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Genus Thermobacteroides

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 3
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").

 

Thermobacteroides Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; N.L. n. bacter, a rod; L. suff. -oides (from Gr. suff. -eides, from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar; N.L. masc. n. Thermobacteroides, thermophilic, rod-shaped bacterium.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: BEN-BASSAT (A.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus gen. nov. and spec. nov., a new chemoorganotrophic, anaerobic, thermophilic bacterium. Arch. Microbiol., 1981, 128, 365-370.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Thermobacteroides Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983 emend. Ollivier et al. 1985.
Type species: ¤ Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; N.L. n. bacter, a rod; L. suff. -oides (from Gr. suff. -eides, from Gr. n. eidos, that which is seen, form, shape, figure), ressembling, similar; N.L. masc. n. Thermobacteroides, thermophilic, rod-shaped bacterium.
Reference: OLLIVIER (B.M.), MAH (R.A.), FERGUSON (T.J.), BOONE (D.R.), GARCIA (J.L.) and ROBINSON (R.): Emendation of the genus Thermobacteroides: Thermobacteroides proteolyticus sp. nov., a proteolytic acetogen from a methanogenic enrichment. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 425-428.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Thermoanaerobacter Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982.

Note: Rainey and Stackebrandt 1993 propose to transfer ¤ Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983 (the type species of the genus Thermobacteroides) to the genus ¤ Thermoanaerobacter as ¤ Thermoanaerobacter acetoethylicus (Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983) Rainey and Stackebrandt 1993, comb. nov. According to Rule 37a, bacteriologists adhering to this proposal must change the name Thermobacteroides to ¤ Thermoanaerobacter.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Transfer of the type species of the genus Thermobacteroides to the genus Thermoanaerobacter as Thermoanaerobacter acetoethylicus (Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1981) comb. nov., description of Coprothermobacter gen. nov., and reclassification of Thermobacteroides proteolyticus as Coprothermobacter proteolyticus (Ollivier et al. 1985) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 857-859.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HTB2 = HTB2/W = ATCC 33265= DSM 2359.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09163.
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; N.L. adj. ethylicus, pertaining to ethyl alcohol; N.L. masc. adj. acetoethylicus, intended to mean producing acetic acid and ethanol.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 11. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1983, 33, 672-674.
Effective publication: BEN-BASSAT (A.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus gen. nov. and spec. nov., a new chemoorganotrophic, anaerobic, thermophilic bacterium. Arch. Microbiol., 1981, 128, 365-370.
Validation List no. 11 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Thermoanaerobacter acetoethylicus (Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983) Rainey and Stackebrandt 1993, comb. nov.

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Thermobacteroides leptospartum Toda et al. 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) C-17-70 = ATCC 51338= DSM 9219 = IAM 13499.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF266461.
Etymology: Gr. adj. leptos, thin, delicate, small; L. n. spartum, rope made of broom; N.L. neut. n. leptospartum, a thin rope.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 28. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 93-94.
Effective publication: TODA (Y.), SAIKI (T.), UOZUMI (T.) and BEPPU (T.): Isolation and characterization of a protease-producing, thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium, Thermobacteroides leptospartum sp. nov. Agric. Biol. Chem., 1988, 52, 1339-1344.
Validation List no. 28 in IJSEM Online

Note: The transfer of Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983 (the type species of the genus Thermobacteroides) to the genus ¤ Thermoanaerobacter as ¤ Thermoanaerobacter acetoethylicus (Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983) Rainey and Stackebrandt 1993, invalidates the genus Thermobacteroides. The species ¤ Thermobacteroides proteolyticus Ollivier et al. 1985 has been transferred in the new genus ¤ Coprothermobacter as ¤ Coprothermobacter proteolyticus (Ollivier et al. 1985) Rainey and Stackebrandt 1993, comb. nov. However, the phylogenetic position of the third species of the genus Thermobacteroides, Thermobacteroides leptospartum Toda et al. 1989, cannot be determined because the type strain (strain C-17-70 = IAM 13499) was unavailable.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Transfer of the type species of the genus Thermobacteroides to the genus Thermoanaerobacter as Thermoanaerobacter acetoethylicus (Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1981) comb. nov., description of Coprothermobacter gen. nov., and reclassification of Thermobacteroides proteolyticus as Coprothermobacter proteolyticus (Ollivier et al. 1985) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 857-859.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Clostridium stercorarium subsp. leptospartum (Toda et al. 1989) Fardeau et al. 2001, comb. nov.

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Thermobacteroides proteolyticus Ollivier et al. 1985, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) BT = ATCC 35245= DSM 5265.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X69335.
Etymology: Gr. n. proteios (from Gr. adj. protos, first), the first quality (protos was used by Gerhard Johan Mulder in 1838 to coin the French n. protéine); N.L. masc. adj. lyticus (from Gr. masc. adj. lutikos), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. masc. adj. proteolyticus, proteolytic.
Valid publication: OLLIVIER (B.M.), MAH (R.A.), FERGUSON (T.J.), BOONE (D.R.), GARCIA (J.L.) and ROBINSON (R.): Emendation of the genus Thermobacteroides: Thermobacteroides proteolyticus sp. nov., a proteolytic acetogen from a methanogenic enrichment. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1985, 35, 425-428.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: In the paper by Ollivier et al. 1985, the type strain ATCC 35245is erroneously cited as ATCC 35242.

¤ Coprothermobacter proteolyticus (Ollivier et al. 1985) Rainey and Stackebrandt 1993, comb. nov.

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