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Genus Thermoanaerobacter

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 19
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 5

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thermoanaerobacter Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982, gen. nov. (Type genus of the order ¤ Thermoanaerobacterales Wiegel 2010; type genus of the family ¤ Thermoanaerobacteraceae Wiegel 2010).
Type species: ¤ Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. pref. an, not; Gr. n. aer aeros, air; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Thermoanaerobacter, rod which grows in the absence of air at elevated temperatures.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 384-385.
Effective publication: WIEGEL (J.) and LJUNGDAHL (L.G.): Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus gen. nov., spec. nov., a new, extreme thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium. Arch. Microbiol., 1981, 128, 343-348.
Validation List no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note 1: According to Lee et al. 1993, Thermoanaerobacter Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  ¤ Thermoanaerobium Zeikus et al. 1983.
Reference: LEE (Y.E.), JAIN (M.K.), LEE (C.), LOWE (S.E.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 41-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note 2: According to Rainey and Stackebrandt 1993, Thermoanaerobacter Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  ¤ Thermobacteroides Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983.
Reference: RAINEY (F.A.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Transfer of the type species of the genus Thermobacteroides to the genus Thermoanaerobacter as Thermoanaerobacter acetoethylicus (Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1981) comb. nov., description of Coprothermobacter gen. nov., and reclassification of Thermobacteroides proteolyticus as Coprothermobacter proteolyticus (Ollivier et al. 1985) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 857-859.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note 3: According to Collins et al. 1994, Thermoanaerobacter Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  ¤ Acetogenium Leigh and Wolfe 1983.
Reference: COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.), WILLEMS (A.), CORDOBA (J.J.), FERNANDEZ-GARAYZABAL (J.), GARCIA (P.), CAI (J.), HIPPE (H.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium: proposal of five new genera and eleven new species combinations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 812-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Thermoanaerobacter Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982 emend. Lee et al. 2007. (Type genus of the order ¤ Thermoanaerobacterales Wiegel 2010; type genus of the family ¤ Thermoanaerobacteraceae Wiegel 2010).
Type species: ¤ Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982.
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. pref. an, not; Gr. n. aer aeros, air; N.L. masc. n. bacter, rod; N.L. masc. n. Thermoanaerobacter, rod which grows in the absence of air at elevated temperatures.
Reference: LEE (Y.J.), DASHTI (M.), PRANGE (A.), RAINEY (F.A.), ROHDE (M.), WHITMAN (W.B.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermoanaerobacter sulfurigignens sp. nov., an anaerobic thermophilic bacterium that reduces 1 M thiosulfate to elemental sulfur and tolerates 90 mM sulfite. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1429-1434.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter acetoethylicus (Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983) Rainey and Stackebrandt 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HTB2 = HTB2/W = ATCC 33265= DSM 2359.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09163.
Basonym: ¤ Thermobacteroides acetoethylicus Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1983.
Etymology: L. n. acetum, vinegar; N.L. adj. ethylicus, pertaining to ethyl alcohol; N.L. masc. adj. acetoethylicus, intended to mean producing acetic acid and ethanol.
Valid publication: RAINEY (F.A.) and STACKEBRANDT (E.): Transfer of the type species of the genus Thermobacteroides to the genus Thermoanaerobacter as Thermoanaerobacter acetoethylicus (Ben-Bassat and Zeikus 1981) comb. nov., description of Coprothermobacter gen. nov., and reclassification of Thermobacteroides proteolyticus as Coprothermobacter proteolyticus (Ollivier et al. 1985) comb. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 857-859.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter brockii (Zeikus et al. 1983) Lee et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HTD4 = ATCC 33075= ATCC 53556= DSM 1457.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09165.
Basonym: ¤ Thermoanaerobium brockii Zeikus et al. 1983.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. brockii, of Brock, named for Thomas Dale Brock who pioneered studies on the physiology and ecology of thermophiles.
Valid publication: LEE (Y.E.), JAIN (M.K.), LEE (C.), LOWE (S.E.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 41-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Thermoanaerobacter brockii (Zeikus et al. 1983) Lee et al. 1993 emend. Cayol et al. 1995.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HTD4 = ATCC 33075= ATCC 53556= DSM 1457.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09165.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. brockii, of Brock, named for Thomas Dale Brock who pioneered studies on the physiology and ecology of thermophiles.
Reference: CAYOL (J.L.), OLLIVIER (B.), PATEL (B.K.C.), RAVOT (G.), MAGOT (M.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GARCIA (J.L.): Description of Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. lactiethylicus subsp. nov., isolated from a deep subsurface French oil well, a proposal to reclassify Thermoanaerobacter finnii as Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. finnii comb. nov., and an emended description of Thermoanaerobacter brockii. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 783-789.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

