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Genus Syntrophus

Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow () only indicates the sequence of valid publication of names and does not mean that the last name in the sequence must be used (see: Introduction).

Number of species cited in this file: 3
Number of subspecies cited in this file: 0

Classification (Warning: see also the file "Classification of prokaryotes: Introduction").


For a detailed description of this taxon see Bergey’s Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria (BMSAB).


 

Syntrophus Mountfort et al. 1984, gen. nov. (Type genus of the family ¤ Syntrophaceae Kuever et al. 2006).
Type species: ¤ Syntrophus buswellii Mountfort et al. 1984.
Etymology: Gr. adj. syntrophos, having grown up with one, living with; N.L. masc. n. Syntrophus, one living syntrophically with another so that each produces a nutrient required by the other.
Valid publication: MOUNTFORT (D.O.), BRULLA (W.J.), KRUMHOLZ (L.R.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Syntrophus buswellii gen. nov., sp. nov.: a benzoate catabolizer from methanogenic ecosystems. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 216-217.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophus aciditrophicus Jackson et al. 2015, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) SB=DSM 26646=JCM 18717.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA) for the type strain: U86447.
Whole-genome sequence accession no. for the type strain: CP000252.
Etymology: L. adj. acidus -a -um, sour), acid; N.L. adj. trophicus (from Gr. adj. trophikos), nursing, tending or feeding; N.L. masc. adj. aciditrophicus, acid-feeding.
Source: Industrial.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 163. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 65 (2015), 1105-1111.
Validation List Online
Effective publication: JACKSON, B. E., BHUPATHIRAJU, V. K., TANNER, R. S., WOESE, C. R. and MCINERNEY, M. J. 1999. Syntrophus aciditrophicus sp. nov., a new anaerobic bacterium that degrades fatty acids and benzoate in syntrophic association with hydrogen-using microorganisms. Arch Microbiol, 171, 107-114.
Effective publication Online

Note: This species name was previously validated as Syntrophus aciditrophicus Jackson et al. 2001, sp. nov. However, according to Rules 27(3) and 30, Syntrophus aciditrophicus Jackson et al. 2001 was not validly published because, at the time of publication, the type strain was not deposited in two publicly accessible service collections in different countries. According to Judicial Opinion 81, authors of this name, or other scientists who wish to have this name validly published, should submit evidence of the deposit of the type strain in additional collections to the List Editor (either directly or via the IJSEM Editorial Office) before the next meeting of the Judicial Commission in Sapporo, Japan, in 2011. After that time, the name will be ruled not to have been validly published. If, after that deadline, the authors or other scientists wish to have this name validly published, this may be done by confirming that the name is in accordance with the requirements of the Code and either by requesting valid publication via the Validation Lists or by inclusion of the proposal in an original article in the IJSEM. The details of valid publication will then make reference to those publications. If authors or other scientists feel that an exception should be granted to Rule 30, requiring deposit of the type in two different collections in two different countries, they should contact the Editorial Office of the IJSEM.


References:
1 EUZÉBY (J.P.) and TINDALL (B.J.): Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an Opinion. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 293-301.
Original article in IJSEM Online
2 JUDICIAL COMMISSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE ON SYSTEMATICS OF PROKARYOTES: Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2008, 58, 1755-1763.
Opinion 81 in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophus buswellii Mountfort et al. 1984, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.)
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) DM-2 = DSM 2612A (syntrophic co-culture with Desulfovibrio sp. G11) = DSM 2612B (syntrophic tri-culture with Methanospririllum hungatei DSM 864 and Desulfovibrio sp. G11) = 2612M (monoculture isolated from Syntrophus buswellii co-culture DSM 2612B).
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X85131.
Etymology: N.L. masc. gen. n. buswellii, of Buswell, named in honor of A.M. Buswell, who first demonstrated degradation of benzoate in enrichments from methanogenic ecosystems.
Valid publication: MOUNTFORT (D.O.), BRULLA (W.J.), KRUMHOLZ (L.R.) and BRYANT (M.P.): Syntrophus buswellii gen. nov., sp. nov.: a benzoate catabolizer from methanogenic ecosystems. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1984, 34, 216-217.
Original article in IJSEM Online

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Syntrophus gentianae Wallrabenstein et al. 1996, sp. nov.
Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) HQGö1 = CIP 105111 = DSM 8423.
Sequence accession no. (16S rRNA gene) for the type strain: X85132.
Etymology: L. gen. n. gentianae, of gentian, referring to the substrate gentisic acid, which has been isolated from gentian plants.
Valid publication: Validation List no. 58. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 836-837.
Effective publication: WALLRABENSTEIN (C.), GORNY (N.), SPRINGER (N.), LUDWIG (W.) and SCHINK (B.): Pure culture of Syntrophus buswellii, definition of its phylogenetic status, and description of Syntrophus gentianae sp. nov. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 1995, 18, 62-66.
Validation List no. 58 in IJSEM Online - Effective publication Online

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