermophilic archaeon from Suiyo Seamount. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 2507-2514.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus fumicolans Godfroy and Meunier 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain ST557 = CIP 104690 = DSM 12820 = JCM 10128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099176.
Etymology: L. masc. n. fumus, smoke, referring to the smokers or chimneys of deep-sea vents; L. part. adj. colans, inhabiting, living in; N.L. part. adj. fumicolans, living on smoke.
Reference: GODFROY (A.), MEUNIER (J.R.), GUEZENNEC (J.), LESONGEUR (F.), RAGUÉNÈS (G.), RIMBAULT (A.) and BARBIER (G.): Thermococcus fumicolans sp. nov., a new hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent in the North Fiji Basin. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 1113-1119.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The collection number for the type strain is CIP 104690 and not CIP 104680 as cited in the paper by Godfroy et al. 1996.
Reference: Erratum. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1951.
2 The strain CIP 104690 is not available.
Reference: BIZET (C.): Personal communication (June 28, 2005).

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Thermococcus gammatolerans Jolivet et al. 2003, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain EJ3 = DSM 15229 = JCM 11827.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF479014.
Etymology: Gr. gamma, referring to gamma rays used as selection pressure for isolation; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. gammatolerans, referring to its ability to tolerate high levels of (gamma)-rays.
Reference: JOLIVET (E.), L'HARIDON (S.), CORRE (E.), FORTERRE (P.) and PRIEUR (D.): Thermococcus gammatolerans sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent that resists ionizing radiation. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 847-851.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus gorgonarius Miroshnichenko et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain W-12 = ATCC 700654 = DSM 10395 = JCM 10552.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099177.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. gorgonarius, pertaining to Gorgon, a Greek mythological creature with snakes for hair.
Reference: MIROSHNICHENKO (M.L.), GONGADZE (G.M.), RAINEY (F.A.), KOSTYUKOVA (A.S.), LYSENKO (A.M.), CHERNYH (N.A.) and BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.): Thermococcus gorgonarius sp. nov. and Thermococcus pacificus sp. nov.: heterotrophic extremely thermophilic archaea from New Zealand submarine hot vents. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 23-29.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus guaymasensis Canganella et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain TYS = DSM 11113 = JCM 10136.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099178.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. guaymasensis, pertaining to the Guaymas Basin, the name of the deep-sea site where the species was isolated.
Reference: CANGANELLA (F.), JONES (W.J.), GAMBACORTA (A.) and ANTRANIKIAN (G.): Thermococcus guaymasensis sp. nov. and Thermococcus aggregans sp. nov., two novel thermophilic archaea isolated from the Guaymas Basin hydrothermal vent site. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1181-1185.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus hydrothermalis Godfroy et al. 1997, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AL662 = CNCMI 1319.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099179.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. hydrothermalis, hydrothermal, pertaining to a hydrothermal vent.
Reference: GODFROY (A.), LESONGEUR (F.), RAGUÉNÈS (G.), QUÉRELLOU (J.), ANTOINE (E.), MEUNIER (J.R.), GUEZENNEC (J.) and BARBIER (G.): Thermococcus hydrothermalis sp. nov., a new hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1997, 47, 622-626.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: CNCM is solely set up to deal with deposits on a confidential basis (i.e. patent deposits under the Budapest Treaty). Strain CNCM 1319 is probably a patent deposit.

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Thermococcus kodakarensis corrig. Atomi et al. 2005, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain KOD1 = ATCC BAA-918 = JCM 12380.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: D38650.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. kodakarensis, pertaining to Kodakara Island, the source of the hot water sample from which the strain was isolated.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 103. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 983-985. [ATOMI (H.), FUKUI (T.), KANAI (T.), MORIKAWA (M.) and IMANAKA (T.): Description of Thermococcus kadakaraensis sp. nov., a well studied hyperthermophilic archaeon previously reported as Pyrococcus sp. KOD1. Archaea, 2004, 1, 263-267.]
Validation List no. 103 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original spelling of the specific epithet, kodakaraensis (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 103 (footnote ||||). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 983-985.
Validation List no. 103 in IJSEM Online
2 Thermococcus kodakaraensis was formerly named Pyrococcus sp. KOD1 [1] and "Pyrococcus kodakaraensis" Rahman et al., sp. nov. [2].
Reference: 1 MORIKAWA (M.), IZAWA (Y.), RASHID (N.), HOAKI (T.) and IMANAKA (T.): Purification and characterization of a thermostable thiol protease from a newly isolated hyperthermophilic Pyrococcus sp. Appl. Envir. Microbiol., 1994, 60, 4559-4566. 2 RAHMAN (R.N.), FUJIWARA (S.), NAKAMURA (H.), TAKAGI (M.) and IMANAKA (T.): Ion pairs involved in maintaining a thermostable structure of glutamate dehydrogenase from a hyperthermophilic archaeon. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 1998, 248, 920-926.

