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Genus Thermoactinomyces

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 10
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Thermoactinomyces Tsilinsky 1899, genus. (Type genus of the family ¤ Thermoactinomycetaceae Matsuo et al. 2006).
Type species: ¤ Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsilinsky 1899 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. n. aktis -inos, ray, beam; Gr. masc. n. mukês, a mushroom, any thing shaped like a mushroom; N.L. masc. n. Thermoactinomyces, heat (loving) ray fungus.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TSILINSKY (P.): Sur les mucedinéés thermophiles. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1899, 13, 500-505.

Note: On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Thermoactinomyces Tsiklinsky (sic) 1899.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Thermoactinomyces Tsilinsky 1899 (Approved Lists 1980) emend. Yoon et al. 2005.
Type species: ¤ Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsilinsky 1899 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: Gr. adj. thermos, hot; Gr. n. aktis -inos, ray, beam; Gr. masc. n. mukês, a mushroom, any thing shaped like a mushroom; N.L. masc. n. Thermoactinomyces, heat (loving) ray fungus.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), KIM (I.G.), SHIN (Y.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): Proposal of the genus Thermoactinomyces sensu stricto and three new genera, Laceyella, Thermoflavimicrobium and Seinonella, on the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2005, 55, 395-400.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoactinomyces candidus Kurup et al. 1975, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27868= CCUG 9288 = JCM 3180 = JCM 3220 = KCTC 9557 = NRRL B-8109.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF138732.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. candidus, white.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: KURUP (V.P.), BARBORIAK (J.J.), FINK (J.N.) and LECHEVALIER (M.P.): Thermoactinomyces candidus, a new species of thermophilic actinomycetes. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 1975, 25, 150-154.

¤ Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsilinsky 1899 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Yoon et al. 2000, Thermoactinomyces candidus Kurup et al. 1975 (Approved Lists 1980) is a later heterotypic synonym of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsilinsky 1899 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: YOON (J.H.), SHIN (Y.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): DNA-DNA relatedness among Thermoactinomyces species: Thermoactinomyces candidus as a synonym of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris and Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus as a synonym of Thermoactinomyces sacchari. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1905-1908.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoactinomyces daqus Yao et al. 2014, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) H-18=DSM 45914=CICC 10681.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KF590624.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. daqus, pertaining to Daqu, a starter culture used in the production of Chinese liquors, from which the type strain was isolated.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: YAO, S., LIU, Y., ZHANG, M., ZHANG, X., LI, H., ZHAO, T., XIN, C., XU, L., ZHANG, B. and CHENG, C. 2014. Thermoactinomyces daqus sp. nov., a thermophilic bacterium isolated from high-temperature Daqu. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 64, 206-210.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoactinomyces dichotomicus corrig. (Krasil'nikov and Agre 1964) Cross and Goodfellow 1973, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 114 (Department Soil Biology, Moscow University) = ATCC 49854= DSM 44778 = JCM 9688 = KCTC 3667 = VKM Ac-1435.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF138733.
Synonyms: "Actinobifida dichotomica" Krasil'nikov and Agre 1964, "Thermomonospora citrina" Manachini et al. 1966.
Etymology: Gr. adj. dichotomos, cut in two; N.L. masc. adj. dichotomicus, dichotomous.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: 1 KRASIL'NIKOV (N.A.) and AGRE (N.S.): A new actinomycete genus -Actinobifida n. gen. yellow group - Actinobifida dichotomica n. sp. (in Russian). Mikrobiologiya, 1964, 33, 935-943. 2 CROSS (T.) and GOODFELLOW (M.): Taxonomy and classification of the actinomycetes. In: G. SYKES and F.A. SKINNER (editors): Actinomycetales, Characteristics and Practical Importance, Academic Press, London, 1973, pp. 11-112.

Note: The original spelling of the specific epithet, dichotomica (sic), has been corrected by Hill et al. 1984.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Thermoflavimicrobium dichotomicum (Krasil'nikov and Agre 1964) Yoon et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Thermoactinomyces guangxiensis Wu et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CD-1=ATCC BAA-2630=CGMCC 4.7156.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: KJ027602.
Etymology: N.L. masc. adj. guangxiensis, pertaining to Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, south-western China, where the type strain was isolated.
Source: Environmental - soil.
Valid publication: WU, H., LIU, B. and PAN, S. 2015. Thermoactinomyces guangxiensis sp. nov., a thermophilic actinomycete isolated from mushroom compost. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65, 2859-2864.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoactinomyces intermedius Kurup et al. 1981, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T-323 = ATCC 33205= DSM 43846 = IFO (now NBRC) 14230 = JCM 3312 = KCTC 9646 = NRRL B-16979 = VKM Ac-1427.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251775.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. intermedius, intercalated, intermediate.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 6. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1981, 31, 215-218.
Effective publication: KURUP (V.P.), HOLLICK (G.E.) and PAGAN (E.F.): Thermoactinomyces intermedius, a new species of amylase negative thermophilic actinomycetes. Science-Ciencia. Bol. Cien. Sur, 1980, 7, 104-108.
Validation List no. 6 in IJSEM Online

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Thermoactinomyces peptonophilus Nonomura and Ohara 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27302= DSM 44666 = JCM 10113 = KCTC 9740.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF138735.
Etymology: Gr. adj. peptos, cooked; N.L. masc. adj. philus (from Gr. masc. adj. philos), loving; N.L. masc. adj. peptonophilus, peptone loving.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: NONOMURA (H.) and OHARA (Y.): Distribution of actinomycetes in soil. X. New genus and species of monosporic actinomycetes in soil. Journal of Fermentation Technology, 1971, 49, 895-903.