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Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. brockii (Zeikus et al. 1983) Cayol et al. 1995, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HTD4 = ATCC 33075= ATCC 53556= DSM 1457.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09165.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. brockii, of Brock, named for Thomas Dale Brock who pioneered studies on the physiology and ecology of thermophiles.
Valid publication: CAYOL (J.L.), OLLIVIER (B.), PATEL (B.K.C.), RAVOT (G.), MAGOT (M.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GARCIA (J.L.): Description of Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. lactiethylicus subsp. nov., isolated from a deep subsurface French oil well, a proposal to reclassify Thermoanaerobacter finnii as Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. finnii comb. nov., and an emended description of Thermoanaerobacter brockii. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 783-789.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, (Zeikus et al. 1983) Lee et al. 1993, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The subspecies name Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. brockii (Zeikus et al. 1983) Cayol et al. 1995 is automatically created by the valid publication of Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. finnii (Schmid et al. 1986) Cayol et al. 1995 and the valid publication of Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. lactiethylicus Cayol et al. 1995 [Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46)].

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Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. finnii (Schmid et al. 1986) Cayol et al. 1995, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AKO-1 = ATCC 43586= DSM 3389.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002466 (complete genome).
Basonym: ¤ Thermoanaerobacter finnii Schmid et al. 1986.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. finnii, of Finn, named for Robert K. Finn who made important contributions to the development of the ethanol vacuum fermentation process.
Valid publication: CAYOL (J.L.), OLLIVIER (B.), PATEL (B.K.C.), RAVOT (G.), MAGOT (M.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GARCIA (J.L.): Description of Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. lactiethylicus subsp. nov., isolated from a deep subsurface French oil well, a proposal to reclassify Thermoanaerobacter finnii as Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. finnii comb. nov., and an emended description of Thermoanaerobacter brockii. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 783-789.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. lactiethylicus Cayol et al. 1995, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SEBR 5268 = DSM 9801 = JCM 16816.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: U14330.
Etymology: N.L. n. acidum lacticum, lactic acid; N.L. adj. ethylicus, pertaining to ethyl alcohol; N.L. masc. adj. lactiethylicus, referring to the production of both lactic acid and ethanol.
Valid publication: CAYOL (J.L.), OLLIVIER (B.), PATEL (B.K.C.), RAVOT (G.), MAGOT (M.), AGERON (E.), GRIMONT (P.A.D.) and GARCIA (J.L.): Description of Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. lactiethylicus subsp. nov., isolated from a deep subsurface French oil well, a proposal to reclassify Thermoanaerobacter finnii as Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. finnii comb. nov., and an emended description of Thermoanaerobacter brockii. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1995, 45, 783-789.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JW 200 = ATCC 31550= DSM 2246.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09162.
Etymology: N.L. n. ethanol, ethanol;  L. masc. suff. -icus, suffix used with the sense of pertaining to; N.L. masc. adj. ethanolicus, indicating the production of ethanol.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 9. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1982, 32, 384-385.
Effective publication: WIEGEL (J.) and LJUNGDAHL (L.G.): Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus gen. nov., spec. nov., a new, extreme thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium. Arch. Microbiol., 1981, 128, 343-348.
Validation List no. 9 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Strain 39E, originally characterized as ¤ Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum strain 39E and later renamed as Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus strain 39E represents a novel species of the genus Thermoanaerobacter, for which the name ¤ Thermoanaerobacter pseudethanolicus sp. nov. was proposed by Onyenwoke et al. 2007.
Reference: ONYENWOKE (R.U.), KEVBRIN (V.V.), LYSENKO (A.M.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermoanaerobacter pseudethanolicus sp. nov., a thermophilic heterotrophic anaerobe from Yellowstone National Park. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2191-2193.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter finnii Schmid et al. 1986, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AKO-1 = ATCC 43586= DSM 3389.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP002466 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. finnii, of Finn, named for Robert K. Finn who made important contributions to the development of the ethanol vacuum fermentation process.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 22. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1986, 36, 573-576.
Effective publication: SCHMID (U.), GIESEL (H.), SCHOBERTH (S.M.) and SAHM (H.): Thermoanaerobacter finnii spec. nov., a new ethanologenic sporogenous bacterium. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1986, 8, 80-85.
Validation List no. 22 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

¤ Thermoanaerobacter brockii subsp. finnii (Schmid et al. 1986) Cayol et al. 1995, comb. nov.