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Thermococcus litoralis Neuner et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain NS-C = ATCC 51850 = DSM 5473 = JCM 8560.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR749899.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. litoralis, of or belonging to the sea-shore.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 82. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1619-1620. [NEUNER (A.), JANNASCH (H.W.), BELKIN (S.) and STETTER (K.O.): Thermococcus litoralis sp. nov.: a new species of extremely thermophilic marine archaebacteria. Arch. Microbiol., 1990, 153, 205-207.]
Validation List no. 82 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Thermococcus nautili Gorlas et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 30-1=CNCM 4275 = JCM 19601.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: AY099161.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: N/A.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. nautili, referring to the submersible Nautile,, which was used to collect samples from hydrothermal deep-sea vents.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Valid publication: GORLAS, A., CROCE, O., OBERTO, J., GAULIARD, E., FORTERRE, P. and MARGUET, E. 2014. Thermococcus nautili sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a hydrothermal deep-sea vent. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 1802-1810.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus pacificus Miroshnichenko et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain P-4 = ATCC 700653 = DSM 10394 = JCM 10553.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099182.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. pacificus, peaceful; referring to the  Pacific Ocean, from the southwest part of which the new organism was isolated.
Reference: MIROSHNICHENKO (M.L.), GONGADZE (G.A.), RAINEY (F.A.), KOSTYUKOVA (A.S.), LYSENKO (A.M.), CHERNYH (N.A.) and BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.): Thermococcus gorgonarius sp. nov. and Thermococcus pacificus sp. nov.: heterotrophic extremely thermophilic archaea from New Zealand submarine hot vents. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 23-29.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus peptonophilus González et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OG-1 = ATCC 700098 = CIP 104782 = DSM 10343 = JCM 9653.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099183.
Etymology: Gr. adj. peptos, cooked; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. peptonophilus, peptone-loving, indicating that it grows only on peptides as a carbon source.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 57. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 625-626. [GONZÁLEZ (J.M.), KATO (C.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Thermococcus peptonophilus sp. nov., a fast-growing, extremely thermophilic archaebacterium isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Arch. Microbiol., 1995, 164, 159-164.]
Validation List no. 57 in IJSEM Online (PDF format) - Effective publication Online

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Thermococcus prieurii Gorlas et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Bio-pl-0405IT2=CSUR P577=JCM 16307.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: FN396976.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. prieurii, of Prieur, in honour of Daniel Prieur, in recognition of his important contribution to the microbiology of extreme environments.
Source: Environmental - marine.
Reference: GORLAS, A., ALAIN, K., BIENVENU, N. and GESLIN, C. 2013. Thermococcus prieurii sp. nov., a novel hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2920-2926.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus profundus Kobayashi and Horikoshi 1995, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain DT 5432 = ATCC 51592 = CIP 105121 = DSM 9503 = JCM 9378.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099184.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. profundus, deep, living within the depths of the oceans.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 53. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 418-419. [KOBAYASHI (T.), KWAK (Y.S.), AKIBA (T.), KUDO (T.) and HORIKOSHI (K.): Thermococcus profundus sp. nov., a new hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1994, 17, 232-236.]
Validation List no. 53 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 This taxon appears also in Validation List no. 52 [1] with an incorrect name: ¤ Thermus profundus (sic) Kobayashi et al. 1995 (effective publication Kobayashi et al. 1994, type strain: strain DT 5432). The correct name is Thermococcus profundus and Thermus profundus should be disregarded on List no. 52 [2].
References:
1 VALIDATION LIST no. 52. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 197-198.
Validation List no. 52 in IJSEM Online
2 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and KUDO (T.): Corrigenda to the Validation Lists. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1933-1938.
Original article by Euzéby and Kudo in IJSEM Online
2 The name Thermococcus profundus must be attributed to Kobayashi and Horikoshi 1995 (in Kobayashi, Kwak, Akiba, Kudo and Horikoshi 1994) not to Kobayashi et al. 1995 as cited in Validation List no. 53.
Reference: KOBAYASHI (T.): Genus I. Thermococcus Zillig 1983, 673VP (Effective publication: Zillig in Zillig, Holz, Janekovic, Schäfer and Reiter, 1983b, 93). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 342-346.

