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Genus Tetrasphaera

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 8
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Tetrasphaera Maszenan et al. 2000, gen. nov.
Type species: ¤ Tetrasphaera japonica Maszenan et al. 2000.
Etymology: Gr. n. tetra, four; L. fem. n. sphaera, sphere; N.L. fem. n. Tetrasphaera, four spherical bacterial cells.
Valid publication: MASZENAN (A.M.), SEVIOUR (R.J.), PATEL (B.K.C.), SCHUMANN (P.), BURGHARDT (J.), TOKIWA (Y.) and STRATTON (H.M.): Three isolates of novel polyphosphate-accumulating Gram-positive cocci, obtained from activated sludge, belong to a new genus, Tetrasphaera gen. nov., and description of two new species, Tetrasphaera japonica sp. nov. and Tetrasphaera australiensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 593-603.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: According to Principle 2 and to Rule 51b (4), the genus name Tetrasphaera Maszenan et al. 2000 is illegitimate because it is a later synonym of Tetrasphaera Popofsky 1912 (Protozoa, Sarcomastigophora, Sarcodina, Actinopoda, Polycystinea).

Tetrasphaera Maszenan et al. 2000 emend. Ishikawa and Yokota 2006.
Type species: ¤ Tetrasphaera japonica Maszenan et al. 2000.
Etymology: Gr. n. tetra, four; L. fem. n. sphaera, sphere; N.L. fem. n. Tetrasphaera, four spherical bacterial cells.
Reference: ISHIKAWA (T.) and YOKOTA (A.): Reclassification of Arthrobacter duodecadis Lochhead 1958 as Tetrasphaera duodecadis comb. nov. and emended description of the genus Tetrasphaera. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1369-1373.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Tetrasphaera australiensis Maszenan et al. 2000, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ben 109 = ACM 5117 = DSM 12890 = JCM 21391 = NBRC 103087.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF125091.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. australiensis, pertaining to Australia, the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: MASZENAN (A.M.), SEVIOUR (R.J.), PATEL (B.K.C.), SCHUMANN (P.), BURGHARDT (J.), TOKIWA (Y.) and STRATTON (H.M.): Three isolates of novel polyphosphate-accumulating Gram-positive cocci, obtained from activated sludge, belong to a new genus, Tetrasphaera gen. nov., and description of two new species, Tetrasphaera japonica sp. nov. and Tetrasphaera australiensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 593-603.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Tetrasphaera duodecadis (Lochhead 1958) Ishikawa and Yokota 2006, comb. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) ATCC 13347= CIP 102696 = IAM 14868 = JCM 11564 = LMG 17308 = NBRC 12959 = NCIMB 9222 = VKM Ac-1108.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB072496.
Basonym: ¤ Arthrobacter duodecadis Lochhead 1958 (Approved Lists 1980).
Etymology: L. n. duodecas -adis, the number twelve; L. gen. n. duodecadis, of twelve, referring to the requirement of the organism for vitamin B12.
Valid publication: ISHIKAWA (T.) and YOKOTA (A.): Reclassification of Arthrobacter duodecadis Lochhead 1958 as Tetrasphaera duodecadis comb. nov. and emended description of the genus Tetrasphaera. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 1369-1373.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Tetrasphaera elongata Hanada et al. 2002, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Lp2 = DSM 14184 = JCM 11141 = NBRC 103079.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB030911.
Etymology: L. fem. part. adj. elongata, elongated, pertaining to the formation of elongated clumps.
Valid publication: HANADA (S.), LIU (W.T.), SHINTANI (T.), KAMAGATA (Y.) and NAKAMURA (K.): Tetrasphaera elongata sp. nov., a polyphosphate-accumulating bacterium isolated from activated sludge. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2002, 52, 883-887.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Tetrasphaera japonica Maszenan et al. 2000, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) T1-X7 = ACM 5116 = DSM 13192 = JCM 21381 = NBRC 103088.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AF125092.
Etymology: N.L. fem. adj. japonica, pertaining to Japan, the source of the type strain.
Valid publication: MASZENAN (A.M.), SEVIOUR (R.J.), PATEL (B.K.C.), SCHUMANN (P.), BURGHARDT (J.), TOKIWA (Y.) and STRATTON (H.M.): Three isolates of novel polyphosphate-accumulating Gram-positive cocci, obtained from activated sludge, belong to a new genus, Tetrasphaera gen. nov., and description of two new species, Tetrasphaera japonica sp. nov. and Tetrasphaera australiensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 593-603.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Tetrasphaera jenkinsii McKenzie et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ben 74 = DSM 17519 = JCM 15590 = NCIMB 14128.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ007321.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. jenkinsii, of Jenkins, referring to David Jenkins, a contemporary American environmental engineer, who has made a considerable contribution to our understanding of the filamentous bacteria causing bulking and foaming in activated sludge processes.
Valid publication: McKENZIE (C.M.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), SCHUMANN (P.), MASZENAN (A.M.), LIU (J.R.), WEBB (R.I.), MONIS (P.), SAINT (C.P.), STEINER (U.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Isolates of 'Candidatus Nostocoida limicola' Blackall et al. 2000 should be described as three novel species of the genus Tetrasphaera, as Tetrasphaera jenkinsii sp. nov., Tetrasphaera vanveenii sp. nov. and Tetrasphaera veronensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2279-2290.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain of Tetrasphaera jenkinsii McKenzie et al. 2006 was previously known as ¤ "Candidatus Nostocoida limicola" Blackall et al. 2000.