¤ Seinonella peptonophila (Nonomura and Ohara 1971) Yoon et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Thermoactinomyces putidus Lacey and Cross 1989, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 49853= DSM 44608 = JCM 8091 = KCTC 3666 = NCIB (now NCIMB) 12324.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF138736.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. putidus, stinking, fetid.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: LACEY (J.) and CROSS (T.): Genus Thermoactinomyces Tsilinsky 1899, 501AL. In: S.T. WILLIAMS, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 4, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2574-2585.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

¤ Laceyella putida (Lacey and Cross 1989) Yoon et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Thermoactinomyces sacchari Lacey 1971, species.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 27375= CCUG 7967 = DSM 43356 = IFO (now NBRC) 13920 = JCM 3137 = JCM 3214 = KCTC 9790 = NCIMB 10486 = NCTC 10721 = NRRL B-16981 = VKM Ac-1360.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AJ251779.
Etymology: N.L. n. Saccharum, generic name of sugar cane; N.L. gen. n. scchari, of sugar cane.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: LACEY (J.): Thermoactinomyces sacchari sp. nov., a thermophilic actinomycete causing bagassosis. Journal of General Microbiology, 1971, 66, 327-338.

Note: According to Yoon et al. 2000, Thermoactinomyces sacchari Lacey 1971 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus (ex Waksman and Corke 1953) Lacey and Cross 1989.
Reference: YOON (J.H.), SHIN (Y.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): DNA-DNA relatedness among Thermoactinomyces species: Thermoactinomyces candidus as a synonym of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris and Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus as a synonym of Thermoactinomyces sacchari. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1905-1908.
Original article in IJSEM Online

¤ Laceyella sacchari (Lacey 1971) Yoon et al. 2005, comb. nov.

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Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus (ex Waksman and Corke 1953) Lacey and Cross 1989, sp. nov., nom. rev.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) CBS 319.66 = JCM 3217 = KCTC 9789 = VKM Ac-1309.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF138738.
Synonym: "Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus" Waksman and Corke 1953.
Etymology: Gr. n. thalpos, heat; N.L. adj. philus -a -um (from Gr. adj. philos -ê -on), friend, loving; N.L. masc. adj. thalpophilus, heat loving.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 31. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1989, 39, 495-497.
Effective publication: LACEY (J.) and CROSS (T.): Genus Thermoactinomyces Tsilinsky 1899, 501AL. In: S.T. WILLIAMS, M.E. SHARPE and J.G. HOLT (editors), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 4, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1989, pp. 2574-2585.
Validation List no. 31 in IJSEM Online

¤ Thermoactinomyces sacchari Lacey 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).

Note: According to Yoon et al. 2005, Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus (ex Waksman and Corke 1953) Lacey and Cross 1989 is a later heterotypic synonym of Thermoactinomyces sacchari Lacey 1971 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: YOON (J.H.), SHIN (Y.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): DNA-DNA relatedness among Thermoactinomyces species: Thermoactinomyces candidus as a synonym of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris and Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus as a synonym of Thermoactinomyces sacchari. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1905-1908.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsilinsky 1899, species. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 43649= DSM 43016 = IFO (now NBRC) 13606 = JCM 3162 = KCC A-0162 = KCTC 9076 = VKM Ac-1195.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF138739.
Etymology: L. masc. adj. vulgaris, common.
Approved Lists reference: SKERMAN (V.B.D.), McGOWAN (V.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.) (editors): Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1980, 30, 225-420 (Approved Lists of Bacterial Names in IJSEM Online - Approved Lists of Bacterial Names Amended edition).
Original publication: TSILINSKY (P.): Sur les mucedinéés thermophiles. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris), 1899, 13, 500-505.

Notes:
1 On the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, this nomenclatural name is incorrectly cited as Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsiklinsky (sic) 1899.
Reference: HILL (L.R.), SKERMAN (V.B.D.) and SNEATH (P.H.A.): Corrigenda to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names edited for the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 508-511.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 According to Yoon et al. 2000, Thermoactinomyces vulgaris Tsilinsky 1899 (Approved Lists 1980) is an earlier synonym of ¤ Thermoactinomyces candidus Kurup et al. 1975 (Approved Lists 1980).
Reference: YOON (J.H.), SHIN (Y.K.) and PARK (Y.H.): DNA-DNA relatedness among Thermoactinomyces species: Thermoactinomyces candidus as a synonym of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris and Thermoactinomyces thalpophilus as a synonym of Thermoactinomyces sacchari. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1905-1908.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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