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Thermoanaerobacter italicus Kozianowski et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ab9 = DSM 9252 = JCM 16815.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ250846.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. italicus, pertaining to Italy, where the organism was isolated.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 67. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 1083-1084.
Effective publication: KOZIANOWSKI (G.), CANGANELLA (F.), RAINEY (F.A.), HIPPE (H.) and ANTRANIKIAN (G.): Purification and characterization of thermostable pectate-lyases from a newly isolated thermophilic bacterium, Thermoanaerobacter italicus sp. nov. Extremophiles, 1997, 1, 171-182.
Validation List no. 67 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermoanaerobacter kivui (Leigh and Wolfe 1983) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 33488= DSM 2030.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09160.
Basonym: ¤ Acetogenium kivui Leigh and Wolfe 1983.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. kivui, pertaining to Kivu, named for its source, Lake Kivu.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.), WILLEMS (A.), CORDOBA (J.J.), FERNANDEZ-GARAYZABAL (J.), GARCIA (P.), CAI (J.), HIPPE (H.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium: proposal of five new genera and eleven new species combinations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 812-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter mathranii Larsen et al. 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A3 = DSM 11426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11279.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mathranii, of Mathrani, in honor of the late Indra M. Mathrani, who contributed to the understanding of thermophilic anaerobes from hot springs during his short career.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 64. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 327-328.
Effective publication: LARSEN (L.), NIELSEN (P.) and AHRING (B.K.): Thermoanaerobacter mathranii sp. nov., an ethanol-producing, extremely thermophilic anaerobic bacterium from a hot spring in Iceland. Arch. Microbiol., 1997, 168, 114-119.
Validation List no. 64 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Note: Subsequently, this species has been divided into subspecies (see: below).

Thermoanaerobacter mathranii Larsen et al. 1998 emend. Carlier et al. 2006.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A3 = AIP 130-05 = CIP 108742 = DSM 11426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11279.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mathranii, of Mathrani, in honor of the late Indra M. Mathrani, who contributed to the understanding of thermophilic anaerobes from hot springs during his short career.
References: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 5. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 4-5. [CARLIER (J.P.), BONNE (I.) and BEDORA-FAURE (M.): Isolation from canned foods of a novel Thermoanaerobacter species phylogenetically related to Thermoanaerobacter mathranii (Larsen 1997): Emendation of the species description and proposal of Thermoanaerobacter mathranii subsp. Alimentarius subsp. Nov. Anaerobe, 2006, 12, 153-159.]
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 5 in IJSEM Online - Original article Online

Notes:
1 In the title of the effective publication, Thermoanaerobacter mathranii Larsen et al. 1998 is erroneously cited as Thermoanaerobacter mathranii Larsen et al. (1997).
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 5 (footnote *). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 4-5.
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 5 in IJSEM Online
2 In the protologue of the effective publication, the description of Thermoanaerobacter mathranii is erroneously attributed to Larsen 1997 (in place of Larsen et al. 1997).
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 5 (footnote *). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 4-5.
List of Changes in Taxonomic Opinion no. 5 in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter mathranii subsp. alimentarius Carlier et al. 2007, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) AIP 505.99 = CCUG 49566 = CIP 108280.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AY701758.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. alimentarius, related to food.
References: Validation List no. 113. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1. [CARLIER (J.P.), BONNE (I.) and BEDORA-FAURE (M.): Isolation from canned foods of a novel Thermoanaerobacter species phylogenetically related to Thermoanaerobacter mathranii (Larsen 1997): Emendation of the species description and proposal of Thermoanaerobacter mathranii subsp. Alimentarius subsp. Nov. Anaerobe, 2006, 12, 153-159.]
Validation List no. 113 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermoanaerobacter mathranii subsp. mathranii (Larsen et al. 1998) Carlier et al. 2007, subsp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) A3 = AIP 130-05 = CIP 108742 = DSM 11426.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y11279.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. mathranii, of Mathrani, in honor of the late Indra M. Mathrani, who contributed to the understanding of thermophilic anaerobes from hot springs during his short career.
References: Validation List no. 113. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1. [CARLIER (J.P.), BONNE (I.) and BEDORA-FAURE (M.): Isolation from canned foods of a novel Thermoanaerobacter species phylogenetically related to Thermoanaerobacter mathranii (Larsen 1997): Emendation of the species description and proposal of Thermoanaerobacter mathranii subsp. Alimentarius subsp. Nov. Anaerobe, 2006, 12, 153-159.]
Validation List no. 113 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