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Tetrasphaera remsis Osman et al. 2007, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) 3-M5-R-4 = ATCC BAA-1496 = CIP 109413 = JCM 15662.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: AB537173.
Etymology: N.L. gen. n. remsis, of/from REMS, acronym for Regenerative Enclosed Life Support Module Simulator.
Valid publication: OSMAN (S.), MOISSL (C.), HOSOYA (N.), BRIEGEL (A.), MAYILRAJ (S.), SATOMI (M.) and VENKATESWARAN (K.): Tetrasphaera remsis sp. nov., isolated from the Regenerative Enclosed Life Support Module Simulator (REMS) air system. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2007, 57, 2749-2753.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Tetrasphaera vanveenii McKenzie et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ben 70 = DSM 17518 = JCM 15591 = NCIMB 14127.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: DQ007320.
Etymology: N.L. gen. masc. n. vanveenii, of van Veen, referring to the late Dutch microbiologist W. L. van Veen, who originally isolated this filamentous bacterium from activated sludge.
Valid publication: McKENZIE (C.M.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), SCHUMANN (P.), MASZENAN (A.M.), LIU (J.R.), WEBB (R.I.), MONIS (P.), SAINT (C.P.), STEINER (U.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Isolates of 'Candidatus Nostocoida limicola' Blackall et al. 2000 should be described as three novel species of the genus Tetrasphaera, as Tetrasphaera jenkinsii sp. nov., Tetrasphaera vanveenii sp. nov. and Tetrasphaera veronensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2279-2290.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain of Tetrasphaera vanveenii McKenzie et al. 2006 was previously known as ¤ "Candidatus Nostocoida limicola" Blackall et al. 2000.

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Tetrasphaera veronensis McKenzie et al. 2006, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) Ver 1 = DSM 17520 = JCM 15592 = NCIMB 14129.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: Y14595.
Etymology: L. fem. adj. veronensis, of or pertaining to Verona, Italy, from where the first isolates originated.
Valid publication: McKENZIE (C.M.), SEVIOUR (E.M.), SCHUMANN (P.), MASZENAN (A.M.), LIU (J.R.), WEBB (R.I.), MONIS (P.), SAINT (C.P.), STEINER (U.) and SEVIOUR (R.J.): Isolates of 'Candidatus Nostocoida limicola' Blackall et al. 2000 should be described as three novel species of the genus Tetrasphaera, as Tetrasphaera jenkinsii sp. nov., Tetrasphaera vanveenii sp. nov. and Tetrasphaera veronensis sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2006, 56, 2279-2290.
Original article in IJSEM Online

Note: The type strain of Tetrasphaera veronensis McKenzie et al. 2006 was previously known as ¤ "Candidatus Nostocoida limicola" Blackall et al. 2000.

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