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Thermococcus sibiricus Miroshnichenko et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain MM 739 = DSM 12597.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ238992.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. sibiricus, pertaining to Siberia (region in northwestern Asia, the name said to come from Sibir, ancient Tatar fortress at the confluence of the rivers Tobol and Irtysh).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 82. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1619-1620. [MIROSHNICHENKO (M.L.), HIPPE (H.), STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOSTRIKINA (N.A.), CHERNYH (N.A.), JEANTHON (C.), NAZINA (T.N.), BELYAEV (S.S.) and BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.): Isolation and characterization of Thermococcus sibiricus sp. nov. from a Western Siberia high-temperature oil reservoir. Extremophiles, 2001, 5, 85-91.]
Validation List no. 82 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, Thermococcus sibiricus Miroshnichenko et al. 2001 is not validly published because, at the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries. According to the Judicial Opinion 81, authors or this name, or other scientists who wish to have this name validly published, should submit evidence of the deposit of the type strain in additional collections to the List Editor (either directly or via the IJSEM Editorial Office) before the next meeting of the Judicial Commission in Sapporo, Japan, in 2011. After that time, the name will be ruled not to have been validly published. If, after that deadline, the authors or other scientists wish to have this name validly published, this may be done by confirming that the name is in accordance with the requirements of the Code and either by requesting valid publication via the Validation Lists or by inclusion of the proposal in an original article in the IJSEM. The details of valid publication will then make reference to those publications. If authors or other scientists feel that an exception should be granted to Rule 30, requiring deposit of the type in two different collections in two different countries, they should contact the Editorial Office of the IJSEM.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus siculi Grote et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain RG-20 = ATCC BAA-270 = DSM 12349.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099185.
Etymology: L. n. siculum, deep-sea (according to Grote et al. 2000, the Latin noun siculum was used by Ovid);  L. gen. n. siculi, of the dee-sea, referring to the location of the sample site, a deep-sea hydrothermal vent.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 74. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 949-950. [GROTE (R.), LI (L.), TAMAOKA (J.), KATO (C.), HORIKOSHI (K.) and ANTRANIKIAN (G.): Thermococcus siculi sp. nov., a novel hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent at the Mid-Okinawa Trough. Extremophiles, 1999, 3, 55-62.]
Validation List no. 74 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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Thermococcus stetteri Miroshnichenko 1990, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain K-3 = DSM 5262 = JCM 8559.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099186.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. stetteri, of Stetter; named after K.O. Stetter because of his important contribution to the knowledge of extreme thermophiles.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321. [MIROSHNICHENKO (M.L.), BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.), NEUNER (A.), KOSTRIKINA (N.A.), CHERNYCH (N.A.) and ALEKSEEV (V.A.): Thermococcus stetteri sp. nov., a new extremely thermophilic marine sulfur-metabolizing Archaebacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1989, 12, 257-262.]
Validation List no. 34 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The name Thermococcus stetteri must be attributed to Miroshnichenko 1990 (in Miroshnichenko, Bonch-Osmolovskaya, Neuner, Kostrikina, Chernych and Alekseev 1989) not to Miroshnichenko et al. 1990 as cited in Validation List no. 34.
Reference: KOBAYASHI (T.): Genus I. Thermococcus Zillig 1983, 673VP (Effective publication: Zillig in Zillig, Holz, Janekovic, Schäfer and Reiter, 1983b, 93). In: D.R. BOONE, R.W. CASTENHOLZ and G.M. GARRITY (editors): Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, pp. 342-346.

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Thermococcus thioreducens Pikuta et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain OGL-20P = ATCC BAA-394 = DSM 14981 = JCM 12859.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF394925.
Etymology: Gr. n. theion (Latin transliteration thium), sulfur; L. part. adj. reducens, reducing; N.L. part. adj. thioreducens, reducing sulfur.
Reference: PIKUTA (E.V.), MARSIC (D.), ITOH (T.), BEJ (A.K.), TANG (J.), WHITMAN (W.B.), NG (J.D.), GARRIOTT (O.K.) and HOOVER (R.B.): Thermococcus thioreducens sp. nov., a novel hyperthermophilic, obligately sulfur-reducing archaeon from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1612-1618.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus waiotapuensis González et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain WT1 = DSM 12768 = JCM 10985.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY099187.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. waiotapuensis, pertaining to the Waiotapu hot spring (New Zealand).
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 80. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 793-794. [GONZÁLEZ (J.M.), SHECKELLS (D.), VIEBAHN (M.), KRUPATKINA (D.), BORGES (K.M.) and ROBB (F.T.): Thermococcus waiotapuensis sp. nov., an extremely thermophilic archaeon isolated from a freshwater hot spring. Arch. Microbiol., 1999, 172, 95-101.]
Validation List no. 80 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

Note: According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published because the effective publication only documents deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Thermococcus waiotapuensis González et al. 2001 is to be considered to be validly published.
References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Thermococcus zilligii Ronimus et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) strain AN1 = ATCC 700529 = DSM 2770 = JCM 10554.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U76534.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. zilligii, of Zillig, named after Wolfram Zillig for his contribution to the understanding of transcription in the Archaea and the characterization of hyperthermophilic Archaea and of their viruses.
References: VALIDATION LIST no. 70. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 935-936. [RONIMUS (R.S.), REYSENBACH (A.L.), MUSGRAVE (D.R.) and MORGAN (H.W.): The phylogenetic position of the Thermococcus isolate AN1 based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis: a proposal that AN1 represents a new species, Thermococcus zilligii sp. nov. Arch. Microbiol., 1997, 168, 245-248.]
Validation List no. 70 in IJSEM Online (PDF Format) - Effective publication Online

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