Notes:
1 The original authorship, Larsen et al. 1998, was corrected according to the new Rule 40d.
Reference: GARRITY (G.M.), LABEDA (D.P.) and OREN (A.): Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. XIIth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 3, 4 and 6 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 2775-2780.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 The culture collection accession numbers AIP 130-05 and CIP 108742 have been provided on request for validation.
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 113 (footnote §). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1.
Validation List no. 113 in IJSEM Online
3 In the title of the effective publication, Thermoanaerobacter mathranii Larsen et al. 1998 is erroneously cited as Thermoanaerobacter mathranii Larsen et al. (1997).
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 113 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1.
Validation List no. 113 in IJSEM Online
4 In the protologue of the effective publication, the description of Thermoanaerobacter mathranii is erroneously attributed to Larsen 1997 (in place of Larsen et al. 1997).
Reference: LISTS EDITOR, IJSEM: Validation List no. 113 (footnote ‡). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1.
Validation List no. 113 in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter pentosaceus Tomás et al. 2013, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DTU01=DSM 25963=KCTC 4529=VKM B-2752=CECT 8142.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: GU176611.
Etymology: N.L. neut. n. pentosum a pentose sugar; L. masc. suff. -aceus suffix used with the sense of belonging to; N.L. masc. adj. pentosaceus relating to a pentose.
Source: Industrial.
Reference: TOMÁS, A. F., KARAKASHEV, D. and ANGELIDAKI, I. 2013. Thermoanaerobacter pentosaceus sp. nov., an anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, high ethanol-yielding bacterium isolated from household waste. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 2396-2404.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter pseudethanolicus Onyenwoke et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 39E = ATCC 33223= DSM 2355.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: CP000924 (complete genome).
Etymology: Gr. adj.  pseudês, false; N.L. adj. ethanolicus, a bacteria-specific epithet; N.L. masc. adj. pseudethanolicus, a false (Thermoanaerobacter) ethanolicus.
Valid publication: ONYENWOKE (R.U.), KEVBRIN (V.V.), LYSENKO (A.M.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermoanaerobacter pseudethanolicus sp. nov., a thermophilic heterotrophic anaerobe from Yellowstone National Park. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2191-2193.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter siderophilus Slobodkin et al. 1999, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SR4 = DSM 12299.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF120479.
Etymology: Gr. n. sideros, iron; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. siderophilus, iron-loving.
Valid publication: SLOBODKIN (A.I.), TOUROVA (T.P.), KUZNETSOV (B.B.), KOSTRIKINA (N.A.), CHERNYH (N.A.) and BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.): Thermoanaerobacter siderophilus sp. nov., a novel dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing, anaerobic, thermophilic bacterium. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 1471-1478.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter subterraneus Fardeau et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC BAA-225 = CNCM I-2383 = DSM 13054 = SEBR 7858.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF195797.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. subterraneus, underground, subterranean, describing its site of isolation.
Valid publication: FARDEAU (M.L.), MAGOT (M.), PATEL (B.K.C.), THOMAS (P.), GARCIA (J.L.) and OLLIVIER (B.): Thermoanaerobacter subterraneus sp. nov., a novel thermophile isolated from oilfield water. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2000, 50, 2141-2149.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: CNCM is solely set up to deal with deposits on a confidential basis (i.e. patent deposits under the Budapest Treaty). Strain CNCM I-2383 is probably a patent deposit.

¤ Caldanaerobacter subterraneus (Fardeau et al. 2000) Fardeau et al. 2004, comb. nov.

