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Genus Thermoanaerobacterium

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 9
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thermoanaerobacterium Lee et al. 1993, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes (Schink and Zeikus 1983) Lee et al. 1993.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot, Gr. pref. an, not, Gr. n. aer aeros, air; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Thermoanaerobacterium, a rod which grows in the absence of air at high temperatures.
Valid publication: LEE (Y.E.), JAIN (M.K.), LEE (C.), LOWE (S.E.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 41-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Thermoanaerobacterium Lee et al. 1993 emend. Liu et al. 1996.
Type species: ¤ Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes (Schink and Zeikus 1983) Lee et al. 1993.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot, Gr. pref. an, not, Gr. n. aer aeros, air; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Thermoanaerobacterium, a rod which grows in the absence of air at high temperatures.
Reference: LIU (S.Y.), RAINEY (F.A.), MORGAN (H.W.), MAYER (F.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermoanaerobacterium aotearoense sp. nov., a slightly acidophilic, anaerobic thermophile isolated from various hot springs in New Zealand, and emendation of the genus Thermoanaerobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 388-396.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Thermoanaerobacterium Lee et al. 1993 emend. Cann et al. 2001.
Type species: ¤ Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes (Schink and Zeikus 1983) Lee et al. 1993.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot, Gr. pref. an, not, Gr. n. aer aeros, air; L. neut. n. bacterium, a small rod; N.L. neut. n. Thermoanaerobacterium, a rod which grows in the absence of air at high temperatures.
Reference: CANN (I.K.O.), STROOT (P.G.), MACKIE (K.R.), WHITE (B.A.) and MACKIE (R.I.): Characterization of two novel saccharolytic, anaerobic thermophiles, Thermoanaerobacterium polysaccharolyticum sp. nov. and Thermoanaerobacterium zeae sp. nov., and emendation of the genus Thermoanaerobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 293-302.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacterium aciditolerans Kublanov et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 761-119 = DSM 16487 = VKM B-2363.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY350594.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum (from L. adj. acidus, sour), an acid; L. part. adj. tolerans, tolerating; N.L. part. adj. aciditolerans, acid-tolerating.
Valid publication: KUBLANOV (I.V.), PROKOFEVA (M.I.), KOSTRIKINA (N.A.), KOLGANOVA (T.V.), TOUROVA (T.P.), WIEGEL (J.) and BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.): Thermoanaerobacterium aciditolerans sp. nov., a moderate thermoacidophile from a Kamchatka hot spring. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 260-264.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacterium aotearoense Liu et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JW/SL-NZ613 = DSM 10170.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X93359.
Etymology: Maori n. ao, cloud; Maori adj. tea, white; Maori adj. roa, long; N.L. neut. adj. aotearoense, long white cloud, referring to the native Maori name for New Zealand, Aotearoa, Land of the Long White Cloud.
Valid publication: LIU (S.Y.), RAINEY (F.A.), MORGAN (H.W.), MAYER (F.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermoanaerobacterium aotearoense sp. nov., a slightly acidophilic, anaerobic thermophile isolated from various hot springs in New Zealand, and emendation of the genus Thermoanaerobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 388-396.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacterium polysaccharolyticum Cann et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KMTHCJ = ATCC BAA-17 = DSM 13641.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U40229.
Etymology: Gr. adj. polu, many; Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. polysaccharolyticum, dissolving many sugars.
Valid publication: CANN (I.K.O.), STROOT (P.G.), MACKIE (K.R.), WHITE (B.A.) and MACKIE (R.I.): Characterization of two novel saccharolytic, anaerobic thermophiles, Thermoanaerobacterium polysaccharolyticum sp. nov. and Thermoanaerobacterium zeae sp. nov., and emendation of the genus Thermoanaerobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 293-302.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caldanaerobius polysaccharolyticus (Cann et al. 2001) Lee et al. 2008, comb. nov.

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Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum Lee et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) B6A-RI = ATCC 49915= DSM 7060.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09169.
Etymology: Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. saccharolyticum, sugar-dissolving.
Valid publication: LEE (Y.E.), JAIN (M.K.), LEE (C.), LOWE (S.E.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 41-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum (McClung 1935) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 7956= CECT 5852 = DSM 571 = HAMBI 2225 = LMG 2811.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FR870449, CP002171 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum McClung 1935 (Approved Lists 1980).
Other synonym: "Therminosporus thermosaccharolyticus" (McClung 1935) Prévot 1938.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. n. sakchâr, sugar; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. thermosaccharolyticum referring to thermophily and sugar-dissolving.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.), WILLEMS (A.), CORDOBA (J.J.), FERNANDEZ-GARAYZABAL (J.), GARCIA (P.), CAI (J.), HIPPE (H.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium: proposal of five new genera and eleven new species combinations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 812-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercoris corrig. Romano et al. 2011, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Buff = ATCC BAA-1776 = DSM 22141.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: FM999998.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; L. n. stercus -oris, dung; N.L. gen. n. thermostercoris, a thermophilic bacterium isolated from dung.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 142. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2563-2565.
Effective publication: ROMANO (I.), DIPASQUALE (L.), ORLANDO (P.), LAMA (L.), D'IPPOLITO (G.), PASCUAL (J.) and GAMBACORTA (A.): Thermoanaerobacterium thermostercus sp. nov., a new anaerobic thermophilic hydrogen-producing bacterium from buffalo-dung. Extremophiles, 2010, 14, 233-240.
Validation List no. 142 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, thermostercus (sic), has been corrected on validation according to Rule 61.
Reference: ASSOCIATE EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 142 (footnote ##). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2563-2565.
Validation List no. 142 in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes (Schink and Zeikus 1983) Lee et al. 1993, comb. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 4BT = ATCC 33743= DSM 2229.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09171.
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium thermosulfurigenes corrig. Schink and Zeikus 1983.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; L. n. sulfur, sulfur; Gr. v. gennaô, produce, engender; N.L. neut. adj. thermosulfurigenes, releasing sulfur in heat.
Valid publication: LEE (Y.E.), JAIN (M.K.), LEE (C.), LOWE (S.E.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 41-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum Lee et al. 1993, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) LX-11 = ATCC 49914= DSM 7097.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09172, CP002739 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. n. xylanum, xylan; N.L. neut. adj. lyticum (from Gr. neut. adj. lutikon), able to loosen, able to dissolve; N.L. neut. adj. xylanolyticum, xylan-dissolving.
Valid publication: LEE (Y.E.), JAIN (M.K.), LEE (C.), LOWE (S.E.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 41-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacterium zeae Cann et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) mel2 = ATCC BAA-16 = DSM 13642.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U75993.
Etymology: L  n. zea, a kind of grain; L. gen. n. zeae, of corn, describing the use of corn as a substrate for growth.
Valid publication: CANN (I.K.O.), STROOT (P.G.), MACKIE (K.R.), WHITE (B.A.) and MACKIE (R.I.): Characterization of two novel saccharolytic, anaerobic thermophiles, Thermoanaerobacterium polysaccharolyticum sp. nov. and Thermoanaerobacterium zeae sp. nov., and emendation of the genus Thermoanaerobacterium. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2001, 51, 293-302.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caldanaerobius zeae (Cann et al. 2001) Lee et al. 2008, comb. nov.

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