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Thermoanaerobacter sulfurigignens Lee et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JW/SL-NZ826 = ATCC 700320= DSM 17917.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF234164.
Etymology: L. n. sulfur, sulfur; L. part. adj. gignens, producing; N.L. part. adj. sulfurigignens, sulfur-producing.
Valid publication: LEE (Y.J.), DASHTI (M.), PRANGE (A.), RAINEY (F.A.), ROHDE (M.), WHITMAN (W.B.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermoanaerobacter sulfurigignens sp. nov., an anaerobic thermophilic bacterium that reduces 1 M thiosulfate to elemental sulfur and tolerates 90 mM sulfite. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 1429-1434.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter sulfurophilus Bonch-Osmolovskaya 1998, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) L-64 = DSM 11584.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y16940.
Etymology: L. n. sulfur, sulfur; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. sulfurophilus, liking elemental sulfur.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 66. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 631-632.
Effective publication: BONCH-OSMOLOVSKAYA (E.A.), MIROSHNICHENKO (M.L.), CHERNYKH (N.A.), KOSTRIKINA (N.A.), PIKUTA (E.V.) and RAINEY (F.A.): Reduction of elemental sulfur by moderately thermophilic organotrophic bacteria and the description of Thermoanaerobacter sulfurophilus sp. nov. Mikrobiologiya, 1997, 66, 581-587 (in Russian). English tranlation: Microbiology, 1997, 66, 483-489.
Validation List no. 66 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis Xue et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) MB4 = Chinese Collection of Microorganisms AS 1.2430 = DSM 15242 = JCM 11007 = NBRC 100824.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AE008691 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. tengcongensis, pertaining to Tengcong, China.
Valid publication: XUE (Y.), XU (Y.), LIU (Y.), MA (Y.) and ZHOU (P.): Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis sp. nov., a novel anaerobic, saccharolytic, thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring in Tengcong, China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1335-1341.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caldanaerobacter subterraneus subsp. tengcongensis (Xue et al. 2001) Fardeau et al. 2004, comb. nov.

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Thermoanaerobacter thermocopriae (Jin et al. 1988) Collins et al. 1994, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JT3-3 = ATCC 51646= IAM 13577 = JCM 7501.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09167.
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium thermocopriae Jin et al. 1988.
Etymology: Gr. n. thermê, heat; Gr. n. kopria, dunghill; N.L. gen. n. thermocopriae, of heat compost.
Valid publication: COLLINS (M.D.), LAWSON (P.A.), WILLEMS (A.), CORDOBA (J.J.), FERNANDEZ-GARAYZABAL (J.), GARCIA (P.), CAI (J.), HIPPE (H.) and FARROW (J.A.E.): The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium: proposal of five new genera and eleven new species combinations. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1994, 44, 812-826.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus (Klaushofer and Parkkinen 1965) Lee et al. 1993, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) E100-69 = ATCC 35045= DSM 567 = LMG 6659 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 10956.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: L09161.
Basonym: ¤ Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum Klaushofer and Parkkinen 1965 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; N.L. masc. adj. hydrosulfuricus, pertaining to hydrogen sulfide; N.L. masc. adj. thermohydrosulfuricus, indicating that the organism grows at high temperatures and reduces sulfite to H2S.
Valid publication: LEE (Y.E.), JAIN (M.K.), LEE (C.), LOWE (S.E.) and ZEIKUS (J.G.): Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1993, 43, 41-51.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter uzonensis Wagner et al. 2008, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) JW/IW010 = ATCC BAA-1464 = DSM 18761.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: EF530067.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. uzonensis, pertaining to the Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka, Far East Russia.
Valid publication: WAGNER (I.D.), ZHAO (W.), ZHANG (C.L.), ROMANEK (C.S.), ROHDE (M.) and WIEGEL (J.): Thermoanaerobacter uzonensis sp. nov., an anaerobic thermophilic bacterium isolated from a hot spring within the Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka, Far East Russia. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 2565-2573.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter wiegelii Cook et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Rt8.B1 = DSM 10319.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X92513, CP002991 (complete genome).
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. wiegelii, of Juergen Wiegel, in recognition of his contributions to the study of thermophilic anaerobes.
Valid publication: COOK (G.M.), RAINEY (F.A.), PATEL (B.K.C.) and MORGAN (H.W.): Characterization of a new obligately anaerobic thermophile, Thermoanaerobacter wiegelii sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 123-127.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoanaerobacter yonseiensis Kim et al. 2001, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) KB-1 = DSM 13777 = KFCC 11116 (patent strain).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF212925.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. yonseiensis, pertaining to Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, in recognition of its support of research on extreme thermophiles and their thermostable enzymes.
Valid publication: KIM (B.C.), GROTE (R.), LEE (D.W.), ANTRANIKIAN (G.) and PYUN (Y.R.): Thermoanaerobacter yonseiensis sp. nov., a novel extremely thermophilic, xylose-utilizing bacterium that grows at up to 85 °C. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2001, 51, 1539-1548.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Caldanaerobacter subterraneus subsp. yonseiensis (Kim et al. 2001) Fardeau et al. 2004, comb. nov.

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